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Kaneko K K Department of Veterinary Obstetrics and Gynecology, Azabu University, Chuo-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, - - 2014
To develop an ultrasonographic assay for determining plasma progesterone concentration (P4 ) as < 1 ng/ml or ≥ 1 ng/ml, the corpus luteum (CL) area and P4 were measured in 1094 multiparous Holstein cows. The area-measuring function and frozen images were used to outline and measure CL imaged via ultrasonography, and CL area was ...
Roquilly Antoine A Service d'anesthésie réanimation Hôtel-Dieu, Nantes University Hospital, - - 2014
 The objective was to determine the strategies of prevention of hospital acquired pneumonia (HAP) that reduce mortality in intensive care unit (ICU).  Preferred Reported Items for Systemic Reviews and Meta-Analysis guidelines were followed. We searched the MEDLINE and COCHRANE controlled trials register (through June, 10(th) 2014) as well as reference ...
Candilio Luciano L The Hatter Cardiovascular Institute, University College London, London, - - 2014
Remote ischaemic preconditioning (RIPC), using brief cycles of limb ischaemia/reperfusion, is a non-invasive, low-cost intervention that may reduce perioperative myocardial injury (PMI) in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. We investigated whether RIPC can also improve short-term clinical outcomes. One hundred and eighty patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery ...
Oksholm Trine T Author Affiliations: Centre for Shared Decision Making and Collaborative Care Research (Ms Oksholm); Department of Respiratory Medicine (Ms Oksholm and Dr Kongerud); Department for Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (Dr Solberg); Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery (Dr Lie); and Division of Emergencies and Critical Care (Dr Rustoen), Oslo University Hospital, Norway; School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco (Drs Miaskowski, Cooper, and Paul); and Faculty of Medicine (Dr Kongerud) and Institute of Health and Society, Department of Nursing Science (Dr Rustoen), University of Oslo, - - 2014
Patients need information about the course of recovery after surgery for lung cancer, but knowledge about symptoms in this period is limited. The purpose of this study was to assess for changes in symptom occurrence rates and severity scores from the preoperative period to 1 month after surgery. Patients (n ...
Rao Prashanth J PJ 1Neurospine clinic, Randwick, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia 2Prince of Wales Hospital, Randwick, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia 3University of New South Wales, Sydney, - - 2014
There is limited information on clinical outcomes after anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) based on the indications for surgery. To compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of ALIF for each surgical indication. This prospective clinical study included 125 patients who underwent ALIF over a 2-year period. The patients were evaluated ...
Takeuchi Tsutomu T Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo, Department of Rheumatology, Matsubara Mayflower Hospital, Kato, Department of Rheumatology, Taga General Hospital, Hitachi, Division of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, Department of Medicine, Sapporo City General Hospital, Sapporo, Department of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, Saitama Medical Center, Saitama Medical University, Kawagoe, Clinical Research Center for Allergy and Rheumatology, National Hospital Organization Sagamihara National Hospital, Sagamihara, First Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health Hospital, Kitakyushu, Institute of Rheumatology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo and Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan. - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine whether biologic-free remission of RA is possible with discontinuation of abatacept. Japanese RA patients in 28-joint DAS with CRP (DAS28-CRP) remission (<2.3) after >2 years of abatacept treatment in a phase II study and its long-term extension entered this 52 week, multicentre, ...
Ordon Michael M Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine temporal changes in the demographics of patients undergoing definitive treatment for kidney stones over a 20-year period in Ontario, Canada. Using the Ontario Health Insurance Plan physician claims database and the Canadian Institute for Health Information Discharge Abstract Database we conducted a population-based cross-sectional time series analysis by ...
Palmer Drew A DA Lahey Hospital & Medical Center, Burlington, - - 2014
Long-segment urethral strictures with a compromised graft bed and poor vascular supply are unfit for standard repair, and are at high-risk for stricture recurrence. Our objective was to assess the success of urethral reconstruction in these patients with a ventral buccal mucosa graft (BMG) and gracilis muscle flap (GMF). A ...
Ohar Jill A - - 2014
BackgroundInhaled long-acting beta2 agonists used alone and in combination with an inhaled corticosteroid reduce the risk of exacerbations in patients with stable COPD. However, the relative efficacy of these agents in preventing recurrent exacerbations in those recovering from an initial episode is not known. This study compared the rate of ...
Kim Dong Hyun DH Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea; Laboratory of Ocular Regenerative Medicine and Immunology, Seoul Artificial Eye Center, Seoul National University Hospital Clinical Research Institute, Seoul, - - 2014
To compare the effect of early systemic immunomodulatory treatment and to identify prognostic factors of chronic ocular complications in Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) patients. Retrospective, comparative, multicenter study. Forty-three patients admitted to 1 of 3 University Hospitals (Seoul National University Hospital, Chonnam National University Hospital, and ...
Robaei Dana D Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
To report the risk factors for and outcomes of therapeutic and optical keratoplasty in the management of Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK). Retrospective case series. A total of 50 eyes of 196 patients with retrievable medical records, diagnosed with AK at Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, underwent keratoplasty between January 1991 and April ...
Xu Hui H Department of Orthopedics, Liaocheng People's Hospital, 67 Dongchang West Road, Liaocheng, Shandong Province, China, 252004; Department of Orthopedics, The General Hospital of Chinese People's Liberation Army (301 hospital), 28 Fuxing Road, Beijing, China, 100853. Electronic address: - - 2014
Single pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) has been used to correct ankylosing spondylitis (AS) kyphosis successfully, but this approach seems insufficient to correct severe kyphosis. Two-level PSO has been attempted to correct advanced kyphosis in recent years. However, studies have not yet compared outcomes between single and double PSO, and the ...
Burneikiene Sigita S Boulder Neurosurgical Associates, Boulder, Colorado; Justin Parker Neurological Institute, Boulder, Colorado. Electronic address: - - 2014
There have been controversial reports published in the literature on the DOS and clinical outcome correlation in patients undergoing ACDF for painful degenerative disc disease and radiculopathy. The primary purpose of this study was to analyze if the duration of symptoms (DOS) has any effect on clinical outcomes. Study Design/Setting: ...
Repici Alessandro A Humanitas Research Hospital, Rozzano, Milan, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The majority of currently available oesophageal metal stents are partially covered to reduce migration risk. Preliminary experiences with fully covered stents seem to indicate an increased risk of migration in patients treated for malignant dysphagia. The aim of our study was to determine, in this setting, the safety and efficacy ...
Yang Feng F Department of Orthopedic Surgery, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, People's Republic of - - 2014
Objective: The purpose of this study was to analyze the cervical range of motion (ROM) after revised C1-C2 pedicle screw fixation for pediatric patients with atlantoaxial instability. Methods: 17 pediatric patients (age range 5-14 years; mean 8.3 years) underwent the revised C1-C2 pedicle screw technique. Pre- and postoperative cervical ROM ...
He Yifeng - - 2014
The number of cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) has significantly increased in the recent decade. Although uterine artery embolization (UAE) has been adopted to minimize the blood loss during uterine curettage removing of CSP, massive bleeding and uterine rupture can still be frequently encountered. The aim of this study was to ...
Maderbacher Günther G Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany, - - 2014
Restoring a neutral mechanical axis in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) (within ±3° of varus/valgus) is associated with superior functional outcome and reduced early implant failure. Using conventional alignment jigs results in malalignment in >20 % of cases. In this study, we investigated the reduction of outliers within the threshold of ±3° ...
Papadia Marina M Centre for Ophthalmic Specialized Care (COS), 6, rue Charles-Monnard, 1003, Lausanne, Switzerland, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of intravitreal bevacizumab injections on the management and outcome of patients affected by retinal vein occlusions, their effectiveness on morphological and functional parameters, the modalities of long-term management and the need for additional laser treatment due to ischemic retinal evolution. ...
Grosso Maurizio M Radiology Department, Santa Croce e Carle Hospital, Via Coppino 26, 12100, Cuneo, Italy, - - 2014
The aim of the paper is to report the clinical outcome after prostatic artery embolisation (PAE) in 13 consecutive patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). From May 2012 to October 2013, we performed PAE in 13 consecutive patients (mean age 75.9 years) with BPH and ...
Lam Thomas Bl TB Academic Urology Unit, University of Aberdeen, Level 2 Health Sciences Building, Foresterhill,, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK, AB25 - - 2014
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common hospital-acquired infection. The major associated cause is indwelling urethral catheters. Several measures have been introduced to reduce catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs). One of these measures is the introduction of specialised urethral catheters that have been designed to reduce the risk of ...
Elfenbein Dawn M DM Section of Endocrine Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA, - - 2014
Definitive treatment of Graves' disease includes radioactive iodine (RAI) and thyroidectomy, but utilization varies. We hypothesize that, in addition to clinical reasons, there are socioeconomic factors that influence whether a patient undergoes thyroidectomy or RAI. Patients treated for Graves' disease between August 2007 and September 2013 at our university hospital ...
Hugkulstone Charles E - - 2014
To audit the results of 15 years' experience of suction posterior capsulorhexis (SPC) during phacoemulsification and compare the outcomes with a recently published multicentre audit of cataract surgery, the Cataract National Dataset (CND). Prospective cohort observational study. Ophthalmology department of a district general hospital. Data collection ran from June 1998 to ...
LaPietra Angelo A From the Divisions of *Cardiac Surgery, and †Cardiology, Columbia University, Mount Sinai Heart Institute, Miami Beach, FL - - 2014
Replacement of the aortic valve with concomitant replacement of the ascending aorta performed via a minimally invasive right anterior thoracotomy approach has not been reported. We evaluated the feasibility and safety of this procedure. We retrospectively reviewed all minimally invasive aortic valve replacements (AVRs) with concomitant replacement of the ascending ...
Moriya K K Niigata Hand Surgery Foundation, Niigata, Japan - - 2014
We evaluated the factors influencing outcomes of flexor tendon repair in 112 fingers using a six-strand suture with the Yoshizu #1 technique and early postoperative active mobilization in 101 consecutive patients. A total of 32 fingers had injuries in Zone I, 78 in Zone II, and two in Zone III. ...
Herrera-Pérez Mario M Orthopaedic Department, University Hospital of Canary Islands, La Laguna, Tenerife, - - 2014
Different fixation techniques have been described in the literature for isolated subtalar arthrodesis (ISA). The purpose of this study was to compare the fusion rate and clinical outcome of ISA using cannulated compression screws or compression staples. Thirty-three patients (33 feet) underwent ISA using screw (17 feet) or staples (16 ...
Poon Clara K Y CK Division of Nephrology, Jockey Club Nephrology and Urology Centre, Princess Margaret Hospital, Hong Kong, - - 2014
Nocturnal home hemodialysis (NHHD) has shown promising results in various clinical parameters. Whether NHHD provide benefit in anemia management remains controversial. This study aims to investigate whether anemia and erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA) requirement are improved in patients receiving alternate night NHHD compared with conventional hemodialysis (CHD). In this retrospective controlled ...
Kim Helen H 1Departments of Neurological Surgery, 2Anesthesia and Perioperative Care, 3Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 4Center for Cerebrovascular Research, University of California, San Francisco, CA 5Division of Neurological Surgery, Barrow Neurological Institute, Phoenix, AZ 6Department of Neurological Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 7Department of Neurological Surgery, Macquarie University, Sydney, - - 2014
The supplementary grading system for brain arteriovenous malformations (AVM) was introduced in 2010 as a tool for improving preoperative risk prediction and selecting surgical patients. To demonstrate, in this multicenter validation study, that supplemented Spetzler-Martin grades have greater predictive accuracy than Spetzler-Martin grades alone. Data collected from 1009 AVM patients ...
Akar Serife Zehra SZ Public Health Nursing Department School of Nursing, Gulhane Military Medical Academy (GMMA), Etlik 06010, Ankara, Turkey - - 2014
Testicular cancer (TC) is the most common malignancy among men aged 15-35 years. Testicular self-examination (TSE) is an important tool for preventing late-stage TC diagnoses. This study aimed to assess health beliefs and knowledge related to TC and TSE and the effectiveness of TC and TSE training for patient care ...
Hong Mi Jin MJ Department of Internal Medicine, Digestive Disease Centre, Konkuk University Medical Center, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Although the combination of midazolam-meperidine has been widely used as a sedation regimen for colonoscopy, its residual effect longer than the duration of colonoscopy procedure can delay patient recovery and discharge. Remifentanil, an ultra-short-acting opioid, has a very brief duration of action. We hypothesized that using remifentanil alone for colonoscopy ...
Tjepkema-Cloostermans Marleen C MC 1Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, MIRA, Institute for Biomedical Technology and Technical Medicine, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands. 2Department of Neurology and Clinical Neurophysiology, Medisch Spectrum Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands. 3Department of Neurology, Rijnstate Hospital, Arnhem, The Netherlands. 4Department of Intensive Care, Medisch Spectrum Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands. 5Department of Intensive Care, Rijnstate Hospital, Arnhem, The - - 2014
To assess the value of electroencephalogram for prediction of outcome of comatose patients after cardiac arrest treated with mild therapeutic hypothermia. Prospective cohort study. Medical ICU. One hundred forty-two patients with postanoxic encephalopathy after cardiac arrest, who were treated with mild therapeutic hypothermia. Continuous electroencephalogram was recorded during the first ...
Schmalz Thomas T Otto Bock Healthcare, Department of Research/Biomechanics, Göttingen, Germany - - 2014
The microprocessor-controlled leg orthosis C-Brace enables patients with paretic or paralysed lower limb muscles to use dampened knee flexion under weight-bearing and speed-adapted control of the swing phase. The objective of the present study was to investigate the new technical functions of the C-Brace orthosis, based on biomechanical parameters. The ...
Bolotin Gil G Department of Cardiac Surgery, Rambam Health Care Campus, and Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel. Electronic address: - - 2014
Stroke is a major cause of morbidity and mortality during open-heart surgery. Up to 60% of intraoperative cerebral events are emboli induced. This randomized, controlled, multicenter trial is the first human study evaluating the safety and efficacy of a novel aortic cannula producing simultaneous forward flow and backward suction for ...
Hartmann E Eugenie EE Department of Vision Sciences, University of Alabama at - - 2014
To determine whether stereopsis of infants treated for monocular cataracts varies with the type of optical correction used . Randomized prospective clinical trial METHODS: The Infant Aphakia Treatment Study randomized 114 patients with unilateral cataracts at age 1 to 7 months to either primary intraocular lens (IOL) or contact lens ...
Chitnis Abhishek S AS Evidera, Suite 300, 430 Bedford Street, Lexington, MA, 02420, USA, - - 2014
Clinical trials have shown that liraglutide effectively lowers glycated hemoglobin A1c (A1C) levels in adult patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, no studies have evaluated the effectiveness of liraglutide by body mass index (BMI) in the United States (US) in clinical practice. This study examined liraglutide's clinical effectiveness to ...
Alfonso Fernando F Hospital Universitario de La Princesa, Madrid, - - 2014
Aims: This study will compare the efficacy of drug-eluting balloons (DEB) and everolimus-eluting stents (EES) in patients with drug-eluting stent (DES) in-stent restenosis (ISR). Methods and results: This is a prospective, multicentre, randomised clinical trial comparing DEB and EES in patients with DES-ISR. The study is an investigator-driven initiative generated ...
Chim Harvey - - 2014
Objective : The present study was performed to identify factors that lead to a favorable outcome of postpalatoplasty velopharyngeal incompetence using the double-opposing Z-palatoplasty. Design : A retrospective analysis was performed on 23 consecutive nonsyndromic patients who underwent secondary surgical management of velopharyngeal incompetence using a double-opposing Z-palatoplasty technique following ...
Esinler I I Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe - - 2014
A total of 413 consecutive infertile patients (572 cycles) with a body mass index (BMI) of ≥ 25 kg/m(2) were enrolled into the study. The luteal-long GnRH agonist group (Group I) constituted 211 patients (300 cycles) and the flexible-multidose GnRH antagonist group (Group II) constituted 202 patients (272 cycles). The ...
Heller Warren W 1 Arizona Center for Clinical Trials , Phoenix, - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of gatifloxacin 0.5% ophthalmic solution administered twice daily for treatment of acute bacterial conjunctivitis. Methods: Two identically designed, double-masked, multicenter studies in the United States and India enrolled patients 1 year or older with acute bacterial conjunctivitis. Patients were randomized to gatifloxacin ...
Otsuki Shuji S Thorax Institute, Department of Cardiology, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, University of - - 2014
Background:It is unknown if lack of polymer can provoke a different edge response in drug-eluting stents. The aim of this study was to compare edge vascular response between polymer-free paclitaxel-eluting stent (PF-PES) and polymer-based paclitaxel-eluting stents (PB-PES).Methods and Results:A total of 165 eligible patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention were prospectively randomized 1:1 ...
Takagi Takamitsu T Cardiovascular Center, Tsuchiura Kyodo - - 2014
Background:Clinical outcomes after atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation are evaluated using standard 24-h Holter monitoring, and the large spontaneous variability of AF episodes and incidence of silent AF are major limitations. Further, symptoms generally decrease after AF ablation.Methods and Results:Newly developed extended external auto-trigger loop recorders (ELR) were used for 14-day consecutive monitoring ...
Mogilevkin Yakov Y 1 Department of Urology, Rabin Medical Center , Petah Tikva, Israel - - 2014
Abstract Introduction: The use of a ureteral access sheath (UAS) may provide significant advantages, particularly, in the treatment of a large renal stone burden. However, in some patients, the passage of a UAS up the ureter is impossible. We prospectively evaluated the ability to insert a 14F UAS and analyzed ...
Naoumova Julia J Department of Orthodontics, Institute of Odontology at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden - - 2014
Summary OBJECTIVES: To analyse whether extraction of the deciduous canines facilitates eruption of the palatal displaced canines (PDCs), and to analyse root resorption in adjacent teeth caused by the PDCs. Eligibility criteria for participants were as follows: children at age 10-13 years with either maxillary unilateral or bilateral PDC, persisting ...
Asimakopoulos Anastasios D AD UOC of Urology, Department of Surgery, University of Tor Vergata, Policlinico Casilino, Rome, - - 2014
To present the teaching module "Measurement of Post-void residual urine." This module has been prepared by a Working Group of the ICS Urodynamics Committee. The methodology used included comprehensive literature review, consensus formation by the members of the Working Group, and review by members of the ICS Urodynamics Committee core ...
Eggebrecht Holger H Cardioangiologisches Centrum Bethanien (CCB) and AGAPLESION Bethanien Hospital, Frankfurt, - - 2014
To analyse patient characteristics, decision-making processes, and outcomes of TAVI performed in hospitals with versus those without on-site cardiac surgery (CS). Current guidelines mandate transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) to be performed at hospitals with both cardiology and on-site CS departments. Some hospitals in Germany perform TAVI without CS departments ...
Nademanee Koonlawee K Pacific Rim Electrophysiology Research Institute at White Memorial Hospital, Los Angeles, California and Bangkok, Thailand. Electronic address: - - 2014
The benefits of catheter ablation for elderly patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) with respect to mortality and stroke reductions remain unclear. To evaluate the safety and efficacy including long-term outcomes of catheter ablation for maintaining NSR in elderly with AF. We evaluated 587 elderly patients with AF (≥75 years old). ...
Hitchon Patrick W PW Departments of Neurosurgery, Rutgers-New Jersey Medical School, Newark, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
In spite of the established benefits of anterolateral decompression and instrumentation (ALDI) for thoracolumbar burst fractures (TLBF), the indications for supplementary posterior instrumentation remain unclear. A retrospective review of clinical and radiographic data of a prospective cohort of 73 patients who underwent ALDI for TLBF from T12 to L4. The ...
Kimura Nobusuke N National Epilepsy Center, Shizuoka Institute of Epilepsy and Neurological Disorder, NHO, 886 Urushiyama, Aoi-Ku, Shizuoka, Shizuoka, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the developmental outcome after surgery for early-onset epilepsy in patients with focal cortical dysplasia (FCD). Among 108 patients with histopathologically confirmed FCD operated between 1985 and 2008, we selected 17 patients with epilepsy onset up to 3 years of age. Development was ...
Huang Guofeng G Center for Orthopedics and Burns, 175th Hospital of People's Liberation Army, Affiliated Southeast Hospital of Xiamen University, Zhangzhou, PR China, - - 2014
Excessive systemic inflammatory response remains as a major problem underlying severe burns. This study aimed to assess the effect of low-dose glucocorticoid treatment in downregulating systemic inflammation in severely burned patients. A prospective study from 2001 to 2014 at our hospital was conducted to compare the patients who received low-dose ...
Liu Xiang X Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, No.300 Guangzhou Road, Nanjing, 210029, - - 2014
We evaluated the hypothesis that early-onset ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) requires Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)-dependent signaling pathways. We enrolled 50 patients undergoing mitral and aortic double valve replacement, collecting left atrial blood samples from all patients preoperatively (T1), when opening the atrial septum (T2), ...
Bogani Giorgio G Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Insubria, Varese, - - 2014
Although growing evidence suggests the beneficial effects of a nerve-sparing (NS) approach to surgery in cervical cancer patients, only limited data on NS laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (LRH) are available, and no studies have investigated the effects of NS-LRH on sexual function. This study aims to determine whether the implementation of ...
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