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Results 701 - 750 of 10832
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Regeer Madelien V MV Heart Lung Center Leiden, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the - - 2014
Left ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling after aortic valve replacement (AVR) for aortic regurgitation (AR) is associated with superior prognosis. The outcomes of valve-sparing aortic root replacement techniques on LV performance have not been compared with LV reverse remodeling in AVR. The present evaluation compared the extent of long-term LV reverse ...
Spiegelstein Dan D Cardiac Surgery Research, Inova Heart and Vascular Institute, Falls Church, - - 2014
Preoperative hematocrit (HCT) has predicted inferior outcome following cardiac surgery. However, the potential for preoperative HCT to be a marker for sicker patients was not well explored. This study examined the impact of HCT on outcome following nonemergent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and whether the association is modified by ...
Huang Rui - - 2014
Objectives We retrospectively compared the prophylactic effect of basiliximab and antithymocyte globulin (ATG) after haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in patients with leukemia. Methods Haploidentical HSCT using basiliximab for graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis in 10 patients with leukemia was retrospectively compared to ATG for GVHD prophylaxis in 24 patients. ...
Pezzoli M M ENT Department, Hospital Mauriziano "Umberto I", Corso Re Umberto 109, 10128, Turin, Italy, - - 2014
The most commonly used treatment for sensorineural sudden hearing loss (SSHL) in clinical practice is the administration of steroids; however, a favorable result is not always obtained. We studied 58 patients who failed to recover after primary treatment with IV steroids, 44 of these met our inclusion criteria (mean age ...
Soderlund Claes C Department of Surgery, South Hospital, Stockholm, - - 2014
Background and study aims: Covered nitinol alloy self-expandable metal stents (SEMSs) have been developed to overcome the shortcomings of steel SEMS in patients with malignant biliary obstruction. In a randomized, multicenter trial, we compared stent patency, patient survival, and adverse events in patients with partly covered stents made from steel ...
Hirono Seiko S Second Department of Surgery, Wakayama Medical University, School of Medicine, 811-1 Kimiidera, Wakayama, 641-8510, - - 2014
There are only a few reports concerning long-term exocrine function after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), although the number of long-term survivors has increased. We assessed pancreatic exocrine function after PD in 189 patients to identify risk factors for pancreatic exocrine insufficiency. We evaluated patients' exocrine function by using the (13)C-labeled mixed triglyceride ...
Harris Kyle K Department of Health, Physical Education and Nursing, Bucks County Community College, Newtown, - - 2014
Reference/Citation : Frobell RB, Roos HP, Roos EM, Roemer FW, Ranstam J, Lohmander LS. Treatment for acute anterior cruciate ligament tear: five year outcome of randomised trial. BMJ. 2013;346:F232. Clinical Question : Does early anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with rehabilitation lead to better patient-reported outcomes and a lower incidence ...
Arawiran Jenda J The Regional Neonatal Center, Maria Fareri Children's Hospital, New York Medical College,, Valhalla, NY, 10595, - - 2014
To investigate the variability in sojourn times at high oxygen saturations (SpO2 ) in individual patients and to examine whether there are subsets of patients or treatments that are associated with differing sojourn times at SpO2 ≥93%. Pulse oximetry data (Masimo) was studied in 71 premature babies receiving supplemental oxygen. ...
Noureldine Salem I SI Division of Head and Neck Endocrine Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, - - 2014
Postoperative hypocalcemia is common after total thyroidectomy, and perioperative monitoring of serum calcium levels is arguably the primary reason for overnight hospitalization. Confidently predicting which patients will not develop significant hypocalcemia may allow for a safe earlier discharge. To examine associations of patient characteristics with hypocalcemia, duration of hospitalization, and ...
Abdul-Rahim A H AH Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, - - 2014
Ischaemic stroke patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) are at risk of early recurrent stroke (RS). However, antithrombotics commenced at the acute stage may exacerbate haemorrhagic transformation, provoking symptomatic intracerebral haemorrhage (SICH). The relevance of antithrombotics on the patterns and outcome of the cohort was investigated. A non-randomized cohort analysis was ...
Afaneh Cheguevara C Department of Surgery, Gastric and Mixed Tumor Service, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center and Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, - - 2014
Esophagojejunal (EJ) anastomotic leaks after total gastrectomy (TG) for malignancy lead to significant morbidity and mortality, thus affecting long-term survival. Preclinical and clinical trials have shown promise in utilizing degradable extracellular matrix (ECM) scaffolds in buttressing anastomoses. We describe our experience buttressing the EJ anastomosis after TG with a ECM ...
Nawabi Danyal H DH Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, New York, - - 2014
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in skeletally immature patients can result in growth disturbance due to iatrogenic physeal injury. Multiple physeal-sparing ACL reconstruction techniques have been described; however, few combine the benefits of anatomic reconstruction using sockets without violation of the femoral or tibial physis. To utilize physeal-specific magnetic resonance ...
Hayashi Kentaro - - 2014
Background: Although transvenous embolization (TVE) is an effective method for treating dural arteriovenous fistula (AVF), directing the catheter to the lesion site is difficult. Objective: We report on the utility of a quadruple coaxial catheter system for TVE. Materials and methods: The quadruple catheter system comprised a 6 Fr guiding ...
Tagami Takashi T Dept of Clinical Epidemiology and Health Economics, School of Public Health, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan Dept of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan - - 2014
The relationship between low-dose corticosteroid use and mortality in patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains unclear. 6925 patients with severe CAP who received mechanical ventilation with or without shock (defined as use of catecholamines) at 983 hospitals were identified using a Japanese nationwide administrative database. The main outcome measure ...
VanderWeide Luke A LA University of Colorado Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Aurora, CO, - - 2014
This study evaluated the impact of dexmedetomidine (DEX) administration on benzodiazepine (BZD) requirements in intensive care unit (ICU) patients experiencing alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS). This trial included adults admitted to the ICU for >24 hours for AWS. Early DEX was defined as receiving DEX within 60 hours of hospital admission. ...
Osumi Masahiro M Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Fukuoka University Faculty of Medicine, 7-45-1 Nanakuma, Jonan-ku, Fukuoka, 814-0133, Japan, - - 2014
Postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common complication of cardiac surgery that is associated with an increased incidence of other complications. This study evaluated the safety and efficacy of landiolol hydrochloride-an ultrashort-acting β1-selective blocker and highly regulated drug, positioned as a class 1 antiarrhythmic in Japan guidelines-for the prevention of ...
Cil Ahmet Said AS Department of Radiology, Universal Hospital Groups, Malatya, - - 2015
The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of persistent reflux flow on the first postoperative day using color Doppler sonography (CDS) in patients who had undergone sub-inguinal varicocelectomy, and to research the relationship between persistent reflux flow and recurrent varicocele. A total of 54 patients were included ...
Denny John T JT Department of Anesthesia, Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Suite 3100 CAB, 125 Paterson Street, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, - - 2015
Atherosclerotic disease in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) patients is a potential contributor to complications in the perioperative periods. This study was undertaken to better define how the frequency of aortic atheromatous disease among patients coming for CABG has evolved over the last decade. Data from elective patients coming for ...
Hyun Seung-Jae SJ *Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO †Department of Neurosurgery, Spine Center, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seongnam, Republic of Korea; and ‡Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, School of Medicine, Hallym University, - - 2014
Retrospective matched-cohort comparative study. Compare radiographical outcomes after the use of a standard 2-rod construct (2-RC) versus a multiple-rod construct (multi-RC) across 3-column osteotomy sites in a matched cohort with severe kyphosis and/or scoliosis with minimum 2-year follow-up. Three-column osteotomies are used for treating severe spinal deformities, typically with a ...
Otto Aline P AP Unidade de Endocrinologia do Desenvolvimento, Laboratorio de Hormonios e Genetica Molecular LIM/42 do Hospital das Clinicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Sao Paulo (HC da FMUSP), Disciplina de Endocrinologia, Universidade de Sao Paulo, São Paulo, 05403-900, - - 2014
Children initially diagnosed with isolated GH deficiency (IGHD) have a variable rate to progress to combined pituitary hormone deficiency (CPHD) during follow-up. To evaluate the development of CPHD in a group of childhood-onset IGHD followed at a single tertiary center over a long period of time. We retrospectively analyzed data ...
Maffulli Nicola N Centre for Sports and Exercise Medicine, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK, - - 2014
Our aim was to ascertain whether releasing the medial head of he gastrocnemius improves clinical and functional outcomes of sedentary patients with long-standing tendinopathy of the main body of the Achilles tendon and allows return to daily activities. Eighteen patients (seven men, 11 women) underwent release of the gastrocnemius medial ...
Li Shenghua S Department of Orthopedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, - - 2014
Currently, there are many reports about congenital scoliosis (CS) treatment, but there are still controversies existing with respect to selecting its surgical methods. Retrospective analyses were conducted on 31 CS patients. The surgical treatments included the following: posterior instrumentation (10 patients; group 1), pedicle subtraction osteotomy (11 patients; group 2) ...
Piesiak P P Department of Pulmonology and Lung Cancer, Medical University in Wroclaw, 105 Grabiszynska St., 53-439, Wroclaw, Poland, - - 2014
Severe kyphoscoliosis can cause chronic respiratory failure. Noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIMV) is a new optional treatment for such patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of average volume-assured pressure support (AVAPS) NIMV in patients with kyphoscoliotic chronic respiratory failure. The study was performed in 12 patients ...
Wetzig Neil N Wesley Medical Centre, Brisbane, QLD, Australia, - - 2014
To determine whether the benefits of sentinel node based management (SNBM) over routine axillary clearance (RAC) at 1 year persisted to 3 years of follow-up. A total of 1,088 women with clinically node-negative breast cancer were randomly assigned to the SNBM or RAC group. Upper limb volume, symptoms, and function were assessed ...
O'Leary D D Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, 920 Stanton L. Young Boulevard, P.O. Box 26901, WP2410, Oklahoma City, OK, 73190, USA, - - 2014
We aimed to evaluate the association between obstructive defecatory symptoms in women with levator ani deficiency (LAD), worsened minimum levator hiatus measurements, widened anorectal angle (ARA), and increased levator-plate descent angle (LPDA). Using a cross-sectional study design, patients who had undergone 3D endovaginal ultrasound (3D EVUS) imaging of the pelvic ...
van Kerckhoven G G University Medical Centre Utrecht,The - - 2014
Background: Ototoxicity caused by medication can lead to debilitating symptoms such as dizziness, vertigo and postural instability. There is no current 'gold standard' treatment available. Case report: A 79-year-old male, with bilateral loss of vestibular function caused by gentamicin toxicity after surgery for prosthetic valve endocarditis, complained of dizziness, difficulty ...
Chou Po-Hsin PH School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, No. 155, Sec. 2, Linong Street, Taipei, 112, Taiwan, Republic of China. E-mail address for S.-T. Wang: - - 2014
The surgical results of treating thoracolumbar and lumbar burst fractures were reported to be comparable between patients with and without fusion in an intermediate-term follow-up. To our knowledge, no prior report has compared the results of fusion and non-fusion with long-term follow-up. This study was designed to provide long-term evaluation ...
Linnemann Mia M Research Unit on Brain Injury Rehabilitation, Copenhagen (RUBRIC), Denmark Department of Neurorehabilitation, TBI Unit. Copenhagen University Hospital of Glostrup, - - 2014
Post traumatic hydrocephalus (PTH) is a frequent complication during rehabilitation following severe TBI. However, the diagnosis of PTH is not straightforward and despite shunting recovery may be delayed. To study the influence of PTH on recovery and outcome during rehabilitation. We studied 417 patients with severe TBI admitted consecutively to ...
Wetmore James B JB Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Hennepin County Medical Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota; and - - 2014
Stroke is common in patients undergoing long-term dialysis, but the implications for mortality after stroke in these patients are not fully understood. A large cohort of dually-eligible (Medicare and Medicaid) patients initiating dialysis from 2000 to 2005 and surviving the first 90 days was constructed. Medicare claims were used to ...
Li Shijun S aSection of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Östra Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden bSection of Geriatric Cardiology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, People's Republic of - - 2014
The impact of lower pulse pressure (PP) on long-term all-cause mortality in the octogenarian patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) remains unknown. This study sought to reveal the prognostic power of lower PP in long-term all-cause mortality in the octogenarian ACS patients. The current study included a total of 353 ...
Issa Ziad F ZF Southern Illinois University, Department of Medicine, Springfield, Illinois; Prairie Cardiovascular Consultants, Springfield, - - 2014
Ablation of the atrioventricular junction (AVJ) combined with pacemaker implantation (the "ablate and pace" approach) has been an effective treatment strategy for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) when rate control is the goal of therapy and when rapid ventricular rates during AF is refractory to pharmacologic therapy. This report describes ...
Garcia David D Division of Hematology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States; - - 2014
Using data from ARISTOTLE, we describe the periprocedural management of anticoagulation and rates of subsequent clinical outcomes among patients chronically anticoagulated with warfarin or apixaban. We recorded whether (and for how long) anticoagulant therapy was interrupted pre-procedure; whether bridging therapy was used; and the proportion of patients who experienced important ...
Garcia Grant H GH Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 East 70th Street, New York, NY 10021. E-mail address for G.H. Garcia: - - 2014
Evaluations of the medical literature suggest that many online sites provide poor-quality information. The purpose of our study was to investigate the value of online resources for patient education about shoulder instability. Three search terms ("shoulder instability," "loose shoulder," and "shoulder dislocation") were entered into three Internet search engines. Three ...
Muneretto Claudio C Division of Cardiac Surgery, University of Brescia Medical School, Brescia, - - 2014
Although the use of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has recently become an attractive strategy in extremely high-risk patients undergoing aortic valve replacement (AVR), the most appropriate treatment option in patients with an intermediate- to high-risk profile with conventional surgery (sAVR), TAVR or novel options, such as sutureless valves, has ...
Zhang Lin L Department of Radiology, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to explore the effects of hypotonic and isotonic oral mannitol on intestinal distention and fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG) intake in PET/computed tomography (CT) imaging. A total of 124 patients without gastrointestinal disease were evaluated with PET/CT imaging and divided into four groups using a random ...
Soydal Cigdem C Department of Nuclear Medicine, Ankara University Medical Faculty, Ankara, - - 2014
We aimed to assess the recurrence rates of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma in patients with and without histopathological risk factors after radioiodine (RAI) ablation treatment. A total of 357 papillary thyroid microcarcinoma patients who were referred to Ankara University Medical School, Department of Nuclear Medicine for RAI ablation treatment after total ...
Sachs Ofer O Pediatric Orthopedic Unit, Ruth Children's Hospital, Rambam Health Care Campus; Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, - - 2014
In adolescents, Tibia Vara (Blount disease) patients usually present with combination of marked genu varum, procurvatum, and internal tibial torsion. When no growth remaining, standard treatment protocol for correction is osteotomy of the proximal tibia and fibula. In our study we compared 2 groups of patients: group A was treated ...
Ahn Jae Ki JK Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Inje University College of Medicine, Sanggye Paik Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
Frozen shoulder is a painful condition with gradual onset and loss of range of motion in the glenohumeral joint. To investigate the efficacy of ultrasound(US)-guided intra-articular (IA) ketorolac injection with capsular distension compared with steroid injection alone in patients with frozen shoulder by assessing pain relief, functional improvements, and range ...
Tanaka Shigeharu S Department of Physical Therapy, Kawasaki Junior College of Rehabilitation, Okayama, Japan Department of Rehabilitation Science, Graduate School of Health Sciences, Kobe University, Hyogo, - - 2014
The incidence of low back pain (LBP) is high in patients with hip osteoarthritis (OA). Evidence from previous studies suggests that lumbar alignments and hip range of motion (ROM) are important etiological factors for LBP. However, no studies have investigated which factors that have the greatest influence on LBP. This ...
Warkentin Lindsey M - - 2014
BackgroundGuidelines and experts describe 5% to 10% reductions in body weight as `clinically important¿; however, it is not clear if 5% to 10% weight reductions correspond to clinically important improvements in health-related quality of life (HRQL). Our objective was to calculate the amount of weight loss required to attain established ...
Fang Dazhao - - 2014
Attention dysfunction has been observed among many kinds of nervous system diseases, including glioma. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between glioma localization, malignancy, postoperative recovery time and attention deficit. A total of 45 patients with glioma who underwent surgical resection and 18 healthy volunteers were enrolled. The attention ...
Flaker Greg G University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri. Electronic address: - - 2014
Amiodarone is an effective medication in preventing atrial fibrillation (AF), but it interferes with the metabolism of warfarin. This study sought to examine the association of major thrombotic clinical events and bleeding with the use of amiodarone in the ARISTOTLE (Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in ...
Felker G Michael GM Division of Cardiology, Duke University School of Medicine and Duke Heart Center, Durham, North Carolina. Electronic address: - - 2014
Little is known about mode of death after acute heart failure (AHF) hospitalization. In the RELAX-AHF (Efficacy and Safety of Relaxin for the Treatment of Acute Heart Failure) study, serelaxin, the recombinant form of human relaxin-2, reduced post-discharge mortality at 180 days in selected patients with AHF. The goal of this ...
Généreux Philippe - - 2014
Aims: Incomplete revascularisation is common after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). While the absolute amount of residual coronary artery disease (CAD) after PCI has been shown to be associated with worse outcomes, whether the proportion of treated CAD is prognostically important remains to be determined. We sought to quantify the proportion ...
Celik Serdar S Department of Urology, School of Medicine, Dokuz Eylul University, Inciralti, Izmir, 35340, Turkey, - - 2014
Currently, the most widely used method of treatment of urinary tract stones is extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL). Patient and stone characteristics are important for SWL success. We evaluated noncontrast computed tomography (NCCT) characteristics of urinary tract stones for the prediction of SWL success. Records of patients who underwent NCCT ...
Håkansson Ulf U Department of Urology, Skåne University Hospital , Malmö , - - 2014
Abstract Objective. The aim of this study was to present early outcome data for patients treated for penile cancer with organ-sparing reconstructive surgery at two referral centres in Sweden. Material and methods. Oncological, cosmetic and functional outcome and complications were analysed retrospectively during the period 2011-2013. Twelve patients with non-invasive ...
Friedlander Justin I JI 1 Department of Urology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center , Dallas, - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: We developed a novel device to capture stones in vivo in an enclosed bag (PercSac) to prevent dispersion of stone fragments during percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) or cystolitholapaxy. We report on our initial feasibility trials of the PercSac device. Materials and Methods: PercSac consists of a specially designed polyethylene ...
Călugăru Dan D 1 Department of Ophthalmology, University "Grigore T. Popa" Iaşi , Romania - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To prospectively evaluate the effects of intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB, Avastin; Genentech, Inc., San Francisco, CA) injections in patients with acute central/hemicentral retinal vein occlusions (C/HCRVOs) (≤1 month after the occlusion was diagnosed) over the course of 3 years. Methods: The study included 57 patients with unilateral acute C/HCRVOs. ...
Baulig Werner W Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Klinik Im Park, Seestrasse 220, 8027, Zurich, Switzerland, - - 2014
We studied the impact of transcutaneous continuous carbon dioxide tension (PtcCO2) monitoring on ventilation and oxygenation during monitored anaesthesia care (MAC) in patients scheduled for shoulder surgery with continuous interscalene block. 50 patients were randomised either to the intervention (I-group) or the control (C-group) group. In both groups MAC was ...
Chougule S S Department of Orthopaedics, East Surrey Hospital, Redhill, RH16EL, UK, - - 2014
The aim of the present study is to present intermediate-term clinical outcome after revision anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using semitendinosus allograft from donor less than 65 years old. A retrospective study of patients treated with ACL revision from 2003 to 2011 at a District General Hospital. A Study follow-up took ...
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