Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 7896
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Peterson Janey C - - 2012
Within 1 year after percutaneous coronary intervention, more than 20% of patients experience new adverse events. Physical activity confers a 25% reduction in mortality; however, physical activity is widely underused. Thus, there is a need for more powerful behavioral interventions to promote physical activity. Our objective was to motivate patients ...
Romero Javier M - - 2012
This study was conducted to determine whether spot sign score correlates with average rate of hematoma expansion and whether average rate of expansion predicts in-hospital mortality and clinical outcome in spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). The study included 367 patients presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) from January 1, 2000 to ...
Fargen Kyle M - - 2012
IntroductionThere have been recent reports of high vascular complication rates after the use of the Mynx vascular closure device (VCD). At our institution, vascular complications due to these devices have rarely been encountered. A study was undertaken to retrospectively compare angiographic abnormalities seen after femoral artery closure by both the ...
Linsen Matteus A M - - 2012
We performed a systematic review of the current literature to analyze the immediate and follow-up results of fenestrated endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (F-EVAR) in patients with pararenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). The Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases were searched to identify all studies reporting F-EVAR of pararenal AAAs published between ...
Moritz Jorge Luís Wollstein - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate 1 year results of endovascular treatment (EVT) of intracranial aneurisms using Matrix second generation detachable coils (MSG(®)). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January and December 2006, 32 patients with 32 intracranial aneurisms were treated by coiling using MSG(®), with a minimum follow-up of 1 year. Data were acquired prospectively. Exclusion criteria were: permanent ...
Park Ui-Jun - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Hand arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are difficult to treat because of the necessity to maintain function and the high complication rate of treatment. The purpose of this study was to review the treatment of hand AVMs with embolo/sclerotherapy and the surgical procedures at a single institute. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We ...
Koerner Fritz - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Cellophane membranes are an early stage of proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) complicating retinal detachment surgery. Our aim was to assess whether a prolonged administration of systemic corticosteroids would attenuate early stages of PVR such as cellophane membranes. DESIGN: Prospective randomized placebo-controlled double-blind clinical trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of ...
Yoshida Kakunoshin - - 2012
We evaluated hemostatic markers in patients who underwent major orthopedic surgery, including total hip and total knee arthroplasty, and were treated for the prophylaxis of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) with or without fondaparinux (anti-Xa group, n = 98 and without anti-Xa group, n = 20). The frequency of DVT was significantly higher in the ...
Nair Anup P - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Treatment of pediatric arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) is always a challenge considering their hemorrhagic presentation, associated morbidity and mortality, and the potential long life span of these children. Spetzler-Martin grades I-III are the grey zones as far as the treatment options are concerned. With a generous multimodality approach, one can ...
Auba Cristina - - 2012
The purpose of this work was to report our initial experience with lymphaticovenular anastomoses (LVA), a controversial technique for lymphedema treatment. Although LVA technique was described many years ago, the procedure is not as widespread as it was supposed to be, taking into account the high impact that lymphedema has ...
Oh Joo Han - - 2012
HYPOTHESIS: Expectations and concerns affect the patient's postoperative improvement after rotator cuff surgery and are associated with preoperative functional status and sociodemographic factors of the patients. METHODS: We studied 128 patients who underwent rotator cuff surgery. Questionnaires regarding preoperative expectations and concerns were completed before surgery. The Simple Shoulder Test ...
Gaspar M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the efficacy of a topical treatment protocol with DMSO 50% to alleviate inflammatory processes in type 1 complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) with a course of less than 1 year. METHOD: Retrospective study performed in a traumatology hospital on patients with type 1 CRPS for whom a standard ...
Kim Sung Eun - - 2012
To investigate the surgical outcome of rectangular 4-snip punctoplasty, a modification of rectangular 3-snip procedures, using objective measurements. Noncomparative case series. The medical charts of patients who underwent rectangular 4-snip punctoplasty for severe punctal stenosis with at least 6 months follow-up were reviewed. Before surgery and at 1 and 6 ...
Iwamoto Yumiko - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: We determined the effect of two-time inflation of the stent balloon on stent expansion and its responsible factor. METHODS: Subjects included 61 patients with de novo coronary artery lesions, in whom 12 sirolimus-eluting, 27 paclitaxel-eluting, and 22 other stents were deployed twice at identical inflation pressures (11.3±2.3atm) and inflation ...
Gerganov Venelin M - - 2012
Object An increasing number of patients with vestibular schwannomas (VSs) are being treated with radiosurgery. Treatment failure or secondary regrowth after radiosurgery, however, has been observed in 2%-9% of patients. In large tumors that compress the brainstem and in patients who experience rapid neurological deterioration, surgical removal is the only ...
Yu Shang-Won - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This study aims to compare radiographic and clinical outcomes of Dynesys and posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) for the treatment of multisegment disease. METHODS: Thirty-five consecutive patients who received Dynesys implantation at three levels from L1 to S1 from November 2006 to July 2007 were studied. A retrospective analysis ...
Imamura Hiroshi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Billroth I (B-I) and Roux-en-Y (R-Y) reconstructions are commonly performed after distal gastrectomy. Which reconstruction procedure is superior remains controversial. We conducted a randomized controlled trial to compare the clinical efficacy of B-I and R-Y. METHODS: Between August 2005 and December 2008, a total of 332 patients with potentially ...
Ohkawa Shingo - - 2012
PURPOSE: Recently, a computer-assisted navigation system has been used for the quantitative evaluation not only of anterior-posterior (AP) laxity but also rotational laxity of the tibia intraoperatively. The purpose of this study was to investigate how intraoperative AP or rotational laxities measured by the navigation system could correlate with postoperative ...
Wang Xuan - - 2012
Objective: The aim of the study is to summarize the effects of timing of initiation of renal replacement therapy (RRT) on mortality. Methods: A systematic search for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and other clinical studies was performed without language restriction in PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase. We estimated pooled ...
Teusink Matthew J - - 2012
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the 10- to 18-year follow-up of cementless acetabular fixation in patients 50 years and younger. We retrospectively reviewed a consecutive group of 118 patients (144 hips) in whom primary total hip arthroplasty had been performed by 2 surgeons using a cementless acetabular ...
Hoohenkerk Gerard J F - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Long-term results of reoperation for left atrioventricular valve regurgitation (LAVVR) after previous correction of atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD) are scarce. We evaluated long-term outcome of reoperation for LAVVR and identified risk factors for reoperation. METHODS: Between December 1976 and July 2006, 45 of 312 patients with correction of different ...
Yagudin Ramil K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a new surgical method, plastic cordotomy for treatment of bilateral vocal fold immobility. METHODS: We used cadaver experiments on 20 larynges to measure the widening of the glottis after bilateral plastic cordotomy. We conducted a prospective study of 21 female patients ...
Fuehner Thomas - - 2012
RATIONALE: The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in awake, spontaneously breathing patients may represent a novel bridging strategy towards lung transplantation (LuTx). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes of patients treated with the "awake ECMO" concept as bridge to transplantation. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, single-center, intention-to-treat analysis of consecutive ...
Khashab Mouen A - - 2012
Conventional plastic stents with a lumen typically have limited patency. The lumenless wing stent was engineered to overcome this problem. The objective of this study was to compare the incidence of early stent occlusion (symptomatic occlusion/cholangitis necessitating re-insertion within 90 days) for wing stents and conventional plastic stents. Patients with ...
Paul Jochen - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There are limited data regarding activity after osteochondral transplantation of the talus in orthopaedic publications. HYPOTHESIS: Osteochondral transplantation of the talus is a clinically successful treatment and enables patients to pursue regular and ongoing recreational sporting activities. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: One hundred thirty-one ...
Masuda Norikazu - - 2012
Aromatase inhibitors have shown increased efficacy compared with tamoxifen in postmenopausal early breast cancer. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of anastrozole versus tamoxifen in premenopausal women receiving goserelin for early breast cancer in the neoadjuvant setting. In this phase 3, randomised, double-blind, parallel-group, multicentre study, we enrolled ...
Dechêne A - - 2012
Background and Aims: Current treatment strategies of variceal bleeding (VB) include banding and sclerotherapy. However, up to 10% of bleeding events remain refractory to standard therapy with high mortality. With this study, we aimed to evaluate the implantation of self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) for the management of therapy-refractory variceal bleeding. ...
Neuburger J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Differences in the use of hip and knee replacement by sex, age, ethnicity or socioeconomic status may lead to differences in disease severity between those who have surgery. METHODS: Analyses used data collected from 117 736 patients in 2009-10 via the Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) programme in England. ...
Zeng Yan - - 2012
Object The object of this study was to compare the clinical and radiographic outcomes of 36 patients with posttuberculosis kyphosis who underwent one of two types of osteotomy. Methods Each patient underwent single-stage correction via a posterior surgical approach. A modified pedicle subtraction osteotomy (mPSO) was performed when the kyphotic ...
Shimazaki Jun - - 2012
Endothelial rejection remains a major cause of graft failure after penetrating keratoplasty (PKP). Topical corticosteroids are the gold standard for preventing rejection; however, protocols for corticosteroid treatment have been diverse. The aim of the present study was to examine the efficacy and safety of long-term use of corticosteroid eye drops ...
Samuel N - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Saphenopopliteal ligation (SPL) for venous insufficiency is a challenging procedure, with mixed results being reported. The role of stripping of the small saphenous vein (SSV) is contentious. This prospective observational study aimed to assess the risks and benefits of this procedure. METHODS: Fifty patients underwent SPL under general anaesthesia ...
Cennamo Vincenzo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the enUmeration of Mortality and morbidity model, and its Portsmouth and colorectal modifications are used to predict postoperative mortality and morbidity after colorectal surgery. AIMS: To compare stent placement as a bridge to surgery vs. emergency surgical resection in patients with acute ...
Cheng Ching-Hsiao - - 2012
Object Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) has emerged as the treatment of choice for small- to medium-sized cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) in deep locations. The present study aims to investigate the outcomes of GKS for AVMs in the basal ganglia and thalamus. Methods Between 1989 and 2007, 85 patients with AVMs ...
Cillóniz Catia - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to establish the microbial aetiology and outcomes of patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) treated as outpatients after presenting to a hospital emergency care unit. A prospective observational study was carried out in the Hospital Clinic of Barcelona (Barcelona, Spain). All consecutive cases of CAP ...
Norris J H - - 2012
To investigate the effect of orbital decompression surgery in thyroid orbitopathy (TO) on both refractive status and intraocular pressure (IOP). A prospective, multicentre, consecutive audit of patients undergoing thyroid decompression surgery. Indications for surgery included cosmetically unacceptable proptosis or corneal exposure. Exclusion criteria included the following: previous orbital surgery, glaucoma, ...
Pasquali Sara K - - 2012
Recent studies suggest adverse events associated with aprotinin in adults may not occur in children, and there is interest in further pediatric study of aprotinin. However, there are limited contemporary data comparing aprotinin with other available antifibrinolytics (aminocaproic acid [ACA] and tranexamic acid [TXA]) to guide current practice and aid ...
Elkassabany Nabil N Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. - - 2012
The aim of this study was to describe anesthetic management and perioperative complications in patients undergoing pulmonary vein isolation for the treatment of atrial fibrillation under general anesthesia using high-frequency jet ventilation. The authors also identified variables associated with longer ablation times in this patient cohort. A retrospective observational study. ...
von Delius S - - 2012
Introduction: Bispectral index (BIS) monitoring provides a non-invasive measure of the level of sedation. The purpose of this randomized, single-blind clinical trial was to evaluate whether BIS monitoring of sedation would lead to improved oxygenation and a reduced rate of cardiopulmonary complications during endoscopy. Patients and methods: Patients undergoing endoscopic ...
Preiss Marek - - 2012
Background and purpose. This prospective study investigated whether surgery or endovascular treatment for unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) affects cognitive functions. Methods. Four neuropsychological variables from an Auditory Verbal Learning Test (overall capacity of verbal memory and delayed recall) and a Trail Making Test (psychomotor speed and cognitive flexibility) were investigated ...
Lakhdar-Idrissi Mounia - - 2012
INTRODUCTION:: Esophageal strictures in children are serious and require specialized care. Peptic stricture is most common in our context, caustic and congenital strictures are rare. OBJECTIVE:: This study reports our experience in esophageal endoscopic dilation while specifying the causes of esophageal strictures as well as their response to endoscopic treatment. ...
Denard Patrick J - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the long-term functional outcome of anatomic arthroscopic repair of type II SLAP lesions with suture anchors. METHODS: We examined all arthroscopic repairs of isolated type II SLAP lesions from January 2002 through December 2007. Fifty-five patients were available for long-term follow-up ...
Borsato Garry W - - 2012
PURPOSE: To determine the safety and outcomes of performing endovascular interventions across pacemaker (PM) lead-related central vein stenosis/occlusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical and imaging records from April 2002 to August 2010 were reviewed for patients presenting with clinically significant central venous stenosis or central venous obstruction with indwelling PM leads ...
Ronellenfitsch Ulrich - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery demands a multidisciplinary approach and enhanced recovery schemes. Such schemes are complex and cumbersome to introduce into practice. This study evaluates if a clinical pathway (CP) facilitates implementation of an enhanced recovery scheme in bariatric surgery with the goal of improving perioperative quality of care. METHODS: We ...
Wylde Vikki - - 2012
Background: currently, assessment of outcomes after joint replacement is predominantly centred on impairment and activity limitation (e.g. walking), with little consideration of participation restriction.Method: structured telephone interviews about participation in leisure activities were conducted with 56 total hip replacement (THR) and 60 total knee replacement (TKR) patients before and 1 ...
Mieog J Sven D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Aromatase inhibitors are more effective than is tamoxifen in prevention of breast-cancer recurrence, but at the expense of increased musculoskeletal side-effects, such as carpal tunnel syndrome. The aim of this study was to assess risk factors and the prognostic value of musculoskeletal symptoms during treatment with the steroidal aromatase ...
Jeon P - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Fusiform aneurysms and ultrawide-neck circumferential aneurysms are still some of the most challenging lesions. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and feasibility of the use of multiple overlapping Enterprise stents with coiling for the treatment of fusiform or ultrawide-neck circumferential aneurysms.MATERIALS AND METHODS:Twelve consecutive ...
Günebakmaz Ozgür - - 2012
BACKGROUND: An experimental study showed that nebivolol is an effective agent in contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) prophylaxis. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that prophylactic nebivolol use had protective effects on renal function in human beings subjected to iodinated contrast agent since it has vasodilatory effect and antioxidant properties. METHODS: The present study enrolled ...
Matute María-Consuelo - - 2012
Background: Information is scare regarding the safety of intravenous thrombolysis in patients under anticoagulant treatment, given that this is an exclusion criterion in clinical trials. We analyzed the risk of hemorrhagic complications following thrombolysis in patients under treatment with low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWH) and oral anticoagulants (OA). Methods: In a multicentered ...
Rayar Michel - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Delayed gastric emptying (DGE) is a common complication following pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). Our retrospective study aimed to evaluate the influence of enteral nutrition (EN) on DGE incidence after standard PD with antrectomy and Child reconstruction. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 275 consecutive patients who underwent standard PD between January 2000 and ...
Baker Joseph F - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a naturally occurring substance within normal synovial joints. Although its efficacy in treating osteoarthritis has been evaluated, it has not been established whether it is of benefit after routine arthroscopic procedures. We hypothesized that immediate supplementation with HA after completion of arthroscopy would result in ...
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