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Results 351 - 400 of 11589
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Bowden Greg G Departments of 1 Neurological Surgery - - 2014
OBJECT A visual field deficit resulting from the management of an arteriovenous malformation (AVM) significantly impacts a patient's quality of life. The present study was designed to investigate the clinical and radiological outcomes of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) performed for AVMs involving the postgeniculate visual pathway. METHODS In this retrospective single-institution ...
Liu Xing-Ju XJ Department of Neurosurgery, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China; - - 2014
OBJECT The aim of this study was to describe the baseline clinical features and long-term outcomes of patients with moyamoya disease (MMD) based on a 25-year period at a single center in China. METHODS  Data obtained in 528 consecutive patients with MMD treated at the authors' hospital from 1984 to ...
Elshazly W G WG Colorectal Unit, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to compare ligation anopexy (LA) and conventional hemorrhoidectomy (CH) in treatment of second- and third-degree hemorrhoids. A prospective controlled randomized clinical trial included 100 patients who underwent CH (CH group) and 100 patients who underwent LA (LA group). A detailed history was taken from ...
Li Min - - 2014
Sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis (SEP) is a rare cause of small-bowel obstruction. The optimal treatment for this condition remains controversial. In this study, we performed a retrospective analysis of the data of 44 patients who underwent surgery for SEP between December 2001 and 2008 at our hospital. The long-term follow-up data ...
Arduc A A National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Diabetes, Endocrine and Obesity Branch, Bethesda, MD, USA, - - 2014
Patients with hyperprolactinemia who require medical therapy are typically treated with dopamine agonists (DAs). In most cases, DAs normalize prolactin levels, control symptoms, and substantially decrease tumor size. Here, we aimed to compare the efficacy of cabergoline (CAB) and bromocriptine (BRC) in patients with hyperprolactinemia at a single center. Retrospective ...
Göttgens K W A KW Department of Surgery, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Post Box 5800, 6202 AZ, Maastricht, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Fistulotomy is considered to be the golden standard for the treatment of low perianal fistula but might have more influence on continence status than believed. This study was performed to evaluate the healing rate after a fistulotomy and to show results for continence status. A retrospective database study was performed ...
Pan Zhaoxun Z Department of Joint Surgery, The Eighty-Ninth Hospital of People's Liberation Army, Weifang, 261021, China, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of arthroscopy-assisted reconstruction of the coracoclavicular (CC) ligament using Endobutton for treating acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocation. From March 2012 to May 2013, a total of 22 patients with fresh AC joint dislocation (Rockwood type III and type V) were ...
Abla Adib A AA Departments of 1 Neurological Surgery - - 2014
OBJECT The surgical treatment of many large arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) is associated with substantial risks, and many are considered inoperable. Furthermore, AVMs larger than 3 cm in diameter are not usually treated with conventional single-session radiosurgery encompassing the entire AVM volume. Volume-staged stereotactic radiosurgery (VS-SRS) is an option for large ...
Christen Bernhard - - 2014
The Journey bicruciate substituting (BCS) total knee replacement (TKR) is intended to improve knee kinematics by more closely approximating the surfaces of a normal knee. The purpose of this analysis was to address the safety of Journey BCS knees by studying early complication and revision rates in a consecutive case ...
Watanabe Akihide A Ophthalmology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kajii-cyo 465, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto city, 6020841, Japan - - 2014
Purpose:To evaluate long-term tear volume change by video-meniscometry following blepharoptosis surgery and upper blepharoplasty. Methods:Forty-three eyes of 27 patients with blepharoptosis and 29 eyes of 18 patients with dermatochalasis without lacrimal duct obstruction or other eyelid diseases underwent anterior approach levator advancement or blepharoplasty. The tear volume was evaluated by ...
Zakkar Mustafa M Bristol Heart Institute, Bristol, UK - - 2014
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was the impact of modified ultrafiltration on adult patients undergoing cardiac surgery in terms of inflammatory and metabolic changes, blood loss and early clinical outcomes. A total of 155 papers were identified using ...
Ratschiller Thomas T Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, German Heart Center Munich, Munich, Germany - - 2014
The impact of permanent pacemaker (PPM) leads on functional outcome of tricuspid valve (TV) repair has not been clearly demonstrated. Therefore, controversy exists as to whether transvalvular PPM leads should be explanted and replaced by epicardial leads at the time of valve repair. This study evaluates the influence of PPM ...
Kempfert Jörg J Department of Cardiac Surgery, Kerckhoff Clinic Bad Nauheim, Bad Nauheim, Germany - - 2014
The novel ACURATE TA™ transcatheter aortic valve (Symetis, Ecublens, Switzerland) is composed of a self-expanding nitinol stent covered by an anti-paravalvular leak skirt designed for transapical implantation. Since Conformite Europeenne (CE)-mark approval, the first 250 patients implanted with the newly approved device have been included in this post-market, multicentre registry. ...
Carvalho Manuela M Transfusion Medicine and Blood Bank Department, H. São João, Centro Hospitalar São João, Porto, Portugal - - 2014
Several clinical settings are associated with specific coagulopathies that predispose to uncontrolled bleeding. With the growing concern about the need for optimizing transfusion practices and improving treatment of the bleeding patient, a group of 9 Portuguese specialists (Share Network Group) was created to discuss and develop algorithms for the clinical ...
Lee Kevin K Division of Vascular Surgery, London Health Sciences Centre and The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, - - 2014
The role of endovascular repair (EVAR) of aortic aneurysms in young patients is controversial. The purpose of this study was to determine the long-term outcomes and reintervention rates in patients 60 years of age or younger who underwent elective open or endovascular repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm. Retrospective review of ...
Lam Kuen K Shatin Cheshire Home, Hong Kong, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the effectiveness of ultrasound-guided phenol nerve block in the treatment of severe hip adductor spasticity in long-term care patients. Double-blind placebo-controlled trial with a 9-month follow-up period. A 250-bed long-term care hospital and the infirmary units of 5 regional hospitals. Twenty-six long-term care patients with bilateral severe chronic ...
Healy D A DA Department of Surgery, University Hospital Limerick, Limerick, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2014
This best evidence topic was investigated according to a structured format. The question asked was: should duplex ultrasound (DUS) scanning be a routine component of surveillance following infrainguinal arterial bypass using vein conduit? We performed a systematic literature search and identified 4 studies (3 randomised controlled trials and 1 meta-analysis) ...
Messing Barbara P BP Milton J. Dance, Jr. Head and Neck Center, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of nystatin and Biotène(®) mouthwash Oral Rinse for controlling Candida in total laryngectomy (TL) patients with a tracheosophageal voice prosthesis (TEP) because Biotène(®) mouthwash Oral Rinse is a less costly alternative to nystatin and requires less adherence time. Randomized, unblinded, ...
Zhu Mengjun - - 2014
To retrospectively compare axial elongation in children with different degrees of myopia wearing spectacles and undergoing ortho-k treatment. The medical records of 128 patients who were fitted with spectacles or orthokeratology (ortho-k) lenses in our clinic between 2008 and 2009 were reviewed. Ortho-k group comprised 65 subjects and 63 subjects ...
Woo Peak P Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Icahn School of Medicine, New York, New York, - - 2014
Primary reconstruction by endoscopic buccal mucosal grafting can be considered in cancer patients with large defects and in patients with bilateral disease. We present our case series of primary endoscopic buccal grafting after cancer surgery. Seventeen cases in 16 patients treated with buccal primary reconstruction (PR) are compared to 26 ...
Edelmann Frank F Department of Cardiology and Pneumology, Heart Center, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany; German Center for Cardiovascular Research (DZHK), University of Göttingen, Göttingen, - - 2014
Galectin-3 is a marker of myocardial fibrosis and mediates aldosterone-induced cardiovascular inflammation and fibrosis. Characteristics of galectin-3 and its response to spironolactone have not been evaluated in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). The aim of this study was to determine the association between galectin-3 levels and patient characteristics ...
Srisubat Attasit A Institute of Medical Research and Technology Assessment, Dept of Medical Services, Ministry of Public Health, Tiwanon, Nonthaburi, Thailand, - - 2014
Stones in the urinary tract are a common medical problem in the general population. At present, the great expansion in minimally invasive techniques has led to the decrease in open surgery. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) has been introduced as an alternative approach which disintegrates stones in the kidney and ...
Rovera Chiara C Department of Medical Sciences, Division of Cardiology, Città della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of Turin, Turin, - - 2014
The management of patients with residual right-to-left shunt (rRLS) after percutaneous patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure is debated. The aim of this study was to define the incidence of moderate-to-large rRLS and to report the feasibility, safety and long-term clinical outcome of transcatheter closure of rRLS. From June 2000 to ...
Arora Shubhangi S 1 Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, USA, 2 Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, USA 3 Department of Anaesthesiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2014
Procalcitonin (PCT) is an acute phase reactant that has been used to diagnose and potentially track the treatment of sepsis. PCT values rise initially as the infection sets in and eventually fall off with resolution. Its level has been reported to be significantly higher in the potential non survivors of ...
Mcculloch Michael M Research Lead for Integrative Medicine at the Walnut Creek Hospital in CA and a Research Chief at the Pine Street Foundation in San Anselmo, CA. - - 2014
Theoretically, acupuncture in anticoagulated patients could increase bleeding risk. However, precise estimates of bleeding complication rates from acupuncture in anticoagulated patients have not been systematically examined. To critically evaluate evidence for safety of acupuncture in anticoagulated patients. We searched PubMed, EMBASE, the Physiotherapy Evidence Database, and Google Scholar. Of 39 ...
Kragh John F JF Jr Damage Control Resuscitation; Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, F. Edward Hébert School of Medicine, Bethesda, MD. Electronic address: - - 2014
We assess whether emergency tourniquet use for transfused war casualties admitted to military hospitals is associated with survival. A retrospective review of trauma registry data was made of US casualties in Afghanistan and Iraq. Patients with major limb trauma, transfusion, and tourniquet use were compared with similar patients who did ...
Webb John J St. Paul's Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
The SAPIEN 3 (Edwards Lifesciences Inc., Irvine, California) transcatheter valve incorporates features designed to address the well-known deficiencies of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). An ultra-low-profile delivery system facilitates safe, controlled, and accurate implantation and an external seal minimizes paravalvular regurgitation. The study evaluated whether TAVR with this third-generation valve ...
Pathak Rajeev K RK Centre for Heart Rhythm Disorders, South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute, University of Adelaide and Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, - - 2014
The long-term outcome of atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation demonstrates attrition. This outcome may be due to failure to attenuate the progressive substrate promoted by cardiovascular risk factors. The goal of this study was to evaluate the impact of risk factor and weight management on AF ablation outcomes. Of 281 consecutive ...
Huang Wenhui W Cardiology department, Guangdong General Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences in Guangzhou, - - 2014
The clinical significance of immediate type Ia endoleaks after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for aneurysms has been described in detail. However, this phenomenon is still controversial in TEVAR patients treated for acute type B aortic dissection. A single-institution study was conducted in 81 prospectively evaluated patients treated between January ...
Yun Woo-Sung WS Division of Transplantation and Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Yeungnam University Medical Center, Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Daegu, Korea. Electronic address: - - 2014
Acute renal embolism (ARE) is a rare cause of acute abdominal pain. However, there are only a few studies on the clinical course of ARE. We attempted to investigate the clinical manifestations and long-term follow-up results of ARE. From Sep 2006 to Aug 2012, 47 patients, who were diagnosed with ...
Younes Houssam K HK Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Houston Methodist DeBakey Heart & Vascular Center, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Houston Methodist Hospital Houston, - - 2014
The aim of the study is to review the outcomes of superficial femoral artery (SFA) interventions utilizing a retrograde transpopliteal access approach after failed antegrade recanalization. A database of patients undergoing endovascular treatment of the SFA between 2008 and 2011 was retrospectively queried, and those cases with transpopliteal artery retrograde ...
Duran M M Department of Vascular- and Endovascular Surgery, University Hospital, Heinrich-Heine-University, Duesseldorf, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Subclavian carotid transposition (SCT) is a safe, effective, and durable treatment in atherosclerotic disease of the proximal subclavian artery. We report about our experience in SCT in a retrospective study with a long-term outcome in 126 cases and discuss our results with the current literature. From January 1995 through December ...
Zhao Xiang X Department of Anesthesiology, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, - - 2014
To determine the antiemetic efficacy of dexamethasone in the prevention of postoperative sore throat (POST) and postoperative hoarseness (PH). Meta-analysis. Metropolitan university medical center. This systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted and reported in agreement with the PRISMA guideline. We searched online databases of MEDLINE (from 1966 to August 2013), ...
Hartman Jorine E JE Department of Pulmonary Diseases, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands; Groningen Research Institute for Asthma and COPD, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The - - 2014
Bronchoscopic lung volume reduction coil (LVR-coil) treatment has been shown to be safe and clinically effective in patients with severe emphysema in the short term; however, long-term safety and effectiveness has not been evaluated. The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term safety and effectiveness of LVR-coil treatment ...
Kampe Sandra - - 2014
BackgroundTo assess the protocols of epidural analgesia versus systemic opioid-based analgesia retrospectively in 1555 thoracotomies in our thoracic centre during 2011¿2013.MethodsPain therapy is aggressive and standardized in our thoracic centre thoughout the complete postoperative stay. Patients receive either standardized epidural analgesia with ropivacaine¿+¿sufentanil 4¿8 mls/h (500 mls bag) and are ...
Elagili F F Department of Colorectal Surgery, Digestive Disease Institute, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, A-30, Cleveland, OH, 44195, USA, - - 2014
There are limited data assessing the effectiveness of antibiotics as sole initial therapy in patients with large diverticular abscess. The aim of our study was to compare outcomes of selected patients treated with initial antibiotics alone versus percutaneous drainage. All patients with diverticular abscess ≥3 cm in diameter treated in our ...
Konrads Christian C Orthopaedic Clinic Koenig-Ludwig-Haus, Center for Musculoskeletal Research, Julius-Maximilians-University Wuerzburg, Brettreichstr. 11, 97074, Wuerzburg, - - 2014
Total knee arthroplasty using a modular design gives the possibility for an isolated exchange of the tibial polyethylene insert in patients with failed total knee arthroplasty. The success of this kind of surgery is still controversial. We analysed the clinical outcome after isolated tibial polyethylene insert exchange. In this retrospective ...
Mikami Jota J Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, - - 2014
It is controversial whether the treatment strategy for gastric cancer should be different for elderly patients. We herein evaluated the feasibility of gastrectomy and the risk factors for postoperative complications in octogenarians with gastric cancer. We retrospectively collected data on 441 consecutive patients who underwent total or subtotal gastrectomy for ...
Raia-Barjat Tiphaine T Department of Gynecological and Oncological Surgery, University Medical Center, Saint Etienne, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to analyze the medical and economic interest of OSNA molecular technique, compared to conventional postoperative histopathologic evaluation for sentinel lymph node exploration in breast cancer patients. This retrospective cost-benefit study was conducted in the French Universitary Hospital of Saint Etienne on patients who received ...
Illgner Ulrich - - 2014
Reconstruction of Charcot feet remains a surgical challenge. The goal of this study was to investigate safety and clinical benefit from reconstruction of Charcot feet using an external fixator. There is limited valid data regarding long-term outcomes for Charcot foot procedures. In a retrospective study, 292 Charcot feet (282 patients) ...
Banks Jenny J Department of Surgery, Torbay Hospital, Newton Road, Torquay, Devon, TQ2 7AA, UK, - - 2014
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a well-recognised complication of obesity. One of the microvascular complications of T2DM is diabetic retinopathy (DR). Bariatric surgery has been shown to effectively treat obesity and can induce remission of T2DM. It is not known what effect this improvement may have on pre-existing DR. ...
Hammond Drayton A DA Department of Pharmacy, University of Florida Health Science Center Jacksonville, 655 West 8th Street, Jacksonville, FL, 32209, - - 2014
Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is a common complication arising after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and valve replacement or repair surgeries. POAF has been associated with increased mortality, morbidity and cost. The study was conducted to evaluate the incidence of POAF following CABG, valve or combination surgeries when perioperative ranolazine ...
Abe Tomonobu T Department of Cardiac Surgery, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumaicho, Showa-ku, Nagoya, 466-8550, Japan, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to explore the influence of the characteristics of Japanese patients on the long-term outcomes after aortic valve replacement with either mechanical or biological prostheses by means of a microsimulation. A microsimulation model was used to simulate the lives of patients living in Japan and ...
Maggio Lindsay L Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Women and Infants Hospital, Providence, R.I., - - 2014
Introduction: To describe the incidence and risk factors for iatrogenic premature preterm rupture of membranes (iPPROM) after fetoscopic laser surgery for the twin-to-twin-transfusion syndrome. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective review of all patients who have undergone fetoscopic laser surgery at a single fetal treatment center since 2000. We ...
Chen Wan-Ling WL Department of Pediatrics, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Pediatrics, Pingtung Branch of Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Pingtung, - - 2014
Patients with acute lobar nephronia (ALN) require a longer duration of antimicrobial treatment than those with acute pyelonephritis (APN), and ALN is associated with renal scarring. The aim of this study was to provide an understanding of ALN by comparing the clinical features of pediatric patients with ALN and APN. ...
Malgor Rafael D RD Division of Vascular, Department of Surgery, Stony Brook, NY. Electronic address: - - 2014
Blunt traumatic aortic injury (BTAI) is of very rare occurrence in adolescents. The purpose of our study was to assess the clinical presentation and treatment outcomes of BTAI in this subset of patients. We reviewed prospective data of 18 patients who were 20 years or younger with BTAI among 28,000 ...
Chisci Emiliano E Department of Surgery, Vascular and Endovascular Surgery Unit "San Giovanni di Dio" Hospital, Florence, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Neurological outcome following early or delayed carotid endarterectomy (CEA) has yet to be fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to determine 30-day neurological improvement with respect to the timing of CEA in symptomatic patients. Single institution review of consecutive patients who underwent CEA for symptomatic carotid stenosis ≥60% ...
Gontero Romina Patricia RP Sección Reumatología, Hospital José María Cullen, Santa Fe, - - 2014
To define the proportion of osteonecrosis (ON) in our patient population with lupus and to identify factors associated with the development of ON in systemic lupus erythematosus, as well as to carry out a descriptive analysis of ON cases. Observational retrospective study of 158 patients with SLE (ACR 1982 criteria). ...
Ridding Gus G Northern Clinical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, - - 2014
To trial a method of audit of first trimester uterine artery pulsatility index (PI) measurements, to assess the effect of feedback on operator performance, to determine whether operator experience affects measurement performance, and to define whether an operator's measurement profile affects the screen positive rate for early-onset pre-eclampsia. Uterine artery ...
Yoong Philip P Department of Radiology, Royal Berkshire Hospital, Reading, UK, - - 2014
To describe and evaluate ultrasound-guided hydrodilatation via the rotator interval for the treatment of adhesive capsulitis. Patients referred to our department with adhesive capsulitis were consented for hydrodilatation. Inclusion criteria included a failure to respond to conservative treatment and the absence of full thickness rotator cuff tear. Twenty-one milliliters of ...
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