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Results 301 - 350 of 8850
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Wong To - - 2014
Background: Uni-knee arthroplasty (UKA) has shown better knee kinematics and motion that may better suit the activities of daily living in Eastern countries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the functional outcomes of UKA for medial compartment knee arthropathy in Asian patients. Methods: The study cohort consisted of ...
Valerio M M 1] Division of Surgery and Interventional Science, University College London, London, UK [2] Department of Urology, University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK [3] Department of Urology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Lausanne, - - 2014
Background:To evaluate the safety and clinical feasibility of focal irreversible electroporation (IRE) of the prostate.Methods:We assessed the toxicity profile and functional outcomes of consecutive patients undergoing focal IRE for localised prostate cancer in two centres. Eligibility was assessed by multi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) and targeted and/or template biopsy. IRE ...
Abdou Yasser E YE Orthopedic Department, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, 25 St Elsebai ElZanfali, Zefta, Gharbeyia, Egypt, - - 2014
Successful outcome following patellar tendon rupture requires robust restoration of the extensor mechanism continuity. Rupture of the patellar tendon occurs most commonly in patients younger than 40 years and is the result of an indirect large force generated by contraction of the quadriceps, which is estimated to be at least 17.5 ...
Müller Ulrike U Department of Orthopaedics, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Munich, Marchioninistrasse 15, 81377, Munich, Germany, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to find predictive parameters for a successful resumption of pre-injury level of sport 6 months post anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. In a prospective study, 40 patients with a ruptured ACL were surgically treated with semitendinosus tendon autograft. Six months after surgery, strength of knee ...
Rathod Parthiv P Department of Orthopedics, NYU School of Medicine, New York, New - - 2014
There are limited data on the influence of a reduced tourniquet time strategy on the clinical outcome of primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The aim of our study was to prospectively compare clinical recovery in two groups of patients undergoing TKA based on differences in tourniquet strategy at the same ...
Bryniarski Leszek L I Klinika Kardiologii i Elektrokardiologii Interwencyjnej oraz Nadciśnienia Tętniczego Szpital Uniwersytecki, Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Collegium Medicum, Kraków, Polska. - - 2014
The effectiveness of revascularization procedures of coronary chronic total occlusion (CTO) has been improved by the introduction of retrograde approaches. This study compared the outcomes of CTO revascularization in a single center in Kraków, Poland using antegrade and retrograde approaches. From January 2011 to September 2013, 150 patients underwent 159 ...
Khoramnia Ramin R Department of Ophthalmology, International Vision Correction Research Centre (IVCRC) and David J Apple International Laboratory of Ophthalmic Pathology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, - - 2014
To assess over a 36-month period functional results of the modified INTRACOR femtosecond laser-based intrastromal procedure to treat presbyopia. 20 eyes of 20 presbyopic patients with mild hyperopia were included. The INTRACOR procedure with a modified pattern (six concentric intrastromal ring cuts) was performed using the FEMTEC femtosecond laser (Bausch+Lomb/Technolas ...
Kalaiselvi Ganapathy G Cornea and Refractive Services, Aravind Eye Hospital, Pondicherry, - - 2014
To evaluate the outcomes of treating deep recalcitrant fungal keratitis with intrastromal voriconazole injection. Twenty-five patients with culture proven fungal keratitis, not responding to a combination of topical 5% natamycin and 1% voriconazole were treated with intrastromal voriconazole (50 µg/0.1 mL) injected in five divided doses around the infiltrate to form a ...
Renno Anas A Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, University of Toledo Medical Center, Toledo, OH, - - 2014
To evaluate retrievable IVC filters in our institution and assess their retrieval following a well-structured follow up program. Retrospective cohort study. The medical records of patients implanted with retrievable IVC filters were reviewed. All retrievable filter insertions between July 2007 and August 2011 at our institution were reviewed. Data was ...
Razouki Zayd Z From the Center for Healthcare Organization and Implementation Research, Bedford VA Medical Center, Bedford, MA (Z.R., A.O., S.Z., G.K.J., A.J.R.); Department of Medicine, Section of General Internal Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA (Z.R., A.J.R.); and Biostatistics Section, Center for Patient Safety and Quality Research, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA (A.O.). - - 2014
Among patients receiving warfarin, percent time in therapeutic range (TTR) and international normalized ratio (INR) variability predict adverse events individually. Here, we examined what is added to the prediction of adverse events by using both measures together. We included 40 404 patients anticoagulated for atrial fibrillation, aged 65+, within the ...
Wei Xiao-Er XE Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai, PR - - 2014
Intravenous administration of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) is approved treatment for acute ischemic stroke <3 h of symptom onset. To determine the impact of the timing and degree of recanalization on clinical outcome after rtPA infusion in patients. Seventy-five patients with ischemic stroke in the middle cerebral artery territory treated ...
Lin Liang L Pharmacy & Therapeutics Office, Group Corporate Development, National Healthcare Group, Singapore - - 2014
To systematically review the efficacy and tolerability of 4 prostaglandin analogues (PGAs) as first-line monotherapies for intraocular pressure (IOP) lowering in adult patients with primary open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension. A literature search was performed in PubMed (1965-June 2013) and the Cochrane Library (1980-June 2013) using the search terms ocular ...
Seo Hyungseok H Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
To evaluate the effects of heated humidified ventilation on mucociliary function during general anaesthesia. Male patients (ASA physical status 1 or 2), scheduled for elective radical retropubic prostatectomy, were allocated to receive sevoflurane general anaesthesia with conventional or heated humidified ventilation. Bronchial mucus transport velocity was assessed via fibreoptic bronchoscope ...
Steiner Frederica F Gillies McIndoe Research Institute, Wellington, New - - 2014
Ethanol sclerotherapy (ES) is the preferred treatment for venous malformation (VM) with surgery playing an adjunctive role. Results of ES, however, are not well documented in the literature. VM patients were identified from our vascular anomalies database from 1996 to 2011. After treatment completion, patients completed questionnaires evaluating symptoms and ...
Sanchez-Canel Juan Jose JJ Nephrology, Hospital General de Castellón. , CASTELLON, Spain - - 2014
♦ Objectives: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheters are critical to the success of the technique. However, few studies provide evidence about which design helps to reduce complications. Self-locating catheters (SLCs) are used to avoid displacement of the catheter tip. The incidence of mechanical and infectious complications and catheter survival rate were ...
Darkner Stine S Department of Cardiology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Section 2013, Blegdamsvej 9, Copenhagen DK-2100, Denmark - - 2014
Patients undergoing catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) often experience recurrent arrhythmias within the first few months post-ablation. We aimed to investigate whether short-term use of amiodarone to prevent early arrhythmias following radiofrequency ablation for AF could reduce later recurrence. In a two-centre, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, we randomized a ...
Cappato Riccardo R Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology Center, University of Milan, IRCCS Policlinico San Donato, San Donato Milanese, Milan, - - 2014
X-VeRT is the first prospective randomized trial of a novel oral anticoagulant in patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing elective cardioversion. We assigned 1504 patients to rivaroxaban (20 mg once daily, 15 mg if creatinine clearance was between 30 and 49 mL/min) or dose-adjusted vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) in a 2:1 ...
Kim Hyo Jin HJ Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea, Republic - - 2014
♦ Background: Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is a phosphate regulating protein. Several studies demonstrated that elevated FGF23 is independently associated with mortality for early-stage chronic kidney disease and incident hemodialysis (HD) patients. However, little is known about the significance of elevated FGF23 in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Here, we ...
Gandolfi Marialuisa M Neuromotor and Cognitive Rehabilitation Research Centre (CRRNC), USO Neurological Rehabilitation, AOUI of Verona, Verona, Italy Department of Neurological and Movement Sciences, University of Verona, Verona, - - 2014
The development of an innovative functional assessment procedure based on the combination of electroencephalography (EEG) and robot-assisted upper limb devices may provide new insights into the dynamics of cortical reorganization promoted by rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in event-related synchronization/desynchronization (ERS/ERD) in alpha and beta ...
Saevik Fredrik F *Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway; and †National Centre for Ultrasound in Gastroenterology, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, - - 2014
To improve management of patients with Crohn's disease (CD), objective measurements of the degree of local inflammation in the gastrointestinal wall are needed. Increased microvessel density and perfusion are typical features of acute inflammation and can be estimated with contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS). The aim of the study was to investigate ...
Freire Paulo P *Department of Gastroenterology, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal; †Center of Gastroenterology, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal; ‡Department of Pathology, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal; and §Department of Gastroenterology, Centro Hospitalar Leiria-Pombal, Leiria, - - 2014
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer. Chromoendoscopy showed superiority to conventional colonoscopy (CC) in surveillance studies including high-risk patients. We aimed to compare chromoendoscopy-guided endomicroscopy (CGE) with CC for intraepithelial neoplasia (IN) detection in patients with longstanding UC without primary sclerosing cholangitis and/or history ...
Rn Marie Williams MW Intensive Therapy Unit, Royal United Hospital, Combe Park, Bath, BA1 3NG. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine whether patients undergoing therapeutic hypothermia following cardiac arrest tolerate early enteral nutrition. We undertook a single-centre longitudinal cohort analysis of the tolerance of enteral feeding by 55 patients treated with therapeutic hypothermia following resuscitation from cardiac arrest. The observation period was divided into three phases: (1) 24h at ...
Tajiri Kazuko K Cardiovascular Division, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan; Sumiyoshi Clinic Hospital, Mito, Ibaraki, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Rivaroxaban is an oral anticoagulant that effectively prevents thromboembolic complications using fixed doses without requiring laboratory monitoring. In this study, we aimed to examine the coagulation status in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) treated with rivaroxaban compared with warfarin. The study group consisted of 85 consecutive Japanese patients with ...
Kawanami Toshinori T Department of Respiratory Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, - - 2014
Pneumonia is the third leading cause of mortality in Japan. In 2011, the use of meropenem (MEPM) at 3 g daily was approved to treat refractory infections in Japan. However, little has been reported on the clinical efficacy and safety of this regimen in Japanese patients with refractory infections. This study ...
Rossetti Francesca F Department of Anesthesia, Children's Hospital 'Meyer', Firenze - - - 2014
The Italian Group for Venous Access Devices (GAVeCeLT) has carried out a multicenter study investigating the safety and accuracy of intracavitary electrocardiography (IC-ECG) in pediatric patients. We enrolled 309 patients (age 1 month-18 years) candidate to different central venous access devices (VAD) - 56 peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC), 178 ...
House John W JW House Clinic, Los Angeles, California, - - 2014
Review audiological outcomes after revision stapedectomy using hydroxyapatite cement. Retrospective case review. Tertiary neurotological referral center. Thirty-seven cases of previously treated otosclerosis where incus erosion was observed during revision stapedectomy. Hydroxyapatite cement was used to rebuild the eroded incus and stabilize the prosthesis during revision stapedectomy. Pre- and postoperative bone ...
Rodriguez Ryan W RW Ryan W. Rodriguez, Pharm.D., BCPS, is Clinical Assistant Professor, Drug Information Specialist, University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy, Chicago, IL - - 2014
Off-label uses of the peripheral μ-opioid receptor antagonists alvimopan and methylnaltrexone are reviewed. Alvimopan is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for postoperative ileus after surgeries that include partial bowel resection with primary anastomosis, while methylnaltrexone is approved for the treatment of opioid-induced constipation (OIC) in patients with ...
Abujudeh Hani H HH 1 All authors: Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 55 Fruit St, Founders Bldg, Rm 210, Boston, MA - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. We implemented an outpatient falls guideline in 2008 in the department of radiology. Here, we describe our multiyear experience. MATERIALS AND METHODS. This was a retrospective study conducted between April 2006 and September 2013 to investigate outpatient falls. The span of the study was divided into eight periods. The ...
Deipolyi Amy R AR 1 Division of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology, New York University Medical Center, 660 First Ave, 7th Fl, New York, NY - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. Stomal varices can cause life-threatening gastrointestinal hemorrhage in patients with portal hypertension. Optimal therapy is not well defined. The purpose of this study was to determine the safety and efficacy of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation for the treatment of hemorrhagic stomal varices. MATERIALS AND METHODS. All patients ...
Ibrahim Magdi M Magdi Ibrahim and Abdulla Allam practice in the Department of Thoracic Surgery at King Fahd Hospital in Al-Madina Al-Munawara, Saudi Arabia. Dr. Ibrahim also is on the faculty of medicine in the Department of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery at Suez Canal University in Egypt. The authors have disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or - - 2014
Hyperhidrosis can cause significant professional and social handicaps. Thoracic endoscopic sympathectomy has become the surgical technique of choice for treating intractable palmar hyperhidrosis and can be performed through multiple ports or a single port. This prospective study compares outcomes between the two methods. The study followed 71 consecutive patients who ...
Backer Matthew W MW 1 Department of Radiology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, 600 Highland Ave, Madison, WI - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. MRI findings of ischiofemoral impingement (IFI) have been described, but there is little evidence for treatment with ultrasound-guided corticosteroid injection. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of ultrasound-guided corticosteroid injection of the quadratus femoris muscle as a treatment of IFI syndrome and to correlate the ...
Hendry Phyllis L PL From the Department of Emergency Medicine (P.L.H., A.S., C.J.K., M.L.), and Center for Health Equity and Quality Research (C.S.), University of Florida College of Medicine; and Nursing Services (J.P.), University of Florida Health Jacksonville, Jacksonville, - - 2014
Pediatric firearm injuries are an increasing source of morbidity. Firearm injuries in adolescents are common but not well studied in younger children. The aims were to describe the epidemiology of firearm injuries in patients 0 year to 18 years old, with a case study of patients 14 years or younger ...
Malviya A A Northumbria Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust, Ashington, Northumberland NE63 9JJ, UK, - - 2014
Return to employment is one of the key goals of joint replacement surgery in the working-age population. There is limited quantitative and qualitative research focusing on return to work after hip and knee replacement. It remains unclear why certain groups of patients are not able to achieve sufficient functional improvement ...
Ralls Matthew W MW Section of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI 48109. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study presents our surgical experience for redo-pullthrough (RedoPT) for Hirschsprung disease (HD). It reviews the patient's clinical outcomes and assesses stooling patterns after RedoPT. A retrospective review of our institution's RedoPTs as well as one author's overseas cases was performed. Stooling scores were tabulated using an established survey tool ...
Mariano Edward R ER Departments of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine (E.R.M., T.E.K., M.J.W., N.F., T.K.H., T.W., T.G., S.K.H.) and Orthopedic Surgery (N.G., S.W.), VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, California USA; and Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California USA. - - 2014
Proximal and distal (mid-thigh) ultrasound-guided continuous adductor canal block techniques have been described but not yet compared, and infusion benefits or side effects may be determined by catheter location. We hypothesized that proximal placement will result in faster onset of saphenous nerve anesthesia, without additional motor block, compared to a ...
Hunt Kenneth J KJ Stanford University, Redwood City, CA, USA - - 2014
There is an increasing need for orthopaedic practitioners to measure and collect patient-reported outcomes data. In an effort to better understand outcomes from operative treatment, the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) established the Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Outcomes Research (OFAR) Network, a national consortium of foot and ankle ...
Edwards Melannie M Critical Care Research Group, The Prince Charles Hospital, Brisbane, QLD, Australia. - - 2014
To improve arterial catheter (AC) securement and reduce AC failure; to assess feasibility of a large randomised controlled trial. A four-arm, parallel, randomised, controlled, non-blinded pilot trial with 195 intensive care patients taking part, in a tertiary referral hospital in Brisbane, Australia from May to November 2012. Standard polyurethane (SPU) ...
O'Reilly David J DJ From the Academic Department of Military Surgery and Trauma (D.J.O., J.J.M., J.O.J., M.J.M.), RCDM; and National Institute of Health Research (M.J.M.), Surgical Reconstruction and Microbiology Research Centre, Birmingham, United Kingdom; Joint Trauma System (A.N.A.), US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas; US Combat Casualty Care Research Program (T.E.R.), Fort Detrick, - - 2014
The value of prehospital blood transfusion (PHBTx) in the management of severe trauma has not been established. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of PHBTx on mortality in combat casualties. This is a retrospective cohort study of casualties admitted to the field hospital at Camp Bastion, Afghanistan, by the ...
Smith Jason W JW From the Hiram C. Polk Jr. Department of Surgery, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, - - 2014
The success of damage-control surgery (DCS) for the treatment of trauma has led to its use in other surgical problems such as abdominal sepsis. Previous studies using direct peritoneal resuscitation (DPR) for the treatment of trauma have yielded promising results. We present the results of the application of this technique ...
Wang Xin-Hong XH Department of Gastroenterology, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, 194 Xue Fu Road, Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, 150081, China. - - 2014
To avoid a second endoscopy for nasojejunal feeding tube placement (NFTP) in patients undergoing endoscopic nasobiliary drainage (ENBD), we studied improved NFTP method and compared it to endoscopic method. Patients with ENBD were divided into two groups. One group (18 patients) received endoscopic NFTP and the other group (26 patients) ...
Dent Elsa E University of Adelaide, South Australia, Discipline of Public Health, Level 7, 178 Frome Road, North Terrace Towers, Adelaide, South Australia, 5000. - - 2014
Malnutrition is a major problem in hospitalised older people. Many nutrition screening tools are available for malnutrition identification, however little is known about their prognostic ability. This prospective, observational study investigated the prognostic value of three nutritional screening tools in a Geriatric Evaluation and Management Unit: the Geriatric Nutritional Risk ...
Yatabe Tomoaki T Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Kochi Medical School, KohasuOko-choNankoku City, Kochi, Japan 783-8505. - - 2014
Postoperative oral intake is an important predictor of early postoperative recovery, and anesthesia is known to influence this intake. We compared the influences of desflurane anesthesia and propofol anesthesia on early postoperative oral intake retrospectively. The subjects included a consecutive series of patients who received general anesthesia with propofol or ...
Razzaghi Mohammad Reza MR Department of Urology, Laser Application in Medical Sciences Research Center, Tajrish Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
To compare outcomes of diode laser vaporization of prostate with transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) as a gold-standard treatment. A total number of 115 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia underwent TURP and 980-nm diode vaporization of prostate in a balanced randomization (1:1) from 2010 to 2012 and were followed ...
Kurkar Adel A Department of Urology, Assiut University Hospitals, Assiut University, Asyut, - - 2014
To report our experience with hemospermia and its relation to hyperuricemia. Between July 2005 and July 2012, 143 patients with hemospermia presented to the outpatient clinic in our hospital. History, examination, workup, treatment outcomes, and long-term follow-up were reported in a prospective database. Patients were followed up monthly by semen ...
Choi Woo Suk WS Department of Urology, Konkuk University Medical Center, Seoul, - - 2014
To evaluate changes of nocturnal polyuria (NP) after holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) in patients with nocturia preoperatively. This retrospective study included patients who underwent HoLEP for benign prostatic hyperplasia and recorded 3-day frequency-volume chart strictly. Patients who had a history of prostate cancer, sleep apnea, renal failure, ...
Kocherov Stanislav S Department of Pediatric Urology, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, - - 2014
To evaluate an outcome of endoscopic correction of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) using Vantris (Promedon, Cordoba, Argentina) in terms of its effectiveness and morbidity in a multicenter study. From 2009 to 2013, 611 patients (210 boys and 401 girls) with a mean age of 3.56 years (range, 1 month-18 years) were treated at 7 ...
Sahin Cahit C Dr. Lutfi Kirdar Training and Research Hospital, Urology Clinic, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the possible effects of residual fragments on the health-related quality of life in patients undergoing extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy for renal stones. Seventy-one patients with residual fragments were divided into 2 further groups; group 1 (n = 42; fragment size, ≤4 mm) and group 2 (n = 29; fragment size, >4 mm). During 3-month ...
Anderson Eric E Department of Surgery, University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Grand Forks, 501 North Columbia Road Stop 9037, ND 58103, - - 2014
Patients undergoing thoracic and cardiac procedures are at the highest risk for postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF). POAF is associated with poor short-term and long-term outcomes, including high rates of early and late stroke, and late mortality. Patients with POAF that persists for longer than 48 hours should be anticoagulated on warfarin. ...
Xu Feng F Department of Neurological Surgery, Neurological Institute, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Cleveland, - - 2014
Object The effectiveness and risk of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) in the management of partially embolized intracranial arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) remain controversial. The aim of this analysis was to assess current evidence regarding the efficiency and safety of SRS for AVM patients with and without prior embolization. Methods To compare SRS ...
Abla Adib A AA Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, - - 2014
Object Patients with posterior fossa arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are more likely to present with hemorrhage than those with supratentorial AVMs. Observed patients subject to the AVM natural history should be informed of the individualized effects of AVM characteristics on the clinical course following a new, first-time hemorrhage. The authors hypothesize ...
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