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Ribeiro Angela Henrique - - 2014
The choice of prosthesis for mitral valve replacement still remains controversial. This study assessed mortality, bleeding events and reoperation in patients who underwent mitral valve replacement surgery with biological or mechanical substitutes. A total of 352 patients who underwent mitral valve replacement surgery between 1990 and 2008 with 5 to ...
Song Cheryn C Department of Urology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
The impact of statin use on biochemical recurrence (BCR) of prostate cancer after radical prostatectomy (RP) is controversial. In 2,137 consecutive RP patients between 1998 and 2011 at Asan Medical Center, we aimed to assess the presence and impact of statin use according to types (hydrophilic vs. hydrophobic), dose equivalents ...
Caeyenberghs Karen K De Pintelaan 185Ghent, Belgium, 9000 ; - - 2014
Background: Our previous study (Caeyenberghs et al., 2012) provided some evidence for the relationship between abnormal structural connectivity and poor balance performance in young traumatic axonal injury (TAI) patients. An enhanced understanding of the functional connectivity following TAI may allow for targeted treatments geared towards improving brain function and postural ...
Norton Peggy A PA Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, - - 2014
Urodynamic studies (UDS) are generally recommended prior to surgical treatment for stress urinary incontinence (SUI), despite insufficient evidence that it impacts treatment plans or outcomes in patients with uncomplicated SUI. This analysis aimed to calculate the cost incurred when UDS was performed as a supplement to a basic office evaluation ...
Kueronya V V Medical University of Vienna, Department of Obstetrics and - - 2014
To compare patient reported outcomes of the the Nesbit procedure, plaque incision and grafting, and the insertion of a malleable penile implant following surgical correction of the penile curvature. A retrospective review was performed regarding men who underwent surgical correction of PD between January 2010 and December 2012 at six ...
Biro Peter P From the Institute of Anaesthesiology, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, - - 2014
Reflective intubation is a recently described technique to facilitate tracheal intubation. The aim of the study was to assess success rate of reflective intubation in patients undergoing tracheal intubation and to correlate its application with laryngeal visibility. A prospective case-control study. Operating theatre suite of a university hospital. One hundred ...
Mirshahi Ahmad A Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Farabi Eye Hospital, Eye Research Center, Tehran, - - 2014
Purpose: To investigate the effect of intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide injection on the resolution of subretinal fluid (SRF), and its correlation with visual outcome after scleral buckle (SB) surgery. Methods: A prospective consecutive case series was conducted in patients who underwent SB surgery for macula-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) at Farabi ...
Langner-Wegscheider Beate J BJ Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Graz, Graz, - - 2014
Purpose: Evaluate outcomes from severe ocular complications of juvenile idiopathic arthritis following surgery. Methods: Eleven eyes of 7 patients underwent complete vitrectomy and peeling of the inner limiting membrane. Inclusion criteria were: anteroposterior segment involvement, hypotony, inflammation control of less than 3 months, compliance issues, rapidly progressive disease. Phacoemulsification was ...
Dalla Toffola Elena - - 2014
Our study evaluates the grade and timing of recovery in 30 patients with complete facial paralysis (House-Brackmann grade VI) treated with hypoglossal-facial nerve (XII-VII) anastomosis and a long-term rehabilitation program, consisting of exercises in facial muscle activation mediated by tongue movement and synkinesis control with mirror feedback. Reinnervation after XII-VII ...
Keen Joseph R JR Departments of 1 Neurosurgery - - 2014
Object Deep brain stimulation (DBS) for dystonic cerebral palsy (CP) has rarely been reported, and its efficacy, though modest when compared with that for primary dystonia, remains unclear, especially in the pediatric population. The authors present a small series of children with dystonic CP who underwent bilateral pallidal DBS, to ...
Durmaz Tahir T Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Ankara, - - 2014
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is common in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS). The prognostic effect of PH in high-risk patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) remains unknown. The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility of TAVI in patients with PH and to determine the effect of ...
Nordin Jonas S JS Department of Orthopedics , Helsingborg Hospital , - - 2014
Background and purpose - Surgical treatment of chronic acromioclavicular joint dislocations is challenging, and no single procedure can be considered to be the gold standard. In 2010, the GraftRope method (Arthrex Inc., Naples, FL) was introduced in a case series of 10 patients, showing good clinical results and no complications. ...
Preuss M M Department of Neurosurgery, Pediatric Neurosurgery, University Hospital Leipzig, Liebigstrasse 20, 04103, Leipzig, Germany, - - 2014
Even though shunt surgery has been an established and widely accepted treatment for congenital hydrocephalus for five decades, long-term follow-up and functional outcome data is rare. Sixty-nine patients were examined after congenital hydrocephalus had been treated between 1971 and 1987 at the Department of Pediatric Surgery (University of Leipzig) within ...
Tazegül Pekin A A Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Faculty of Medicine, Selcuk University , Konya , - - 2014
Post-operative ileus is a major complication that increases the morbidity in patients who had abdominal surgery. Several different procedures have been used to manage bowel function, including adequate pain control, prokinetic drugs and supportive strategies. The present study aimed to assess the effect of chewing gum on bowel recovery in ...
Xu Xiao-Dan XD Changshu Affiliated Hospital of Suzhou Universit, Changshu, China, - - 2014
Endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (EPBD) was associated with a higher rate of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis (PEP). The purpose of this study was to determine whether placement of an endoscopic nasobiliary drainage (ENBD) catheter can also prevent PEP after EPBD. A total of 93 patients, who with proven common ...
Jiang Zhaolei Z Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, 1665 Kongjiang Road, Shanghai, 200092, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy and safety of this novel epicardial circumferential left atrial ablation (CLAA) with pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) in sustained atrial fibrillation (AF). Thirty domestic pigs were divided equally into 3 groups: AF without ablation (AF group), AF with PVI (PVI group), ...
Lakdawala Muffazal M Center for Obesity and Digestive Surgery, Mumbai, - - 2014
This is a 2-year study to evaluate the feasibility; outcomes in terms of postoperative pain, weight loss, and complication rates; and cosmesis of the single-incision sleeve gastrectomy versus the conventional multiport sleeve gastrectomy. A prospective comparative analysis was done in 300 patients in each arm who underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy ...
Llorenç Victor V Clínic Institute of Ophthalmology (ICOF), Hospital Clínic of Barcelona , Barcelona , Spain - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To study the efficacy and tolerance of certolizumab pegol (CZP) in active uveitis. Methods: Retrospective case series at 4 referral centers. Patients treated with CZP for active uveitis during at least 6 months were eligible. Inflammation by SUN scores, visual acuity (VA) (logMAR), and central macular thickness (CMT) ...
Smith Justin S JS Department of Neurosurgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, - - 2014
Object Improved understanding of rod fracture (RF) following adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery could prove valuable for surgical planning, patient counseling, and implant design. The objective of this study was to prospectively assess the rates of and risk factors for RF following surgery for ASD. Methods This was a prospective, ...
Kan Lisheng L Department of Orthopedics, Shanghai Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, - - 2014
Object To date, formulation of the optimal surgical protocol for noncontiguous multilevel cervical spondylosis remains controversial, and the corresponding clinical data continue to be limited. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of two hybrid reconstructive techniques in noncontiguous 3-level cervical spondylosis (2 contiguous ...
Kopuz A A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tepecik Research and Training Hospital, Izmir, Turkey - - - 2014
Although various laboratory tests have been studied with an intended use in the diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and the assessment of treatment response, the neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has not been investigated in PID. We aimed to explore the value of blood NLR in diagnosis of PID and assessment ...
Rizzi Camila F CF Sleep Medicine and Biology Discipline, Psychobiology Department, Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, - - 2014
To estimate the health utility score and quality-adjusted life-years (QALY) index of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in patients over 1 y of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment. Longitudinal interventional study. The study was carried out in Sao Paulo Sleep Institute, Brazil. Ninety-five patients with OSAS and with apnea-hypopnea ...
Li H H Department of Otolaryngology-Head Neck Surgery,Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South - - 2014
Objective: To evaluate the therapeutic effects of functional endoscopic sinus surgery in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis who were unresponsive to medical treatment. Methods: A total of 232 patients were divided into 2 groups: a functional endoscopic sinus surgery group (n = 162) and a conservative therapy group (n = 70). Efficacy was assessed in ...
Guler Umit Ozgur UO Ankara Spine Center, Iran Caddesi 45/2 Kavaklidere, Ankara, 06800, - - 2014
Sacropelvic fixation (SPF) is an integral part of ASD surgery. Literature suggests that combination of S1 and iliac screws may be associated with lowest rate of complications. To analyze the rate and potential factors of mechanical failure associated with SPF in adult spinal deformity surgery. Of 504 patients enrolled in ...
Barbash Israel M IM Interventional Cardiology, MedStar Washington Hospital Center, Washington, - - 2014
Objectives: To assess the prevalence at baseline, post-procedural incidence, and clinical impact of atrial fibrillation (AF) on consecutive patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Background: AF in patients with aortic stenosis (AS) is an independent risk factor for adverse outcome. Despite the evidence for high AF prevalence and the ...
Luo Yong-Chun YC Department of Neurosurgery, The Military General Hospital of Beijing PLA, No. 5, Nanmencang Alley, Dongcheng District, Beijing, 100010, - - 2014
The timing of definitive aneurysm treatment (coiling or clipping) in poor-grade (Hunt-Hess IV or V) subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) patients has been a controversial topic. The purpose of this retrospective study was to analyse whether ultra-early coiling of ruptured intracranial aneurysms improves the clinical outcomes of poor-grade SAH patients. The records ...
Xu Z Z . Division of Cardiac Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, P.R.China - - - 2014
For the mitral valve replacement(MVR) patients using the lowest thrombogenic risk bileaflet valves (St. Jude Medical, Carbomedics and On-X Prosthetic Heart Valve), excellent results can be achieved by adopting the anticoagulation intensity(median INR<2.5)which is lower than the recommended intensity(INR:2.5~3.5). Our aim was to provide a pooled estimate of potential benefit ...
Nezafati Mohammad Hassan MH Department of Cardiac Surgery, Imam Reza Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, - - 2014
Vena caval inflow occlusion may be applied to a range of lesions within a period of up to 2 min of intracardiac exposure. This procedure for the closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) was investigated in patients for whom transcatheter closure was contraindicated. This article evaluates the long-term complications of ...
Sufian S S Center for Vein Restoration, Greenbelt, MD, USA - - 2014
To evaluate the results of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of the great saphenous vein (GSV) using one versus two 20 s energy cycle treatment in the proximal 7 cm segment of the GSV. All patients who underwent RFA of the GSV from 1 May 2013 to 30 September 2013 in eight of our ...
Magne Julien J Department of Cardiology, University of Liège Hospital, GIGA Cardiovascular Sciences, Heart Valve Clinic, CHU Sart Tilman, Liège, - - 2014
The management of asymptomatic patients with mitral regurgitation (MR) remains controversial. Exercise-induced pulmonary hypertension (ExPHT) was recently reported as a strong predictor of rapid onset of symptoms. We hypothesised that ExPHT is a predictor of postoperative cardiovascular events in patients with primary MR. One hundred and two patients with primary ...
Regeer Madelien V MV Heart Lung Center Leiden, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the - - 2014
Left ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling after aortic valve replacement (AVR) for aortic regurgitation (AR) is associated with superior prognosis. The outcomes of valve-sparing aortic root replacement techniques on LV performance have not been compared with LV reverse remodeling in AVR. The present evaluation compared the extent of long-term LV reverse ...
Spiegelstein Dan D Cardiac Surgery Research, Inova Heart and Vascular Institute, Falls Church, - - 2014
Preoperative hematocrit (HCT) has predicted inferior outcome following cardiac surgery. However, the potential for preoperative HCT to be a marker for sicker patients was not well explored. This study examined the impact of HCT on outcome following nonemergent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and whether the association is modified by ...
Huang Rui - - 2014
Objectives We retrospectively compared the prophylactic effect of basiliximab and antithymocyte globulin (ATG) after haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in patients with leukemia. Methods Haploidentical HSCT using basiliximab for graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis in 10 patients with leukemia was retrospectively compared to ATG for GVHD prophylaxis in 24 patients. ...
Pezzoli M M ENT Department, Hospital Mauriziano "Umberto I", Corso Re Umberto 109, 10128, Turin, Italy, - - 2014
The most commonly used treatment for sensorineural sudden hearing loss (SSHL) in clinical practice is the administration of steroids; however, a favorable result is not always obtained. We studied 58 patients who failed to recover after primary treatment with IV steroids, 44 of these met our inclusion criteria (mean age ...
Soderlund Claes C Department of Surgery, South Hospital, Stockholm, - - 2014
Background and study aims: Covered nitinol alloy self-expandable metal stents (SEMSs) have been developed to overcome the shortcomings of steel SEMS in patients with malignant biliary obstruction. In a randomized, multicenter trial, we compared stent patency, patient survival, and adverse events in patients with partly covered stents made from steel ...
Hirono Seiko S Second Department of Surgery, Wakayama Medical University, School of Medicine, 811-1 Kimiidera, Wakayama, 641-8510, - - 2014
There are only a few reports concerning long-term exocrine function after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), although the number of long-term survivors has increased. We assessed pancreatic exocrine function after PD in 189 patients to identify risk factors for pancreatic exocrine insufficiency. We evaluated patients' exocrine function by using the (13)C-labeled mixed triglyceride ...
Harris Kyle K Department of Health, Physical Education and Nursing, Bucks County Community College, Newtown, - - 2014
Reference/Citation : Frobell RB, Roos HP, Roos EM, Roemer FW, Ranstam J, Lohmander LS. Treatment for acute anterior cruciate ligament tear: five year outcome of randomised trial. BMJ. 2013;346:F232. Clinical Question : Does early anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with rehabilitation lead to better patient-reported outcomes and a lower incidence ...
Arawiran Jenda J The Regional Neonatal Center, Maria Fareri Children's Hospital, New York Medical College,, Valhalla, NY, 10595, - - 2014
To investigate the variability in sojourn times at high oxygen saturations (SpO2 ) in individual patients and to examine whether there are subsets of patients or treatments that are associated with differing sojourn times at SpO2 ≥93%. Pulse oximetry data (Masimo) was studied in 71 premature babies receiving supplemental oxygen. ...
Noureldine Salem I SI Division of Head and Neck Endocrine Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, - - 2014
Postoperative hypocalcemia is common after total thyroidectomy, and perioperative monitoring of serum calcium levels is arguably the primary reason for overnight hospitalization. Confidently predicting which patients will not develop significant hypocalcemia may allow for a safe earlier discharge. To examine associations of patient characteristics with hypocalcemia, duration of hospitalization, and ...
Abdul-Rahim A H AH Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, - - 2014
Ischaemic stroke patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) are at risk of early recurrent stroke (RS). However, antithrombotics commenced at the acute stage may exacerbate haemorrhagic transformation, provoking symptomatic intracerebral haemorrhage (SICH). The relevance of antithrombotics on the patterns and outcome of the cohort was investigated. A non-randomized cohort analysis was ...
Afaneh Cheguevara C Department of Surgery, Gastric and Mixed Tumor Service, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center and Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, - - 2014
Esophagojejunal (EJ) anastomotic leaks after total gastrectomy (TG) for malignancy lead to significant morbidity and mortality, thus affecting long-term survival. Preclinical and clinical trials have shown promise in utilizing degradable extracellular matrix (ECM) scaffolds in buttressing anastomoses. We describe our experience buttressing the EJ anastomosis after TG with a ECM ...
Nawabi Danyal H DH Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, New York, - - 2014
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in skeletally immature patients can result in growth disturbance due to iatrogenic physeal injury. Multiple physeal-sparing ACL reconstruction techniques have been described; however, few combine the benefits of anatomic reconstruction using sockets without violation of the femoral or tibial physis. To utilize physeal-specific magnetic resonance ...
Hayashi Kentaro - - 2014
Background: Although transvenous embolization (TVE) is an effective method for treating dural arteriovenous fistula (AVF), directing the catheter to the lesion site is difficult. Objective: We report on the utility of a quadruple coaxial catheter system for TVE. Materials and methods: The quadruple catheter system comprised a 6 Fr guiding ...
Tagami Takashi T Dept of Clinical Epidemiology and Health Economics, School of Public Health, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan Dept of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan - - 2014
The relationship between low-dose corticosteroid use and mortality in patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains unclear. 6925 patients with severe CAP who received mechanical ventilation with or without shock (defined as use of catecholamines) at 983 hospitals were identified using a Japanese nationwide administrative database. The main outcome measure ...
VanderWeide Luke A LA University of Colorado Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Aurora, CO, - - 2014
This study evaluated the impact of dexmedetomidine (DEX) administration on benzodiazepine (BZD) requirements in intensive care unit (ICU) patients experiencing alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS). This trial included adults admitted to the ICU for >24 hours for AWS. Early DEX was defined as receiving DEX within 60 hours of hospital admission. ...
Osumi Masahiro M Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Fukuoka University Faculty of Medicine, 7-45-1 Nanakuma, Jonan-ku, Fukuoka, 814-0133, Japan, - - 2014
Postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common complication of cardiac surgery that is associated with an increased incidence of other complications. This study evaluated the safety and efficacy of landiolol hydrochloride-an ultrashort-acting β1-selective blocker and highly regulated drug, positioned as a class 1 antiarrhythmic in Japan guidelines-for the prevention of ...
Cil Ahmet Said AS Department of Radiology, Universal Hospital Groups, Malatya, - - 2015
The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of persistent reflux flow on the first postoperative day using color Doppler sonography (CDS) in patients who had undergone sub-inguinal varicocelectomy, and to research the relationship between persistent reflux flow and recurrent varicocele. A total of 54 patients were included ...
Denny John T JT Department of Anesthesia, Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Suite 3100 CAB, 125 Paterson Street, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, - - 2015
Atherosclerotic disease in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) patients is a potential contributor to complications in the perioperative periods. This study was undertaken to better define how the frequency of aortic atheromatous disease among patients coming for CABG has evolved over the last decade. Data from elective patients coming for ...
Hyun Seung-Jae SJ *Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO †Department of Neurosurgery, Spine Center, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seongnam, Republic of Korea; and ‡Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, School of Medicine, Hallym University, - - 2014
Retrospective matched-cohort comparative study. Compare radiographical outcomes after the use of a standard 2-rod construct (2-RC) versus a multiple-rod construct (multi-RC) across 3-column osteotomy sites in a matched cohort with severe kyphosis and/or scoliosis with minimum 2-year follow-up. Three-column osteotomies are used for treating severe spinal deformities, typically with a ...
Otto Aline P AP Unidade de Endocrinologia do Desenvolvimento, Laboratorio de Hormonios e Genetica Molecular LIM/42 do Hospital das Clinicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Sao Paulo (HC da FMUSP), Disciplina de Endocrinologia, Universidade de Sao Paulo, São Paulo, 05403-900, - - 2014
Children initially diagnosed with isolated GH deficiency (IGHD) have a variable rate to progress to combined pituitary hormone deficiency (CPHD) during follow-up. To evaluate the development of CPHD in a group of childhood-onset IGHD followed at a single tertiary center over a long period of time. We retrospectively analyzed data ...
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