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Harbman Patricia P Health Interventions Research Centre, Ryerson University, Toronto, Canada; Trillium Health Partners, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada; Canadian Centre for Advanced Practice Nursing Research, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are at high risk for reinfarction and death. Therapies that have been shown to reduce these risks (secondary prevention) continue to be underutilized. Nurse practitioners are well positioned to provide secondary prevention during and following hospitalization. The purpose of this study was to evaluate ...
Nelson Drew D 2. St. Luke's University Hospital, 801 Ostrum St, Bethlehem, PA 18015, - - 2014
Ten percent of the time, peripheral intravenous access (PIV) is not obtained in 2 attempts in the emergency department. Typically, a tourniquet is used to dilate the target vein; but recent research showed that a blood pressure (BP) cuff improves dilation, which may translate to increased PIV success. We sought ...
Holló Gábor G 1 Department of Ophthalmology, Semmelweis University , Budapest, Hungary - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To compare efficacy, safety, and tolerability of the preservative-free fixed combination (FC) and non-fixed combination (NFC) of tafluprost 0.0015% and timolol 0.5% in patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension. Methods: This 6-month, prospective, randomized, double-masked, active-controlled, parallel group, multicenter phase III study was performed in patients with ...
Liu Xue-Hui - - 2014
Atrial fibrillation is a common complication after cardiac surgery. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether N-acetylcysteine (NAC) could prevent postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF). PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Center Register of Controlled Trials were searched from the date of their inception to 1 July 2013 for relevant randomized ...
Abdel-Wahab Mohamed M Heart Center, Segeberger Kliniken, Bad Segeberg, - - 2014
Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is an effective treatment option for high-risk patients with severe aortic stenosis. Different from surgery, transcatheter deployment of valves requires either a balloon-expandable or self-expandable system. A randomized comparison of these 2 systems has not been performed. To determine whether the balloon-expandable device is associated ...
Fang Hsiu-Yu HY Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine; Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, 83301, - - 2014
Background: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to chronic total occlusion (CTO) has become one of the treatment strategies in recent era. The ostium of the left anterior descending artery (LAD) is one of the most difficult positions for CTO revascularization. Until now, limited data has been made available for the prediction ...
Watne Leiv Otto - - 2014
Delirium is a common complication in patients with hip fractures and is associated with an increased risk of subsequent dementia. The aim of this trial was to evaluate the effect of a pre- and postoperative orthogeriatric service on the prevention of delirium and longer-term cognitive decline. This was a single-center, ...
Craighead Daniel D 1Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, Ithaca College, Ithaca, NY, 14850, USA 2Finger Lakes Running and Triathlon Company, Ithaca, NY, 14850, - - 2014
A novel method of running technique instruction, Midstance to Midstance Running (MMR), was studied to determine how MMR affected kinematics and running economy of recreational runners. An experimental pre post randomized groups design was used. Participants (n=18) were recreational runners who ran at least three days a week and 5 ...
Sievers Hans-Hinrich HH Department of Cardiac and Thoracic Vascular Surgery, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Decision making regarding the management of the ascending aorta (AA) in patients with a bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) undergoing valve surgery has hardly been individualized and remains controversial. We analyzed our individualized, multifactorial approach, focusing on the BAV phenotype. In 1362 patients (1044 men) undergoing aortic valve surgery, the BAV ...
Sniderman Allan D AD McGill University Health Centre, McGill University, Montreal, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Glucose, the conventional osmotic agent in peritoneal dialysis (PD) solutions, may contribute to atherogenic dyslipoproteinemia and increased cardiovascular risk. To determine whether a low-glucose PD regimen may improve the serum lipid and lipoprotein profile in patients with diabetes. A prospective, open-label, parallel group, multinational, randomized, controlled trial with a 6-month ...
Edmark L L Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Västmanlands sjukhus Köping, Köping, Sweden; Department of Medical Sciences, Clinical Physiology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, - - 2014
Atelectasis is common during and after general anaesthesia. We hypothesized that a ventilation strategy with a combination of 1) continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) and 2) a reduced end-expiratory oxygen concentration during recovery would reduce post-operative atelectasis. Sixty patients were randomized into two groups. During ...
Bared Anthony A Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE In recent years, with the advent of 3-dimensional (3D) imaging techniques, it has become possible to objectively measure rhinoplasty results. However, few studies have used 3D imaging software to assess postoperative rhinoplasty results of the nasal tip. OBJECTIVE To analyze nasal tip volumes of patients with bulbous tips and ...
Barene Svein S a Department of Sports , University of Nordland , Bodø , - - 2014
Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the physiological effects of soccer and Zumba among female hospital employees during a 40-week intervention period. Hospital employees (n = 118) were cluster-randomised to either a soccer group (n = 41), a Zumba group (n = 38) or a control group (n = 39). Both training groups were encouraged ...
Al Shahrani Mohammed M 1 Boston University , Department of Endodontics, Henry M. Goldman School of Dental Medicine, Boston, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of laser-activated irrigation by photon-induced photoacoustic streaming (PIPS) using Er:YAG laser energy in decontaminating heavily colonized root canal systems in vitro. Materials and methods: Extracted single-rooted human teeth (n=60) were mechanically and chemically prepared, sterilized, inoculated with Enterococcus ...
Aramaki Takeshi T Division of Interventional Radiology, Shizuoka Cancer Center, 1007 Shimonagakubo Nagaizumi-cho, Sunto-gun, Shizuoka, 411-8777, Japan, - - 2014
To assess optimal bed-rest duration after vascular intervention by way of the common femoral artery using 3F introducer sheaths. Eligibility criteria for this single-center, prospective study included clinically necessary angiography, no coagulopathy or anticoagulant therapy, no hypersensitivity to contrast medium, age >20 years, and written, informed consent. Enrolled patients were assigned ...
Peytremann-Bridevaux I I Healthcare Evaluation Unit, Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, Lausanne University Hospital, , Lausanne, - - 2014
Concerns about increased mortality could question the role of COPD chronic disease management (CDM) programmes. We aimed at extending a recent Cochrane review to assess the effects of CDM on mortality in patients with COPD. Mortality data were available for 25 out of 29 trials identified in a COPD integrated ...
Attam Rajeev R Division of Gastroenterology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, - - 2014
Interventions for necrotizing pancreatitis have undergone a recent paradigm shift toward minimally invasive techniques, including endoscopic transluminal necrosectomy (ETN). The optimal stent for endoscopic transmural drainage remains unsettled. To evaluate a novel large-bore, fully covered metal through-the-scope (TTS) esophageal stent for cystenterostomy in large walled-off necrosis (WON). Retrospective case series. ...
Sturkenboom Ingrid H W M IH Department of Rehabilitation, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, - - 2014
There is insufficient evidence to support use of occupational therapy interventions for patients with Parkinson's disease. We aimed to assess the efficacy of occupational therapy in improving daily activities of patients with Parkinson's disease. We did a multicentre, assessor-masked, randomised controlled clinical trial in ten hospitals in nine Dutch regional ...
Krishna Somashekar G SG Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas; Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, The Ohio State University Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio, - - 2014
The risk of endoscopic interventions in thrombocytopenia has received little attention in the medical literature. The aim of this study was to assess the safety of endoscopic interventions including evaluation of GI bleeding (GIB) in patients with thrombocytopenia. Retrospective study, tertiary oncology center. Review of consecutive endoscopies with preprocedure platelet ...
Santana Orlando O Columbia University Division of Cardiology, Mount Sinai Medical Center, Miami Beach, Florida. Electronic address: - - 2014
A subset of patients requiring coronary revascularization and valve operations may benefit from a hybrid approach of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) followed by a minimally invasive valve operation, rather than the standard combined median sternotomy coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and a valve operation. This study sought to evaluate the ...
Guyer Richard D RD 1Texas Back Institute; Plano, Texas; 2Loveland Orthopedic Clinic, Loveland, Colorado; 3Orthopedics International, Kirkland, Washington; 4Triangle Orthopaedic Associates, Durham, North Carolina; 5Carolina Neurosurgery and Spine Associates, Charlotte, North Carolina; 6Towson Orthopaedic Associates - Scoliosis and Spine Center, Towson, Maryland; 7Texas Back Institute Research Foundation, Plano, - - 2014
Study Design. This was a prospective, randomized, controlled multicenter study with 24-month follow-up.Objective. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy in an Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Investigation Device Exemption (IDE) of a new lumbar total disc replacement (TDR) by comparing it to an earlier ...
Zhou Lulu L Departments of Neurology at Jinling Hospital, Southern Medical University, Nanjing, PR - - 2014
Background/Aims: Restenosis following extracranial artery stenting is a limitation that affects long-term outcomes. Effective and satisfying pharmacological strategies in preventing restenosis have not been established. This study aimed to evaluate whether argatroban, a direct thrombin inhibitor, could reduce the risk of in-stent restenosis after extracranial artery stenting. Methods: One hundred ...
Kieves Nina R NR Iowa State University Lloyd Veterinary Medical Center, Ames, - - 2014
To describe the technique for, and long-term clinical outcome of, a modified hip toggle stabilization using the TightRope® system for coxofemoral luxation repair. Retrospective case series. Medical records (July 2008-July 2010) including radiographs (17 limbs) of dogs that had coxofemoral luxation repaired with the TightRope system were reviewed. Follow-up (≥12 ...
Diener Markus K MK Study Centre of the German Surgical Society, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany; Department of General, Visceral and Transplantation Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, - - 2014
Postoperative surgical site infections are one of the most frequent complications after open abdominal surgery, and triclosan-coated sutures were developed to reduce their occurrence. The aim of the PROUD trial was to obtain reliable data for the effectiveness of triclosan-coated PDS Plus sutures for abdominal wall closure, compared with non-coated ...
Bainey Kevin R KR University of Alberta, Mazankowski Alberta Heart Institute, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2014
Abstract Background: The Timing of Intervention in Acute Coronary Syndromes (TIMACS) trial demonstrated that early invasive intervention (within 24 hours) was similar to a delayed approach (after 36 hours) overall but improved outcomes were seen in patients at high-risk. However, the cost implications of an early versus delayed invasive strategy ...
Paul Raina R Department of Emergency Medicine, Pediatric Section, Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, Winston-Salem, North Carolina; - - 2014
Few studies have demonstrated improvement in adherence to Pediatric Advanced Life Support guidelines for severe sepsis and septic shock. We sought to improve adherence to national guidelines for children with septic shock in a pediatric emergency department with poor guideline adherence. Prospective cohort study of children presenting to a tertiary ...
Barbieri Lucia L Division of Cardiology, Azienda Ospedaliera-Universitaria "Maggiore della Carità", Eastern Piedmont University, Corso Mazzini, 18, 28100, Novara, - - 2014
Contrast induced nephropathy (CIN) is a common complication of coronary angiography/angioplasty. Prevention is the key to reduce the incidence of CIN and it begins with appropriate pre-procedural management. Statins have been shown to possess pleiotropic effects (anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-thrombotic properties) and their effects on CIN were assessed in several ...
Edmiston Charles E CE Jr Department of Surgery, Division of Vascular Surgery, Surgical Microbiology Research Laboratory, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI. Electronic address: - - 2014
Surgical site infections (SSIs) are responsible for significant morbidity, mortality, and excess use of health care resources. The preadmission antiseptic shower is accepted as an effective strategy for reducing the risk for SSIs. The study analyzes the benefit of an innovative electronic patient alert system (EAS) for enhancing compliance with ...
Biasco Luigi L Division of Cardiology, Department of Medical Sciences, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Città della Salute e della Scienza di Torino, Turin, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
To retrospectively evaluate the impact on daily activities of transcatheter closure of patent foramen ovale (PFO) versus medical therapy in patients with migraine and to analyze the role of the residual shunt after PFO closure. While non-controlled observational studies reported an improvement of migraine after PFO closure, a randomized trial ...
Mitchell Elizabeth E Heart Center, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, - - 2014
Hybrid procedure is an alternative initial palliation for patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). One major complication with this procedure is stenosis in the aortic arch isthmus possibly due to inflammation from the patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) stent. In adult studies, neutrophil/lymphocyte (N/L) ratio has been used as a ...
Aldoss Osamah O Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa Children's Hospital, Iowa City, Iowa, - - 2014
We sought to review and analyze the hemodynamic derangements during prograde transcatheter aortic intervention (PTAI) in single ventricle patients. Although PTAI for postsurgical recurrent coarctation in single ventricle patients has been described; hemodynamic instability during the intervention is variably reported. Pre-, intra-, and postprocedural records and outcomes of patients with ...
Elsheemy Mohammed S MS Division of Pediatric Urology, Aboul-Riche Children's Hospital, Cairo University, Cairo, - - 2014
• To compare percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) versus double J ureteric stent (JJ) as an initial urinary drainage in children with obstructive calcular anuria (OCA) and post-renal acute renal failure (ARF) due to bilateral ureteric calculi to identify the selection criteria for the initial urinary drainage method that will improve the ...
Torres R R IRTA, XaRTA-Postharvest, Rovira Roure 191, 25198, Lleida, Catalonia, - - 2014
This study aimed to evaluate different packaging strategies to extend the shelf life of a freeze-dried formulation of the biocontrol agent Pantoea agglomerans strain CPA-2. Different materials and atmosphere packaging conditions (vacuum and air) were analyzed on formulated P. agglomerans cells stored at 25, 5, and -20 °C. Results showed ...
Harkey Matthew M Department of Exercise and Sports Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, - - 2014
Altered neuromuscular function and decreased dorsiflexion range of motion (DFROM) have been observed in patients with chronic ankle instability (CAI). Joint mobilizations are indicated for restoring DFROM and dynamic postural control; yet, it remains unknown if a mobilization can alter neuromuscular excitability in muscles surrounding the ankle. To determine the ...
Morice Marie-Claude MC From the Institut Cardiovasculaire Paris Sud, Hopital Privé Jacques Cartier, Générale de santé, Massy, France (M.-C.M.); Erasmus University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands (P.W.S., A.P.K.); Evanston Hospital, Evanston, IL (T.E.F.); University Hospital Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden (E.S.); San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy (A.C.); Medical City Hospital, Dallas, TX (M.J.M.); Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (D.R.H.); Baylor Heart and Vascular Hospital, Dallas, TX (J.W.C.); Institute of Cardiology, Warsaw, Poland (W.R., G.R.); Boston Scientific Corporation, Natick, MA (J.H., K.R., K.D.D.); University of Leipzig Heart Center, Leipzig, Germany (F.M.). - - 2014
Current guidelines recommend coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) when treating significant de novo left main coronary artery (LM) stenosis; however, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has a class IIa indication for unprotected LM disease in selected patients. This analysis compares 5-year clinical outcomes in PCI- and CABG-treated LM patients in ...
Prusa Alexander M AM Department of Vascular Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, 1090 Vienna, Austria, Europe. Electronic address: - - 2014
Reports of secondary modifications into aortouniiliac configuration to salvage-failed endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) are limited. We evaluated long-term results after these procedures and compared them with those after primary aortouniiliac endografting (AUE). A retrospective review of all EVAR performed from March 1995 until July 2011 was conducted. Patients were included ...
Caskey Paul M PM *Walter E. Griffin & Agnes M. Griffin Motion Analysis Laboratory, Shriners Hospitals for Children, Spokane, WA †Blanchfield Army Community Hospital, Campbell, - - 2014
Flexion-rotational osteotomy of the proximal femur is an accepted intervention in the management of severe deformity and femoral acetabular impingement secondary to slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE). The impact of this surgical intervention on gait kinematics and kinetics, validated functional questionnaires, and patient outcomes has not been well studied. The ...
Geis Nicolas A NA Department of Internal Medicine III, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, - - 2014
Aims: We assessed feasibility, efficacy and safety of a suture-mediated closure device, Perclose Proglide® (Abbott Vascular Devices, Santa Clara, CA, USA), for closure of the femoral vein access after percutaneous MitraClip® (Abbott Vascular Devices) implantation. Methods and results: Venous access of 80 consecutive patients undergoing percutaneous mitral valve repair using ...
Markar S R SR Department of Thoracic Surgery, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, Washington, - - 2014
The aim of this systematic review and pooled analysis is to determine the effect of enhanced recovery programs (ERP) on clinical outcome measures following esophagectomy. Medline, Embase, trial registries, conference proceedings, and reference lists were searched for trials comparing clinical outcome from esophagectomy followed by a conventional pathway with esophagectomy ...
Neuen Brendon L BL School of Medicine and Dentistry (B.L.N., R.G.), James Cook University, Cairns, Queensland, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) is an established treatment for dysfunctional hemodialysis fistulas. This article systematically reviews evidence for predictors of patency after PTA. Outcomes assessed were primary, assisted primary, and secondary patency after intervention, and findings were summarized descriptively. This review included 11 nonrandomized observational studies of 965 fistulas in ...
Myers Jeremy B JB Department of Surgery and the Center for Reconstructive Urology and Men's Health, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine our short-term experience of antegrade continence enema (ACE) delivered via a Chait Trapdoor (Cook Medical, Bloomington, IN) in adults with intractable neurogenic bowel. We performed a retrospective review at the Universities of Utah and Minnesota of 15 patients with Chait Trapdoor placed for the purpose of ACE from ...
Grenville Jeffrey Lorne JL Diagnostic Radiology Program, Department of Medical Imaging, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Purpose:Describe outcomes after endovascular intervention of TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus C and D femoro-popliteal disease.Materials and methods:Retrospective cohort study. Patient demographics, ankle-brachial indices, and lesion details were analyzed from a prospectively maintained database. In all, 980 limbs treated with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty ± stenting of the femoro-popliteal segment between 2005 and 2012 were ...
Saha P K PK Dr Prodyut Kumar Saha, Associate Professor, Department of Urology, Dhaka Medical College, Dhaka, - - 2014
Transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) guided biopsy of the prostate is the gold standard for detecting prostate cancer. Intraprostatic administration of local anesthesia significantly decreases pain during prostatic biopsy. Transrectal ultrasound guided intraprostatic lidocaine administration along with intrarectally lidocaine gel is a new local anesthesia technique for prostatic biopsy. It was a ...
Bhatia R - - 2014
Clonidine is used with local anaesthetics to improve analgesia. However, the improvement conferred when clonidine is used together with ropivacaine is controversial. Thus, the present study aimed to evaluate the improvement in analgesia when clonidine is used together with ropivacaine for supraclavicular brachial plexus block. This was a prospective, randomised, ...
Kim Kwang Joon KJ Division of Endocrinology, Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. ; Severance Executive Healthcare Clinic, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University Health System, Seoul, Korea. ; Severance Check-up, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University Health System, Seoul, - - 2014
Vitamin D (vit-D) is essential for bone health, although many osteoporosis patients have low levels of 25-hydroxy-vit-D [25(OH)D]. This randomized, open-label study compared the effects of once weekly alendronate 70 mg containing 5600 IU vit-D₃ (ALN/D5600) to alendronate 70 mg without additional vit-D (ALN) on the percent of patients with ...
Aptel Florent F Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital, CHU Grenoble, Joseph Fourier University, GRENOBLE, F-38043, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the Ultrasonic Circular Cyclo Coagulation (UC(3)) procedure in patients with refractory primary open-angle glaucoma. Research design and methods: Prospective non-comparative interventional case series performed in 2 French glaucoma centers. 28 eyes of 28 patients with primary open-angle glaucoma, intraocular pressure (IOP) ...
Chen Wenfeng - - 2014
Background: Peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICCs) have been increasingly utilized in treating patients in intensive care. The purpose of this study is to analyze the related complications and to evaluate effect of a comprehensive intervention on long-term PICCs. Materials and Methods: We selected 217 and 243 cases before and ...
van Jonbergen H P W HP Deventer Hospital, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, PO Box 5001, 7400 GC Deventer, The - - 2014
In the absence of patellar resurfacing, we have previously shown that the use of electrocautery around the margin of the patella improved the one-year clinical outcome of total knee replacement (TKR). In this prospective randomised study we compared the mean 3.7 year (1.1 to 4.2) clinical outcomes of 300 TKRs ...
Shin Jeoung-Sook JS Department of Cardiology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, - - 2014
Besides poor clinical outcomes, female gender has been known as a high-risk factor for bleeding complications. This study aimed to investigate the impact of gender on clinical outcomes and bleeding complications after transradial coronary intervention (TRI). The Korean TRI registry is a retrospective multicenter registry with 4,890 patients who underwent ...
Sato K K Department of Sports Rehabilitation, Funabashi Orthopedic Hospital, Funabashi, - - 2014
Although anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury prevention programs have been published, little is known about ACL reinjury prevention after ACL reconstruction. On the other hand, we have held educational lectures for patients before undergoing ACL reconstruction. The objective of this study was to determine if this lecture was effective in ...
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