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Chai-Adisaksopha Chatree C Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, - - 2014
Vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) have been the standard of care for treatment of thromboembolic diseases. Novel oral anticoagulants (TSOACs) have been developed and found to be at least non-inferior to VKAs with regards to efficacy but the risk of bleeding with TSOACs remains controversial. We performed a systematic review and ...
Tabrizi Reza R From the *Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Shahidbeheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; and Departments of †Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology and ‡Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, - - 2014
Odontogenic keratocysts (OKCs) have high recurrence potential. The aim of the study is to evaluate the correlation of radiographic features and treatments with the frequency of recurrence in OKCs in the mandible. This is a cohort retrospective study. The size of the lesions was measured on orthopantomography. Radiographic features (unilocular ...
Komar Monika M Department of Cardiac and Vascular Diseases, Institute of Cardiology, Jagiellonian - - 2014
Background:The aim of this study was to prospectively perform ambulatory 24-h ECG monitoring to assess the effects of transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect (ASD).Methods and Results:A total of 235 consecutive subjects (female, n=163; male, n=72; age, 44.6±14.4 years) were enrolled in the study, who were due undergo ASD closure. Holter monitoring ...
Kosiuk Jedrzej J Department of Electrophysiology, Heart Center - - 2014
Background:The incidence of postoperative complications following pacemaker or implantable cardioverter-defibrillator implantations in patients treated with new oral anticoagulation agents has not been studied. Here we present a first comparison of complications after cardiac rhythm device (CRD) implantations in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) treated with dabigatran or uninterrupted warfarin.Methods and Results:Using a ...
Singh Namita N Departments of *Pediatrics and †Medicine, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California; ‡F. Widjaja Foundation Inflammatory Bowel and Immunobiology Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California; and §Department of Biostatistics, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, - - 2014
Low infliximab (IFX) trough levels and high anti-infliximab antibodies (ATI) levels are associated with loss of response to IFX. Optimizing IFX levels to maintain target concentrations before loss of response may improve long-term efficacy. We hypothesized that trough levels at week 14 are predictive of IFX durability. A prospective observational ...
Chen Min M *Department of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio; and †Department of Gastroenterology, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, - - 2014
The response of Crohn's disease (CD) stricture to endoscopic therapy compared with non-CD stricture is unknown. Our aim was to compare the short- and long-term outcomes of endoscopic management of those strictures. All eligible patients with benign non-CD strictures who underwent the endoscopic balloon dilation between January 2002 and September ...
Kotani Yasuhiro Y Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, The Labatt Family Heart Centre, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Extended end-to-end anastomosis (EEEA) through a left thoracotomy for coarctation of the aorta (CoA) and tubular hypoplasia of the aortic arch (THAA) leaves an unaugmented hypoplastic proximal aortic arch (PAA) segment, which may increase late reintervention for PAA obstruction. We sought to assess PAA growth and reintervention for PAA obstruction ...
Holubcova Zdenka Z Department of Cardiac Surgery, Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Hradec Kralove, Hradec Kralove, Czech - - 2014
Background The aim of this study was to compare the dynamics of two inflammatory response biomarkers pentraxin 3 (PTX3) and C-reactive protein (CRP) after cardiac surgery with particular regard to different postoperative clinical manifestation of inflammatory response. Patients and Methods In this study, 42 patients undergoing open heart surgery with the use ...
Shin Jason J JJ Department of Orthopaedics, Royal University Hospital, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, S7N 0W8, Canada, - - 2014
Irreparable ruptures of the subscapularis tendon lead to impaired function of the shoulder and presents a surgically complex problem. Transfer of the pectoralis major tendon has been reported as a possible treatment option. The purpose of this systematic review is to critically examine the outcomes of pectoralis major transfers for ...
Urlings T A J TA Department of Radiology, Medical Center Westeinde, Postbus 432, 2501 CK, The Hague, The Netherlands, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to objectify and evaluate risk factors for thromboembolic complications after treatment with a Zenith(®) Low Profile Endovascular Graft (Zenith LP). Results were compared with those in the recent literature on endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) and with the thromboembolic complications in the patient group treated ...
Sun Zhanfeng Z Department of Vascular Surgery, Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, Heilongjiang, - - 2014
Tacrolimus is an effective (but relatively expensive) immunosuppressant that is used widely in patients with membranous nephropathy. To reduce the tacrolimus dose while maintaining an equivalent therapeutic effect, we studied the clinical efficacy and pharmacoeconomic impact of co-administration of Wuzhi capsules (WZC that protects against damage to liver cells) and ...
Yen Chun-Po CP Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, - - 2014
Object A relatively benign natural course of unruptured cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) has recently been recognized, and the decision to treat incidentally found AVMs has been questioned. This study aims to evaluate the long-term imaging and clinical outcomes of patients with asymptomatic, incidentally discovered AVMs treated with Gamma Knife surgery ...
Pailhé Régis R Orthopaedic Department, Children Hospital, Toulouse, - - 2014
Rotational femoral osteotomies for excessive femoral antetorsion may be considered only for symptomatic adolescents. Our main objective was to describe our femoral osteotomy technique. Preoperative planning was performed clinically and with the EOS imaging system. Percutaneous osteotomy was performed on distal femoral metaphysis under radioscopic control. Fixation was achieved with ...
Gicquel T T Service d'orthopédie-traumatologie, CHU Hôpital Pontchaillou, 2, rue Le-Guilloux, 35033 Rennes, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Outcomes after arthroscopic femoro-acetabular impingement (FAI) surgery are promising in the short-term but have rarely been evaluated in the mid-term (e.g., about 5years). Here, our objectives were to obtain mid-term data on functional and radiographic outcomes, to identify prognostic factors, and to determine the mid-term rate of arthroplasty revision with ...
Jacquot A A Centre chirurgical Émile-Gallé, 49, rue Hermite, 54000 Nancy, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this randomised trial was to compare surgical rotator cuff repair to simple decompression by acromioplasty and biceps tenotomy in patients older than 60years of age with a mean follow-up of 4years. Tendon repair produces better functional outcomes than simple decompression and prevents progression towards cuff tear arthropathy ...
Kelman Jeffrey J Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, US Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, - - 2014
Hurricane Sandy affected access to critical health care infrastructure. Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) historically have experienced problems accessing care and adverse outcomes during disasters. Retrospective cohort study with 2 comparison groups. Using Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services claims data, we assessed the frequency of early dialysis, emergency ...
Iijima Raisuke R Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Ohashi Hospital, Toho University Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Previous studies have reported that coronary intervention for complex lesions is independently correlated with major bleeding. The SYNTAX score is an angiographic tool used to grade the complexity of coronary artery diseases. The aim of this study was to assess the ability of the SYNTAX score to predict major bleeding ...
Lurie Fedor F Jobst Vascular Institute, Toledo, Ohio. Electronic address: - - 2014
The optimal initial treatment for patients with acute limb ischemia (ALI) remains undefined. Although clinical outcome data are inconsistent, catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) with tissue plasminogen activator is increasingly used. Patient-level analysis combining clinical and economic data in a real-life setting is lacking. This study compared clinical outcomes and cost-effectiveness of ...
Iijima Raisuke R Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Ohashi Hospital, Toho University Medical Center, Tokio, Japón. Electronic address: - - 2014
Previous studies have reported that coronary intervention for complex lesions is independently correlated with major bleeding. The SYNTAX score is an angiographic tool used to grade the complexity of coronary artery diseases. The aim of this study was to assess the ability of the SYNTAX score to predict major bleeding ...
Patel Mitul S MS Dialysis Access Program, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Methodist DeBakey Heart & Vascular Center, The Methodist Hospital, Weill-Cornell Medical College, Dialysis Access Management Centers, Houston, Tex. Electronic address: - - 2014
Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) aneurysms (AVFAs) can lead to skin erosion, bleeding, difficult access while on hemodialysis, and poor cosmetic appearance. We reviewed our experience in treating patients with aneurysmal dilatation of their AVF. We reviewed clinical data of 48 patients (37 men; overall mean age, 55 years; range, 28-85 years) with an ...
Raux Maxime M Department of Vascular Surgery, Hôpital Henri Mondor, Creteil, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Proximal aortic control by endovascular balloon occlusion (EBO) is an alternative to conventional aortic cross-clamping (CAC) in hemodynamically unstable patients presenting with a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA). The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential clinical benefit of EBO over CAC. Data from 72 patients with rAAA ...
Loganathan Arun A Department of Colorectal Surgery, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, - - 2014
Transanal haemorrhoidal dearterialization (THD) is increasingly perceived as an effective and better tolerated alternative to excisional haemorrhoidectomy. The aim of this study was to evaluate outcomes and the patient experience of THD in an Australian population with grade III or IV haemorrhoids. A retrospective review of prospectively maintained database on ...
Joffe Aaron M AM Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington School of Medicine, 325 Ninth Avenue, Box 359724, Seattle, WA, 98104, USA, - - 2014
The occurrence of hypovolemia in the setting of cerebral vasospasm reportedly increases the risk for delayed ischemic neurologic deficits. Few studies have objectively assessed blood volume (BV) in response to fluid administration targeting normovolemia (NV) or hypervolemia (HV) and none have done so with crystalloids alone. The primary purpose was ...
Xu Xiao-Di XD Department of Neurology, Liaocheng People's Hospital, Liaocheng, 252000, Shandong, China, - - 2014
The study analyzed how enteral ecoimmunonutrition, which comprises probiotics, glutamine, fish oil, and Enteral Nutritional Suspension (TPF), can impact on the enteral permeability and serum Ghrelin activity in severe cerebral stroke patients with lung infection. Among 190 severe cerebral stroke patients with tolerance to TPF, they were randomized into control ...
Takigawa Masateru M Cardiovascular Center, Yokosuka Kyosai - - 2014
Background:The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence and predictors (which have not previously been fully elucidated) of late-phase thromboembolism (TE) after catheter ablation (CA) for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF).Methods and Results:We studied 1,156 consecutive patients (61±10 years; 891 men; CHADS2score, 0.8±1.0) after CA for symptomatic paroxysmal AF and examined ...
Frenkel Tal T Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, - - 2014
The purpose of this four year retrospective study was to compare the anatomical and functional outcomes of complicated retinal detachment (RD) surgery by pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with and without retinotomy. The main outcome measures were primary anatomical success (defined as retinal re-attachment at the final follow-up after a single ...
Yeh Kuang-Ting - - 2014
BackgroundLaminoplasty is an effective procedure for treating cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). Little information is available regarding the surgical outcomes of expansive open-door laminoplasty (EOLP) when securing with titanium miniplates without bone grafting. This study is aimed to elucidate the efficacy of and problems associated with EOLP secured with titanium miniplates ...
Oue Takaharu T Department of Pediatric Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, - - 2014
Introduction With the recent improvements in the prognosis of pediatric malignancies, the number of patients surviving long-term after surgery has been increasing. Therefore, the late effects of cancer treatments are important issues. In this study, we analyzed the problems associated with the treatment of pediatric patients during the long-term follow-up after ...
Casartelli Nicola C NC N.C. Casartelli, PhD, Neuromuscular Research Laboratory, Schulthess Clinic, Lengghalde 2, 8008 Zurich, Switzerland, and INSERM U1093-Cognition, Action and Sensory Plasticity, University of Burgundy, Dijon, - - 2014
The assessment of physical activity is of concern in patients after total hip arthroplasty (THA). So far, no questionnaire has however demonstrated adequate reproducibility and validity for assessing physical activity in these patients. To evaluate the reproducibility and validity of the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) questionnaire in ...
Lio Antonio A Department of Adult Cardiac Surgery, Fondazione Toscana G. Monasterio, Massa, Italy Humanitas Clinical and Research Center, Rozzano, MI, Italy - - 2014
Triple valve surgery (TVS) is still a challenge for surgeons because of prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and myocardial ischaemic times. The reported operative mortality rate for TVS ranges between 2.5 and 25%; long-term survival is also diminished, with reported survival rates at 5 and 10 years of 75-82 and 61-75%, ...
Chang Chan-Chi CC Departments of Otolaryngology, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, - - 2014
Our study was designed to ascertain the outcomes of functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) combined with submucosal resection (SMR)/septoplasty in reducing FESS revision rates. Retrospective population-based study. Academic tertiary medical center. By using the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database, we obtained the patients who underwent FESS for chronic rhinosinusitis. These ...
Giannopoulos Georgios G Athens General Hospital "G. Gennimatas", Athens, Greece - - 2014
-The autonomic system is an important determinant of atrial arrhythmogenesis. Current evidence indicates that a combined sympathovagal drive is most commonly responsible for eliciting atrial fibrillation (AF) episodes. The purpose of this study was to test whether moxonidine, a centrally acting sympathoinhibitory agent, can lead to reduction in post-ablation AF ...
McElnay Philip J PJ Department of Thoracic Surgery, University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust, Bristol, UK - - 2014
Uniportal approaches to video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy have been described in significant series. Few comparison studies between the two techniques exist. The aim was to determine whether the uniportal technique had more favourable postoperative outcomes than the multiport technique. All VATS lobectomies undertaken at a single university hospital during ...
Xie Wenjia W School of Ophthalmology and Optometry, Wenzhou Medical University, 270 Xueyuan Road, Wenzhou, 325027, - - 2014
Purpose: To investigate the effect on tear menisci after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) with flap creation by either microkeratome or femtosecond laser. Methods: Sixty eyes of 30 myopes were analyzed. Fifteen patients underwent LASIK with Moria II microkeratome, and the other 15 patients with 60-KHz IntraLase femtosecond laser. Upper ...
Karamese Mehtap M From the Department of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Selcuk University, Konya, - - 2014
The objective of the present study was to examine whether joint sounds are objective criteria for evaluating the success of surgery for non-reduced anterior disc dislocation. Twenty-seven patients (age, 35.6 ± 10.6 years; female/male, 22:5) with non-reduced disc dislocation, as confirmed by MRI, were included in the study. Temporomandibular joint ...
Min Byung-Kyu BK From the *School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul; and †Departments of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and ‡Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Dental Research Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul, South - - 2014
The purpose of this retrospective study was to compare the durations of total treatment (TT), and preoperative orthodontic treatment (Pre-OP-OT) and postoperative orthodontic treatment (Post-OP-OT) between conventional 3-stage method (CTM) and surgery-first approach (SFA). The subjects consisted of skeletal Class III patients who were treated with non-extraction and 2-jaw surgery ...
Eroglu Seyda Ersahan SE From the *Department of Endodontics, Oran Poliklini Dis Servisi, Beytepe Asker Hastanesi, Oran, Cankaya, Ankara, Turkey; and †Department of Orthodontics, Center for Dental Sciences, Maresal Cakmak Hospital, Erzurum, - - 2014
This study examined the effects of Le Fort I (LF-I) osteotomy on pulpal blood flow (PBF) in maxillary teeth during a 12-month postsurgical period. A laser Doppler flowmeter was used to measure PBF in maxillary incisors, canines, and first premolars of 14 patients undergoing LF-I osteotomy (study group), 7 patients ...
Ad Niv N Cardiac Surgery Research, Inova Heart and Vascular Institute, Falls Church, Virginia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Long-term management of oral anticoagulation (OAC) after ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) is an ongoing challenge. Heart Rhythm Society (HRS) guidelines provide no specific recommendations for OAC after surgical ablation. The purpose of this study was to determine the necessity of OAC protocols after surgical ablation. Patients (N = 691) who ...
Weiss Scott L SL 1Division of Critical Care Medicine, Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA. 2Division of Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA. 3Division of Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL. 4The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Research Institute, Philadelphia, PA. 5Department of Pediatrics, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA. 6Division of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Penn State Hershey Children's Hospital, Penn State University College of Medicine, Hershey, - - 2014
Delayed antimicrobials are associated with poor outcomes in adult sepsis, but data relating antimicrobial timing to mortality and organ dysfunction in pediatric sepsis are limited. We sought to determine the impact of antimicrobial timing on mortality and organ dysfunction in pediatric patients with severe sepsis or septic shock. Retrospective observational ...
Liu Zhen-Yu ZY Department of Orthopaedics, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100050, - - 2014
To clarify the effectiveness of Chinese herbal fomentation in treating chronic neck pain by means of changes in cervical kinematics. Seventy-six patients with chronic neck pain were included in the study and were randomized into two groups based on the random number generator of the SPSS software: fomentation combined with ...
Kim Myungshin M Department of Laboratory Medicine, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, - - 2014
We performed single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array analysis of 35 newly diagnosed symptomatic multiple myeloma (MM) patients who received bortezomib-melphalan-prednisone (VMP) to identify collaborating genetic events that could predict the outcome of treatment. A total of 340 copy number variations (CNVs) were identified, with the most frequently identified CNVs being ...
Rathleff M S MS Orthopaedic Surgery Research Unit, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of shoe inserts and plantar fascia-specific stretching vs shoe inserts and high-load strength training in patients with plantar fasciitis. Forty-eight patients with ultrasonography-verified plantar fasciitis were randomized to shoe inserts and daily plantar-specific stretching (the stretch group) or shoe inserts ...
Glavind Karin K Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, - - 2014
To evaluate sexual function in women before and after tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) operation for stress urinary incontinence. Prospective study. Aalborg University Hospital, department of gynecology and obstetrics between November 2008 and June 2010. A total of 63 patients who had a TVT operation performed. Patients completed the Pelvic Organ ...
Koene Ryan J RJ Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
HAS-BLED and CHA2DS2-VASc scores predict bleeding in patients on anticoagulation and thromboembolic (TE) risk in patients with atrial fibrillation, respectively. We hypothesized that these scores would be predictive of bleeding and TE complications following continuous-flow ventricular assist device (CF-VAD) implantation. Baseline HAS-BLED and CHA2DS2-VASc scores were retrospectively determined for 173 ...
Arima Yuichiro Y Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, - - 2014
CYP2C19 polymorphism modulates platelet reactivity in coronary artery disease patients with stent implants. However, the impact of the CYP2C19 genotype on clopidogrel response and clinical outcome has not been fully understood to date. We enrolled 518 consecutive patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) (n=214) and stable angina (SA) (n=304). All ...
Ruokun Huang H Department of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Wuhan Puai Hospital, Wuhan, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the postoperative radiographic and functional outcomes of reduction and fixation of a posterior plafond fracture using a posterolateral approach. We included 38 patients with a tibial plafond fracture. Fixation was most commonly performed using screws, T plates, or meta plates. The ...
Krivochenitser Roman R Michigan State University College of Human Medicine, Grand Rapids, - - 2014
Adolescent patients comprise the highest rate of Neisseria gonorrhoeae (GC) and Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) in the United States. These patients often initially present to the emergency department (ED) with vague symptoms. 1) Quantify the frequency of underrecognized GC and CT cervical infections in adolescent women tested in the ED; 2) ...
Lim Rongxuan R From Princess Royal University Hospital, Orpington, Kent, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
To study the keratometric stability of limbal relaxing incisions (LRIs) performed during cataract surgery. Princess Royal University Hospital, Kent, United Kingdom. Retrospective case series. Medical notes of patients who had small-incision cataract surgery combined with LRIs between November 2006 and December 2010 were reviewed. Keratometric astigmatism was measured using Scheimpflug ...
Renfree Kevin J KJ From the *Department of Orthopedics, †Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, and ‡Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Mayo Clinic Hospital, Phoenix, - - 2014
We compared a static extension orthosis with percutaneous pinning of the distal interphalangeal joint (DIPJ) for treatment of closed mallet injuries. After receiving counsel about treatment options, 44 patients (25 women and 19 men; mean age, 57 years) freely chose orthosis and 18 patients (5 women and 13 men; mean ...
Drinane James J JJ From the *Des Moines University College of Osteopathic Medicine and Surgery; and †Bergman/Folkers Plastic Surgery, Des Moines, - - 2014
Capsular contracture is the most frequent complication after primary augmentation mammoplasty. The practice of irrigating implant pockets with a triple antibiotic solution has been widely adopted in an attempt to prevent capsular contracture, despite a limited understanding of the inciting pathophysiology. Capsular contracture is commonly attributed to subclinical infection, immunologic ...
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