Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 7896
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Zadehmodares Shahrzad - - 2012
This study was designed to compare the effect of clomiphene and letrozole in ovulatory stimulation in infertile women under intrauterine insemination who referred to Mahdiyeh infertility clinic during 2008-2009. 106 infertile women were randomly divided into two equal groups. Patients were treated with 5 mg of letrozole daily (in letrozole ...
Kawaguchi Tsukasa - - 2012
Background/Aims: To elucidate the prognostic factors for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients treated with transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). Methodology: We studied 85 TACE-treated HCC patients, including 117 lesions, who fulfilled the Milan criteria. The area of iodized poppy-seed oil (lipiodol) accumulation on CT immediately after TACE was classified into three groups, by ...
Tanigawa Noboru - - 2012
The objective of our study was to investigate the effects of percutaneous vertebroplasty on respiratory function in patients with compression fractures caused by osteoporosis. Ninety-eight patients (87 women, 11 men; mean age, 74 years; age range, 60-90 years) with compression fractures of 75 thoracic (Th7-Th12) and 89 lumbar (L1-L5) vertebrae ...
Chen Shihao - - 2012
To evaluate the safety, efficacy, and predictability of IntraLase (Abbott Medical Optics) femtosecond laser-assisted compared to microkeratome-assisted myopic LASIK. A comprehensive literature search of Cochrane Library, PubMed, and EMBASE was conducted to identify relevant trials comparing LASIK with IntraLase femtosecond laser to LASIK with microkeratomes for the correction of myopia. ...
Cottrell James E - - 2012
The assumption that anesthesia has no serious, long-term, adverse central nervous system consequences may be true for most patients between 6 months and 60 years of age. However, for patients younger than 6 months or older than 60 years, that status quo assumption is under challenge from a growing body ...
Periard Daniel - - 2012
To evaluate the effect of statins on the annual expansion rate (ER) of small infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). All patients under regular surveillance for small AAA between January 2000 and September 2007, in the Department of Angiology, Lausanne University Hospital, were included. Inclusion criteria were baseline abdominal aortic diameter ...
Alban S - - 2012
All the adverse effects of heparins are related to their wide variety of biological activities, with bleeding being the most important safety issue, resulting directly from the potency of heparin as an anticoagulant. However, it is hard to define the bleeding risk, since it depends on numerous parameters including the ...
McCarthy Melissa L - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To examine the degree to which fast track (FT) treatment time varies among providers. METHODS:: A retrospective cohort study that included 105,783 FT visits at 3 emergency departments (EDs) during a 3-year period. We calculated the median treatment time for 80 primary providers (physicians and physician extenders) and 109 ...
Wild Thomas - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: The study evaluated eradication of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) from pressure ulcers comparing swabs containing polyhexanide with a cellulose dressing + polyhexanide. After receiving approval from the ethics committee and informed consent, patients from the centers were recruited. DESIGN:: Prospective randomized study. Thirty patients (n = 15/n = 15), ...
Cai Yingmin - - 2012
Intravenous and inhalation anesthesia are commonly used in the clinical setting. Recovery of cognitive function in elderly patients after surgery has received increased attention. In this study, the authors compared recovery of cognitive function in patients after different anesthesia techniques, and investigated which technique is safer. The authors also explored ...
Dock-Nascimento Diana Borges - - 2012
Background: Prolonged preoperative fasting increases insulin resistance (IR). The authors investigated whether an abbreviated preoperative fast with glutamine (GLN) plus a carbohydrate (CHO)-based beverage would improve the organic response after surgery. Methods: Forty-eight female patients (19-62 years) were randomized to either standard fasting (control group) or to fasting with 1 ...
Kiran Ravi P - - 2012
: The risks and benefits of pouch excision and end ileostomy creation when compared to the alternative option of a permanent diversion with the pouch left in situ when restoration of intestinal continuity is not pursued for patients who develop pouch failure after IPAA have not been well characterized. : ...
Clarke-Pearson Daniel L - - 2012
Venous thromboembolic events (deep vein thrombosis [DVT] and pulmonary embolism) are serious preventable complications associated with gynecologic surgery. Preoperative risk assessment of the individual patient will provide insight into the level of risk and the potential benefits of prophylaxis. Common risks include a history of venous thromboembolism, age, major surgery, ...
Na Han Kyu - - 2012
The purpose of this article is to compare the clinical effectiveness and complications of externally and internally covered stents for the treatment of benign urethral strictures. From July 2002 to June 2010, 59 retrievable self-expandable polytetrafluoroethylene-covered nitinol stents were placed in 33 men with benign urethral strictures. These included 34 ...
Grajek Stefan - - 2012
Background: Although primary coronary intervention (PCI) is currently regarded as the preferred reperfusion strategy in ST- -elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), its superiority over thrombolysis has been documented mainly in high-risk patients. In low-risk patients, the difference seems to be not so significant. Aim: To evaluate the early and late mortality ...
Moscato Eve E - - 2012
To evaluate the long-term efficacy of silicone intubation in adults with presumed functional nasolacrimal duct obstruction. This retrospective cohort study reviewed adults with unilateral or bilateral epiphora and presumed functional nasolacrimal duct obstruction treated with silicone intubation and followed for signs of treatment failure (defined as persistent epiphora or need ...
Kv Manohar Babu - - 2012
: Genu recurvatum is a debilitating deformity of the knee that can progress during growth and lead to significant deformity if left untreated. Recurvatum can be osseous, ligamentous, or mixed. Osseous genu recurvatum is most often due to asymmetrical growth arrest of the proximal tibial physis affecting primarily the tibial ...
Knipfer Christian - - 2012
Purpose: A completely edentulous or partially edentulous maxilla involving missing anterior teeth may impact speech production and lead to reduced speech intelligibility. The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the effect of a dental prosthetic rehabilitation on speech intelligibility in patients with a toothless or interrupted maxillary arch ...
Patel Neeraj M - - 2012
: In previous studies, 5% to 20% of patients with a discoid lateral meniscus eventually require surgery bilaterally for symptomatic discoid menisci. However, there are little published data specifically on children who require treatment for discoid menisci in both knees. The purpose of this study is to identify differences in ...
Allaire Catherine - - 2012
Purpose. To determine if a test formulation of latanoprost 0.005% (Bausch & Lomb) eyedrops reduced intraocular pressure (IOP) as well as Xalatan® (latanoprost 0.005%) in patients with ocular hypertension (OH) or primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). Methods. This multicenter, randomized, investigator-masked, parallel-group study allocated 266 patients with OH or POAG in ...
Lee So-Yeon - - 2012
The purpose of this article is to correlate MRI arthrographic findings with range of shoulder motions in patients with frozen shoulder. Shoulder MRI studies of 40 patients (22 women and 18 men; mean age, 52.8 years) with frozen shoulder were retrospectively compared with MRI studies of 40 age- and sex-matched ...
Sekiguchi Ricardo Takiy - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate how oral health is affected by the length of time a patient has been receiving hemodialysis (HD) treatment. Ninety-four subjects participated in this study. Demographic, periodontal parameters, and decayed missing and filled teeth (DMFT) index were recorded by a trained and calibrated ...
Schwarz Graham S - - 2012
Tibial resection in children presents a unique reconstructive challenge because of technical demands, future growth potential, and repetitive loading of the lower extremity. Positioned in a tibial defect, the free fibula undergoes primary bone healing while maintaining intrinsic resistance to infection and the ability to hypertrophy. The authors' aim was ...
Peng Jing - - 2012
To evaluate the factors that might be associated with the patency rates of microsurgical vasoepididymostomy for idiopathic obstructive azoospermia. From January 2009 to July 2010, we evaluated the data from 73 men with obstructive azoospermia who had undergone longitudinal intussusception vasoepididymostomy. The mean age was 30.9 ± 4.9 years (range ...
Farooq Omer - - 2012
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of cancellous screws as suture anchors, in open Bankart repair. Study Design: Case series. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Orthopaedics, Combined Military Hospital, Rawalpindi, from March 2009 to October 2010. Methodology: Fourteen patients with recurrent anterior dislocation were included in the study. Through ...
Toma Ahmed K - - 2012
There is no level I evidence to indicate whether placement of a shunt is effective in the management of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH), because no trial has as yet compared the placement of a shunt versus no shunt in a randomized controlled manner. We started recruiting patients into a ...
Nakajima Makoto - - 2012
Objective It remains unclear which patients with acute stroke need percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) placement and when it should be performed. The aim of this study was to identify the predictors for oral intake 6 months after onset in stroke patients. Methods Data were obtained from a prospectively registered database ...
Guagliumi Giulio - - 2012
This study investigated the role of uncovered stent struts on late stent thrombosis (LST) after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation with optical coherence tomography (OCT). Autopsy studies have identified delayed healing and lack of endothelialization of DES struts as the hallmarks of LST. DES strut coverage has not previously been examined ...
Kowitt Benjamin - - 2012
Severe twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) leads to 80% to 100% dual mortality. Endoscopic laser coagulation of connecting vessels improves outcome to 80% survival of at least 1 twin. There is limited long-term follow-up of surviving TTTS patients. The aim of this study was to analyze gestational age-stratified, long-term morbidity in ...
Zhang Jin-Shan - - 2012
Extrahepatic portal venous obstruction is the most common cause of portal hypertension in children. The Rex shunt has been used successfully to treat patients with extrahepatic portal hypertension. In the conventional Rex shunt, the internal jugular vein is used as a venous graft. Inevitably, such a procedure requires neck exploration ...
Hirdes Meike M - - 2012
When an esophageal stent is placed through the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), gastroesophageal reflux symptoms may persist despite high-dose proton pump inhibitor therapy. A recently developed, short segment, uncovered nitinol stent with a tricuspid-like valve can be placed inside a previously placed esophageal stent. To evaluate the technical feasibility and ...
Zhang Wanglin - - 2012
This study was performed to determine if rating the severity of clubfeet before Ponseti treatment was predictive of the outcomes at age two years. Four hundred and seventy-nine idiopathic clubfeet (323 patients) were numerically rated for severity using Dimeglio classification. Eighty-six feet rated moderate, 305 feet rated severe, and 88 ...
Lee Brian J - - 2012
To determine surgical outcomes after external dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) surgery in patients with sarcoidosis. We retrospectively reviewed the charts of all patients with sarcoidosis who underwent external DCR surgery between January 2001 and January 2010. Clinical data reviewed included patient demographics, immunosuppressive therapies, biopsy results, use of intraoperative triamcinolone, and postoperative ...
Gao Feng - - 2012
Abstract Background: Gastric bezoar is a collection of indigestible material in the stomach. It is a relatively rare disease. In this case report, it is shown that Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) was effective in treating a patient with gastric bezoar. Subject and setting: A 47-year-old female patient who had undergone ...
Kathuria Sushruta - - 2012
Background: Segmental vitiligo is a small subset of vitiligo which responds very well to surgical therapy, but the role of medical treatment is not very well defined. Aim: To compare the efficacy and safety of 0.1% tacrolimus ointment versus 0.05% fluticasone propionate cream in patients of segmental vitiligo. Methods: A ...
Yang Xi - - 2012
Cages are used to regain stability of the anterior spinal column following vertebrectomy, which could prevent significant donor-site morbidity from the iliac autograft harvesting and the risk of disease transmission associated with the allograft. The hollow, porous, cylindrical nanohydroxyapatite/polyamide 66 (n-HA/PA66) cage is a new nonmetallic cage device made by ...
Battersby Nicholas J - - 2012
Self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) are an accepted intervention for malignant dysphagia. Stents vary in ease of insertion, removability, migration and occlusion rates. This series reports the complications, morbidity and mortality associated with several SEMS. A prospective database of patients undergoing fluoroscopic guided oesophageal stent insertion for malignancy between June 2001 ...
Abidi Syed Saeed - - 2012
To evaluate the safety and efficacy of elective hemi-resection of prostate in patients with huge gland, weighing more than 120 grams. Multicentric, analytical comparative study. Department of Urology, Karachi Medical and Dental College, Abbasi Shaheed Hospital and Dr. Ziauddin Hospital, Karachi, from August 2006 to July 2009. All benign cases ...
Potapov Evgenij - - 2012
During biventricular assist device (BVAD) support, right ventricular (RV) assistance may restore sufficient RV function after several weeks to months. Since November 2009, 10 patients (9 men and 1 woman; mean age, 49.7 ± 14.4 y) suffering from idiopathic dilatative cardiomyopathy received BVAD employing two implantable continuous-flow pumps of the ...
Seith Robert W - - 2012
ACADEMIC EMERGENCY MEDICINE 2012; 19:31-36 © 2012 by the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine ABSTRACT: Objectives:  Nitrous oxide (N(2) O) is an attractive agent for pediatric procedural sedation and analgesia (PSA) with rapid onset and offset of sedation. However, it has limited analgesic efficacy. Intranasal fentanyl (INF) provides nonparenteral analgesia. ...
Moesgaard Lise - - 2012
Tonsillectomy may be performed by several methods. It is continuously being discussed which method is preferable with regard to postoperative haemorrhage, pain, activity and nutrition. The present study is a prospective non-randomized study of tonsillectomy. It included 198 patients aged 14-40 years who either underwent coblation tonsillectomy or traditional "cold" ...
Rochira Vincenzo - - 2012
Pegvisomant-related lipohypertrophy may revert when changing the site of injection, but the lipohypertrophy may recur at the new site of injection. The strength of evidence, however, is weak and comes from information obtained from physical examination only. We studied two Caucasian women with acromegaly, aged 51 and 71 years, with ...
Zhang Xuyu - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of propofol and remifentanil target-controlled infusion (TCI) on awake fiber-optic intubation with limited local anesthesia. 36 patients requiring fiberoptic intubation were randomized to receive propofol (P) or remifentanil (R) effect-site TCI. Target concentrations, sedation levels, pulse oximetry, hemodynamic change, duration, ...
Faglia Ezio - - 2012
From January 2008 to December 2010, 452 patients with diabetes were admitted to our diabetic foot unit because of deep soft tissue abscess (group A: n = 210) or chronic osteomyelitis (group B: n = 242). Patients from group A underwent emergency debridement in the operating room. Patients from group ...
Abizaid Alexandre - - 2012
This study sought to compare the 1-year safety and efficacy of Cypher Select or Cypher Select Plus (Cordis Corporation, Bridgewater, New Jersey) sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) with the treatment of bare-metal stents (BMS) and drug-eluting stent (DES) in-stent restenosis (ISR) in nonselected, real-world patients. There is paucity of consistent data on ...
Brachet Dorothée - - 2012
Background/Aims: Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is indicated in benign or malignant pancreatic head diseases. It is a difficult operation with high morbidity especially in elderly patients. The aim of our study was to determine whether pancreaticoduodenectomy is associated with higher morbidity and mortality in patients ≥70 years old. Methodology: During 17 years, ...
Ebell Mark H - - 2012
Introduction: A clinical decision rule to improve the accuracy of a diagnosis of influenza could help clinicians avoid unnecessary use of diagnostic tests and treatments. Our objective was to develop and validate a simple clinical decision rule for diagnosis of influenza. We combined data from 2 studies of influenza diagnosis ...
Gray Brian W - - 2012
The safety of performing a restorative proctocolectomy (RP) and J-pouch ileoanal anastomosis (IPAA) without diverting ileostomy for children with ulcerative colitis (UC) is a subject of extensive debate. Our goal was to examine pediatric outcomes of RP and IPAA without ileostomy. We performed a single-institution review of UC patients who ...
Lops Diego - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the time-dependent clinical efficacy of anterior and posterior zirconia fixed partial dentures (FPDs). A convenience sample of 28 patients, each wearing 1 FPD, was recalled annually throughout a 6-year follow-up period (mean: 6.5 years). Four patients did not participate in the study ...
Payen Jean-Francois - - 2012
To investigate the effects of moderate-dose hydrocortisone on hemodynamic status in critically ill patients throughout the period of etomidate-related adrenal insufficiency. : Randomized, controlled, double-blind trial (NCT00862381). University hospital emergency department and three intensive care units. After single-dose etomidate (H0) for facilitating endotracheal intubation, patients without septic shock were randomly ...
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