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Wilson Gregory C GC Departments of *Surgery †Gastroenterology ‡Endocrinology §Radiology, University of Cincinnati Medical Center ¶Department of Surgery, University of California San Diego School of Medicine ‖Department of Surgery, University of Chicago Medical Center; and **Department of Surgery, University of Arizona Medical - - 2014
Total pancreatectomy and islet cell autotransplantation (TPIAT) has been increasingly utilized for the management of chronic pancreatitis (CP) with early success. However, the long-term durability of this operation remains unclear. All patients undergoing TPIAT for the treatment of CP with 5-year or greater follow-up were identified for inclusion in this ...
Choi Hong Seok HS 1Digestive Disease Center, Department of Internal Medicine, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea 2Department of Internal Medicine, Sahm Yook Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
Many patients report discomfort because of the unpleasant taste of bowel preparation solutions. This study aimed to determine whether adding orange juice to 2 L of polyethylene glycol plus ascorbic acid is effective for reducing patient discomfort and improving palatability during bowel preparation. This was a single-blinded, randomized controlled trial. ...
Paquette Ian M IM 1Department of Surgery, Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio 2Adirondack Surgical Group, Saranac Lake, New York 3Cincinnati Research on Outcomes and Safety in Surgery (CROSS), Cincinnati, - - 2014
The Cleveland Clinic Florida Fecal Incontinence score is widely used to assess the severity of fecal incontinence. We hypothesized that the Cleveland Clinic Fecal Florida Incontinence score is useful at establishing baseline disease severity, but it may underestimate the response to treatment following sacral neuromodulation because of the large number ...
Madbouly Khaled M KM Department of Surgery, University of Alexandria, Alexandria, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the ligation of the intersphincteric fistula track with the mucosal advancement flap in the treatment of high transsphincteric anal fistulas. This was a prospective randomized study performed at academic medical centers. Patients with transsphincteric anal fistulas involving the upper part of anal ...
Floodeen Hannah H 1Department of Surgery, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden 2Department of Surgery, Linköping University Hospital, Linköping, Sweden 3Örebro University, Örebro, - - 2014
Anorectal function after rectal surgery with low anastomosis is often impaired. Outcome of long-term anorectal function is poorly understood but may improve over time. We evaluated anorectal function 5 years after low anterior resection for cancer with regard to whether patients had a temporary stoma at initial resection. The objective ...
Aung K J M KJ Damien Foundation, Dhaka, - - 2014
Tuberculosis (TB) program, Damien Foundation Projects, Bangladesh. To summarize the outcome and its determinants of the first treatment for multidrug-resistant TB using a standardized regimen consisting of a minimum 9 months. This was a prospective, observational study of a gatifloxacin (GFX) based directly observed regimen, mainly with initial hospitalization. The ...
Oki Gosuke G Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study evaluated recovery from chronic lateral epicondylitis after arthroscopic treatment. Twenty-three consecutive patients (5 men, 18 women) with chronic lateral epicondylitis underwent arthroscopic surgery. Patients were a mean age of 49 years. Prospective outcome data were collected before the operation and at 1, 2, 3, 6, 12 and 24 months after ...
Cusick Michael C MC Florida Orthopaedic Institute, Tampa, FL, - - 2014
The use of cortical suspensory fixation in conjunction with an interference screw to treat distal biceps ruptures has yielded favorable results. However, literature examining the incidence of fixation failure in a large consecutive series of patients treated with this technique is lacking. A retrospective review of electronic medical records identified ...
Welsh Kerry J KJ From the Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Texas at - - 2014
Patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) are at risk of bleeding. The goal of this investigation was to compare thromboelastography (TEG) with standard coagulation tests (prothrombin time [PT], partial thromboplastin time [PTT], fibrinogen, and D-dimer) in patients with active bleeding. A retrospective study of patients who underwent cardiac ...
Sarr Michael G MG Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN. Electronic address: - - 2014
This prospective, multicenter, randomized clinical trial was performed to compare the effectiveness of the bioprosthesis Surgisis Gold (Cook Biotech, Inc, West Lafayette, IN) to suture closure alone in reinforcing the abdominal wall after open Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). A total of 402 adult patients (body mass index ≥35 kg/m(2)) scheduled to ...
Bjarnason Thordur T Department of Surgery, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden, - - 2014
Classification of the open abdomen (OA) status is essential for clinical studies on the subject and may help to improve OA therapy. This is a validity and reliability analysis of the OA classification proposed by the World Society of the Abdominal Compartment Syndrome in 2013. Prospective data on 111 consecutive ...
Rudas Máté - - 2014
IntroductionLong-term ventilated intensive care patients frequently require tracheostomy. Although overall risks are low, serious immediate and late complications still arise. Real-time ultrasound guidance has been proposed to decrease complications and improve accuracy of the tracheal puncture. We aimed to compare procedural safety and efficacy of real-time ultrasound guidance with the ...
Tomanin Rosella - - 2014
BackgroundHunter Syndrome is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder due to the deficit of iduronate 2-sulfatase, an enzyme catalysing the degradation of the glycosaminoglycans (GAG) dermatan- and heparan-sulfate. Treatment of the disease is mainly performed by Enzyme Replacement Therapy (ERT) with idursulfase, in use since 2006. Clinical efficacy of ERT has ...
Limpaphayom Noppachart N Department of Orthopedics, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Rama 4 road, Pathumwan, Bangkok, Thailand, 10330, - - 2014
Our objective is to report longitudinal outcomes of selective surgical soft tissue release for idiopathic clubfoot (ICF). Thirty-six ICF patients who had surgery at the average age of 11 (range nine to 17) months and 12 age-matched normal feet were evaluated yearly until subjects had the average age of 11 ...
van de Laar Arnold W AW Department Bariatric Surgery, Slotervaartziekenhuis, Louwesweg 6, 1066 EC, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Bariatric weight loss essentially is expressed with reference to the baseline weight, for example, as relative percentages or as absolute body mass index (BMI) points lost from baseline. A different definition of baseline weight would therefore affect all weight loss results. We try to determine which value to prefer for ...
Castellucci Lana A LA Department of Medicine, the Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, - - 2014
Many anticoagulant strategies are available for the treatment of acute venous thromboembolism, yet little guidance exists regarding which drug is most effective and safe. To summarize and compare the efficacy and safety outcomes associated with 8 anticoagulation options (unfractionated heparin [UFH], low-molecular-weight heparin [LMWH], or fondaparinux in combination with vitamin ...
Miyake Hideaki H Division of Urology, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-1 Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe, 650-0017, Japan, - - 2014
Our objective was to evaluate the significance of the R.E.N.A.L. nephrometry score (RNS)-developed to quantitatively evaluate the complexity of renal tumors in a reproducible manner-in perioperative and renal functional outcomes following robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN). This study assessed 48 consecutive patients with renal tumors who underwent RAPN. Preoperative RNS for ...
Zhou Ping-Hong PH Endoscopy Center, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, - - 2014
Background and study aims: A hybrid knife was recently developed to allow waterjet-assisted endoscopic submucosal dissection, which aims to speed up and simplify the procedure. This technique has been shown to be effective and safe for the treatment of early gastric cancer (EGC) but it has not yet been compared ...
Sridharan Shaum S SS Department of Otolaryngology, University of Pittsburgh Voice - - 2014
To retrospectively determine optimal timing for initiation of nimodipine within a cohort of patients with acute vocal fold paralysis (VFP). Retrospective patient review. Subjects were divided into three groups: initiation within 15 days postinjury (n = 19), between 15 and 30 days postinjury (n = 23), or greater than 30 days postinjury (n = 11). Fifty-one ...
Rudler M M Department of Hepatogastroenterology, La Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital, 47-80 boulevard de l'Hôpital, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Pierre et Marie Curie University, Paris, - - 2014
Early-TIPSS (transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt) placement may improve rebleeding and reduce 1-year mortality, compared to standard management in high-risk patients with cirrhosis and variceal bleeding. To obtain external validation of this therapeutic approach. We performed a prospective study including all consecutive patients with Child-Pugh C 10-13 cirrhosis or Child-Pugh B ...
Aryana Arash A Regional Cardiology Associates, 3941 J Street, Suite #350, Sacramento, CA, 95819, USA, - - 2014
There is limited data available on the safety and efficacy of the second-generation cryoballoon (CB-2) for cryoablation of atrial fibrillation (Cryo-AF). We evaluated the procedural, biophysical, and clinical outcomes of Cryo-AF in a large patient cohort using CB-2 as compared with the first-generation cryoballoon (CB-1). Three-hundred and forty consecutive patients ...
Xu Zhen-Xing ZX Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Remodeling and Function Research, Chinese Ministry of Education and Chinese Ministry of Public Health, Department of Cardiology, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Shandong, - - 2014
This study aimed to assess pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) efficacy on atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence and to determine a predictive dispersion of atrial refractoriness (dERP) value for performing PVI in paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) patients. Of 67 PSVT patients with past AF episodes who underwent accessory pathway (AP) or slow ...
Kotulska Katarzyna K Department of Neurology and Epileptology, The Children's Memorial Health Institute, Warsaw, Poland, - - 2014
Subependymal giant cell astrocytoma (SEGA) is a brain tumor associated with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). It usually grows in a second decade of life, but may develop in the first months of life. The aim of this work was to establish the incidence, clinical features, and outcome of congenital SEGA ...
Adler Tom T Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Kantonsspital Baselland-Bruderholz, CH-4101, Bruderholz, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to analyse the long-term outcome of patients treated for combined posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) and posterolateral corner injuries by combined PCL reconstruction and popliteus bypass according to Mueller or refixation of the popliteus tendon. Sixteen patients treated by combined PCL reconstruction and popliteus bypass ...
Nikoubashman Omid O Klinik für Diagnostische und Interventionelle Neuroradiologie, Uniklinik Aachen, Pauwelsstr. 30, 52074, Aachen, - - 2014
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the clinical significance of postinterventional subarachnoid hyperdensities (PSH) after endovascular mechanical thrombectomy in acute ischemic stroke. We analysed clinical and radiological data of 113 consecutive patients who received postinterventional CT scans within 4.5 h after mechanical thrombectomy. PSH was present in 27 of ...
Grolimund Eva E 1Medical University Clinic, Kantonsspital Aarau , Aarau , - - 2014
Abstract Long-term outcome prediction in COPD is challenging. We conducted a prospective 5-7-year follow-up study in patients with COPD to determine the association of exacerbation type, discharge levels of inflammatory biomarkers including procalctionin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP), white blood cell count (WBC) and plasma proadrenomedullin (ProADM), alone or combined with ...
Moosmayer Stefan S Departments of Orthopaedic Surgery (S.M.), Physiotherapy (G.L., U.S.S., B.H., and I.C.S.), and Occupational Therapy (T.H.), Martina Hansens Hospital, Donskiveien 8, P.O.B. 823, 1306 Sandvika, Norway. E-mail address for S. Moosmayer: - - 2014
There is limited Level-I evidence that compares operative and nonoperative treatment of rotator cuff tears. We compared outcomes of patients treated with primary tendon repair with outcomes of those treated with physiotherapy and optional secondary tendon repair if needed. A single-center, pragmatic, randomized controlled study with follow-ups after six months ...
Barfod Kristoffer Weisskirchner KW Gait Analysis Laboratory (J.B. and H.B.L.), Department of Orthopedics (K.W.B., I.B., L.E., and A.T.), Clinical Orthopedic Research Hvidovre, Copenhagen University Hospital Hvidovre, Kettegård Alle 30, 2650 Hvidovre, Denmark. E-mail address for K.W. Barfod: - - 2014
Dynamic rehabilitation has been suggested to be an important part of nonoperative treatment of acute Achilles tendon rupture that results in functional outcome and rerupture rates comparable with those of operative treatment. However, the optimal role of weight-bearing during early rehabilitation remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to ...
Bayusentono Sulis S Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Airlangga University Dr Soetomo Hospital, East Java 60286, - - 2014
Hip instability can cause major problems in children with cerebral palsy, although good outcomes of hip reconstructive surgery for hip instability have been reported. In the present study, we investigated the recurrence of hip instability after reconstructive surgery and the factors influencing this recurrence in patients with cerebral palsy. We ...
Long William J WJ Insall Scott Kelly Institute, 210 East 64th Street, New York, NY 10065. E-mail address for W.J. Long: doctor_long@hotmail.com. E-mail address for W.N. Scott: - - 2014
Concern exists regarding the long-term durability and effectiveness of total knee arthroplasty in young patients. We reviewed our experience with total knee arthroplasty in patients fifty-five years old and younger with severe osteoarthritis to determine the long-term outcomes. One hundred and fourteen total knee arthroplasties were performed in eighty-eight patients ...
Hansen Morten Lock ML Department of Cardiology, Copenhagen University Hospital Gentofte, Niels Andersens Vej 65, 2900 Hellerup, Denmark - - 2014
To study the risk of thromboembolism in a nationwide cohort of atrial fibrillation patients undergoing direct current (DC) cardioversion with or without oral anticoagulant coverage. A retrospective study of 16 274 patients in Denmark discharged from hospital after a first-time DC cardioversion for atrial fibrillation between 2000 and 2008. Use ...
Fruchter Oren O Pulmonary Division (OF, MRK), Rabin Medical Center, Petah Tiqwa, Israel; The Sackler School of Medicine (OF, MRK), Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel; and Pulmonary Division (MY), Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, - - 2014
A major barrier to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) research and management is lack of easily obtained biomarkers that are predictive of clinically important outcome measures. We sought to investigate in patients admitted for acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD) the association of D-dimer (fibrin degradation product) obtained upon admission with ...
Braga Fernanda T M M FT Author Affiliations: Ribeirão Preto College of Nursing, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto (Drs Braga, Silveira, C.B. Santos, and Carvalho); Amaral Carvalho Foundation, Jaú (Dr A.C.F. Santos), and the Ribeirão Preto Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil (Drs Bueno and - - 2014
Oral mucositis is a common inflammatory complication among patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Among its therapeutic properties, Chamomilla recutita has anti-inflammatory effects. The aim of this study was to identify the dosage of the liquid extract of C recutita in mouthwash that is needed to reduce the incidence ...
Gary Joshua L JL 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas, U.S.A 2Division of Orthopaedic Trauma, University of Maryland R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, Baltmore, Maryland U.S.A. 3Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical School, Dallas, Texas U.S.A 4Partners Orthopaedic Trauma, Brigham and Women's Hospital & Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts U.S.A 5Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2014
Controversy exists regarding the effect of operative treatment on mortality after acetabular fracture in elderly patients. Our hypothesis was that operative treatment would confer a mortality benefit compared to nonoperative treatment even after adjusting for co-morbidities associated with death. Retrospective SETTING: Three University Level I Trauma Centers PATIENT/PARTICIPANTS: All patients ...
Rajabi Mohammad Taher - - 2014
To investigate the clinical outcomes of late primary probing in congenital nasolacrimal duct (NLD) obstruction. A prospective interventional study was designed to recruit children older than 24 months who presented with clinical manifestations of NLD obstruction since February 2008 to Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran, Iran. No prior surgical intervention for ...
Gagne Joshua J - - 2014
Statins are effective in preventing cardiovascular events, but patients do not fully adhere to them. To determine whether patients are more adherent to generic statins versus brand-name statins (lovastatin, pravastatin, or simvastatin) and whether greater adherence improves health outcomes. Observational, propensity score-matched, new-user cohort study. Linked electronic data from medical ...
Wu Bei B Department of Nephrology, Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing, 100044, - - 2014
No study in China has so far investigated the difference in patient survival rates between hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD). Therefore, the aim of the present single-center follow-up study was to determine and compare the survival rates associated with HD and PD at a Chinese hospital. Clinical data were ...
Kim Seong Hwan SH Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Seoul National University Hospital, 101 Daehak-Ro Jongno-Gu, Seoul, 110-744, - - 2014
Recently, high flexion design total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has been introduced to improve clinical outcomes. The purpose of this study is to compare the midterm outcomes between patellar resurfacing (PR) and patellar preservation (PP) in high flexion TKA. A total of 373 knees of primary TKAs were performed using high ...
Burchett Michael A MA Genesis Health Group, 855 Illini Drive, Suite 401, Silvis, IL, 61282, USA, - - 2014
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is gaining widespread popularity as a definitive bariatric operation that provides satisfactory and durable weight loss as well as comorbidity resolution. Although SG is being increasingly offered to patients of all ages, there is a paucity of reported outcomes in patients ≥62 years of age. The purpose ...
Kristensen Helle Ø HO Department of Surgical Gastroenterology L, Aarhus University Hospital , Nørrebrogade 44, DK-8000 Aarhus C , - - 2014
Abstract Introduction. Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) has been introduced as a new treatment of achalasia, and studies are emerging on POEM treatment of other esophageal motility disorders. The effects of medical treatment, botox injections and dilatations are often limited in patients with severe nutcracker esophagus (NE). We therefore decided to ...
Gralnek Ian M IM Department of Gastroenterology, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, - - 2014
Background and study aims: Although colonoscopy is the gold standard for detecting colorectal cancer (CRC), adenomas and cancers are missed. We aimed to establish the safety and feasibility of use of a novel balloon-colonoscope. Patients and methods: Patients (40 - 75 years) referred for CRC screening, polyp surveillance, or diagnostic evaluation were ...
Kazaure Hadiza S HS Department of General Surgery, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, - - 2014
The Institute of Medicine has identified atrial fibrillation (AF) among national priorities for research. We examine the incidence of AF and its association with outcomes of patients undergoing abdominal surgery. Patients ≥55 years who underwent abdominal surgery captured in a State Inpatient Database, 2008-2010. Three patient groups were created: (1) No ...
Beer Lucian L Department of Thoracic Surgery, Medical University Vienna, Vienna, - - 2014
Background Open-heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is associated with a generalized immune response and postoperative lung dysfunction. Chemokines are involved in the pathogenesis of postoperative lung dysfunction. We investigated whether continued mechanical ventilation during CPB has an impact on chemokine serum concentrations. Methods A total of 30 patients undergoing coronary artery ...
Mendoza Alberto A 1Pediatric Heart Institute,Hospital Universitario 12 de - - 2014
Although mortality is low after the modified Fontan procedure, there is a significant percentage of patients with prolonged postoperative recovery. The objective of this study is to evaluate the usefulness of postoperative administration of oral sildenafil and inhaled nitric oxide on early postoperative outcome. A prospective interventional and comparison study ...
Liao C C CC Department of Anaesthesiology, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Health Policy Research Centre, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; School of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan; School of Chinese Medicine, College of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, - - 2014
Limited information is available on the association between a medical history of stroke and postoperative outcomes. This study investigated the outcomes following non-neurological surgery in patients with previous stroke. Using Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database, a nationwide cohort study was conducted of patients who underwent non-neurological surgery between 2008 ...
Hiippala Anita A Pediatric Cardiology, Children's Hospital, Helsinki University Hospital and University of Helsinki, Helsinki, - - 2014
Catheter ablation has become the preferred treatment for common supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) in children and adolescents, but long-term follow-up data on pediatric patients remain limited. To provide follow-up data, we created a population-based prospective pediatric catheter ablation registry in 1997. All patients underwent clinical follow-up at 1 month and 1 ...
Wan Bing B Emergency Medicine Center, Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University , Zhenjiang , - - 2014
Abstract Objective. To investigate the effect of rhubarb combined with early enteral nutrition (EEN) on the gastrointestinal function, disease severity and systemic inflammation in patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). Methods. A total of 126 patients with SAP were randomly assigned into three groups: parenteral nutrition group, treated with standard ...
Arevalo-Manso Juan Jose JJ Stroke Centre, Department of Neurology, La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain; IdiPAZ Health Research Institute, Neuroscience Area, Madrid, Spain; Autonomous University of Madrid, Madrid, - - 2014
We aimed to evaluate the relationship between the length of time acute stroke patients underwent enteral tube feeding (ETF) and episodes of diarrhoea, and to investigate the temporal cut-off point at which diarrhoea risk increases. An observational, retrospective study was conducted on patients with acute stroke admitted to a Stroke ...
Chitambira Benjamin B Physiotherapy Department, East Kent Hospitals University NHS Foundation Trust, Richard Stevens Stroke Unit, William Harvey Hospital, Ashford, Kent, - - 2014
The aim was to compare follow up impairment, function and quality of life follow up outcomes between dense parietal centred strokes treated by the optokinetic chart based OKCSIB protocol and those treated by conventional neuro-physiotherapy. Follow up retrospective case control series in the community. 643 persons with stroke were eligible ...
Matsuyama Junko J J Matsuyama, Neurosurgery, Southern Tohoku General Hospital, Iwanuma, 989-2483, Japan - - 2014
Objective: The goals of this study were to assess the incidence of and risk factors for syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) in patients following transsphenoidal surgery (TSS), and to validate the effectiveness of early prophylactic restriction of water intake. Design: Retrospective analysis was performed for 207 patients who ...
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