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Results 701 - 750 of 9870
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Fujisawa Toshio - - 2014
The influence of size on the effectiveness of nasobiliary catheters has not yet been studied. We compared biliary drainage effectiveness and procedure-related discomfort and adverse events in 5 French (Fr) and 7 Fr nasobiliary catheters. We prospectively studied 100 patients undergoing endoscopic biliary drainage for obstructive jaundice, who were randomly ...
Park Myung-Sik MS Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chonbuk National University Hospital, Chonbuk - Republic of - - 2014
Cementation of a polyethylene liner into the well-fixed shell is a convenient option for revision total hip arthroplasty. We retrospectively reviewed 45 patients who had liner cementation to investigate the risk factors which gave rise to major complications and reoperation. Patients were observed for a minimum of 7 years (range ...
Indrakusuma R R Department of Surgery, Medical Centre Alkmaar, Wilhelminalaan 12, 1815 JD Alkmaar, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Elderly patients with colorectal carcinoma are screened with the Identification of Seniors at Risk (ISAR) questionnaire to identify frail patients. These patients are more at risk for mortality and morbidity and are referred to the geriatric specialist for assessment (Dutch acronym: DOG). The DOG assessment aims to preoperatively optimize the ...
Tomanin Rosella - - 2014
BackgroundHunter Syndrome is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder due to the deficit of iduronate 2-sulfatase, an enzyme catalysing the degradation of the glycosaminoglycans (GAG) dermatan- and heparan-sulfate. Treatment of the disease is mainly performed by Enzyme Replacement Therapy (ERT) with idursulfase, in use since 2006. Clinical efficacy of ERT has ...
Kim Won Jae WJ Department of Ophthalmology, Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Daegu, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical characteristics of patients diagnosed with refractive accommodative esotropia (RAE) whose refractive errors were gradually reduced to below +2.00 diopters (D) during follow-up but use of spectacles was still required for maintenance of good ocular alignment. We conducted a retrospective review ...
Mishra Deepak D Regional Institute of Ophthalmology, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, - - 2014
To compare the efficacy and safety of latanoprost, bimatoprost, travoprost and timolol in reducing intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with primary open angle glaucoma. This was a prospective study conducted at a tertiary-care centre. One hundred and forty patients with newly diagnosed primary open angle glaucoma were randomly assigned to ...
Kwon Yoon Hyung YH Department of Ophthalmology, Dong-A University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea. ; Retina Center, Nune Eye Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
To investigate which spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) findings predict visual outcome after anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) treatment in neovascular age-related macular degeneration (NV-AMD). We reviewed the medical records of patients with treatment-naïve NV-AMD who underwent three or more consecutive anti-VEGF injections. The patients were divided into three ...
Jeong Hyerin H Department of Ophthalmology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
To evaluate the clinical outcome of viscoelastics (VE, sodium hyaluronate)-augmented trabeculectomy (VAT, 66 eyes) and conventional trabeculectomy (CT, 57 eyes) for glaucomatous eyes. In the VAT group, half of the anterior chamber space was filled with VE via the paracentesis site at the end of CT and a balanced salt ...
Rudas Máté - - 2014
IntroductionLong-term ventilated intensive care patients frequently require tracheostomy. Although overall risks are low, serious immediate and late complications still arise. Real-time ultrasound guidance has been proposed to decrease complications and improve accuracy of the tracheal puncture. We aimed to compare procedural safety and efficacy of real-time ultrasound guidance with the ...
Razmjou Helen - - 2014
Understanding the pattern of recovery and expected rate of change after shoulder arthroplasty is helpful to clinicians and patients for setting realistic expectations and goals. The purpose of this study was to describe the pattern of recovery over a 2-year period for patients receiving either a Total Shoulder Arthroplasty (TSA) ...
Nikkolo Ceith C Depatment of the General Surgery and Plastic Surgery, Surgery Clinic, Tartu University Hospital, Tartu, Estonia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The primary aim of the present study was to evaluate whether usage of self-gripping mesh in open inguinal hernia repair, compared with standard Lichtenstein repair with sutured mesh, could result in a decreased rate of chronic pain at 6-mo follow-up. The secondary outcome was to evaluate foreign body feeling and ...
Castellucci Lana A LA Department of Medicine, the Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, - - 2014
Many anticoagulant strategies are available for the treatment of acute venous thromboembolism, yet little guidance exists regarding which drug is most effective and safe. To summarize and compare the efficacy and safety outcomes associated with 8 anticoagulation options (unfractionated heparin [UFH], low-molecular-weight heparin [LMWH], or fondaparinux in combination with vitamin ...
Miyake Hideaki H Division of Urology, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-1 Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe, 650-0017, Japan, - - 2014
Our objective was to evaluate the significance of the R.E.N.A.L. nephrometry score (RNS)-developed to quantitatively evaluate the complexity of renal tumors in a reproducible manner-in perioperative and renal functional outcomes following robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN). This study assessed 48 consecutive patients with renal tumors who underwent RAPN. Preoperative RNS for ...
Zhou Ping-Hong PH Endoscopy Center, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, - - 2014
Background and study aims: A hybrid knife was recently developed to allow waterjet-assisted endoscopic submucosal dissection, which aims to speed up and simplify the procedure. This technique has been shown to be effective and safe for the treatment of early gastric cancer (EGC) but it has not yet been compared ...
Sridharan Shaum S SS Department of Otolaryngology, University of Pittsburgh Voice - - 2014
To retrospectively determine optimal timing for initiation of nimodipine within a cohort of patients with acute vocal fold paralysis (VFP). Retrospective patient review. Subjects were divided into three groups: initiation within 15 days postinjury (n = 19), between 15 and 30 days postinjury (n = 23), or greater than 30 days postinjury (n = 11). Fifty-one ...
Rudler M M Department of Hepatogastroenterology, La Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital, 47-80 boulevard de l'Hôpital, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Pierre et Marie Curie University, Paris, - - 2014
Early-TIPSS (transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt) placement may improve rebleeding and reduce 1-year mortality, compared to standard management in high-risk patients with cirrhosis and variceal bleeding. To obtain external validation of this therapeutic approach. We performed a prospective study including all consecutive patients with Child-Pugh C 10-13 cirrhosis or Child-Pugh B ...
Aryana Arash A Regional Cardiology Associates, 3941 J Street, Suite #350, Sacramento, CA, 95819, USA, - - 2014
There is limited data available on the safety and efficacy of the second-generation cryoballoon (CB-2) for cryoablation of atrial fibrillation (Cryo-AF). We evaluated the procedural, biophysical, and clinical outcomes of Cryo-AF in a large patient cohort using CB-2 as compared with the first-generation cryoballoon (CB-1). Three-hundred and forty consecutive patients ...
Xu Zhen-Xing ZX Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Remodeling and Function Research, Chinese Ministry of Education and Chinese Ministry of Public Health, Department of Cardiology, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Shandong, - - 2014
This study aimed to assess pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) efficacy on atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence and to determine a predictive dispersion of atrial refractoriness (dERP) value for performing PVI in paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) patients. Of 67 PSVT patients with past AF episodes who underwent accessory pathway (AP) or slow ...
Kotulska Katarzyna K Department of Neurology and Epileptology, The Children's Memorial Health Institute, Warsaw, Poland, - - 2014
Subependymal giant cell astrocytoma (SEGA) is a brain tumor associated with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). It usually grows in a second decade of life, but may develop in the first months of life. The aim of this work was to establish the incidence, clinical features, and outcome of congenital SEGA ...
Adler Tom T Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Kantonsspital Baselland-Bruderholz, CH-4101, Bruderholz, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to analyse the long-term outcome of patients treated for combined posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) and posterolateral corner injuries by combined PCL reconstruction and popliteus bypass according to Mueller or refixation of the popliteus tendon. Sixteen patients treated by combined PCL reconstruction and popliteus bypass ...
Nikoubashman Omid O Klinik für Diagnostische und Interventionelle Neuroradiologie, Uniklinik Aachen, Pauwelsstr. 30, 52074, Aachen, - - 2014
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the clinical significance of postinterventional subarachnoid hyperdensities (PSH) after endovascular mechanical thrombectomy in acute ischemic stroke. We analysed clinical and radiological data of 113 consecutive patients who received postinterventional CT scans within 4.5 h after mechanical thrombectomy. PSH was present in 27 of ...
Grolimund Eva E 1Medical University Clinic, Kantonsspital Aarau , Aarau , - - 2014
Abstract Long-term outcome prediction in COPD is challenging. We conducted a prospective 5-7-year follow-up study in patients with COPD to determine the association of exacerbation type, discharge levels of inflammatory biomarkers including procalctionin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP), white blood cell count (WBC) and plasma proadrenomedullin (ProADM), alone or combined with ...
Moosmayer Stefan S Departments of Orthopaedic Surgery (S.M.), Physiotherapy (G.L., U.S.S., B.H., and I.C.S.), and Occupational Therapy (T.H.), Martina Hansens Hospital, Donskiveien 8, P.O.B. 823, 1306 Sandvika, Norway. E-mail address for S. Moosmayer: - - 2014
There is limited Level-I evidence that compares operative and nonoperative treatment of rotator cuff tears. We compared outcomes of patients treated with primary tendon repair with outcomes of those treated with physiotherapy and optional secondary tendon repair if needed. A single-center, pragmatic, randomized controlled study with follow-ups after six months ...
Barfod Kristoffer Weisskirchner KW Gait Analysis Laboratory (J.B. and H.B.L.), Department of Orthopedics (K.W.B., I.B., L.E., and A.T.), Clinical Orthopedic Research Hvidovre, Copenhagen University Hospital Hvidovre, Kettegård Alle 30, 2650 Hvidovre, Denmark. E-mail address for K.W. Barfod: - - 2014
Dynamic rehabilitation has been suggested to be an important part of nonoperative treatment of acute Achilles tendon rupture that results in functional outcome and rerupture rates comparable with those of operative treatment. However, the optimal role of weight-bearing during early rehabilitation remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to ...
Bayusentono Sulis S Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Airlangga University Dr Soetomo Hospital, East Java 60286, - - 2014
Hip instability can cause major problems in children with cerebral palsy, although good outcomes of hip reconstructive surgery for hip instability have been reported. In the present study, we investigated the recurrence of hip instability after reconstructive surgery and the factors influencing this recurrence in patients with cerebral palsy. We ...
Long William J WJ Insall Scott Kelly Institute, 210 East 64th Street, New York, NY 10065. E-mail address for W.J. Long: doctor_long@hotmail.com. E-mail address for W.N. Scott: - - 2014
Concern exists regarding the long-term durability and effectiveness of total knee arthroplasty in young patients. We reviewed our experience with total knee arthroplasty in patients fifty-five years old and younger with severe osteoarthritis to determine the long-term outcomes. One hundred and fourteen total knee arthroplasties were performed in eighty-eight patients ...
Hansen Morten Lock ML Department of Cardiology, Copenhagen University Hospital Gentofte, Niels Andersens Vej 65, 2900 Hellerup, Denmark - - 2014
To study the risk of thromboembolism in a nationwide cohort of atrial fibrillation patients undergoing direct current (DC) cardioversion with or without oral anticoagulant coverage. A retrospective study of 16 274 patients in Denmark discharged from hospital after a first-time DC cardioversion for atrial fibrillation between 2000 and 2008. Use ...
Fruchter Oren O Pulmonary Division (OF, MRK), Rabin Medical Center, Petah Tiqwa, Israel; The Sackler School of Medicine (OF, MRK), Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel; and Pulmonary Division (MY), Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, - - 2014
A major barrier to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) research and management is lack of easily obtained biomarkers that are predictive of clinically important outcome measures. We sought to investigate in patients admitted for acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD) the association of D-dimer (fibrin degradation product) obtained upon admission with ...
Braga Fernanda T M M FT Author Affiliations: Ribeirão Preto College of Nursing, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto (Drs Braga, Silveira, C.B. Santos, and Carvalho); Amaral Carvalho Foundation, Jaú (Dr A.C.F. Santos), and the Ribeirão Preto Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil (Drs Bueno and - - 2014
Oral mucositis is a common inflammatory complication among patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Among its therapeutic properties, Chamomilla recutita has anti-inflammatory effects. The aim of this study was to identify the dosage of the liquid extract of C recutita in mouthwash that is needed to reduce the incidence ...
Gary Joshua L JL 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas, U.S.A 2Division of Orthopaedic Trauma, University of Maryland R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, Baltmore, Maryland U.S.A. 3Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical School, Dallas, Texas U.S.A 4Partners Orthopaedic Trauma, Brigham and Women's Hospital & Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts U.S.A 5Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2014
Controversy exists regarding the effect of operative treatment on mortality after acetabular fracture in elderly patients. Our hypothesis was that operative treatment would confer a mortality benefit compared to nonoperative treatment even after adjusting for co-morbidities associated with death. Retrospective SETTING: Three University Level I Trauma Centers PATIENT/PARTICIPANTS: All patients ...
Tsai Tzung-Jiun TJ Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, ROC; National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan, - - 2014
Endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES) is an established treatment for patients with choledocholithiasis or common bile duct stones (CBDS), but further management of patients after ES with recurrent CBDS remains controversial. Endoscopic papillary large balloon dilation (EPLBD) has been used safely and effectively for stone removal in patients after ES with recurrent ...
Tukenmez Tigen Elif E Department of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine the prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae (PE) fecal carriage in patients that undergo transrectal ultrasonography-guided biopsy (TRUSbx) and its relationship with post-biopsy infections. A prospective clinical study in 4 different tertiary hospitals between 2008 and 2010 was conducted. Four hundred men with sterile urine who were to ...
Xiao Jian J Institute of Sports Medicine, The Third Hospital of Peking University, Beijing, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
There have been few studies using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to evaluate the clinical outcomes and structural results after arthroscopic repair of bursal-side partial-thickness rotator cuff tears (PTRCTs). From 2009 to 2012, 73 consecutive patients with bursal-side PTRCTs underwent arthroscopic repair. Fifty-nine of them were retrospectively evaluated as Ellman classification ...
Cerciello Simone S Centre Orthopédique Santy, Lyon, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate, through a computed tomography (CT) scan analysis, the effects of the Latarjet procedure on scapular position in an axial plane. Twenty healthy young male subjects (mean age, 22 years; range, 18-27 years) were enrolled as a control group. Twenty young male patients (mean age, ...
Ahmad Shahrulazua S Sports Injury Unit, Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine when cuff re-tear commonly occurs in the postoperative period and to investigate the clinical factors that might predispose to an early cuff re-tear. All patients with rotator cuff (supraspinatus ± infraspinatus) tear that required arthroscopic repair during the period between June 1, 2010, and ...
Malaisrie S Chris SC Bluhm Cardiovascular Institute, Division of Cardiac Surgery at Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine and Northwestern Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois. Electronic address: - - 2014
Severe symptomatic aortic stenosis (AS) is associated with high mortality without intervention. The impact of waiting time for aortic valve replacement (AVR), either surgically or transcatheter, has not been reported. From January 2008 to December 2012, we identified 1,005 patients with severe symptomatic AS. AVR was recommended for 823 patients ...
Foldyna Borek B Department of Interventional and Diagnostic Radiology, University of Leipzig-Heart Center, Leipzig, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to analyze the angle between the left ventricular (LV) long axis and the LV outflow tract (αLV-LVOT) on cardiac computed tomography and to describe its effect on the occurrence of paravalvular leakage (PL), fluoroscopy time, and postoperative creatine kinase-MB levels in transapical transcatheter aortic ...
Fernandes Timothy M TM Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, California. Electronic address: - - 2014
Obesity is a common comorbidity of patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension referred for pulmonary thromboendarterectomy, yet the effect of obesity on pulmonary thromboendarterectomy outcomes has not been well described. We conducted a retrospective cohort study in which 476 consecutive operations over a 3.5-year period were examined to determine the ...
Gilmer Brian B BB Taos Orthopaedic Institute, Taos, New Mexico, U.S.A.. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare arthroscopic versus open examination of the proximal long head of the biceps tendon (LHB) in patients undergoing open, subpectoral tenodesis. Eighty consecutive patients were prospectively enrolled, of whom 62 were included in the study. During arthroscopy, the most distal extent of the ...
Aragona Pasquale P Department of Experimental Medical-Surgical Specialties, Regional Referral Center for Ocular Surface Diseases, University of Messina, Messina, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the expression of matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) and transglutaminase 2 (TG2) in different forms of dry eye. Case control study. Seventy-five female subjects divided into 3 groups: group 1, 15 healthy controls; group 2, 30 subjects with Sjögren syndrome (SS); and group 3, 30 subjects with Meibomian gland dysfunction ...
Sedehi Daniel D Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, CA, - - 2014
Surgical myectomy and alcohol septal ablation (ASA) aim to decrease left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) gradient in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Outcome of myectomy beyond 10 years has rarely been described. We describe 20 years of follow-up of surgical myectomy and 5 years of follow-up for ASA performed for obstructive HCM. ...
O'Donovan Muireann M Orthodontic Postgraduate Student, University of - - 2014
After orthognathic surgery the forehead remains unchanged. To produce facial harmony, the planned projection of the maxillomandibular complex must be placed in the correct relations to the unchanged position of the forehead. We have compared the anterior soft tissue projection of the maxillomandibular complex relative to the forehead after Le ...
Taylor Samuel A SA Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, New York, U.S.A.. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess the midterm functional outcomes for arthroscopic subdeltoid transfer of the long head of the biceps tendon (LHBT) to the conjoint tendon. Fifty-six shoulders in 54 patients (46 men, 8 women; mean age, 42 years) who underwent isolated arthroscopic subdeltoid LHBT transfer to ...
Mazzon Ivan I "Arbor Vitae" Center, Clinica Nuova Villa Claudia, Rome, - - 2014
To study which variables are able to influence women's experience of pain during diagnostic hysteroscopy. Multivariate analysis (phase II) after a randomized, controlled trial (phase I). Endoscopic gynecologic center. In phase I, 392 patients were analyzed. Group A: 197 women with carbon dioxide (CO2); group B: 195 women with normal ...
Rajabi Mohammad Taher - - 2014
To investigate the clinical outcomes of late primary probing in congenital nasolacrimal duct (NLD) obstruction. A prospective interventional study was designed to recruit children older than 24 months who presented with clinical manifestations of NLD obstruction since February 2008 to Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran, Iran. No prior surgical intervention for ...
Gagne Joshua J - - 2014
Statins are effective in preventing cardiovascular events, but patients do not fully adhere to them. To determine whether patients are more adherent to generic statins versus brand-name statins (lovastatin, pravastatin, or simvastatin) and whether greater adherence improves health outcomes. Observational, propensity score-matched, new-user cohort study. Linked electronic data from medical ...
Wu Bei B Department of Nephrology, Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing, 100044, - - 2014
No study in China has so far investigated the difference in patient survival rates between hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD). Therefore, the aim of the present single-center follow-up study was to determine and compare the survival rates associated with HD and PD at a Chinese hospital. Clinical data were ...
Kim Seong Hwan SH Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Seoul National University Hospital, 101 Daehak-Ro Jongno-Gu, Seoul, 110-744, - - 2014
Recently, high flexion design total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has been introduced to improve clinical outcomes. The purpose of this study is to compare the midterm outcomes between patellar resurfacing (PR) and patellar preservation (PP) in high flexion TKA. A total of 373 knees of primary TKAs were performed using high ...
Burchett Michael A MA Genesis Health Group, 855 Illini Drive, Suite 401, Silvis, IL, 61282, USA, - - 2014
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is gaining widespread popularity as a definitive bariatric operation that provides satisfactory and durable weight loss as well as comorbidity resolution. Although SG is being increasingly offered to patients of all ages, there is a paucity of reported outcomes in patients ≥62 years of age. The purpose ...
Kristensen Helle Ø HO Department of Surgical Gastroenterology L, Aarhus University Hospital , Nørrebrogade 44, DK-8000 Aarhus C , - - 2014
Abstract Introduction. Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) has been introduced as a new treatment of achalasia, and studies are emerging on POEM treatment of other esophageal motility disorders. The effects of medical treatment, botox injections and dilatations are often limited in patients with severe nutcracker esophagus (NE). We therefore decided to ...
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