Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 3834
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Kandakure Pramod P Cardiac Surgical Unit, Alder Hey Children's NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, United - - 2014
We sought to evaluate the mid-term results of a repair-oriented strategy of the aortic valve in children. Between February 2007 and November 2011, we performed 39 aortic valve repairs in children. Median age and weight at surgery were 5.5 years (3 days-18 years) and 16.7 kg (2.7-83.5), respectively. A total ...
Kitrou P P Department of Interventional Radiology Guy's and St. Thomas' Hospitals, NHS Foundation Trust King's Health Partners, London, UK - - - 2014
Aim of the present study was to report the imaging and clinical outcomes of a prospective single-center study investigating paclitaxel-coated balloons (PCB) for the treatment of failing peripheral bypass grafts (BYPACS study). In total, 32 patients had their failing peripheral native or synthetic bypass graft treated with PCB angioplasty (Group ...
Kim Gahyun G Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 50 Irwon-dong, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, 135-710, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of pre-warmed (approximately 41 °C) intravenous fluids (IV) on perioperative hypothermia and postoperative shivering in female patients undergoing short, ambulatory urological surgery under monitored anesthesia care (MAC). Patients between the ages of 35 and 80 years were randomly assigned to either the ...
van Jonbergen H P W HP Deventer Hospital, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, PO Box 5001, 7400 GC Deventer, The - - 2014
In the absence of patellar resurfacing, we have previously shown that the use of electrocautery around the margin of the patella improved the one-year clinical outcome of total knee replacement (TKR). In this prospective randomised study we compared the mean 3.7 year (1.1 to 4.2) clinical outcomes of 300 TKRs ...
Aptel Florent F Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital, CHU Grenoble, Joseph Fourier University, GRENOBLE, F-38043, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the Ultrasonic Circular Cyclo Coagulation (UC(3)) procedure in patients with refractory primary open-angle glaucoma. Research design and methods: Prospective non-comparative interventional case series performed in 2 French glaucoma centers. 28 eyes of 28 patients with primary open-angle glaucoma, intraocular pressure (IOP) ...
McIntosh Keith S - - 2014
Colonoscopy simulators that enable one to perform computer-based virtual colonoscopy now exist. However, data regarding the effectiveness of this virtual training are limited. To determine whether virtual reality simulator training translates into improved patient-based colonoscopy performance. The present study was a prospective controlled trial involving 18 residents between postgraduate years ...
Demirel I I Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Firat University, Faculty of Medicine, Elazig, Turkey. - - 2014
Just as hip prosthesis, most of the patients undergoing orthopedic lower extremity surgery (OLES) belong to the advanced age group. Sciatic nerve block combined with psoas compartment block is used as a technique alternative to central neuraxial block and GA. In geriatric patients that will undergo partial hip prosthesis, the ...
Bhatia R - - 2014
Clonidine is used with local anaesthetics to improve analgesia. However, the improvement conferred when clonidine is used together with ropivacaine is controversial. Thus, the present study aimed to evaluate the improvement in analgesia when clonidine is used together with ropivacaine for supraclavicular brachial plexus block. This was a prospective, randomised, ...
Antoniou Ga G Central Manchester University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, UK. - - 2014
The retrojugular approach for carotid endarterectomy (CEA) has been reported to have the advantages of shorter operative time and ease of dissection, especially in high carotid lesions. Controversial opinion exists with regard to its safety and benefits over the conventional antejugular approach. A systematic review of electronic information sources was ...
Kim Kwang Joon KJ Division of Endocrinology, Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. ; Severance Executive Healthcare Clinic, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University Health System, Seoul, Korea. ; Severance Check-up, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University Health System, Seoul, - - 2014
Vitamin D (vit-D) is essential for bone health, although many osteoporosis patients have low levels of 25-hydroxy-vit-D [25(OH)D]. This randomized, open-label study compared the effects of once weekly alendronate 70 mg containing 5600 IU vit-D₃ (ALN/D5600) to alendronate 70 mg without additional vit-D (ALN) on the percent of patients with ...
Shin Jeoung-Sook JS Department of Cardiology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, - - 2014
Besides poor clinical outcomes, female gender has been known as a high-risk factor for bleeding complications. This study aimed to investigate the impact of gender on clinical outcomes and bleeding complications after transradial coronary intervention (TRI). The Korean TRI registry is a retrospective multicenter registry with 4,890 patients who underwent ...
Allegra Eugenia - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to verify CD44sol levels in the saliva of patients during follow-up after surgery for laryngeal cancer, to compare them with those registered at the time of diagnosis (pre-intervention) in the same patients, and to assess the reliability of the test as a prognostic indicator. ...
Bozgeyik Semsettin S Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Gaziantep University School of Medicine, - - 2014
Shivering, the rate of which in regional anesthesia is 39% is an undesired complication seen postoperatively. This study aims to compare the ability of preventing the shivering of preemptive tramadol and dexmedetomidine during the spinal anesthesia (SA). A total of 90 patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I-II, ...
Saha P K PK Dr Prodyut Kumar Saha, Associate Professor, Department of Urology, Dhaka Medical College, Dhaka, - - 2014
Transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) guided biopsy of the prostate is the gold standard for detecting prostate cancer. Intraprostatic administration of local anesthesia significantly decreases pain during prostatic biopsy. Transrectal ultrasound guided intraprostatic lidocaine administration along with intrarectally lidocaine gel is a new local anesthesia technique for prostatic biopsy. It was a ...
Watkins Tobie J - - 2014
The primary purpose of this investigation was to evaluate postprocedure cognitive function associated with 3 distinct standard sedation regimens used for endoscopic procedures. A secondary aim was to identify complications requiring provider interventions. Subjects scheduled for colonoscopies were approached for enrollment the day of their procedure. A convenience sample of ...
Chen Wenfeng - - 2014
Background: Peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICCs) have been increasingly utilized in treating patients in intensive care. The purpose of this study is to analyze the related complications and to evaluate effect of a comprehensive intervention on long-term PICCs. Materials and Methods: We selected 217 and 243 cases before and ...
Schlesinger Ilana I Department of Neurology, Technion Faculty of Medicine, Haifa, - - 2014
Background: Motor fluctuations in Parkinson's disease (PD) cause major disabling symptoms. Objective: We aimed to assess the efficacy of relaxation guided imagery in PD patients with motor fluctuation. Methods: In a prospective pilot, case cohort, PD patients underwent (i) a relaxation session with relaxation guided imagery, and (ii) a control ...
Skevas Christos C University Medical-Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf, Department of Ophthalmology, Hamburg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
To analyze the need for surgical intervention in Terson's syndrome (TS) and the rate of TS, as well as the effect of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with or without internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling, complications, correlations between TS and sex, and the influence of the severity of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) ...
Sofu Hakan H Amasya Suluova State Hospital, Hürriyet Mahallesi Hastane Caddesi No: 16, Suluova, Amasya, Turkey, - - 2014
This study aims to analyse the short-term effects of partial meniscectomy on the clinical results of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction surgery. Clinical outcomes of 19 patients who had partial medial meniscectomy and anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction during the same surgery (Group 1) were compared with the outcomes of 25 patients ...
Yue Chen C Department of Orthopedic Surgery, West China Hospital, West China Medical School, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, - - 2014
So far, studies of topical tranexamic acid (TXA) in total hip arthroplasty (THA) were still lacking and controversial. We conducted this randomized double-blind controlled trial which included 101 patients to assess the effect of a high-dose 3g topical TXA in THA. The results showed that 3g topical TXA could significantly ...
Clerveus Michael M Department of Surgery, "La Mancha Centro" General Hospital, Avd. de la Constitución nº 3. 13600, Alcázar de San Juan, Ciudad Real, Spain, - - 2014
Single incision laparoscopic appendectomy (SILA) has been proposed as an alternative to conventional laparoscopic appendectomy (CLA). The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of SILA when compared with CLA through a systematic review. We performed an electronic search of EMBASE, PubMed, MEDLINE, and Cochrane Central ...
Herbold Janet A JA Burke Rehabilitation Hospital, Department of Outcomes and Clinical Research, 785 Mamaroneck Avenue, White Plains, NY 10605; Department of Physical Therapy, Nova Southeastern University, 3200 S, University Drive, Fort Lauderdale, FL 33328. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine the effects of using a Continuous Passive Motion (CPM) device for individuals with poor range of motion following a total knee replacement (TKR) admitted for post acute rehabilitation. Randomized controlled trial. An inpatient rehabilitation facility (IRF). Adults (n=141) following TKR with initial active knee flexion of less than ...
Iwata Toshio T Department of Anesthesiology, Nara Prefectural Mimuro Hospital, Nara, - - 2014
To improve residual pain management in acute cervical radiculopathy treated with NSAIDs, the feasibility of early and repeated low-dose interscalene brachial plexus block (IS-BPB) needs to be assessed. This was a prospective study on patients receiving NSAIDs (loxoprofen) for cervical radiculopathy of ≤ 2-week onset. Pain was assessed using the ...
Kim Ah Na AN Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Konkuk University Medical Center, Seoul, - - 2014
The physician's hands are close to the X-ray field in C-arm fluoroscopy-guided pain interventions. We prospectively investigated the radiation attenuation of Proguard RR-2 gloves. In 100 cases, the effective doses (EDs) of two dosimeters without a radiation-reducing glove were collected. EDs from the two dosimeters-one dosimeter wrapped with a glove ...
Beeler P E PE Research Center for Medical Informatics, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, - - 2014
Clinical decision support has the potential to improve prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE). The purpose of this prospective study was to analyze the effect of electronic reminders on thromboprophylaxis rates in wards to which patients were admitted and transferred. The latter was of particular interest since patient handoffs are considered ...
Chang Won Hyuk WH Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Center for Prevention and Rehabilitation, Heart Vascular and Stroke Institute, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, - - 2014
The brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene often shows a single nucleotide polymorphism that is thought to influence synaptic plasticity. It also affects the modulatory effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on motor cortex excitability. This study investigated whether BDNF polymorphism influences the effect of rTMS on the motor recovery ...
Pérez-Granda María Jesús - - 2014
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most frequent infection in patients admitted to intensive care units.The efficacy of individual measures for the prevention of VAP is well-documented, and data on the impact of implementing bundle measures have usually been reported from studies where several measures are implemented simultaneously in the general ...
Caro-Tarrago A A General and Digestive Surgery Service, Parc Taulí University Hospital, Parc Taulí s/n, 08208, Sabadell, Barcelona, Spain, - - 2014
Our objective was to evaluate the prevention of incisional hernia (IH) during the postoperative period of a midline laparotomy during elective surgery. A controlled, prospective, randomized, and blind study was carried out. The patients in group A (mesh) were fitted with a polypropylene mesh, to reinforce the standard abdominal wall ...
Koca Kutlu Adalet A College of Health Sciences, Celal Bayar University, Manisa, - - 2014
The study was planned as a case-control study to examine the effects of music on some of the complications experienced by chronic renal failure (CRF) patients during hemodialysis. A total of 60 patients (30 intervention and 30 control) diagnosed with end-stage renal failure undergoing hemodialysis treatment participated in this study. ...
Marzelle J J *Department of Vascular Surgery, Hospital Henri Mondor, University Paris XII, Creteil, France †Unité de Recherche Clinique, Innovation et Pharmacologie, CHU Saint Etienne, France and INSERM, CIE3, F-42055 Saint Etienne, - - 2014
To present results and to identify predictive factors of early outcome after fenestrated and/or branched endovascular repair (f/b-EVAR) for complex aortic aneurysms, abdominal (AAA) and thoracoabdominal (TAAA). Feasibility of f/b-EVAR for complex aneurysms is now established, but little is known about which patients will benefit from this technique. Univariate and ...
Magli Adriano - - 2014
The aim of this retrospective study is a long-term evaluation of postoperative motor outcomes and the inferential analysis of strabismus surgery in infant eyes with essential infantile esotropia. 576 patients were compatible with the criteria: confirmed EIE diagnosis, angle >= 30 pD, absence of associated ocular anomalies, onset by 6 ...
Kim Won-Seok - - 2014
Objective: To investigate the safety, feasibility and preliminary efficacy of low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) over the cerebellum in ataxic patients with acute posterior circulation stroke. Design: Randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled pilot study. Patients: Thirty-two ataxic patients with posterior circulation stroke were randomized to real (n = 22) and sham (n = 10) rTMS ...
Jang Woo Jin WJ Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, - - 2014
Objective: To compare the long-term clinical outcomes of patients treated with 1- versus 2-stent techniques for Medina 0,0,1 type bifurcation lesions. Background: Little is known about clinical outcomes and optimal treatment strategies for Medina 0,0,1 type bifurcation lesions. Methods: A total of 2,897 consecutive patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention ...
Ogihara Shigeki S Private practice, Tokyo, - - 2014
Background: Promising clinical outcomes have been reported with the combination of enamel matrix derivative (EMD) and allograft materials. Direct comparison between a freeze-dried bone allograft (FDBA)/EMD and a demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft (DFDBA)/EMD was evaluated in one case series study. To date, no randomized control trial has been reported. Therefore, ...
Wiebe Jens J CardioVascular Center - - 2014
Objective: To evaluate in-hospital and short-term outcomes of percutaneous mitral valve repair according to patients' logistic EuroSCORE (logEuroSCORE) in a multicenter registry. Background: The logEuroSCORE is an established tool to predict the risk of mortality during cardiac surgery. In high-risk patients percutaneous mitral valve repair with the MitraClip system represents ...
Lim Sun Gyo SG Department of Gastroenterology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Republic of - - 2014
A conformable self-expandable metallic stent was developed to overcome the limitation of previous self-expandable metallic stents. The aim of this study was to evaluate outcomes after placement of conformable covered and uncovered self-expandable metallic stents for palliation of malignant gastroduodenal obstruction. A single-blind, randomized, parallel-group, prospective study were conducted in ...
Wei Ziran - - 2014
Nutrients such as omega-3 fatty acids including fish oil components eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) suppress the growth and promote apoptosis of tumor cells, improve immune function and reduce the effects of systemic inflammatory response syndrome. We sought to investigate the effect of omega-3 fish oil fat emulsion-based ...
Krychtiuk Konstantin A KA Department of Internal Medicine II-Division of Cardiology, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, 1090, Vienna, Austria, - - 2014
Atrioventricular (AV) delay optimization improves hemodynamics and clinical parameters in patients treated with cardiac resynchronization therapy and dual-chamber-pacemakers (PM). However, data on optimizing AV delay in patients treated with VDD-PMs are scarce. We, therefore, investigated the acute and chronic effects of AV delay optimization on hemodynamics in patients treated with ...
Boudoulas Konstantinos Dean KD Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Section of Interventional Cardiology, The Ohio State University Medical Center , Columbus, Ohio , - - 2014
Background: Intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) use may be associated with complications; however, in certain patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) with hemodynamic instability refractory to medical management its use may become necessary. Methods: 36 STEMI patients with IABP placement for hemodynamic instability after percutaneous coronary intervention were studied. IABP duration ...
Chaudhry Umar A R UA Department of Surgery and Cancer, St Mary's Hospital, Imperial College London, London, - - 2014
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery offered superior long-term outcomes compared with on-pump CABG surgery. Best evidence papers were considered to be those that had a follow-up period of ≥5 ...
Liaska A A Glaucoma Clinic, Department of Ophthalmology, General Hospital of Lamia , Lamia , Greece - - 2014
Abstract Background: To examine the efficacy and safety of combined phaco-trabeculectomy in patients with cataract and controlled, open-angle advanced glaucoma and to identify preoperative predictive factors of postoperative glaucoma course. Setting: Departments of Ophthalmology, University of Athens, and General Hospital of Lamia, Greece. Methods: Prospective, interventional, parallel, cluster (units = examinations), randomized ...
Assuncao Murillo Santucci Cesar MS Department of Critically Ill Patient, Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Av Albert Einstein, 627/701, Sao Paulo (SP), Brazil 05652-000. Electronic address: - - 2014
Severe sepsis is a time-dependent disease, and implementation of early treatment has been associated with mortality rate reduction. However, the literature is controversial regarding cost-effectiveness analysis of this intervention. The aim was to assess the cost-effectiveness of a managed protocol for the treatment of severe sepsis. This is a prospective ...
Hameau S S Groupement de Recherche Clinique et Technologique sur le Handicap (EA 4497), CICIT805, Université de Versailles Saint Quentin en Yvelines, Garches, France - - - 2014
Background: Peak knee flexion during swing phase is frequently reduced following stroke. The main treatment is botulinum toxin injection (BoNT-A) of the Rectus Femoris (RF) muscle. BoNT-A injections have been shown to decrease spasticity (assessed using the modified Ashworth scale) and to improve peak knee flexion during swing phase. Although ...
Warner L L Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, University Hospital of South Manchester - - - 2014
Aims: Endovascular aneurysm repair offers improved perioperative morbidity and mortality compared to open repair, counterbalanced by a higher incidence of graft-related complications and re-interventions. Randomised studies comparing EVAR to open repair are yet to report greater than ten-year outcomes. This study reports the outcomes of patients who underwent EVAR greater ...
Vervloet M M NIVEL, Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research, - - 2014
To investigate short- and long-term effects of real-time monitoring medication use combined with short message service (SMS) reminders for missed doses on refill adherence to oral anti-diabetic medications. A randomized controlled trial with two intervention groups and one control group involving 161 participants with Type 2 diabetes with suboptimal adherence. For ...
Fan Yi-Ling - - 2014
Symptomatic internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion with hemodynamic impairment remains a dismal disease when untreated. In this prospective, single-center, controlled study, we investigated the feasibility, safety, and long-term outcome of stenting by endovascular recanalization for patients with chronic ICA occlusion. Forty patients with symptomatic chronically occluded ICA were assigned to ...
Otillio Jaime K JK 1Monroe Carell Jr Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt, Nashville, TN, - - 2014
Objective. To determine the effectiveness of a medicolegal lecture on risk-reduction documentation by residents in a pediatric emergency department. Design/Methods. Pediatric residents at an academic children's hospital were offered a 1-hour lecture on reducing medicolegal risks. Residents in attendance made up the intervention group (IG) and nonattendants were the control ...
Loorents Vera V Department of Radiation Oncology, County Council of Östergötland , Linköping , - - 2014
Background. Radiotherapy-induced trismus (RTIT) is a debilitating condition without any proven effective treatment. This study investigates the effectiveness of prophylactic training to prevent RTIT during and up to 12 months after completed RT in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC), also investigating the incidence of RTIT. Methods. Sixty-six consecutive ...
Siracuse Jeffrey J JJ Department of Surgery, New York-Presbyterian Hospital, Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY. Electronic address: - - 2014
Endovascular interventions are increasing; however, there are little data regarding outcomes of complex interventions involving the below-knee popliteal/P3 artery. This study evaluated the short-term and long-term results and predictors of success of below-knee popliteal artery endovascular interventions. This was a retrospective review of a prospectively maintained endovascular lower extremity database ...
Bazan Hernan A HA Section of Vascular/Endovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Ochsner Clinic, New Orleans, La. Electronic address: - - 2014
Retrograde pedal access may allow the treatment of tibial occlusive lesions when standard endovascular techniques fail. We aimed to analyze the outcomes in patients with chronic limb ischemia (Rutherford class IV and V) who were not surgical candidates for a tibial bypass and had undergone an unsuccessful attempt at revascularization ...
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