Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 7896
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Lamperti Massimo - - 2012
The optimal degree of neck rotation during internal jugular vein (IJV) cannulation remains undetermined because previous studies suggested using sonography, but without puncturing the vein. We assessed whether a neutral position (NP) of the head (0 degrees) during ultrasound-guided cannulation of the IJV was safer than rotating the neck to ...
Ishii Masayoshi - - 2012
STUDY DESIGN:: A retrospective investigation. OBJECTIVE:: To clarify at which age and at what point in the postoperative period neurological deterioration occurs in patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:: Inferior surgical outcomes tend to be seen with increasing age, however, the age threshold and the postoperative period ...
Verhoef T I - - 2012
Background: The required acenocoumarol dose and the risk of underanticoagulation and overanticoagulation are associated with CYP2C9 and VKORC1 genotypes. However, the duration of the effects of these genes on anticoagulation is not yet known. Objectives: In this study, effects of these polymorphisms on the risk of underanticoagulation and overanticoagulation over ...
Dabu-Bondoc Susan - - 2012
Background:Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) remains the most common postoperative complication, and causes decreased patient satisfaction, prolonged postoperative hospital stays, and unanticipated admission. There are limited data that indicate that dextrose may reduce nausea and vomiting. In this trial, we attempted to determine whether the rate of PONV can be ...
Sano Takeshi - - 2012
The objective of the present study was to assess the efficacy of posterior reconstruction of Denonvilliers' musculofascial plate for restoring urinary continence after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. A total of 48 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic radical prostatectomy were retrospectively reviewed. Of them, 23 underwent laparoscopic radical prostatectomy without posterior reconstruction ...
Wenisch Judith M - - 2012
In a hospital-based, prospective cohort study, the effects of the three standard treatment regimens for mild Clostridium difficile infection (CDI), oral (p.o.) metronidazole at 500 mg three times/day, intravenous (i.v.) metronidazole at 500 mg three times/day, and oral (p.o.) vancomycin at 250 mg four times/day, were compared with respect to ...
Nerhus Tor Kjetil - - 2012
10-year survival rates after unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) have been up to 97% in single-center studies, but they have been as low as 80% in studies from arthroplasty registers. Few studies have evaluated short-term functional outcome and its improvement with time. We determined the time course of functional outcome as ...
Lancellotti Patrizio - - 2012
This study examined the clinical course of patients with asymptomatic severe aortic stenosis (AS) according to the new proposed aortic valve stenosis grading classification. The management of patients with asymptomatic severe AS remains controversial. Moreover, under the same denomination of severe AS, several entities might be identified according to transvalvular ...
Szymanski C - - 2012
Several studies reported better clinical results with total hip resurfacing than with conventional total hip replacement, including in young patients, but without comparative stabilometry assessment. Resurfacing arthroplasty provides better functional performance than conventional total hip replacement. To test the above hypothesis in a stabilometry study comparing balance and functional performance ...
Muta Hiromi - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the effectiveness of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) treatment of Kawasaki disease ≥10 days after illness onset.METHODS:We selected patients initially treated with IVIG on days 11 to 20 in the database of the 20th nationwide survey in Japan. We then selected pair-matched control subjects of the same gender and age, ...
Bazzi Claudio - - 2012
Background: The "remnant kidney" chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression theory based on hemodynamic, proteinuric and inflammatory mechanisms consequent to nephron loss has not been confirmed in a human disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether some of these mechanisms are present in IgA nephropathy (IgAN) and predict ...
Schniewind Bodo - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: Thoracoscopic pleurodesis is a safe and effective method of palliative care for patients suffering from malignant pleural effusion. Health-related quality of life (QOL) is an important factor in palliative therapy; however, we are not aware of any studies that have examined the QOL of patients following thoracoscopic pleurodesis. ...
Pozzoli Alberto - - 2012
Clinical success of atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation depends on persistent blocking of electrical conduction across the ablation lines. Epicor high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation has been credited with a variable clinical efficacy. The aim of this work is to ascertain the electrophysiological (EP) efficacy of such lesions, by assessing pulmonary ...
Ben-Dor Itsik - - 2012
Left ventricular systolic dysfunction in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) is associated with poor outcome. This analysis was designed primarily to describe the clinical course of a large series of consecutive patients with severe AS and low ejection fraction (EF) (<40%) who, because of high surgical risk, were referred ...
Parashis Andreas O - - 2012
Background: The purpose of this retrospective case series study was to identify possible pre-operative parameters that could predict postoperative probing depth (PD), clinical attachment level (CAL) gain or radiographic defect resolution in intrabony defects treated with enamel matrix derivative (EMD). Methods: Sixty one chronic periodontitis patients, each contributing a 2- ...
Kikuchi Hiroyuki - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Providing aftercare to psychiatric inpatients is important for preventing frequent readmissions; however, the lack of social resources is a problem in Japan. The prefectural Tama-Fuchu Public Health Centre has attempted to establish a new continuous follow-up system for all discharged psychiatric patients in order to reduce the frequency of ...
Kozobolis Vassilios P - - 2012
Purpose. To perform qualitative evaluation of the aqueous humor (AH) outflow mechanism in glaucoma and nonglaucoma patients by means of tonography assessment and mathematical analysis. Methods. Sixty-two primary open angle and 58 pseudoexfoliation glaucoma patients were recruited in a non-interventional, observational study between 2004 and 2007. Qualitative and quantitative outflow ...
Luciani Giovanni Battista - - 2012
OBJECTIVEAutograft valve and root pathology is the leading cause of Ross procedure failure. To define risk and outcome of autograft valve/root repair at reoperation, a 17-year experience was analysed.METHODSOne hundred and thirty-two consecutive late survivors underwent cross-sectional clinical and echocardiographic examination on average 10.8 ± 14.7 years (range 0.4-17) after Ross procedure. ...
Akar Bayram N - - 2012
Background and aim: Ischemic cerebrovascular events are the most common reason for patients to be bedridden and the third most common reason for death. Many studies in recent years have demonstrated that carotid artery stenting (CAS) may be an alternative to carotid endarterectomy (CEA). In this study, we aimed to ...
Villafañe Jorge H - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effects of Maitland's passive accessory mobilization on local hypoalgesia and strength in thumb carpometacarpal osteoarthritis (TCOA). METHODS: Twenty-eight patients between 70 and 90 years old with secondary TCOA were randomized into glide mobilization and sham groups. This study was designed as a double-blind, randomized controlled ...
Pope Janet - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: We determined congruence with published guidelines from the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR)/EULAR Scleroderma Trials and Research group, for systemic sclerosis (SSc) investigations and treatment practices within the Canadian Scleroderma Research Group (CSRG). METHODS: Investigations and medication use for SSc complications were obtained from records of patients with SSc ...
Henes Joerg C - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Autologous stem cell transplantation (aSCT) for systemic sclerosis (SSc) has been shown to be effective in recent reports. This aggressive approach and the disease itself are associated with a high mortality. We report our experiences in 26 consecutive patients. METHODS: Between 1997 and 2009, 26 patients were scheduled for ...
Lee Cheng-Chang - - 2012
Radiotherapy (RT) or concurrent chemoradiation therapy (CCRT) is not only effective at patients' survival rates, but also produces undesirable late complications. The purpose of this study is to investigate the post-treatment late complications in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients, and to analyze the individual impact factors. We enrolled 188 newly diagnosed ...
Yang Changwei - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Comparisons of all-pedicle-screw (PS) and hybrid hook-screw (HS) instrumentation for the treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) have produced conflicting results. The aim of this study was to compare all-pedicle-screw and hybrid hook-screw instrumentation for the treatment of AIS using a matched-pair study design in which preoperative flexibility was ...
Narducci Fabrice - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether systematic postoperative VAC therapy could improve vulvectomy healing. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed medical data from 54 women who underwent in the period of March 2006 to December 2009 radical vulvectomy or wide local vulvectomy with defect volume >40cm(3). Patients were divided into two groups according to ...
Mracek Jan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is detected in 25% of patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy (CEA). The mechanism of POCD is poorly understood, but it is believed that general anesthesia (GA) itself may contribute significantly to POCD. The aim of our prospective study was to compare, with the aid of event-related ...
Shah Rachit D - - 2012
Chylothorax is a rare but potentially lethal complication of esophagectomy. This study evaluated the rate of postesophagectomy chylothorax, identified associated risk factors, and compared postoperative outcomes in patients with and without chylothorax. We reviewed 892 consecutive patients who underwent esophagectomy (1997 to 2008). Preoperative, operative, and postoperative details, including adverse ...
Lorbach Olaf - - 2012
PURPOSE: The present article summarizes the development of a simple, objective, and non-invasive measurement device for tibiofemoral rotation to assess static rotational knee laxity. METHODS AND RESULTS: The device is based on the dial test with the patient lying prone and the knee flexed to 30°. From measurements of 30 ...
Mönestam Eva - - 2012
PURPOSE: To compare the long-term longitudinal visual acuity outcomes after cataract surgery in eyes with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) at surgery and eyes without comorbidity. SETTING: University-based eye clinic. DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study. METHODS: Patients having cataract surgery were evaluated over 1 year. A clinical eye examination and corrected distance ...
Lim Jonathan H - - 2012
To investigate the potential influences that affect visual acuity (VA) outcome in a clinic-based cohort of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) patients undergoing anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) treatment for choroidal neovascularization. Prospective interventional case series. Patients with subfoveal choroidal neovascularization (CNV) secondary to AMD were prospectively recruited. A detailed questionnaire ...
Daniilidis Kiriakos - - 2012
Knee pain after total knee arthroplasty may be caused by an unresurfaced patella. Secondary isolated resurfacing of the previously unresurfaced patella in total knee arthroplasty remains controversial. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the outcome after patellar resurfacing as a second stage procedure. The study included 22 ...
Kruser Tim J - - 2012
Recent reports have noted higher rates of heterotopic ossification (HO) with surface replacement arthroplasty (SRA) than with traditional total hip arthroplasty in the absence of postoperative HO prophylaxis. This study reports rates and grades of HO in 44 SRA patients with at least 1 year of follow-up. Heterotopic ossification prophylaxis ...
Gedde Steven J - - 2012
To describe postoperative complications encountered in the Tube Versus Trabeculectomy (TVT) Study during 5 years of follow-up. Multicenter randomized clinical trial. Settings: Seventeen clinical centers. Study Population: Patients 18 to 85 years of age who had previous trabeculectomy and/or cataract extraction with intraocular lens implantation and uncontrolled glaucoma with intraocular ...
Tuncel Umut - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess the safety and clinical utility of intraarticular injection of sodium hyaluronate for the treatment of symptoms associated with internal derangement of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Twenty patients, who have early stage temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD), were treated with intraarticular sodium hyaluronate injection and ...
Peters Frank M - - 2012
Acetabular cup placement in total hip arthroplasty is often difficult to assess, especially in the lateral position and using the posterior approach. Conventional techniques and computer-assisted surgery are the 2 most popular methods for proper placement of the acetabular cup in Lewinnek's safe zone of orientation (anteversion 15° ± 10° ...
Good Daniel W - - 2012
Skype is a free program which enables PC users to make video calls to other users with Internet access. We carried out a prospective review of all acromioclavicular joint hook plates for lateral-third clavicle fractures over a five-year period. Functional assessment with Oxford and Constant shoulder scores were carried out ...
Yanagawa Bobby - - 2012
OBJECTIVESThe proportion of elderly patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery has steadily increased. We have evaluated temporal trends in hospital outcomes of patients who were 75 years and older undergoing CABG (1990-2010) at our institution.METHODSData were collected prospectively for 3483 consecutive patients who were 75 years and ...
Navaneethan Udayakumar - - 2012
We investigated the association between the severity of primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) and clinical outcomes of patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) on the basis of need for colectomy. We analyzed data from 167 patients with PSC and UC who were followed from 1985 to 2011. Patients with PSC and UC ...
Brandt Fredric S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Fillers to reverse the effects of fat atrophy can help restore the hands' youthful appearance. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of small-gel-particle hyaluronic acid (SGP-HA) for hand rejuvenation through 1 year. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective open-label study recruited adults with moderate to severe vascular, bony, and tendon ...
Rillig Andreas - - 2012
The incidence of silent cerebral lesions (SCL) after atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation is highly variable, depending on the technology used. Recently, an increased risk for SCL has been described for a novel, nonirrigated ablation tool using multielectrode phased radiofrequency (PVAC). The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the ...
Galbut David L - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Bilateral internal thoracic artery (BITA) grafting has been shown to improve long-term survival after coronary artery bypass grafting. However, there has been reluctance to use this technique in higher-risk patients. Patients with reduced ejection fraction (EF) have been shown to present a higher operative risk and reduced long-term survival. ...
Gedde Steven J - - 2012
PURPOSE: To report 5-year treatment outcomes in the Tube Versus Trabeculectomy (TVT) Study. DESIGN: Multicenter randomized clinical trial. METHODS: settings: Seventeen clinical centers. Study population: Patients 18 to 85 years of age who had previous trabeculectomy and/or cataract extraction with intraocular lens implantation and uncontrolled glaucoma with intraocular pressure (IOP) ...
Grover Davinder S - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Over the past several years, numerous clinical trials in glaucoma have contributed to our understanding of the medical and surgical treatment of the disease. The goal of this review is to summarize the findings and conclusions of what the authors feel are the key clinical trials in ...
Kovacevic Bojan - - 2012
PURPOSE: The National Kidney Foundation Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (NKF-K/DOQI™) 2003 and Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) 2009 have established guidelines for the treatement of secondary hyperparathyroidism. This study evaluated the impact of parathyroidectomy to achieve recommended values for parathyroid hormone, calcium, phosphorus and CaxPO(4) product in dialysis ...
Kang Duk-Hyun - - 2012
AimsThe optimal timing of percutaneous mitral commissurotomy (PMC) remains controversial in asymptomatic patients with moderate mitral stenosis (MS). We sought to compare the long-term outcomes of early preemptive PMC and a conventional treatment strategy.Methods and resultsFrom 1997 to 2007, we prospectively enrolled 244 consecutive asymptomatic patients (191 women, age 51 ...
Sorgente Antonio - - 2012
Long-term outcomes after pulmonary vein isolation for atrial fibrillation (AF) remain uncertain. In particular, the influence of rigorous arrhythmia monitoring on outcomes is not yet clear. In this study, 103 patients with symptomatic AF who underwent catheter ablation at a single academic medical center from 2002 to 2006 were evaluated, ...
Ba┼čak P Y - - 2012
Background  Although there are several studies about the alteration in skin flora, limited number of reports about changes in the microbial contents and their resistance profile of other body sites in patients treated with isotretinoin for acne vulgaris. Objectives  The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of ...
Zhang Hui - - 2012
PURPOSE: To report the long-term rates of visual impairment in children who underwent cataract surgery after late diagnosis. METHODS: The records of children who underwent cataract surgery in northern China between January 1994 and December 2009 were retrospectively reviewed. Age at surgery, surgical approach, postoperative best-corrected visual acuity, and compliance ...
Palmisano Pietro - - 2012
AimsClosed-loop stimulation (CLS) pacing has shown greater efficacy in preventing the recurrence of vasovagal syncope (VVS) in patients with a cardioinhibitory response to head-up tilt test (HUTT) compared with conventional pacing. Moreover, there is no conclusive evidence to support the superiority of CLS over the conventional algorithms for syncope prevention. ...
Friedman Michael - - 2012
Objective. In previous reports of transoral robotic surgery (TORS) for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS), patients underwent routine tracheotomy. We aim to assess the feasibility of performing robotically assisted partial glossectomy without tracheotomy and to assess efficacy by comparing OSAHS outcomes with those of established techniques.Study Design. ...
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