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Regadas F Sergio P FS 1School of Medicine, Federal University of Ceara and Hospital Sao Carlos, Fortaleza, Brazil 2Clinical Hospital, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile 3Santa Casa de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, - - 2014
The aim of the current study was to demonstrate the use of a modified stapling technique, called the apex technique, to treat rectal intussusception and full rectal mucosal prolapse. It was conducted as a retrospective study at 3 centers (2 in Brazil and 1 in Chile). The apex technique is ...
Tiengtianthum Rangsima R 1University of Bangkok Metropolis, Bangkok, Thailand 2Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 3Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, - - 2014
Rectal prolapse occurs primarily in older patients who often have significant comorbidities. With the aging population, increasing numbers of elderly patients are presenting with rectal prolapse. The perineal approach is preferred for these patients because it involves less perioperative risk than an abdominal procedure, but the outcomes of this procedure ...
Keller Deborah S DS 1Division of Colorectal Surgery, Department of Surgery, University Hospitals-Case Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio 2Department of Surgery, University Hospitals-Case Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio 3Department of Statistics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, - - 2014
Superior early pain control has been suggested with transversus abdominis plane blocks, but evidence-based recommendations for transversus abdominis plane blocks and their effects on patient outcomes are lacking. The aim of this study was to determine whether transversus abdominis plane blocks improve early postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal ...
Hua Hanju H Department of Colorectal Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University, Zhejiang, - - 2014
Most surgeons suggest the use of fecal diversion in patients undergoing low anterior resections of rectal tumors at high risk for anastomotic leakage. We describe an exploratory study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a new diversion method called a spontaneously closing cannula ileostomy, which was designed to protect ...
Murina Filippo F *Outpatient Vulvar Disease Department, V. Buzzi Hospital, University of Milan †Gynaecology Unit, San Raffaele Resnati Hospital ‡Gynaecology Unit, Casa di Cura "San Pio X" Private Clinic, Milan §Institute for Maternal and Child Health-IRCCS "Burlo Garofolo," University of Trieste, Trieste, - - 2014
To assess the effectiveness of the association of 2 specific strains, Lactobacillus fermentum LF10 (DSM 19187) and Lactobacillus acidophilus LA02 (DSM 21717), specifically formulated in slow-release effervescent tablets, in patients with recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis. The study was a clinical trial of 58 women diagnosed with recurrent VVC (≥4 culture-confirmed episodes ...
Liu Jian-Feng JF Department of Hand Surgery, First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin 130021, P.R. - - 2014
Melanomas affect the foot and ankle region and are associated with a poor prognosis. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the functional and oncological outcomes of salvage surgery using cutaneous flaps for soft tissue reconstruction of the foot and ankle following the extended resection of a melanoma. ...
Verstraete S S Department of Anesthesiology, University Hospitals Gasthuisberg, Leuven, - - 2014
Accidental dural puncture (ADP) and post-dural puncture headache (PDPH) are important complications of obstetric regional anesthesia. Inserting the catheter intrathecally after ADP to prevent PDPH has gained popularity. Nonetheless, data on the effect of an intrathecal catheter on PDPH and epidural blood patch (EBP) rates are mixed. Our primary objective ...
Hahn R G RG Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, County Council of Östergötland, Linköping, - - 2014
Assessment of dehydration in the preoperative setting is of potential clinical value. The present study uses urine analysis and plasma volume kinetics, which have both been validated against induced changes in body water in volunteers, to study the incidence and severity of dehydration before open abdominal surgery begins. Thirty patients ...
Seo Jae Hyun JH Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of meteorological factors on the onset of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSHL). Meteorological data from 2005 to 2011 were obtained from the web-based "Monthly Weather Reports of the Meteorological Administration" database. Patients with ISSHL who visited our hospital during ...
Lee Seung Hwa SH Health Promotion Center, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, - - 2014
Bowel cleansing is generally regarded as time-consuming and unpleasant among patients. Patients commonly state that bowel preparation provokes more discomfort than the actual colonoscopic examination. The purpose of this study was to compare two regimens of sodium phosphate (NaP) tablets versus polyethylene glycol (PEG) solution for bowel preparation in healthy ...
Hong Seok Jin SJ Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
To analyze the outcome of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) after preoperative systemic steroid (PSS) treatment for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with nasal polyposis (NP) and to investigate and compare clinicopathological factors associated with the outcome. We performed a retrospective chart review of 468 patients with CRS with NP who underwent primary ...
Storey Troy F TF 1 Department of Radiology, Shands/University of Florida, PO Box 100374, Gainesville, FL - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate the effect of benzyl alcohol, a common preservative in normal saline, on postprocedural pain after intraarticular injection for direct shoulder MR arthrography. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. From April 2011 through January 2013, 138 patients underwent direct shoulder MR arthrography. Using the ...
Phan T D TD Department of Anaesthesia, University of Melbourne and St Vincent's Hospital, Melbourne, - - 2014
There is continued controversy regarding the benefits of goal-directed fluid therapy, with earlier studies showing marked improvement in morbidity and length-of-stay that have not been replicated more recently. The aim of this study was to compare patient outcomes in elective colorectal surgery patients having goal-directed versus restrictive fluid therapy. Inclusion ...
Seruya Mitchel M Melbourne, Victoria, Australia From the Departments of Plastic and Maxillofacial Surgery and Neurosurgery, Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne; and the Department of Paediatrics, University of - - 2014
The authors compared cranial growth across three patterns of fronto-orbital remodeling for metopic synostosis. The authors reviewed all patients who underwent fronto-orbital remodeling for isolated metopic synostosis between 2006 and 2009. Inclusion criteria consisted of patients with preoperative, short-term postoperative (4 to 12 months), and long-term postoperative (>36 months) three-dimensional ...
Aliabadi-Wahle Shaghayegh S The Oregon Clinic, Portland, Oregon, - - 2014
Primary hyperparathyroidism (HPT) contributes to the onset of many chronic conditions. Although parathyroidectomy is the only definitive treatment, observation remains a valid option. Over a 3-year span, a major health plan was queried for HPT and benign parathyroid neoplasm. Patients with secondary and tertiary HPT, Stage III to V kidney ...
Bell Reginald C W - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess prospectively 2-year outcomes of transoral incisionless fundoplication (TIF) in a multicenter setting. A 14-center U.S. registry was designed to evaluate the effects of the TIF 2.0 procedure on chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in over 100 patients. Primary outcome was symptom assessment. ...
Vasukutty Nl N Pilgrim Hospital, Boston, Lincolnshire NHS Trust, - - 2014
Dislocation following total hip replacement continues to be a problem for which no completely satisfactory solution has been found. Several methods have been proposed to reduce the incidence of hip dislocations with varying degrees of success, including elevated rim liners, constrained liners and large diameter bearings. We present our experience ...
Marcheggiani Muccioli G M GM Laboratorio di Biomeccanica ed Innovazione Tecnologica - Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, University of Bologna, via di Barbiano, 1/10, 40100, Bologna, Italy, - - 2014
The purpose of this pilot study was to determine whether the use of a synovial fluid substitute (Viscoseal) after arthroscopic subacromial decompression (ASD) of the shoulder was safe (primary outcome) and effective in reducing the postsurgical pain on the day of surgery and the time from surgery to discharge (secondary ...
Nassar Mahmoud M Department of Anaesthesia, Alexandria University Hospital, Alexandria, Egypt, - - 2014
Palpation method is widely used in clinical practice to identify the puncture site during combined spinal-epidural (CSE) blocks. Tuffier's line, is an anatomical landmark between two iliac crests (inter-cristal), which is widely used to identify the puncture site during CSE blocks is not always an indicator for specific vertebral level ...
Shin Jonghwan - - 2014
ObjectiveWe aimed to compare rescuer fatigue and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) quality between standard 30:2 CPR (ST-CPR) and chest compression only CPR (CO-CPR) performed for 8 minutes on a realistic manikin by following the 2010 CPR guidelines.MethodsAll 36 volunteers (laypersons; 18 men and 18 women) were randomized to ST-CPR or CO-CPR ...
Yu A A Department of Pain Management, Shandong Provincial Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong Province, China; Department of Anesthesiology, Liaocheng People's Hospital, Liaocheng, Shandong Province, - - 2014
This retrospective study investigated the effect of nicotine dependence on required postoperative opioid administration in patients undergoing thoracic surgery. The subjects consisted of 215 male patients (112 nonsmokers, 103 smokers) who underwent thoracic surgery and received postoperative patient-controlled intravenous analgesia. Evaluations of nicotine dependence were based on results of Fagerstrom ...
Varaei Shokoh S School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate the effects of a peer education on cardiac self-efficacy (CSE) and readmission of the patients undergoing bypass surgery. Self-efficacy is an antecedent vital factor in both initiating and maintaining healthy behaviours. It significantly improves after effects of heart attacks, anxiety and diminishes the possibility of ...
Lai C-L CL Department of General Psychiatry, Taoyuan Psychiatric Center, Taoyuan City, - - 2014
Introduction: A computer reminder system (CRS) may help psychiatrists follow guidelines and monitor patients at risk of metabolic syndrome. This study explores the effectiveness of a CRS for outpatients with schizophrenia. Methods: The study data were collected from July 2004 to July 2008. A CRS was implemented in July 2006. ...
Waddell David D DD Orthopedic Specialists of Louisiana, Shreveport, - - 2014
We retrospectively examined prospective data on the incidence and time to total knee replacement (TKR) in (1) patients with grade IV osteoarthritis (OA) treated with hylan G-F 20 from 1997 to 2010 (full cohort; 1,863 knees) and (2) a patient subset treated from 1997 to 2003 (original cohort; 1,187 knees) ...
Wu Daniel Y DY , Room 801, Leighton Centre, 77 Leighton Road, Causeway Bay, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, - - 2014
Although the etiology of hallux valgus is contested, in some patients it may be failure of the stabilizing soft tissue structures around the first ray of the foot. Because there is lack of effective soft tissue techniques, osteotomies have become the mainstream surgical approach to compensate for the underlying soft ...
Koh W U WU Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, University of Ulsan, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, - - 2014
When considering brachial plexus block as a practical alternative to general anaesthesia for upper limb surgery, the time to achieve complete sensory block is a clinically important variable. In this prospective randomised double-blind controlled trial, we investigated the hypothesis that addition of hyaluronidase to ropivacaine may reduce the time to ...
Papagno Costanza C Dipartimento di Psicologia, Università di Milano-Bicocca, Piazza dell'Ateneo Nuovo 1-Edificio U6, 20126, Milan, Italy, - - 2014
A previous study reporting on 44 patients who underwent awake surgery for a left frontal or temporal glioma resection demonstrated the removal of the uncinate fasciculus to have consequences on language 3 months post-surgery. At this time-point, patients with a temporal glioma who had undergone uncinate removal showed the worst overall ...
Chmayssani Mohamad M Department of Neurosurgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 757 Westwood Blvd, RR 6236A, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA, - - 2014
We aim to investigate whether therapeutic-induced normothermia (TIN) ≤37.5 °C, by means of intravascular cooling devices is more efficacious than standard medical therapy (MED) in alleviating metabolic crisis (MC) acutely following traumatic brain injury (TBI). We retrospectively analyzed data from 62 patients with severe TBI, GCS ≤ 8. We divided the cohort into ...
Golestaneh Ladan L Montefiore Medical Center, Albert Einstein Medical Center, 3411 Wayne Ave, Suite 5H, Bronx, NY, 10467, USA, - - 2014
Acute kidney injury (AKI) after cardiac bypass surgery (CABG) is common and carries a significant association with morbidity and mortality. Since minocycline therapy attenuates kidney injury in animal models of AKI, we tested its effects in patients undergoing CABG. This is a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, multi-center study. We screened high ...
Shi Zeya Z Surgical Intensive Care Unit, People's Hospital of Hunan Province, Changsha, Hunan, China; Central South University School of Nursing, Changsha, Hunan, - - 2014
This study investigated the clinical effects of a blood glycaemic control optimization programme (BGCOP) in patients with stress hyperglycaemia post hepatobiliary or pancreatic surgery. Stress-induced hyperglycaemia (SHG) can be observed in as high as 75% of critically ill patients, which can induce severe complications or adverse events. However, conventional intensive ...
Helleberg Bernt - - 2014
Background10-40% of patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) suffer an early neurological deterioration (END), which may influence their long term prognosis. Multiple definitions of END exist, even in recently published papers. In the search for causes, various biochemical, clinical, and imaging markers have been found to be associated to END ...
Leung Ling L Division of Paediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, The University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Pokfulam Road, Hong - - 2014
Data on laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in infants remain limited. We describe our experience with this operation in children and in particular, infants younger than 12 months old. Medical records of all paediatric patients who had laparoscopic fundoplication done for GERD from 1998 to 2013 were reviewed. ...
Palareti Gualtiero G University of Bologna, Via Scipione Dal Ferro 14, 40138 Bologna (BO), - - 2014
Venous thromboembolism has a relatively strong tendency to recur, especially when the event is unprovoked. In this case, the duration of anticoagulation should not be shorter than 3 months, but it is also suggested to be indefinite. The decision to discontinue or extend indefinitely anticoagulation is not easy. D-dimer assay ...
Weymann Alexander A Department of Cardiothoracic Transplantation and Mechanical Circulatory Support, Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK; Department of Cardiac Surgery, Heart Center, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects and outcome of continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (cf-LVAD) therapy in patients with preoperative acute hepatic failure. The study design was a retrospective review of prospectively collected data. Included were 42 patients who underwent cf-LVAD implantation (64.3% HeartMate II, 35.7% ...
Rosenlund Signe - - 2014
Total hip replacement provides pain relief and improves physical function and quality of life in patients with end-stage hip osteoarthritis. The incidence of hip replacement operations is expected to increase due to the growing elderly population. Overall, the posterior approach and lateral approach are the two most commonly used approaches ...
Bauhofer Artur - - 2014
Objectives: To better characterize the risk profile of the intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) Intratect®, a non-interventional study was undertaken to systematically collect large-scale safety information under real-life conditions in patients with primary and secondary immunodeficiency. Secondary objectives were data on treatment modalities. Methods: A prospective, non-interventional study was performed at 95 ...
Reinthaler Markus M Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Greifswald, - - 2014
In patients suffering from dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), immunoadsorption with subsequent IgG substitution (IA/IgG) leads to an acute and prolonged improvement of hemodynamics and heart failure symptoms. However, some patients receiving IA/IgG experience recurrence of heart failure after an initial benefit. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a ...
Takashima Hiroyuki H Department of Orthopedic Surgery, School of Medicine, Sapporo Medical - - 2014
Purpose: We measured T2 relaxation time of the intervertebral discs (IVD) and facet joints (FJ) in patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS) and no spondylolisthesis (NS) and investigated the characteristics of these parts in DS.Methods: In 40 patients with DS and 40 patients with NS, we measured T2 relaxation time of ...
Inanmaz Mustafa Erkan - - 2014
The prevalence of postoperative wound infection in patients with neuromuscular scoliosis surgery is significantly higher than that in patients with other spinal surgery. Hyperbaric oxygen has been used as a supplement to treat postsurgical infections. Our aim was to determine beneficiary effects of hyperbaric oxygen treatment in terms of prevention ...
Jackson Neal M NM Louisiana State University-Health Science Center, New Orleans, Louisiana, - - 2014
As cochlear implantation increases, surgeons are noting possible anatomical differences in pediatric population. Outcome objectives were to study pediatric temporal bone anatomy using high-resolution temporal bone imaging, and analyze the anatomical differences in group 1 (<12 months) versus group 2 (1-4 years) versus group 3 (5-10 years) versus group 4 ...
Renaud Claude J CJ Renal Division, Department of Medicine, Khoo Teck Puat Hospital, - - 2014
Heparin lock instilled immediately after tunneled dialysis catheter (TDC) insertion to maintain catheter patency can leak causing a concentration-dependent systemic anticoagulation as well as promote staphyloccocal biofilm formation, a risk factor for catheter related infection (CRI). The 1000U/mL concentration is thus advocated as an optimal dose for preventing catheter bleeding ...
Gözen Ali Serdar AS Department of Urology, SLK-Kliniken, University of Heidelberg , Heilbronn , - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To compare applications of unidirectional knotless barbed suture and traditional two single polyglactin sutures for dorsal vein complex (DVC) control during laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP). Material and methods: This was a non-randomized, prospective matched-pair pilot study. Thirty-one LRP cases with barbed suture (V-Loc®) were match-paired with 31 LRP ...
Wu JiaQi J a Resident Doctor, First Clinical Division, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, Beijing, - - 2014
Objective: To evaluate if the improved accelerated osteogenic orthodontics (IAOO) procedure could speed Class III surgical patients' preoperative orthodontic treatment duration and, if yes, to what extent. This study was also designed to determine whether or not an IAOO procedure affects the tooth-moving pattern during extraction space closure. Materials and ...
Sztajzel R F RF Department of Neurology, Medical School, University Hospitals of Geneva, Geneva, - - 2014
To compare safety and efficacy of bridging approach with intravenous (IV) thrombolysis in patients with acute anterior strokes and proximal occlusions. Consecutive patients with ischemic anterior strokes admitted within a 4 h 30 min window in two different centers were included. The first center performed IV therapy (alteplase 0.6 mg/kg) during 30 min and, ...
Sun X X Department of Cardiac Surgery, Medstar Washington Hospital Center, 110 Irving Street, Room Suite 1E RM1223, Washington, DC 20010, USA - - 2014
Devices utilizing near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy have been used to assess regional intracerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2) during anaesthesia for a decade. The presence of wide differences among individuals reduces their applicability to steady-state measurements. Current devices may not adequately account for variations in skin pigmentation. From our ongoing departmental registry, 3282 ...
Marhuenda Claudia C Departments of Pediatric Surgery, - - 2014
Parapneumonic empyema (PPE) is a frequent complication of acute bacterial pneumonia in children. There is limited evidence regarding the optimal treatment of this condition. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of drainage plus urokinase versus video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in the treatment of PPE in childhood. This ...
Koch Peter P PP Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Kantonsspital Winterthur, Brauerstrasse 15, Postfach 834, 8401, Winterthur, - - 2014
Reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) remains a major concern in the prepubescent, skeletally immature patient with wide open growth plates. Different surgical techniques have been proposed. This study reports the results and complications of ACL reconstruction in young children using an all epiphyseal technique. Between 2006 and 2010, ...
Silva Alcindo A Orthopedics Departament, Hospital Militar D. Pedro V, Avenida da Boavista, 4050-113, Porto, Portugal, - - 2014
To compare CT-guided and MRI-guided patient-specific instrumentation in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Forty-four patients underwent primary TKA using either CT-guided or MR-guided Signature™ patient-specific instrumentation. They were prospectively assigned into two groups: 23 patients into the MR-guided instrumentation (group A) and 21 patients into the CT-guided patient-specific instrumentation (group B). ...
Chambless Lola B LB Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 1161 21st Avenue South, Rm T-4224 MCN, Nashville, TN, 37232-2380, - - 2014
The Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS) score is a widespread metric to stratify patient prognosis and determine appropriate management in glioblastoma multiforme(GBM). Low preoperative KPS values have been associated with shorter overall survival (OS). However, surgical resection can have a dramatic effect on a patient's functional status which subsequently alters their ...
Kumar Naresh N Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National University Health System, Singapore, Singapore, - - 2014
Posterior percutaneous spinal fixation (PPSF) has evolved to address the problems associated with metastatic spinal disease (MSD). This study was designed to evaluate the feasibility and spectrum of application of PPSF in the management of MSD, highlighting its clinical advantages. Twenty-seven consecutive patients with MSD treated with PPSF in our ...
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