Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 3494
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Sa-Ngasoongsong Paphon - - 2013
Recently, a number of studies using intra-articular application of tranexamic acid (IA-TXA), with different dosage and techniques, successfully reduced postoperative blood loss in total knee replacement (TKR). However, best of our knowledge, the very low dose of IA-TXA with drain clamping technique in conventional TKR has not been yet studied. ...
Lucatelli P - - 2013
Aim: The aim of this paper was to compare the use of two different commercially available vascular closure devices (VCD), Angioseal VIP® (St. Jude Medical, St. Paul, MN, USA) and Starclose SE (Abbott Vascular Devices, Redwood City, CA, USA). Methods: From January 2010 to January 2012, 347 patient underwent retrograde ...
Abelson Benjamin - - 2013
To compare the need for repeat treatment or urinary diversion in patients undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) compared with photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) after brachytherapy or external beam radiation therapy (EBRT). The prostate cancer database of Cleveland Clinic includes 3600 patients who have undergone prostate brachytherapy ...
Liebetrau Christoph - - 2013
Background. Contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) occurs in up to 13% of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is an early biomarker for renal impairment. We investigated whether increased urinary NGAL concentrations were predictive of CI-AKI within 2 days after PCI or of a higher re-hospitalization ...
Custódio Lima Juliana J Gastrocenter and Gastroenterology Unit, Faculty of Medical Sciences, State University of Campinas - Unicamp, Campinas, - - 2013
Background/Aims: This prospective study investigated the performance of pre-endoscopy and the complete Rockall scores in predicting the occurrence of adverse outcomes and the need for endoscopic or surgical intervention in patients with nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Methods: All 656 consecutive patients who underwent endoscopy due to nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding ...
Cosma Stefano - - 2013
To compare prosthetic and ligament vaginal vault suspension at vaginal hysterectomy in patients, with utero-vaginal stage III-IV pelvic organ prolapse quantification. A retrospective case-control study was designed to compare 61 patients who had undergone Posterior intravaginal slingplasty (PIVS) with 61 patients in a matched control group who had undergone uterosacral ...
Askim Torunn T Department of Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway; Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Education and Social Work, Sør-Trøndelag University College, Trondheim, - - 2013
High-intensity aerobic interval training (AIT) has shown to be beneficial in patients with cardiac and pulmonary diseases. Presumably, patients with stroke also benefit from such treatment. However, the feasibility and potential efficacy of high-intensity AIT should be investigated for patients early after stroke. This was a single-group, pre-test-post-test, intervention study. ...
Goyal Rashmi R Department of ENT, Peoples College of Medical Sciences & RC, Bhanpur, Bhopal, 462037 - - 2014
To evaluate the results of endoscopic endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy performed in a tertiary care hospital. Prospective, nonrandomized, interventional clinical study. A prospective interventional study was performed on 104 patients presenting with epiphora between January 2006 and January 2010. All patients were operated by one surgeon. Out of 104 cases, 08 cases ...
Vogel Todd R - - 2013
Statins stabilize atherosclerotic plaque, decrease mortality after surgical procedures, and are linked to anti-inflammatory effects. The objective of this study was to evaluate preoperative administration of statins and longitudinal limb salvage after lower extremity endovascular revascularization and lower extremity open surgery. Patients were selected from 2007 to 2008 Medicare claims ...
Spiteri Cornish Kurt - - 2013
To determine whether internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling improves anatomic and functional outcomes of full-thickness macular hole (FTMH) surgery when compared with the no-peeling technique. Systematic review and individual participant data (IPD) meta-analysis undertaken under the auspices of the Cochrane Eyes and Vision Group. Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were ...
Moroi Akinori A Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Division of Medicine, Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Medicine and Engineering, University of Yamanashi, 1110 Shimokato, Chuo 409-3898, Yamanashi, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of alar base cinch suture in Le Fort I osteotomy in mandibular prognathism with and without asymmetry. Forty patients who underwent Le Fort I osteotomy were divided into an asymmetry group and a symmetry group (n = 20 each). Computed tomography (CT) ...
Tenniglo Martin J B - - 2013
To determine the effect of Motor Branch Block (MBB) or Neuro Muscular Block (NMB) of the rectus femoris on knee kinematics during swing, functional outcome, and energy cost in adults with spastic paresis presenting a stiff knee gait. Pubmed, Embase, Cinahl, and Cochrane library were searched. Studies were collected up ...
Verre L - - 2013
Aim: The aim of our study was to evaluate, through prospective randomized study, the outcome and the immediate and late complications of the two types of surgery most widely used for degree III-IV haemorrhoids. Methods: A total of 122 patients with degree III and IV hemorrhoids were elected for surgical ...
Vicic Vesna Kovacic - - 2013
Background: Burned patients have increased level of mortality, possibly due to late introduction of enteral feeding. The aim of this study was to compare the benefits and safety of very early enteral nutrition introduction compared to the normal diet among burns patients in an intensive care unit. Participants and Methods: ...
Chong Pei Feng - - 2013
The effectiveness of the Nutrition Support Team (NST) at Hospital Sungai Buloh, a large public hospital in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, in optimising parenteral nutrition (PN) has not been evaluated. To evaluate the effects of this NST in optimising patient outcomes, treatment outcomes, and adherence to biochemical monitoring guidelines, two groups ...
Dy Christopher J - - 2013
To evaluate the long-term results of surgical intervention for elbow flexion deformity in cerebral palsy. We hypothesized that improvements in elbow extension and flexion posture angle at ambulation would be maintained over time with preservation of active flexion. A total of 23 patients (23 elbows) were available for long-term follow-up. ...
Wong Keng Lin - - 2013
To analyze the results of the use of intra-articular cultured autologous bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) injections in conjunction with microfracture and medial opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO). Fifty-six knees in 56 patients with unicompartmental osteoarthritic knees and genu varum were randomly allocated to the cell-recipient group (n = 28) ...
Martin Jose I - - 2013
Tendinopathy is a difficult problem to manage and can result in significant patient morbidity. Currently, the clinical use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in painful tendons is widespread but its efficacy remains controversial.Methods and design: This study is a single-center, randomized double-blind controlled trial. Eighty patients will be allocated to have ...
Yamashita Jm - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of arginine and fluoride on the reduction of erosive wear. Bovine enamel blocks were randomly allocated into four groups (n = 20) and exposed to: ESPR group (8% arginine, 1450 ppm sodium monofluorophosphate, calcium carbonate and titanium dioxide); ESen group (1450 ppm sodium monofluorophosphate, ...
Werner Martin - - 2013
Purpose : To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the EPIC self-expanding nitinol stent in patients with femoropopliteal occlusive disease. Methods : The prospective, multicenter, nonrandomized SUMMIT study (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT01336101) enrolled 100 patients (76 men; mean age 67.6 years) with symptomatic de novo femoropopliteal disease undergoing angioplasty and subsequent ...
Hardikar Ashutosh A AA Menzies Research Institute Tasmania, University of Tasmania, Hobart, - - 2013
This systematic review seeks to present the outcomes of the natural history of aortopathy associated with bicuspid aortic valve (ABAV) and after interventions. Aortopathy is common in patients with ABAV, and early intervention has been proposed to reduce the risk of dissection. In asymptomatic patients, the timing of surgical management ...
Nasiri Shirzad S Department of General Surgery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
Voice alteration is one of the most common complications after thyroidectomy. It has a serious effect on social communication and economic and psychosocial status of patients. It has been hypothesized that inflammation and edema in the surgery site has a major role in voice change after thyroidectomy. This randomized clinical ...
Yan Yan - - 2013
To compare postpercutaneous intervention outcomes of autogenous venous-transposition arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) versus those of autogenous nontransposed AVFs (nAVFs) and prosthetic arteriovenous grafts (AVGs). A total of 591 hemodialysis accesses (195 transposed AVFs [tAVFs], 205 nAVFs, 191 AVGs) in 522 patients (278 male; mean age, 57 y; range, 15–91 y) underwent ...
Zawadsky Mark W MW Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Medstar Georgetown University Hospital, Washington, - - 2013
This study evaluated early postoperative results of 150 consecutive primary total hip arthroplasties performed by a single surgeon; 50 from mini-incision posterior approach, 50 during the learning curve for the direct anterior approach, and 50 subsequent cases when the approach was routine. The anterior approach groups had significantly reduced hospital ...
Knobloch Karsten K SportPraxis, Heiligerstr. 3, Hannover, Germany, - - 2013
Focused extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) has been demonstrated to improve wound healing and skin regeneration such as in burn wounds and scars. We hypothesized that the combination of focused ESWT and a daily gluteal muscle strength program is superior to SHAM-ESWT and gluteal muscle strength training in moderate to severe ...
Ross Joshua C - - 2013
Pediatrics residents have few opportunities to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Enhancing the quality of CPR is a key factor to improving outcomes for cardiopulmonary arrest in children and requires effective training strategies. To evaluate the effectiveness of a simulation-based intervention to reduce first-year pediatrics residents' time for 3 critical actions ...
Mi Yu-Hong YH Emergency Intensive Care Unit in Respiration, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100029, - - 2013
To evaluate the long-term effects of thrombolysis on patients with submassive pulmonary embolism (PE). Data of 136 patients with acute submassive PE and low risk of bleeding were prospectively collected from January 2005 to October 2011 in a single medical center. Patients received recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (r-tPA) plus low ...
Lee Jong-Hyuk JH Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2013
Children and parents experience significant anxiety and distress during the preoperative period. This is important because preoperative anxiety in children is associated with adverse postoperative outcome. So we suggest behaviorally oriented preoperative anxiety intervention program based on the anesthesia and psychology with smartphone application, world-widely used. A total 120 patients ...
Kim Jong-Yeop JY Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, - - 2013
Intravenous fentanyl has been used for acute postoperative pain management, but has not always provided reliable adequate analgesia, including patient-controlled analgesia (PCA). The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of time-scheduled decremental infusion of fentanyl for postoperative analgesia. Ninety-nine patients, aged 20-65 years, undergoing laparoscopic-assisted hysterectomy using ...
Ertan Esra E Yedikule Chest Disease Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2013
Although bevacizumab has deleterious effects on the healing of colonic anastomoses, trapidil improves wound healing of colonic and tracheal anastomoses. We aimed to assess the effects of bevacizumab and trapidil on wound healing after tracheal transection. We evaluated 35 rats divided in 5 groups: bevacizumab (Group I, n = 7), ...
Ikeuchi Masahiko M Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kochi Medical School, Kochi University, Nankoku, Kochi 783-8505, Japan. - - 2013
Several authors recently proposed to use clearly defined anatomical structures for extramedullary tibial alignment in total knee replacement, instead of using the intermalleolar center. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the benefits of using the dorsalis pedis artery and the anterior tibial crest as distal landmarks. Postoperative radiographs ...
Adriani Melissa Bucci MB Yale New Haven Hospital, New Haven, CT, USA. - - 2013
Hypothermia in the perioperative setting can have serious consequences, including increased risk of infection or adverse cardiac events. Forced-air warming units commonly are used to prevent hypothermia. This study examined the impact of adding preoperative warming (Bair Paws, 3M) to conventional intraoperative forced-air warming modalities. Thirty patients received both preoperative ...
Esfandiari Elham E Department of Orthotics and Prosthetics, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
Orthotic interventions for knee osteoarthritis (OA) aim to reduce mechanical loading on the medial compartment of the knee and may lessen the lateral trunk lean as the most important compensatory gait strategy. The lateral wedge insole is a known orthotic intervention for knee OA. However, the question whether the addition ...
Hosseinian Leila - - 2013
The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of timing of tracheostomy on outcomes of patients with respiratory failure after cardiac surgery. Retrospective analysis of national database. United States hospitals. A weighted estimate of 2,063,227 patients (475,773 case records) undergoing cardiac surgery identified from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample ...
Zha Guo-Chun - - 2013
Anterior knee pain is a major cause of complaint in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) without patellar resurfacing. The concept of improved patellar tracking and decreased retropatellar contact pressure for lateral retinacular release theoretically suggests that patients with lateral retinacular release in TKA would achieve a lower incidence of anterior knee ...
Tewksbury Robert - - 2013
Recent data suggest that infrapopliteal percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) is a reasonable primary therapy for critical limb ischaemia (CLI). Based on the transatlantic intersociety consensus (TASC) classification, this has been found to be true for lesions classified as A, B or C. We report our experience with infrapopliteal PTA stratified ...
Zabatiero Juliana - - 2013
This randomized crossover trial aimed to compare the effects of two different protocols using pedometers and informative booklets to increase physical activity in daily life (PADL) in smokers. PADL level was assessed at baseline (A1), and subjects were randomly assigned to 2 groups: booklet + pedometer (GB + P; n ...
Li Fenghua - - 2013
Endovascular clot retrieval is a technique available for removing intracranial arterial occlusions in acute ischemic stroke (AIS). This rescue therapy can be performed with moderate conscious sedation (CS) or general anesthesia (GA). The effect of GA on clinical outcome in AIS remains controversial. Therefore, we retrospectively investigated whether the use ...
Pichi Francesco F San Giuseppe Hospital, University Eye Clinic, Milan, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
To test a combination of dexamethasone intravitreal implant with macular grid laser for macular edema in patients with branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). Prospective interventional, randomized, multicenter study. Patients with macular edema secondary to BRVO underwent an Ozurdex intravitreal implant at baseline. After 1 month, patients were randomly assigned to 2 ...
Mourvillier Bruno B Réanimation Médicale et Infectieuse, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Groupe Hospitalier Bichat-Claude Bernard, Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, - - 2013
Despite advances in care, mortality and morbidity remain high in adults with acute bacterial meningitis, particularly when due to Streptococcus pneumoniae. Induced hypothermia is beneficial in other conditions with global cerebral hypoxia. To test the hypothesis that induced hypothermia improves outcome in patients with severe bacterial meningitis. An open-label, multicenter, ...
Biniaz Vajihe V Nephrology and Urology Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR - - 2014
Chronic inflammation is the most important cause of cardiovascular disease in patients undergoing hemodialysis, and vitamin C as a major antioxidant which could be effective to suppress inflammation. This study was performed to evaluate the effect of vitamin C supplementation on C-reactive protein levels in patients undergoing hemodialysis. This randomized, ...
Schnüriger Beat - - 2013
Working hour limitations and tight health care budgets have posed significant challenges to emergency surgical services. Since 1 January 2010, surgical interventions at Berne University Hospital between 23:00 and 08:00 h have been restricted to patients with an expected serious adverse outcome if not operated on within 6 h. This study was ...
Lass Richard - - 2013
In a prospective randomized study of two groups of 65 patients each, we compared the acetabular component position when using the imageless navigation system compared to the freehand conventional technique for cementless total hip arthroplasty. The position of the component was determined postoperatively on computed tomographic scans of the pelvis. ...
Price Adi J - - 2013
To determine primary and secondary patency after percutaneous interventions for malfunctioning anterior chest wall ("necklace") arteriovenous grafts (AVGs) for hemodialysis. Records of six consecutive patients with subclavian artery-to-contralateral subclavian vein necklace AVGs were reviewed. Patients underwent 34 procedures, including 28 balloon angioplasties, 24 pharmacomechanical thrombolyses, and six stent placements. Patency ...
Souza Possa S - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of implementing a physical therapy guideline for patients undergoing upper abdominal surgery (UAS) in reducing the incidence of atelectasis and length of hospital stay in the postoperative period. A "before and after" study design with historical control was used. The ...
Fang Yu Y Department of Neurology, Tongji Hospital of Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430030, P.R. - - 2014
Cognitive impairments are observed in numerous patients following coronary bypass surgery, and piracetam are nootropic compounds that modulate cerebral functions by directly enhancing cognitive processes. The present meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the protective effect of piracetam on the cognitive performance of patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery. The relevant studies ...
Kini Annapoorna - - 2013
Aims: We sought to assess if bivalirudin use during balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) would affect clinical outcomes compared with heparin. Methods and results: We compared the outcomes of consecutive patients who underwent elective or urgent BAV with intraprocedural use of bivalirudin or heparin at two high-volume centres. All in-hospital events ...
Young Kristal K Brown University Medical School, Department of Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, Rhode - - 2013
Several factors contribute to the risk of percutaneous coronary intervention-related major entry site (MES) complications. We sought to examine the trends in MES among unselected patients during the stent era. Data from the Dynamic Registry including 5 distinct recruitment waves from 1997 to 2006 (n = 10,932) were used to assess ...
Chen Chien-Yu - - 2013
Sore throat is a common postoperative complaint. The etiology of postoperative sore throat (POST) is considered the result of damage to airway mucosa after insertion of a laryngeal mask airway device or endotracheal tube. This paper proposes benzydamine hydrochloride (BH), a topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) with additional analgesic and ...
Martínez-Salamanca Juan I - - 2013
Outcome data of penile traction therapy (PTT) for the acute phase (AP) of Peyronie's disease (PD) have not been specifically studied. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a penile extender device for the treatment of patients with AP of PD. A total of 55 patients ...
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