Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 3494
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Hubschle Lars L Institute for Evaluative Research in Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Bern, Switzerland; Orthopaedic Department, Drammen Hospital, Vestre Viken HF, - - 2013
The Swiss Federal Office of Public Health mandated a nationwide HTA-registry for balloon kyphoplasty (BKP) for decision making on reimbursement of these interventions. The early results of the registry led to a permanent coverage of BKP by basic health insurance. The documentation was continued for further evidence generation. This analysis ...
Buchbinder Rachelle R aMonash Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Cabrini Institute, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Malvern Victoria bUniversity of Sydney, Institute of Rheumatology and Orthopedics, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Camperdown New South Wales cSouth Western Sydney Clinical School, University of New South Wales, Liverpool New South Wales, - - 2013
Over the last decade, there has been increased recognition of the importance of high-quality randomized controlled trials in determining the role of surgery for knee osteoarthritis. This review highlights key findings from the best available studies, and considers whether or not this knowledge has resulted in better evidence-based care. Use ...
Entezary Saeid Reza SR Department of Anesthesiology, Rasoul Akram Medical Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Studies have shown that N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMIDA) plays an essential role in postoperative pain. It seems that use of NMDA receptor antagonists such as Dextromethorphan intensifies the analgesic effects of opioids. In this study, we evaluated the effect of preoperative administration of Dextromethorphan on postoperative pain reduction. This double blind ...
Silvetti Simona S Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Via Olgettina 60, 20132, Milan, - - 2013
Standard inotropic treatment is often necessary in end-stage heart failure but may be harmful. We performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to investigate the effect of repeated administration of levosimendan on survival in patients with chronic heart failure. Four investigators independently searched in CENTRAL, Google Scholar MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus and ...
Paul Sanchit S Department of Paedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal University, - - 2013
Recent systematic reviews on clinical trials comparing the efficacy of chlorhexidine and fluoride varnish found that the evidence was inconclusive and further well-conducted randomized controlled clinical trials were advocated. To compare the effect of fluoride varnish (F) and Chlorhexidine-thymol varnish (CHX/T) with intensive application regimen on mutans streptococci (MS) levels ...
Pisanu Adolfo A Department of Surgery, Clinica Chirurgica, University of Cagliari, Monserrato, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2013
The role of intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) during thyroid surgery is still debatable. The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the potential improvement of IONM versus RLN visualization alone (VA) in reducing the incidence of vocal cord palsy. A literature search for studies comparing ...
Rosentreter André A Center of Ophthalmology, University of Cologne, Cologne, - - 2013
Purpose: To assess the efficacy of trabeculectomy with a biodegradable Ologen™ implant (OLO) versus mitomycin C (MMC) in patients in a prospective randomized clinical trial. Methods: In the MMC group (15 patients), trabeculectomy was performed according to standard protocols. In the OLO group (15 patients) after standard trabeculectomy, the implant ...
Verzé Laura L Department of Public and Pediatric Health Sciences, Legal Medicine Section, University of Turin, Turin, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to analyze the differences in facial soft tissue changes, despite the same extent of upper jaw forward movement, between patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (uCLP) and those without, after LeFort I osteotomy and secondary rhinoplasty. Twelve patients with maxillary retrognathic dysplasia and ...
Hargitai János - - 2013
A strong association exists between the use of tamsulosin and the occurance of intraoperative floppy iris syndrome. Several methods were advocated to overcome the progressive intraopertive miosis.Our purpose was to investigate the effect of a mydriatic-cocktail soaked cellulose sponge on perioperative pupil diameter in tamsulosin-treated patients undergoing elective cataract surgery. ...
Kambara Antonio M AM Instituto Dante Pazzanese de Cardiologia, São Paulo, - - 2013
Aims: To demonstrate the feasibility and efficacy of the novel InSeal VCD for the closure of large puncture holes following percutaneous structural interventions. Methods and results: Prospective, non-randomised, single-arm, single-centre study with a series of patients submitted to endovascular treatment of abdominal and thoracic aortic aneurysm as well as transcatheter ...
Gelani R - - 2013
SUMMARY This study assessed the ability of an infiltrant resin (Icon, DMG Chemisch-Pharmazeutische Fabrik GmbH, Hamburg, Germany) to prevent artificial lesion progression in vitro when used to impregnate white spot lesions and also assessed the effect of saliva contamination on resin infiltration. Enamel specimens (n=252) were prepared and covered with ...
Ohsugi Hideharu H From the Department of Ophthalmology (Ohsugi, Ohara, Imamura, Nakakura, Matsuba, Kato, Tabuchi), Tsukazaki Hospital, Himeji and the Department of Ophthalmology (Ikuno), Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2013
To evaluate changes in choroidal thickness before and after cataract surgery and factors affecting the changes. Tsukazaki Hospital, Himeji, Japan. Prospective interventional study. Patients having cataract surgery without other eye pathology were studied. The corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), intraocular pressure (IOP), axial length (AL), and enhanced-depth-imaging optical coherence tomography ...
Pavela James J Division of Vascular Surgery, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, - - 2013
Several studies have reported that echolucent carotid lesions, as determined by grayscale median (GSM) analysis, are associated with increased perioperative embolic complications during carotid artery stenting (CAS). However, there is limited research of the predictive value of GSM analysis comparing values for primary atherosclerotic lesions in the carotid artery with ...
Dautremont Jonathan F - - 2013
The objective of this study is to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of a postoperative clinical care pathway for patients undergoing major head and neck oncologic surgery with microvascular reconstruction. This is a comparative trial of a prospective treatment group managed on a postoperative clinical care pathway and a historical group managed ...
Rehak Matus M Department of Ophthalmology, University of Leipzig, Liebigstrasse 10-14, 04103, Leipzig, - - 2013
To evaluate the effect of combination of ranibizumab and laser photocoagulation to peripheral retinal areas of nonperfusion in patients with non-ischemic central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) without neovascularizations. This prospective, proof of concept study randomized 22 CRVO patients into two arms. The RL group (ranibizumab + laser; n = 10) received ranibizumab ...
Manner Hendrik H Department of Internal Medicine II, HSK Hospital, Teaching Hospital of the University Medicine of Mainz, Wiesbaden, - - 2014
Background and study aim: It is commonly assumed that ablation of any remaining Barrett's epithelium after endoscopic resection of early Barrett's neoplasia improves outcome by reducing the rate of metachronous lesions, but this has not yet been evaluated in a randomized trial. The aim of this study was to compare ...
Lenz Philipp P Department of Medicine B, University of Münster, Münster, - - 2014
Background and study aims: Carbon dioxide (CO2) insufflation has previously been shown to have advantages over air insufflation in terms of procedure-related pain and oral insertion depth during double-balloon enteroscopy. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the performance of CO2 vs. air insufflation during single-balloon enteroscopy. Patients ...
Nakamura Naoto N Cooperative Major in Advanced Biomedical Sciences, Joint Graduate School of Tokyo Women's Medical University and Waseda University, - - 2013
We carried out a meta analysis of remote patient monitoring (RPM) for chronic heart failure (CHF) patients. A literature search was used to identify randomised controlled trials with more than 40 patients, published between February 2003 and February 2013. The primary outcome (mortality) was analysed using a random effect model. ...
Brace Megan A MA Department of Surgery, VCA Boston Road Animal Hospital, Springfield, Massachusetts, - - 2013
To (1) describe minimally invasive transurethral antegrade and retrograde techniques for the placement of self-expanding metallic stents (SEMS) to reestablish urethral patency in cats with non-urolith urethral obstructions and (2) to report the procedural complications, incontinence rates, and long-term effectiveness in maintaining a patent urethra. Case series. Cats (n = 8). Signalment, ...
Zhou Wei W Department of Surgery Stanford University, Stanford, Calif; Surgical Service, Veterans Administration Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, Calif. Electronic address: - - 2013
Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is considered the standard therapy for most patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Endoleak is a well-known EVAR-related complication that requires long-term follow-up. However, patient follow-up is often challenging outside clinical trials. We sought to evaluate the incidence and the effect of delayed endoleaks in a ...
Kirkpatrick Vincent E VE Veterans Affairs Long Beach Healthcare System; University of California Irvine. Electronic address: - - 2013
Standard surveillance after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) consists of periodic computed tomographic arteriography (CTA) usually performed at postoperative months one, six and twelve and then annually. This imaging regimen is costly and exposes patients to the hazards of radiation and intravenous contrast. We hypothesized that a normal 1-month ...
Agostini Valentina V Department of Electronics and Telecommunications, Politecnico di Torino, Torino, - - 2013
Gait analysis was performed on 20 patients with unilateral hip prosthesis (3, 6 and 12months post-operatively) and 20 controls to investigate their gait characteristics and muscle activation patterns. One year after the intervention, patients still walked with a higher percentage of "atypical" cycles, a prolonged heel contact, a shortened flat ...
Byrne Raphael M RM Department of Surgery, Division of Vascular Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, - - 2013
Thrombolysis as a treatment for acute limb ischemia (ALI) has become a first-line therapy based on studies published over 2 decades ago. The purpose of this study was to assess outcomes of patients treated for ALI using contemporary thrombolytic agents and endovascular techniques. Consecutive patients with ALI of the lower ...
Randelli Pietro P Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche per la Salute, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, - - 2013
To evaluate, using magnetic resonance (MR), the biological efficacy of anchors made of 30% β-tricalcium phosphate and 70% poly-lactic co-glycolide (PLGA) used for the repair of Bankart lesions after shoulder instability. Twenty consecutive patients who were candidates for surgical treatment for unidirectional, post-traumatic shoulder instability were treated arthroscopically with anchors ...
Lamas Gervasio A - - 2013
Whether high-dose multivitamins are effective for secondary prevention of atherosclerotic disease is unknown. To assess whether oral multivitamins reduce cardiovascular events and are safe. Double-blind, placebo-controlled, 2 x 2 factorial, multicenter, randomized trial. (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00044213) SETTING: 134 U.S. and Canadian academic and clinical sites. 1708 patients aged 50 years or ...
Kwon Yeongkeun Y Division of Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery, Department of Surgery, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2013
The effective treatment of postoperative anemia and nutritional deficiencies is critical for the successful management of bariatric patients. However, the evidence for nutritional risk or support of bariatric patients remains scarce. The aims of this study were to assess current evidence of the association between 2 methods of bariatric surgery, ...
Calegaro J U M JU Grupo Núcleos of Nuclear Medicine, Hospital de Base, Brasilia, DF, - - 2013
The penetration of beta energy of 153-samarium ((153) Sm) (0.8 MeV) is not only appropriate for synovectomy of median articulations but is possible to improve the radiobiological effect using increased activities. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of 185 MBq and 740 MBq of 153-samarium hydroxyapatite ((153) Sm-HA) in ...
Ye Honghua H 1Department of Cardiology, Ningbo First Hospital, the Affiliated Hospital of School of Medcine of Ningbo University, Ningbo, - - 2013
We investigated atorvastatin reloading effects on endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) count and inflammatory cytokine expression after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with stable angina pectoris who had previously received long-term statin treatments. Patients with stable angina pectoris were treated with 80 mg atorvastatin 12 hours and 40 mg atorvastatin ...
Cotter José J José Cotter, Francisca Dias de Castro, Joana Magalhães, Maria João Moreira, Bruno Rosa, Gastroenterology Department, Centro Hospitalar do Alto Ave, 4835-044 Guimarães, - - 2013
To evaluate whether the use of real time viewer (RTV) and administration of domperidone to patients with delayed gastric passage of the capsule could reduce the rate of incomplete examinations (IE) and improve the diagnostic yield of small bowel capsule endoscopy (SBCE). Prospective single center interventional study, from June 2012 ...
Verma Kushagra K *Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA; and †Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, - - 2013
Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. To compare the reported incidence of adjacent segment disease (ASD) requiring surgical intervention between anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF) and total disc arthroplasty (TDA). The concern for ASD has led to the development of motion-preserving technologies such as TDA. To date, however, no known ...
Arakawa Mamoru M Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Saitama Medical Center, Jichi Medical University, 1-847 Amanuma-cho, Omiya-ku, Saitama, Saitama, 330-8503, Japan, - - 2013
Since drug-eluting stents (DESs) appeared in Japan, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has been indicated for more severe lesions. To understand the implications of this trend, we compared SYNTAX scores in two groups of patients treated with CABG before and after DESs approval. Consecutive CABG patients during January 2001-July 2003 ...
Paulin Laura M LM Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, - - 2013
Nitrogen dioxide (NO2 ), a byproduct of combustion produced by indoor gas appliances including cooking stoves, is associated with respiratory symptoms in those with obstructive airways disease. We conducted a three-armed randomized trial to evaluate the efficacy of interventions aimed at reducing indoor NO2 concentrations in homes with unvented gas ...
Gong Jian-Feng JF Jian-Feng Gong, Wei-Ming Zhu, Wen-Kui Yu, Ning Li, Jie-Shou Li, Department of General Surgery, Jinling Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, Nanjing 210002, Jiangsu Province, - - 2013
To investigate the effect of somatostatin and dexamethasone on early postoperative small bowel obstruction with obliterative peritonitis (EPSBO-OP). This prospective randomized study included 70 patients diagnosed with EPSBO-OP from June 2002 to January 2009. Patients were randomized into two groups: a control group received total parenteral nutrition and nasogastric (NG) ...
Lanza Ezio E Dipartimento di Scienze della Salute, Scuola di specializzazione in Radiodiagnostica, U.O. di Radiologia Diagnostica e Interventistica, Ospedale San Paolo, Università Degli Studi di Milano, Via Antonio di Rudinì, 8, 20142, Milan, Italy, - - 2013
Osteoid osteoma (OO) is a painful benign bone tumor of the young that is widely treated by percutaneous thermal ablation (PTA) with success rates close to 100 %. Nevertheless, some patients have recurrences. We reviewed the literature to understand whether these are true recurrences or incomplete treatments; to analyze safety and ...
Vonk Alexander B A AB Departments of Cardio-thoracic - - 2013
This study investigated whether a tailored approach to heparin and protamine management improved thromboelastometric parameters after cardiopulmonary bypass and reduced postoperative blood loss compared with activated coagulation time (ACT)-based fixed target heparin and protamine management. Randomized controlled study. Tertiary university hospital. Patients undergoing elective valve surgery (n = 38). Heparin ...
Schmickler Jan J Dept. of Preventive Dentistry, Periodontology and Cariology, University Medical Centre Goettingen, - - 2013
Background: The aim of this randomized clinical trial (RCT) was to investigate whether 6-month continuous utilization of different manual toothbrushes (TBs) influences plaque removal and the degree of gingival inflammation compared to short utilization periods of 4 weeks each. Methods: In total, 96 participants were randomly allocated into two groups: ...
Morabito Santo S Department of Nephrology and Urology, Hemodialysis Unit, Umberto I, Policlinico di Roma, "Sapienza" University, Rome - - - 2013
Purpose: The need for prolonged anticoagulation and the occurrence of hypophosphatemia are well known drawbacks of continuous renal replacement therapies (CRRT). The aim was to evaluate the effects on acid-base status and serum phosphate of a regional citrate anticoagulation (RCA) protocol for continuous veno-venous hemofiltration (CVVH) combining the use of ...
Carranza-Bencano A A University Hospital "Virgen del Rocío," Sevilla, - - 2013
Tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis (TTCA) is a salvage procedure for severe diseases involving ankle and subtalar joints. However, this procedure is often associated with postoperative complications related to preoperative comorbidities. The purpose of this study was to present the clinical and functional outcomes of a consecutive series of TTCA using an original ...
Conradi Lenard L Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Heart Center Hamburg, Hamburg, - - 2013
Currently, preimplant balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) is considered a prerequisite for successful subsequent transapical transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TA-TAVI) using balloon-expandable devices. However, cerebral embolization has been shown to originate at least in part from BAV procedures. Omitting BAV may therefore reduce neurological events after TAVI and facilitate the procedure ...
Agarwal Amol - - 2013
Basilic vein transposition (BVT) fistulae are increasing in prevalence in the United States. We examined outcomes of BVT fistulae created in a single stage compared to those created in two stages. Prospective QA databases identified a consecutive cohort of 144 patients with BVT fistulae. Of these, 42% were created in ...
Whiteside Wendy - - 2013
Objectives: We evaluated the use of, and outcomes associated with, balloon angioplasty (BA) for recurrent coarctation in single ventricle (SV) and two ventricle (2V) patients following Norwood-type aortic arch reconstructions (NTAR). Background: Extended patch augmentation of the aorta, a NTAR, is utilized in SV patients undergoing the Norwood procedure (NP) ...
El-Saied Heba M A - - 2013
The altered visual function induced by changes in corneal curvature following filtration surgery is distressing to patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate surgically induced astigmatism following trabeculectomy in comparison with deep sclerectomy. In a prospective interventional comparative study, patients with primary open-angle glaucoma were randomly allocated to ...
Ouzaid Idir - - 2013
To present the outcome of active surveillance (AS) for renal angiomyolipomas (AMLs) and to assess clinical features predicting delayed intervention of this treatment option. We retrospectively reviewed the outcomes of patients diagnosed with AMLs on computed tomography who were managed with AS at our Institution. The AS protocol consisted of ...
Chang Wei-Kuo - - 2013
Simethicone and N-acetylcysteine have been widely used in improving endoscopic visibility. However, the optimal dose, volume, and dosing time for the premedication regimen are still unclear. Our aim was to assess the efficacy of premedication in improving endoscopic visibility and determine the contributions of dose, volume, and premedication time. Methods: ...
Verdoia Monica M aDivision of Cardiology, Azienda Ospedaliera-Universitaria "Maggiore della Carità", Eastern Piedmont University, Novara, Italy; bDepartment of Translational Medicine and Centro di Biotecnologie per la Ricerca Medica Applicata (BRMA), Eastern Piedmont University, Novara, Italy; cDepartment of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, - - 2013
New P2Y12 receptor inhibitors has provided new and more potent antiplatelet strategies, although raising several concerns on possible increase of bleedings. Aim of current meta-analysis was to evaluate efficacy and safety of new ADP antagonists as compared to clopidogrel in elective or ACS patients managed invasively. Literature archives (Pubmed, EMBASE, ...
Jiang Xinhua - - 2013
In our study, we used meta-analysis to study the efficacy of the tourniquet on ankle trauma surgery. Postoperative infection rate, deep venous thrombosis incidence, hospital stay, and joint range of motion were studied to compare the tourniquet and non-tourniquet groups and provide certain references for clinical decision. We searched PubMed, ...
Gao Qiang Q West China Medical School, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, P.R. China ; Department of Thoracic Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, P.R. - - 2014
Perioperative corticosteroid administration is a controversial therapy for improving the short-term prognosis following surgery. The objective of the current meta-analysis was to evaluate the effects of the perioperative use of corticosteroids during esophagectomy for esophageal carcinoma. A comprehensive study was performed using references selected from the Cochrane Central Register of ...
Canser Enrique - - 2013
To achieve a successful pain control, interventional techniques are required in approximately 15% of the patients admitted to the Palliative Care Service (PCS). To evaluate the frequency and effectiveness of the invasive procedures performed in the PCS of our health area. Other matters studied included complications associated with these procedures, ...
McQuillan Annette - - 2013
We developed protocols to handover patients from day to hospital at night (H@N) teams. NHS paediatric specialist hospital. We observed four handover protocols (baseline, Phases 1, 2 and 3) over 2 years. A mixed-method study (observation, interviews, task analysis, prospective risk assessment, document and case note review) explored the impact ...
Beeler Remo R FESC, Department of Cardiology, St Anna Klinik, St Anna Strasse 32, CH-6006 Luzern, - - 2013
Device-based pacing-induced diaphragmatic stimulation (PIDS) may have therapeutic potential for chronic heart failure (HF) patients. We studied the effects of PIDS on cardiac function and functional outcomes. In 24 chronic HF patients with CRT, an additional electrode was attached to the left diaphragm. Randomized into two groups, patients received the ...
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