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Regadas F Sergio P FS 1School of Medicine, Federal University of Ceara and Hospital Sao Carlos, Fortaleza, Brazil 2Clinical Hospital, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile 3Santa Casa de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, - - 2014
The aim of the current study was to demonstrate the use of a modified stapling technique, called the apex technique, to treat rectal intussusception and full rectal mucosal prolapse. It was conducted as a retrospective study at 3 centers (2 in Brazil and 1 in Chile). The apex technique is ...
Tiengtianthum Rangsima R 1University of Bangkok Metropolis, Bangkok, Thailand 2Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 3Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, - - 2014
Rectal prolapse occurs primarily in older patients who often have significant comorbidities. With the aging population, increasing numbers of elderly patients are presenting with rectal prolapse. The perineal approach is preferred for these patients because it involves less perioperative risk than an abdominal procedure, but the outcomes of this procedure ...
Keller Deborah S DS 1Division of Colorectal Surgery, Department of Surgery, University Hospitals-Case Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio 2Department of Surgery, University Hospitals-Case Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio 3Department of Statistics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, - - 2014
Superior early pain control has been suggested with transversus abdominis plane blocks, but evidence-based recommendations for transversus abdominis plane blocks and their effects on patient outcomes are lacking. The aim of this study was to determine whether transversus abdominis plane blocks improve early postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal ...
Hua Hanju H Department of Colorectal Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University, Zhejiang, - - 2014
Most surgeons suggest the use of fecal diversion in patients undergoing low anterior resections of rectal tumors at high risk for anastomotic leakage. We describe an exploratory study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a new diversion method called a spontaneously closing cannula ileostomy, which was designed to protect ...
Murina Filippo F *Outpatient Vulvar Disease Department, V. Buzzi Hospital, University of Milan †Gynaecology Unit, San Raffaele Resnati Hospital ‡Gynaecology Unit, Casa di Cura "San Pio X" Private Clinic, Milan §Institute for Maternal and Child Health-IRCCS "Burlo Garofolo," University of Trieste, Trieste, - - 2014
To assess the effectiveness of the association of 2 specific strains, Lactobacillus fermentum LF10 (DSM 19187) and Lactobacillus acidophilus LA02 (DSM 21717), specifically formulated in slow-release effervescent tablets, in patients with recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis. The study was a clinical trial of 58 women diagnosed with recurrent VVC (≥4 culture-confirmed episodes ...
Liu Jian-Feng JF Department of Hand Surgery, First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin 130021, P.R. - - 2014
Melanomas affect the foot and ankle region and are associated with a poor prognosis. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the functional and oncological outcomes of salvage surgery using cutaneous flaps for soft tissue reconstruction of the foot and ankle following the extended resection of a melanoma. ...
Verstraete S S Department of Anesthesiology, University Hospitals Gasthuisberg, Leuven, - - 2014
Accidental dural puncture (ADP) and post-dural puncture headache (PDPH) are important complications of obstetric regional anesthesia. Inserting the catheter intrathecally after ADP to prevent PDPH has gained popularity. Nonetheless, data on the effect of an intrathecal catheter on PDPH and epidural blood patch (EBP) rates are mixed. Our primary objective ...
Hahn R G RG Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, County Council of Östergötland, Linköping, - - 2014
Assessment of dehydration in the preoperative setting is of potential clinical value. The present study uses urine analysis and plasma volume kinetics, which have both been validated against induced changes in body water in volunteers, to study the incidence and severity of dehydration before open abdominal surgery begins. Thirty patients ...
Seo Jae Hyun JH Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of meteorological factors on the onset of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSHL). Meteorological data from 2005 to 2011 were obtained from the web-based "Monthly Weather Reports of the Meteorological Administration" database. Patients with ISSHL who visited our hospital during ...
Lee Seung Hwa SH Health Promotion Center, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, - - 2014
Bowel cleansing is generally regarded as time-consuming and unpleasant among patients. Patients commonly state that bowel preparation provokes more discomfort than the actual colonoscopic examination. The purpose of this study was to compare two regimens of sodium phosphate (NaP) tablets versus polyethylene glycol (PEG) solution for bowel preparation in healthy ...
Hong Seok Jin SJ Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
To analyze the outcome of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) after preoperative systemic steroid (PSS) treatment for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with nasal polyposis (NP) and to investigate and compare clinicopathological factors associated with the outcome. We performed a retrospective chart review of 468 patients with CRS with NP who underwent primary ...
Johnson Nils P NP Weatherhead PET Center For Preventing and Reversing Atherosclerosis, Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of Texas Medical School and Memorial Hermann Hospital, Houston, Texas. Electronic address: - - 2014
Fractional flow reserve (FFR) has become an established tool for guiding treatment, but its graded relationship to clinical outcomes as modulated by medical therapy versus revascularization remains unclear. The study hypothesized that FFR displays a continuous relationship between its numeric value and prognosis, such that lower FFR values confer a ...
Behazin Nancy S NS Baylor Scott and White Healthcare, 2401 South 31st Street, Temple, TX, 76502, - - 2014
The creation of no interruption zones (NIZs) reduces medical errors by reducing distraction levels on hospital wards. To date, the effect of a NIZ during colonoscopy has not been evaluated. Assess the effects of a NIZ during colonoscopy, on distraction levels, withdrawal times, and adenoma detection rates (ADRs). This was ...
Nijenhuis V J VJ Department of Cardiology, St. Antonius Hospital Koekoekslaan 1, 3435, Nieuwegein, the Netherlands, - - 2014
Since the introduction of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), newer generation and novel devices such as the retrievable JenaValve™ have been developed. We evaluated the procedural and 6-month results of our first experience with implantation of the JenaValve™. From June 2012 to December 2013, 24 consecutive patients (mean age 80 ± 7 years, ...
Dalla Toffola Elena - - 2014
Our study evaluates the grade and timing of recovery in 30 patients with complete facial paralysis (House-Brackmann grade VI) treated with hypoglossal-facial nerve (XII-VII) anastomosis and a long-term rehabilitation program, consisting of exercises in facial muscle activation mediated by tongue movement and synkinesis control with mirror feedback. Reinnervation after XII-VII ...
Keen Joseph R JR Departments of 1 Neurosurgery - - 2014
Object Deep brain stimulation (DBS) for dystonic cerebral palsy (CP) has rarely been reported, and its efficacy, though modest when compared with that for primary dystonia, remains unclear, especially in the pediatric population. The authors present a small series of children with dystonic CP who underwent bilateral pallidal DBS, to ...
Durmaz Tahir T Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Ankara, - - 2014
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is common in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS). The prognostic effect of PH in high-risk patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) remains unknown. The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility of TAVI in patients with PH and to determine the effect of ...
Nordin Jonas S JS Department of Orthopedics , Helsingborg Hospital , - - 2014
Background and purpose - Surgical treatment of chronic acromioclavicular joint dislocations is challenging, and no single procedure can be considered to be the gold standard. In 2010, the GraftRope method (Arthrex Inc., Naples, FL) was introduced in a case series of 10 patients, showing good clinical results and no complications. ...
Preuss M M Department of Neurosurgery, Pediatric Neurosurgery, University Hospital Leipzig, Liebigstrasse 20, 04103, Leipzig, Germany, - - 2014
Even though shunt surgery has been an established and widely accepted treatment for congenital hydrocephalus for five decades, long-term follow-up and functional outcome data is rare. Sixty-nine patients were examined after congenital hydrocephalus had been treated between 1971 and 1987 at the Department of Pediatric Surgery (University of Leipzig) within ...
Tazegül Pekin A A Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Faculty of Medicine, Selcuk University , Konya , - - 2014
Post-operative ileus is a major complication that increases the morbidity in patients who had abdominal surgery. Several different procedures have been used to manage bowel function, including adequate pain control, prokinetic drugs and supportive strategies. The present study aimed to assess the effect of chewing gum on bowel recovery in ...
Xu Xiao-Dan XD Changshu Affiliated Hospital of Suzhou Universit, Changshu, China, - - 2014
Endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (EPBD) was associated with a higher rate of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis (PEP). The purpose of this study was to determine whether placement of an endoscopic nasobiliary drainage (ENBD) catheter can also prevent PEP after EPBD. A total of 93 patients, who with proven common ...
Jiang Zhaolei Z Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, 1665 Kongjiang Road, Shanghai, 200092, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy and safety of this novel epicardial circumferential left atrial ablation (CLAA) with pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) in sustained atrial fibrillation (AF). Thirty domestic pigs were divided equally into 3 groups: AF without ablation (AF group), AF with PVI (PVI group), ...
Lakdawala Muffazal M Center for Obesity and Digestive Surgery, Mumbai, - - 2014
This is a 2-year study to evaluate the feasibility; outcomes in terms of postoperative pain, weight loss, and complication rates; and cosmesis of the single-incision sleeve gastrectomy versus the conventional multiport sleeve gastrectomy. A prospective comparative analysis was done in 300 patients in each arm who underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy ...
Llorenç Victor V Clínic Institute of Ophthalmology (ICOF), Hospital Clínic of Barcelona , Barcelona , Spain - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To study the efficacy and tolerance of certolizumab pegol (CZP) in active uveitis. Methods: Retrospective case series at 4 referral centers. Patients treated with CZP for active uveitis during at least 6 months were eligible. Inflammation by SUN scores, visual acuity (VA) (logMAR), and central macular thickness (CMT) ...
Smith Justin S JS Department of Neurosurgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, - - 2014
Object Improved understanding of rod fracture (RF) following adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery could prove valuable for surgical planning, patient counseling, and implant design. The objective of this study was to prospectively assess the rates of and risk factors for RF following surgery for ASD. Methods This was a prospective, ...
Kan Lisheng L Department of Orthopedics, Shanghai Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, - - 2014
Object To date, formulation of the optimal surgical protocol for noncontiguous multilevel cervical spondylosis remains controversial, and the corresponding clinical data continue to be limited. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of two hybrid reconstructive techniques in noncontiguous 3-level cervical spondylosis (2 contiguous ...
Kopuz A A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tepecik Research and Training Hospital, Izmir, Turkey - - - 2014
Although various laboratory tests have been studied with an intended use in the diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and the assessment of treatment response, the neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has not been investigated in PID. We aimed to explore the value of blood NLR in diagnosis of PID and assessment ...
Rizzi Camila F CF Sleep Medicine and Biology Discipline, Psychobiology Department, Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, - - 2014
To estimate the health utility score and quality-adjusted life-years (QALY) index of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in patients over 1 y of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment. Longitudinal interventional study. The study was carried out in Sao Paulo Sleep Institute, Brazil. Ninety-five patients with OSAS and with apnea-hypopnea ...
Li H H Department of Otolaryngology-Head Neck Surgery,Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South - - 2014
Objective: To evaluate the therapeutic effects of functional endoscopic sinus surgery in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis who were unresponsive to medical treatment. Methods: A total of 232 patients were divided into 2 groups: a functional endoscopic sinus surgery group (n = 162) and a conservative therapy group (n = 70). Efficacy was assessed in ...
Guler Umit Ozgur UO Ankara Spine Center, Iran Caddesi 45/2 Kavaklidere, Ankara, 06800, - - 2014
Sacropelvic fixation (SPF) is an integral part of ASD surgery. Literature suggests that combination of S1 and iliac screws may be associated with lowest rate of complications. To analyze the rate and potential factors of mechanical failure associated with SPF in adult spinal deformity surgery. Of 504 patients enrolled in ...
Barbash Israel M IM Interventional Cardiology, MedStar Washington Hospital Center, Washington, - - 2014
Objectives: To assess the prevalence at baseline, post-procedural incidence, and clinical impact of atrial fibrillation (AF) on consecutive patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Background: AF in patients with aortic stenosis (AS) is an independent risk factor for adverse outcome. Despite the evidence for high AF prevalence and the ...
Luo Yong-Chun YC Department of Neurosurgery, The Military General Hospital of Beijing PLA, No. 5, Nanmencang Alley, Dongcheng District, Beijing, 100010, - - 2014
The timing of definitive aneurysm treatment (coiling or clipping) in poor-grade (Hunt-Hess IV or V) subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) patients has been a controversial topic. The purpose of this retrospective study was to analyse whether ultra-early coiling of ruptured intracranial aneurysms improves the clinical outcomes of poor-grade SAH patients. The records ...
Xu Z Z . Division of Cardiac Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, P.R.China - - - 2014
For the mitral valve replacement(MVR) patients using the lowest thrombogenic risk bileaflet valves (St. Jude Medical, Carbomedics and On-X Prosthetic Heart Valve), excellent results can be achieved by adopting the anticoagulation intensity(median INR<2.5)which is lower than the recommended intensity(INR:2.5~3.5). Our aim was to provide a pooled estimate of potential benefit ...
Nezafati Mohammad Hassan MH Department of Cardiac Surgery, Imam Reza Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, - - 2014
Vena caval inflow occlusion may be applied to a range of lesions within a period of up to 2 min of intracardiac exposure. This procedure for the closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) was investigated in patients for whom transcatheter closure was contraindicated. This article evaluates the long-term complications of ...
Sufian S S Center for Vein Restoration, Greenbelt, MD, USA - - 2014
To evaluate the results of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of the great saphenous vein (GSV) using one versus two 20 s energy cycle treatment in the proximal 7 cm segment of the GSV. All patients who underwent RFA of the GSV from 1 May 2013 to 30 September 2013 in eight of our ...
Magne Julien J Department of Cardiology, University of Liège Hospital, GIGA Cardiovascular Sciences, Heart Valve Clinic, CHU Sart Tilman, Liège, - - 2014
The management of asymptomatic patients with mitral regurgitation (MR) remains controversial. Exercise-induced pulmonary hypertension (ExPHT) was recently reported as a strong predictor of rapid onset of symptoms. We hypothesised that ExPHT is a predictor of postoperative cardiovascular events in patients with primary MR. One hundred and two patients with primary ...
Huang Rui - - 2014
Objectives We retrospectively compared the prophylactic effect of basiliximab and antithymocyte globulin (ATG) after haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in patients with leukemia. Methods Haploidentical HSCT using basiliximab for graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis in 10 patients with leukemia was retrospectively compared to ATG for GVHD prophylaxis in 24 patients. ...
Pezzoli M M ENT Department, Hospital Mauriziano "Umberto I", Corso Re Umberto 109, 10128, Turin, Italy, - - 2014
The most commonly used treatment for sensorineural sudden hearing loss (SSHL) in clinical practice is the administration of steroids; however, a favorable result is not always obtained. We studied 58 patients who failed to recover after primary treatment with IV steroids, 44 of these met our inclusion criteria (mean age ...
Soderlund Claes C Department of Surgery, South Hospital, Stockholm, - - 2014
Background and study aims: Covered nitinol alloy self-expandable metal stents (SEMSs) have been developed to overcome the shortcomings of steel SEMS in patients with malignant biliary obstruction. In a randomized, multicenter trial, we compared stent patency, patient survival, and adverse events in patients with partly covered stents made from steel ...
Hirono Seiko S Second Department of Surgery, Wakayama Medical University, School of Medicine, 811-1 Kimiidera, Wakayama, 641-8510, - - 2014
There are only a few reports concerning long-term exocrine function after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), although the number of long-term survivors has increased. We assessed pancreatic exocrine function after PD in 189 patients to identify risk factors for pancreatic exocrine insufficiency. We evaluated patients' exocrine function by using the (13)C-labeled mixed triglyceride ...
Harris Kyle K Department of Health, Physical Education and Nursing, Bucks County Community College, Newtown, - - 2014
Reference/Citation : Frobell RB, Roos HP, Roos EM, Roemer FW, Ranstam J, Lohmander LS. Treatment for acute anterior cruciate ligament tear: five year outcome of randomised trial. BMJ. 2013;346:F232. Clinical Question : Does early anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with rehabilitation lead to better patient-reported outcomes and a lower incidence ...
Arawiran Jenda J The Regional Neonatal Center, Maria Fareri Children's Hospital, New York Medical College,, Valhalla, NY, 10595, - - 2014
To investigate the variability in sojourn times at high oxygen saturations (SpO2 ) in individual patients and to examine whether there are subsets of patients or treatments that are associated with differing sojourn times at SpO2 ≥93%. Pulse oximetry data (Masimo) was studied in 71 premature babies receiving supplemental oxygen. ...
Noureldine Salem I SI Division of Head and Neck Endocrine Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, - - 2014
Postoperative hypocalcemia is common after total thyroidectomy, and perioperative monitoring of serum calcium levels is arguably the primary reason for overnight hospitalization. Confidently predicting which patients will not develop significant hypocalcemia may allow for a safe earlier discharge. To examine associations of patient characteristics with hypocalcemia, duration of hospitalization, and ...
Abdul-Rahim A H AH Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, - - 2014
Ischaemic stroke patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) are at risk of early recurrent stroke (RS). However, antithrombotics commenced at the acute stage may exacerbate haemorrhagic transformation, provoking symptomatic intracerebral haemorrhage (SICH). The relevance of antithrombotics on the patterns and outcome of the cohort was investigated. A non-randomized cohort analysis was ...
Afaneh Cheguevara C Department of Surgery, Gastric and Mixed Tumor Service, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center and Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, - - 2014
Esophagojejunal (EJ) anastomotic leaks after total gastrectomy (TG) for malignancy lead to significant morbidity and mortality, thus affecting long-term survival. Preclinical and clinical trials have shown promise in utilizing degradable extracellular matrix (ECM) scaffolds in buttressing anastomoses. We describe our experience buttressing the EJ anastomosis after TG with a ECM ...
Osumi Masahiro M Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Fukuoka University Faculty of Medicine, 7-45-1 Nanakuma, Jonan-ku, Fukuoka, 814-0133, Japan, - - 2014
Postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common complication of cardiac surgery that is associated with an increased incidence of other complications. This study evaluated the safety and efficacy of landiolol hydrochloride-an ultrashort-acting β1-selective blocker and highly regulated drug, positioned as a class 1 antiarrhythmic in Japan guidelines-for the prevention of ...
Nawabi Danyal H DH Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, New York, - - 2014
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in skeletally immature patients can result in growth disturbance due to iatrogenic physeal injury. Multiple physeal-sparing ACL reconstruction techniques have been described; however, few combine the benefits of anatomic reconstruction using sockets without violation of the femoral or tibial physis. To utilize physeal-specific magnetic resonance ...
Hayashi Kentaro - - 2014
Background: Although transvenous embolization (TVE) is an effective method for treating dural arteriovenous fistula (AVF), directing the catheter to the lesion site is difficult. Objective: We report on the utility of a quadruple coaxial catheter system for TVE. Materials and methods: The quadruple catheter system comprised a 6 Fr guiding ...
Tagami Takashi T Dept of Clinical Epidemiology and Health Economics, School of Public Health, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan Dept of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan - - 2014
The relationship between low-dose corticosteroid use and mortality in patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains unclear. 6925 patients with severe CAP who received mechanical ventilation with or without shock (defined as use of catecholamines) at 983 hospitals were identified using a Japanese nationwide administrative database. The main outcome measure ...
VanderWeide Luke A LA University of Colorado Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Aurora, CO, - - 2014
This study evaluated the impact of dexmedetomidine (DEX) administration on benzodiazepine (BZD) requirements in intensive care unit (ICU) patients experiencing alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS). This trial included adults admitted to the ICU for >24 hours for AWS. Early DEX was defined as receiving DEX within 60 hours of hospital admission. ...
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