Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 7896
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Perri Gianluigi - - 2012
OBJECTIVESTo identify factors associated with the surgical outcome in patients undergoing right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction (RVOTR) using decellularized tissue-engineered pulmonary valve conduits (TEPVc) and to study their safety and longevity.METHODSFrom April 2006 to April 2010, 93 patients underwent either palliative or corrective RVOTR using Matrix P (37) and Matrix ...
Xu Rui - - 2012
Abstract Conclusion: Endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) treatment has achieved good long-term results in patients in South China with fungal ball rhinosinusitis. Gender (female), age (young), nasal polyps, allergy, high Lund-Mackay scores, prior sinus surgery and diabetes mellitus affect patients' outcomes. Objective: To evaluate objective testing and quality of life (QOL) ...
Venkatesh Krishnappa - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of GERD is made by using a combination of clinical symptoms, pH study, endoscopy, and histology. Histologic changes include basal cell hyperplasia and papillary elongation. Confocal laser endomicroscopy (CLE) enables surface and subsurface imaging of living cells in vivo at ×1000 magnification and up to 250 μm ...
Bouza E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Data about risk factors and impact on outcome of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) in unselected patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) are limited. AIM: To assess predisposing factors and outcome of VAP due to MRSA in a large teaching institution. METHODS: Prospective study carried out over four years in the three ...
Buus Niels Henrik - - 2012
Purpose: Tunneled catheters used for hemodialysis treatment often become dysfunctional due to deposition of clotting material within the catheter lumen. In a retrospective study design we investigated the effect of mechanical brushing of dysfunctional tunneled catheters using a metal guide wire with simultaneous installation of urokinase. Materials and Methods: During ...
Cubillos Javier - - 2012
PURPOSE: There is a growing interest in the use of bedside ultrasonography to assess gastric content and volume. It has been suggested that the gastric antrum in particular can be assessed reliably by sonography. The aim of this observational study was to provide a qualitative description of the sonographic characteristics ...
Calma Crenguta L - - 2012
Abstract Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a major parasitosis in Romania, a country where in the past at least one person from 45.5% of its localities underwent surgery for this disease. This survey aimed to provide new epidemiological and clinical data regarding human cases of CE in a western Romanian county. ...
Gemzell-Danielsson Kristina - - 2012
To identify an appropriate dose for a new contraceptive levonorgestrel intrauterine system (LNG-IUS). Randomized, open-label, three-arm, phase II study. Thirty-seven centers in five European countries. Parous or nulliparous women aged 21-40 years. Treatment with LNG-IUSs with initial in vitro release rates of 12 or 16 μg/d (LNG-IUS12/16) or 20 μg/d (Mirena). ...
de Bucourt Maximilian - - 2012
Purpose: To report our initial results of venovenous ECMO placement of a novel bicaval dual lumen catheter in six consecutive patients with severe respiratory failure. Methos: The dual lumen catheters (Avalon elite, Avalon Laboratories, Rancho Dominguez, CA, USA; available in 13, 16, 19, 20, 23, 27, and 31 French) were ...
Mori Masaaki - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Previous short-term trials found etanercept (0.2 or 0.4 mg/kg) to be effective and well tolerated in Japanese children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) who were intolerant/resistant to methotrexate. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of etanercept in Japanese children with JIA. METHODS: Patients ...
Hacker Robert I - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Prophylaxis for venous thromboembolic disease continues to pose a challenging management problem in postoperative neurosurgical patients, particularly those in the intensive care unit (ICU). This study evaluates neurosurgical patients admitted to the surgical ICU (SICU) at a tertiary hospital and compared those who had received subcutaneous unfractionated heparin (SQUFH) ...
Ross James R - - 2012
A seventeen-year-old male, high-school football player presents to an orthopaedic surgeon because of recurrent right knee pain after having undergone an arthroscopic meniscal repair one year previously. The patient did well initially but now has recurrent medial joint-line pain in the knee, which developed when he planted the right leg ...
Wu Mei-Yi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Anticoagulation of the extracorporeal circuit is required in continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). Heparin is the classic choice for anticoagulation, although it may increase the risk of bleeding. Regional citrate anticoagulation reduces the risk of bleeding, but may cause hypocalcemia and metabolic disturbances. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis ...
Sjöström Lars - - 2012
Obesity is a risk factor for cardiovascular events. Weight loss might protect against cardiovascular events, but solid evidence is lacking. To study the association between bariatric surgery, weight loss, and cardiovascular events. The Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) study is an ongoing, nonrandomized, prospective, controlled study conducted at 25 public surgical ...
Hong J-Y - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Dexmedetomidine (DMT) has been shown to prolong spinal anaesthesia. We evaluated the effects of intravenous DMT on low-dose bupivacaine spinal anaesthesia in elderly patients. METHODS: Fifty-one elderly patients undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate were randomized into two groups receiving either 1.0 μg/kg DMT (DMT group, n = 26) or normal saline ...
Tozer Phil - - 2012
Anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) therapy heals many Crohn's disease (CD) anal fistulas clinically but the rate, extent, and durability of deep tissue healing and factors influencing long-term outcome are unknown. Consecutive patients with CD-related perianal (anal, rectovaginal, anolabial) fistulas treated with infliximab or adalimumab were monitored prospectively both clinically and ...
Markovic-Denic Ljiljana - - 2012
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common complication of orthopaedic surgery in the industrialised world; though there may be variability between population groups. This study aims to define the incidence and risk factors for symptomatic VTE following primary elective total hip and knee arthoplasty surgery in a single centre in Eastern ...
Oelschlager Brant K BK Department of Surgery, University of Washington, 1959 NE Pacific Street, Box 356410, Seattle, WA 98195-6410, USA. - - 2012
We recently reported in a multi-institutional, randomized study of laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair (LPEHR) that the anatomic recurrence rate at a median of approximately 5 years was >50%. This study focuses exclusively on the symptomatic response to LPEHR and its relationship with the development of a recurrent hernia. During 2002 ...
Photiadis Joachim - - 2012
Best evidence protocol was applied and the question addressed, whether there is an outcome advantage of a hybrid approach including bilateral pulmonary banding (BPB) and ductal stenting over Norwood procedure (NP) to maintain systemic circulation and to restrict pulmonary blood flow in neonates with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). Out ...
Torgersbråten Nina - - 2012
Abstract Objective. To investigate the prevalence and correlation of soft tissue dysfunctions documented by standardized video recordings in a group of orthodontic patients and to evaluate orthodontic treatment changes. Subjects and methods. The presence of an oral habit was evaluated from standardized pre- and post-treatment video recordings of 80 consecutive ...
Muravyov A V - - 2012
This study was designed to investigate whether the red cell aggregation depends on its initial level under drug therapy or cell incubation with bioactive chemical compounds. Sixty six subjects were enrolled onto this study, and sub-divided into two groups: the first group of patients (n = 36) with cerebral atherosclerosis ...
de Los Reyes Kenneth - - 2012
BackgroundAneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) with associated intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is often treated with concomitant surgical clipping and ICH evacuation. The aim of this study was to determine if aneurysm coiling followed by ICH evacuation is a viable alternative treatment.MethodsA retrospective review was conducted between July 2000 and March 2009 of ...
Meng S - - 2012
1. Inflammation is central to the pathogenesis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and is associated with adverse clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Recent in vitro work from us and others has shown the anti-inflammatory effect of berberine, a main component of the traditional Chinese medicine umbellatine. We further tested ...
Zhang Chang-Ran - - 2012
Up to now, there have been few reports concerning changes in lupus activity and immune indices of tuberculosis in patients with systemic lupus erythematosis (SLE). A retrospective investigation was given to survey the case data of SLE patients companied with tuberculosis that were treated in our hospital from 2001 to ...
Martinez Angel A - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The experience of the treatment of proximal humeral nonunions with the reverse total shoulder arthroplasty is limited. We report our results. PATIENTS: Eighteen patients with proximal humeral atrophic nonunion were treated with the reverse total shoulder prosthesis. There were 12 women and 6 men, with a mean age of ...
Coleman Craig I - - 2012
Guidelines for atrial fibrillation (AF) recommend clopidogrel plus aspirin as an alternative stroke prevention strategy in patients in whom warfarin is unsuitable. A Markov model was conducted from a Medicare prospective using data from the Atrial Fibrillation Clopidogrel Trial with Irbesartan for Prevention of Vascular Events-A (ACTIVE-A) trial and other ...
Jovin Ion S - - 2012
The potential of medical therapy to influence the courses and outcomes of patients with thoracic aortic aneurysms is not known. The aim of this study was to determine whether statin intake is associated with improved long-term outcomes in these patients. A total of 649 patients with thoracic aortic aneurysms were ...
Laubert Tilman - - 2012
PURPOSE: For treatment of rectal prolapse, abdominal approaches are generally offered to younger patients, whereas perineal, less invasive procedures are considered more beneficial in the elderly. The aim of this study was to analyze whether laparoscopic resection rectopexy (LRR) is suitable for older patients. PATIENTS/METHODS: Patients who received LRR for ...
Saka Cem - - 2012
The aim of the study was to demonstrate the effects of nasal CPAP treatment on the morphology and function of nasal mucosa in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Patients with complaints relevant to OSA underwent respiratory function tests, arterial blood gas analyses and polysomnography. Saccharine test and nasal biopsies ...
Johnson Peter N - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Methadone is often prescribed as a taper schedule to prevent/treat opioid abstinence syndrome (OAS) or neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the percentage of children discharged home on methadone tapers and to develop, assess, and implement an instrument for measuring the complexity ...
Spar David S - - 2012
The gradual loss of ventricular preexcitation during exercise stress testing (EST) has an unclear risk of an association with life-threatening arrhythmia and could be related to the accessory pathway (AP) location. We compared the loss of preexcitation during EST with the risk assessment during invasive electrophysiology testing and determined whether ...
Rana Majeed - - 2012
The prognosis for patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma remains poor despite advances in multimodal treatment concepts. Early diagnosis and treatment is the key to improved patient survival. A device (VELscope) that uses autofluorescence technology, allowing direct fluorescence visualization of the oral cavity, might be a useful tool for oral ...
Anshu Arundhati - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the relative risk of immunologic rejection episode in patients who underwent Descemet's membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK), Descemet's stripping endothelial keratoplasty (DSEK), and penetrating keratoplasty (PK). DESIGN: Comparative case series. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred forty-one eyes treated with DMEK at Price Vision Group, Indianapolis, Indiana. METHODS: The patients in ...
Macle Laurent - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary vein (PV) isolation (PVI) has emerged as an effective therapy for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). However, AF recurs in up to 50% of patients, generally because of recovery of PV conduction. Adenosine given during the initial procedure may reveal dormant PV conduction, thereby identifying the need for additional ...
Karaman Ahmet - - 2012
Abstract Aim: This was a prospective study investigating the efficacy of Ankaferd Blood Stopper(®) (ABS), an herbal preparation, in patients with upper gastrointestinal (UGI) bleeding. Materials and methods: A total of 30 patients (22 male, 8 female) who had UGI bleeding (with differing causes) were included in the study. ABS ...
Carter Cordelia W - - 2012
: Current treatment for discoid meniscus includes arthroscopic saucerization, with meniscal stabilization additionally performed in patients with demonstrated instability. It is thought that unstable discoid menisci represent a more severe variant and are therefore at risk for poorer clinical outcomes. Our hypothesis was that there is no difference in clinical ...
Mangiavillano Benedetto - - 2012
  The aim of this prospective study was to compare the feasibility, technical success rate and complication between single-step endo-ultrasonography (EUS)-guided and two-step EUS-guided drainage technique for symptomatic pancreatic pseudocyst (PP).   Twenty-one PP patients with clear intra-cystic fluid that needed to be drained were divided into two groups, depending ...
Marciniak Christina M - - 2012
To compare the safety and efficacy of 3 low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) treatments (enoxaparin, 40 mg once daily, with an alternative LMWH, tinzaparin, 3500 or 4500 units once daily) for the prevention of venous thromboembolic events (VTEs) after acute spinal cord injury (SCI). Retrospective, chart review study. Acute inpatient rehabilitation facility. ...
Lee J K - - 2012
The use of warfarin is growing for the prevention or treatment of cardiovascular or cerebrovascular diseases. The risk of haemorrhagic side effects is increased in patients taking warfarin. To evaluate risks related with withholding and resuming anticoagulation in patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) while on warfarin therapy and the ...
Goldman Jesse - - 2012
Background: We evaluated the efficacy and safety of the thrombolytic agent tenecteplase for the treatment of dysfunctional hemodialysis (HD) catheters. Methods: Data were pooled from 2 Phase III clinical studies: the randomized, placebo-controlled TROPICS 3 trial and the open-label TROPICS 4 trial. Eligible patients received either an initial dose of ...
Harrison Michael R - - 2012
The magnetic mini-mover procedure (3MP) uses magnetic force to gradually remodel pectus excavatum deformity. A magnet is implanted on the sternum and coupled with an external magnetic brace. Under Investigational Device Exemption and Institutional Review Board approval, we performed a pilot study of safety, probable efficacy, and cost-effectiveness of this ...
Verma Atul - - 2012
Ablation is a treatment option for selected patients with atrial fibrillation that is being used more frequently, increasing the importance of awareness of both its risks and benefits. This review discusses the thromboembolic and bleeding risks during ablation, strategies to minimize these risks and use of long-term oral anticoagulation post ...
Olivecrona Magnus - - 2012
Objective: To prospectively assess clinical outcome in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) managed according to an ICP-targeted programme as well as additional treatment with prostacyclin. Materials and methods: Inclusion criteria were GCS ≤8, age 15-70 years, first recorded cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) > 10 mm Hg. Exclusion criteria were pregnancy, breastfeeding or ...
Ramirez Claudio Alberto - - 2012
To report the long-term results of proximal and distal VA open repairs. From January 2002 to December 2009, 74 cases of VA open repair were performed (73 patients, 41 men; mean age, 66.5 ± 15.2 years). Symptoms of vertebrobasilar insufficiency were present in 61 cases (82.4%). Forty-seven have had a ...
Kano Hideyuki - - 2012
The authors conducted a study to define the long-term outcomes and risks of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for pediatric arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). Between 1987 and 2006, the authors performed Gamma Knife surgery in 996 patients with brain AVMs; 135 patients were younger than 18 years of age. The median maximum diameter ...
Khan R J K - - 2012
We undertook a randomised controlled trial to compare the piriformis-sparing approach with the standard posterior approach used for total hip replacement (THR). We recruited 100 patients awaiting THR and randomly allocated them to either the piriformis-sparing approach or the standard posterior approach. Pre- and post-operative care programmes and rehabilitation regimes were ...
Gentili Andrea - - 2012
Background. The study aims to verify if the time of preoperative stabilization (≤24 or >24 hours) could be predictive for the severity of clinical condition among patients affected by congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Methods. 55 of the 73 patients enrolled in the study achieved presurgical stabilization and underwent surgical correction. Respiratory ...
Chandra Venita - - 2012
Modular stent-graft systems for endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) most often require two to three components, depending on the device. Differences in path lengths and availability of main body systems often require additional extensions for appropriate aneurysm exclusion. These additional devices usually result in added expenses and can affect the financial ...
Masterson S - - 2012
We report the long-term results of revision total hip replacement using femoral impaction allografting with both uncemented and cemented Freeman femoral components. A standard design of component was used in both groups, with additional proximal hydroxyapatite coating in the uncemented group. A total of 33 hips in 30 patients received ...
Sinha M N - - 2012
To compare the effectiveness of Homeopathy and Conventional therapy in Acute Otitis Media (AOM). A randomized placebo-controlled parallel group pilot study of homeopathic vs conventional treatment for AOM was conducted in Jaipur, India. Patients were randomized by a computer generated random number list to receive either individualized homeopathic medicines in ...
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