Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1509
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Hosono N - - 2008
We evaluated 30 patients with cervical myelopathy before and after decompressive surgery and compared them with 42 healthy controls. All were asked to grip and release their fingers as rapidly as possible for 15 seconds. Films recorded with a digital camera were divided into three files of five seconds each. ...
Celik Haydar - - 2008
The operative treatment of lumbar disc disease has long challenged spine surgeons. In this study, we aimed to show that recruits with lumbar disc herniation managed by the interlaminar approach could return to work after 6 weeks. Forty male recruits were included in this study and interlaminar discectomy was adequate ...
Aslam Ejaz - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To see the safety and efficacy of Percutaneous vertebroplasty in osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures. METHODS: This study was conducted at the Department of Neurosurgery, Liaquat National Hospital (LNH) Karachi, Pakistan. Patients with osteoporotic compression vertebral fractures, not responding to conservative treatment and having localized overlying tenderness and MRI evidence ...
Ackerman William E WE - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is useful in identifying patients who may respond to lumbar facet injections. There are two methods for performing lumbar facet joint injections: intraarticular and medial branch nerve blocks. A consensus has yet to be reached among physicians as to which method is the most ...
Rasmussen Sten - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN.: We randomized 200 patients after lumbar discectomy to receive epidural steroid or none with a 2-year follow-up. OBJECTIVE.: To evaluate the outcome, neurologic impairment and safety of epidural steroid following lumbar discectomy for herniated disc disease. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: Convalescence after discectomy for herniated disc disease is ...
Bengtsson Boel - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of intraocular pressure (IOP)-reducing treatment on the development of disc hemorrhages in patients with glaucoma. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of patients in the Early Manifest Glaucoma Trial, followed up to 11 years (median = 8 years). PARTICIPANTS: Patients with newly detected glaucoma randomized to argon ...
Ding Yu - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The value of somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) in the diagnosis and prognosis of cervical spondylotic myelopathy, as well as the usefulness of monitoring intraoperative potentials in terms of safety and predictive factors were investigated. METHODS: Each of the 76 myelopathic patients underwent surgical intervention. According to the wave configurations ...
Ming-li Feng - - 2009
The objective of this study was to select factors related to the prognosis and curative effect for posterolateral fusion (PLF) of lumbar low-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis (LGIS). Of 125 patients who accepted PLF treatment, 119 obtained solid union in this prospective study. Statistical analysis was used to evaluate factors related to ...
Dollinger Verena - - 2008
The aim of this study was to investigate to what extent patients could resume physical activity following surgery for herniated lumbar disks. We analyzed a cohort of 1003 patients who underwent lumbar spine surgery within 1 year. Out of this cohort, 93 patients were selected according to our inclusion criteria ...
Ishii M - - 2008
PURPOSE: To assess the neurological and walking status of 56 elderly patients after cervical myelopathy to determine whether the surgery was justified. METHODS: Records of 23 men and 33 women aged 75 to 86 (mean, 79) years who underwent laminoplasty for cervical myelopathy were retrospectively reviewed. They had been followed ...
Sasso Rick C - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, multicenter clinical trial. OBJECTIVE: Kinematic analysis of target level and adjacent motion segments after Bryan artificial cervical disc replacement versus anterior cervical fusion. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Disc arthroplasty has been shown to provide short-term clinical results that are comparable or better than those attained with ...
Pechlivanis I - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Anterior cervical uncoforaminotomy (uncoforaminotomy) is an operative method intended to preserve the functional motion segment of the cervical spine while removing the underlying pathology. Controversy exists concerning the patients best suited for this treatment modality. Furthermore, no long-term outcome analyses have been published. METHODS: Between November 2002 and June ...
Xinyu Liu - - 2009
The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcome of the hemilaminoplasty technique for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation (LDH). Forty-three cases of single-level LDH underwent a discectomy and hemilaminoplasty procedure. The preoperative JOA score and VAS of lower back and leg pain were 10.4+/-1.3, 7.8+/-2.1, and ...
Strom Kurt H - - 2008
PURPOSE: We assessed the long-term efficacy, complications and patient perceptions of microsurgical denervation of the spermatic cord in the treatment of chronic orchialgia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Microsurgical denervation of the spermatic cord was performed on 95 testicular units in 79 men (mean age 40.3 years, mean duration of pain 62 ...
Assietti Roberto - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A consecutive, case series comparison. OBJECTIVE: To compare safety, long-term pain, and disability scores with and without use of carboxymethylcellulose/polyethylene oxide (CMC/PEO) gel after microdiscectomy with interlaminectomy. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Patient outcomes after microdiscectomy for lumbar disc herniation are frequently complicated by adhesions and fibrotic scars. Present ...
Rabin Doron - - 2009
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Cervical arthroplasty is designed to maintain cervical motion of the functional spinal unit after cervical discectomy. The impact of the ProDisc-C (Synthes Spine, Paoli, PA) on in vivo kinematics and sagittal alignment requires further assessment. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to test the hypothesis that the ...
Leahy Michael - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Data for this study were collected as part of a prospective Food and Drug Administration regulated IDE trial for the ProDisc total disc replacement. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to compare the results of total disc replacement (TDR) in patients with previous discectomy to patients who ...
Monteiro Aparecida Cristina Sampaio - - 2008
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Cervical stenosis is a postoperative complication of procedures for treating preinvasive lesions of the cervix and takes on particular importance due to the clinical repercussions associated with it. Furthermore, it causes limitations in relation to cytological and colposcopic follow-up. The aim here was to assess the incidence ...
Ozeki Nobutake - - 2008
DESIGN: A retrospective case study of the use of intrapedicular partial pediculectomy (IPPP) to treat lumbar foraminal stenosis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical results of lumbar foraminal stenosis treated with IPPP. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There is no gold standard for the surgical treatment of foraminal stenosis, which occurs in ...
Choi Gun - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of 59 patients operated for excision of soft highly migrated intracanal lumbar disc herniations by percutaneous endoscopic foraminoplasty. OBJECTIVE: To describe a safe and effective percutaneous endoscopic technique for removal of migrated herniations and report the results on the basis of modified MacNab criteria. SUMMARY ...
Karabekir Hamit S - - 2008
To evaluate the early results of unilateral posterior lumbar interbody fusion technique in lumbar discectomy cases compared with simple discectomy and bilateral posterior interbody fusion cases using visual analog scale (VAS) and Oswestry outcomes instruments and radiological and physical examinations. The control group had 40 patients who underwent simple discectomy. ...
Pflugmacher R - - 2008
There is currently little data on the longer term efficacy and safety of balloon kyphoplasty (BKP) in patients with metastatic vertebral compression fractures (VCFs). To prospectively assess the long-term efficacy and safety of BKP in treating thoracic and lumbar spinal metastatic fractures that result in pain or instability. Sixty-five patients ...
Kast Erich - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective controlled clinical study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this prospective nonrandomized study is to evaluate the recurrence rate and the clinical outcome of patients undergoing sole sequestrectomy and compare them with a standard treatment group. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: While performing microsurgical disc excision, extruded disc fragments and ...
Bakke Merete - - 2008
Modified condylotomy may be relevant in severe painful reciprocal clicking of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) where conservative treatment is insufficient. The effect of the modified condylotomy was analyzed and compared with conventional nonsurgical treatment in a randomized pilot study of eight patients, 19-44 years of age, with severe painful reciprocal ...
Maaijwee K - - 2009
One-fourth of the patients with exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD) treated with an autologous retinal pigment epithelium (RPE)-choroid translocation had a hyperfluorescent optic disc with indocyanine green angiography (ICGA). This study aimed to identify whether indocyanine green (ICG)-assisted surgery was related to the hyperfluorescence of the optic disc with ICGA. ...
Nakanishi Kazuo - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: The midterm results of prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) treatment in patients with lumbar spinal canal stenosis, and discuss the factors influencing the improvement rate by using multivariable analysis. OBJECTIVE: We report the clinical results of PGE1 treatments in patients with lumbar spinal canal stenosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Neurogenic ...
Xia Ying-peng - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To identify radiographic predictors of residual low back pain (LBP) after laminectomy for lumbar canal stenosis (LCS). METHODS:Clinical results and radiographic findings in 69 patients who underwent single level laminectomy for LCS were retrospectively reviewed. Patients who had an improvement in LBP scores evaluated by Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) ...
Yukawa Yasutsugu - - 2008
OBJECT: Increased signal intensity of the spinal cord on magnetic resonance (MR) imaging was classified pre- and postoperatively in patients with cervical compressive myelopathy. It was investigated whether postoperative classification and alterations of increased signal intensity could reflect the postoperative severity of symptoms and surgical outcomes. METHODS: One hundred and ...
Modi Hiteshi - - 2009
This prospective, randomised case-control study was made to determine effectiveness of low-dose Depo-Medrol applied to the affected nerve root after discectomy. Fifty seven patients with L4-5 or L5-S1 single level disc herniation with unilateral leg pain were selected for the study and were divided in two groups. Twenty eight patients ...
Peul Wilco C - - 2008
To evaluate the effects of early lumbar disc surgery compared with prolonged conservative care for patients with sciatica over two years of follow-up. Randomised controlled trial. Nine Dutch hospitals. 283 patients with 6-12 weeks of sciatica. Early surgery or an intended six months of continued conservative treatment, with delayed surgery ...
Yang Yan Cai - - 2009
We reviewed patients with cervical disc prosthesis replacement for single-level cervical disc disease to evaluate its clinical effect and maintenance of cervical spine motion. Fifteen patients underwent Bryan artificial cervical disc replacement and were followed-up for at least 24 months. No neurological or vascular complications were observed during or after ...
Anderson Paul A - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled study. OBJECTIVE: To compare the rates of adverse events associated with disc arthroplasty versus those of anterior cervical discectomy and arthrodesis with allograft and plate. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Cervical disc arthroplasty as a substitute for fusion has been developed to maintain motion and, theoretically, prevent ...
Yang Shuhua - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Our clinical study design was prospective, concurrently enrolled and single-center trial of the new functional intervertebral cervical disc prosthesis (Medtronic Sofamor Danek, Memphis, TN) in the treatment of patients with single-level and multiple-level degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine. OBJECTIVE: The study was designed to investigate the ...
Oder Bernhard - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Oxygen-ozone nucleolysis (ONL) is a new, minimally invasive procedure for the treatment of discogenic low back pain with or without radicular symptoms. The aim of the present study was to determine associations between the morphology of the basic disease, patient-specific factors and the outcome of the treatment. MATERIALS AND ...
Zindrick Michael R - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Literature research. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the available evidence about a variety of factors that might affect outcome of lumbar artificial disc replacement. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Evaluating the scientific merit of new technology is important for a clinician considering incorporating these techniques. An evidence-based medicine approach can aid ...
Li Gordon - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective cohort study using the National Inpatient Sample database. OBJECTIVE: The objective is to report mortality and complications after lumbar laminectomy in the elderly. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: As the population continues to age in the United States, it is important to consider the surgical ...
Hu Yong - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Preoperative somatosensory-evoked potentials (SEPs) were retrospectively analyzed and classified, and compared with surgical outcome. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the value of the preoperative SEP waveform in predicting the clinical outcome after surgical management of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: SEPs have played an important role in ...
Ugokwe Kene T - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This article aims to provide more insight into the presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of Bertolotti's syndrome, which is a rare spinal disorder that is very difficult to recognize and diagnose correctly. The syndrome was first described by Bertolotti in 1917 and affects approximately 4 to 8% of the population. ...
Traversi Claudio - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To evaluate by means of fractal analysis the vascular pattern of the optic nerve head obtained by fluorescein angiogram, in non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (NAION) and optic neuritis (ON). METHODS: Twenty-nine patients at the Department of Ophthalmology of the University of Siena, diagnosed as having either NAION or ...
Hannallah David - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A cerebrospinal fluid leak during cervical spine surgery is a feared complication. However, little is known about the prevalence, management, and long-term course of these events. METHODS: The medical records of 1994 patients who had elective cervical spine surgery during an eleven-year period (1994 through 2005) were reviewed. Patients ...
Xia Yingpeng - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of patients who underwent laminectomy for unification. OBJECTIVE: To identify radiographic predictors of residual low back pain (LBP) after laminectomy for lumbar spinal canal stenosis (LCS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Residual LBP is a common complication of laminectomy and no radiographic predictors of its occurrence have ...
Kim Tae-Jong - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) in cervical spines in Koreans. METHODS: We reviewed the reports of the radiologic examination of cervical spines from January 2002 to September 2005 in Hanyang University Hospital, Seoul, Korea. OPLL was indicated by the presence of heterotopic ...
Hoogland Thomas - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, cohort evaluation of 262 consecutive patients who underwent transforaminal endoscopic excision for recurrent lumbar disc herniation, after previous discectomy. OBJECTIVE: To review complications and results of the endoscopic transforaminal discectomy (ETD) for recurrent herniated disc with a 2-year follow-up. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Recurrent herniation is ...
Heidecke V - - 2008
BACKGROUND: This is a prospective study of patients with degenerative cervical disease who underwent ventral discectomy and disc replacement with the Bryan((R)) cervical disc prosthesis. The objective was to investigate clinical outcome at 2 years of patients implanted with the Bryan disc and to evaluate function of the implant itself. ...
Cecchi P C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Spinal dural arterio-venous fistulae (SDAVF) are slow-flow extramedullary vascular lesions which account for 75-80% of all spinal vascular malformations. At present there is no agreed view with regard to the best therapeutic option being surgical or endovascular, and several reports favour one or other form of management. This is ...
Gupta Ankur - - 2009
Presented here is a prospective study assessing the efficacy of decompression of concomitant noncontiguous level (thoracic & lumbar) stenosis in accordance with neurological findings, nerve root blocks, and myelographically proven disease. The objective was to determine the efficacy, clinical outcome, and functional recovery in patients undergoing simultaneous decompression. No previous ...
Kotil Kadir - - 2008
Cervical radiculopathy caused by a posterolateral disc herniation or spondylosis is a common pathology. Decompression of a stressed cervical nerve root is a routine neurosurgical procedure. To determine the safety and effectiveness of anterior cervical microforaminotomy (ACM), we prospectively studied patients undergoing this treatment at our institution to determine the ...
Riina Joseph - - 2008
Cervical fusion is the common treatment for cervical disc disease but can cause secondary disorders. The Prestige ST cervical disc prosthesis (Medtronic Sofamor Danek, Memphis, TN) was designed to preserve spinal motion to potentially limit the secondary disorders. In this article, we report 2-year results from a single-center study comparing ...
Almeida Luis Eduardo - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze histologic and histomorphometric features of the articular disc in groups with and without disc displacement. STUDY DESIGN: A sample of 39 temporomandibular joints TMJs (31 case specimens, 8 control specimens) from 28 patients (mean age 31.2 years) were recruited for this ...
Chin Kingsley R - - 2008
Prospective case controlled. To determine the outcome after microdiscectomy in patients with disc herniation, concordant sciatica, and low-back pain with Modic I and II degenerative changes compared with similar patients without Modic changes. The decision to perform a microdiscectomy versus a fusion or total disc replacement in a patient with ...
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