Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1640
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Kuschel Stefanie - - 2008
The aim of this trial was to examine the effects after 2 years of a single intravesical botulinum toxin-A injection (BTX-A). This prospective, observational study was conducted using urodynamic measurements and quality of life (QoL) assessment to document the effect after 2 years of a single 100 I.U. injection of ...
Giannantoni Antonella - - 2008
PURPOSE: We evaluated the 1-year efficacy and tolerability of botulinum A toxin intravesically injected in patients with painful bladder symptoms associated with increased urinary frequency, refractory to conventional treatments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three men and 12 women were prospectively included in the study. Under short general anesthesia the patients were ...
Palmer Lane S - - 2008
PURPOSE: Dextranomer/hyaluronic acid copolymer has become a popular bulking agent for subureteral injection in the treatment of vesicoureteral reflux. The success rates are lower compared to ureteral reimplantation, and, therefore, postoperative voiding cystourethrography is required. We sought to determine if post-injection intraoperative cystography can be useful in improving the success ...
Georgescu Dan - - 2008
PURPOSE: To assess the impact of upper eyelid myectomy surgery on blepharospasm with associated apraxia of lid opening (ALO), dry eye, photophobia, and daily functioning in patients who are refractory to botulinum toxin treatment. DESIGN: Noncomparative, consecutive, interventional case series. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed to identify 100 ...
Peters-Veluthamaningal C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study efficacy and safety of corticosteroid injections for trigger finger (flexor tenosynovitis) in adults in general practice. METHODS: Adult patients presenting with trigger finger were recruited by 21 participating general practitioners. In this randomised placebo controlled double-blinded trial, patients were injected locally with one or two injections of ...
Baraza Wal - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Healing rates for botulinum toxin injection for anal fissure may be improved if combined with fissurectomy. This procedure has a decreased risk of incontinence, which is particularly important in females. We investigated the long-term efficacy of fissurectomy and botulinum toxin injection for chronic resistant fissures in females. METHODS: Female ...
Bahador Ali
<b>Aim:</b> Our aim in this study is to evaluate the effect of ethanol as a sclerosing agent on subset of pediatric patients with prolonged rectal prolapse. <b> Materials and Methods:</b> From 1997 to 2003, 165 cases of primary rectal prolapse were treated by submucosal injection of ethyl alcohol (96&#x0025;) after ...
Hossein Hamali
The syndrome of retained placenta is an important problem that affects cows in the farms of Iran and other countries. In a study on the cows with retained placenta, the effect of prostaglandin injections on the mean time of placental expulsion was studied. Cows with retained placenta (n = 150) ...
Hossein Hamali
The syndrome of retained placenta is an important problem that affects cows in the farms of Iran and other countries. In a study on the cows with retained placenta, the effect of prostaglandin injections on the mean time of placental expulsion was studied. Cows with retained placenta (n = 150) ...
Crisp Tom - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate a novel conservative management modality for patellar tendinopathy. METHODS: We recruited nine patients with patellar tendinopathy who had failed conservative management and showed evidence of neovascularisation on power Doppler scanning. A high volume ultrasound guided injection at the interface between the patellar tendon and Hoffa's body. The ...
Alkan Murat - - 2008
AIM: To clarify the factors affecting the success rate of endoscopic subureteral injection (ESI) treatment of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). METHOD: All patients who had ESI treatment for VUR at our unit between 1999 and 2002 were retrospectively reviewed with regard to age, gender, causes of VUR, reflux grade, type of ...
Wutthiphan Sorot - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of botulinum toxin A injection in treating overcorrected and undercorrected strabismus after unsatisfactory postoperative alignment. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The authors reviewed the outcomes of 20 patients aged 5 to 56 years (mean 29.1 years) who had botulinum toxin A injection following their unsatisfactory ...
Mascarenhas Frederico - - 2008
AIMS: We evaluated the effect of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) injections in the trigone on the antireflux mechanism and evaluated its short-term efficacy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between April and December 2006, 21 patients (10 men and 11 women) were prospectively evaluated. All were incontinent due to refractory NDO and ...
Jacono Andrew A - - 2008
To present a new classification of 15 anatomical lip zones used to direct placement of injectable fillers during lip augmentation and to evaluate the new classification's ability to customize lip contour and size. Study participants were consecutive patients presenting to a facial plastic and reconstructive surgery practice for injectable lip ...
Jordan Gerald H - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Peyronie's disease afflicts at least 3% of sexually active men over the age of 30. Many pharmacologic therapies have been tried, but to date, no systemic or local therapy has been proven to provide predictable and lasting results. AIM: This study was designed to assess the efficacy and safety ...
Cerwinka Wolfgang H - - 2008
PURPOSE: The goal of this review is to present current indications, injectable agents, techniques, success rates, complications, and potential future applications of endoscopic treatment for vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The endoscopic method currently achieving one of the highest success rates is the double hydrodistention-implantation technique (HIT). ...
Terre Rosa - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of botulinum toxin (BTX-A) injection in the cricopharyngeus muscle in patients with neurological dysphagia caused by alteration in the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) opening and with preserved pharyngeal contraction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective pilot study was undertaken in 10 patients (7 brain lesions and ...
Yen Michael T - - 2008
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of the coinjection of bupivacaine with botulinum toxin type A on the degree of muscular paralysis. Enhancement of paralysis could allow a decreased dose of neurotoxin treatment, thus reducing the risk for neutralizing antibody formation. METHODS: Prospective, randomized, double-blind study. Sixteen consecutive patients undergoing treatment ...
Solheim Svein - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory responses after intracoronary injection of autologous mononuclear bone marrow cells (mBMC) are not clarified. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of intracoronary injection of mBMC on inflammatory mediators in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS: Patients with AMI in the ASTAMI trial (N ...
Bahador Abi - - 2008
Our aim in this study is to evaluate the effect of ethanol as a sclerosing agent on subset of pediatric patients with prolonged rectal prolapse. From 1997 to 2003, 165 cases of primary rectal prolapse were treated by submucosal injection of ethyl alcohol (96%) after 8 weeks of conservative therapy. ...
Boleas-Aguirre Maria Soledad - - 2008
To assess patient satisfaction with vertigo control using intratympanic (IT) dexamethasone (12 mg/mL) for medically refractory unilateral Ménière's disease. Retrospective study. Tertiary referral neurotology clinic. One hundred twenty-nine subjects diagnosed with unilateral Ménière's disease still having vertigo despite medical therapy. IT dexamethasone injections as needed to control vertigo attacks. A ...
Zielke Hendrik - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Injectable fillers are widely used in aesthetic medicine. Although most materials are considered to be safe, adverse events occur. Our knowledge on frequency and potential risk factors is limited. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe adverse reactions to injectable fillers based on a partly population-based case ...
Salti Giovanni - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Recent articles have introduced the novel concept of chemical lipolysis through local injections. Phosphatidylcholine is the active drug in the commercial preparation used for this purpose, but some studies have suggested that sodium deoxycholate, an excipient of the preparation, could be the real active substance. AIM: We decided to ...
Buckmiller Lisa M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of proliferative phase intralesional steroid injections in the treatment of parotid hemangiomas. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of pediatric patients with parotid hemangiomas treated with intralesional steroid injections during the proliferative phase. SETTING: Vascular Anomalies Center, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Arkansas Children's Hospital, Little Rock, ...
Malhotra Raman - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe a new technique of injecting Restylane Sub-Q (Q-Med, Uppsala, Sweden) into the intraconal and extraconal posterior orbit. METHODS: Retrospective review. Eight injections were performed in 5 patients using 2-mL Sub-Q in the intraconal and extraconal posterior orbit for orbital volume enhancement. Four injections were performed in sighted ...
Leibovitch Igal - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To present findings of a pilot study on intraorbital corticosteroid therapy in the management of idiopathic orbital inflammation. METHODS: This prospective, noncomparative, interventional case series included patients with clinically, radiologically, and histologically confirmed idiopathic orbital inflammation with an anterior orbital mass. Twenty to 40 mg/mL of triamcinolone acetonide was ...
Goldfarb Charles A - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the timing of improvement after extra-articular steroid injection, the incidence of a postinjection pain flare (a delayed postinjection transient increase in pain), and the role of the injection acidity in the postinjection flare. METHODS: One hundred twenty-five patients with trigger finger (88 patients) or de Quervain's tenosynovitis ...
Walsh Richard - - 2007
Disorganization of sensory cortical somatotopy has been described in adult onset primary torsion dystonia (AOPTD). Although botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) acts peripherally, some studies have suggested a central effect. Our primary hypothesis was that sensory cortical reorganization occurs after BTX-A treatment of AOPTD. Twenty patients with cervical dystonia and ...
East J M - - 2007
Operating time for idiopathic hydroceles and epididymal cysts is scarce as these conditions compete with an increasing caseload of more consequential surgical disease. Therapy is often relegated to repeated aspiration. Sclerotherapy appears to be effective in a majority of published trials, but comparative effectiveness, efficacy and safety of most agents, ...
Moers-Carpi Marion - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: In this study, we examined Radiesse (calcium hydroxylapatite; CaHA), Juvederm 24 (hyaluronic acid; HA-1A), Juvederm 24HV (HA-1B), and Perlane (HA-2) for patient satisfaction, likelihood to return, immediate efficacy, and duration of correction. OBJECTIVE: This multicenter, blinded, randomized study compares patient satisfaction variables, efficacy, and durability of CaHA gel and ...
Chen Wei-Liang - - 2008
Venous malformations of the face and neck involve multiple anatomical spaces and encase critical neuromuscular structures, making surgical treatment difficult; high recurrence rates and high morbidity are well documented. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical curative effect of combination compartmentalisation and sclerotherapy for the treatment of ...
Lizarralde Mónica - - 2007
BACKGROUND; Allergan Inc. recommends that its botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A; BOTOX) must be refrigerated and applied within 4 hours after its reconstitution to avoid losing its biologic effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to compare clinical efficacy in treating external canthus dynamic lines with reconstituted and refrigerated toxin (BTX-A) 1 ...
Baum K - - 2007
This prospective, multicentre, international, observational, cohort study compared injection site pain (ISP) and injection site reactions (ISRS) between interferon beta-1b (IFNB-1b; Betaferon) 250 microg subcutaneously every other day and interferon beta-1a (IFNB-1a; Rebif) 44 microg subcutaneously three times weekly in patients with relapsing-remitting MS. Patients started treatment within 3 months ...
Hui Jennifer I - - 2007
PURPOSE: To determine if there is a difference in the efficacy of refrigerated (previously reconstituted) versus freshly reconstituted botulinum toxin (Botox Cosmetic, Allergan, Irvine, CA, U.S.A.) in the treatment of lateral periorbital rhytids. METHODS: This is a randomized, double-blind, controlled, prospective study. Participants included individuals who were interested in the ...
Vagefi M Reza - - 2007
To describe a new method of augmenting orbital volume for anophthalmic enophthalmos correction. A retrospective medical record review was conducted of 4 consecutive patients who had injectable calcium hydroxylapatite (Radiesse) placed in the extraconal space to augment orbital volume. Four patients were treated with 1 to 2 vials (1.3 mL ...
Kalsi Vinay - - 2007
Our objective was to demonstrate the efficacy and impact on quality of life of detrusor injections of botulinum neurotoxin type A in the treatment of bladder dysfunction in patients with multiple sclerosis. Forty-three patients with multiple sclerosis suffering from severe urgency incontinence were treated with detrusor injections of botulinum neurotoxin ...
Jeong Hee Sun - - 2007
PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate the short- and midterm effectiveness of transforaminal epidural steroid injection (TFESI) for lumbosacral radiculopathy with respect to injection level. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional review board approval and written informed consent were obtained. From March 2005 to February 2006, 239 consecutive patients (106 male, 133 female; mean ...
Bonanni Laura - - 2007
Lateral axial dystonia (LAD) has been described in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), but treatment might be more controversial than treatment of LAD in other neurological conditions. Our study was designed as a blinded cross-over with botulinum toxin (BTX) and placebo in order to investigate the efficacy of BTX in ...
Khan Javeed - - 2008
PURPOSE: To investigate the use of botulinum toxin type A in identifying adult patients with constant strabismus who are at high risk of developing intractable diplopia after surgery. METHODS: A retrospective review of adult patients with constant horizontal strabismus who had botulinum toxin injection to evaluate their risk of postoperative ...
Kajbafzadeh Abdol-Mohammad - - 2007
PURPOSE: We compared the cellular and ultrastructural changes in the urethral wall following application of different hemostasis techniques in a rabbit model of hypospadias surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rabbits were allocated into 5 groups. In group 1 animals underwent surgery without application of any hemostasis technique; in group 2 continuous ...
Slotema Christina W - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Orofacial tardive dyskinesia (OTD) is difficult to treat and Botulinium Toxin A (BTA) may be an option. METHODS: In a single blind (raters were blind) study (N=12, duration 33 weeks) OTD was treated with Botulinum Toxin A in three consecutive sessions with increasing dosages. The severity was measured with ...
Damrose E J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the role of botulinum toxin type A in the treatment of refractory laryngeal granulomas. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective clinical review at a tertiary care hospital. Seven patients with vocal process granulomas underwent percutaneous injection of botulinum toxin into both vocal folds, performed in an office ...
Stotland Mitchell A - - 2007
Patient satisfaction is a key measure of success when using botulinum toxin type A to treat glabellar rhytides. However, lack of a standardized method of assessing satisfaction has limited its evaluation. In this open-label study, 58 women with moderate or severe glabellar rhytides at maximum frown were treated with 20 ...
Hachiro Yoshikazu - - 2007
PURPOSE: No surgical method for repair of total rectal prolapse has been established as optimal. We describe a new technique that uses ALTA (aluminum potassium sulfate and tannic acid) injection as a simple perianal procedure for total rectal prolapse. METHODS: Fourteen patients with total rectal prolapse were treated with sclerosing ...
Sajid M S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review was to analyse systematically the prospective randomized controlled trials on the effectiveness of botulinum toxin (BTX) and glyceryltrinitrate (GTN) for the pharmacological management of chronic anal fissure (CAF). METHOD: A systematic review of the literature was undertaken. Prospective randomized controlled trials on the effectiveness ...
Negi, Ajeet K.
Background: Intralesional sodium stibogluconate (SSG) has become first line therapy for localized cutaneous leishmaniasis (LCL). Aims: This study compares the efficacy of intralesional SSG given alone with that of intralesional SSG combined with intramuscular SSG. Methods: Thirty-two patients aged between 5-56 years were included in the study. The first group ...
Reitz André - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To study repeat intradetrusor botulinum toxin injections for the treatment of neurogenic detrusor overactivity in terms of safety and improvement of continence status and urodynamic parameters. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was based on 20 consecutive patients (13 males, 7 females; median age, 41.1 yr) who received at least ...
Adachi Jonathan D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Teriparatide (parathyroid hormone [1-34] [ribosomal DNA origin]) stimulates new bone formation on trabecular and cortical (periosteal and/or endosteal) bone surfaces by preferential stimulation of osteoblastic activity over osteoclastic activity. It has been found to significantly reduce vertebral fractures by 65%, and nonvertebral fragility fractures by 53% in treatment-naive postmenopausal ...
Tejedor Jaime - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To study motor and sensory results of surgery for exotropia following botulinum toxin A injection to correct childhood esotropia. METHODS: The medical records of 2445 patients treated with botulinum toxin bimedial injection were retrospectively reviewed to select patients operated on after 1 year of consecutive exotropia. We recorded age ...
Kokoszka Andrzej - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Analysis of results of research on aging indicates that negative stereotypes about diminished needs and abilities to achieve satisfaction in elderly have negative impact on well-being of persons in late adulthood. These negative stereotypes are shared by older people and the other members of society, including physicians. However, only ...
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