Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1636
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Singh B - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Pain following haemorrhoidectomy is due to a combination of factors including spasm of the internal sphincter, an open wound and local infection. In this study, we investigated the effect of botulinum toxin on postoperative pain following Milligan-Morgan haemorrhoidectomy. METHOD: A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted in 32 patients ...
Alijotas-Reig Jaume - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical complaints, laboratory data, treatment, and follow-up of patients with delayed adverse effects related to polyalkylimide implants (PAIs). DESIGN: Prospective case series of patients injected with PAIs. SETTING: A university tertiary teaching hospital. PATIENTS: A prospectively acquired series of 25 patients with severe and/or persistent delayed ...
Baumgartner Fritz J - - 2008
Thoracoscopy has afforded a huge advance for upper thoracic sympathetic procedures compared with prior open procedures. Different clinical syndromes of hyperhidrosis exist and require different forms of treatment. The classic severe palmoplantar pattern of hyperhidrosis will not respond effectively in the long term to any nonoperative treatment and requires sympathectomy ...
Blaine Theodore - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Presently, there are no approved nonoperative therapies for the ongoing treatment of persistent shoulder pain. Preliminary data suggest that intra-articular sodium hyaluronate injections may be beneficial for the treatment of persistent shoulder pain resulting from various etiologies. The present study evaluated the efficacy and safety of sodium hyaluronate (Hyalgan; ...
Helmstaedter Victor - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to analyze the safety and efficacy of botulinum toxin (BTX) therapy in a series of 1,000 treatments on 261 consecutive patients at the University Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Cologne, Germany. STUDY DESIGN/METHODS: A prospective computer database was analyzed, and all patient ...
Min Jin-Young - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the long-term clinical efficacy and safety of injections of Artecoll, a soft-tissue filler consisting of a suspension of polymethyl methacrylate microspheres in a 3.5% solution of bovine collagen, into a vocal fold for managing glottal insufficiency secondary to unilateral vocal fold motion impairment. DESIGN: Single-institution retrospective study. ...
Liew Steven - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The use of botulinum toxin in aesthetic reshaping of the mandibular angle has been well established in East Asian populations. This has not previously been investigated in Western populations. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine the efficacy of botulinum toxin injections in aesthetic reshaping of the lower face in ...
Hosseini Seyed Mohammad Vahid - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to correlate the pathological results and clinical response in patients who underwent botulinum toxin (BT) injection for obstructive symptoms (OS) after a pullthrough operation for Hirschsprung's disease (HD). METHODS: Between August 2002 and February 2006, 16 of 107 HD patients (15%) were referred with persistent OS ...
Markovic Maja M University of Sydney Sports Clinic, Western Ave & Physics Rd, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia. - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of corticosteroid injection and determine the duration of symptom-free period after treatment with a single ultrasound-guided injection for a painful Morton's neuroma. From May 2002 to November 2003, 35 consecutive patients (7 males, 28 females) (mean age, 54; age range, ...
von Coelln Rainer - - 2008
Camptocormia is characterized by an abnormal posture of the trunk with pronounced flexion of the thoraco-lumbar spine during standing and walking, which abates in a supine position. Treatment options for camptocormia are limited and mostly futile. Here, we report on the ultrasound-guided ventral injection of botulinum toxin A (BTX) into ...
Veltman Caroline E - - 2008
AIMS: Studies reporting improved left ventricular (LV) function of percutaneous skeletal myoblast (SkM) injection in patients with ischaemic cardiomyopathy had follow-up not exceeding 12 months, and did not include a control group. Our group has reported evidence for myoblast efficacy in the first five out of the 14 treated patients. ...
Man Jeremy - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cosmetic surgery to counteract the aging process is an evolving field. Most procedures have concentrated on the face; however, the hands are an often-neglected area. Current methods of hand rejuvenation include autologous fat injection, sclerotherapy, intense pulsed light, chemical peel, and microdermabrasion. Only autologous fat injection restores ...
Sanjari Mostafa Soltan - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare the effects and complications of botulinum toxin injection into the medial rectus muscle with and without electromyographic (EMG) assistance for treatment of abducens nerve palsy. METHODS: In a prospective, comparative, interventional case series, botulinum toxin was injected into the medial rectus muscle of 23 patients with esotropia ...
Molitierno Joseph A JA - - 2008
PURPOSE: Endoscopic injection of dextranomer hyaluronic acid copolymer (DxHA) has been increasingly utilized for the treatment of complex cases of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). We present our 6-year experience with the use of DxHA for the treatment of VUR in duplex ureters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between July 2001 and April 2007, ...
Farina Simona - - 2008
Optimal treatment of spasticity requires a combination of pharmacotherapy and muscle lengthening. We evaluated 13 stroke patients with equinovarus foot randomized to treatment with either botulinum toxin A (BTA) injection plus ankle-foot casting (n=6) or BTA alone (n=7). The tibialis posterior and calf muscles (range of BTA injection: 190 to ...
Kavouni A - - 2008
Facial lipoatrophy can be obvious and stigmatising. Poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) has been used widely for the correction of HIV-associated facial lipoatrophy. Analysis of the PLLA treatment protocols of 441 consecutive patients was undertaken. Product dilution, product volume per session, number of sessions, time between sessions, facial areas treated, plane of ...
Khan S A - - 2008
PURPOSE: To present the results of dextrose prolotherapy undertaken for chronic non-responding coccygodynia in 37 patients. METHODS: 14 men and 23 women (mean age, 36 years) with chronic coccygodynia not responding to conservative treatment for more than 6 months were included. 27 of them had received local steroid injections. A ...
Ring David - - 2008
PURPOSE: This study was designed to test the null hypothesis that there is no difference in resolution of triggering 3 months after injection with either a soluble (dexamethasone) or insoluble (triamcinolone) corticosteroid for idiopathic trigger finger. METHODS: Eighty-four patients were enrolled in a prospective randomized controlled trial comparing dexamethasone and ...
Esquenazi Alberto - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether walking velocity could be improved in patients with disorders related to upper-motor neuron syndrome (UMNS) by treating elbow flexor spasticity with botulinum toxin type A (BoNTA). DESIGN: This was a prospective, open-label, multicenter, interventional evaluation. The study group of 15 patients (mean age, 51.3 yrs; ten ...
Hartl Dana M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report the efficacy of botulinum toxin A for radiation-induced pain, trismus, and masticator spasm in head and neck cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective nonrandomized study included patients in complete remission with radiation-induced pain and trismus with or without masticator spasms. Fifty units of Botox (Allergan) or 250 ...
Beer Kenneth - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Calcium hydroxylapatite (CaHA) is presently approved for the correction of moderate to severe facial wrinkles and folds and signs of HIV-associated facial lipoatrophy. OBJECTIVE: This 6-month pilot study was designed to evaluate clinical efficacy and patient satisfaction of CaHA to treat mid-face volume loss. METHODS: Nineteen patients received initial ...
Mohanty N K - - 2008
Overactive bladder (OAB) is a bothersome condition affecting the quality of life, financial constraint on the individual, and community. Anticholinergic drugs cannot be used for long term due to adverse side effects. Botulinum toxin has recently shown promising and encouraging result in management of OAB. Aim was to study the ...
Gowdak Luís Henrique W - - 2008
To determine the safety of intramyocardial injection of autologous bone marrow cells in patients undergoing surgical myocardial revascularization (CABG) for severe coronary artery disease. There is little data available regarding the safety profile of autologous bone marrow cells injected during surgical myocardial revascularization. Potential risks include arrythmias, fibrosis in the ...
Apostolidis Apostolos - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We examined, for the first time in a prospective study, the histological changes in the urothelium and suburothelium of patients with neurogenic (NDO) or idiopathic detrusor overactivity (IDO) after one or repeat treatments with intradetrusor BoNTA. METHODS: Flexible cystoscopic bladder biopsies were obtained from patients with urodynamically proven intractable ...
Molitierno Joseph A - - 2008
Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is a common urinary tract anomaly. Treatment is performed to minimize the risk of febrile urinary UTIs that may result in renal scarring. The endoscopic use of dextranomer hyaluronic acid copolymer has been gaining popularity as an alternative to the traditional methods of open surgery and chronic ...
Rousseaux M - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We compared the efficacy of botulinum toxin injection (BTI) and tibial nerve neurotomy (TNN) in an open-label study of 34 post-stroke hemiplegic patients with distal lower limb deformation. METHODS: The dose of BT was 300 U (Botox). TNN was performed with a 6-12 month delay on the ...
Jaswal Abhishek - - 2008
The aim of this randomized control trial, performed at a tertiary referral hospital, was to compare the therapeutic effectiveness of two novel treatment modalities, oral rifampicin and submucosal placentrex injection, in randomly selected patients of primary atrophic rhinitis regarding objective, subjective and histopathological improvement. Patients treated with oral rifampicin showed ...
Absar Mohammed S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Local intradermal injection of botulinum toxin Type A has become a recognized treatment for axillary hyperhidrosis. This study has investigated the efficacy of this method of treatment in terms of symptom-free interval between treatments and patients' satisfaction. We also investigated the reliance on patients' subjective assessment of the recurrence ...
Fezza John P - - 2008
Cicatricial lower eyelid ectropion is caused by a shortening of the anterior lamella, with resultant eversion of the eyelid away from the globe. Treatment is typically surgical; however, the author hypothesized that a nonsurgical injection of hyaluronic acid filler could stretch the tethered skin and act as a tissue expander ...
Bajaj A K - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Chronic urticaria (CU) is one of the most challenging and frustrating therapeutic problems faced by a dermatologist. A recent demonstration of abnormal type 1 reactions to intradermal autologous serum injections in some CU patients has led to the characterization of a new subgroup of "autoimmune chronic urticaria". This has ...
Foroutan Hamid Reaza - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We compared the efficacy of intra-sphincteric botulinum toxin (BT) injection and posterior anorectal myectomy (PARM) for the treatment of internal anal sphincter achalasia (IASA). METHODS: Twenty eight of 120 patients (23%) with chronic constipation, who were referred to our clinic from September 2005 to December 2006, were evaluated. Patients ...
Stubblefield Michael D - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) in radiation fibrosis syndrome (RFS). DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: A large tertiary care cancer center. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-three consecutive patients treated for sequelae of RFS with BTX-A. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: A description of the components of ...
Reda-Lari Abdul - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Polyacrylamide hydrogel (PAHG) is widely used in biomedical research and industry and has been used as a soft tissue filler in some countries for more than a decade. OBJECTIVE: The author evaluated the results of malar area augmentation with PAHG. METHODS: Results from 1306 patients who were treated with ...
Jianjun Q - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Chylothorax is a disorder with a variety of causes and is often difficult and complex to manage. There are two treatment options for chylothorax: conservative management or surgical intervention. Conservative management of chylothorax consists of pleural fluid drainage, supportive ventilation, supplementation of fluid loss, and elemental diet or total ...
Sipp J Andrew - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of injectable calcium hydroxylapatite for treatment of velopalatal (VP) insufficiency (VPI). DESIGN: Observational case series of 7 patients treated with injectable calcium hydroxylapatite for VPI and followed for 10 to 24 months. SETTING: Academic pediatric otolaryngology practice. PATIENTS: Seven children aged 6 to 16 years ...
Capozza N - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Over the past 20 years endoscopic treatment (ET) of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) has changed the algorithm of reflux management. We describe a modification of the standard subureteral injection (STING) that has contributed to the increased success rate of this procedure. METHODS: Between January 2006 and December 2006 192 children, ...
Vegas-Bustamante E - - 2008
The aim of this study was to demonstrate the efficacy of methylprednisolone, as a single 40-mg dose, injected into the masseter muscle upon completion of extraction of impacted lower third molars. A prospective, randomized cross-over study was made of 35 healthy patients. The difficulty of extraction was similar in all ...
Morris Carrie L - - 2008
PURPOSE: To determine patient-preferred injection sites and frequency for facial volume augmentation with nonanimal stabilized hyaluronic acid (Restylane). METHODS:: The authors retrospectively reviewed the records of 145 consecutive patients who received 0.4 ml or 1.0 ml subcutaneous facial injections of Restylane. Location, amount, supplemental anesthetic, injection frequency, follow-up time, and ...
Yang Tae Yong - - 2008
Botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) can be used in various medical fields for more than simply cosmetic purposes, especially in pain control. Unlabelled uses of BTX-A for reducing pain include migraines, chronic anal fissures, chronic non-specific muscular pain syndrome, and temporomandibular joint arthritis. However, there are no reports of using ...
Zhi Keqian - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of intralesional Pingyangmycin injection in venous malformation of facial and maxillary region. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From September 2001 to October 2004, 82 patients were referred with venous malformation for intralesional Pingyangmycin injection. RESULTS: After a minimum follow-up of 2 years, 67 patients (81.7%) developed 76-100% ...
Costa João J Serviço de Neurologia (Piso 7), Hospital de Santa Maria, Av. Prof. Egas Moniz, 1649-035 Lisboa. - - 2008
Sialorrhea is a disabling problem in bulbaronset amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Botulinum toxin (BTX) type A and B have been proposed as alternatives to traditional treatments. To evaluate the efficacy and safety of BTX type B in the treatment of sialorrhea in patients with bulbar-onset ALS. Open-label prospective study of ...
Raval Tejas H - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Chronic aspiration of salivary secretions can cause major pulmonary morbidity in neurologically impaired patients. Many treatments are proposed to address these problems, some with significant side effects. Botulinum toxin type A injection into the salivary glands is known to reduce salivary flow without major complications. Few reports exist regarding ...
Møystad Anne - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Osseous changes in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) were evaluated using computed tomography (CT) examinations before and after TMJ injections of sodium hyaluronate or a corticosteroid in patients with osteoarthritis (OA). STUDY DESIGN: Forty patients were randomly allocated into 2 groups for 2 intra-articular injections with either sodium hyaluronate or ...
Santos Maria Teresa Botti Rodrigues - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess different approaches to the dental management of lip injuries caused by self-inflicted oral trauma in 7 patients. METHOD AND MATERIALS: The patients were grouped based on 3 treatment approaches: group 1, placement of an oral appliance; group 2, botulinum toxin type A neuromuscular block; and group 3, ...
Marchese M R - - 2008
Personal experience is discussed in the use of botulinum neurotoxin injections into both parotids, performed in order to transiently reduce salivation in patients undergoing major ablative and ablative-reconstructive oncologic surgery for head and neck tumours. Overall, 8 adult patients (2 female, 6 male) have been treated. Six cases were affected ...
Horne Geoffrey - - 2008
AIM: To investigate whether a relationship exists between preoperative intra-articular steroid injections and postoperative wound healing in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Similar research studies on total hip arthroplasty (THA) have found higher rates of post surgical problems in hips that have been injected with steroids. METHODS: Thirty-eight patients with TKA ...
Kuschel Stefanie - - 2008
The aim of this trial was to examine the effects after 2 years of a single intravesical botulinum toxin-A injection (BTX-A). This prospective, observational study was conducted using urodynamic measurements and quality of life (QoL) assessment to document the effect after 2 years of a single 100 I.U. injection of ...
Giannantoni Antonella - - 2008
PURPOSE: We evaluated the 1-year efficacy and tolerability of botulinum A toxin intravesically injected in patients with painful bladder symptoms associated with increased urinary frequency, refractory to conventional treatments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three men and 12 women were prospectively included in the study. Under short general anesthesia the patients were ...
Palmer Lane S - - 2008
PURPOSE: Dextranomer/hyaluronic acid copolymer has become a popular bulking agent for subureteral injection in the treatment of vesicoureteral reflux. The success rates are lower compared to ureteral reimplantation, and, therefore, postoperative voiding cystourethrography is required. We sought to determine if post-injection intraoperative cystography can be useful in improving the success ...
Georgescu Dan - - 2008
PURPOSE: To assess the impact of upper eyelid myectomy surgery on blepharospasm with associated apraxia of lid opening (ALO), dry eye, photophobia, and daily functioning in patients who are refractory to botulinum toxin treatment. DESIGN: Noncomparative, consecutive, interventional case series. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed to identify 100 ...
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