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Hellum Christian - - 2012
A prospective study to evaluate whether certain baseline characteristics can predict outcome in patients treated with disc prosthesis or multidisciplinary rehabilitation. Secondary analysis of 154 patients with chronic low back pain (LBP) for at least 1 year and degenerative discs originally recruited for a randomized trial. Outcome measures were Oswestry Disability ...
Clarke Bridger - - 2012
Endoscopic therapy (ET) frequently is used to treat patients with painful chronic pancreatitis (CP), but little is known about outcomes of patients for whom ET was not successful who then underwent surgery, or outcomes after ET compared with only medical treatment. We evaluated use and long-term effectiveness of ET in ...
Hubert Katherine C - - 2012
To evaluate the long-term durability of successful ureteral reimplantation (UR) for vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) through a review of late cystography (LC) findings. We performed a retrospective chart review of all children with primary VUR who underwent successful open UR (grade 0 VUR into the reimplanted ureter[s] on initial cystogram) at ...
de Thomasson E - - 2012
There is no consensus about the necessity of exchanging a stable femoral component during revision total hip arthroplasty (RTHA) when only the acetabular component requires replacement. Sparing the femoral component reduces morbidity, but can make acetabular replacement technically more difficult. Moreover, the outcome of the retained femoral component is also ...
Horstmann Marcus - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To compare pre- and postoperative urodynamic findings in patients with a bulbourethral composite suspension and intraoperative urodynamically controlled sling tension adjustment. METHODS AND PATIENTS: All data were prospectively collected from 10 patients (mean age 66 years) who successfully underwent bulbourethral composite suspension for moderate to severe postprostatectomy incontinence. Patients ...
Ovbiagele Bruce - - 2012
A recent observational study of >20,000 patients with recent ischemic stroke suggested that systolic blood pressure (SBP) maintained in a low-normal range may be associated with increased risk of recurrent stroke, especially within the first 6 months after the first stroke. Using a distinct cohort, the current study aimed to ...
Gallina Andrea - - 2012
Introduction.  Several studies have shown that erectile function (EF) recovery in patients undergoing bilateral nerve sparing radical prostatectomy (BNSRP) improves significantly when phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5) are administered following surgery. Aim.  The aim of this article was to identify patients who may recover EF after retropubic BNSRP (BNSRRP) without ...
Zelber-Sagi Shira - - 2012
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Data on the incidence and remission rates of Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) as well as predictive factors are scant. This study aims to evaluate NAFLD's epidemiology in prospective follow-up of individuals sampled from the general population. METHODS: Evaluation of metabolic parameters and ultrasonographic evidence of NAFLD ...
Jelavic Boris - - 2012
Compared with rhinologic patients without chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), a higher prevalence of sinonasal Helicobacter pylori (HP) in patients with CRS was found. This study investigated if HP sinonasal colonization has a prognostic value for efficacy of functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). Nasal polyps of 40 patients with CRS, undergoing FESS, ...
Chang Jung-Jung - - 2012
BACKGROUND: People with metabolic syndrome (MS) are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease-associated morbidity and all-cause mortality. However, predicting the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) according to different MS definitions is controversial. This study explores the prevalence and severity of CAD according to different MS definitions, focusing on their ...
Emmert Maximilian Y - - 2012
OBJECTIVESThe combination of aortic 'no-touch' off-pump surgery (OPCAB) and total arterial revascularization (TAR) can reduce peri-procedural morbidity and yields excellent long-term outcomes albeit at a reported risk of incomplete revascularization. The feasibility of OPCAB-TAR with specific regards to the complete revascularization (CR) in patients with multi-vessel disease was evaluated.METHODSFrom 2003 ...
Wunderink Richard G - - 2012
Post hoc analyses of clinical trial data suggested that linezolid may be more effective than vancomycin for treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) nosocomial pneumonia. This study prospectively assessed efficacy and safety of linezolid, compared with a dose-optimized vancomycin regimen, for treatment of MRSA nosocomial pneumonia. This was a prospective, ...
Song J W - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Remifentanil has been suggested as a suitable agent for conscious sedation during fibreoptic intubation. We evaluated the optimal effect site concentration (Ce) of remifentanil target-controlled infusion (TCI) for awake nasotracheal fibreoptic intubation in patients undergoing elective cervical spine surgery. METHODS: Nineteen ASA I-II patients were enrolled. Patients were premedicated ...
Bar M - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Recanalization is the important outcome measure for acute stroke therapy. Several methods of recanalization assessment are used in clinical practice, but few studies have addressed their reliability. We, therefore, sought to assess interobserver reliability of the diagnosis of intracranial artery recanalization following intervention by using TIMI criteria.MATERIALS AND ...
Tsunoyama Kuniko - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Bladder dysfunction after kidney transplantation (KTx) impairs the patients' quality of life. We examined the bladder function status perioperatively in patients undergoing KTx and performed a randomized prospective study to determine the efficacy of an antimuscarinic agent, solifenacin, in ameliorating the bladder dysfunction after KTx. METHODS: The subjects in ...
Colella Marina P - - 2012
New portable devices for the measurement of the prothrombin time and the international normalized ratio (INR) from capillary blood samples have demonstrated to have good correlation with classic laboratory methods in multiple clinical settings. In this study, we evaluated the performance of the point-of-care device CoaguChek XS (CoaguChek XS; Roche ...
Tatar Emel Çadalli - - 2012
Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of biofilms and the effects of medical treatment modalities in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) patients without nasal polyps.Study Design. Randomized controlled trial.Settings. Tertiary referral hospital.Subjects and Methods. The authors randomly divided 32 adult patients with CRS without nasal polyps into ...
Kocsis A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The impaction of maxillary canines is a frequently encountered clinical problem in orthodontic practice. Patients' refusal to participate in long-term treatment or ankylosis of the impacted tooth result in various treatment difficulties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible role of mini-screws in the management of ...
Di Eusanio Marco - - 2012
OBJECTIVESFew data exist on contemporary outcomes after conventional aortic valve replacement (AVR) in the elderly. Accordingly, we evaluated contemporary outcomes and identified predictors of reduced survival in a large series of octogenarians undergoing AVR.METHODSThe Regione Emilia Romagna Cardiac Surgery registry (RERIC) database (n = 2 6938) was queried for clinical features, hospital and ...
Malliou P - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The partial meniscectomy leads to proprioceptive knee deficits in a short period after the arthroscopic procedure; however, to our knowledge, a limited number of studies have investigated the long-term outcomes of partial meniscectomy on the knee joint proprioception. AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the ...
Ussia Gian Paolo - - 2012
AimsThe paucity of evidences about the long-term durability of currently available transcatheter prostheses is one of the main issues of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). We sought to assess 3-year clinical and echocardiographic outcomes of patients undergoing TAVI with the third generation CoreValve prosthesis (Medtronic Incorporation, MN, USA).Methods and resultsFrom ...
Chang Minwook - - 2012
AimsTo evaluate the efficacy of a new lacrimal bypass tube fixation technique to the conjunctiva and caruncle, preventing postoperative displacement of the tube in conjunctivodacryocystorhinostomies (CDCRs).MethodsThe authors conducted 52 CDCR procedures by a new tube fixation technique using a 6-0 prolene suture encircling the tube neck (encircling group). The suture ...
Matsumoto Morio - - 2012
STRUCTURED ABSTRACT: Study Design. Prospective follow-up studyObjective. To elucidate the impact of lamina closure on long-term outcomes after open-door laminoplasty.Summary of Background Data. In a previous study, we did not find significant associations between lamina closure and short-term outcomes.Methods. Of the original cohort of 82 patients who underwent open-door laminoplasty, ...
Ad Niv - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Recent reports from Europe and the United States have suggested that patients presenting for open surgery with a significant history of atrial fibrillation (AF) have inferior early and late outcomes if AF is left untreated. On the other hand, there is reluctance among surgeons to treat AF surgically, especially ...
Sussman Daniel A - - 2012
Anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) medications have similar efficacy in Crohn's disease (CD), but have not been compared in the real world. This study compared health costs and utilization for patients with CD newly initiating anti-TNF therapy with adalimumab (ADA) or infliximab (IFX) by using insurance data. CD patients initiating ADA ...
Merle Christian - - 2012
The objective of this retrospective cohort study was to assess the long-term outcome of cementless femoral reconstruction in patients with previous intertrochanteric osteotomy (ITO). We evaluated the clinical and radiographic results of a consecutive series of 45 patients (48 hips, mean age 50 years) who had undergone conversion hip replacement following ...
Topouzelis Nikolaos - - 2012
Miniscrews offer a reliable alternative for anchorage during orthodontic treatment, particularly for non-cooperative patients or periodontal patients with alveolar bone loss. The study aims at assessing the correlation of various clinical indicators with the success or failure of miniscrews used for anchorage during orthodontic treatment. Thirty-four consecutive patients with a ...
Pinneri Francesco - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The insertion of a temporary pacemaker can be a lifesaving procedure in the emergency setting. OBJECTIVES: This is an observational monocentric study comparing echocardiography-guided temporary pacemaker via the right internal jugular vein to standard fluoroscopy-guided temporary pacemaker via the femoral vein; the procedure was tested for noninferiority. METHODS: Patients ...
Aronow Harriet U - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether clusters of patients with hip fracture and with distinct initial recovery trajectories (IRT) could be identified by using practice-based evidence data and to examine the validity of these data. DESIGN: Analysis of multisite prospective observational cohort study database. SETTING: Eighteen skilled nursing and inpatient rehabilitation facilities. ...
Hebson Camden L - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Interstage mortality has been reported in 10% to 25% of hospital survivors after single-ventricle palliation. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of feeding modality at discharge after single-ventricle palliation on interstage mortality. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of all neonates undergoing single-ventricle palliation from ...
Matsumoto Harunobu - - 2012
Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term patency rate and complications associated with the use of the BBAVF in the early period. Methods: The records of all patients undergoing BBAVFs for hemodialysis access between June 2001 and June 2011 were retrospectively evaluated. We allowed the use ...
Hoksrud Aasne - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A randomized controlled study has shown promising clinical results after treatment with sclerosing injections in a group of patients with patellar tendinopathy, but no study has investigated medium- or long-term outcome in a large and unselected group of patients. PURPOSE: To investigate if sclerosing treatment would affect the level ...
Shah Rupen - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The presence of nucleated red blood cells (NRBCs) has been identified as a poor prognostic indicator. We investigated the relationship of NRBC trends in patients with and without trauma. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed surgical intensive care unit admissions over 4 years, categorizing trauma and nontrauma patients and subdividing them ...
Singh Rajiv - - 2012
Singh R, Venkateshwara G. Effect of fluid collections on long-term outcome after lower limb amputation. OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the long-term outcome for individuals found to have fluid collections in residual limbs after amputation. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Outpatient follow-up at a prosthetic rehabilitation unit. PARTICIPANTS: Successive lower limb amputations ...
Langhan Melissa L - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The authors sought to determine if capnography could improve time to correction of a simulated endotracheal tube (ETT) dislodgement by pediatric residents. STUDY DESIGN: Pediatric residents attended a didactic session that included interpretation of capnography. A randomized controlled study was then performed using patient simulators. Residents were randomized to ...
Sakuraba Atsushi - - 2012
Crohn's disease (CD) commonly recurs after surgery, and a number of patients need repeated surgery, especially smokers and those with repeated surgeries or penetrating disease. Whether infliximab prevents postsurgical recurrence in high-risk CD remains unknown. In the present pilot open-labeled study, we investigated the safety and efficacy of scheduled infliximab, ...
Wahl Andreas - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Patients with ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) presumably related to patent foramen ovale (PFO) are at risk for recurrent cerebrovascular events. Differences in long-term clinical outcome were investigated among patients with percutaneous PFO closure as compared with medical treatment. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between 1994 and 2000, 308 ...
Crespi Roberto - - 2012
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the use of hand mallet versus electrical mallet (magnetic mallet, Meta-Ergonomica, Turbigo, Milan, Italy) in osteotome-assisted surgery for condensing bone procedure in edentulous molar and premolar maxillary regions. Materials and Methods: Patients edentulous in maxillary premolar and molar regions with type ...
Kirsch Matthias - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Biventricular support can be achieved using paracorporeal biventricular assist devices (BiVADs), the total artificial heart (TAH), and implantable VADs. This study evaluated the influence of the device on patient survival. METHODS: Data from 383 patients (321 men [84%]) undergoing primary, planned biventricular support using durable devices between 2000 and ...
Bezgin Tu─čba - - 2012
Abstract -  Aim: The aim of this study was to compare calcium hydroxide plus points (CHPPs) with the conventional calcium hydroxide paste (CHP) clinically and radiographically as materials used in apexification treatment. Material and methods: Sixteen children, each with at least one necrotic permanent central incisor requiring apexification treatment, were selected for this ...
Rubinsky Anna D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Alcohol screening scores ≥5 on the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-Consumption (AUDIT-C) up to a year before surgery have been associated with postoperative complications, but the association with postoperative health care use is unknown. This study evaluated whether AUDIT-C scores in the year before surgery were associated with postoperative ...
Boenicke L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR) has become an important surgical option in the treatment of obstructive defaecation syndrome, objective data about parameters that predict its success or failure are not yet available. METHODS: Medical history, clinical and radiomorphological data were obtained prospectively from a multi-institutional STARR registry. Predictive ...
Chen Ke-Cheng - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Thoracic empyema in cirrhotic patients is a challenging situation, and the clinical characteristics are rarely reported. The objective of this study was to report the clinical characteristics among this group and to evaluate whether thoracoscopic intervention would affect clinical outcomes. METHODS: Between 2001 and 2010, we retrospectively reviewed the ...
Patel Anu S - - 2012
Purpose. To study the impact of ocular hypotensive lipids (OHL) on the incidence, progression, and response to treatment of clinically significant diabetic macular edema (CSDME). Methods. A total of 379 patients (232 female, 147 male) with a history of diabetes mellitus (DM) and primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) were identified and ...
Westhoff B - - 2012
Current follow-up- and outcome-evaluations of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD) are based on subjective measures of function, clinical and radiological parameters. The objective of this study was to evaluate the sagittal plane kinematics and the effect on hip joint loading on the affected hip in children with LCPD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Computerized ...
Rena Ottavio - - 2012
The effects on long-term post-operative quality of life (QoL) and disease-control in malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) of extrapleural pneumonectomy (EPP) and pleurectomy/decortication (P/D) are compared. Seventy-seven patients affected by early-stage MPM received EPP (40) or P/D (37) associated with multimodal treatment between 1998 and 2009 at our institution. The last ...
Lopes Renato D - - 2012
Vein graft failure (VGF) is common after coronary artery bypass graft surgery, but its relationship with long-term clinical outcomes is unknown. In this retrospective analysis, we examined the relationship between VGF, assessed by coronary angiography 12 to 18 months after coronary artery bypass graft surgery, and subsequent clinical outcomes. Using ...
Benedetto Umberto - - 2012
Progression of functional tricuspid regurgitation is not uncommon after mitral valve surgery and is associated with poor outcomes. We tested the hypothesis that concomitant tricuspid valve annuloplasty in patients with tricuspid annulus dilatation (≥40 mm) prevents tricuspid regurgitation progression after mitral valve surgery. We enrolled 44 patients undergoing mitral valve ...
Yourman Lindsey C - - 2012
To better target services to those who may benefit, many guidelines recommend incorporating life expectancy into clinical decisions. To assess the quality and limitations of prognostic indices for mortality in older adults through systematic review. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, and Google Scholar from their inception through November 2011. We ...
Chacko Ari George - - 2012
To document the neurological outcome, spinal alignment and segmental range of movement after oblique cervical corpectomy (OCC) for cervical compressive myelopathy. This retrospective study included 109 patients--93 with cervical spondylotic myelopathy and 16 with ossified posterior longitudinal ligament in whom spinal curvature and range of segmental movements were assessed on ...
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