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Chen Zheng Z Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Huai'an First People's Hospital, Huai'an, Jiangsu 223300, - - 2014
Short-term outcomes of the Wallis system in the treatment of lumbar degenerative disease (LDD) have been shown to be effective, whereas there is a paucity of studies on the mid-long-term effects of the treatment of the Wallis system. This study was to evaluate the mid-long-term effects of the Wallis dynamic ...
Yang Xiaoming X Department of Orthopedics, Yijishan Hospital, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, Anhui 241001, - - 2014
Bilateral transpedicular screw fixation in conjunction with interbody fusion is widely used to treat lumbar degenerative diseases; however, there are some disadvantages of using this fixation system. This study comparatively analyzes the results of unilateral and bilateral pedicle screw fixation combined with transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) for one-level lumbar ...
Al-Nowaiser Abeer M AM Department of Preventive Dental Sciences, King Abdulaziz University, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi - - 2014
To evaluate the effects of systemic doxycycline on clinical and microbiological parameters of diabetic subjects with chronic periodontitis. This 9-month multi-center, randomized, parallel, single-blinded study was conducted from different hospitals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia between April 2010 and December 2010. A total of 76 diabetic subjects with chronic periodontitis were ...
Edris Fawaz E FE Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Tel. +966 (12) 5270000. Fax. +966 (12) 5270001. E-mail. - - 2014
To assess the reliability of trans-vaginal-scan (TVS) in measuring the uterine depth (UD) in comparison with ultrasound-guided trial-transfer (UTT). This prospective study was conducted in 66 consecutive patients undergoing in-vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET). The study took place in a private IVF center in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia between November ...
Wang Hai-Jun HJ Department of Neurosurgery, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430022, China, - - 2014
The clinical characteristics of patients who presented in poor clinical grade due to ruptured middle cerebral artery aneurysms (MCAAs) associated with large sylvian hematomas (SylH) were analyzed and an ingenious designed prophylactic hinged craniectomy was introduced. Twenty-eight patients were graded into Hunt-Hess grades IV-V and emergency standard micro-neurosurgeries (aneurysm clipping, ...
Pannu Jasleen J Divisions of *Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine †Biomedical Statistics and Informatics, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2014
Routine manometry is recommended to prevent complications during therapeutic thoracentesis, but has not definitively been shown to prevent pneumothorax or reexpansion pulmonary edema. As chest discomfort correlates with negative pleural pressures, we aimed to determine whether the use of manometry could anticipate the development of chest discomfort during therapeutic thoracentesis. ...
Ali Adam M AM Oxford University Clinical Academic Graduate School, University of Oxford, Oxford, United - - 2014
The literature on paediatric osteomyelitis in the developing world is scarce, and there have been calls for further characterisation of its epidemiology and the identification of factors that limit effective management in order to guide local service delivery. Our centre is a hospital serving a population of 11 million people ...
Ajuba-Iwuji Chinwe C CC Division of Pediatric Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology & Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA - - 2014
Some have suggested that children undergoing cardiac surgery who receive angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors experience a greater degree of hypotension after anesthesia induction and in the immediate postcardiopulmonary bypass period than children who did not receive these drugs. Therefore, we examined the effect of ACE inhibitor/angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) ...
Rotes Anna Sabate AS Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, - - 2014
To compare the safety and effectiveness of video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) versus conventional median sternotomy (open) in the repair of secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) or patent foramen ovale (PFO). Among 415 consecutive patients undergoing open or VATS ASD/PFO closure between 1993 and October 2012, 153 patients were compared using ...
Ok Bong Gi BG Department of Urology, Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Daegu, - - 2014
To investigate the usefulness of urine cytology in the detection of tumor recurrence in terms of practicality and cost-effectiveness. We retrospectively analyzed 393 patients who underwent transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) for non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) from January 2010 to June 2013. All patients underwent cystoscopy, urine cytology, urinalysis, ...
Agarwal Avinash A Department of Medicine, King George's Medical University, - - 2014
The primary objective of this study was to determine the serum level of antioxidant enzymes and to correlate them with outcome in patients of aluminum phosphide (ALP) poisoning and, secondly, to evaluate the effect of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) given along with supportive treatment of ALP poisoning. We conducted a cohort study ...
Karbasforushan Ali A Department of Anesthesiology, Emam Reza Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, - - 2014
Nausea and vomiting after ear, nose and throat (ENT) surgery is one of the most common and notable problems facing anesthesiologists in this area. This study was conducted to determine the effect of a pharyngeal pack on the severity of nausea, vomiting, and sore throat among patients after ear, pharynx, ...
Gupta Ruchi R Department of Anaesthesia, Sri Guru Ram Das Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Amritsar, - - 2014
Epidural steroid injections are an accepted procedure for the conservative management of chronic backache caused by lumbar disc pathology. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the epidurographic findings for the midline, transforaminal and parasagittal approaches in lumbar epidural steroid injections, and correlating them with the clinical improvement. Sixty ...
Aik-Yong Chok C Department of General Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, - - 2014
Abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) is a distinct clinical entity in the critically ill-patient, which leads to end-organ dysfunction. However, data on the incidence of ACS is scarce, and this is also likely contributed by under-diagnosis of this clinical condition. This study reports all cases of ACS in a tertiary institution ...
Windyga Jerzy J Department of Disorders of Hemostasis and Internal Medicine, Institute of Hematology and Transfusion Medicine, 14 I. Gandhi Str., 02-776 Warsaw, - - 2014
Hemophilia B management has improved considerably since the introduction of high-purity plasma-derived factor IX (pdFIX) products in the early 1990s. Recombinant FIX (rFIX) was introduced more recently and has potential safety advantages over the older blood-based products. Until recently, only one such product, nonacog alfa (BeneFIX(®), Pfizer, Inc.), has been ...
Mukhtar Sarfraz Ahmad SA Department of Ophthalmology, Bahawal Victoria Hospital, - - 2014
To compare the efficacy of external dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) with and without intraoperative application of mitomycin-C in patients with chronic dacryocystitis. An experimental study. Department of Ophthalmology, Bahawal Victoria Hospital (BVH), Bahawalpur, from September 2009 to December 2010. One hundred and sixty patients with chronic dacryocystitis undergoing external DCR were divided ...
Duran Paula A PA Department of Nephrology, Baylor Scott & White Hospital, Texas A&M Health Science Center, Temple, Texas, - - 2014
Data on long-term follow up after acute kidney injury (AKI) requiring dialysis are scarce. The aim of this study was to describe and identify factors associated with survival, recovery of kidney function at discharge, and long-term follow up of renal function in AKI patients requiring dialysis. All AKI patients requiring ...
Gentile M M Department of Gynaecological, Obstetric and Urological Sciences, Sant'Andrea Hospital, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy. - - 2014
Vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN) is a premalignant lesion of the vulva. The incidence of VIN is increasing. The surgery is currently the gold standard therapy for VIN, but Imiquimod could be a completion to surgery. The aim of this study is to compare the overall complete response, the recurrence rate ...
Bhattacharyya Tapan T Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United - - 2014
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL), caused by protozoa of the Leishmania donovani complex, is a widespread parasitic disease of great public health importance; without effective chemotherapy symptomatic VL is usually fatal. Distinction of asymptomatic carriage from progressive disease and the prediction of relapse following treatment are hampered by the lack of prognostic ...
Olgin Gaudencio G Loma Linda University Medical Center, Urology, Loma Linda , California, United States ; - - 2014
Introduction: The factors that contribute to continence following robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) are currently being investigated. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship of the bladder neck location on postoperative cystogram to subsequent continence rates following RARP. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of 611 consecutive RARP ...
Martelli M M Department of Surgery, Division of Vascular Surgery, Ospedale Maggiore della Carità, Novara, - - 2014
We conducted a retrospective study on patients aged ≥ 80 who underwent elective surgery for an abdominal aortic aneurysm between January 2006 and December 2010. We compared our results with 'Fast--Track Abdominal Aortic Surgery' (OPEN surgery) and with endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). We followed 97 consecutive octogenarians affected ...
Mancuso Francesco F Clinic of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, University of Udine, Udine, - - 2014
In the treatment of medial osteoarthritis secondary to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury there is no consensus about optimum treatment, with both high tibial osteotomy (HTO) and unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) being viable options. The aim of this review was to compare the outcomes of these treatments, both with or ...
Raiss Patric P Klinik für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie, Universität Heidelberg, Schlierbacher Landstrasse 200a, 69118, Heidelberg, Germany, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to analyse the short- and medium-term clinical and radiographic results of cementless humeral head resurfacing in combination with a cemented glenoid component. Thirty-five patients with a mean age of 65 years (range 42-84) and a mean follow-up of three years (two to six) were followed up. ...
Lin Jui-Hsiang JH Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Tao Yuan General Hospital, Ministry of Health and Welfare , Taoyuan , Taiwan - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: To analyze the effect of treating metabolic syndrome (MetS) on further kidney function decline in patients with early-stage chronic kidney disease (CKD). Methods: In a study period of 24 months, 162 patients with early stage CKD were enrolled. Baseline and follow-up data related to the occurrence of MetS ...
Hussein Wael Khamis WK Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Alexandria Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria, Egypt, - - 2014
Nasal valve dysfunction has a role in up to 13 % of adults complaining of chronic nasal obstruction yet it is overlooked by many physicians. In rhinoplasty and other nasal surgeries, preserving nasal function is the most significant issue. The autospreader flap has proved to be an effective spreader graft alternative. ...
Lapner Peter L C PL Division of Orthopedics, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, University of Ottawa, 501 Smyth Road, W1648, Box 502, Ottawa, ON, K1H 8L6, Canada, - - 2014
Shoulder arthroplasty provides reliable pain relief and restoration of function. However, the effects of fatty infiltration and atrophy in the supraspinatus and infraspinatus muscles on functional outcomes are not well understood. The purposes of this study were to (1) compare preoperative with postoperative fatty infiltration and atrophy of the supraspinatus ...
Duivenvoorden Tijs T Department of Orthopaedics, Erasmus University Medical Centre, PO Box 2040, 3000 CA, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, - - 2014
The results of conservative treatment of knee osteoarthritis (OA) are generally evaluated in epidemiological studies with clinical outcome measures as primary outcomes. Biomechanical evaluation of orthoses shows that there are potentially beneficial biomechanical changes to joint loading; however, evaluation in relation to clinical outcome measures in longitudinal studies is needed. ...
Walter Daisy D Department Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, - - 2014
Background and study aims: A novel large-diameter, lumen-apposing, self-expanding metal stent with bilateral flanges was recently developed for endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided transmural drainage of symptomatic pancreatic fluid collections (PFCs). The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of this stent in a large cohort. Patients and ...
Walter Daisy D Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The - - 2014
Background and study aims: A new esophageal stent with two anti-migration features was developed to minimize migration. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of this stent in patients with malignant dysphagia. Patients and methods: A total of 40 patients with dysphagia due to ...
Kilday John-Paul JP Department of Haematology/Oncology (Children's Brain Tumour Research Network), Royal Manchester Children's Hospital, Oxford Road, Manchester, Greater Manchester, M13 9WL, UK, - - 2014
The pituitary bright spot is acknowledged to indicate functional integrity of the posterior pituitary gland, whilst its absence supports a diagnosis of central diabetes insipidus (DI). This feature was evaluated, together with the incidence and clinical characteristics of DI in children with suprasellar/neurohypophyseal germinomas. We performed a review of all ...
Fukami Yasuyuki Y Department of Surgery, Toyota Kosei Hospital, 500-1 Josui-cho, Toyota, Aichi, 470-0396, Japan, - - 2014
Cholecystectomy is the standard treatment for symptomatic gallstone or acute cholecystitis, and a growing number of elderly patients are undergoing resection. The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical outcome of cholecystectomy in elderly patients. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 337 patients with symptomatic gallstone or ...
Yuruk Emrah E Haseki Training and Research Hospital, Department of Urology, Istanbul, Turkey ; - - 2014
To compare the outcomes of these minimally invasive procedures in this patient population. The database of our institution has been retrospectively reviewed and medical records of urolithiasis patients with a solitary kidney who underwent F-URS or SWL between January 2009 and December 2012 were examined. Retreatment rates, complications, changes in ...
Matsota Paraskevi P 2nd Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, University of Athens, "Attikon" Hospital, Rimini 1 Str, Chaidari, 12462, Athens, Greece, - - 2014
Fluid loading attenuates the hypotensive response to spinal anesthesia (SA). This study aimed to compare the preload efficacy of 0.5 L hydroxyethyl starch (HES) versus 1 L Ringer's lactate (R/L) in the prevention of hypotension after SA for elective cesarean delivery (CD). Assessment of maternal hemodynamic variables using FloTrac/Vigileo™ and neonatal outcome ...
Salvador L L Cardiac Surgery Division, Santa Maria dei Battuti Hospital, Treviso, Italy - - - 2014
Autologous pericardium annuloplasty (APA) is an alternative to prosthetic ring implantation for mitral valve (MV) repair, avoiding the use of foreign material and preserving the mitral annulus' physiological motion. However, data on durability are questionable. Therefore, we analyzed long-term outcomes of treating degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR) with APA. Four hundred ...
Bell Richard R Department of HPB Surgery, St James University Hospital, Leeds, - - 2014
Delayed gastric emptying (DGE) is a common complication after a pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy (PPPD) and is associated with significant morbidity. This study determines whether DGE is affected by antecolic (AC) or retrocolic (RC) reconstruction after a PPPD. An electronic search was performed of the MEDLINE, EMBASE and PubMed databases to identify ...
Quartuccio L L Rheumatology Clinic, DSMB, University of Udine , - - 2014
Objectives: To determine the clinical and laboratory differences between cryoglobulinaemic and hypergammaglobulinaemic purpura in primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS), in a large Italian multicentre cohort. Method: Patients were selected according to the following criteria: fulfilling the American-European classification criteria for pSS, serum cryoglobulin and gammaglobulin levels evaluated, and lack of hepatitis ...
Kniesel Bettina B Klinikum Stuttgart, Kriegsbergstraße 60, 70174, Stuttgart, - - 2014
In recalcitrant epicondylitis innumerable operative techniques have been published, nevertheless a certain percentage of patients remains symptomatic after operative treatment. We developed an individual, systematic diagnostic pathway including arthroscopic assessment of elbow stability to identify the optimal and respectively less invasive therapy. We so far included 40 patients with recalcitrant ...
Husted Henrik H Department of Orthopaedic Surgery , Copenhagen University Hospital Hvidovre , - - 2014
Background and purpose - Postoperative joint stiffness following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) may compromise the outcome and necessitate manipulation. Previous studies have not been in a fast-track setting with optimized pain treatment, early mobilization, and short length of stay (LOS), which may have influenced the prevalence of joint stiffness and ...
Fitzpatrick Noel N Fitzpatrick Referrals, Eashing, United - - 2014
To determine mid-term complication rate associated with a modified sliding humeral osteotomy (SHO) technique and compare clinical outcome with or without focal treatment (FT). Dogs (n = 46; 60 elbows) with severe or persistent lameness attributable to medial coronoid disease (MCD). Signalment, lameness, pain score, and preoperative radiographic findings were recorded. Modified ...
Akilapa Oluwasegun O Kings College Hospital, London, England, - - 2014
Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is one of the most commonly diagnosed and treated paediatric orthopaedic conditions. To systematically identify, appraise and synthesise the best evidence for the long-term outcomes of the medial approach open reduction (MAOR) for DDH. MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane databases were searched up to ...
Wensaas Anders A Department of Orthopaedics, Akershus University Hospital, 1478, Lørenskog, Norway, - - 2014
There is no consensus regarding prophylactic fixation of the contralateral hip in slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE). In order to further study this question, we evaluated the long-term natural history of untreated contralateral hips. Forty patients treated for unilateral SCFE without evidence of subsequent contralateral slip during adolescence were reviewed ...
Lightman S S Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, London, - - 2014
To determine whether the addition of 26 weeks of subcutaneous peginterferon-α-2b could reduce the requirement for systemic corticosteroids and conventional immunosuppressive medication in patients with Behçet's disease (BD). We conducted a multicentre randomised trial in patients with BD requiring systemic therapy. Patients were randomised to 26 weeks of peginterferon-α-2b in addition to ...
Youm Yoon-Seok YS Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Ulsan University Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Ulsan, - - 2014
Although several studies have compared a conventional transtibial technique with an anteromedial (AM) portal technique for single-bundle (SB) anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, no study to date has investigated whether the modified transtibial technique results in the femoral tunnel being in a similar anatomic position and produces similar clinical outcomes ...
Hatem Munif Ahmad MA Hip Preservation Center, Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, Texas, - - 2014
The purposes of this study were to investigate the clinical and radiographic presentation of patients with ischiofemoral impingement (IFI) and to assess the outcomes of endoscopic treatment with partial resection of the lesser trochanter. Five patients with IFI who underwent endoscopic treatment with partial resection of the lesser trochanter were ...
Perinel Julie J Department of Hepato-Biliary and Pancreatic Surgery, Edouard Herriot Hospital, HCL, Lyon Faculty of Medicine - UCBL1, Lyon, - - 2014
Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare short- and long-term outcomes of biliary tract and duodenum-preserving pancreatectomy (BT-DPP) versus non-conservative pancreatectomy (NCP). Patients and Methods: From 2008 to 2012, 39 of 259 patients underwent pancreatectomy for benign or borderline neoplasms. Patients were classified as BT-DPP (n = 15) ...
Kayali Mustafa M Third Department of Urology, Ankara Numune Research and Training Hospital, Ministry of Health, Ankara, - - 2014
To investigate the relationship between prostate cancer (PCa), presence of metabolic syndrome (MetS), and late-onset hypogonadism (LOH). One hundred seventy patients who underwent transrectal ultrasonography-guided prostate needle biopsy were included in this study. For the diagnosis of MetS, American Heart Association/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute criteria were used. For ...
Ahmed Osman O Department of Radiology, University of Chicago Medicine, 5841 S. Maryland Ave., MC 2026, Chicago, IL 60636. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate the value of collateral vein embolization (CVE) as a salvage treatment for nonmaturing native arteriovenous fistulae (AVFs) in patients requiring hemodialysis. A total of 49 patients undergoing CVE (N = 65) for immature native AVFs at a single institution were reviewed. The study included 42 patients treated by ...
Migaud H H Service d'orthopédie C, département universitaire de chirurgie orthopédique et de traumatologie, hôpital Salengro, CHRU de Lille, place de Verdun, 59037 Lille, France; Faculté de médecine, université Lille-Nord-de-France, place de Verdun, 589045 Lille, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The results of total hip arthroplasty (THA) in congenital dislocation of the hip (CDH) are well known, but such is not the case for the impact of prior conservative surgery on THA function and survivorship. The present study compared THA in CDH with prior conservative bone surgery (BS group) versus ...
Shen C C Department of Orthopedics, Affiliated Hospital of Guilin Medical College, 541001 Guilin, Guangxi, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although cross-linked polyethylene is resistant to wear in comparison to conventional polyethylene, it remains unknown whether it can decrease the wear-related revision rate of total hip arthroplasty. To determine whether cross-linked polyethylene decreases the wear-related revision rate of total hip arthroplasty compared with conventional polyethylene. Electronic databases, including PubMed, EMBASE, ...
Afzal Muhammad R MR Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of Kansas Hospital & Medical Center, Kansas City, - - 2014
Left atrial appendage (LAA) is a well-known source of atrial arrhythmia and atrial fibrillation (AF). We postulated that LAA exclusion using the LARIAT device would decrease the AF burden. A total of 50 patients with AF and cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) who underwent successful LAA exclusion were enrolled in ...
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