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Shen Yinfeng Y Department of Surgery, Hubei Hospital of Chinese Medicine, Hubei University of Chinese Medicine, Wuhan, People's Republic of - - 2014
To investigate the relationship between the APACHE II score and the immunity of patients with severe acute pancreatitis. Clinical data were collected from 88 patients with acute pancreatitis, divided into four groups according to the severity of the disease. C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6, interleukin-10, interleukin-4 and endotoxin ...
Lee Byung Uk BU Department of Gastroenterology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Ulsan University Hospital, Ulsan, - - 2014
Background and study aims: Peripancreatic fluid collections (PFCs) have been adequately drained using multiple plastic stents placed in a single-step endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) procedure. Recent reports have presented the usefulness of metal stents for this procedure; however, there has been no prospective comparative study on their effectiveness and safety. We ...
Yaşa Dilek D Beyoglu Eye Research and Training Hospital , Istanbul , Turkey - - 2014
ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the results of Artisan iris-supported phakic anterior chamber intraocular lens (pIOL) implantation in patients with high myopia. Methods: Medical records of patients who underwent Artisan pIOL implantation for surgical correction of myopia were retrospectively reviewed. Only patients with at least a two- year follow-up were included. ...
Akpek Mahmut M Erciyes University, Department of Cardiology, Kayseri, - - 2014
The protective effect of beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, and ARBs on anthracycline cardiotoxicity has already been demonstrated, but the effect of aldosterone antagonism, which inhibits the last step of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS), was questioned. This study sought to investigate whether spironolactone protects the heart against anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity. Eighty-three female patients ...
Yildirim A A Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Medical Faculty, Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Eskisehir, Turkey - - - 2014
Acute rheumatic fever is an inflammatory disease that develops via an auto--immune mechanism following Group A beta hemolytic streptococcal tonsillopharyngitis. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical presentation of and cardiac involvement in acute rheumatic fever. The medical records of acute rheumatic fever patients admitted to the ...
Orton Trent H TH 1Ottawa Stroke Research Group,Ottawa Hospital Research Institute,University of - - 2014
Background: Recanalization rates and patient outcomes in acute occlusion of the carotid terminus have previously been poor. The use of stent-retrievers has resulted in better recanalization and patient outcomes. We sought to compare outcomes in patients treated with stent-retrievers to outcomes in older techniques. Methods: We retrospectively compared a stent-retriever ...
Warttig Sheryl S National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, Level 1A, City Tower, Piccadilly Plaza, Manchester, UK, M1 - - 2014
Inadvertent postoperative hypothermia (a drop in core body temperature to below 36°C) occurs as an effect of surgery when anaesthetic drugs and exposure of the skin for long periods of time during surgery result in interference with normal temperature regulation. Once hypothermia has occurred, it is important that patients are ...
Doshi Jayesh J *Department of Otolaryngology, and †Manchester Auditory Implant Centre, Central Manchester University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre; ‡Respiratory and Allergy Centre, Institute of Inflammation and Repair, and §Institute of Cancer Services, University of Manchester, Manchester, United - - 2014
To determine differences in speech perception outcomes for patients who received a CI422 and a Contour cochlear implant. Retrospective case review. Tertiary referral center. Thirty-two adults who underwent cochlear implantation. Cochlear implantation using a CI422 or Contour device. Bamford-Kowal-Bench (BKB) speech perception scores at 3 and 9 months after activation. ...
Aberg Viveca V V Åberg, Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, - - 2014
Objective: Vitamin D insufficiency is common in primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT). Patients with pHPT frequently have a reduced health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Our objectives were to evaluate whether HRQoL in pHPT is associated with vitamin D insufficiency and whether vitamin D supplementation after parathyroidectomy (PTX) could improve HRQoL. Design: A ...
Htyte Nay N From the Ochsner Clinical School, University of Queensland and the Ochsner Medical Center, Department of Cardiology, 1514 Jefferson Highway, New Orleans, LA, - - 2014
Background Timely reperfusion directly impacts favorable neurologic outcomes in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients. Most strokes present outside the 3 - 4.5 hour window for intravenous thrombolysis (IV-tPA). Catheter-based therapy (CBT) is commonly used in patients not eligible for timely IV-tPa, but variables that predict good neurologic outcomes are poorly ...
Aral Mert M University College London, Institute of Cardiovascular Science, 5 University St, London, WC1E 6JF, - - 2014
Background: Patent foramen ovale (PFO) has been associated with paradoxical embolism leading to stroke/TIA, migraine and neurological decompression sickness. In search for the optimal device that would achieve effective clinical closure with minimal complications, a better device selection based on PFO anatomy and improvements in device design are needed. The ...
Perl Jeffrey J Division of Nephrology, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada The Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Division of Nephrology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Department of Medicine, Humber River Regional Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
The likelihood of peritoneal dialysis (PD) utilization following a PD catheter insertion attempt is poorly described. We explored the risk factors for PD nonuse, focusing on the method of PD catheter implantation. This population-based retrospective cohort study employed Ontario administrative health data to identify 3886 predialysis adults who had an ...
Neumann Julie A JA Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA - - 2014
The Akin proximal phalangeal osteotomy is commonly used in conjunction with metatarsal osteotomies to treat hallux valgus. Multiple fixation methods including suture, wire, screw, and staple fixation have been described. The aims of this study were to assess the intraoperative and postoperative complications and to evaluate short-term postoperative outcomes in ...
Hoff Paul T PT Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, St. Joseph Mercy Health System, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Mich., - - 2014
Objective: To determine the predictors of success in patients undergoing transoral robotic surgery (TORS) and multilevel procedures for the management of moderate-to-severe obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). Methods: A total of 121 patients (83 male, 38 female) underwent TORS between 2010 and 2013. All patients had robotic assisted lingual ...
Lauten Alexander A Department of Internal Medicine I, University Heart Center Jena, Jena, - - 2014
The study analyses the outcome of patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) for different subtypes of severe aortic stenosis (AS) based on data from the GARY registry. Low-EF, low-gradient (LEF-LGAS: EF ≤40%, MPG <40 mmHg), paradoxical low-gradient (PLF-LGAS: EF ≥50%, MPG <40 mmHg) and high-gradient AS (HGAS: MPG ≥40 ...
Amabile Nicolas N Institut Mutualiste Montsouris, Paris, - - 2014
To assess the relationship between a low preprocedural (<40 mmHg) mean transaortic gradient (MTG) and cardiovascular mortality following transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). We studied highly symptomatic patients at high surgical risk who underwent TAVI, included in the FRANCE 2 multicentre registry. The primary endpoint was the incidence of any ...
Novackova Marta M *Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2nd Faculty of Medicine of the Charles University in Prague and Faculty Hospital Motol; and †Faculty of Informatics and Statistics, University of Economics, Prague, Czech - - 2014
The aim of this study was to prospectively monitor the patients' quality of life (QoL) after vulvar cancer surgery. The design was prospective clinical study. The study was set in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2nd Medical Faculty of the Charles University and University Hospital Motol, Prague, Czech Republic. ...
Kiagiadaki Devora D Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Louvain University Hospital of Mont Godinne, Yvoir, Belgium - - 2014
According to the literature, voice rest following phonosurgery, as recommended in clinical practice, varies between 3 and 7 days. However, up until now, no randomized trials have been published comparing voice rest of short versus long duration. This is an ongoing prospective randomized study, comparing strict voice rest of 5 ...
Schulz-Schüpke Stefanie S Deutsches Herzzentrum München, Technische Universität, Munich, Germany2DZHK, Partner Site Munich Heart Alliance, Munich, - - 2014
The role of vascular closure devices (VCD) for the achievement of hemostasis in patients undergoing transfemoral coronary angiography remains controversial. To compare outcomes with the use of 2 hemostasis strategies after diagnostic coronary angiography performed via transfemoral access-a VCD-based strategy with 2 types of devices, an intravascular device and an ...
Park Se Woo SW Department of Internal Medicine, Institute of Gastroenterology, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Background and study aims: Rectal nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have been shown to reduce the incidence of postendoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis (PEP). The aim of this study was to determine whether intramuscular diclofenac reduces the risk of PEP. Patients and methods: Patients who underwent ERCP were randomized to receive either ...
Swinkels B M BM Department of Cardiology, St. Antonius Hospital, PO Box 2500, 3435, CM, Nieuwegein, the Netherlands, - - 2014
Although younger patients are supposed to be less susceptible to bleeding complications of mechanical aortic valve replacement (mAVR) than older patients, there is a relative paucity of data on this subject. Therefore, it remains uncertain whether younger patients are really at a lower risk of these complications than older patients. ...
Heesakkers Nicole N Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is predicting the clinical and radiological long-term outcome and identifying prognostic factors of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD) in Catterall 2 and 3 hips. Sixty hips (59 patients) were diagnosed with LCPD between 1959 to 1974 and were followed prospectively. Forty-two of these 60 hips were classified ...
Weinberg L L Consultant anesthetist, Department of Anesthesia, Austin Hospital, Principal Fellow, Department of Surgery, and Perioperative and Pain Medicine Unit, Melbourne Medical School, The University Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia - - - 2014
The acid--base, biochemical and hematological effects of crystalloid solutions have not been comprehensively evaluated in patients with liver resection. Design: Multicenter, prospective, double--blind randomized controlled trial investigating the biochemical effects of Hartmann's solution (HS) or Plasmalyte--148 (PL) in 60 patients undergoing major liver resection. Primary outcome: Base Excess immediately after ...
Scheyer M M Department of General Surgery, State Hospital, 6700, Bludenz, Vorarlberg, - - 2014
Rectoanal repair (RAR), which combines doppler-guided hemorrhoidal artery ligation (HAL) and mucopexy via lifting of the hemorrhoidal prolapse, offers a minimally invasive alternative to conventional hemorrhoidectomy. Patients with grade II hemorrhoids were treated with HAL, and patients with grade III and IV hemorrhoids were treated with the RAR procedure by ...
Li Jia J *Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, 139 Ziqiang Road, Shijiazhuang 050051, China †The Key Laboratory of Orthopedic Biomechanics of Hebei Province The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, 139 Ziqiang Road, Shijiazhuang 050051, - - 2014
A retrospective investigation. The aim of this research is to compare the clinical and radiologic outcomes of patients with modic-2 changes who underwent anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) or cervical total disc replacement (TDR) in single level. There was few studies focused on the clinical and radiologic outcomes of ...
Son Seungnam S Department of Neurology, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine, Jinju, Korea Gyeongnam Regional Cardiocerebrovascular Disease Center, Gyeongsang National University Hospital, Jinju, - - 2014
Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) caused by basilar artery occlusion (BAO) is a very severe neurological disease with a high mortality rate and poor clinical outcomes. In this study, we compared our experience of mechanical thrombectomy using the Solitaire stent (Solitaire thrombectomy) and manual aspiration thrombectomy using the Penumbra reperfusion catheter ...
Shank Erik S ES From the *Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston; and †Department of Surgery, Shriners Hospital for Children®, Harvard Medical School, - - 2014
Pediatric patients face multiple reconstructive surgeries to reestablish function and aesthetics postburn injury. Often, the site of the harvested graft for these reconstructions is reported to be the most painful part of the procedure and a common reason for deferring these reconstructive procedures. This study in pediatric burn patients undergoing ...
Cortina Maria S MS *Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, College of Medicine, Chicago, IL; and †Quantitative Scientific Solutions, LLC, Washington, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the impact of Boston keratoprosthesis (KPro) implantation on patient-reported visual function using the National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire 25 (NEI VFQ-25). This is a prospective study of patients undergoing implantation of Boston KPro. The NEI VFQ-25 was used to assess vision-related ...
Qian Bang-Ping BP Department of Spine Surgery, the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Zhongshan Road 321, Nanjing 210008, China. E-mail address for B.-p. Qian: qianbangping@163.com. E-mail address for J. Jiang: spine821107@gmail.com. E-mail address for Y. Qiu: scoliosis2002@sina.com. E-mail address for B. Wang: wbin113@126.com. E-mail address for Y. Yu: yuyangdr@126.com. E-mail address for Z.-z. Zhu: - - 2014
Pelvic retroversion is one of the mechanisms for regulating sagittal balance in patients with a kyphotic deformity. This retroversion is limited by hip extension, which prevents the pelvis from becoming excessively retroverted, achieving a sacral slope of <0°. However, a negative sacral slope can be found in some patients with ...
Tenenbaum Shay S Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, affiliated with the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Gan, Israel. E-mail address: - - 2014
This study assessed the hypothesis that arthrodesis of both the ankle and the hindfoot joints produces an objective improvement of function as measured by gait analysis of patients with severe ankle and hindfoot arthritis. Twenty-one patients with severe ankle and hindfoot arthritis who underwent unilateral tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis with an intramedullary ...
Wojahn Robert D RD Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University Orthopedics, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, Campus Box 8233, Saint Louis, MO 63110. E-mail address for R.P. Calfee: - - 2014
The outcomes of corticosteroid injection for trigger finger are well documented only with short-term follow-up. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the long-term effectiveness of a single injection and to examine predictors of success up to ten years after injection. This case series analyzed 366 first-time corticosteroid injections ...
Boorman Richard S RS Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Calgary, 3330 Hospital Drive N.W., Calgary, AB T2N 4N1, Canada. E-mail address for R.S. Boorman: - - 2014
Chronic rotator cuff tears are prevalent and can be disabling. The existing literature is unclear regarding the effectiveness of nonoperative treatment. The purposes of this study were to determine whether the outcome of nonoperative treatment can be predicted on the basis of the presenting clinical characteristics and whether the outcome ...
Nghiem-Buffet Sylvia S Centre Ophtalmologique d'Imagerie et de Laser, Paris, - - 2014
Purpose: To investigate the outcome of intravitreal ranibizumab and/or dexamethasone implant treatment for treatment of macular edema (ME) secondary to central or branch retinal vein occlusion (CRVO or BRVO) in a clinical setting. Methods: Retrospective analysis of consecutive patients followed for at least 6 months. Data recorded included the type ...
Lee Todd C - - 2014
Antibiotic use is an important quality improvement target. Nearly 50% of antibiotic use is unnecessary or inappropriate. To combat overuse, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) proposed "time-outs" to reevaluate antibiotics. To optimize antibiotic use through trainee-led time-outs. Before-after study. Internal medicine (2 units, 46 beds) at a ...
Choi In Ah - - 2014
Pelubiprofen is a prodrug of 2-arylpropionic acid with relatively selective effects on cyclooxygenase-2 activity. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety profiles of pelubiprofen with those of celecoxib in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. This was a 6-week, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, parallel-group, phase III, non-inferiority ...
Yokoyama Kunio K Department of Neurosurgery, Takeda General Hospital, 28-1, Ishidamoriminami-machi, Fushimi, Kyoto, Kyoto, 601-1495, Japan, - - 2014
The influence of vertebral cement augmentation on spinal sagittal balance is unknown. The present study aimed to analyze the changes in total spinal alignment after Kyphoplasty in VCF patients. The study involved 21 VCF patients who underwent Kyphoplasty. In all patients, lateral radiographs of the entire spine were taken preoperatively ...
Park Jaechan J Departments of Neurosurgery - - 2014
OBJECT While the incidence of a recurrent hemorrhage is highest within 24 hours of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and increases with the severity of the clinical grade, a recurrent hemorrhage can occur anytime after the initial SAH in patients with both good and poor clinical grades. Therefore, the authors adopted a ...
Dhakal Laxmi P LP Department of Critical Care, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL, - - 2014
Headache after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is very common and is often described as the "worst headache imaginable." SAH-associated headache can persist for days to weeks and is traditionally treated with narcotics. However, narcotics can have significant adverse effects. We hypothesize that gabapentin (GBP), a non-narcotic neuropathic pain medication, would ...
Chan Noel C NC Thrombosis and Atherosclerosis Research Institute, Hamilton, Canada, - - 2014
In the last decade, major advances in venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis in orthopaedic surgery have included the development of new anticoagulants that are poised to replace low molecular weight heparins (LMWHs) and improvements in operative and perioperative care that have likely led to a decline in the rates of symptomatic ...
Elman Monica - - 2014
Abstract INTRODUCTION: Since the introduction of fractional technology, various systems were launched to the market. The first generation of fractional RF systems created epidermal ablation with coagulative/necrosis of the dermis with sufficient clinical outcomes, but with some limitations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety ...
Subaşı Volkan V Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Clinic, Private Özgüryaşam Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Clinic, Okan merzeci bulvarı, no:538, Yenişehir/Mersin, Turkey, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to compare the efficacy of kinesiological taping and subacromial injection therapy in patients with subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS). Seventy patients diagnosed with SIS were randomly assigned to group 1 (n = 35, injection group) or group 2 (n = 35, kinesiological taping group). Betamethasone plus prilocaine was injected ...
Niu Junjie J Department of Orthopaedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu, PR - - 2014
The instantaneously recovered stability and strength following vertebral augmentation prevent continuous micro-motion and further collapse of fractured vertebrae. Despite this, during follow-up of our patients, we observed recompression of augmented vertebrae with significant vertebral height loss and aggravation of local kyphotic deformity. To identify the risk factors related to recompression ...
Bülhoff Matthias M Center for Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, - - 2014
Studies evaluating the return to sports and work after shoulder arthroplasty are rare, and there are no studies evaluating return to work after total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA). Patients undergoing TSA will be able to return to their preoperative sports levels and occupations. Case series; Level of evidence, 4. A total ...
Kim Yong Joon YJ Department of Ophthalmology, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University Seoul Hospital, Seoul, 140-210, Korea (South), Republic - - 2014
To evaluate the angiographic features of the affected limbus in patients with pterygia and assess limbal reconstruction outcomes after limbal-conjunctival autograft (LCA) transplantation in terms of vascular remodeling. Thirty-one eyes of 31 patients who underwent pterygium excision and LCA transplantation were studied prospectively. Twenty-eight eyes of 28 normal participants were ...
Ekwueme Osa-Eloka Christiandolus - - 2014
Nigeria ranks 10 out of the 22 countries in the world with the highest TB burden. Contact tracing enhances case finding and increases the probability of cure. The purpose of the study is to improve the contact tracing skills of tuberculosis patients at the major TB centre in Enugu State, ...
Brod Meryl - - 2014
Adult Growth Hormone Deficiency (AGHD) is a debilitating condition resulting from tumors, pituitary surgery, radiation of the head, head injury, or hypothalamic-pituitary disease. This qualitative study was conducted to better understand the multi-faceted impacts and treatment effects of GHD on adult patients' daily lives.Seven focus groups and four telephone interviews ...
Chaplin Emma E Centre for Exercise and Rehabilitation Science, NIHR Leicester Respiratory BRU, University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust, Leicester, United Kingdom (Ms Chaplin); Pulmonary Rehabilitation Department, Glenfield Hospital, University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust, Leicester, United Kingdom (Ms Gibb and Drs Sewell and Singh); and Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Coventry University, Coventry, United Kingdom (Dr - - 2014
The COPD Assessment Tool (CAT) has previously been shown to be a sensitive outcome measure for pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in a stable population, but its utility in a postexacerbation PR population is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate any differences in response to the CAT between stable ...
Sureka Sanjoy Kumar SK Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Urology and Renal transplantation , Department of Urology and Renal transplantation Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences Raebareli Road, Lucknow-U.P. 216014- INDIA , lucknow, U.P, India , 226014 , : 91-522-249-4110 ; - - 2014
Background: Etiology of orchialgia or testicular pain after laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN) has been found to be related to injury of spermatic plexus during gonadal (testicular) vein (GV) or ureteral ligation. This study was aimed to evaluate and validate the impact of level of ligation of GV & ureter in ...
Dickschas Jörg J Klinik für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie, Klinikum Bamberg, - - 2014
Various pathologies of the hip or knee, such as patellofemoral malalignment or femoroacetabular impingement may be caused by a femoral torsional deformity. When diagnosed and analyzed, it is treated by femoral torsional osteotomy. Thirty femoral torsional osteotomies in 25 patients were included, the principal symptoms were patellar dislocation in 15 ...
Teixidor Viñas Mireia M Saint George's Hospital, - - 2014
Morbidly adherent placenta (MAP) is traditionally treated by hysterectomy with expected massive postpartum haemorrhage (PPH). In 2007, we instituted a policy of bilateral prophylactic occlusion balloon catheters placed in both internal iliac arteries followed by caesarean section with non-placental separation and preservation of the uterus. In 2010, the surgical technique ...
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