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Results 451 - 500 of 8795
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Kim Sun Jong SJ Department of Internal Medicine, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
We examined the prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) production and the impact of ESBL on clinical outcomes in cancer patients with Enterobacter spp. bacteremia. Using prospective cohort data on Enterobacter bacteremia obtained between January 2005 and November 2008 from a tertiary care center, the prevalence and clinical impact of ESBL ...
Ackerl Michael - - 2014
Background: In this retrospective study, we evaluated the outcome of patients with primary glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), aged >= 65 years, treated in our institution from 2003 to 2009, and compared the outcome of patients admitted into the Nordic Glioma Study (NGS group) to the outcomes of elderly patients treated during ...
Wu Chao Ying Valerie V General Surgery, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada, - - 2014
Marginal ulceration after gastric bypass surgery is a recognized complication and has been reported in 1-16 % of patients. There is evidence that acidity may play a role in the disease pathophysiology and it is a common practice for bariatric surgeons to begin a prophylactic course of proton pump inhibitors (PPI), ...
Zurita Macías Valadez L C LC Centre for Minimal Access Surgery (CMAS), St. Joseph's Hospital, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada, - - 2014
Laparoscopic Heller myotomy with partial fundoplication is the gold standard treatment for achalasia. Laparoscopic limited Heller myotomy (LLHM) with no anti-reflux procedure is another possible option. A review of prospectively collected data was performed on patients who underwent LLHM from January 1998 to December 2012. Evaluation included gastroscopy, esophageal manometry, ...
Moffett Brady S BS 1Department of Pharmacy,Texas Children's Hospital,Houston,Texas,United States of - - 2014
Introduction: The diagnosis of trisomy 21 in children has been associated with failed extubation after CHD surgery. Dexmedetomidine may be a useful agent to improve postoperative outcomes in these patients, such as ventilator time, ICU length of stay, or hospital length of stay. Materials and methods: The Pediatric Health Information ...
Song Myung Gyu MG Department of Radiology, Korea University Guro Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, #148, Gurodongro, Guro-dong, Guro-Gu, Seoul, 152-703, Korea, - - 2014
This study was decided to evaluate the impact of diameter and the existences of multiple side holes along the straight portion of double-J ureteral stents (DJUS) on early dysfunction of stents placed for malignant ureteral strictures. Between April 2007 and December 2011, 141 DJUSs were placed via a percutaneous nephrostomy ...
Rao Wen-Sheng WS Department of General Surgery, Shanghai Changzheng Hospital, Affiliated to the Second Military Medical University, 415 FengYang Road, Huangpu District, Shanghai, 200003, - - 2014
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is effective for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with a body mass index (BMI) >35 kg/m(2). It is unknown whether it benefits those with a BMI ≤35 kg/m(2). In the last decade, the effect of bariatric procedures on metabolic outcomes in individuals who underwent surgery outside National ...
Wiik Anatole V AV MSK Lab, Department of Surgery and Cancer, Charing Cross Hospital, Imperial College London, Fulham Palace Road, London, W6 8RF, UK, - - 2014
To determine whether downhill walking gait pattern discriminates between different types of knee arthroplasty. Nineteen unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) and fourteen total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patients who were well matched demographically and with high Oxford knee scores (OKS) for their operation type were evaluated at a minimum 1 year after their ...
Kamiko Kazunari K Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Yokohama City University Graduate School of - - 2014
The half life (t1/2 ) of teneligliptin is 24.2 hours. Accordingly, we hypothesized that the administration of teneligliptin every other day might improve glycemic control. In this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of the administration of teneligliptin every other day in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes. Fifty-one patients were ...
Rasmussen Jeppe V JV Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Herlev University Hospital, Herlev Ringvej 75, 2730, Herlev, Denmark, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to conduct a randomised, clinical trial comparing stemmed hemiarthroplasty and resurfacing hemiarthroplasty in the treatment of glenohumeral osteoarthritis. A total of 40 shoulders (35 patients) were randomised to stemmed hemiarthroplasty or resurfacing hemiarthroplasty and evaluated three and 12 months postoperatively using the Constant-Murley score (CMS) ...
Tomonari H H Department of Orthodontics, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima, - - 2014
A posterior cross-bite is defined as an abnormal bucco-lingual relationship between opposing molars, pre-molars or both in centric occlusion. Although it has been reported that patients with unilateral posterior cross-bite often show unique chewing patterns, the relationship between the form of cross-bite and masticatory jaw movement remains unclear in adult ...
Issa Kimona K Center for Joint Preservation and Reconstruction, Rubin Institute for Advanced Orthopedics, Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, Baltimore, - - 2014
With the marked increase in the annual number of total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) in the United States, there has been an increased interest in evaluating patient-reported outcomes. The purpose of this study was to prospectively and longitudinally evaluate temporal trends in patient activity levels following TKA and to identify potential ...
Eldem Bora M BM Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara, - - 2014
To compare visual outcomes, number of visits and ranibizumab injections in patients treated with a Wait & Extend (W&E) or Treat & Observe (T&O) regimen. This 12-month, randomized, multicentre, open-label study enrolled patients aged ≥50 years with choroidal neovascularization (CNV) secondary to AMD who had not received anti-VEGF agents. Patients received ...
Ugurlu Ibrahim Mesut IM Department of Urology, Özel Hospitalium Şişli Hospital, 34360, İstanbul, Turkey, - - 2014
Due to the presence of structural and anatomical differences that accompany anomalous kidneys, currently available endourological modalities such as SWL and PNL may be insufficient, or additional laparoscopic assistance may be required. The present study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of retrograde flexible ureterorenoscopic stone treatment in patients ...
van Boven Nick N Department of Cardiology, Medical Centre Alkmaar, Alkmaar, The Netherlands Cardiovascular Research School (COEUR), Erasmus university, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
Everolimus drug-eluting stents (EES) are superior to early-generation drug-eluting stents (DES), releasing sirolimus (SES) or paclitaxel (PES) in preventing stent thrombosis (ST). Since an impaired LVEF seems to increase the risk of ST, we aimed to investigate the difference in outcome of patients with varying LVEF using EES versus early-generation ...
Pilgrim Thomas T Department of Cardiology, Bern University Hospital, Bern, - - 2014
To assess long-term clinical outcomes of consecutive high-risk patients with severe aortic stenosis according to treatment allocation to transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) or medical treatment (MT). Patients with severe aortic stenosis were consecutively enrolled into a prospective single centre registry. Among 442 patients (median ...
Tarazona-Santabalbina Francisco José FJ Department of Geriatrics, Hospital Universitario de la Ribera, Alzira, - - 2014
To identify how the severity of dementia influences functional recovery and mortality in elderly patients hospitalized for hip fracture. An observational retrospective study of 1258 patients aged older than 69 years and diagnosed with hip fracture who received care within an orthogeriatrics unit from 2004 to 2008 was carried out. ...
Nishimura Yusuke Y Department of Neurosurgery, Nagoya University School of - - 2014
The outcomes and complications of posterior-only lumbar instrumented long fusions exceeding three segments with selective segmental transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion for the treatment of degenerative lumbar scoliosis, kyphosis, or both combined with spondylolisthesis were analyzed to investigate risk factors associated with surgical instrumentation failure. Fifteen consecutive patients with degenerative lumbar ...
Zheng Changjian C Department of Urology, People's Hospital of Bishan District, Bishan, - - 2014
Objective: To systematically review the efficacy and safety of retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) versus percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) for the treatment of renal calculi >2 cm. Methods: We searched PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase and the Chinese Biomedical Literature Database about RIRS and PCNL for the treatment of renal stones. The retrieval ...
Servoll Einar E Section of Urology, Sørlandet County Hospital, Arendal, - - 2014
Objective: To establish predictors of clinical failure in patients operated with radical prostatectomy (RP) for clinically localized prostate cancer (PC) by analyzing the pathological characteristics of positive surgical margins (PSM). Patients and Methods: The RP specimens of 303 consecutive patients operated with RP between 1985 and 2009 were reviewed. PSM ...
Takahashi Toshiyuki T Spinal Disorders Center, Fujieda Heisei Memorial - - 2014
Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) is widely accepted for the treatment of lumbar arthrodesis. However, the exact characteristics of TLIF depend on the number, location, shape, or materials of the interbody implants, and the type of posterior instrument. Clinical and biomechanical characteristics of each TLIF procedure are still unclear. The ...
Teivelis Marcelo Passos MP Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hyperhidrosis may affect nearly 3% of the population, and thoracic/lumbar sympathectomy has been highly effective. Compensatory hyperhidrosis is a risk associated with surgical procedures, and its treatment is both complex and not well defined. Treatment of primary hyperhidrosis with oxybutynin has yielded positive results; however, its use in compensatory hyperhidrosis (CH) ...
Krajcovicova Anna A Gastroenterology and Hepatology Unit, University Hospital Bratislava, Slovakia. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is a high prevalence of low bone mineral density (BMD) among patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) although there is a lack of clinical data on the impact of IBD specific medications and recommended vitamin D (VD) and calcium (Ca) supplements on it. The cohort consisted of 150 IBD ...
Yoshie Koji K Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recent guidelines for treating ventricular fibrillation (VF) and ventricular tachycardia (VT) stress class III antiarrhythmic drugs, but some malignant arrhythmias refractory to these agents still occur in clinical practice. The possibility of a new treatment strategy involving lidocaine and amiodarone combination therapy was evaluated. From September 2008 to September 2013, ...
Niklasch M M Pediatric Orthopaedics and Foot Surgery, Clinic for Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Heidelberg University Hospital, Schlierbacher Landstrasse 200a, 69118 Heidelberg, - - 2014
The femoral derotation osteotomy (FDO) is seen as the golden standard treatment in children with cerebral palsy and internal rotation gait. Variable outcomes with cases of over- and undercorrection mainly in the less involved patients have been reported. The determination of the amount of derotation is still inconsistent. 138 patients ...
Cid Joan J Apheresis Unit, Department of Hemotherapy and Hemostasis, CDB, IDIBAPS, Hospital Clínic, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
We reviewed retrospectively 317 patients who received 2730 plasma exchange (PE) procedures. According to guidelines published by the American Society for Apheresis (ASFA) in 2013, there were 220 (69%), 55 (17%), 32 (9%), and 7 (4%) patients who were treated with PE for a disease or condition considered as category ...
Thomas David Terence DT Department of Pediatric Surgery, Marmara University School of Medicine, Istanbul, - - 2014
This study prospectively analysed the effect of using a dartos flap on the complication rates of TIPU (tubularised incised plate urethroplasty) in hypospadias repair. Patients having TIPU repair for hypospadias at our university hospital between January 2010 and August 2013 were prospectively divided into two groups. Group 1 had TIPU ...
Huggett Matthew T MT 1] UCL Institute for Liver and Digestive Health, University College London, London, UK [2] Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University College Hospital, London, UK [3] M.T. Huggett and E.L. Culver contributed equally to this - - 2014
OBJECTIVES:Type I autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) and IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis (IgG4-related SC) are now recognized as components of a multisystem IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD). We aimed to define the clinical course and long-term outcomes in patients with AIP/IgG4-SC recruited from two large UK tertiary referral centers.METHODS:Data were collected from 115 patients identified ...
Maalej Afef A Department of Ophthalmology, Military Hospital of Tunis, Montfleury, 1008, Tunis, Tunisia, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to compare and assess the performance and the postoperative outcomes of torsional mode and ultrasound (US) mode performed in the phacoemulsification of cataract with different nuclear densities. This is a randomized comparative clinical study. Two groups of 75 eyes (the first operated by Ozil(®) ...
Wang Xudong X Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University , Shanghai , China - - 2014
Abstract Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common following cardiac surgery and is associated with poor outcomes. However, the detection of those preoperative patients who will develop AKI is still difficult. In this study, we compared serum cystatin C combined with dipstick proteinuria as early markers to predict AKI available ...
Doğanca Tünkut T Department of Urology, Suluova State Hospital, Amasya, - - 2014
To assess whether patient comfort could be increased by adding procedural sedation and analgesia (PSAA) to periprostatic nerve block (PNB) in patients undergoing transrectal ultrasound-guided prostatic biopsy (TRUS-PB). This was a prospective, randomized (1:2) trial comparing PNB with the combination of PSAA+PNB in patients undergoing TRUS-PB. PNB was achieved by ...
Hernandez-Vaquero Daniel D Hospital St Agustin, Heros, 6, 33401, Aviles, Asturias, Spain, - - 2014
Computer-assisted surgery (CAS) may facilitate better positioning of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) along the coronal and lateral axes; however, there are doubts as to its usefulness in the rotational plane. This is a prospective study of 95 TKAs comparing two groups: the CAS group and the standard equipment group. The ...
Selvaggi Francesco F Unit of General Surgery, Second University of Naples, Via F. Giordani, 42, 80122, Naples, Italy, - - 2014
Excisional hemorrhoidectomy (EH) can be complicated by high early (EP) and prolonged pain (PP). This study aimed to determine predictors of high postoperative pain and to develop a risk score suitable to identify patient candidates to a more active analgesic treatment. We collected data of patients undergoing EH between January ...
Paganini Alessandro M AM Department of General Surgery, Surgical Specialties and Organ Transplantation "Paride Stefanini", Sapienza University, Rome, Italy, - - 2014
ELRR by TEM is a valid alternative to TME in selected patients with early low rectal cancer, with similar long-term oncological results and better Quality of Life. The authors' policy is to close the residual defect, with possibly a higher risk of dehiscence from tension on the suture line. Aim ...
Vindal Anubhav A Division of Minimal Access Surgery, Department of Surgery, Maulana Azad Medical College, University of Delhi, New Delhi, 110002, India, - - 2014
Laparoscopic CBD exploration (LCBDE) is an accepted treatment modality for single stage management of CBD stones in fit patients. A transcholedochal approach is preferred in patients with a dilated CBD and large impacted stones in whom ductal clearance remains problematic. There are very few studies comparing intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) with ...
Aitken Emma L EL Department of Renal Surgery, Western Infirmary , Glasgow , UK - - 2014
Abstract Background: Our aim was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of repeat angioplasty versus new brachiobasilic fistula (BBF) in patients with symptomatic cephalic arch stenosis (CAS). Methods: Patients presenting with symptomatic CAS (n = 22) underwent angioplasty. They were compared to patients undergoing BBF creation (n = 51). Primary outcomes were functional primary arteriovenous fistulae ...
Akashi Hidetoshi H Department of Surgery, Kurume University School of Medicine, 67 Asahi-machi, Kurume, 830, Japan, - - 2014
The development fistulas between the thoracic aorta and the esophagus are highly fatal conditions. We aimed to identify a therapeutic strategy for treating aortoesophageal fistula (AEF) in this study, by investigating all AEF cases presented in this special symposium at the 65th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Japanese Association for ...
Yu Myeong Sang MS Dr Yu is an assistant professor in the Department of Otolaryngology, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Chungju, South KoreaDr Jang is a professor in the Department of Otolaryngology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, South - - 2014
Preoperative computer simulation (PCS) is a tool for demonstrating potential rhinoplasty results to patients and determining the patient's preferred external nasal appearance. The authors evaluated the effectiveness of PCS in Asian rhinoplasty patients. The records of 224 patients who underwent rhinoplasty were reviewed. Sixty-eight (30.4%) of these patients had received ...
McNeely Christian Andrew - - 2014
The short-term advantage of mitral valve repair versus replacement for degenerative disease has been extensively documented. These advantages include lower operative mortality, improved survival, better preservation of left-ventricular function, shorter post-operative hospital stay, lower total costs, and fewer valve-related complications, including thromboembolism, anticoagulation-related bleeding events and late prosthetic dysfunction. More ...
Gauffin Emelie E From the *Departments of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Uppsala University, Sweden; and †Department of Surgical Sciences, Plastic Surgery, Uppsala University, University Hospital, - - 2014
Years after injury, pruritus is a common and severe problem for many burn patients. However, its characteristics and consequences are often only partially described. The authors therefore performed a prospective detailed examination of burn- and individual-related factors and considered those in relation to pruritus severity. Sixty-seven consecutive burn patients were ...
Jansen Leigh A LA From the *Plastic Surgery, Women's College Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; †Operation Smile India, Mahendra Mohan Choudhury Hospital, Panbazar, Guwahati, India; and ‡Operation Smile, Virginia Beach, - - 2014
Cleft surgery follow-up in developing regions is challenging. This study evaluated rates, costs, and satisfaction of 2 follow-up programs at the Guwahati Comprehensive Cleft Care Centre (GC4) in Assam, India. For this study, 10,582 postoperative visits were analyzed from May 2011 to November 2013. A questionnaire was administered to subsets ...
Thomas Gregory P L GP From the Oxford Craniofacial Unit, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust, Oxford, - - 2014
Posterior distraction (PD) is rapidly emerging as an important technique to increase the intracranial volume and correct calvarial morphology in patients with severe brachycephaly or turribrachycephaly. A retrospective review was performed of all 31 patients who underwent PD at the Oxford Craniofacial Unit between 2007 and 2012. Twenty-three patients (74.2%) ...
Kahraman Ahmet A From the *Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Medicine School of Mustafa Kemal University; Departments of †Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery and ‡Surgical Nursing, Medicine School of Yuzuncu Yil University, Van; §Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Medicine School of Medeniyet University, Istanbul; and ∥Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Medicine School of Katip Celebi University, Izmir, - - 2014
The aims of the cleft palate repair techniques are to reduce the velopharyngeal insufficiency risk and oronasal fistula development to minimal levels without affecting the maxillofacial development. In this article, we present a retrospective study comparing the conventional palatoplasty techniques with the new technique of rotation palatoplasty for the risk ...
Su Lillian L 1Division of Critical Care Medicine, Children's National Health System, Washington, DC. 2Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Children's National Health System, Washington, DC. 3Division of Critical Care Medicine and Cardiology, Children's National Health System, Washington, DC. 4Children's National Heart Institute, Children's National Health System, Washington, - - 2014
To determine if development of an extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation simulation program reduced extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation times in real patients DESIGN:: Before-after study. Twenty-six bed pediatric cardiac ICU in a tertiary urban hospital. Forty-three cardiac patients (aged 1 d to 16 yr) who received extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation. An interdisciplinary team collaborated ...
Goldman Ran D RD From the Pediatric Research in Emergency Therapeutics (PRETx) Program, Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of British Columbia, Child and Family Research Institute (CFRI), and British Columbia Children's Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, - - 2014
We compare the rate of return to the emergency department (ED) within 72 hours between families of children receiving a follow-up telephone call by a non-health care provider asking about the child's well-being 12 hours after their visit to the ED and families not receiving a follow-up call. This was ...
Sinnaeve Peter R PR KU Leuven, Leuven, - - 2014
-In the Strategic Reperfusion Early After Myocardial infarction (STREAM) trial, a pharmaco-invasive (PI) strategy was compared to primary PCI (pPCI) in STEMI patients presenting within 3 hours after symptom onset but unable to undergo pPCI within 1 hour. At 30 days, the PI approach was associated with a nominally but ...
Ulucan Seref S Department of Cardiology, Mevlana University School of Medicine, Konya, - - 2014
We investigated the relationship between epicardial fat volume (EFV) measured by multislice computed tomography (MDCT) and long-term major adverse cardiac events (MACEs). Consecutive patients (n = 564) were enrolled in this retrospective study. Patients were divided into tertiles according to EFV. Patients were followed up for an average of 18 ...
Aleem Alexander W AW Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, - - 2014
To compare both validated patient-rated and objective outcomes of patients following revision cubital tunnel surgery to a similar group of patients who underwent primary surgery. This case-control investigation enrolled 56 patients treated surgically for cubital tunnel syndrome (28 revision cases, 28 primary controls) at a tertiary center. Patients with a ...
Bodini Giorgia G Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Genoa, Genoa, - - 2014
Whether therapeutic drug monitoring of biologic therapy can predict the efficacy of adalimumab to prevent postoperative Crohn's disease recurrence is unknown. To investigate whether adalimumab trough levels and anti-adalimumab antibodies correlate with endoscopic and clinical outcomes in a series of patients treated with prophylactic adalimumab monotherapy after resective surgery. Post ...
Wissel Jörg J Department of Neurology, Neurorehabilitation Unit, Vivantes Klinikum Spandau, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
The complexities of post-stroke spasticity (PSS), and the resultant difficulties in treating the disability, present a significant challenge to patients, stroke rehabilitation teams, and caregivers. Reducing the severity of spasticity and its long-term complications may be facilitated by early intervention, making identification of stroke patients at high risk for developing ...
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