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Results 451 - 500 of 10051
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Welsh Kerry J KJ From the Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Texas at - - 2014
Patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) are at risk of bleeding. The goal of this investigation was to compare thromboelastography (TEG) with standard coagulation tests (prothrombin time [PT], partial thromboplastin time [PTT], fibrinogen, and D-dimer) in patients with active bleeding. A retrospective study of patients who underwent cardiac ...
Sarr Michael G MG Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN. Electronic address: - - 2014
This prospective, multicenter, randomized clinical trial was performed to compare the effectiveness of the bioprosthesis Surgisis Gold (Cook Biotech, Inc, West Lafayette, IN) to suture closure alone in reinforcing the abdominal wall after open Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). A total of 402 adult patients (body mass index ≥35 kg/m(2)) scheduled to ...
Matharu Gs G Royal Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, - - 2014
High short-term failure rates have been reported for a variety of metal-on-metal (MoM) total hip replacements (THRs) owing to adverse reactions to metal debris (ARMD). This has led to the withdrawal of certain poorly performing THRs. This study analysed the outcomes of a MoM THR system. Between 2004 and 2010, ...
Coillard C C Sainte Justine Hospital, Montréal, QC, Canada - - - 2014
The purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the efficacy of the Dynamic SpineCor brace for early idiopathic scoliosis (15°-30°) compared to the natural evolution of the disease. 68 patients participated in this study (32 treated and 36 controls) with at least 5 years follow-up. The inclusion criteria ...
Leung Joyce H Y JH Departments of Imaging and Interventional Radiology (J.H.Y.L., S.C.H.Y., M.M.B.T., S.S.Y.H., V.Y.F.L., A.T.A.) and Obstetrics and Gynecology (E.C.W.C., A.S.W.W.), Prince of Wales Hospital, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong - - 2014
We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of sonographically guided high-intensity focused ultrasound for treating patients with symptomatic uterine fibroids using a modified protocol. This work was part of an ongoing prospective phase 1 study. Twenty patients with 22 symptomatic fibroids were treated with sonographically guided high-intensity focused ultrasound ...
Ferrada Paula P Division of Trauma, Critical Care, and Emergency Surgery, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia USA. - - 2014
Limited transthoracic echocardiography (LTTE) has been introduced as a hemodynamic tool for trauma patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of LTTE during the evaluation of nonsurviving patients who presented to the trauma bay with traumatic cardiac arrest. Approval by the Institutional Review Board was obtained. ...
Sandberg Jason M JM Department of Urology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, - - 2014
To assess the role of robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) in elderly patients focusing on perioperative, functional, and oncologic outcomes in comparison with a younger cohort. From a prospectively maintained institutional review board-approved database, 339 patients were divided into 2 groups defined by age ≥70 (n = 71) or <70 years (n = 268) at the ...
Qvarfordh Pernilla - - 2014
The aim of this pilot study was to investigate whether it was feasible and safe to mobilize patients shortly after lumbar disc surgery with the objective of reducing postoperative complications and allowing shorter hospitalization. Randomized controlled study. The patients were randomized into two groups, intervention and control groups. Those in ...
Ilkkaya Nazan Koylu - - 2014
To compare effects of music, white noise, and ambient (background) noise on patient anxiety and sedation. Open, parallel, and randomized controlled trial. Seventy-five patients aged 18 to 60 years who were scheduled for surgical procedures under spinal anesthesia were randomly assigned to ambient noise (Group O), white noise (Group B), or ...
Ileri Zehra Z Assistant professor, Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Selcuk University, Konya, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of transient bacteremia after a piezocision procedure. The sample consisted of 30 subjects (24 women, 6 men; mean age, 19.6 ± 0.7 years; range, 18.1-22.4 years) with the American Society of Anesthesiologists' physical status I. All patients had Class I skeletal and dental relationships ...
Horne Aaron A Jr Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, - - 2014
Severe aortic stenosis (AS) results in considerable morbidity and mortality without aortic valve replacement and is expected to increase in prevalence with the aging population. Because AS primarily affects the elderly, many patients with comorbidities are poor candidates for surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) and may not be referred. Transcatheter ...
Ozogul Bunyami B From the Department of General Surgery, Medical Faculty, Ataturk University, Erzurum, - - 2014
Previous studies have evaluated the presence of juxtapapillary duodenal diverticula (JPDD) and the association with pancreatobiliary disease, but not the association of the papilla with an existing JPDD. We investigated the association of different localizations of the papilla with JPDD. We studied patients in whom JPDD was detected during endoscopic ...
Young Monica T MT Department of Surgery, University of California Irvine Medical Center, Orange, California, - - 2014
Sleeve gastrectomy is emerging to be the procedure of choice in the management of severe obesity. The aim of this study was to analyze outcomes between patients who underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) versus laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB). A retrospective matched cohort analysis was performed between 150 patients who ...
Reynolds Jessica L JL Keck Medical Center of the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, - - 2014
Magnetic sphincter augmentation (MSA) of the gastroesophageal junction with the LINX Reflux Management System is an alternative to fundoplication for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) that was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in March 2012. This is a prospective observational study of all patients who underwent placement ...
Nguyen Brian M BM Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, California, - - 2014
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Several studies have demonstrated neuroprotective effects of cannabinoids. The objective of this study was to establish a relationship between the presence of a positive toxicology screen for tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and mortality after TBI. A 3-year retrospective review of registry ...
Liang W T WT Department of Thoracic Cardiovascular Surgery Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University Xicheng District, Beijing, PR China - - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to prospectively evaluate the Stretta radiofrequency (RF) treatment for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) -related respiratory symptoms over a 5-years follow-up period. A total of 132 patients underwent the Stretta procedure between April 2007 and February 2009; 122 of the patients (92.4%) completed the ...
Russo Paul R PR Department of General Surgery, Naval Medical Center San Diego, 34800 Bob Wilson Drive, Building 3, 4th Floor, San Diego, CA - - 2014
Evaluation of surgical patients with fever and leukocytosis (FAL) for an infection source often results in unnecessary laboratory and radiographic tests. The average cost of an FAL work-up ranges from $2200 to $5600. Lack of a systematic approach drives costs higher than necessary. We evaluated differences in time to treatment ...
Chiang Yuting P YP Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, New - - 2014
The choice between bioprosthetic and mechanical aortic valve replacement in younger patients is controversial because long-term survival and major morbidity are poorly characterized. To quantify survival and major morbidity in patients aged 50 to 69 years undergoing aortic valve replacement. Retrospective cohort analysis of 4253 patients aged 50 to 69 ...
Clark Noreen M NM University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA - - 2014
A randomized controlled trial of two formats of a program (Women Take PRIDE) to enhance management of heart disease by patients was conducted. Older women (N = 575) were randomly assigned to a group or self-directed format or to a control group. Data regarding symptoms, functional health status, and weight ...
Liu Xiao X Department of Orthopaedics, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing 100191, - - 2014
The treatment strategies for multilevel thoracic ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligaments (T-OPLL) were rarely reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical outcomes and complications of circumferential decompression for multilevel T-OPLL and compare two different methods in the management of the OPLL (resection or floating). Data ...
Wang Jin J Department of Medical Radiology, Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510630, - - 2014
Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) has become the therapeutic option of choice for end-stage liver disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes of splenic morphology, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values and explore their value in evaluating the therapeutic effects of orthotopic ...
Qu Yanchao Y Department of Urology, Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100045, - - 2014
The treatment of the patient with pelvic fracture urethral disruption defects (PFUDD) remains controversial especially in pediatric urology. Debate continues in regarding the advisability of immediate repair versus delayed repair. The aim of this study was to analyze our experience in the outcomes of immediate and delayed repair of pelvic ...
Krishnan R R Division of Urology, Sexual and Reproductive Medicine Program, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, - - 2014
Few studies have looked at erectile function recovery (EFR) rates in men undergoing non-nerve sparing resection during radical prostatectomy (RP). Existing studies show great variation in EFR rates owing to multiple factors that minimize their utility in counselling RP patients. We investigated the EFR rate and its predictors in unilateral ...
Holst Lars B LB From the Department of Intensive Care (L.B.H., N.H., L.H.A., U.G.P., N.R., J. Wiis, J.O.W., L.R., K.J.T., P.B.H., R.G.M., M.H.M., M.S., A.P.), Copenhagen Trial Unit, Center for Clinical Intervention Research (J. Wetterslev, P.W.), and Section for Transfusion Medicine (P.I.J.), Rigshospitalet and University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Randers Hospital, Randers (M.L.V., H.B., M.A.T.), Herning Hospital, Herning (R.W., D.L., R.M.), Hvidovre Hospital, Hvidovre (L.N., C.A.), Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus (H.L.N., D.I.), Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg (B.S.R.), Holbæk Hospital, Holbæk (J.R.M.L.), Kolding Hospital, Kolding (J.S.N.), and Hjørring Hospital, Hjørring (M.K.) - all in Denmark; Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, Stockholm (J. Wernerman, I.T., K.K., S.O.-W.), Karolinska University Hospital, Solna (A.O.), and Södersjukhuset, Stockholm (M.B.C.) - all in Sweden; Haukeland University Hospital and University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway (A.B.G., B.S.); Tampere University Hospital, Tampere (S.K.), and Helsinki University Hospital and University of Helsinki, Helsinki (V.P.) - all in Finland; and Liverpool Hospital, Sydney - - 2014
Background Blood transfusions are frequently given to patients with septic shock. However, the benefits and harms of different hemoglobin thresholds for transfusion have not been established. Methods In this multicenter, parallel-group trial, we randomly assigned patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) who had septic shock and a hemoglobin concentration ...
Grieshaber Matthias C MC Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Southern Africa, Medunsa, South Africa; Department of Ophthalmology, University of Basel, Basel, - - 2014
To study the safety and long-term efficacy of classic viscocanalostomy in patients with open-angle glaucoma (OAG) in different populations. A total of 726 eyes of 726 patients from Europe or South Africa with primary OAG (POAG) and pseudoexfoliative glaucoma (PXFG) were included in this retrospective multicentre study. Complete (qualified) success ...
De Cooman Sofie S Department of Anaesthesia, Kliniek Sint-Jan, Brussels, - - 2014
Because a case report and theoretical mass balances suggested that hypoxic guard systems may not prevent the formation of hypoxic inspired mixtures (FIO2 ≤ 21 %) over the clinically used fresh gas flow (FGF) range, we measured FIO2 over a wide range of hypoxic guard limits for O2/N2O and O2/air mixtures. After IRB ...
Zheng Shuyue S Department of Pain Management, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the severity and the natural course of masticatory muscles weakness that developed after CT-guided percutaneous trigeminal radiofrequency thermocoagulation (PT-RFT) for the treatment of idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia (ITN). Twenty-seven patients with ITN were treated by CT-guided percutaneous trigeminal radiofrequency thermocoagulation. Each patients' occlusal ...
Massoud Karim S KS Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Ain-Shams University , Cairo , - - 2014
Abstract Fixation of the elevated eyebrow is an important final step in endoscopic forehead lifting. One of the most common methods of fixation includes temporal fasciae sutures for the tail of the eyebrow, and mini-screws for the body of the eyebrow. The concentric cables fixation is an alternative method for ...
Rich Jason T JT Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Study performed at University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Background: Adult laryngotracheal reconstruction for airway stenosis and following oncologic ablation can be extremely challenging. Methods: Patients with the above conditions not amenable to or refractory to conventional treatments were offered specialized reconstruction by wrapping a contoured costal cartilage graft with a vascularized microvascular carrier. All constructs were lined with ...
Aydemir Halise H a Assistant Professor, Turgut Özal University Oral and Dental Health Care Center, Ankara, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To assess soft tissues in the short and long term after bimaxillary surgery in Class III patients by comparing the hard tissue changes and results between time periods. Materials and Methods: Twenty-six Class III adult patients treated with bimaxillary surgery were included in the study. Cephalometric records were ...
Harvey Sheila E SE From the Clinical Trials Unit, Intensive Care National Audit and Research Centre (S.E.H., F.P., D.A.H., K.M.R.), the Departments of Nutrition and Dietetics (D.E.B.) and Adult Critical Care (D.E.B., R.B.), Guy's and St. Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, the Department of Intensive Care, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust (E.S., R.L.), the Division of Asthma, Allergy and Lung Biology, King's College London (R.B.), National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust and University College London (G.B., M.G.M.), and the Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London (R.L.) - all in - - 2014
Background Uncertainty exists about the most effective route for delivery of early nutritional support in critically ill adults. We hypothesized that delivery through the parenteral route is superior to that through the enteral route. Methods We conducted a pragmatic, randomized trial involving adults with an unplanned admission to one of ...
Bhatti Abu Bakar Hafeez AB Department of Surgical Oncology, Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Centre, Lahore, Pakistan, - - 2014
With the introduction of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy in patients with esophageal carcinoma, nutritional access has become essential to counter deleterious effects of dysphagia. Current NCCN guidelines do not recommend PEG prior to esophagectomy in these patients, but there is little evidence for this recommendation. The objective of this study was to ...
Arnold Douglas L DL NeuroRx Research, Montreal, QC, Canada, - - 2014
We measured changes in brain magnetization transfer ratio (MTR) as a potential indicator of myelin density in brain tissue of patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) treated with delayed-release dimethyl fumarate (DMF) in the Phase 3 DEFINE study. DEFINE was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study in which patients with RRMS ...
- - 2014
Most surgeons believe that graft choice for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is an important factor related to outcome; however, graft choice for revision may be limited due to previously used grafts. Autograft use would result in increased sports function, increased activity level, and decreased osteoarthritis symptoms (as measured by ...
Kim Young-Hoo YH Joint Replacement Center, Ewha Womans University School of Medicine, MokDong Hospital, 911-1, MokDong, YangChun-Ku, Seoul, Republic of Korea 158-710. E-mail address for Young-Hoo Kim: - - 2014
We are aware of no study that has compared press-fit condylar Sigma fixed-bearing and mobile-bearing total knee prostheses in the same patients after more than ten years of follow-up. The purpose of the current study was to compare these two implants with respect to the functional and radiographic results, prevalence ...
Park Kwonoh K Department of Oncology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea Department of Hematology-Oncology, KEPCO Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to evaluate how treatment with everolimus changes readouts of the pulmonary function test (PFT) in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). We also attempted to determine whether changes of PFT or everolimus-associated non-infectious pneumonitis (NIP) might affect the efficacy of everolimus. The ...
Ibrahim M S MS University College London Hospitals, 235 Euston Rd, London NW1 2BU, - - 2014
We report the five year outcomes of a two-stage approach for infected total hip replacement. This is a single-surgeon experience at a tertiary centre where the more straightforward cases are treated using single-stage exchange. This study highlights the vital role of the multidisciplinary team in managing these cases. A total ...
Gustke K A KA University of South Florida College of Medicine, Florida Orthopaedic Institute, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, 13030 Telecom Parkway North, Temple Terrace, Florida 33637, - - 2014
The aim of this prospective multicentre study was to report the patient satisfaction after total knee replacement (TKR), undertaken with the aid of intra-operative sensors, and to compare these results with previous studies. A total of 135 patients undergoing TKR were included in the study. The soft-tissue balance of each ...
Hamilton D F DF University of Edinburgh, FU413, Chancellor's Building, 49 Little France Crescent, Edinburgh, EH16 4SB, - - 2014
Instability is the reason for revision of a primary total knee replacement (TKR) in 20% of patients. To date, the diagnosis of instability has been based on the patient's symptoms and a subjective clinical assessment. We assessed whether a measured standardised forced leg extension could be used to quantify instability. ...
Large R R Mornington Orthopaedics, Beleura Private Hospital, 925 Nepean Highway, Mornington, Victoria, 3931, - - 2014
Medium-term results of the Discovery elbow replacement are presented. We reviewed 51 consecutive primary Discovery total elbow replacements (TERs) implanted in 48 patients. The mean age of the patients was 69.2 years (49 to 92), there were 19 males and 32 females (37%:63%) The mean follow-up was 40.6 months (24 ...
Kaneko H H Department of Rehabilitation, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai, Showa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 466-8550, - - 2014
Salter innominate osteotomy is an effective reconstructive procedure for the treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), but some children have a poor outcome at skeletal maturity. In order to investigate factors associated with an unfavourable outcome, we assessed the development of the contralateral hip. We retrospectively reviewed 46 ...
Dailey Mary Sue MS Mary Sue Dailey is a clinical nurse specialist at Advocate Good Samaritan Hospital in Downers Grove, Illinois.Barbara Berger is a faculty member at the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Nursing and consults on evidence-based practice and clinical research.Fortunata Dabu is a nurse clinician at Advocate Good Samaritan Hospital. She is certified in medical-surgical nursing. - - 2014
In patients receiving heparin infusions, variations in specimen collection technique may contribute to inaccurate measurements of activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT). To determine if there is a difference in aPTT results between specimens collected from a central venous access device (CVAD) compared with venipuncture in patients receiving heparin infusions. Simultaneous ...
Glazebrook Mark M Halifax Infirmary, Queen Elizabeth II Health Sciences Center, 1796 Summer Street, Halifax, NS B3H3A7, Canada. E-mail address for P. Copithorne: pcopithorne@gmail.com. E-mail address for G. Boyd: gordonjboyd@gmail.com. E-mail address for P. Francis: - - 2014
Hallux valgus with an increased intermetatarsal angle is usually treated with a proximal metatarsal osteotomy. The proximal chevron osteotomy is commonly used but is technically difficult. This study compares the proximal opening wedge osteotomy of the first metatarsal with the proximal chevron osteotomy for the treatment of hallux valgus with ...
Mindler Gabriel T GT Department of Pediatric Orthopaedics (G.T.M., R.G., and C.R.), Laboratory for Gait and Movement Analysis (A.K.), Orthopaedic Hospital Speising, Speisinger Strasse 109, A-1130 Vienna, Austria. E-mail address for C. Radler: - - 2014
The aim of the study was to evaluate how clubfeet treated with the Ponseti method compare with control feet in gait analysis and whether additional information can be provided by the Oxford foot model. All patients with a minimum age of three years in our prospective database of clubfeet treated ...
Jeans Kelly A KA Movement Science Laboratory (K.A.J.) and Departments of Orthopedics (L.A.K.) and Prosthetics (D.C.), Texas Scottish Rite Hospital for Children, 2222 Welborn Street, Dallas, TX 75219. E-mail address for K.A. Jeans: - - 2014
Preservation of maximal limb length during amputation is often recommended to maximize the efficiency and symmetry of gait. The goals of this study were to determine (1) whether there are gait differences between children with a Syme (or Boyd) amputation and those with a transtibial-level amputation, and (2) whether the ...
Leclercq Florence F Department of Cardiology, Arnaud de Villeneuve University Hospital, 295 avenue du doyen Giraud, 34295 Montpellier cedex 5, France. - - 2014
To determine whether vascular and bleeding complications may be reduced with balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) performed without heparin. Vascular and bleeding complications are currently the main adverse events occurring after BAV. This registry included 162 consecutive patients with severe aortic stenosis who underwent BAV by femoral approach in our center ...
Tang Gilbert H L GH 1Section of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, 2Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Westchester Medical Center/New York Medical College, Valhalla, - - 2014
Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has become the preferred treatment in patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis deemed to be at prohibitive or high risk for surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). With evolving technology, improving practices and patient selection, outcomes in TAVR have improved. In the not so distant future, ...
Böning Andreas A Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital Giessen, Giessen, Germany - - 2014
Patients undergoing coronary bypass grafting (CABG) are at higher risk if they suffer from atrial fibrillation (AF). It was suggested that performing CABG without the use of cardiopulmonary bypass (off-pump) would reduce perioperative risk. We assessed the influence of preoperative AF on outcome in a randomized cohort of patients above ...
Park Ranhee R Author Affiliations: Department of Oncology, St Mary's Hospital (Dr R. Park), and College of Nursing (Dr C. Park), The Catholic University of Korea, - - 2014
In a clinical setting, patients have been observed to complain of discomfort and to discontinue treatment because of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy(CIPN), but few data exist regarding the quality of life in these patients in Korea. The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to analyze the effects of foot bathing and ...
Fornengo Cristina C Division of Cardiology, Cardiovascular and Thoracic Department, 'Città della Salute e della Scienza' Hospital and University of Turin, C.so Bramante 88/90, Turin 10126, Italy - - 2014
Little is known about the impact of left-ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction on risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence in patients with left-atrial (LA) dilation. To evaluate, in patients with symptomatic persistent AF and LA dilation, the incremental role of LV diastolic dysfunction in predicting early AF recurrence after cardioversion (CV). ...
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