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Results 401 - 450 of 7917
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Lee Cheng-Chang - - 2012
Radiotherapy (RT) or concurrent chemoradiation therapy (CCRT) is not only effective at patients' survival rates, but also produces undesirable late complications. The purpose of this study is to investigate the post-treatment late complications in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients, and to analyze the individual impact factors. We enrolled 188 newly diagnosed ...
Yang Changwei - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Comparisons of all-pedicle-screw (PS) and hybrid hook-screw (HS) instrumentation for the treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) have produced conflicting results. The aim of this study was to compare all-pedicle-screw and hybrid hook-screw instrumentation for the treatment of AIS using a matched-pair study design in which preoperative flexibility was ...
Narducci Fabrice - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether systematic postoperative VAC therapy could improve vulvectomy healing. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed medical data from 54 women who underwent in the period of March 2006 to December 2009 radical vulvectomy or wide local vulvectomy with defect volume >40cm(3). Patients were divided into two groups according to ...
Mracek Jan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is detected in 25% of patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy (CEA). The mechanism of POCD is poorly understood, but it is believed that general anesthesia (GA) itself may contribute significantly to POCD. The aim of our prospective study was to compare, with the aid of event-related ...
Shah Rachit D RD Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15232, - - 2012
Chylothorax is a rare but potentially lethal complication of esophagectomy. This study evaluated the rate of postesophagectomy chylothorax, identified associated risk factors, and compared postoperative outcomes in patients with and without chylothorax. We reviewed 892 consecutive patients who underwent esophagectomy (1997 to 2008). Preoperative, operative, and postoperative details, including adverse ...
Gedde Steven J SJ Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Florida, USA. - - 2012
To report 5-year treatment outcomes in the Tube Versus Trabeculectomy (TVT) Study. Multicenter randomized clinical trial. Seventeen clinical centers. Patients 18 to 85 years of age who had previous trabeculectomy and/or cataract extraction with intraocular lens implantation and uncontrolled glaucoma with intraocular pressure (IOP) ≥18 mm Hg and ≤40 mm ...
Lorbach Olaf - - 2012
PURPOSE: The present article summarizes the development of a simple, objective, and non-invasive measurement device for tibiofemoral rotation to assess static rotational knee laxity. METHODS AND RESULTS: The device is based on the dial test with the patient lying prone and the knee flexed to 30°. From measurements of 30 ...
Mönestam Eva - - 2012
PURPOSE: To compare the long-term longitudinal visual acuity outcomes after cataract surgery in eyes with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) at surgery and eyes without comorbidity. SETTING: University-based eye clinic. DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study. METHODS: Patients having cataract surgery were evaluated over 1 year. A clinical eye examination and corrected distance ...
Daniilidis Kiriakos - - 2012
Knee pain after total knee arthroplasty may be caused by an unresurfaced patella. Secondary isolated resurfacing of the previously unresurfaced patella in total knee arthroplasty remains controversial. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the outcome after patellar resurfacing as a second stage procedure. The study included 22 ...
Kruser Tim J - - 2012
Recent reports have noted higher rates of heterotopic ossification (HO) with surface replacement arthroplasty (SRA) than with traditional total hip arthroplasty in the absence of postoperative HO prophylaxis. This study reports rates and grades of HO in 44 SRA patients with at least 1 year of follow-up. Heterotopic ossification prophylaxis ...
Tuncel Umut - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess the safety and clinical utility of intraarticular injection of sodium hyaluronate for the treatment of symptoms associated with internal derangement of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Twenty patients, who have early stage temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD), were treated with intraarticular sodium hyaluronate injection and ...
Peters Frank M - - 2012
Acetabular cup placement in total hip arthroplasty is often difficult to assess, especially in the lateral position and using the posterior approach. Conventional techniques and computer-assisted surgery are the 2 most popular methods for proper placement of the acetabular cup in Lewinnek's safe zone of orientation (anteversion 15° ± 10° ...
Lim Jonathan H JH Centre for Eye Research Australia, University of Melbourne, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, Melbourne, - - 2012
To investigate the potential influences that affect visual acuity (VA) outcome in a clinic-based cohort of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) patients undergoing anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) treatment for choroidal neovascularization. Prospective interventional case series. Patients with subfoveal choroidal neovascularization (CNV) secondary to AMD were prospectively recruited. A detailed questionnaire ...
Gedde Steven J SJ Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Florida, USA. - - 2012
To describe postoperative complications encountered in the Tube Versus Trabeculectomy (TVT) Study during 5 years of follow-up. Multicenter randomized clinical trial. Seventeen clinical centers. Patients 18 to 85 years of age who had previous trabeculectomy and/or cataract extraction with intraocular lens implantation and uncontrolled glaucoma with intraocular pressure (IOP) ≥18 ...
Good Daniel W - - 2012
Skype is a free program which enables PC users to make video calls to other users with Internet access. We carried out a prospective review of all acromioclavicular joint hook plates for lateral-third clavicle fractures over a five-year period. Functional assessment with Oxford and Constant shoulder scores were carried out ...
Yanagawa Bobby - - 2012
OBJECTIVESThe proportion of elderly patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery has steadily increased. We have evaluated temporal trends in hospital outcomes of patients who were 75 years and older undergoing CABG (1990-2010) at our institution.METHODSData were collected prospectively for 3483 consecutive patients who were 75 years and ...
Navaneethan Udayakumar - - 2012
We investigated the association between the severity of primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) and clinical outcomes of patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) on the basis of need for colectomy. We analyzed data from 167 patients with PSC and UC who were followed from 1985 to 2011. Patients with PSC and UC ...
Brandt Fredric S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Fillers to reverse the effects of fat atrophy can help restore the hands' youthful appearance. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of small-gel-particle hyaluronic acid (SGP-HA) for hand rejuvenation through 1 year. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective open-label study recruited adults with moderate to severe vascular, bony, and tendon ...
Rillig Andreas - - 2012
The incidence of silent cerebral lesions (SCL) after atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation is highly variable, depending on the technology used. Recently, an increased risk for SCL has been described for a novel, nonirrigated ablation tool using multielectrode phased radiofrequency (PVAC). The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the ...
Galbut David L - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Bilateral internal thoracic artery (BITA) grafting has been shown to improve long-term survival after coronary artery bypass grafting. However, there has been reluctance to use this technique in higher-risk patients. Patients with reduced ejection fraction (EF) have been shown to present a higher operative risk and reduced long-term survival. ...
Grover Davinder S - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Over the past several years, numerous clinical trials in glaucoma have contributed to our understanding of the medical and surgical treatment of the disease. The goal of this review is to summarize the findings and conclusions of what the authors feel are the key clinical trials in ...
Kovacevic Bojan - - 2012
PURPOSE: The National Kidney Foundation Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (NKF-K/DOQI™) 2003 and Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) 2009 have established guidelines for the treatement of secondary hyperparathyroidism. This study evaluated the impact of parathyroidectomy to achieve recommended values for parathyroid hormone, calcium, phosphorus and CaxPO(4) product in dialysis ...
Kang Duk-Hyun - - 2012
AimsThe optimal timing of percutaneous mitral commissurotomy (PMC) remains controversial in asymptomatic patients with moderate mitral stenosis (MS). We sought to compare the long-term outcomes of early preemptive PMC and a conventional treatment strategy.Methods and resultsFrom 1997 to 2007, we prospectively enrolled 244 consecutive asymptomatic patients (191 women, age 51 ...
Sorgente Antonio - - 2012
Long-term outcomes after pulmonary vein isolation for atrial fibrillation (AF) remain uncertain. In particular, the influence of rigorous arrhythmia monitoring on outcomes is not yet clear. In this study, 103 patients with symptomatic AF who underwent catheter ablation at a single academic medical center from 2002 to 2006 were evaluated, ...
Ba┼čak P Y - - 2012
Background  Although there are several studies about the alteration in skin flora, limited number of reports about changes in the microbial contents and their resistance profile of other body sites in patients treated with isotretinoin for acne vulgaris. Objectives  The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of ...
Zhang Hui - - 2012
PURPOSE: To report the long-term rates of visual impairment in children who underwent cataract surgery after late diagnosis. METHODS: The records of children who underwent cataract surgery in northern China between January 1994 and December 2009 were retrospectively reviewed. Age at surgery, surgical approach, postoperative best-corrected visual acuity, and compliance ...
Palmisano Pietro - - 2012
AimsClosed-loop stimulation (CLS) pacing has shown greater efficacy in preventing the recurrence of vasovagal syncope (VVS) in patients with a cardioinhibitory response to head-up tilt test (HUTT) compared with conventional pacing. Moreover, there is no conclusive evidence to support the superiority of CLS over the conventional algorithms for syncope prevention. ...
Friedman Michael - - 2012
Objective. In previous reports of transoral robotic surgery (TORS) for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS), patients underwent routine tracheotomy. We aim to assess the feasibility of performing robotically assisted partial glossectomy without tracheotomy and to assess efficacy by comparing OSAHS outcomes with those of established techniques.Study Design. ...
Sharma Namrata - - 2012
PURPOSE:: The aim was to compare the outcomes of automated lamellar keratoplasty (ALK) and phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK) for Salzmann nodular degeneration (SND). METHODS:: The records of patients undergoing PTK and ALK for SND at the Cornea services of our tertiary care center from were evaluated retrospectively. RESULTS:: Twenty-one eyes of ...
Shimozono Masataka - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the prognostic value of the cone outer segment tips (COST) and other features using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in patients undergoing epiretinal membrane (ERM) surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective observational case series. METHODS: Fifty eyes of 49 patients that underwent vitrectomy for idiopathic ERM were studied. Best-corrected visual ...
Anaya-Ayala Javier E - - 2012
Purpose: The Distal Revascularization Interval-Ligation (DRIL) procedure has demonstrated efficacy in the management of Dialysis Access-associated Steal Syndrome (DASS); however, this has not been widely used because of concerns about complexity, risk of ligating a native artery, and lack of long-term outcomes. Methods: Retrospective review of all patients with DASS ...
Hellum Christian - - 2012
A prospective study to evaluate whether certain baseline characteristics can predict outcome in patients treated with disc prosthesis or multidisciplinary rehabilitation. Secondary analysis of 154 patients with chronic low back pain (LBP) for at least 1 year and degenerative discs originally recruited for a randomized trial. Outcome measures were Oswestry Disability ...
Clarke Bridger - - 2012
Endoscopic therapy (ET) frequently is used to treat patients with painful chronic pancreatitis (CP), but little is known about outcomes of patients for whom ET was not successful who then underwent surgery, or outcomes after ET compared with only medical treatment. We evaluated use and long-term effectiveness of ET in ...
Hubert Katherine C - - 2012
To evaluate the long-term durability of successful ureteral reimplantation (UR) for vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) through a review of late cystography (LC) findings. We performed a retrospective chart review of all children with primary VUR who underwent successful open UR (grade 0 VUR into the reimplanted ureter[s] on initial cystogram) at ...
de Thomasson E - - 2012
There is no consensus about the necessity of exchanging a stable femoral component during revision total hip arthroplasty (RTHA) when only the acetabular component requires replacement. Sparing the femoral component reduces morbidity, but can make acetabular replacement technically more difficult. Moreover, the outcome of the retained femoral component is also ...
Horstmann Marcus - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To compare pre- and postoperative urodynamic findings in patients with a bulbourethral composite suspension and intraoperative urodynamically controlled sling tension adjustment. METHODS AND PATIENTS: All data were prospectively collected from 10 patients (mean age 66 years) who successfully underwent bulbourethral composite suspension for moderate to severe postprostatectomy incontinence. Patients ...
Ovbiagele Bruce - - 2012
A recent observational study of >20,000 patients with recent ischemic stroke suggested that systolic blood pressure (SBP) maintained in a low-normal range may be associated with increased risk of recurrent stroke, especially within the first 6 months after the first stroke. Using a distinct cohort, the current study aimed to ...
Gallina Andrea - - 2012
Introduction.  Several studies have shown that erectile function (EF) recovery in patients undergoing bilateral nerve sparing radical prostatectomy (BNSRP) improves significantly when phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5) are administered following surgery. Aim.  The aim of this article was to identify patients who may recover EF after retropubic BNSRP (BNSRRP) without ...
Zelber-Sagi Shira - - 2012
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Data on the incidence and remission rates of Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) as well as predictive factors are scant. This study aims to evaluate NAFLD's epidemiology in prospective follow-up of individuals sampled from the general population. METHODS: Evaluation of metabolic parameters and ultrasonographic evidence of NAFLD ...
Jelavic Boris - - 2012
Compared with rhinologic patients without chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), a higher prevalence of sinonasal Helicobacter pylori (HP) in patients with CRS was found. This study investigated if HP sinonasal colonization has a prognostic value for efficacy of functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). Nasal polyps of 40 patients with CRS, undergoing FESS, ...
Chang Jung-Jung - - 2012
BACKGROUND: People with metabolic syndrome (MS) are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease-associated morbidity and all-cause mortality. However, predicting the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) according to different MS definitions is controversial. This study explores the prevalence and severity of CAD according to different MS definitions, focusing on their ...
Emmert Maximilian Y - - 2012
OBJECTIVESThe combination of aortic 'no-touch' off-pump surgery (OPCAB) and total arterial revascularization (TAR) can reduce peri-procedural morbidity and yields excellent long-term outcomes albeit at a reported risk of incomplete revascularization. The feasibility of OPCAB-TAR with specific regards to the complete revascularization (CR) in patients with multi-vessel disease was evaluated.METHODSFrom 2003 ...
Wunderink Richard G - - 2012
Post hoc analyses of clinical trial data suggested that linezolid may be more effective than vancomycin for treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) nosocomial pneumonia. This study prospectively assessed efficacy and safety of linezolid, compared with a dose-optimized vancomycin regimen, for treatment of MRSA nosocomial pneumonia. This was a prospective, ...
Song J W - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Remifentanil has been suggested as a suitable agent for conscious sedation during fibreoptic intubation. We evaluated the optimal effect site concentration (Ce) of remifentanil target-controlled infusion (TCI) for awake nasotracheal fibreoptic intubation in patients undergoing elective cervical spine surgery. METHODS: Nineteen ASA I-II patients were enrolled. Patients were premedicated ...
Bar M - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Recanalization is the important outcome measure for acute stroke therapy. Several methods of recanalization assessment are used in clinical practice, but few studies have addressed their reliability. We, therefore, sought to assess interobserver reliability of the diagnosis of intracranial artery recanalization following intervention by using TIMI criteria.MATERIALS AND ...
Tsunoyama Kuniko - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Bladder dysfunction after kidney transplantation (KTx) impairs the patients' quality of life. We examined the bladder function status perioperatively in patients undergoing KTx and performed a randomized prospective study to determine the efficacy of an antimuscarinic agent, solifenacin, in ameliorating the bladder dysfunction after KTx. METHODS: The subjects in ...
Colella Marina P - - 2012
New portable devices for the measurement of the prothrombin time and the international normalized ratio (INR) from capillary blood samples have demonstrated to have good correlation with classic laboratory methods in multiple clinical settings. In this study, we evaluated the performance of the point-of-care device CoaguChek XS (CoaguChek XS; Roche ...
Tatar Emel Çadalli - - 2012
Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of biofilms and the effects of medical treatment modalities in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) patients without nasal polyps.Study Design. Randomized controlled trial.Settings. Tertiary referral hospital.Subjects and Methods. The authors randomly divided 32 adult patients with CRS without nasal polyps into ...
Kocsis A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The impaction of maxillary canines is a frequently encountered clinical problem in orthodontic practice. Patients' refusal to participate in long-term treatment or ankylosis of the impacted tooth result in various treatment difficulties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible role of mini-screws in the management of ...
Di Eusanio Marco - - 2012
OBJECTIVESFew data exist on contemporary outcomes after conventional aortic valve replacement (AVR) in the elderly. Accordingly, we evaluated contemporary outcomes and identified predictors of reduced survival in a large series of octogenarians undergoing AVR.METHODSThe Regione Emilia Romagna Cardiac Surgery registry (RERIC) database (n = 2 6938) was queried for clinical features, hospital and ...
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