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Results 101 - 150 of 9830
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Koy Anne A Department of Neurology, University of Cologne, Cologne, - - 2014
Background: Pharmacological treatment of dyskinetic cerebral palsy (CP) is often ineffective. Data about outcome of deep brain stimulation (DBS) in these patients remains scarce. Methods: Eight patients with dyskinetic CP and DBS of the Globus Pallidus internus were investigated. Using pre- and postoperative videos the severity of dystonia and changes ...
Rojas Juan Ignacio JI From the Multiple Sclerosis Center of Buenos Aires (CEMBA), Neurology Department, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare brain atrophy in radiologically isolated syndrome (RIS), in clinically isolated syndrome (CIS), and in individuals with subjective complaints (ISC). Patients with RIS were included prospectively during June 2009 to June 2012. CIS patients and ISC were used to compare the RIS sample. ...
Olbjørn Christine C Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Akershus University Hospital , Lørenskog , - - 2014
Abstract Objective. Pediatric Crohn's disease (CD) is often debilitating, with upper gastrointestinal (GI) involvement and complications over time. Treatment with tumor necrosis factor (TNF) blockers can induce and maintain remission. We wanted to evaluate the outcome of patients medically treated for CD to investigate whether clinical, endoscopic and biochemical factors ...
Pinto Roberto Damian Pacheco RD Department of Ophthalmology - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To determine whether topical dexamethasone 0.1%/povidone-iodine 0.4% reduces the duration of presumed viral conjunctivitis better than artificial tears and whether the treatment relieves the symptoms of this disease. Methods: Randomized, masked and controlled trial. One-hundred twenty-two patients with a clinical diagnosis of presumed viral conjunctivitis were randomized to ...
Jellema Hinke Marijke HM Department of Ophthalmology, University of Amsterdam , the Netherlands - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the effect of uni- and bilateral medial rectus recession on squint angle and ductions in Graves' Orbitopathy (GO) patients. Design: Retrospective case series. Materials and methods: Consecutive GO patients seen between January 2000 and March 2012 who were operated on one or both medial rectus muscles ...
Cheng Hui-Chen HC *Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; †Department of Ophthalmology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; ‡Department of Ophthalmology, Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; §Graduate Institute of Biomedical Electronics and Bioinformatics, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan; and ¶Biomedical Electronics Translational Research Center, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, - - 2014
To investigate the efficacy of intravitreal injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor agents for Stage 4 retinopathy of prematurity. Retrospective case series study. The medical records of patients receiving intravitreal injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor agents for Stage 4 retinopathy of prematurity from January 2007 to May 2012 in ...
Bastard Mathieu M Epicentre, Paris, - - 2014
 The success of the current treatment regimen for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is poor partly due to a high defaulter rate. Many studies explored predictors of poor outcomes, but very few assessed the impact of treatment interruptions on MDR-TB treatment outcomes.  We conducted a retrospective analysis among MDR-TB patients enrolled in ...
Roumieh Mazen M Department of Cardiothoracic, Transplant and Vascular Surgery, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, - - 2014
Choice of prosthesis type in middle-aged patients undergoing aortic valve replacement (AVR) is still debated. The aim of this study is to compare long-term follow-up results in middle-aged patients who underwent isolated AVR with a biological or mechanical prosthesis. A retrospective analysis of a single-centre database was performed to identify ...
Costa Milena L ML Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA; Department of Otolaryngology, Clinics Hospital, School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
Endoscopic maxillary mega-antrostomy (EMMA) is a revision surgical procedure for recalcitrant maxillary sinusitis in which medical therapy and endoscopic antrostomy have been unsuccessful. In 2008 our group published favorable outcomes of EMMA in 28 patients with relatively short follow-up and nonvalidated outcome measures. This study reports an update of long-term ...
Liang Jinqian - - 2014
BackgroundAlthough measures to reduce and treat degenerative changes after fusion are discussed, these are still controversial.MethodsA retrospective study was conducted on a consecutive series of 3,799 patients who underwent posterior lumbar fusion for degenerative lumbar disease between January 1999 and January 2009. A total of 28 patients with symptomatic adjacent ...
Zi Wenjie W From the Department of Neurology, Xinqiao Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, 400037, - - 2014
Our aim was to investigate a novel approach to perform preoperative evaluation patients who underwent middle cerebral artery (MCA) percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting (PTAS). Sixty-five patients with symptomatic MCA stenosis of at least >70% who underwent MCA PTAS were enrolled. The multimodal stroke assessment using CT (MOSAIC) score was ...
Yiou Rene R Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Paris, Henri Mondor Teaching Hospital-Urology Department and CRCDC, Créteil, - - 2014
To update the 2-year outcomes of the TOMS™ transobturator male sling for treating post-prostatectomy urinary incontinence (pRP-UI) in a group of patients previously evaluated at 1 year. We prospectively followed 40 patients with pRP-UI before and 6, 12, and 24 months after implantation of the TOMS™ transobturator male sling. Urinary ...
Lin Shengrong S Orthopaedic Department, Peking University Third Hospital, 49 North Garden Street, Haidian District, Beijing, 100191, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate how the severity of operative invasion to the posterior muscular-ligament complex impacts postoperative cervical sagittal balance. Ninety cases of open-door expansive laminoplasty due to cervical spondylotic myelopathy were reviewed. Fifty-three patients underwent laminoplasty with unilateral preservation of the muscular-ligament complex (unilateral elevation ...
Beldman Mark M Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Deventer Hospital, PO Box 5001, 7400 GC, Deventer, The - - 2014
With total knee replacement (TKR), correct sizing and rotational alignment are essential for good clinical outcomes. Overstuffing may result in loss of flexion and adversely affect the outcome of TKR. The purpose of this study was to correlate overstuffing with patient reported clinical outcomes and anterior knee pain (AKP). Baseline ...
Mollon Brent B Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada, - - 2014
There are few reports detailing recurrence rates or functional outcomes after combined arthroscopic and open synovectomy to treat diffuse pigmented villonodular synovitis (DPVNS) of the knee. Patients with DPVNS of the knee treated with combined synovectomy, followed for a minimum of 12 months at a tertiary orthopaedic oncology centre, were identified. ...
Ba Yu-Feng YF Department of Thoracic Surgery, Henan Cancer Hospital (The Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University), 127 Dongming Rd, Zhengzhou, 450008, Henan Province, People's Republic of - - 2014
This study was designed to compare the analgesic effects of cryoanalgesia and parecoxib in lung cancer patients after lobectomy. A total of 178 lung cancer patients awaiting large-sized lobectomy were enrolled in the study. The patients were randomly divided into Group A (intercostal nerve cryoanalgesia) and Group B (parecoxib). The ...
Gullick Allison A AA Department of Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, KB 428, 1720 2nd Ave S, Birmingham, AL, 35294-0016, USA, - - 2014
Obesity poses serious health consequences, and bariatric surgery remains the most effective and durable treatment. The goal of this study was to identify the association of race and socioeconomic characteristics with clinical outcomes following laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). A retrospective review of all patients who underwent LRYGB between 2004 ...
Werth Sebastian S Center for Vascular Medicine and Department of Medicine III, Division of Angiology, University Hospital "Carl Gustav Carus", Technical University Dresden, Fetscherstrasse 74, 01307, Dresden, Germany, - - 2014
Current guidelines consider outpatient treatment as an option for low-risk pulmonary embolism (PE), and risk assessment tools such as the HESTIA criteria can be used to identify PE patients who could feasibly be treated in an outpatient setting. Little is known about what proportion of patients in daily care this ...
Oshikiri Taro T Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Hyogo Cancer Center, 13-70, kitaoji-cho, Akashi, Hyogo, 673-8558, Japan, - - 2014
In esophageal cancer, lymph nodes along the recurrent laryngeal nerves (RLNs) are thought to be highly involved. Complete dissection of these lymph nodes is recommended but there is limited working space in the left upper mediastinum and advanced dissection skills are required. We present herein a new method for lymphadenectomy ...
Gorodner Verónica V Programa de Unidades Bariátricas, Buenos Aires, Argentina, - - 2014
There is no question that Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is the best treatment option for obesity combined with GERD. However, the influence of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) on this disease remains controversial. It has been said that LSG could induce de novo GERD or worsen it. The aim of our ...
Costanzi Andrea A General Surgery, Ospedale di Desio, 20841, Desio, Italy, - - 2014
Genito-urinary disorders (GUD) for radical rectal cancer surgery range from 10 to 30 %. In this study, primary endpoint is to prospectively assess their incidence in patients undergoing Laparoscopic Total Mesorectal Excision (LTME) without neoadjuvant chemo-radiation (NCR). Secondary endpoint is to detect the potential lesion site evaluating video-recordings of surgery. A ...
Wang Wanchun - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to document the clinical and radiographic results of a consecutive series of patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) who had undergone bilaterally primary THA using non-cemented components. Twenty-six hips of 13 patients with bilateral ankylosis of the hip caused by AS were converted to THA ...
Gu Jinyu J Department of Colorectal Surgery, Digestive Disease Institute, Cleveland - - 2014
A study was carried out with the aim of identifying potential factors which might influence the fate patients undergoing faecal diversion by stoma in perianal Crohn's disease. Patients with severe perianal CD undergoing faecal diversion between 1994 and 2012 were identified and factors associated with stoma closure were assessed using ...
Arya Shipra S Division of Vascular Surgery, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Ga; Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Decatur, Ga. Electronic address: - - 2014
Frailty, defined as a biologic syndrome of decreased reserve and resistance to stressors, has been linked to adverse outcomes after surgery. We evaluated the effect of frailty on 30-day mortality, morbidity, and failure to rescue (FTR) in patients undergoing elective abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. Patients undergoing elective endovascular AAA ...
Mitsukane Msahiro M Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Health Sciences, Tokyo University of Technology, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the immediate effect of repetitive wrist extension on grip strength in patients with distal radial fracture. Interventional study. Patients who were admitted to the Department of Occupational Therapy, Hospital in ○○. Twenty-eight consecutive patients with a unilateral distal radial fracture participated in this study. Each patient was randomly ...
Zhao Hong-Dong HD Department of Neurology, Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, PR - - 2014
It is unclear whether previous statin therapy influences the prognosis, hemorrhagic transformation, and plasma matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-9 levels in Chinese stroke patients receiving intravenous thrombolysis. We conduct a prospective cohort study of 193 patients treated with intravenous thrombolysis. All the enrolled patients were divided into 2 groups (the control group ...
Jeong Chang Wook CW Department of Urology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea; Department of Urology, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, - - 2014
We devised a single-step posterior reconstruction (PR) technique, which opposes the median dorsal raphe solely to the posterior counterpart of the detrusor apron, rather than to the Denonvilliers' fascia. We previously found that during robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) this new technique could significantly shortens continence recovery time through a retrospective ...
Youngster Ilan I Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston2Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts3Division of Infectious Diseases, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, - - 2014
Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has been shown to be effective in treating relapsing or refractory Clostridium difficile infection, but practical barriers and safety concerns have prevented its widespread use. To evaluate the safety and rate of resolution of diarrhea following administration of frozen FMT capsules from prescreened unrelated donors to ...
Choi Yunsuk Y Department of Hematology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
In patients with secondary acute myeloid leukemia (s-AML) arising from the myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), treatment outcome is unsatisfactory. We compared up-front allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) to induction chemotherapy (IC) as an initial treatment in patients with s-AML arising from MDS. This retrospective study included 85 patients who were diagnosed ...
Kovacs Michael J MJ London Health Sciences Centre, London, ON, - - 2014
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) has an increased incidence in patients with multiple myeloma (MM), especially during chemotherapy. Mechanisms including upregulation of procoagulant factors, such as factor VIII, have been postulated. The National Cancer Institute of Canada Clinical Trials Group MY.10 phase III clinical trial compared thalidomide-prednisone to observation for 332 patients ...
Jameson Simon S SS The National Joint Registry for England and - - 2014
Background and purpose - There has been a recent trend towards the use of greater femoral head sizes in an attempt to improve function and enhance stability after primary hip replacement. This has been associated with the use of alternative bearings, theoretically to reduce wear and improve implant longevity. Methods ...
Luo Yi Y Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Qingpu Hospital, Fudan University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 201700, - - 2014
We study the suitable depth for epidural puncture in primiparas so as to decrease epidural complications and provide anesthesiologists with an appropriate insertion guide. A prospective study of 87 primipara patients receiving labor analgesia who had epidural punctures in the course of vaginal delivery were randomly divided into 3 groups: ...
Ida Takahiro - - 2014
BackgroundCam-type femoroacetabular deformity in acetabular dysplasia (AD) has not been well clarified. The primary purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and characteristics of femoroacetabular deformity in symptomatic AD patients.MethodsWe retrospectively reviewed the cases of 86 women (92 hips) and eight men (eight hips) with symptomatic AD. The ...
Yang Yang - - 2014
IntroductionTo assess whether bipolar sealer has advantages over standard electrocautery in primary total hip arthroplasty (THA).MethodsAll studies published through November 2013 were systematically searched in PubMed, Embase, ScienceDirect, The Cochrane Library, and other databases. Relevant journals or conference proceedings were searched manually. Only randomized controlled trials were included. Two independent ...
Cavaignac Etienne E Pôle Institut Locomoteur, Hôpital Pierre-Paul Riquet, Place du Docteur Baylac, TSA 40031, 31059, Toulouse, France, - - 2014
Because published studies on the accuracy achieved with patient-specific guides during total knee arthroplasty (TKA) contradict each other, this systematic review and meta-analysis sought to compare radiological TKA outcomes when patient-specific cutting blocks (PSCB) were used to the outcomes when standard manual instrumentation was used. The meta-analysis was implemented according ...
Bode Gerrit G Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, University Hospital Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany, - - 2014
Concomitant unloading procedures, such as high tibial osteotomy (HTO), are increasingly recognized as an important part of cartilage repair. This study presents survival rate, functional outcome, complication rate, and return to work following combined single-stage autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) and HTO. Forty patients with a mean follow-up of 60 months with ...
Heary Robert F RF Department of Neurological Surgery, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New - - 2014
Cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA) has been gaining popularity as a surgical alternative to anterior cervical discectomy and fusion. Spontaneous fusion following a CDA is uncommon. A few anecdotal reports of heterotrophic ossification around the implant sites have been noted for the BRYAN, ProDisc-C, Mobi-C, PRESTIGE, and PCM devices. All CDA ...
van der Wal W A WA Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Sint Maartenskliniek Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, - - 2014
The goal of this study was to present a 2- to 5-year prospective follow-up of an anatomical posterolateral corner reconstruction in a series of 16 patients with symptomatic instability and pain complaints of the knee. All 16 patients underwent a posterolateral corner reconstruction as described by LaPrade et al. If ...
Eichenauer Johanna - - 2014
It was aimed to assess the retention of caries-associated microorganisms on two different manual toothbrushes (conventional and tapered) and to evaluate the influence of multibracket appliances (MB) on the microbial contamination of the brush head. 50 MB-patients and 50 subjects without MB received a toothbrush (elmex(R) interX medium short head ...
Yang Lianping - - 2014
Inappropriate use and overuse of antibiotics is a serious concern in the treatment of upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs), especially in developing countries. In recent decades, information disclosure and public reporting (PR) has become an instrument for encouraging good practice in healthcare. This study evaluated the impact of PR on ...
Bytniewski Piotr - - 2014
IntroductionThe number of total hip and total knee replacement procedures performed worldwide has tended to surge in recent years, due to the combination of such factors as the increased life expectancy, improved quality of life, advances in medical technology as well as pre-operative and post-operative patient management.Numerous studies confirm that ...
Mortimer Alex Mark AM Department of Radiology, Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney, - - 2014
Severe angiographic vasospasm (aVSP) is a risk factor for poor functional outcome following subarachnoid hemorrhage. We investigated the impact of angiographic surveillance and intensive endovascular treatment using transluminal balloon angioplasty (TBA) and/or verapamil infusion for severe aVSP through comparison of clinical outcomes in patients of similar presenting grade but with ...
Oktay Cem C Department of Emergency Medicine, Akdeniz University School of Medicine, Turkey - - 2014
The therapeutic response of a patient cannot purely be explained by the method of therapy or the efficacy of a drug. Clinician-patient interaction, psychosocial factors, patients' expectations, hopes, beliefs and fears are all related to the healing outcome. Malleability and suggestibility are also important in the placebo or nocebo effect. ...
Topaloğlu Ilhan I Yeditepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ear Nose and Throat Clinic, İstanbul, Turkey - - 2014
Supraglottic laryngectomy is a surgical procedure that preserves laryngeal functions. This technique allows extensions including removal of tongue base or 1 arytenoid. We aimed to compare vocal results of supraglottic laryngectomy and extended procedures. Cross-sectional study. Tertiary care hospital. Thirty-three males who underwent supraglottic laryngectomy were included in the study. ...
Liu Xiao X Department of Infectious Diseases, Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, - - 2014
To compare the effect of early tracheotomy (ET) and late tracheotomy (LT) on ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) incidence and short-term mortality in critically ill patients who received mechanical ventilation. We searched databases of PubMed, Embase, and others for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared ET (≤8 days after admission to the ...
Liang Wei-Tao - - 2014
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is the most common digestive disease, affecting one third of the world's population. The minimally invasive endoscopic Stretta procedure is being increasingly used as an alternative strategy to manage refractory GERD. However, long-term benefits of this procedure have to be further evaluated in clinical settings. This ...
Zheng Jun - - 2014
BackgroundThe choice of surgical or conservative treatment for patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage is controversial. Some minimally invasive treatments have been applied to hematoma evacuation and could improve prognosis to some extent. Up to now, studies on minimally invasive surgery for patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage are still insufficient.DesignThe MISTICH ...
Wiedenhöfer Bernd B *University Hospital of Heidelberg, Department of Orthopaedics, Trauma Surgery and Spinal Cord Injury, Schlierbacher Landstrasse 200a, 69118 Heidelberg, Germany †University Hospital of Heidelberg, Department of Anaesthesiology, Im Neuenheimer Feld 110, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany ‡University Hospital of Heidelberg, Research Centre for Experimental Orthopaedics, Schlierbacher Landstrasse 200a, 69118 Heidelberg, Germany §Stadtklinik Baden-Baden, Balger Str. 50, 76532 Baden-Baden, - - 2014
A retrospective study. The objective of this study was to assess the cost effectiveness and clinical outcome of motion preserving versus fusion procedures in cervical spine surgery. During the last decade there has been a huge growth in spine surgery with a concurrent increase in the economic burden. Currently, there ...
Hisey Michael S MS *Texas Back Institute, Denton, TX †The Spine Institute at St. John's Health Center, Santa Monica, CA ‡GBMC Healthcare Greater Baltimore Neurosurgical Associates, Baltimore MD §Oklahoma Spine & Brain Institute, Tulsa, OK ∥Orthopedic North East-Fort Wayne, IN ¶University of California Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, CA #Spine Institute of Louisiana, Shreveport, LA **Neurological Specialists of Austin, Austin, TX ††Texas Back Institute, Plano, TX ‡‡Texas Back Institute Research Foundation, Plano, - - 2014
This was a prospective, randomized, controlled, multicenter trial compared. The purpose of this study was to compare clinical outcomes at four-year follow-up of patients receiving cervical TDR with those receiving ACDF. ACDF has been the traditional treatment for symptomatic disc degeneration. Several studies found single-level TDR to be as safe ...
Sitoula Prakash P Nemours/Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, DE 19899, - - 2014
Retrospective review of radiographs and charts (case-only). The aim of this study was to describe the long-term outcomes of spine fusion for neuromuscular scoliosis in children <10 years of age with cerebral palsy (CP). Severely involved children with CP may develop early onset scoliosis. The outcome of spine fusion is ...
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