Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 850
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Dhar K K - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a single dose (2 g) of tinidazole before abdominal hysterectomy could reduce the incidence of postoperative infection. METHOD: A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study was undertaken with a single oral dose (2 g) of tinidazole, 12 h before surgery, in 100 patients undergoing abdominal hysterectomy for various ...
Wathne B - - 1993
Of 101 women, 15-50 years of age, presenting with vaginal discharge, 34 had bacterial vaginosis and were randomly assigned to a seven-day course of oral treatment with either erythromycin (0.5 g b.i.d.) or metronidazole (0.4 g b.i.d.) in a single-blind, cross-over study. Treatment failure (> or = three clinical signs ...
Romanelli V A - - 1993
OBJECTIVES: In response to an increased frequency of Staphylococcus epidermidis infections in postoperative cardiac surgery patients, antibiotic prophylaxis was changed to include both vancomycin and cefazolin pre- and intraoperatively. Subsequent to the addition of vancomycin prophylaxis, clinical impression and retrospective analysis supported a correlation between vancomycin administration and post-cardiopulmonary bypass ...
Sajben P - - 1993
In a retrospective study the incidence of infections, number of afebrile days, duration of antimicrobial chemotherapy, and cost of antibacterials and antimycotics were compared in two groups of patients. One was a group of 57 patients who received no prophylaxis during induction remission therapy of acute leukemia treated in 1989-1990, ...
van der Linden M C - - 1993
A prospective, randomized, open study was performed in 199 patients at the Leyenburg Hospital comparing amoxycillin/clavulanate (AMX/CL) with cefuroxime plus metronidazole (CR/MN) in the prophylaxis of infection following gynaecological surgery. AMX/CL was given as a single dose of 2200 mg i.v. at the start of the operation. CR/MN, 750/500 mg ...
Link H - - 1993
Following BMT there is a 5-15% risk of interstitial pneumonia caused by Pneumocystis carinii (PcP). Cotrimoxazole is therefore administered prophylactically, but may cause myelodepression, allergic reactions and nephrotoxicity. As PcP prophylaxis with pentamidine aerosol is effective in patients with AIDS, we conducted a prospective trial with regular inhalations of pentamidine. ...
Rohwedder R - - 1993
From 1983 until 1990 our standard antibiotic prophylaxis in colorectal surgery has been 80 mg gentamicin plus 500 mg metronidazole, both administered intravenously at the beginning of anesthesia, and then 80 mg gentamicin every 8 h for 3 days. In this time period, 718 patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery by ...
Fingerhut A - - 1993
Patients undergoing elective left colectomy for colonic carcinoma or diverticulosis (n = 341) were randomly assigned to three groups. Patients in groups 1 (102 patients) and 2 (122 patients) had two 5% povidone-iodine enemas whereas those in group 3 (117 patients) had saline enemas. Groups 1 and 3 received 24-hour ...
Garland S M - - 1993
A case of pelvic actinomycosis is described which occurred in association with the use of an intrauterine device (IUD). Initially medical management alone was used, but surgical intervention was necessitated for multiple pelvic abscesses. We would strongly recommend that any IUD be removed should it be associated with actinomyces on ...
Rolando N - - 1993
To compare the efficacy of a selective parenteral and enteral antimicrobial regimen in patients with fulminant liver failure, we classified 104 patients on reaching grade II encephalopathy as infected or non-infected. Patients who were infected were randomly assigned to receive IV cefuroxime (group 1) or selective parenteral and enteral antimicrobial ...
Sims E H - - 1993
The therapeutic efficacy and safety of piperacillin (4.5 g, every 6 hours) were compared with combined gentamicin (80 mg, every 8 hours) and metronidazole (500 mg every 6 hours) therapy in 246 patients hospitalized for penetrating abdominal injuries. Sixty-five patients had penetrating injury of the colon, rectum, or terminal ileum. ...
Galbraith U - - 1993
With the intention of reducing prophylactic antibiotic dosage, previous studies in the Zurich University Hospital have shown that a one/day prophylactic antimicrobial regimen with cefazolin was as effective as a single dose of ceftriaxone. In this prospective randomized study one day cefazolin prophylaxis (1 g q 8 h i.v.) was ...
Martín-Luengo F - - 1993
A randomized study compared the efficacy of a single dose of lomefloxacin given orally vs. cefuroxime given intravenously for prophylaxis against urinary tract infection in patients who were undergoing transurethral surgery. Patient groups were demographically similar; 25 received 400 mg lomefloxacin orally 2-6 h before surgery and 26 received 1.5 ...
Mayer H O - - 1993
A prospective, randomized study comparing single dose intravenous antibiotic prophylaxis with multiple-dose regimen in patients undergoing radical surgery for gynecologic malignancy was carried out. The majority of patients had cervical cancer. Thirty-seven patients in group A received one dose of 4 g piperacillin and 800 mg tinidazole 30 minutes before ...
Berne T V - - 1993
Many antibiotics and antibiotic combinations are used for the treatment of peritonitis because of advanced (gangrenous or perforated) appendicitis. An aminoglycoside combined with an antianaerobe antibiotic is one standard treatment, but there is concern about the potential nephrotoxicity of the aminoglycoside and the necessity for monitoring aminoglycoside blood levels. Cefepime, ...
al-Dhohayan A - - 1993
Augmentin as single agent was compared to the combination of metronidazole/gentamicin in the prevention of sepsis after appendicectomy. Two hundred patients admitted to Riyadh Central Hospital with a clinical diagnosis of acute appendicitis were enrolled in a prospective randomized study. All patients had a preoperative chest X ray, CBC, urinalysis ...
von Konow L - - 1992
The efficacy of clindamycin and phenoxymethylpenicillin in the treatment of orofacial infections was compared in a randomised study in 60 patients: 30 patients received clindamycin 150 mg every 6 h for seven days, and 30 received phenoxymethylpenicillin 1 g every 12 h for seven days. Where indicated incision and drainage ...
Wertzel H - - 1992
A prospective study of the efficacy of ampicillin in combination with sulbactam, a beta-lactamase inhibitor, (A/S) in perioperative prophylaxis was performed. The study consisted of two independent parts performed at the same time. Part I included 60 patients with lobectomies and segmentectomies. Group A (A/S 1 x 3 g "single ...
Maki D G - - 1992
Three-hundred twenty-one adults undergoing cardiac or major vascular operations were randomized to receive intravenous cefazolin, cefamandole, or vancomycin for prophylaxis against surgical infection in a double-blind trial. All three regimens provided therapeutic blood levels throughout operation in patients studied undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass. The prevalence of surgical wound infection was lowest ...
Arnaud J P - - 1992
A prospective, multicentre, randomized trial was carried out in 19 hospitals in order to compare the efficacy of amoxycillin-clavulanic acid with cefotetan as antibiotic prophylaxis in patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery. Since the main purpose of the study was to demonstrate equivalence between the two regimens, the protocol planned the ...
Wilson W R - - 1992
The suitability of commonly used antimicrobial regimens for prophylaxis in abdominal surgery and treatment of intra-abdominal sepsis is discussed. These various therapies are often limited in their usefulness by the range of microorganisms against which they are effective and thus, to extend the antimicrobial cover, agents may be combined. Some ...
Krige J E - - 1992
The efficacy of amoxycillin-clavulanic acid for prevention of postoperative wound infection was compared with that of cefamandole in 150 patients at risk for infected bile while undergoing elective biliary surgery in a prospective, randomized study. The two groups were comparable for age, sex, risk factors, operative procedures and positive bile ...
Ritzau M - - 1992
The effect of a single preoperative dose of metronidazole in the prevention of alveolitis sicca dolorosa (ASD) after surgical removal of one impacted, non-infected mandibular third molar was investigated. A patient sample of 270 were given either 1000 mg of metronidazole or placebo at least 30 min before surgery. The ...
MacGregor R R - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: The hypothesis of the study is that cefotetan and cefoxitin will be equally efficacious and safe in the treatment of post-cesarean section endometritis. STUDY DESIGN: In a double-blind, randomized manner 140 patients with post-cesarean section endometritis were treated with cefotetan, 2 gm intravenously every 12 hours, or cefoxitin, 2 ...
Elusoji S O - - 1992
One hundred patients who had appendicectomy for uncomplicated acute appendicitis over 1 year were randomly allocated to two groups of 50 patients each. Patients in group 1 had a single prophylactic injection of gentamicin while those in group 2 had a five days course with the first dose given just ...
Johnson J T - - 1992
The leading cause of postoperative morbidity in patients undergoing major head and neck surgical procedures is postoperative infection. This prospective randomized multi-institutional clinical trial was designed to compare the effectiveness of clindamycin phosphate and high-dose cefazolin sodium therapy in preventing postoperative wound sepsis in patients undergoing contaminated head and neck ...
Nayagam A T - - 1992
The efficacy and safety of ofloxacin, 200 mg twice daily for 7 days, was compared with metronidazole, 400 mg twice daily for 7 days, for the treatment of bacterial vaginosis (BV). Diagnosis of BV was confirmed by at least 3 of the following 4 criteria: the presence of an abnormal ...
Charton M - - 1992
The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of single-dose oral lomefloxacin and single-dose parenteral cefuroxime for the prevention of urinary tract infection following transurethral surgery. A total of 63 patients were enrolled in this prospective, randomized open-label study, which was conducted at two medical centers ...
Pande M - - 1992
Subconjunctival gentamicin was identified as the cause of conjunctival chemosis and capillary closure in a recent study conducted in this department. The gentamicin preparation used in the study contained preservatives. The current prospective study was set up to investigate the role of preservatives in the conjunctival toxicity of subconjunctival gentamicin. ...
Cutajar C L - - 1992
A series of 140 patients, undergoing various types of urological endoscopic procedures, was divided into 2 equal, parallel, randomised groups. The first group of 70 patients, undergoing lower urinary tract surgery, was randomised, half to receive norfloxacin prophylaxis and half no antibiotic cover; the other 70 patients, undergoing percutaneous renal ...
Cavallaro V - - 1992
The influence of ceftriaxone on oral and intestinal flora was investigated in 10 patients undergoing colorectal surgery. Ceftriaxone was given intravenously in one 2g dose before anesthesia. Saliva and feces samples were collected and analyzed on day 0, 3, 5, 14 and 28 after drug administration. All specimens were cultured ...
Mock C N - - 1992
Typhoid ileal perforation remains a frequently fatal illness in the developing world. The purpose of a retrospective review of 195 cases was to ascertain prognostic indices and therapeutic options influencing outcome. The overall mortality rate of 31% was worsened by extremes of age (p less than 0.025), generalized peritonitis (p ...
Gentry L O - - 1992
To determine the efficacy of cefuroxime as a prophylactic agent against infection, we retrospectively evaluated patients who had undergone cefuroxime therapy for cardiovascular surgery procedures in the years 1987 and 1990. In the 403 evaluable patients (203 in 1987 and 200 in 1990), we noted a postoperative surgical wound infection ...
Larsen J W - - 1992
A multicenter, prospective, open-label, randomized trial compared imipenem-cilastatin (I-C) monotherapy with the combination of clindamycin+gentamicin (C+G). Efficacy and tolerability in the treatment of serious pelvic infections were evaluated in 94 female patients with acute salpingitis, pelvic abscess, or postoperative pelvic cellulitis. Duration of therapy averaged 5.4 days for treatment successes ...
Balogh A - - 1993
Authors report their experiences with evaluating the clinical course of 45 patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery. Patients were divided into three groups, depending on the type and method of preparation to operation. The 140 patients in the first group received according to the "traditional" preparation purgatives, enemas, and mycerine + ...
Brumfitt W - - 1992
Eighty women with recurrent urinary infections (a median of seven episodes per year) were randomized to twelve months prophylaxis with cefaclor 250 mg or macrocrystalline nitrofurantoin 50 mg, at night. Seventy-three patients (37 given cefaclor and 36 given macrocrystalline nitrofurantoin) were assessable for efficacy. The incidence of radiological abnormalities in ...
Frank E - - 1992
This report examines the relationship of long-term medication compliance (as measured by stability of level/dose ratios and total blood level averages) to prophylaxis in recurrent unipolar patients. Of the 53 patients assigned to active imipramine conditions in a long-term maintenance treatment protocol, 42 were evaluated as clearly compliant, 8 were ...
Sharpe D A - - 1992
A prospective randomised study to assess the efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis in oesophageal surgery was performed, in which 226 consecutive patients (113 male and 113 female, age range 24-86 years, mean age of 65 years) were included. The study patients were in two groups: group 1, in which the upper ...
Thomas P - - 1992
In a prospective randomized double-blind trial, the efficacy and safety of cefotaxime and ceftriaxone were compared in intensive care unit (ICU) patients with serious infections requiring systemic antimicrobial therapy. Patients were randomly assigned to receive either cefotaxime 1 g i.v. t.i.d. or ceftriaxone 2 g every 24 hr. Clinical and ...
Nord C E - - 1992
The effect of piperacillin/tazobactam treatment upon the intestinal microflora was studied in 20 patients with intraabdominal infections. The patients received piperacillin 4 g combined with tazobactam 500 mg q 8 h by intravenous injection for 4-8 days. Stool specimens were collected before, during and after therapy for cultivation of aerobic ...
Elledge E S - - 1991
The use of systemic antibiotics for major head and neck surgical procedures involving the upper aerodigestive tract is now accepted as an important part of perioperative patient care. Despite knowledge of the high counts of bacteria present in saliva, no preoperative regimen for preparing the mouth has been standardized. Surgical ...
Pacelli F - - 1991
A prospective randomized study was performed with 61 patients undergoing elective surgery for colorectal cancer, to evaluate the prophylactic effect of two different parenteral antibiotic regimens. All patients were randomly allocated into two groups, comparable in age, sex, nutritional status and operative procedures. The patients in Group A (n. 31) ...
Ipsen T - - 1991
A bovine collagen sponge containing gentamicin was applied locally in 10 patients with chronic osteomyelitis who were then followed for 1 year postoperatively. No adverse effects or recurrence of infections was observed. The release of gentamicin from the sponge was more complete and rapid than has been reported with polymethyl ...
Pande M - - 1991
A prospective study of 75 patients undergoing cataract surgery was conducted to identify the cause of postoperative conjunctival chemosis seen in patients with cataracts in this department. The patients were split in three groups of 25 each. Group G patients were given a subconjunctival injection of gentamicin at the end ...
van Rensburg L C - - 1991
A prospective study was undertaken to evaluate the use of ceftriaxone in patients with abdominal trauma admitted to our hospital over a period of 6 months. Because of the large trauma load and an unacceptable waiting period before surgery combined with the fact that many patients on 6-hourly antibiotic regimes ...
Kurlberg G - - 1991
A retrospective study of 42 patients treated surgically for typhoid ileal perforation found the mortality to be 24%. The study suggested that general peritonitis was the main cause of death in typhoid ileal perforation. However, the high mortality was significantly improved by adequate preoperative rehydration. The combination of chloramphenicol/gentamicin/metronidazole was ...
Rangabashyam N - - 1991
Due to the high incidence of infective complications following colorectal surgery, prophylactic application of systemic antibiotics is required. In a prospective, randomised study of 34 patients who underwent elective colorectal surgery, it was found that a single 1 g dose of cefotaxime was as effective as three doses in controlling ...
Meller J L - - 1991
A prospective randomized study was undertaken to compare the use of the combination of gentamicin and clindamycin with single agent, cefoxitin, in the treatment of perforated appendicitis in the pediatric patient. In a 3-year period from 1986 to 1989, 56 patients with perforated appendicitis were randomized. Twenty-nine patients received cefoxitin, ...
Stein D S - - 1991
We conducted an open prospective clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole given as one double-strength tablet thrice weekly for primary and secondary prophylaxis of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) in human immunodeficiency virus-infected (HIV+) patients. A total of 104 HIV+ patients were evaluated, with 74 being in ...
Fong I W - - 1991
An open randomized study was done to compare the prophylactic value of single doses of netilmycin-metronidazole versus trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole in the prevention of postoperative infections associated with transrectal prostatic biopsy. Of 117 patients enrolled in the study 101 were evaluated and of these patients 47 received netilmycin-metronidazole and 54 received trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. ...
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