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Freire Paulo P *Department of Gastroenterology, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal; †Center of Gastroenterology, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal; ‡Department of Pathology, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal; and §Department of Gastroenterology, Centro Hospitalar Leiria-Pombal, Leiria, - - 2014
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer. Chromoendoscopy showed superiority to conventional colonoscopy (CC) in surveillance studies including high-risk patients. We aimed to compare chromoendoscopy-guided endomicroscopy (CGE) with CC for intraepithelial neoplasia (IN) detection in patients with longstanding UC without primary sclerosing cholangitis and/or history ...
Rn Marie Williams MW Intensive Therapy Unit, Royal United Hospital, Combe Park, Bath, BA1 3NG. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine whether patients undergoing therapeutic hypothermia following cardiac arrest tolerate early enteral nutrition. We undertook a single-centre longitudinal cohort analysis of the tolerance of enteral feeding by 55 patients treated with therapeutic hypothermia following resuscitation from cardiac arrest. The observation period was divided into three phases: (1) 24h at ...
Tajiri Kazuko K Cardiovascular Division, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan; Sumiyoshi Clinic Hospital, Mito, Ibaraki, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Rivaroxaban is an oral anticoagulant that effectively prevents thromboembolic complications using fixed doses without requiring laboratory monitoring. In this study, we aimed to examine the coagulation status in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) treated with rivaroxaban compared with warfarin. The study group consisted of 85 consecutive Japanese patients with ...
Kawanami Toshinori T Department of Respiratory Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, - - 2014
Pneumonia is the third leading cause of mortality in Japan. In 2011, the use of meropenem (MEPM) at 3 g daily was approved to treat refractory infections in Japan. However, little has been reported on the clinical efficacy and safety of this regimen in Japanese patients with refractory infections. This study ...
Rossetti Francesca F Department of Anesthesia, Children's Hospital 'Meyer', Firenze - - - 2014
The Italian Group for Venous Access Devices (GAVeCeLT) has carried out a multicenter study investigating the safety and accuracy of intracavitary electrocardiography (IC-ECG) in pediatric patients. We enrolled 309 patients (age 1 month-18 years) candidate to different central venous access devices (VAD) - 56 peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC), 178 ...
House John W JW House Clinic, Los Angeles, California, - - 2014
Review audiological outcomes after revision stapedectomy using hydroxyapatite cement. Retrospective case review. Tertiary neurotological referral center. Thirty-seven cases of previously treated otosclerosis where incus erosion was observed during revision stapedectomy. Hydroxyapatite cement was used to rebuild the eroded incus and stabilize the prosthesis during revision stapedectomy. Pre- and postoperative bone ...
Rodriguez Ryan W RW Ryan W. Rodriguez, Pharm.D., BCPS, is Clinical Assistant Professor, Drug Information Specialist, University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy, Chicago, IL - - 2014
Off-label uses of the peripheral μ-opioid receptor antagonists alvimopan and methylnaltrexone are reviewed. Alvimopan is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for postoperative ileus after surgeries that include partial bowel resection with primary anastomosis, while methylnaltrexone is approved for the treatment of opioid-induced constipation (OIC) in patients with ...
Abujudeh Hani H HH 1 All authors: Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 55 Fruit St, Founders Bldg, Rm 210, Boston, MA - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. We implemented an outpatient falls guideline in 2008 in the department of radiology. Here, we describe our multiyear experience. MATERIALS AND METHODS. This was a retrospective study conducted between April 2006 and September 2013 to investigate outpatient falls. The span of the study was divided into eight periods. The ...
Deipolyi Amy R AR 1 Division of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology, New York University Medical Center, 660 First Ave, 7th Fl, New York, NY - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. Stomal varices can cause life-threatening gastrointestinal hemorrhage in patients with portal hypertension. Optimal therapy is not well defined. The purpose of this study was to determine the safety and efficacy of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation for the treatment of hemorrhagic stomal varices. MATERIALS AND METHODS. All patients ...
Ibrahim Magdi M Magdi Ibrahim and Abdulla Allam practice in the Department of Thoracic Surgery at King Fahd Hospital in Al-Madina Al-Munawara, Saudi Arabia. Dr. Ibrahim also is on the faculty of medicine in the Department of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery at Suez Canal University in Egypt. The authors have disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or - - 2014
Hyperhidrosis can cause significant professional and social handicaps. Thoracic endoscopic sympathectomy has become the surgical technique of choice for treating intractable palmar hyperhidrosis and can be performed through multiple ports or a single port. This prospective study compares outcomes between the two methods. The study followed 71 consecutive patients who ...
Backer Matthew W MW 1 Department of Radiology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, 600 Highland Ave, Madison, WI - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. MRI findings of ischiofemoral impingement (IFI) have been described, but there is little evidence for treatment with ultrasound-guided corticosteroid injection. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of ultrasound-guided corticosteroid injection of the quadratus femoris muscle as a treatment of IFI syndrome and to correlate the ...
Hendry Phyllis L PL From the Department of Emergency Medicine (P.L.H., A.S., C.J.K., M.L.), and Center for Health Equity and Quality Research (C.S.), University of Florida College of Medicine; and Nursing Services (J.P.), University of Florida Health Jacksonville, Jacksonville, - - 2014
Pediatric firearm injuries are an increasing source of morbidity. Firearm injuries in adolescents are common but not well studied in younger children. The aims were to describe the epidemiology of firearm injuries in patients 0 year to 18 years old, with a case study of patients 14 years or younger ...
Malviya A A Northumbria Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust, Ashington, Northumberland NE63 9JJ, UK, - - 2014
Return to employment is one of the key goals of joint replacement surgery in the working-age population. There is limited quantitative and qualitative research focusing on return to work after hip and knee replacement. It remains unclear why certain groups of patients are not able to achieve sufficient functional improvement ...
Ralls Matthew W MW Section of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI 48109. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study presents our surgical experience for redo-pullthrough (RedoPT) for Hirschsprung disease (HD). It reviews the patient's clinical outcomes and assesses stooling patterns after RedoPT. A retrospective review of our institution's RedoPTs as well as one author's overseas cases was performed. Stooling scores were tabulated using an established survey tool ...
Mariano Edward R ER Departments of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine (E.R.M., T.E.K., M.J.W., N.F., T.K.H., T.W., T.G., S.K.H.) and Orthopedic Surgery (N.G., S.W.), VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, California USA; and Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California USA. - - 2014
Proximal and distal (mid-thigh) ultrasound-guided continuous adductor canal block techniques have been described but not yet compared, and infusion benefits or side effects may be determined by catheter location. We hypothesized that proximal placement will result in faster onset of saphenous nerve anesthesia, without additional motor block, compared to a ...
Hunt Kenneth J KJ Stanford University, Redwood City, CA, USA - - 2014
There is an increasing need for orthopaedic practitioners to measure and collect patient-reported outcomes data. In an effort to better understand outcomes from operative treatment, the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) established the Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Outcomes Research (OFAR) Network, a national consortium of foot and ankle ...
Edwards Melannie M Critical Care Research Group, The Prince Charles Hospital, Brisbane, QLD, Australia. - - 2014
To improve arterial catheter (AC) securement and reduce AC failure; to assess feasibility of a large randomised controlled trial. A four-arm, parallel, randomised, controlled, non-blinded pilot trial with 195 intensive care patients taking part, in a tertiary referral hospital in Brisbane, Australia from May to November 2012. Standard polyurethane (SPU) ...
O'Reilly David J DJ From the Academic Department of Military Surgery and Trauma (D.J.O., J.J.M., J.O.J., M.J.M.), RCDM; and National Institute of Health Research (M.J.M.), Surgical Reconstruction and Microbiology Research Centre, Birmingham, United Kingdom; Joint Trauma System (A.N.A.), US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas; US Combat Casualty Care Research Program (T.E.R.), Fort Detrick, - - 2014
The value of prehospital blood transfusion (PHBTx) in the management of severe trauma has not been established. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of PHBTx on mortality in combat casualties. This is a retrospective cohort study of casualties admitted to the field hospital at Camp Bastion, Afghanistan, by the ...
Smith Jason W JW From the Hiram C. Polk Jr. Department of Surgery, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, - - 2014
The success of damage-control surgery (DCS) for the treatment of trauma has led to its use in other surgical problems such as abdominal sepsis. Previous studies using direct peritoneal resuscitation (DPR) for the treatment of trauma have yielded promising results. We present the results of the application of this technique ...
Wang Xin-Hong XH Department of Gastroenterology, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, 194 Xue Fu Road, Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, 150081, China. - - 2014
To avoid a second endoscopy for nasojejunal feeding tube placement (NFTP) in patients undergoing endoscopic nasobiliary drainage (ENBD), we studied improved NFTP method and compared it to endoscopic method. Patients with ENBD were divided into two groups. One group (18 patients) received endoscopic NFTP and the other group (26 patients) ...
Dent Elsa E University of Adelaide, South Australia, Discipline of Public Health, Level 7, 178 Frome Road, North Terrace Towers, Adelaide, South Australia, 5000. - - 2014
Malnutrition is a major problem in hospitalised older people. Many nutrition screening tools are available for malnutrition identification, however little is known about their prognostic ability. This prospective, observational study investigated the prognostic value of three nutritional screening tools in a Geriatric Evaluation and Management Unit: the Geriatric Nutritional Risk ...
Yatabe Tomoaki T Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Kochi Medical School, KohasuOko-choNankoku City, Kochi, Japan 783-8505. - - 2014
Postoperative oral intake is an important predictor of early postoperative recovery, and anesthesia is known to influence this intake. We compared the influences of desflurane anesthesia and propofol anesthesia on early postoperative oral intake retrospectively. The subjects included a consecutive series of patients who received general anesthesia with propofol or ...
Razzaghi Mohammad Reza MR Department of Urology, Laser Application in Medical Sciences Research Center, Tajrish Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
To compare outcomes of diode laser vaporization of prostate with transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) as a gold-standard treatment. A total number of 115 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia underwent TURP and 980-nm diode vaporization of prostate in a balanced randomization (1:1) from 2010 to 2012 and were followed ...
Kurkar Adel A Department of Urology, Assiut University Hospitals, Assiut University, Asyut, - - 2014
To report our experience with hemospermia and its relation to hyperuricemia. Between July 2005 and July 2012, 143 patients with hemospermia presented to the outpatient clinic in our hospital. History, examination, workup, treatment outcomes, and long-term follow-up were reported in a prospective database. Patients were followed up monthly by semen ...
Choi Woo Suk WS Department of Urology, Konkuk University Medical Center, Seoul, - - 2014
To evaluate changes of nocturnal polyuria (NP) after holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) in patients with nocturia preoperatively. This retrospective study included patients who underwent HoLEP for benign prostatic hyperplasia and recorded 3-day frequency-volume chart strictly. Patients who had a history of prostate cancer, sleep apnea, renal failure, ...
Kocherov Stanislav S Department of Pediatric Urology, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, - - 2014
To evaluate an outcome of endoscopic correction of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) using Vantris (Promedon, Cordoba, Argentina) in terms of its effectiveness and morbidity in a multicenter study. From 2009 to 2013, 611 patients (210 boys and 401 girls) with a mean age of 3.56 years (range, 1 month-18 years) were treated at 7 ...
Sahin Cahit C Dr. Lutfi Kirdar Training and Research Hospital, Urology Clinic, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the possible effects of residual fragments on the health-related quality of life in patients undergoing extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy for renal stones. Seventy-one patients with residual fragments were divided into 2 further groups; group 1 (n = 42; fragment size, ≤4 mm) and group 2 (n = 29; fragment size, >4 mm). During 3-month ...
Anderson Eric E Department of Surgery, University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Grand Forks, 501 North Columbia Road Stop 9037, ND 58103, - - 2014
Patients undergoing thoracic and cardiac procedures are at the highest risk for postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF). POAF is associated with poor short-term and long-term outcomes, including high rates of early and late stroke, and late mortality. Patients with POAF that persists for longer than 48 hours should be anticoagulated on warfarin. ...
Xu Feng F Department of Neurological Surgery, Neurological Institute, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Cleveland, - - 2014
Object The effectiveness and risk of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) in the management of partially embolized intracranial arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) remain controversial. The aim of this analysis was to assess current evidence regarding the efficiency and safety of SRS for AVM patients with and without prior embolization. Methods To compare SRS ...
Abla Adib A AA Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, - - 2014
Object Patients with posterior fossa arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are more likely to present with hemorrhage than those with supratentorial AVMs. Observed patients subject to the AVM natural history should be informed of the individualized effects of AVM characteristics on the clinical course following a new, first-time hemorrhage. The authors hypothesize ...
Dahdah M - - 2014
To determine the impact of preexisting illness on inpatient rehabilitation outcomes in patients with TBI. Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data from a TBI Model System Center, inpatient rehabilitation center. Participants included 132 TBI survivors aged ≥ 16. FIM total score and DRS at discharge, Trail Making Test A (TMT: ...
Kumar Anup A VMMC and Safdarjung Hospital, Urology, New Delhi, Delhi, India ; - - 2014
Aims and Objectives: The optimal management method of upper ureteric stones > 2cm is still a challenge. We performed a prospective randomized comparison between laparoscopic ureterolithotomy and ureteroscopic lithotripsy for upper ureteric calculus > 2 cm to evaluate safety and efficacy of both procedures. Materials and Methods: Between Jan 2010 ...
Wirtz Dieter C DC Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery , University Hospital Bonn , - - 2014
Background and purpose - Due to the relative lack of reports on the medium- to long-term clinical and radiographic results of modular femoral cementless revision, we conducted this study to evaluate the medium- to long-term results of uncemented femoral stem revisions using the modular MRP-TITAN stem with distal diaphyseal fixation ...
Klit Jakob J Orthopaedics - - 2014
Background and purpose - Slipped capital femoral epiphysis is thought to result in cam deformity and femoroacetabular impingement. We examined: (1) cam-type deformity, (2) labral degeneration, chondrolabral damage, and osteoarthritic development, and (3) the clinical and patient-reported outcome after fixation of slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE). Methods - We identified ...
Winther Siri B SB Orthopedic Research Center, Orthopaedic Department , Trondheim University - - 2014
Background - Fast-track has become a well-known concept resulting in improved patient satisfaction and postoperative results. Concerns have been raised about whether increased efficiency could compromise safety, and whether early hospital discharge might result in an increased number of complications. We present 1-year follow-up results after implementing fast-track in a ...
Choi Sae Woong SW Seoul St. Mary's Hospital , Urology , The Catholic University of Korea 505 Banpo-dong, Seocho-gu, 137-040 , Seoul, Korea, Republic of , 82-10-52753169 ; - - 2014
Purpose: To evaluate safety and cost-effectiveness of a totally tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) by comparing the clinical outcomes and cost analysis between standard PCNL and totally tubeless PCNL for renal stones. Patients and Methods: From June 2012 to September 2013, a total of 121 patients with renal stones who underwent ...
Hein Estrid E Laboratory of Molecular Medicine, Department of Clinical Immunology, Rigshospitalet, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
The complement system can be activated via the lectin pathway by the recognition molecules mannose-binding lectin (MBL) and the ficolins. Ficolin-2 exhibits binding against a broad range of ligands including biomaterials in vitro and low Ficolin-2 levels are associated with increased risk of infections. Thus, we investigated the biocompatibility of ...
Owais Ae A Departments Coloproctology, North Bristol NHS Trust & SPIRE Hospital - - 2014
Laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy (LVMR) has been used to treat rectal prolapse, obstructive defaecation (OD), faecal incontinence (FI) and multi-compartment pelvic floor dysfunction. Its value in treating males has been questioned. The aim of the present study was to assess the results in these patients. A password protected electronic database ...
Weber Erik E Department of Orthopedics , Lund University and Skåne University Hospital, Lund , - - 2014
Background and purpose - Even small design modifications of uncemented hip stems may alter the postoperative 3-D migration pattern. The Furlong Active is an uncemented femoral stem which, in terms of design, is based on its precursor-the well-proven Furlong HAC-but has undergone several design changes. The collar has been removed ...
Addison Nancy N Nancy Addison is a research nurse clinician in the pediatric intensive care unit, Beth Quatrara is director and Lisa Letzkus is assistant director of nursing research for the medical center, David Strider is a nurse practitioner at the medical center, Virginia Rovnyak is a statistician at the school of nursing, and Virginia Syptak and Lisa Fuzy are nurse clinicians in the pediatric intensive care unit. All are employed at the University of Virginia Health System in Charlottesville. - - 2014
Mediastinitis costs hospitals thousands of dollars a year and increases the incidence of patient morbidity and mortality. No studies have been done to evaluate adenosine triphosphate (ATP) counts on disposable and nondisposable electrocardiography (ECG) lead wires in pediatric patients. To compare the cleanliness of disposable and nondisposable ECG lead wires ...
Esan Oluyomi - - 2014
The aim of this study was to examine the magnitude of poor persistence in treatment among patients with schizophrenia and to identify associated factors. All eligible patients (N=216) seen at the University College Hospital in Ibadan, Nigeria, over a five-year period were retrospectively followed up until the time of their ...
Sarıkaya Sabit S Kartal Kosuyolu Heart and Research Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2014
To compare the use of thermoreactive nitinol clips with the classic Robicsek technique for treatment of sternal dehiscence after cardiac surgery. Eighty-two (2.3%) of 3564 open heart surgery patients underwent reoperation for sternal dehiscence between October 2011 and 2012. Prospectively collected data from 26 (31%) consecutive patients who underwent reoperation ...
Chan Ngai-Yin NY Princess Margaret Hospital, Hong Kong - - 2014
Percutaneous left atrial appendage closure is typically performed with transesophageal echocardiography guidance under general anesthesia. This study was performed to investigate the safety, feasibility, procedural characteristics, and outcomes of performing this procedure under conscious sedation without an anesthetist's support. Eleven patients (6 men; mean age 64.6 ± 10.4 years) with atrial fibrillation ...
Chaudhuri Picklu P Department of G&O, Nilratan Sircar Medical College, West Bengal University of Health Sciences, Kolkata, West-Bengal, - - 2014
With the increasing rate of cesarean delivery (CD) worldwide, there is a need for a revision of practices to prevent post-partum hemorrhage (PPH) after CD. In search of a safe, cheap and effective alternative to oxytocin for prevention of PPH during the postoperative period of CD, the present study aimed ...
Kijsirichareanchai Kunut K University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, TX, USA - - 2014
Colonic diverticulitis is relatively uncommon in young patients, especially those younger than 40 years. We compared demographic data, clinical presentation, management, and clinical course of diverticulitis in patients ≤40 years old compared with patients >40 years old. This study included all patients who presented to the emergency department with a ...
Zhang Yixin - - 2014
To characterize macular thickness (MT) changes in Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) patients by cirrus HD-optical coherence tomography (OCT), and to study the correlation between MT and best corrected visual acuity (BCVA). Fifty-two eyes from 52 consecutive LHON patients and 14 eyes from 14 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were ...
Amorim P P Department of Anesthesiology, Hospital de Santo António, Porto, - - 2014
Quality of postoperative recovery is an important outcome after surgery. An observational cohort study was designed to assess the quality of postoperative recovery using the Portuguese version of the Postoperative Quality Recovery Scale (PQRS) in patients treated with neostigmine vs. sugammadex as neuromuscular blocking reversal agents. A convenience sample of ...
Pfeifer R R Clinic of Internal Medicine I, Jena University Hospital, Jena, - - 2014
We investigated the brain-derived proteins neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and protein S-100b (S-100b) in survivors of cardiac arrest who had either received therapeutic hypothermia (TH) or had not. In a retrospective cohort study, we analysed serum levels of these two proteins over 5 days in 201 adult cardiac arrest survivors admitted ...
Terjesen T T Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet, Orthopaedic department Postbox 4950 Nydalen, Oslo, NO-0424, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of dysplasia in the 'normal' contralateral hip in patients with unilateral developmental dislocation of the hip (DDH) and to evaluate the long-term prognosis of such hips. A total of 48 patients (40 girls and eight boys) were treated for late-detected ...
Khoshbin A A Hospital for Sick Children, 1254 - 555 University Avenue, Elm Wing, M5G 1X8 Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcome of adults with spina bifida cystica (SBC) who had been treated either operatively or non-operatively for scoliosis during childhood. We reviewed 45 patients with a SBC scoliosis (Cobb angle ≥ 50º) who had been treated at one of two ...
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