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Results 101 - 150 of 1658
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Rathore Chaturbhuj - - 2011
To assess the value of postoperative EEG in predicting seizure outcome and seizure recurrence following antiepileptic drug (AED) withdrawal in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis (MTLE-HS). We studied 262 consecutive patients with MTLE-HS with serial EEGs at 3 months, and at 1, 2, and 3 years ...
Gilad Ronit - - 2011
Prophylactic antiepileptic treatment in patients with non-traumatic, non-aneurysmatic spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (SICH) is controversial. The purpose of our study was to assess the occurrence of seizures and neurologic outcome in SICH patients who were treated with valproic acid or a placebo for a period of one month and follow-up of ...
Kawamura Rinako - - 2011
PURPOSE: This study was designed to evaluate the usefulness of percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) with a multipronged needle for the treatment of large hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). An experimental animal study and a clinical investigation were performed. METHODS: In the experimental study, 20 ml of 99.5% ethanol was injected into porcine liver ...
Catarino Claudia B - - 2011
Zonisamide (ZNS) is an antiepileptic drug (AED) with multiple putative mechanisms of action. It is chemically unrelated to other AEDs. It has been available in Japan since 1989 but was only licensed in Europe in 2005. Its efficacy and tolerability have been shown in several randomised controlled trials, but large ...
Shokeir Tarek - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the influence of oxytocin infusion on operative blood loss and glycine deficit during hysteroscopic transcervical endometrial resection (TCRE) for abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB). DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled study (Canadian Task Force classification I). SETTING: Tertiary Care University Hospital. PATIENTS: Forty-eight women with abnormal uterine bleeding that was ...
Sinn Dong Hyun - - 2011
At least 6-10 min of withdrawal time is currently recommended to optimize polyp yield in screening colonoscopies in individual with intact colon. We aimed to assess whether formal documentation of withdrawal time could improve the quality of colonoscopy observation. During December 2006, we implemented withdrawal time as a mandatory field ...
Wales Paul W - - 2011
Catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) cause morbidity and mortality in patients with intestinal failure dependent on parenteral nutrition. Ethanol lock of central venous catheters may decrease CRBSI, but limited pediatric data are available. Home parenteral nutrition patients with at least one previous CRBSI were initiated on a 70% ethanol lock protocol ...
Tawfik Hatem A - - 2011
: To find out whether the off-label use of Lipostabil is as effective as advertised for the nonsurgical treatment of bulging lower eyelid fat pads. : This is a pilot, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, comparative, single-center study. Participants were 45 patients with full lower eyelids who were injected with 0.5 ml ...
Mahmood Arif - - 2011
BACKGROUND.: We sought to examine contemporary practice patterns of saphenous vein graft (SVG) interventions. METHODS.: A link to a 10-item online questionnaire was completed in January 2010 by 275 (7%) of 3,771 US interventional cardiologists surveyed. RESULTS.: Sixty-five percent of the respondents use an embolic protection device (EPD) in >75% ...
Dixon Bradley S - - 2011
Extended-release dipyridamole plus low-dose aspirin (ERDP/ASA) prolongs primary unassisted graft patency of newly created hemodialysis arteriovenous grafts, but the individual contributions of each component are unknown. Here, we analyzed whether use of aspirin at baseline associated with primary unassisted graft patency among participants in a randomized trial that compared ERDP/ASA ...
Morley Ana M S - - 2011
: To describe one surgeon's experience with the use of hyaluronic acid gel (Perlane) as a tear-trough filler over an 18-month period and to assess patient satisfaction with the procedure. : Consecutive, interventional case series involving case note review, masked grading of clinical photographs, and patient satisfaction survey. : A ...
Vagefi M Reza - - 2011
: To demonstrate the utility of injectable calcium hydroxylapatite (Radiesse) for orbital volume augmentation to correct postenucleation/evisceration socket syndrome (PESS). : A retrospective chart review of all consecutive patients in our practice who received injectable calcium hydroxylapatite placed in the extraconal space to augment orbital volume was conducted. Patients with ...
Fallah Tafti Mohammad Reza - - 2011
To evaluate the efficacy of intralesional bevacizumab injection in decreasing size of pterygium. Seventeen patients with pterygium (14 with primary and 3 with recurrent pterygium) received intralesional injections of bevacizumab (2.5 mg/0.1 mL). Digital photographs were analyzed by image analysis software to determine the change of corneal involvement as a ...
Prasetyono Theddeus O H - - 2011
: The purpose of this article was to discuss about the use of corticosteroids in head and neck hemangioma as one of the safest noninvasive therapy, focusing on intralesional steroid injection, including perilesional and infusion, for curing or reducing tumor size. : A systematic review was done by means of ...
Mouttalib Sofia - - 2010
To determine if antibiotic prophylaxis is required for intradetrusor botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) injections. This was a prospective non-randomized study. Inclusion criteria were adult patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity who failed anticholinergic-based first-line treatment and had sterile urine culture 7 days before injections, a negative dipstick test on the day ...
Mandalos Achilleas - - 2010
A prospective interventional pilot study was performed to estimate the effect of ranibizumab injection on the clinical and histological picture of primary pterygium. Five patients with primary pterygia received a single subconjunctival injection of ranibizumab (0.3 mg), whereas 5 nontreated pterygia served as controls. The treated pterygia were surgically removed ...
Kim S M - - 2011
TGDC is a common congenital neck lesion, which has been treated by surgery. Although surgery is curative, it has drawbacks such as scars and surgical morbidity. Therefore, we applied EA as an alternative treatment technique. The purpose of this study was the evaluation of the efficacy and safety of EA ...
Ren X S - - 2011
The introduction of long-acting injection antipsychotic agents has been associated with better treatment persistence and better subsequent patient outcomes. However, limited empirical data are available on patient outcomes resulting from the initiation of long-acting injectable antipsychotic agents. In this study, we assessed patterns of health-care utilization following the initiation of ...
Burman Pia - - 2010
Somatostatin analogues are the most commonly used drugs for treatment of acromegaly. Known side effects include gastrointestinal reactions, cholelithiasis, effects on glucose metabolism, and mild reactions at injection sites. We report a patient who developed fat and skin necroses after injections of a depot somatostatin analogue. A woman with active ...
Hsiao Wayland - - 2011
Intracavernosal injection therapy (ICI) is a well-established second-line therapy used in the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED). Controversy exists as to whether oral phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5i) or injection therapy lead to higher satisfaction. This study addressed ICI satisfaction in a modern cohort of patients in the PDE5i era. ...
Pagonis Thomas - - 2011
Previously described corticosteroid injection techniques for de Quervain tenosynovitis (DQT) refer to either 1-point or 2-point injection techniques, showing superiority of the latter. The authors' novel 4-point injection technique (point 4 technique) yields more favorable results than do the older techniques. Study Design: Randomized controlled trial; Level of evidence, 2. ...
Chen LiZhao - - 2010
Percutaneous glycerol injection into Meckel's cavity is widely used to treat trigeminal neuralgia. Reports published to date summarized clinical experiences in small or intermediately sized groups of patients. The efficacy of this procedure in a large group of patients has not been evaluated so far. From December 1983 to November ...
Narins Rhoda S - - 2010
To evaluate the safety and efficacy of a 2.5% polyacrylamide hydrogel in the aesthetic enhancement of nasolabial folds. The safety and efficacy of a polyacrylamide hydrogel were compared with those of nonanimal stabilized hyaluronic acid (NASHA) in 315 subjects in a double-blind, randomized, multicenter, noninferiority trial with a 12-month follow-up. ...
Smaldone Marc C - - 2010
Detrusor injection of botulinum toxin (BTX) has shown great promise in the treatment of neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) refractory to conservative therapy. Despite a paucity of prospective evidence, there exists a growing consensus that BTX injection therapy is a well-tolerated, low-risk therapy. Injections result in substantial subjective improvement in continence ...
Panicker J - - 2010
Objectives Intradetrusor injection of Botulinum toxin type A, although not yet licenced, has proven to be highly effective for urge incontinence in multiple sclerosis (MS) due to refractory detrusor overactivity (DO). Here we evaluate the impact of repeat injections on patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) to examine whether benefits are ...
Ascher B - - 2010
Azzalure® (Galderma SA), a newly approved European botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNT-A), is derived from Dysport™ (Ipsen Ltd.), which has a 20-year history of product consistency and has been widely used for various aesthetic and therapeutic applications. Azzalure® and Dysport™ are collectively referred to as BoNT-A (Speywood Unit) after the ...
Scheffer Arthur R T - - 2010
Botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNT-A) has been described as an effective intervention for drooling and is being increasingly adopted. However, its effectiveness compared with established treatments is still unknown. We undertook a within-participants observational study to examine this. An historic cohort was formed of 19 children and young adults (10 ...
Nasr Maged - - 2010
Although lateral internal sphincterotomy has been the gold standard of treatment for chronic anal fissure, the main concern remains its effects on anal continence. Intrasphincteric injection of botulinum toxin seems to be a reliable option providing temporary alleviation of sphincter spasm and allowing the fissure to heal. The aim of ...
Custis Trenton - - 2010
Hyaluronic acid and onabotulinumtoxinA combination therapy has been shown to have greater clinical effectiveness than hyaluronic acid alone for glabellar furrowing, but this is not well documented for melomental fold rhytides. To compare the efficacy of intradermal cross-linked hyaluronic acid (HA) and onabotulinumtoxinA combination therapy with the efficacy of cross-linked ...
Foroutan Alireza - - 2010
To evaluate the effect of perilimbal bevacizumab injection on neovascularization at the interface of donor and recipient tissues after deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK). This interventional case series included 4 patients with interface neovascularization after DALK (3 patients with advanced keratoconus and 1 patient with scarring because of herpetic keratitis). ...
Senbanjo Richard - - 2011
To identify factors that might influence cessation of groin injecting (GI) among patients receiving oral opioid substitution treatment (OST). A cross-sectional survey. Drug treatment centres in South East England. Groin injectors (GIs) attending an ultrasound 'health-check' clinic. Clinical data and ultrasound images; comparing 65 patients who had injected drugs in ...
Abdel-Meguid Taha A - - 2010
The short-term outcomes of initial detrusor injections vs combined detrusor-trigone botulinum toxin-A injections were determined in patients with spinal cord injury-neurogenic detrusor overactivity. Adults with refractory spinal cord injury-neurogenic detrusor overactivity who strictly discontinued anticholinergics were recruited for the study. At a 1:1 ratio patients randomly received 300 U botulinum ...
Smith Stacy R - - 2010
Many patients elect to have repeat treatments with hyaluronic acid dermal fillers to maintain wrinkle correction, but the clinical performance of these products after repeat treatments has not been formally assessed. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of Juvéderm injectable gel (Juvéderm Ultra, Juvéderm Ultra ...
Ghosn Samer - - 2010
Pachydermoperiostosis (PDP) is a rare hereditary disorder characterized by digital clubbing, periostosis, and pachydermia. Pachydermia results in leonine facies, a major cause of cosmetic and functional morbidity in these patients. Its treatment is usually surgical. So far, no medical treatment has been suggested to alleviate this morbidity. We sought to ...
Zwibel Howard - - 2011
Treatment with disease-modifying immunomodulators is recommended for patients with relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS). However, continuous adherence to treatment with these injected therapies can be challenging. The main objective was to examine the predictors of adherence to glatiramer acetate using a study model derived from Prochaska's transtheoretical model of change. We conducted ...
Ng K Y - - 2010
To describe the epidemiology, clinical features, and treatment outcome of achalasia in Chinese patients. Retrospective study. Major regional hospital, Hong Kong. Clinical records of patients with the diagnosis of achalasia from July 1997 to June 2007 were reviewed. Thirty-two patients were diagnosed with achalasia during the study period. The mean ...
Mignogna M D - - 2010
High-potency topical and perilesional/intralesional corticosteroids are becoming increasingly useful as adjuvant to treat autoimmune blistering diseases. We sought to evaluate the role of perilesional/intralesional triamcinolone acetonide (PITA) injections in reducing the time for first complete clinical remission and the total amount of systemic corticosteroids in oro-pharyngeal pemphigus vulgaris (OPV) patients, ...
Porter R F - - 2011
Botulinum toxin injection into the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) treats dysphagia syndromes with preserved peristalsis and incomplete LES relaxation (LESR). We evaluated clinical and esophageal motor characteristics predicting response, and compared duration of efficacy to similarly treated achalasia patients. Thirty-six subjects (59 ± 2.2 years, 19F/17M) with incomplete LESR on ...
Saeliw Patcharin - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of ice application in reducing pain during botulinum toxin type A injections. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, single-blind clinical study. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Sixty patients who underwent botulinum toxin A treatment on their faces were included in the present study, divided into three groups, group 1 had ...
Pinsky Michael R - - 2010
To explore the mechanism of action, as well as the risks and benefits of two popular and effective treatment modalities for erectile dysfunction (ED). Intracavernosal injection (ICI) therapy involves direct injection of vasoactive agents into cavernosal tissue to facilitate erection. Commonly perscribed agents include PGE1 (alprostadil), papaverine, and phentolamine. Though ...
Chong Deborah Y - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency and characteristics of sterile intraocular inflammation occurring after intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) (Avastin, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA) injection and to analyze whether a repeat IVB or intravitreal ranibizumab (IVR) (Lucentis, Genentech) injection after an episode of postinjection inflammation elicits a ...
Ghosh A - - 2011
We undertook collagen injection laryngoplasty to achieve arytenoid augmentation in patients with dysphagia and persistent aspiration following partial laryngectomy, and we evaluated the efficacy of arytenoid augmentation in aiding neoglottic closure and ensuring airway safety. Two patients with persistent swallowing impairment after partial laryngectomy were studied. Swallowing was evaluated using ...
Blanchais Anne - - 2010
To assess the feasibility and safety of caudal epidural glucocorticoid injections performed with ultrasound guidance. We studied 30 patients with low back pain and nerve root pain related to disk herniation or associated with lumbar spinal stenosis. A caudal epidural injection was performed under ultrasound guidance. Prednisolone acetate, 5 ml, ...
Masala Salvatore - - 2011
This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of the blunt-tipped curved injection needle (BCN) AVAflex (Care Fusion) for vertebral augmentation in cases of Kummel's disease. We performed 25 vertebral augmentation procedures on 25 consecutive patients (11 men/14 women; mean age, 67 years) with Kummel's disease using the blunt-tipped curved injection ...
Yang Yaowu - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to document the results of bleomycin A5 sclerotherapy for cervicofacial lymphatic malformations (LMs), and the clinical data of 65 patients between October 2004 and October 2007 were reviewed. Of the 65 patients in the study, 60 patients were given intralesional injection of bleomycin A5. ...
Kim Chul - - 2010
Plantar fasciitis is commonly treated with corticosteroid injections to decrease pain and inflammation. Therapeutic benefits often vary in terms of efficacy and duration. Rupture of the plantar fascia has been reported as a possible complication following corticosteroid injection. A retrospective chart review of 120 patients who received corticosteroid injection for ...
BinSaif Ghada A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: It was found that acetylcholine concentration increased with a significantly reduced expression of acetylcholinesterase in vitiliginous patches that return to normal upon repigmentation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of botulinum toxin A in patients with localized vitiligo. METHODS: Ten patients were recruited. Eight patients had two or ...
Kim Joon-Sung - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The glenohumeral joint can be accessed by anterior, posterior, or superior approach. Blind shoulder injections using anterior or posterior approach have been often inaccurate and infiltrated untargeted structures. The aim of this study was to investigate the success rate of injections in the glenohumeral joint using the superior approach. ...
Kim Chong H - - 2010
Epidural steroid injections are commonly used in managing radicular pain. Most complications related to epidural injections are minor and self-limited. Flushing is considered as one such minor side effect. Flushing has been studied using various steroid preparations including methylprednisone, triamcinolone, and betamethasone but its frequency has never been studied using ...
Peng Yifeng - - 2010
PURPOSE: We used a local anesthetic jet injection technique for adult male circumcision. This method eliminates needle use and may decrease the fear of local anesthetic injection used for male circumcision. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We recruited 60 men seeking voluntary adult male circumcision into the study from June to September ...
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