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Rolim Hévila H *Department of Ophthalmology, Glaucoma Service, Hospital São Geraldo ‡Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia em Medicina Molecular (INCT/MM) ∥Department of Surgery, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais †Glaucoma and Cataract Reference Center, Santa Casa de Belo Horizonte, Belo Horizonte §Department of Basic Sciences, Health Area, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Campus Governador Valadares, Governador Valadares, - - 2014
The relationship between clinical data and genetic ancestry in Brazilian patients with primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) was studied. Thirty patients with PCG and 60 unrelated controls underwent a complete ophthalmological examination. The PCG inclusion criterion was prior surgery with a minimum follow-up of 6 months after the last surgical procedure. ...
Ozyol Erhan E Department of Ophthalmology, Ünye State Hospital, Ordu, - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of a latanoprost/timolol fixed combination (LTFC) versus a latanoprost and timolol gel-forming solution unfixed combination (LTuFC) on daytime intraocular pressure (IOP) levels and fluctuations. This was an 8-week, randomized, parallel-group study. Ninety eyes of 90 patients diagnosed with primary open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension that were ...
Lu Yi Y Digestive Endoscopy Center, Department of Gastroenterology, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the short-term and long-term outcomes of endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) with endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (EPBD), and to find out risk factors for long-term complications. From January 2008 to June 2011, patients who underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography for common bile duct stone removal ...
Ventham Nicholas T - - 2014
National Scottish data were used to compare 3-year mortality in patients hospitalized for Crohn's disease (CD) between 1998-2000 and 2007-2009. The linked Scottish Morbidity Records database was used to identify patients admitted with CD during two periods: Period 1 (1998-2000) and Period 2 (2007-2009). 3-year mortality and standardized mortality ratio ...
Islam Shofiq S Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Leicester Royal Infirmary, Infirmary Square, Leicester LE1 5WW, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Mallampati airway classification has been used to estimate the success of uvulopalatopharyngoplasty in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) but its predictive value in maxillomandibular advancement has not been proved. We aimed to explore the association between preoperative Mallampati scores and surgical outcome after bimaxillary advancement for OSA. We ...
Luo Wei-Cheng WC Department of Surgery, National Taiwan University Hospital, Number 7, Chung-Shan South Road, Taipei, Taiwan; College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Number 7, Chung-Shan South Road, Taipei, - - 2014
Pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) is a potentially curative surgical procedure for patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. The aim of this study is to review our institutional experience with this operation. We conducted a retrospective review of PEA performed at our institution between January 2005 and December 2013. The measured outcomes ...
Wang Yong Y Department of Ultrasound, Fudan University Affiliated Huashan Hospital Jing'An Branch, Shanghai, - - 2014
To evaluate the hemodynamic changes by duplex ultrasonography in adult moyamoya disease (MMD) patients who underwent combined direct and indirect revascularization surgery. Seventeen adult patients underwent direct and indirect revascularization surgery in our hospital. Hemodynamic parameters, peak systolic velocity (PSV), end-diastolic velocity (EDV) and resistance index (RI), were determined by ...
Shaparin Naum N Department of Anesthesiology, Montefiore Medical Center-Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10467, - - 2014
To confirm the relationship between bevel orientation, catheter direction, and radiopaque contrast spread in the lumbar region. Pilot cadaver study. Anatomy laboratory of a university hospital. Cadavers were randomized to two groups of 4 cadavers each. In Group 1, needle bevel direction at epidural entry was cephalad; in Group 2, ...
Kim Su - - 2014
IntroductionProlonged conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CCPR) is associated with a poor prognosis in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients. Alternative methods can be needed to improve the outcome in patients with prolonged CCPR and extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) can be considered as an alternative method. The objectives of this study were to ...
Pfitzner Tilman T Orthopaedic Department, Center for Musculoskeletal Surgery, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Charitéplatz 1, 10117, Berlin, Germany, - - 2014
The purpose of the study was whether the use of a tourniquet increases cement mantle thickness in primary total knee arthroplasty and influences the calculated blood loss and postoperative pain. Ninety patients with a primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) were enroled in this prospective randomised trial and divided into a ...
Li Fan F Department of General Surgery, Institute of Surgery Research, Daping Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, 400042, - - 2014
This study aims to investigate the influence of total colectomy with ileorectal anastomosis (IRA) and subtotal colectomy with cecorectal anastomosis (CRA) on curative effects, nutritional status, and health of patients with slow transit constipation (STC). The purpose of the present study is to compare the hemoglobin, the total protein level, ...
Brittenden Julie J From the Division of Applied Medicine (J. Brittenden), the Health Services Research Unit (S.C.C., A.E., C.R.R., J.N., G.S., S.W., M.K.C.), and the Health Economics Research Unit (E.T., G.S.), University of Aberdeen, and the Department of Vascular Surgery, NHS Grampian, Aberdeen Royal Infirmary (P.B.), Aberdeen; the School of Medicine, Medical and Biological Sciences, University of St. Andrews, St. Andrews (J. Burr); the Department of Vascular Surgery, Royal Devon and Exeter Hospital, Exeter (B.C.); the Department of Vascular Surgery, Hull Royal Infirmary, Hull (I.C.); the School of Surgery, University of Leeds (M.G.), and Vascular Surgery, St. James University Hospital (J.S.), Leeds; Vascular Surgery, Gloucestershire Royal Hospital, Gloucester (J.E.); Vascular Surgery, Freeman Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne (T.L.); the Vascular Surgical Unit, Royal Bournemouth Hospital, Bournemouth (S.A.B.); and the School of Health Sciences, City University London, London (J.F.) - all in the United - - 2014
Ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy and endovenous laser ablation are widely used alternatives to surgery for the treatment of varicose veins, but their comparative effectiveness and safety remain uncertain. In a randomized trial involving 798 participants with primary varicose veins at 11 centers in the United Kingdom, we compared the outcomes of ...
Fink Barnes Leslie A LA Center for Hip and Knee Replacement (CHKR), Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, Columbia University Medical Center, 622 W. 168th Street, PH 1155, New York, NY, 10032, USA, - - 2014
There are limited studies examining the long-term survivorship for the current generation of metal-on-metal hip resurfacing (MOMHR) implants in the young male population, and fewer studies have been published on prospectively collected outcomes data for total hip resurfacing in the USA. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the ...
Kim Ho-Joong HJ Spine Center and Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine and Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, 166 Gumiro, Bundang-Gu, Sungnam, 463-707, Republic of - - 2014
There is no comparative study regarding surgical outcomes between microsurgical extraforaminal decompression (MeFD) and posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) for the treatment of lumbar foraminal stenosis (LFS). Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare the surgical outcomes of LFS using two different techniques: MeFD alone or PLIF. For ...
Nakamura Yutaka Y Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Dokkyo Medical University Koshigaya Hospital, 2-1-50 Minami-Koshigaya, Koshigaya, Saitama, 343-8555, Japan, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare the characteristics of scoliosis in Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) patients versus idiopathic scoliosis (IS). We identified 193 PWS patients. Scoliosis was found in 58 PWS patients, 39 of whom were treated with GH. Fifty-five IS patients were consecutively selected from an outpatient clinic. ...
Greene M E ME Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register, Centre of Registers Västra Götaland, Medicinargatan 18G, 413 45, Gothenburg, - - 2014
Patient-reported health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) measures such as the EuroQol 5 dimension (EQ-5D) index are commonplace when assessing healthcare providers or efficiency of medical techniques. HRQoL measures are generally bounded, and the magnitude of possible improvement depends on the pre-treatment HRQoL value. This paper aimed to assess and illustrated the possibility ...
Markusse Iris M - - 2014
IntroductionPersonalized medicine is the holy grail of medicine. The EULAR recommendations for the management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) support differential treatment between patients with baseline characteristics suggestive of a non-poor prognosis (non-PP) or poor prognosis (PP) (presence of autoantibodies, a high inflammatory activity and damage on radiographs). We aimed to ...
Li B B Department of Joint Surgery and Sports Medicine, Shengjing Hospital, China Medical University,Shenyang 110004, China - - - 2014
In the patients who have to be in supine position for most of the time after posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction, the tibia tends to shift backwards due to the gravity of the lower leg and the tensed hamstring muscle. To observe the effects of tibial support braces on rehabilitation ...
Wang Jann-Yuan - - 2014
Introduction:Diabetes mellitus (DM) increases the risk of tuberculosis (TB) recurrence. This study investigated whether nine-month anti-TB treatment is associated with a lower risk of TB recurrence within two years after complete treatment than six-month treatment in DM patients with an emphasis on the impact of directly observed therapy, short course ...
Corradino Bartolo B Department of Surgical and Oncological disciplines, Plastic Surgery Unit, University of Palermo, Via del Vespro 126, Palermo, - - 2014
Xanthelasma palpebrarum is the most common cutaneous xanthoma. It typically presents in middle-aged and older adults, most often around the eyelids. The diagnosis is made clinically. Giant xanthelasmas palpebrarum are xanthelasmas that extensively affect the superior and inferior bilateral eyelids. Many techniques have been put forward for treating these lesions ...
Dilsiz Alparslan A Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Atatürk University , Erzurum , - - 2014
Abstract Objective. Periodontal therapies aimed at altering the progression of periodontal diseases must include meticulous mechanical debridement during both the non-surgical and the surgical phases of periodontal treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the immediate effect of trauma from instrumentation on clinical attachment level after ...
Saruta Takao T Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo, - - 2014
The cardiovascular effects of combined therapy with the angiotensin receptor blocker (olmesartan) and a dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker (CCB) or a diuretic were compared in high-risk elderly Japanese hypertensive patients by performing a randomized, open label, blinded-endpoint study of morbidity and mortality (the COLM study). Here we report the results ...
Takami Yoshiyuki Y Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kansai Medical University, Takii Hospital, 10-15 Fumizono-cho, Moriguchi, 570-8507, Japan, - - 2014
Limited data exis t on clinical relevance of aortic valve stenosis (AVS) and mitral annular calcification (MAC), although with similar pathophysiologic basis. We sought to reveal the prevalence of MAC and its clinical features in the patients undergoing aortic valve replacement (AVR) for AVS. We reviewed 106 consecutive patients who ...
Gourgari Evgenia E E Gourgari, Pediatric Endocrinology, Georgetown University, Washington, 20016, United States - - 2014
Background: Impairment of growth is a cardinal feature of Cushing syndrome (CS) in childhood. Our hypothesis was that growth after successful treatment of CS due to various forms of pediatric CS would be different. Methods: This was a retrospective review of 19 patients with Cushing disease (CD) and 18 patients ...
Kim Maru M Armed Forces Goyang Hospital, Goyang-si, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the result of electrocauterization and curettage, which can be done with basic instruments. Patients with ingrown nail were randomized to 2 groups. In the first group, nail matrix was removed by curettage, and the second group, nail matrix was removed by electrocautery. ...
Mlejnsky F F Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague and General University Hospital in Prague, The Czech - - 2014
There is some controversy as to whether there is a benefit from the use of a centrifugal pump compared with a roller pump during cardiopulmonary bypass to facilitate cardiac surgery. We compared the two pumps, with the primary aim of determining any difference in the effects on inflammation after pulmonary ...
Hori D D Division of Cardiac Surgery, Department of Surgery, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, 1800 Orleans Ave, Zayed 6208B, Baltimore, MD 21287, - - 2014
Mean arterial pressure (MAP) below the lower limit of cerebral autoregulation during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is associated with complications after cardiac surgery. However, simply raising empiric MAP targets during CPB might result in MAP above the upper limit of autoregulation (ULA), causing cerebral hyperperfusion in some patients and predisposing them ...
Nakano Masatsugu M Saiseikai Yokohama City Eastern Hospital, Department of Cardiology, - - 2014
Objectives & Background: Among hemodialysis (HD)-dependent patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI), Endovascular therapy (EVT) of isolated infrapopliteal lesions improves limb salvage. Accordingly, we sought to determine the outcomes of this group of patients based on the extent of tissue loss at baseline. Methods: From 2004 to 2011, 449 consecutive ...
Visser Nienke N University Eye Clinic, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, the - - 2014
Spectacle independence is becoming increasingly important in cataract surgery. Not correcting corneal astigmatism at the time of cataract surgery will fail to achieve spectacle independency in 20% to 30% of patients. To compare bilateral aspherical toric with bilateral aspherical control intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in patients with cataract and corneal ...
Gonzales Nicole R NR From the Department of Neurology, University of Texas Science Health Center, Houston (N.R.G.); Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, AZ (B.M.D.); Department of Neurosciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Medical University of South Carolina Stroke Center, Charleston (J.H.V.); Department of Surgery, New Jersey Medical School, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Newark (M.T., A.J.S., T.G.B.); Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham (G.H.); Division of Cardiology and Vascular Medicine, Interventional Cardiology, Steward St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Boston, MA (L.G.); Department of Vascular Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH (D.G.C.); Departments of Radiology and Neurological Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas (J.B.); Department of Cardiology, Northern Indiana Research Alliance, Lutheran Hospital of Indiana, Ft. Wayne (S.O.); and Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL - - 2014
Evidence indicates that center volume of cases affects outcomes for both carotid endarterectomy and stenting. We evaluated the effect of enrollment volume by site on complication rates in the Carotid Revascularization Endarterectomy Versus Stenting Trial (CREST). The primary composite end point was any stroke, myocardial infarction, or death within 30 ...
Fischer Marc-Olivier MO Departments of *Anesthesia and Critical Care Medicine; University of Caen, Caen, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Noninvasive measurement of digital plethysmographic variability index (PVIdigital) has been proposed to predict fluid responsiveness, with conflicting results. The authors tested the hypothesis that cephalic sites of PVI measurement (namely PVIear and PVIforehead) could be more discriminant than PVIdigital to predict fluid responsiveness after cardiac surgery. A prospective observational study. ...
Hogendoorn Wouter W Section of Vascular Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn; Section of Vascular Surgery, University Medical Center, Utrecht, The - - 2014
True splenic artery aneurysms (SAAs) are a rare but potentially fatal pathology. For many years, open repair (OPEN) and conservative management (CONS) were the treatments of choice, but throughout the last decade endovascular repair (EV) has become increasingly used. The purpose of the present study was to perform a systematic ...
Burduk Paweł Krzysztof PK Department of Otolaryngology and Laryngological Oncology, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Toruń, Poland; Biomedical Engineering, University of Technology and Life Sciences, Bydgoszcz, Poland; Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Technology and Life Sciences, Bydgoszcz, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Surgery of Reinke edema requires reduction of the degenerated superficial lamina propria and preservation of the vibratory epithelium. Sixteen patients were included for microdebrider and 10 patients for carbon dioxide (CO2) laser surgery. Vocal analysis was performed before and at 1 and 3 months after surgery. Subjective rating of voice quality ...
de Sa Darren D Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgery, McMaster University Medical Centre, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 2014
Improvements in physical examination and radiographic appreciation of symptomatic femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) has increased the focus on early diagnosis and treatment in an adolescent population. This systematic review aimed to establish specific indications, outcomes, and complications of surgical management of adolescent FAI. The Medline, Embase, and PubMed online databases were ...
Takeda Yoshimasa Y Department of Anesthesiology, Okayama University Medical School, 2-5-1 Shikata-cho Kita-ku, Okayama 700-8558, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cooling the pharynx and upper oesophagus would be more advantageous for rapid induction of therapeutic hypothermia since the carotid arteries run in their vicinity. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of pharyngeal cooling on brain temperature and the safety and feasibility for patients under resuscitation. Witnessed ...
Heerspink F O Lambers FO Orthopedic Surgeon, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Martini Hospital Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Good clinical results have been reported for chevron and Mitchell osteotomies in mild hallux valgus (HV). The primary aim of the present study was to compare first metatarsal shortening after chevron and Mitchell osteotomies in HV. The secondary outcome measures were the degree of valgus correction, metatarsalgia, and patient satisfaction. ...
Lee Jae Hoon JH Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Catholic University of Daegu School of Medicine, Daegu, - - 2014
Comparative results of conventional carotid endarterectomy (cCEA) and eversion carotid endarterectomy (eCEA) have been reported in many studies. But in Korea, there have been no reports to compare the outcome of the two techniques. Thus, we investigated the results of eCEA compared to cCEA in Yeungnam University Medical Center. A ...
van Heumen M M Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Sint Maartenskliniek, PO Box 9011, 6500 GM, Nijmegen, The - - 2014
A dual mobility cup has the theoretic potential to improve stability in primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) and mid-term cohort results are favorable. We hypothesized that use of a new-generation dual mobility cup in revision arthroplasty prevents dislocation in patients with a history of recurrent dislocation of the THA. We ...
Hvas C L CL 1] Intestinal Failure Unit, Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK [2] Department of Hepatology and Gastroenterology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus C, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:Parenteral nutrition (PN) should be provided to the malnourished patient if enteral feeding is insufficient or unsafe. A nutrition support team (NST) may improve PN services. We compared the use and complications of hospital PN before and after the implementation of an NST.Subjects/Methods:All inpatients referred for PN outside of the ...
Greene Christina L CL Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, 1510 San Pablo St, HCCI, Suite 514, Los Angeles, CA, 90033, - - 2014
Three variants of Achalasia have been described using high-resolution esophageal manometry (HRM). While manometrically distinct, their clinical significance has yet to be established. Our objective was to compare the outcome after myotomy in patients with these Achalasia subtypes. A retrospective chart review was performed to identify patients with Achalasia who ...
Rohrer Joseph W JW Department of Otolaryngology , San Antonio Military Medical Center, San Antonio, Texas, - - 2014
Evaluate swallowing characteristics before and after geniotubercle advancement (GTA) with a uvulopalatal flap (UPF). Prospective case control series in an academic military practice. Fourteen patients with apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) >10 scheduled for GTA were enrolled consecutively, eight of whom completed all aspects of the study for evaluation. Video fluoroscopic swallow ...
Cho In-Jeong IJ Division of Cardiology, Severance Cardiovascular Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
This study aimed to explore whether echocardiographic measurements during the early postoperative period can predict persistent left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) after aortic valve surgery in patients with chronic aortic regurgitation (AR). We prospectively recruited 54 patients (59 ± 12 years) with isolated chronic severe AR who subsequently underwent aortic valve surgery. Standard ...
Neves Marta M Coimbra Vascular Access Center, NephroCare Portugal, Coimbra, - - 2014
Physical examination (PE), and surveillance and monitoring techniques should be a core part of standard care provided to hemodialysis patients. This study aimed to define which referral criteria within a vascular access (VA) program were associated with indication for therapeutic endovascular intervention (EI). Retrospective study at two vascular centers, considering ...
Denoya P P Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, Health Science Center, State University of New York, T18, Suite 046B, Stony Brook, NY, 11794-8191, - - 2014
A randomized controlled trial showed that patients with grade III or IV internal hemorrhoids had similar symptomatic relief of symptoms up to 3 months following dearterialization with mucopexy or hemorrhoidectomy albeit with less postoperative pain after the former. This study aimed to compare hemorrhoidal recurrence and chronic complications at 3-year follow-up. ...
Desuter G G Otolaryngolgy, Head and Neck Surgery Department, Voice and Swallowing Clinic, Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc, Université Catholique de Louvain, 10 avenue Hippocrate, 1200, Brussels, Belgium, - - 2014
Type I thyroplasty-also called medialization thyroplasty (MT)-is considered as an effective treatment for glottic incompetence in general and for abductor vocal fold palsy in particular. In the past there have been some concerns about the experience a laryngeal framework surgeon should have in order achieve an acceptable voice outcome. To ...
Yoshimura Kie K Department of Anesthesiology, Nara Medical University, 840 Shijo-cho, Kashihara, Nara, 634-8522, - - 2014
Intraocular pressure(IOP) has been shown to increase during prone position spine surgery. The present study was conducted to evaluate IOP changes and predictive factors associated with increased IOP during prone position spine surgery. After institutional approval and written informed consent, 56 patients undergoing prone position spine surgery were studied. Anesthesia ...
Li Jingpei J Department of Thoracic Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200032, - - 2014
Open esophagectomy (OE) in elderly patients with esophageal cancer is hazardous due to high surgical mortality and limited survival. The aim of this study was to explore whether minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) has perioperative or long-term benefits in elderly patients with esophageal cancer compared with OE. Between February 2005 and ...
Bas Okan O Department of Urology, Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Oncology Education and Research Hospital, Ministry of Health, Ankara, Turkey, - - 2014
To compare the outcomes in patients who have been treated with flexible ureterorenoscopy (f-URS) and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) in managing stone-bearing caliceal diverticula. Between April 2007 and October 2013, we performed a retrospective analysis of 54 evaluable patients (28 women and 26 men) with symptomatic stone-bearing caliceal diverticula, who underwent ...
Rajgopal Ashok A Knee Unit, Medanta Bone and Joint Institute, Medanta-The Medicity, Gurgaon, Haryana, - - 2014
Patellar tendon disruption is one of the most dreaded complications following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) impacting both implant function and implant longevity. To overcome the concerns regarding allografts and improve outcomes with augmentation techniques, we describe a technique, which we have successfully used over the past 4 years with good ...
Sakai Toshiro T Department of Hematology and Oncology, Asahikawa Red Cross Hospital, 1-1 Akebono-cho, Asahikawa, Hokkaido, Japan, - - 2014
Central venous catheter-related blood stream infections (CR-BSIs) are a serious complication in patients with hematological malignancies. However, it remains unclear whether there is a difference in the rate of CR-BSI associated with the conventional type of central venous catheters (cCVCs) and peripherally inserted CVCs (PICCs) in such patients. To address ...
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