Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 9147
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Lee Jun Young JY Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chosun University Hospital, Dong-Gu, GwangJu, Republic of - - 2014
The present study assessed the changes in the length of the first metatarsal bone after performing proximal chevron metatarsal osteotomy (PCMO) or distal Chevron metatarsal osteotomy (DCMO) for patients with hallux valgus deformity. A total of 60 patients with moderate-to-severe hallux valgus deformity from July 2009 to July 2011 were ...
Shintaku Haruo H Department of Pediatrics, Osaka City University School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the safety and efficacy of tetrahydrobiopterin therapy with sapropterin to treat tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4)-responsive phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) deficiency in children aged <4 years compared with those aged ≥4 years. We analyzed a longitudinal follow-up study conducted in all patients with BH4-responsive PAH deficiency throughout Japan. At the end of 2011, 43 ...
Serruys Patrick W PW International Centre for Cardiovascular Health, Imperial College, London, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Despite rapid dissemination of an everolimus-eluting bioresorbable scaffold for treatment for coronary artery disease, no data from comparisons with its metallic stent counterpart are available. In a randomised controlled trial we aimed to compare an everolimus-eluting bioresorbable scaffold with an everolimus-eluting metallic stent. Here we report secondary clinical and procedural ...
Oezkur Mehmet - - 2014
Fatty acid binding protein (FABP) is an intracellular transport protein associated with myocardial damage size in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Furthermore, elevated FABP serum concentrations are related to a number of common comorbidities, such as heart failure, chronic kidney disease, diabetes mellitus, and metabolic syndrome, which represent important risk factors ...
Muneta Takeshi T Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Medical Hospital, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8519, Japan, - - 2014
To introduce a new behind-remnant approach for double-bundle (DB) anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction and to compare the femoral tunnel positions of anteromedial (AM) and posterolateral (PL) bundles between the new and standard procedures by a three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT). During DB ACL reconstruction, two approaches for femoral tunnel creation ...
Cotic Matthias M Department of Orthopaedic Sports Medicine, Technical University of Munich, Ismaningerstr. 22, 81675, Munich, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate the clinical, radiographic, and sports-related outcome at 24 months after valgus-producing medial open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (owHTO) using a 2nd generation peek-carbon composite plate. Between 2010 and 2011, the 2nd generation PEEKPower HTO-Plate(®) was used for medial owHTO in 28 consecutive patients ...
Sugita Takehiko T Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tohoku Orthopaedic Clinic, 4-9-22 Kamiyagari, Izumi-ku, Sendai, 981-3121, Japan, - - 2014
Recently, the Japanese knee osteoarthritis measure (JKOM), a new disease-specific and patient-derived quality of life (QOL) measure, has been developed. The objectives of this study were to longitudinally evaluate QOL assessed by JKOM and objective outcomes including knee society score (KSS), range of motion (ROM), and timed up and go ...
Runkel Mira M St George's Hospital Medical School, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London, SW17 0RE, UK, - - 2014
There is overwhelming evidence for the antidiabetic effect of obesity surgery, but few reports involve objective longitudinal measurements of severity of type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This study applies a grading scheme and analyses the prognostic impact of routine clinical factors. This retrospective study includes 77 obese diabetic patients with a ...
Panch Sandhya R SR Hematology/Transfusion Medicine, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, - - 2014
Therapeutic phlebotomy is increasingly used in patients with transfusional siderosis to mitigate organ injury associated with iron overload (IO). Laboratory response variables and therapy duration are not well characterized in such patients. We retrospectively evaluated 99 consecutive patients undergoing therapeutic phlebotomy for either transfusional IO (TIO, n = 88; 76% had undergone ...
Wang Lian-Zhao LZ Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, No. 33 Ba-Da-Chu Road, Shi Jing Shan District, Beijing, 100144, People's Republic of - - 2014
Management of facial post-burn hyperpigmentation is a common and challenging problem for dermatologists and plastic surgeons. The recent development of micro-plasma radiofrequency technology, which allows precise and rapid treatment with controlled thermal injury, can be an effective treatment of post-burn hyperpigmentation. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and complications ...
Duff Jonathan P JP Department of Pediatrics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine neurocognitive outcomes 4.5 years after surgery for TAPVC in infancy and predictors of these outcomes. A cohort having TAPVC repair at age ≤6 weeks between 1998 and 2007 were followed by the Complex Pediatric Therapies Follow-up Program at 4.5 years. Outcomes include mortality, full-scale intelligence ...
Zhang Hao-Xuan HX Department of Orthopedics, Shandong University Qilu Hospital, No.107, Wen Hua Xi Road, Jinan, Shandong, 250012, People's Republic of - - 2014
Total cervical artificial disc replacement (TDR) simulates normal disc structure, thus avoiding the drawbacks of anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF). This prospective, randomized, controlled and multicentre study aimed to evaluate clinical and radiographic outcomes by comparing cervical disc replacement using Mobi-C disc prostheses with ACDF. This prospective, randomized, controlled ...
Ferrero E E Department of Pediatric Orthopaedics, Robert Debré Hospital, Paris 7 University, AP-HP, 48 boulevard Sérurier, 75019, Paris, France, - - 2014
Thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) curves (Lenke 1-4) are often characterized by hypokyphosis. Sagittal alignment remains challenging to correct, even with recent posterior segmental instrumentation. Some authors recommend anterior endoscopic release (AER) to reduce anterior column height, and facilitate thoracic kyphosis correction. The aim of this study was to assess ...
Demirhan Erhan E Department of Speech and Language Pathology, Anadolu University Faculty of Health Sciences, Eskisehir, Turkey Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of quantum molecular resonance (QMR) energy in phonomicrosurgery. Quantum molecular resonance energy (QMRE) is an innovative technology that provides low temperature cutting and coagulation of tissues and causes minimal tissue damage during the procedure. Because of these features, this technology ...
Frank Rachel M RM Division of Sports Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, USA - - 2014
Hip capsular management after hip arthroscopic surgery for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is controversial. To compare the clinical outcomes of patients undergoing hip arthroscopic surgery for FAI with T-capsulotomy with partial capsular repair (PR; closed vertical incision, open interportal incision) versus complete capsular repair (CR; full closure of both incisions). The ...
Olsen Joshua R JR Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, - - 2014
Distal biceps brachii tendon repairs performed by a "tension slide technique" with a cortical button and interference screw (CB) are stronger than repairs by suture anchor (SA) techniques in biomechanical studies. However, clinical comparison of the 2 techniques is lacking in the literature. Distal biceps tendon ruptures repaired with either ...
Kim Jun Seok - - 2014
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a life-threatening arrhythmia that carries the high risk of thromboembolic complication. Stroke often develops in patients who undergo successful Cox Maze procedure, despite the fact that the procedure has shown a high rate of success in sinus conversion from AF. This study examined the preoperative risk ...
Kotlinska-Hasiec Edyta E Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Therapy, Medical University of Lublin, Jaczewskiego 8, 20-954, Lublin, - - 2014
Increases in plasma kynurenic acid (KYNA) concentration relate to the severity of inflammation. The aim of this study was to analyse changes in plasma KYNA concentration and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in cardiac surgery patients. Additionally, the effect of anaesthesia was analysed. Adult cardiac surgery patients under intravenous general anaesthesia were ...
Chaudhary Charu C Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Swami Rama Himalayan University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, - - 2014
The objective of this paper is to study the incidence of cystoid macular edema (CME) using optical coherence tomography (OCT) following uneventful small incision cataract surgery (SICS) and phacoemulsification. This was a descriptive, prospective study where 200 patients undergoing cataract surgery were randomly divided into two groups over a period ...
Albert Jörg G JG Department of Medicine 1, J. W. Goethe University Hospital, Frankfurt, - - 2014
Background and study aims: During endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), a guidewire is used to cannulate biliary strictures and allow for therapeutic interventions. The aim of this study was to assess the success of stricture cannulation using a combination of a flexible guidewire and a stable nitinol wire vs. a novel, ...
Mostafa Mohamed F MF Orthopedic Oncology Unit, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mansoura University Hospital, 36 Al-Gomhoria Street, P.O. Box 35516, Mansoura, Egypt, - - 2014
Aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) of the fibula poses a challenge as to the most appropriate treatment particularly in children and adolescents. A prospective study was conducted to evaluate the results of subperiosteal resection of fibular ABCs. Eleven patients (six boys and five girls) with an average age of 12.4 years (6-18 years) ...
Reser Diana D Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, - - 2014
Background Minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass grafting (MIDCAB) has gained wide acceptance for the treatment of single vessel disease of the left anterior descending artery (LAD). Here, we present our single center experience of 152 consecutive patients. Materials and Methods All patients underwent MIDCAB through a left anterior minithoracotomy between January ...
Beer Lucian L Department of Thoracic Surgery, Medical University Vienna, Vienna, - - 2014
Background Open-heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is associated with a generalized immune response and postoperative lung dysfunction. Chemokines are involved in the pathogenesis of postoperative lung dysfunction. We investigated whether continued mechanical ventilation during CPB has an impact on chemokine serum concentrations. Methods A total of 30 patients undergoing coronary artery ...
Tosun Bilgehan B Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Kocaeli University School of Medicine, Uctepeler Mevkii Umuttepe Kampusu, 41380, Izmit, Turkey, - - 2014
There has been no uniform and extensive description of the use of expandable cages in the setting of thoracolumbar tuberculosis. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the results of the expandable cages and compare with autogenous strut grafting in thoracolumbar tuberculosis. From January 2003 to January 2014, a ...
Aarts Floor F Department of Internal Medicine, Slotervaart Hospital, Louwesweg 6, 1066 EC, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Weight loss after gastric bypass surgery depends on the adoption of healthy dietary recommendations, which may be influenced by psychological issues and patients' attachment representations (habitual states of mind with respect to interpersonal relations). The present study tests (1) whether attachment representations are associated with dietary adherence, (2) whether dietary ...
Chu Danny D Heart and Vascular Institute, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania2Division of Cardiac Surgery, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
Since the advent of transcatheter aortic valve replacement, the multidisciplinary heart team (MHT) approach has rapidly become the standard of care for patients undergoing the procedure. However, little is known about the potential effect of MHT on patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). To determine the safety and efficacy of ...
Ulfarsson Trandur T Center for Brain Repair and Rehabilitation, Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Rehabilitation, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg , Gothenburg , Sweden - - 2014
Abstract Primary objective: Life expectancy may be substantially reduced for many years after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). This study investigated the patterns of the short- and long-term all-cause mortality and the rates of primary causes of death in patients with severe TBI. Subjects: This study was of 166 consecutive ...
Harbarth S S Division of Infectious Diseases, Geneva University Hospitals and Medical School, Geneva, Switzerland Infection Control Program, Geneva University Hospitals and Medical School, Geneva, Switzerland - - 2014
The therapeutic arsenal for MRSA infections is limited. The aim of this study was to assess the non-inferiority of a combination of trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole plus rifampicin versus linezolid alone for the treatment of MRSA infection. We conducted a randomized, open-label, single-centre, non-inferiority trial comparing trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (160 mg/800 mg three times daily) ...
Hudcova Jana J From the *Department of Surgical Critical Care, Lahey Hospital & Medical Center, Burlington, Massachusetts; †Biostatistics Research Center, Institute for Clinical Research and Health Policy Studies, Tufts Medical Center; ‡Tufts Clinical and Translational Science Institute, Tufts University; and §Department of Anesthesiology, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, - - 2014
Reports of perioperative serum sodium increase in liver transplant (LT) recipients are mostly restricted to unintentional rapid serum sodium overcorrection with subsequent development of central pontine myelinolysis. We examined intraoperative serum sodium changes and their effect on short-term outcomes after LT. We retrospectively analyzed data of all LT recipients over ...
Buciuto Robert R Orthopaedic Department, St Olavs Hospital University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway - - 2014
We conducted a prospective randomized trial to compare the most popular osteotomy types of operative treatment of hallux valgus (HV) used in Norway, Mitchell's osteotomy (MO) and chevron osteotomy (CO). One hundred twenty adult female patients were prospectively randomized to treatment with either MO or CO. All operative procedures were ...
Gonzalez Andrew A AA *Center for Healthcare Outcomes and Policy (CHOP) and Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor †Department of Surgery, University of Illinois Hospital and Health Sciences System, Chicago, IL ‡University of Illinois at - - 2014
To determine if mortality varies by time-to-readmission (TTR). Although readmissions reduction is a national health care priority, little progress has been made toward understanding why only some readmissions lead to adverse outcomes. In this retrospective cross-sectional cohort analysis, we used 2005-2009 Medicare data on beneficiaries undergoing colectomy, lung resection, or ...
Cai Yulong Y Department of Bile Duct Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of percutaneous needle aspiration (PNA) and percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) in the management of liver abscess. Electronic searches (Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, SCIE) were conducted to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing PNA and PCD. A meta-analysis was subsequently performed. ...
Wu Zhi-Fu ZF From the *Department of Anesthesiology, Tri-Service General Hospital and National Defense Medical Center, Taipei; †Department of Anesthesiology, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital and Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung; ‡School of Public Health, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei; §Graduate Institute of Life Sciences, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei; and ‖Department of Nursing, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of - - 2014
Anesthetic techniques can contribute to reduction of anesthesia-controlled time to improve operating room (OR) efficiency. However, little is known about the difference in anesthesia-controlled time between propofol-based total IV anesthesia (TIVA) and desflurane anesthesia (DES) techniques for ophthalmic surgery under general anesthesia. We performed a retrospective analysis using hospital databases ...
Yasaka Masahiro M Department of Cerebrovascular Medicine and Neurology, National Hospital Organization, Kyushu Medical - - 2014
The incidence of intracranial bleeding is known to be markedly higher in Japan and other East Asian countries than in countries outside of East Asia. Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) have much lower risk of intracranial bleeding than warfarin, so we reviewed the effect of this class of drugs ...
Thomas Abbey C AC University of Colorado, Physical Therapy Program, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Aurora, CO 80045, United - - 2014
Quadriceps and hamstrings weakness and co-activation are present following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and may impair functional performance. How surgery and post-operative rehabilitation influence muscle activation during walking early after surgery is unclear. Examine muscle strength and activation during walking before and one and 6-months post-TKA. Ten patients (n=6 female; ...
Gu Xiao X Department of Urology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104; Department of Urology, Clinical Medical College at Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225001. Electronic address: - - 2014
With the prevalence of obesity in the United States, a significant proportion of robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) candidates have an elevated body mass index (BMI). We determine if this impacts on the clinical outcomes of RALP. 218 consecutive patients underwent RALP were identified from a prospectively maintained RALP database.recorded and ...
Cagle Paul J PJ Jr Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN and TRIA Orthopaedic Center, Bloomington, MN. Electronic address: - - 2014
To prospectively report the outcomes of open carpal tunnel release with respect to patient age and medical comorbidities. Nine hundred fifty open carpal tunnel procedures in 826 patients (age range, 21-100 y) at a high-volume orthopedic surgery center were evaluated. Self-reported symptom severity and functional scores were collected using the ...
Larson Timothy B TB Department of Orthopaedics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the success of reduction and association of the scaphoid and lunate with a fibrous union in an effort to evaluate the technique's validity and reproducibility. A retrospective review was performed on 7 patients (8 wrists) with an average follow-up of 38 months. Static and grip radiographs were examined ...
Worku Berhane B Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Weill Cornell Medical College/New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, N.Y., - - 2014
Objectives: Significant improvements in outcomes after pulmonary embolectomy have resulted in a broadening of indications. We reviewed our experience with pulmonary embolectomy over the past 12 years with an emphasis on preoperative comorbidities and postoperative morbidity and mortality. Methods: All patients undergoing pulmonary embolectomy over the past 12 years at ...
de Azevedo José R A JR Intensive Care Unit, São Domingos Hospital, Maranhao, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of the study is to compare the clearance of procalcitonin (PCT-c) in the first 24 and 48 hours of treatment of severe sepsis and septic shock with another early prognostic marker represented by the 48-hour Δ Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA). Prospective, observational cohort study conducted in a ...
Mohty Dania D From the CHU Limoges, Hôpital Dupuytren, Service Cardiologie (D.M., C.B., J.M., N.E., P.V., V.A.) and Service de Chirurgie thoracique et cardiovasculaire (E.C., M.L.), Limoges, France; INSERM 1094, Faculté de médecine de Limoges, Limoges, France (D.M., J.M.); and Québec Heart & Lung Institute, Department of Medicine, Laval University, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada (P.P., J.D.). - - 2014
Patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) and paradoxical low flow (PLF) have worse outcome compared with those with normal flow. Furthermore, prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) after aortic valve replacement is a predictor of reduced survival. However, the prevalence and prognostic impact of PPM in patients with PLF-AS are unknown. We aimed ...
Kim Joon Bum JB From the Deparment of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (J.B.K., S.J.C., W.K.K., H.J.K., S.-H.J., C.H.C., J.W.L.) and Division of Cardiology (J.-K.S.), Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Optimal management strategy of acute aortic dissection (AD) with retrograde extension from entry tear in the descending aorta into the ascending aorta remains undetermined. Of the 538 patients who were diagnosed as having acute AD from 1999 through 2011, 49 patients (37 men; 52.5±13.1 years) were identified as having entry ...
Tong Yao Y Department of Anesthesiology, Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China; Department of Anesthesiology, East Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, - - 2014
Dexmedetomidine has become a popular additive for regional anesthesia. Aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the effect of this additive on the duration of postoperative analgesia and possible adverse events in pediatrics undergoing orchidopexy or lower abdominal surgery. The literature databases of PubMed, Google Scholar, and Cochrane Library were ...
Sener Nevzat Can NC Adana Numune Training and Research Hospital, Urology , Huzurevleri , Adana, Turkey, 01330 ; - - 2014
Objectives To investigate the effect of Metabolic Syndrome (MS) and its components on the outcomes of transurethral resection of prostate (TURP). Methods Fifty patients with MS and 50 without MS were enrolled for the study. Patients without MS were assigned to Group 1 and patients with MS were in Group ...
Kumar Anup A VMMC and Safdarjung Hospital, Urology , Department of Urology , New Delhi, Delhi, India, 110029 , 91-9811459801 , 91-011-26190954 ; - - 2014
Aims and Objectives: The optimal management method of lower calyceal calculi is still undefined. We performed a prospective randomized comparison to evaluate safety and efficacy of shock wave lithotripsy and flexible ureteroscopy for lower calyceal calculus ≤ 2 cm. Materials and Methods: Between Dec 2011 and Jan 2012, 195 patients ...
Giannopoulos Georgios G Department of Cardiology, Athens General Hospital "G. Gennimatas", Athens, Greece; Hellenic Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Athens, Greece; Section of Cardiovascular Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, - - 2014
To test the hypothesis that angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) affect soluble tumor-necrosis-factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (sTRAIL) and this interaction is associated with less in-drug-eluting-stent (DES) neointimal hyperplasia following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). From our database of patients with elective PCI and baseline intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) evaluation of the implanted DES, ...
Ogden Jane J Department of Psychology, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK, - - 2014
The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the impact of a health psychology-led bariatric rehabilitation service (BRS) on patient weight loss following bariatric surgery at 1 year. A single-site open-randomised parallel group control trial based at St. Richard's Hospital in Chichester in the UK. Patients (n = 162) were recruited immediately ...
Srivastava Vinit K VK Department of Anesthesia, Apollo Hospitals, Bilaspur, 495006, Chhattisgarh, India, - - 2014
The present study evaluated the efficacy of preoperative pregabalin for prevention of catheter-related bladder discomfort. Prospective, randomized, placebo controlled, double blinded study. Sixty patients of either sex undergoing elective spine surgery and requiring urinary bladder catheterization were randomly assigned to two groups. The patients in Group P (pregabalin group) received ...
Harper Carl M CM Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Harvard Medical School, 55 Fruit Street, White Building 535, Boston, MA, 02114, USA, - - 2014
The use of animals to augment traditional medical therapies was reported as early as the 9(th) century but to our knowledge has not been studied in an orthopaedic patient population. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of animal-assisted therapy using therapy dogs in the postoperative recovery ...
Dos Reis Brandão da Silveira Simone S Hospital Universitário da Universidade de São Paulo, R. Luis Martins, 5/ 102, São Paulo, SP, Brazil, 05060-050, - - 2014
This trial aimed to compare the outcomes of native vaginal tissue repair versus polypropylene mesh repair for the treatment of severe genital prolapse. This multicenter randomized trial included 184 women, with POP-Q stage 3 or 4. They were randomly assigned to undergo surgical treatment using native tissue repair (n = 90) or ...
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