Search Results
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Vergez Sebastien - - 2012
Objectives. Compare the survival and the complication rates of 2 comparable groups of patients who underwent either endoscopic or transfacial resection of a sinonasal adenocarcinoma.Study Design. Historical cohort study.Setting. Tertiary referral center.Subjects and Methods. Twenty-four patients with sinonasal adenocarcinomas who recently underwent an endoscopy (the ENDO group, 1999-2009) were compared ...
Rice Robert S - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal decision between autograft and allograft for patients undergoing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS: An expected-value decision analysis with sensitivity analysis was performed to systematically quantify the clinical decision. We evaluated 100 randomly selected individuals aged 16 to 70 ...
Dreher Thomas - - 2012
Hamstring lengthening commonly is performed for the treatment of flexed knee gait in patients with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy. Satisfactory short-term results after hamstring lengthening have been demonstrated in various studies. However, evidence for the effectiveness of hamstring lengthening to correct flexed knee gait is scant because of small and ...
Gokce Mehmet Ilker - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common problem for elderly males. Higher serum lipid levels have important role in the pathogenesis, and in this prospective randomized trial, it is aimed to identify the effect of atorvastatin on erectile functions in comparison with regular tadalafil use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 120 patients ...
Picelli Alessandro - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Gait impairment is a common cause of disability in Parkinson disease (PD). Electromechanical devices to assist stepping have been suggested as a potential intervention. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether a rehabilitation program of robot-assisted gait training (RAGT) is more effective than conventional physiotherapy to improve walking. METHODS: A total of ...
Kume Teruyoshi - - 2012
Background: The clinical impact of stent edge dissection, tissue protrusion, and incomplete stent apposition (ISA) after stent implantation, detectable only on optical coherence tomography (OCT), is still unknown because the natural course has not been investigated. Methods and Results: All consecutive patients with angina pectoris in whom both intravascular ultrasound ...
Jung Kwang-Hwan - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose was to analyze the association between posterior tibial slope (PTS) and mucoid degeneration of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). METHODS: From October 1999 to May 2010, 84 arthroscopies were performed in 82 patients (18 men and 64 women) with mucoid degeneration of the ACL. The mean patient ...
Mangat Harshdeep Singh - - 2012
Objective. To describe a series of children diagnosed with type I congenital laryngeal clefts (LC-I) and treated, due to various presentations, with endoscopic injection augmentation (IA).Study Design. Case series with chart review.Setting. Tertiary care academic children's hospital in Edmonton, Canada.Subjects. All pediatric patients diagnosed with LC-I and treated with IA ...
Pennekamp C W A - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To determine the diagnostic value for predicting cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS) by adding a transcranial Doppler (TCD) measurement in the early postoperative phase after carotid endarterectomy (CEA). DESIGN: Patients who underwent carotid endarterectomy between January 2004 and August 2010 and in whom both intra- and postoperative TCD monitoring were ...
Christman Matthew S - - 2012
PURPOSE: We determined the efficacy and potential complications of endoscopic incision and balloon dilation with double stenting for the treatment of primary obstructive megaureter in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively reviewed cases of primary obstructive megaureter requiring repair due to pyelonephritis, renal calculi and/or loss of renal function. A ...
Vasapollo Barbara - - 2012
Background. Complications in early onset mild gestational hypertension (GH) are predicted by Total Peripheral Vascular Resistance (TPVR)>1350 dyne more than by blood pressure levels. We therefore assessed the possible reduction of severe complications lowering TPVR with NO donors, oral fluids and standard antihypertensive therapy in women with early onset mild ...
Loughead Jonathan M - - 2012
We previously reported the ten to fourteen-year results for 311 Porous Coated Anatomic total hip replacements that had been inserted by two surgeons in 279 patients. The purpose of the present report is to update that study and to report the outcome beyond twenty years. The patients were followed prospectively ...
Tigani Domenico - - 2012
The use of traditional cutting guides during knee arthroplasty in some cases could be extremely difficult, if not impossible, because of angular deformities, IM sclerosis, long-stemmed hip implants, or hardware within the femoral canal that cannot be removed. In these difficult cases navigation-assisted knee arthroplasty should be considered as an ...
Angiolillo Dominick J - - 2012
Thienopyridines are among the most widely prescribed medications, but their use can be complicated by the unanticipated need for surgery. Despite increased risk of thrombosis, guidelines recommend discontinuing thienopyridines 5 to 7 days prior to surgery to minimize bleeding. To evaluate the use of cangrelor, an intravenous, reversible P2Y(12) platelet ...
Sorrentino Dario D Department of Clinical and Experimental Pathology, University of Udine School of Medicine, Udine, Italy. - - 2012
Current data indicate that infliximab-given immediately after surgery-may be very effective in preventing postsurgical recurrence of Crohn's disease. However, it is unknown whether a similar benefit would result from early diagnosis and treatment, rather than prevention of endoscopic recurrence. The primary outcome of this study was to clarify whether infliximab, ...
Nelson Caleb P CP Department of Urology, Hunnewell 390, Children's Hospital Boston, 300 Longwood Ave., Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2013
To determine the incidence of urinary tract infection (UTI) after ureteral reimplantation (UR) for primary vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). In this retrospective review, the pyelonephritis-free survival of patients with primary VUR who underwent open UR from January 1990 to December 2002 was assessed using a Cox proportional hazards analysis. 1076 patients ...
McCoul Edward D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic skull base surgery (ESBS) is considered a minimally-invasive surgical modality with less morbidity and patient discomfort. Quality-of-life (QOL) assessments provide a patient-reported estimate of well-being that may be clinically relevant. Although the sinonasal tract is integral to ESBS, the change in sinonasal-related QOL with ESBS has not been ...
Leskinen Jarkko - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is commonly used treatment method of severe primary knee osteoarthritis refractory to conservative treatment. Despite the presumed increase in the use of this treatment modality in younger patients, there is very little published data on this phenomenon. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We obtained data on performed ...
Fujii M - - 2012
AIM: Atrial fibrillation is one of the most common postoperative arrhythmias following cardiac surgery. Despite many clinical studies, there is still no consensus on the most appropriate prevention strategy for atrial arrhythmia. A randomized prospective trial was conducted to determine the efficacy of intravenous landiolol administration in the early period ...
Seok Yoonmi - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Delta neutrophil index (DN) is the immature granulocyte fraction provided by a blood cell analyzer (ADVIA 2120; Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics, IL), which is determined by subtracting the fraction of mature polymorphonuclear leukocytes from the sum of myeloperoxidase (MPO)-reactive cells. The purpose of this study is to define the role ...
Shikani Alan H - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The objective of this work was to obtain a controlled subjective and objective in vivo clinical comparison of the Passy-Muir, Shiley, and Ball speaking valves. METHODS: Ten patients free of laryngeal pathology but dependent on tracheotomy for respiration were tested with each of the speaking valves. Olfaction was assessed ...
García-Delgado Manuel - - 2012
To analyze the use of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) in respiratory failure after extubation in patients after cardiac surgery, the factors associated with respiratory failure, and the need for reintubation. Retrospective observational study. Intensive care unit in a university hospital. Patients (n = 63) with respiratory failure after extubation after cardiac ...
Baek Na Na - - 2012
Abstract Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) has emerged as the preferred dialysis modality for critically ill patients with acute kidney injury. The objectives of this retrospective study were to assess the effect of nafamostat on circuit patency of CRRT and the safety regarding bleeding complications in patients at high risk ...
Shin Sang-Jin - - 2012
PURPOSE: To assess the role of acromioplasty in the arthroscopic repair of small- to medium-sized rotator cuff tears. METHODS: A prospective randomized trial of 120 patients who had small- to medium-sized rotator cuff tears and various types of acromions without spurs were included. Sixty patients received arthroscopic rotator cuff repair ...
Noorani A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Emergency Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair (eEVAR) is a rapidly evolving approach to ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms (rAAA). Yet longer-term outcomes following eEVAR remain unclear. This study compares mid-term outcomes of eEVAR and open rAAA. METHODS: A prospective database for all patients undergoing eEVAR and open rAAA from January 2006 ...
Saleh Amy M - - 2012
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To measure patient quality of life after rhinoplasty in regard to nose appearance and function with use of the modern structural and functional surgical approach. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review at a tertiary referral center. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review with prospective follow-up. All patients with rhinoplasty ...
Unbehaun Axel - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the results when the surgical concept of not accepting intraprocedural paravalvular leakage was applied for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The surgical strategy of conventional aortic valve replacement does not accept paraprosthetic leakage and requires immediate action to eliminate it. However, paravalvular ...
Helmers Sandra L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: VNS (Vagus Nerve Stimulation Therapy) is approved in the USA to treat refractory epilepsy as adjunctive to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in patients ≥12 years with complex partial seizures. AIMS: To evaluate clinical outcomes, quality-adjusted life years (QALY), and costs associated with VNS in pediatric patients with drug-resistant epilepsy in ...
Soydan Hasan - - 2012
Introduction: There is no definite data indicating which modality to use to assess the efficacy of SWL. Usually, PARs are recommended in PCNL afterwards and in the followup of asymptomatic stones whereas NCCT is recommended in case of residual fragments. We compared the efficacies of PAR and NCCT in terms ...
Hung Hung-Hsu - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Gastric variceal obturation (GVO) therapy is the current treatment of choice for gastric variceal bleeding (GVB). However, the efficacy of non-selective ß-blockers (NSBB) in the secondary prevention of GVB is still debatable. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of additional NSBB to repeated GVO in the ...
Kaygin Mehmet Ali - - 2012
Abstract Background: The aim of the study was to evaluated the primary and secondary (after reoperation) patency rates and some effect factors in fistula patency for hemodialysis patients. Material and methods: Over a 10-year period, 1529 arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) were fashioned in 1003 (611 males, 392 females; median age range ...
Lamperti Massimo - - 2012
The optimal degree of neck rotation during internal jugular vein (IJV) cannulation remains undetermined because previous studies suggested using sonography, but without puncturing the vein. We assessed whether a neutral position (NP) of the head (0 degrees) during ultrasound-guided cannulation of the IJV was safer than rotating the neck to ...
Ishii Masayoshi - - 2012
STUDY DESIGN:: A retrospective investigation. OBJECTIVE:: To clarify at which age and at what point in the postoperative period neurological deterioration occurs in patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:: Inferior surgical outcomes tend to be seen with increasing age, however, the age threshold and the postoperative period ...
Dabu-Bondoc Susan - - 2012
Background:Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) remains the most common postoperative complication, and causes decreased patient satisfaction, prolonged postoperative hospital stays, and unanticipated admission. There are limited data that indicate that dextrose may reduce nausea and vomiting. In this trial, we attempted to determine whether the rate of PONV can be ...
Sano Takeshi - - 2012
The objective of the present study was to assess the efficacy of posterior reconstruction of Denonvilliers' musculofascial plate for restoring urinary continence after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. A total of 48 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic radical prostatectomy were retrospectively reviewed. Of them, 23 underwent laparoscopic radical prostatectomy without posterior reconstruction ...
Wenisch Judith M - - 2012
In a hospital-based, prospective cohort study, the effects of the three standard treatment regimens for mild Clostridium difficile infection (CDI), oral (p.o.) metronidazole at 500 mg three times/day, intravenous (i.v.) metronidazole at 500 mg three times/day, and oral (p.o.) vancomycin at 250 mg four times/day, were compared with respect to ...
Nerhus Tor Kjetil - - 2012
10-year survival rates after unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) have been up to 97% in single-center studies, but they have been as low as 80% in studies from arthroplasty registers. Few studies have evaluated short-term functional outcome and its improvement with time. We determined the time course of functional outcome as ...
Lancellotti Patrizio - - 2012
This study examined the clinical course of patients with asymptomatic severe aortic stenosis (AS) according to the new proposed aortic valve stenosis grading classification. The management of patients with asymptomatic severe AS remains controversial. Moreover, under the same denomination of severe AS, several entities might be identified according to transvalvular ...
Szymanski C - - 2012
Several studies reported better clinical results with total hip resurfacing than with conventional total hip replacement, including in young patients, but without comparative stabilometry assessment. Resurfacing arthroplasty provides better functional performance than conventional total hip replacement. To test the above hypothesis in a stabilometry study comparing balance and functional performance ...
Muta Hiromi - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the effectiveness of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) treatment of Kawasaki disease ≥10 days after illness onset.METHODS:We selected patients initially treated with IVIG on days 11 to 20 in the database of the 20th nationwide survey in Japan. We then selected pair-matched control subjects of the same gender and age, ...
Bazzi Claudio - - 2012
Background: The "remnant kidney" chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression theory based on hemodynamic, proteinuric and inflammatory mechanisms consequent to nephron loss has not been confirmed in a human disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether some of these mechanisms are present in IgA nephropathy (IgAN) and predict ...
Schniewind Bodo - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: Thoracoscopic pleurodesis is a safe and effective method of palliative care for patients suffering from malignant pleural effusion. Health-related quality of life (QOL) is an important factor in palliative therapy; however, we are not aware of any studies that have examined the QOL of patients following thoracoscopic pleurodesis. ...
Pozzoli Alberto - - 2012
Clinical success of atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation depends on persistent blocking of electrical conduction across the ablation lines. Epicor high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation has been credited with a variable clinical efficacy. The aim of this work is to ascertain the electrophysiological (EP) efficacy of such lesions, by assessing pulmonary ...
Ben-Dor Itsik - - 2012
Left ventricular systolic dysfunction in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) is associated with poor outcome. This analysis was designed primarily to describe the clinical course of a large series of consecutive patients with severe AS and low ejection fraction (EF) (<40%) who, because of high surgical risk, were referred ...
Parashis Andreas O - - 2012
Background: The purpose of this retrospective case series study was to identify possible pre-operative parameters that could predict postoperative probing depth (PD), clinical attachment level (CAL) gain or radiographic defect resolution in intrabony defects treated with enamel matrix derivative (EMD). Methods: Sixty one chronic periodontitis patients, each contributing a 2- ...
Kikuchi Hiroyuki - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Providing aftercare to psychiatric inpatients is important for preventing frequent readmissions; however, the lack of social resources is a problem in Japan. The prefectural Tama-Fuchu Public Health Centre has attempted to establish a new continuous follow-up system for all discharged psychiatric patients in order to reduce the frequency of ...
Kozobolis Vassilios P - - 2012
Purpose. To perform qualitative evaluation of the aqueous humor (AH) outflow mechanism in glaucoma and nonglaucoma patients by means of tonography assessment and mathematical analysis. Methods. Sixty-two primary open angle and 58 pseudoexfoliation glaucoma patients were recruited in a non-interventional, observational study between 2004 and 2007. Qualitative and quantitative outflow ...
Luciani Giovanni Battista - - 2012
OBJECTIVEAutograft valve and root pathology is the leading cause of Ross procedure failure. To define risk and outcome of autograft valve/root repair at reoperation, a 17-year experience was analysed.METHODSOne hundred and thirty-two consecutive late survivors underwent cross-sectional clinical and echocardiographic examination on average 10.8 ± 14.7 years (range 0.4-17) after Ross procedure. ...
Akar Bayram N - - 2012
Background and aim: Ischemic cerebrovascular events are the most common reason for patients to be bedridden and the third most common reason for death. Many studies in recent years have demonstrated that carotid artery stenting (CAS) may be an alternative to carotid endarterectomy (CEA). In this study, we aimed to ...
Villafañe Jorge H - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effects of Maitland's passive accessory mobilization on local hypoalgesia and strength in thumb carpometacarpal osteoarthritis (TCOA). METHODS: Twenty-eight patients between 70 and 90 years old with secondary TCOA were randomized into glide mobilization and sham groups. This study was designed as a double-blind, randomized controlled ...
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