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Results 451 - 500 of 11610
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Orton Trent H TH 1Ottawa Stroke Research Group,Ottawa Hospital Research Institute,University of - - 2014
Background: Recanalization rates and patient outcomes in acute occlusion of the carotid terminus have previously been poor. The use of stent-retrievers has resulted in better recanalization and patient outcomes. We sought to compare outcomes in patients treated with stent-retrievers to outcomes in older techniques. Methods: We retrospectively compared a stent-retriever ...
Neumann Julie A JA Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA - - 2014
The Akin proximal phalangeal osteotomy is commonly used in conjunction with metatarsal osteotomies to treat hallux valgus. Multiple fixation methods including suture, wire, screw, and staple fixation have been described. The aims of this study were to assess the intraoperative and postoperative complications and to evaluate short-term postoperative outcomes in ...
Pagès Pierre-Benoit PB Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Dijon, Bocage Hospital, Dijon, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Few randomized controlled trials have been published on outcomes after treatment of spontaneous pneumothorax. The objective of this study was to assess recurrence, pulmonary complications, prolonged air leak, and hospital duration of stay in patients undergoing videothoracoscopic surgery (VATS) or thoracotomy for spontaneous pneumothorax. From January 2005 to December 2012, ...
Lee H-J HJ Centre for Orthognathic Surgery, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the soft tissue changes and skeletal stability of a modification of the Le Fort I osteotomy design - the modified quadrangular Le Fort I osteotomy (MQLI). Patients who had maxillary advancement and mandibular setback surgery for skeletal class III malocclusion with a ...
Norman James J Norman Parathyroid Center, Tampa, FL, USA, - - 2014
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms are commonly reported in primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT). Although a calcium-mediated cause-and-effect relationship has been suggested, it remains unknown if parathyroidectomy improves GERD symptoms. Over a 22-month period, 1,175 (39 %) of 3,000 consecutive adult patients with pHPT and symptomatic GERD (on prescription reflux medications daily for ...
Yildirim A A Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Medical Faculty, Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Eskisehir, Turkey - - - 2014
Acute rheumatic fever is an inflammatory disease that develops via an auto--immune mechanism following Group A beta hemolytic streptococcal tonsillopharyngitis. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical presentation of and cardiac involvement in acute rheumatic fever. The medical records of acute rheumatic fever patients admitted to the ...
Pérez-Canales Jose L JL From the Departments of Ophthalmology, Hospital Virgen de los Lirios (Pérez-Canales, Campos-Mollo), Alcoy, and Alicante University General Hospital (Pérez-Santonja), Alicante, and the Cornea Unit (Pérez-Santonja), Oftalvist Group, Alicante, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate corneal endothelial changes after intracameral injection of vancomycin at the end of routine cataract surgery. Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital Virgen de los Lirios, Alcoy, Alicante, Spain. Prospective comparative case series. Eyes received an intracameral injection of vancomycin (1 mg/0.1 mL) or cefuroxime (1 mg/0.1 mL) at the end of surgery. The visual ...
Scheyer M M Department of General Surgery, State Hospital, 6700, Bludenz, Vorarlberg, - - 2014
Rectoanal repair (RAR), which combines doppler-guided hemorrhoidal artery ligation (HAL) and mucopexy via lifting of the hemorrhoidal prolapse, offers a minimally invasive alternative to conventional hemorrhoidectomy. Patients with grade II hemorrhoids were treated with HAL, and patients with grade III and IV hemorrhoids were treated with the RAR procedure by ...
Swinkels B M BM Department of Cardiology, St. Antonius Hospital, PO Box 2500, 3435, CM, Nieuwegein, the Netherlands, - - 2014
Although younger patients are supposed to be less susceptible to bleeding complications of mechanical aortic valve replacement (mAVR) than older patients, there is a relative paucity of data on this subject. Therefore, it remains uncertain whether younger patients are really at a lower risk of these complications than older patients. ...
Qian Bang-Ping BP Department of Spine Surgery, the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Zhongshan Road 321, Nanjing 210008, China. E-mail address for B.-p. Qian: qianbangping@163.com. E-mail address for J. Jiang: spine821107@gmail.com. E-mail address for Y. Qiu: scoliosis2002@sina.com. E-mail address for B. Wang: wbin113@126.com. E-mail address for Y. Yu: yuyangdr@126.com. E-mail address for Z.-z. Zhu: - - 2014
Pelvic retroversion is one of the mechanisms for regulating sagittal balance in patients with a kyphotic deformity. This retroversion is limited by hip extension, which prevents the pelvis from becoming excessively retroverted, achieving a sacral slope of <0°. However, a negative sacral slope can be found in some patients with ...
Kim Jee Hyun JH Cheil Eye Hospital and Cheil Eye Research Institute, Daegu, - - 2014
To compare the thickness of the lamina cribrosa (LC) and vascular factors of early normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) patients with high and low intraocular pressure (IOP) that are expected to be associated with the development of glaucoma. Seventy-one Korean NTG patients with low IOP (the highest IOP <15 mmHg, 40 patients) ...
Heesakkers Nicole N Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is predicting the clinical and radiological long-term outcome and identifying prognostic factors of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD) in Catterall 2 and 3 hips. Sixty hips (59 patients) were diagnosed with LCPD between 1959 to 1974 and were followed prospectively. Forty-two of these 60 hips were classified ...
Cortina Maria S MS *Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, College of Medicine, Chicago, IL; and †Quantitative Scientific Solutions, LLC, Washington, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the impact of Boston keratoprosthesis (KPro) implantation on patient-reported visual function using the National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire 25 (NEI VFQ-25). This is a prospective study of patients undergoing implantation of Boston KPro. The NEI VFQ-25 was used to assess vision-related ...
Wojahn Robert D RD Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University Orthopedics, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, Campus Box 8233, Saint Louis, MO 63110. E-mail address for R.P. Calfee: - - 2014
The outcomes of corticosteroid injection for trigger finger are well documented only with short-term follow-up. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the long-term effectiveness of a single injection and to examine predictors of success up to ten years after injection. This case series analyzed 366 first-time corticosteroid injections ...
Shank Erik S ES From the *Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston; and †Department of Surgery, Shriners Hospital for Children®, Harvard Medical School, - - 2014
Pediatric patients face multiple reconstructive surgeries to reestablish function and aesthetics postburn injury. Often, the site of the harvested graft for these reconstructions is reported to be the most painful part of the procedure and a common reason for deferring these reconstructive procedures. This study in pediatric burn patients undergoing ...
Li Jia J *Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, 139 Ziqiang Road, Shijiazhuang 050051, China †The Key Laboratory of Orthopedic Biomechanics of Hebei Province The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, 139 Ziqiang Road, Shijiazhuang 050051, - - 2014
A retrospective investigation. The aim of this research is to compare the clinical and radiologic outcomes of patients with modic-2 changes who underwent anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) or cervical total disc replacement (TDR) in single level. There was few studies focused on the clinical and radiologic outcomes of ...
Schulz-Schüpke Stefanie S Deutsches Herzzentrum München, Technische Universität, Munich, Germany2DZHK, Partner Site Munich Heart Alliance, Munich, - - 2014
The role of vascular closure devices (VCD) for the achievement of hemostasis in patients undergoing transfemoral coronary angiography remains controversial. To compare outcomes with the use of 2 hemostasis strategies after diagnostic coronary angiography performed via transfemoral access-a VCD-based strategy with 2 types of devices, an intravascular device and an ...
Boorman Richard S RS Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Calgary, 3330 Hospital Drive N.W., Calgary, AB T2N 4N1, Canada. E-mail address for R.S. Boorman: - - 2014
Chronic rotator cuff tears are prevalent and can be disabling. The existing literature is unclear regarding the effectiveness of nonoperative treatment. The purposes of this study were to determine whether the outcome of nonoperative treatment can be predicted on the basis of the presenting clinical characteristics and whether the outcome ...
Weinberg L L Consultant anesthetist, Department of Anesthesia, Austin Hospital, Principal Fellow, Department of Surgery, and Perioperative and Pain Medicine Unit, Melbourne Medical School, The University Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia - - - 2014
The acid--base, biochemical and hematological effects of crystalloid solutions have not been comprehensively evaluated in patients with liver resection. Design: Multicenter, prospective, double--blind randomized controlled trial investigating the biochemical effects of Hartmann's solution (HS) or Plasmalyte--148 (PL) in 60 patients undergoing major liver resection. Primary outcome: Base Excess immediately after ...
Park Se Woo SW Department of Internal Medicine, Institute of Gastroenterology, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Background and study aims: Rectal nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have been shown to reduce the incidence of postendoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis (PEP). The aim of this study was to determine whether intramuscular diclofenac reduces the risk of PEP. Patients and methods: Patients who underwent ERCP were randomized to receive either ...
Son Seungnam S Department of Neurology, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine, Jinju, Korea Gyeongnam Regional Cardiocerebrovascular Disease Center, Gyeongsang National University Hospital, Jinju, - - 2014
Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) caused by basilar artery occlusion (BAO) is a very severe neurological disease with a high mortality rate and poor clinical outcomes. In this study, we compared our experience of mechanical thrombectomy using the Solitaire stent (Solitaire thrombectomy) and manual aspiration thrombectomy using the Penumbra reperfusion catheter ...
Nghiem-Buffet Sylvia S Centre Ophtalmologique d'Imagerie et de Laser, Paris, - - 2014
Purpose: To investigate the outcome of intravitreal ranibizumab and/or dexamethasone implant treatment for treatment of macular edema (ME) secondary to central or branch retinal vein occlusion (CRVO or BRVO) in a clinical setting. Methods: Retrospective analysis of consecutive patients followed for at least 6 months. Data recorded included the type ...
Tenenbaum Shay S Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, affiliated with the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Gan, Israel. E-mail address: - - 2014
This study assessed the hypothesis that arthrodesis of both the ankle and the hindfoot joints produces an objective improvement of function as measured by gait analysis of patients with severe ankle and hindfoot arthritis. Twenty-one patients with severe ankle and hindfoot arthritis who underwent unilateral tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis with an intramedullary ...
Kim Yong Joon YJ Department of Ophthalmology, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University Seoul Hospital, Seoul, 140-210, Korea (South), Republic - - 2014
To evaluate the angiographic features of the affected limbus in patients with pterygia and assess limbal reconstruction outcomes after limbal-conjunctival autograft (LCA) transplantation in terms of vascular remodeling. Thirty-one eyes of 31 patients who underwent pterygium excision and LCA transplantation were studied prospectively. Twenty-eight eyes of 28 normal participants were ...
Ji Hong Min M Departments of Radiology and Research Institute of - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of radiofrequency (RF) ablation for treatment of bilateral thyroid nodules as well as preservation of thyroid function. Between January 2007 and October 2012, 18 patients (16 women and 2 men; mean age, 49.9 y; median age, 44 y; age range, 27-81 y) with bilateral ...
Choi Seung-Kwon - - 2014
Urinary incontinence after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) is one of the most bothersome complications affecting patients' daily lives. The efficacy of the bladder neck plication stitch technique in promoting an earlier return of continence was prospectively evaluated in 158 patients who underwent RARP for clinically localized prostate cancer by a ...
Komasawa Nobuyasu N Department of Anesthesiology, Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki, Osaka, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine if prewarming of the i-gel (Intersurgical, Wokingham, United Kingdom) improves insertion and ventilation efficacy with muscle relaxation in patients undergoing elective surgery. Clinical randomized study. Operating room. Sixty-eight adult patients scheduled for elective surgery under general anesthesia with American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status 1-3. The i-gel was ...
Chaplin Emma E Centre for Exercise and Rehabilitation Science, NIHR Leicester Respiratory BRU, University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust, Leicester, United Kingdom (Ms Chaplin); Pulmonary Rehabilitation Department, Glenfield Hospital, University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust, Leicester, United Kingdom (Ms Gibb and Drs Sewell and Singh); and Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Coventry University, Coventry, United Kingdom (Dr - - 2014
The COPD Assessment Tool (CAT) has previously been shown to be a sensitive outcome measure for pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in a stable population, but its utility in a postexacerbation PR population is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate any differences in response to the CAT between stable ...
Choi In Ah - - 2014
Pelubiprofen is a prodrug of 2-arylpropionic acid with relatively selective effects on cyclooxygenase-2 activity. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety profiles of pelubiprofen with those of celecoxib in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. This was a 6-week, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, parallel-group, phase III, non-inferiority ...
Ekwueme Osa-Eloka Christiandolus - - 2014
Nigeria ranks 10 out of the 22 countries in the world with the highest TB burden. Contact tracing enhances case finding and increases the probability of cure. The purpose of the study is to improve the contact tracing skills of tuberculosis patients at the major TB centre in Enugu State, ...
Seikkula Heikki H Department of Urology, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is an important tool in the follow-up of prostate cancer after radical prostatectomy (RP). However, the relevance of ultrasensitive PSA (uPSA) after RP is not well defined. The aim of this study was to investigate the value of uPSA in follow-up after RP and to determine whether ...
Mohanty Sanghamitra S Texas Cardiac Arrhythmia Institute, St. David's Medical Center, Austin, - - 2014
The impact of amiodarone on ablation outcome in long standing persistent atrial fibrillation (LSPAF) patients is not known yet. To assess the effect of amiodarone on procedural-outcomes in LSPAF patients undergoing catheter ablation. We enrolled 112 LSPAF patients on amiodarone and scheduled to undergo AF ablation. Patients were randomized to ...
George Daniel M DM Department of Orthopaedics, Flinders Medical Centre, Bedford Park, SA, - - 2014
Conservative management for uncomplicated displaced clavicle fractures is common practice. Delay of surgical fixation may result in less favorable outcomes. A retrospective cohort study was conducted of 60 patients with a closed mid-third clavicle fracture that did not meet current operative or nonoperative guidelines; 20 primary (plate fixation <6 weeks), 20 ...
Yang S-W SW Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung, Taiwan, ROC; School of Medicine, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan, ROC. Electronic address: - - 2014
Oral erythroplakia is a precancerous lesion with high malignant potential, and resection is the recommended treatment. We designed a retrospective study to analyse the outcome of treatment in patients who had operations for oral erythroplakia. A total of 84 patients (74 men and 10 women, mean (SD) age 54 (12) ...
Dhakal Laxmi P LP Department of Critical Care, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL, - - 2014
Headache after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is very common and is often described as the "worst headache imaginable." SAH-associated headache can persist for days to weeks and is traditionally treated with narcotics. However, narcotics can have significant adverse effects. We hypothesize that gabapentin (GBP), a non-narcotic neuropathic pain medication, would ...
Hasegawa T T Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
We investigated changes in the sensitivity of cutaneous points and the oral mucosa after sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO) and assessed the differences between SSRO and intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy (IVRO). The subjects included in this study were 46 patients with mandibular prognathism who underwent IVRO (88 rami) and 30 ...
Perez Botero Juliana J Division of Hematology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, United - - 2014
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a recognized complication after joint replacement surgery, and prophylaxis is routinely used in patients without bleeding disorders. However, for patients with hemophilia, pharmacologic prophylaxis is highly variable and controversial because of the inherent bleeding risk. To review our institutional experience with outcomes of total knee or ...
Lee Todd C - - 2014
Antibiotic use is an important quality improvement target. Nearly 50% of antibiotic use is unnecessary or inappropriate. To combat overuse, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) proposed "time-outs" to reevaluate antibiotics. To optimize antibiotic use through trainee-led time-outs. Before-after study. Internal medicine (2 units, 46 beds) at a ...
Lin Jin-Xiang JX Department of Medical Oncology, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, - - 2014
To compare the efficacy of dioctahedral smectite and iodine glycerin (DSIG) cream with topical mouth rinse (composed of saline, gentamicin and Vitamin B12) in treatment of chemotherapy induced oral mucositis (OM). A total of 130 intensive chemotherapy or stem cells transplantation induced OM patients were recruited. Among these patients, 67 ...
Subaşı Volkan V Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Clinic, Private Özgüryaşam Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Clinic, Okan merzeci bulvarı, no:538, Yenişehir/Mersin, Turkey, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to compare the efficacy of kinesiological taping and subacromial injection therapy in patients with subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS). Seventy patients diagnosed with SIS were randomly assigned to group 1 (n = 35, injection group) or group 2 (n = 35, kinesiological taping group). Betamethasone plus prilocaine was injected ...
Yokoyama Kunio K Department of Neurosurgery, Takeda General Hospital, 28-1, Ishidamoriminami-machi, Fushimi, Kyoto, Kyoto, 601-1495, Japan, - - 2014
The influence of vertebral cement augmentation on spinal sagittal balance is unknown. The present study aimed to analyze the changes in total spinal alignment after Kyphoplasty in VCF patients. The study involved 21 VCF patients who underwent Kyphoplasty. In all patients, lateral radiographs of the entire spine were taken preoperatively ...
Elman Monica - - 2014
Abstract INTRODUCTION: Since the introduction of fractional technology, various systems were launched to the market. The first generation of fractional RF systems created epidermal ablation with coagulative/necrosis of the dermis with sufficient clinical outcomes, but with some limitations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety ...
Chan Noel C NC Thrombosis and Atherosclerosis Research Institute, Hamilton, Canada, - - 2014
In the last decade, major advances in venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis in orthopaedic surgery have included the development of new anticoagulants that are poised to replace low molecular weight heparins (LMWHs) and improvements in operative and perioperative care that have likely led to a decline in the rates of symptomatic ...
Bülhoff Matthias M Center for Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, - - 2014
Studies evaluating the return to sports and work after shoulder arthroplasty are rare, and there are no studies evaluating return to work after total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA). Patients undergoing TSA will be able to return to their preoperative sports levels and occupations. Case series; Level of evidence, 4. A total ...
Ruch David S DS Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, - - 2014
Lateral epicondylitis is a common condition encountered by orthopedic surgeons. Whereas the majority of patients improve with conservative management, a small percentage will require surgery. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of surgical débridement of the common extensor origin alone with débridement combined with rotation ...
Sunstrom Rachel E RE Division of Pediatric and Congenital Cardiac Surgery, Doernbecher Children's Hospital, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon. Electronic address: - - 2014
Patients undergoing the Fontan procedure may have extended hospital stay due to various postoperative factors including prolonged chest tube drainage. Our aim was to determine the efficacy of our Fontan management protocol in reducing chest tube drainage and length of stay. Patients who underwent a Fontan procedure at our institution ...
Park Jaechan J Departments of Neurosurgery - - 2014
OBJECT While the incidence of a recurrent hemorrhage is highest within 24 hours of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and increases with the severity of the clinical grade, a recurrent hemorrhage can occur anytime after the initial SAH in patients with both good and poor clinical grades. Therefore, the authors adopted a ...
Niu Junjie J Department of Orthopaedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu, PR - - 2014
The instantaneously recovered stability and strength following vertebral augmentation prevent continuous micro-motion and further collapse of fractured vertebrae. Despite this, during follow-up of our patients, we observed recompression of augmented vertebrae with significant vertebral height loss and aggravation of local kyphotic deformity. To identify the risk factors related to recompression ...
Panhofer Peter P Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, Austria. Electronic address: - - 2014
Introduction: Limited procedures at the T4 ganglion show low rates of compensatory sweating (CS). The aim of the study was to compare endoscopic sympathetic block (ESB) via clip application with endothoracic sympathicotomy (ETS) via diathermy with special regard on patients' quality of life (Qol). Patients and methods: Treatment success, side ...
Mastoris Ioannis I The Zena and Michael A. Wiener Cardiovascular Institute, the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New - - 2014
The first transcatheter aortisc valve replacement (TAVR) was performed in 2002, and has been proven beneficial in inoperable and high-risk patients for open heart surgery. Stroke occurrence after TAVR, both periprocedure and at follow-up, has not been well described. We sought to review incidence, pathophysiology, predictors, prognosis, and current preventive ...
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