Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 7913
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Mori Kousuke - - 2013
Streptococcus suis (S. suis) is a zoonotic pathogen in pigs, which can be transmitted to humans by close contact. Meningitis is the most common clinical manifestations of S. suis infection and hearing impairment is a frequent complication. The risk of S. suis meningitis is higher in people who work in ...
Kalcioglu M T - - 2013
We retrospectively analysed long-term hearing results and graft take rates in our cases with both temporalis muscle fascia and the cartilage island technique. Between September 2000 and October 2011, a total of 489 patients underwent cartilage tympanoplasty, while 318 patients had tympanoplasty using fascia. In this study we included patients ...
Wang Mingming M Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, 250021 - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and stability upon idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL) patients with duration of onset more than 3 months. Twenty-eight patients diagnosed as ISSNHL were treated by intravenous injection and another 26 by oral medication. Pure tone tests were undertaken at ...
Ward Alex A United BioSource Corporation, Lexington, Mass., - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to summarize published estimates for conversion from mild cognitive impairment or amnestic mild cognitive impairment to Alzheimer's dementia. We carried out a systematic review of English language publications to identify cohort studies published since January 2006 that reported the risk or rate of conversion. ...
Kitahara Tadashi - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Meniere's disease is a common inner ear disease characterized by vertigo, hearing loss and tinnitus. Since Meniere's disease is thought to be triggered by an immune insult to inner ear hydrops, we examined endolymphatic sac drainage with intra-endolymphatic sac application of large doses of steroids for intractable Meniere's patients ...
Callioglu Elif Ersoy - - 2012
The aim of this study was to compare anatomic and audiological results of cartilage graft with temporal fascia graft in type 1 tympanoplasty patients with low middle ear risk index (MERI). In this retrospective study, 63 patients that underwent type 1 tympanoplasty with chondroperichondrial island graft between July 2009 and ...
Pan Hung-Chuan - - 2012
Object Microsurgery is the primary treatment used for patients harboring a large vestibular schwannoma (VS). However, its outcome may lead to hearing impairment and facial nerve dysfunction particularly when resection is extended outside the tumor capsule. When surgery for a large VS consists of intracapsular resection and decompression, better preservation ...
Szyfter Witold - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: CO2 laser is used in stapes surgery due to good water absorption and quite optimal ablation of a bony structure without the influence of inner ear parameters. AIM OF THE STUDY: the assessment of the influence of CO2 - "one shot" laser on hearing results in the patients group ...
Singer Susanne - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Gaining a new voice is one of the major aims after total laryngectomy. The objective of this study was to describe the process and results of speech rehabilitation during the first year after surgery. METHODS: Speech intelligibility was measured 6 months (n = 273) and 1 year (n = ...
Kim Joo Yeon - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Various materials such as fascia, perichondrium, and cartilage have been used for reconstruction of the tympanic membrane in middle ear surgery. Because of its stiffness, cartilage is resistant to resorption and retraction. However, cartilage grafts result in increased acoustic impedance, the main limitation to their use. The aim of ...
Thakur J S JS Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla, 171001 HP - - 2013
Otoacoustic emissions have been advocated in the management of otitis media with effusion. However, otoacoustic emissions cannot differentiate different types of hearing loss. This study was conducted to find factor that can differentiate otitis media with effusion from other common causes of hearing loss in children. Children were enrolled in ...
Carlson Matthew L - - 2012
Object The goals of this retrospective cohort study were as follows: 1) to describe the long-term prevalence and timing of hearing deterioration following low-dose (12- to 13-Gy marginal dose) stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for vestibular schwannoma (VS); and 2) to identify clinical variables associated with long-term preservation of useful hearing following ...
Lim Hye Jin - - 2013
We treated patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL) with several protocols on an outpatient department (OPD) basis. The study compared the efficacy of 3 different steroid treatments for ISSNHL. A prospective randomized controlled study. Tertiary referral center. A total of 60 patients diagnosed with ISSNHL were treated through ...
Querat C - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To report the results obtained in patients with intact tympanic membrane tympanosclerotic stapes fixation treated by labyrinthine fenestration and to discuss the value of this operation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of 28 cases of tympanosclerotic stapes fixation operated between 1982 and 2010. Labyrinthine fenestration was performed using a CO(2) ...
Wiet Richard J - - 2012
ObjectiveTo compare short- and long-term hearing results following stapedectomy using 3 different oval window grafting materials with the same stapes prosthesis.Study DesignDatabase review.SettingTertiary referral private practice.Subjects and MethodsSubjects were ears that underwent stapedectomy for otosclerosis, with placement of fat, fascia, or vein as an oval window seal and reconstruction with ...
Liu Lin - - 2012
This study aims to assess the diagnostic value of the acoustically evoked short latency negative response (ASNR) during the auditory brainstem response (ABR) test for enlarged vestibular aqueduct (EVA). The ABR test was performed on 175 subjects with severe and profound hearing loss from July 2008 to August 2011. Patients ...
El-Gazzaz G - - 2012
The role of biological therapy in perianal fistulas associated with Crohn's disease (CD) is uncertain as available data are confused and conflicting. In order to provide some clarity to the issue we have examined a large cohort of patients with perianal fistulas and CD and stratified them according to use ...
Han Jae-Suk - - 2012
Microvascular decompression (MVD) for hemifacial spasm (HFS) is a safe and effective treatment with favorable outcomes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of delayed cranirve ( VI, VII, and VIII ) palsy following MVD and its clinical courses. Between January 1998 and December 2009, 1354 patients ...
Ward Bryan K - - 2012
To determine postoperative hearing outcomes after surgical plugging via middle cranial fossa approach for superior semicircular canal dehiscence syndrome (SCDS). Clinical review. Tertiary care medical center. Forty-three cases of SCDS based on history, physical examination, vestibular function testing, and computed tomography imaging confirming the presence of a dehiscence. All patients ...
Jones S E - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Deriving accurate language lateralization from fMRI studies in the clinical context can be difficult, with 10%-20% incorrect conclusions. Most interpretations are qualitative, performed by neuroimaging experts. Quantitative lateralization has been widely described but with little implementation in the clinical setting and is disadvantaged by the use of arbitrary ...
Kumar Pravesh - - 2012
To evaluate the effect of hollow bulb obturator prosthesis on articulation and nasalance in maxillectomy patients. A total of 10 patients, who were to undergo maxillectomy, falling under Aramany classes I and II, with normal speech and hearing pattern were selected for the study. They were provided with definitive maxillary ...
Hosalkar Harish H Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Rady Children's Hospital, University of California-San Diego, 3030 Children's Way, Suite 410, San Diego, CA 92123, USA. - - 2012
Triple innominate osteotomy (TIO) is one of the modalities of surgical containment in Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD). However, overcoverage with TIO can lead to pincer impingement. We therefore asked (1) whether TIO contained the femoral head in Catterall Stages III and IV of LCPD; (2) whether the center-edge (CE) angle, acetabular ...
Hsu Jason E JE Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, - - 2012
The evidence supporting continued use of shelf acetabuloplasty in Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD) is not well-defined, and there is controversy regarding the long-term benefits related to clinical and functional improvement. Our goals were to determine whether shelf arthroplasty for LCPD (1) prevents the onset of early osteoarthritis; (2) improves pain, ROM, ...
Park Kye Hoon KH Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Cheonan, - - 2012
Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is commonly defined as a loss of at least 30 dB in three contiguous frequencies occurring within 3 days. Systemic steroid administration has become the most widely accepted treatment option for SSNHL. Since viral infection and vascular compromise are considered specific causes of SSNHL, antiviral ...
Yomo Shoji - - 2012
Object The aim of this study was to perform an accurate analysis of changes in hearing in patients with vestibular schwannoma (VS) who have undergone Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) and distinguish the impact of radiosurgery from the natural course of hearing deterioration due to the tumor itself. Methods This study ...
Yazıcı Haşmet - - 2012
Objective of this study is to compare glass ionomer cement application and incus interpositioning techniques in patients who have chronic otitis media, conductive hearing loss with intact tympanic membrane and who undergo hearing reconstruction of staged surgery using a retrospective chart review in the setting of Ministry of Health Ankara ...
Samimi-Ardestani Hadi - - 2012
During surgical treatment of a patient with otosclerosis, the probability of success depends in large part on the extent of the surgeon's experience. Therefore, predicting the preoperative severity of disease may help determine the choice of surgeon based on how experienced the surgeon should be. We conducted a study to ...
Fuller Brian M - - 2012
Previous literature suggests statins may have a therapeutic role in sepsis. No data have examined if statin use may have a positive impact beyond that afforded by early goal directed therapy (EGDT). To test the hypothesis that previous statin use is associated with improved clinically relevant outcomes in patients with ...
Guzzetta Nina A - - 2012
Introduction:Heparin is the anticoagulant most commonly used for cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), and the activated clotting time (ACT) is its primary monitor. In October 2009, the Food and Drug Administration changed the United States Pharmacopeia (USP) monograph for unfractionated heparin to incorporate new quality tests and a new potency assay and ...
Malek-Mellouli Monia - - 2012
Background: Several observational studies and randomized trials have described the use of various regimens of magnesium sulfate to prevent or reduce the rate of seizures and complications in women with severe preeclampsia. Aim: To assess the validity of a service protocol in the management of severe pre-eclampsia all specifying the ...
Thompson Elaine M - - 2012
The study aim was to quantify efficacy and patient safety of registered nurse-administered procedural sedation and analgesia in a regional burn center. The investigators conducted a review of procedural sedation forms for all pediatric and adult patients admitted to this burn center from January 1, 2005, through December 31, 2005, ...
Parc Y - - 2012
Duodenal adenomas occur in about 90% of patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) and are the second cause of death of patients who have had a prophylactic proctocolectomy. Studies suggest that biliary acids have a role in the development of duodenal adenomas. The aim of this study was to evaluate ...
Rizzo Stanislao - - 2012
To report the outcome of 10 patients with optic pit maculopathy (OPM) and evaluate the role of small-gauge vitrectomy, gas endotamponade, and additional laser photocoagulation treatment. We retrospectively investigated 10 patients who underwent small-gauge, sutureless vitrectomy for OPM, detachment of the posterior hyaloid, internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling, endolaser photocoagulation ...
Arbabi-kalati Fateme - - 2012
Oral mucositis is a serious complication of chemotherapy that results in painful debilitating inflammation, necessitating the administration of analgesics. There is no cure for mucositis. Some studies have evaluated the effect of zinc sulfate on mucositis. The present study aims to evaluate the effect of oral zinc sulfate on prevention ...
Zhang Kelly - - 2012
Although normal cruciate ligaments and those in patients with osteoarthritic (OA) knees contain mechanoreceptors, it is unclear whether they are present after functioning in a cruciate-retaining total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We therefore determined if the areas occupied by mechanoreceptors in the human posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) are similar in patients ...
Palese Alvisa - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Several authors have documented the role of low-molecular-weight heparin injection techniques in bruising. However, few researchers have measured the influence of injection duration on the occurrence and extent of bruising. PURPOSE:: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of different durations of subcutaneous heparin injection on ...
Ekelund M - - 2012
Conversion operations after vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) are sometimes performed because of vomiting and/or acid regurgitation. Primary operation with gastric bypass (GBP) is known to reduce gastroesophageal reflux (GERD). Previous studies have not been designed to differentiate between the effects of the altered anatomy and of the ensuing weight loss. ...
Schallom Marilyn E - - 2012
To compare heparin (3 mL, 10 units/mL) and 0.9% sodium chloride (NaCl, 10 mL) flush solutions with respect to central venous catheter lumen patency. Single-center, randomized, open label trial. Medical intensive care unit and Surgical/Burn/Trauma intensive care unit at Barnes-Jewish Hospital, St. Louis, MO. Three hundred forty-one patients with multilumen ...
Osbahr Daryl C - - 2012
Biomechanical studies suggest ulnohumeral chondral and ligamentous overload (UCLO) explains the development of posteromedial chondromalacia (PMC) in throwing athletes with ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) insufficiency. UCL reconstruction reportedly allows 90% of baseball players to return to prior or a higher level of play; however, players with concomitant posteromedial chondromalacia may ...
Bailey Steven H SH Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 1801 Inwood Road, Dallas, TX 75390, - - 2012
Seroma formation has been shown to be a multifactorial process in part due to dead space and the formation of raw surfaces, which produce large quantities of serous exudate. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of quilting/progressive tension sutures (to reduce dead space) and fibrin sealant ...
McAfee Paul C - - 2012
Meta-analysis of 4 prospective randomized controlled Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Investigational Device Exemption (IDE) clinical trials. To maximize the information available from 4 IDE studies by analyzing the combined outcomes of cervical arthroplasty versus fusion at 24-month follow-up. To date, 4 randomized clinical trials have been completed in the ...
Li Yi-Chen - - 2012
Steel's triple innominate osteotomy was created for correcting dysplastic acetabulum in adolescents and young adults. We modified Steel's triple innominate osteotomy with two anterior incisions and ramus cuts close to the acetabulum to improve the mobility of the fragment for better coverage of the hip. The purpose of this study ...
Taylor Drew W - - 2012
Down Syndrome can result in musculoskeletal abnormalities of the hip at an early age. Avascular necrosis of the femoral head can occur as a result of slipped capital femoral epiphysis causing the patient a great deal of pain, limiting the ability to ambulate. Despite the benefits that this patient group ...
Walker Christopher M - - 2012
To determine the therapeutic yield of on-demand chest radiographs in intubated patients experiencing acute oxygen desaturation/hypoxia. A retrospective study was conducted examining all intubated intensive care unit patients over a 2 ½-year period. Subjects were included only if the patient had undergone a comparison radiograph while intubated and if the ...
Pikkel Joseph - - 2012
Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is a rare complication after laser photocoagulation for disorders such as central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC). We report 2 patients who developed CNV after laser treatment for persistent CSC and were treated by 3 1.25-mg intravitreal injections of bevacizumab in 1-month intervals. In both patients, best-corrected visual acuity ...
Jurkowska-Dudzińska Justyna - - 2012
The present study compared the effects of adjuvant bevacizumab and 5-fluorouracil on the efficacy and safety of trabeculectomy. A nonrandomized, prospective, interventional case study. A total of 62 patients in two groups undergoing primary trabeculectomy. In Group 1 (21 primary open-angle glaucoma, nine pseudoexfoliative glaucoma), trabeculectomy was performed with an ...
Ono Shimpei - - 2012
Short-term results after proximal interphalangeal joint arthroplasty with pyrolytic carbon (pyrocarbon) implant have shown that this implant has high complication rates, but patient satisfaction is high. The authors evaluated the effectiveness of the implant for use in proximal interphalangeal joint at a minimum of 2 years of follow-up. Thirteen consecutive ...
Berger Michael J - - 2012
To determine whether the method of disease severity measurement influences the magnitude of knee extensor force deficits in knee osteoarthritis (OA). Data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative (n = 659) were analyzed. Knee extensor force was assessed with isometric contractions. Clinical severity was measured with the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities ...
Rutz Erich - - 2012
Multilevel orthopaedic surgery may improve gait in Type IV hemiplegia, but it is not known if proximal femoral osteotomy combined with adductor release as part of multilevel surgery in patients with hip dysplasia improves hip development. We asked whether varus derotational osteotomy of the proximal femur, combined with adductor release, ...
Aiona Michael - - 2012
External tibial torsion causes an abnormal axis of joint motion relative to the line of progression with resultant abnormal coronal plane knee moments and affects lever arm function of the foot in power generation at the ankle. However, it is unclear whether surgical correction of the tibial torsion corrects the ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >