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Jahromi Alireza Hamidian AH Louisiana State University Health Shreveport, Shreveport, Louisiana, - - 2014
Lower extremity deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is uncommon in the pediatric population, but it can be associated with severe symptoms and potential long-term morbidity secondary to post-thrombotic syndrome. Inferior vena cava (IVC) atresia can predispose a patient to the development of extremity DVT. There is no clear consensus on optimal ...
Chan Tommy C Y TC Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China; Hong Kong Eye Hospital, Hong Kong, - - 2014
To investigate the change in posterior corneal elevation up to 1 year after myopic femtosecond-assisted LASIK and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). Prospective, longitudinal, comparative study. Patients undergoing femtosecond-assisted LASIK or PRK. Corneal imaging was performed using swept-source optical coherence tomography at baseline and at each postoperative follow-up. A 2-way analysis of ...
Ladner Travis R TR Departments of 1 Neurological Surgery - - 2014
OBJECT The clinical significance of radiological measurements of the craniocervical junction in pediatric Chiari I malformation (CM-I) is yet to be fully established across the field. The authors examined their institutional experience with the pB-C2 line (drawn perpendicular to a line drawn between the basion and the posterior aspect of ...
Lammer Johannes J The Department of Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology, Department of Biomedical Imaging and Image-guided Therapy, Medical University Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, 1090, Vienna, Austria, - - 2014
The hypothesis that covered stents are superior to bare-metal stents (BMS) in long femoropopliteal artery disease was tested. The one-year results of the VIASTAR trial revealed a patency benefit of covered stents in the treatment-per-protocol (TPP) analysis only. A prospective, randomized, single-blind, multicenter study evaluated 141 patients with symptomatic peripheral ...
Tsiouris Athanasios A aSection of Cardiac Surgery, Yale University, School of Medicine, New Haven, CT bDivision of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, - - 2014
Continuous flow left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) have become the standard of care for patients with advanced heart failure refractory to optimal medical therapy. The goal of this study was to review our seven year single institutional experience with CF LVADs. Mean age was 50.4 + 12.5 (17-69) years for ...
Tosello Francesco F Medical Sciences Department, University of - - 2014
Background:Little is known about mid-term (3-month) postoperative atrial fibrillation (MT-POAF) in patients treated with bioprosthetic aortic valve replacement (BAVR). The aim of this study was to describe the natural history, identify the predictors and investigate the potential consequences in terms of anti-thrombotic therapy.Methods and Results:During a longitudinal, prospective study, 219 patients were ...
Cai Xiao Bo XB Department of Gastroenterology, First People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, School of Medicine, Shanghai, - - 2014
Background and study aim: We previously reported on a plastic stent that was coated with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and sodium cholate, which dissolved common bile duct (CBD) stones ex vivo. The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of such stents on biliary stones in a ...
Tanaka Kayu K Department of Medicine, Kidney Center, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Kawada-cho 8-1, Shinjyuku-ku, Tokyo, 162-8666, - - 2014
The effects of hematuria on the outcome of IgA nephropathy (IgAN) remain unknown and treatment of IgAN with severe hematuria is controversial. Eighty-eight IgAN patients with proteinuria <0.5 g/day and who had not received corticosteroids, immunosuppressive agents, or undergone a tonsillectomy were divided into two groups: (1) patients with low (<20/high-power ...
Turel Mazda K MK Department of Neurological Sciences, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
OBJECT Prospective studies of quality of life (QOL) are infrequently performed in patients undergoing surgery for vestibular schwannoma (VS). The authors designed this to study to investigate health-related QOL (HR-QOL) in patients with large and giant VSs before and after surgery. METHODS Between January 2009 and December 2012, HR-QOL was ...
Kim Eun Hye EH Department of Internal Medicine and Institute of Gastroenterology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
In patients with corticosteroid-refractory ulcerative colitis (UC), cyclosporine or infliximab may be added to the treatment regimen to induce remission. Here, we aimed to compare the efficacy of cyclosporine and infliximab. Between January 1995 and May 2012, the medical records of 43 patients with corticosteroid-refractory UC who received either infliximab ...
Sairanen T T Department of Neurology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, - - 2014
Our aim was to determine factors associated with symptomatic intracranial haemorrhage (sICH) in basilar artery occlusion patients treated with intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) and adjuvant anticoagulant therapy. A registry of 176 consecutive patients with angiography-proven basilar artery occlusion who received IVT with alteplase and heparin between 1995 to 2013 was assessed. ...
Lagos-Arevalo Paola P Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, QC, - - 2014
Early acute kidney injury (AKI) diagnosis is needed to pursue treatment trials. We evaluated cystatin C (CysC) as an early biomarker of serum creatinine (SCr)-AKI and an alternative to define AKI. We studied 160 non-cardiac children in the intensive care unit (ICU). We measured daily CysC and SCr. AKI was ...
Tanaka Tomohito T Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence, etiology, and outcomes of genitofemoral neuropathy after pelvic lymphadenectomy (PLD) for uterine corpus cancer. The medical records of women who underwent PLD for uterine corpus cancer between June 2001 and June 2013 were reviewed. Information regarding neuropathy was directly reported ...
Yuan Qiang Q Department of Neurosurgery, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, PR - - 2014
OBJECT Some studies have demonstrated that intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring reduces the mortality of traumatic brain injury (TBI). But other studies have shown that ICP monitoring is associated with increased mortality. Thus, the authors performed a meta-analysis of studies comparing ICP monitoring with no ICP monitoring in patients who have ...
Firouzi Ata A Department of Interventional Cardiology, Cardiovascular Intervention Research Center, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) is an adverse consequence of percutaneous coronary interventions which results in significant morbidity and mortality and adds to the costs of diagnostic and interventional cardiology procedures. Various pathophysiological mechanisms have been proposed for CI-AKI and various agents tested for its prevention. There is currently a ...
Zhang Y Y - - 2014
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of minimally invasive aspiration of intracranial hematoma on blood brain barrier (BBB) and bleeding after secondary brain injury. The BBB index and levels of serum myelin basic protein were compared between patients treated conventionally (dehydration, improvement of brain metabolism, and other symptomatic treatment; ...
Lubelski Daniel D Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of - - 2014
OBJECT The authors investigated quality of life (QOL) outcomes after primary versus revision discectomy. METHODS A retrospective review was performed for all patients who had undergone a primary or revision discectomy at the Cleveland Clinic Center for Spine Health from January 2008 through December 2011. Among patients in the revision ...
Fung Christian C Department of - - 2014
OBJECT After subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), seizure occurs in up to 26% of patients. The impact of seizure on outcome has been studied, yet its impact on grading is unknown. The authors evaluated the impact of early-onset seizures (EOS) on grading of spontaneous SAH and on outcome. METHODS This retrospective analysis ...
Mathus-Vliegen Elisabeth M H EM Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Background and study aim: Intragastric balloons are used as a treatment for obesity. Much of the data collected on balloons has been in the context of clinical trials in academic medical centers or as a bridge to bariatric surgery in obesity centers. The aim of this study was to investigate ...
Spring Laura L Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, - - 2014
Patients treated with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) are presumed to be at high risk for hospital readmission. To identify the incidence and associated risk factors for readmissions in allogeneic HSCT patients and to evaluate the effect of readmissions on overall survival. Retrospective review. 1141 HSCT patients (503 patients ...
Scemama Caroline C Clinical Orthopaedic Research Centre, Department of Reconstructive and Orthopaedic Surgery, Université René Descartes, Hôpital Cochin (AP-HP), Paris, France, - - 2014
Highly cross-linked polyethylenes (PE) have been developed with encouraging results in terms of wear. Another body of the literature has indicated potential catastrophic failures related to reduced fatigue properties and oxidation. Each PE available on the market has its own processing characteristics. The aim of this retrospective study was to ...
Eftekharian Hamid Reza HR From the *Department of Craniomaxillofacial Surgery, †Shiraz University of Medical Science, Shiraz; and ‡Research Center for Social Determinants of Health, Jahrom University of Medical Science, Jahrom, - - 2014
Nasotracheal intubation of patients with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis is a challenge for anesthesiologists. Awake fiberoptic intubation (AFOI) is the safest technique in patients with difficult airway. This study compares 3 different techniques of conscious sedation during AFOI in patients with TMJ ankylosis. This study comprised 54 patients, American Society ...
Sprenger Hg H Department of Internal Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine and Infectious Diseases, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The - - 2014
The aim of the study was to test the antiviral efficacy of a triple nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) regimen, with potential beneficial metabolic effects, as maintenance therapy after induction with dual NRTIs and a boosted protease inhibitor (PI). An open-label, noninferiority study was carried out. Antiretroviral therapy (ART)-naïve patients ...
Dalén Magnus M Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery and Anesthesiology, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to analyze early postoperative outcomes and 2-year survival after aortic valve replacement (AVR) with the sutureless Perceval bioprosthesis (Sorin Biomedica Cardio Srl, Salluggia, Italy) performed through ministernotomy compared with full sternotomy. This was a study of 267 consecutive patients who underwent isolated AVR with ...
Sakalli Erdal E Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Safa Private Hospital, Fevzi cakmak mah. Sisecam bloklari. Emek apt. D:8 Bagcilar, Istanbul, Turkey, - - 2014
We aimed to investigate the effect of stapes fixation on hearing results in patients who underwent mobilization surgery due to tympanosclerosis (TS). Seventy-nine patients were retrospectively analyzed and divided into two groups. Forty-four (55.7 %) patients with mobile stapes were classified as group 1, and 35 (44.3 %) patients with fixed stapes ...
Karppinen Toni T TT Department of Dermatology, Päijät-Häme Central Hospital, FIN-15850 Lahti, Finland. - - 2014
Empowering heliotherapy aims at clinical healing and improved coping with psoriasis and atopic dermatitis, but evidence of long-term effects is scarce. We studied the effect of 2-week empowering heliotherapy in the Canary Islands on clinical outcome and quality of life in 22 psoriasis and 13 atopic dermatitis patients. Using the ...
Douketis J D JD Dr. James D. Douketis, St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton, Room F-544, 50 Charlton Ave. East, Hamilton, ON, L8N 4A6, Canada, E-mail: - - 2014
In patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) who require interruption of dabigatran or warfarin for an elective surgery/procedure, the risks and benefits of perioperative bridging anticoagulation is uncertain. We accessed the database from RE-LY, a randomised trial comparing dabigatran with warfarin for stroke prevention in AF, to assess the potential benefits ...
Lenart Brett A BA Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Rothman Institute, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The incidence of failed rotator cuff repairs remains high, especially in the setting of massive tears or revision repairs. The purpose of this study was to evaluate patient outcomes and repair integrity after augmentation with the repair patch, a poly-l-lactide synthetic polymer. Sixteen consecutive patients with massive or recurrent rotator ...
Abdelfatah Mohamed M From the *Department of Medicine, Akron General Medical Center, Akron; †Department Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Cleveland; ‡Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University; §Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center, Cleveland Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cleveland; ∥Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, East Carolina University, Greenville; ¶Division of Infectious Diseases, Akron General Medical Center, Akron; and #Department of Medicine, Northeast Ohio Medical University, Rootstown, - - 2014
Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) has recently markedly increased, incurring greater health care-associated costs and hospitalizations especially in vitamin D deficient patients. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between low vitamin D levels and the severity and recurrence of CDI. A retrospective case-control study evaluated patients ...
Dhir Vinay V Department of Endoscopy and Endosonography, Baldota Institute of Digestive Sciences, Mumbai, - - 2014
A single session of EUS-guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD) may be a viable alternative to ERCP in patients with malignant distal common bile duct (CBD) obstruction. There is no study comparing EUS-BD and ERCP for the relief of distal malignant biliary obstruction. To compare the outcomes of self-expandable metal stent (SEMS) placement ...
Al-Khatib Talal T Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah University, Jeddah, Saudi - - 2014
To assess the role of preoperative serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D as predictor of hypocalcemia after total thyroidectomy. Retrospective cohort study. University teaching hospital. All consecutively performed total and completion thyroidectomies from February 2007 to December 2013 were reviewed through a hospital database and patient charts. The relationship between postthyroidectomy laboratory ...
Ichihara Noboru N Cardiovascular Center, Tsuchiura Kyodo - - 2014
Background:Deep sedation or general anesthesia is generally used during atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. The aim of this study was to report the safety and feasibility of minimal sedation during AF ablation.Methods and Results:One thousand and fifty-two AF ablation procedures in 819 patients (62±11 years, 621 men, 506 paroxysmal) were included. Boluses of ...
Silverberg Michael J MJ All authors: Department of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, - - 2014
In the critically ill undergoing urgent endotracheal intubation by direct laryngoscopy, multiple attempts are often required with a higher complication rate due to the urgency, uncontrolled setting, comorbidities, and variability in expertise of operators. We hypothesized that Glidescope video laryngoscopy would be superior to direct laryngoscopy during urgent endotracheal intubation. ...
Kearney S S Children's Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota, Pediatric Hematology Oncology, Minneapolis, MN, - - 2014
Neonatal circumcision in patients with severe haemophilia has not been well studied. We performed a survey of paediatric haematologists from Hemophilia Treatment Centers (HTC) across the United States to better understand the attitudes toward and management of neonatal circumcision in haemophilia patients. Response rate to our survey was 40% (n = 64/159). ...
Li Bo B Ivey Eye Institute, Western University, London, Ontario, - - 2014
Teleophthalmology has the potential to reduce costs and inconveniences associated with frequent patient visits. Evaluating teleophthalmology in the management of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) will allow for future implementation of this technology. To evaluate teleophthalmology as a tool for the screening and monitoring of neovascular AMD. Prospective, randomized clinical trial ...
Roby Brianne Barnett BB Department of Otolaryngology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora2Department of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, - - 2014
Juvenile recurrent parotitis (JRP) is characterized by recurrent painful swelling of the parotid gland that occurs in the pediatric population. Sialendoscopy with and without ductal corticosteroid infusion (DCI) has been found to be effective in the treatment of JRP and autoimmune parotitis. To determine the utility of instrumentation vs pharmacotherapy ...
Baruteau Alban-Elouen AE Marie Lannelongue Hospital, Pediatric and Congenital Cardiac Surgery, M3C, Reference Center for Complex Congenital Heart Diseases, Le Plessis Robinson, France Paris Sud University, Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France - - 2014
Palliative Potts shunt has been proposed in children with suprasystemic pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). A retrospective multicentre study was performed to assess short- and long-term outcomes after Potts shunt. From 2003 to 2014, 24 children underwent a Potts shunt [19 surgical, median age: 7.7 years (1.5-17 years), median weight: 19.5 ...
Court Richard - - 2014
BackgroundMost patients who experience virologic failure (VF) on second line antiretroviral therapy (ART) in low-middle income countries fail due to poor adherence rather than antiretroviral resistance. A simple adherence tool designed to detect VF would conserve resources by rationally limiting need for viral load (VL) testing and, in those countries ...
Liu Quan-Xing QX Department of Thoracic Surgery, Xinqiao Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, - - 2014
The effects of the use of the stapler or hand-sewn method in oesophagogastric anastomosis on postoperative morbidity, mortality and quality of life after oesophagectomy remain controversial. The purpose of his study was to compare clinical outcomes of hand-sewn and stapler techniques in oesophagogastric anastomosis after oesophagectomy for oesophageal carcinoma. We ...
Inada Keiichi K Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, The Jikei University School of Medicine, 3-25-8, Nishi-shinbashi, Minato-Ku, Tokyo, 105-8471, Japan, - - 2014
Warfarin is widely used to perform catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF). Heparin is usually administered during this procedure to prevent thromboembolic events, while protamine is used to reduce the incidence of bleeding complications. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of heparin and protamine administration on ...
Kiyak Yilmaz Ayse A Ophthalmology Department, School of Medicine, Ege University, Izmir, - - 2014
We aimed to determine the impact of the preoperative prism adaptation test (PAT) on surgical outcomes in patients with primary exotropia. Thirty-eight consecutive patients with primary exotropia were enrolled. Pre-operative PAT was performed in 18 randomly selected patients (Group 1). Surgery was based on the angle of deviation at distance ...
Yazer Murray S MS From the Department of Anesthesia, Montreal General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
This prospective, randomized trial compared ultrasound-guided targeted intracluster injection (TII) supraclavicular brachial plexus block (SCB) and infraclavicular brachial plexus block (ICB). Sixty-four patients were randomly allocated to receive an ultrasound-guided TII SCB (n = 32) or ICB (n = 32). The local anesthetic agent (lidocaine 1.5% with epinephrine 5 μg/mL) ...
Warshak C R CR Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, - - 2014
Objective:Evaluation of the cerebroplacental ratio (CPR) as an adjunct to umbilical artery Doppler (UA) to assess risk of delivery before 32 weeks and/or delivery within 2 weeks from diagnosis of fetal growth restriction (FGR).Study Design:In a cohort of fetuses with suspected FGR, UA Doppler was performed, and when abnormal the ...
Jacob Matthias - - 2014
IntroductionRecent studies in septic patients showed that adverse effects of hydroxyethyl starches (HES) possibly outweigh their benefits in severely impaired physiological haemostasis. It remains unclear whether this also applies to patient populations that are less vulnerable. In this meta-analysis we evaluated the impact of various HES generations in patients undergoing ...
Sharma Sunil Dutt SD Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Queens Hospital, Rom Valley Way, Romford, Essex, United Kingdom - - 2014
To assess whether a dedicated "1-stop" neck lump clinic has improved the percentage of adequate fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) samples and reduced the need for repeat FNAC. Retrospective review. District General Hospital in the United Kingdom. Patients attending for ultrasound-guided FNAC over a 6-month period from August 2012 to February ...
Finlayson Roderick J RJ From the *Department of Anesthesia, Alan Edwards Pain Management Unit, McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Quebec; †Kelowna General Hospital, and ‡University of British Columbia, Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada; and §Department of Anesthesia, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, - - 2014
Because of its location in the lower neck and anatomical variability, the C7 medial branch represents a challenging target for local anesthetic blocks. Although ultrasound (US) guidance offers an alternative to fluoroscopy for C3 to C6 cervical medial branch blocks (CMBBs), its use at the C7 level has not been ...
Makki Laith L a Instructor, Advanced Orthodontics Program, European University College, Dubai, United Arab - - 2014
Objective: To evaluate mandibular irregularity index stability following orthodontic treatment facilitated by alveolar corticotomy and augmentation bone grafting (Cort+). Materials and Methods: The irregularity index of 121 orthodontically treated and 15 untreated patient study casts was analyzed at 5 years and 10 years. Results: Cort+ resulted in significantly lower mandibular irregularity index ...
Goh Sean L SL Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia - - 2014
A best evidence topic was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was: does preoperative statin therapy prevent postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients undergoing cardiac surgery? There were 445 papers found using the reported search. From these, 12 represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. ...
Ragghianti Zangrando Mariana Schutzer - - 2014
This split-mouth, double-blind randomized controlled trial evaluated radiographic changes in infrabony defects treated with open flap debridement (OFD) or OFD associated with enamel matrix derivative (EMD) after a 24-month follow-up. The radiographic distance from the CEJ to the bottom of the defect (BD) was considered the primary outcome. CEJ-BC and ...
Solbiati Monica M Medicina ad Indirizzo Fisiopatologico, Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Cliniche 'L. Sacco', Ospedale 'L. Sacco', Università degli Studi di Milano, Via G.B. Grassi 74, 20157 Milano, Italy - - 2014
Data on adverse events and death rates following syncope are heterogeneous among studies, and knowledge of syncope prognosis could help to better define the correct management of patients. We performed a systematic review of literature by searching for prospective observational studies enrolling consecutive patients presenting to the Emergency Department because ...
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