Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 7913
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Shino Konsei - - 2012
We developed the rectangular tunnel ACL reconstruction (RT ACLR) using a 10-mm wide bone-patellar tendon-bone (BTB) graft through rectangular tunnels with a rectangular aperture to reduce tunnel size: the cross-sectional area of the tunnels of 50 mm(2) (5 × 10 mm) in RT ACLR is less than that of 79 ...
Laprade Robert F - - 2012
The main static stabilizers of the medial knee are the superficial medial collateral and posterior oblique ligaments. A number of reconstructive techniques have been advocated including one we describe here. However, whether these reconstructions restore function and stability is unclear. This anatomic reconstruction technique consisted of reconstruction of the proximal ...
Desai Atman - - 2012
Retrospective review of a prospectively collected multi-institutional database. In the present analysis, we investigate the impact of incidental durotomy on outcome in patients undergoing surgery for lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis. Surgery for lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis has several potential complications, one of the most common of which is incidental durotomy. The effect ...
Peñarrocha M-A - - 2012
Trigeminal neuropathy is most often secondary to trauma. The present study explores the underlying causes and the factors that influence recovery. A retrospective case study was made involving 63 patients with trigeminal neuropathy of traumatologic origin, subjected to follow-up for at least 12 months. Fifty-four percent of all cases were ...
Demma Linda J - - 2012
Patients recovering from cardiothoracic surgery are known to be at increased risk of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia. Postoperatively, if heparin-induced thrombocytopenia is suspected, heparin is discontinued immediately and an alternative anticoagulant, such as the direct thrombin inhibitor argatroban, is administered. Current data regarding the safety and efficacy of argatroban in the postoperative ...
Chi Felicia W - - 2012
This study examines 12-Step attendance trajectories over 7 years, factors associated with the trajectories, and relationships between the trajectories and long-term substance use outcomes among adolescents entering out-patient substance use treatment in a private, non-profit integrated managed-care health plan. Longitudinal observational study. Four Kaiser Permanente Northern California substance use treatment ...
Akman Tolga - - 2012
The aim of our study was to evaluate the outcomes of retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) in elderly patients with stones of moderate size. Between September 2008 and June 2011, a total of 28 patients over 65 years of age with single renal stones that measured 1.5 to 3 cm were treated ...
Bochenek T - - 2012
The currently recommended method of venous thromboembolism (VTE) treatment is the application of vitamin K antagonists (VKA) in most patients, and low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWH) in selected groups. The VKA dose adjustment is difficult which might well render the treatment ineffective. The study aimed to compare LMWH with VKA in treating ...
Isemann B - - 2012
Objective:To identify factors associated with complications necessitating unplanned removal of peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICCs) in neonates.Study Design:A before-and-after comparison following the exclusion of heparin from continuous infusions through PICCs placed by a designated team. Duration of use was assessed during epochs immediately preceding and following the practice change. ...
Manzano Glen R - - 2012
Controversy exists as to the best posterior operative procedure to treat multilevel compressive cervical spondylotic myelopathy. To determine clinical, radiological, and patient satisfaction outcomes between expansile cervical laminoplasty (ECL) and cervical laminectomy and fusion (CLF). We performed a prospective, randomized study of ECL vs CLF in patients suffering from cervical ...
Rauso Raffaele - - 2012
Background: Facial lipoatrophy is one of the most distressing manifestation for HIV patients. It can be stigmatizing, severely affecting quality of life and self-esteem, and it may result in reduced antiretroviral adherence. Several filling techniques have been proposed in facial wasting restoration, with different outcomes. The aim of this study ...
Ouzounian Maral - - 2012
Controversy exists about whether preoperative angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEi) therapy is associated with adverse outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). We analyzed the outcomes of consecutive patients who underwent isolated CABG between 1998 and 2007 at a single institution. We used multivariable models to examine the association between preoperative ...
Massicotte E - - 2012
We report a novel approach in the treatment of spinal metastases with epidural disease and mechanical instability using a combined minimal access spine surgery (MASS) technique followed by spine stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT). This study was performed as a retrospective review of the first ten consecutive patients treated with this ...
Geurs Nico C - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate interdental papillary reconstruction based on a micronized acellular dermal matrix allograft technique. Thirty-eight papillae in 12 patients with esthetic complaints of insufficient papillae were evaluated. Decreased gingival recession values were found postoperatively (P < .001). Chi-square analysis showed significantly higher postoperative Papilla ...
St Mont G - - 2012
A new Airtraq(®) laryngoscope has been developed for nasal intubation. We prospectively compared tracheal intubation efficiency of the Airtraq for nasotracheal intubation vs that of the Macintosh laryngoscope in 200 patients. Depending on pre-operative airway evaluation, the patients were allocated to expected easy (n = 100) or difficult (n = ...
Xu Zhen-Dong - - 2012
Marked hemodynamic alteration, commonly referred to as postreperfusion syndrome (PRS), often occurs after revascularization of the donor organ during orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) and is associated with poor outcomes. This study aimed to investigate the incidence, predictive factors and clinical outcomes of PRS in Chinese patients following OLT at a ...
Kawakami Hiroshi - - 2012
Wire-guided cannulation (WGC) with a sphincterotome (S) for selective bile duct cannulation (SBDC) has been reported to have a higher success rate and lower incidence of post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) than conventional methods in some randomized, controlled trials (RCTs) that were both single center and limited to only a few endoscopists. ...
Yu Lei - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the hemostatic efficacy and feasibility of direct injection of fibrin sealant into the sternal marrow cavity in senior patients undergoing on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). A total of 82 senior patients undergoing on-pump CABG were randomized to the bone wax group ...
Kaiser Andreas M - - 2012
: Continent ileostomy is an alternative for patients who are either not candidates for an ileo-anal pullthrough or in whom an ileo-anal pullthrough failed. We previously described a new type of continent ileostomy (T-pouch) with a nonintussuscepting valve. : This study performed an outcomes analysis of the first 10 years ...
Lai Chiung-Ru - - 2012
A retrospective review was done to evaluate the importance of degenerative endometrial debris accompanied with benign-looking endometrial cells in Papanicolaou (Pap) smears. In total, 306 patients were divided into 2 groups according to the absence (group 1) or presence (group 2) of endometrial debris. Eighty-one (26.5%) patients received histologic follow-up. ...
Ning Suli - - 2012
Background  Flat warts are a common presenting complaint in adolescents and adults and may be a cosmetic problem as well. Patients suffering from flat warts are often unsatisfied with conventional medical care because of adverse effects such as intolerable pain, hyperpigmentation, hypopigmentation, or occasionally allergic contact dermatitis. To offset the ...
Courville Xan F - - 2012
Objective. To perform a cost-effectiveness analysis to evaluate preoperative use of mupirocin in patients with total joint arthroplasty (TJA). Design. Simple decision tree model. Setting. Outpatient TJA clinical setting. Participants. Hypothetical cohort of patients with TJA. Interventions. A simple decision tree model compared 3 strategies in a hypothetical cohort of patients with TJA: (1) obtaining ...
Landoni Giovanni - - 2012
Catecholaminergic inotropes have a place in the management of low output syndrome and decompensated heart failure but their effect on mortality is debated. Levosimendan is a calcium sensitizer that enhances myocardial contractility without increasing myocardial oxygen use. A meta-analysis was conducted to determine the impact of levosimendan on mortality and ...
OkuĊŸ Ahmet - - 2012
Pilonidal disease is an inflammatory disease seen in the intergluteal region. In this study, our aim was to compare the efficacy of the Limberg flap versus a tension-free primary closure. A total of 93 patients were included in this study. The patients were assigned consecutively by the closed-envelope technique to ...
Schietroma Mario - - 2012
The role of supplemental oxygen therapy in the healing of colorectal anastomosis is still very much at an experimental stage. The aim of the present study, prospective randomized, was to assess the effect of administration of perioperative supplemental oxygen therapy on infraperitoneal anastomosis, where the risk of leakage is higher. ...
Vallejo Manuel C - - 2012
Postoperative nausea and vomiting is a major challenge in the perioperative setting. The incidence can be as high as 80 percent, and the majority of the symptoms among outpatients occur after discharge. This study evaluated the efficacy of a neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist (aprepitant) in reducing postoperative symptoms for up to ...
Yamashita Takeshi - - 2012
: The purpose of the present study was to determine whether preoperative cerebral blood flow (CBF) or cortical central benzodiazepine receptor binding potential as measured by brain perfusion or I-iomazenil (IMZ) single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging, respectively, can predict cognitive improvement after uncomplicated carotid endarterectomy (CEA). : Neuropsychological testing ...
Westwood David A - - 2012
: Cap-assisted colonoscopy uses a transparent plastic hood attached to the tip of the colonoscope to flatten the semilunar folds and improve mucosal exposure. Several studies have examined the effect of cap-assisted colonoscopy on polyp detection, but the data are inconsistent. : This study aimed to evaluate whether cap-assisted colonoscopy ...
Mu Y P - - 2012
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of moxifloxacin monotherapy for treatment of complicated intra-abdominal infections. PubMed, EMBASE, Science Direct, ClinicalTrials.gov and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched to retrieve randomised controlled trials (RCTs) compared moxifloxacin monotherapy with other antibiotics in the treatment of complicated intra-abdominal infections from January ...
Peláez T - - 2012
Background. Outbreaks of invasive aspergillosis (IA) are believed to be caused by airborne Aspergillus conidia. Few studies have established a correlation between high levels of Aspergillus fumigatus conidia and the appearance of new cases of IA or have demonstrated matching genotypes between clinical isolates and those from the environment. Methods. We detected ...
Georgopoulos Sotirios - - 2012
  The eradication rates of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) with standard treatments are decreasing worldwide as in Greece. Studies with new antibiotic combinations are needed to find better methods of eradication. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate efficacy and tolerability of a 10-day, four-drug, three-antibiotic, nonbismuth-containing concomitant ...
Davis Melinda J - - 2012
Studies of endovascular treatment for acute ischemic stroke have identified general anesthesia as a predictor for poor outcome in comparison with local anesthesia/sedation. This retrospective study attempts to identify modifiable factors associated with poor outcome, while adjusting for baseline stroke severity, in patients receiving general anesthesia. We reviewed charts of ...
Fakin R - - 2012
Aim of this study was to elucidate if postoperative neurocognitive function after biological aortic valve replacement (AVR) can be influenced by temperature management during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). In this prospective randomized study, we measured the effect of mild hypothermic (32 °C, N.=30) vs. normothermic (37 °C, N.=30) CPB on neurocognitive ...
van Rijssen Annet L - - 2012
The increasing number of methods for treating Dupuytren's disease indicates a need for comparative studies. In this article, the 5-year follow-up results of a randomized controlled study that compared percutaneous needle fasciotomy and limited fasciectomy are presented. One hundred eleven patients with 115 affected hands with a minimal passive extension ...
Rödel S G J - - 2012
Several studies have shown the feasibility of endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (rEVAR). However, the role and value of rEVAR remains controversial due to selection bias and lack of long-term results. In the present study we describe our short- and long-term results of treating patients with rEVAR irrespective ...
Wang Theresa Y - - 2012
Hypercoagulability or thrombophilia is a group of inherited or acquired conditions associated with a predisposition to thrombosis. Most hypercoagulable states alter the blood itself or affect the vasculature, directly creating a detrimental environment for microsurgery. The authors present their series of hypercoagulable patients who underwent free flap reconstruction. A retrospective ...
Min S K - - 2012
This study evaluated the effect of limiting maximal infusion-pump flow rate on suppression of remifentanil-induced cough during target-controlled infusion. Two hundred and ten patients were randomly assigned to receive remifentanil at an effect-site concentration of 4.0 ng.ml(-1) with maximal flow rate limited to 100 (group R(100) ), 200 (group R(200) ), ...
Liu Mengyuan T - - 2012
This study was designed to assess whether preoperative trigger-site confirmation using botulinum toxin type A injections significantly improved migraine surgery outcomes. The medical charts of 335 migraine surgery patients were reviewed. Patients who received stepwise diagnostic botulinum toxin type A injections were placed in the botulinum toxin type A group ...
Ren Li - - 2012
The aim of this trial was to compare the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) program with conventional perioperative management in patients who underwent radical resection for colorectal cancer. A combination of evidence-based and consensus methodology was used to develop the ERAS protocol. Five hundred ninety-seven consecutive patients who underwent elective ...
Liao C-H - - 2012
Aims:  To investigate if the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) voiding-to-storage subscore ratio (IPSS-V/S) can help to guide the treatment for male lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Methods:  Men aged 40 years or older with a total IPSS (IPSS-T) 8 or more were constitutively enrolled from January 2010 to December 2010. ...
Ruiz Margaret - - 2012
The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the impact of timing for providing parents with postoperative education in the pediatric setting, their ability to retain information, and their satisfaction with the education provided. A total of 70 subjects were enrolled and randomly assigned to a control or intervention ...
Singh Primal P - - 2012
Statins have many beneficial effects and may attenuate the proinflammatory and metabolic stress response to surgery and consequently reduce postoperative morbidity. This study investigated whether perioperative use of statins improved short-term outcomes after elective colectomy. This study is a retrospective review of prospectively collected data. This study was conducted in ...
Park Dong Ho - - 2012
To investigate whether there was an association with the LOC387715/HTRA1 variants and a response to combined photodynamic therapy with intravitreal bevacizumab for polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy. Combined photodynamic therapy with intravitreal bevacizumab was repeated every 3 months until the disappearance of angiographic signs in the active lesions of 51 eyes with ...
Lekhanont Kaevalin - - 2012
To investigate the efficacy and safety of subconjunctival bevacizumab injection for the treatment of impending recurrent pterygium. A prospective, randomized, single-masked, controlled trial was conducted in 80 patients with impending recurrent pterygium. Patients were randomized into 4 groups using random tables: 20 patients served as a control and treatment groups ...
Knapik Piotr - - 2012
Heparin resistance is relatively frequent in patients undergoing coronary surgery. We aimed to assess the impact of heparin resistance on the outcome of patients undergoing coronary surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CABG). Three definitions of heparin resistance were adopted. We performed a retrospective review of 756 consecutive patients undergoing isolated CABG. ...
Jacobson Stefan - - 2012
The effect of preoperative total parenteral nutrition (TPN) on the rate of early (within 30 days) postoperative complications in patients with moderate to severe Crohn's disease (CD) was examined. A series of 15 consecutive patients with CD (mean CD activity index score, 270) given preoperative TPN for 18-90 days (mean, ...
Del Gaizo Daniel J - - 2012
Initial reports with short-term followup of porous tantalum acetabular components and augments for Paprosky IIIA acetabular defects demonstrate high hip scores, low rates of aseptic loosening, and low rates of complications. However, longer-term followup with a larger cohort is needed to determine the durability of these reconstructions. We therefore determined ...
Patel Ronak M - - 2012
Limitations of conventional uncemented femoral stems persist, including proximal-distal mismatch, nonideal load transfer, loss of bone, and difficulties with minimally invasive surgery. Metaphyseal-engaging short-stem implants have been designed to address these issues in THA. While these devices have been studied in younger patients, it is unclear whether they offer advantages ...
Williams Daniel H - - 2012
While the primary objective of joint arthroplasty is to improve patient quality of life, pain, and function, younger active patients often demand a return to higher function that includes sporting activity. Knowledge of rates and predictors of return to sports will help inform expectations in patients anticipating return to sports ...
Winters Brian S - - 2012
We observed a substantial increase in the incidence of pulmonary embolism (PE) after total joint arthroplasty (TJA) when multidetector computerized tomography (MDCT) replaced ventilation-perfusion (V/Q) scans as the diagnostic modality of choice. We questioned whether this resulted from the detection of clinically unimportant PE with the more sensitive MDCT and ...
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