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Results 251 - 300 of 3959
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Feng Xiao Dong XD Shanghai Eastern Hospital, Shanghai, - - 2014
Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is the most frequent complication arising after cardiac surgery, occurring in 30% of cases. Amiodarone is the most effective drug for prophylaxis and treatment. However, because of significant extracardiac side effects, only high-risk patients are eligible for prophylactic amiodarone therapy. We performed a randomized prospective study ...
Dudeck Oliver O Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, University of Magdeburg, Magdeburg, Germany, - - 2014
To assess the potential of a steerable microcatheter in a comparative preclinical trial. A total of 100 small target vessels of the lower limbs with a maximum diameter of 3 mm were prospectively randomized to catheterize with either the preshaped torqueable Direxion™ (J tip shape; Boston Scientific, Natick, MA) or a ...
Zhang Guangming G aDepartment of Cardiology, The Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University bDepartment of Cardiology, The Third Hospital of Shijiazhuang City cDepartment of Cardiology, People's Hospital of Shijiazhuang City dDepartment of Cardiology, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang eDepartment of Cardiology, General Hospital of Huabei Oilfield, Renqiu fDepartment of Cardiology, People's Hospital of Xingtai City, Xingtai gDepartment of Cardiology, 252 Hospital of PLA, Baoding, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of dalteparin during an elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) procedure in a large cohort. In this prospective, randomized, open-label design study, 733 patients undergoing elective PCI were divided into an unfractionated heparin group (group 1, 323 patients) or ...
Honkala Sisko S Faculty of Dentistry, Kuwait University, Safat, - - 2014
Objective: The aim of this study was to test the efficacy of long-term, daily intake of erythritol and xylitol candy, compared with sorbitol candy, on the development of enamel and dentin caries lesions. Methods: The study was a double-blind randomized controlled prospective clinical trial. Altogether 485 primary school children, first- ...
Yıldızgören Mustafa Turgut MT Ankara Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
To evaluate the effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation on wrist range of motion, wrist and finger flexor spasticity, and hand functions in patients with unilateral cerebral palsy. Twenty-four children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (14 boys and 10 girls) between the ages of 5 and 14 years were randomized into ...
Wartman Sarah M SM Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to analyze the early and late outcomes of patients who require a suprarenal aortic cross-clamp during elective open repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Patients from 1998 to 2012 who required a suprarenal aortic cross-clamp during elective open AAA repair were reviewed. Data ...
Bajaj Tarun Inder TI Department of Surgery, Bassett Medical Center , Cooperstown, New - - 2014
Abstract Background: Two percent chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) is used in preparing the skin of surgical patients. In practice, it often is diluted with saline prior to use. Whether this affects efficacy is unknown, as the manufacturer does not address dilution but does recommend scrubbing twice. We attempted to determine whether ...
Basoor Abhijeet A Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, St. Joseph Mercy Oakland Hospital, Pontiac, Michigan; Department of Cardiology and Interventional Cardiology, St. John Hospital and Medical Center, Detroit, - - 2014
Background: Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) has recently been made a class I indication in the treatment of AAA. In comparison to the conventional open surgical treatment, endovascular AAA repair (EVAR) is associated with equivalent long-term morbidity and mortality rates. Vascular surgeons perform majority of EVAR. There are ...
Austin David D The James Cook University Hospital, Middlesbrough, United - - 2014
Aims: The objective of this study was to analyse the outcomes of patients treated with high-bolus dose (HBD) tirofiban compared with abciximab at the time of primary PCI (PPCI) for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods and results: Data from two large UK tertiary centres, with differing protocols for glycoprotein IIb/IIIa ...
Cui Zhaohui Z Orthopaedics Key Laboratory of Gansu Province, The Second Hospital of Lanzhou University, No. 82 Cuiyingmen, Chengguan District, Lanzhou City, 730030, Gansu Province, China, - - 2014
A systematic review and meta-analysis based on randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of steroid injection in total knee or hip arthroplasty (TKA/THA). A systematical electronic search identified the relevant RCTs in the databases of PubMed, EMBASE, MEDLINE and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled ...
Khairy Hany A HA Menoufia University Hospitals, Menoufia, - - 2014
To evaluate the intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering effect of trabeculectomy with the use of amniotic membrane transplant (AMT) compared with the standard trabeculectomy with Mitomycin-C (MMC) in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma. This study was a patient-masked, randomized, controlled comparison trial involving 52 eyes of 52 patients with bilateral primary open-angle ...
Takamoto Takeshi T Division of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery and Transplantation Surgery, Japanese Red Cross Medical Center, 4-1-22 Hiroo, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo, 150-8935, Japan, - - 2014
Enhanced recovery programs (ERPs) have been developed in various surgical fields and have been shown to accelerate postoperative recovery without increasing the incidence of adverse events. Whether ERP can be safely applied to patients undergoing complex liver surgery with a risk of liver failure remains unclear. We created an ERP ...
Kaila Kendeep S KS Division of Cardiology, Mazankowski Alberta Heart Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2014
People of South Asian (SA) descent are particularly susceptible to acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Yet, little information exists regarding their overall prognosis. The purpose of this study was to compare short- and long-term clinical outcomes of SA and European Canadians admitted with an ACS. Using the Alberta Provincial Project for ...
Ziganshin Bulat A BA Aortic Institute at Yale-New Haven Hospital, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn; Department of Surgical Disease No. 2, Kazan State Medical University, Kazan, - - 2014
To evaluate our extensive clinical experience using deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) as a sole method of cerebral protection during aortic arch surgery, with an emphasis on determining the safe duration of DHCA. A total of 490 consecutive patients (303 males [61.8%], mean age, 62.7 ± 13.5 years) underwent surgical ...
Wang Hongsheng - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of fibrin sealant in patients following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). A comprehensive literature search of the electronic databases PubMed, MEDLINE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library for published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was undertaken. The evidence base was ...
Taelman Dries G DG aDepartment of Emergency Medicine, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent bVrije Universiteit Brussel, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Brussels cAntwerp University Hospital, Department of Emergency Medicine, Edegem dUniversity of Antwerp, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Wilrijk eDepartment of Family Medicine and Primary Health Care, Ghent University, Ghent fGhent University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent, - - 2014
The CAREvent Public Access Resuscitator (PAR) is an electronic, oxygen-driven cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) device allowing volume-controlled ventilation with a face mask and guiding the rescuer through the resuscitation with voice prompts and visual indications. We hypothesized that 1 year after initial training, the efficacy of ventilation skills (primary outcome) and ...
Abe Mitsuru M Division of Cardiology, National Hospital Organization Kyoto Medical Center, Kyoto, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is little information on the effect of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) on long-term mortality after percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with or without chronic kidney disease (CKD). Of 4,371 patients who had paired serum creatinine (SCr) measurements before and after percutaneous coronary intervention and were discharged alive in the Coronary ...
Scales Charles D CD Jr Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholars Program, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles2Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, US Department of Veterans Affairs, Los Angeles, California3Department of Urology, David - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) and ureteroscopy (URS) account for more than 90% of procedural interventions for kidney stones, which affect 1 in 11 persons in the United States. Efficacy data for SWL are more than 20 years old. Advances in URS, along with emerging evidence of reduced efficacy of ...
Tibrewal Saket S The Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Stanmore, UK, - - 2014
Management of the unexplained, painful large diameter metal-on-metal (MOM) hip replacement is difficult. Although there are guidelines for surgeons, there is no clear documented evidence describing the overall threshold for revision surgery. The 2010 product recall of the DePuy Articular Surface Replacement (ASR) and subsequent media coverage may have increased ...
Penz Erika D - - 2014
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND Malignant pleural effusion is associated with short life expectancy and significant morbidity. A recent randomized controlled trial comparing indwelling pleural catheters with talc pleurodesis found that indwelling pleural catheters reduced time in hospital and need for additional procedures but were associated with excess adverse events. METHODS Using data ...
Buttanri Ibrahim Bülent IB Haydarpaşa Numune Education and Research Hospital, Eye Clinic , Istanbul , Turkey - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To report our results of canaliculitis treatment with our incision-sparing technique which includes dilation of the punctum and compression of the canaliculus to express the sulphur granules, curettage and irrigation of the canaliculus with antibiotic solutions, and topical antibiotic use. Methods: The medical records of all patients treated ...
Gahalaut Pratik P Sri Ram Murti Smarak Institute of Medical Sciences, Nainital Road, Bareilly (India) - - 2014
Isotretinoin has been used in combination with PUVA and NBUVB for treating psoriasis, especially in women of child bearing age. Efficacy of PUVAsol is comparable to PUVA. This study was planned to compare the efficacy of oral PUVAsol with combination of oral isotretinoin and PUVAsol in patients having chronic plaque ...
Ad Niv N Cardiac Surgery Research, Inova Heart and Vascular Institute, Falls Church, VA, USA - - 2014
Targeted blood glucose (BG) levels following cardiac surgery continues to be debated. According to the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) guidelines, BG should be kept <180 mg/dl following cardiac surgery. However, our practice and others shifted to a stricter BG control (90-110 mg/dl) based on data suggesting an association with ...
Hansen S S Institute of Hygiene, Charité - University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany; German National Reference Centre for Surveillance of Nosocomial Infections, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Prevention measures reduce central-line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) but are not always implemented. To investigate the effect of a central educational programme in German intensive care units (ICUs) on CLABSI rates. Thirty-two German ICUs with CLABSI rates greater than or equal to the national average were compared with two control groups ...
Ozawa Hideto H Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-2 Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka, 565-0871, Japan, - - 2014
This study aimed to clarify the relationship between onset of protein-losing enteropathy (PLE) and Fontan circulation, with special reference to the development of contractility-afterload mismatch. The PLE group comprised 9 patients who experienced PLE after undergoing the Fontan operation, and the control group consisted of 32 patients had did not ...
Jang Sun Young SY Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University, Bucheon, 420-767, Republic of - - 2014
To determine the long-term surgical outcomes associated with the use of Quickert sutures (Q-sutures) for involutional entropion and elucidate the risk factors for postoperative recurrences. This is a retrospective, interventional case series. We recruited patients suffering from involutional entropion who were treated with Q-sutures during the period from January 2008 ...
Wilkinson Ingrid A IA The National Clinical FES Centre, Salisbury NHS Foundation Trust , Salisbury , UK - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To investigate the feasibility of combining physiotherapy and functional electrical stimulation to improve gait post stroke. Methods: A parallel group partially single-blinded randomised clinical trial. Adults living at home, less than 6 months post stroke, were randomised to Group A (physiotherapy, n = 10) or Group B (physiotherapy and common ...
Eamsobhana Perajit P Department of Orthopedics Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand, - - 2014
In order to prevent recurrent deformity, overcorrection in Blount's disease has been a common practice by most paediatric orthopaedic surgeons. However, some patients have persistent valgus alignment resulting in awkward deformity. The femoro-tibial angle (FTA) was measured in this series of cases to determine the necessity of such practice. During ...
Liu Jun J 1The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, - - 2014
Objective. The purposes of this study were to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and advantages of nonintubated video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) under epidural anesthesia, by comparing with the performance of conventional approaches. Patients and methods. A total of 354 patients (245 men and 109 women) were recruited in this study. The ...
Süleyman Taş T From the *Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery and †Department of Pathology, Trakya University Medicine Faculty, Edirne, - - 2014
Hematoma is a common reason for graft loss. This study was intended to investigate the effects of microporous polysaccharide hemospheres (MPH; Arista® AH; Medafor, Inc.) on graft survival, the effect of MPH on graft loss caused by hematoma, and the correlation between neutrophil accumulation and graft survival. A total of ...
Fonseca Pedro L PL Department of Ophthalmology, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2014
To compare visual outcomes in pseudotumour cerebri (PTC) patients who underwent either optic nerve sheath fenestration (ONSF) or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diversion (shunt) for treatment of visual loss from papilloedema. Comparative case series of thirty-three patients (33 eyes) who underwent either ONSF (14 patients) or CSF shunt (19 patients) for ...
Piffaretti Gabriele G Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery and Morphological Sciences Circolo University Hospital, University of Insubria School of Medicine, Varese, - - 2014
To compare early and long-term outcomes of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) versus open repair (OPEN). Prospective observational, per protocol, non-randomized, with retrospective analyses. Between 2000 and 2005, a total of 311 patients having EVAR or OPEN repair of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms were identified and included in this ...
Aires Felipe Toyama FT Resident, Department of Surgery, Hospital Ana Costa, Santos, - - 2014
Introduction: Early oral feeding (EOF) for patients who underwent total laryngectomy (TL) is still controversial. Aim: To evaluate the safety of initiating EOF following TL regarding pharyngocutaneous fistula (PCF). Data Sources: The survey included research in MEDLINE, EMBASE and LILACS. Review methods: The intervention analyzed was EOF (<5days), whereas the ...
Mau-Moeller Anett - - 2014
The parallel-group randomized active-controlled clinical study was conducted to compare the effectiveness of two in-hospital range of motion (ROM) exercise programs following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Continuous passive motion (CPM) is frequently used to increase ROM and improve postoperative recovery despite little conclusive scientific evidence. In contrast, a new active ...
Tozzi Matteo M Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery and Morphological Sciences, University of Insubria School of Medicine, Circolo University Teaching Hospital, Varese, Italy; Center for Research on Organ Transplantation, Department of Surgery and Morphological Sciences, University of Insubria School of Medicine, Circolo University Teaching Hospital, Varese, - - 2014
An alternative surgical technique for the repair an aneurysmatic arteriovenous fistula (AVF) using a staple remodeling operation has been developed and the results are reported. All patients presenting with an aneurysmatic autogenous AVF of the upper extremities between January 2012 and December 2013 were included in the analysis. The AVF ...
Chan Chun C Department of Vascular Surgery, Flinders Medical Centre and Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia, - - 2014
Endovascular intervention has become a frequently used treatment of critical limb ischemia (CLI) in recent times. The recent Bypass vs Angioplasty in Severe Ischaemia of the Leg (BASIL) trial consensus recommended endovascular treatment as a first-line treatment in patients who have a life expectancy that was limited to <2 years. Despite these ...
Kitasato Amane A Department of Surgery, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, - - 2014
Background: Secondary biliary carcinomas are associated with persistent reflux cholangitis after bilioenterostomy. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) has been a target for cancer prevention. The aim of this study was to evaluate the chemopreventive efficacy of long-term treatment with a selective COX-2 inhibitor medication during the natural course after bilioenterostomy without chemical induction. ...
Modest Mara C MC Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
Evaluate how learning progression affects outcomes for the use of sialendoscopy for sialolithiasis. Case series with chart review. Academic tertiary care center. A retrospective chart review was conducted on 81 patients presenting with sialolithiasis between 2008 and 2012 who underwent surgical intervention on 85 salivary glands. Outcomes compared between the ...
Fan H H Department of Neurology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, - - 2014
Gabapentin has been used for the management of post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN). However, inconsistent results have been reported. This meta-analysis was performed to assess the efficacy and safety of gabapentin 1800 mg/day in PHN patients by conducting a meta-analysis. Electronic databases were searched for relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared gabapentin ...
Colak Zeljko Z Department of Anesthesiology, Reanimatology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital Center Zagreb, Zagreb, - - 2014
Postoperative cognitive decline is common after cardiac surgery, but it is often unrecognized at the time of hospital discharge. However, it has a great impact on patient's quality of life. Cerebral oximetry with the INVOS (IN Vivo Optical Spectroscopy) system provides the possibility of non-invasive, continuous measurement of regional cerebral ...
Wijns William W Cardiovascular Center Aalst, OLV Hospital, Aalst, - - 2014
Aims: To compare the efficacy and safety of the MiStent absorbable polymer sirolimus-eluting stent (APSES) with a zotarolimus-eluting stent (ZES). Methods and results: The trial was a 2:1 randomisation at 26 sites of 184 patients implanted with an APSES (n=123) versus a ZES (n=61). Following stent implantation, all patients underwent ...
Bezerra Jorge A JA Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, - - 2014
Biliary atresia is the most common cause of end-stage liver disease in children. Controversy exists as to whether use of steroids after hepatoportoenterostomy improves clinical outcome. To determine whether the addition of high-dose corticosteroids after hepatoportoenterostomy is superior to surgery alone in improving biliary drainage and survival with the native ...
Patel Akash R AR Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, 34th St. and Civic Center Blvd, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA, - - 2014
Radiation exposure during pediatric catheterization is significant. We sought to describe radiation exposure and the effectiveness of radiation safety protocols in reducing exposure during catheter ablations with electrophysiology studies in children and patients with congenital heart disease. We additionally sought to identify at-risk patients. We retrospectively reviewed all interventional electrophysiology ...
Saçak Bülent B aDepartment of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Marmara University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul bDepartment of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Adana Numune Training and Research Hospital, Adana cDepartment of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Kartal Training and Research Hospital dDepartment of Histology and Embryology, Marmara University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, - - 2014
Ankaferd blood stopper (ABS) (Ankaferd İlaç Kozmetik A.Ş., Turkey) is a medicinal plant extract, which is used in Turkish traditional medicine as a haemostatic agent. The aim of this study was to investigate the haemostatic effect of ABS in preventing microvascular leakage on an anastomosis site and to look into ...
Lopes Luís L Department of Gastroenterology, Hospital of Santa Luzia, Viana do Castelo, Portugal; Life and Health Sciences Research Institute (ICVS), School of Health Sciences, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal; ICVS/3B's, PT Government Associate Laboratory, Guimarães/Braga, - - 2014
The precut timing during the biliary cannulation algorithm is a subject of controversy. Some studies suggest that early institution of precut is a safe and effective strategy even though the extent to which this approach may affect the duration of the ERCP is seldom addressed. To assess the success, safety, ...
Hashim Peter W PW 1From the Section of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery at the Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 2From the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 3From the Department of Neurosurgery at the University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA 4From the Craniofacial Surgery Center at CT Children's Medical Center, Hartford, CT 5From the Department of Psychology at Northern Illinois - - 2014
The optimal type of surgical management for isolated sagittal synostosis (ISS) remains a source of significant debate. A paucity of data exists on possible differences in long-term neuropsychological outcomes following treatment with whole vault cranioplasty or endoscopic strip craniectomy. This study provides the first comparative analysis examining the effects of ...
van Oostenbrugge Tim J TJ Department of Surgery, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The - - 2014
The durability of an infrainguinal bypass may be hampered by development of stenosis at the anastomoses. We describe the patency of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) of these anastomotic stenoses. Any venous or prosthetic infrainguinal bypass with a hemodynamically significant anastomotic stenosis, symptomatic or asymptomatic, was considered a bypass at risk (BAR) ...
Bai Ming M Ming Bai, Xing-Shun Qi, Zhi-Ping Yang, Dai-Ming Fan, Guo-Hong Han, Department of Digestive Interventional Radiology, Xijing Hospital of Digestive Diseases, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032, Shaanxi Province, - - 2014
To evaluate the clinical effects of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) vs endoscopic variceal sclerotherapy (EVS) in the management of gastric variceal (GV) bleeding in terms of variceal rebleeding, hepatic encephalopathy (HE), and survival by meta-analysis. Medline, Embase, and CNKI were searched. Studies compared TIPS with EVS in treating GV ...
Hogle Nancy J NJ 1 Department of Surgery, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons , New York, New - - 2014
Abstract Background: Surgical site infection (SSI) after cardiac surgery (CS) is a serious complication that increases hospital length of stay (LOS), has a substantial financial impact, and increases mortality. The study described here was done to evaluate the effect of a program to reduce SSI after CS. Methods: In January ...
Sykakis Evripidis E Eye Treatment Centre, Whipps Cross University Hospital, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, - - 2014
To assess the use of a hydrogel ocular bandage (HOB) on clear corneal incisions in phacoemulsification cataract surgery and determine whether HOB reduces ocular surface contaminants ingress after routine surgery. In this prospective randomized controlled study, thirty eyes of patients undergoing uneventful phacoemulsification were recruited consecutively and randomly assigned to ...
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