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Results 351 - 400 of 10712
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Narin Nazmi N Erciyes University Medical Faculty, Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Kayseri Turkey. - - 2014
Transcatheter closure of secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) is accepted as a safe alternative method to surgery. However, the deployment of the device across the septum using the conventional method presents difficulties in large ASDs. In the modified balloon-assisted technique (modified BAT), a Tyshak balloon (Numed, Inc) is placed in ...
Kim You Sun YS Department of Internal Medicine, Inje University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea ; IBD Study Group of the Korean Association for the Study of Intestinal Diseases, Seoul, - - 2014
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivations are frequently observed in patients with active ulcerative colitis (UC), and ganciclovir therapy is effective in patients with steroid-refractory UC. This study aimed to determine the long-term outcomes of CMV reactivation and the long-term therapeutic efficacy of ganciclovir treatment. This retrospective multicenter study included a cohort of ...
Ding Fan F *Department of Orthopedics, Navy General Hospital, the Third Clinical College, Southern Medical University, Beijing, China; and †Department of Orthopedics, Wuhan Pu'Ai Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science & Technology, Wuhan, - - 2014
A retrospective analysis. This study aimed to compare the safety and efficacy between the fusion-nonfusion hybrid construct (HC: anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion plus artificial disc replacement, ACCF plus cADR) and anterior cervical hybrid decompression and fusion (ACHDF: anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion plus discectomy and fusion, ACCF plus ACDF) ...
Elliott J J Academic Unit of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Human Metabolism, University of Sheffield, - - 2014
To compare, in a randomized controlled non-inferiority trial, the outcomes of the traditional format for Dose Adjustment for Normal Eating structured education courses; that is, one delivered over 5 consecutive days (1-week course) with a variant of this format delivered 1 day a week for 5 consecutive weeks (5-week course). ...
Wang Jun J Medical Center Tsinghua University, No. 30 Shuangqing Rd, Beijing, 100084, Haidian, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to analyze the risk factors associated with the hemoglobin and hematocrit drops in the early postoperative period for intertrochanteric fracture patients with intramedullary nailing treatment. From January 2003 to December 2013, 634 intertrochanteric fracture patients with complete information were recruited into the study. Their ...
Navez Julie J Department of Abdominal Surgery and Transplantation, Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc, 10 Avenue Hippocrate, 1200, Brussels, Belgium, - - 2014
Vertically banded gastroplasty or adjustable gastric banding often result in weight regain, complications, or side effects. Failed restrictive bariatric procedures can be converted in revisional laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). This study aimed to compare weight loss, evolution of comorbidities, and quality of life (QOL) between primary versus revisional LRYGB. ...
Kulkas Antti A Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Seinäjoki Central Hospital, 60220, Seinäjoki, Finland, - - 2014
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a common public health problem. Sleeping position dependency has been related to OSA, and around half of OSA patients suffer from positional OSA where majority of the respiratory events occur in supine position. The consequences of supine dominant OSA have not been thoroughly investigated in ...
Carpentier S - - 2014
Objective : The purpose of this longitudinal retrospective study was to evaluate transverse maxillary expansion after a Schuchardt or segmental posterior subapical maxillary osteotomy (SPSMO) in patients with cleft lip and palate (CLP). A second aim was to compare these data with data for adult patients without CLP who were ...
Guler Ekrem E Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Medipol University Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2014
Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has a pivotal role in invasive cardiology practice in terms of guiding a variety of procedures. It is challenging to perform TEE examination with sedated patients due to difficulties in cooperation and positioning the patient properly, therefore the risk of complications is escalated. We aimed to assess ...
Dias Ana A Respiratory Medicine Department, Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte, Lisbon, Portugal, - - 2014
To determine the most valuable comorbidity index to apply in a clinical context and its prospective association with 1-year mortality and 3-month readmission. The authors also intend to gauge the evolution of older patients' admission profile over 13 years, in the same clinical setting. The authors analyzed data from 100 consecutive ...
Myers Erinn M EM Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA, - - 2014
Optimal management of the cervix at the time of hysterectomy and sacrocolpopexy for primary uterovaginal prolapse is unknown. Our hypothesis was that recurrent prolapse at 1 year would be more likely after a supracervical robotic hysterectomy (SRH) compared with a total robotic hysterectomy (TRH) at the time of robotic sacrocolpopexy (RSCP) ...
Laursen Stig Borbjerg SB Department of Gastroenterology S, Odense University Hospital, DK-5000, Odense C, Denmark. - - 2014
The Danish Society of Gastroenterology and Hepatology have compiled a national guideline for the management of peptic ulcer bleeding. Sources of data included published studies up to June 2014. Quality of evidence and strength of recommendations have been graded. The guideline was approved by the Danish Society of Gastroenterology and ...
Imbuldeniya A M AM Mater Clinic, Specialist Orthopaedic Group, Suite 1.08, 3-9 Gillies Street, North Sydney, New South Wales 2060, - - 2014
We describe the clinical and radiological results of cementless primary total hip replacement (THR) in 25 patients (18 women and seven men; 30 THRs) with severe developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). Their mean age at surgery was 47 years (23 to 89). In all, 21 hips had Crowe type ...
Amanatullah D F DF Stanford University, 450 Broadway Street, Redwood City, California, 94063, - - 2014
Dysplasia of the hip, hypotonia, osteopenia, ligamentous laxity, and mental retardation increase the complexity of performing and managing patients with Down syndrome who require total hip replacement (THR). We identified 14 patients (six males, eight females, 21 hips) with Down syndrome and degenerative disease of the hip who underwent THR, ...
Garcia-Rey E E Department of Biostatistics, Hospital Universitario La Paz- Idi Paz, Castellana 261, 28046 Madrid, - - 2014
A total of 31 patients, (20 women, 11 men; mean age 62.5 years old; 23 to 81), who underwent conversion of a Girdlestone resection-arthroplasty (RA) to a total hip replacement (THR) were compared with 93 patients, (60 women, 33 men; mean age 63.4 years old; 20 to 89), who had ...
Howells N R NR North Sydney Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Centre, Sydney, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to examine the functional outcome at ten years following lateral closing wedge high tibial osteotomy for medial compartment osteoarthritis of the knee and to define pre-operative predictors of survival and determinants of functional outcome. 164 consecutive patients underwent high tibial osteotomy between 2000 and ...
Bali K K University of Calgary, Department of Orthopedics, 3134 Hospital Drive North West Calgary, Alberta, T2N 5A1, - - 2014
We report the clinical and radiological outcome of subcapital osteotomy of the femoral neck in the management of symptomatic femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) resulting from a healed slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE). We believe this is only the second such study in the literature. We studied eight patients (eight hips) with ...
Riis A A Research Unit for General Practice. The North Denmark Region, Fyrkildevej 7, 1. Sal 9220 Aalborg Ø, - - 2014
The optimal timing of total knee replacement (TKR) in patients with osteoarthritis, in relation to the severity of disease, remains controversial. This prospective study was performed to investigate the effect of the severity of osteoarthritis and other commonly available pre- and post-operative clinical parameters on the clinical outcome in a ...
Konan S S NE (UCH) London Orthopaedic Training Rotation, 235 Euston Road, London, NW1 2BU, - - 2014
Accurate, reproducible outcome measures are essential for the evaluation of any orthopaedic procedure, in both clinical practice and research. Commonly used patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) have drawbacks such as 'floor' and 'ceiling' effects, limitations of worldwide adaptability and an inability to distinguish pain from function. They are also unable to ...
Karamustafaoglu Yekta Altemur YA 1 Department of Thoracic Surgery, Trakya University Faculty of Medicine , Edirne, Turkey - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy or sympathicotomy, for the treatment of palmar, axillary, and plantar hyperhidrosis, is generally performed at one or two levels, between T2 and T5. Compensatory sweating (CS) is a severe and undesirable side effect of this procedure. Here, we describe the success of treatment and degree ...
Vinciguerra Paolo - - 2014
To report initial clinical results of transepithelial corneal collagen cross-linking with iontophoresis (I-CXL). Twenty eyes of 20 patients diagnosed as having progressive keratoconus who underwent I-CXL were included in this prospective non-randomized clinical study. Corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), spherical equivalent and cylinder refraction, various corneal topography and Scheimpflug tomography ...
Goyal Jawahar Lal - - 2014
To compare visual outcome, higher-order aberrations, and corneal asphericity (Q value) between wavefront-guided and aspheric LASIK for myopia and myopic astigmatism. Forty patients were randomly selected to receive wavefront-guided LASIK (wavefront-guided group) or aspheric LASIK (aspheric group) (40 eyes of 20 patients in each group) using the Technolas 217z excimer ...
Hillyer Grace Clarke GC Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 722 W. 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, - - 2014
The quality of the bowel preparation directly influences colonoscopy effectiveness. Quality indicators are widely employed to monitor operator performance and to gauge colonoscopy effectiveness. Some have suggested that the enumeration of the mean number of adenomas per colonoscopy (MNA) may be a more useful measure of bowel preparation quality, but ...
Acar Mustafa M From the *ENT Clinics, Yunus Emre State Hospital, Eskisehir, Turkey; †ENT Clinics, Gaziosmanpaşa Taksim Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey; ‡Faculty of Medicine, ENT Department, Giresun University, Giresun, Turkey; §Faculty of Medicine, ENT Department, Kirikkale University, Kirikkale, Turkey; ∥Faculty of Medicine, ENT Department, Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Eskisehir, Turkey; and ¶ENT Department, Liv Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2014
We investigated the effects of lateral osteotomy on nasal sound intensity levels in 34 patients who underwent rhinoplasty. Four groups were evaluated: group 1, preoperative rhinoplasty with lateral osteotomy (Preop-RPwithLO); group 2, postoperative rhinoplasty with lateral osteotomy (Postop-RPwithLO); group 3, preoperative rhinoplasty without lateral osteotomy (Preop-RPwithoutLO); and group 4, postoperative ...
Steele Denise D Misericordia Community Hospital, Covenant Health, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada (Ms Steele); and Faculty of Nursing, University of Alberta and Heart Health and Stroke Strategic Clinical Networks, Alberta Health Services, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada (Dr Norris). Denise Steele, BSN, VA-BC, is a parenteral nurse clinician at Misericordia Hospital, where she leads the parenteral therapy team and develops infusion therapy policies and procedures for Covenant Health. Colleen M. Norris, PhD, is a professor in the faculty of nursing, an associate director of the research division of cardiovascular surgery, and an adjunct professor in the faculty of medicine in the School of Public Health Sciences at the University of Alberta. She is also the scientific director of the Heart Health and Stroke Strategic Clinical Network for Alberta Health - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine whether an association exists between cutting or trimming peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) and the development of deep vein thromboses (DVTs). An observational, retrospective study was conducted on 634 patients who had a PICC inserted between 2011 and 2012. Patients who had ...
Simsek Gokce G From the *Faculty of Medicine, Otolaryngology Head & Neck Surgery Department, Kirikkale University, Kirikkale; and †Faculty of Medicine, Otolaryngology Head & Neck Surgery Department, Kafkas University, Kars, - - 2014
: The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of patients with acute tympanic membrane perforation after spontaneous healing and paper-patching procedure. In this study, we performed a retrospective chart review with a prospective follow-up in 63 patients with tympanic membrane perforations. The patients undergoing a paper-patching procedure ...
Calis Mert M *Faculty of Medicine, Department of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Hacettepe University; †Faculty of Medicine, Audiology and Speech Pathology Unit, Department of Otolaryngology, Hacettepe University; and ‡Faculty of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology, Hacettepe University, Ankara, - - 2014
Development of normal speech is the primary goal of successful palatoplasty. The purpose of this study was to determine the importance of the contribution of vomer flap to palatoplasty procedure for speech function. Eighty-one children who underwent 2 flap palatoplasty procedures for cleft palate repair between 2002 and 2010 were ...
Kilavuz Ahmet Erdem AE From the *Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Malazgirt State Hospital, Mus, Turkey; and †Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Izmir Katip Celebi University, Ataturk Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, - - 2014
The aims of this study were to compare radiofrequency tissue reduction (RFTR) and electrocautery (EC) techniques by assessing preoperatively and 8 weeks postoperatively the visual analog scale (VAS), inspiratory peak flowmetry (IPF), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) volume measurement of the inferior turbinate and to see whether EC still stands ...
Rebecchi Fabrizio F From the Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Torino, Turin, - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) on gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in morbidly obese patients. Symptomatic GERD is considered by many a contraindication to LSG. However, studies evaluating the relationship between LSG and GERD by 24-hour pH monitoring are lacking. Consecutive morbidly obese patients selected for LSG ...
Caiazzo Robert R *General and Endocrine Surgery, Lille University Hospital, Lille, France †Inserm U 859, European Genomic Institute for Diabetes, Lille University, Lille, France ‡Hepathology, Lille University Hospital, Lille, France §Inserm U 995, Lille, France ¶Pathology, Lille University Hospital, Inserm U 837, Lille, France ‖Nutrition, Lille University Hospital, Lille, - - 2014
To compare the long-term benefit of gastric bypass [Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB)] versus adjustable gastric banding (AGB) on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in severely obese patients. NAFLD improves after weight loss surgery, but no histological study has compared the effects of the various bariatric interventions. Participants consisted of 1236 ...
Lerut Jan P JP *Starzl Unit of Abdominal Transplantation †Department of Pathology ‡Department Immunology, and §Department of Experimental Surgery, University Hospitals Saint-Luc, Université catholique Louvain (UCL), Brussels, Belgium ¶Department of Liver Transplantation, University of Sao Paulo (USP), Sao Paulo, Brazil ‖Department of Surgery, Section of Transplantation, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC **Hepatobiliary Unit, Imbanaco Medical center, Cali, - - 2014
To investigate the safety of minimal immunosuppression (IS) in liver transplantation (LT). The lack of long-term follow-up studies, including pathologic data, has led to a protean handling of IS in LT. Between February 2000 and September 2004, 156 adults were enrolled in a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled minimization trial comparing ...
Mc Cormack Orla O From the National Esophageal and Gastric Cancer Center, Trinity College Dublin, and St. James's Hospital, Dublin, - - 2014
To study new-onset postoperative atrial fibrillation in patients with esophageal and junctional cancer. Retrospective cohort study from a prospective data base. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is common after thoracic and esophageal surgical procedures. The full spectrum of risk factors, associations, and implications are unclear. All patients undergoing multimodal therapy or surgery ...
Lee Jong Dae JD Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Bucheon, - - 2014
We evaluated the short-term efficacy of Epley, Semont, and sham maneuvers for resolving posterior canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) in a prospective multicenter randomized double-blind controlled study. Subjects were randomly divided into three groups: Epley (36 patients), Semont (32 patients), and sham (Epley maneuver for the unaffected side, 31 ...
Nam Denis D Washington University Orthopaedics, Barnes Jewish Hospital, St. Louis, MO. - - 2014
The effect of a prior hip arthroscopy on the outcome of a subsequent metal-on-metal hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HRA) has not been studied. Forty-three patients received an HRA after a prior hip arthroscopy (arthroscopy cohort). A 1:2 matching analysis was performed to formulate a control cohort of 86 patients. Range of ...
Feng Xuebing X Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210008, - - 2014
Lupus nephritis (LN) is one of the most serious manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus. Although there have been substantial improvements in LN treatment over the last decade, the outcome remains unoptimistic in a considerable percentage of patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ...
Esposito Maria M Department of Dermatology, University of Rome "Tor Vergata", Rome, - - 2014
Postmarketing Phase IV Treatment adherence to anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha (anti-TNF-α) agents is marker of treatment success, but overall efficacy of anti-TNF-α therapy decreases over time leading to a progressive loss of adherence. The present observational study was conducted in order to estimate the long-term adherence to etanercept in patients ...
Ajuzieogu O V OV Department of Anesthesia, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, - - 2014
Postoperative ileus (POI) is a common complication following caesarean section. It impairs patients comfort; delays wound healing and prolong duration of hospital stay. Several methods have been used in the management of this condition with varying efficacy. Chewing gum postoperatively is a recent concept in the western world being advocated ...
El Ouali Sara - - 2014
Peptic ulcer rebleeding (PUR) usually occurs within three days following endoscopic hemostasis. However, recent data have increasingly suggested delayed rebleeding. 
 To better characterize the timing of PUR (Forrest Ia to IIb) following initially successful endoscopic hemostasis. 
 An exhaustive literature search (1989 to 2013), with cross-referencing, was performed to ...
Kimoto Suguru - - 2014
Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate whether an acrylic resin-based resilient liner (ARL) could improve the satisfaction ratings of complete denture wearers. The null hypothesis was that no difference exists between the satisfaction ratings of conventional acrylic resin denture (CARD) wearers and those of ARL denture (ARLD) ...
Douketis James J Professor in the Department of Medicine at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ont. - - 2014
To address common "what if" questions that arise relating to the long-term clinical follow-up and management of patients receiving the new oral anticoagulants (NOACs). For this narrative review, we searched the PubMed database for recent (January 2008 to week 32 of 2013) clinical studies relating to NOAC use for stroke ...
Wahoff Michael M - - 2014
Rehabilitation following hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) and labral-chondral dysfunction has evolved rapidly over the past 15 years. There have been multiple commentaries published on rehabilitation following hip arthroscopy without any published standardized objective criteria to address the advancement of the athlete through the phases of rehabilitation. The purpose ...
Al-Hwiesh Abdulla K AK Department of Internal Medicine, Nephrology Division, King Fahd University Hospital, Dammam University, Al-Khobar, Saudi - - 2014
Implantation of peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheters via the laparoscopic technique is expanding, but none of the studies concerning this technique have compared its outcome with the percutaneous insertion done by the nephrologist. We compared the technical survival and outcome of 52 PD catheters placed in 43 patients with end-stage renal ...
Yeganehkhah Mohammad Reza - - 2014
Contrast-induced nephropathy is the third most common cause of acute renal failure in hospitalized patients. The purpose of this study was to compare three supportive treat-ments for prevention of contrast-induced nephropathy in high-risk patients undergoing coronary angiography. In this randomized clinical trial study, 150 patients with at least one risk ...
Warner Meredith M Warner Orthopedics and Wellness Baton Rouge, Louisiana Orthopedic Surgeon Woman's Hospital, Baton Rouge General Hospital Baton Rouge, - - 2014
The primary aim of this study was to compare preoperative assessments with postoperative outcomes from patients undergoing foot and ankle revisions and/or complex reconstructions with tendon and/or nerve involvement using cryopreserved human amniotic membrane and umbilical cord (cHAM/UC). We hypothesized complex foot and ankle surgery using amniotic membrane would be ...
Lee Bo Hyung BH Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, - - 2014
Gynecomastia is benign enlargement of breast tissue in males and is fairly common. Mastectomy not only helps in improving the shape of anterior chest, but can also improve the location of nipple. Therefore, a principle element of mastectomy design is defining the normal location of nipple based on major anatomical ...
Ahmed Najia N Department of Dermatology, Combined Military Hospital, - - 2014
To determine the efficacy of clarithromycin in the treatment of Pityriasis Rosea (PR). Double blind randomized controlled trial. Dermatology OPD, Military Hospital, Rawalpindi, from July 2008 to July 2009. Patients aged above 10 years, diagnosed with PR, were randomly assigned to two groups of 30 each to receive either clarithromycin ...
Yang Mingyuan M Department of Orthopaedics, Changhai Hospital, Shanghai, - - 2014
Decompression and fusion is considered as the 'gold standard' for the treatment of degenerative lumbar diseases, however, many disadvantages have been reported in several studies, recently like donor site pain, pseudoarthrosis, nonunion, screw loosening, instrumentation failure, infection, adjacent segment disease (ASDis) and degeneration. Dynamic neutralization system (Dynesys) avoids many of ...
Wang Zheng-Fei ZF Department of Orthopedics, 1 Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou 215006, Jiangsu Province, China ; Department of Orthopedics, Changshu No. 1 People's Hospital, Changshu 215500, Jiangsu Province, - - 2014
Expansive open door laminoplasty with the use of titanium miniplate is becoming popular. Usually, the plate is applied at each level to prevent re-closure of the opened lamina. However, it is also used at alternating levels (i.e., C3, C5 and C7) in clinical settings in order to reduce the cost. ...
Oliveira Ecila P EP Departamento de Neurologia, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, SP, - - 2014
Objective Although benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) is an idiopathic, age-related epilepsy syndrome with favorable outcome, recent studies have shown impairment in specific neuropsychological tests. The objective of this study was to analyze the comorbidity between dyslexia and BECTS. Method Thirty-one patients with clinical and electroencephalographic diagnosis of BECTS ...
Liu Meng-Yue MY Department of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan Province, - - 2014
Postoperative gastrointestinal dysfunction (PGD) is one of the most common complications following major surgeries under general anesthesia (GA). Despite ongoing research and new drug treatments, abdominal distension within 24 h postoperatively occurs in 8%-28% of all surgeries. We aim to analyze the effectiveness of preventing PGD by preoperatively stimulating Neiguan ...
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