Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 3836
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Modest Mara C MC Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
Evaluate how learning progression affects outcomes for the use of sialendoscopy for sialolithiasis. Case series with chart review. Academic tertiary care center. A retrospective chart review was conducted on 81 patients presenting with sialolithiasis between 2008 and 2012 who underwent surgical intervention on 85 salivary glands. Outcomes compared between the ...
Fan H H Department of Neurology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, - - 2014
Gabapentin has been used for the management of post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN). However, inconsistent results have been reported. This meta-analysis was performed to assess the efficacy and safety of gabapentin 1800 mg/day in PHN patients by conducting a meta-analysis. Electronic databases were searched for relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared gabapentin ...
Chan Chun C Department of Vascular Surgery, Flinders Medical Centre and Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia, - - 2014
Endovascular intervention has become a frequently used treatment of critical limb ischemia (CLI) in recent times. The recent Bypass vs Angioplasty in Severe Ischaemia of the Leg (BASIL) trial consensus recommended endovascular treatment as a first-line treatment in patients who have a life expectancy that was limited to <2 years. Despite these ...
Kitasato Amane A Department of Surgery, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, - - 2014
Background: Secondary biliary carcinomas are associated with persistent reflux cholangitis after bilioenterostomy. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) has been a target for cancer prevention. The aim of this study was to evaluate the chemopreventive efficacy of long-term treatment with a selective COX-2 inhibitor medication during the natural course after bilioenterostomy without chemical induction. ...
Bezerra Jorge A JA Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Biliary atresia is the most common cause of end-stage liver disease in children. Controversy exists as to whether use of steroids after hepatoportoenterostomy improves clinical outcome. OBJECTIVE To determine whether the addition of high-dose corticosteroids after hepatoportoenterostomy is superior to surgery alone in improving biliary drainage and survival with ...
Wijns William W Cardiovascular Center Aalst, OLV Hospital, Aalst, - - 2014
Aims: To compare the efficacy and safety of the MiStent absorbable polymer sirolimus-eluting stent (APSES) with a zotarolimus-eluting stent (ZES). Methods and results: The trial was a 2:1 randomisation at 26 sites of 184 patients implanted with an APSES (n=123) versus a ZES (n=61). Following stent implantation, all patients underwent ...
Patel Akash R AR Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, 34th St. and Civic Center Blvd, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA, - - 2014
Radiation exposure during pediatric catheterization is significant. We sought to describe radiation exposure and the effectiveness of radiation safety protocols in reducing exposure during catheter ablations with electrophysiology studies in children and patients with congenital heart disease. We additionally sought to identify at-risk patients. We retrospectively reviewed all interventional electrophysiology ...
Colak Zeljko Z Department of Anesthesiology, Reanimatology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital Center Zagreb, Zagreb, - - 2014
Postoperative cognitive decline is common after cardiac surgery, but it is often unrecognized at the time of hospital discharge. However, it has a great impact on patient's quality of life. Cerebral oximetry with the INVOS (IN Vivo Optical Spectroscopy) system provides the possibility of non-invasive, continuous measurement of regional cerebral ...
Hogle Nancy J NJ 1 Department of Surgery, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons , New York, New - - 2014
Abstract Background: Surgical site infection (SSI) after cardiac surgery (CS) is a serious complication that increases hospital length of stay (LOS), has a substantial financial impact, and increases mortality. The study described here was done to evaluate the effect of a program to reduce SSI after CS. Methods: In January ...
Hashim Peter W PW 1From the Section of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery at the Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 2From the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 3From the Department of Neurosurgery at the University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA 4From the Craniofacial Surgery Center at CT Children's Medical Center, Hartford, CT 5From the Department of Psychology at Northern Illinois - - 2014
The optimal type of surgical management for isolated sagittal synostosis (ISS) remains a source of significant debate. A paucity of data exists on possible differences in long-term neuropsychological outcomes following treatment with whole vault cranioplasty or endoscopic strip craniectomy. This study provides the first comparative analysis examining the effects of ...
van Oostenbrugge Tim J TJ Department of Surgery, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The - - 2014
The durability of an infrainguinal bypass may be hampered by development of stenosis at the anastomoses. We describe the patency of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) of these anastomotic stenoses. Any venous or prosthetic infrainguinal bypass with a hemodynamically significant anastomotic stenosis, symptomatic or asymptomatic, was considered a bypass at risk (BAR) ...
Saçak Bülent B aDepartment of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Marmara University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul bDepartment of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Adana Numune Training and Research Hospital, Adana cDepartment of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Kartal Training and Research Hospital dDepartment of Histology and Embryology, Marmara University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, - - 2014
Ankaferd blood stopper (ABS) (Ankaferd İlaç Kozmetik A.Ş., Turkey) is a medicinal plant extract, which is used in Turkish traditional medicine as a haemostatic agent. The aim of this study was to investigate the haemostatic effect of ABS in preventing microvascular leakage on an anastomosis site and to look into ...
Lopes Luís L Department of Gastroenterology, Hospital of Santa Luzia, Viana do Castelo, Portugal; Life and Health Sciences Research Institute (ICVS), School of Health Sciences, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal; ICVS/3B's, PT Government Associate Laboratory, Guimarães/Braga, - - 2014
The precut timing during the biliary cannulation algorithm is a subject of controversy. Some studies suggest that early institution of precut is a safe and effective strategy even though the extent to which this approach may affect the duration of the ERCP is seldom addressed. To assess the success, safety, ...
Bai Ming M Ming Bai, Xing-Shun Qi, Zhi-Ping Yang, Dai-Ming Fan, Guo-Hong Han, Department of Digestive Interventional Radiology, Xijing Hospital of Digestive Diseases, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032, Shaanxi Province, - - 2014
To evaluate the clinical effects of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) vs endoscopic variceal sclerotherapy (EVS) in the management of gastric variceal (GV) bleeding in terms of variceal rebleeding, hepatic encephalopathy (HE), and survival by meta-analysis. Medline, Embase, and CNKI were searched. Studies compared TIPS with EVS in treating GV ...
Sykakis Evripidis E Eye Treatment Centre, Whipps Cross University Hospital, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, - - 2014
To assess the use of a hydrogel ocular bandage (HOB) on clear corneal incisions in phacoemulsification cataract surgery and determine whether HOB reduces ocular surface contaminants ingress after routine surgery. In this prospective randomized controlled study, thirty eyes of patients undergoing uneventful phacoemulsification were recruited consecutively and randomly assigned to ...
Cip Johannes J Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Academic Teaching Hospital Feldkirch, Medical University of Innsbruck, - - 2014
In the literature, studies of computer-assisted total knee arthroplasty (TKA) after mid-term period are not conclusive and long-term data are rare. In a prospective, randomized, comparative study 100 conventional TKAs (group REG) were compared with 100 computer-assisted TKAs (group NAV). Minimum follow-up was 5years. No difference in implant failure was ...
Tazuma Susumu S Department of General Internal Medicine, Hiroshima University Graduate School of Medical Science, Programs of Applied Medicine, Clinical Pharmacotherapy, Hiroshima, Japan, - - 2014
We conducted a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of intravenous doripenem (DRPM) in patients with biliary tract infection requiring biliary drainage in comparison with imipenem/cilastatin (IPM/CS). After the initial collection of bile, patients were randomly assigned by the registration system of the Clinical Research Organization ...
Madani Amin A Department of Surgery, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada, - - 2014
While energy devices are ubiquitous in the operating room, they remain poorly understood and can result in significant complications. The purpose of this study was to estimate the extent to which adding a novel bench-top component improves learning of SAGES' Fundamental Use of Surgical Energy™ (FUSE) electrosurgery curriculum among surgical ...
Choi Ji Min JM Department of Internal Medicine and Liver Research Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 28 Yongon-dong, Chongno-gu, Seoul, 110-744, Republic of Korea, - - 2014
Self-expandable metallic stents (SEMS) are now regarded as an effective and safe intervention for malignant colorectal obstruction (MCO). However, manipulation of the tumor might lead to the spillage of tumor cells and result in distant metastases. We aimed to compare the long-term oncologic outcomes of SEMS as a bridge to ...
Jiang Na N The First People's Hospital of Kunshan affiliated with Jiangsu University, Suzhou, PR - - 2014
This study investigated whether calcium channel blocker plus low-dosage aspirin therapy can reduce the incidence of hypertensive pregnancy complications and improved neonatal outcomes. Sixty-eight patients from March 2011 to June 2013 were selected to join this trial according to the chronic hypertension criteria set by the Preface Bulletin of American ...
Kiefer Daniel G DG Lehigh Valley Health Network, Allentown, - - 2014
To determine if placement of a sodium hyaluronate and carboxymethylcellulose adhesion barrier at cesarean delivery reduces adhesion formation at subsequent cesarean delivery. We previously reported data showing no increase in short-term complications. Seven hundred fifty-three patients were evaluated in this multicenter, randomized study. Patients undergoing primary and repeat cesarean deliveries ...
Walker Dilys D University of Washington, Seattle, - - 2014
Emergency obstetric simulation and team training can improve patient outcomes. However, in limited-resource countries, cost limits access and few studies measure effect. Cluster-randomized trial including 24 community hospitals matched in 12 pairs in three Mexican states. From August 2010 to January 2012, 436 health care providers at 12 intervention hospitals ...
Walker Dilys D University of Washington, Seattle, - - 2014
Obstetric simulation and team training in resource-stable countries has demonstrated improvements in patient outcomes. However, its effect on institutions with high cesarean delivery rates, like Mexico, has not been measured. We conducted a cluster-randomized trial including 24 community hospitals matched in 12 pairs in the states of Guerrero, Mexico, and ...
Nikiphorou Elena E St. Albans City Hospital, St. Albans, UK, and University College London, London, - - 2014
To assess whether there have been any secular changes in orthopedic interventions in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) since 1986, as examined in 2 early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) inception cohorts with up to 25 years of followup. The study examined orthopedic data from the UK Early RA Study (1986-1999, 9 ...
Briguori Carlo C Department of Cardiology, Clinica Mediterranea, Naples, Italy, - - 2014
Bivalirudin (Angiox, The Medicine's Company, Parsippany, NJ), a synthetic direct thrombin inhibitor, when compared with standard antithrombotic therapy (including unfractionated heparin [UFH] alone or plus a glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor) determines a significant decrease of major and minor bleeding and similar protection against ischemic events both in elective and in urgent ...
Panesar Rahul R Division of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Stony Brook Long Island Children's Hospital, Stony Brook, New - - 2014
The Pediatric Early Warning System (PEWS) was created to identify unstable patients before their deterioration. Rapid response teams (RRTs) were developed to assist with management of such patients. In 2009, our institution mandated the activation of RRTs if a PEWS score was elevated (ie, ≥5). The goal of this study ...
Nascimento Francisco O FO Columbia University, Division of Cardiology, Mount Sinai Heart Institute, 4300 Alton Road, Miami Beach, FL 33140 USA. - - 2014
Same-day discharge after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), if achieved with acceptable safety, could result in greater patient satisfaction and potential cost savings. Comparative analyses reporting the safety outcomes of same-day discharge vs overnight stay after elective PCI are lacking. Data of same-day discharge and overnight-stay patients undergoing elective PCI in ...
Cowie DA D Department of Anaesthesia, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, - - 2014
The use of cerebral oximetry to guide intraoperative management has been shown to improve patient outcomes in cardiac surgery. This pilot trial assessed the feasibility of performing a similar study of outcome in patients over the age of 70 years undergoing non-cardiac surgery. Patients over the age of 70 years ...
Triandafilou Kristen M KM Sensory Motor Performance Program, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60611. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate the longevity and cumulative impact of multiple sessions of passive, cyclical stretching of the digits on hand function in sub-acute stroke survivors. Before-after trial with intervention repeated on 3 consecutive days SETTING: Research laboratory. Individuals with moderate to severe hand impairment, 2-6 months (Subacute: N=12) and greater than ...
Koval Michael S MS Glaucoma Research Center, Wills Eye Hospital, Philadelphia, PA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of intracameral Triamcinolone Acetonide (TA) in glaucoma surgery. Prospective randomized clinical trial. Setting: Institutional - Wills Eye Hospital. Study Population: Patients undergoing trabeculectomy (with or without cataract surgery) or tube shunt surgery. Intervention: Patients were randomized to receive intracameral TA or balanced-salt solution at ...
Perov Samuel S Department of Anesthesiology, Wayne State University/Detroit Receiving Hospital, Detroit, MI 48201, USA; Department of Anesthesiology, Wayne State University/Detroit Medical Center, Detroit, MI 48201 USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate two low-dose volumes (20 mL or 30 mL) of 1.5% mepivacaine solution used for ultrasound-guided axillary blockade for outpatients undergoing distal upper limb surgery. Prospective, double-blinded randomized study. Outpatient surgical setting of a university-affiliated hospital. 64 adult, ASA physical status 1, 2, and 3 patients, aged 28-46 years, ...
Rezende Flavio A - - 2014
To perform a microbiological contamination analysis of the vitreous during office-based micro-incision vitrectomy surgery (MIVS) assessing whether the bacteria detected correlated with patient's ocular conjunctival flora. This is a prospective, interventional, nonrandomized case series of patients undergoing office-based MIVS, anti-VEGF, and dexamethasone intravitreal injections (triple therapy) for the treatment of ...
Marmon Adam R AR University of Delaware, Newark DE, - - 2014
Patients after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are known to exhibit deficits in quadriceps muscle activation. The purpose of this study was to determine if quadriceps activation levels in patients after TKA at the beginning of rehabilitation would influence quadriceps strength after rehabilitation. A secondary analysis of data from a prospective, ...
Moezizadeh Maryam M Associate Professor, Department of Operative Dentistry, Dental School, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
The purpose was to compare the effect of 0.2% sodium fluoride mouthwash and casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate paste on prevention of dentin erosion. Buccal surfaces of 36 sound premolar teeth were ground flat and polished with abrasive discs. Half the polished surfaces were covered with tape to maintain a reference ...
Minha Sa'ar S Interventional Cardiology, MedStar Washington Hospital Center, Washington, - - 2014
Objective: This study aimed to report the outcomes of African Americans (AAs) in the US undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) for severe aortic stenosis (AS). Background: Compared to Caucasians, AAs are reported to have poorer outcomes from most cardiovascular diseases, including high complication rates after surgical aortic valve replacement. ...
Kumbhani Dharam J DJ Division of Cardiology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, - - 2014
Objectives: We sought to update our meta-analysis on clinical outcomes with aspiration thrombectomy prior to primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) compared with conventional PPCI alone due to the availability of additional trial data. Background: The clinical efficacy of adjunctive aspiration thrombectomy in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients undergoing PPCI remains ...
Tchartchian Garri G Klinik für Minimal Invasive Chirurgie, 14129, Berlin-Zehlendorf, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of SprayShield™ Adhesion Barrier in preventing and/or reducing postoperative adhesion during gynecological surgery. This was a prospective, controlled, blinded, and randomized study. Patient blinding was performed intraoperatively. Subjects were randomly assigned to the SprayShield™ or the control group ...
Berney Loric L NeuroRehabilitation Unit, Department of Neurosciences, University Hospital of Lausanne (CHUV), - - 2014
A new coordinated interdisciplinary unit was created in the acute section of the department of clinical neurosciences, the Acute NeuroRehabilitation (NRA) unit. The objective was to evaluate the impact of the unit and its neurosensory programme on the management of tracheostomy patients in terms of reduction in the average time ...
Troutman Douglas A DA Section of Vascular Surgery, Pennsylvania Hospital, Philadelphia, Pa. Electronic address: - - 2014
We have previously shown that duplex ultrasonography (DU) may replace computed tomography angiography (CTA) as the primary surveillance tool for endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). Current Society for Vascular Surgery practice guidelines suggest that if CTA does not document endoleak, aneurysm sac enlargement, or limb stenosis by 12 months after EVAR, ...
Sharma Vikas V Division of Surgery, Wellspan York Hospital, York, - - 2014
A clear consensus regarding the optimal source of pulmonary blood flow in patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome undergoing the Norwood procedure is lacking. A literature search was undertaken to identify relevant articles from 2005 to 2012 using "Norwood, stage 1 palliation," "Modified Blalock Taussig shunt (MBTS)," "right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery ...
van den Berg Gerda H GH Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Teaching Hospital Deventer, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Oral nutritional supplements (ONS) are often considered for hospitalized patients with acute severe malnutrition, however the compliance to the supplements is known to be variable. The aim of our study was to investigate whether providing a lower volume of ONS at a higher frequency during medication rounds would improve the ...
Clarke-Jenssen Anne-Cathrine AC Department of Orthopedics, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet, NO Oslo, Norway. Department of Orthopedics, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet, NO Oslo, - - 2014
Objective: To study the long-term effects on symptoms and physical function of a 4-week rehabilitation programme for patients with fibromyalgia, and to determine whether there are any differences if this programme is applied in a warm or cold climate. Methods: A total of 132 patients with fibromyalgia were randomized to ...
Stone Patrick A PA Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, West Virginia University, Charleston, WVa. Electronic address: - - 2014
High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) have been shown to be independent predictors of adverse cardiovascular outcomes and increased risk of secondary interventions or limb loss in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). To assist clinicians in decision-making about treatment approaches and predicting postprocedure mortality and morbidity, ...
Helvacioglu Firat F Assistant Professor MD, Department of Ophthalmology, Maltepe University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare the safety and efficacy of microcoaxial phacoemulsification surgeries performed with the Ozil Intelligent Phaco torsional mode and combined torsional/longitudinal ultrasound mode using 45 degree aperture angled tips. Prospective, randomized clinical trial METHODS: Setting: Maltepe University, Istanbul. Patient Population: Eighty eyes of 80 cataract patients were randomly assigned to ...
Kurowski Brad G BG Division of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center and University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Executive dysfunction after traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children is common and leads to significant short- and long-term problems in functioning across multiple settings. We hypothesized that improvements in short-term executive function would be maintained to 24 months after injury and that improvements would increase over time in a ...
Stronach Benjamin M BM Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, - - 2014
Improved component alignment in TKA remains a commonly cited benefit of MRI based patient-specific instrumentation (PSI). We hypothesized that PSI would lead to improved alignment versus traditional instrumentation (TI) during primary TKA. Fifty-eight knees (54 patients) that underwent TKA with PSI were compared to 62 knees that had previously undergone ...
Kashkouli Mohsen Bahmani MB Eye Research Center, Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Unit, Rassoul Akram Hospital, Iran university of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
To report the technique and results of 5-mm incision no skin suture external dacryocystorhinostomy procedure (Ext-DCR). In a retrospective interventional case series, 77 patients (85 procedures) with nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO) were included. The size of skin incision was 5 mm. Silicone tube was inserted in all and planned to ...
Sigler Eric J EJ *Division of Retina and Vitreous, Ophthalmic Consultants of Long Island, Lynbrook, New York; †Division of Vitreoretinal Surgery, Hamilton Eye Institute, University of Tennessee Health Sciences Center, Memphis, Tennessee; ‡Charles Retina Institute, Memphis, Tennessee; and §Vistar Eye Center, Roanoke, - - 2014
To describe the anatomical and visual outcomes in a series of patients undergoing two-port pars plana vitrectomy reoperation under silicone oil for recurrent retinal detachment (RD) due to proliferative vitreoretinopathy or epimacular membrane (EMM) after RD repair. This study is a prospective, consecutive, interventional case series of patients presenting with ...
Jauregui Julio J JJ Center for Joint Preservation and Replacement, Rubin Institute for Advanced Orthopedics, Baltimore, - - 2014
Patient-specific instrumentation (PSI) is a technology that allows the surgeon to perform a total knee arthroplasty (TKA) potentially more easily with preformed cutting blocks and jigs, which are developed from preoperative computed tomographic or magnetic resonance image scans of the knee. It was introduced with the goal of reducing surgical ...
Wong Ka Sing Lawrence KS From the Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Hong Kong, China (K.S.L.W.); Heart Center, Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing, China (D.Y.H.); Department of Cardiology, Apollo Hospital, Chennai, India (A.O.); National Heart Centre, Singapore, Singapore (R.-S.T.); Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Duke Clinical Research Institute (M.R.P., K.W.M., R.C.B.) and Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Duke Translational Medicine Institute (R.C.), Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC; Department of Epidemiology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston (D.E.S.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, University Hospital Münster, Münster, Germany (G.B.); Centre for Cardiovascular Science, University of Edinburgh and Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland (K.A.A.F.); Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals, Montville, NJ (S.D.B.); Department of Neurology, Ruprecht-Karls-University, Heidelberg, Germany (W.H.); and Stroke Unit, Department of Neurology, Royal Perth Hospital, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia - - 2014
In Rivaroxaban Once Daily Oral Direct Factor Xa Inhibitor Compared With Vitamin K Antagonism for Prevention of Stroke and Embolism Trial in Atrial Fibrillation (ROCKET AF) trial, rivaroxaban was noninferior to dose-adjusted warfarin in preventing stroke or systemic embolism among patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation at moderate to high stroke ...
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