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Results 551 - 600 of 11610
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Pinheiro de Almeida Juliano J From the Surgical Intensive Care Unit and Department of Anesthesiology, Cancer Institute, Hospital das Clinicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil (J.P.d.A., F.R.B.G.G., E.P.M.d.A., J.T.F., E.A.O., F.B., C.L.P., R.E.N., S.M.R.F., J.I.A., M.B., S.V., A.C.V.S., H.P., R.K.F., J.O.C.A., L.A.H.); Department of Intensive Care, Erasme Hospital, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium (J.-L.V.); Department of Intensive Care Medicine, St. George's Healthcare NHS Trust, London, United Kingdom (A.R.); Department of Surgery, Cancer Institute, Hospital das Clinicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil (G.C., U.R., A.C., M.D.); and Department of Oncology, Cancer Institute, Hospital das Clinicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil - - 2014
Several studies have indicated that a restrictive erythrocyte transfusion strategy is as safe as a liberal one in critically ill patients, but there is no clear evidence to support the superiority of any perioperative transfusion strategy in patients with cancer. In a randomized, controlled, parallel-group, double-blind (patients and outcome assessors) ...
Hsu Yao-Chun YC Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan Department of Internal Medicine, E-Da Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan Center for Database Research, E-Da Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan School of Medicine, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung, - - 2014
To elucidate the association between antiviral therapy and extrahepatic outcomes in individuals infected with HCV. This nationwide cohort study screened 293 480 Taiwanese residents with HCV infection and excluded those with substantial comorbidity. A total of 12 384 eligible patients who had received pegylated interferon plus ribavirin between 1 October 2003 and ...
Baas E M EM Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Isala, Zwolle, Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
A randomized clinical trial was performed to evaluate differences in postoperative neurosensory disturbance (NSD) between two methods of mandibular advancement surgery. A total of 66 non-syndromal class II patients with mandibular hypoplasia were randomized for either distraction osteogenesis (DO) or bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO). Twenty-nine patients in the BSSO ...
Suzuki Satoshi S Division of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Department of Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe University, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan, - - 2014
Our purpose was to evaluate the perioperative safety of laparoscopic-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) in elderly patients with clinical stage I gastric cancer. From 527 consecutive patients who underwent distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer from 2000 to 2011, 38 elderly patients (aged 75 years or older) with clinical stage I disease who ...
Buldu Ibrahım I Department of Urology, School of Medicine, University of Mevlana, Konya, Turkey, - - 2014
To investigate whether aging affects surgical outcomes by comparing the results of two patient groups undergoing PNL: those over 60 and those under 60. A retrospective screen was made for patients undergoing conventional PNL surgery for renal stones performed in two separate centers between 2010 and 2013. 520 patients included ...
Czarnywojtek Agata - - 2014
INTRODUCTION Treatment of Amiodarone-Induced Thyrotoxicosis (AIT) is still a difficult problem; it requires the cooperation of both endocrinologists and cardiologists. Unfortunately, even today AIT is related to increased mortality.  OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to assess and compare the efficacy of radioidine (RAI) therapy for type II AIT in patients ...
Karefylakis Christos C Division of Internal Medicine, Department of Endocrinology, Örebro University Hospital, 70185, Örebro, Sweden, - - 2014
Bariatric surgery has gained wide acceptance as treatment for severe obesity and is associated with decreased overall mortality. The aims of this study were to evaluate the prevalence of anemia long term after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and to search for factors predicting anemia. All 745 patients who underwent RYGB ...
Tzoulis Ploutarchos P Centre for Neuroendocrinology, Royal Free Campus, University College Medical School, London, - - 2014
Hyponatraemia is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the investigation and management of hyponatraemia and to assess the use of different therapeutic modalities and their effectiveness in routine practice. This multicentre, retrospective, observational study was conducted at three acute NHS Trusts in ...
Kabil Kucur Suna S aDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dumlupinar University Evliya Celebi Training and Research Hospital, Kutahya bNenehatun Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Erzurum cDepartment of Internal Medicine dDepartment of Endocrinology, Bolge Training and Research Hospital, Erzurum, - - 2014
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a prevalent disease with many potential long-term metabolic and cardiovascular risks if not managed appropriately. Mean platelet volume (MPV) is a marker associated with adverse cardiovascular events. In this study, we aimed to investigate MPV levels under ethinyl estradiol/cyproterone acetate or metformin therapy for the ...
Thourani Vinod H VH Structural Heart and Valve Center, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The introduction of transcatheter aortic valve replacement mandates attention to outcomes after surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) in low-risk, intermediate-risk, and very high-risk patients. The study population included 141,905 patients who underwent isolated primary SAVR from 2002 to 2010. Patients were risk-stratified by Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) predicted risk ...
Nizam Nejat N Department of Periodontology, School of Dentistry, Ege University, Izmir, - - 2014
The aim was to evaluate the clinical results of micro- and macrosurgical approaches in the coverage of gingival recession using connective tissue graft. Twenty-one teeth in microsurgical group (test group) and 21 in macrosurgical group (control group) were treated using coronally positioned flap and subgingival connective tissue graft. Recession depth ...
Grammatica Alberto A Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Brescia, Brescia, - - 2014
To assess sensory outcomes and quality of life (QoL) in two groups of patients with and without great auricular nerve (GAN) preservation during parotidectomy. Retrospective chart review. The posterior branch of the GAN was preserved in 42 patients (group A) and sacrificed in 13 (group B). Tactile, heat, and cold ...
Shakiba Behnam B Department of Urology, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Imam Reza Hospital, Mashhad, - - 2014
Hydrocoeles are common cystic scrotal abnormalities, described as a fluid-filled collection between the visceral and parietal layers of the tunica vaginalis of the scrotum. There are two approaches for treatment of hydrocoeles: surgical open hydrocoelectomy and aspiration followed by sclerotherapy.  OBJECTIVES: We compared the benefits and harms of aspiration and ...
Lew Eric E Resident, Podiatric Medicine and Surgery, Healthspan/Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH. Electronic address: - - 2014
Patients with chronic diabetes can develop plantar hallux ulcerations secondary to neuropathy, increased pressure, and deformity. The present retrospective study evaluated the efficacy of hallux interphalangeal joint (HIPJ) arthroplasty to address recalcitrant ulceration. Two groups of patients with diabetes were compared: a surgical group of 13 patients and a nonsurgical ...
Kwon Oh Sung OS Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Hallym University, 445 Gil-dong, Gang-dong gu, Seoul, 134-701, - - 2014
Inserting a nasogastric tube (NGT) in intubated patients may be difficult because they cannot follow swallowing instructions, resulting in a high rate of first-attempt failure. We introduce a simple technique for inserting an orogastric tube in an emergency department (ED). Fifty-six patients in the ED, who were intubated and required ...
Kim Hyung-Kee HK Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, - - 2014
To investigate short- and long-term outcomes of patients with acute arterial thromboembolism of upper extremity, focusing on postoperative thromboembolic events by etiology. Hospital records of 53 patients (average age, 70 years; males, 49%) with acute arterial thromboembolism of upper extremity treated between June, 1993 and December, 2013 were retrospectively reviewed, ...
Nienkemper Manuel M a Instructor, Department of Orthodontics, Heinrich-Heine-University, Düsseldorf, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the treatment effects of a hybrid hyrax-facemask (FM) combination in growing Class III patients. Material and Methods: A sample of 16 prepubertal patients (mean age, 9.5 ± 1.6 years) was investigated by means of pre- and posttreatment cephalograms. The treatment comprised rapid palatal expansion with a hybrid ...
Ahn Keun Soo KS Department of Surgery, Keimyung University School of Medicine , Dongsan Medical Center, Daegu, Republic of - - 2014
Abstract Background: The aim of this study was to compare the perioperative and long-term oncologic outcomes of laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) and open liver resection (OLR) for single hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in case-controlled patient groups using the propensity score. Patients and Methods: Between January 2005 and February 2013, 292 patients ...
Lee June Ho JH Department of Neurosurgery, Wooridul Spine Hospital , Seoul, South Korea - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Results following anterior cervical discectomy (ACD) without fusion are not well reported because of skepticism that the disturbed cervical spine anatomy after ACD might compromise clinical outcome. The purpose of this study was to determine whether ACD without fusion prompts the degenerative process significantly, and whether it is ...
Caprio Fan Z FZ Department of Neurology, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Ill., - - 2014
Background: American and European guidelines support antiplatelet agents and anticoagulants as reasonable treatments of cervical artery dissection (CAD), though randomized clinical trials are lacking. The utility of novel oral anticoagulants (NOAC), effective in reducing embolic stroke risk in non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF), has not been reported in patients with CAD. ...
van Esch Sadie S Division of Nephrology, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, Netherlands - - 2014
♦ Background: Preservation of the peritoneum is required for long-term peritoneal dialysis (PD). We investigated the effect of multiple peritonitis episodes on peritoneal transport. ♦ Methods: Prospectively collected data from 479 incident PD patients treated between 1990 and 2010 were analyzed, using strict inclusion criteria: follow-up of at least 3 ...
Bonilha Danielle Queiroz DQ aDivision of Gastroenterology, Federal University of São Paulo bEndoscopy Division, Fleury Medicina e Saúde cEndoscopy Division, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the recurrence of esophageal varices (EVs) after endoscopic band ligation (EBL) associated with propranolol (PP) versus EBL alone. Sixty-six cirrhotic outpatients (EBL group, n=32 and EBL+PP group, n=34) with high-risk EVs without previous bleeding were studied. The primary outcome was recurrence of ...
He Qun-Hui QH Department of Anesthesiology, Yuhuangding Hospital Affiliated to Medical College of Qingdao University, Yantai, P.R. - - 2014
Patients with advanced cancer often experience chronic postoperative pain and poor quality of life. The objective of this study was to determine if epidural self-controlled analgesia reduced the incidence of chronic pain and improved the quality of life when compared with intravenous self-controlled analgesia. A total of 50 patients diagnosed ...
Song Taejong T Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, CHA Gangnam Medical Center, CHA University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: - - 2014
We compared the postoperative decrease in ovarian reserve between hemostasis by bipolar coagulation versus suture during laparoendoscopic single-site cystectomy (LESS-C) for ovarian endometrioma. Prospective comparative study (Canadian Task Force Classification II-1) SETTING: University hospital PATIENTS: One hundred twenty-five patients with ovarian endometriomas INTERVENTIONS: Patients with endometrioma were managed by hemostasis ...
Da Cunha R J RJ 1Division of Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Alberta Children's Hospital, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada 2Department of Pediatric Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, Alberta Children's Hospital, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, - - 2014
Study Design. Retrospective, single-center cohort study.Objective. To study how the systematic use of intraoperative skull-femoral traction (IOSFT) in posterior arthrodesis for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) impacts perioperative outcomes and health resource utilization.Summary of Background Data. Large scoliosis curves have been associated with increased morbidity and utilization of health resources. When ...
Tagami T T Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Health Economics, School of Public Health, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, - - 2014
The association between recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin (rhTM) use and mortality in patients with sepsis-associated disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) remains controversial. To examine the hypothesis that rhTM could be effective in the treatment of patients with sepsis-associated DIC following severe pneumonia. Propensity score and instrumental variable analyses using a nationwide ...
Shehadeh Mashor Raneen R Department of Ophthalmology, Toronto Western Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess changes in macular thickness after Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK), using Optical coherence tomography DESIGN: Prospective interventional case series METHODS: Setting-Institutional Patients and intervention- 33 eyes of 31 patients who had Fuchs dystrophy or pseudophakic bullus keratopathy (PBK) and underwent DSAEK or combined DSAEK with cataract surgery. ...
Oswald Elgar E aDepartment of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine bDepartment of Orthopedics cDepartment of Medical Statistics, Informatics and Health Economics dDepartment of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, - - 2014
A prospective observational study was conducted in two clinical cohorts of patients to compare the effect of enoxaparin and rivaroxaban on rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM), coagulation activation markers and thrombin generation. A total of 188 consecutive patients scheduled for major orthopedic surgery receiving 40-mg enoxaparin subcutaneously or 10-mg rivaroxaban orally were ...
Telli Onur O Department of Paediatric Urology, School of Medicine, Ankara University, Sihhiye, Ankara, 06100, Turkey, - - 2014
In this study we aimed to determine the effects of previous open renal surgery, percutaneous nephrolithotomy and extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) on the results and complications of subsequent percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in pediatric patients. We reviewed the files of all 105 patients with 116 renal units (RU) undergoing PCNL at ...
Espinosa-Ruiz A A Servicio de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología, Hospital General Universitario de Ciudad Real, Ciudad Real, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
In uncemented revision total hip replacement due to polyethylene wear, the metal cup needs to be maintained when its stability is checked during surgery, only replacing the polyethylene that is cemented if anchoring is not possible. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the medium-term clinical and radiological ...
Leavitt David A DA The Smith Institute for Urology , Hofstra North Shore Long Island Jewish School of Medicine, New Hyde Park, New - - 2014
Abstract Introduction: Aspirin, as an inhibitor of platelets, is traditionally discontinued prior to percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) given the concern for increased surgical hemorrhage. However, this practice is based on expert opinion only, and mounting evidence suggests holding aspirin perioperatively can be more harmful than once thought. We sought to compared ...
De Bernardo Maddalena M *MD Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Salerno, Salerno, Italy (all - - 2014
After corneal refractive surgery, there is an overestimation of the corneal power with the devices routinely used to measure it. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine whether, in patients who underwent photorefractive keratectomy (PRK), it is possible to predict the earlier preoperative anterior corneal power from the ...
Hanazawa Koji K Department of Cardiology, Tenri Hospital, - - 2014
Atrial fibrillation (AF) increases the left atrial (LA) volume and deteriorates LA function. Whether successful radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) of persistent AF can reverse this process has not been yet established. Patients with persistent AF undergoing RFCA were evaluated with pre- and post- (at 6-months of follow-up) procedural multislice computed ...
Ma Jun - - 2014
IntroductionFew literatures have studied the blood management in patients treated with staged bilateral primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in a single hospitalization period. Therefore, this study aims to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the newly introduced multimodal blood management (MBM) in these patients.Materials and methodsWe retrospectively compared the perioperative ...
Jagtap Jitendra J Department of Urology, Muljibhai Patel Urological Hospital , Nadiad, India - - 2014
Abstract Background and Purpose: In percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL), placement of the access tract into the kidney is an important aspect of the procedure and is responsible for the steep learning curve associated with the operation. The aim of the current prospective randomized trial was to assess the duration of radiation ...
Kenigsberg David N DN Florida Heart Rhythm Specialist, 350 NW 84th Ave, Plantation, FL 33324. Electronic address: - - 2014
There are two FDA approved catheters (THERMOCOOL RF(TM) and Arctic Front Advance(TM) cryoballoon) for the treatment of drug refractory and symptomatic paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). Each tool is used to ablate the area surrounding the pulmonary veins (PVs). However, no study has described and quantified the ablated surface area after ...
Doury-Panchout F F CHU Tours - Service de médecine physique et réadaptation, Tours, France - - - 2014
The influence of kinesiophobia on disability in patients with knee osteoarthritis is known, but its influence on functional recovery after total knee arthroplasty remains unexplored. To assess the influence of kinesiophobia on functional recovery following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in patients with knee osteoarthritis and to investigate if kinesiophobia was ...
Brinjikji W W From the Departments of Radiology (W.B., H.J.C., G.L., D.F.K.), Neurology (A.A.R.), and Neurosurgery (H.J.C., G.L., D.F.K.), and Center for the Science of Healthcare Delivery and the Division of Preventive Medicine (M.H.M.), Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota. - - 2014
A number of studies have suggested that anesthesia type (conscious sedation versus general anesthesia) during intra-arterial treatment for acute ischemic stroke has implications for patient outcomes. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies comparing the clinical and angiographic outcomes of the 2 anesthesia types. In March 2014, we ...
John Seby S Cerebrovascular Center, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, - - 2014
Background: Recent studies have shown that intra-arterial recanalization therapy (IAT) for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is associated with worse clinical outcomes when performed under general anesthesia (GA) compared to local anesthesia, with or without conscious sedation. The reasons for this association have not been systematically studied. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed ...
Sardar Partha P Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, El Paso, TX, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
A meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the risk of major bleeding with the use of New Oral Anticoagulants (NOACs). Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing NOACs (rivaroxaban, dabigatran, apixaban, edoxaban and darexaban) with comparators were selected. Fifty trials included 155,537 patients. Pooled analysis of all NOACs for all indications together demonstrated ...
Ramakrishna Jayant J Department of Surgery, Division of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 2014
To determine the effectiveness and safety of sialendoscopy for the treatment of juvenile recurrent parotitis (JRP). The study was conducted and reported in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. A comprehensive search strategy in MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane library, and Google Scholar was completed ...
Simonsen Sofie - - 2014
BackgroundEffective treatment of stroke is time dependent. Pre-hospital management is an important link in reducing the time from occurrence of stroke symptoms to effective treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate time used by emergency medical services (EMS) for stroke patients during a five-year period in order to ...
Zhu Zhong Qun ZQ Department of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgery, Shanghai Children's Medical Center, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, - - 2014
The intraatrial conduit (IAC) Fontan procedure is one of the Fontan modifications and is usually not considered the first choice. In this large series, we report our experience of the IAC Fontan procedure for the treatment of a functional single ventricle and review its indications, techniques, and clinical outcomes. Between ...
Tanaka Eiji E Department of Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, 54 Kawahara-cho, Shogoin, Sakyo-Ku, Kyoto, 606-8507, Japan, - - 2014
The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate whether minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) in the prone position has advantages over the left decubitus position. A total of 110 consecutive patients with esophageal cancer who had undergone MIE were included in the analysis. The clinical outcomes were compared between 51 ...
MacDermid Joy C JC School of Physical Therapy, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, - - 2014
Study Design Validity study. Objective To determine the validity of the QuickDASH in comparison to the full Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) in patients undergoing total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) and rotator cuff repair (RCR). Background The QuickDASH is a shorter version of the DASH that may reduce respondent ...
Prijic Sergej M SM Cardiology Department, Mother and Child Health Institute of Serbia, R. Dakica St. 6-8, 11070, Belgrade, - - 2014
Percutaneous balloon aortic valvoplasty (BAV) and surgical aortic valvotomy (SAV) are palliative procedures in patients with non-critical congenital valve stenosis. The aim of the study was to evaluate long-term BAV and SAV results after up to 24 years of follow-up. From 1987 to 2013, 74 consecutive interventions were performed in patients ...
Davies Brett W BW *Department of Ophthalmology, Oculofacial Plastic and Orbital Surgery, University of Colorado Hospital, Aurora, Colorado; and †Texas Oculoplastic Consultants, Austin, Texas, - - 2014
To determine both the benefit of systemic steroids in pediatric patients with orbital cellulitis and to assess the usefulness of C-reactive protein (CRP) levels as a marker for starting steroids. Prospective, comparative interventional study. Pediatric patients aged 1 to 18 years admitted to a tertiary care children's hospital with a ...
Trehan Samir K SK *Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY †Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, - - 2014
Triple arthrodesis in the appropriately indicated cerebral palsy patient with a painful and/or rigid foot deformity can significantly alleviate pain and improve function. Limited data on long-term outcomes of triple arthrodesis in this patient population exist. In addition, there have been concerns about the long-term consequences of altered biomechanics in ...
Garratt Kirk N KN Northshore/LIJ Lenox Hill Hospital, New York, NY - - 2014
In this issue of Circulation, Yeh and coworkers report the results of a study designed to provide insight into the frequency and impact of coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG) surgical turn-down, that is, how often patients with an indication for CABG were declared unsuitable for it by a surgeon, ...
Lemmens Luc - - 2014
The gastric bypass is the gold standard of bariatric surgery. Nevertheless some patients show insufficient weight loss or weight regain. Dilation of the pouch or the pouch outlet may be the cause. The banded gastric bypass tries to overcome dilation by placing an implant around the pouch or pouch outlet. ...
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