Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1658
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Toffola Elena Dalla - - 2010
To assess the effect and efficacy of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) in reducing synkinesis in aberrant facial nerve regeneration (following facial paralysis). A total of 55 sessions of BTX-A (Botox) infiltration were performed on 30 patients (23 female) with synkinesis after facial palsy. Each subject was injected with 2.5 ...
Kazerooni Rashid - - 2010
There has been growing interest in newer anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) for seizure prophylaxis in the intensive care setting because of safety and monitoring issues associated with conventional AEDs like phenytoin. This analysis assessed the cost-effectiveness of levetiracetam versus phenytoin for early onset seizure prophylaxis after neurosurgery and traumatic brain injury ...
Davis R Prince - - 2010
To report the outcomes of same-day, bilateral intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy for a consecutive series of patients treated for exudative age-related macular degeneration (ARMD). A consecutive series of 254 eyes of 127 patients received bilateral, same-day anti-VEGF injections of either bevacizumab or ranibizumab between January 1, 2007 ...
Kimber Jo J Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 - - 2010
To examine survival and long term cessation of injecting in a cohort of drug users and to assess the influence of opiate substitution treatment on these outcomes. Prospective open cohort study. A single primary care facility in Edinburgh. 794 patients with a history of injecting drug use presenting between 1980 ...
Ya┼čar Evren E Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, GMMA TAF Rehabilitation Center, Ankara, - - 2010
Spasticity is an important early complication of stroke, which may lead to shortening of gastrocnemius and soleus muscles and contracture in the Achilles tendon and soft tissues of the ankle. Botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) is a promising drug for the management of focal spasticity. Serial casting is another alternative method ...
Sahai Arun - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To report the efficacy and safety of repeated injections of botulinum toxin-A (BTX-A) in treating idiopathic detrusor overactivity refractory to anticholinergics. Furthermore, we describe whether dose alteration in patients with poor responses or voiding dysfunction after initial treatment can improve outcomes. METHODS: A cohort of 34 patients who participated ...
Natt R S - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome of the use of percutaneous injection of botulinum neurotoxin A under local anaesthesia in the management of cricophayngeus dysphagia in post-laryngectomy patients. METHODS: Fifteen post-laryngectomy patients (6 males, 9 females, age range 48-72 years) with surgery performed not less ...
Leuchter Igor - - 2010
Velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) is a structural or functional trouble, which causes hypernasal speech. Velopharyngeal flaps, speech therapy and augmentation pharyngoplasty, using different implants, have all been used to address this trouble. We hereby present our results following rhinopharyngeal autologous fat injection in 18 patients with mild velopharyngeal insufficiency (12 soft ...
Hartung Wolfgang - - 2010
IA injections of SIJs with corticosteroids are often performed in patients suffering from low back pain due to active sacroiliitis. However, SIJ injections are technically demanding, and therefore the clinical outcome of ultrasound-guided corticosteroid SIJ injections was analysed in relation to the accuracy of the injection. Ultrasound-guided injections were performed ...
Fridman Esteban A EA Neurorehabilitation Section and Spasticity Clinic, Neurology Department, Institute for Neurological Research, FLENI, Montaneses 2325, Buenos Aires C1428AQK, Argentina. - - 2010
Background Focal spasticity is a significant motor disorder following stroke, and Botulinum Toxin Type-A (BoNT-A) is a useful treatment for this. The authors evaluated kinematic modifications induced by spasticity, and whether or not there is any improvement following injection of BoNT-A. Methods Eight patients with stroke with upper-limb spasticity, showing ...
Festen S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide donors such as isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) are considered the first choice of treatment for anal fissure. After reports of the successful treatment of such fissures with botulinum toxin, this randomized blinded trial compared botulinum toxin with ISDN in the treatment of chronic anal fissure. METHODS: Patients were ...
Benecke R - - 2009
Botulinum toxin type A (BoNT/A) is a highly effective and well-tolerated treatment for focal dystonias. The BoNT/A in Botox and Dysport is part of a high-molecular-weight complex that contains hemagglutinins and other non-toxic proteins, whilst Xeomin is a highly purified BoNT/A free of such complexing proteins. In the largest controlled ...
Redaelli Alessio - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There are few methods for the correction of the reduction of subcutaneous volumes. Polylactic acid is a new material with which we can achieve interesting results. OBJECTIVE: To review our case histories in the assessment of this material's safety and effectiveness, its best indications, and to outline our technique. ...
Dressler D - - 2009
Based upon large and carefully performed studies Xeomin was first registered in 2005. However, its real potential can only be assessed, when it is used outside of study design restrictions, in an independent setting, in off-label indications and during continued use. Two hundred and sixty-three patients (91 with dystonia, 84 ...
Chang Chia-Hsuin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy (ETS) was overused for treating patients with hyperhidrosis in Taiwan. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether use of evidence and a consensus-building exercise can reduce rates of surgery. METHODS: We invited all surgeons in Taiwan who performed five or more ETSs per year for treating patients with hyperhidrosis ...
Ghali Ashraf M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the efficacy of a single-injection technique for percutaneous peribulbar anesthesia with a short needle as an alternative to the double-injection technique for cataract extraction. METHODS: We included 200 patients who underwent elective cataract surgery randomized into 2 equal groups. They received either single-injection peribulbar anesthesia with a ...
Moscona Rony A - - 2010
Various injectable fillers are used for soft-tissue augmentation, including liquid injectable silicone [LS]. This study evaluates patient satisfaction and long-term results after [LS] for lip augmentation. A total of 179 patients, who received medical grade [LS] for lip augmentation, were included in the study. The microdroplet technique was used in ...
Georgescu Dan - - 2009
Calcium hydroxylapatite-induced skin necrosis occurred in 2 patients after injection in the glabella and the nasolabial fold, respectively. Supportive treatment with oral steroids, nitroglycerin paste, and warm compresses was initiated more than 48 hours after injection, and its role in recovery is uncertain. Both patients underwent microdermabrasion and used hydrocortisone ...
Ucuncu Faik - - 2009
AIM: To compare the effectiveness of landmark-guided local injections and ultrasonography (USG) guided injections for shoulder pain. METHODS: A total 60 consecutive patients with shoulder pain due to soft tissue disorders was enrolled, and randomly assigned to receive triamcinolone (40 mg) either by landmark-guided (LMG, n=30) or USG guided (n=30) ...
Shoaib Khawaja Khalid - - 2009
This study was carried out in the Eye Departments of Combined Military Hospital, Kharian and Military Hospital, Rawalpindi, from January 2007 to August 2008. To determine the effects of botulinum A toxin (Botox) injection in different types of facial dystonia. A total of 23 botulinum A toxin (Botox) injections were ...
Ghalamkarpour F - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Injection of botulinum toxin into certain areas of face that carry a high risk of ptosis (danger zone) needs caution in application. An example is the lateral forehead, particularly the lower portion. AIM: In this study, we evaluated the efficacy and safety of treating supraciliary wrinkles in the lower ...
DePalma Michael J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine changes in pain, disability, and medication usage over time from baseline to up to 12 months after facet joint injection of hylan G-F 20. DESIGN: Prospective, uncontrolled, pilot study. SETTING: University spine center. PARTICIPANTS: Fifteen patients (12 females), mean age of 57 years (standard deviation = 12.5), ...
Aivaz Ohara - - 2009
Lateral internal sphincterotomy (LIS) is the gold standard surgical treatment for anal fissure. However, it carries potential complications, including fecal incontinence. The goal of this retrospective study was to compare the outcome of botulinum toxin A injection coupled with fissurectomy ([BTX + FIS) versus LIS. There were 59 patients who ...
Chan Valerie W - - 2009
Children and adolescents experience headaches as do adults and usually present with migraine and chronic daily or tension-type headaches. As some adolescents are unable to achieve headache relief after various treatment strategies, we currently provide botulinum toxin type A (Botox) injections as a clinical treatment (off-label use) in selected cases. ...
Manfredini D - - 2009
AIM: The classical technique for temporomandibular joint (TMJ) arthrocentesis provides a double access to the joint space, which may lead to patient's postoperatory discomfort. For this reason, a less invasive, single-needle approach has been recently described, and the present investigation reports findings on a case series of patients with TMJ ...
Carruthers Alastair A University of British Columbia, Department of Dermatology and Skin Science, Vancouver, BC, Canada. - - 2009
Few studies evaluate patient-reported outcomes (PROs). To assess the PROs of treatment with botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNTA) in upper facial lines; to evaluate two new PRO instruments. Prospective, randomized, double-blind study of 32 U, 64 U, or 96 U BoNTA divided among 16 sites. Measurements included the Facial Line ...
Lemperle Gottfried - - 2010
After more than 25 years of research and development, in October 2006 ArteFill became the first and only permanent injectable wrinkle filler to receive FDA approval. ArteFill is a third-generation polymeric microsphere-based filler, following its predecessor Artecoll, which was marketed outside the United States between 1994 and 2006. ArteFill is ...
Lemperle Gottfried - - 2010
Patients ask for procedures with long-lasting effects. ArteFill is the first permanent injectable approved in 2006 by the FDA for nasolabial folds. It consists of cleaned microspheres of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) suspended in bovine collagen. Over the development period of 20 years most of its side effects have been eliminated to ...
Hwang Yih-Shiou - - 2010
BACKGROUND: A pilot study was conducted to evaluate the therapeutic results of intravitreal ganciclovir injection as a loading dose with or without the following oral valganciclovir for the treatment of cytomegalovirus (CMV) anterior uveitis in immunocompetent patients. METHODS: Six consecutive patients in whom active CMV anterior uveitis was detected by ...
Skeie L - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Facial lipoatrophy can be a stigmatizing side effect of antiretroviral (AVR) treatment for HIV-infected patients. We sought to evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of a new formulation of hyaluronic acid that can be injected in larger amounts and into deeper skin layers during 3 years of follow-up. METHODS: ...
Saw Khay-Yong - - 2009
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to determine whether postoperative intra-articular injections of autologous marrow aspirate (MA) and hyaluronic acid (HA) after subchondral drilling resulted in better cartilage repair as assessed histologically by Gill scoring. METHODS: In a goat model we created a 4-mm full-thickness articular cartilage defect in ...
Fan Song - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We compared the anesthetic efficacy of inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) plus buccal infiltration (BI) and IANB plus periodontal ligament (PDL) articaine injections in patients with irreversible pulpitis in the mandibular first molar. STUDY DESIGN: Fifty-seven volunteers, patients with irreversible pulpitis in the mandibular first molar admitted to the ...
Liu Xue-jian - - 2009
A total of 204 patients with maxillofacial cavernous haemangiomas were examined by digital subtraction angiography to investigate the factors affecting therapeutic outcome and to optimize treatment selection. Cavernous haemangiomas were classified as high- or low-drainage based on the nature of the draining veins. Patients were randomized to receive either embolization ...
Mohammadi B - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Spasticity is a complex disorder that causes significant disability in affected patients. We here present long-term results of botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) treatment in spasticity of various etiologies in the upper and lower limbs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We evaluated long-term results of BoNT-A treatment with Dysport and Botox ...
Novak Alison C - - 2009
PURPOSE: To characterize the effects of botulinum toxin A treatment of spastic plantar flexors in stroke on joint mobility and gait kinematics and kinetics. METHOD: Nine patients with hemiparetic stroke presenting with ankle hypertonicity participated in this exploratory open-label case series study. Comprehensive gait analysis provided bilateral kinematic and kinetic ...
Moghtaderi A R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A standard treatment option for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is local injection of anesthetic-corticosteroid. This clinical trial was designed to compare the safety and efficacy of daily application of the EMLA cream (lidocaine 2.5% plus prilocaine 2.5%) with that of a single injection of methyl prednisolone acetate (Depo-Medrol) 40 ...
Lee Yong Cheol - - 2009
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To test whether rapid injection of rocuronium reduces withdrawal movement on injection. DESIGN: Randomized, prospective trial. SETTING: Operating room in a university hospital. PATIENTS: 150 ASA physical status I and II patients aged 18 to 60 years, undergoing general anesthesia. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were randomized to three groups. After ...
Alvarez Christine M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Continued monitoring and reporting of outcomes in clubfoot patients are important for providing an indicator of functional outcomes and surveillance and treatment for problems or recurrences. The purpose of this study is to report the 5-year outcomes of the updated cohort of 44 patients with 65 idiopathic clubfeet treated ...
Kroupa R - - 2010
Injection of botulinum toxin (BT) and pneumatic dilatation are available methods in nonsurgical treatment of achalasia. Authors anticipate beneficial effect of prior BT injection on the success of pneumatic dilatation and duration of its effect. There are no long-term data available to assess efficacy of combined treatment. From 1998 to ...
Engel Scott J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: This study was performed to determine if pretreatment application of a topical anesthetic skin refrigerant reduced discomfort during botulinum toxin injection. METHODS: Twenty patients were assigned to four groups determined by side of the face pretreated with skin refrigerant and side receiving the first injection. On a Visual Analog ...
Kendler D L - - 2010
The Preference and Satisfaction Questionnaire (PSQ) compares patient preference and satisfaction between a 6-month subcutaneous injection and weekly oral tablet for treatment of bone loss. Patients preferred and were more satisfied with a treatment that was administered less frequently, suggesting the acceptability of the 6-month injection for treatment of bone ...
Chao M - - 2009
This study compared the result of percutaneous release using a miniscalpel-needle and steroid injection in 93 trigger thumbs in 83 patients. The patients were randomly assigned to either miniscalpel-needle percutaneous release (group A) or steroid injection (group B). Visual analogue pain scales and patients' satisfaction were evaluated at baseline, 1 ...
Bergamini Giuseppe - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We conducted this longitudinal prospective study to illustrate a surgical technique for swallowing rehabilitation of patients after partial laryngectomy. METHODS: Nine patients with persistent swallowing impairment after partial laryngectomy were included in the study. Evaluation of swallowing was performed by fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES), and was quantified ...
Jung Jin Young - - 2009
The aesthetic implications of ear keloids, which affect people of all races, are serious and the treatment of earlobe keloids is known to be difficult. The high rate of recurrence following excision alone has led to investigating various types of adjuvant therapy, including intralesional corticosteroid injection. We evaluated the efficacy ...
Filardo Giuseppe - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of multiple platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections on the healing of chronic refractory patellar tendinopathy after previous classical treatments have failed. We treated 15 patients affected by chronic jumper's knee, who had failed previous nonsurgical or surgical treatments, with multiple PRP ...
Cillino S - - 2010
To investigate the long-term effectiveness and safety of botulinum neurotoxin A (BoNT-A) treatment in patients with blepharospasm (BEB), hemifacial spasm (HFS), and entropion (EN) and to use for the first time two modified indexes, 'botulin toxin escalation index-U' (BEI-U) and 'botulin toxin escalation index percentage' (BEI-%), in the dose-escalation evaluation. ...
Maia Fernanda Martins - - 2010
Cervical dystonia (CD) is a complex disorder but the response to long-term botulinum toxin (BTX) therapy is satisfactory in most cases. Bad results are attributed by some authors to changes in muscle activation. Our purpose is to verify if the change in head deviation affects negatively the response to BTX ...
Monheit Gary D - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A new formulation of botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) (Dysport) has recently been approved in the United States for the treatment of glabellar lines. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the long-term safety of repeated administrations of this BoNT-A formulation. METHODS: In all, 768 individuals (1500 planned) from phase III ...
Kim Do Wan do - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Transforaminal epidural injection (TEI) is commonly used in the treatment of radicular pain. However, there have been many published cases of serious complications after a TEI, occurring most often in cervical levels. One of the presumptive reasons for this complication is inadvertent intravascular injection. We sought to identify the ...
Choi Young K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Targeted ventral epidural steroid injection with a transforaminal approach has been widely used for the treatment of nerve root inflammation and pain. Lumbar interlaminar approach is also commonly used; however, ventral epidural injection may not be obtained properly. Lumbar interlaminar ventral epidural (LIVE) injection can be achieved as the ...
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