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Shin Jonghwan - - 2014
ObjectiveWe aimed to compare rescuer fatigue and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) quality between standard 30:2 CPR (ST-CPR) and chest compression only CPR (CO-CPR) performed for 8 minutes on a realistic manikin by following the 2010 CPR guidelines.MethodsAll 36 volunteers (laypersons; 18 men and 18 women) were randomized to ST-CPR or CO-CPR ...
Yu A A Department of Pain Management, Shandong Provincial Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong Province, China; Department of Anesthesiology, Liaocheng People's Hospital, Liaocheng, Shandong Province, - - 2014
This retrospective study investigated the effect of nicotine dependence on required postoperative opioid administration in patients undergoing thoracic surgery. The subjects consisted of 215 male patients (112 nonsmokers, 103 smokers) who underwent thoracic surgery and received postoperative patient-controlled intravenous analgesia. Evaluations of nicotine dependence were based on results of Fagerstrom ...
Varaei Shokoh S School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate the effects of a peer education on cardiac self-efficacy (CSE) and readmission of the patients undergoing bypass surgery. Self-efficacy is an antecedent vital factor in both initiating and maintaining healthy behaviours. It significantly improves after effects of heart attacks, anxiety and diminishes the possibility of ...
Lai C-L CL Department of General Psychiatry, Taoyuan Psychiatric Center, Taoyuan City, - - 2014
Introduction: A computer reminder system (CRS) may help psychiatrists follow guidelines and monitor patients at risk of metabolic syndrome. This study explores the effectiveness of a CRS for outpatients with schizophrenia. Methods: The study data were collected from July 2004 to July 2008. A CRS was implemented in July 2006. ...
Waddell David D DD Orthopedic Specialists of Louisiana, Shreveport, - - 2014
We retrospectively examined prospective data on the incidence and time to total knee replacement (TKR) in (1) patients with grade IV osteoarthritis (OA) treated with hylan G-F 20 from 1997 to 2010 (full cohort; 1,863 knees) and (2) a patient subset treated from 1997 to 2003 (original cohort; 1,187 knees) ...
Wu Daniel Y DY , Room 801, Leighton Centre, 77 Leighton Road, Causeway Bay, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, - - 2014
Although the etiology of hallux valgus is contested, in some patients it may be failure of the stabilizing soft tissue structures around the first ray of the foot. Because there is lack of effective soft tissue techniques, osteotomies have become the mainstream surgical approach to compensate for the underlying soft ...
Koh W U WU Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, University of Ulsan, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, - - 2014
When considering brachial plexus block as a practical alternative to general anaesthesia for upper limb surgery, the time to achieve complete sensory block is a clinically important variable. In this prospective randomised double-blind controlled trial, we investigated the hypothesis that addition of hyaluronidase to ropivacaine may reduce the time to ...
Papagno Costanza C Dipartimento di Psicologia, Università di Milano-Bicocca, Piazza dell'Ateneo Nuovo 1-Edificio U6, 20126, Milan, Italy, - - 2014
A previous study reporting on 44 patients who underwent awake surgery for a left frontal or temporal glioma resection demonstrated the removal of the uncinate fasciculus to have consequences on language 3 months post-surgery. At this time-point, patients with a temporal glioma who had undergone uncinate removal showed the worst overall ...
Chmayssani Mohamad M Department of Neurosurgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 757 Westwood Blvd, RR 6236A, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA, - - 2014
We aim to investigate whether therapeutic-induced normothermia (TIN) ≤37.5 °C, by means of intravascular cooling devices is more efficacious than standard medical therapy (MED) in alleviating metabolic crisis (MC) acutely following traumatic brain injury (TBI). We retrospectively analyzed data from 62 patients with severe TBI, GCS ≤ 8. We divided the cohort into ...
Golestaneh Ladan L Montefiore Medical Center, Albert Einstein Medical Center, 3411 Wayne Ave, Suite 5H, Bronx, NY, 10467, USA, - - 2014
Acute kidney injury (AKI) after cardiac bypass surgery (CABG) is common and carries a significant association with morbidity and mortality. Since minocycline therapy attenuates kidney injury in animal models of AKI, we tested its effects in patients undergoing CABG. This is a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, multi-center study. We screened high ...
Shi Zeya Z Surgical Intensive Care Unit, People's Hospital of Hunan Province, Changsha, Hunan, China; Central South University School of Nursing, Changsha, Hunan, - - 2014
This study investigated the clinical effects of a blood glycaemic control optimization programme (BGCOP) in patients with stress hyperglycaemia post hepatobiliary or pancreatic surgery. Stress-induced hyperglycaemia (SHG) can be observed in as high as 75% of critically ill patients, which can induce severe complications or adverse events. However, conventional intensive ...
Helleberg Bernt - - 2014
Background10-40% of patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) suffer an early neurological deterioration (END), which may influence their long term prognosis. Multiple definitions of END exist, even in recently published papers. In the search for causes, various biochemical, clinical, and imaging markers have been found to be associated to END ...
Leung Ling L Division of Paediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, The University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Pokfulam Road, Hong - - 2014
Data on laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in infants remain limited. We describe our experience with this operation in children and in particular, infants younger than 12 months old. Medical records of all paediatric patients who had laparoscopic fundoplication done for GERD from 1998 to 2013 were reviewed. ...
Palareti Gualtiero G University of Bologna, Via Scipione Dal Ferro 14, 40138 Bologna (BO), - - 2014
Venous thromboembolism has a relatively strong tendency to recur, especially when the event is unprovoked. In this case, the duration of anticoagulation should not be shorter than 3 months, but it is also suggested to be indefinite. The decision to discontinue or extend indefinitely anticoagulation is not easy. D-dimer assay ...
Grindem H H Norwegian Research Center for Active Rehabilitation, Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, - - 2014
Preoperative knee function is associated with successful postoperative outcome after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). However, there are few longer term studies of patients who underwent progressive preoperative and postoperative rehabilitation compared to usual care. To compare preoperative and 2 year postoperative patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in patients undergoing progressive preoperative and ...
Hristova Ralitsa R St James's University Hospital, Leeds, UK - - 2014
The volume of pleural effusion is one of the determinants of chest drain removal following pulmonary resection. Recent research suggests that values up to 400 ml/day are safe. The objective of this study was to develop an aggregate risk score to identify patients at higher risk of developing a large ...
Tian Wei W Department of Spine Surgery, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Beijing, - - 2014
Prospective non-randomized comparative study. To compare the long-term clinical and radiographic results of cervical artificial disc replacement (CADR) and anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), and to provide our evidence whether CADR could reduce adjacent segment degeneration (ASD). CADR is widely used in spine surgery today. In spite of the ...
Li Zhonghai Z *Department of Orthopaedics, First Affiliated Hospital of PLA General Hospital, Beijing, the People's Republic of China †Department of Orthopaedics, The First People's Hospital of Jinan City, Jinan, the People's Republic of China ‡Department of Orthopaedics, First Affiliated Hospital of PLA Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, the People's Republic of - - 2014
Retrospective clinical series. To compare perioperative parameters, clinical outcomes, radiographic parameters, and complication rates of segmental anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (sACCF) plus preservation of middle vertebrae with those of multilevel anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (mACDF) in 70 patients with 4-level cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). Between July 2006 and ...
Svanholt Palle P *Section for Orthodontics, Department of Odontology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of - - 2014
Summary BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess cephalometric predictive markers in terms of craniofacial morphology including posterior cranial fossa and upper spine morphology for mandibular advancement device (MAD) treatment outcome in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). Twenty-seven OSA patients were treated with MAD for 4 weeks. ...
Song Wu W Wu Song, Jian-Hui Chen, Xin-Hua Zhang, Jian-Bo Xu, Yu-Long He, Shi-Rong Cai, Fang-Hai Han, Chuang-Qi Chen, Gastric Cancer Center, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510080, Guangdong Province, - - 2014
To study the effect of somatostatin in patients with advanced gastric cancer who received D2 lymphadenectomy and vagina vasorum dissection. Using a prospective, single-blind, placebo-controlled design, patients with advanced gastric cancer were randomized into a study group (n = 61) and a control group (n = 59). Patients in the ...
Weymann Alexander A Department of Cardiothoracic Transplantation and Mechanical Circulatory Support, Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK; Department of Cardiac Surgery, Heart Center, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects and outcome of continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (cf-LVAD) therapy in patients with preoperative acute hepatic failure. The study design was a retrospective review of prospectively collected data. Included were 42 patients who underwent cf-LVAD implantation (64.3% HeartMate II, 35.7% ...
Rosenlund Signe - - 2014
Total hip replacement provides pain relief and improves physical function and quality of life in patients with end-stage hip osteoarthritis. The incidence of hip replacement operations is expected to increase due to the growing elderly population. Overall, the posterior approach and lateral approach are the two most commonly used approaches ...
Bauhofer Artur - - 2014
Objectives: To better characterize the risk profile of the intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) Intratect®, a non-interventional study was undertaken to systematically collect large-scale safety information under real-life conditions in patients with primary and secondary immunodeficiency. Secondary objectives were data on treatment modalities. Methods: A prospective, non-interventional study was performed at 95 ...
Reinthaler Markus M Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Greifswald, - - 2014
In patients suffering from dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), immunoadsorption with subsequent IgG substitution (IA/IgG) leads to an acute and prolonged improvement of hemodynamics and heart failure symptoms. However, some patients receiving IA/IgG experience recurrence of heart failure after an initial benefit. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a ...
Takashima Hiroyuki H Department of Orthopedic Surgery, School of Medicine, Sapporo Medical - - 2014
Purpose: We measured T2 relaxation time of the intervertebral discs (IVD) and facet joints (FJ) in patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS) and no spondylolisthesis (NS) and investigated the characteristics of these parts in DS.Methods: In 40 patients with DS and 40 patients with NS, we measured T2 relaxation time of ...
Inanmaz Mustafa Erkan - - 2014
The prevalence of postoperative wound infection in patients with neuromuscular scoliosis surgery is significantly higher than that in patients with other spinal surgery. Hyperbaric oxygen has been used as a supplement to treat postsurgical infections. Our aim was to determine beneficiary effects of hyperbaric oxygen treatment in terms of prevention ...
Jackson Neal M NM Louisiana State University-Health Science Center, New Orleans, Louisiana, - - 2014
As cochlear implantation increases, surgeons are noting possible anatomical differences in pediatric population. Outcome objectives were to study pediatric temporal bone anatomy using high-resolution temporal bone imaging, and analyze the anatomical differences in group 1 (<12 months) versus group 2 (1-4 years) versus group 3 (5-10 years) versus group 4 ...
Renaud Claude J CJ Renal Division, Department of Medicine, Khoo Teck Puat Hospital, - - 2014
Heparin lock instilled immediately after tunneled dialysis catheter (TDC) insertion to maintain catheter patency can leak causing a concentration-dependent systemic anticoagulation as well as promote staphyloccocal biofilm formation, a risk factor for catheter related infection (CRI). The 1000U/mL concentration is thus advocated as an optimal dose for preventing catheter bleeding ...
Gözen Ali Serdar AS Department of Urology, SLK-Kliniken, University of Heidelberg , Heilbronn , - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To compare applications of unidirectional knotless barbed suture and traditional two single polyglactin sutures for dorsal vein complex (DVC) control during laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP). Material and methods: This was a non-randomized, prospective matched-pair pilot study. Thirty-one LRP cases with barbed suture (V-Loc®) were match-paired with 31 LRP ...
Wu JiaQi J a Resident Doctor, First Clinical Division, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, Beijing, - - 2014
Objective: To evaluate if the improved accelerated osteogenic orthodontics (IAOO) procedure could speed Class III surgical patients' preoperative orthodontic treatment duration and, if yes, to what extent. This study was also designed to determine whether or not an IAOO procedure affects the tooth-moving pattern during extraction space closure. Materials and ...
Sztajzel R F RF Department of Neurology, Medical School, University Hospitals of Geneva, Geneva, - - 2014
To compare safety and efficacy of bridging approach with intravenous (IV) thrombolysis in patients with acute anterior strokes and proximal occlusions. Consecutive patients with ischemic anterior strokes admitted within a 4 h 30 min window in two different centers were included. The first center performed IV therapy (alteplase 0.6 mg/kg) during 30 min and, ...
Sun X X Department of Cardiac Surgery, Medstar Washington Hospital Center, 110 Irving Street, Room Suite 1E RM1223, Washington, DC 20010, USA - - 2014
Devices utilizing near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy have been used to assess regional intracerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2) during anaesthesia for a decade. The presence of wide differences among individuals reduces their applicability to steady-state measurements. Current devices may not adequately account for variations in skin pigmentation. From our ongoing departmental registry, 3282 ...
Marhuenda Claudia C Departments of Pediatric Surgery, - - 2014
Parapneumonic empyema (PPE) is a frequent complication of acute bacterial pneumonia in children. There is limited evidence regarding the optimal treatment of this condition. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of drainage plus urokinase versus video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in the treatment of PPE in childhood. This ...
Koch Peter P PP Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Kantonsspital Winterthur, Brauerstrasse 15, Postfach 834, 8401, Winterthur, - - 2014
Reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) remains a major concern in the prepubescent, skeletally immature patient with wide open growth plates. Different surgical techniques have been proposed. This study reports the results and complications of ACL reconstruction in young children using an all epiphyseal technique. Between 2006 and 2010, ...
Silva Alcindo A Orthopedics Departament, Hospital Militar D. Pedro V, Avenida da Boavista, 4050-113, Porto, Portugal, - - 2014
To compare CT-guided and MRI-guided patient-specific instrumentation in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Forty-four patients underwent primary TKA using either CT-guided or MR-guided Signature™ patient-specific instrumentation. They were prospectively assigned into two groups: 23 patients into the MR-guided instrumentation (group A) and 21 patients into the CT-guided patient-specific instrumentation (group B). ...
Chambless Lola B LB Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 1161 21st Avenue South, Rm T-4224 MCN, Nashville, TN, 37232-2380, - - 2014
The Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS) score is a widespread metric to stratify patient prognosis and determine appropriate management in glioblastoma multiforme(GBM). Low preoperative KPS values have been associated with shorter overall survival (OS). However, surgical resection can have a dramatic effect on a patient's functional status which subsequently alters their ...
Kumar Naresh N Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National University Health System, Singapore, Singapore, - - 2014
Posterior percutaneous spinal fixation (PPSF) has evolved to address the problems associated with metastatic spinal disease (MSD). This study was designed to evaluate the feasibility and spectrum of application of PPSF in the management of MSD, highlighting its clinical advantages. Twenty-seven consecutive patients with MSD treated with PPSF in our ...
Treschan Tanja A - - 2014
IntroductionCritically ill patients often require renal replacement therapy accompanied by thrombocytopenia. Thrombocytopenia during heparin anticoagulation may be due to heparin-induced thrombocytopenia with need for alternative anticoagulation. Therefore, we compared argatroban and lepirudin in critically ill surgical patients.MethodsFollowing institutional review board approval and written informed consent, critically ill surgical patients more ...
Ricciardi Benjamin F BF Center for Hip Pain and Preservation, Hospital for Special Surgery, 541 East 71th Street, New York, NY, 10021, - - 2014
Extraarticular femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) can result in symptomatic hip pain, but preoperative demographic, radiographic, and physical examination findings have not been well characterized. The purposes of this study were to (1) define the demographic characteristics of patients with symptomatic extraarticular FAI; and (2) identify relevant radiographic and physical examination findings ...
Lunebourg Alexandre A Department of Orthopedic Surgery APHM, Institute for Locomotion (IML), Sainte Marguerite Hospital, 13009, Marseille, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcome and survival rate after isolated liner exchange for polyethylene (PE) wear in well-fixed metal-backed fixed-bearing unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). Twenty medial UKAs in 19 patients [mean age 68.7 years ± 8.7 (range 48.5-81.5 years)] operated on for a direct PE liner exchange after ...
Vandekerckhove Pieter-Jan T K PJ Department of Physiotherapy and Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University Hospital Ghent, De Pintelaan 185, 9000, Ghent, Belgium, - - 2014
It remains unclear what the contribution of the PCL is in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The goal of this study was to investigate the influence of the PCL in TKA in relationship to clinical outcome, strength and proprioception. Two arthroplasty designs were compared: a posterior cruciate-substituting (PS) and a posterior ...
Li Mingwu M Department of Digestive Interventional Radiology, Xijing Hospital of Digestive Diseases, Fourth Military Medical University, 127 West Chang le Road, Xi'an, 710032, China, - - 2014
To investigate and compare the efficacy and safety of percutaneous transhepatic biliary stenting (PTBS) using a one- or two-stage procedure and determine the predictive factors for the efficacious treatment of malignant hilar obstruction (MHO). 159 consecutive patients with MHO who underwent PTBS were enrolled between January 2010 and June 2013. ...
Bosiers Marc M Department of Vascular Surgery, A.Z. Sint-Blasius, Kroonveldlaan 50, 9200, Dendermonde, Belgium, - - 2014
This prospective, multicenter, nonrandomized study evaluated the periprocedural and 1-year outcomes in high-surgical-risk patients with carotid artery stenosis treated with the Adapt Carotid Stent plus FilterWire EZ distal protection catheter (Boston Scientific Corporation, Natick, MA). The study enrolled 100 patients (32 symptomatic, 63 asymptomatic, 5 unknown) at high risk for ...
Tsukada Yoichiro Y 1 Department of Radiation Oncology, St. Luke's International Hospital , Tokyo, Japan - - 2014
Abstract Background: Treatment delays of metastatic extradural spinal cord compression (MESCC) sometimes have been reported, but reasons for its delay have remained unclear. The purpose of this study was to assess which clinical factors are associated with treatment delays in neurologically symptomatic MESCC in the hospital settings. Methods: We reviewed ...
Minamide Akihito A Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Wakayama Medical University, 811-1 Kimiidera, Wakayama City, Wakayama, 641-8510, Japan, - - 2014
To prospectively investigate the long-term clinical outcomes of microendoscopic laminotomy (MEL) in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) with and without degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS). In total, 159 patients (mean age, 68 years) who had undergone MEL for single-level LSS at L4/5 at our institute were recruited and followed-up for 5 years. Patients ...
Kurre Wiebke W Klinik für Diagnostische und Interventionelle Neuroradiologie, Klinikum Stuttgart, Kriegsbergstrasse 60, 70174, Stuttgart, Germany, - - 2014
Thin-strut, flexible DES are suitable for intracranial stenting and may improve long-term vessel patency. The purpose of this study was to report our experience with two new-generation DES for the treatment of intracranial atherosclerotic disease. We retrospectively reviewed all patients treated with Taxus Element™ or Resolute Integrity™ stent for an ...
Bowen T Brent TB a Graduate Orthodontic Resident, Seton Hill University Center for Orthodontics, Greensburg, - - 2014
Objective: To investigate whether text message reminders regarding oral hygiene have an effect on plaque removal in orthodontic patients. Materials and Methods: In this randomized, controlled clinical trial, 50 orthodontic patients were assigned to either a text message or control group. Patients in the text message group received 12 text ...
Rahman Jeeshan J Joint Reconstruction Unit, Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Stanmore, - - 2014
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in limbs affected by poliomyelitis is a technically challenging procedure. These patients often demonstrate acquired articular and metaphyseal angular deformities, bone loss, narrowness of the intramedullary canals, impaired quadriceps strength, flexion contractures and ligamentous laxity producing painful hyperextension. Thus, using condylar knee designs in these patients ...
Valenti Philippe P Institut de la Main, Paris, - - 2014
The transfer of the pectoralis major in cases of irreparable rupture of the subscapularis has been described through different techniques. The aim of this prospective study was to compare the clinical results of transferring the clavicular or the sternal head of the pectoralis major tendon underneath the conjoint tendon. Fifteen ...
Moraiti Constantina C Hôpitaux Universitaires Paris Ile-de-France Ouest, Boulogne-Billancourt, - - 2014
The success of the operative treatment of mild to moderate hallux valgus (HV) relies greatly on the osseous union of the osteotomies at the desired position. Full weight-bearing is often allowed immediately postoperatively with special forefoot off-loading shoes. No precise methodology exists for the estimation of foot immobilization inside those ...
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