Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1644
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Hoffmann Klaus - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Facial volume loss contributes significantly to facial aging. The 20-mg/mL hyaluronic acid (HA) formulation used in this study is a smooth, highly cohesive, viscous, fully reversible, volumizing filler indicated to restore facial volume. This first prospective study evaluated use in current aesthetic clinical practice. METHODS: A pan-European evaluation conducted ...
Cohen Brian L - - 2009
AIMS: To evaluate the clinical outcomes of two different doses of BTX-A in patients with I-OAB. METHODS: This investigator initiated, randomized trial was designed to evaluate clinical differences in outcomes for 100 versus 150 U BTX-A in patients with I-OAB. Patients with OAB-Wet and OAB-Dry were randomized to receive 100 ...
Khan Ehtesham I - - 2009
Sub-Tenon's anaesthetic is effective and reliable in producing both akinesia and anaesthesia for cataract surgery. Our clinical experience indicates that it is sometimes necessary when absolute akinesia is required during surgery to augment the block with 1-2 ml of local anaesthetic. Hypothesis was that after first injection some of the ...
Alijotas-Reig Jaume - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It has been thought that poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) injections do not have inflammatory side effects. Recent evidence shows that local/regional/systemic delayed adverse effects may appear with its use. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical complaints, treatment response and long-term follow-up of non-HIV patients with delayed immune-mediated adverse effects related to ...
Cheewadhanaraks Sopon - - 2009
AIM: To determine the optimal interval of injections of intramuscular depot medroxyprogesterone acetate 150 mg in the long-term treatment of endometriosis-associated pain. METHOD: 112 patients with symptomatic endometriosis were randomized to receive either injections every month for 6 months, then every 3 months for a total of 15 months or ...
Aminabadi Naser Asl - - 2009
AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of cooling the soft tissue of injection sites on the pain perceptions of pediatric patients during the administration of local anesthesia for routine dental procedures. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 160 children aged 5-6 years were included in ...
Katsinelos Panagiotis - - 2009
We herein describe the first case of a high elderly patient with severe dysphagia in solids and liquids, caused by a huge epiphrenic diverticulum, who was treated with combined therapy of balloon dilation and botulinum toxin injection. Due to comorbid associated diseases the patient was unsuitable to withstand surgical or ...
Saito Seiji - - 2009
To determine whether the intra-articular injection of hyaluronate (HA) is a potential clinical option for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), we have evaluated the clinical efficacy of intra-articular corticosteroid and HA by analyzing the patient-based database from a cross-sectional observational cohort. A total of 668 (14.1%) of 4725 patients ...
Smith Mark C - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy and safety of the immunostimulant OK-432 (Picibanil) as a treatment option in the management of children with cervicofacial lymphatic malformations. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, multi-institutional phase II clinical trial at 27 U.S. academic medical centers. METHODS: 182 patients with lymphatic malformations (LM) were enrolled ...
Upile Tahwinder - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: In this preliminary prospective study, we compared unilateral and bilateral thyroarytenoid muscle injections of Botulinum toxin (Dysport) in 31 patients with adductor spasmodic dysphonia, who had undergone more than 5 consecutive Dysport injections (either unilateral or bilateral) and had completed 5 concomitant self-rated efficacy and complication scores questionnaires related ...
Milo Ron - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical and electrophysiological effects of local depo-methylprednisolone injection in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) over a 6-months period. METHODS: Twenty one patients, of whom 7 were lost for follow-up (mean age 57.9 +/- 8.4) with clinical and electrophysiological evidence of CTS were treated by injection ...
Piccinni Giuseppe - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Sphincterotomy has been the most commonly used treatment for chronic anal fissures. Although effective it is associated with incontinence (0-20%). Intrasphincteric Botulinum Toxin A injection seems to be a reliable option. The aim of this clinical report is to verify the effectiveness of this treatment in relieving symptoms and ...
Ohta Naoshi - - 2009
We aimed to study the effects of intra-articular injection of jellyfish mucin (qniumucin) on articular cartilage degeneration in a model of osteoarthritis (OA) created in rabbit knees by resection of the anterior cruciate ligament. Qniumucin was extracted from Aurelia aurita (moon jellyfish) and Stomolophus nomurai (Nomura's jellyfish) and purified by ...
Fritz Jan - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to prospectively test the hypothesis that combined diagnostic and interventional MRI of the sacroiliac joints can be performed efficiently and effectively. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Over a 12-month period, 60 patients (32 women and 28 men; median age, 28 years; age range, 18-49 years) ...
Sadick Neil S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Current options for treating the aging hand include microdermabrasion, fractional thermolysis, chemical peeling, intense light sources and laser therapy (such as pigment lasers and ablative resurfacing), as well as injectable fillers and volumizers to correct soft tissue atrophy. OBJECTIVE: This article reviews the latest technologies in hand rejuvenation and ...
Georgopoulos M - - 2009
To report a series of severe intraocular inflammatory events following intravitreal injections of bevacizumab (Avastin). This procedure is performed on a rapidly increasing number worldwide, and rare complications such as intraocular inflammation, endophthalmitis or intraocular haemorrhage are gaining in importance in clinical routine. This is a single-centre retrospective interventional case ...
Ryan M B - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To report on the effectiveness of sonographically guided injections of hyperosmolar dextrose at reducing the pain associated with chronic plantar fasciitis. DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Ultrasound division of St Paul's Hospital. PATIENTS: 20 referrals (3 men, 17 women; age 51 (SD 13) years) from local sports medicine primary care ...
Arthur J D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Treatment of chronic anal fissure (CAF) by fissurectomy with botulinum toxin A (BTA) injection results in a healing rate of greater than 90%. BTA injection, however, can cause incontinence and perianal sepsis. The decrease in sphincter pressure following topical treatment with 2% diltiazem cream (DTC) is comparable to that ...
Klauser Andrea - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Sacroiliitis is often caused by rheumatic diseases, and besides other therapeutic options, treatment consists of intraarticular injection of corticosteroids. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of ultrasound (US)-guided sacroiliac joint (SI joint) injection at 2 different puncture levels in cadavers and patients when defined sonoanatomic ...
Knezevic Tamara - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To study the efficacy and safety of subcutaneous botulinum toxin A injections in the treatment of primary and recurrent chalazia. METHODS: Prospective, placebo-controlled consecutive case-series trial. Sixty three patients were divided into two groups: group 1 consisting of 32 patients previously diagnosed with and treated for primary or recurrent ...
Cattalini M - - 2008
OBJECTIVES:Intra-articular corticosteroids injection (IAC) is a mainstay for the treatment of children with chronic arthritis; nonetheless its efficacy showed variability among published studies and it is still not possible to predict the outcome in a single patient. Our objective was to study the profile of biomarkers in the synovial fluid ...
Molenaers Guy - - 2009
At the University Hospital of Pellenberg (Belgium), more than 1000 patients have been treated with Botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) over the last decade. Ten percent of these patients (n=106) received multiple (at least four times), multi-level, high-dosage treatments. The aim of this study was to evaluate the stability of ...
White Wesley M - - 2008
PURPOSE: We determined the efficacy of intravesical botulinum toxin A injection for refractory overactive bladder in elderly patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients 75 years or older with refractory urinary urgency were prospectively evaluated and offered treatment of symptoms with botulinum toxin A. A voiding log was obtained and urodynamics were ...
Sadove Richard - - 2009
Acne vulgaris affects up to 80% of people 11 to 30 years of age, and scarring can occur for up to 95% of these patients. Scarring may be pitted or hypertrophic in nature, although in most cases it is atrophic. Atrophic acne scarring follows dermal collagen and fat loss after ...
Yucel Istemi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to compare the efficacies of steroid injections guided by scintigraphy, ultrasonography, and palpation in plantar fasciitis. METHODS: A total of 35 heels of 27 patients were randomly assigned to three steroid injection groups: palpation-guided (pg), ultrasound-guided (ug), and scintigraphy-guided (sg). Patients were evaluated ...
Bordaberry Marcela - - 2009
PURPOSE: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy of peribulbar triamcinolone injections to treat inflammatory signs of Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) in patients with moderate to severe GO and associated optic neuropathy (ON). METHODS: Twenty-one patients with active GO [clinical activity score (CAS) > or = 4] and systemic ...
Akan Hakan - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of a periprostatic nerve blockade technique that relies on a single apical injection of lidocaine. We compared it with bilateral injections at the base of the prostate to determine the effectiveness of pain control and to compare the technical aspects during transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy. ...
Gardner Richard - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In the healthcare system in the United Kingdom, a number of patients may be offered botulinum toxin as an alternative to surgery in the treatment of their strabismus. We report on our experience of treating those who have received 25 or more injections. METHODS: A retrospective review of the ...
Zehtab Mohammad J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of 5 different modalities, and determine the usefulness of recently proposed extensor grip test (EGT) in predicting the response to treatment. METHODS: In a randomized controlled clinical trial, 92 of 98 tennis elbow patients in Sina Hospital Tehran, Iran between 2006 and 2007 fulfilled the ...
Khan Mueen Ullah - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study the efficacy, safety and patient satisfaction of psoas compartment and caudal epidural steroid injection in patients with spinal stenosis and lumbosaccral radiculopathy. METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of spinal stenosis and lumbosaccral radiculopathy having visual analogue score (VAS) less than five were included in the study. Bilateral ...
Algaithy Zuhoor K - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness and the morbidity of botulinum toxin (BTX) in the treatment of chronic anal fissure (CAF) versus the standard surgical sphincterotomy. METHODS: One hundred female patients with CAF were treated by either closed lateral sphincterotomy [surgical group (Group I, n=50 patients)] or BTX 40 IU [chemical ...
Raspaldo Hervé - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Many signs of aging are due to the loss of subcutaneous fat. Dermal fillers are non-surgical cosmetic treatments used to restore facial volume. Voluma is a new hyaluronic acid sub-dermal facial filler. The objective of this study was to assess its effectiveness in maintaining increased volume for up to ...
Holzapfel Allison M - - 2008
To evaluate histologically the extent and character of tissue in-growth after injection of calcium hydroxylapatite for soft-tissue augmentation. Prospective case series of 8 patients from a private facial plastic surgery practice. Each patient was injected subdermally between the dermis and the subcutaneous fat with 0.1 mL of calcium hydroxylapatite in ...
Roche Nicolas - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To study the incidence of clinical signs linked to botulinum toxin type A (BoNTA) spread from the injection site. METHODS: Single-center, retrospective, cohort study. All patients who received BoNTA injections for spasticity treatment were assessed 1 month postinjection. Adverse effects indicative of BoNTA treatment were systematically sought. Any patient ...
Loustau Hugo D - - 2009
Despite scientific literature replete with stories of disastrous results and disfigurement, illicit subcutaneous injections of massive quantities of highly viscous fluids are still performed, often by unqualified persons. The authors present a devastating long-term outcome of subcutaneous injections of a massive volume of silicone oil in the buttocks of a ...
Rozental Tamara D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Corticosteroid injections are commonly used in the treatment of flexor tenosynovitis in adults. The present study was performed in an attempt to identify prognostic indicators of symptom recurrence one year after corticosteroid injection for the treatment of trigger digits. METHODS: One hundred and thirty consecutive patients with trigger digits ...
Tsai W L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The long-term outcome of percutaneous acetic acid injection (PAI) and percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) for treating small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear. AIM: To compare the long-term outcome of PAI vs. PEI for treating small HCC. METHODS: From July 1998 to July 2004, 125 patients with small HCC were ...
Cox Stephen - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) fibrous bands and burning mucosal pain restrict oral opening to limit speech and eating. The pathogenesis of OSF remains unclear, while surgical and pharmacological treatments have limited success, and are often inaccessible in communities using areca nut where OSF is prevalent. Improved outcomes are ...
Tjandra J J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Both injectable silicone biomaterial (PTQ) and pyrolytic carbon-coated beads (Durasphere) have been shown to be effective in treating passive faecal incontinence due to internal sphincter dysfunction. This is a randomized study to evaluate their relative safety and efficacy. METHOD: Forty patients (mean age 59.5 years vs 58.9 years) were ...
Pengde Kang - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To investigate in vivo effects of lovastatin on inhibition of adipogenesis, an important mechanism of steroid-induced osteonecrosis, and on prevention of occurrence of steroid-induced osteonecrosis in rabbits. METHODS: Fifty-four rabbits were intramuscularly injected once with 20mg/kg of methylprednisolone acetate (MPSL). Then, they were divided into two groups: lovastatin was ...
Baumgartner Fritz J - - 2009
Severe hyperhidrosis is a disabling disorder whose management is controversial. Medical treatment consists of topical aluminum chloride, oral anticholinergics, ionotophoresis, and botulinum toxin A (Botox) injections. Despite the minimally invasive nature of thoracoscopic sympathectomy, there is a common perception that surgery is only a "last resort." The palmoplantar subtype of ...
Badarny Samih - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Long-term therapy with botulinum toxin is sometimes associated with therapy failure following repeated injections of the neurotoxin, presumably due to specific antibody production. Primary therapy failure with botulinum toxin is less common and poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of the botulinum neurotoxin Dysport in patients with blepharospasm ...
Saemi Arash M - - 2008
Initially conceived as an intervention for prostatic infection, injection therapy has been used to alleviate urinary retention, and is now primarily investigated for the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). For over a century, intraprostatic injection has been used as a minimally invasive ...
Kwak T I - - 2008
The authors created the glans penis augmentation by injectable hyaluronic acid gel and reported the 6-month result for premature ejaculation. In a total of 38 patients, long-term effects of 5 years were compared to those of 6 months in terms of residual volume of implants and efficacy on premature ejaculation. ...
Costa P G - - 2009
To compare morphometric data of the eyelid fissure and the levator muscle function (LF) before and up to 6 months after transcutaneous injection with five units of Botox in patients with upper lid retraction (ULR) from congestive or fibrotic thyroid eye disease (TED). Twenty-four patients with ULR from TED were ...
Okada Masahiro - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to evaluate whether simultaneous injection into cubital veins bilaterally at one half of the standard injection rate achieves similar hepatic and aortic enhancement on MDCT as the conventional injection rate into a single cubital vein. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients underwent multiphase MDCT ...
Narins Rhoda S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Nonanimal-stabilized hyaluronic acid (NASHA) fillers are frequently used for facial soft tissue augmentation. Their long-term efficacy and the effects of different retreatment schedules are not well established. OBJECTIVE: This is an 18-month interim analysis of a 30-month study to evaluate the efficacy and persistence of NASHA 100,000 gel particles/mL ...
Yamashita Noriko - - 2008
Botulinum toxin A is widely used in Europe and the USA for the treatment of localized hyperhidrosis, and its efficacy has been recognized. In this study, botulinum toxin A (Botox) was locally injected at 30 sites (2 U/injection) on the right palm in 27 patients with palmar hyperhidrosis (14 severe ...
Tzikas Thomas L - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: In this large-scale clinical review, we investigated the safety and efficacy of Radiesse, an injectable calcium hydroxylapatite (CaHA) implant, in treatment of nasolabial folds, marionette lines, and other areas of the face. METHODS: After obtaining informed consent from the subjects, CaHA was injected in 1,000 patients (886 women and ...
Pang H-N - - 2008
We have performed a prospective double-blind, randomised controlled trial over two years to evaluate the efficacy and safety of an intra-operative peri-articular injection of triamcinolone acetonide in patients undergoing medial unicondylar knee replacement. We randomised 90 patients into two equal groups. The study group received an injection of triamcinolone acetonide, ...
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