Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 3494
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Sari Esin Sogutlu ES Faculty of Medicine, Department of Ophthalmology, Balikesir University, Balikesir, Turkey, - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of intracameral lidocaine anesthesia on macular thickness and macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GC-IPL) thickness following uneventful phacoemusification in healthy subjects. This is a prospective, randomized and double- masked study. One hundred eyes of 74 consecutive patients were randomized to receive intracameral preservative-free lidocaine 1 % (intracameral ...
Fang Zhixue Z Department of Geriatrics Surgery, the Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, No. 139, Middle Renmin Road, Changsha, Hunan 410011, P.R. - - 2014
The objective of this article was to compare the outcomes of self-gripping mesh (GM) with sutured mesh (SM) in open inguinal hernia repair. A systematic review and meta-analysis were taken to compare the outcomes of GM and SM in open inguinal hernia repair. A total of 1,353 patients in 6 ...
Singh Gagan D GD Division of Cardiovascular Medicine and the Vascular Center, University of California, Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, - - 2014
Endovascular therapies are increasingly used for treatment of critical limb ischemia (CLI). Infrapopliteal (IP) occlusions are common in CLI, and successful limb salvage may require restoration of arterial flow in the distribution of a chronically occluded vessel. We sought to describe the procedural characteristics and outcomes of patients with IP ...
Quemener Julie J Department of Gynaecologic Surgery, Hôpital Jeanne de Flandres, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire de Lille, Avenue Eugène Avinée, 59037 Lille, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
To report our experience regarding the use of partially absorbable mesh, evaluating the nature and rate of re-intervention after transvaginal pelvic organ prolapse repair. We retrospectively collected data on 269 consecutive patients who underwent partially absorbable mesh repair between January 2009 and January 2011. Data were obtained from our hospital ...
Henriques José P S JP Academic Medical Center - University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
The introduction of new medical devices may be accompanied by a learning curve. To evaluate the impact of the device learning curve on the outcomes of PROTECT II trial, comparing Impella 2.5 versus the intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) during high-risk percutaneous coronary intervention, we report on a prespecified analysis, excluding ...
Côté Robert R From the Department of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Medicine (R.C.), McGill University, Montreal, Canada; Department of Biostatistics (Y.Z., L.A.M.), University of Alabama at Birmingham; Department of Medicine (Neurology) (R.G.H.), McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada; Hennepin County Medical Center (Neurology) (D.C.A.), University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis; Department of Clinical Pharmacy (R.L.T.), University of Texas, Austin; and Department of Medicine (O.R.B.), Brain Research Center, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, - - 2014
To assess whether adding clopidogrel to acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) has a long-term protective vascular effect in patients with lacunar stroke while taking ASA. Post hoc analysis of 838 patients with ASA failure and recent lacunar stroke from the Secondary Prevention of Small Subcortical Strokes Trial (SPS3) cohort randomly allocated to ...
Choi Ahnryul - - 2014
Alterations of normal mitral valve (MV) function lead to mitral insufficiency, i.e., mitral regurgitation (MR). Mitral repair is the most popular and most efficient surgical intervention for MR treatment. An annuloplasty ring is implanted following complex reconstructive MV repairs to prevent potential reoccurrence of MR. We have developed a novel ...
Schwartz Diane A DA From the Departments of Surgery (D.A.S., M.M., B.A.C., E.R., C.E.W., J.B.H.), Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (A.M.C.), and Orthopedic Surgery (A.R.B.), and the Center for Translational Injury Research (B.A.C., C.E.W., A.M.B., J.B.H.), The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, - - 2014
We hypothesized that patients with pelvic fractures and hemorrhage admitted during daytime hours were undergoing interventional radiology (IR) earlier than those admitted at night and on weekends, thereby establishing two standards of time to hemorrhage control. The trauma registry (January 2008 to December 2011) was reviewed for patients admitted with ...
Slejko Julia F JF University of Washington School of Pharmacy, Seattle, WA, 98195-7630, USA. - - 2014
Adherence to statins in real-world practice settings is known to be suboptimal. However, less is known about how adherence changes over time and whether changes in adherence are associated with adverse cardiovascular (CV) outcomes. To (a) characterize yearly changes in adherence among initially adherent patients taking statins for primary prevention ...
Hunter Ross J RJ 1Cardiology Department, St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Bart's & The London NIHR Cardiovascular Biomedical Research Unit, William Harvey Research Institute, Queen Mary, University of London, London, United - - 2014
-Restoring sinus rhythm in patients with heart failure (HF) and atrial fibrillation (AF) may improve left ventricular (LV) function and HF symptoms. We sought to compare the impact of a catheter ablation strategy with that of a medical rate control strategy in patients with persistent AF and HF. -Patients with ...
Monaco Carlo - - 2014
This study evaluated the effect of prophylactic polishing pastes on the roughness and translucency of lithium disilicate ceramic. Sixty specimens were obtained from e.max CAD blocks. After ground finishing, each specimen was glazed and randomly divided into one of five groups, including one control group. They were then polished with ...
Belek Kyle A KA Dr Belek is a staff surgeon in the Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Alta Bates Summit Medical Center, Oakland, - - 2014
Background: Initial patient perceptions of rhinoplasty results are complicated by early postoperative edema, ecchymosis, and distortion. Anecdotal evidence suggests that taping the nose immediately upon splint removal aids with the patient's psychological adjustment to his or her new appearance. Objectives: The authors attempt to assess the overall impact of taping ...
Bagcioglu Murat M Department of Urology, Ankara Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
To compare the efficacy of herbal based and synthetic hemostatic agents in partial nephrectomy. Our experimental study was carried out at the Ankara Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey between May and November 2012. Twenty rats were randomly divided into 4 groups. Intracorporeal sutures (group K), TachoSil (group T), HaemoCer ...
Paech Mj M Department of Anaesthesia and Pain Medicine, King Edward Memorial Hospital for Women, Subiaco, Western Australia, - - 2014
The benefit of combining non-opioid analgesics with neuraxial opioids for analgesia after caesarean delivery has not been clearly established. Larger doses of paracetamol or cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors have not been evaluated. A randomised, double blind, double-dummy, parallel group placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted among women having elective caesarean delivery under spinal ...
Hecker Michelle T MT Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, MetroHealth Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of - - 2014
To evaluate adherence to uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTI) guidelines and UTI diagnostic accuracy in an emergency department (ED) setting before and after implementation of an antimicrobial stewardship intervention. The intervention included implementation of an electronic UTI order set followed by a 2 month period of audit and feedback. For ...
Mason James M JM Durham Clinical Trials Unit, Durham University, Queen's Campus, Stockton-on-Tees, United - - 2014
Cellulitis (erysipelas) is a recurring and debilitating bacterial infection of the skin and underlying tissue. We assessed the cost-effectiveness of prophylactic antibiotic treatment to prevent the recurrence of cellulitis using low dose penicillin V in patients following a first episode (6 months prophylaxis) and more recurrent cellulitis (12 months prophylaxis, ...
Sato Fumiko F Division of Oncology Nursing, Health Sciences, Tohoku University Graduate School of - - 2014
Most patients who undergo breast cancer surgery suffer from impairment of upper extremity function. In this study, we investigated the effectiveness of a perioperative educational program for improving upper arm dysfunction in patients with breast cancer. This longitudinal controlled study was conducted between January 2010 and July 2012. Participants comprised ...
Li Ka K Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, No. 37 Guo Xue Xiang Street, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan Province, P.R.China. - - 2014
Fast-track (FT) has been shown to enhance post-operative recovery. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of FT and traditional nutrition on post-operative rehabilitation, as well as evaluate the feasibility of applying FT in nutrition management of colorectal surgery. A prospective and randomized controlled trial was performed. ...
De Aguilar-Nascimento José Eduardo JE Department of Surgery, Federal University of Mato Grosso. Cuiaba. Brazil. Medical School, University of Varzea Grande. UNIVAG. Brazil.. - - 2014
Objective: To investigate the gastric emptying of an oral supplement containing carbohydrate plus whey protein drunk before sedation for gastroscopy. Methods: This is a randomized double-blind trial including adult patients (ages 18-65) with a chief complaint of epigastric burning and who were candidates to elective gastroscopy. After overnight fast subjects ...
Kim Francis F Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington, - - 2014
Hospital cooling improves outcome after cardiac arrest, but prehospital cooling immediately after return of spontaneous circulation may result in better outcomes. To determine whether prehospital cooling improves outcomes after resuscitation from cardiac arrest in patients with ventricular fibrillation (VF) and without VF. A randomized clinical trial that assigned adults with ...
Jung Ju-Hyeon JH Department of Physical Therapy, Rehabilitation Center, Gimhea Good Morning Hospital, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to verify a new method for improving respiratory functions by applying both abdominal stimulation and inspiratory muscle training (IMT) to train the inspiratory muscle and the expiratory muscle simultaneously, to improve the efficiency of IMT of chronic stroke patients. [Subjects] Eighteen stroke ...
Agarwal Sandhya S Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Deen Dayal Upadhyay Hospital, New Delhi, - - 2014
We compared the effects of adding dexmedetomidine to a 30 ml solution of 0.325% bupivacaine in supraclavicular brachial plexus block. Onset and duration of sensory and motor block along with the duration of analgesia were the primary endpoints. Fifty patients posted for upper limb surgeries were enrolled for a prospective, ...
Britto Vera Lúcia Santos de VL Serviço de Fisioterapia, Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de JaneiroRJ, Serviço de Fisioterapia, Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
Introduction: Human T cell lymphotropic virus type I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) can impact the independence and motricity of patients. The aims of this study were to estimate the effects of physiotherapy on the functionality of patients with HAM/TSP during the stable phase of the disease using proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation ...
Ekinci Metin M Department of Ophthalmology, University of Kafkas, Sarikamis, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the effect of W-shaped skin (WS) and linear skin (LS) incisions on cutaneous scar tissue formation in patients who have undergone bilateral external dacryocystorhinostomy. Sixteen patients (14 females and two males) with acquired bilateral nasolacrimal duct obstruction were included in this prospective, ...
Zhang Hai-Xia HX Department of Pharmacy, the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, - - 2014
To evaluate the impact and cost-benefit value of pharmacist interventions for prophylactic antibiotic use in surgical patients undergoing clean or clean-contaminated operations. A pre-to-post intervention study was performed in the Department of Urological Surgery of a tertiary hospital. Patients admitted from January through June 2011, undergoing clean or clean-contaminated surgery, ...
Moreira Graciane Laender GL Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil, Physiotherapist. Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
To determine the underdiagnosis rate in new COPD cases at the end of a nine-year follow-up period-in the study designated "Projeto Latino-Americano de Investigação em Obstrução Pulmonar" (PLATINO, Latin-American Pulmonary Obstruction Investigation Project)-and compare that with the underdiagnosis rate during the initial phase of the study, as well as to ...
Pimentel Leonardo Halley Carvalho LH Centro Integrado de Reabilitação, TeresinaPI, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) on spastic foot in stroke patients in a rehabilitation program. Method: Hemiparetic stroke patients (n=21) enrolled in a rehabilitation program were divided into two groups. The first group (n=11) received a total of 300UI ...
Heidari Sayed Morteza SM Anaesthesiology and Critical Care Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Postanesthetic shivering (PAS) is an accompanying part of general anesthesia with different unpleasant and stressful complications. Considering the importance of proper prevention of PAS in order to reduce its related adverse complications in patients undergoing surgery, in this study, we investigated the effect of orally administrated tramadol in the prevention ...
Büker Nihal N School of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Pamukkale University, Denizli, - - 2014
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the therapeutic effect of sacroiliac (SI) blockade in patients with and without lumbosacral fusion. Methods: This study included 72 patients diagnosed with SI pain and who received blockade injection (methylprednisolone and lidocaine). Patients were divided into 2 groups; 22 patients in ...
Madani Ali Hamidi AH Urology Research Center, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical - - 2014
Purpose: Urinary retention is one of the most common complications contributing to surgical procedures. Recent studies have shown the benefits of alpha-adrenergic blockers in preventing post-operative urinary retention (POUR). The aim of this prospective study was to compare the prophylactic effect of tamsulosin with placebo on postoperative urinary retention. Materials ...
Hakimoglu Yasemin Y Yasemin Hakimoglu, MD, Department of Biochemistry, Hatay Antakya State Hospital, Hatay, - - 2014
Objective: Anesthesia and surgical intervention, leads to the development of systemic inflammatory response. The severity of the inflammatory response depends on the pharmacological effects of anesthetic agents and duration of anesthesia. Objective of the study was to investigate the effect of nitrous oxide on VEGF and VEGFR1 levels in patients ...
Foster Caroline C The 900 Clinic, The Jefferies Wing, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, United Kingdom - - 2014
Emerging evidence suggests financial incentives (FIs) improve medication adherence in select populations. A small proportion of adolescents with perinatal HIV (PaHIV) transfer to adult services with established poor adherence and advanced disease. We describe a single center adherence intervention combining FIs with motivational interviewing (MI). Eligible patients (PaHIV,16-25 years, CD4 ...
Rubertsson Sten S Department of Surgical Sciences/Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Uppsala University, Uppsala, - - 2014
A strategy using mechanical chest compressions might improve the poor outcome in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, but such a strategy has not been tested in large clinical trials. To determine whether administering mechanical chest compressions with defibrillation during ongoing compressions (mechanical CPR), compared with manual cardiopulmonary resuscitation (manual CPR), according to ...
van Leeuwen D M DM MOVE Research Institute Amsterdam, Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, VU University Amsterdam, Van der Boechorststraat 9, 1081 BT, Amsterdam, The Netherlands ; Institute for Biomedical Research into Human Movement and Health, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M1 5GD, - - 2014
Objective. To investigate the feasibility and effects of additional preoperative high intensity strength training for patients awaiting total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Design. Clinical controlled trial. Patients. Twenty-two patients awaiting TKA. Methods. Patients were allocated to a standard training group or a group receiving standard training with additional progressive strength training ...
Pupelis G - - 2014
Restoration of gastrointestinal function is a crucial determinant of favorable outcome in severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). The purpose of this study was to retrospectively review our experience with early oral feeding in patients with the necrotizing form of SAP. Over the last 10 years, we have routinely gradually increased oral ...
Zhang Wei - - 2014
The purpose of this research is to evaluate the effects of a tourniquet in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The study was done by randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effects of a tourniquet in TKA. All related articles which were published up to June 2013 from Medline, Embase, and Cochrane ...
Gupta Raghav R Department of Ophthalmology, Dr Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2014
To perform a comparative evaluation of the efficacy and acceptability of Rose-K and Soper contact lenses in Keratoconus. Dr. Rajendra Prasad Center for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi. A randomized comparative clinical trial was performed in keratoconic eyes fitted with Rose-K (Rose-K group) and Soper ...
Irewall Anna-Lotta AL Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, - - 2014
Patients who experience a stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) are known to be at high risk of subsequent vascular events, underscoring the need for secondary preventive intervention. However, previous studies have indicated insufficiency in the implementation of secondary prevention, emphasizing the need to develop effective methods of follow-up. In ...
Hsieh I-Chang IC Second Department of Cardiology, Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Linkou, Taoyuan, - - 2014
Data from a large patient population regarding very long-term outcomes after BMS implantation are inadequate. This study aimed to evaluate the very long-term (8-17 years) clinical and long-term (3-5 years) angiographic outcomes after intracoronary bare-metal stenting (BMS). From the Cardiovascular Atherosclerosis and Percutaneous TrAnsluminal INterventions (CAPTAIN) registry, a total of ...
Madhoun Mohammad F MF Division of Digestive Diseases and Nutrition, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, 920 Stanton L. Young Boulevard, WP1345, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, - - 2014
Background. Removal of large stones can be challenging and frequently requires the use of mechanical lithotripsy (ML). Endoscopic papillary large balloon dilation (EPLBD) following endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES) is a technique that appears to be safe and effective. However, data comparing ES + EPLBD with ES alone have not conclusively shown ...
Wu Yin Y Department of Surgery, Jinling Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, 305 East Zhongshan Road, Nanjing 210002, - - 2014
Background. We aimed to determine the efficacy of fistuloclysis in patients with high-output upper enteric fistula (EF). Methods. Patients were assigned into the fistuloclysis group (n = 35, receiving fistuloclysis plus total enteral nutrition (TEN)) and the control group (n = 60, receiving TEN). Laboratory variables were measured during the ...
Grixti Andre A 0000-0002-1767-6467 Department of Ophthalmology, Wirral University Teaching Hospital, Arrowe Park Road, Wirral, Merseyside CH49 5PE, UK ; Department of Ophthalmology, St. Paul's Eye Unit, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Prescot Street, Liverpool, Merseyside L7 8XP, - - 2014
Purpose. To evaluate the visual outcomes and effect of phacoemulsification surgery on the progression of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Methods. Retrospective, noncomparative, and interventional case series. Thirty eyes from 29 subjects with neovascular AMD treated with intravitreal antivascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) injections who underwent phacoemulsification and had a ...
Kojima Yoshiyuki Y Department of Urology, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, Fukushima, Japan; Department of Nephro-urology, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2013
To present our experience of a novel technique, bladder neck sling suspension technique, in patients undergoing robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) and evaluate its efficacy for improving early continence outcomes after RARP in comparison with that of the standard technique. Fifty-seven consecutive patients underwent RARP between August 2011 and April 2012. ...
Liu Xiao-Li XL Department of Respiratory Disease, Hospital of Binzhou Medical University, Binzhou, Shandong 256603, P.R. - - 2014
The present study aimed to investigate whether low-dose heparin improves the condition of patients suffering from early disseminated intravascular coagulation (pre-DIC) during sepsis. In total, 37 patients were randomly divided into low-dose heparin intervention and control groups. The heparin group received a low-dose of heparin for 5-7 days, while the ...
Takagi Hisato H Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Shizuoka Medical Center, Shizuoka, - - 2013
To determine whether off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) increases mid-term major adverse cardiovascular (and cerebrovascular) events MACCE over on-pump CABG, we performed a meta-analysis of exclusive large randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched through October 2013 using ...
Yu De-Yi DY Department of Plastic Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University, Chiayi, - - 2013
Background and Objective: The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of Endovenous Laser Photocoagulation (EVLP) at wavelengths of 1064 nm versus 810 nm for chronic venous insufficiency (varicose veins) in a large series of patients. Study Design/Materials and Methods: A retrospective review was conducted of ...
Kim J H JH Department of Orofacial Pain & Oral Medicine, Yonsei Dental Hospital, Yonsei University College of Dentistry, Seoul, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of 0.1% pilocarpine mouthwash in xerostomic patients. Sixty volunteers were randomly allocated to two groups. The experimental group used 0.1% pilocarpine solution, and the control group used 0.9% saline. The short- and long-term effects of pilocarpine were investigated by measuring ...
Yang Lin L Lin Yang, Li-Juan Yuan, Rui Dong, Ji-Kai Yin, Qing Wang, Tao Li, Jiang-Bin Li, Xi-Lin Du, Jian-Guo Lu, Department of General Surgery, Tangdu Hospital of the Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710038, Shannxi Province, - - 2013
To determine the clinical value of a splenorenal shunt plus pericardial devascularization (PCVD) in portal hypertension (PHT) patients with variceal bleeding. From January 2008 to November 2012, 290 patients with cirrhotic portal hypertension were treated surgically in our department for the prevention of gastroesophageal variceal bleeding: 207 patients received a ...
Nedios Sotirios S University of Leipzig, Heart Center, Department of Electrophysiology, Leipzig, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2013
Atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation is increasingly used in patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LV-EF), but long-term outcomes are still unknown. We aimed to assess the long-term effects of AF ablation in patients with systolic heart failure according to rhythm outcome. We included 69 patients with LV-EF≤40%, referred for ...
Ramezani Alireza A Department of Ophthalmology, Ophthalmic Research Center, School of Medicine, Labbafinejad and Imam Hossein Medical Centers, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
To evaluate the effects of repeated intravitreal injections of bevacizumab (IVB) versus triamcinolone acetonide (IVT) in the treatment of acute central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO). In this randomized clinical trial, 86 eyes with recent onset (<12 weeks) CRVO were assigned to two groups: IVB group (43 eyes) that received three monthly ...
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