Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 10742
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Reinthaler Markus M Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Greifswald, - - 2014
In patients suffering from dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), immunoadsorption with subsequent IgG substitution (IA/IgG) leads to an acute and prolonged improvement of hemodynamics and heart failure symptoms. However, some patients receiving IA/IgG experience recurrence of heart failure after an initial benefit. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a ...
Takashima Hiroyuki H Department of Orthopedic Surgery, School of Medicine, Sapporo Medical - - 2014
Purpose: We measured T2 relaxation time of the intervertebral discs (IVD) and facet joints (FJ) in patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS) and no spondylolisthesis (NS) and investigated the characteristics of these parts in DS.Methods: In 40 patients with DS and 40 patients with NS, we measured T2 relaxation time of ...
Inanmaz Mustafa Erkan - - 2014
The prevalence of postoperative wound infection in patients with neuromuscular scoliosis surgery is significantly higher than that in patients with other spinal surgery. Hyperbaric oxygen has been used as a supplement to treat postsurgical infections. Our aim was to determine beneficiary effects of hyperbaric oxygen treatment in terms of prevention ...
Jackson Neal M NM Louisiana State University-Health Science Center, New Orleans, Louisiana, - - 2014
As cochlear implantation increases, surgeons are noting possible anatomical differences in pediatric population. Outcome objectives were to study pediatric temporal bone anatomy using high-resolution temporal bone imaging, and analyze the anatomical differences in group 1 (<12 months) versus group 2 (1-4 years) versus group 3 (5-10 years) versus group 4 ...
Renaud Claude J CJ Renal Division, Department of Medicine, Khoo Teck Puat Hospital, - - 2014
Heparin lock instilled immediately after tunneled dialysis catheter (TDC) insertion to maintain catheter patency can leak causing a concentration-dependent systemic anticoagulation as well as promote staphyloccocal biofilm formation, a risk factor for catheter related infection (CRI). The 1000U/mL concentration is thus advocated as an optimal dose for preventing catheter bleeding ...
Gözen Ali Serdar AS Department of Urology, SLK-Kliniken, University of Heidelberg , Heilbronn , - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To compare applications of unidirectional knotless barbed suture and traditional two single polyglactin sutures for dorsal vein complex (DVC) control during laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP). Material and methods: This was a non-randomized, prospective matched-pair pilot study. Thirty-one LRP cases with barbed suture (V-Loc®) were match-paired with 31 LRP ...
Wu JiaQi J a Resident Doctor, First Clinical Division, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, Beijing, - - 2014
Objective: To evaluate if the improved accelerated osteogenic orthodontics (IAOO) procedure could speed Class III surgical patients' preoperative orthodontic treatment duration and, if yes, to what extent. This study was also designed to determine whether or not an IAOO procedure affects the tooth-moving pattern during extraction space closure. Materials and ...
Sztajzel R F RF Department of Neurology, Medical School, University Hospitals of Geneva, Geneva, - - 2014
To compare safety and efficacy of bridging approach with intravenous (IV) thrombolysis in patients with acute anterior strokes and proximal occlusions. Consecutive patients with ischemic anterior strokes admitted within a 4 h 30 min window in two different centers were included. The first center performed IV therapy (alteplase 0.6 mg/kg) during 30 min and, ...
Sun X X Department of Cardiac Surgery, Medstar Washington Hospital Center, 110 Irving Street, Room Suite 1E RM1223, Washington, DC 20010, USA - - 2014
Devices utilizing near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy have been used to assess regional intracerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2) during anaesthesia for a decade. The presence of wide differences among individuals reduces their applicability to steady-state measurements. Current devices may not adequately account for variations in skin pigmentation. From our ongoing departmental registry, 3282 ...
Marhuenda Claudia C Departments of Pediatric Surgery, - - 2014
Parapneumonic empyema (PPE) is a frequent complication of acute bacterial pneumonia in children. There is limited evidence regarding the optimal treatment of this condition. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of drainage plus urokinase versus video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in the treatment of PPE in childhood. This ...
Rosenlund Signe - - 2014
Total hip replacement provides pain relief and improves physical function and quality of life in patients with end-stage hip osteoarthritis. The incidence of hip replacement operations is expected to increase due to the growing elderly population. Overall, the posterior approach and lateral approach are the two most commonly used approaches ...
Koch Peter P PP Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Kantonsspital Winterthur, Brauerstrasse 15, Postfach 834, 8401, Winterthur, - - 2014
Reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) remains a major concern in the prepubescent, skeletally immature patient with wide open growth plates. Different surgical techniques have been proposed. This study reports the results and complications of ACL reconstruction in young children using an all epiphyseal technique. Between 2006 and 2010, ...
Silva Alcindo A Orthopedics Departament, Hospital Militar D. Pedro V, Avenida da Boavista, 4050-113, Porto, Portugal, - - 2014
To compare CT-guided and MRI-guided patient-specific instrumentation in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Forty-four patients underwent primary TKA using either CT-guided or MR-guided Signature™ patient-specific instrumentation. They were prospectively assigned into two groups: 23 patients into the MR-guided instrumentation (group A) and 21 patients into the CT-guided patient-specific instrumentation (group B). ...
Chambless Lola B LB Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 1161 21st Avenue South, Rm T-4224 MCN, Nashville, TN, 37232-2380, - - 2014
The Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS) score is a widespread metric to stratify patient prognosis and determine appropriate management in glioblastoma multiforme(GBM). Low preoperative KPS values have been associated with shorter overall survival (OS). However, surgical resection can have a dramatic effect on a patient's functional status which subsequently alters their ...
Kumar Naresh N Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National University Health System, Singapore, Singapore, - - 2014
Posterior percutaneous spinal fixation (PPSF) has evolved to address the problems associated with metastatic spinal disease (MSD). This study was designed to evaluate the feasibility and spectrum of application of PPSF in the management of MSD, highlighting its clinical advantages. Twenty-seven consecutive patients with MSD treated with PPSF in our ...
Treschan Tanja A - - 2014
IntroductionCritically ill patients often require renal replacement therapy accompanied by thrombocytopenia. Thrombocytopenia during heparin anticoagulation may be due to heparin-induced thrombocytopenia with need for alternative anticoagulation. Therefore, we compared argatroban and lepirudin in critically ill surgical patients.MethodsFollowing institutional review board approval and written informed consent, critically ill surgical patients more ...
Ricciardi Benjamin F BF Center for Hip Pain and Preservation, Hospital for Special Surgery, 541 East 71th Street, New York, NY, 10021, - - 2014
Extraarticular femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) can result in symptomatic hip pain, but preoperative demographic, radiographic, and physical examination findings have not been well characterized. The purposes of this study were to (1) define the demographic characteristics of patients with symptomatic extraarticular FAI; and (2) identify relevant radiographic and physical examination findings ...
Lunebourg Alexandre A Department of Orthopedic Surgery APHM, Institute for Locomotion (IML), Sainte Marguerite Hospital, 13009, Marseille, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcome and survival rate after isolated liner exchange for polyethylene (PE) wear in well-fixed metal-backed fixed-bearing unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). Twenty medial UKAs in 19 patients [mean age 68.7 years ± 8.7 (range 48.5-81.5 years)] operated on for a direct PE liner exchange after ...
Vandekerckhove Pieter-Jan T K PJ Department of Physiotherapy and Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University Hospital Ghent, De Pintelaan 185, 9000, Ghent, Belgium, - - 2014
It remains unclear what the contribution of the PCL is in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The goal of this study was to investigate the influence of the PCL in TKA in relationship to clinical outcome, strength and proprioception. Two arthroplasty designs were compared: a posterior cruciate-substituting (PS) and a posterior ...
Li Mingwu M Department of Digestive Interventional Radiology, Xijing Hospital of Digestive Diseases, Fourth Military Medical University, 127 West Chang le Road, Xi'an, 710032, China, - - 2014
To investigate and compare the efficacy and safety of percutaneous transhepatic biliary stenting (PTBS) using a one- or two-stage procedure and determine the predictive factors for the efficacious treatment of malignant hilar obstruction (MHO). 159 consecutive patients with MHO who underwent PTBS were enrolled between January 2010 and June 2013. ...
Bosiers Marc M Department of Vascular Surgery, A.Z. Sint-Blasius, Kroonveldlaan 50, 9200, Dendermonde, Belgium, - - 2014
This prospective, multicenter, nonrandomized study evaluated the periprocedural and 1-year outcomes in high-surgical-risk patients with carotid artery stenosis treated with the Adapt Carotid Stent plus FilterWire EZ distal protection catheter (Boston Scientific Corporation, Natick, MA). The study enrolled 100 patients (32 symptomatic, 63 asymptomatic, 5 unknown) at high risk for ...
Tsukada Yoichiro Y 1 Department of Radiation Oncology, St. Luke's International Hospital , Tokyo, Japan - - 2014
Abstract Background: Treatment delays of metastatic extradural spinal cord compression (MESCC) sometimes have been reported, but reasons for its delay have remained unclear. The purpose of this study was to assess which clinical factors are associated with treatment delays in neurologically symptomatic MESCC in the hospital settings. Methods: We reviewed ...
Minamide Akihito A Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Wakayama Medical University, 811-1 Kimiidera, Wakayama City, Wakayama, 641-8510, Japan, - - 2014
To prospectively investigate the long-term clinical outcomes of microendoscopic laminotomy (MEL) in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) with and without degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS). In total, 159 patients (mean age, 68 years) who had undergone MEL for single-level LSS at L4/5 at our institute were recruited and followed-up for 5 years. Patients ...
Kurre Wiebke W Klinik für Diagnostische und Interventionelle Neuroradiologie, Klinikum Stuttgart, Kriegsbergstrasse 60, 70174, Stuttgart, Germany, - - 2014
Thin-strut, flexible DES are suitable for intracranial stenting and may improve long-term vessel patency. The purpose of this study was to report our experience with two new-generation DES for the treatment of intracranial atherosclerotic disease. We retrospectively reviewed all patients treated with Taxus Element™ or Resolute Integrity™ stent for an ...
Bowen T Brent TB a Graduate Orthodontic Resident, Seton Hill University Center for Orthodontics, Greensburg, - - 2014
Objective: To investigate whether text message reminders regarding oral hygiene have an effect on plaque removal in orthodontic patients. Materials and Methods: In this randomized, controlled clinical trial, 50 orthodontic patients were assigned to either a text message or control group. Patients in the text message group received 12 text ...
Rahman Jeeshan J Joint Reconstruction Unit, Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Stanmore, - - 2014
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in limbs affected by poliomyelitis is a technically challenging procedure. These patients often demonstrate acquired articular and metaphyseal angular deformities, bone loss, narrowness of the intramedullary canals, impaired quadriceps strength, flexion contractures and ligamentous laxity producing painful hyperextension. Thus, using condylar knee designs in these patients ...
Valenti Philippe P Institut de la Main, Paris, - - 2014
The transfer of the pectoralis major in cases of irreparable rupture of the subscapularis has been described through different techniques. The aim of this prospective study was to compare the clinical results of transferring the clavicular or the sternal head of the pectoralis major tendon underneath the conjoint tendon. Fifteen ...
Moraiti Constantina C Hôpitaux Universitaires Paris Ile-de-France Ouest, Boulogne-Billancourt, - - 2014
The success of the operative treatment of mild to moderate hallux valgus (HV) relies greatly on the osseous union of the osteotomies at the desired position. Full weight-bearing is often allowed immediately postoperatively with special forefoot off-loading shoes. No precise methodology exists for the estimation of foot immobilization inside those ...
Young Guy G Children's Hospital Los Angeles, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA - - 2014
The correlation between real-world clinical decisions and adherence to published treatment algorithms for problem bleeding episodes in patients with severe hemophilia and inhibitors and the resultant impact on clinical outcomes were assessed. Nine cases documenting treatment for problem bleeding episodes in patients with severe hemophilia and inhibitors were retrospectively reviewed. ...
Faranoush M M Iran university of Medical Sciences, Rasool Akram Hospital, Tehran, - - 2014
This study compared the efficacy of Aryoseven with Novoseven to control bleeding episodes in patients with hemophilia A with inhibitors. Sixty-six patients were randomized into 2 groups, with 4 consecutive block randomization. These groups received Aryoseven and Novoseven dosages of 90 to 120 μg/kg intravenously every 2 hours. Median (interquartile ...
Wang Chen-Chi CC School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; School of Speech Language Pathology & Audiology, Chung-Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan; Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, - - 2014
To confirm the value of using laryngeal electromyography (LEMG) to predict the long-term prognosis of unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP), and elucidate the adequate timing of LEMG. Prospective cohort prognosis study. The LEMG data of 84 patients with UVFP were prospectively collected, and 81 patients received follow-up at least 6 ...
Kim Sang Hoon SH Department of Otorhinolaryngology, School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, - - 2014
To compare the recovery rates of idiopathic sudden sensorineueral hearing loss (ISSHL) patients treated with oral systemic steroids (PO) or intratympanic steroid injection (IT), or both. A retrospective observational study. Tertiary referral center. Eight hundred forty four patients diagnosed with ISSHL within 14 days of the onset of symptoms. The ...
- - 2014
OBJECTIVE. To present the result and experience of subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease. DESIGN. Case series. SETTING. Prince of Wales Hospital, Hong Kong. PATIENTS. A cohort of patients with Parkinson's disease received subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation from September 1998 to January 2010. Patient assessment data before ...
Moon Eun-Jin EJ Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness and safety of monitored anesthesia care (MAC) using dexmedetomidine for its sedative and analgesic effect during varicose vein surgery. Forty-two patients, who underwent varicose vein surgery, were divided into the MAC group (n = 20) or the spinal anesthesia group ...
Jindani Amina A From St. George's, University of London (A.J., D.A.M., T.S.H., D.C., P.D.B.), Medical Research Council Clinical Trials Unit at University College London (A.J.N., P.P.J.P., H.E.C.), and University College London Centre for Clinical Biology, University College London (A.L.E.B., T.D.M.), London; Aurum Institute (G.J.C., S.C.) and School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand (G.J.C.), Johannesburg, and South African Tuberculosis Vaccine Initiative, Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine and School of Child and Adolescent Health (M.H., H.G.) and Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Department of Medicine (H.M.M., S.P.Z.), University of Cape Town, Cape Town - all in South Africa; Harare City Health Department, Harare (S.M., N.A.S.S.), and Medical Directorate of Mashonaland East, Marondera (S.Z., L.M.) - both in Zimbabwe; CDC, Gaborone, Botswana (J.S., S.N.); and Macha Research Trust, Macha, Zambia - - 2014
Tuberculosis regimens that are shorter and simpler than the current 6-month daily regimen are needed. We randomly assigned patients with newly diagnosed, smear-positive, drug-sensitive tuberculosis to one of three regimens: a control regimen that included 2 months of ethambutol, isoniazid, rifampicin, and pyrazinamide administered daily followed by 4 months of ...
Miškulin Mladen M Department of Orthopedics, Clinical Hospital "Sveti duh", Zagreb, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of arthroscopic cuff reconstruction, which is currently preferred in our service, and to compare functional outcome after arthroscopic cuff reconstruction comparing different types and sizes of rotator cuff tears. We switched completely from open repair to the full-arthroscopic repair > ten ...
De Angelis Barbara B University of Rome Tor Vergata, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Rome, Italy ; - - 2014
Therapeutic angiogenesis by autologous peripheral blood mononuclear cells (A-PBMNC) implantation has been shown to be a safe and effective treatment for critical limb ischemia (CLI). We herein report our investigation of the long-term efficacy of implantation of A-PBMNC, produced by selective filtration to treat patients with CLI for which surgical ...
Hakuba Nobuhiro N Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Ehime University School of Medicine, Ehime, - - 2014
The use of growth factors to achieve closure of perforated tympanic membranes (TMs) has recently become popular. However, preoperative factors affecting treatment outcomes have seldom been discussed. To evaluate preoperative factors contributing to the success or failure of healing of perforated TMs. Retrospective cohort study of 153 patients (48 males ...
Pilone Vincenzo V Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Salerno, Via Giovanni Paolo II, 132, 84084, Fisciano Salerno, - - 2014
The serum collection under the abdominal flap is the most common complication after a lipo-abdominoplasty. The frequency of seroma increases further among obese patients, who have achieved massive weight loss after bariatric surgery. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the effectiveness of fibrin glues with a low concentration ...
Rowe Brian H - - 2014
Background:Acute asthma is a common emergency department (ED) presentation. In a prospective multicenter cohort study we determined the frequency and factors associated with asthma relapse following discharge from the ED. Methods:Adults aged 18-55 years who were treated for acute asthma and discharged from 20 Canadian EDs underwent a structured ED ...
Damas Pierre P 1Department of General Intensive Care, University Hospital of Liege, Liège, Belgium. 2Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Liege, Liège, Belgium. 3Department of Emergency Medicine, University Hospital of Liege, Liège, - - 2014
Ventilator-associated pneumonia diagnosis remains a debatable topic. New definitions of ventilator-associated conditions involving worsening oxygenation have been recently proposed to make surveillance of events possibly linked to ventilator-associated pneumonia as objective as possible. The objective of the study was to confirm the effect of subglottic secretion suctioning on ventilator-associated pneumonia ...
Rillig Andreas A Department of Cardiology, Asklepios Klinik St. Georg, Lohmühlenstr. 5, Hamburg, Germany - - 2014
The multipolar irrigated radiofrequency (RF) ablation catheter (nMARQ™) is a novel tool for pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). We investigated the incidence of thermal oesophageal injury (EI) using the nMARQ™ for PVI. In the initial six patients (Group 1), RF was delivered at the posterior wall with a maximum duration of ...
Dimopoulos Spyridon S Centre for Ophthalmology, Eberhard-Karls-University Tuebingen, Tuebingen, - - 2014
The incidence of spontaneous resolution of vitreomacular traction (VMT) is low in studies of Ocriplasmin that have had a limited follow-up. Previous studies did not look for morphological parameters in the natural history using spectral-domain ocular coherence tomography (SD-OCT) imaging. The purpose of this study was to investigate how often ...
Shavit Itai I From the *Pediatric Emergency Department, Rambam Health Care Campus; †Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Institute of Technology; ‡Department of Anesthesiology, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel; and §Faculty of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2014
Intraoral procedures (IOPs) are performed within the oral cavity of a spontaneously breathing, deeply sedated child. The objective of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the safety of sedation for IOP in a pediatric emergency department. An unmatched, case-control study was conducted. The records of patients who had an IOP ...
Cuypers Judith A A E JA Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, the Netherlands - - 2014
-Prospective data on long-term survival and clinical outcome beyond 30 years after surgical correction of Tetralogy of Fallot (ToF) is non-existing. -This longitudinal cohort study consists of the 144 ToF patients who underwent surgical repair at age <15 years between 1968-1980 in our center. They are investigated every ten years. ...
Shimamura Kunihiro K Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Wakayama Medical University, 811-1, Kimiidera, Wakayama, 641-8510, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the natural course of acute incomplete stent apposition (ISA) after second-generation everolimus-eluting stent (EES) when compared with first-generation sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) by using optical coherence tomography (OCT). From the OCT substudy of the RESET trial, we identified 77 patients (EES = ...
Tsuji Shigetsugu S Department of Internal Medicine, Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medical - - 2014
Aim: The role of gastrectomy in glycemic control has been established in the current era of bariatric surgery for obesity. Gastrectomy in obese patients is associated with increased levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). However, limited data on the effects of gastrectomy in nonobese patients are available. We herein investigated ...
Kato Yasuyuki Y Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Sakakibara Heart Institute, Asahi-cho, Fuchu, Tokyo, 183-0003, - - 2014
We retrospectively studied outcomes after mitral annuloplasty (MAP) combined with subvalvular procedures for patients with functional mitral regurgitation and ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy. We focused on changes in mitral regurgitation (MR) grade, mitral valve tethering, and left ventricular (LV) volume before and after surgery. Thirty-one patients underwent MAP combined with subvalvular ...
Lilleeng B B The Norwegian Centre for Movement Disorders, Stavanger University Hospital, Stavanger, - - 2014
Stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN-DBS) is an established treatment with long-term beneficial effects on motor symptoms in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). The efficacy of STN-DBS on non-dopaminergic motor symptoms remains less elucidated. In this study, we have examined short- and long-term impacts of STN-DBS on the development of ...
Radhakrishnan Seetha S Division of Nephrology, Department of Pediatrics, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ont., - - 2014
Background: Desmopressin (DDAVP) is often used prior to procedures to minimize bleeding in patients with renal failure; however, there is little evidence to support this practice. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the practice of administration of DDAVP prior to procedures within our division and to determine the ...
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