Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 9885
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Mohri Yasuhiko Y Department of Gastrointestinal and Pediatric Surgery, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-174 Edobashi, Tsu, Mie, 514-8507, Japan, - - 2014
Elderly patients are regarded as being at increased risk during major abdominal surgery because of a lack of functional reserve and an increased number of comorbidities. The aim of this study was to compare short- and long-term outcomes of laparoscopic gastrectomy between elderly and young gastric cancer patients. Two-hundred ten ...
Cheung Dae Young DY Department of Internal Medicine, Yeouido St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, 10 63-ro, Seoul, 150-713, - - 2014
Small rectal neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) can be treated with endoscopic resection. Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has been accepted as a reliable technique, but it is difficult. We evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of precut and endoscopic mucosal resection (CSI-EMR) for rectal NETs compared to ESD. Patients with rectal NETs were ...
Kornej Jelena J http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3551-1145 Department of Electrophysiology, Heart Center, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany Centre for Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Birmingham, City Hospital, Birmingham, - - 2014
Renal impairment is associated with poor prognosis in the setting of atrial fibrillation (AF). While AF catheter ablation is an effective treatment modality for AF burden reduction and improvement of symptoms, changes in renal function after catheter ablation and their association with rhythm outcome have not been studied in a ...
Providência Rui R Département de Rythmologie, Clinique Pasteur, 45 Avenue de Lombez, BP 27617, 31076 Toulouse Cedex 3, France - - 2014
Real-time measurement of contact force (CF) during catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) has been recently suggested to potentially impact procedural outcome. However, the role of CF intensity on mid-term results using the SmartTouch™ catheter has not been investigated so far. Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) using the SmartTouch™ catheter was ...
Li Bin B Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital of Capital Medical University, Beijing Aortic Disease Center, Beijing, - - 2014
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed is whether patients with acute type A aortic dissection have a better outcome after total arch replacement. Altogether, 138 papers were found using the reported search, of which 8 represented the best evidence ...
Forman Jacqueline M JM School of Nursing, University of British Columbia, Canada Heart Centre, St Paul's Hospital, Canada - - 2014
Aortic stenosis (AS) is a structural heart disease primarily associated with ageing. For people with multiple co-morbidities, surgical treatment may not be a safe or feasible option. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is indicated for patients with symptomatic AS who are at excessive risk for surgical valve replacement and are ...
Bin Sheng - - 2014
Retrospective study. To evaluate the outcome of artificial cervical disc replacement (ACDR) for the treatment of adjacent segment disease (ASD) after anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF). ACDF is the useful procedure for degenerative cervical diseases. However, studies have reported accelerated degeneration of functional spinal units (FSUs) adjacent to the ...
Morales Alvaro A Queen's University, Kingston, ON, - - 2014
Patients with high-risk recurrences after BCG failure have limited options. We performed an open-label study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravesical MCNA in this setting. Patients were treated intravesically with 8 mg MCNA weekly for 6 weeks followed by 3 weekly instillations at months 3, 6, 12, 18 ...
Galarza Marcelo M Regional Service of Neurosurgery, "Virgen de la Arrixaca" University Hospital, Murcia, - - 2014
The role of interspinous devices (ISD) after lumbar herniated disc surgery for the prevention of postoperative back pain is controversial. The aim of this comparative prospective study was to determine outcomes in a selective cohort with L5-S1 disc herniation and degenerative disc changes after microdiscectomy with or without insertion of ...
Bai Xiaowu - - 2014
IntroductionThis study investigated the incidence of delayed norepinephrine administration following the onset of septic shock and its effect on hospital mortality.MethodsWe conducted a retrospective cohort study using data from 213 adult septic shock patients treated at two general surgical intensive care units of a tertiary care hospital over a two ...
Kim Jae Ryun - - 2014
To report our experience with small incision lenticule extraction ("SMILE") for myopia treatment. In this prospective clinical study, we evaluated 447 eyes from 224 patients with myopia, with and without astigmatism. We followed the patients for 6 months after SMILE. The mean (+/-standard deviation, SD) spherical equivalent was -6.75 +/- ...
Zhong Fangying F School of Medicine and Health Management, Tongji Medical College, HuaZhong University of Science and Technology, No. 13 Hangkong Road, Wuhan, Hubei, - - 2014
This study compared physicians' practices on three treatment procedures and hospitalization days with guideline recommendations to assess guideline adherence in the treatment of advanced schistosomiasis japonica. Descriptive statistics were used to estimate patients' characteristics and rate of guideline adherence. And chi-square tests were used to assess influences of severity of ...
Sahin Cahit C Urology Clinic, Dr. Lutfi Kirdar Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey, - - 2014
This study aimed at evaluating the possible effects of residual fragments (RF) after shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) on the health-related quality of life (QOL) of the patients on a size-related basis. Eighty six patients with RF after SWL were divided into three groups: Group 1 (n:30 with fragments ≤2 mm), Group 2 ...
Altay Bulent B Department of Urology, Istanbul Medipol University, Medipol Hastanesi, Kosuyolu, Kadikoy, 34718, Istanbul, Turkey, - - 2014
The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of laser prostatectomy by using the latest 180-W XPS GreenLight laser with the new MoXy fiber in the surgical treatment of glands larger than 80 mL in a prospective study. From December 2011 to May 2013, 68 consecutive ...
Yuan Yong Y Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, No. 37, Guo Xue Xiang, Chengdu, Sichuan, China, - - 2014
Oesophagectomy followed by oesophagogastrostomy is the preferred treatment for early-stage oesophageal cancer. It carries the risk of anastomotic leakage after oesophagogastric anastomosis, which causes considerable morbidity and mortality and is one of the most dangerous complications. Omentoplasty has been recommended by some researchers to prevent anastomotic leaks associated with oesophagogastrostomy. ...
Hoashi Takaya T Departments of Pediatric Cardiovascular Surgery, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, 5-7-1, Fujishiro-dai, Suita, Osaka, 565-8565, Japan, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to review the surgical outcomes of conventional repair in patients with total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC). Between 1999 and 2012, 46 patients underwent conventional TAPVC repair; of those, 14 required emergent surgery within the first 24 h after their birth for coexisting intrinsic obstruction ...
Dias Celeste C Intensive Care Department, Neurocritical Care Unit, Hospital Sao Joao, Porto, Portugal, - - 2014
Kidney hyperfiltration with augmented renal clearance is frequently observed in patients with traumatic brain injury. The aim of this study is to report preliminary findings about the relationship between brain autoregulation impairment, estimated kidney glomerular filtration rate and outcome in critically ill patients after severe traumatic brain injury. Data collected ...
Santagostino E E Angelo Bianchi Bonomi Hemophilia and Thrombosis Center, IRCCS Ca' Granda Foundation, Maggiore Hospital Policlinico, Milan, - - 2014
Recombinant factor VIII (rFVIII) products provide a safe and efficacious replacement therapy for prevention and treatment of bleeding episodes in patients with haemophilia A. The present investigations from the multinational, open-label guardian(™) clinical trials assessed the haemostatic response of turoctocog alfa (NovoEight(®) ), a rFVIII product, in patients with severe ...
Fanfani Francesco F Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy, - - 2014
To evaluate the role of bladder training during postoperative hospital stay in patients submitted to nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy, and to identify any clinical or surgical factor associated with postoperative bladder dysfunction. Parallel group randomized single institution trial, on gynaecologic malignancies patients conducted in Catholic University of Sacred Heart Rome, between ...
Gokarn Nirmal N 1 Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, Montefiore Medical Center , Bronx, New - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: Acute splenic sequestration crisis is a devastating complication of sickle cell disease that can require prophylactic splenectomy. Historically, splenectomy before 5 years of age was avoided because of fear of overwhelming postsplenectomy sepsis. Recently, splenectomy has been performed as early as 2 years of age, but the safety ...
Carnesecchi O O Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospital Center of Saint-Etienne, Saint-Étienne, France, - - 2014
Gait pattern alterations were previously reported in association with objective patellar instability (OPI). Gait pattern comparison between a series of patients having undergone medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction and a sample of control subjects. Thirty patients at 6 months postoperatively after MPFL reconstruction and thirty control subjects were enrolled in the ...
Jagtap Jitendra J Muljibhai Patel Urological Hospital, Urology , Dr Virendra Desai Road, Nadiad , Nadiad, Gujarat, India, 387001 , +919974062260 ; - - 2014
Background and purpose: In PCNL (percutaneous nephrolithotomy), placement of the access tract into the kidney is an important aspect of the procedure and is responsible for the steep learning curve associated with the operation. The aim of the current prospective randomized trial was to assess the duration of radiation exposure ...
Liu Jack J JJ Department of Otolaryngology, University of Washington, Seattle, - - 2014
Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) aims to improve quality-of-life (QOL). Perception of QOL can change according to one's current medical or emotional state. This is known as response shift. It can be measured by the "then-test," which asks patients to report pretreatment symptoms after receiving treatment. Patients often do not ...
de Vries Jean-Paul P M JP Department of Vascular Surgery, St Antonius Hospital, Nieuwegein, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
The proximal aortic neck remains one of the challenges of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), and the risk of type Ia endoleak and endograft migration is increased in patients with short, large-diameter, or highly angulated necks. EndoAnchors have been used as an adjunct to EVAR in such patients, and the aim ...
Lekhanont Kaevalin K *Department of Ophthalmology, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand; and †Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the medium-term outcomes after Boston type 1 keratoprosthesis surgery in patients with poor prognosis for standard keratoplasty. A prospective study of a case series was conducted at a university-based referral center from 2006 to 2013. Forty-two eyes of 40 patients with a ...
Cykert Samuel S Division of General Internal Medicine and Clinical Epidemiology (SC), North Carolina Area Health Education Centers Program, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina; Thoracic Oncology Program (PRW), Leo Jenkins Cancer Center, Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina; Department of Biostatistics (LJE), Gillings School of Global Public Health, The University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina; Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine (FRM), The University of South Carolina School of Medicine; and Department of Health Policy and Management (PD-A), Gillings School of Global Public Health, The University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North - - 2014
Patients with early-stage lung cancer often have comorbid illnesses and fear debility and death when contemplating surgery. However, data that compare physical function of patients who receive surgery with similar patients who do not are sparse. The authors report 1-year outcome results for surgical and nonsurgical patients in a prospective ...
Salem Emad A EA Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Sharkia, - - 2014
To evaluate the use of lingual mucosal graft (LMG) as a substitute for tunica albuginea in the treatment of Peyronie disease (PD). Seventeen patients, reporting normal erectile function, with PD interfering with sexual function were operated on by plaque excision and grafting with LMG. Preoperative assessment included: the International Index ...
Sundelin Karin - - 2014
The aims of this study were to determine the 5-year incidence of posterior capsule opacification (PCO) requiring Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy in a representative mixed cohort of cataract patients, to determine risk factors for PCO and to investigate possible association with growth of human lens epithelial cells (HLEC) in vitro. Pieces ...
Huang ZeYu Z Department of Orthopaedics, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, People's Republic of - - 2014
This study was to investigate whether urinary catheterization could be avoided for patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) under general anesthesia with saphenous nerve block. 314 patients from a single surgical team were randomized to receive either an indwelling urinary catheter or no urinary catheter before the surgery. The results ...
Lin Tung-Yi - - 2014
The vacuum phenomenon within the intervertebral disc usually represents disc degeneration. There are no reports in the English literature that focus on the effect of an anterior vacuum disc on surgical outcome of same-segment spondylolisthesis. Patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS) or isthmic spondylolisthesis (IS) who underwent a spinal surgery between ...
Wilson Gregory C GC Departments of *Surgery †Gastroenterology ‡Endocrinology §Radiology, University of Cincinnati Medical Center ¶Department of Surgery, University of California San Diego School of Medicine ‖Department of Surgery, University of Chicago Medical Center; and **Department of Surgery, University of Arizona Medical - - 2014
Total pancreatectomy and islet cell autotransplantation (TPIAT) has been increasingly utilized for the management of chronic pancreatitis (CP) with early success. However, the long-term durability of this operation remains unclear. All patients undergoing TPIAT for the treatment of CP with 5-year or greater follow-up were identified for inclusion in this ...
Choi Hong Seok HS 1Digestive Disease Center, Department of Internal Medicine, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea 2Department of Internal Medicine, Sahm Yook Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
Many patients report discomfort because of the unpleasant taste of bowel preparation solutions. This study aimed to determine whether adding orange juice to 2 L of polyethylene glycol plus ascorbic acid is effective for reducing patient discomfort and improving palatability during bowel preparation. This was a single-blinded, randomized controlled trial. ...
Paquette Ian M IM 1Department of Surgery, Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio 2Adirondack Surgical Group, Saranac Lake, New York 3Cincinnati Research on Outcomes and Safety in Surgery (CROSS), Cincinnati, - - 2014
The Cleveland Clinic Florida Fecal Incontinence score is widely used to assess the severity of fecal incontinence. We hypothesized that the Cleveland Clinic Fecal Florida Incontinence score is useful at establishing baseline disease severity, but it may underestimate the response to treatment following sacral neuromodulation because of the large number ...
Madbouly Khaled M KM Department of Surgery, University of Alexandria, Alexandria, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the ligation of the intersphincteric fistula track with the mucosal advancement flap in the treatment of high transsphincteric anal fistulas. This was a prospective randomized study performed at academic medical centers. Patients with transsphincteric anal fistulas involving the upper part of anal ...
Floodeen Hannah H 1Department of Surgery, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden 2Department of Surgery, Linköping University Hospital, Linköping, Sweden 3Örebro University, Örebro, - - 2014
Anorectal function after rectal surgery with low anastomosis is often impaired. Outcome of long-term anorectal function is poorly understood but may improve over time. We evaluated anorectal function 5 years after low anterior resection for cancer with regard to whether patients had a temporary stoma at initial resection. The objective ...
Aung K J M KJ Damien Foundation, Dhaka, - - 2014
Tuberculosis (TB) program, Damien Foundation Projects, Bangladesh. To summarize the outcome and its determinants of the first treatment for multidrug-resistant TB using a standardized regimen consisting of a minimum 9 months. This was a prospective, observational study of a gatifloxacin (GFX) based directly observed regimen, mainly with initial hospitalization. The ...
Oki Gosuke G Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study evaluated recovery from chronic lateral epicondylitis after arthroscopic treatment. Twenty-three consecutive patients (5 men, 18 women) with chronic lateral epicondylitis underwent arthroscopic surgery. Patients were a mean age of 49 years. Prospective outcome data were collected before the operation and at 1, 2, 3, 6, 12 and 24 months after ...
Cusick Michael C MC Florida Orthopaedic Institute, Tampa, FL, - - 2014
The use of cortical suspensory fixation in conjunction with an interference screw to treat distal biceps ruptures has yielded favorable results. However, literature examining the incidence of fixation failure in a large consecutive series of patients treated with this technique is lacking. A retrospective review of electronic medical records identified ...
Welsh Kerry J KJ From the Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Texas at - - 2014
Patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) are at risk of bleeding. The goal of this investigation was to compare thromboelastography (TEG) with standard coagulation tests (prothrombin time [PT], partial thromboplastin time [PTT], fibrinogen, and D-dimer) in patients with active bleeding. A retrospective study of patients who underwent cardiac ...
Sarr Michael G MG Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN. Electronic address: - - 2014
This prospective, multicenter, randomized clinical trial was performed to compare the effectiveness of the bioprosthesis Surgisis Gold (Cook Biotech, Inc, West Lafayette, IN) to suture closure alone in reinforcing the abdominal wall after open Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). A total of 402 adult patients (body mass index ≥35 kg/m(2)) scheduled to ...
Matharu Gs G Royal Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, - - 2014
High short-term failure rates have been reported for a variety of metal-on-metal (MoM) total hip replacements (THRs) owing to adverse reactions to metal debris (ARMD). This has led to the withdrawal of certain poorly performing THRs. This study analysed the outcomes of a MoM THR system. Between 2004 and 2010, ...
Coillard C C Sainte Justine Hospital, Montréal, QC, Canada - - - 2014
The purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the efficacy of the Dynamic SpineCor brace for early idiopathic scoliosis (15°-30°) compared to the natural evolution of the disease. 68 patients participated in this study (32 treated and 36 controls) with at least 5 years follow-up. The inclusion criteria ...
Leung Joyce H Y JH Departments of Imaging and Interventional Radiology (J.H.Y.L., S.C.H.Y., M.M.B.T., S.S.Y.H., V.Y.F.L., A.T.A.) and Obstetrics and Gynecology (E.C.W.C., A.S.W.W.), Prince of Wales Hospital, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong - - 2014
We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of sonographically guided high-intensity focused ultrasound for treating patients with symptomatic uterine fibroids using a modified protocol. This work was part of an ongoing prospective phase 1 study. Twenty patients with 22 symptomatic fibroids were treated with sonographically guided high-intensity focused ultrasound ...
Ferrada Paula P Division of Trauma, Critical Care, and Emergency Surgery, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia USA. - - 2014
Limited transthoracic echocardiography (LTTE) has been introduced as a hemodynamic tool for trauma patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of LTTE during the evaluation of nonsurviving patients who presented to the trauma bay with traumatic cardiac arrest. Approval by the Institutional Review Board was obtained. ...
Sandberg Jason M JM Department of Urology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, - - 2014
To assess the role of robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) in elderly patients focusing on perioperative, functional, and oncologic outcomes in comparison with a younger cohort. From a prospectively maintained institutional review board-approved database, 339 patients were divided into 2 groups defined by age ≥70 (n = 71) or <70 years (n = 268) at the ...
Qvarfordh Pernilla - - 2014
The aim of this pilot study was to investigate whether it was feasible and safe to mobilize patients shortly after lumbar disc surgery with the objective of reducing postoperative complications and allowing shorter hospitalization. Randomized controlled study. The patients were randomized into two groups, intervention and control groups. Those in ...
Ilkkaya Nazan Koylu - - 2014
To compare effects of music, white noise, and ambient (background) noise on patient anxiety and sedation. Open, parallel, and randomized controlled trial. Seventy-five patients aged 18 to 60 years who were scheduled for surgical procedures under spinal anesthesia were randomly assigned to ambient noise (Group O), white noise (Group B), or ...
Ileri Zehra Z Assistant professor, Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Selcuk University, Konya, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of transient bacteremia after a piezocision procedure. The sample consisted of 30 subjects (24 women, 6 men; mean age, 19.6 ± 0.7 years; range, 18.1-22.4 years) with the American Society of Anesthesiologists' physical status I. All patients had Class I skeletal and dental relationships ...
Horne Aaron A Jr Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, - - 2014
Severe aortic stenosis (AS) results in considerable morbidity and mortality without aortic valve replacement and is expected to increase in prevalence with the aging population. Because AS primarily affects the elderly, many patients with comorbidities are poor candidates for surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) and may not be referred. Transcatheter ...
Ozogul Bunyami B From the Department of General Surgery, Medical Faculty, Ataturk University, Erzurum, - - 2014
Previous studies have evaluated the presence of juxtapapillary duodenal diverticula (JPDD) and the association with pancreatobiliary disease, but not the association of the papilla with an existing JPDD. We investigated the association of different localizations of the papilla with JPDD. We studied patients in whom JPDD was detected during endoscopic ...
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