Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 831
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Arnaud J P - - 1992
A prospective, multicentre, randomized trial was carried out in 19 hospitals in order to compare the efficacy of amoxycillin-clavulanic acid with cefotetan as antibiotic prophylaxis in patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery. Since the main purpose of the study was to demonstrate equivalence between the two regimens, the protocol planned the ...
Wilson W R - - 1992
The suitability of commonly used antimicrobial regimens for prophylaxis in abdominal surgery and treatment of intra-abdominal sepsis is discussed. These various therapies are often limited in their usefulness by the range of microorganisms against which they are effective and thus, to extend the antimicrobial cover, agents may be combined. Some ...
Krige J E - - 1992
The efficacy of amoxycillin-clavulanic acid for prevention of postoperative wound infection was compared with that of cefamandole in 150 patients at risk for infected bile while undergoing elective biliary surgery in a prospective, randomized study. The two groups were comparable for age, sex, risk factors, operative procedures and positive bile ...
Ritzau M - - 1992
The effect of a single preoperative dose of metronidazole in the prevention of alveolitis sicca dolorosa (ASD) after surgical removal of one impacted, non-infected mandibular third molar was investigated. A patient sample of 270 were given either 1000 mg of metronidazole or placebo at least 30 min before surgery. The ...
MacGregor R R - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: The hypothesis of the study is that cefotetan and cefoxitin will be equally efficacious and safe in the treatment of post-cesarean section endometritis. STUDY DESIGN: In a double-blind, randomized manner 140 patients with post-cesarean section endometritis were treated with cefotetan, 2 gm intravenously every 12 hours, or cefoxitin, 2 ...
Elusoji S O - - 1992
One hundred patients who had appendicectomy for uncomplicated acute appendicitis over 1 year were randomly allocated to two groups of 50 patients each. Patients in group 1 had a single prophylactic injection of gentamicin while those in group 2 had a five days course with the first dose given just ...
Johnson J T - - 1992
The leading cause of postoperative morbidity in patients undergoing major head and neck surgical procedures is postoperative infection. This prospective randomized multi-institutional clinical trial was designed to compare the effectiveness of clindamycin phosphate and high-dose cefazolin sodium therapy in preventing postoperative wound sepsis in patients undergoing contaminated head and neck ...
Nayagam A T - - 1992
The efficacy and safety of ofloxacin, 200 mg twice daily for 7 days, was compared with metronidazole, 400 mg twice daily for 7 days, for the treatment of bacterial vaginosis (BV). Diagnosis of BV was confirmed by at least 3 of the following 4 criteria: the presence of an abnormal ...
Charton M - - 1992
The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of single-dose oral lomefloxacin and single-dose parenteral cefuroxime for the prevention of urinary tract infection following transurethral surgery. A total of 63 patients were enrolled in this prospective, randomized open-label study, which was conducted at two medical centers ...
Pande M - - 1992
Subconjunctival gentamicin was identified as the cause of conjunctival chemosis and capillary closure in a recent study conducted in this department. The gentamicin preparation used in the study contained preservatives. The current prospective study was set up to investigate the role of preservatives in the conjunctival toxicity of subconjunctival gentamicin. ...
Cutajar C L - - 1992
A series of 140 patients, undergoing various types of urological endoscopic procedures, was divided into 2 equal, parallel, randomised groups. The first group of 70 patients, undergoing lower urinary tract surgery, was randomised, half to receive norfloxacin prophylaxis and half no antibiotic cover; the other 70 patients, undergoing percutaneous renal ...
Cavallaro V - - 1992
The influence of ceftriaxone on oral and intestinal flora was investigated in 10 patients undergoing colorectal surgery. Ceftriaxone was given intravenously in one 2g dose before anesthesia. Saliva and feces samples were collected and analyzed on day 0, 3, 5, 14 and 28 after drug administration. All specimens were cultured ...
Mock C N - - 1992
Typhoid ileal perforation remains a frequently fatal illness in the developing world. The purpose of a retrospective review of 195 cases was to ascertain prognostic indices and therapeutic options influencing outcome. The overall mortality rate of 31% was worsened by extremes of age (p less than 0.025), generalized peritonitis (p ...
Gentry L O - - 1992
To determine the efficacy of cefuroxime as a prophylactic agent against infection, we retrospectively evaluated patients who had undergone cefuroxime therapy for cardiovascular surgery procedures in the years 1987 and 1990. In the 403 evaluable patients (203 in 1987 and 200 in 1990), we noted a postoperative surgical wound infection ...
Larsen J W - - 1992
A multicenter, prospective, open-label, randomized trial compared imipenem-cilastatin (I-C) monotherapy with the combination of clindamycin+gentamicin (C+G). Efficacy and tolerability in the treatment of serious pelvic infections were evaluated in 94 female patients with acute salpingitis, pelvic abscess, or postoperative pelvic cellulitis. Duration of therapy averaged 5.4 days for treatment successes ...
Balogh A - - 1993
Authors report their experiences with evaluating the clinical course of 45 patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery. Patients were divided into three groups, depending on the type and method of preparation to operation. The 140 patients in the first group received according to the "traditional" preparation purgatives, enemas, and mycerine + ...
Brumfitt W - - 1992
Eighty women with recurrent urinary infections (a median of seven episodes per year) were randomized to twelve months prophylaxis with cefaclor 250 mg or macrocrystalline nitrofurantoin 50 mg, at night. Seventy-three patients (37 given cefaclor and 36 given macrocrystalline nitrofurantoin) were assessable for efficacy. The incidence of radiological abnormalities in ...
Frank E - - 1992
This report examines the relationship of long-term medication compliance (as measured by stability of level/dose ratios and total blood level averages) to prophylaxis in recurrent unipolar patients. Of the 53 patients assigned to active imipramine conditions in a long-term maintenance treatment protocol, 42 were evaluated as clearly compliant, 8 were ...
Sharpe D A - - 1992
A prospective randomised study to assess the efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis in oesophageal surgery was performed, in which 226 consecutive patients (113 male and 113 female, age range 24-86 years, mean age of 65 years) were included. The study patients were in two groups: group 1, in which the upper ...
Thomas P - - 1992
In a prospective randomized double-blind trial, the efficacy and safety of cefotaxime and ceftriaxone were compared in intensive care unit (ICU) patients with serious infections requiring systemic antimicrobial therapy. Patients were randomly assigned to receive either cefotaxime 1 g i.v. t.i.d. or ceftriaxone 2 g every 24 hr. Clinical and ...
Nord C E - - 1992
The effect of piperacillin/tazobactam treatment upon the intestinal microflora was studied in 20 patients with intraabdominal infections. The patients received piperacillin 4 g combined with tazobactam 500 mg q 8 h by intravenous injection for 4-8 days. Stool specimens were collected before, during and after therapy for cultivation of aerobic ...
Elledge E S - - 1991
The use of systemic antibiotics for major head and neck surgical procedures involving the upper aerodigestive tract is now accepted as an important part of perioperative patient care. Despite knowledge of the high counts of bacteria present in saliva, no preoperative regimen for preparing the mouth has been standardized. Surgical ...
Pacelli F - - 1991
A prospective randomized study was performed with 61 patients undergoing elective surgery for colorectal cancer, to evaluate the prophylactic effect of two different parenteral antibiotic regimens. All patients were randomly allocated into two groups, comparable in age, sex, nutritional status and operative procedures. The patients in Group A (n. 31) ...
Ipsen T - - 1991
A bovine collagen sponge containing gentamicin was applied locally in 10 patients with chronic osteomyelitis who were then followed for 1 year postoperatively. No adverse effects or recurrence of infections was observed. The release of gentamicin from the sponge was more complete and rapid than has been reported with polymethyl ...
Pande M - - 1991
A prospective study of 75 patients undergoing cataract surgery was conducted to identify the cause of postoperative conjunctival chemosis seen in patients with cataracts in this department. The patients were split in three groups of 25 each. Group G patients were given a subconjunctival injection of gentamicin at the end ...
van Rensburg L C - - 1991
A prospective study was undertaken to evaluate the use of ceftriaxone in patients with abdominal trauma admitted to our hospital over a period of 6 months. Because of the large trauma load and an unacceptable waiting period before surgery combined with the fact that many patients on 6-hourly antibiotic regimes ...
Kurlberg G - - 1991
A retrospective study of 42 patients treated surgically for typhoid ileal perforation found the mortality to be 24%. The study suggested that general peritonitis was the main cause of death in typhoid ileal perforation. However, the high mortality was significantly improved by adequate preoperative rehydration. The combination of chloramphenicol/gentamicin/metronidazole was ...
Rangabashyam N - - 1991
Due to the high incidence of infective complications following colorectal surgery, prophylactic application of systemic antibiotics is required. In a prospective, randomised study of 34 patients who underwent elective colorectal surgery, it was found that a single 1 g dose of cefotaxime was as effective as three doses in controlling ...
Meller J L - - 1991
A prospective randomized study was undertaken to compare the use of the combination of gentamicin and clindamycin with single agent, cefoxitin, in the treatment of perforated appendicitis in the pediatric patient. In a 3-year period from 1986 to 1989, 56 patients with perforated appendicitis were randomized. Twenty-nine patients received cefoxitin, ...
Stein D S - - 1991
We conducted an open prospective clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole given as one double-strength tablet thrice weekly for primary and secondary prophylaxis of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) in human immunodeficiency virus-infected (HIV+) patients. A total of 104 HIV+ patients were evaluated, with 74 being in ...
Fong I W - - 1991
An open randomized study was done to compare the prophylactic value of single doses of netilmycin-metronidazole versus trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole in the prevention of postoperative infections associated with transrectal prostatic biopsy. Of 117 patients enrolled in the study 101 were evaluated and of these patients 47 received netilmycin-metronidazole and 54 received trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. ...
Gorbach S L - - 1991
Current opinion favors the use of antimicrobial prophylaxis in all operations for acute appendicitis. In clinical trials with placebo controls, the reduction in the rate of postoperative infectious complications is most apparent in perforated and/or gangrenous appendicitis, but benefits are also seen in nonperforated appendicitis and even in those with ...
Garcia S - - 1991
A total of 1489 patients were included in a prospective, randomized study that compared the efficacy of a single dose of cefonicid in 474 patients (Group I) with that of three doses of cefamandole in 510 patients (Group II) and five doses of cefamandole in 505 patients (Group III), for ...
Hjortrup A - - 1991
In a controlled trial 219 high risk patients undergoing biliary surgery were allocated at random by sealed envelopes to one of two treatment groups. Group I (n = 112) received a single dose ceftriaxone 1 g intravenously at the time of skin incision, and group II (n = 107) was ...
Rodolico G - - 1991
A randomized study was conducted to compare the effectiveness of aztreonam plus clindamycin with that of gentamicin plus clindamycin for prophylaxis of infection following colorectal surgery. A total of 138 patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery were randomized to treatment with clindamycin (600 mg) plus either aztreonam (1 g) or gentamicin ...
Lewis R T - - 1991
Although a single preoperative dose of antibiotic is now the accepted means of preventing postoperative surgical infection, the method has not been investigated adequately. In patients at high risk of infection who underwent gastroduodenal operations, the authors compared single-dose prophylaxis by intravenous cefotaxime (26 patients) with short-course perioperative prophylaxis (27 ...
Weersink A - - 1991
In a single-blind, prospective randomized and controlled trial, amoxicillin-clavulanate was compared with gentamicin plus clindamycin as perioperative prophylaxis for 24 hours in clean-contaminated abdominal surgery. Proven infections of the abdominal incision occurred in one of 59 evaluable patients given amoxicillin-clavulanate and one of 43 with gentamicin/clindamycin. In the latter group ...
Rolston K V - - 1991
The combination of pyrimethamine and clindamycin, both administered orally, was evaluated for initial and maintenance therapy of toxoplasmosis in eight AIDS patients who were either allergic to sulfonamides or unresponsive to standard therapy. Symptomatic and neuroradiographic improvement occurred in the majority of patients. The regimen was well tolerated and associated ...
Cuthbertson A M - - 1991
A prospective, randomized, single-blind, controlled clinical trial was undertaken to determine whether two doses of systemic Timentin provided superior prophylaxis against postoperative sepsis in elective colorectal surgery compared with a single dose of the same antibiotic. Timentin, a combination of ticarcillin and clavulanic acid was administered intravenously (3.1 g) at ...
Salim A S - - 1991
Distension of the gallbladder and bacterial infection can perpetuate an attack of acute calculous cholecystitis and produce its local and systemic complications. This prospective randomized trial was conducted on patients with their first episode of acute calculous cholecystitis which was associated with pyrexia and tachycardia to examine whether ultrasound guided ...
Gaillard T - - 1991
In this prospective, randomized and controlled study the effect of cefotiam for the prevention of wound infections following trepanations was investigated. The main interest was centered on the rate of post-operative bone flap infections requiring operative revision. Administration of cefotiam was randomized for patients undergoing major craniotomies. The antibiotic was ...
Tsimoyiannis E C - - 1991
In the last 2 years, 50 patients who underwent elective colorectal surgery were prospectively studied about antibiotic prophylaxis. Two groups of 25 patients each were randomly selected. Both received: (a) a colic preparation: hypactic drugs and two enemas during the day before surgery and (b) metronidazole 0.5 g plus neomycin ...
Shwed J A - - 1991
Safety and efficacy were evaluated and compared retrospectively in 77 patients who received cefotetan (CTN) and 51 patients who received cefoxitin (CFX) for surgical prophylaxis. Both groups were similar with respect to age and gender. Surgical procedures were similar between groups (e.g., obstetric/gynecologic, renal transplant, colon, exploratory laparotomy, gastroduodenal, hernia ...
Aznar R - - 1991
A total of 127 patients (57 given placebo and 70 given a single preoperative dose of 1 g cefazolin) undergoing thoracic surgery were included in a randomized double-blind trial. The two groups were similar in regard to mean age, sex ratio, in-hospital stay before surgery, underlying disease, risk factors, type ...
Sirinek K R - - 1991
Secondary bacterial peritonitis is usually a polymicrobial infection of facultative gram-negative aerobic and anaerobic organisms. Treatment consists of operation and broad-spectrum antibiotic administration. The antibiotic treatment of choice in these infections has been the combination of gentamicin and clindamycin. However, this combination can have toxic side effects and necessitates frequent ...
Kremer M - - 1991
Thirty-six patients who had suffered two or more episodes of erysipelas or cellulitis during the previous year were randomly divided into two equal groups; one group received erythromycin base 250 mg b.i.d. for 18 months, while the other group received no prophylaxis for a similar period. No patients in the ...
Yoshioka K - - 1991
A prospective randomised study was undertaken in 80 patients to assess the combined regimen of ciprofloxacin with metronidazole against amoxicillin/clavulanic acid with metronidazole as treatment for established intra-abdominal infection. Treatment was for five days. Seventy-eight patients were clinically evaluable (38 patients on ciprofloxacin with metronidazole and 40 patients on amoxicillin/clavulanic ...
Sawyer R - - 1990
Previous studies of antibiotic prophylaxis have shown that treatment for 24 hours has been beneficial for head and neck surgery and that longer periods of antibiotic therapy have not improved results. Metronidazole (Flagyl), unlike other antibiotics tested, has been shown to be effective in an experimental abscess, even if treatment ...
Takegami K T - - 1990
This study used microbiologic counts to evaluate bacterial contamination during cutaneous surgeries of the head and neck. Aerobic bacterial counts of the surgical field in cases with immediate closure (group A, n = 10 patients) and prolonged procedures such as Mohs micrographic surgery (group B, n = 15 patients) were ...
Sutthijumroon S - - 1990
Prophylactic effect of cefoxitin against postoperative infection at a dose of 2 g intravenous (single dose 30 minutes before the operation) was investigated using fever index in patients who underwent the elective, nonradical abdominal hysterectomy. The results obtained are summarized as follows. Total fever index values were 12.9 +/- 10.0 ...
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