Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 836
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Kremer M - - 1991
Thirty-six patients who had suffered two or more episodes of erysipelas or cellulitis during the previous year were randomly divided into two equal groups; one group received erythromycin base 250 mg b.i.d. for 18 months, while the other group received no prophylaxis for a similar period. No patients in the ...
Yoshioka K - - 1991
A prospective randomised study was undertaken in 80 patients to assess the combined regimen of ciprofloxacin with metronidazole against amoxicillin/clavulanic acid with metronidazole as treatment for established intra-abdominal infection. Treatment was for five days. Seventy-eight patients were clinically evaluable (38 patients on ciprofloxacin with metronidazole and 40 patients on amoxicillin/clavulanic ...
Sawyer R - - 1990
Previous studies of antibiotic prophylaxis have shown that treatment for 24 hours has been beneficial for head and neck surgery and that longer periods of antibiotic therapy have not improved results. Metronidazole (Flagyl), unlike other antibiotics tested, has been shown to be effective in an experimental abscess, even if treatment ...
Takegami K T - - 1990
This study used microbiologic counts to evaluate bacterial contamination during cutaneous surgeries of the head and neck. Aerobic bacterial counts of the surgical field in cases with immediate closure (group A, n = 10 patients) and prolonged procedures such as Mohs micrographic surgery (group B, n = 15 patients) were ...
Sutthijumroon S - - 1990
Prophylactic effect of cefoxitin against postoperative infection at a dose of 2 g intravenous (single dose 30 minutes before the operation) was investigated using fever index in patients who underwent the elective, nonradical abdominal hysterectomy. The results obtained are summarized as follows. Total fever index values were 12.9 +/- 10.0 ...
Mozzillo N - - 1990
One hundred and ninety-one patients, all candidates for major clean-contaminated surgery, were classified according to the risk of developing postoperative wound infection, using clinical and nutritional factors. A widely validated nutritional assessment model, the Prognostic Nutritional Index (PNI), was used preoperatively to evaluate the risk and probability of post-operative septic ...
Kemper C A - - 1990
The efficacy, toxicity and cost of orally administered dapsone (50-100 mg/day) for prophylaxis of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) were evaluated in 30 patients with AIDS or AIDS-related complex (ARC). Six patients received primary and 24 secondary prophylaxis. Ten patients received a maximum dose of 100 mg/day and 20 a maximum ...
Miedzinski L J - - 1990
Between 1986 and 1988, 450 adults undergoing coronary artery bypass, cardiac valve replacement, or both were enrolled into a prospective, randomized, comparative trial of cephalothin versus cefamandole as perioperative prophylaxis. They were assessed during their hospitalization and at 6 weeks and 6 months after discharge for postoperative infectious complications. Eleven ...
Tio T T - - 1990
In a randomized comparative study, 83 male patients suffering from acute uncomplicated gonococcal urethritis were treated with a single dose of either 0.8 g pefloxacin, given orally, or 1.0 g cefotaxime, given intramuscularly. The cure rates were 100% in both treatment groups four to seven days and 21 to 31 ...
Winslet M C - - 1990
In a prospective, open, randomized controlled trial, 173 patients requiring surgery for potentially "contaminated" lower gastrointestinal surgery were allocated to receive either two doses of ceftizoxime (2 gm) with one dose of metronidazole (1.5 gm) or gentamicin 3 mg/kg/day for five days with one dose of metronidazole (1.5 gm). Eighty-nine ...
Carlson C - - 1990
The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether an extended-spectrum antibiotic with a long duration of action was more effective for prophylaxis for cesarean delivery than a limited-spectrum agent with a shorter duration of action. Patients were eligible for the study if they were in labor or had ruptured ...
Fourcade R O - - 1990
This French multicentre, placebo-controlled, double-blind study investigated the efficacy of a single dose of cefotaxime 1 g iv in the prophylaxis of patients undergoing endoscopic extraction of urinary tract stones. Postoperative fever occurred in 12 patients in the placebo group and in nine in the cefotaxime group (no significant difference). ...
Martens M G - - 1990
Patients with uncomplicated pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) (acute salpingitis and no pelvic masses) were randomly assigned for treatment with either cefotaxime or cefoxitin. A clinical cure was achieved in 17 of 20 cases (82%) and 19 of 22 cases (84%), respectively. Within the complicated PID group, patients were assigned to ...
De Lalla F - - 1990
A prospective, randomized study was carried out in order to assess the efficacy and safety of the mezlocillin-netilmicin combination in the prophylaxis of first permanent transvenous cardiac pacemaker implantation. Five hundred and fifty-two consecutive patients were randomly administered either 2 g mezlocillin and 200 mg netilmicin both as an i.v. ...
Schoetz D J DJ - - 1990
The efficacy of cefoxitin, a perioperative parenteral antibiotic, combined with mechanical bowel preparation and oral antibiotics to prevent wound infections and other septic complications in patients undergoing elective colorectal operations, was examined in a prospective randomized study. All 197 patients who completed the study received mechanical bowel preparation and oral ...
Burkitt D S - - 1990
A single preoperative dose of imipenem/cilastatin was compared with metronidazole for the prevention of infectious sequelae following emergency appendicectomy. Patients with established sepsis received in addition 72 h of either intravenous imipenem or ampicillin, gentamicin and metronidazole postoperatively. Two hundred and sixty-eight patients were studied. Wound infection rate in low-risk ...
Fragapane P - - 1990
The authors evaluated the peroperative immunologic state of patients with colorectal tumors and controlled the postoperative incidence of infections. Twenty-one patients were studied, and delayed type hypersensitivity reactivity determined by the CMI multitest (Merieux) eight days before and eight days after surgery. A lymphocytogram was performed using monoclonal antibodies. A ...
Marcucci L - - 1990
An open prospective randomized trial was conducted in three Italian ear, nose and throat (ENT) surgery departments on 120 patients aged 10 to 84 years, to compare a single pre-operative dose vs. three peri-operative doses of ceftazidime in surgical prophylaxis. Sixty patients in group I received 1 g ceftazidime intramuscularly ...
McQueen M M - - 1990
A prospective randomized double-blind trial was carried out to assess the effectiveness of one dose of prophylactic cefuroxime versus placebo in 502 patients who underwent surgery for a proximal femoral fracture. With an overall deep infection rate of 2.2 per cent there was no significant difference in the superficial or ...
McGregor J A - - 1990
In an open study, ticarcillin/clavulanate was used to treat upper genital tract infections in 91 women. The clinical success rate was 92% in outpatient-acquired salpingitis (pelvic inflammatory disease), 50% in salpingitis with tuboovarian abscess, 85% in postpartum endometritis, 87% in endometritis after chorioamnionitis and 90% in postoperative parametritis. The primary ...
Nøhr M - - 1990
Two antibiotic regimens for the prophylaxis of infection after colorectal operations were compared in a prospective, double blind, randomised controlled trial in 244 patients. Ninety-five patients (39%) were either excluded before randomisation or withdrawn, leaving 149 for analysis. Group 1 (n = 72) received a single infusion of 8 g ...
Peterson C M - - 1990
This study included 207 patients in a double-blind, prospective randomized trial of cefazolin versus cefamandole single-dose prophylaxis by both intravenous (IV) and lavage routes in patients laboring with ruptured membranes who eventually had nonelective cesareans. No significant differences (P less than .05) were noted in the rates of infectious morbidity ...
Seco J L - - 1990
Two hundred forty-six patients with acute appendicitis were randomly assigned to one of two groups. One group of 120 patients received systemic clindamycin preoperatively. Another group of 126 patients received, in addition to systemic clindamycin, a solution of topical ampicillin applied to subcutaneous tissues. No differences were found in the ...
Gerding D N - - 1990
One hundred fifty-six patients with presumed or documented abdominal infections were treated with amikacin/metronidazole/placebo (Group 1, 56 patients), amikacin/clindamycin/placebo (Group 2, 57 patients), or amikacin/clindamycin/ampicillin (Group 3, 43 patients) to determine both the therapeutic efficacy of the various regimens and the type of complications due to Clostridium difficile. C. difficile ...
Hershman M J - - 1990
This study compared one dose of cefotetan with three doses of piperacillin as prophylaxis against wound infection in 153 patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery. The patients were randomized into two groups: the first received 2 g cefotetan intravenously with induction of anaesthesia (n = 75), and the second received three ...
Rowe-Jones D C - - 1990
OBJECTIVE: To establish whether a single preoperative dose of cefotaxime plus metronidazole was as effective as a standard three dose regimen of cefuroxime plus metronidazole in preventing wound infection after colorectal surgery. DESIGN: Prospective randomised allocation to one of two prophylactic antibiotic regimens in a parallel group trial. Group sequential ...
Eskilsson J - - 1990
The most common cardiotoxic effects of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) are chest pain and ischemic ECG abnormalities. Coronary vasospasm may be the underlying mechanism. If so, prophylactic treatment with calcium channel blockers might have a beneficial effect. In the present study, prophylaxis with verapamil (120 mg three times daily) was given to ...
Thorsteinsson S B - - 1990
In this prospective, randomized study, the efficacy of one dose ceftriaxone or 48 hour cephradine therapy was compared to a control group to prevent urinary infection in 179 patients undergoing TUS. Only patients with low risk of developing infections were included. Both cephalosporins significantly reduced the incidence of UTI (ceftriaxone ...
Brismar B - - 1990
During recent years the impact of different antimicrobial agents on the intestinal microflora in patients undergoing colorectal surgery has been investigated by our research group. Thus the effects on the microflora by parenteral administration of piperacillin, cefoxitin, cefbuperazone, moxalactam, aztreonam, imipenem, ampicillin + sulbactam, clindamycin, tinidazole, ciprofloxacin and ofloxacin have ...
Heimdahl A - - 1990
Postsurgical infections after oral surgery in healthy patients are almost exclusively wound infections caused by aerobic and anaerobic microorganisms endogenous to the oral cavity. Available data indicate that, in otherwise healthy patients, infectious complications after dentoalveolar surgery are decreased after penicillin prophylaxis. However, prophylaxis is still not recommended as a ...
Misan G M - - 1990
A prospective, two-phase, drug utilization review (DUR) was performed at the Royal Adelaide Hospital (RAH) to determine the extent and pattern of vancomycin use. For all patients commencing oral or parenteral vancomycin, treatment indication, route of administration, duration of therapy, results of culture and sensitivity tests, adverse drug reactions and ...
Thomsen S - - 1990
The efficiency of prophylactic antibiotic therapy in amputation surgery was studied in a prospective, randomized trial of a first-generation cephalosporin (cephalothin) compared with a narrow-spectrum beta-lactam stable penicillin (methicillin). Eighty-eight patients received cephalothin 2 g X 4 on the day of operation, while 86 patients received methicillin 1 g X ...
Verlicchi F - - 1990
We performed a pilot study on 13 heavily treated hematologic patients, in whom a systemic broad-spectrum antimicrobial prophylaxis was started after the end of the antineoplastic treatment. Results were compared to a historical control group of patients with similar characteristics, in whom antibody were started at the appearance of fever. ...
Wagman L D - - 1990
The ability of perioperative cefazolin to reduce the incidence of postoperative wound infection in patients undergoing ablative surgical treatment for carcinoma of the breast was tested in this prospective, randomized, double-blinded study. From May 1983 until December 1985, 118 women were divided into two groups at random. Group 1 consisted ...
Wittmann D H - - 1990
A retrospective analysis of 809 biliary tract operations revealed postoperative wound infections in 13.4% of 278 patients with bactericholia, compared to 6.9% in patients without bactericholia. More than one third of isolated bacteria were resistant to ampicillin. This was the basis to conduct a prospective randomized single-blind study to compare ...
McGregor J A - - 1990
A single dose of ceftizoxime was comparable to three perioperative doses of cefoxitin as adjunctive antibiotic chemoprophylaxis against infectious morbidity in women undergoing elective abdominal (60% of patients) or vaginal (40% of patients) hysterectomy. In a double-blind, randomized, prospective, controlled trial, patients were randomized to receive either a single 1-gm ...
Askew C - - 1989
A small prospective trial was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of a single antibiotic regimen, Augmentin, compared with a combination regimen of cefuroxime and metronidazole in the treatment of serious post-operative sepsis. Both regimens used were effective against Bacteroides and other anaerobes, with a similar satisfactory cure rate ...
Naber K G - - 1989
According to available studies the experience with cefotaxime in the treatment of urinary tract infections (UTI) is presented. Because of its broad spectrum antibacterial activity cefotaxime is active against most of the causative organisms, including multiresistant strains (except enterococci). Of 400 isolates cultured from 400 urological inpatients with complicated and/or ...
Ker C G - - 1989
This was a randomized open evaluation of claforan vs. combination treatment of cefapirin + gentamicin. Patients taking part in the study were randomized in 3 parallel groups: 3 x 1 g claforan given during a period of 24 h (regimen I) was compared to 1 x 1 g claforan given ...
Ritter M A - - 1989
A series of 201 consecutive patients treated with unilateral or bilateral total joint arthroplasty were given a single-dose prophylactic antibiotic regimen consisting of 1 g vancomycin infused over 1 hour on the morning of surgery and 80 g gentamicin given upon arrival in the operating room. Bactericidal blood levels were ...
Dallison I W - - 1989
The effectiveness of topical fusidic acid 1%, in a viscous drop base, to reduce or eliminate ocular microflora in patients undergoing cataract surgery has been studied. Forty-two patients received fusidic acid on a double-blind basis and for comparison 21 patients were similarly assessed with topical chloramphenicol. A further 17 patients ...
Moore F A - - 1989
The optimal antimicrobial agent or agents for penetrating abdominal injuries remains undetermined. During the three year period ending August 1987, 317 consecutive patients undergoing celiotomy for penetrating abdominal trauma were prospectively randomized to receive either mezlocillin, 4 grams every six hours, or clindamycin, 600 milligrams every six hours, and gentamicin, ...
Kingston R D - - 1989
Two hundred and twenty-nine patients were entered into a study to compare the effectiveness and safety of two single-shot antibiotic regimes in patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery in two district general hospitals. A single shot of intravenous (IV) latamoxef disodium was as effective as an IV combination of cefuroxime and ...
Ritter M A - - 1989
One hundred and ninety-six consecutive total joint recipients, including unilateral and bilateral procedures, were studied. Patients were randomly assigned to receive one of two prophylactic protocols. Group A (98 patients) received two intraoperative doses of cefuroxime (1500 mg and 750 mg) intravenously and continued cefuroxime for 24 hours postoperatively (750 ...
Kling P A - - 1989
In an open, prospective, and randomized investigation on the prophylactic efficacy of peroral neomycin sulfate-erythromycin base vs intravenous ceftriaxone-metronidazole preparation in colorectal surgery, no significantly diverging results between regimens were recorded (1/27 [3.7%] and 2/27 [7.4%] wound infections, respectively). Commentary is made about the diverging results from earlier studies on ...
Dionigi R - - 1989
The usefulness of antibiotic prophylaxis in reducing the incidence of postoperative infections following colorectal surgery has been defined in many clinical studies. Since a single antibiotic agent covering all the potential pathogens (i.e. Gram-negative aerobes and anaerobes) is not currently available, a combination therapy is usually administered. The present study ...
Chan A C - - 1989
A prospective, double-blind randomized trial was carried out at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, involving 4 groups of patients receiving a single intravenous dose of placebo, ampicillin, ampicillin and metronidazole, and ampicillin and sulbactam before operation. No difference in postoperative morbidity was present ...
Fukui T - - 1989
A prospective and randomized clinical study was conducted in order to compare cefoxitin (CFX) and ceftizoxime (CZX) as prophylactic antibiotics. Two hundred and three consecutive cases of elective upper gastrointestinal tract surgery, performed at our institute between January, 1983, and March, 1986, were entered in the trial. The patients were ...
Moesgaard F - - 1989
In a prospective controlled trial, 750 patients undergoing elective biliary, gastric or colorectal surgery were randomized to receive short-term or long-term antibiotic prophylaxis--cefotaxime for biliary or gastric, and gentamicin/metronidazole for colorectal operations. In all patients, delayed cutaneous hypersensitivity was preoperatively assessed by simultaneous application of seven standardized recall antigens. Positive ...
Gaskill H V HV - - 1989
The safety and efficacy of intravenous cefmetazole for prophylaxis before abdominal operations were compared with those of intravenous cefoxitin in a randomized, prospective clinical study. Eighty-nine evaluable patients were enrolled. These patients underwent primarily clean/contaminated (56%) and contaminated (39%) operations. A total of three (3%) patients developed postoperative wound infections. ...
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