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Barrow Emily M EM Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, - - 2014
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines maintain that single-use vials cannot be used for multiple patients. Botox product labeling states that the reconstituted toxin should be used within 4 hours on a single patient based on concerns of reduced potency, contamination, and consequent infections. The purpose of this study ...
Klein Fernanda Homem de Mello de Souza FH Private practice particular - Criciúma (SC), Brazil, Criciúma, SC, - - 2014
Masseter hypertrophy has been treated with botulinum toxin injections because of esthetic complaints especially in Asians. The goal of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of abobotulin toxin use in masseter hipertrophy treatment in Brazilians. Ten Brazilian female patients with masseter hypertrophy were subjected to injections of 90U ...
Jung Ho Eun HE Institute for Digestive Research, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
We compared the long-term outcomes of balloon dilation versus botulinum toxin injection in Korean patients with primary achalasia and identified factors predicting remission. We included 73 patients with achalasia newly diagnosed between January 1988 and January 2011. We ultimately enrolled 37 of 55 patients with primary achalasia through telephone interviews, ...
Xing Shi-Chao SC The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao, 266003, Shandong, China, - - 2014
To analyze the diversity of both Bacteroides and Clostridium in patients with primary gout and the difference from that of normal individuals. And to investigate the relationship between the primary gout and the intestinal flora. Fecal samples of 90 cases with the primary gout and 94 cases normal comparison group ...
Colovic Hristina H Clinic for Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Clinical Centre of Nis, Nis, - - 2014
We evaluated the effects of botulinum toxin type A (BTA) with physical therapy on dynamic foot equinus correction and higher motor functional outcome in children with spastic type of cerebral palsy (CP). Ankle joint active and passive movement, gastrocnemial muscle spasticity levels (Modified Ashworth Scale (MAS)), and higher motor functional ...
Etezad Razavi Mohammad M Associate Professor of Ophthalmology, Eye Research Center of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences , Mashhad , Iran - - 2014
Abstract Background: Multiple surgical interventions are burden to patients with intermittent exotropia (IXT) due to a high recurrence rate. This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of botulinum toxin injection in the treatment of intermittent exotropia (IXT). Method: A total of 21 patients with IXT, who had a far ...
Remigio Adelina Fatima do Nascimento AF 1Postgraduate Student, Collaborator, Plastic Surgery Division of Hospital das Clínicas, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil 2Assistant Professor, Plastic Surgery Division of Hospital das Clínicas, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil 3Full Professor and Chief of the Division of Plastic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, - - 2014
Botulinum toxin A injection into the nonparalyzed side (NPS) is used to treat asymmetry resulting from facial palsy (FP). OnabotulinumtoxinA (ONA) and abobotulinumtoxinA (ABO) units are not equivalent. We compared the conversion ratio of 1:3 in patients with FP. Fifty-five patients (aged 16-67 years, 43 women) with long-standing FP were ...
Møller E E Department of Neurology, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark; Department of Odontology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
To investigate efficacy, saliva flow, and composition in repeated BoNT-B treatments of drooling. Seventeen neurological patients (median 66 years), referred for treatment of drooling participated in this observational study. Median total doses of 4000 units botulinum toxin type B (BoNT-B, Neurobloc(®) ) were injected with at least 3 months intervals into parotid ...
Roche Nicolas N , Services de Physiologie - Explorations Fonctionnelles, Médecine Physique et de Réadaptation et Centre d'Innovation Technologique, Hôpital Raymond Poincaré, AP-HP, Garches, France. - - 2014
Background: Botulinum toxin injections are used to treat spasticity in stroke. Although this treatment is effective on muscle tone, its effect on functional gait-related activities remains uncertain. Objective: The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to determine the effect of a self-rehabilitation programme as an adjunct to botulinum toxin ...
Tiryaki S S Ege University, Department of Pediatric Surgery, Division of Pediatric Urology, Izmir, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Studies on the use of intradetrusor botulinum toxin A injection for children with neuropathic bladders are insufficient and the results are controversial. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of intradetrusor botulinum toxin A injection for children with neuropathic bladders that are resistant to anticholinergic treatment, ...
Gómez-Caravaca María T MT Unidad de Trastornos del Movimiento, Servicio de Neurología y Neurofisiología, Instituto de Biomedicina de Sevilla (IBiS), Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío/CSIC/Universidad de Sevilla, Avda. Manuel Siurot s/n, 41013, Seville, - - 2014
Drooling is a common symptom in parkinsonian disorders. Our aim was to assess the safety and effect of botulinum toxin when applied to parotid glands without ultrasound guidance for sialorrhea in parkinsonian disorders in a retrospective study with a long-term follow-up. We evaluated 53 patients (64.2 % male and 35.8 % female) ...
Santamato Andrea A Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Section, "OORR" Hospital, University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Botulinum toxin type A is a first-line treatment for post-stroke focal spasticity, and the accuracy in delivering the toxin to the target muscles may influence the treatment outcome. Our aim was to compare the reduction of spasticity and the related finger position at rest improvement in post-stroke patients treated with ...
Roche N N Université Versailles Saint Quentin en Yvelines, EA 4497, CIC-IT 805, APHP Service de physiologie et d'exploration fonctionnelle, Hôpital Raymond Poincaré, Garches, France - - - 2014
Botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) injection in the rectus femoris (RF) is commonly used to treat decreased peak knee flexion in swing phase of the gait in hemiplegic patients. However, the effect of BTX-A varies between 5 to 10° depending on the studies. Peak knee flexion also increases during fast ...
Steinsapir Kenneth D KD *The Division of Ophthalmic Plastic and Orbital Surgery, Jules Stein Eye Institute, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California; and †Scheie Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
To investigate the safety and efficacy of a microdroplet, cosmetic, periocular botulinum toxin A method that extensively treats the eyebrow depressors but leaves the brow elevators untreated. This is a 5-year retrospective, consecutive, nonrandomized series of botulinum toxin treatments. The study was reviewed by an institutional review board and complied ...
Kent Tiffany L TL *Department of Ophthalmology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.A.; †Ophthalmic Plastic and Cosmetic Surgery, Inc., Des Peres, Missouri, U.S.A.; ‡Department of Ophthalmology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, U.S.A.; §Departments of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri, - - 2014
Some patients with severe benign essential blepharospasm (BEB) become clinically refractory to chemodenervation with botulinum toxin. In these patients, surgical myectomy is an effective additive treatment for the management of this disabling condition. The purpose of this study is to determine how myectomy for BEB alters subsequent botulinum toxin administration. ...
Moimaz Suzely Adas - - 2014
The increased prevalence of malocclusions represents a secular trend attributed to the interaction of genetic and environmental factors. The analysis of factors related to the causes of these changes is essential for planning public health policies aimed at preventing and clinically intercepting malocclusion. This study investigated the sucking habits, nocturnal ...
Hermieu J-F JF Service d'urologie, hôpital Bichat, 46, rue Henri-Huchard, 75018 Paris, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Provide guidelines for practical usage of botulinum toxin type A (BoNTA) for refractory idiopathic overactive bladder management. Guidelines using formalized consensus guidelines method. These guidelines have been validated by a group of 13 experts quoting proposals, subsequently reviewed by an independent group of experts. In the case of patients with ...
Kb Nalini N Assistant Professor, Department of Anaesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain, MS Ramaiah Medical College and Hospital , Bangalore, India - - 2014
Puerperal sterilization requires a rapid recovery of the mother so that she can take care of her child. Propofol with fentanyl (PF) is an option, but is associated with intraoperative hypotension, respiratory depression and an unsatisfactory postoperative recovery profile. Propofol with ketamine (PK) appears to be an alternative in terms ...
Rajagopal R R Classified Specialist (Dermatology & Venereology), Command Hospital (Air Force), Bangalore 07, - - 2014
Hyperhidrosis is generalised or focal excessive sweating and carries a substantial psychological and social burden. This study compares botulinum toxin versus iontophoresis with topical aluminium chloride hexahydrate in palmar hyperhidrosis. The study included 60 cases of palmar hyperhidrosis randomly allocated to 2 groups. One group was given botulinum toxin type ...
Abdollahi Mohammad-Hasan MH Department of Anesthesia, Shahid Sadoghi University of Medical Science, Yazd, - - 2014
Intramuscular pethidine is one of most common opioids used for labour analgesia. There are a number of concerns in the literature regarding the use of pethidine. The aim of this study is to compare analgesic efficacy of paracetamol with pethidine for labour pain in normal vaginal delivery. In this single-blinded, ...
Saha Pradip Kumar PK Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research , Sector 12, Chandigarh, India - - 2014
To compare the maternal and neonatal morbidities between the Patwardhan technique and the routine "Push" and "Pull" method for extraction of the foetus in second stage caesarean sections. Retrospective analysis was done of all caesarean sections performed in full dilatation of cervix in 3 years between 2004 to 2006. All ...
Matsumoto Kazuaki K Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima - - 2014
The antimicrobial agents vancomycin and metronidazole have been used to treat Clostridium difficile infections (CDIs). However, it remains unclear why patients are at risk of treatment failure and recurrence. Therefore, this study retrospectively examined 98 patients with CDIs who were diagnosed based on the detection of toxin-positive C. difficile to ...
Kim Jae Wook JW Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, 1174 Jung-Dong, Bucheon 420-021, Republic of - - 2014
Introduction. This study prospectively evaluates and compares the treatment efficacy of botulinum toxin injection under electromyography guidance (EMG group) and percutaneous botulinum toxin injection under flexible fiberscopic guidance (fiberscopy group). Methods. Thirty patients with adductor spasmodic dysphonia (ADSD), who had never received treatment, were randomly allocated into EMG- or fiberscopy-guided ...
Chuang Yi-Chen - - 2013
A 6 years old girl was sent to our outpatient clinic with a worried mother due to she noticed that her daughter,s underwear pants had bloody discharge in the evening. The girl was cared in a kindergarten during the daytime. The staff of the kindergarten denied any violent event happened ...
Bhattacharjee Nabendu - - 2013
Cesarean delivery is associated with a significantly higher postoperative infection rate than that following vaginal birth and other surgical procedures. This study compared whether antibiotic prophylaxis administered preoperatively was more effective in preventing infectious morbidity following cesarean delivery than administration at cord clamping. In a randomized comparative trial, 953 women ...
Sarbhjit Kaur K Senior Resident, Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Government Medical College , Patiala, India - - 2013
Various drugs have been tried to hasten cervical dilatation so that problems and hazards of prolonged labour both for the mother and fetus are minimised without increasing maternal or perinatal mortality and morbidity. To compare the effect of camylofin dihydrochloride with combination of valethemate bromide (epidosin) & hyoscine N butyl ...
Pohl Juergen - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Mother-baby technologies, the criterion standard for cholangioscopy, have several limitations. A novel, short-access, mother-baby (SAMBA) system may improve this technique. Direct cholangioscopy (DC) was recently developed as an alternative to mother-baby cholangioscopy. OBJECTIVE: Comparison of success rates with SAMBA and DC. DESIGN: Single-center, randomized, controlled trial. SETTING: Academic tertiary-care referral ...
Chanprapaph Pharuhas - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The benefit of antenatal nipple correction remains inconclusive. This study aims to demonstrate the value of breast cups in lengthening of short nipples and to compare the breastfeeding rate between the users and the nonusers. Subjects and Methods: Singleton pregnant women with at least one short nipple (<7.0 mm) ...
Weber-Gasparoni Karin - - 2013
The purpose was to compare whether mothers exposed to an autonomy-supportive psychoeducational videotaped message, informed by self-determination theory (SDT), demonstrated greater changes in behavior concerning their children's oral health than mothers exposed to a neutral message delivered by brochure. Data were collected at baseline, one- and six-month follow-ups from 415 ...
Feng Bi-Bo BB Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Beijing Tongren Hospital of Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. - - 2013
To explore the effect of patient-controlled lumbar epidural combined anesthesia with Doula for labor analgesia with ropivacaine and sufentanil, and its influence on the progress of labor, and outcomes of mother and infant. Two hundred parturients that requested labor analgesia were randomly selected by patient-controlled lumbar epidural combined anesthesia with ...
Sepehripour Amir H AH Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Wythenshawe Hospital, Manchester, - - 2012
A best evidence topic was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether cardiopulmonary bypass can be used safely with satisfactory maternal and foetal outcomes in pregnant patients undergoing cardiac surgery. A total of 679 papers were found using the reported searches of which 14 represented the ...
El Tahan Mohamed R MR Anesthesia and Surgical ICU, College of Medicine, Mansoura University, Egypt. - - 2012
Misoprostol would reduce the uterine bleeding after cesarean delivery without harmful effects on either mother or baby. We aimed to evaluate the effects of preoperative misoprostol on maternal blood loss, uterine tone, and the need for additional oxytocin after cesarean delivery under isoflurane anesthesia. After ethical approval, 366 patients scheduled ...
Giavoli Claudia - - 2012
Objective:Effects of GH replacement in patients with GH deficiency (GHD) after a cure for acromegaly so far have been poorly studied, although its prevalence among acromegalic patients may reach the 60%. The aim of the study was to evaluate whether metabolic parameters and quality of life are improved by GH ...
Caravati E M - - 2012
High volume surges in health care are uncommon and unpredictable events. Their impact on health system performance and capacity is difficult to study. To identify time periods that exhibited very busy conditions at a poison control center and to determine whether cases and communication during high volume call periods are ...
Vijayaraman Pugazhendhi - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Recurrence of trans-isthmus conduction following catheter ablation of common right atrial flutter (AFL) has been reported to be as high as 15-31% at 3 months with invasive follow-up. Intravenous adenosine has previously been shown to facilitate acute, transient reconnection of pulmonary veins following catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation. We ...
Martins Raphaël P - - 2012
AIMS: Little is known about the optimal number of antitachycardia pacing (ATP) attempts to programme in the fast ventricular tachycardia (FVT) zone. We sought to analyse the long-term efficacy and safety of programming a high number of ATP attempts for FVTs.METHODS AND RESULTS: All patients receiving an implantable cardioverter/defibrillator (ICD) ...
Celik O - - 2012
Aim: We aimed to compare the effects of metformin and metformin-rosuvastatin combination therapies on hyperandrogenism in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Patients and Methods: Thirty-eight PCOS patients with hyperlipidemia and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), who were followed at Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism out-patient clinic of Cerrahpasa Medical School ...
Gilutz Harel H Cardiology Division, Soroka University Medical Center and Ben Gurion University, Beer Sheva, Israel. - - 2012
Concomitant treatment with amiodarone and perhsexiline has been considered to be relatively contraindicated because of the hypothetical risk of potentiated adverse effects mediated by additive inhibition of carnitine palmitoyl transferase 1. To study the prevalence of adverse effects associated with the concomitant use of perhexiline and amiodarone. A retrospective analysis ...
Bridoux V - - 2012
Rectal hypercontractility can lead to faecal incontinence (FI). Botulinum toxin (BT) has been used successfully for the treatment of bladder overactivity. This study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic value of intrarectal injections of BT in inhibiting colorectal contractions and relieving FI in patients suffering from FI as a result of ...
Hussain Waqar - - 2012
Severe Combined Immunodeficiency is the term applied to a group of rare genetic disorders characterised by defective or absent T and B cell functions. Patients usually present in first 6 months of life with respiratory/gastrointestinal tract infections and failure to thrive. Among the various types of severe combined immunodeficiency, enzyme ...
Turkmen Aygen A Okmeydani Training and Research Hospital, Anesthesiology and Reanimation Clinic, Istanbul, Turkey. - - 2012
Regional anesthesia techniques are increasingly preferred for caesarean section. The aim of the present study was to compare the anesthetic effects of levobupivacaine + fentanyl and bupivacaine + fentanyl on the mother and newborn during elective caesarean section under spinal anesthesia. In this prospective study, 50 gravidas, who were scheduled ...
van den Heuvel Rick - - 2012
A young mother presented her 19-month-old boy to the general practitioner (GP) with a 24&emsp14;h history of reluctance to stand or walk and a slightly raised temperature. The GP arranged an assessment by the paediatrician, who organised an ultrasound of the hips which was normal. Approximately 1&emsp14;week later the patient ...
Costerus Joost M JM Neurology Department, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The - - 2012
A 40-year-old woman presented with dyspnoea and lowered level of consciousness. Three months before presentation she had underwent craniotomy for an episode of acute subdural hematoma caused by a severe neurotrauma. Her temperature was 37.3°C, she had no focal neurological deficits or neck stiffness, and the score on the Glasgow ...
Diaz-Llopis Ismael V - - 2011
Objective: To determine the efficacy of botulinum toxin type A in chronic plantar fasciitis compared to the local injection of a corticosteroid plus local anaesthetic.Methods: Patients with a clinical diagnosis of plantar fasciitis made at least six months earlier were selected to enter a randomized, single-blind study of treatment with ...
Shahraki Azar Danesh - - 2011
Routine episiotomy is a controversial issue among gynecologists. The aim of this study was to compare early maternal and neonatal complications of restrictive episiotomy and routine episiotomy in primiparus vaginal delivery. In this descriptive cross-sectional study, two groups of primiparus normal vaginal delivery (NVD) cases with routine and restrictive episiotomy ...
Chaukar Devendra A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Pharyngoesophageal spasm is a known entity to cause hypertonic/failed tracheoesophageal speech and is successfully treated by botulinum toxin A injection. However, success of botulinum toxin treatment is based on the accurate localization of the pharyngoesophageal segment. METHODS: A 65-year-old man who had a laryngectomy using voice prosthesis with hypertonic ...
Le Nué R - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To report the clinical and urodynamic results of repeated intradetrusor botulinum toxin type A injections in children with an acquired neurogenic bladder. PATIENTS AND METHOD: We reviewed the data of 8 patients presenting an acquired neurogenic bladder treated between 2005 and 2010. Their mean age was 12.4 years old ...
Bach C-A CA Service de chirurgie ORL et cervicofaciale, hôpital Foch, 40 rue Worth, Suresnes, France. - - 2012
Neck pain affects a third of patients following head-and-neck cancer treatment, whether by radiation therapy or surgery. It is a disabling condition and the associated muscle contractures impair cervical motion. Type-A botulinum toxin is an analgesic and muscle relaxant, able to improve patients' quality of life. We here report our ...
Kakuda W - - 2011
BACKGROUND: For spastic upper limb hemiparesis after stroke, we developed triple-element protocol of botulinum toxin type A (BoNTA) injection, low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (LF-rTMS), and intensive occupational therapy (OT). AIM: To investigate the safety and feasibility of the protocol. DESIGN: A preliminary study. SETTING: At a university hospital. POPULATION: ...
Kerscher Martina - - 2011
Botulinum toxins are frequently used in esthetics to improve the appearance of facial wrinkles. In this setting, precise localization of the neurotoxin is required to produce the desired clinical effects. Unwanted effects can occur if the neurotoxin diffuses into untargeted muscle. Therefore, a neurotoxin with low and predictable spread would ...
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