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Results 351 - 400 of 9934
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Cykert Samuel S Division of General Internal Medicine and Clinical Epidemiology (SC), North Carolina Area Health Education Centers Program, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina; Thoracic Oncology Program (PRW), Leo Jenkins Cancer Center, Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina; Department of Biostatistics (LJE), Gillings School of Global Public Health, The University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina; Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine (FRM), The University of South Carolina School of Medicine; and Department of Health Policy and Management (PD-A), Gillings School of Global Public Health, The University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North - - 2014
Patients with early-stage lung cancer often have comorbid illnesses and fear debility and death when contemplating surgery. However, data that compare physical function of patients who receive surgery with similar patients who do not are sparse. The authors report 1-year outcome results for surgical and nonsurgical patients in a prospective ...
Salem Emad A EA Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Sharkia, - - 2014
To evaluate the use of lingual mucosal graft (LMG) as a substitute for tunica albuginea in the treatment of Peyronie disease (PD). Seventeen patients, reporting normal erectile function, with PD interfering with sexual function were operated on by plaque excision and grafting with LMG. Preoperative assessment included: the International Index ...
Sundelin Karin - - 2014
The aims of this study were to determine the 5-year incidence of posterior capsule opacification (PCO) requiring Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy in a representative mixed cohort of cataract patients, to determine risk factors for PCO and to investigate possible association with growth of human lens epithelial cells (HLEC) in vitro. Pieces ...
Huang ZeYu Z Department of Orthopaedics, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, People's Republic of - - 2014
This study was to investigate whether urinary catheterization could be avoided for patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) under general anesthesia with saphenous nerve block. 314 patients from a single surgical team were randomized to receive either an indwelling urinary catheter or no urinary catheter before the surgery. The results ...
Lin Tung-Yi - - 2014
The vacuum phenomenon within the intervertebral disc usually represents disc degeneration. There are no reports in the English literature that focus on the effect of an anterior vacuum disc on surgical outcome of same-segment spondylolisthesis. Patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS) or isthmic spondylolisthesis (IS) who underwent a spinal surgery between ...
Wilson Gregory C GC Departments of *Surgery †Gastroenterology ‡Endocrinology §Radiology, University of Cincinnati Medical Center ¶Department of Surgery, University of California San Diego School of Medicine ‖Department of Surgery, University of Chicago Medical Center; and **Department of Surgery, University of Arizona Medical - - 2014
Total pancreatectomy and islet cell autotransplantation (TPIAT) has been increasingly utilized for the management of chronic pancreatitis (CP) with early success. However, the long-term durability of this operation remains unclear. All patients undergoing TPIAT for the treatment of CP with 5-year or greater follow-up were identified for inclusion in this ...
Choi Hong Seok HS 1Digestive Disease Center, Department of Internal Medicine, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea 2Department of Internal Medicine, Sahm Yook Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
Many patients report discomfort because of the unpleasant taste of bowel preparation solutions. This study aimed to determine whether adding orange juice to 2 L of polyethylene glycol plus ascorbic acid is effective for reducing patient discomfort and improving palatability during bowel preparation. This was a single-blinded, randomized controlled trial. ...
Paquette Ian M IM 1Department of Surgery, Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio 2Adirondack Surgical Group, Saranac Lake, New York 3Cincinnati Research on Outcomes and Safety in Surgery (CROSS), Cincinnati, - - 2014
The Cleveland Clinic Florida Fecal Incontinence score is widely used to assess the severity of fecal incontinence. We hypothesized that the Cleveland Clinic Fecal Florida Incontinence score is useful at establishing baseline disease severity, but it may underestimate the response to treatment following sacral neuromodulation because of the large number ...
Madbouly Khaled M KM Department of Surgery, University of Alexandria, Alexandria, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the ligation of the intersphincteric fistula track with the mucosal advancement flap in the treatment of high transsphincteric anal fistulas. This was a prospective randomized study performed at academic medical centers. Patients with transsphincteric anal fistulas involving the upper part of anal ...
Floodeen Hannah H 1Department of Surgery, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden 2Department of Surgery, Linköping University Hospital, Linköping, Sweden 3Örebro University, Örebro, - - 2014
Anorectal function after rectal surgery with low anastomosis is often impaired. Outcome of long-term anorectal function is poorly understood but may improve over time. We evaluated anorectal function 5 years after low anterior resection for cancer with regard to whether patients had a temporary stoma at initial resection. The objective ...
Aung K J M KJ Damien Foundation, Dhaka, - - 2014
Tuberculosis (TB) program, Damien Foundation Projects, Bangladesh. To summarize the outcome and its determinants of the first treatment for multidrug-resistant TB using a standardized regimen consisting of a minimum 9 months. This was a prospective, observational study of a gatifloxacin (GFX) based directly observed regimen, mainly with initial hospitalization. The ...
Oki Gosuke G Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study evaluated recovery from chronic lateral epicondylitis after arthroscopic treatment. Twenty-three consecutive patients (5 men, 18 women) with chronic lateral epicondylitis underwent arthroscopic surgery. Patients were a mean age of 49 years. Prospective outcome data were collected before the operation and at 1, 2, 3, 6, 12 and 24 months after ...
Cusick Michael C MC Florida Orthopaedic Institute, Tampa, FL, - - 2014
The use of cortical suspensory fixation in conjunction with an interference screw to treat distal biceps ruptures has yielded favorable results. However, literature examining the incidence of fixation failure in a large consecutive series of patients treated with this technique is lacking. A retrospective review of electronic medical records identified ...
Welsh Kerry J KJ From the Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Texas at - - 2014
Patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) are at risk of bleeding. The goal of this investigation was to compare thromboelastography (TEG) with standard coagulation tests (prothrombin time [PT], partial thromboplastin time [PTT], fibrinogen, and D-dimer) in patients with active bleeding. A retrospective study of patients who underwent cardiac ...
Sarr Michael G MG Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN. Electronic address: - - 2014
This prospective, multicenter, randomized clinical trial was performed to compare the effectiveness of the bioprosthesis Surgisis Gold (Cook Biotech, Inc, West Lafayette, IN) to suture closure alone in reinforcing the abdominal wall after open Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). A total of 402 adult patients (body mass index ≥35 kg/m(2)) scheduled to ...
Matharu Gs G Royal Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, - - 2014
High short-term failure rates have been reported for a variety of metal-on-metal (MoM) total hip replacements (THRs) owing to adverse reactions to metal debris (ARMD). This has led to the withdrawal of certain poorly performing THRs. This study analysed the outcomes of a MoM THR system. Between 2004 and 2010, ...
Coillard C C Sainte Justine Hospital, Montréal, QC, Canada - - - 2014
The purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the efficacy of the Dynamic SpineCor brace for early idiopathic scoliosis (15°-30°) compared to the natural evolution of the disease. 68 patients participated in this study (32 treated and 36 controls) with at least 5 years follow-up. The inclusion criteria ...
Leung Joyce H Y JH Departments of Imaging and Interventional Radiology (J.H.Y.L., S.C.H.Y., M.M.B.T., S.S.Y.H., V.Y.F.L., A.T.A.) and Obstetrics and Gynecology (E.C.W.C., A.S.W.W.), Prince of Wales Hospital, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong - - 2014
We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of sonographically guided high-intensity focused ultrasound for treating patients with symptomatic uterine fibroids using a modified protocol. This work was part of an ongoing prospective phase 1 study. Twenty patients with 22 symptomatic fibroids were treated with sonographically guided high-intensity focused ultrasound ...
Ferrada Paula P Division of Trauma, Critical Care, and Emergency Surgery, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia USA. - - 2014
Limited transthoracic echocardiography (LTTE) has been introduced as a hemodynamic tool for trauma patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of LTTE during the evaluation of nonsurviving patients who presented to the trauma bay with traumatic cardiac arrest. Approval by the Institutional Review Board was obtained. ...
Sandberg Jason M JM Department of Urology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, - - 2014
To assess the role of robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) in elderly patients focusing on perioperative, functional, and oncologic outcomes in comparison with a younger cohort. From a prospectively maintained institutional review board-approved database, 339 patients were divided into 2 groups defined by age ≥70 (n = 71) or <70 years (n = 268) at the ...
Qvarfordh Pernilla - - 2014
The aim of this pilot study was to investigate whether it was feasible and safe to mobilize patients shortly after lumbar disc surgery with the objective of reducing postoperative complications and allowing shorter hospitalization. Randomized controlled study. The patients were randomized into two groups, intervention and control groups. Those in ...
Ilkkaya Nazan Koylu - - 2014
To compare effects of music, white noise, and ambient (background) noise on patient anxiety and sedation. Open, parallel, and randomized controlled trial. Seventy-five patients aged 18 to 60 years who were scheduled for surgical procedures under spinal anesthesia were randomly assigned to ambient noise (Group O), white noise (Group B), or ...
Ileri Zehra Z Assistant professor, Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Selcuk University, Konya, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of transient bacteremia after a piezocision procedure. The sample consisted of 30 subjects (24 women, 6 men; mean age, 19.6 ± 0.7 years; range, 18.1-22.4 years) with the American Society of Anesthesiologists' physical status I. All patients had Class I skeletal and dental relationships ...
Horne Aaron A Jr Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, - - 2014
Severe aortic stenosis (AS) results in considerable morbidity and mortality without aortic valve replacement and is expected to increase in prevalence with the aging population. Because AS primarily affects the elderly, many patients with comorbidities are poor candidates for surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) and may not be referred. Transcatheter ...
Ozogul Bunyami B From the Department of General Surgery, Medical Faculty, Ataturk University, Erzurum, - - 2014
Previous studies have evaluated the presence of juxtapapillary duodenal diverticula (JPDD) and the association with pancreatobiliary disease, but not the association of the papilla with an existing JPDD. We investigated the association of different localizations of the papilla with JPDD. We studied patients in whom JPDD was detected during endoscopic ...
Young Monica T MT Department of Surgery, University of California Irvine Medical Center, Orange, California, - - 2014
Sleeve gastrectomy is emerging to be the procedure of choice in the management of severe obesity. The aim of this study was to analyze outcomes between patients who underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) versus laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB). A retrospective matched cohort analysis was performed between 150 patients who ...
Reynolds Jessica L JL Keck Medical Center of the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, - - 2014
Magnetic sphincter augmentation (MSA) of the gastroesophageal junction with the LINX Reflux Management System is an alternative to fundoplication for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) that was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in March 2012. This is a prospective observational study of all patients who underwent placement ...
Nguyen Brian M BM Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, California, - - 2014
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Several studies have demonstrated neuroprotective effects of cannabinoids. The objective of this study was to establish a relationship between the presence of a positive toxicology screen for tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and mortality after TBI. A 3-year retrospective review of registry ...
Liang W T WT Department of Thoracic Cardiovascular Surgery Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University Xicheng District, Beijing, PR China - - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to prospectively evaluate the Stretta radiofrequency (RF) treatment for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) -related respiratory symptoms over a 5-years follow-up period. A total of 132 patients underwent the Stretta procedure between April 2007 and February 2009; 122 of the patients (92.4%) completed the ...
Russo Paul R PR Department of General Surgery, Naval Medical Center San Diego, 34800 Bob Wilson Drive, Building 3, 4th Floor, San Diego, CA - - 2014
Evaluation of surgical patients with fever and leukocytosis (FAL) for an infection source often results in unnecessary laboratory and radiographic tests. The average cost of an FAL work-up ranges from $2200 to $5600. Lack of a systematic approach drives costs higher than necessary. We evaluated differences in time to treatment ...
Chiang Yuting P YP Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, New - - 2014
The choice between bioprosthetic and mechanical aortic valve replacement in younger patients is controversial because long-term survival and major morbidity are poorly characterized. To quantify survival and major morbidity in patients aged 50 to 69 years undergoing aortic valve replacement. Retrospective cohort analysis of 4253 patients aged 50 to 69 ...
Clark Noreen M NM University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA - - 2014
A randomized controlled trial of two formats of a program (Women Take PRIDE) to enhance management of heart disease by patients was conducted. Older women (N = 575) were randomly assigned to a group or self-directed format or to a control group. Data regarding symptoms, functional health status, and weight ...
Liu Xiao X Department of Orthopaedics, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing 100191, - - 2014
The treatment strategies for multilevel thoracic ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligaments (T-OPLL) were rarely reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical outcomes and complications of circumferential decompression for multilevel T-OPLL and compare two different methods in the management of the OPLL (resection or floating). Data ...
Wang Jin J Department of Medical Radiology, Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510630, - - 2014
Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) has become the therapeutic option of choice for end-stage liver disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes of splenic morphology, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values and explore their value in evaluating the therapeutic effects of orthotopic ...
Qu Yanchao Y Department of Urology, Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100045, - - 2014
The treatment of the patient with pelvic fracture urethral disruption defects (PFUDD) remains controversial especially in pediatric urology. Debate continues in regarding the advisability of immediate repair versus delayed repair. The aim of this study was to analyze our experience in the outcomes of immediate and delayed repair of pelvic ...
Krishnan R R Division of Urology, Sexual and Reproductive Medicine Program, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, - - 2014
Few studies have looked at erectile function recovery (EFR) rates in men undergoing non-nerve sparing resection during radical prostatectomy (RP). Existing studies show great variation in EFR rates owing to multiple factors that minimize their utility in counselling RP patients. We investigated the EFR rate and its predictors in unilateral ...
Holst Lars B LB From the Department of Intensive Care (L.B.H., N.H., L.H.A., U.G.P., N.R., J. Wiis, J.O.W., L.R., K.J.T., P.B.H., R.G.M., M.H.M., M.S., A.P.), Copenhagen Trial Unit, Center for Clinical Intervention Research (J. Wetterslev, P.W.), and Section for Transfusion Medicine (P.I.J.), Rigshospitalet and University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Randers Hospital, Randers (M.L.V., H.B., M.A.T.), Herning Hospital, Herning (R.W., D.L., R.M.), Hvidovre Hospital, Hvidovre (L.N., C.A.), Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus (H.L.N., D.I.), Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg (B.S.R.), Holbæk Hospital, Holbæk (J.R.M.L.), Kolding Hospital, Kolding (J.S.N.), and Hjørring Hospital, Hjørring (M.K.) - all in Denmark; Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, Stockholm (J. Wernerman, I.T., K.K., S.O.-W.), Karolinska University Hospital, Solna (A.O.), and Södersjukhuset, Stockholm (M.B.C.) - all in Sweden; Haukeland University Hospital and University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway (A.B.G., B.S.); Tampere University Hospital, Tampere (S.K.), and Helsinki University Hospital and University of Helsinki, Helsinki (V.P.) - all in Finland; and Liverpool Hospital, Sydney - - 2014
Background Blood transfusions are frequently given to patients with septic shock. However, the benefits and harms of different hemoglobin thresholds for transfusion have not been established. Methods In this multicenter, parallel-group trial, we randomly assigned patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) who had septic shock and a hemoglobin concentration ...
Grieshaber Matthias C MC Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Southern Africa, Medunsa, South Africa; Department of Ophthalmology, University of Basel, Basel, - - 2014
To study the safety and long-term efficacy of classic viscocanalostomy in patients with open-angle glaucoma (OAG) in different populations. A total of 726 eyes of 726 patients from Europe or South Africa with primary OAG (POAG) and pseudoexfoliative glaucoma (PXFG) were included in this retrospective multicentre study. Complete (qualified) success ...
De Cooman Sofie S Department of Anaesthesia, Kliniek Sint-Jan, Brussels, - - 2014
Because a case report and theoretical mass balances suggested that hypoxic guard systems may not prevent the formation of hypoxic inspired mixtures (FIO2 ≤ 21 %) over the clinically used fresh gas flow (FGF) range, we measured FIO2 over a wide range of hypoxic guard limits for O2/N2O and O2/air mixtures. After IRB ...
Zheng Shuyue S Department of Pain Management, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the severity and the natural course of masticatory muscles weakness that developed after CT-guided percutaneous trigeminal radiofrequency thermocoagulation (PT-RFT) for the treatment of idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia (ITN). Twenty-seven patients with ITN were treated by CT-guided percutaneous trigeminal radiofrequency thermocoagulation. Each patients' occlusal ...
Massoud Karim S KS Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Ain-Shams University , Cairo , - - 2014
Abstract Fixation of the elevated eyebrow is an important final step in endoscopic forehead lifting. One of the most common methods of fixation includes temporal fasciae sutures for the tail of the eyebrow, and mini-screws for the body of the eyebrow. The concentric cables fixation is an alternative method for ...
Rich Jason T JT Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Study performed at University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Background: Adult laryngotracheal reconstruction for airway stenosis and following oncologic ablation can be extremely challenging. Methods: Patients with the above conditions not amenable to or refractory to conventional treatments were offered specialized reconstruction by wrapping a contoured costal cartilage graft with a vascularized microvascular carrier. All constructs were lined with ...
Aydemir Halise H a Assistant Professor, Turgut Özal University Oral and Dental Health Care Center, Ankara, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To assess soft tissues in the short and long term after bimaxillary surgery in Class III patients by comparing the hard tissue changes and results between time periods. Materials and Methods: Twenty-six Class III adult patients treated with bimaxillary surgery were included in the study. Cephalometric records were ...
Harvey Sheila E SE From the Clinical Trials Unit, Intensive Care National Audit and Research Centre (S.E.H., F.P., D.A.H., K.M.R.), the Departments of Nutrition and Dietetics (D.E.B.) and Adult Critical Care (D.E.B., R.B.), Guy's and St. Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, the Department of Intensive Care, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust (E.S., R.L.), the Division of Asthma, Allergy and Lung Biology, King's College London (R.B.), National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust and University College London (G.B., M.G.M.), and the Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London (R.L.) - all in - - 2014
Background Uncertainty exists about the most effective route for delivery of early nutritional support in critically ill adults. We hypothesized that delivery through the parenteral route is superior to that through the enteral route. Methods We conducted a pragmatic, randomized trial involving adults with an unplanned admission to one of ...
Bhatti Abu Bakar Hafeez AB Department of Surgical Oncology, Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Centre, Lahore, Pakistan, - - 2014
With the introduction of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy in patients with esophageal carcinoma, nutritional access has become essential to counter deleterious effects of dysphagia. Current NCCN guidelines do not recommend PEG prior to esophagectomy in these patients, but there is little evidence for this recommendation. The objective of this study was to ...
Arnold Douglas L DL NeuroRx Research, Montreal, QC, Canada, - - 2014
We measured changes in brain magnetization transfer ratio (MTR) as a potential indicator of myelin density in brain tissue of patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) treated with delayed-release dimethyl fumarate (DMF) in the Phase 3 DEFINE study. DEFINE was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study in which patients with RRMS ...
- - 2014
Most surgeons believe that graft choice for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is an important factor related to outcome; however, graft choice for revision may be limited due to previously used grafts. Autograft use would result in increased sports function, increased activity level, and decreased osteoarthritis symptoms (as measured by ...
Kim Young-Hoo YH Joint Replacement Center, Ewha Womans University School of Medicine, MokDong Hospital, 911-1, MokDong, YangChun-Ku, Seoul, Republic of Korea 158-710. E-mail address for Young-Hoo Kim: - - 2014
We are aware of no study that has compared press-fit condylar Sigma fixed-bearing and mobile-bearing total knee prostheses in the same patients after more than ten years of follow-up. The purpose of the current study was to compare these two implants with respect to the functional and radiographic results, prevalence ...
Park Kwonoh K Department of Oncology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea Department of Hematology-Oncology, KEPCO Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to evaluate how treatment with everolimus changes readouts of the pulmonary function test (PFT) in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). We also attempted to determine whether changes of PFT or everolimus-associated non-infectious pneumonitis (NIP) might affect the efficacy of everolimus. The ...
Ibrahim M S MS University College London Hospitals, 235 Euston Rd, London NW1 2BU, - - 2014
We report the five year outcomes of a two-stage approach for infected total hip replacement. This is a single-surgeon experience at a tertiary centre where the more straightforward cases are treated using single-stage exchange. This study highlights the vital role of the multidisciplinary team in managing these cases. A total ...
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