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Results 601 - 650 of 7917
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Zhang Chang-Ran - - 2012
Up to now, there have been few reports concerning changes in lupus activity and immune indices of tuberculosis in patients with systemic lupus erythematosis (SLE). A retrospective investigation was given to survey the case data of SLE patients companied with tuberculosis that were treated in our hospital from 2001 to ...
Martinez Angel A - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The experience of the treatment of proximal humeral nonunions with the reverse total shoulder arthroplasty is limited. We report our results. PATIENTS: Eighteen patients with proximal humeral atrophic nonunion were treated with the reverse total shoulder prosthesis. There were 12 women and 6 men, with a mean age of ...
Coleman Craig I - - 2012
Guidelines for atrial fibrillation (AF) recommend clopidogrel plus aspirin as an alternative stroke prevention strategy in patients in whom warfarin is unsuitable. A Markov model was conducted from a Medicare prospective using data from the Atrial Fibrillation Clopidogrel Trial with Irbesartan for Prevention of Vascular Events-A (ACTIVE-A) trial and other ...
Jovin Ion S - - 2012
The potential of medical therapy to influence the courses and outcomes of patients with thoracic aortic aneurysms is not known. The aim of this study was to determine whether statin intake is associated with improved long-term outcomes in these patients. A total of 649 patients with thoracic aortic aneurysms were ...
Laubert Tilman - - 2012
PURPOSE: For treatment of rectal prolapse, abdominal approaches are generally offered to younger patients, whereas perineal, less invasive procedures are considered more beneficial in the elderly. The aim of this study was to analyze whether laparoscopic resection rectopexy (LRR) is suitable for older patients. PATIENTS/METHODS: Patients who received LRR for ...
Saka Cem - - 2012
The aim of the study was to demonstrate the effects of nasal CPAP treatment on the morphology and function of nasal mucosa in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Patients with complaints relevant to OSA underwent respiratory function tests, arterial blood gas analyses and polysomnography. Saccharine test and nasal biopsies ...
Johnson Peter N - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Methadone is often prescribed as a taper schedule to prevent/treat opioid abstinence syndrome (OAS) or neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the percentage of children discharged home on methadone tapers and to develop, assess, and implement an instrument for measuring the complexity ...
Spar David S - - 2012
The gradual loss of ventricular preexcitation during exercise stress testing (EST) has an unclear risk of an association with life-threatening arrhythmia and could be related to the accessory pathway (AP) location. We compared the loss of preexcitation during EST with the risk assessment during invasive electrophysiology testing and determined whether ...
Rana Majeed - - 2012
The prognosis for patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma remains poor despite advances in multimodal treatment concepts. Early diagnosis and treatment is the key to improved patient survival. A device (VELscope) that uses autofluorescence technology, allowing direct fluorescence visualization of the oral cavity, might be a useful tool for oral ...
Anshu Arundhati - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the relative risk of immunologic rejection episode in patients who underwent Descemet's membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK), Descemet's stripping endothelial keratoplasty (DSEK), and penetrating keratoplasty (PK). DESIGN: Comparative case series. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred forty-one eyes treated with DMEK at Price Vision Group, Indianapolis, Indiana. METHODS: The patients in ...
Macle Laurent - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary vein (PV) isolation (PVI) has emerged as an effective therapy for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). However, AF recurs in up to 50% of patients, generally because of recovery of PV conduction. Adenosine given during the initial procedure may reveal dormant PV conduction, thereby identifying the need for additional ...
Karaman Ahmet - - 2012
Abstract Aim: This was a prospective study investigating the efficacy of Ankaferd Blood Stopper(®) (ABS), an herbal preparation, in patients with upper gastrointestinal (UGI) bleeding. Materials and methods: A total of 30 patients (22 male, 8 female) who had UGI bleeding (with differing causes) were included in the study. ABS ...
Carter Cordelia W - - 2012
: Current treatment for discoid meniscus includes arthroscopic saucerization, with meniscal stabilization additionally performed in patients with demonstrated instability. It is thought that unstable discoid menisci represent a more severe variant and are therefore at risk for poorer clinical outcomes. Our hypothesis was that there is no difference in clinical ...
Mangiavillano Benedetto - - 2012
  The aim of this prospective study was to compare the feasibility, technical success rate and complication between single-step endo-ultrasonography (EUS)-guided and two-step EUS-guided drainage technique for symptomatic pancreatic pseudocyst (PP).   Twenty-one PP patients with clear intra-cystic fluid that needed to be drained were divided into two groups, depending ...
Marciniak Christina M - - 2012
To compare the safety and efficacy of 3 low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) treatments (enoxaparin, 40 mg once daily, with an alternative LMWH, tinzaparin, 3500 or 4500 units once daily) for the prevention of venous thromboembolic events (VTEs) after acute spinal cord injury (SCI). Retrospective, chart review study. Acute inpatient rehabilitation facility. ...
Lee J K - - 2012
The use of warfarin is growing for the prevention or treatment of cardiovascular or cerebrovascular diseases. The risk of haemorrhagic side effects is increased in patients taking warfarin. To evaluate risks related with withholding and resuming anticoagulation in patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) while on warfarin therapy and the ...
Goldman Jesse - - 2012
Background: We evaluated the efficacy and safety of the thrombolytic agent tenecteplase for the treatment of dysfunctional hemodialysis (HD) catheters. Methods: Data were pooled from 2 Phase III clinical studies: the randomized, placebo-controlled TROPICS 3 trial and the open-label TROPICS 4 trial. Eligible patients received either an initial dose of ...
Harrison Michael R - - 2012
The magnetic mini-mover procedure (3MP) uses magnetic force to gradually remodel pectus excavatum deformity. A magnet is implanted on the sternum and coupled with an external magnetic brace. Under Investigational Device Exemption and Institutional Review Board approval, we performed a pilot study of safety, probable efficacy, and cost-effectiveness of this ...
Verma Atul - - 2012
Ablation is a treatment option for selected patients with atrial fibrillation that is being used more frequently, increasing the importance of awareness of both its risks and benefits. This review discusses the thromboembolic and bleeding risks during ablation, strategies to minimize these risks and use of long-term oral anticoagulation post ...
Olivecrona Magnus - - 2012
Objective: To prospectively assess clinical outcome in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) managed according to an ICP-targeted programme as well as additional treatment with prostacyclin. Materials and methods: Inclusion criteria were GCS ≤8, age 15-70 years, first recorded cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) > 10 mm Hg. Exclusion criteria were pregnancy, breastfeeding or ...
Ramirez Claudio Alberto - - 2012
To report the long-term results of proximal and distal VA open repairs. From January 2002 to December 2009, 74 cases of VA open repair were performed (73 patients, 41 men; mean age, 66.5 ± 15.2 years). Symptoms of vertebrobasilar insufficiency were present in 61 cases (82.4%). Forty-seven have had a ...
Kano Hideyuki - - 2012
The authors conducted a study to define the long-term outcomes and risks of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for pediatric arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). Between 1987 and 2006, the authors performed Gamma Knife surgery in 996 patients with brain AVMs; 135 patients were younger than 18 years of age. The median maximum diameter ...
Khan R J K - - 2012
We undertook a randomised controlled trial to compare the piriformis-sparing approach with the standard posterior approach used for total hip replacement (THR). We recruited 100 patients awaiting THR and randomly allocated them to either the piriformis-sparing approach or the standard posterior approach. Pre- and post-operative care programmes and rehabilitation regimes were ...
Gentili Andrea - - 2012
Background. The study aims to verify if the time of preoperative stabilization (≤24 or >24 hours) could be predictive for the severity of clinical condition among patients affected by congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Methods. 55 of the 73 patients enrolled in the study achieved presurgical stabilization and underwent surgical correction. Respiratory ...
Chandra Venita - - 2012
Modular stent-graft systems for endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) most often require two to three components, depending on the device. Differences in path lengths and availability of main body systems often require additional extensions for appropriate aneurysm exclusion. These additional devices usually result in added expenses and can affect the financial ...
Masterson S - - 2012
We report the long-term results of revision total hip replacement using femoral impaction allografting with both uncemented and cemented Freeman femoral components. A standard design of component was used in both groups, with additional proximal hydroxyapatite coating in the uncemented group. A total of 33 hips in 30 patients received ...
Sinha M N - - 2012
To compare the effectiveness of Homeopathy and Conventional therapy in Acute Otitis Media (AOM). A randomized placebo-controlled parallel group pilot study of homeopathic vs conventional treatment for AOM was conducted in Jaipur, India. Patients were randomized by a computer generated random number list to receive either individualized homeopathic medicines in ...
Zadehmodares Shahrzad - - 2012
This study was designed to compare the effect of clomiphene and letrozole in ovulatory stimulation in infertile women under intrauterine insemination who referred to Mahdiyeh infertility clinic during 2008-2009. 106 infertile women were randomly divided into two equal groups. Patients were treated with 5 mg of letrozole daily (in letrozole ...
Kawaguchi Tsukasa - - 2012
Background/Aims: To elucidate the prognostic factors for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients treated with transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). Methodology: We studied 85 TACE-treated HCC patients, including 117 lesions, who fulfilled the Milan criteria. The area of iodized poppy-seed oil (lipiodol) accumulation on CT immediately after TACE was classified into three groups, by ...
Tanigawa Noboru - - 2012
The objective of our study was to investigate the effects of percutaneous vertebroplasty on respiratory function in patients with compression fractures caused by osteoporosis. Ninety-eight patients (87 women, 11 men; mean age, 74 years; age range, 60-90 years) with compression fractures of 75 thoracic (Th7-Th12) and 89 lumbar (L1-L5) vertebrae ...
Chen Shihao - - 2012
To evaluate the safety, efficacy, and predictability of IntraLase (Abbott Medical Optics) femtosecond laser-assisted compared to microkeratome-assisted myopic LASIK. A comprehensive literature search of Cochrane Library, PubMed, and EMBASE was conducted to identify relevant trials comparing LASIK with IntraLase femtosecond laser to LASIK with microkeratomes for the correction of myopia. ...
Cottrell James E - - 2012
The assumption that anesthesia has no serious, long-term, adverse central nervous system consequences may be true for most patients between 6 months and 60 years of age. However, for patients younger than 6 months or older than 60 years, that status quo assumption is under challenge from a growing body ...
Periard Daniel - - 2012
To evaluate the effect of statins on the annual expansion rate (ER) of small infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). All patients under regular surveillance for small AAA between January 2000 and September 2007, in the Department of Angiology, Lausanne University Hospital, were included. Inclusion criteria were baseline abdominal aortic diameter ...
Alban S - - 2012
All the adverse effects of heparins are related to their wide variety of biological activities, with bleeding being the most important safety issue, resulting directly from the potency of heparin as an anticoagulant. However, it is hard to define the bleeding risk, since it depends on numerous parameters including the ...
McCarthy Melissa L - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To examine the degree to which fast track (FT) treatment time varies among providers. METHODS:: A retrospective cohort study that included 105,783 FT visits at 3 emergency departments (EDs) during a 3-year period. We calculated the median treatment time for 80 primary providers (physicians and physician extenders) and 109 ...
Wild Thomas - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: The study evaluated eradication of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) from pressure ulcers comparing swabs containing polyhexanide with a cellulose dressing + polyhexanide. After receiving approval from the ethics committee and informed consent, patients from the centers were recruited. DESIGN:: Prospective randomized study. Thirty patients (n = 15/n = 15), ...
Cai Yingmin - - 2012
Intravenous and inhalation anesthesia are commonly used in the clinical setting. Recovery of cognitive function in elderly patients after surgery has received increased attention. In this study, the authors compared recovery of cognitive function in patients after different anesthesia techniques, and investigated which technique is safer. The authors also explored ...
Dock-Nascimento Diana Borges - - 2012
Background: Prolonged preoperative fasting increases insulin resistance (IR). The authors investigated whether an abbreviated preoperative fast with glutamine (GLN) plus a carbohydrate (CHO)-based beverage would improve the organic response after surgery. Methods: Forty-eight female patients (19-62 years) were randomized to either standard fasting (control group) or to fasting with 1 ...
Kiran Ravi P - - 2012
: The risks and benefits of pouch excision and end ileostomy creation when compared to the alternative option of a permanent diversion with the pouch left in situ when restoration of intestinal continuity is not pursued for patients who develop pouch failure after IPAA have not been well characterized. : ...
Clarke-Pearson Daniel L - - 2012
Venous thromboembolic events (deep vein thrombosis [DVT] and pulmonary embolism) are serious preventable complications associated with gynecologic surgery. Preoperative risk assessment of the individual patient will provide insight into the level of risk and the potential benefits of prophylaxis. Common risks include a history of venous thromboembolism, age, major surgery, ...
Na Han Kyu - - 2012
The purpose of this article is to compare the clinical effectiveness and complications of externally and internally covered stents for the treatment of benign urethral strictures. From July 2002 to June 2010, 59 retrievable self-expandable polytetrafluoroethylene-covered nitinol stents were placed in 33 men with benign urethral strictures. These included 34 ...
Grajek Stefan - - 2012
Background: Although primary coronary intervention (PCI) is currently regarded as the preferred reperfusion strategy in ST- -elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), its superiority over thrombolysis has been documented mainly in high-risk patients. In low-risk patients, the difference seems to be not so significant. Aim: To evaluate the early and late mortality ...
Moscato Eve E - - 2012
To evaluate the long-term efficacy of silicone intubation in adults with presumed functional nasolacrimal duct obstruction. This retrospective cohort study reviewed adults with unilateral or bilateral epiphora and presumed functional nasolacrimal duct obstruction treated with silicone intubation and followed for signs of treatment failure (defined as persistent epiphora or need ...
Kv Manohar Babu - - 2012
: Genu recurvatum is a debilitating deformity of the knee that can progress during growth and lead to significant deformity if left untreated. Recurvatum can be osseous, ligamentous, or mixed. Osseous genu recurvatum is most often due to asymmetrical growth arrest of the proximal tibial physis affecting primarily the tibial ...
Knipfer Christian - - 2012
Purpose: A completely edentulous or partially edentulous maxilla involving missing anterior teeth may impact speech production and lead to reduced speech intelligibility. The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the effect of a dental prosthetic rehabilitation on speech intelligibility in patients with a toothless or interrupted maxillary arch ...
Patel Neeraj M - - 2012
: In previous studies, 5% to 20% of patients with a discoid lateral meniscus eventually require surgery bilaterally for symptomatic discoid menisci. However, there are little published data specifically on children who require treatment for discoid menisci in both knees. The purpose of this study is to identify differences in ...
Allaire Catherine - - 2012
Purpose. To determine if a test formulation of latanoprost 0.005% (Bausch & Lomb) eyedrops reduced intraocular pressure (IOP) as well as Xalatan® (latanoprost 0.005%) in patients with ocular hypertension (OH) or primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). Methods. This multicenter, randomized, investigator-masked, parallel-group study allocated 266 patients with OH or POAG in ...
Lee So-Yeon - - 2012
The purpose of this article is to correlate MRI arthrographic findings with range of shoulder motions in patients with frozen shoulder. Shoulder MRI studies of 40 patients (22 women and 18 men; mean age, 52.8 years) with frozen shoulder were retrospectively compared with MRI studies of 40 age- and sex-matched ...
Sekiguchi Ricardo Takiy - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate how oral health is affected by the length of time a patient has been receiving hemodialysis (HD) treatment. Ninety-four subjects participated in this study. Demographic, periodontal parameters, and decayed missing and filled teeth (DMFT) index were recorded by a trained and calibrated ...
Schwarz Graham S - - 2012
Tibial resection in children presents a unique reconstructive challenge because of technical demands, future growth potential, and repetitive loading of the lower extremity. Positioned in a tibial defect, the free fibula undergoes primary bone healing while maintaining intrinsic resistance to infection and the ability to hypertrophy. The authors' aim was ...
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