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Gahalaut Pratik P Sri Ram Murti Smarak Institute of Medical Sciences, Nainital Road, Bareilly (India) - - 2014
Isotretinoin has been used in combination with PUVA and NBUVB for treating psoriasis, especially in women of child bearing age. Efficacy of PUVAsol is comparable to PUVA. This study was planned to compare the efficacy of oral PUVAsol with combination of oral isotretinoin and PUVAsol in patients having chronic plaque ...
Ozawa Hideto H Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-2 Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka, 565-0871, Japan, - - 2014
This study aimed to clarify the relationship between onset of protein-losing enteropathy (PLE) and Fontan circulation, with special reference to the development of contractility-afterload mismatch. The PLE group comprised 9 patients who experienced PLE after undergoing the Fontan operation, and the control group consisted of 32 patients had did not ...
Tibrewal Saket S The Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Stanmore, UK, - - 2014
Management of the unexplained, painful large diameter metal-on-metal (MOM) hip replacement is difficult. Although there are guidelines for surgeons, there is no clear documented evidence describing the overall threshold for revision surgery. The 2010 product recall of the DePuy Articular Surface Replacement (ASR) and subsequent media coverage may have increased ...
Penz Erika D - - 2014
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND Malignant pleural effusion is associated with short life expectancy and significant morbidity. A recent randomized controlled trial comparing indwelling pleural catheters with talc pleurodesis found that indwelling pleural catheters reduced time in hospital and need for additional procedures but were associated with excess adverse events. METHODS Using data ...
Ad Niv N Cardiac Surgery Research, Inova Heart and Vascular Institute, Falls Church, VA, USA - - 2014
Targeted blood glucose (BG) levels following cardiac surgery continues to be debated. According to the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) guidelines, BG should be kept <180 mg/dl following cardiac surgery. However, our practice and others shifted to a stricter BG control (90-110 mg/dl) based on data suggesting an association with ...
Buttanri Ibrahim Bülent IB Haydarpaşa Numune Education and Research Hospital, Eye Clinic , Istanbul , Turkey - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To report our results of canaliculitis treatment with our incision-sparing technique which includes dilation of the punctum and compression of the canaliculus to express the sulphur granules, curettage and irrigation of the canaliculus with antibiotic solutions, and topical antibiotic use. Methods: The medical records of all patients treated ...
Hansen S S Institute of Hygiene, Charité - University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany; German National Reference Centre for Surveillance of Nosocomial Infections, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Prevention measures reduce central-line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) but are not always implemented. To investigate the effect of a central educational programme in German intensive care units (ICUs) on CLABSI rates. Thirty-two German ICUs with CLABSI rates greater than or equal to the national average were compared with two control groups ...
Wilkinson Ingrid A IA The National Clinical FES Centre, Salisbury NHS Foundation Trust , Salisbury , UK - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To investigate the feasibility of combining physiotherapy and functional electrical stimulation to improve gait post stroke. Methods: A parallel group partially single-blinded randomised clinical trial. Adults living at home, less than 6 months post stroke, were randomised to Group A (physiotherapy, n = 10) or Group B (physiotherapy and common ...
Jang Sun Young SY Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University, Bucheon, 420-767, Republic of - - 2014
To determine the long-term surgical outcomes associated with the use of Quickert sutures (Q-sutures) for involutional entropion and elucidate the risk factors for postoperative recurrences. This is a retrospective, interventional case series. We recruited patients suffering from involutional entropion who were treated with Q-sutures during the period from January 2008 ...
Eamsobhana Perajit P Department of Orthopedics Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand, - - 2014
In order to prevent recurrent deformity, overcorrection in Blount's disease has been a common practice by most paediatric orthopaedic surgeons. However, some patients have persistent valgus alignment resulting in awkward deformity. The femoro-tibial angle (FTA) was measured in this series of cases to determine the necessity of such practice. During ...
Liu Jun J 1The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, - - 2014
Objective. The purposes of this study were to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and advantages of nonintubated video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) under epidural anesthesia, by comparing with the performance of conventional approaches. Patients and methods. A total of 354 patients (245 men and 109 women) were recruited in this study. The ...
Fonseca Pedro L PL Department of Ophthalmology, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2014
To compare visual outcomes in pseudotumour cerebri (PTC) patients who underwent either optic nerve sheath fenestration (ONSF) or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diversion (shunt) for treatment of visual loss from papilloedema. Comparative case series of thirty-three patients (33 eyes) who underwent either ONSF (14 patients) or CSF shunt (19 patients) for ...
Süleyman Taş T From the *Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery and †Department of Pathology, Trakya University Medicine Faculty, Edirne, - - 2014
Hematoma is a common reason for graft loss. This study was intended to investigate the effects of microporous polysaccharide hemospheres (MPH; Arista® AH; Medafor, Inc.) on graft survival, the effect of MPH on graft loss caused by hematoma, and the correlation between neutrophil accumulation and graft survival. A total of ...
Piffaretti Gabriele G Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery and Morphological Sciences Circolo University Hospital, University of Insubria School of Medicine, Varese, - - 2014
To compare early and long-term outcomes of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) versus open repair (OPEN). Prospective observational, per protocol, non-randomized, with retrospective analyses. Between 2000 and 2005, a total of 311 patients having EVAR or OPEN repair of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms were identified and included in this ...
Aires Felipe Toyama FT Resident, Department of Surgery, Hospital Ana Costa, Santos, - - 2014
Introduction: Early oral feeding (EOF) for patients who underwent total laryngectomy (TL) is still controversial. Aim: To evaluate the safety of initiating EOF following TL regarding pharyngocutaneous fistula (PCF). Data Sources: The survey included research in MEDLINE, EMBASE and LILACS. Review methods: The intervention analyzed was EOF (<5days), whereas the ...
Tozzi Matteo M Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery and Morphological Sciences, University of Insubria School of Medicine, Circolo University Teaching Hospital, Varese, Italy; Center for Research on Organ Transplantation, Department of Surgery and Morphological Sciences, University of Insubria School of Medicine, Circolo University Teaching Hospital, Varese, - - 2014
An alternative surgical technique for the repair an aneurysmatic arteriovenous fistula (AVF) using a staple remodeling operation has been developed and the results are reported. All patients presenting with an aneurysmatic autogenous AVF of the upper extremities between January 2012 and December 2013 were included in the analysis. The AVF ...
Mau-Moeller Anett - - 2014
The parallel-group randomized active-controlled clinical study was conducted to compare the effectiveness of two in-hospital range of motion (ROM) exercise programs following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Continuous passive motion (CPM) is frequently used to increase ROM and improve postoperative recovery despite little conclusive scientific evidence. In contrast, a new active ...
Modest Mara C MC Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
Evaluate how learning progression affects outcomes for the use of sialendoscopy for sialolithiasis. Case series with chart review. Academic tertiary care center. A retrospective chart review was conducted on 81 patients presenting with sialolithiasis between 2008 and 2012 who underwent surgical intervention on 85 salivary glands. Outcomes compared between the ...
Fan H H Department of Neurology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, - - 2014
Gabapentin has been used for the management of post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN). However, inconsistent results have been reported. This meta-analysis was performed to assess the efficacy and safety of gabapentin 1800 mg/day in PHN patients by conducting a meta-analysis. Electronic databases were searched for relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared gabapentin ...
Chan Chun C Department of Vascular Surgery, Flinders Medical Centre and Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia, - - 2014
Endovascular intervention has become a frequently used treatment of critical limb ischemia (CLI) in recent times. The recent Bypass vs Angioplasty in Severe Ischaemia of the Leg (BASIL) trial consensus recommended endovascular treatment as a first-line treatment in patients who have a life expectancy that was limited to <2 years. Despite these ...
Kitasato Amane A Department of Surgery, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, - - 2014
Background: Secondary biliary carcinomas are associated with persistent reflux cholangitis after bilioenterostomy. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) has been a target for cancer prevention. The aim of this study was to evaluate the chemopreventive efficacy of long-term treatment with a selective COX-2 inhibitor medication during the natural course after bilioenterostomy without chemical induction. ...
Wijns William W Cardiovascular Center Aalst, OLV Hospital, Aalst, - - 2014
Aims: To compare the efficacy and safety of the MiStent absorbable polymer sirolimus-eluting stent (APSES) with a zotarolimus-eluting stent (ZES). Methods and results: The trial was a 2:1 randomisation at 26 sites of 184 patients implanted with an APSES (n=123) versus a ZES (n=61). Following stent implantation, all patients underwent ...
Patel Akash R AR Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, 34th St. and Civic Center Blvd, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA, - - 2014
Radiation exposure during pediatric catheterization is significant. We sought to describe radiation exposure and the effectiveness of radiation safety protocols in reducing exposure during catheter ablations with electrophysiology studies in children and patients with congenital heart disease. We additionally sought to identify at-risk patients. We retrospectively reviewed all interventional electrophysiology ...
Colak Zeljko Z Department of Anesthesiology, Reanimatology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital Center Zagreb, Zagreb, - - 2014
Postoperative cognitive decline is common after cardiac surgery, but it is often unrecognized at the time of hospital discharge. However, it has a great impact on patient's quality of life. Cerebral oximetry with the INVOS (IN Vivo Optical Spectroscopy) system provides the possibility of non-invasive, continuous measurement of regional cerebral ...
Bezerra Jorge A JA Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, - - 2014
Biliary atresia is the most common cause of end-stage liver disease in children. Controversy exists as to whether use of steroids after hepatoportoenterostomy improves clinical outcome. To determine whether the addition of high-dose corticosteroids after hepatoportoenterostomy is superior to surgery alone in improving biliary drainage and survival with the native ...
Hogle Nancy J NJ 1 Department of Surgery, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons , New York, New - - 2014
Abstract Background: Surgical site infection (SSI) after cardiac surgery (CS) is a serious complication that increases hospital length of stay (LOS), has a substantial financial impact, and increases mortality. The study described here was done to evaluate the effect of a program to reduce SSI after CS. Methods: In January ...
Hashim Peter W PW 1From the Section of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery at the Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 2From the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 3From the Department of Neurosurgery at the University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA 4From the Craniofacial Surgery Center at CT Children's Medical Center, Hartford, CT 5From the Department of Psychology at Northern Illinois - - 2014
The optimal type of surgical management for isolated sagittal synostosis (ISS) remains a source of significant debate. A paucity of data exists on possible differences in long-term neuropsychological outcomes following treatment with whole vault cranioplasty or endoscopic strip craniectomy. This study provides the first comparative analysis examining the effects of ...
van Oostenbrugge Tim J TJ Department of Surgery, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The - - 2014
The durability of an infrainguinal bypass may be hampered by development of stenosis at the anastomoses. We describe the patency of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) of these anastomotic stenoses. Any venous or prosthetic infrainguinal bypass with a hemodynamically significant anastomotic stenosis, symptomatic or asymptomatic, was considered a bypass at risk (BAR) ...
Saçak Bülent B aDepartment of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Marmara University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul bDepartment of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Adana Numune Training and Research Hospital, Adana cDepartment of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Kartal Training and Research Hospital dDepartment of Histology and Embryology, Marmara University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, - - 2014
Ankaferd blood stopper (ABS) (Ankaferd İlaç Kozmetik A.Ş., Turkey) is a medicinal plant extract, which is used in Turkish traditional medicine as a haemostatic agent. The aim of this study was to investigate the haemostatic effect of ABS in preventing microvascular leakage on an anastomosis site and to look into ...
Lopes Luís L Department of Gastroenterology, Hospital of Santa Luzia, Viana do Castelo, Portugal; Life and Health Sciences Research Institute (ICVS), School of Health Sciences, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal; ICVS/3B's, PT Government Associate Laboratory, Guimarães/Braga, - - 2014
The precut timing during the biliary cannulation algorithm is a subject of controversy. Some studies suggest that early institution of precut is a safe and effective strategy even though the extent to which this approach may affect the duration of the ERCP is seldom addressed. To assess the success, safety, ...
Bai Ming M Ming Bai, Xing-Shun Qi, Zhi-Ping Yang, Dai-Ming Fan, Guo-Hong Han, Department of Digestive Interventional Radiology, Xijing Hospital of Digestive Diseases, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032, Shaanxi Province, - - 2014
To evaluate the clinical effects of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) vs endoscopic variceal sclerotherapy (EVS) in the management of gastric variceal (GV) bleeding in terms of variceal rebleeding, hepatic encephalopathy (HE), and survival by meta-analysis. Medline, Embase, and CNKI were searched. Studies compared TIPS with EVS in treating GV ...
Sykakis Evripidis E Eye Treatment Centre, Whipps Cross University Hospital, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, - - 2014
To assess the use of a hydrogel ocular bandage (HOB) on clear corneal incisions in phacoemulsification cataract surgery and determine whether HOB reduces ocular surface contaminants ingress after routine surgery. In this prospective randomized controlled study, thirty eyes of patients undergoing uneventful phacoemulsification were recruited consecutively and randomly assigned to ...
Cip Johannes J Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Academic Teaching Hospital Feldkirch, Medical University of Innsbruck, - - 2014
In the literature, studies of computer-assisted total knee arthroplasty (TKA) after mid-term period are not conclusive and long-term data are rare. In a prospective, randomized, comparative study 100 conventional TKAs (group REG) were compared with 100 computer-assisted TKAs (group NAV). Minimum follow-up was 5years. No difference in implant failure was ...
Tazuma Susumu S Department of General Internal Medicine, Hiroshima University Graduate School of Medical Science, Programs of Applied Medicine, Clinical Pharmacotherapy, Hiroshima, Japan, - - 2014
We conducted a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of intravenous doripenem (DRPM) in patients with biliary tract infection requiring biliary drainage in comparison with imipenem/cilastatin (IPM/CS). After the initial collection of bile, patients were randomly assigned by the registration system of the Clinical Research Organization ...
Madani Amin A Department of Surgery, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada, - - 2014
While energy devices are ubiquitous in the operating room, they remain poorly understood and can result in significant complications. The purpose of this study was to estimate the extent to which adding a novel bench-top component improves learning of SAGES' Fundamental Use of Surgical Energy™ (FUSE) electrosurgery curriculum among surgical ...
Choi Ji Min JM Department of Internal Medicine and Liver Research Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 28 Yongon-dong, Chongno-gu, Seoul, 110-744, Republic of Korea, - - 2014
Self-expandable metallic stents (SEMS) are now regarded as an effective and safe intervention for malignant colorectal obstruction (MCO). However, manipulation of the tumor might lead to the spillage of tumor cells and result in distant metastases. We aimed to compare the long-term oncologic outcomes of SEMS as a bridge to ...
Jiang Na N The First People's Hospital of Kunshan affiliated with Jiangsu University, Suzhou, PR - - 2014
This study investigated whether calcium channel blocker plus low-dosage aspirin therapy can reduce the incidence of hypertensive pregnancy complications and improved neonatal outcomes. Sixty-eight patients from March 2011 to June 2013 were selected to join this trial according to the chronic hypertension criteria set by the Preface Bulletin of American ...
Kiefer Daniel G DG Lehigh Valley Health Network, Allentown, - - 2014
To determine if placement of a sodium hyaluronate and carboxymethylcellulose adhesion barrier at cesarean delivery reduces adhesion formation at subsequent cesarean delivery. We previously reported data showing no increase in short-term complications. Seven hundred fifty-three patients were evaluated in this multicenter, randomized study. Patients undergoing primary and repeat cesarean deliveries ...
Walker Dilys D University of Washington, Seattle, - - 2014
Emergency obstetric simulation and team training can improve patient outcomes. However, in limited-resource countries, cost limits access and few studies measure effect. Cluster-randomized trial including 24 community hospitals matched in 12 pairs in three Mexican states. From August 2010 to January 2012, 436 health care providers at 12 intervention hospitals ...
Walker Dilys D University of Washington, Seattle, - - 2014
Obstetric simulation and team training in resource-stable countries has demonstrated improvements in patient outcomes. However, its effect on institutions with high cesarean delivery rates, like Mexico, has not been measured. We conducted a cluster-randomized trial including 24 community hospitals matched in 12 pairs in the states of Guerrero, Mexico, and ...
Nikiphorou Elena E St. Albans City Hospital, St. Albans, UK, and University College London, London, - - 2014
To assess whether there have been any secular changes in orthopedic interventions in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) since 1986, as examined in 2 early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) inception cohorts with up to 25 years of followup. The study examined orthopedic data from the UK Early RA Study (1986-1999, 9 ...
Briguori Carlo C Department of Cardiology, Clinica Mediterranea, Naples, Italy, - - 2014
Bivalirudin (Angiox, The Medicine's Company, Parsippany, NJ), a synthetic direct thrombin inhibitor, when compared with standard antithrombotic therapy (including unfractionated heparin [UFH] alone or plus a glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor) determines a significant decrease of major and minor bleeding and similar protection against ischemic events both in elective and in urgent ...
Panesar Rahul R Division of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Stony Brook Long Island Children's Hospital, Stony Brook, New - - 2014
The Pediatric Early Warning System (PEWS) was created to identify unstable patients before their deterioration. Rapid response teams (RRTs) were developed to assist with management of such patients. In 2009, our institution mandated the activation of RRTs if a PEWS score was elevated (ie, ≥5). The goal of this study ...
Nascimento Francisco O FO Columbia University, Division of Cardiology, Mount Sinai Heart Institute, 4300 Alton Road, Miami Beach, FL 33140 USA. - - 2014
Same-day discharge after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), if achieved with acceptable safety, could result in greater patient satisfaction and potential cost savings. Comparative analyses reporting the safety outcomes of same-day discharge vs overnight stay after elective PCI are lacking. Data of same-day discharge and overnight-stay patients undergoing elective PCI in ...
Cowie DA D Department of Anaesthesia, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, - - 2014
The use of cerebral oximetry to guide intraoperative management has been shown to improve patient outcomes in cardiac surgery. This pilot trial assessed the feasibility of performing a similar study of outcome in patients over the age of 70 years undergoing non-cardiac surgery. Patients over the age of 70 years ...
Triandafilou Kristen M KM Sensory Motor Performance Program, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60611. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate the longevity and cumulative impact of multiple sessions of passive, cyclical stretching of the digits on hand function in sub-acute stroke survivors. Before-after trial with intervention repeated on 3 consecutive days SETTING: Research laboratory. Individuals with moderate to severe hand impairment, 2-6 months (Subacute: N=12) and greater than ...
Koval Michael S MS Glaucoma Research Center, Wills Eye Hospital, Philadelphia, PA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of intracameral Triamcinolone Acetonide (TA) in glaucoma surgery. Prospective randomized clinical trial. Setting: Institutional - Wills Eye Hospital. Study Population: Patients undergoing trabeculectomy (with or without cataract surgery) or tube shunt surgery. Intervention: Patients were randomized to receive intracameral TA or balanced-salt solution at ...
Perov Samuel S Department of Anesthesiology, Wayne State University/Detroit Receiving Hospital, Detroit, MI 48201, USA; Department of Anesthesiology, Wayne State University/Detroit Medical Center, Detroit, MI 48201 USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate two low-dose volumes (20 mL or 30 mL) of 1.5% mepivacaine solution used for ultrasound-guided axillary blockade for outpatients undergoing distal upper limb surgery. Prospective, double-blinded randomized study. Outpatient surgical setting of a university-affiliated hospital. 64 adult, ASA physical status 1, 2, and 3 patients, aged 28-46 years, ...
Rezende Flavio A - - 2014
To perform a microbiological contamination analysis of the vitreous during office-based micro-incision vitrectomy surgery (MIVS) assessing whether the bacteria detected correlated with patient's ocular conjunctival flora. This is a prospective, interventional, nonrandomized case series of patients undergoing office-based MIVS, anti-VEGF, and dexamethasone intravitreal injections (triple therapy) for the treatment of ...
Marmon Adam R AR University of Delaware, Newark DE, - - 2014
Patients after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are known to exhibit deficits in quadriceps muscle activation. The purpose of this study was to determine if quadriceps activation levels in patients after TKA at the beginning of rehabilitation would influence quadriceps strength after rehabilitation. A secondary analysis of data from a prospective, ...
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