Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 8853
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Lee Jae Hoon JH Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Severance Hospital, Anesthesia and Pain Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul 120-752, - - 2014
To investigate whether the type of anesthetic agent administered affects the antitussive effect of remifentanil. Prospective randomized study. Operating room of a university hospital. 78 ASA physical status 1 and 2 women, aged 20 to 65 years, who were scheduled to undergo a thyroidectomy. Patients were randomly assigned to three ...
Rasouli Mohammad R MR Rothman Institute at Jefferson, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, 925 Chestnut Street, 5th Floor, Philadelphia, PA, USA, - - 2014
Microdiscectomy or open discectomy (MD/OD) are the standard procedures for symptomatic lumbar disc herniation and they involve removal of the portion of the intervertebral disc compressing the nerve root or spinal cord (or both) with or without the aid of a headlight loupe or microscope magnification. Potential advantages of newer ...
Pak Kyoungjune K Department of Nuclear Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul, 110-744, South Korea, - - 2014
We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of measuring the concentration of thyroglobulin (Tg) in the washout fluid of the needle aspiration (FNA-Tg). We performed a systematic search of MEDLINE (inception to October 2013) and EMBASE (inception to October 2013) for English publications using keywords "thyroid", "aspiration", "washout", and "thyroglobulin". ...
Steurer Martina A MA Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, CA, - - 2014
Background:B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) has not been evaluated in newborns with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). We hypothesized that BNP and severity of pulmonary hypertension (PH) would predict clinical outcome in these infants.Methods:We measured BNP levels and assessed severity of PH by echocardiography at one day and one week of life. ...
Arslan K K Department of General Surgery, Konya Education and Research Hospital, P.N. 42100, Konya, Turkey, - - 2014
To compare a minimally invasive preperitoneal (MIP) single-layer mesh repair with the standard Lichtenstein hernia repair (LHR) for inguinal hernia in terms of operative characteristics, recovery, complications, recurrence and chronic pain. Two hundred and twenty male patients diagnosed with primary inguinal hernia were randomized to either MIP or LHR methods. ...
De Raffele Emilio E U.O. di Chirurgia Generale, Dipartimento dell'Apparato Digerente, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Bologna, Università degli Studi di Bologna, Policlinico S.Orsola-Malpighi, Via Massarenti 9, 40138, Bologna, Italy, - - 2014
In patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) and synchronous colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) potentially candidates to combined liver (LR) and colorectal resection (CRR), the extent of LR and the need of hepatic pedicle clamping (HPC) in selected cases are considered risk factors for the outcome of the intestinal anastomosis. This study ...
Lamblin Gery G Department of Obstetrics and Gynecological Surgery, University Hospital "Femme Mère Enfant", Hospices Civils de Lyon, 59 Boulevard Pinel, Bron, 69677, Lyon, France, - - 2014
The aim was to assess long-term results and quality of life following anterior anal sphincter repair for anal incontinence. Twenty-three female patients underwent anterior anal sphincteroplasty over a 10-year period between January 1999 and January 2009 in a gynecological surgery department. Patients were asked to complete pre- and postoperative questionnaires ...
Contreras Gabriel G Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, - - 2014
Little is known regarding whether mortality among ESRD patients with SLE differs between those initiating with peritoneal dialysis (PD) versus hemodialysis (HD). This study compared the mortality risk of ESRD patients with SLE initiating with PD versus HD after matching their baseline sociodemographic and clinical factors. Of 11,023 ESRD patients ...
Hickey Graeme L GL Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Institute of Infection and Global Health, University of Liverpool, Neston, UK University College London, National Institute for Cardiovascular Outcomes Research (NICOR), London, - - 2014
Biological valves are the most commonly implanted prostheses for aortic valve replacement (AVR) surgery in the UK. The aim of this study was to compare performance of porcine and bovine pericardial valves implanted in AVR surgery with respect to survival and reintervention-free survival in a retrospective observational study. Prospectively collected ...
Chen Xia X The Medical Center for Digestive Diseases, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Digestive Endoscopy Institute, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, - - 2014
Achalasia is an oesophageal disorder characterized by abnormalities of peristalsis and impaired swallowing-induced relaxation. The therapeutic approach at present remains palliative. Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is thought to be less invasive and to maintain the function of the lower oesophageal sphincter postoperatively. However, the effects of POEM still need to ...
Kaze Francois Folefack FF Department of Internal Medicine and Specialties, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences and Yaoundé General Hospital, University of Yaoundé 1, Yaoundé, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to investigate the adverse outcomes of non-tunneled hemodialysis catheters and determinants in chronic hemodialysis patients receiving care at the Yaoundé General Hospital hemodialysis center, Cameroon. This was a prospective study of 11 months duration (February-December 2008) involving 81 non-tunneled non-cuffed catheters (63 femoral, ...
Gu Min Geun MG Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Daegu, - - 2014
Objective: Acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) is traditionally known to occur in critically ill patients and to have a poor prognosis. Although cholecystectomy is usually recommended for treating AAC, nonsurgical management may be a good alternative. The objective of this study was to review the incidence, risk factors, treatment modality, and ...
Altan Egemen E Orthopaedics and Traumatology Department, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey; Orthopaedics and Traumatology Department, Agri State Hospital, Agri, Turkey; Manus Hand Surgery Center, Istanbul, Turkey; Orthopaedics and Traumatology Department, Istanbul Bilim University, Manus Hand Surgery Center, Istanbul, - - 2014
To compare the results of early and delayed extension orthosis fabrication in closed tendinous mallet injuries. Between March 1992 and May 2011, 45 patients with isolated closed tendinous mallet finger injuries were treated with orthosis fabrication. The patients were classified into 2 different groups based on their date of presentation. ...
Oztas Zafer Z Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Ophthalmology, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey. - - 2014
The aim was to investigate the effects of neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet laser capsulotomy on the main numerical parameters of the anterior segment with Pentacam in patients with opacification of the posterior capsule. Thirty eyes of 30 patients (19 male, mean age 66.9 ± 8.1 years) with visually significant posterior ...
David Tirone E TE Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Peter Munk Cardiac Centre, Toronto General Hospital and University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sizing of annuloplasty rings and bands is variably based on intertrigonal or intercommissural distances or estimation of the anterior leaflet area. This study examines the results of mitral valve repair with Simplici-T annuloplasty band without predetermining its length in patients with mitral regurgitation (MR) as a result of degenerative disease. Three ...
Wong Eddy E Department of Urology, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
To study the effects of closure vs nonclosure of buccal mucosal graft harvest site. Patients were randomized to either primary closure or nonclosure of buccal mucosal harvest site during urethroplasty. Graft widths were standardized to 2 cm. Prospective data were collected via patient visual analog scales (0-10) of 5 domains examining ...
Kaplan Robert M RM Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, Bethesda, Maryland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The National Emphysema Treatment Trial (NETT) was a randomized clinical trial designed to compare lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) with maximal medical care for patients with severe emphysema. The trial was halted early for a subgroup of patients with severe lung disease. We report longer term follow-up for this high-risk subgroup. In ...
Puzziferri Nancy N Department of Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas2Department of Surgery, North Texas Veterans Administration Healthcare System, - - 2014
Bariatric surgery is an accepted treatment for obesity. Despite extensive literature, few studies report long-term follow-up in cohorts with adequate retention rates. To assess the quality of evidence and treatment effectiveness 2 years after bariatric procedures for weight loss, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia in severely obese adults. MEDLINE ...
Li Bing-Hu BH Department of Neurology, Institute of Surgery Research, Daping Hospital, Third Military Medical University, 10 Changjiang Branch Road, Yuzhong District, Chongqing, 400042, People's Republic of - - 2014
The present study is to investigate whether diabetes mellitus (DM) increases risk of adverse long-term outcomes after intracranial stent placement. Patients receiving intracranial stenting were assigned to DM group and non-DM group according to diabetes status. The long-term follow-up endpoint was composite of any stroke and death within 30 days, any ...
Hulet Christophe C Unit Comete INSERM U1075 UCBN EA3917, Orthopedic Department, Caen University Hospital, Caen Lower Normandy University, Caen, France, - - 2014
The purpose of this retrospective multicentric study was to evaluate the long-term effects of lateral meniscectomy and to identify those patients who are at the most risk of developing osteoarthritis (OA). Eighty-nine arthroscopic partial lateral meniscectomies in stable knees with a mean follow-up of 22 ± 3 years were included. The following influencing ...
Gandhi Sumeet S Division of Cardiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada, - - 2014
In randomized control trials and meta-analyses in patients with acute MI undergoing PCI, the radial artery (RA) approach compared to the femoral artery (FA) approach has shown to safely reduce access site related bleeding, length of hospitalization, and major adverse cardiac event (MACE) rates. However, these studies have excluded patients ...
Rombolá Carlos C Department of Thoracic Surgery, C.H.U., Albacete, - - 2014
Objectives The objective of this study was to analyze the clinical respiratory and spirometric effects of video-assisted minithoracotomy diaphragmatic plication (VAM-T DP) in the treatment of diaphragmatic eventration. Methods A retrospective longitudinal study of 18 patients who underwent a VAM-T DP in our service between February 2005 and July 2011 was performed. ...
Dehaki Maziar Gholampour MG Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Heart Valve Disease Research Center, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Background A tissue valve is the prosthesis of choice in the majority of children and adults requiring pulmonary valve replacement (PVR). Mechanical valves, on the other hand, are more durable but require anticoagulation therapy and carry the elevated risk of thrombosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term ...
Fakouri Bahram B Guys and St Thomas' Hospital, Great Maze Pond, London, SE1 9RT, UK, - - 2014
Traditionally, lumbar discectomy involves removal of the free disc fragment followed by aggressive or conservative excision of the intervertebral disc. In selected patients, however, it is possible to remove only the free fragment or sequester without clearing the intervertebral disc space. However, there is some controversy about whether that approach ...
Novikov Konstantin I KI Traumatology and Orthopaedics Department No. 13, Russian Ilizarov Scientific Centre for "Restorative Traumatology and Orthopaedics", 6, M Ulianova Street, 640014, Kurgan, Russia, - - 2014
Compelled by the psychosocial implications of short stature, patients with short stature are increasingly undergoing distraction osteogenesis for cosmetic limb lengthening. To the degree that this is true, evaluation of the risks and benefits of this treatment are very important, but to date, there are few studies reporting on using ...
Okura Hiroyuki H The Division of Cardiology, Bell Land General Hospital, Sakai, Japan, - - 2014
Several intravascular ultrasound studies have reported that culprit lesion-attenuated plaque (AP) is related to slow flow/no reflow after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Long-term prognostic impact of the AP is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate acute and long-term clinical impact of the AP in patients with acute ...
Duivenvoorden T T Department of Orthopedics, Erasmus University Medical Center, P.O. Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands. E-mail address for T. Duivenvoorden: - - 2014
Varus deformity increases the risk of progression of medial compartment knee osteoarthritis. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical and radiographic mid-term results of closing-wedge and opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy when used to treat this condition. From January 2001 to April 2004, ninety-two patients were randomized to ...
Lee Ho-Seong HS Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Foot and Ankle Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan, College of Medicine, 88, Olympic-ro 43-gil, Songpa-gu, Seoul 138-736, South Korea. E-mail address for H.-S. Lee: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the outcomes of cement arthroplasty used as a primary salvage procedure to treat ankle joint destruction. This study included sixteen patients who underwent primary cement arthroplasty from May 2004 to March 2012 because of an ankle disorder, including intractable infection, nonunion, or ...
Kim Jae Hwa JH Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University School of Medicine, Seongnam, Korea - - 2014
Few clinical studies have evaluated the integrity of repaired tendons and identified the timing of retears through the use of serial imaging. Retears after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair are uncommon in the late postoperative period (after 3 months). Case series; Level of evidence, 4. Among 221 arthroscopic rotator cuff repairs ...
Landoni G G Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan 20132, Italy - - 2014
The effect of anaesthesia on postoperative outcome is unclear. Cardioprotective properties of volatile anaesthetics have been demonstrated experimentally and in haemodynamically stable patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. Their effects in patients undergoing high-risk cardiac surgery have not been reported. We performed a multicentre, randomized, parallel group, controlled study among ...
Saedi Babak B Otolaryngology Department, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of middle turbinate radiofrequency (RF) turbinoplasty for the management of the polypoid middle turbinate compared to middle turbinate resection and middle turbinate medialization. The study was performed on 90 patients at a tertiary referral hospital with nasal polyposis resistant to ...
Epstein Richard H RH From the *Department of Anesthesiology, Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; †Division of Management Consulting, Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa; ‡Department of Anesthesiology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee; and §Departments of Anesthesiology, Bioinformatics, Health Policy and Surgery, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, - - 2014
Hypoxemia, as measured by pulse oximetry (SpO2), is common in postanesthesia care unit (PACU) patients. The temporal distribution of desaturation has managerial implications because treatment may necessitate the presence of an anesthesiologist. We retrieved electronically recorded SpO2 values recorded every 30 to 60 seconds from 137,757 PACU patients over n ...
Zhao Dong D Department of Cardiac Surgery, Cardiovascular Institute and Fu Wai Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China - - 2014
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether valve replacement was associated with higher morbidity and mortality rates than valve repair in patients with native active valve endocarditis. Altogether 662 papers were found using the reported search, of which ...
Jourda François F Département de Rythmologie, Clinique Pasteur, 45 avenue de Lombez, BP 27617, 31076 Toulouse Cedex 3, - - 2014
In the setting of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF), there are no available data comparing the mid-term outcome of patients undergoing pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) catheter ablation using contact-force (CF)-guided radiofrequency (RF) vs. second-generation balloon cryotherapy. Prospective single-centre evaluation, carried out from March 2011 to February 2013, comparing CF radiofrequency (Thermocool(®) ...
Medina C C Hospital Universitario de Gran Canaria Dr Negrín, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, - - 2014
Psoriasis patients over 65 years-old (elderly) constitute a growing group, underrepresented in clinical trials, and likely to be more prone to adverse events. To describe safety of systemic psoriasis therapy in patients over 65 years-old compared to younger patients. Patients registered in Biobadaderm, a Spanish national registry of psoriasis patients ...
Graham Laura A LA Center for Surgical, Medical Acute Care Research, and Transitions, Birmingham Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Birmingham, Alabama2Section of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, - - 2014
In 2007, the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines were revised for patients with cardiac stents in need of subsequent surgery to recommend delaying elective noncardiac surgery by 365 days in patients with drug-eluting stents (DESs). To examine the effect of the guidelines on postoperative major adverse cardiac events ...
Choi T-H TH Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University, Seoul, South - - 2014
Non-sagittal occlusal discrepancies such as posterior cross-bite and anterior openbite are common types of malocclusion, but studies on masticatory function related to those malocclusions have been scarce. The aim of this study was to quantify the masticatory performance in patients with non-sagittal discrepancies compared to those with normal occlusion, using ...
de Waal B A BA Department of Anesthesiology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, P. Debyelaan 25, 6229 HX Maastricht, The Netherlands - - 2014
Summary Statins feature documented benefits for primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease and are thought to improve perioperative outcomes in patients undergoing surgery. To assess the clinical outcomes of perioperative statin treatment in statin-naive patients undergoing surgery, a systematic review was performed. Studies were included if they met the ...
Jang Ki Un KU Rehabilitation Medicine, KangNam Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University Medical College, South Korea - - 2014
The traditional thermoplastic aeroplane splint for axillary burn contracture is heavy, uncomfortable, and time consuming and difficult to put on and off. The present study tested the effectiveness of a newly designed multi-axis shoulder abduction splint with an easy-to-change angle. Randomized controlled parallel assessor blinded pilot. Inpatient rehabilitation center in ...
Lebastchi Amir H AH Section of Endocrine Surgery, Department of Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, - - 2014
Locoregional anesthesia, conscious sedation, and exploration via a limited incision have become a well-accepted approach for the treatment of patients with primary hyperparathyroidism with image-localized, presumed single-gland disease. However, to our knowledge, this minimally invasive technique has never been investigated in patients with multigland disease. To extrapolate the technique of ...
Olanders Knut J KJ Department of Intensive- and Perioperative Care, Lund University Hospital, S-221 85 Lund, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate whether betamethasone decreases the incidence of postoperative nausea/vomiting (PONV) and reduces postoperative pain following partial mastectomy. Prospective randomized, double-blinded study. Operating room and Postanesthesia Care Unit of a university hospital. 80 ASA physical status 1 and 2 women scheduled for elective breast cancer surgery. Patients were randomly allocated ...
Hitchner Elizabeth E Palo Alto VA Health Care Network, Palo Alto, CA, - - 2014
The outcomes of endovascular interventions of the superficial femoral artery (SFA) are variable. Completion angiography is typically performed to confirm satisfactory outcomes following SFA angioplasty and/or stenting. However, two-dimensional angiography may not accurately reflect the extent of residual stenosis. We sought to determine whether intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) can help with ...
Avgerinos E D ED Division of Vascular Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA, - - 2014
Multiple studies have evaluated the perioperative outcomes of patients with chronic renal insufficiency (CRI) undergoing carotid endarterectomy (CEA), generally indicating worse survival and cardiovascular (CV) outcomes, though not consistently and with a paucity of long term data. The current study addresses the perioperative and long term impact of CRI on ...
Yu Shi-Yang SY Department of Orthopaedics, Shanghai Jiaotong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai 200233, People's Republic of - - 2014
To investigate the effect of cryotherapy after elbow arthrolysis on elbow pain, blood loss, analgesic consumption, range of motion and long-term elbow function. A prospective, single-blinded, and randomized controlled study. An orthopedic unit at a university hospital. Fifty-nine patients (27 females and 32 males) received elbow arthrolysis. Patients were randomly ...
Nickenig Georg G Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiology/Pneumology, University of Bonn, Bonn, - - 2014
The use of transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVR) has gained widespread acceptance in Europe, but data on immediate success, safety, and long-term echocardiographic follow-up in real-world patients are still limited. The aim of this multinational registry is to present a real-world overview of TMVR use in Europe. The Transcatheter Valve ...
Bakhos Charles C 1 Section of Thoracic Surgery, Albany Medical Center, Department of Surgery, Albany Medical College , Albany, New - - 2014
Abstract Background: The impact of preoperative chemoradiation treatment (CRT) on outcomes after esophagectomy is still debated. The choice of surgical approach can also be influenced by this treatment modality, including the performance of minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE), a technically demanding procedure. We sought to examine the outcomes of MIE after ...
Zhou Zhihong Z Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Academia Level 4, 20 College Road, Singapore, 169856, Singapore, - - 2014
The primary aim of this study was to identify the time point at which improvements in knee range of motion reach a plateau, if any. The secondary aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between the improvements in knee range of motion and patient-reported outcomes [Oxford knee score ...
Gao Yan Y Department of Endocrinology, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: The study aimed to confirm the efficacy, through non-inferiority, of patient-driven versus investigator-driven titration of biphasic insulin aspart 30 (BIAsp 30) in terms of glycemic control assessed by HbA1c change. Methods: SimpleMix was a 20-week, open-label, randomized, two-armed, parallel-group, multicenter study in five countries (Argentina, China, India, Poland, ...
Valente Serafina - - 2014
The effect : of thrombus aspiration on mortality is still controversial, with results which are often inconsistent in different randomized trials, real world registries and different follow-up duration. AIM: : The aim of this analysis was to assess the effect on 30-day and 1-year mortality of thrombus aspiration during primary ...
Tobis Scott S City of Hope National Medical Center , Duarte, - - 2014
Abstract Introduction: Alvimopan has been shown to improve time to return of bowel function in patients undergoing bowel resection. The objective of this study is to determine if alvimopan has similar benefits for patients undergoing robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC). Materials and Methods: All RARC cases were reviewed from January 2008 ...
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