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Results 201 - 250 of 11610
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Lee Jung-Hee JH *Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea †Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chung Hospital, Gyeonggi-do, - - 2014
This was a retrospective study. To compare the radiographic and clinical results of anterior support with nonexpandable cage with those of expandable cage. The goals of surgical treatment in patients with thoracolumbar angular kyphosis are to improve the neurologic deficit through neural decompression, to restore the normal alignment by correction ...
Wormser Gary P GP Divisions of Infectious Diseases, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY, - - 2014
Background: Fibromyalgia occurs in 2% to 8% of the general population. One of the triggers may be Lyme disease. Methods: Patients with culture-confirmed Lyme disease who originally presented with erythema migrans have been evaluated annually in a prospective study to determine their long-term outcome. In 2011-2013, subjects were evaluated for ...
Sadoghi Patrick P Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Medical University of Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 5, 8036, Graz, Austria, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to review and synthesize the current best evidence for the use of intraoperative navigation in the implantation of glenoid components in total shoulder prostheses. We conducted a systematic, online search using PubMed, EMBASE, CCTR, and CINAHL using "Arthroplasty, Replacement"(Mesh) AND (shoulder) AND (navi* OR ...
Subelj Maja M Centre for Communicable Diseases, National Institute of Public Health, Ljubljana, Slovenia, - - 2014
In April 2013, an outbreak of acute gastroenteritis was reported in a residential long-term care facility (LTCF) in Ljubljana. We carried out an outbreak investigation to describe the outbreak, identify factors associated with contracting infection and to recommend control measures. We conducted descriptive epidemiology of the outbreak and a case-control ...
Thomas Walters W 1Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada, 2Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario IBD Centre, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada, 3Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati, - - 2014
Linear growth impairment is a well recognized feature of Crohn's Disease (CD), although defining it is challenging. Its presence at diagnosis can be indicative of the duration of unrecognized disease, whilst patterns post-diagnosis are reflective of treatment and treatment efficacy. Over the past decade, the awareness of IBD in the ...
Casadaban Leigh C LC 1 University of Illinois College of Medicine, Chicago, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to characterize the temporal evolution and clinical impact of laboratory liver function parameters after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation. MATERIALS AND METHODS. In this single-institution retrospective study, 157 patients (98 men and 59 women; median age, 55 years) underwent TIPS between 2000 ...
Yi Seong S *Department of Neurosurgery, Spine and Spinal Cord Institute, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea; and †Department of Neurosurgery, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital. Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
This is a retrospective study designed to observe the progressive appearance of heterotopic ossification (HO) after cervical artificial disc replacement (ADR). To investigate the development and progressive appearance of HO at cervical ADR sites. HO is defined as the formation of bone outside the skeletal system. The reported HO occurrence ...
Pinto-Pais Teresa T Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Centro Hospitalar de Gaia/Espinho, Gaia, - - 2014
We aimed to evaluate the impact of emergency single-balloon enteroscopy (SBE) on the diagnosis and treatment for active overt obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB). SBE procedures for OGIB were retrospectively reviewed and sub-divided according to the bleeding types: active-overt and inactive-overt bleeding. The patient's history, laboratory results, endoscopic findings and therapeutic ...
Jordan Jose J Interventional Neuroradiology Unit, CIMEQ, Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery; La Habana, Cuba - - - 2014
Endovascular therapy is a well-established approach to the treatment of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). The objective of this study was to determine the predictive factors of neurological deficit following endovascular procedures. Seventy-one patients with cerebral AVMs who underwent 147 embolization sessions from 2006 to 2011 were followed up prospectively (average ...
Wodack Karin H KH 1Department of Anesthesiology, Center of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany. 2Department of General, Visceral and Thoracic Surgery, Center of Surgical Sciences, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany. 3Laboratory of Pathology, Lübeck, - - 2014
In severe acute pancreatitis, the administration of fluids in the presence of positive fluid responsiveness is associated with better outcome when compared to guiding therapy on central venous pressure. We compared the effects of such consequent maximization of stroke volume index with a regime using individual values of stroke volume ...
Hegazy H M - - 2014
We prospectively evaluated and compared the safety, subjective and objective efficacy of the coblation and microde- brider for inferior turbinate reduction. We designed a prospective randomized trial recruiting 70 patients with symptomatic enlarged inferior turbinates. Forty had coblation and 30 had microdebrider. Objectively, we scored each inferior turbinate size from ...
Yoshitaka Shiho S Department of Anesthesiology and Resuscitology, Okayama University Medical School, Okayama, - - 2014
Delirium is a common complication in postoperative, critically ill patients. The mechanism of postoperative delirium is not well understood but many studies have shown significant associations between benzodiazepine use, alcohol withdrawal and cirrhosis, and an increased risk of delirium. We aimed to investigate a possible link with alterations of gamma-aminobutyric ...
Lindberg-Larsen M M Copenhagen University Hospital Rigshospitalet, Section of Surgical Pathophysiology and The Lundbeck Centre for Fast-track Hip and Knee Arthroplasty, Blegdamsvej 9, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, - - 2014
We present detailed information about early morbidity after aseptic revision knee replacement from a nationwide study. All aseptic revision knee replacements undertaken between 1st October 2009 and 30th September 2011 were analysed using the Danish National Patient Registry with additional information from the Danish Knee Arthroplasty Registry. The 1218 revisions ...
Kokkalis Zinon T - - 2014
Previously published studies reported variable results using various suture techniques and reconstruction options for massive rotator cuff tears. Therefore, the current authors retrospectively studied 21 consecutive patients/shoulders with massive rotator cuff tears treated from January 2005 to October 2011 with a human dermal allograft through a mini-open approach. Mean patient ...
Ferreira Laso Lourdes L Vitoria-Gasteiz, Zaragoza, and Logroño, Spain From the Department of Anesthesiology and Postoperative Care, Araba Research Unit, and Department of Pharmacy, Araba University Hospital; the Department of Surgery, Zaragoza University Hospital; and the Department of Economics and Business, University La - - 2014
There is no consensus on the efficacy of postoperative infusion of local anesthetics after radical mastectomy. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-groups clinical trial was conducted in a tertiary hospital. Eighty consecutive women with operable breast cancer with indications for modified radical mastectomy without breast reconstruction were assigned randomly to receive ...
Whiteley Ian I Concord Repatriation General Hospital, Concord NSW Australia; email: - - 2014
Intrarectal catheters (ie, large bore, soft, silicone catheters with a retention balloon intended to hold the catheter within the rectum and create a seal) may be used for the temporary management of diarrhea and fecal incontinence, to protect perineal skin and wounds, and to prevent cross infection. To evaluate reasons ...
Nota Sjoerd P F T SP Orthopaedic Hand Service, Yawkey Center, Suite 2100, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, MA 02114 - - 2014
There is a need to determine the difference in response to mail, e-mail, and phone in clinical research surveys. We enrolled 150 new and follow-up patients presenting to our hand and upper extremity department. Patients were assigned to complete a survey by mail, e-mail, or phone 3 months after enrollment, altering ...
van Loon Maarten C MC *Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery; †The EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research; and ‡Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of stapedotomy in cochlear implant candidates with far-advanced otosclerosis (FAO). Systematic review of literature and meta-analysis. PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases were searched for "stapedotomy" and "far-advanced otosclerosis" and their synonyms. The search was carried out on November 28, 2013; no language restrictions were applied. The ...
Bovali Efstathia E Postgraduate student, Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this 2-arm parallel single-center trial was to compare placement time and numbers of failures of mandibular lingual retainers bonded with an indirect procedure vs a direct bonding procedure. Sixty-four consecutive patients at the postgraduate orthodontic clinic of the University of Geneva in Switzerland scheduled for debonding and ...
Feghhi Mostafa M Infectious Ophthalmic Research Center, Department of Ophthalmology, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, - - 2014
Purpose: To evaluate the effect of oral calcium dobesilate (Doxium) on macular thickness in clinically significant macular edema (CSME). Methods: Overall, 71 eyes of 40 patients with non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy and clinically significant macular edema were included. All patients were received laser treatment for macular edema. Coherence optical tomography was ...
Garcia-Arumi Jose J *Retina Department, Vall d'Hebron Hospital, Autónoma University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; †Retina Department, Institute of Ocular Microsurgery (IMO), Barcelona, Spain; and ‡Retina Department, Research Institute of Ophthalmology, Giza, - - 2014
To evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of endoresection for high posterior choroidal melanoma. Retrospective nonrandomized interventional case series. Forty-one patients had endoresection as primary treatment for posterior choroidal melanoma. Of these, 21 patients had adjuvant brachytherapy. The inclusion criteria were tumor thickness ≥8 mm, base diameter <15 mm, and ...
LaPrade Christopher M CM Steadman Philippon Research Institute, Vail, Colorado, - - 2014
Meniscal root tears present in many forms and can have profound consequences on the health of knee articular cartilage. While the biomechanics, natural history, and treatment of root tears have been increasingly investigated, the spectrum of meniscal root tear patterns observed during arthroscopic examination has yet to be defined and ...
Ding Fang F Department of Stomatology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100029, - - 2014
The occurrence and development of aortic aneurysm (AA) are associated with infection. Some researchers have detected the DNA of periodontal pathogens in AA samples in certain populations. However, it has not been done in Chinese population. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of periodontal pathogens in ...
Kelsen Judith R JR Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Infliximab (IFX) is efficacious for induction and maintenance of remission in pediatric patients with moderate-to-severe inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It has, however, not been studied in patients 7 years old and younger. Our aim was to characterize efficacy and safety of IFX therapy in this cohort. This was a retrospective ...
Tachino Hirohiko H Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck - - 2014
Abstract Conclusion: Endonasal flap suture-dacryocystorhinostomy (eFS- DCR) is a new and valuable technique for the treatment of nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO). This technique could improve the success rate of endonasal DCR in comparison to external DCR. Objective: The standard procedure for NLDO is DCR. DCR can be performed via either ...
Bohl Daniel D - - 2014
Interest has increased in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis braces that are worn only part time. One such brace, the Providence brace, is being used with increasing frequency despite limited literature evaluating its ability to alter the natural course of disease. The authors retrospectively identified 34 patients meeting modified Scoliosis Research Society ...
Lahtinen Antti A Department of Orthopedic and Trauma Surgery, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, - - 2014
To examine effects of physical and geriatric rehabilitation on institutionalisation and mortality after hip fracture. Prospective randomised study. Physically oriented (187 patients), geriatrically oriented (171 patients), and health centre hospital rehabilitation (180 patients, control group). A total of 538 consecutively, independently living patients with non-pathological hip fracture. Patients were evaluated ...
Maria Rosario R 1Takeda Pharmaceuticals International Company, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 2Takeda Pharmaceuticals International Company, London, United Kingdom, 3Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Cambridge, Massachusetts, 4Metrum Research Group LLC, Tariffville, Connecticut, 5Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a Takeda Company, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 6University of California San Diego and UC San Diego Health System, La Jolla, - - 2014
A relationship between the pharmacokinetics (PK) of tumor necrosis factor antagonists and mucosal healing in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) or Crohn's disease was recently reported. This analysis examines the relationship between the PK of vedolizumab (VDZ), an α4β7 integrin antagonist, and endoscopic outcomes in patients with UC using population ...
Andersen Poul Erik PE Department of Radiology, Interventional Section, Odense University Hospital, - - 2014
This study aims to retrospectively evaluate the outcomes following nitinol stent placement for malignant superior vena cava syndrome. A total of 25 patients with thoracic malignancies were treated with self-expanding nitinol stents for superior vena cava syndrome (E*Luminexx [Bard GmbH/Angiomed, Karlsruhe, Germany], Sinus-XL [OptiMed Medizinische Instrumente GmbH, Ettlingen, Germany], and ...
Matharu G S GS The Royal Orthopaedic Hospital, Birmingham, B31 2AP, - - 2014
We undertook a retrospective cohort study to determine clinical outcomes following the revision of metal-on-metal (MoM) hip replacements for adverse reaction to metal debris (ARMD), and to identify predictors of time to revision and outcomes following revision. Between 1998 and 2012 a total of 64 MoM hips (mean age at ...
Bremen Julia von JV *Department of Orthodontics, University of Giessen, Giessen, and - - 2014
Summary AIM: To assess if mandibular incisor proclination and protrusion during treatment with the Herbst/multibracket appliance can be prevented through simple screws (MIs) anchorage. After a statistical power analysis, 12 Herbst patients with MIs (100% MIs survival) ligated to the Herbst/multibracket appliance to reinforce anchorage were investigated. A control group ...
Tian Yong Y Department of Neurosurgery, Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou 310005, - - 2014
To investigate the application of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) to patients with severe craniocerebral injury for the purpose of nutritional support therapy and pulmonary infection prevention. A total of 43 patients with severe craniocerebral injury admitted to our department from January 2008 to December 2012 received PEG followed by nutritional ...
Baki Mehmet Emre ME Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Medical Faculty of Karadeniz Teknik University, 61000 Trabzon, Turkey. - - 2014
This study aims to evaluate the clinical and radiological results of metal-on-metal dysplasia cup total hip arthroplasty (THA) for hip osteoarthritis secondary to developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). Between May 2009 and October 2011, THA was performed on 27 hips (7 Crowe type II, 9 Crowe type III, 11 ...
Stambough J B JB Washington University in St. Louis, 660 South Euclid Ave, Campus Box 8233, Saint Louis, Missouri 63110, - - 2014
The aims of this retrospective study were to compare the mid-term outcomes following revision total knee replacement (TKR) in 76 patients (81 knees) < 55 years of age with those of a matched group of primary TKRs based on age, BMI, gender and comorbid conditions. We report the activity levels, ...
Mottice Brandon L BL 1Department of Pharmacy, Medina Hospital, a Cleveland Clinic Hospital, Medina, OH; and 2Department of Pharmacy Practice, Northeast Ohio Medical University College of Pharmacy and Department of Pharmacy, University Hospitals Geauga Medical Center, Rootstown, - - 2014
This institutional review board-approved retrospective cohort study evaluated the impact of intravenous versus subcutaneous phytonadione on length of stay in hospitalized patients requiring urgent warfarin reversal. All patients were 18 years or older, on warfarin therapy with an international normalized ratio (INR) between 3.1 and 10.0, and had warfarin therapy ...
Barendse Rm R Department of Surgery, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, the - - 2014
Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) of large rectal adenomas is largely being centralized. We assessed the safety and effectiveness of EMR in the rectum in a collaboration of 15 Dutch hospitals. Prospective, observational study of patients with rectal adenomas >3 cm, resected by piecemeal EMR. Endoscopic treatment of adenoma remnants at 3 ...
Erickson Kevin F KF Division of Nephrology and Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research, Department of Medicine, and - - 2014
Medicare reimbursement policy encourages frequent provider visits for patients with ESRD undergoing hemodialysis. We hypothesize that patients seen more frequently by their nephrologist or advanced practitioner within the first 90 days of hemodialysis are more likely to undergo surgery to create an arteriovenous (AV) fistula or place an AV graft. ...
Chen Mang L ML Department of Urology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy of transecting anastomotic urethroplasty (AU) and buccal mucosa graft (BMG) ventral onlay substitution urethroplasty (SU) in treating short bulbar urethral strictures. Sixty patients underwent either AU or SU for bulbar strictures of similar length with follow up of at least 12 months. Follow up included clinical ...
Lin Tsan-Shiun TS From the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, - - 2014
Venous insufficiency after microsurgical replantation/revascularization remained to be a vexing problem for finger failure, despite the level of amputation. Other than redo the venous anastomosis, alternative methods such as subdermal pocket procedure (SDP) can be used. The aim of this study was to incorporate SDP immediately at the time of ...
Wang Chao C Department of Orthopedics, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing 100191, China; Department of Orthopedics, Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong 266000, - - 2014
Aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) is a benign lesion with the potential to be locally aggressive. The optimal treatment of cervical spine lesions remains controversial. This retrospective study was designed to evaluate the different treatments for primary ABCs of the cervical spine. This series included eight men and six women diagnosed ...
Edman Tynelius Gudrun G Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Odontology, Malmö University, Sweden - - 2014
Summary OBJECTIVE : Comparison of three different retention strategies 5 years or more postretention. Randomized, prospective, single-centre controlled trial. Forty-nine patients (33 girls and 16 boys) were randomly assigned to one of three retention methods during 2 years by picking a ballot shortly before start of retention treatment. Inclusion criteria ...
Ayaz Umit Yasar UY Department of Radiology, Mersin Women's and Children's Hospital, Mersin,Turkey. - - 2014
We aimed to obtain the maximum transverse diameters (widths) of ultrasonographically detectable ureteral stones in children and to evaluate the effect of widths on the rate of spontaneous discharge and on the degree of ipsilateral hydronephrosis. We retrospectively evaluated 52 ultrasonographically detected ureteral stones in 51 consecutive patients (32 males, ...
Anthopoulou Chrysi C Resident, Department of Orthodontics, Dental School, University of Athens, Athens, - - 2014
A controversy exists regarding better treatment outcomes when patients treated with extractions and without extractions are evaluated. The aims of this study were to use the American Board of Orthodontics objective grading system (ABO-OGS) to evaluate and compare treatment outcomes in extraction vs nonextraction Class I patients and to determine ...
Boari Nicola N Department of - - 2014
Object Since the 1990s, Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) has become the first-line treatment option for small- to medium-size vestibular schwannomas (VSs), especially in patients without mass effect-related symptoms and with functional hearing. The aim of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of GKRS, in terms of tumor ...
Meyer Linda M LM Herzog Carl-Theodor Eye Clinic, Munich - - - 2014
To evaluate the effectiveness of repeat trabeculectomy with risk factor-adjusted mitomycin C (MMC) application in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and pseudoexfoliation glaucoma (PEXG) over 2 years. A total of 58 patients (43 with POAG, 15 with PEXG) who had undergone repeat trabeculectomy with MMC were included in this retrospective study. ...
Feldman Alexander A Heart Institute, Ha'Emek Medical Center, Afula, - - 2014
Low/medium-bleeding-risk populations undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) show significantly less bleeding with bivalirudin (BIV) than with unfractionated heparin (UFH), but this has not been established for high-risk patients. We performed a randomized double-blind prospective trial comparing efficacy and safety of BIV versus UFH combined with dual antiplatelet therapy during PCI ...
Ordon Michael M St Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, - - 2014
Objective-To evaluate the role of prophylactic versus selective ureteric stenting in the development of postoperative ureterovesical complications in kidney transplant recipients.Methods-Records of 614 transplant patients seen from January 2006 to May 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. The primary outcome was the rate of ureterovesical complications, defined as the development of ureteric ...
Whittaker Amy A From the *Sydney Children's Hospital; and †Prince of Wales Hospitals, Randwick; and ‡University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
It is thought that the function of a damaged kidney will deteriorate further with time because of impaired maturation and compensatory hyperfiltration. The aim of this study was to determine changes in relative renal function (RRF) over time in children with vesicoureteric reflux (VUR) and/or urinary tract infection (UTI) where ...
Tuleasca Constantin C INSERM U 751 (Université de la Méditerranée), Functional and Stereotactic Neurosurgery - - 2014
Object The purpose of this study was to establish the safety and efficacy of repeat Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) for recurrent trigeminal neuralgia (TN). Methods Using the prospective database of TN patients treated with GKS in Timone University Hospital (Marseille, France), data were analyzed for 737 patients undergoing GKS for ...
Ozgurhan Engin Bilge - - 2014
To compare the efficiency and safety of accelerated corneal cross-linking in pediatric patients with progressive keratoconus. In this retrospective interventional case series, 44 eyes of 38 pediatric patients with progressive keratoconus were enrolled. All consecutive patients underwent accelerated corneal cross-linking with settings of 30 mW/cm(2) for 4 minutes, corresponding to ...
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