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Results 501 - 550 of 7896
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Ateş Ferhat - - 2012
The objective of the study is to investigate the effect of doxazosin, administered to the subjects who underwent SWL due to upper ureteral stones, on therapeutic outcomes. The study enrolled the patients with a radio-opaque stone ≥5 mm in upper ureter. Patients were randomized into two groups: the first group underwent ...
Di Renzo D - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to compare the effectiveness of ultrasound-guided Hartmann's solution enema (US-E) and radiological liquid enema (RX-E) in reducing idiopathic ileocecocolic intussusceptions in relation to patient age and symptom duration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 42 patients with idiopathic ileocecocolic intussusception treated with US-E ...
Baker Paul N - - 2012
PURPOSE: To describe the population of patients undergoing patello-femoral arthroplasty (PFA) revision and the reasons for which these implants are being revised. To compare this information with the observed failure patterns described in other national registries and with those seen for total knee replacement (TKR). METHODS: Using data accessed from ...
Božič-Mijovski M - - 2012
Restenosis/re-occlusion remains a frequent complication in the first year after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA). In this study, association of nuclear receptor related 1 protein (Nurr1) haplotypes to the restenosis/re-occlusion rate after femoropopliteal PTA was investigated. Patients (n = 142) with disabling claudication or critical limb ischaemia, who had undergone technically successful femoropopliteal ...
Hoshina K - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: We retrospectively analysed surgically treated abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in patients with massive atheroma in the aneurysmal neck and compared the outcomes of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and open surgery (OS) to determine an appropriate strategy for massive neck atheroma cases. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed in 326 ...
Zhou Qinghe - - 2012
CONTEXT: The right internal jugular vein (RIJV) is often used for central venous catheterisation in patients undergoing major surgery. The efficacy of this route correlates with the diameter of the vein which can be influenced by airway pressure. OBJECTIVE: To investigate four positive airway pressures (PAPs) in mechanically ventilated patients ...
Chung Daeyeong - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Rarely, a symptomatic discal pseudocyst can develop after discectomy. Only very recently one clinical article and one case report about this type of pseudocyst were published: Kang and Park (J Korean Neurosurg Soc 49(1):31-36, 2011); Young PM, Fenton DS, Czervionke LF (Spine J. 9(2):e9-e15, 2009). Here, in an attempt ...
Yamaki T - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to compare ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy (UGFS: injection of foam sclerosant under ultrasound guidance) of the great saphenous vein (GSV) combined with visual foam sclerotherapy (VFS: injection of foam sclerosant under visual control) for varicose tributary veins and VFS alone in the treatment of ...
Vulpiani Maria Chiara - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) may exert beneficial effects in avascular necrosis of femoral head (AVNFH). PATIENTS: The current study evaluated the effectiveness of ESWT in reducing pain and in slowing down the progression of bone damage in 36 patients with unilateral AVNFH of stage Association Research Circulation Osseous ...
Kim Jong Won - - 2012
To evaluate the prognosis of type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) after gastrectomy and related factors in gastric cancer patients. 403 gastric cancer patients with T2DM were studied, who underwent gastrectomy between May 2003 and September 2009. A review of medical records and telephone interviews was performed in this cross-sectional study. ...
Perna Alessandra F - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Uremia represents a state where hyperhomocysteinemia is resistant to folate therapy, thus undermining intervention trials' efficacy. N-acetylcysteine (NAC), an antioxidant, in addition to folates (5-methyltetrahydrofolate, MTHF), was tested in a population of hemodialysis patients. DESIGN: The study is an open, parallel, intervention study. SETTING: Ambulatory chronic hemodialysis patients. SUBJECTS: ...
Takahashi Hiroshi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) has varied among studies of patients undergoing elective spine surgery. This may be because of differences in prophylaxis for VTE and differences in methods of observation. Furthermore, some studies have reported symptomatic deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary thromboembolism (PE), whereas others have ...
Tatlıpınar Arzu - - 2012
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate the association of upper airway obstruction (UAO) type and cardiopulmonary complications in children. The effect of obstruction type on quality of life and severity of obstructive symptoms were also investigated. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: A Brodsky scale and adenoid-nasopharynx ratio (ANR) were used to categorize tonsil ...
Scott Chloe E H - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Up to 80% of patients develop heterotopic ossification (HO) following total hip replacement (THR) and high grades may adversely affect outcome. This study investigated the influence of local infiltration of a NSAID (Ketorolac) and local anaesthetic on the incidence and grade of HO following THR, the effect on post-operative ...
Parra-Sanchez Ivan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: One-third of surgical outpatients experience postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) during their hospital stay or post-discharge nausea and vomiting (PDNV) after hospitalization. We determined the incremental costs of PONV/PDNV in ambulatory patients with this time-and-motion study. METHODS: In 100 ambulatory surgery patients, we evaluated the incidence of PONV, time ...
O'Connell J E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Bisphosphonates are a class of chemical compounds used in the treatment of a variety of bone-related conditions. Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (BRONJ) is a well-recognised complication. C-terminal cross-linking telopeptide (CTX) estimation has been suggested as an indicator for the risk of BRONJ. It was reported that values <100 pg/ml ...
Haneya Assad - - 2012
OBJECTIVESVentricular assist device (VAD) implantation using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is an established procedure. However, the well-described complications of CPB may exacerbate multiple organ failure and increase blood product transfusions especially in end-stage heart failure patients.METHODSWe describe our successful experience in six consecutive patients with profound cardiogenic shock, who were provided ...
Moon Soo-Youn - - 2012
The role of adjunctive corticosteroids remains controversial in meningitis by penicillin-resistant pneumococci. We determined the effect of adjunctive corticosteroids in adults with pneumococcal meningitis in a region with a high rate of penicillin resistance. A multicenter, retrospective cohort study was conducted between 1998 and 2008 in Korea. The mortality and ...
Meazzini Maria Costanza - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Midface distraction osteogenesis (DO) in craniofacial synostosis (CFS) patients has been described by several authors. However, very few cephalometric and computed tomography (CT) long-term follow-up studies are available. METHOD: A total of 40 consecutive patients affected by CFS subjected to Le Fort III and rigid external distraction (RED) were ...
Ho Tony W - - 2012
Objective.- To evaluate the efficacy of telcagepant in patients with migraine and coronary artery disease. Background.- Calcitonin gene-related peptide receptor antagonists, such as telcagepant, may be useful for acute migraine treatment in patients with cardiovascular disease, a population for whom triptans are contraindicated. Methods.- Randomized, double-blind, two-period (6 weeks per ...
Schmid Rene - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The optimal treatment strategy for burst fractures of the thoracolumbar junction is discussed controversially in the literature. Whilst 360° fusion has shown to result in better radiological outcome, recent studies have failed to show its superiority concerning clinical outcome. The morbidity associated with the additional anterior approach may account ...
Kim Joo Pyung - - 2012
Objective: To assess the effect of relative lower amplitude and frequency for globus pallidus internus (GPi) deep brain stimulation (DBS) of cervical dystonia (CD). Materials and Methods: Between February 2005 and October 2008, 14 patients diagnosed with CD underwent bilateral GPi DBS and all the patients received low-frequency stimulation and ...
Conger Bryant T BT - - 2012
Objective. The Draf III procedure is an advanced surgical option for frontal sinus disease refractory to endoscopic frontal sinusotomy and is used to expose the anterior limit of resection of the skull base during endoscopic management of anterior skull base tumors. Our objective was to evaluate outcomes of a strategy ...
La Meir Mark - - 2012
We compare results of a hybrid monopolar vs. a hybrid bipolar thoracoscopic approach employing radiofrequency (RF) sources for the surgical treatment of lone atrial fibrillation (LAF). From January 2008 to June 2010, 19 patients (35.1%) underwent RF monopolar/monolateral RF ablation, whereas 35 (64.9%) had RF bipolar/bilateral thoracoscopic ablation. One-year time-related ...
Calleja S - - 2012
To explore immunoregulatory and anti-inflammatory pathways specifically targeted by a subcutaneous anti-TNFαdrug-adalimumab-which might be relevant for controlling refractory uveitis. Non-randomized pilot intervention study on the effects of adalimumab on Treg populations and plasma VEGF levels in refractory uveitis patients. Inflammatory and immunological parameters were measured in 12 patients before therapy, ...
Mahmood Sarah - - 2012
A best-evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was 'Is a fully heparin bonded cardiopulmonary bypass circuit superior to a standard cardiopulmonary bypass circuit?' Altogether more than 792 papers were found using the reported search, of which 13 represented the best evidence ...
Carreon Leah Y - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Study Design. Longitudinal CohortObjective. To present ODI scores and SF6D utility values among patients with different diagnostic etiologies who underwent fusion surgery.Summary of Background Data. Several studies have increased our understanding of the health-related quality of life measures (HRQOL) in patients with low back pain. With rising healthcare costs, ...
Groth Travis W - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: We describe our experience with polyps encountered in bladder continent catheterizable channels. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An IRB-approved retrospective study was conducted on all patients at Children's Hospital of Wisconsin with continent catheterizable channels managed by a single physician over a 16-year time period. RESULTS: Fifty-five patients were identified with ...
Navi Babak B - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy and optimal timing of physician prognostication in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage, a prototypical neurological disease characterized by variable outcomes and frequent disability. METHODS: From October 2009 to April 2010, treating neurologists at a tertiary care academic medical ...
Law Siu-Tong - - 2012
Our objective was to compare patients with concurrent and sequentially presented systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)-related protein-losing enteropathy (PLE). Patients with history of SLE admitted for PLE were selected and their clinical, laboratory, endoscopic and imaging characteristics, treatment and outcome were analyzed. From 2001 to 2010, 21 and 27 patients had ...
Khawaji Mohammed - - 2012
Background:  In the 1950s, Sweden initiated prophylaxis as a lifelong treatment for haemophilia. It was the first country to do so. Objective:  To describe and evaluate dosing and outcome of prophylactic treatment in a large cohort of adult people with severe haemophilia who have been using prophylaxis most of their ...
Liu Yang - - 2012
Venous thromboembolism is a significant cause of morbidity and death in pregnant women. Retrievable vena cava filters were placed right before labor as prophylaxis for peripartum pulmonary embolism. We reviewed the experience of caval filter placement and retrieval in term pregnancy in this study. We reviewed 15 patients with deep ...
Cakir Ilkay - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Increased cardiovascular mortality/morbidity observed in patients with hypopituitarism is ascribed to growth hormone deficiency (GHD) because of its unfavorable cardiovascular risk profile. Abnormalities in the coagulation system may also contribute to increased cardiovascular morbidity/mortality. To get a better insight into the role of hemostasis in GHD we assessed several ...
Kauttu Tuuli - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The initial results from ablation therapy for metaplastic/dysplastic Barrett's esophagus (BE) are promising, but the results of extended follow-up evaluation are seldom reported. METHODS: Neodymium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser ablation and successful antireflux surgery for 18 patients with metaplastic BE primarily resulted in the total histologic eradication of BE in 15 patients ...
Rhee Harin - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Recent observational studies have found that low intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) is related with mortality in hemodialysis patients and these findings may be considered to be the result of accelerated cardiovascular calcifications in adynamic bone disease. This study was aimed to determine the relationship between persistently low iPTH and ...
Chen Zhi - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Study Design. We designed a novel anterior cervical spine surgery preoperative treatment, comprising of mechanical trachea/esophagus traction and compared the postoperative outcome regarding dysphagia with non treated patients.Objective. We investigated whether the newly developed preoperative tracheal/esophageal traction exercise (TTE) treatment has an effect on postoperative dysphagia after anterior cervical ...
Craik J D - - 2012
We present patient outcomes following surgical excision of primary wrist ganglia over a 5 year period. Patients (48 of 59; 81%) responded to a questionnaire by post or telephone, with a mean time to follow-up of 44 (range 21-77) months. There was a statistically significant reduction in all reported symptoms, ...
Spivak Hadar - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) are the most common bariatric procedures performed in the past decade, little is known about their long-term (>5 years) outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective outcome study investigated 148 consecutive patients from a single practice who underwent LAGB from November ...
Cha Jihoon - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to compare the prevalence of cyclops lesions after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) using the single-bundle and remnant bundle preservation techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred consecutive patients, who had undergone postoperative MRI of the knee followed by arthroscopic ACLR with the remnant ...
Al-Nouri Omar - - 2012
Endovascular treatment of superficial femoral artery (SFA) lesions is a well-established practice. The repercussions of failed SFA interventions are unclear. Our goal was to review the efficacy of SFA stenting and define negative effects of its failure. A retrospective chart review was conducted from January 2007 to January 2010 that ...
Issa Mohammed A - - 2012
Objective.  Patient satisfaction has been the object of interest in health care for some time and is now increasingly used as the basis for quality management and improvement. This study compares patient satisfaction between residents and attending in a pain clinic setting following fluoroscopy-guided steroid injections. Design.  This is a ...
Tóth Roland - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The RIFLE (risk, injury, failure, loss, and end-stage renal disease) classification system was developed to standardize the definition of acute kidney injury (AKI) in adults. We hypothesized that AKI was associated with increased mortality and morbidity. METHODS: Acute kidney injury was defined as a decrease in the amount of ...
Kim Jwa-Kyung - - 2012
Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is a rare manifestation of IgA nephropathy (IgAN). Clinical characteristics and long-term outcomes of this condition have not yet been explored. A multicenter observational study was conducted between January 2000 and September 2010 in 1076 patients with biopsy-proven IgAN from four medical centers in Korea. The primary ...
Huded Chetan P CP Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, NH 03756, - - 2012
Most reports of femoral-femoral bypass (FFB) were published before the era of endovascular intervention. This study examines the utilization and impact of adjunctive endovascular intervention on FFB in contemporary practice. We reviewed 253 FFB performed in 247 patients between 1984 and 2010. Primary endpoints, including graft patency, primary-assisted patency, limb ...
Edmond Karen M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Despite widespread use of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis, group B streptococcus remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in infants in Europe, the Americas, and Australia. However, estimates of disease burden in many countries outside of these regions is not available. We aimed to examine the current global burden ...
Nunley James A - - 2012
The purpose of the present study was to document the patient self-reported improvements in quality of life, function, and overall impairment scores, as well as the improvement in the clinically derived outcome scores, following a Scandinavian Total Ankle Replacement (STAR) arthroplasty performed for the treatment of end-stage ankle arthritis. All ...
Preminger Beth Aviva - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Fewer than half of patients undergo reconstruction after breast cancer treatment, despite its quality of life benefits. Earlier studies demonstrated that most general surgeons do not discuss reconstructive options with patients. The aim of this study was to examine the likelihood of reconstruction within a cohort of mastectomy patients ...
Magli Adriano - - 2012
To report clinical manifestations of a female patient with bilateral bacterial keratitis following photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). Bilateral PRK was performed for moderate hyperopia. Bandage contact lenses were fitted at the conclusion of the surgery. Bilateral infectious keratitis with hypopion was diagnosed within 4 days after surgery. Smear and culture were obtained ...
Zakrison Tanya L - - 2012
Abstract Background: Complicated intra-abdominal infections (cIAI) are a common problem in surgical practice. The effect of body mass index (BMI) on the outcome is poorly understood. We compared the association of BMI and type of antibiotic therapy for cIAI described in a previously published trial of ertapenem vs. piperacillin-tazobactam (Namias ...
Kronenberg Jona - - 2012
Abstract Conclusions: Our preliminary results indicate that mastoidectomy by reconstruction of the posterior wall and obliteration (MAPRO) avoided the disadvantages of a canal-wall-down mastoidectomy. MAPRO effectively prevented cholesteatoma recurrence, provided an excellent basis for hearing restoration, and was generally water-safe. Objective: To evaluate the authors' experience with the MAPRO technique ...
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