Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 11589
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Erickson Kevin F KF Division of Nephrology and Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research, Department of Medicine, and - - 2014
Medicare reimbursement policy encourages frequent provider visits for patients with ESRD undergoing hemodialysis. We hypothesize that patients seen more frequently by their nephrologist or advanced practitioner within the first 90 days of hemodialysis are more likely to undergo surgery to create an arteriovenous (AV) fistula or place an AV graft. ...
Lahtinen Antti A Department of Orthopedic and Trauma Surgery, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, - - 2014
To examine effects of physical and geriatric rehabilitation on institutionalisation and mortality after hip fracture. Prospective randomised study. Physically oriented (187 patients), geriatrically oriented (171 patients), and health centre hospital rehabilitation (180 patients, control group). A total of 538 consecutively, independently living patients with non-pathological hip fracture. Patients were evaluated ...
Edman Tynelius Gudrun G Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Odontology, Malmö University, Sweden - - 2014
Summary OBJECTIVE : Comparison of three different retention strategies 5 years or more postretention. Randomized, prospective, single-centre controlled trial. Forty-nine patients (33 girls and 16 boys) were randomly assigned to one of three retention methods during 2 years by picking a ballot shortly before start of retention treatment. Inclusion criteria ...
LaPrade Christopher M CM Steadman Philippon Research Institute, Vail, Colorado, - - 2014
Meniscal root tears present in many forms and can have profound consequences on the health of knee articular cartilage. While the biomechanics, natural history, and treatment of root tears have been increasingly investigated, the spectrum of meniscal root tear patterns observed during arthroscopic examination has yet to be defined and ...
Garcia-Arumi Jose J *Retina Department, Vall d'Hebron Hospital, Autónoma University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; †Retina Department, Institute of Ocular Microsurgery (IMO), Barcelona, Spain; and ‡Retina Department, Research Institute of Ophthalmology, Giza, - - 2014
To evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of endoresection for high posterior choroidal melanoma. Retrospective nonrandomized interventional case series. Forty-one patients had endoresection as primary treatment for posterior choroidal melanoma. Of these, 21 patients had adjuvant brachytherapy. The inclusion criteria were tumor thickness ≥8 mm, base diameter <15 mm, and ...
Meyer Linda M LM Herzog Carl-Theodor Eye Clinic, Munich - - - 2014
To evaluate the effectiveness of repeat trabeculectomy with risk factor-adjusted mitomycin C (MMC) application in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and pseudoexfoliation glaucoma (PEXG) over 2 years. A total of 58 patients (43 with POAG, 15 with PEXG) who had undergone repeat trabeculectomy with MMC were included in this retrospective study. ...
Hiza Elise A EA 1Resident, PGY -3, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 2Resident, PGY - 5, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 3Medical Student, MS 4, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 4Research Coordinator Level IV, Emory University Schoolf of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 5Assistant Professor Chief of Orthopaedic Surgery Grady Hospital, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, 49 Jesse Hill Jr. Dr. NE, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30303, Tel: 404-778-1567, Fax:, Email: - - 2014
The objective of this study is to analyze the effect of an orthopaedic trauma advanced practice provider on length of stay and cost in a Level I trauma center. The hypothesis of this study is that the addition of a single full-time nurse practitioner (NP) to the orthopaedic trauma team ...
Bremen Julia von JV *Department of Orthodontics, University of Giessen, Giessen, and - - 2014
Summary AIM: To assess if mandibular incisor proclination and protrusion during treatment with the Herbst/multibracket appliance can be prevented through simple screws (MIs) anchorage. After a statistical power analysis, 12 Herbst patients with MIs (100% MIs survival) ligated to the Herbst/multibracket appliance to reinforce anchorage were investigated. A control group ...
Mazzitelli Domenico D German Heart Center Munich, Munich, - - 2014
Refining leaflet reconstruction has become a primary issue in aortic valve repair. This descriptive analysis reviews leaflet pathology, repair techniques, and early results in a prospective regulatory trial of aortic valve repair. Sixty-five patients underwent valve repair for predominant moderate to severe aortic insufficiency (AI). The mean age was 63 ...
Mylotte Darren D Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Galway, Galway, Ireland; Division of Cardiology, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
Limited information exists describing the results of transcatheter aortic valve (TAV) replacement in patients with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) disease (TAV-in-BAV). This study sought to evaluate clinical outcomes of a large cohort of patients undergoing TAV-in-BAV. We retrospectively collected baseline characteristics, procedural data, and clinical follow-up findings from 12 centers in Europe ...
Dumas Florence F INSERM U970, Parisian Cardiovascular Research Center, Paris Descartes University, Paris, France; Emergency Department, Cochin-Hotel-Dieu Hospital, APHP, Paris Descartes University, Paris, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although epinephrine is essential for successful return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), the influence of this drug on recovery during the post-cardiac arrest phase is debatable. This study sought to investigate the relationship between pre-hospital use of epinephrine and functional survival among patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) who achieved successful ...
Rahmati Saeed S Periodontist, Isfahan, - - 2014
Statement of the Problem: Melanin pigmentation of the gingiva is a crucial esthetic problem. A variety of methods have been used for gingival depigmentation. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the results of two treatment modalities: scalpel technique and cryotherapy with liquid nitrogen in treatment of gingival ...
Tian Yong Y Department of Neurosurgery, Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou 310005, - - 2014
To investigate the application of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) to patients with severe craniocerebral injury for the purpose of nutritional support therapy and pulmonary infection prevention. A total of 43 patients with severe craniocerebral injury admitted to our department from January 2008 to December 2012 received PEG followed by nutritional ...
Hegazy H M - - 2014
We prospectively evaluated and compared the safety, subjective and objective efficacy of the coblation and microde- brider for inferior turbinate reduction. We designed a prospective randomized trial recruiting 70 patients with symptomatic enlarged inferior turbinates. Forty had coblation and 30 had microdebrider. Objectively, we scored each inferior turbinate size from ...
Roguski Marie M *Department of Neurosurgery, Alan and Jacqueline Stuart Spine Research Center, Lahey Hospital and Medical Center, Burlington, MA †Department of Neurosurgery, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA ‡Harvard School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, MA §The Center for Spine Health and Department of Neurosurgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH ¶Department of Neurosurgery, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT ∥MetroHealth Spine Center and Department of Neurosurgery, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH **Department of Neurosurgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA; and ††Department of Neurosurgery, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Jersey Medical School, Newark, - - 2014
Prospective observational cohort study. To determine if postoperative cervical sagittal balance is an independent predictor of health-related quality of life outcome after surgery for cervical spondylotic myelopathy. Both ventral and dorsal fusion procedures for CSM are effective at reducing the symptoms of myelopathy. The importance of cervical sagittal balance in ...
Chen Mang L ML Department of Urology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy of transecting anastomotic urethroplasty (AU) and buccal mucosa graft (BMG) ventral onlay substitution urethroplasty (SU) in treating short bulbar urethral strictures. Sixty patients underwent either AU or SU for bulbar strictures of similar length with follow up of at least 12 months. Follow up included clinical ...
Metcalfe Christopher W CW FY1 in the Department of Ear, Nose and Throat Surgery, Sandwell and West Birmingham Hospitals NHS Trust, Birmingham B18 - - 2014
To consider the financial benefit to the authors' trust of omitting a preoperative group and save in enhanced recovery arthroplasty patients, and to estimate the scope for national savings. Patient safety was considered to determine acceptability for routine practice. A total of 121 patients receiving a total knee replacement or ...
Whiteley Ian I Concord Repatriation General Hospital, Concord NSW Australia; email: - - 2014
Intrarectal catheters (ie, large bore, soft, silicone catheters with a retention balloon intended to hold the catheter within the rectum and create a seal) may be used for the temporary management of diarrhea and fecal incontinence, to protect perineal skin and wounds, and to prevent cross infection. To evaluate reasons ...
Ordon Michael M St Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, - - 2014
Objective-To evaluate the role of prophylactic versus selective ureteric stenting in the development of postoperative ureterovesical complications in kidney transplant recipients.Methods-Records of 614 transplant patients seen from January 2006 to May 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. The primary outcome was the rate of ureterovesical complications, defined as the development of ureteric ...
Jordan Jose J Interventional Neuroradiology Unit, CIMEQ, Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery; La Habana, Cuba - - - 2014
Endovascular therapy is a well-established approach to the treatment of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). The objective of this study was to determine the predictive factors of neurological deficit following endovascular procedures. Seventy-one patients with cerebral AVMs who underwent 147 embolization sessions from 2006 to 2011 were followed up prospectively (average ...
Durovni Betina B Rio de Janeiro Municipal Health Secretariat, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Programa de Pós-graduação em Clínica Médica, Rio de Janeiro Federal University, Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
Abundant evidence on Xpert MTB/RIF accuracy for diagnosing tuberculosis (TB) and rifampicin resistance has been produced, yet there are few data on the population benefit of its programmatic use. We assessed whether the implementation of Xpert MTB/RIF in routine conditions would (1) increase the notification rate of laboratory-confirmed pulmonary TB ...
Andersen Poul Erik PE Department of Radiology, Interventional Section, Odense University Hospital, - - 2014
This study aims to retrospectively evaluate the outcomes following nitinol stent placement for malignant superior vena cava syndrome. A total of 25 patients with thoracic malignancies were treated with self-expanding nitinol stents for superior vena cava syndrome (E*Luminexx [Bard GmbH/Angiomed, Karlsruhe, Germany], Sinus-XL [OptiMed Medizinische Instrumente GmbH, Ettlingen, Germany], and ...
Srinivas B C BC Department of Cardiology, Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences and Research, Bangalore, Karnataka, - - 2014
Catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) with assisted mechanical thrombolysis is now considered as the standard of medical care for deep vein thrombosis (DVT). The study was conducted to describe the immediate and long-term (6 months) safety and effectiveness of CDT in patient with lower limb DVT compared with the routine anticoagulation alone. ...
Feldman Alexander A Heart Institute, Ha'Emek Medical Center, Afula, - - 2014
Low/medium-bleeding-risk populations undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) show significantly less bleeding with bivalirudin (BIV) than with unfractionated heparin (UFH), but this has not been established for high-risk patients. We performed a randomized double-blind prospective trial comparing efficacy and safety of BIV versus UFH combined with dual antiplatelet therapy during PCI ...
Xie Cheng C Department of Oncology, The Royal Orthopaedic Hospital Foundation Trust, Bristol Road South, Northfield, Birmingham, B31 2AP, UK, - - 2014
To investigate the long-term clinical and imaging outcomes of patients with chondroblastoma treated by radiofrequency ablation (RFA). Retrospective analysis of 25 consecutive patients treated with RFA from September 2006 to December 2013. Patients were reviewed within one month of the procedure, then every 3-6 months, and yearly for up to three ...
El-Tantawy Ahmad A Orthopedic and Traumatology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt, - - 2014
Insertional Achilles tendinopathy is a degenerative disease associated with disabling posterior heel pain, gait dysfunction and significant morbidity. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the outcomes of complete excision of the pathological tendo-achilles segment in elderly patients with extensive involvement, and reconstructing the defect using a modified ...
Shousha M M Department of Spine Surgery, Zentralklinik Bad Berka, Robert-Koch-Allee 9, 99437, Bad Berka, Germany, - - 2014
The incidence of spondylodiscitis is increasing. This study evaluates the behavior of cervical spondylodiscitis over a period of two decades in a single institution and compares the findings with the literature. Between 1994 and 1999, 20 consecutive patients (group A) suffering from cervical spondylodiscitis underwent surgical treatment in our institution. ...
Kempshall P J PJ University Hospital Coventry and Warwickshire, Coventry, UK, - - 2014
Advanced chondral damage (bare bone) at presentation is considered a contraindication to meniscal allograft transplantation (MAT), yet there are few other options for young patients where arthroplasty is not appropriate. This study hypothesis is that MAT in patients with advanced chondral damage can obtain good clinical outcomes, equivalent to patients ...
Banhiran Wish W Department of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, 10700, Thailand, - - 2014
The objective of this study is to compare outcomes of temperature-controlled radiofrequency (TCRF) and bipolar radiofrequency (BRF) for inferior turbinate reduction in patients with chronic rhinitis (CR). This was a prospective, randomized non-inferiority trial. Eighty-four adult patients with CR refractory to medication were randomized into two intervention groups: TCRF(42) or ...
Sundh Carolina C ENT Clinic, County Hospital Ryhov, 551 85, Jönköping, - - 2014
The results for long-term symptom relief after septoplasty are contradictory in reviewed publications but the findings suggest that results are unsatisfactory. In this study, we analyzed and compared short- and long-term symptom relief after septoplasty and factors possibly associated with symptom relief. 111 patients that underwent septoplasty between 2008 and ...
Chen Szu-Yuan - - 2014
Background: Treatment by posterolateral fusion (PLF) with pedicle-screw instrumentation can be unsuccessful in one-segment and low-grade lumbar spondylolisthesis. Segmental kyphosis, either rigid or dynamic, was hypothesized to be one of the factors interfering with the fusion results. Methods: From 2004 to 2005, 239 patients with single-segment and low-grade spondylolisthesis were ...
Locatelli Marco M Neurosurgery Unit, Fondazione I.R.C.C.S. "Ca' Granda" Ospedale Maggiore - - 2014
Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is considered the gold standard treatment for obstructive hydrocephalus due to partial or complete obstruction of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) ventricular pathways caused by mass lesions. However long-term efficacy of this procedure remains controversial as treatment of chronic adult hydrocephalus due to stenosis of Sylvian acqueduct [late-onset ...
Shen Le L Department of Anesthesiology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, - - 2014
Objective To investigate the risk factors for postoperative arytenoid dislocation. Methods From September 2003 to August 2013, the records of 16 patients with a history of postoperative arytenoid dislocation were reviewed. Patients matched in terms of date and type of procedures were chosen as the controls (n=16). Recorded data for ...
Remenschneider Aaron K AK Department of Otolaryngology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Department of Otology and Laryngology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2014
Health utility value (HUV) is an index used to measure health-related quality of life for the valuation and comparison of treatments. The Euroqol 5-Dimension (EQ-5D) questionnaire is a widely used method for determining HUV, but it has not been applied for this purpose in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) who ...
Son Il-Nam IN Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, - - 2014
OBJECT This retrospective study was designed to evaluate the clinical outcomes and radiological findings after open lumbar discectomy (OLD) in patients who were followed up for 10 years or longer. METHODS The authors classified 79 patients who had a mean age (± SD) of 53.6 ± 13.6 years (range 30-78 ...
Khorgami Zhamak Z Division of Laparoendoscopic and Bariatric Surgery, The DeWitt Daughtry Family Department of Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, 3650 NW 82nd Avenue, Suite 302, Miami, FL, 33166, USA, - - 2014
Previous studies have reported better weight loss after bariatric surgery among non-Hispanic whites (NHW) versus non-Hispanic blacks (NHB) and Hispanics. The majority of these studies took place in areas where NHW are the majority. This study aimed to compare post-surgery weight outcomes by ethnicity in a geographic area where Hispanics ...
De Mattos Camila C Hospital Estadual da Criança, Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
Overactivity or contractures of the hamstring muscles in ambulatory children with cerebral palsy (CP) can lead to either a jump gait (knee flexion associated with ankle plantar flexion) or a crouch gait (knee flexion associated with ankle dorsiflexion). Hamstring lengthening is performed to decrease stance knee flexion. However, this procedure ...
Sakai Eiji - - 2014
BackgroundSmall bowel angioectasia is reported as the most common cause of bleeding in patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding. Although the safety and efficacy of endoscopic treatment have been demonstrated, rebleeding rates are relatively high. To establish therapeutic and follow-up guidelines, we investigated the long-term outcomes and clinical predictors of rebleeding ...
Murray Katie S KS University of Kansas Medical Center Department of - - 2014
To prospectively evaluate the effect of prostate biopsy on erectile and voiding function at multiple time points following biopsy. All men who underwent transrectal ultrasound and prostate biopsy completed an International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) and International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) before the procedure and at 1 week, 4 ...
Maataoui Adel A Adel Maataoui, Thomas J Vogl, M Fawad Khan, Institute for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Goethe University, 60590 Frankfurt/ Main, - - 2014
To investigate the correlation of facet joint osteoarthritis (FJOA) at lumbar levels L4/L5 and L5/S1 and the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). The study involved lumbar MRIs of 591 patients with a mean age of 47.3 years. The MRIs of the lumbar spine were performed on a 1.5 Tesla scanner (Magnetom(®) ...
Citlak A A Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Katip Celebi University, Izmir, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to report our experience of partial capitate shortening in seven patients with a median 38 months follow-up. Staging was made by the Lichtman classification system and stage II and III-A patients were included in the study. The mean age was 34 years (range 22-52). Patients were ...
DuBiner Harvey B - - 2014
Medications to control intraocular pressure (IOP) are frequently preserved using benzalkonium chloride (BAK), which can negatively affect the ocular surface. Data are needed to assess efficacy and safety of prostaglandin drugs preserved with and without BAK. The present study compared the efficacy and safety of BAK-free travoprost 0.004% (TRAV) and ...
Ning Bo - - 2014
The one-stage procedure for treatment of older developmental dislocation of the hip (DDH) is used widely. However, the best age group for this operation is still unknown. The aims of our study were to evaluate middle-term outcomes of one-stage surgical treatment of a large number of patients with late-diagnosed DDH, ...
Kumral Tolgar Lütfi TL Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Okmeydanı Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2014
To assess the nasal functions, nasal resistance, and olfactory function in middle turbinate surgery. Randomized controlled trial. This prospective controlled study was carried out on patients who underwent laminectomy for aeration of the middle turbinate. Patients participating in the study were divided into two groups-group 1: medial laminectomy (n = 34) and ...
Cullinan Mary P MP School of Medicine, University of Queensland, Prince Charles Hospital, Rode Road, Chermside, Queensland 4032, Australia; Sir John Walsh Research Institute, University of Otago, 310 Great King Street, Dunedin 9016, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
Adverse effects of long-term usage of triclosan-containing toothpaste in humans are currently unknown. We assessed the effect of long-term use of 0.3% triclosan-toothpaste on serious adverse events (SAEs) in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). 438 patients with a history of stable CVD were entered into the 5-year longitudinal Cardiovascular and ...
Ouanes Jean-Pierre P JP Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine if preoperative gum chewing affects gastric pH and gastric fluid volume. Systematic review and meta-analysis. Data sources included Cochrane, PubMed, and EMBASE databases from inception to June 2012 and reference lists of known relevant articles without language restriction. Randomized controlled trials in which a treatment group that chewed ...
McNab Sarah S Department of General Medicine, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, VIC, Australia; Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Melbourne, VIC, Australia; Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Use of hypotonic intravenous fluid to maintain hydration in children in hospital has been associated with hyponatraemia, leading to neurological morbidity and mortality. We aimed to assess whether use of fluid solutions with a higher sodium concentration reduced the risk of hyponatraemia compared with use of hypotonic solutions. We did ...
Horne Kerry L KL Department of Renal Medicine, Royal Derby Hospital Derby, Derby, - - 2014
Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in hospitalised patients and is associated with adverse long-term consequences. There is an urgent need to understand these sequelae in general hospitalised patients utilising a prospective cohort-based approach. We aimed to test the feasibility of study methodology prior to commencing a large-scale study ...
Heo Jun J Jun Heo, Min Kyu Jung, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu 700712, South - - 2014
To evaluate the safety and efficacy of partially covered self-expandable metallic stents (SEMSs) in benign pyloric obstruction. We retrospectively analyzed data from 10 consecutive patients with peptic ulcer-related pyloric obstructive symptoms (gastric outlet obstruction scoring system (GOOSS) score of 1) between March 2012 and September 2013. The patients were referred ...
Zou Zhen-Hong ZH Zhen-Hong Zou, Department of General Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang 330006, Jiangxi Province, - - 2014
To conduct a meta-analysis comparing laparoscopic (LGD2) and open D2 gastrectomies (OGD2) for the treatment of advanced gastric cancer (AGC). Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and non-RCTs comparing LGD2 with OGD2 for AGC treatment, published between 1 January 2000 and 12 January 2013, were identified in the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane ...
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