Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 7913
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Khawaji Mohammed - - 2012
Background:  In the 1950s, Sweden initiated prophylaxis as a lifelong treatment for haemophilia. It was the first country to do so. Objective:  To describe and evaluate dosing and outcome of prophylactic treatment in a large cohort of adult people with severe haemophilia who have been using prophylaxis most of their ...
Liu Yang - - 2012
Venous thromboembolism is a significant cause of morbidity and death in pregnant women. Retrievable vena cava filters were placed right before labor as prophylaxis for peripartum pulmonary embolism. We reviewed the experience of caval filter placement and retrieval in term pregnancy in this study. We reviewed 15 patients with deep ...
Cakir Ilkay - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Increased cardiovascular mortality/morbidity observed in patients with hypopituitarism is ascribed to growth hormone deficiency (GHD) because of its unfavorable cardiovascular risk profile. Abnormalities in the coagulation system may also contribute to increased cardiovascular morbidity/mortality. To get a better insight into the role of hemostasis in GHD we assessed several ...
Kauttu Tuuli - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The initial results from ablation therapy for metaplastic/dysplastic Barrett's esophagus (BE) are promising, but the results of extended follow-up evaluation are seldom reported. METHODS: Neodymium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser ablation and successful antireflux surgery for 18 patients with metaplastic BE primarily resulted in the total histologic eradication of BE in 15 patients ...
Rhee Harin - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Recent observational studies have found that low intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) is related with mortality in hemodialysis patients and these findings may be considered to be the result of accelerated cardiovascular calcifications in adynamic bone disease. This study was aimed to determine the relationship between persistently low iPTH and ...
Chen Zhi - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Study Design. We designed a novel anterior cervical spine surgery preoperative treatment, comprising of mechanical trachea/esophagus traction and compared the postoperative outcome regarding dysphagia with non treated patients.Objective. We investigated whether the newly developed preoperative tracheal/esophageal traction exercise (TTE) treatment has an effect on postoperative dysphagia after anterior cervical ...
Craik J D - - 2012
We present patient outcomes following surgical excision of primary wrist ganglia over a 5 year period. Patients (48 of 59; 81%) responded to a questionnaire by post or telephone, with a mean time to follow-up of 44 (range 21-77) months. There was a statistically significant reduction in all reported symptoms, ...
Spivak Hadar - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) are the most common bariatric procedures performed in the past decade, little is known about their long-term (>5 years) outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective outcome study investigated 148 consecutive patients from a single practice who underwent LAGB from November ...
Cha Jihoon - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to compare the prevalence of cyclops lesions after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) using the single-bundle and remnant bundle preservation techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred consecutive patients, who had undergone postoperative MRI of the knee followed by arthroscopic ACLR with the remnant ...
Al-Nouri Omar - - 2012
Endovascular treatment of superficial femoral artery (SFA) lesions is a well-established practice. The repercussions of failed SFA interventions are unclear. Our goal was to review the efficacy of SFA stenting and define negative effects of its failure. A retrospective chart review was conducted from January 2007 to January 2010 that ...
Issa Mohammed A - - 2012
Objective.  Patient satisfaction has been the object of interest in health care for some time and is now increasingly used as the basis for quality management and improvement. This study compares patient satisfaction between residents and attending in a pain clinic setting following fluoroscopy-guided steroid injections. Design.  This is a ...
Tóth Roland - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The RIFLE (risk, injury, failure, loss, and end-stage renal disease) classification system was developed to standardize the definition of acute kidney injury (AKI) in adults. We hypothesized that AKI was associated with increased mortality and morbidity. METHODS: Acute kidney injury was defined as a decrease in the amount of ...
Kim Jwa-Kyung - - 2012
Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is a rare manifestation of IgA nephropathy (IgAN). Clinical characteristics and long-term outcomes of this condition have not yet been explored. A multicenter observational study was conducted between January 2000 and September 2010 in 1076 patients with biopsy-proven IgAN from four medical centers in Korea. The primary ...
Huded Chetan P CP Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, NH 03756, - - 2012
Most reports of femoral-femoral bypass (FFB) were published before the era of endovascular intervention. This study examines the utilization and impact of adjunctive endovascular intervention on FFB in contemporary practice. We reviewed 253 FFB performed in 247 patients between 1984 and 2010. Primary endpoints, including graft patency, primary-assisted patency, limb ...
Edmond Karen M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Despite widespread use of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis, group B streptococcus remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in infants in Europe, the Americas, and Australia. However, estimates of disease burden in many countries outside of these regions is not available. We aimed to examine the current global burden ...
Nunley James A - - 2012
The purpose of the present study was to document the patient self-reported improvements in quality of life, function, and overall impairment scores, as well as the improvement in the clinically derived outcome scores, following a Scandinavian Total Ankle Replacement (STAR) arthroplasty performed for the treatment of end-stage ankle arthritis. All ...
Preminger Beth Aviva - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Fewer than half of patients undergo reconstruction after breast cancer treatment, despite its quality of life benefits. Earlier studies demonstrated that most general surgeons do not discuss reconstructive options with patients. The aim of this study was to examine the likelihood of reconstruction within a cohort of mastectomy patients ...
Magli Adriano - - 2012
To report clinical manifestations of a female patient with bilateral bacterial keratitis following photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). Bilateral PRK was performed for moderate hyperopia. Bandage contact lenses were fitted at the conclusion of the surgery. Bilateral infectious keratitis with hypopion was diagnosed within 4 days after surgery. Smear and culture were obtained ...
Zakrison Tanya L - - 2012
Abstract Background: Complicated intra-abdominal infections (cIAI) are a common problem in surgical practice. The effect of body mass index (BMI) on the outcome is poorly understood. We compared the association of BMI and type of antibiotic therapy for cIAI described in a previously published trial of ertapenem vs. piperacillin-tazobactam (Namias ...
Kronenberg Jona - - 2012
Abstract Conclusions: Our preliminary results indicate that mastoidectomy by reconstruction of the posterior wall and obliteration (MAPRO) avoided the disadvantages of a canal-wall-down mastoidectomy. MAPRO effectively prevented cholesteatoma recurrence, provided an excellent basis for hearing restoration, and was generally water-safe. Objective: To evaluate the authors' experience with the MAPRO technique ...
Perri Gianluigi - - 2012
OBJECTIVESTo identify factors associated with the surgical outcome in patients undergoing right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction (RVOTR) using decellularized tissue-engineered pulmonary valve conduits (TEPVc) and to study their safety and longevity.METHODSFrom April 2006 to April 2010, 93 patients underwent either palliative or corrective RVOTR using Matrix P (37) and Matrix ...
Xu Rui - - 2012
Abstract Conclusion: Endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) treatment has achieved good long-term results in patients in South China with fungal ball rhinosinusitis. Gender (female), age (young), nasal polyps, allergy, high Lund-Mackay scores, prior sinus surgery and diabetes mellitus affect patients' outcomes. Objective: To evaluate objective testing and quality of life (QOL) ...
Venkatesh Krishnappa - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of GERD is made by using a combination of clinical symptoms, pH study, endoscopy, and histology. Histologic changes include basal cell hyperplasia and papillary elongation. Confocal laser endomicroscopy (CLE) enables surface and subsurface imaging of living cells in vivo at ×1000 magnification and up to 250 μm ...
Bouza E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Data about risk factors and impact on outcome of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) in unselected patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) are limited. AIM: To assess predisposing factors and outcome of VAP due to MRSA in a large teaching institution. METHODS: Prospective study carried out over four years in the three ...
Buus Niels Henrik - - 2012
Purpose: Tunneled catheters used for hemodialysis treatment often become dysfunctional due to deposition of clotting material within the catheter lumen. In a retrospective study design we investigated the effect of mechanical brushing of dysfunctional tunneled catheters using a metal guide wire with simultaneous installation of urokinase. Materials and Methods: During ...
Cubillos Javier - - 2012
PURPOSE: There is a growing interest in the use of bedside ultrasonography to assess gastric content and volume. It has been suggested that the gastric antrum in particular can be assessed reliably by sonography. The aim of this observational study was to provide a qualitative description of the sonographic characteristics ...
Calma Crenguta L - - 2012
Abstract Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a major parasitosis in Romania, a country where in the past at least one person from 45.5% of its localities underwent surgery for this disease. This survey aimed to provide new epidemiological and clinical data regarding human cases of CE in a western Romanian county. ...
Gemzell-Danielsson Kristina - - 2012
To identify an appropriate dose for a new contraceptive levonorgestrel intrauterine system (LNG-IUS). Randomized, open-label, three-arm, phase II study. Thirty-seven centers in five European countries. Parous or nulliparous women aged 21-40 years. Treatment with LNG-IUSs with initial in vitro release rates of 12 or 16 μg/d (LNG-IUS12/16) or 20 μg/d (Mirena). ...
de Bucourt Maximilian - - 2012
Purpose: To report our initial results of venovenous ECMO placement of a novel bicaval dual lumen catheter in six consecutive patients with severe respiratory failure. Methos: The dual lumen catheters (Avalon elite, Avalon Laboratories, Rancho Dominguez, CA, USA; available in 13, 16, 19, 20, 23, 27, and 31 French) were ...
Mori Masaaki - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Previous short-term trials found etanercept (0.2 or 0.4 mg/kg) to be effective and well tolerated in Japanese children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) who were intolerant/resistant to methotrexate. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of etanercept in Japanese children with JIA. METHODS: Patients ...
Hacker Robert I - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Prophylaxis for venous thromboembolic disease continues to pose a challenging management problem in postoperative neurosurgical patients, particularly those in the intensive care unit (ICU). This study evaluates neurosurgical patients admitted to the surgical ICU (SICU) at a tertiary hospital and compared those who had received subcutaneous unfractionated heparin (SQUFH) ...
Ross James R - - 2012
A seventeen-year-old male, high-school football player presents to an orthopaedic surgeon because of recurrent right knee pain after having undergone an arthroscopic meniscal repair one year previously. The patient did well initially but now has recurrent medial joint-line pain in the knee, which developed when he planted the right leg ...
Wu Mei-Yi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Anticoagulation of the extracorporeal circuit is required in continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). Heparin is the classic choice for anticoagulation, although it may increase the risk of bleeding. Regional citrate anticoagulation reduces the risk of bleeding, but may cause hypocalcemia and metabolic disturbances. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis ...
Sjöström Lars - - 2012
Obesity is a risk factor for cardiovascular events. Weight loss might protect against cardiovascular events, but solid evidence is lacking. To study the association between bariatric surgery, weight loss, and cardiovascular events. The Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) study is an ongoing, nonrandomized, prospective, controlled study conducted at 25 public surgical ...
Hong J-Y - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Dexmedetomidine (DMT) has been shown to prolong spinal anaesthesia. We evaluated the effects of intravenous DMT on low-dose bupivacaine spinal anaesthesia in elderly patients. METHODS: Fifty-one elderly patients undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate were randomized into two groups receiving either 1.0 μg/kg DMT (DMT group, n = 26) or normal saline ...
Tozer Phil - - 2012
Anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) therapy heals many Crohn's disease (CD) anal fistulas clinically but the rate, extent, and durability of deep tissue healing and factors influencing long-term outcome are unknown. Consecutive patients with CD-related perianal (anal, rectovaginal, anolabial) fistulas treated with infliximab or adalimumab were monitored prospectively both clinically and ...
Markovic-Denic Ljiljana - - 2012
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common complication of orthopaedic surgery in the industrialised world; though there may be variability between population groups. This study aims to define the incidence and risk factors for symptomatic VTE following primary elective total hip and knee arthoplasty surgery in a single centre in Eastern ...
Oelschlager Brant K BK Department of Surgery, University of Washington, 1959 NE Pacific Street, Box 356410, Seattle, WA 98195-6410, USA. - - 2012
We recently reported in a multi-institutional, randomized study of laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair (LPEHR) that the anatomic recurrence rate at a median of approximately 5 years was >50%. This study focuses exclusively on the symptomatic response to LPEHR and its relationship with the development of a recurrent hernia. During 2002 ...
Photiadis Joachim - - 2012
Best evidence protocol was applied and the question addressed, whether there is an outcome advantage of a hybrid approach including bilateral pulmonary banding (BPB) and ductal stenting over Norwood procedure (NP) to maintain systemic circulation and to restrict pulmonary blood flow in neonates with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). Out ...
Torgersbråten Nina - - 2012
Abstract Objective. To investigate the prevalence and correlation of soft tissue dysfunctions documented by standardized video recordings in a group of orthodontic patients and to evaluate orthodontic treatment changes. Subjects and methods. The presence of an oral habit was evaluated from standardized pre- and post-treatment video recordings of 80 consecutive ...
Muravyov A V - - 2012
This study was designed to investigate whether the red cell aggregation depends on its initial level under drug therapy or cell incubation with bioactive chemical compounds. Sixty six subjects were enrolled onto this study, and sub-divided into two groups: the first group of patients (n = 36) with cerebral atherosclerosis ...
de Los Reyes Kenneth - - 2012
BackgroundAneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) with associated intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is often treated with concomitant surgical clipping and ICH evacuation. The aim of this study was to determine if aneurysm coiling followed by ICH evacuation is a viable alternative treatment.MethodsA retrospective review was conducted between July 2000 and March 2009 of ...
Meng S - - 2012
1. Inflammation is central to the pathogenesis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and is associated with adverse clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Recent in vitro work from us and others has shown the anti-inflammatory effect of berberine, a main component of the traditional Chinese medicine umbellatine. We further tested ...
Zhang Chang-Ran - - 2012
Up to now, there have been few reports concerning changes in lupus activity and immune indices of tuberculosis in patients with systemic lupus erythematosis (SLE). A retrospective investigation was given to survey the case data of SLE patients companied with tuberculosis that were treated in our hospital from 2001 to ...
Martinez Angel A - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The experience of the treatment of proximal humeral nonunions with the reverse total shoulder arthroplasty is limited. We report our results. PATIENTS: Eighteen patients with proximal humeral atrophic nonunion were treated with the reverse total shoulder prosthesis. There were 12 women and 6 men, with a mean age of ...
Coleman Craig I - - 2012
Guidelines for atrial fibrillation (AF) recommend clopidogrel plus aspirin as an alternative stroke prevention strategy in patients in whom warfarin is unsuitable. A Markov model was conducted from a Medicare prospective using data from the Atrial Fibrillation Clopidogrel Trial with Irbesartan for Prevention of Vascular Events-A (ACTIVE-A) trial and other ...
Jovin Ion S - - 2012
The potential of medical therapy to influence the courses and outcomes of patients with thoracic aortic aneurysms is not known. The aim of this study was to determine whether statin intake is associated with improved long-term outcomes in these patients. A total of 649 patients with thoracic aortic aneurysms were ...
Laubert Tilman - - 2012
PURPOSE: For treatment of rectal prolapse, abdominal approaches are generally offered to younger patients, whereas perineal, less invasive procedures are considered more beneficial in the elderly. The aim of this study was to analyze whether laparoscopic resection rectopexy (LRR) is suitable for older patients. PATIENTS/METHODS: Patients who received LRR for ...
Saka Cem - - 2012
The aim of the study was to demonstrate the effects of nasal CPAP treatment on the morphology and function of nasal mucosa in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Patients with complaints relevant to OSA underwent respiratory function tests, arterial blood gas analyses and polysomnography. Saccharine test and nasal biopsies ...
Johnson Peter N - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Methadone is often prescribed as a taper schedule to prevent/treat opioid abstinence syndrome (OAS) or neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the percentage of children discharged home on methadone tapers and to develop, assess, and implement an instrument for measuring the complexity ...
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