Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 7913
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Pinneri Francesco - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The insertion of a temporary pacemaker can be a lifesaving procedure in the emergency setting. OBJECTIVES: This is an observational monocentric study comparing echocardiography-guided temporary pacemaker via the right internal jugular vein to standard fluoroscopy-guided temporary pacemaker via the femoral vein; the procedure was tested for noninferiority. METHODS: Patients ...
Aronow Harriet U - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether clusters of patients with hip fracture and with distinct initial recovery trajectories (IRT) could be identified by using practice-based evidence data and to examine the validity of these data. DESIGN: Analysis of multisite prospective observational cohort study database. SETTING: Eighteen skilled nursing and inpatient rehabilitation facilities. ...
Hebson Camden L - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Interstage mortality has been reported in 10% to 25% of hospital survivors after single-ventricle palliation. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of feeding modality at discharge after single-ventricle palliation on interstage mortality. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of all neonates undergoing single-ventricle palliation from ...
Matsumoto Harunobu - - 2012
Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term patency rate and complications associated with the use of the BBAVF in the early period. Methods: The records of all patients undergoing BBAVFs for hemodialysis access between June 2001 and June 2011 were retrospectively evaluated. We allowed the use ...
Hoksrud Aasne - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A randomized controlled study has shown promising clinical results after treatment with sclerosing injections in a group of patients with patellar tendinopathy, but no study has investigated medium- or long-term outcome in a large and unselected group of patients. PURPOSE: To investigate if sclerosing treatment would affect the level ...
Okun Michael S - - 2012
The effects of constant-current deep brain stimulation (DBS) have not been studied in controlled trials in patients with Parkinson's disease. We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of bilateral constant-current DBS of the subthalamic nucleus. This prospective, randomised, multicentre controlled trial was done between Sept 26, 2005, and Aug ...
Shah Rupen - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The presence of nucleated red blood cells (NRBCs) has been identified as a poor prognostic indicator. We investigated the relationship of NRBC trends in patients with and without trauma. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed surgical intensive care unit admissions over 4 years, categorizing trauma and nontrauma patients and subdividing them ...
Singh Rajiv - - 2012
Singh R, Venkateshwara G. Effect of fluid collections on long-term outcome after lower limb amputation. OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the long-term outcome for individuals found to have fluid collections in residual limbs after amputation. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Outpatient follow-up at a prosthetic rehabilitation unit. PARTICIPANTS: Successive lower limb amputations ...
Langhan Melissa L - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The authors sought to determine if capnography could improve time to correction of a simulated endotracheal tube (ETT) dislodgement by pediatric residents. STUDY DESIGN: Pediatric residents attended a didactic session that included interpretation of capnography. A randomized controlled study was then performed using patient simulators. Residents were randomized to ...
Sakuraba Atsushi - - 2012
Crohn's disease (CD) commonly recurs after surgery, and a number of patients need repeated surgery, especially smokers and those with repeated surgeries or penetrating disease. Whether infliximab prevents postsurgical recurrence in high-risk CD remains unknown. In the present pilot open-labeled study, we investigated the safety and efficacy of scheduled infliximab, ...
Wahl Andreas - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Patients with ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) presumably related to patent foramen ovale (PFO) are at risk for recurrent cerebrovascular events. Differences in long-term clinical outcome were investigated among patients with percutaneous PFO closure as compared with medical treatment. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between 1994 and 2000, 308 ...
Crespi Roberto - - 2012
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the use of hand mallet versus electrical mallet (magnetic mallet, Meta-Ergonomica, Turbigo, Milan, Italy) in osteotome-assisted surgery for condensing bone procedure in edentulous molar and premolar maxillary regions. Materials and Methods: Patients edentulous in maxillary premolar and molar regions with type ...
Goicoechea Marian - - 2012
Background: Pentoxifylline (PTF) is a potential therapeutic agent in chronic kidney disease due to its antiinflammatory and antiproteinuric effects that may influence the progression of renal disease. Subjects and methods: We conducted a prospective randomized trial of 91 patients with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 ml/min, calculated with 4-variable ...
Kirsch Matthias - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Biventricular support can be achieved using paracorporeal biventricular assist devices (BiVADs), the total artificial heart (TAH), and implantable VADs. This study evaluated the influence of the device on patient survival. METHODS: Data from 383 patients (321 men [84%]) undergoing primary, planned biventricular support using durable devices between 2000 and ...
Bezgin Tu─čba - - 2012
Abstract -  Aim: The aim of this study was to compare calcium hydroxide plus points (CHPPs) with the conventional calcium hydroxide paste (CHP) clinically and radiographically as materials used in apexification treatment. Material and methods: Sixteen children, each with at least one necrotic permanent central incisor requiring apexification treatment, were selected for this ...
Rubinsky Anna D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Alcohol screening scores ≥5 on the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-Consumption (AUDIT-C) up to a year before surgery have been associated with postoperative complications, but the association with postoperative health care use is unknown. This study evaluated whether AUDIT-C scores in the year before surgery were associated with postoperative ...
Boenicke L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR) has become an important surgical option in the treatment of obstructive defaecation syndrome, objective data about parameters that predict its success or failure are not yet available. METHODS: Medical history, clinical and radiomorphological data were obtained prospectively from a multi-institutional STARR registry. Predictive ...
Chen Ke-Cheng - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Thoracic empyema in cirrhotic patients is a challenging situation, and the clinical characteristics are rarely reported. The objective of this study was to report the clinical characteristics among this group and to evaluate whether thoracoscopic intervention would affect clinical outcomes. METHODS: Between 2001 and 2010, we retrospectively reviewed the ...
Patel Anu S - - 2012
Purpose. To study the impact of ocular hypotensive lipids (OHL) on the incidence, progression, and response to treatment of clinically significant diabetic macular edema (CSDME). Methods. A total of 379 patients (232 female, 147 male) with a history of diabetes mellitus (DM) and primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) were identified and ...
Westhoff B - - 2012
Current follow-up- and outcome-evaluations of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD) are based on subjective measures of function, clinical and radiological parameters. The objective of this study was to evaluate the sagittal plane kinematics and the effect on hip joint loading on the affected hip in children with LCPD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Computerized ...
Rena Ottavio - - 2012
The effects on long-term post-operative quality of life (QoL) and disease-control in malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) of extrapleural pneumonectomy (EPP) and pleurectomy/decortication (P/D) are compared. Seventy-seven patients affected by early-stage MPM received EPP (40) or P/D (37) associated with multimodal treatment between 1998 and 2009 at our institution. The last ...
Sultan J - - 2012
Oesophagogastric cancer surgery is immunosuppressive. This may be modulated by omega-3 fatty acids (O-3FAs). The aim of this study was to assess the effect of perioperative O-3FAs on clinical outcome and immune function after oesophagogastric cancer surgery. Patients undergoing subtotal oesophagectomy and total gastrectomy were recruited and allocated randomly to ...
Lopes Renato D - - 2012
Vein graft failure (VGF) is common after coronary artery bypass graft surgery, but its relationship with long-term clinical outcomes is unknown. In this retrospective analysis, we examined the relationship between VGF, assessed by coronary angiography 12 to 18 months after coronary artery bypass graft surgery, and subsequent clinical outcomes. Using ...
Benedetto Umberto - - 2012
Progression of functional tricuspid regurgitation is not uncommon after mitral valve surgery and is associated with poor outcomes. We tested the hypothesis that concomitant tricuspid valve annuloplasty in patients with tricuspid annulus dilatation (≥40 mm) prevents tricuspid regurgitation progression after mitral valve surgery. We enrolled 44 patients undergoing mitral valve ...
Yourman Lindsey C - - 2012
To better target services to those who may benefit, many guidelines recommend incorporating life expectancy into clinical decisions. To assess the quality and limitations of prognostic indices for mortality in older adults through systematic review. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, and Google Scholar from their inception through November 2011. We ...
Chacko Ari George - - 2012
To document the neurological outcome, spinal alignment and segmental range of movement after oblique cervical corpectomy (OCC) for cervical compressive myelopathy. This retrospective study included 109 patients--93 with cervical spondylotic myelopathy and 16 with ossified posterior longitudinal ligament in whom spinal curvature and range of segmental movements were assessed on ...
Sangiorgi Giuseppe - - 2012
Background: The concomitant use of femoral and popliteal accesses has been recommended for challenging superficial femoral artery (SFA) occlusions, but no comprehensive comparison of this approach to a strategy of femoral access only is available. We thus aimed to appraise the risk-benefit balance of retrograde popliteal access as bail-out strategy ...
Peréz-Riera Andrés R - - 2012
AimsPrevious studies have reported right bundle branch block in Brugada syndrome. Subsequent analysis of electrocardiograms (ECGs) found one-third of cases classified as right bundle branch block did not meet criteria of a wide final S wave in the left leads. We aimed to study the role of the vectorcardiogram to ...
Ozturk Ahmet - - 2012
AIM: The aim was to evaluate the therapeutic effectiveness of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) mobilized peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNCs) in critical limb ischemia (CLI) of type 2 diabetic patients. METHOD: Forty diabetic patients with CLI were enrolled and randomized to treatment and control groups. In the treatment group, the patients ...
Labiris Georgios - - 2012
PURPOSE: To assess the effect of stage 1 keratoconus (KC) and of the 2 prevalent KC therapeutic options: (1) corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) and (2) CXL combined with topography-guided photorefractive keratectomy (t-PRK) on self-reported quality of life (QOL) by means of the 25-item National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (NEI-VFQ ...
Yee Carol Ling Sze - - 2012
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of erectile dysfunction and retrograde ejaculation following thulium:yttrium-aluminium-garnet (Tm:YAG) laser prostate vaporesection (ThuVaRP). Patients and Methods: Between January 2009 and June 2010, 113 consecutive patients underwent ThuVaRP for bladder outflow obstruction. Of these, 54 (48%) were included in the ...
Dionigi Gianlorenzo - - 2012
PURPOSE: The options for haemostasis and dissection during modern thyroid surgery include the use of a bipolar vessel sealing system and ultrasonic technology. The aim of this study was to compare these energy-based devices (EBDs) with respect to their use in open thyroidectomy. METHODS: The FOCUS Shear (F) and LigaSure ...
Lakatos Peter Laszlo - - 2012
Medical therapy for Crohn's disease (CD) has changed significantly over the past 20 years with increasing use of immunosuppressives. In contrast, surgery rates are still high and there is little evidence that disease outcomes for CD have changed over the past decades. The objective of this study was to analyze ...
Barsam Allon - - 2012
PURPOSE: Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing excimer laser refractive surgery and phakic intraocular lenses (pIOLs) for the correction of myopia between 6.0 and 20.0 diopters (D). pIOLs are an alternative surgical option to excimer laser for these patients. The evidence base comparing these 2 methods has never been ...
Lantéri-Minet M - - 2012
Aim: To compare the effectiveness of early or late triptan intake in the treatment of acute migraine attacks.Methods: The TEMPO study was a French prospective, multicentre, two-phase study conducted in neurological practice. Two-hundred-and-ten migraine patients who were regular triptan users were enrolled. In the first phase, patients treated three attacks ...
Tanyeri Hasan - - 2012
The objective of the study was the assessment of the long-term efficacy of submucosal uvulopalatopharyngoplasty in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Thirty-two of 156 patients who underwent UPPP between January 2001 and March 2007 with a follow-up period of 36-96 months (mean, 56 months) were included in the study conducted at ...
Iida O - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To assess and risk stratify midterm clinical outcomes after endovascular therapy (EVT) by angioplasty only of patients with critical limb ischaemia (CLI) due to isolated below-the-knee (BTK) lesions. DESIGN: Retrospective multicenter study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between March 2004 and October 2010, 465 limbs (Rutherford 5 and 6: 79%) from ...
Mendiz Oscar A - - 2012
We evaluated the incidence of clinical events after implantation of the TAXUS Liberté paclitaxel-eluting stent in saphenous vein graft (SVG) lesions in an unselected patient population. The OLYMPIA (TAXUS Liberté Post-Approval Global Registry) program gathered data on 21 954 patients receiving at least 1 TAXUS Liberté stent, including 345 patients ...
Nakagawa Koji - - 2012
Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of transcatheter closure of atrial septal defects (ASD) in patients over 70 years of age. Background: Transcatheter closure of ASD is an established procedure in children and young adults, but the benefits of this procedure in geriatric patients are still unclear. Methods: Between ...
Zheng Yuanpu - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:Limited data guide capsule endoscopists on how to view the many images collected in each capsule. The objective of this study was to compare the detection rates of clinically significant findings in different capsule endoscopy reading modes and speeds.METHODS:Seventeen capsule endoscopists with experience from 23 to >1,000 total capsule procedures ...
Mondina Michel - - 2012
The objective was to assess outcomes of nasal septoplasty without turbinectomy using validated subjective instruments and to correlate results with patient satisfaction. The prospective observational study was conducted in a tertiary referral center. The method included the use of NOSE and RhinoQoL questionnaires to assess patients before and 6 months after ...
Smit Marcelle D - - 2012
AimsOutcome of rhythm control in atrial fibrillation (AF) is still poor due to various mechanisms involved in the initiation and perpetuation of AF. Differences in timing of AF recurrence may depend on different types of mechanisms. The aim of this study was to assess the mechanisms involved in early AF ...
Whitlow Patrick L - - 2012
The EVEREST II (Endovascular Valve Edge-to-Edge Repair) High Risk Study (HRS) assessed the safety and effectiveness of the MitraClip device (Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, California) in patients with significant mitral regurgitation (MR) at high risk of surgical mortality rate. Patients with severe MR (3 to 4+) at high risk of ...
Pinto Duane S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: =0.011) and less inpatient bleeding (clinically apparent bleeding [6.9% versus 10.5%, P<0.0001], clinically apparent bleeding with transfusion [1.6% versus 3.0%, P<0.0001], and transfusion [5.9% versus 7.6%, P<0.0001]). Patients receiving bivalirudin had shorter average length of stay (mean 4.3 versus 4.5 days; P<0.0001), with lower in-hospital cost (mean $18 640 ...
Nomura T - - 2012
Study design:A prospective clinical cohort study.Objectives:To test if maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV), which is currently underutilized in diseases, serves for assessing subclinical ventilatory impairment in cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM).Setting:Kochi Medical School, Japan.Methods:We studied ventilatory function in 49 CSM patients and 20 age- and sex-matched control patients with either lumbar stenosis ...
Tehraninejad Ensieh Shahrokh - - 2012
To compare the efficacy of cabergoline (Cb2) and intravenous human albumin (HA) in the prevention of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. In this randomized controlled trial study, 138 women who were at high risk for developing OHSS were randomly allocated into two groups. In Group one, 20 gr of HA 20% was ...
Cheng Sara S SS Department of Anesthesiology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Mail Stop B113, 12401 E. 17th Avenue, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. - - 2012
To assess coagulation status and factor Xa inhibition in surgical intensive care unit (ICU) patients administered prophylactic unfractionated heparin for venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis. We conducted a randomized, single-blind study at a tertiary academic medical center. Included were patients 18 years and older admitted to the surgical ICU directly after ...
Hutcheson Katherine A KA The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA. - - 2012
Total laryngectomy (TL) can be offered for management of chronic aspiration, radionecrosis, and/or airway compromise after head and neck cancer (HNC) treatment. The objective of this study was to evaluate functional outcomes after TL in disease-free HNC survivors. Retrospective case series with chart review. The University of Texas MD Anderson ...
McGrath Todd M - - 2012
Purpose: International policy statements from the US and the UK recommend real-time ultrasound guidance (USG) for placement of central venous catheters (CVCs) to improve patient safety. The evidence to support USG for the internal jugular (IJ) route is unequivocal; however, there is conflicting data on the effectiveness of USG in ...
Marnejon Thomas - - 2012
Purpose: To identify clinically important risk factors associated with upper extremity venous thrombosis following peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICC). Methods: A retrospective case control study of 400 consecutive patients with and without upper extremity venous thrombosis post-PICC insertion was performed. Patient data included demographics, body mass index (BMI), ethnicity, ...
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