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Jones S E - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Deriving accurate language lateralization from fMRI studies in the clinical context can be difficult, with 10%-20% incorrect conclusions. Most interpretations are qualitative, performed by neuroimaging experts. Quantitative lateralization has been widely described but with little implementation in the clinical setting and is disadvantaged by the use of arbitrary ...
Kumar Pravesh - - 2012
To evaluate the effect of hollow bulb obturator prosthesis on articulation and nasalance in maxillectomy patients. A total of 10 patients, who were to undergo maxillectomy, falling under Aramany classes I and II, with normal speech and hearing pattern were selected for the study. They were provided with definitive maxillary ...
Hosalkar Harish H Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Rady Children's Hospital, University of California-San Diego, 3030 Children's Way, Suite 410, San Diego, CA 92123, USA. - - 2012
Triple innominate osteotomy (TIO) is one of the modalities of surgical containment in Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD). However, overcoverage with TIO can lead to pincer impingement. We therefore asked (1) whether TIO contained the femoral head in Catterall Stages III and IV of LCPD; (2) whether the center-edge (CE) angle, acetabular ...
Hsu Jason E JE Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, - - 2012
The evidence supporting continued use of shelf acetabuloplasty in Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD) is not well-defined, and there is controversy regarding the long-term benefits related to clinical and functional improvement. Our goals were to determine whether shelf arthroplasty for LCPD (1) prevents the onset of early osteoarthritis; (2) improves pain, ROM, ...
Park Kye Hoon KH Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Cheonan, - - 2012
Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is commonly defined as a loss of at least 30 dB in three contiguous frequencies occurring within 3 days. Systemic steroid administration has become the most widely accepted treatment option for SSNHL. Since viral infection and vascular compromise are considered specific causes of SSNHL, antiviral ...
Yomo Shoji - - 2012
Object The aim of this study was to perform an accurate analysis of changes in hearing in patients with vestibular schwannoma (VS) who have undergone Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) and distinguish the impact of radiosurgery from the natural course of hearing deterioration due to the tumor itself. Methods This study ...
Yazıcı Haşmet - - 2012
Objective of this study is to compare glass ionomer cement application and incus interpositioning techniques in patients who have chronic otitis media, conductive hearing loss with intact tympanic membrane and who undergo hearing reconstruction of staged surgery using a retrospective chart review in the setting of Ministry of Health Ankara ...
Samimi-Ardestani Hadi - - 2012
During surgical treatment of a patient with otosclerosis, the probability of success depends in large part on the extent of the surgeon's experience. Therefore, predicting the preoperative severity of disease may help determine the choice of surgeon based on how experienced the surgeon should be. We conducted a study to ...
Fuller Brian M - - 2012
Previous literature suggests statins may have a therapeutic role in sepsis. No data have examined if statin use may have a positive impact beyond that afforded by early goal directed therapy (EGDT). To test the hypothesis that previous statin use is associated with improved clinically relevant outcomes in patients with ...
Guzzetta Nina A - - 2012
Introduction:Heparin is the anticoagulant most commonly used for cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), and the activated clotting time (ACT) is its primary monitor. In October 2009, the Food and Drug Administration changed the United States Pharmacopeia (USP) monograph for unfractionated heparin to incorporate new quality tests and a new potency assay and ...
Malek-Mellouli Monia - - 2012
Background: Several observational studies and randomized trials have described the use of various regimens of magnesium sulfate to prevent or reduce the rate of seizures and complications in women with severe preeclampsia. Aim: To assess the validity of a service protocol in the management of severe pre-eclampsia all specifying the ...
Thompson Elaine M - - 2012
The study aim was to quantify efficacy and patient safety of registered nurse-administered procedural sedation and analgesia in a regional burn center. The investigators conducted a review of procedural sedation forms for all pediatric and adult patients admitted to this burn center from January 1, 2005, through December 31, 2005, ...
Parc Y - - 2012
Duodenal adenomas occur in about 90% of patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) and are the second cause of death of patients who have had a prophylactic proctocolectomy. Studies suggest that biliary acids have a role in the development of duodenal adenomas. The aim of this study was to evaluate ...
Rizzo Stanislao - - 2012
To report the outcome of 10 patients with optic pit maculopathy (OPM) and evaluate the role of small-gauge vitrectomy, gas endotamponade, and additional laser photocoagulation treatment. We retrospectively investigated 10 patients who underwent small-gauge, sutureless vitrectomy for OPM, detachment of the posterior hyaloid, internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling, endolaser photocoagulation ...
Arbabi-kalati Fateme - - 2012
Oral mucositis is a serious complication of chemotherapy that results in painful debilitating inflammation, necessitating the administration of analgesics. There is no cure for mucositis. Some studies have evaluated the effect of zinc sulfate on mucositis. The present study aims to evaluate the effect of oral zinc sulfate on prevention ...
Zhang Kelly - - 2012
Although normal cruciate ligaments and those in patients with osteoarthritic (OA) knees contain mechanoreceptors, it is unclear whether they are present after functioning in a cruciate-retaining total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We therefore determined if the areas occupied by mechanoreceptors in the human posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) are similar in patients ...
Palese Alvisa - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Several authors have documented the role of low-molecular-weight heparin injection techniques in bruising. However, few researchers have measured the influence of injection duration on the occurrence and extent of bruising. PURPOSE:: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of different durations of subcutaneous heparin injection on ...
Ekelund M - - 2012
Conversion operations after vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) are sometimes performed because of vomiting and/or acid regurgitation. Primary operation with gastric bypass (GBP) is known to reduce gastroesophageal reflux (GERD). Previous studies have not been designed to differentiate between the effects of the altered anatomy and of the ensuing weight loss. ...
Schallom Marilyn E - - 2012
To compare heparin (3 mL, 10 units/mL) and 0.9% sodium chloride (NaCl, 10 mL) flush solutions with respect to central venous catheter lumen patency. Single-center, randomized, open label trial. Medical intensive care unit and Surgical/Burn/Trauma intensive care unit at Barnes-Jewish Hospital, St. Louis, MO. Three hundred forty-one patients with multilumen ...
Osbahr Daryl C - - 2012
Biomechanical studies suggest ulnohumeral chondral and ligamentous overload (UCLO) explains the development of posteromedial chondromalacia (PMC) in throwing athletes with ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) insufficiency. UCL reconstruction reportedly allows 90% of baseball players to return to prior or a higher level of play; however, players with concomitant posteromedial chondromalacia may ...
McAfee Paul C - - 2012
Meta-analysis of 4 prospective randomized controlled Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Investigational Device Exemption (IDE) clinical trials. To maximize the information available from 4 IDE studies by analyzing the combined outcomes of cervical arthroplasty versus fusion at 24-month follow-up. To date, 4 randomized clinical trials have been completed in the ...
Li Yi-Chen - - 2012
Steel's triple innominate osteotomy was created for correcting dysplastic acetabulum in adolescents and young adults. We modified Steel's triple innominate osteotomy with two anterior incisions and ramus cuts close to the acetabulum to improve the mobility of the fragment for better coverage of the hip. The purpose of this study ...
Taylor Drew W - - 2012
Down Syndrome can result in musculoskeletal abnormalities of the hip at an early age. Avascular necrosis of the femoral head can occur as a result of slipped capital femoral epiphysis causing the patient a great deal of pain, limiting the ability to ambulate. Despite the benefits that this patient group ...
Walker Christopher M - - 2012
To determine the therapeutic yield of on-demand chest radiographs in intubated patients experiencing acute oxygen desaturation/hypoxia. A retrospective study was conducted examining all intubated intensive care unit patients over a 2 ½-year period. Subjects were included only if the patient had undergone a comparison radiograph while intubated and if the ...
Bolen Shari Danielle - - 2012
Bariatric surgery is the most effective weight loss treatment, yet few studies have reported on short- and long-term outcomes postsurgery. Using claims data from seven Blue Cross/Blue Shield health plans serving seven states, we conducted a non-concurrent, matched cohort study. We followed 22,693 persons who underwent bariatric surgery during 2003-2007 ...
Pikkel Joseph - - 2012
Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is a rare complication after laser photocoagulation for disorders such as central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC). We report 2 patients who developed CNV after laser treatment for persistent CSC and were treated by 3 1.25-mg intravitreal injections of bevacizumab in 1-month intervals. In both patients, best-corrected visual acuity ...
Jurkowska-Dudzińska Justyna - - 2012
The present study compared the effects of adjuvant bevacizumab and 5-fluorouracil on the efficacy and safety of trabeculectomy. A nonrandomized, prospective, interventional case study. A total of 62 patients in two groups undergoing primary trabeculectomy. In Group 1 (21 primary open-angle glaucoma, nine pseudoexfoliative glaucoma), trabeculectomy was performed with an ...
Ono Shimpei - - 2012
Short-term results after proximal interphalangeal joint arthroplasty with pyrolytic carbon (pyrocarbon) implant have shown that this implant has high complication rates, but patient satisfaction is high. The authors evaluated the effectiveness of the implant for use in proximal interphalangeal joint at a minimum of 2 years of follow-up. Thirteen consecutive ...
Berger Michael J - - 2012
To determine whether the method of disease severity measurement influences the magnitude of knee extensor force deficits in knee osteoarthritis (OA). Data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative (n = 659) were analyzed. Knee extensor force was assessed with isometric contractions. Clinical severity was measured with the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities ...
Rutz Erich - - 2012
Multilevel orthopaedic surgery may improve gait in Type IV hemiplegia, but it is not known if proximal femoral osteotomy combined with adductor release as part of multilevel surgery in patients with hip dysplasia improves hip development. We asked whether varus derotational osteotomy of the proximal femur, combined with adductor release, ...
Aiona Michael - - 2012
External tibial torsion causes an abnormal axis of joint motion relative to the line of progression with resultant abnormal coronal plane knee moments and affects lever arm function of the foot in power generation at the ankle. However, it is unclear whether surgical correction of the tibial torsion corrects the ...
Sancho-Puchades Manuel - - 2012
To compare the anesthetic action of 0.5% bupivacaine in relation to 4% articaine, both with 1:200,000 epinephrine, in the surgical removal of lower third molars. As a secondary objective hemodynamic changes using both anesthetics were analyzed. Triple-blind crossover randomized clinical trial. Eighteen patients underwent bilateral removal of impacted lower third ...
de Moraes Barros Fucs Patricia Maria - - 2012
Treatment of spastic planovalgus feet is challenging, especially in patients with severe and rigid deformities. The available techniques do provide some correction but not at the site of the deformity and sometimes the correction is lost over time. We describe a new surgical approach at the site of the deformity. ...
Beneito-Brotons Rut - - 2012
To compare a computerized intraosseous anesthesia system with the conventional oral anesthesia techniques, and analyze the latency and duration of the anesthetic effect and patient preference. A simple-blind prospective study was made between March 2007 and May 2008. Each patient was subjected to two anesthetic techniques: conventional and intraosseous using ...
Orellana Lorena-Mirtala - - 2012
A number of studies have evaluated the buccodental health of patients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), though most have involved children, and no specific oral manifestations have been described. The present study describes the buccodental disorders and hygiene habits in a group of adults with ASD. A prospective case-control study ...
Goldberg Evan J - - 2012
Preliminary evidence suggests selective voluntary motor control (SVMC), defined as performance of isolated voluntary joint movement on request, may be an important factor affecting functional movement tasks. Individuals with poor SVMC are unable to dissociate hip and knee synergistic movement during the swing phase of gait and have difficulty extending ...
Presedo Ana - - 2012
Children with spastic diplegia frequently show excessive knee extension (stiff-knee gait) throughout swing phase, which may interfere with foot clearance. Abnormal rectus femoris activity is commonly associated with a stiff-knee gait. Rectus femoris transfer has been recommended to enhance knee flexion during swing. However, recent studies suggest the transfer does ...
Ruiz-Tovar Jaime - - 2012
Despite routine supplementation of vitamins and minerals after bariatric surgery, an important number of patients suffer from deficiencies. Little is still known about the novel restrictive procedure, sleeve gastrectomy. A retrospective study of 30 morbidly obese patients undergoing a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, between May 2008 and September 2010, was performed. ...
Sun Guang-Bin - - 2012
Vocal process granuloma is a benign lesion that occurs on the arytenoid cartilage. It tends to recur locally, and there is a great diversity of methods to treat it. Here, we reviewed the effects of zinc sulfate therapy program in 16 patients with vocal process granulomas. Eleven patients had a ...
Ropposch Thorsten - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Septic thrombosis of the sigmoid and lateral sinus is a rare complication of acute otitis media, mastoiditis and cholesteatoma. Hence, the aim of this chat review was to analyze the demographics, presenting symptoms, diagnosis, and therapeutic management of otogenic sigmoid sinus thrombosis. Especially the role of low molecular weight ...
Iwasaki Toshiyuki - - 2012
To investigate the long-term efficacy and index of treatment with vitamin D alone or with a bisphosphonate in children and adolescents who have cerebral palsy (CP) with secondary osteoporosis. Thirty patients diagnosed with CP and secondary osteoporosis were analyzed for 5 years, and the efficacy of treatment was compared. Treatment ...
Pucher Philip H - - 2012
We addressed the question of whether or not the currently available evidence base supports heparinization in the context of a patient requiring cardiovascular support with an intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP). A best evidence topic was written according to a previously defined structured protocol. A literature search returned 443 papers, 3 ...
Bisschops Laurens L A - - 2012
The aim of this study was to simultaneously analyze the key components of the cerebral and systemic inflammatory response over time in cardiac arrest patients during mild therapeutic hypothermia and rewarming. Clinical observational study in a tertiary care university hospital. Ten comatose patients after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. All patients were ...
Lin Bo-Feng - - 2012
Cough causes poor quality of emergence from anesthesia and risks of several complications. We compared fentanyl and an antitussive action of tramadol on the quality of emergence and postoperative outcome. A total of 110 adults (18 to 83 y) of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I-III undergoing elective lumbar ...
Faber Carey - - 2012
This study is meant to compare the direct and indirect cost of migraine headache care before and after migraine surgery and to evaluate any postoperative changes in patient participation in daily activities. Eighty-nine patients enrolled in a migraine surgery clinical trial completed the Migraine-Specific Quality-of-Life Questionnaire, the Migraine Disability Assessment ...
Koenig Serena P - - 2012
To report long-term HIV treatment outcomes in 7 Caribbean countries. Observational cohort study. We report outcomes for all antiretroviral therapy (ART) naive adult patients enrolled on ART from program inception until study closing for cohorts in Barbados, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Trinidad, and Puerto Rico. Incidence and predictors ...
Gutierrez Vicente - - 2012
The glenohumeral joint is the most mobile articulation in the body and the most commonly dislocated diarthrodial joint with peaks in the incidence of dislocation occurring during the second and sixth decades. Age at the time of the initial dislocation is inversely related to the recurrence rate. Traumatic anterior instability ...
Lawless Bryan M - - 2012
Measuring value in medicine is an increasingly important issue as healthcare spending continues to rise and cost containment becomes even more important. However, value assessments can be affected by patient factors and comorbidities. We therefore quantified the approximate value of total hip arthroplasty and determined if patient age and Charnley ...
Stiell Ian G - - 2012
The 2010 international guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation recently recommended an increase in the minimum compression depth from 38 to 50 mm, although there are limited human data to support this. We sought to study patterns of cardiopulmonary resuscitation compression depth and their associations with patient outcomes in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest ...
Leung Sharon - - 2012
The pleiotropic effects of statins, 3-hydroxy-3 methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor, have been shown to modify inflammatory cell signaling on the immune response to infection. It was postulated that statins may be a good candidate as novel therapeutic agents for the treatment of sepsis. We investigated whether ongoing statin therapy ...
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