Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1658
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Tsai W L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The long-term outcome of percutaneous acetic acid injection (PAI) and percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) for treating small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear. AIM: To compare the long-term outcome of PAI vs. PEI for treating small HCC. METHODS: From July 1998 to July 2004, 125 patients with small HCC were ...
Cox Stephen - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) fibrous bands and burning mucosal pain restrict oral opening to limit speech and eating. The pathogenesis of OSF remains unclear, while surgical and pharmacological treatments have limited success, and are often inaccessible in communities using areca nut where OSF is prevalent. Improved outcomes are ...
Tjandra J J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Both injectable silicone biomaterial (PTQ) and pyrolytic carbon-coated beads (Durasphere) have been shown to be effective in treating passive faecal incontinence due to internal sphincter dysfunction. This is a randomized study to evaluate their relative safety and efficacy. METHOD: Forty patients (mean age 59.5 years vs 58.9 years) were ...
Pengde Kang - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To investigate in vivo effects of lovastatin on inhibition of adipogenesis, an important mechanism of steroid-induced osteonecrosis, and on prevention of occurrence of steroid-induced osteonecrosis in rabbits. METHODS: Fifty-four rabbits were intramuscularly injected once with 20mg/kg of methylprednisolone acetate (MPSL). Then, they were divided into two groups: lovastatin was ...
Baumgartner Fritz J - - 2009
Severe hyperhidrosis is a disabling disorder whose management is controversial. Medical treatment consists of topical aluminum chloride, oral anticholinergics, ionotophoresis, and botulinum toxin A (Botox) injections. Despite the minimally invasive nature of thoracoscopic sympathectomy, there is a common perception that surgery is only a "last resort." The palmoplantar subtype of ...
Badarny Samih - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Long-term therapy with botulinum toxin is sometimes associated with therapy failure following repeated injections of the neurotoxin, presumably due to specific antibody production. Primary therapy failure with botulinum toxin is less common and poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of the botulinum neurotoxin Dysport in patients with blepharospasm ...
Saemi Arash M - - 2008
Initially conceived as an intervention for prostatic infection, injection therapy has been used to alleviate urinary retention, and is now primarily investigated for the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). For over a century, intraprostatic injection has been used as a minimally invasive ...
Kwak T I - - 2008
The authors created the glans penis augmentation by injectable hyaluronic acid gel and reported the 6-month result for premature ejaculation. In a total of 38 patients, long-term effects of 5 years were compared to those of 6 months in terms of residual volume of implants and efficacy on premature ejaculation. ...
Costa P G - - 2009
To compare morphometric data of the eyelid fissure and the levator muscle function (LF) before and up to 6 months after transcutaneous injection with five units of Botox in patients with upper lid retraction (ULR) from congestive or fibrotic thyroid eye disease (TED). Twenty-four patients with ULR from TED were ...
Okada Masahiro - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to evaluate whether simultaneous injection into cubital veins bilaterally at one half of the standard injection rate achieves similar hepatic and aortic enhancement on MDCT as the conventional injection rate into a single cubital vein. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients underwent multiphase MDCT ...
Narins Rhoda S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Nonanimal-stabilized hyaluronic acid (NASHA) fillers are frequently used for facial soft tissue augmentation. Their long-term efficacy and the effects of different retreatment schedules are not well established. OBJECTIVE: This is an 18-month interim analysis of a 30-month study to evaluate the efficacy and persistence of NASHA 100,000 gel particles/mL ...
Yamashita Noriko - - 2008
Botulinum toxin A is widely used in Europe and the USA for the treatment of localized hyperhidrosis, and its efficacy has been recognized. In this study, botulinum toxin A (Botox) was locally injected at 30 sites (2 U/injection) on the right palm in 27 patients with palmar hyperhidrosis (14 severe ...
Tzikas Thomas L - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: In this large-scale clinical review, we investigated the safety and efficacy of Radiesse, an injectable calcium hydroxylapatite (CaHA) implant, in treatment of nasolabial folds, marionette lines, and other areas of the face. METHODS: After obtaining informed consent from the subjects, CaHA was injected in 1,000 patients (886 women and ...
Pang H-N - - 2008
We have performed a prospective double-blind, randomised controlled trial over two years to evaluate the efficacy and safety of an intra-operative peri-articular injection of triamcinolone acetonide in patients undergoing medial unicondylar knee replacement. We randomised 90 patients into two equal groups. The study group received an injection of triamcinolone acetonide, ...
Tang Jie - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the application of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) in managing blunt splenic trauma and the effectiveness of CEUS-guided percutaneous injection therapy. METHODS: Six patients with grade 3 or 4 splenic injuries as determined by CEUS and contrast-enhanced computed tomography were given hemocoagulase atrox ...
Busso Mariano - - 2008
Fillers are playing an increasing role in dermatology practice, complementing the use of laser and other procedures used in skin rejuvenation. Prior to the injection of any filler, the patient should be counseled about what to expect in terms of any discomfort that may occur during or after injection, possible ...
Brisinda G - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of botulinum toxin injection in the treatment of recurrent anal fissure following lateral internal sphincterotomy. METHODS: Eighty patients were treated with botulinum toxin (30 units Botox or 90 units Dysport), injected into two sites of the internal sphincter. Clinical ...
Brubaker Linda L Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, Illinois 60153, USA. - - 2008
We compared 200 U intradetrusor botulinum toxin A vs placebo in women with refractory idiopathic urge incontinence. This institutional review board approved, multicenter registered trial randomized women with refractory urge incontinence, detrusor overactivity incontinence and 6 or greater urge incontinence episodes in 3 days to botulinum toxin A or placebo ...
Valat Jean-Pierre - - 2008
In patients with symptoms caused by intervertebral disk displacement, studies of epidural corticosteroid injections have produced compelling evidence of a short-term analgesic effect (lasting about 3 weeks), despite a number of discrepancies. In contrast, no reductions were noted in the time off work or need for surgery. Strong evidence supports ...
Ogbemudia, A O; ;
Background: deQuervain's disease may be treated conservatively or surgically. Restricting operation to those in whom conservative treatment failed tends to prolong treatment. Objective: This study was conducted to compare the safety, efficacy and recurrence rate of primary tenosynovectomy versus intralesional steroid injection in the treatment of sclerosing tenosynovitis of deQuervain. ...
Simpson D M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To perform an evidence-based review of the safety and efficacy of botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) in the treatment of adult and childhood spasticity. METHODS: A literature search was performed including MEDLINE and Current Contents for therapeutic articles relevant to BoNT and spasticity. Authors reviewed, abstracted, and classified articles based on ...
Khoury Jane G - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Botulinum toxin type A (BTX) is commonly used in combination therapy, and it has been reported that periocular BTX treatment enhances the aesthetic improvements attained with intense pulsed light (IPL). OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate if intradermal BTX treatment of the cheeks also enhances the efficacy of IPL. ...
Singh B - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Pain following haemorrhoidectomy is due to a combination of factors including spasm of the internal sphincter, an open wound and local infection. In this study, we investigated the effect of botulinum toxin on postoperative pain following Milligan-Morgan haemorrhoidectomy. METHOD: A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted in 32 patients ...
Alijotas-Reig Jaume - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical complaints, laboratory data, treatment, and follow-up of patients with delayed adverse effects related to polyalkylimide implants (PAIs). DESIGN: Prospective case series of patients injected with PAIs. SETTING: A university tertiary teaching hospital. PATIENTS: A prospectively acquired series of 25 patients with severe and/or persistent delayed ...
Baumgartner Fritz J - - 2008
Thoracoscopy has afforded a huge advance for upper thoracic sympathetic procedures compared with prior open procedures. Different clinical syndromes of hyperhidrosis exist and require different forms of treatment. The classic severe palmoplantar pattern of hyperhidrosis will not respond effectively in the long term to any nonoperative treatment and requires sympathectomy ...
Blaine Theodore - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Presently, there are no approved nonoperative therapies for the ongoing treatment of persistent shoulder pain. Preliminary data suggest that intra-articular sodium hyaluronate injections may be beneficial for the treatment of persistent shoulder pain resulting from various etiologies. The present study evaluated the efficacy and safety of sodium hyaluronate (Hyalgan; ...
Helmstaedter Victor - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to analyze the safety and efficacy of botulinum toxin (BTX) therapy in a series of 1,000 treatments on 261 consecutive patients at the University Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Cologne, Germany. STUDY DESIGN/METHODS: A prospective computer database was analyzed, and all patient ...
Min Jin-Young - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the long-term clinical efficacy and safety of injections of Artecoll, a soft-tissue filler consisting of a suspension of polymethyl methacrylate microspheres in a 3.5% solution of bovine collagen, into a vocal fold for managing glottal insufficiency secondary to unilateral vocal fold motion impairment. DESIGN: Single-institution retrospective study. ...
Liew Steven - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The use of botulinum toxin in aesthetic reshaping of the mandibular angle has been well established in East Asian populations. This has not previously been investigated in Western populations. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine the efficacy of botulinum toxin injections in aesthetic reshaping of the lower face in ...
Hosseini Seyed Mohammad Vahid - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to correlate the pathological results and clinical response in patients who underwent botulinum toxin (BT) injection for obstructive symptoms (OS) after a pullthrough operation for Hirschsprung's disease (HD). METHODS: Between August 2002 and February 2006, 16 of 107 HD patients (15%) were referred with persistent OS ...
Markovic Maja M University of Sydney Sports Clinic, Western Ave & Physics Rd, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia. - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of corticosteroid injection and determine the duration of symptom-free period after treatment with a single ultrasound-guided injection for a painful Morton's neuroma. From May 2002 to November 2003, 35 consecutive patients (7 males, 28 females) (mean age, 54; age range, ...
von Coelln Rainer - - 2008
Camptocormia is characterized by an abnormal posture of the trunk with pronounced flexion of the thoraco-lumbar spine during standing and walking, which abates in a supine position. Treatment options for camptocormia are limited and mostly futile. Here, we report on the ultrasound-guided ventral injection of botulinum toxin A (BTX) into ...
Veltman Caroline E - - 2008
AIMS: Studies reporting improved left ventricular (LV) function of percutaneous skeletal myoblast (SkM) injection in patients with ischaemic cardiomyopathy had follow-up not exceeding 12 months, and did not include a control group. Our group has reported evidence for myoblast efficacy in the first five out of the 14 treated patients. ...
Man Jeremy - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cosmetic surgery to counteract the aging process is an evolving field. Most procedures have concentrated on the face; however, the hands are an often-neglected area. Current methods of hand rejuvenation include autologous fat injection, sclerotherapy, intense pulsed light, chemical peel, and microdermabrasion. Only autologous fat injection restores ...
Sanjari Mostafa Soltan - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare the effects and complications of botulinum toxin injection into the medial rectus muscle with and without electromyographic (EMG) assistance for treatment of abducens nerve palsy. METHODS: In a prospective, comparative, interventional case series, botulinum toxin was injected into the medial rectus muscle of 23 patients with esotropia ...
Molitierno Joseph A JA - - 2008
PURPOSE: Endoscopic injection of dextranomer hyaluronic acid copolymer (DxHA) has been increasingly utilized for the treatment of complex cases of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). We present our 6-year experience with the use of DxHA for the treatment of VUR in duplex ureters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between July 2001 and April 2007, ...
Farina Simona - - 2008
Optimal treatment of spasticity requires a combination of pharmacotherapy and muscle lengthening. We evaluated 13 stroke patients with equinovarus foot randomized to treatment with either botulinum toxin A (BTA) injection plus ankle-foot casting (n=6) or BTA alone (n=7). The tibialis posterior and calf muscles (range of BTA injection: 190 to ...
Kavouni A - - 2008
Facial lipoatrophy can be obvious and stigmatising. Poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) has been used widely for the correction of HIV-associated facial lipoatrophy. Analysis of the PLLA treatment protocols of 441 consecutive patients was undertaken. Product dilution, product volume per session, number of sessions, time between sessions, facial areas treated, plane of ...
Khan S A - - 2008
PURPOSE: To present the results of dextrose prolotherapy undertaken for chronic non-responding coccygodynia in 37 patients. METHODS: 14 men and 23 women (mean age, 36 years) with chronic coccygodynia not responding to conservative treatment for more than 6 months were included. 27 of them had received local steroid injections. A ...
Ring David - - 2008
PURPOSE: This study was designed to test the null hypothesis that there is no difference in resolution of triggering 3 months after injection with either a soluble (dexamethasone) or insoluble (triamcinolone) corticosteroid for idiopathic trigger finger. METHODS: Eighty-four patients were enrolled in a prospective randomized controlled trial comparing dexamethasone and ...
Esquenazi Alberto - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether walking velocity could be improved in patients with disorders related to upper-motor neuron syndrome (UMNS) by treating elbow flexor spasticity with botulinum toxin type A (BoNTA). DESIGN: This was a prospective, open-label, multicenter, interventional evaluation. The study group of 15 patients (mean age, 51.3 yrs; ten ...
Hartl Dana M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report the efficacy of botulinum toxin A for radiation-induced pain, trismus, and masticator spasm in head and neck cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective nonrandomized study included patients in complete remission with radiation-induced pain and trismus with or without masticator spasms. Fifty units of Botox (Allergan) or 250 ...
Beer Kenneth - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Calcium hydroxylapatite (CaHA) is presently approved for the correction of moderate to severe facial wrinkles and folds and signs of HIV-associated facial lipoatrophy. OBJECTIVE: This 6-month pilot study was designed to evaluate clinical efficacy and patient satisfaction of CaHA to treat mid-face volume loss. METHODS: Nineteen patients received initial ...
Mohanty N K - - 2008
Overactive bladder (OAB) is a bothersome condition affecting the quality of life, financial constraint on the individual, and community. Anticholinergic drugs cannot be used for long term due to adverse side effects. Botulinum toxin has recently shown promising and encouraging result in management of OAB. Aim was to study the ...
Gowdak Luís Henrique W - - 2008
To determine the safety of intramyocardial injection of autologous bone marrow cells in patients undergoing surgical myocardial revascularization (CABG) for severe coronary artery disease. There is little data available regarding the safety profile of autologous bone marrow cells injected during surgical myocardial revascularization. Potential risks include arrythmias, fibrosis in the ...
Apostolidis Apostolos - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We examined, for the first time in a prospective study, the histological changes in the urothelium and suburothelium of patients with neurogenic (NDO) or idiopathic detrusor overactivity (IDO) after one or repeat treatments with intradetrusor BoNTA. METHODS: Flexible cystoscopic bladder biopsies were obtained from patients with urodynamically proven intractable ...
Molitierno Joseph A - - 2008
Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is a common urinary tract anomaly. Treatment is performed to minimize the risk of febrile urinary UTIs that may result in renal scarring. The endoscopic use of dextranomer hyaluronic acid copolymer has been gaining popularity as an alternative to the traditional methods of open surgery and chronic ...
Rousseaux M - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We compared the efficacy of botulinum toxin injection (BTI) and tibial nerve neurotomy (TNN) in an open-label study of 34 post-stroke hemiplegic patients with distal lower limb deformation. METHODS: The dose of BT was 300 U (Botox). TNN was performed with a 6-12 month delay on the ...
Jaswal Abhishek - - 2008
The aim of this randomized control trial, performed at a tertiary referral hospital, was to compare the therapeutic effectiveness of two novel treatment modalities, oral rifampicin and submucosal placentrex injection, in randomly selected patients of primary atrophic rhinitis regarding objective, subjective and histopathological improvement. Patients treated with oral rifampicin showed ...
Absar Mohammed S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Local intradermal injection of botulinum toxin Type A has become a recognized treatment for axillary hyperhidrosis. This study has investigated the efficacy of this method of treatment in terms of symptom-free interval between treatments and patients' satisfaction. We also investigated the reliance on patients' subjective assessment of the recurrence ...
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