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Park Semi S Department of Internal Medicine, Graduate School, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. ; Center for Health Promotion, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Obstructive jaundice in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is uncommon (0.5-13%). Unlike other causes of obstructive jaundice, the role of endoscopic intervention in obstructive jaundice complicated by HCC has not been clearly defined. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics of obstructive jaundice caused by HCC ...
Dickson Robert R From the *Good Shepherd Health System, Longview, TX; †University of Arkansas School of Medicine Department of Emergency Medicine, Little Rock, AR; and ‡Scott and White Department of Emergency Medicine, Temple, - - 2014
The objective of our study was to evaluate the effect of the STOP STEMI© medical application on door-to-balloon (D2B) time in patients arriving to our emergency department with an acute ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI). STOP STEMI© is a novel medical application developed by physicians to improve the coordination and ...
Zhao Li-Na LN Department of Gastroenterology, Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510120, P.R. - - 2014
Somatostatin has been extensively studied for the prophylaxis of pancreatitis following endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). However, the results remain controversial. The present retrospective cohort study aimed to investigate the efficacy of pre- and post-ERCP somatostatin administration in the prevention of post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP). All ERCP procedures performed at one hospital ...
Chan Dedrick Kok Hong DK Division of Colorectal Surgery, University Surgical Cluster, National University Health System, - - 2014
The optimal management of bleeding from the lower gastrointestinal tract (LGIB) remains controversial. We aim to evaluate the efficacy of mesenteric embolization for LGIB and to identify predictors for re-bleeding after the procedure. We conducted a retrospective review of all patients who underwent mesenteric embolizations for LGIB in our institution ...
Allareddy Veerasathpurush - - 2014
Objective :  The objective of this study is to examine the operative and immediate postoperative effects of the use of a dentomaxillary appliance (DMA). Design :  Retrospective chart review of 40 treated patients with unilateral complete cleft lip and palate who had a comprehensive set of pre-, peri-, and postoperative ...
Razali Salleh Mohd SM Discipline of Psychiatry and Behaviour Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Teknologi Mara (UiTM), Sungai Buloh Campus, 4700, Sungai Buloh, Selangor, Malaysia, - - 2014
The objective is to assess the efficacy of a modified Assertive Community treatment (ACT). This is a retrospective cross-sectional study with a comparative group. The study group was patients with schizophrenia who had completed modified ACT, while the control group was those who did not receive modified ACT. The final ...
Shi W-Z WZ Department of Anesthesia and Operation Center, Hainan Branch of PLA General Hospital, Sanya, China; Department of Anesthesia and Operation Center, PLA General Hospital, Beijing, - - 2014
The objective of this review was to systematically assess the effect of thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) vs. systemic analgesia (SA) on the recovery of gastrointestinal (GI) function in patients following GI surgery. We performed a comprehensive literature search to identify randomized controlled trials of adult patients undergoing GI surgery, comparing ...
Perera A P AP Department of Surgery & Cancer, St. Mary's Hospital, Imperial College London, Paddington, London, W2 1NY, - - 2014
Traditional management of a perianal abscess involves incision and drainage followed by packing of the cavity until healing by secondary intention is complete. The evidence supporting this is lacking however, and regular postoperative packing is time-consuming, painful and costly. This pilot study aimed to assess whether healing could be achieved ...
George Sudhakar S Sussex Cardiac Centre, Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals, Brighton, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Chronic total occlusion (CTO) is common, being reported in 18% to 30% of patients undergoing coronary angiography. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is usually performed to relieve anginal symptoms, but data are emerging to suggest that there may also be a mortality benefit. This study aimed to compare outcomes of patients ...
Lv Bao-Sheng BS Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, - - 2014
Abstract Background: In epidural analgesia, synthetic opioids increase the potency of amide local anesthetics by modifying their analgesic properties. Purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to compare the efficacy and safety of bupivacaine with ropivacaine and levobupivacaine in combination with sufentanil (BUPI-, ROPI-, LBUPI-SUF respectively) in epidural analgesia ...
Keane Miriam M Department of Ophthalmology, Flinders University, Level 3 Flinders Medical Centre, Bedford Park, Adelaide, Australia, SA - - 2014
Keratoconus is an ectatic (weakening) disease of the cornea, which is the clear surface at the front of the eye. Approximately 10% to 15% of patients diagnosed with keratoconus require corneal transplantation. This may be full-thickness (penetrating) or partial-thickness (lamellar). To compare visual outcomes after deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) ...
Behrens L L Department of Neuroradiology, Heidelberg University, Heidelberg, - - 2014
Thrombus length has been reported as an important predictor of successful recanalization by intravenous thrombolysis but its influence on bridging thrombolysis has not been investigated yet. The effect of thrombus length on recanalization rates evaluated by catheter angiography early after intravenous bridging thrombolysis was analyzed. Ninety-six consecutive patients with acute ...
Patil Pa P Department of Public Health Dentistry, KLE VK Institute of Dental Sciences, Belgaum, - - 2014
To compare the effectiveness of abrasive component (perlite/calcium carbonate) and enzymatic component (papain and bromelain) of whitening toothpaste in removal of extrinsic stains. This study is a randomized, triple blind and parallel group study in which 90 subjects aged 18-40 years were included. At baseline, stains scores were assessed by Macpherson's ...
Campochiaro Peter A PA The Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare pro re nata (PRN) and monthly injections of 0.5 mg ranibizumab in retinal vein occlusion (RVO) patients stabilized by monthly injections. Randomized, open-label, vision-examiner masked, 15-month study. Subjects with macular edema secondary to branch or central RVO. Subjects received monthly injections of 0.5 mg ranibizumab for 7 months ...
Akbaba Yıldız Analay YA Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Istanbul, - - 2014
To evaluate the short-term results of the rehabilitation programme with two different supervision on balance and functionality after simultaneously bilateral total knee arthroplasty (SBTKA) in patients with osteoarthritis and to compare the results with those of healthy individuals. This study was a single-blind randomized controlled study. Two exercise groups who ...
Thirumurthy Harsha H Department of Health Policy and Management, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill2Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel - - 2014
Novel strategies are needed to increase the uptake of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) in sub-Saharan Africa and enhance the effectiveness of male circumcision as an HIV prevention strategy. To determine whether small economic incentives could increase circumcision prevalence by addressing reported economic barriers to VMMC and behavioral factors such ...
Thomas Anchu Rachel AR Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College and Hospital, Meenakshi Academy of Higher Education and Research, Chennai, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the canal isthmus debridement efficacy of a new modified EndoVac (Discus Dental, Culver City, CA) irrigation protocol in comparison with EndoVac, passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI), and conventional needle irrigation in mesial roots of mandibular molars. The mesial roots of 64 extracted mandibular ...
Burkus J Kenneth JK Staff Physician, Spine Service, Wilderness Spine Services, - - 2014
Object The authors assess the long-term safety and efficacy of cervical disc replacement with the Prestige Cervical Disc in a prospective, randomized, multicenter trial at 7 years of follow-up. Methods At 31 investigational sites, 541 patients with single-level cervical disc disease with radiculopathy were randomized to 1 of 2 treatment ...
Masiá Mar M Infectious Diseases Unit, Hospital General Universitario de Elche, Clinical Medicine Department, Universidad Miguel Hernández, Alicante, Spain - - 2014
To evaluate the 5 year effects of an intensive intervention versus the standard-of-care intervention on cardiovascular risk factors in HIV-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART). This was a longitudinal study including virologically suppressed patients with at least two cardiovascular risk factors or a Framingham risk score ≥10%. Intensive and standard-of-care ...
Cuerva Marcos Javier - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: To evaluate the accuracy of criteria followed by obstetricians when performing a Kristeller maneuver in cases of prolonged second stage of labor. Methods: In this prospective observational study, the station of the fetal head was measured using the angle of progression (intrapartum ultrasound) just prior to the intervention ...
Savage Sharon A SA *Neuroscience Research Australia †School of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine ‡ARC Centre of Excellence in Cognition and its Disorders, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, - - 2014
Patients with semantic dementia (SD) can improve their naming ability through cognitive intervention, with good retention 1 month later. Beyond this time, improvements often fade, yet no studies have investigated how to maintain performance. Nine SD patients completed a 2-month word training program and were then monitored over 6 months: ...
Clement Nicholas D ND Department of Orthopaedics, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh - - - 2014
There has been a significant increase in use of hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement over the last 10 years. However, some care providers in the United Kingdom are not commissioning such an intervention due to cost constraints and lack of published cost effectiveness studies. A cost analysis for a prospective ...
Quinn Mark M Professorial Unit, National Orthopaedic Hospital, Cappagh, Finglas, Dublin 11, Republic of - - 2014
The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials is to assess the effectiveness of no drainage when compared to drainage in total knee arthroplasty, in terms of recovery of knee flexion, reduction in swelling, length of hospital stay and haemoglobin levels following TKA. Six randomised controlled ...
Raskin Jeffrey B JB University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
No therapy has been proven to prevent the recurrence of diverticulitis. Mesalamine has shown efficacy in preventing relapse in inflammatory bowel disease and there is preliminary evidence that it might be effective for diverticular disease. We investigated the efficacy of mesalamine in preventing recurrence of diverticulitis in 2 identical but ...
Pita-Fernández S S Division of Clinical Epidemiology, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario A Coruña (CHUAC), SERGAS, Universidade de A Coruña, A Coruña, - - 2014
Chronic kidney disease is a common comorbidity in elderly patients with heart failure. Evidence supports the use of angiotensin inhibitors for patients with heart failure. However, there is little evidence with which to assess the risk and benefits of this treatment in elderly patients with renal dysfunction. To determine the ...
Madan Alok - - 2014
The authors previously demonstrated an 82.3% reduction in seclusion and restraint use at an inpatient psychiatric facility, largely attributable to changes to the physical environment. This study investigated whether the reduction was sustained over time. This follow-up study examined archival data by using a longer preintervention baseline phase and examined ...
Gleeson Michael M Injury Division, The George Institute for Global Health, Sydney Medical School, The University of Sydney, - - 2014
To investigate the impact of Alexander Technique lessons on balance and mobility in older adults with visual impairments. Randomized assessor blinded controlled trial with intervention and usual care control groups. Participants' homes. A total of 120 community-dwellers aged 50+ with visual impairments. Twelve weeks of Alexander lessons and usual care. ...
Liu Ling L Department of Nephrology, Hangzhou Traditional Chinese Medical Hospital , Hangzhou, Zhejiang , - - 2014
Abstract Background: Vascular calcification significantly increases the rates of cardiovascular mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Abnormalities in mineral metabolism may play a role in the pathogenesis of arterial calcification. Whether patients treated with non-calcium-based phosphate binders had reduced aortic vascular calcification compared to those treated with calcium-based phosphate binders is ...
Sprowson Andrew P - - 2014
187,000 hip and knee joint replacements are performed every year in the National Health Service (NHS). One of the commonest complications is surgical site infection (SSI), and this represents a significant burden in terms of patient morbidity, mortality and cost to health services around the world. The aim of this ...
Liu Zhi Z Department of Cardiology, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, - - 2014
To assess whether late remote ischemic preconditioning (L-RIPC) is effective in myocardial protection in patients with ischemic heart disease undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). L-RIPC is exerted by newly synthesized cardioprotective proteins. The cardioprotective effects of L-RIPC are more durable. 200 consecutive patients undergoing elective PCI were randomized to ...
Horner Daniel - - 2014
BackgroundThere is currently little evidence defining the clinical importance of detecting and treating isolated distal deep vein thrombosis (IDDVT). International guidelines vary regarding diagnostic and therapeutic advice. The potential benefits of anticoagulation are unquantified. We sought to evaluate the feasibility of a randomized controlled study within a modern framework and ...
Carr Michael C MC Division of Urology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, and Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa., - - 2014
Introduction: Myelomeningocele patients deal with multiple medical issues, including lower extremity neurological deficits, bowel and bladder incontinence and the sequelae of hydrocephalus secondary to a Chiari II malformation. In utero intervention holds the promise of reversing some of the sequelae and improving outcome. Material and Methods: Between 1998 and 2003 ...
Sajid Muhammad Shafique MS Department of General, Endoscopic & Laparoscopic Colorectal Surgery, Western Sussex Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Worthing Hospital, UK and Department of General & Colorectal Surgery, Queen Elizabeth Hospital King's Lynn NHS Foundation Trust, UK - - 2014
The objective of this article is to systematically analyse the randomized, controlled trials comparing the effectiveness of purse-string closure (PSC) of an ileostomy wound with conventional linear closure (CLC). Randomized, controlled trials comparing the effectiveness of purse-string closure vs conventional linear closure (CLC) of ileostomy wound in patients undergoing ileostomy ...
Moglia Robert Scott - - 2014
Polymerized high internal phase emulsions (polyHIPEs) have been utilized in the creation of injectable scaffolds that cure in situ to fill irregular bone defects and potentially improve tissue healing. Previously, thermally-initiated scaffolds required hours to cure which diminished the potential for clinical translation. Here, a double-barrel syringe system for fabricating ...
McVay Derek P DP Department of Surgery, Madigan Healthcare System, Tacoma, WA, - - 2014
To determine whether day and time of admission influences the practice patterns of the admitting general surgeon and subsequent outcomes for patients diagnosed with small bowel obstruction. A retrospective database review was carried out, covering patients admitted with the presumed diagnosis of partial small bowel obstruction from 2004-2011. A total ...
Ambrose John A JA Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, UCSF Fresno Medical Education Program, Fresno, Calif., - - 2014
Objectives: The Micropuncture® 21-gauge needle may reduce complications related to vessel trauma from inadvertent venous or posterior arterial wall puncture. Methods: This was a single-center, multiple-user trial. Four hundred and two patients undergoing possible or definite percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were randomized 1:1 to an 18-gauge versus a 21-gauge needle. ...
Müller Nada N Division of Periodontology and Oral Pathophysiology, University of Geneva, Rue Barthélemy-Menn 19, CH-1205, Geneva, - - 2014
To evaluate repeated subgingival air-polishing in residual pockets with a new erythritol powder containing 0.3% chlorhexidine. Single-center, examiner masked, randomized clinical trial of 12 months with a two-arm, within-subject parallel design. 50 patients in periodontal maintenance were monitored in 3-month intervals. At months 0, 3, 6 and 9, all sites ...
Kuniewicz Marcin - - 2014
According to the latest guidelines, atrioventricular (DDD) pacing demonstrates superiority over atrial pacing (AAI) in sick sinus syndrome (SSS) treatment. Aim of this study was to compare the results of treatment among patients with AAI or DDD stimulation with SSS in a long term observation. The whole group counted 809 ...
Annborn Martin M Department of Intensive and Perioperative Care, Skåne University Hospital, 221 85, Lund, Sweden, - - 2014
We hypothesized that a targeted temperature of 33 °C as compared to that of 36 °C would increase survival and reduce the severity of circulatory shock in patients with shock on admission after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). The recently published Target Temperature Management trial (TTM-trial) randomized 939 OHCA patients with no difference ...
Sturm Jesse J JJ Connecticut Children's Medical Center, West Hartford, CT, USA University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, CT, USA - - 2014
Objective. Intervention to reduce nonurgent pediatric emergency department (PED) visits over a 12-month follow-up. Methods. Prospective, randomized, controlled trial enrolled children seen in the PED for nonurgent concerns. Intervention subjects received a structured session/handout specific to their primary care provider (PCP), which outlined ways to obtain medical advice. Visitation to ...
Ahanatha Pillai Sastha S Institute of Surgical Gastroenterology and Liver Transplantation, Government Stanley Medical College, Chennai - 600001, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Fast track programmes have been introduced in pancreatic surgery, but the data are sparse. The aim of this prospective study was to analyse the feasibility of implementing fast track rehabilitation protocol in PD with pancreaticogastrostomy, using historical control for comparison. Between April 2012 and December 2012, twenty patients who underwent ...
Pielen Amelie A Eye Center, Albert-Ludwigs-University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany; Eye Hospital, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, - - 2014
To compare standard-of-care grid laser photocoagulation versus intravitreal ranibizumab (IVR) versus a combination of both in the treatment of chronic (>3 months) macular oedema secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion. Prospective, randomized, multicentre clinical trial. Thirty patients with a best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) between 20/320 and 20/40 were randomized 1:1:1 to ...
Van Roey Karel - - 2014
The evaluation of new long-lasting insecticidal bed nets (LLINs) is coordinated by the WHO Pesticide Evaluation Scheme (WHOPES). In 2007, Netprotect(R) was granted WHOPES interim recommendation after Phase I and II evaluations. Present study evaluates Netprotect(R) in a Phase III trial in rural Cambodia. A randomized, prospective longitudinal study design ...
Jones Lee W LW Lee W. Jones, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY; Pamela S. Douglas, Michel G. Khouri, Daniel Wojdyla, William E. Kraus, and Christopher M. O'Connor, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC; John R. Mackey, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada; and David J. Whellan, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA. - - 2014
To investigate the efficacy and safety of aerobic training (AT) in patients with cancer with medically stable heart failure (HF). A retrospective analysis of 90 patients with cancer who have HF and who were randomly assigned to AT (n = 47) or guideline-based usual care (UC; n = 43) was ...
Okamoto Fumiki F Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To quantify aniseikonia in patients undergoing vitrectomy for epiretinal membrane (ERM) and to investigate the relationship between the aniseikonia and the foveal microstructure by spectral-domain (SD) optical coherence tomography (OCT). Prospective, consecutive, interventional case series. This study included 44 eyes of 44 patients undergoing vitrectomy for idiopathic ERM. We examined ...
Chen Weihu W Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Tongling People's Hospital, Tongling, Anhui, People's Republic of - - 2014
One of the primary goals of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) is to create widely patent paranasal sinus ostia, but lateralization of the middle turbinate (MT) after ESS can obstruct otherwise patent ethmoid and maxillary sinuses. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of turbinate-septal suturing in preventing ...
Parvizi Daryousch D Division of Plastic, Aesthetic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Medical University of Graz, Graz, - - 2014
Acellular dermal matrices (ADM) have been used frequently in therapeutic and prophylactic breast procedures. To date there have been no reports on vascularisation of ADMs and formation of tissue around them as seen with modern non-invasive imaging techniques such as contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS). In this case series, we used CEUS ...
Ozaslan Ersan E Department of Gastroenterology, Ankara Numune Education and Research Hospital, Çukurambar Mah. 1429. Cad. 24/2, Çankaya, Ankara, Turkey, - - 2014
There are scarce data regarding the impact of sphincterotome design on cannulation success. We aimed to compare two different 5.5 Fr standard sphincterotomes to determine initial cannulation success. Adult patients with naive papillae were enrolled in a prospective, randomized, crossover study. Two different 5.5 Fr sphincterotomes preloaded with guidewire (GW) were used ...
Shahzad Adeel A Institute of Cardiovascular Medicine and Science, Liverpool Heart and Chest Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, - - 2014
Bivalirudin, with selective use of glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa inhibitor agents, is an accepted standard of care in primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). We aimed to compare antithrombotic therapy with bivalirudin or unfractionated heparin during this procedure. In our open-label, randomised controlled trial, we enrolled consecutive adults scheduled for angiography in ...
Matthews Jennifer L K JL From the *Section of Plastic Surgery, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada; †Division of Biostatistics, Department of Surgery, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada; ‡Faculty of Chiropractic, D'Youville College, Buffalo, NY; and §Plastic Surgery, Banff, AB, - - 2014
The vertical scar bilateral breast reduction is a highly effective technique to reduce breast volume and create long-lasting aesthetic improvements. A cited disadvantage is the inability to adequately shorten the vertical scar, leading to chest wall scars or inframammary puckers. Gathering or cinching sutures have been described as a strategy ...
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