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Siepe Christoph J - - 2010
Prospective clinical, x-ray, and magnetic resonance imaging investigation following total lumbar disc replacement (TDR) with ProDisc II (Synthes, Paoli, PA). To examine the progression of adjacent level degeneration (ALD), facet joint degeneration (FJD) as well as associated risk factors following TDR. Fusion procedures have been associated with adjacent level morbidities ...
McMorland Gordon - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical efficacy of spinal manipulation against microdiskectomy in patients with sciatica secondary to lumbar disk herniation (LDH). One hundred twenty patients presenting through elective referral by primary care physicians to neurosurgical spine surgeons were consecutively screened for symptoms of unilateral lumbar ...
Acharya Shankar - - 2010
Retrospective case series review. To determine the recovery and prevalence of myelopathic signs and their resolution in cervical spondylotic myelopathy after treatment by laminoplasty. Myelopathic signs are an integral component of diagnosis of cervical myelopathy. Effect of surgical intervention (laminoplasty) on recovery of these reflexes has not been studied and ...
Kivelev Juri - - 2010
OBJECT: Spinal cavernomas are rare, but can cause significant neurological deficits due to mass effect and extralesional hemorrhage. The authors present their results of microsurgical treatment of 14 consecutive patients with spinal cavernoma, and review the literature. METHODS: Of the 376 patients with cavernomas of the CNS treated at Helsinki ...
Yilmaz Cem - - 2010
Retrospective analyses of 50 patients with lumbar facet syndrome treated with lumbar facet joint neurotomy. To establish the efficacy of lumbar facet joint neurotomy under optimum conditions in selected patients. With the realization of the significance of facet joints in the etiology of chronic low back pain over the last ...
Zindrick Michael - - 2010
This technology overview addressed four questions that compared the difference in outcomes between patients undergoing cervical disc arthroplasty with patients undergoing anterior cervical diskectomy fusion. Most studies did not either report or conduct the appropriate statistical analyses to examine predictive characteristics in patients with successful clinical outcomes. Most studies were ...
Kim You-Sin YS Department of Kinesiology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, - - 2010
To determine the effects of lumbar extension exercise on strength, disability index, and pain scores in patients after lumbar discectomy surgery. Prospective comparative study. Forty patients experiencing a herniated disc at lumbar levels were divided into 4 subgroups for different training frequencies: twice/week (group 1), once/week (group 2), once/2 weeks ...
Jawahar Ajay - - 2010
Advancements in the philosophy of "motion preservation" have led to the use of total disc arthroplasty (TDA) as an alternative to fusion for degenerative disc disease (DDD) in the cervical spine. A commonly proposed theory is that TDA could reduce the incidence of adjacent segment disease. All the published clinical ...
Bae Hyun - - 2010
Forty patients were enrolled in 2 FDA-approved pilot Investigational Device Exemption (IDE) studies using Cortoss for the treatment of vertebral compression fractures (VCF). Twenty patients were treated at 3 centers, using vertebroplasty (VP) and 20 patients were treated at 5 centers, using kyphoplasty (KP). To assess the feasibility and clinical ...
Antonietti L - - 2010
The natural history of PMAVFs, also known as type IV spinal cord AVFs, is incompletely understood. Both open surgical and endovascular approaches have been described as treatment modalities for this disease. The goal of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcome of patients with PMAVFs treated at a single ...
Bouras Triantafyllos - - 2010
OBJECT: This is a retrospective long-term outcome study of results after laminectomy for lumbar spinal stenosis in an elderly group of patients. The study was designed to evaluate possible demographic, comorbidity, and clinical prognosticators for pain reduction and functional improvement in this population. Because the assessment of functional outcome in ...
Zoli Stefano - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In a pig model, we compared spinal cord injury after extensive segmental artery (SA) sacrifice in a single stage with recovery after a two-stage procedure: lumbar artery followed by thoracic SA sacrifice. METHODS: Twenty juvenile Yorkshire pigs were randomly assigned to undergo extensive SA sacrifice at 32 degrees C ...
Aly Mohamed M - - 2010
Although spinal cord stimulation (SCS) has been shown to be effective for treating neuropathic pain of peripheral origin, its effectiveness for central poststroke pain (CPSP) is not well established. We report our experience with SCS in 30 consecutive patients with intractable CPSP. All patients underwent a percutaneous SCS trial. When ...
Steiger Hans-Jakob - - 2010
OBJECT: In this study, the authors present a review of a series of 20 intramedullary spinal cord cavernous malformations (SCCMs) with particular focus on MR imaging and prognostic factors. METHODS: Between 1994 and 2009, 20 patients with SCCM were treated under the care of the senior author. The diagnosis was ...
Bokov Andrey - - 2010
Nucleoplasty is a minimally invasive intervention use to perform disc decompression in cases of nerve root compression caused by disc herniation. It is important to find rational guidelines for choosing between nucleoplasty and microsurgery. To analyze factors that may impact the results of nucleoplasty, and to validate the rational guidelines ...
Walraevens Joris - - 2010
Many short- and intermediate-term radiological and clinical studies on cervical arthroplasty with the Bryan Cervical Disc have been published, providing, most of the time, satisfactory results. To prospectively assess the intermediate and long-term radiographic characteristics of disk replacement surgery with the Bryan Cervical Disc and to correlate these results with ...
Rapan S - - 2010
The patients with intensive pain caused by the vertebra body fracture were treated by application of low viscosity cement (LVC), (Vertebroplastic, DePuy) and high viscosity cement (HVC), (Confidence, DePuy,) into the body, by means of diascopy through unilateral transpendicular approach. Application of LVC was made in 75 patients, on 109 ...
Ryu Kyeong-Sik - - 2010
OBJECT: The purposes of this retrospective study were to determine the radiological changes at the index and adjacent levels after cervical arthroplasty using the Bryan disc and Prodisc-C disc after a minimum 24 months follow-up, and to demonstrate the possible clinical factors related to these changes. METHODS: Following single-level cervical ...
Burkus J Kenneth - - 2010
OBJECT: The purpose of this study was to determine long-term clinical outcomes in patients undergoing anterior cervical surgery in which a cervical disc prosthesis was used to treat single-level degenerative cervical disc disease. METHODS: In this prospective, nonblinded study, 541 patients at 32 investigational sites were randomly assigned to 1 ...
Park Beom-Seok - - 2010
The authors introduce a minimally invasive muscle sparing transmuscular microdiscectomy (MSTM) to treat herniated lumbar disc disease. Its results are compared with conventional subperiosteal microdiscectomy (CSM) to validate the effectiveness. Muscle sparing transmuscular microdiscectomy, which involves muscle dissection approach using the natural fat cleavage plane between the multifidus to expose ...
Nguyen Christelle - - 2010
Patients with chronic low back pain (cLBP) and vertebral endplate Modic I signal changes on lumbar magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have clinical features that could mimic inflammatory back pain related to spondyloarthritis (SpA) and/or ankylosing spondylitis (AS). We aimed to assess whether such patients fulfilled criteria for SpA and/or AS. ...
Bonstein Tammy - - 2010
In this present study we have tested the impact of porfimer sodium (Photofrin, AXCAN PHARMA Inc., Quebec, Canada) photoactivated disinfection (PD) on cells of Streptococcus intermedius in suspension. In order to provide basic data to support future clinical studies of PD in dentistry the study used exposure to Quartz-tungsten-halogen (QTH) ...
Su Shou-Hsin - - 2010
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The early diagnosis and appropriate management of spinal tuberculosis (TB) is challenging for clinicians. This study aimed to characterize the clinical features and factors affecting treatment outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective study of patients with spinal TB over a 7-year period at a medical center in southern Taiwan was conducted. ...
Liu Tielong - - 2010
This study investigates the probable causes of nerve root palsy through the retrospective study of pre- and postoperative cervical curvature change for patients with cervical spondylosis and incidences of nerve root palsy. A consecutive series of 91 patients with cervical compressive myelopathy treated by laminectomy and internal fixation were reviewed. ...
Thillainadesan J - - 2010
This study aimed to determine outcomes of percutaneous vertebroplasty for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (VCFs). Prospective assessment of short-term (<or=6 weeks), medium-term (6 months) and long-term (29 months) outcomes of vertebroplasty, followed by a retrospective long-term follow-up of patients treated with vertebroplasty compared with conservative therapy. Outcomes measured were visual ...
Walraevens Joris R R - - 2010
STUDY DESIGN: In a radiographic study, postoperative segmental alignment was compared between 2 cohorts of 20 consecutive patients operated with a Bryan Cervical Disc Prosthesis. In group 2, patients with severe preoperative kyphosis were excluded for disc replacement surgery and the surgical technique was slightly altered to avoid asymmetric overdrilling ...
Garrido Ben J - - 2010
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled. Level 1 evidence. OBJECTIVE: To report functional outcomes at 48 months follow-up on prospectively randomized patients to either the Bryan cervical disc prosthesis or anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) at a single site. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Surgical treatment of cervical disc pathology can ...
Ahmed Shahid - - 2010
A 38 years old man presented with 2 years history of low backache and progressively increasing stiffness of the spine. Movements were restricted at lumbar spine due to stiffness especially forward flexion was markedly reduced. He was suspected to be suffering from ankylosing spondylitis. There was no tenderness over sacroiliac ...
Lee Jung-Hoon - - 2010
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Heterotopic ossification (HO) is a well-known phenomenon occurring after joint arthroplasty. However, its incidence and clinical effects have not yet been clearly identified with cervical disc replacement. PURPOSE: The first aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of HO in single-level cervical disc replacement. The second ...
Castillo-Rangel C - - 2010
We report the case of a 36 year old woman that was hurt in the head with a lost bullet while walking through the street when she was 9 years old. On admission, the patient was fully conscious with no neurological deficits. Skull radiography showed the intracranial bullet but she ...
Furman Michael B - - 2010
To assess the efficacy of fluoroscopically guided, contrast-enhanced lumbar interlaminar epidural steroid injections (IL-ESI) for lower limb pain greater than axial low back pain using self-reported pain scores. Prospective, single-arm, pilot, observational human study. An outpatient private practice interventional spine specialty referral center. DATA/RESULTS: Twenty-one patients were initially included in ...
Dickson Patricia I - - 2010
Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) with intravenous recombinant human alpha-l-iduronidase (IV rhIDU) is a treatment for patients with mucopolysaccharidosis I (MPS I). Spinal cord compression develops in MPS I patients due in part to dural and leptomeningeal thickening from accumulated glycosaminoglycans (GAG). We tested long-term and every 3-month intrathecal (IT) and ...
Park Se-Jun - - 2011
The main goal of total disc replacement (TDR) is to preserve motion. Despite reports of good clinical outcomes, various degrees of heterotopic ossification after TDR have been reported. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and its clinical relevance of heterotopic ossification. We evaluated 65 consecutive patients ...
Brown Tim - - 2010
In vitro biotribological investigation. To evaluate the wear resistance and long-term biodurability of NUBAC, a PEEK-on-PEEK articulating nucleus replacement device, using a series of wear tests with different motion profiles, test frequencies, and environmental conditions. Wear resistance is critical for any disc arthroplasty device, and osteolysis remains a clinical concern. ...
Kolstad Frode - - 2010
Prospective, observational study. To evaluate biomechanical changes associated with cervical arthrodesis using a cylindrical titanium cage. Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is the "gold standard" for treating cervical disc disease. In an effort to avoid the morbidity associated with autogenous bone graft harvesting, cervical cages are used to achieve ...
Yi Seong S Department of Neurosurgery, Spine and Spinal Cord Institute, Yonsei University, College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2010
Retrospective study of the difference of heterotopic ossification (HO) occurrence according to 3 different types of prosthesis. This study was designed to investigate the difference of HO occurrence according to different type of prosthesis. HO is defined as formation of the bone outside the skeletal system. Reported HO occurrence rate ...
Hall Amanda M - - 2011
The primary objective of this study was to determine which questionnaire, the Roland Morris disability questionnaire (RMDQ) or the patient-specific functional scale (PSFS), was better at detecting change in activity limitation in a large cohort of patients with low back pain undergoing rehabilitation. A secondary aim was to determine if ...
Lee J W - - 2010
An ESI for managing LBP is one of the most commonly performed interventions. The purpose of this observational study was to assess the effect of a therapeutic trial of a fluoroscopic interlaminar ESI for axial LBP and to analyze the outcome predictors. All patients who received an interlaminar ESI for ...
Nandakumar Anjali - - 2010
The X-stop interspinous process decompression (IPD) device has been used effectively in the management of symptomatic spinal stenosis. This study examines the radiological outcomes at 2 years postoperatively after X-stop implantation. To measure the effect of X-stop IPD device on the dural sac and foraminal areas at 24 months postoperatively ...
Ahn Yong - - 2010
Endoscopic discectomy with annuloplasty is considered as a novel minimally invasive technique for treating chronic discogenic low back pain (DLBP). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome predictors and to describe technical aspects for endoscopic solutions against DLBP. We performed a prospective study of 87 patients who ...
Khodaeyani E - - 2010
Unwanted hair growth presents a significant problem for many patients and considerable resources are spent to achieve a hair-free appearance. Our aim of this study was to further evaluate the efficacy of this method in hirsutism in our region. Sixty patients with idiopathic hirsutism presenting to Dermatology Clinics of Tabriz ...
Burnett Mark G - - 2010
OBJECT Standard treatment options for patients with lumbar spinal stenosis include nonoperative therapies as well as decompressive laminectomy. The introduction of interspinous decompression devices such as the X-STOP has broadened treatment options, but data comparing these treatment strategies are lacking. The object of this study was to provide a cost-effectiveness ...
Hong Soon-Woo - - 2010
OBJECT Pseudarthrosis and adjacent-segment degeneration remain problems after fusion surgery. To overcome these complications, many dynamic stabilization methods have been developed. This study was conducted to elucidate the midterm results on the effectiveness of interspinous ligamentoplasty (ILP) to treat degenerative spondylolisthesis. METHODS Thirty-two consecutive surgeries involving decompression and ILP were ...
Yang Huilin - - 2010
The peripheral cortex of a vertebral body affected by Kümmell's disease is not always intact, resulting in high risk for cement leakage. This study used modified techniques to avoid cement extravasation and dislodgment and investigated the feasibility and efficacy of kyphoplasty for treatment of Kümmell's disease. Between May 2006 and ...
Palma Lucio - - 2010
This retrospective study assessed long-term clinical outcome in a series of patients undergoing anterior cervical discectomy (ACD) for treatment of myeloradiculopathy secondary to one- to two-level cervical discoarthrosis. To verify concerns about long-term adverse clinical effects following ACD, a review of literature on the topic was also made. The clinical ...
Manchikanti Laxmaiah - - 2010
The pathophysiology of lumbar radicular pain is the subject of ongoing research, with a reported prevalence of sciatica or radiculitis ranging from 1.2% to 43%. Among the numerous non-surgical interventions available, epidural injections are the most commonly performed interventions in the United States in managing chronic low back and lower ...
Seichi Atsushi - - 2010
OBJECT The aim in this prospective study was to determine the morphological limitations of laminoplasty for cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) by using intraoperative ultrasonography and to investigate correlations between ultrasonographic findings and 2-year follow-up results. METHODS Included in this study were 40 patients who underwent double-door ...
Gasbarrini Alessandro - - 2010
A semiprospective clinical study was conducted. To evaluate the efficacy of a new treatment algorithm for spinal metastases. The surgical treatments in spinal metastatic have been progressing in recent years, while the surgical indications have been controversial. A new treatment algorithm for spinal metastases was developed and prospectively applied clinically ...
Uzun S - - 2010
The Flexiblade(TM) is a new laryngoscope with a flexible blade, a handle and a lever, allowing gradual flexion over the distal half of the blade. In this study, we aimed to compare cervical vertebral movements during tracheal intubation with the Flexiblade and Macintosh laryngoscope in 32 patients undergoing elective surgery ...
Patel Pankaj R - - 2010
Magnetic resonance myelography (MRM) after lumbar discectomy is all too often an unrewarding challenge. A constellation of findings are inevitable, and determining their significance is often difficult. MRM is a noninvasive technique that can provide anatomical information about the subarachnoid space. Until now, there is no study reported in literature ...
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