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Ad Niv N Cardiac Surgery Research, Inova Heart and Vascular Institute, Falls Church, Virginia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Long-term management of oral anticoagulation (OAC) after ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) is an ongoing challenge. Heart Rhythm Society (HRS) guidelines provide no specific recommendations for OAC after surgical ablation. The purpose of this study was to determine the necessity of OAC protocols after surgical ablation. Patients (N = 691) who ...
Weiss Scott L SL 1Division of Critical Care Medicine, Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA. 2Division of Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA. 3Division of Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL. 4The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Research Institute, Philadelphia, PA. 5Department of Pediatrics, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA. 6Division of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Penn State Hershey Children's Hospital, Penn State University College of Medicine, Hershey, - - 2014
Delayed antimicrobials are associated with poor outcomes in adult sepsis, but data relating antimicrobial timing to mortality and organ dysfunction in pediatric sepsis are limited. We sought to determine the impact of antimicrobial timing on mortality and organ dysfunction in pediatric patients with severe sepsis or septic shock. Retrospective observational ...
Liu Zhen-Yu ZY Department of Orthopaedics, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100050, - - 2014
To clarify the effectiveness of Chinese herbal fomentation in treating chronic neck pain by means of changes in cervical kinematics. Seventy-six patients with chronic neck pain were included in the study and were randomized into two groups based on the random number generator of the SPSS software: fomentation combined with ...
Kim Myungshin M Department of Laboratory Medicine, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, - - 2014
We performed single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array analysis of 35 newly diagnosed symptomatic multiple myeloma (MM) patients who received bortezomib-melphalan-prednisone (VMP) to identify collaborating genetic events that could predict the outcome of treatment. A total of 340 copy number variations (CNVs) were identified, with the most frequently identified CNVs being ...
Rathleff M S MS Orthopaedic Surgery Research Unit, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of shoe inserts and plantar fascia-specific stretching vs shoe inserts and high-load strength training in patients with plantar fasciitis. Forty-eight patients with ultrasonography-verified plantar fasciitis were randomized to shoe inserts and daily plantar-specific stretching (the stretch group) or shoe inserts ...
Glavind Karin K Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, - - 2014
To evaluate sexual function in women before and after tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) operation for stress urinary incontinence. Prospective study. Aalborg University Hospital, department of gynecology and obstetrics between November 2008 and June 2010. A total of 63 patients who had a TVT operation performed. Patients completed the Pelvic Organ ...
Koene Ryan J RJ Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
HAS-BLED and CHA2DS2-VASc scores predict bleeding in patients on anticoagulation and thromboembolic (TE) risk in patients with atrial fibrillation, respectively. We hypothesized that these scores would be predictive of bleeding and TE complications following continuous-flow ventricular assist device (CF-VAD) implantation. Baseline HAS-BLED and CHA2DS2-VASc scores were retrospectively determined for 173 ...
Arima Yuichiro Y Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, - - 2014
CYP2C19 polymorphism modulates platelet reactivity in coronary artery disease patients with stent implants. However, the impact of the CYP2C19 genotype on clopidogrel response and clinical outcome has not been fully understood to date. We enrolled 518 consecutive patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) (n=214) and stable angina (SA) (n=304). All ...
Ruokun Huang H Department of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Wuhan Puai Hospital, Wuhan, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the postoperative radiographic and functional outcomes of reduction and fixation of a posterior plafond fracture using a posterolateral approach. We included 38 patients with a tibial plafond fracture. Fixation was most commonly performed using screws, T plates, or meta plates. The ...
Krivochenitser Roman R Michigan State University College of Human Medicine, Grand Rapids, - - 2014
Adolescent patients comprise the highest rate of Neisseria gonorrhoeae (GC) and Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) in the United States. These patients often initially present to the emergency department (ED) with vague symptoms. 1) Quantify the frequency of underrecognized GC and CT cervical infections in adolescent women tested in the ED; 2) ...
Lim Rongxuan R From Princess Royal University Hospital, Orpington, Kent, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
To study the keratometric stability of limbal relaxing incisions (LRIs) performed during cataract surgery. Princess Royal University Hospital, Kent, United Kingdom. Retrospective case series. Medical notes of patients who had small-incision cataract surgery combined with LRIs between November 2006 and December 2010 were reviewed. Keratometric astigmatism was measured using Scheimpflug ...
Guirgis Faheem W FW Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Florida College of Medicine, Jacksonville, FL. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine the use of end-tidal carbon dioxide (etco2) as an end point of sepsis resuscitation. This was a prospective, observational, single-center cohort study of emergency department patients receiving treatment for severe sepsis with a quantitative resuscitation protocol. Three etco2 readings were taken during a 1-minute time frame at 0, ...
Kendra Matthew S MS Center for Innovation to Implementation, Veterans Affairs Health Care System, 795 Willow Rd., Menlo Park, CA 94204, USA; Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Satisfaction is a critical component of patient-centered care, yet little is known about the degree to which patient satisfaction is linked to subsequent outcomes, especially in substance use disorder (SUD) treatments and 12-step groups. The current study assessed the degree to which satisfaction with Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) outpatient ...
Renfree Kevin J KJ From the *Department of Orthopedics, †Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, and ‡Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Mayo Clinic Hospital, Phoenix, - - 2014
We compared a static extension orthosis with percutaneous pinning of the distal interphalangeal joint (DIPJ) for treatment of closed mallet injuries. After receiving counsel about treatment options, 44 patients (25 women and 19 men; mean age, 57 years) freely chose orthosis and 18 patients (5 women and 13 men; mean ...
Drinane James J JJ From the *Des Moines University College of Osteopathic Medicine and Surgery; and †Bergman/Folkers Plastic Surgery, Des Moines, - - 2014
Capsular contracture is the most frequent complication after primary augmentation mammoplasty. The practice of irrigating implant pockets with a triple antibiotic solution has been widely adopted in an attempt to prevent capsular contracture, despite a limited understanding of the inciting pathophysiology. Capsular contracture is commonly attributed to subclinical infection, immunologic ...
Lehtinen Miia M Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland - - 2014
We present here a sub-study of our prospective, randomized, double-blinded trial of bone marrow mononuclear cell (BMMC) transplantation with coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00418418), evaluating our secondary end-point concerning hospital stay as well as perioperative morbidity. Injecting a substantial amount of biologically active cells into a diseased ...
Hilderink Michelle J M MJ Departments of aInternal Medicine bGastro-enterology, School of CAPHRI, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The - - 2014
Sepsis is associated with high mortality. Because early therapy has proven to decrease mortality, a risk stratification tool that quickly and easily quantifies mortality risk of patients will be helpful to guide appropriate treatment. We investigated five scores in terms of (a) predicting 28-day mortality and (b) their feasibility for ...
Toussaint Rull James RJ Harvard Combined Orthopaedic Residency Program, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit Street, White 535, Boston, MA - - 2014
The 2006 Massachusetts Healthcare Reform (MHR) has resulted in health coverage for 98.1% of residents in Massachusetts. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of MHR on the actual rate of uninsured individuals in the orthopaedic trauma population in the largest metropolitan area of Massachusetts. We also ...
Ito Yasuo Y Department of Pediatrics and Pediatric Surgery, International University of Health and Welfare Atami Hospital, Atami, - - 2014
We determined the effectiveness of tongue-tie division (frenuloplasty/ frenulotomy) for speech articulation disorder in children with ankyloglossia (tongue-tie). We conducted an articulation test in 5 children (3-8 years old) with speech problems who underwent tongue-tie division. The test consisted of 50 pictures of common Japanese words with 2-3 syllables. The ...
Chong David Y DY aDepartment of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma bDepartment of Surgery, Division of Orthopedic Surgery cDepartment of Statistics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, - - 2014
Ponseti treatment for clubfoot has been successful, but recurrence continues to be an issue. After correction, patients are typically braced full time with a static abduction bar and shoes. Patient compliance with bracing is a modifiable risk factor for recurrence. We hypothesized that the use of Mitchell shoes and a ...
Ammar Samir Ahmad SA Assiut University Hospitals, Assiut, Egypt - - 2014
Purpose. To evaluate a new technique for treating complete rectal prolapse in adults that combines injection sclerotherapy with anal encirclement. Methods. From 2008 to 2012, 20 patients were treated using combined perirectal injection sclerotherapy with anal encirclement. The primary outcome was recurrent full-thickness/mucosal rectal prolapse. Results. The mean age of ...
Youland Kelly M KM From the *Pharmacy Services, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN; †Department of Pharmacy, Gundersen Health System; and ‡Department of Medical Research, Gundersen Medical Foundation, La Crosse, - - 2014
Benzodiazepines are often considered the standard of care for managing symptoms of acute alcohol withdrawal syndrome. Because of potential adverse effects, other agents have been evaluated in this patient population. Previous studies have produced mixed results on the efficacy of levetiracetam in alcohol withdrawal. The objective of this study was ...
Minardi Daniele D Department of Clinic and Specialistic Sciences, Institute of Urology, Polytechnic University of the Marche Region, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Ospedali Riuniti, Ancona, - - 2014
To evaluate the therapeutic effects of tamsulosin on recurrent urinary tract infections in women with dysfunctional voiding. A total of 155 women with recurrent urinary tract infections and dysfunctional voiding were included and randomly assigned to the following groups: uroflowmetry biofeedback (group 1), α1-adrenoceptor antagonists (group 2), uroflowmetry biofeedback combined with α1-adrenoceptor ...
Urbanski Paul P PP Cardiovascular Clinic Bad Neustadt, Bad Neustadt, Germany - - 2014
The aim of the study was to evaluate whether a complete aortic root replacement using a composite graft with biological valve prosthesis carries a higher early or late postoperative risk than isolated valve replacement. Between 1998 and 2008, 182 consecutive patients underwent complete aortic root and ascending aorta replacement using ...
Han Jinu J From the Institute of Vision Research (J. Han, Hong, H.K. Lee, S-H Han), Department of Ophthalmology, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, SU Yonsei Eye Clinic (S. Lee), and B & VIIT Eye Center (Kim), Seoul, South - - 2014
To analyze the effect of bilateral laser refractive surgery on fusional vergence amplitude and near point convergence in normal orthotropic myopic patients. Cornea and refractive private practice, Seoul, South Korea. Prospective observational study. Moderately myopic patients (2.0 to 6.0 diopters [D]) had bilateral laser refractive surgery with postoperative follow-ups at ...
Beane Joal D JD Department of Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine if early recognition and treatment of delayed gastric emptying (DGE) can augment postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing pancreatectomy. The International Study Group of Pancreatic Surgery definition of DGE was used to identify patients at Indiana University Hospital who required supplemental nutrition for ...
Thalmann Markus M Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Hietzing Hospital, Vienna, - - 2014
The Sorin Freedom SOLO (FS) bovine pericardial stentless valve prosthesis is designed for supraannular, subcoronary implantation. We report our experience and results with 277 consecutively implanted FS bioprostheses. 277 patients (mean age, 74.2 ± 7.3 years; 139 (50.2%) female) underwent aortic valve replacement (AVR) with the FS stentless bioprosthesis. The ...
De Los Reyes Kenneth M KM Department of Neurological Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, 75 Francis Street, Boston, MA, 02115, - - 2014
Among the major complications of transsphenoidal surgery, less attention has been given to severe postoperative epistaxis, which can lead to devastating consequences. In this study, we reviewed 551 consecutive patients treated over a 4year period by the senior author to evaluate the incidence, risk factors, etiology and management of immediate ...
Sun Andrew J AJ USC Institute of Urology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, - - 2014
To determine the rate, timing, and predictors of venous thromboembolism (VTE) following open radical cystectomy for urothelial bladder cancer (UBC) and compare warfarin (1971-2008) vs. unfractionated heparin (2008-2012) use as prophylaxis. A retrospective review of 2316 patients who underwent open radical cystectomy and extended pelvic lymph node dissection for UBC ...
Tsai Jenny P JP Division of Neurology, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Medication adherence is important for optimal secondary stroke prevention. We evaluated short-term adherence to antihypertensive and lipid-lowering agents after a new ischemic stroke, as predictor of adherence at 1 and 2 years. A 5-year cohort of patients from 11 institutions in the Registry of the Canadian Stroke Network was linked to ...
Tarcan Tufan T Department of Urology, Marmara University School of Medicine, Istanbul, - - 2014
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of retropubic (RP) or transobturator (TO) midurethral slings (MUS) in a prospective randomized cohort of Turkish women. Patients and Methods: A total of 54 women with urodynamic stress urinary incontinence (SUI) were randomized to undergo either RP ...
Dybowski Bartosz A BA Department of Urology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
To find out if detrusor overactivity (DO) is a predictor of moderate or severe storage lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) persisting 6 months after photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP). Patients with bladder outlet obstruction proved by urodynamics who underwent PVP with the lithium triborate laser were followed for 6 months with ...
Yagi Mitsuru M Department of Orthopedic Surgery, National Hospital Organization Murayama Medical Center. Electronic address: - - 2014
During quiet standing, the gravity line (GL) can be located according to the sum of the ground reaction forces (GRF) measured with a force platform. C7 plumb line (C7PL) is an easy method to estimate sagittal trunk balance, but discordance between C7PL and the GL is widely recognized. However, the ...
Plunkett Mark D MD Division of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, - - 2014
Management of a ventricular septal defect (VSD) at time of coarctation of the aorta (CoA) repair remains controversial, with recent studies advocating concomitant repair of both defects. We evaluated the surgical management and mortality for patients undergoing CoA repair associated with a VSD. We retrospectively reviewed data submitted to the ...
McCarthy Fenton H FH Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, University of Pennsylvania Health System, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Recent studies have suggested that transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) may have superior outcomes compared with aortic valve replacement (AVR) for high-risk patients with significant mitral regurgitation (MR). Considering significant MR is frequently addressed with a mitral valve repair or replacement (MVR) at the time of open aortic valve replacement, ...
Nguyen Tom C TC Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Memorial Hermann Hospital-Heart and Vascular Institute, Houston, - - 2014
An increasing number of patients with prior coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) now present with severe aortic stenosis. The proposed benefit of surgical (SAVR) vs transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is unknown. The objective of this study was to compare short-term and midterm outcomes of patients undergoing isolated SAVR vs ...
Unbehaun Axel A Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
In line with our institutional strategy, we do not accept paravalvular leakage after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Apart from data from very limited initial experience, predictors of leakage in large cohorts treated with new types of TAVI prostheses are still lacking. From April 2008 to August 2013, 730 patients ...
Schneider Adriaan W AW Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The - - 2014
Management of pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum (PAIVS) is challenging and depends on the individual patient's morphologic characteristics. We evaluated outcomes of 25 years of experience in morphologically driven management of PAIVS. Between January 1985 and December 2011, 60 patients were treated for PAIVS. Patients were retrospectively categorized into ...
Caceres Manuel M Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA; Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Memphis, - - 2014
Aortic-valve sparing (AVS) techniques have emerged as alternatives to composite graft-valve replacement (CVR) for treatment of aortic root aneurysm. This study analyzed recent practice trends of aortic root surgery using the Society of Thoracic Surgeons database. From January 2000 through June 2011, 31,747, Overall patients received AVS (n=3,585/31,747; 11.3%) or ...
Filippi Luca L Department of Nuclear Medicine, Santa Maria Goretti Hospital, Via Canova 3, 04100 Latina, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Our aim was to assess the prognostic value of post-treatment decrease in total lesion glycolysis (ΔTLG) assessed by 2-[(18)F]-fluorodeoxyglucose ([(18)F] FDG) PET-CT performed 6weeks after (90)Y radioembolization ((90)Y RE) in patients affected by intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). A total of 18 patients were accepted into our department for (90)Y RE. Before ...
Lin Jen-Chieh JC Department of Ophthalmology, Taipei City Hospital, Heping Fuyoy Branch, Taipei, Taiwan; Graduate Institute of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Our aim was to conduct a cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) of monofocal and multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) for cataract patients in Taiwan. This prospective nonrandomized study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of monofocal and multifocal IOLs by means of visual performance, visual quality, vision-related quality of life, and spectacle-independence rates. ...
Suh Soon Yong SY Gachon University Gil Hospital, Incheon, Republic of - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine whether the efficacy and tolerability of amlodipine camsylate/losartan 5/100 mg/d (AML/LOS) are noninferior to those of losartan/hydrochlorothiazide 100/12.5 mg/d (LOS/HCTZ) fixed-dose combination in hypertensive patients unresponsive to losartan 100-mg/d monotherapy. Male and female patients aged ≥18 years with hypertension despite 4-week, stable ...
Lin Chung-Chi CC Department of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC; Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC; Department of Medicine, Taipei Municipal Gan-Dau Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC; Healthcare and Management Center, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, - - 2014
The predictors of recurrent colorectal adenoma have not been fully examined. This study aimed to evaluate the predictors of recurrent colorectal adenoma after initial screening colonoscopy with adenoma polypectomy. A retrospective cohort study was conducted at the Taipei Veterans General Hospital from 2003 to 2011. After screening, 356 patients who ...
Luo Yi Y Center for Sensory-Motor Interaction (SMI), Department of Health Science and Technology, Faculty of Medicine, Aalborg University, Fredrik Bajers Vej 7 D2, 9220 Aalborg, - - 2014
The jaw-stretch reflex (JSR) was studied in both patients and healthy participants in order to investigate the possible long-term impact of orthognathic surgery on the motor function of the masticatory system. JSR was measured in patients before surgery (PC), 1year after surgery (PS) and in healthy controls (HC) (N=31 in ...
Guerra Federico F Cardiology and Arrhythmology Clinic, Marche Polytechnic University, University Hospital "Ospedali Riuniti", Ancona, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sedation with propofol should be administered by personnel trained in advanced airway management. To overcome this limitation, the use of short acting benzodiazepines by cardiologists spread widely, causing concerns about the safety of this procedure in the absence of anesthesiology assistance. The aim of the study was to compare feasibility ...
Mertens Griet G *University Department Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Antwerp University Hospital; and †Antwerp University, Antwerp, - - 2014
Hearing preservation (HP) surgery was initiated more than 10 years ago for combined electric and acoustic stimulation (EAS). Preserved residual low-frequency hearing has been demonstrated to improve speech perception in noise as well as music appreciation in EAS users up to 2 years. Multiple study groups aimed to evaluate initial ...
Ismailoğlu Elif Günay EG Fundamentals of Nursing Department, Ege University, Faculty of Nursing, İzmir, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ultrasound-guided peripheral venous catheterisation in patients where difficulty was experienced in peripheral venous catheterisation. The study was conducted in the emergency department at a university hospital in İzmir Turkey. After obtaining institutional review board approval and written informed consent, ...
Kim Jae-Ryong JR Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan Paik Hospital, Busan, Republic of - - 2014
Although most preauricular sinuses are located near the anterior limb of the ascending helix, some are located in unusual areas around the auricle, as shown previously in limited reports. This study analyzed the clinical manifestations of congenital periauricular fistulas with unusual fistula locations and the possible relationship with the classical ...
Yamashita Yo-Ichi YI Department of Surgery and Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Enoxaparin, low-molecular-weight heparin, has become a routine thromboprophylaxis in general surgery. A retrospective cohort study was performed in 281 patients who underwent hepatic resections for liver cancers from 2011 to 2013. These patients were divided into two groups; an enoxaparin (-) group (n=228) and an enoxaparin (+) group (n=53). Short-term ...
Toy Jason O JO 1Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Yale University School of - - 2014
: Study Design. Retrospective cohort.Objective. To identify risk factors for poor short-term outcomes after vertebral augmentation procedures.Summary of Background Data. Vertebral compression fractures are the most common fractures of osteoporosis and are frequently treated with vertebroplasty or kyphoplasty. There is a shortage of information about risk factors for short-term, general ...
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