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Mlejnsky F F Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague and General University Hospital in Prague, The Czech - - 2014
There is some controversy as to whether there is a benefit from the use of a centrifugal pump compared with a roller pump during cardiopulmonary bypass to facilitate cardiac surgery. We compared the two pumps, with the primary aim of determining any difference in the effects on inflammation after pulmonary ...
Hori D D Division of Cardiac Surgery, Department of Surgery, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, 1800 Orleans Ave, Zayed 6208B, Baltimore, MD 21287, - - 2014
Mean arterial pressure (MAP) below the lower limit of cerebral autoregulation during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is associated with complications after cardiac surgery. However, simply raising empiric MAP targets during CPB might result in MAP above the upper limit of autoregulation (ULA), causing cerebral hyperperfusion in some patients and predisposing them ...
Nakano Masatsugu M Saiseikai Yokohama City Eastern Hospital, Department of Cardiology, - - 2014
Objectives & Background: Among hemodialysis (HD)-dependent patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI), Endovascular therapy (EVT) of isolated infrapopliteal lesions improves limb salvage. Accordingly, we sought to determine the outcomes of this group of patients based on the extent of tissue loss at baseline. Methods: From 2004 to 2011, 449 consecutive ...
Visser Nienke N University Eye Clinic, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, the - - 2014
Spectacle independence is becoming increasingly important in cataract surgery. Not correcting corneal astigmatism at the time of cataract surgery will fail to achieve spectacle independency in 20% to 30% of patients. To compare bilateral aspherical toric with bilateral aspherical control intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in patients with cataract and corneal ...
Gonzales Nicole R NR From the Department of Neurology, University of Texas Science Health Center, Houston (N.R.G.); Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, AZ (B.M.D.); Department of Neurosciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Medical University of South Carolina Stroke Center, Charleston (J.H.V.); Department of Surgery, New Jersey Medical School, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Newark (M.T., A.J.S., T.G.B.); Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham (G.H.); Division of Cardiology and Vascular Medicine, Interventional Cardiology, Steward St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Boston, MA (L.G.); Department of Vascular Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH (D.G.C.); Departments of Radiology and Neurological Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas (J.B.); Department of Cardiology, Northern Indiana Research Alliance, Lutheran Hospital of Indiana, Ft. Wayne (S.O.); and Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL - - 2014
Evidence indicates that center volume of cases affects outcomes for both carotid endarterectomy and stenting. We evaluated the effect of enrollment volume by site on complication rates in the Carotid Revascularization Endarterectomy Versus Stenting Trial (CREST). The primary composite end point was any stroke, myocardial infarction, or death within 30 ...
Fischer Marc-Olivier MO Departments of *Anesthesia and Critical Care Medicine; University of Caen, Caen, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Noninvasive measurement of digital plethysmographic variability index (PVIdigital) has been proposed to predict fluid responsiveness, with conflicting results. The authors tested the hypothesis that cephalic sites of PVI measurement (namely PVIear and PVIforehead) could be more discriminant than PVIdigital to predict fluid responsiveness after cardiac surgery. A prospective observational study. ...
Hogendoorn Wouter W Section of Vascular Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn; Section of Vascular Surgery, University Medical Center, Utrecht, The - - 2014
True splenic artery aneurysms (SAAs) are a rare but potentially fatal pathology. For many years, open repair (OPEN) and conservative management (CONS) were the treatments of choice, but throughout the last decade endovascular repair (EV) has become increasingly used. The purpose of the present study was to perform a systematic ...
Burduk Paweł Krzysztof PK Department of Otolaryngology and Laryngological Oncology, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Toruń, Poland; Biomedical Engineering, University of Technology and Life Sciences, Bydgoszcz, Poland; Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Technology and Life Sciences, Bydgoszcz, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Surgery of Reinke edema requires reduction of the degenerated superficial lamina propria and preservation of the vibratory epithelium. Sixteen patients were included for microdebrider and 10 patients for carbon dioxide (CO2) laser surgery. Vocal analysis was performed before and at 1 and 3 months after surgery. Subjective rating of voice quality ...
de Sa Darren D Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgery, McMaster University Medical Centre, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 2014
Improvements in physical examination and radiographic appreciation of symptomatic femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) has increased the focus on early diagnosis and treatment in an adolescent population. This systematic review aimed to establish specific indications, outcomes, and complications of surgical management of adolescent FAI. The Medline, Embase, and PubMed online databases were ...
Takeda Yoshimasa Y Department of Anesthesiology, Okayama University Medical School, 2-5-1 Shikata-cho Kita-ku, Okayama 700-8558, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cooling the pharynx and upper oesophagus would be more advantageous for rapid induction of therapeutic hypothermia since the carotid arteries run in their vicinity. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of pharyngeal cooling on brain temperature and the safety and feasibility for patients under resuscitation. Witnessed ...
Heerspink F O Lambers FO Orthopedic Surgeon, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Martini Hospital Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Good clinical results have been reported for chevron and Mitchell osteotomies in mild hallux valgus (HV). The primary aim of the present study was to compare first metatarsal shortening after chevron and Mitchell osteotomies in HV. The secondary outcome measures were the degree of valgus correction, metatarsalgia, and patient satisfaction. ...
Lee Jae Hoon JH Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Catholic University of Daegu School of Medicine, Daegu, - - 2014
Comparative results of conventional carotid endarterectomy (cCEA) and eversion carotid endarterectomy (eCEA) have been reported in many studies. But in Korea, there have been no reports to compare the outcome of the two techniques. Thus, we investigated the results of eCEA compared to cCEA in Yeungnam University Medical Center. A ...
van Heumen M M Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Sint Maartenskliniek, PO Box 9011, 6500 GM, Nijmegen, The - - 2014
A dual mobility cup has the theoretic potential to improve stability in primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) and mid-term cohort results are favorable. We hypothesized that use of a new-generation dual mobility cup in revision arthroplasty prevents dislocation in patients with a history of recurrent dislocation of the THA. We ...
Hvas C L CL 1] Intestinal Failure Unit, Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK [2] Department of Hepatology and Gastroenterology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus C, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:Parenteral nutrition (PN) should be provided to the malnourished patient if enteral feeding is insufficient or unsafe. A nutrition support team (NST) may improve PN services. We compared the use and complications of hospital PN before and after the implementation of an NST.Subjects/Methods:All inpatients referred for PN outside of the ...
Greene Christina L CL Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, 1510 San Pablo St, HCCI, Suite 514, Los Angeles, CA, 90033, - - 2014
Three variants of Achalasia have been described using high-resolution esophageal manometry (HRM). While manometrically distinct, their clinical significance has yet to be established. Our objective was to compare the outcome after myotomy in patients with these Achalasia subtypes. A retrospective chart review was performed to identify patients with Achalasia who ...
Rohrer Joseph W JW Department of Otolaryngology , San Antonio Military Medical Center, San Antonio, Texas, - - 2014
Evaluate swallowing characteristics before and after geniotubercle advancement (GTA) with a uvulopalatal flap (UPF). Prospective case control series in an academic military practice. Fourteen patients with apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) >10 scheduled for GTA were enrolled consecutively, eight of whom completed all aspects of the study for evaluation. Video fluoroscopic swallow ...
Cho In-Jeong IJ Division of Cardiology, Severance Cardiovascular Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
This study aimed to explore whether echocardiographic measurements during the early postoperative period can predict persistent left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) after aortic valve surgery in patients with chronic aortic regurgitation (AR). We prospectively recruited 54 patients (59 ± 12 years) with isolated chronic severe AR who subsequently underwent aortic valve surgery. Standard ...
Neves Marta M Coimbra Vascular Access Center, NephroCare Portugal, Coimbra, - - 2014
Physical examination (PE), and surveillance and monitoring techniques should be a core part of standard care provided to hemodialysis patients. This study aimed to define which referral criteria within a vascular access (VA) program were associated with indication for therapeutic endovascular intervention (EI). Retrospective study at two vascular centers, considering ...
Denoya P P Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, Health Science Center, State University of New York, T18, Suite 046B, Stony Brook, NY, 11794-8191, - - 2014
A randomized controlled trial showed that patients with grade III or IV internal hemorrhoids had similar symptomatic relief of symptoms up to 3 months following dearterialization with mucopexy or hemorrhoidectomy albeit with less postoperative pain after the former. This study aimed to compare hemorrhoidal recurrence and chronic complications at 3-year follow-up. ...
Desuter G G Otolaryngolgy, Head and Neck Surgery Department, Voice and Swallowing Clinic, Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc, Université Catholique de Louvain, 10 avenue Hippocrate, 1200, Brussels, Belgium, - - 2014
Type I thyroplasty-also called medialization thyroplasty (MT)-is considered as an effective treatment for glottic incompetence in general and for abductor vocal fold palsy in particular. In the past there have been some concerns about the experience a laryngeal framework surgeon should have in order achieve an acceptable voice outcome. To ...
Yoshimura Kie K Department of Anesthesiology, Nara Medical University, 840 Shijo-cho, Kashihara, Nara, 634-8522, - - 2014
Intraocular pressure(IOP) has been shown to increase during prone position spine surgery. The present study was conducted to evaluate IOP changes and predictive factors associated with increased IOP during prone position spine surgery. After institutional approval and written informed consent, 56 patients undergoing prone position spine surgery were studied. Anesthesia ...
Li Jingpei J Department of Thoracic Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200032, - - 2014
Open esophagectomy (OE) in elderly patients with esophageal cancer is hazardous due to high surgical mortality and limited survival. The aim of this study was to explore whether minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) has perioperative or long-term benefits in elderly patients with esophageal cancer compared with OE. Between February 2005 and ...
Bas Okan O Department of Urology, Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Oncology Education and Research Hospital, Ministry of Health, Ankara, Turkey, - - 2014
To compare the outcomes in patients who have been treated with flexible ureterorenoscopy (f-URS) and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) in managing stone-bearing caliceal diverticula. Between April 2007 and October 2013, we performed a retrospective analysis of 54 evaluable patients (28 women and 26 men) with symptomatic stone-bearing caliceal diverticula, who underwent ...
Rajgopal Ashok A Knee Unit, Medanta Bone and Joint Institute, Medanta-The Medicity, Gurgaon, Haryana, - - 2014
Patellar tendon disruption is one of the most dreaded complications following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) impacting both implant function and implant longevity. To overcome the concerns regarding allografts and improve outcomes with augmentation techniques, we describe a technique, which we have successfully used over the past 4 years with good ...
Sakai Toshiro T Department of Hematology and Oncology, Asahikawa Red Cross Hospital, 1-1 Akebono-cho, Asahikawa, Hokkaido, Japan, - - 2014
Central venous catheter-related blood stream infections (CR-BSIs) are a serious complication in patients with hematological malignancies. However, it remains unclear whether there is a difference in the rate of CR-BSI associated with the conventional type of central venous catheters (cCVCs) and peripherally inserted CVCs (PICCs) in such patients. To address ...
Kazawa Kana K Division of Nursing Science, Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Kasumi 1-2-3 Minami-Ku, Hiroshima, 734-8553, Japan, - - 2014
We previously performed a preliminary 6-month controlled trial to examine the effect of a disease management education program on prolongation of the time to renal replacement therapy (RRT) and/or avoidance of RRT for patients with diabetic nephropathy. However, its duration was too short to follow the changes of renal function, ...
Kaneko K K Department of Veterinary Obstetrics and Gynecology, Azabu University, Chuo-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, - - 2014
To develop an ultrasonographic assay for determining plasma progesterone concentration (P4 ) as < 1 ng/ml or ≥ 1 ng/ml, the corpus luteum (CL) area and P4 were measured in 1094 multiparous Holstein cows. The area-measuring function and frozen images were used to outline and measure CL imaged via ultrasonography, and CL area was ...
Roquilly Antoine A Service d'anesthésie réanimation Hôtel-Dieu, Nantes University Hospital, - - 2014
 The objective was to determine the strategies of prevention of hospital acquired pneumonia (HAP) that reduce mortality in intensive care unit (ICU).  Preferred Reported Items for Systemic Reviews and Meta-Analysis guidelines were followed. We searched the MEDLINE and COCHRANE controlled trials register (through June, 10(th) 2014) as well as reference ...
Candilio Luciano L The Hatter Cardiovascular Institute, University College London, London, - - 2014
Remote ischaemic preconditioning (RIPC), using brief cycles of limb ischaemia/reperfusion, is a non-invasive, low-cost intervention that may reduce perioperative myocardial injury (PMI) in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. We investigated whether RIPC can also improve short-term clinical outcomes. One hundred and eighty patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery ...
Oksholm Trine T Author Affiliations: Centre for Shared Decision Making and Collaborative Care Research (Ms Oksholm); Department of Respiratory Medicine (Ms Oksholm and Dr Kongerud); Department for Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (Dr Solberg); Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery (Dr Lie); and Division of Emergencies and Critical Care (Dr Rustoen), Oslo University Hospital, Norway; School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco (Drs Miaskowski, Cooper, and Paul); and Faculty of Medicine (Dr Kongerud) and Institute of Health and Society, Department of Nursing Science (Dr Rustoen), University of Oslo, - - 2014
Patients need information about the course of recovery after surgery for lung cancer, but knowledge about symptoms in this period is limited. The purpose of this study was to assess for changes in symptom occurrence rates and severity scores from the preoperative period to 1 month after surgery. Patients (n ...
Rao Prashanth J PJ 1Neurospine clinic, Randwick, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia 2Prince of Wales Hospital, Randwick, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia 3University of New South Wales, Sydney, - - 2014
There is limited information on clinical outcomes after anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) based on the indications for surgery. To compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of ALIF for each surgical indication. This prospective clinical study included 125 patients who underwent ALIF over a 2-year period. The patients were evaluated ...
Takeuchi Tsutomu T Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo, Department of Rheumatology, Matsubara Mayflower Hospital, Kato, Department of Rheumatology, Taga General Hospital, Hitachi, Division of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, Department of Medicine, Sapporo City General Hospital, Sapporo, Department of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, Saitama Medical Center, Saitama Medical University, Kawagoe, Clinical Research Center for Allergy and Rheumatology, National Hospital Organization Sagamihara National Hospital, Sagamihara, First Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health Hospital, Kitakyushu, Institute of Rheumatology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo and Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan. - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine whether biologic-free remission of RA is possible with discontinuation of abatacept. Japanese RA patients in 28-joint DAS with CRP (DAS28-CRP) remission (<2.3) after >2 years of abatacept treatment in a phase II study and its long-term extension entered this 52 week, multicentre, ...
Ordon Michael M Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine temporal changes in the demographics of patients undergoing definitive treatment for kidney stones over a 20-year period in Ontario, Canada. Using the Ontario Health Insurance Plan physician claims database and the Canadian Institute for Health Information Discharge Abstract Database we conducted a population-based cross-sectional time series analysis by ...
Palmer Drew A DA Lahey Hospital & Medical Center, Burlington, - - 2014
Long-segment urethral strictures with a compromised graft bed and poor vascular supply are unfit for standard repair, and are at high-risk for stricture recurrence. Our objective was to assess the success of urethral reconstruction in these patients with a ventral buccal mucosa graft (BMG) and gracilis muscle flap (GMF). A ...
Ohar Jill A - - 2014
BackgroundInhaled long-acting beta2 agonists used alone and in combination with an inhaled corticosteroid reduce the risk of exacerbations in patients with stable COPD. However, the relative efficacy of these agents in preventing recurrent exacerbations in those recovering from an initial episode is not known. This study compared the rate of ...
Kim Dong Hyun DH Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea; Laboratory of Ocular Regenerative Medicine and Immunology, Seoul Artificial Eye Center, Seoul National University Hospital Clinical Research Institute, Seoul, - - 2014
To compare the effect of early systemic immunomodulatory treatment and to identify prognostic factors of chronic ocular complications in Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) patients. Retrospective, comparative, multicenter study. Forty-three patients admitted to 1 of 3 University Hospitals (Seoul National University Hospital, Chonnam National University Hospital, and ...
Robaei Dana D Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
To report the risk factors for and outcomes of therapeutic and optical keratoplasty in the management of Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK). Retrospective case series. A total of 50 eyes of 196 patients with retrievable medical records, diagnosed with AK at Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, underwent keratoplasty between January 1991 and April ...
Xu Hui H Department of Orthopedics, Liaocheng People's Hospital, 67 Dongchang West Road, Liaocheng, Shandong Province, China, 252004; Department of Orthopedics, The General Hospital of Chinese People's Liberation Army (301 hospital), 28 Fuxing Road, Beijing, China, 100853. Electronic address: - - 2014
Single pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) has been used to correct ankylosing spondylitis (AS) kyphosis successfully, but this approach seems insufficient to correct severe kyphosis. Two-level PSO has been attempted to correct advanced kyphosis in recent years. However, studies have not yet compared outcomes between single and double PSO, and the ...
Burneikiene Sigita S Boulder Neurosurgical Associates, Boulder, Colorado; Justin Parker Neurological Institute, Boulder, Colorado. Electronic address: - - 2014
There have been controversial reports published in the literature on the DOS and clinical outcome correlation in patients undergoing ACDF for painful degenerative disc disease and radiculopathy. The primary purpose of this study was to analyze if the duration of symptoms (DOS) has any effect on clinical outcomes. Study Design/Setting: ...
Repici Alessandro A Humanitas Research Hospital, Rozzano, Milan, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The majority of currently available oesophageal metal stents are partially covered to reduce migration risk. Preliminary experiences with fully covered stents seem to indicate an increased risk of migration in patients treated for malignant dysphagia. The aim of our study was to determine, in this setting, the safety and efficacy ...
Yang Feng F Department of Orthopedic Surgery, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, People's Republic of - - 2014
Objective: The purpose of this study was to analyze the cervical range of motion (ROM) after revised C1-C2 pedicle screw fixation for pediatric patients with atlantoaxial instability. Methods: 17 pediatric patients (age range 5-14 years; mean 8.3 years) underwent the revised C1-C2 pedicle screw technique. Pre- and postoperative cervical ROM ...
He Yifeng - - 2014
The number of cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) has significantly increased in the recent decade. Although uterine artery embolization (UAE) has been adopted to minimize the blood loss during uterine curettage removing of CSP, massive bleeding and uterine rupture can still be frequently encountered. The aim of this study was to ...
Maderbacher Günther G Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany, - - 2014
Restoring a neutral mechanical axis in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) (within ±3° of varus/valgus) is associated with superior functional outcome and reduced early implant failure. Using conventional alignment jigs results in malalignment in >20 % of cases. In this study, we investigated the reduction of outliers within the threshold of ±3° ...
Papadia Marina M Centre for Ophthalmic Specialized Care (COS), 6, rue Charles-Monnard, 1003, Lausanne, Switzerland, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of intravitreal bevacizumab injections on the management and outcome of patients affected by retinal vein occlusions, their effectiveness on morphological and functional parameters, the modalities of long-term management and the need for additional laser treatment due to ischemic retinal evolution. ...
Grosso Maurizio M Radiology Department, Santa Croce e Carle Hospital, Via Coppino 26, 12100, Cuneo, Italy, - - 2014
The aim of the paper is to report the clinical outcome after prostatic artery embolisation (PAE) in 13 consecutive patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). From May 2012 to October 2013, we performed PAE in 13 consecutive patients (mean age 75.9 years) with BPH and ...
Lam Thomas Bl TB Academic Urology Unit, University of Aberdeen, Level 2 Health Sciences Building, Foresterhill,, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK, AB25 - - 2014
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common hospital-acquired infection. The major associated cause is indwelling urethral catheters. Several measures have been introduced to reduce catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs). One of these measures is the introduction of specialised urethral catheters that have been designed to reduce the risk of ...
Elfenbein Dawn M DM Section of Endocrine Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA, - - 2014
Definitive treatment of Graves' disease includes radioactive iodine (RAI) and thyroidectomy, but utilization varies. We hypothesize that, in addition to clinical reasons, there are socioeconomic factors that influence whether a patient undergoes thyroidectomy or RAI. Patients treated for Graves' disease between August 2007 and September 2013 at our university hospital ...
Hugkulstone Charles E - - 2014
To audit the results of 15 years' experience of suction posterior capsulorhexis (SPC) during phacoemulsification and compare the outcomes with a recently published multicentre audit of cataract surgery, the Cataract National Dataset (CND). Prospective cohort observational study. Ophthalmology department of a district general hospital. Data collection ran from June 1998 to ...
LaPietra Angelo A From the Divisions of *Cardiac Surgery, and †Cardiology, Columbia University, Mount Sinai Heart Institute, Miami Beach, FL - - 2014
Replacement of the aortic valve with concomitant replacement of the ascending aorta performed via a minimally invasive right anterior thoracotomy approach has not been reported. We evaluated the feasibility and safety of this procedure. We retrospectively reviewed all minimally invasive aortic valve replacements (AVRs) with concomitant replacement of the ascending ...
Moriya K K Niigata Hand Surgery Foundation, Niigata, Japan - - 2014
We evaluated the factors influencing outcomes of flexor tendon repair in 112 fingers using a six-strand suture with the Yoshizu #1 technique and early postoperative active mobilization in 101 consecutive patients. A total of 32 fingers had injuries in Zone I, 78 in Zone II, and two in Zone III. ...
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