Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 828
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Saha Pradip Kumar PK Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research , Sector 12, Chandigarh, India - - 2014
Objective: To compare the maternal and neonatal morbidities between the Patwardhan technique and the routine "Push" and "Pull" method for extraction of the foetus in second stage caesarean sections. Method: Retrospective analysis was done of all caesarean sections performed in full dilatation of cervix in 3 years between 2004 to ...
Chuang Yi-Chen - - 2013
A 6 years old girl was sent to our outpatient clinic with a worried mother due to she noticed that her daughter,s underwear pants had bloody discharge in the evening. The girl was cared in a kindergarten during the daytime. The staff of the kindergarten denied any violent event happened ...
Bhattacharjee Nabendu - - 2013
Cesarean delivery is associated with a significantly higher postoperative infection rate than that following vaginal birth and other surgical procedures. This study compared whether antibiotic prophylaxis administered preoperatively was more effective in preventing infectious morbidity following cesarean delivery than administration at cord clamping. In a randomized comparative trial, 953 women ...
Sarbhjit Kaur - - 2013
Background: Various drugs have been tried to hasten cervical dilatation so that problems and hazards of prolonged labour both for the mother and fetus are minimised without increasing maternal or perinatal mortality and morbidity. Aims and Objectives: To compare the effect of camylofin dihydrochloride with combination of valethemate bromide (epidosin) ...
Pohl Juergen - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Mother-baby technologies, the criterion standard for cholangioscopy, have several limitations. A novel, short-access, mother-baby (SAMBA) system may improve this technique. Direct cholangioscopy (DC) was recently developed as an alternative to mother-baby cholangioscopy. OBJECTIVE: Comparison of success rates with SAMBA and DC. DESIGN: Single-center, randomized, controlled trial. SETTING: Academic tertiary-care referral ...
Chanprapaph Pharuhas - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The benefit of antenatal nipple correction remains inconclusive. This study aims to demonstrate the value of breast cups in lengthening of short nipples and to compare the breastfeeding rate between the users and the nonusers. Subjects and Methods: Singleton pregnant women with at least one short nipple (<7.0 mm) ...
Weber-Gasparoni Karin - - 2013
The purpose was to compare whether mothers exposed to an autonomy-supportive psychoeducational videotaped message, informed by self-determination theory (SDT), demonstrated greater changes in behavior concerning their children's oral health than mothers exposed to a neutral message delivered by brochure. Data were collected at baseline, one- and six-month follow-ups from 415 ...
Feng Bi-Bo BB Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Beijing Tongren Hospital of Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. - - 2013
To explore the effect of patient-controlled lumbar epidural combined anesthesia with Doula for labor analgesia with ropivacaine and sufentanil, and its influence on the progress of labor, and outcomes of mother and infant. Two hundred parturients that requested labor analgesia were randomly selected by patient-controlled lumbar epidural combined anesthesia with ...
Sepehripour Amir H AH Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Wythenshawe Hospital, Manchester, - - 2012
A best evidence topic was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether cardiopulmonary bypass can be used safely with satisfactory maternal and foetal outcomes in pregnant patients undergoing cardiac surgery. A total of 679 papers were found using the reported searches of which 14 represented the ...
El Tahan Mohamed R MR Anesthesia and Surgical ICU, College of Medicine, Mansoura University, Egypt. - - 2012
Misoprostol would reduce the uterine bleeding after cesarean delivery without harmful effects on either mother or baby. We aimed to evaluate the effects of preoperative misoprostol on maternal blood loss, uterine tone, and the need for additional oxytocin after cesarean delivery under isoflurane anesthesia. After ethical approval, 366 patients scheduled ...
Giavoli Claudia - - 2012
Objective:Effects of GH replacement in patients with GH deficiency (GHD) after a cure for acromegaly so far have been poorly studied, although its prevalence among acromegalic patients may reach the 60%. The aim of the study was to evaluate whether metabolic parameters and quality of life are improved by GH ...
Caravati E M - - 2012
High volume surges in health care are uncommon and unpredictable events. Their impact on health system performance and capacity is difficult to study. To identify time periods that exhibited very busy conditions at a poison control center and to determine whether cases and communication during high volume call periods are ...
Vijayaraman Pugazhendhi - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Recurrence of trans-isthmus conduction following catheter ablation of common right atrial flutter (AFL) has been reported to be as high as 15-31% at 3 months with invasive follow-up. Intravenous adenosine has previously been shown to facilitate acute, transient reconnection of pulmonary veins following catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation. We ...
Martins Raphaël P - - 2012
AIMS: Little is known about the optimal number of antitachycardia pacing (ATP) attempts to programme in the fast ventricular tachycardia (FVT) zone. We sought to analyse the long-term efficacy and safety of programming a high number of ATP attempts for FVTs.METHODS AND RESULTS: All patients receiving an implantable cardioverter/defibrillator (ICD) ...
Celik O - - 2012
Aim: We aimed to compare the effects of metformin and metformin-rosuvastatin combination therapies on hyperandrogenism in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Patients and Methods: Thirty-eight PCOS patients with hyperlipidemia and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), who were followed at Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism out-patient clinic of Cerrahpasa Medical School ...
Gilutz Harel H Cardiology Division, Soroka University Medical Center and Ben Gurion University, Beer Sheva, Israel. - - 2012
Concomitant treatment with amiodarone and perhsexiline has been considered to be relatively contraindicated because of the hypothetical risk of potentiated adverse effects mediated by additive inhibition of carnitine palmitoyl transferase 1. To study the prevalence of adverse effects associated with the concomitant use of perhexiline and amiodarone. A retrospective analysis ...
Bridoux V - - 2012
Rectal hypercontractility can lead to faecal incontinence (FI). Botulinum toxin (BT) has been used successfully for the treatment of bladder overactivity. This study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic value of intrarectal injections of BT in inhibiting colorectal contractions and relieving FI in patients suffering from FI as a result of ...
Hussain Waqar - - 2012
Severe Combined Immunodeficiency is the term applied to a group of rare genetic disorders characterised by defective or absent T and B cell functions. Patients usually present in first 6 months of life with respiratory/gastrointestinal tract infections and failure to thrive. Among the various types of severe combined immunodeficiency, enzyme ...
Turkmen Aygen - - 2012
Regional anesthesia techniques are increasingly preferred for caesarean section. The aim of the present study was to compare the anesthetic effects of levobupivacaine + fentanyl and bupivacaine + fentanyl on the mother and newborn during elective caesarean section under spinal anesthesia. In this prospective study, 50 gravidas, who were scheduled ...
van den Heuvel Rick - - 2012
A young mother presented her 19-month-old boy to the general practitioner (GP) with a 24&emsp14;h history of reluctance to stand or walk and a slightly raised temperature. The GP arranged an assessment by the paediatrician, who organised an ultrasound of the hips which was normal. Approximately 1&emsp14;week later the patient ...
Costerus Joost M JM Neurology Department, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The - - 2012
A 40-year-old woman presented with dyspnoea and lowered level of consciousness. Three months before presentation she had underwent craniotomy for an episode of acute subdural hematoma caused by a severe neurotrauma. Her temperature was 37.3°C, she had no focal neurological deficits or neck stiffness, and the score on the Glasgow ...
Diaz-Llopis Ismael V - - 2011
Objective: To determine the efficacy of botulinum toxin type A in chronic plantar fasciitis compared to the local injection of a corticosteroid plus local anaesthetic.Methods: Patients with a clinical diagnosis of plantar fasciitis made at least six months earlier were selected to enter a randomized, single-blind study of treatment with ...
Shahraki Azar Danesh - - 2011
Routine episiotomy is a controversial issue among gynecologists. The aim of this study was to compare early maternal and neonatal complications of restrictive episiotomy and routine episiotomy in primiparus vaginal delivery. In this descriptive cross-sectional study, two groups of primiparus normal vaginal delivery (NVD) cases with routine and restrictive episiotomy ...
Chaukar Devendra A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Pharyngoesophageal spasm is a known entity to cause hypertonic/failed tracheoesophageal speech and is successfully treated by botulinum toxin A injection. However, success of botulinum toxin treatment is based on the accurate localization of the pharyngoesophageal segment. METHODS: A 65-year-old man who had a laryngectomy using voice prosthesis with hypertonic ...
Le Nué R - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To report the clinical and urodynamic results of repeated intradetrusor botulinum toxin type A injections in children with an acquired neurogenic bladder. PATIENTS AND METHOD: We reviewed the data of 8 patients presenting an acquired neurogenic bladder treated between 2005 and 2010. Their mean age was 12.4 years old ...
Bach C-A - - 2011
Neck pain affects a third of patients following head-and-neck cancer treatment, whether by radiation therapy or surgery. It is a disabling condition and the associated muscle contractures impair cervical motion. Type-A botulinum toxin is an analgesic and muscle relaxant, able to improve patients' quality of life. We here report our ...
Kakuda W - - 2011
BACKGROUND: For spastic upper limb hemiparesis after stroke, we developed triple-element protocol of botulinum toxin type A (BoNTA) injection, low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (LF-rTMS), and intensive occupational therapy (OT). AIM: To investigate the safety and feasibility of the protocol. DESIGN: A preliminary study. SETTING: At a university hospital. POPULATION: ...
Kerscher Martina - - 2011
Botulinum toxins are frequently used in esthetics to improve the appearance of facial wrinkles. In this setting, precise localization of the neurotoxin is required to produce the desired clinical effects. Unwanted effects can occur if the neurotoxin diffuses into untargeted muscle. Therefore, a neurotoxin with low and predictable spread would ...
Lueder Gregg T - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term results of medial rectus recessions augmented by botulinum toxin injection for treating infants with large-angle (> 60 prism diopters [PD]) infantile esotropia. DESIGN: Interventional case series. METHODS: Settings: Hospital-based clinical practice. Patient population: Twenty-three patients with large-angle infantile esotropia who were followed for at least ...
Caremel Romain - - 2012
Study Type - Therapy (case series) Level of Evidence 4 What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? The beneficial effect of intradetrusor botulinum toxin (BT) injections on hyperactive bladders in individuals with spinal cord injury is known from the literature, but its potential effect on ejaculation ...
Camargo Carlos Henrique F - - 2011
Most cases of cervical dystonia (CD) are idiopathic, and focal injections of botulinum toxin A (BoNT/A) are the treatment of choice. The objective of our study was to document the effects of long-term BoNT/A treatment in idiopathic CD patients. Fifty-eight patients with idiopathic CD were recruited from March 2001 to ...
Silbert Benjamin I - - 2011
Purpose: To examine long-term outcomes of Botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) injection to vastus lateralis (VL) for refractory anterior knee pain (AKP). Methods: Two cohorts (private clinic referrals and previous research participants) injected with BoNT-A for AKP by one neurologist were surveyed retrospectively. Primary outcomes were self-reported benefit, duration of ...
Muller François - - 2011
Objective: To determine the safety and the self-reported efficacy of botulinum toxin injections for adult spasticity in current clinical practice. Design: A prospective observational study. Subjects: A total of 406 adult patients with focal spasticity received of 1136 series botulinum toxin injections at Bordeaux University Hospital from January 2007 to ...
Lee Soo Hyun - - 2011
Abstract Masseter muscle hypertrophy has been treated for cosmetic purposes using several modalities, including injection of type A or type B botulinum toxin into the masseter muscle. In this report, we compared the efficacy and safety of abobotulinum toxin A and onabotulinum toxin A treatment for masseteric hypertrophy in 25 ...
Sternick Ivo - - 2011
Background: There is no consensus in the literature about the ideal technique for precisely placing botulinum toxin in the frontal facial regions for the most natural posttreatment appearance. Objectives: The authors describe a safe and effective dosage template for botulinum toxin injection (a "dose disc," which makes it possible to ...
Jasiński Miłosz - - 2011
Botulinum toxin type A is used in treatment of bladder hyperactivity and sphincter dyssynergia and was reported to alleviate lower urinary tract symptoms in patients with BPH. Some authors, however, failed to observe in their study apoptosis after BoNTA administration. We conducted an open-label study of BoNTA in men with ...
Barnes Melynda A - - 2011
Cricopharyngeal achalasia is an uncommon cause of feeding difficulties in the pediatric population, and is especially rare in infants. Traditional management options include dilation or open cricopharyngeal myotomy. The use of botulinum toxin has been preliminarily reported for cricopharyngeal achalasia in children as a modality for diagnosis and management. This ...
Vergilis-Kalner Irene J - - 2011
Background: Botulinum toxin (BTX) is an effective, FDA-approved treatment for primary axillary hyperhidrosis. In this prospective study, two non-bioequivalent toxins: Botox (Allergan, Irvine, CA, USA) and Dysport (Ipsen Ltd., Slough, Berkshire, UK) were compared for the treatment of primary axillary hyperhidrosis. Objective: The objective was to compare the injection site ...
Savica Rodolfo R Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. - - 2012
Botulinum toxin (BTX) injections have been used extensively in medicine; however, little is known about the factors predicting the loss of effectiveness of botulin toxin. Using a clinical database, we identified 401 subjects who had been treated for movement disorders from 1998 through 2010 with onabotulinumtoxin A (BTX A) or ...
Fulmer Susan L - - 2011
It is hypothesized that there is no difference in the effectiveness of botulinum toxin (BTX) injection between electromyography (EMG)-guided and non-EMG guided "point-touch" techniques in the treatment of adductor spasmodic dysphonia. Retrospective chart review. Patients selected for evaluation underwent sequential treatment by one or both of the senior authors using ...
He Jinguang - - 2011
Abstract Background: Botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) has been demonstrated to be only effective for some types of axillary bromhidrosis. It is necessary to explore the indications for BTX-A application. Methods: Sixty-seven consecutive outpatients with axillary bromhidrosis were recruited after informed content. Then, 50 U of BTX-A was injected intracutaneously into ...
Choi Jee-Woong JW Department of Dermatology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Gyeonggi-do, - - 2013
This is the first well-controlled study of the combined use of botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) and botulinum toxin type B (BoNT-B) for hyperkinetic lines in forehead. To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of a mixture of BoNT-A and BoNT-B with that of equipotent BoNT-A alone for treating patients with ...
Han Zhuolin - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is most commonly diagnosed using toxin enzyme immunoassays (EIAs). A sudden decrease in CDI incidence was noted after a change in the EIA used at Barnes-Jewish Hospital in St Louis. The objective of this study was to determine whether the decreased CDI incidence related to ...
Carda Stefano - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of different adjunctive treatments after botulinum toxin type A. DESIGN: Single-blind, randomized trial, with three-month follow-up. SETTING: Secondary rehabilitative care. SUBJECTS: Convenience sample of 69 chronic hemiplegic adult patients with spastic equinus foot. INTERVENTIONS: Following botulinum toxin type A injection at the plantar flexors, patients ...
Wang Mingming - - 2011
Objective. To investigate a potential mechanism by which superantigens could induce glucocorticoid insensitivity in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) patients. Study Design. Prospective cohort study. Setting. Tertiary medical center. Subjects and Methods. Sinonasal polyps were obtained from CRS patients with nasal polyps (CRSwNP; 20 without recurrence, 18 with recurrent NP followed for ...
Fernández-Buenaga R - - 2011
PURPOSE: To review the therapeutic options in the management of residual esotropia, particularly focusing on the effectiveness of botulinum toxin. METHODS: Retrospective study of cases of post-surgical residual esotropia treated in our hospital from January 1999 to January 2008. Visual acuity and motor outcomes were analysed in the patients who ...
Pantel Mira M Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University Hospital, Friedrich-Schiller University Jena, Jena, Germany. - - 2013
A 41-year-old male patient developed a sialocele after partial parotidectomy for a parotid pleomorphic adenoma. The sialocele was effectively treated by a single injection with botulinum toxin type B combined with multiple needle aspirations. Ultrasound-guided infiltration of 2500 mouse-units of botulinum toxin type B in the residual parotid gland tissue ...
Wong Garsing Roger - - 2011
Botulinum toxin type A can produce dramatic improvements in patients with benign masseteric hypertrophy but this method alone is not as effective for patients with a rounded lower face. The paper describes the effective use of selective lower jowl phosphatidylcholine/deoxycholate lipolysis and chin, cheek, and nose augmentation with hyaluronic acid ...
Hollingshead James R F - - 2011
Aim:  Anal pain may occur in the absence of demonstrable anal pathology. Spasm of the sphincter muscles has been suggested as a cause in some patients. We aimed to assess the effectiveness of injection of botulinum toxin to treat this condition. Method:  Patients who had injection of botulinum toxin over ...
Werdelin L - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The significance of electromyography (EMG) guidance in botulinum toxin (BT) treatment has been much debated. The aim of this study was to evaluate if EMG guidance in the treatment of torticollis in BT-naive patients had a better outcome than treatment after clinical evaluation alone. METHODS: Twenty-six patients with torticollis ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >