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Results 501 - 550 of 7917
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Nomura T - - 2012
Study design:A prospective clinical cohort study.Objectives:To test if maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV), which is currently underutilized in diseases, serves for assessing subclinical ventilatory impairment in cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM).Setting:Kochi Medical School, Japan.Methods:We studied ventilatory function in 49 CSM patients and 20 age- and sex-matched control patients with either lumbar stenosis ...
Tehraninejad Ensieh Shahrokh - - 2012
To compare the efficacy of cabergoline (Cb2) and intravenous human albumin (HA) in the prevention of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. In this randomized controlled trial study, 138 women who were at high risk for developing OHSS were randomly allocated into two groups. In Group one, 20 gr of HA 20% was ...
Cheng Sara S SS Department of Anesthesiology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Mail Stop B113, 12401 E. 17th Avenue, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. - - 2012
To assess coagulation status and factor Xa inhibition in surgical intensive care unit (ICU) patients administered prophylactic unfractionated heparin for venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis. We conducted a randomized, single-blind study at a tertiary academic medical center. Included were patients 18 years and older admitted to the surgical ICU directly after ...
Hutcheson Katherine A KA The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA. - - 2012
Total laryngectomy (TL) can be offered for management of chronic aspiration, radionecrosis, and/or airway compromise after head and neck cancer (HNC) treatment. The objective of this study was to evaluate functional outcomes after TL in disease-free HNC survivors. Retrospective case series with chart review. The University of Texas MD Anderson ...
Zheng YuanPu Y University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, - - 2012
Limited data guide capsule endoscopists on how to view the many images collected in each capsule. The objective of this study was to compare the detection rates of clinically significant findings in different capsule endoscopy reading modes and speeds. Seventeen capsule endoscopists with experience from 23 to > 1,000 total ...
McGrath Todd M - - 2012
Purpose: International policy statements from the US and the UK recommend real-time ultrasound guidance (USG) for placement of central venous catheters (CVCs) to improve patient safety. The evidence to support USG for the internal jugular (IJ) route is unequivocal; however, there is conflicting data on the effectiveness of USG in ...
Marnejon Thomas - - 2012
Purpose: To identify clinically important risk factors associated with upper extremity venous thrombosis following peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICC). Methods: A retrospective case control study of 400 consecutive patients with and without upper extremity venous thrombosis post-PICC insertion was performed. Patient data included demographics, body mass index (BMI), ethnicity, ...
Nicholson Susan C - - 2012
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a serious infection requiring hospitalisation in 20% of cases. The novel cephalosporin ceftobiprole has microbiological activity against the major bacterial pathogens causing CAP, including Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae and Klebsiella pneumoniae, as well as against Staphylococcus aureus, including meticillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). This was a multicentre, ...
Martín-Peña Almudena - - 2012
Purpose. Catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) are common among patients undergoing long-term hemodialysis (HD) worldwide. The aim of this study was look into the incidence, epidemiology, and risk factors for CRBSI in four medical centers and Spanish dialysis facilities following a common protocol for insertion and management of tunneled hemodialysis catheters ...
Schmidt Boris - - 2012
Sequential PVI with Laser Balloon. Introduction: Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is a challenging procedure most often requiring sophisticated technical aids such as electroanatomical mapping, double transseptal access, and the use of a circular mapping catheter. We sought to develop a PVI strategy solely based on visual guidance with a single ...
Engström C - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Patients may be unwilling to participate in clinical trials if they perceive risks. Outcomes were evaluated following surgery for gastro-oesophageal reflux in patients recruited to randomized trials compared with patients not in trials. METHODS: This study compared outcomes of patients who had surgery for reflux within or outside randomized ...
Fu Po-Sung - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To determine the prevalence and severity of impacted permanent mandibular second molars (MdM2s) in the general population of Taiwan as well as to evaluate treatment outcomes with an innovative method for impacted MdM2s. Materials and Methods: Dental records of 21,580 patients were retrospectively screened in this study. The ...
Jeong Dong Seop - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the long-term hemodynamic performances of Medtronic-Hall (MH) and ATS medical bileaflet (ATS) valves in the aortic position. METHODS: We reviewed 249 patients that underwent AVR using MH or ATS valves between October 1994 and February 2004. MH valves were implanted in ...
Singhal Shelly - - 2012
Gerodontology 2012; doi: 10.1111/j.1741-2358.2011.00610.x The effect of osteoporosis on residual ridge resorption and masticatory performance in denture wearers Aim:  To compare masticatory performance, masticatory efficiency and residual ridge resorption (RRR) in osteoporotic and non-osteoporotic edentulous subjects after rehabilitation with complete dentures. Method:  Thirty subjects fulfilling the inclusion criteria were enrolled ...
Brousse Valentine - - 2012
Acute splenic sequestration crisis (ASSC) is an unpredictable life-threatening complication of sickle cell disease (SCD) in infants. Here, our objective was to update available clinical information on ASSC. We retrospectively studied the 190 patients who were diagnosed at birth with SS or Sbeta(0) in the Paris conurbation between 2000 and ...
Buysschaert M - - 2012
CONTEXT AND AIM: Psoriasis is an immune-mediated skin disorder frequently associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D). This report is of a clinically significant improvement in psoriasis lesions in a patient with T2D during treatment with a GLP-1 receptor agonist (exenatide). A 61-year-old male patient (BMI: 25.5 kg/m(2)) with ...
D'Ancona Giuseppe - - 2012
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has been introduced to treat patients at high risk for conventional surgery; however, cardiogenic shock is considered a contraindication for TAVI. The aim of the present study was to evaluate early and intermediate mortality of patients in cardiogenic shock undergoing TAVI as a rescue procedure. ...
Kaleda Vasily I - - 2012
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether posterior pericardiotomy (PP) reduces the incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. Twelve papers were found using the reported search, of which seven represented the best evidence ...
Prather Heidi - - 2012
Despite the common prevalence of lumbar spine and degenerative hip disorders, there are few descriptions of patients with coexisting hip disorders and lumbar spine disorders (LSDs). The independent economic burden of each disorder is substantial, but the financial burden when the disorders are coexisting is unknown. To determine the prevalence ...
Fakih Mohamad G - - 2012
Indwelling urinary catheters may lead to both infectious and noninfectious complications and are often used in the hospital setting without an appropriate indication. The objective of this study was to evaluate the results of a statewide quality improvement effort to reduce inappropriate urinary catheter use. Retrospective analysis of data collected ...
Netsch Christopher - - 2012
This study compared the efficacy of 70- and 120-w 2-µm thulium:YAG VapoEnucleation of the prostate (ThuVEP) for patients with benign prostatic obstruction (BPO). A prospective analysis of 84 patients with symptomatic BPO and prostatic enlargement (≥60 ml) who underwent either 70-w (n=44) or 120-w ThuVEP (n=40) non-randomly was carried out. ...
Muramatsu Takashi T Department of Cardiology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai, Showa-ku, Nagoya, 466-8550, - - 2012
It has not been fully examined whether angiotensin II receptor blocker is superior to calcium channel blocker to reduce cardiovascular events in hypertensive patients with glucose intolerance. A prospective, open-labeled, randomized, controlled trial was conducted for Japanese hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus or impaired glucose tolerance. A total ...
Judge Andy A University of Southampton and Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, and University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. - - 2012
To develop a clinical risk prediction tool to identify patients most likely to experience long-term clinically meaningful functional improvement following total hip arthroplasty (THA). We studied 282 patients from 2 health districts in England (Portsmouth and North Staffordshire) who were ≥45 years of age and undergoing THA for primary osteoarthritis. ...
von Bary Christian - - 2012
PURPOSE: We investigate the role of left atrial volume (LAV) as a predictor of outcome following pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) in patients with exclusive paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: PVI was performed in 213 patients (80 females, aged 60 ± 10 years) with paroxysmal AF using either the pulmonary vein ablation catheter (PVAC, ...
Malgor Rafael D - - 2012
Objective: To evaluate the results of a new thrombin sealant (Recothrom) for the treatment of arterial pseudoaneurysms (PDAs). Methods: We reviewed 47 consecutive patients prospectively entered in a dedicated data set who underwent ultrasound-guided percutaneous thrombin injection to treat PDA. End points were PDA recurrence, need for reintervention, and related ...
Odisio Bruno C - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To compare ipsilateral decubitus and prone patient positioning for performing computed tomography guided adrenal biopsy using the requirements for out-of-plane approach (OOP) and the needle insertion time (NIT) as a surrogate for procedure complexity. METHODS: The study included 106 adrenal biopsies performed in 104 patients with lesions measuring ≤4 cm ...
Gürer Onur - - 2012
Background: The aim of this retrospective study was to compare the results between general and local anesthesia (LA) for carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Methods: Three hundred and twenty-nine patients in whom 365 CEA procedures were performed between January 1990 and September 2001, were included in this study. Results: Operation time, shunt ...
Ateş Ferhat - - 2012
The objective of the study is to investigate the effect of doxazosin, administered to the subjects who underwent SWL due to upper ureteral stones, on therapeutic outcomes. The study enrolled the patients with a radio-opaque stone ≥5 mm in upper ureter. Patients were randomized into two groups: the first group underwent ...
Di Renzo D - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to compare the effectiveness of ultrasound-guided Hartmann's solution enema (US-E) and radiological liquid enema (RX-E) in reducing idiopathic ileocecocolic intussusceptions in relation to patient age and symptom duration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 42 patients with idiopathic ileocecocolic intussusception treated with US-E ...
Baker Paul N - - 2012
PURPOSE: To describe the population of patients undergoing patello-femoral arthroplasty (PFA) revision and the reasons for which these implants are being revised. To compare this information with the observed failure patterns described in other national registries and with those seen for total knee replacement (TKR). METHODS: Using data accessed from ...
Božič-Mijovski M - - 2012
Restenosis/re-occlusion remains a frequent complication in the first year after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA). In this study, association of nuclear receptor related 1 protein (Nurr1) haplotypes to the restenosis/re-occlusion rate after femoropopliteal PTA was investigated. Patients (n = 142) with disabling claudication or critical limb ischaemia, who had undergone technically successful femoropopliteal ...
Hoshina K - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: We retrospectively analysed surgically treated abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in patients with massive atheroma in the aneurysmal neck and compared the outcomes of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and open surgery (OS) to determine an appropriate strategy for massive neck atheroma cases. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed in 326 ...
Zhou Qinghe - - 2012
CONTEXT: The right internal jugular vein (RIJV) is often used for central venous catheterisation in patients undergoing major surgery. The efficacy of this route correlates with the diameter of the vein which can be influenced by airway pressure. OBJECTIVE: To investigate four positive airway pressures (PAPs) in mechanically ventilated patients ...
Chung Daeyeong - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Rarely, a symptomatic discal pseudocyst can develop after discectomy. Only very recently one clinical article and one case report about this type of pseudocyst were published: Kang and Park (J Korean Neurosurg Soc 49(1):31-36, 2011); Young PM, Fenton DS, Czervionke LF (Spine J. 9(2):e9-e15, 2009). Here, in an attempt ...
Yamaki T - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to compare ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy (UGFS: injection of foam sclerosant under ultrasound guidance) of the great saphenous vein (GSV) combined with visual foam sclerotherapy (VFS: injection of foam sclerosant under visual control) for varicose tributary veins and VFS alone in the treatment of ...
Vulpiani Maria Chiara - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) may exert beneficial effects in avascular necrosis of femoral head (AVNFH). PATIENTS: The current study evaluated the effectiveness of ESWT in reducing pain and in slowing down the progression of bone damage in 36 patients with unilateral AVNFH of stage Association Research Circulation Osseous ...
Kim Jong Won JW Department of Surgery, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul 135-720, South - - 2012
To evaluate the prognosis of type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) after gastrectomy and related factors in gastric cancer patients. 403 gastric cancer patients with T2DM were studied, who underwent gastrectomy between May 2003 and September 2009. A review of medical records and telephone interviews was performed in this cross-sectional study. ...
Perna Alessandra F - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Uremia represents a state where hyperhomocysteinemia is resistant to folate therapy, thus undermining intervention trials' efficacy. N-acetylcysteine (NAC), an antioxidant, in addition to folates (5-methyltetrahydrofolate, MTHF), was tested in a population of hemodialysis patients. DESIGN: The study is an open, parallel, intervention study. SETTING: Ambulatory chronic hemodialysis patients. SUBJECTS: ...
Takahashi Hiroshi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) has varied among studies of patients undergoing elective spine surgery. This may be because of differences in prophylaxis for VTE and differences in methods of observation. Furthermore, some studies have reported symptomatic deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary thromboembolism (PE), whereas others have ...
Tatlıpınar Arzu - - 2012
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate the association of upper airway obstruction (UAO) type and cardiopulmonary complications in children. The effect of obstruction type on quality of life and severity of obstructive symptoms were also investigated. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: A Brodsky scale and adenoid-nasopharynx ratio (ANR) were used to categorize tonsil ...
Scott Chloe E H - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Up to 80% of patients develop heterotopic ossification (HO) following total hip replacement (THR) and high grades may adversely affect outcome. This study investigated the influence of local infiltration of a NSAID (Ketorolac) and local anaesthetic on the incidence and grade of HO following THR, the effect on post-operative ...
Parra-Sanchez Ivan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: One-third of surgical outpatients experience postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) during their hospital stay or post-discharge nausea and vomiting (PDNV) after hospitalization. We determined the incremental costs of PONV/PDNV in ambulatory patients with this time-and-motion study. METHODS: In 100 ambulatory surgery patients, we evaluated the incidence of PONV, time ...
O'Connell J E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Bisphosphonates are a class of chemical compounds used in the treatment of a variety of bone-related conditions. Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (BRONJ) is a well-recognised complication. C-terminal cross-linking telopeptide (CTX) estimation has been suggested as an indicator for the risk of BRONJ. It was reported that values <100 pg/ml ...
Haneya Assad - - 2012
OBJECTIVESVentricular assist device (VAD) implantation using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is an established procedure. However, the well-described complications of CPB may exacerbate multiple organ failure and increase blood product transfusions especially in end-stage heart failure patients.METHODSWe describe our successful experience in six consecutive patients with profound cardiogenic shock, who were provided ...
Moon Soo-Youn - - 2012
The role of adjunctive corticosteroids remains controversial in meningitis by penicillin-resistant pneumococci. We determined the effect of adjunctive corticosteroids in adults with pneumococcal meningitis in a region with a high rate of penicillin resistance. A multicenter, retrospective cohort study was conducted between 1998 and 2008 in Korea. The mortality and ...
Meazzini Maria Costanza - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Midface distraction osteogenesis (DO) in craniofacial synostosis (CFS) patients has been described by several authors. However, very few cephalometric and computed tomography (CT) long-term follow-up studies are available. METHOD: A total of 40 consecutive patients affected by CFS subjected to Le Fort III and rigid external distraction (RED) were ...
Ho Tony W - - 2012
Objective.- To evaluate the efficacy of telcagepant in patients with migraine and coronary artery disease. Background.- Calcitonin gene-related peptide receptor antagonists, such as telcagepant, may be useful for acute migraine treatment in patients with cardiovascular disease, a population for whom triptans are contraindicated. Methods.- Randomized, double-blind, two-period (6 weeks per ...
Schmid Rene - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The optimal treatment strategy for burst fractures of the thoracolumbar junction is discussed controversially in the literature. Whilst 360° fusion has shown to result in better radiological outcome, recent studies have failed to show its superiority concerning clinical outcome. The morbidity associated with the additional anterior approach may account ...
Kim Joo Pyung - - 2012
Objective: To assess the effect of relative lower amplitude and frequency for globus pallidus internus (GPi) deep brain stimulation (DBS) of cervical dystonia (CD). Materials and Methods: Between February 2005 and October 2008, 14 patients diagnosed with CD underwent bilateral GPi DBS and all the patients received low-frequency stimulation and ...
Conger Bryant T BT - - 2012
Objective. The Draf III procedure is an advanced surgical option for frontal sinus disease refractory to endoscopic frontal sinusotomy and is used to expose the anterior limit of resection of the skull base during endoscopic management of anterior skull base tumors. Our objective was to evaluate outcomes of a strategy ...
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