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Results 451 - 500 of 10806
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Al-Hwiesh Abdulla K AK Department of Internal Medicine, Nephrology Division, King Fahd University Hospital, Dammam University, Al-Khobar, Saudi - - 2014
Implantation of peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheters via the laparoscopic technique is expanding, but none of the studies concerning this technique have compared its outcome with the percutaneous insertion done by the nephrologist. We compared the technical survival and outcome of 52 PD catheters placed in 43 patients with end-stage renal ...
Yeganehkhah Mohammad Reza - - 2014
Contrast-induced nephropathy is the third most common cause of acute renal failure in hospitalized patients. The purpose of this study was to compare three supportive treat-ments for prevention of contrast-induced nephropathy in high-risk patients undergoing coronary angiography. In this randomized clinical trial study, 150 patients with at least one risk ...
Warner Meredith M Warner Orthopedics and Wellness Baton Rouge, Louisiana Orthopedic Surgeon Woman's Hospital, Baton Rouge General Hospital Baton Rouge, - - 2014
The primary aim of this study was to compare preoperative assessments with postoperative outcomes from patients undergoing foot and ankle revisions and/or complex reconstructions with tendon and/or nerve involvement using cryopreserved human amniotic membrane and umbilical cord (cHAM/UC). We hypothesized complex foot and ankle surgery using amniotic membrane would be ...
Lee Bo Hyung BH Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, - - 2014
Gynecomastia is benign enlargement of breast tissue in males and is fairly common. Mastectomy not only helps in improving the shape of anterior chest, but can also improve the location of nipple. Therefore, a principle element of mastectomy design is defining the normal location of nipple based on major anatomical ...
Ahmed Najia N Department of Dermatology, Combined Military Hospital, - - 2014
To determine the efficacy of clarithromycin in the treatment of Pityriasis Rosea (PR). Double blind randomized controlled trial. Dermatology OPD, Military Hospital, Rawalpindi, from July 2008 to July 2009. Patients aged above 10 years, diagnosed with PR, were randomly assigned to two groups of 30 each to receive either clarithromycin ...
Yang Mingyuan M Department of Orthopaedics, Changhai Hospital, Shanghai, - - 2014
Decompression and fusion is considered as the 'gold standard' for the treatment of degenerative lumbar diseases, however, many disadvantages have been reported in several studies, recently like donor site pain, pseudoarthrosis, nonunion, screw loosening, instrumentation failure, infection, adjacent segment disease (ASDis) and degeneration. Dynamic neutralization system (Dynesys) avoids many of ...
Wang Zheng-Fei ZF Department of Orthopedics, 1 Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou 215006, Jiangsu Province, China ; Department of Orthopedics, Changshu No. 1 People's Hospital, Changshu 215500, Jiangsu Province, - - 2014
Expansive open door laminoplasty with the use of titanium miniplate is becoming popular. Usually, the plate is applied at each level to prevent re-closure of the opened lamina. However, it is also used at alternating levels (i.e., C3, C5 and C7) in clinical settings in order to reduce the cost. ...
Oliveira Ecila P EP Departamento de Neurologia, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, SP, - - 2014
Objective Although benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) is an idiopathic, age-related epilepsy syndrome with favorable outcome, recent studies have shown impairment in specific neuropsychological tests. The objective of this study was to analyze the comorbidity between dyslexia and BECTS. Method Thirty-one patients with clinical and electroencephalographic diagnosis of BECTS ...
Liu Meng-Yue MY Department of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan Province, - - 2014
Postoperative gastrointestinal dysfunction (PGD) is one of the most common complications following major surgeries under general anesthesia (GA). Despite ongoing research and new drug treatments, abdominal distension within 24 h postoperatively occurs in 8%-28% of all surgeries. We aim to analyze the effectiveness of preventing PGD by preoperatively stimulating Neiguan ...
Cho Yong-Wun YW Department of Ophthalmology (Y-WC, W-SY, S-JK, I-YC, S-WS, J-MY), College of Medicine; and Gyeongsang Institute of Health Science (S-JK, I-YC, S-WS, J-MY), Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, South - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of vitamin C supplementation on reducing the size of corneal opacity resulting from infectious keratitis.The study included 82 patients (82 affected eyes), admitted for infectious keratitis from January 2009 to August 2013, who were followed for more than 3 months. ...
Najafi Atabak A Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2014
According to limitations in blood product resources and to prevent unnecessary transfusions and afterwards complications in perioperative period of total hip arthroplasty, authors administered fibrinogen concentrate in a pilot randomized clinical trial to evaluate bleeding and need to blood transfusion in preoperative period. Thirty patients (3-75 years old) with ASA ...
Pakzad-Vaezi Kaivon - - 2014
To compare intravitreal bevacizumab versus ranibizumab as adjuvant treatment prior to pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) in proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) with respect to parameters of surgical complexity. Prospective, randomized, double-masked pilot study of patients requiring PPV for nonclearing vitreous hemorrhage or tractional retinal detachment (TRD) secondary to PDR. Patients were ...
Rescigno Giuseppe G Department of Cardiac Surgery, Ospedali Riuniti di Ancona, Ancona, - - 2014
Background Saphenous vein conduits are still used in a large proportion of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) operations. A recently commercialized nitinol mesh seems to improve venous graft patency. The aim of this study was to control nitinol mesh vein graft patency in a series of isolated CABG patients by computed ...
Amanatullah Derek F DF Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Stanford University, Redwood City, CA, - - 2014
Some patients opt to undergo conversion to a THA for continued pain or progression of hip arthritis after periacetabular osteotomy. Whether patients are at greater risk for postoperative complications, revision THA, poor clinical outcomes, or compromised radiographic results after periacetabular osteotomy is debatable. When compared with a matched cohort of ...
Patyi Márta M Bács-Kiskun County Teaching Hospital Department of Hospital Hygiene Kecskemét - - 2014
In polymorbid or anaemic patients who receive preoperative radiotherapy or undergo long duration surgery involving potentially infectious sites, perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis (PAP) that is effective against normal oral bacterial flora is mandatory and plays an important role in preventing postoperative infection. In a four-year retrospective analysis, the incidence, outcome, and ...
Borg J-Y JY Haemophilia Treatment Centre, Rouen University Hospital and INSERM CIC-CRB 0204, Rouen, - - 2014
Factor VIII inhibitor bypass activity (FEIBA) is a recommended first-line bypassing agent for bleeding episodes in patients with acquired haemophilia A (AHA). Due to the low incidence of AHA, available clinical data on FEIBA treatment are limited. The study aim was to delineate practice patterns in FEIBA treatment of AHA ...
Neumann M V MV Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany, - - 2014
A retrospective analysis of a heterogeneous patient cohort was performed to determine the outcome and eligibility of a combined trochleaplasty and soft tissue-balancing technique for repair of patellofemoral joint disorders. A strict surgical treatment algorithm including trochleaplasty and reconstruction of the medial patellofemoral ligament and vastus medialis oblique muscle was ...
Tang Shuai S Department of Anesthesiology,PUMC Hospital,CAMS and PUMC,Beijing - - 2014
Objective To investigate the effect of ulinastatin,a urinary trypsin inhibitor,on the postoperative liver function in patients who have received bilateral total knee arthroplasty(TKA)under pneumatic tourniquet. Methods Totally 40 patients who were scheduled to receive bilateral TKA under thigh tourniquet were randomly assigned into trial group(U group,receiving intravenous ulinastatin)and control group(C ...
Cho Won-Sang WS Departments of Neurosurgery - - 2014
OBJECT Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a rare cerebrovascular disease and its natural history is still unclear. The authors aimed to investigate the natural course of hemodynamically stable cases of adult MMD, with the analysis of stroke risk factors. METHODS Two hundred forty-one patients were included in this retrospective study. One ...
Pietri Panagiota P Peripheral Vessels and Hypertension Unit, 1 Cardiology Department, Athens Medical School, Hippokration Hospital, Athens, - - 2014
While treatment with low-dose aspirin has been established as a therapeutic tool for secondary prevention, the role of aspirin on primary prevention remains controversial. Aortic stiffness and wave reflections are independent predictors of cardiovascular events. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of low-dose aspirin on ...
Bergenheim A Tommy AT Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Section of Neurosurgery, Umeå University, Umeå, - - 2014
61 procedures with selective peripheral denervation for cervical dystonia were retrospectively analysed concerning surgical results, pain, quality of life (QoL) and recurrences. The patients were assessed with the Tsui torticollis scale, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for pain and Fugl-Meyer scale for QoL. Evaluations were performed preoperatively, early postoperatively, at 6 months, ...
Marcon Magda M Department of Radiology, University Hospital Zurich, Ramistrasse 100, 8091, Zurich, Switzerland, - - 2014
Our aim was to validate the use of cross-sectional area (CSA) measurements at multiple quadriceps muscle levels for estimating the total muscle volume (TMV), and to define the best correlating measurement level. Prospective institutional review board (IRB)-approved study with written informed patient consent. Thighs of thirty-four consecutive patients with ACL-reconstructions ...
Kitta Takeya T Department of Renal and Genitourinary Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, - - 2014
To assess the postoperative lower urinary tract function in patients undergoing pelvic organ prolapse surgery. A total of 24 women with advanced anterior vaginal wall prolapse underwent transvaginal repair using a polypropylene mesh. The preoperative, 1-week and 3-month postoperative evaluations were carried out by urodynamics. Maximal flow rate detrusor pressure ...
Tempel Zachary J ZJ Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical - - 2014
OBJECT Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) is the least invasive treatment option for medically refractory, intractable trigeminal neuralgia (TN) and is especially valuable for treating elderly, infirm patients or those on anticoagulation therapy. The authors reviewed pain outcomes and complications in TN patients who required 3 radiosurgical procedures for recurrent or ...
Tian Wei W Department of Spine Surgery, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, 31 Xinjiekou East Street, Xicheng District, 100035, Beijing, - - 2014
Retrospective cohort study. To identify the potential preoperative factors and surgical technique factors that are associated with long-term range of motion (ROM) after surgery. Further, this article aimed to guide selection of CADR patients and a fine surgical technique. Segmental ROM is the most important parameter concerning cervical kinematics after ...
Axelrod Trevor M TM Department of Surgery, Loyola University Chicago, Health Sciences Campus, Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, - - 2014
Epidural analgesia has become the preferred method of pain management for major abdominal surgery. However, the superior form of analgesia for pancreaticoduodenecomy (PD), with regard to non-analgesic outcomes, has been debated. In this study, we compare outcomes of epidural and intravenous analgesia for PD and identify pre-operative factors leading to ...
Buysman Erin K EK Optum, Eden Prairie, MN, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Canagliflozin is a sodium glucose co-transporter 2 that has been shown to improve glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This study aimed to describe the characteristics, treatment utilization, and outcomes of patients treated with canagliflozin in the real-world within the first six months it was commercially ...
Koike Yoshiki Y Department of Gastroenterology, Sendai City Medical Center, Sendai, - - 2014
To assess the usefulness of the thread-traction method (TT method) in esophageal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). A total of 40 lesions that were scheduled to be treated by esophageal ESD were included in the study. The TT method was used for 20 lesions (group TT) and conventional ESD was performed ...
Zeng Guo Hua GH Minimally Invasive Surgery Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Department of Urology , 1# Kangda Road, Haizhu District, Guangzhou, CHINA , guangzhou, guangdong, China, 510230, Guangdong Key Laboratory of Urology, Department of Urology , 1# Kangda Road, Haizhu District, Guangzhou, CHINA , guangzhou, guangdong, China, 510230 ; - - 2014
Objective: Retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) involves a minimal invasive stone surgery, lending itself potential to combined spinal-epidural anesthesia (CSEA), although it is performed preferably under general anesthesia (GA). This prospective, randomized study was undertaken to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of CSEA for patients undergoing RIRS. Methods: 70 consecutive patients ...
Naidu Girish G East Timor Eye Programme, Royal Australasian College of Surgeons , Melbourne, Victoria , Australia - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To report functional outcomes following cataract surgery in Timor-Leste. Methods: Pre- and post-intervention study measuring visual function improvement following cataract surgery. Presenting visual acuity (VA) was measured and visual function documented using the Indian vision function questionnaire (IND-VFQ). Results: All 174 persons undergoing cataract surgery from November 2009 ...
Ost David E - - 2014
Background:There is significant variation between physicians in terms of how they perform therapeutic bronchoscopy but there is little data on whether these differences impact effectiveness. Methods:This was a multicenter registry study of patients undergoing therapeutic bronchoscopy for malignant central airway obstruction. The primary outcome was technical success, defined as reopening ...
Wachtel Heather H Department of Surgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA, - - 2014
Parathyroidectomy remains the only definitive treatment for primary hyperparathyroidism. We studied our large series of parathyroidectomies to identify factors predictive of failure to meet intraoperative parathyroid hormone (IOPTH) monitoring criteria. We performed a retrospective cohort review of patients who underwent initial parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism with IOPTH monitoring. Primary outcome ...
Mehl Julian J Department for Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology, Freiburg University Hospital, Hugstetter Str. 55, 79095, Freiburg, Germany, - - 2014
To compare the geometry of the patellofemoral joint on magnetic resonance images (MRI) between patients with isolated cartilage defects of the patella and a gender- and age-matched control group of patients without patellar cartilage defects. A total of 43 patients (17 female, 26 male) with arthroscopically verified grade III and ...
Ichikawa Minoru M Department of Cardiology, Higashi-osaka City General - - 2014
Background:The loss-of-function genotype of cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) has been proposed as a risk factor for stent thrombosis in patients with drug-eluting stent implantation. The aim of this study was to clarify the clinical features of patients with angioscopically-detected in-stent mural thrombi (ISMT).Methods and Results:Enrolled were 100 stented segments in 55 patients ...
Krajewski M L ML Department of Anesthesiology, Duke University Medical - - 2014
The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the relationship between the chloride content of intravenous resuscitation fluids and patient outcomes in the perioperative or intensive care setting. Systematic searches were performed of PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane Library (CENTRAL) databases in accordance with PRISMA guidelines. Randomized clinical ...
Li Jian J Department of General Surgery, 5th Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, No. 52 Meihua East Road, Zhuhai, 519000, - - 2014
This study was designed to evaluate the impact of laparoscopic converted to open colectomy on short-term and oncologic outcomes and to identify risk factors for long-term survival in patients undergoing colectomy for non-metastatic colon cancer. A prospective database of consecutive operations for non-metastatic colon cancer was reviewed. Patients were grouped ...
Ohya Junichi J Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-0033, Japan, - - 2014
Patient satisfaction with posterior laminoplasty for cervical compression myelopathy is not yet established. Moreover, postoperative patient-reported outcomes (PROs) associated with patient satisfaction remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate patient satisfaction after double-door laminoplasty for cervical compression myelopathy, and to identify the postoperative patient-reported outcomes associated with patient satisfaction. This ...
Familiari Pietro P From the Digestive Endoscopy Unit--Gemelli University Hospital, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, - - 2014
Aim of this study is to report the mid-term outcomes of a large series of patients treated with peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) in a single European center. POEM is a recently developed treatment of achalasia, which combines the efficacy of surgical myotomy, with the benefits of an endoscopic procedure. Previous ...
Yi Jong Sook JS Department of Otolaryngology, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University, Republic of - - 2014
This study aimed to determine frequency of external nasal deformities in patients with deviated septa and the effect of endonasalseptoplasty with batten grafting on the external nasal appearance. The 52 patients who underwent endonasalseptoplasty with a batten graft for the correction of caudal septal deviations were included in the study. ...
Ciofalo Andrea A Organi di Senso Department, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess pre- and postoperative taste ability in patients undergoing middle ear surgery for otosclerosis or chronic otitis media. Olfactory function was also evaluated to rule out taste deficits due to concomitant nasal pathology. All patients underwent ear, nose, and throat examination, otomicroscopy, nasal ...
Zhu Qiubei Q Department of Ear, Nose and Throat, Changzheng Hospital, Shanghai, - - 2014
Some studies have suggested that semicircular canal occlusion is effective and safe for treating intractable posterior semicircular benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (PSC-BPPV), and adverse effects of canal occlusions for intractable horizontal semicircular BPPV (HSC-BPPV) were rarely reported. The aim of this study was to retrospectively discuss the efficacy of semicircular ...
Graham David J DJ Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, MD - - 2014
-The comparative safety of dabigatran vs. warfarin for treatment of non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) in general practice settings has not been established. -We formed new-user cohorts of propensity score matched elderly patients enrolled in Medicare, who initiated dabigatran or warfarin for treatment of non-valvular AF between October 2010 and December ...
Rossi Andrea A Pulmonary Unit, University of Verona, Verona, Italy - - 2014
The Indacaterol: Switching Non-exacerbating Patients with Moderate COPD From Salmeterol/Fluticasone to Indacaterol (INSTEAD) study investigated the effect of switching patients at low risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations from salmeterol/fluticasone (SFC; inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) regimen) to indacaterol monotherapy (non-ICS regimen). This 26-week, double-blind, double-dummy, parallel-group, phase IV study, ...
Schoenleber Scott Jacob SJ Department of Orthopaedics, University of Miami/Jackson Memorial Hospital, Miami, FL, - - 2014
Hypertrophic nonunions and early malunions of pilon and distal tibia fractures result in complex, challenging to treat deformities. Callus distraction histiogenesis is an option for their management, allowing for the simultaneous correction of multiplanar deformity and limb length discrepancy. A single-surgeon, retrospective case series was performed. Eight patients (6 males ...
Fujihara Masahiko M Department of Cardiology, Kishiwada Tokushukai Hospital, 4-27-1 Kamori-cho, Kishiwada, Osaka, 596-8522, Japan, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Zilver PTX, the first drug-eluting stent, in patients with complex femoropopliteal (FP) artery disease. Between July 2012 and March 2013, 60 consecutive patients (39 males; mean age: 72.5 ± 8.6 years) with complex risk factors including TASC II C/D lesions, in-stent restenosis ...
Bun Sok-Sithikun SS From the Department of Cardiology, Princess Grace Hospital, Monaco - - 2014
Remote magnetic navigation is an emerging technology for atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. General anesthesia (GA) has shown to be superior to local anesthesia (LA) for manual AF ablation in terms of catheter stability and lesion formation. We aimed at comparing GA with LA for remote magnetic AF ablation procedures. All ...
Tarrant Roslyn C RC Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Our Lady's Children's Hospital, Crumlin, Dublin 12, Ireland, - - 2014
Abnormal anthropometry including comparably lower weight and body mass index (BMI) in the adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) population is increasingly recognised, however, no study has examined postoperative weight loss or its clinical relevance in these relatively thin patients. This study aimed to assess perioperative nutritional status as well as clinically ...
Xie L-J LJ Department of Nuclear Medicine, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou City, - - 2014
Objective:The objective of this study was to investigate body composition redistribution at 3 months after radioactive iodine therapy (RAI).Methods:Eighty patients with Graves' disease (GD) for RAI and 18 volunteers were recruited. All patients underwent thyroid status test and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry at baseline and 3 months after RAI. According to ...
Ucar Elif Yilmazel EY Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Ataturk University School of Medicine, 25240, Erzurum, Turkey, - - 2014
Current guidelines recommend the use of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) for most haemodynamically stable patients with pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE), however, it is not clear whether LMWH is preferable to unfractionated heparin (UFH) for the treatment of massive PTE. We aimed to compare the use of LMWH versus UFH after ...
Samain A A Department of Dermatology, Rouen University Hospital, Rouen, France; Inserm U905 Pathophysiology and Biotherapy of Inflammatory and Autoimmune Diseases, Institute for Research and Innovation in Biomedicine, Rouen University, University of Normandy, Rouen, - - 2014
Surgical treatment of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) can be technically difficult in mid-face area. Cryosurgery is proposed for low-risk BCC. Cryosurgery has been poorly investigated in mid-face BCC, which is considered as having a high risk of recurrence. To assess the results of cryosurgery and curettage-cryosurgery in patients with mid-face ...
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