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Results 201 - 250 of 10082
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Maffulli Nicola N Centre for Sports and Exercise Medicine, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK, - - 2014
Our aim was to ascertain whether releasing the medial head of he gastrocnemius improves clinical and functional outcomes of sedentary patients with long-standing tendinopathy of the main body of the Achilles tendon and allows return to daily activities. Eighteen patients (seven men, 11 women) underwent release of the gastrocnemius medial ...
Warkentin Lindsey M - - 2014
BackgroundGuidelines and experts describe 5% to 10% reductions in body weight as `clinically important¿; however, it is not clear if 5% to 10% weight reductions correspond to clinically important improvements in health-related quality of life (HRQL). Our objective was to calculate the amount of weight loss required to attain established ...
Li Shenghua S Department of Orthopedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, - - 2014
Currently, there are many reports about congenital scoliosis (CS) treatment, but there are still controversies existing with respect to selecting its surgical methods. Retrospective analyses were conducted on 31 CS patients. The surgical treatments included the following: posterior instrumentation (10 patients; group 1), pedicle subtraction osteotomy (11 patients; group 2) ...
Piesiak P P Department of Pulmonology and Lung Cancer, Medical University in Wroclaw, 105 Grabiszynska St., 53-439, Wroclaw, Poland, - - 2014
Severe kyphoscoliosis can cause chronic respiratory failure. Noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIMV) is a new optional treatment for such patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of average volume-assured pressure support (AVAPS) NIMV in patients with kyphoscoliotic chronic respiratory failure. The study was performed in 12 patients ...
Wetzig Neil N Wesley Medical Centre, Brisbane, QLD, Australia, - - 2014
To determine whether the benefits of sentinel node based management (SNBM) over routine axillary clearance (RAC) at 1 year persisted to 3 years of follow-up. A total of 1,088 women with clinically node-negative breast cancer were randomly assigned to the SNBM or RAC group. Upper limb volume, symptoms, and function were assessed ...
O'Leary D D Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, 920 Stanton L. Young Boulevard, P.O. Box 26901, WP2410, Oklahoma City, OK, 73190, USA, - - 2014
We aimed to evaluate the association between obstructive defecatory symptoms in women with levator ani deficiency (LAD), worsened minimum levator hiatus measurements, widened anorectal angle (ARA), and increased levator-plate descent angle (LPDA). Using a cross-sectional study design, patients who had undergone 3D endovaginal ultrasound (3D EVUS) imaging of the pelvic ...
Fang Dazhao - - 2014
Attention dysfunction has been observed among many kinds of nervous system diseases, including glioma. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between glioma localization, malignancy, postoperative recovery time and attention deficit. A total of 45 patients with glioma who underwent surgical resection and 18 healthy volunteers were enrolled. The attention ...
van Kerckhoven G G University Medical Centre Utrecht,The - - 2014
Background: Ototoxicity caused by medication can lead to debilitating symptoms such as dizziness, vertigo and postural instability. There is no current 'gold standard' treatment available. Case report: A 79-year-old male, with bilateral loss of vestibular function caused by gentamicin toxicity after surgery for prosthetic valve endocarditis, complained of dizziness, difficulty ...
Chou Po-Hsin PH School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, No. 155, Sec. 2, Linong Street, Taipei, 112, Taiwan, Republic of China. E-mail address for S.-T. Wang: - - 2014
The surgical results of treating thoracolumbar and lumbar burst fractures were reported to be comparable between patients with and without fusion in an intermediate-term follow-up. To our knowledge, no prior report has compared the results of fusion and non-fusion with long-term follow-up. This study was designed to provide long-term evaluation ...
Linnemann Mia M Research Unit on Brain Injury Rehabilitation, Copenhagen (RUBRIC), Denmark Department of Neurorehabilitation, TBI Unit. Copenhagen University Hospital of Glostrup, - - 2014
Post traumatic hydrocephalus (PTH) is a frequent complication during rehabilitation following severe TBI. However, the diagnosis of PTH is not straightforward and despite shunting recovery may be delayed. To study the influence of PTH on recovery and outcome during rehabilitation. We studied 417 patients with severe TBI admitted consecutively to ...
Wetmore James B JB Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Hennepin County Medical Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota; and - - 2014
Stroke is common in patients undergoing long-term dialysis, but the implications for mortality after stroke in these patients are not fully understood. A large cohort of dually-eligible (Medicare and Medicaid) patients initiating dialysis from 2000 to 2005 and surviving the first 90 days was constructed. Medicare claims were used to ...
Li Shijun S aSection of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Östra Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden bSection of Geriatric Cardiology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, People's Republic of - - 2014
The impact of lower pulse pressure (PP) on long-term all-cause mortality in the octogenarian patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) remains unknown. This study sought to reveal the prognostic power of lower PP in long-term all-cause mortality in the octogenarian ACS patients. The current study included a total of 353 ...
Issa Ziad F ZF Southern Illinois University, Department of Medicine, Springfield, Illinois; Prairie Cardiovascular Consultants, Springfield, - - 2014
Ablation of the atrioventricular junction (AVJ) combined with pacemaker implantation (the "ablate and pace" approach) has been an effective treatment strategy for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) when rate control is the goal of therapy and when rapid ventricular rates during AF is refractory to pharmacologic therapy. This report describes ...
Garcia David D Division of Hematology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States; - - 2014
Using data from ARISTOTLE, we describe the periprocedural management of anticoagulation and rates of subsequent clinical outcomes among patients chronically anticoagulated with warfarin or apixaban. We recorded whether (and for how long) anticoagulant therapy was interrupted pre-procedure; whether bridging therapy was used; and the proportion of patients who experienced important ...
Garcia Grant H GH Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 East 70th Street, New York, NY 10021. E-mail address for G.H. Garcia: - - 2014
Evaluations of the medical literature suggest that many online sites provide poor-quality information. The purpose of our study was to investigate the value of online resources for patient education about shoulder instability. Three search terms ("shoulder instability," "loose shoulder," and "shoulder dislocation") were entered into three Internet search engines. Three ...
Muneretto Claudio C Division of Cardiac Surgery, University of Brescia Medical School, Brescia, - - 2014
Although the use of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has recently become an attractive strategy in extremely high-risk patients undergoing aortic valve replacement (AVR), the most appropriate treatment option in patients with an intermediate- to high-risk profile with conventional surgery (sAVR), TAVR or novel options, such as sutureless valves, has ...
Zhang Lin L Department of Radiology, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to explore the effects of hypotonic and isotonic oral mannitol on intestinal distention and fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG) intake in PET/computed tomography (CT) imaging. A total of 124 patients without gastrointestinal disease were evaluated with PET/CT imaging and divided into four groups using a random ...
Soydal Cigdem C Department of Nuclear Medicine, Ankara University Medical Faculty, Ankara, - - 2014
We aimed to assess the recurrence rates of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma in patients with and without histopathological risk factors after radioiodine (RAI) ablation treatment. A total of 357 papillary thyroid microcarcinoma patients who were referred to Ankara University Medical School, Department of Nuclear Medicine for RAI ablation treatment after total ...
Sachs Ofer O Pediatric Orthopedic Unit, Ruth Children's Hospital, Rambam Health Care Campus; Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, - - 2014
In adolescents, Tibia Vara (Blount disease) patients usually present with combination of marked genu varum, procurvatum, and internal tibial torsion. When no growth remaining, standard treatment protocol for correction is osteotomy of the proximal tibia and fibula. In our study we compared 2 groups of patients: group A was treated ...
Ahn Jae Ki JK Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Inje University College of Medicine, Sanggye Paik Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
Frozen shoulder is a painful condition with gradual onset and loss of range of motion in the glenohumeral joint. To investigate the efficacy of ultrasound(US)-guided intra-articular (IA) ketorolac injection with capsular distension compared with steroid injection alone in patients with frozen shoulder by assessing pain relief, functional improvements, and range ...
Tanaka Shigeharu S Department of Physical Therapy, Kawasaki Junior College of Rehabilitation, Okayama, Japan Department of Rehabilitation Science, Graduate School of Health Sciences, Kobe University, Hyogo, - - 2014
The incidence of low back pain (LBP) is high in patients with hip osteoarthritis (OA). Evidence from previous studies suggests that lumbar alignments and hip range of motion (ROM) are important etiological factors for LBP. However, no studies have investigated which factors that have the greatest influence on LBP. This ...
Flaker Greg G University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri. Electronic address: - - 2014
Amiodarone is an effective medication in preventing atrial fibrillation (AF), but it interferes with the metabolism of warfarin. This study sought to examine the association of major thrombotic clinical events and bleeding with the use of amiodarone in the ARISTOTLE (Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in ...
Felker G Michael GM Division of Cardiology, Duke University School of Medicine and Duke Heart Center, Durham, North Carolina. Electronic address: - - 2014
Little is known about mode of death after acute heart failure (AHF) hospitalization. In the RELAX-AHF (Efficacy and Safety of Relaxin for the Treatment of Acute Heart Failure) study, serelaxin, the recombinant form of human relaxin-2, reduced post-discharge mortality at 180 days in selected patients with AHF. The goal of this ...
Généreux Philippe - - 2014
Aims: Incomplete revascularisation is common after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). While the absolute amount of residual coronary artery disease (CAD) after PCI has been shown to be associated with worse outcomes, whether the proportion of treated CAD is prognostically important remains to be determined. We sought to quantify the proportion ...
Celik Serdar S Department of Urology, School of Medicine, Dokuz Eylul University, Inciralti, Izmir, 35340, Turkey, - - 2014
Currently, the most widely used method of treatment of urinary tract stones is extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL). Patient and stone characteristics are important for SWL success. We evaluated noncontrast computed tomography (NCCT) characteristics of urinary tract stones for the prediction of SWL success. Records of patients who underwent NCCT ...
Håkansson Ulf U Department of Urology, Skåne University Hospital , Malmö , - - 2014
Abstract Objective. The aim of this study was to present early outcome data for patients treated for penile cancer with organ-sparing reconstructive surgery at two referral centres in Sweden. Material and methods. Oncological, cosmetic and functional outcome and complications were analysed retrospectively during the period 2011-2013. Twelve patients with non-invasive ...
Friedlander Justin I JI 1 Department of Urology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center , Dallas, - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: We developed a novel device to capture stones in vivo in an enclosed bag (PercSac) to prevent dispersion of stone fragments during percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) or cystolitholapaxy. We report on our initial feasibility trials of the PercSac device. Materials and Methods: PercSac consists of a specially designed polyethylene ...
Călugăru Dan D 1 Department of Ophthalmology, University "Grigore T. Popa" Iaşi , Romania - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To prospectively evaluate the effects of intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB, Avastin; Genentech, Inc., San Francisco, CA) injections in patients with acute central/hemicentral retinal vein occlusions (C/HCRVOs) (≤1 month after the occlusion was diagnosed) over the course of 3 years. Methods: The study included 57 patients with unilateral acute C/HCRVOs. ...
Baulig Werner W Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Klinik Im Park, Seestrasse 220, 8027, Zurich, Switzerland, - - 2014
We studied the impact of transcutaneous continuous carbon dioxide tension (PtcCO2) monitoring on ventilation and oxygenation during monitored anaesthesia care (MAC) in patients scheduled for shoulder surgery with continuous interscalene block. 50 patients were randomised either to the intervention (I-group) or the control (C-group) group. In both groups MAC was ...
Chougule S S Department of Orthopaedics, East Surrey Hospital, Redhill, RH16EL, UK, - - 2014
The aim of the present study is to present intermediate-term clinical outcome after revision anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using semitendinosus allograft from donor less than 65 years old. A retrospective study of patients treated with ACL revision from 2003 to 2011 at a District General Hospital. A Study follow-up took ...
Green R R ENT Department Edinburgh, Lauriston - - 2014
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a significant health problem, the optimal postoperative treatment regime for patients post functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) has been a topic debated for years. To systematically review and critically evaluate the evidence relating to postoperative debridement of the nasal cavity following FESS to guide best practice. ...
Soljanik Irina I Department of Urology, University Hospital Grosshadern, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany, - - 2014
To evaluate the impact of the retrourethral transobturator sling (RTS) on pelvic floor muscle function (PFMF) and whether preoperative PFMF is associated with RTS outcome. Between May 2008 and December 2010, 59 consecutive men with postprostatectomy stress urinary incontinence (PSUI) underwent PFMF assessment before RTS and 6 months thereafter in a ...
Liu Bing B Department of Emergency, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical - - 2014
This study aimed to explore the effects of pioglitazone treatment on progression from persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) to permanent atrial fibrillation in diabetes mellitus (DM) patients and to investigate the possible mechanisms involved in those effects.A total of 146 diabetes mellitus (DM) patients with firstly identified persistent AF were selected. ...
Bong C L CL Department of Paediatric Anaesthesia, KK Women's and Children's Hospital, - - 2014
Emergence delirium is a significant problem in children regaining consciousness following general anaesthesia. We compared the emergence characteristics of 120 patients randomly assigned to receive a single intravenous dose of dexmedetomidine 0.3 μg.kg(-1) , propofol 1 mg.kg(-1) , or 10 ml saline 0.9% before emerging from general anaesthesia following a magnetic resonance ...
Gokeler Alli A Center for Human Movement Sciences, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of immersion in a virtual reality environment on knee biomechanics in patients after ACL reconstruction (ACLR). It was hypothesized that virtual reality techniques aimed to change attentional focus would influence altered knee flexion angle, knee extension moment and peak vertical ...
Yamanouchi K K Department of Surgery, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki, Japan - - - 2014
In Japan, surgery for Graves' disease (GD), which is considered to be a radical therapy, has been restricted by various guidelines. However, some patients nevertheless benefit from surgery. We sought to identify a reasonable operative method for GD by comparing the efficacy and safety among patients undergoing different extents of ...
Malik R D RD University of Chicago Medical Center, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
BACKGROUND:The introduction of laser therapies for the management of bladder outlet obstruction in men with BPH has challenged the gold standard treatment, TURP. We sought to compare the changing clinical characteristics of patients undergoing TURP and laser vaporization of the prostate (LVP) over time.METHODS:The American College of Surgeons National Surgical ...
Bortolotti M M Department of Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology, University of Bologna, - - 2014
The idea of increasing anal sphincter strength for preventing faecal incontinence by a magnetic device reminds us of a previously published idea for avoiding gastroesophageal reflux [1] developed and perfected as the "magnetic collar" [2]. The "collar",was adapted to reinforce the anal sphincter in patients with faecal incontinence, but the ...
Keating Gillian M GM Springer, Private Bag 65901, Mairangi Bay 0754, Auckland, New Zealand, - - 2014
The ultrashort-acting dihydropyridine calcium channel antagonist clevidipine (Cleviprex(®)) has a rapid onset and offset of effect and reduces blood pressure (BP) by decreasing arteriolar resistance without affecting venous capacitance vessels. This article reviews the clinical efficacy and tolerability of intravenous clevidipine when used to manage BP in perioperative and intensive ...
Canon Stephen S Pediatric Urology Division, Arkansas Children's Hospital, Little Rock, Arkansas, USA University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas, USA - - 2014
We conducted a retrospective study of paediatric urological surgery patients over a 12-month period. We compared patients followed up by telemedicine with those who had post-operative follow-up on site at the Arkansas Children's Hospital (ACH) in Little Rock. All pre-operative patients living in northwest Arkansas were given the opportunity to ...
Ching Harry H HH Department of Head and Neck Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, - - 2014
Cricotracheal resection (CTR) and laryngotracheoplasty (LTP) are open surgical treatments for severe subglottic stenosis. This study aims to compare the applications and outcomes of these techniques. Patients with subglottic stenosis at a tertiary academic institution from 2000 to 2012 were identified by diagnosis codes. Patients who underwent LTP or CTR ...
El-Gamal Osama Mostafa OM Tanta University, Urology Department, Tanta, Egypt ; - - 2014
Purpose: To assess the impact of short-term treatment with cyproterone acetate (CPA) on intraoperative and early postoperative complications of transurethral resection of relatively large prostate. Patients and methods: We recruited patients with prostate size of 60-90 g and randomized them into two equal groups. The first one had 50 mg ...
Cevirme Deniz D Cardiovascular Surgery Department, Kartal Kosuyolu Yuksek Ihtisas Research and Education Hospital, Turkey - - 2014
Whether medical therapy alone may reduce the amputation rates in patients with chronic limb ischemia and who are unsuitable for revascularization is a controversial topic. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of 1 week infusion of iloprost in the treatment of patients with chronic limb ischemia. Twenty-seven ...
Vergnaud E E Service d'Anesthésie Réanimation, Hôpital Universitaire Necker-Enfants Malades, Université Paris Descartes, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, 149 rue de Sevres, 75743 Paris Cedex 15, - - 2014
Postoperative fluid management can be challenging in children after haemorrhagic surgery. The goal of this study was to assess the ability of dynamic cardiovascular variables measured using bioreactance (NICOM(®), Cheetah Medical, Tel Aviv, Israel) to predict fluid responsiveness in postoperative children. Children sedated and mechanically ventilated, who require volume expansion ...
Cui Pei-Jing PJ Pei-Jing Cui, Department of Geriatrics, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200025, - - 2014
To investigate the benefits of endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) before stent placement by meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Science Citation Index databases up to March 2014 were searched. The primary outcome was incidence of post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis (PEP) and successful stent insertion rate. ...
AlGhamdi Khalid M KM *Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; †Vitiligo Research Chair, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
Ingrown toenail (IGTN) is a common problem that can affect walking and can preclude daily activities. To compare the safety and efficacy of lateral nail avulsion with phenolization (LNAP) versus sleeve (nail tube splinting) surgical techniques in the treatment of IGTN. Patients older than 15 years with IGTN were included. ...
Mandalos Achilleas A Birmingham and Midland Eye Centre, Birmingham, - - 2014
To evaluate the long-term outcomes and safety of glaucoma drainage device (GDD) in pediatric patients. Retrospective, noncomparative study including all patients below 18 years old who underwent Baerveldt or Molteno GDD implantation by a single surgeon. Mitomycin-C was used in most cases. Success was defined as postoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) ...
Sverdén Emma E Unit of Upper Gastrointestinal Research, Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, - - 2014
Objective: To compare radical surgery with a minimal approach for peptic ulcer bleeding in relation to survival. Design: A Swedish nationwide population-based cohort study from 1987-2008 compared survival after minimal surgery and definitive surgery. The cohort was also stratified into calendar year before and after the year 2000 for subgroup ...
Koy Anne A Department of Neurology, University of Cologne, Cologne, - - 2014
Background: Pharmacological treatment of dyskinetic cerebral palsy (CP) is often ineffective. Data about outcome of deep brain stimulation (DBS) in these patients remains scarce. Methods: Eight patients with dyskinetic CP and DBS of the Globus Pallidus internus were investigated. Using pre- and postoperative videos the severity of dystonia and changes ...
Rojas Juan Ignacio JI From the Multiple Sclerosis Center of Buenos Aires (CEMBA), Neurology Department, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare brain atrophy in radiologically isolated syndrome (RIS), in clinically isolated syndrome (CIS), and in individuals with subjective complaints (ISC). Patients with RIS were included prospectively during June 2009 to June 2012. CIS patients and ISC were used to compare the RIS sample. ...
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