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Results 351 - 400 of 7913
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Loughead Jonathan M - - 2012
We previously reported the ten to fourteen-year results for 311 Porous Coated Anatomic total hip replacements that had been inserted by two surgeons in 279 patients. The purpose of the present report is to update that study and to report the outcome beyond twenty years. The patients were followed prospectively ...
Tigani Domenico - - 2012
The use of traditional cutting guides during knee arthroplasty in some cases could be extremely difficult, if not impossible, because of angular deformities, IM sclerosis, long-stemmed hip implants, or hardware within the femoral canal that cannot be removed. In these difficult cases navigation-assisted knee arthroplasty should be considered as an ...
Angiolillo Dominick J - - 2012
Thienopyridines are among the most widely prescribed medications, but their use can be complicated by the unanticipated need for surgery. Despite increased risk of thrombosis, guidelines recommend discontinuing thienopyridines 5 to 7 days prior to surgery to minimize bleeding. To evaluate the use of cangrelor, an intravenous, reversible P2Y(12) platelet ...
Sorrentino Dario D Department of Clinical and Experimental Pathology, University of Udine School of Medicine, Udine, Italy. - - 2012
Current data indicate that infliximab-given immediately after surgery-may be very effective in preventing postsurgical recurrence of Crohn's disease. However, it is unknown whether a similar benefit would result from early diagnosis and treatment, rather than prevention of endoscopic recurrence. The primary outcome of this study was to clarify whether infliximab, ...
Nelson Caleb P CP Department of Urology, Hunnewell 390, Children's Hospital Boston, 300 Longwood Ave., Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2013
To determine the incidence of urinary tract infection (UTI) after ureteral reimplantation (UR) for primary vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). In this retrospective review, the pyelonephritis-free survival of patients with primary VUR who underwent open UR from January 1990 to December 2002 was assessed using a Cox proportional hazards analysis. 1076 patients ...
McCoul Edward D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic skull base surgery (ESBS) is considered a minimally-invasive surgical modality with less morbidity and patient discomfort. Quality-of-life (QOL) assessments provide a patient-reported estimate of well-being that may be clinically relevant. Although the sinonasal tract is integral to ESBS, the change in sinonasal-related QOL with ESBS has not been ...
Leskinen Jarkko - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is commonly used treatment method of severe primary knee osteoarthritis refractory to conservative treatment. Despite the presumed increase in the use of this treatment modality in younger patients, there is very little published data on this phenomenon. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We obtained data on performed ...
Fujii M - - 2012
AIM: Atrial fibrillation is one of the most common postoperative arrhythmias following cardiac surgery. Despite many clinical studies, there is still no consensus on the most appropriate prevention strategy for atrial arrhythmia. A randomized prospective trial was conducted to determine the efficacy of intravenous landiolol administration in the early period ...
Seok Yoonmi - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Delta neutrophil index (DN) is the immature granulocyte fraction provided by a blood cell analyzer (ADVIA 2120; Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics, IL), which is determined by subtracting the fraction of mature polymorphonuclear leukocytes from the sum of myeloperoxidase (MPO)-reactive cells. The purpose of this study is to define the role ...
Shikani Alan H - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The objective of this work was to obtain a controlled subjective and objective in vivo clinical comparison of the Passy-Muir, Shiley, and Ball speaking valves. METHODS: Ten patients free of laryngeal pathology but dependent on tracheotomy for respiration were tested with each of the speaking valves. Olfaction was assessed ...
García-Delgado Manuel - - 2012
To analyze the use of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) in respiratory failure after extubation in patients after cardiac surgery, the factors associated with respiratory failure, and the need for reintubation. Retrospective observational study. Intensive care unit in a university hospital. Patients (n = 63) with respiratory failure after extubation after cardiac ...
Baek Na Na - - 2012
Abstract Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) has emerged as the preferred dialysis modality for critically ill patients with acute kidney injury. The objectives of this retrospective study were to assess the effect of nafamostat on circuit patency of CRRT and the safety regarding bleeding complications in patients at high risk ...
Shin Sang-Jin - - 2012
PURPOSE: To assess the role of acromioplasty in the arthroscopic repair of small- to medium-sized rotator cuff tears. METHODS: A prospective randomized trial of 120 patients who had small- to medium-sized rotator cuff tears and various types of acromions without spurs were included. Sixty patients received arthroscopic rotator cuff repair ...
Noorani A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Emergency Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair (eEVAR) is a rapidly evolving approach to ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms (rAAA). Yet longer-term outcomes following eEVAR remain unclear. This study compares mid-term outcomes of eEVAR and open rAAA. METHODS: A prospective database for all patients undergoing eEVAR and open rAAA from January 2006 ...
Saleh Amy M - - 2012
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To measure patient quality of life after rhinoplasty in regard to nose appearance and function with use of the modern structural and functional surgical approach. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review at a tertiary referral center. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review with prospective follow-up. All patients with rhinoplasty ...
Unbehaun Axel - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the results when the surgical concept of not accepting intraprocedural paravalvular leakage was applied for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The surgical strategy of conventional aortic valve replacement does not accept paraprosthetic leakage and requires immediate action to eliminate it. However, paravalvular ...
Helmers Sandra L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: VNS (Vagus Nerve Stimulation Therapy) is approved in the USA to treat refractory epilepsy as adjunctive to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in patients ≥12 years with complex partial seizures. AIMS: To evaluate clinical outcomes, quality-adjusted life years (QALY), and costs associated with VNS in pediatric patients with drug-resistant epilepsy in ...
Soydan Hasan - - 2012
Introduction: There is no definite data indicating which modality to use to assess the efficacy of SWL. Usually, PARs are recommended in PCNL afterwards and in the followup of asymptomatic stones whereas NCCT is recommended in case of residual fragments. We compared the efficacies of PAR and NCCT in terms ...
Hung Hung-Hsu - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Gastric variceal obturation (GVO) therapy is the current treatment of choice for gastric variceal bleeding (GVB). However, the efficacy of non-selective ß-blockers (NSBB) in the secondary prevention of GVB is still debatable. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of additional NSBB to repeated GVO in the ...
Kaygin Mehmet Ali - - 2012
Abstract Background: The aim of the study was to evaluated the primary and secondary (after reoperation) patency rates and some effect factors in fistula patency for hemodialysis patients. Material and methods: Over a 10-year period, 1529 arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) were fashioned in 1003 (611 males, 392 females; median age range ...
Lamperti Massimo - - 2012
The optimal degree of neck rotation during internal jugular vein (IJV) cannulation remains undetermined because previous studies suggested using sonography, but without puncturing the vein. We assessed whether a neutral position (NP) of the head (0 degrees) during ultrasound-guided cannulation of the IJV was safer than rotating the neck to ...
Ishii Masayoshi - - 2012
STUDY DESIGN:: A retrospective investigation. OBJECTIVE:: To clarify at which age and at what point in the postoperative period neurological deterioration occurs in patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:: Inferior surgical outcomes tend to be seen with increasing age, however, the age threshold and the postoperative period ...
Verhoef T I - - 2012
Background: The required acenocoumarol dose and the risk of underanticoagulation and overanticoagulation are associated with CYP2C9 and VKORC1 genotypes. However, the duration of the effects of these genes on anticoagulation is not yet known. Objectives: In this study, effects of these polymorphisms on the risk of underanticoagulation and overanticoagulation over ...
Dabu-Bondoc Susan - - 2012
Background:Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) remains the most common postoperative complication, and causes decreased patient satisfaction, prolonged postoperative hospital stays, and unanticipated admission. There are limited data that indicate that dextrose may reduce nausea and vomiting. In this trial, we attempted to determine whether the rate of PONV can be ...
Sano Takeshi - - 2012
The objective of the present study was to assess the efficacy of posterior reconstruction of Denonvilliers' musculofascial plate for restoring urinary continence after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. A total of 48 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic radical prostatectomy were retrospectively reviewed. Of them, 23 underwent laparoscopic radical prostatectomy without posterior reconstruction ...
Wenisch Judith M - - 2012
In a hospital-based, prospective cohort study, the effects of the three standard treatment regimens for mild Clostridium difficile infection (CDI), oral (p.o.) metronidazole at 500 mg three times/day, intravenous (i.v.) metronidazole at 500 mg three times/day, and oral (p.o.) vancomycin at 250 mg four times/day, were compared with respect to ...
Nerhus Tor Kjetil - - 2012
10-year survival rates after unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) have been up to 97% in single-center studies, but they have been as low as 80% in studies from arthroplasty registers. Few studies have evaluated short-term functional outcome and its improvement with time. We determined the time course of functional outcome as ...
Lancellotti Patrizio - - 2012
This study examined the clinical course of patients with asymptomatic severe aortic stenosis (AS) according to the new proposed aortic valve stenosis grading classification. The management of patients with asymptomatic severe AS remains controversial. Moreover, under the same denomination of severe AS, several entities might be identified according to transvalvular ...
Szymanski C - - 2012
Several studies reported better clinical results with total hip resurfacing than with conventional total hip replacement, including in young patients, but without comparative stabilometry assessment. Resurfacing arthroplasty provides better functional performance than conventional total hip replacement. To test the above hypothesis in a stabilometry study comparing balance and functional performance ...
Muta Hiromi - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the effectiveness of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) treatment of Kawasaki disease ≥10 days after illness onset.METHODS:We selected patients initially treated with IVIG on days 11 to 20 in the database of the 20th nationwide survey in Japan. We then selected pair-matched control subjects of the same gender and age, ...
Bazzi Claudio - - 2012
Background: The "remnant kidney" chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression theory based on hemodynamic, proteinuric and inflammatory mechanisms consequent to nephron loss has not been confirmed in a human disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether some of these mechanisms are present in IgA nephropathy (IgAN) and predict ...
Schniewind Bodo - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: Thoracoscopic pleurodesis is a safe and effective method of palliative care for patients suffering from malignant pleural effusion. Health-related quality of life (QOL) is an important factor in palliative therapy; however, we are not aware of any studies that have examined the QOL of patients following thoracoscopic pleurodesis. ...
Pozzoli Alberto - - 2012
Clinical success of atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation depends on persistent blocking of electrical conduction across the ablation lines. Epicor high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation has been credited with a variable clinical efficacy. The aim of this work is to ascertain the electrophysiological (EP) efficacy of such lesions, by assessing pulmonary ...
Ben-Dor Itsik - - 2012
Left ventricular systolic dysfunction in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) is associated with poor outcome. This analysis was designed primarily to describe the clinical course of a large series of consecutive patients with severe AS and low ejection fraction (EF) (<40%) who, because of high surgical risk, were referred ...
Parashis Andreas O - - 2012
Background: The purpose of this retrospective case series study was to identify possible pre-operative parameters that could predict postoperative probing depth (PD), clinical attachment level (CAL) gain or radiographic defect resolution in intrabony defects treated with enamel matrix derivative (EMD). Methods: Sixty one chronic periodontitis patients, each contributing a 2- ...
Kikuchi Hiroyuki - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Providing aftercare to psychiatric inpatients is important for preventing frequent readmissions; however, the lack of social resources is a problem in Japan. The prefectural Tama-Fuchu Public Health Centre has attempted to establish a new continuous follow-up system for all discharged psychiatric patients in order to reduce the frequency of ...
Kozobolis Vassilios P - - 2012
Purpose. To perform qualitative evaluation of the aqueous humor (AH) outflow mechanism in glaucoma and nonglaucoma patients by means of tonography assessment and mathematical analysis. Methods. Sixty-two primary open angle and 58 pseudoexfoliation glaucoma patients were recruited in a non-interventional, observational study between 2004 and 2007. Qualitative and quantitative outflow ...
Luciani Giovanni Battista - - 2012
OBJECTIVEAutograft valve and root pathology is the leading cause of Ross procedure failure. To define risk and outcome of autograft valve/root repair at reoperation, a 17-year experience was analysed.METHODSOne hundred and thirty-two consecutive late survivors underwent cross-sectional clinical and echocardiographic examination on average 10.8 ± 14.7 years (range 0.4-17) after Ross procedure. ...
Akar Bayram N - - 2012
Background and aim: Ischemic cerebrovascular events are the most common reason for patients to be bedridden and the third most common reason for death. Many studies in recent years have demonstrated that carotid artery stenting (CAS) may be an alternative to carotid endarterectomy (CEA). In this study, we aimed to ...
Villafañe Jorge H - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effects of Maitland's passive accessory mobilization on local hypoalgesia and strength in thumb carpometacarpal osteoarthritis (TCOA). METHODS: Twenty-eight patients between 70 and 90 years old with secondary TCOA were randomized into glide mobilization and sham groups. This study was designed as a double-blind, randomized controlled ...
Pope Janet - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: We determined congruence with published guidelines from the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR)/EULAR Scleroderma Trials and Research group, for systemic sclerosis (SSc) investigations and treatment practices within the Canadian Scleroderma Research Group (CSRG). METHODS: Investigations and medication use for SSc complications were obtained from records of patients with SSc ...
Henes Joerg C - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Autologous stem cell transplantation (aSCT) for systemic sclerosis (SSc) has been shown to be effective in recent reports. This aggressive approach and the disease itself are associated with a high mortality. We report our experiences in 26 consecutive patients. METHODS: Between 1997 and 2009, 26 patients were scheduled for ...
Lee Cheng-Chang - - 2012
Radiotherapy (RT) or concurrent chemoradiation therapy (CCRT) is not only effective at patients' survival rates, but also produces undesirable late complications. The purpose of this study is to investigate the post-treatment late complications in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients, and to analyze the individual impact factors. We enrolled 188 newly diagnosed ...
Yang Changwei - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Comparisons of all-pedicle-screw (PS) and hybrid hook-screw (HS) instrumentation for the treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) have produced conflicting results. The aim of this study was to compare all-pedicle-screw and hybrid hook-screw instrumentation for the treatment of AIS using a matched-pair study design in which preoperative flexibility was ...
Narducci Fabrice - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether systematic postoperative VAC therapy could improve vulvectomy healing. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed medical data from 54 women who underwent in the period of March 2006 to December 2009 radical vulvectomy or wide local vulvectomy with defect volume >40cm(3). Patients were divided into two groups according to ...
Mracek Jan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is detected in 25% of patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy (CEA). The mechanism of POCD is poorly understood, but it is believed that general anesthesia (GA) itself may contribute significantly to POCD. The aim of our prospective study was to compare, with the aid of event-related ...
Shah Rachit D RD Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15232, - - 2012
Chylothorax is a rare but potentially lethal complication of esophagectomy. This study evaluated the rate of postesophagectomy chylothorax, identified associated risk factors, and compared postoperative outcomes in patients with and without chylothorax. We reviewed 892 consecutive patients who underwent esophagectomy (1997 to 2008). Preoperative, operative, and postoperative details, including adverse ...
Lorbach Olaf - - 2012
PURPOSE: The present article summarizes the development of a simple, objective, and non-invasive measurement device for tibiofemoral rotation to assess static rotational knee laxity. METHODS AND RESULTS: The device is based on the dial test with the patient lying prone and the knee flexed to 30°. From measurements of 30 ...
Mönestam Eva - - 2012
PURPOSE: To compare the long-term longitudinal visual acuity outcomes after cataract surgery in eyes with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) at surgery and eyes without comorbidity. SETTING: University-based eye clinic. DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study. METHODS: Patients having cataract surgery were evaluated over 1 year. A clinical eye examination and corrected distance ...
Daniilidis Kiriakos - - 2012
Knee pain after total knee arthroplasty may be caused by an unresurfaced patella. Secondary isolated resurfacing of the previously unresurfaced patella in total knee arthroplasty remains controversial. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the outcome after patellar resurfacing as a second stage procedure. The study included 22 ...
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