Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 8214
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Tsai Jenny P JP Division of Neurology, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Medication adherence is important for optimal secondary stroke prevention. We evaluated short-term adherence to antihypertensive and lipid-lowering agents after a new ischemic stroke, as predictor of adherence at 1 and 2 years. A 5-year cohort of patients from 11 institutions in the Registry of the Canadian Stroke Network was linked to ...
Tarcan Tufan T Department of Urology, Marmara University School of Medicine, Istanbul, - - 2014
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of retropubic (RP) or transobturator (TO) midurethral slings (MUS) in a prospective randomized cohort of Turkish women. Patients and Methods: A total of 54 women with urodynamic stress urinary incontinence (SUI) were randomized to undergo either RP ...
Dybowski Bartosz A BA Department of Urology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
To find out if detrusor overactivity (DO) is a predictor of moderate or severe storage lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) persisting 6 months after photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP). Patients with bladder outlet obstruction proved by urodynamics who underwent PVP with the lithium triborate laser were followed for 6 months with ...
Yagi Mitsuru M Department of Orthopedic Surgery, National Hospital Organization Murayama Medical Center. Electronic address: - - 2014
During quiet standing, the gravity line (GL) can be located according to the sum of the ground reaction forces (GRF) measured with a force platform. C7 plumb line (C7PL) is an easy method to estimate sagittal trunk balance, but discordance between C7PL and the GL is widely recognized. However, the ...
Plunkett Mark D MD Division of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, - - 2014
Management of a ventricular septal defect (VSD) at time of coarctation of the aorta (CoA) repair remains controversial, with recent studies advocating concomitant repair of both defects. We evaluated the surgical management and mortality for patients undergoing CoA repair associated with a VSD. We retrospectively reviewed data submitted to the ...
McCarthy Fenton H FH Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, University of Pennsylvania Health System, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Recent studies have suggested that transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) may have superior outcomes compared with aortic valve replacement (AVR) for high-risk patients with significant mitral regurgitation (MR). Considering significant MR is frequently addressed with a mitral valve repair or replacement (MVR) at the time of open aortic valve replacement, ...
Nguyen Tom C TC Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Memorial Hermann Hospital-Heart and Vascular Institute, Houston, - - 2014
An increasing number of patients with prior coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) now present with severe aortic stenosis. The proposed benefit of surgical (SAVR) vs transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is unknown. The objective of this study was to compare short-term and midterm outcomes of patients undergoing isolated SAVR vs ...
Unbehaun Axel A Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
In line with our institutional strategy, we do not accept paravalvular leakage after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Apart from data from very limited initial experience, predictors of leakage in large cohorts treated with new types of TAVI prostheses are still lacking. From April 2008 to August 2013, 730 patients ...
Schneider Adriaan W AW Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The - - 2014
Management of pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum (PAIVS) is challenging and depends on the individual patient's morphologic characteristics. We evaluated outcomes of 25 years of experience in morphologically driven management of PAIVS. Between January 1985 and December 2011, 60 patients were treated for PAIVS. Patients were retrospectively categorized into ...
Caceres Manuel M Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA; Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Memphis, - - 2014
Aortic-valve sparing (AVS) techniques have emerged as alternatives to composite graft-valve replacement (CVR) for treatment of aortic root aneurysm. This study analyzed recent practice trends of aortic root surgery using the Society of Thoracic Surgeons database. From January 2000 through June 2011, 31,747, Overall patients received AVS (n=3,585/31,747; 11.3%) or ...
Lin Jen-Chieh JC Department of Ophthalmology, Taipei City Hospital, Heping Fuyoy Branch, Taipei, Taiwan; Graduate Institute of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Our aim was to conduct a cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) of monofocal and multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) for cataract patients in Taiwan. This prospective nonrandomized study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of monofocal and multifocal IOLs by means of visual performance, visual quality, vision-related quality of life, and spectacle-independence rates. ...
Suh Soon Yong SY Gachon University Gil Hospital, Incheon, Republic of - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine whether the efficacy and tolerability of amlodipine camsylate/losartan 5/100 mg/d (AML/LOS) are noninferior to those of losartan/hydrochlorothiazide 100/12.5 mg/d (LOS/HCTZ) fixed-dose combination in hypertensive patients unresponsive to losartan 100-mg/d monotherapy. Male and female patients aged ≥18 years with hypertension despite 4-week, stable ...
Lin Chung-Chi CC Department of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC; Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC; Department of Medicine, Taipei Municipal Gan-Dau Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC; Healthcare and Management Center, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, - - 2014
The predictors of recurrent colorectal adenoma have not been fully examined. This study aimed to evaluate the predictors of recurrent colorectal adenoma after initial screening colonoscopy with adenoma polypectomy. A retrospective cohort study was conducted at the Taipei Veterans General Hospital from 2003 to 2011. After screening, 356 patients who ...
Mertens Griet G *University Department Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Antwerp University Hospital; and †Antwerp University, Antwerp, - - 2014
Hearing preservation (HP) surgery was initiated more than 10 years ago for combined electric and acoustic stimulation (EAS). Preserved residual low-frequency hearing has been demonstrated to improve speech perception in noise as well as music appreciation in EAS users up to 2 years. Multiple study groups aimed to evaluate initial ...
Yamashita Yo-Ichi YI Department of Surgery and Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Enoxaparin, low-molecular-weight heparin, has become a routine thromboprophylaxis in general surgery. A retrospective cohort study was performed in 281 patients who underwent hepatic resections for liver cancers from 2011 to 2013. These patients were divided into two groups; an enoxaparin (-) group (n=228) and an enoxaparin (+) group (n=53). Short-term ...
Gal Pim P Department of Cardiology, Isala Klinieken, Zwolle, The - - 2014
Limited data is available on long-term atrial fibrillation (AF) free survival after multi-electrode catheter pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). The aim of this study was to compare point-by-point PVI to multi-electrode PVI in terms of procedural characteristics and long-term AF free survival. 460 consecutive patients were randomly allocated: 230 patients underwent ...
Qian Jun - - 2014
Abstract Background: CTNNA1 gene is a putative tumor suppressor for its roles in inhibiting proliferation and promoting apoptosis. Aberrant expression of CTNNA1 is regulated by epigenetic mechanisms including both promoter methylation and histone deacetylation in hematopoietic malignancies. However, the clinical relevance of CTNNA1 methylation remains rarely known in myelodysplastic syndrome ...
Inouye Brian M BM The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, James Buchanan Brady Urological Institute Division of Pediatric Urology, Charlotte Bloomberg Children's Hospital, 1800 Orleans St. Suite 7204, Baltimore, MD, - - 2014
Staged pelvic osteotomy (SPO) prior to bladder closure has been shown to be a safe and effective method for achieving pubic approximation in cloacal exstrophy (CE) patients with extreme diastasis. However, SPO outcomes have never been compared to those for combined pelvic osteotomy (CPO) at the time of closure in ...
Park Soon Hyung SH Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Keimyung University College of Medicine (s.h.p., j.h.c.), Daegu, Republic of - - 2014
Intratympanic dexamethasone injection (ITDI) is a widely accepted treatment for patients with sudden hearing loss. We investigated the appropriate patient wait time in the supine treatment position after ITDI. Prospective study. In an in vivo animal study, 24 mice were injected intratympanically with dexamethasone. Perilymphatic fluid was sampled at 5, ...
Leone Roberti Maggiore Umberto U Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, IRCCS San Martino Hospital and National, Institute for Cancer Research, University of Genoa, Largo Rosanna Benzi 1, 16132 Genoa, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the efficacy of preoperative treatment with aromatase inhibitors (AIs) in premenopausal women undergoing laparoscopic myomectomy of large uterine myomas. Prospective non-randomized assessor-blind comparative trial. This study included 80 patients undergoing laparoscopic myomectomy of large uterine myomas (≥8cm). Forty patients were treated with a combination of oral letrozole (2.5mg/day) ...
Liu Yi Y Department of Neurosurgery, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to elucidate clinical and prognostic characteristics of the midline suprasellar meningiomas based on their origin and growth pattern. A retrospective review of the medical records was conducted for patients undergoing surgical resection of the midline suprasellar meningioma. The meningiomas were divided into group ...
Xu Sheng-Gen SG Department of Orthopedic Surgery, The People's Hospital of Jiangshan, Jiangshan City, Zhejiang 324100, PR China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Widespread overuse and inappropriate use of antibiotics contribute to increasingly antibiotic-resistant pathogens and higher health care costs. It is not clear whether routine antibiotic prophylaxis can reduce the rate of surgical site infection (SSI) in low-risk patients undergoing orthopaedic surgery. We designed a simple scorecard to grade SSI risk factors ...
Iacovelli Roberto R Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale Tumori, Department of Medical Oncology, Milan, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Two mTOR inhibitors, TEM and EVE, proved to be active in mRCC but have never been compared in a prospective trial. We aimed to compare their effectiveness in mRCC patients previously treated with a vascular endothelial growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, and performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of ...
Endo Hirosuke H Department of Medical Materials for Musculoskeletal Reconstruction, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama 700-8558, - - 2014
We reviewed the treatment outcome in 14 hips of 7 patients who were diagnosed as having bilateral developmental dislocation of the hip (DDH) after walking age and could be followed up until they were at least 14 years of age. Based on the results of two-directional arthrography of the hip, ...
McKinsey James F JF Division of Vascular Surgery, New York Presbyterian Hospital, University Hospital of Columbia and Cornell, New York, New York. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess the safety and effectiveness of directional atherectomy (DA) for endovascular treatment of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in infrainguinal arteries in patients with claudication or critical limb ischemia. To date, no prospective, multicenter, independently-adjudicated study has evaluated the effectiveness and durability of DA ...
Hu Chuan-Xian CX Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Huai'an First People's Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 223300, - - 2014
To compare the clinical outcomes of minimally invasive right subaxillary vertical thoracotomy and traditional median sternotomy through right atrium in treatment of common congenital heart diseases. Clinical data of 59 cases of common congenital heart diseases treated with minimally invasive right axillary vertical thoracotomy from May, 2011 to February, 2013 ...
Habib Sultana S Department of Adult Cardiology , National Institute of Cardiovascular Disease (NICVD), - - 2014
To determine the frequency of cognitive impairment and its predictors in patients, who underwent first time coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABGS). An observational study. The National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases (NICVD), Karachi, from December 2008 to December 2009. Study included patients > 18 years, who underwent first-time elective CABGS. ...
El-Mazny Akmal A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare immediate and 12h postoperative removal of urinary catheter after elective cesarean section. In a prospective clinical trial at a university teaching hospital, 300 eligible women admitted for primary or repeat elective cesarean section were randomized into two equal groups. In group A, the catheter was removed immediately after ...
Schenfeld Eric M - - 2014
ABSTRACTObjective:Despite growing adoption, the impact of prehospital initiation of therapeutic hypothermia on outcomes of cardiac arrest patients is unknown. The objective of this study was to determine if prehospital administration of cold intravenous fluids improved the time-to-target temperature. All patients enrolled in an institutional post-cardiac arrest treatment pathway were prospectively ...
Backer Ole De OD Kardiologisk Afdeling, Rigshospitalet, Blegdamsvej 9, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark. - - 2014
In atrial fibrillation (AF) patients with an increased stroke risk, oral anticoagulation (OAC) is the standard treatment for stroke prevention. However, this therapy carries a high risk of major bleeding. Percutaneous closure of the left atrial appendage (LAA) is suggested as an alternative option for stroke prevention in AF patients ...
Dienstknecht T T Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Regensburg University Medical Centre, Asklepios Klinikum Bad Abbach, Bad Abbach, - - 2014
PURPOSE. To compare outcome after total hip arthroplasty (THA) through the mini-incision approach versus the standard transgluteal approach. METHODS. 80 women and 63 men aged 33 to 89 (mean, 62) years with primary osteoarthritis of the hip were randomised to undergo unilateral THA through a mini-incision approach (Micro-hip, n=55) or ...
Ng Z D ZD Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National University of Singapore, National University Hospital, - - 2014
PURPOSE. To compare cemented versus cementless bipolar hemiarthroplasty in terms of operating time, blood loss, pain, functional outcome, morbidity, and mortality. METHODS. Medical records of 207 patients aged ≥60 years who underwent bipolar hemiarthroplasty for displaced femoral neck fracture using a cemented (n=96) or cementless (n=111) prosthesis were reviewed. Postoperative ...
Chandra R R Central Institute of Orthopaedics, Safdarjung Hospital and Vardhman Mahavir Medical College, New Delhi, - - 2014
PURPOSE. To evaluate results of the modified Boytchev procedure for recurrent anterior dislocation of the shoulder in 60 patients. METHODS. Medical records of 45 men and 15 women aged 20 to 44 years who underwent the modified Boytchev procedure for recurrent anterior dislocation of the right (n=44) and left (n=16) ...
Riddick A A Southmead Hospital, Bristol, United - - 2014
PURPOSE. To assess the accuracy of templating in total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS. Anteroposterior pelvic radiographs of 20 men and 33 women aged 17 to 80 (mean, 60) years who underwent uncemented THA of the right (n=24) and left (n=29) sides using a single prosthesis were reviewed. A 30-mm-diameter scaling ...
Kumar V V Nottingham Shoulder and Elbow Unit, Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, United - - 2014
PURPOSE. To compare the subjective outcome of acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) reconstruction using the modified Weaver-Dunn procedure versus the Surgilig synthetic ligament. METHODS. 55 patients aged 19 to 72 (mean, 42) years underwent ACJ reconstruction of Rockwood grade 3 (n=38), grade 4 (n=8), and grade 5 (n=9) using the modified Weaver-Dunn ...
Hall Michelle M Centre for Health, Exercise and Sports Medicine, Department of Physiotherapy, School of Health Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, - - 2014
People following arthroscopic partial medial meniscectomy (APM) are at increased risk of developing knee osteoarthritis. High impact loading and peak loading early in the stance phase of gait may play a role in the pathogenesis of knee osteoarthritis. This was a secondary analysis of longitudinal data to investigate loading-related indices ...
Kalfa David D Division of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, New York-Presbyterian Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, - - 2014
A recent Society of Thoracic Surgeons database study showed that low weight (<2.5 kg) at surgery was associated with high operative mortality (16%). We sought to assess the outcomes after cardiac repair in patients weighing <2.5 kg versus 2.5 to 4.5 kg in an institution with a dedicated neonatal cardiac ...
Di Serafino Luigi L Cardiovascular Center Aalst, OLV Clinic, Aalst, - - 2014
Age, creatinine, and ejection fraction (ACEF) score predict clinical outcomes in patients who underwent elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of nonocclusive coronary stenoses. We aimed at assessing the prognostic value of the ACEF score in patients who underwent successful PCI of chronic total occlusion (CTO). ACEF score was calculated in ...
Hara Yusuke Y Department of Orthopaedics, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, - - 2014
This study examined the coronal alignment of the hindfoot in varus osteoarthritis of the knee before and after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in 100 legs using a novel imaging method. We categorized the preoperative hindfoot alignment into varus (30 legs) and valgus (70 legs) groups; imaging of the hindfoot was ...
Kachare Swapnil D SD Division of Surgical Oncology, Department of Surgery, The Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina; Surgical Services, Vidant Medical Center, Greenville, North - - 2014
Eliminating catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) is at the forefront of quality improvement and cost reduction for payers and hospitals alike. Herein we describe a double-focused strategy to eliminate CAUTI's on a surgical oncology unit over the course of 24 mo. CAUTI's were tracked on a 30-bed surgical oncology unit 12 mo ...
Quader Mohammed A MA Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Device-related complications (DRC) can develop in patients supported with continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (CF-LVADs). We studied the heart transplant (HTx) outcomes of United Network of Organ Sharing (UNOS) Status 1A patients supported with CF-LVADs with (+) or without (-) DRCs. UNOS data (2006 to 2012) for patients listed under ...
Demirci Sule S Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Ministry of Health, Ankara Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare anatomic and functional outcomes of the different graft materials used in pediatric tympanoplasty. The patients younger than 18years of age and who had tympanoplasty between 2010 and 2012 were included in the study. Temporal muscle fascia or cartilage was used as the graft material. The age, gender, the ...
Nielsen Dorthe Viemose DV Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although aminoglycoside treatment has been associated with nephrotoxic effects, single-dose gentamicin has been considered safe in surgery. However, the effect of a single-dose prophylactic aminoglycoside on the risk of acute kidney injury among patients undergoing cardiac surgery remains uncertain. A population-based cohort study with matched-pair analysis of 2892 consecutive patients ...
Quintana Eduard E Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minn; University of Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
Open arch interventions after previous cardiac surgery are considered high risk. We reviewed our outcomes in patients requiring aortic arch reconstruction after previous cardiovascular surgery. From March 2000 to March 2014, the data from 168 patients with previous sternotomy requiring aortic arch replacement were reviewed. The indications for surgery, perioperative ...
Lang Gyoergy G Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, - - 2014
Lung retransplantation became an accepted treatment for bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS). However, the value of different bridging modalities for these patients is controversial. We analyzed outcomes of 39 patients listed for retransplantation between 2008 and 2012. Patients were divided in 3 groups: 23 patients without any bridge modality (elective, Group ...
Sato Go G Department of Otolaryngology, University of Tokushima Graduate School , - - 2014
Abstract Conclusion: The finding of deteriorated hearing loss at the initial visit at middle to high frequencies is a factor of poor hearing prognosis in Ménière's disease. Early intervention with instructions for lifestyle changes may lead to good outcomes in hearing. Objective: An attempt was made to examine long-term changes ...
Martin Paula I PI Veterans Affairs Boston Healthcare System and the Harold Goodglass Boston University Aphasia Research Center, Department of Neurology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, - - 2014
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate: 1) the feasibilty of administering a modified CILT (mCILT) treatment session immediately after TMS; and 2) if this combined therapy could improve naming and elicited propositional speech in chronic, nonfluent aphasia. Methods: Two chronic stroke patients with nonfluent aphasia (mild-moderate and ...
Nagy Bálint B Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Therapy, University of Pécs, HU-7622 Pécs, Hungary. Electronic address: - - 2014
Severe burn is a life-threatening condition. Many trials discuss the role of matrix metalloproteinases and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases in diseases generating systemic inflammatory response syndrome, and in some, their prognostic importance has been established. We aimed to describe the time courses of the aforementioned system and to evaluate the ...
Deng Wenting W Department of Otolaryngology, Guangzhou General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command, Guangzhou, - - 2014
Although the repositioning maneuvers are usually very effective in patients with BPPV, some patients still complain residual dizziness. Danhong injection (DHI), a traditional Chinese medicine, can effectively dilate blood vessels and improve microcirculation, and has been proven to be effective in improving cervical vertigo and posterior circulation ischemic vertigo. The ...
Knecht Sven S Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland; Cardiovascular Research Institute Basel, University Hospital Basel, - - 2014
Although radiofrequency (RF) and cryoballoon (CB) based technologies for pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) have both individually been demonstrated to be effective and safe for the treatment of paroxysmal AF, head-to-head comparisons are lacking. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcome of cryoballoon versus radiofrequency ablation in patients ...
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