Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 3920
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Conti Duccio - - 2014
In Europe, standardized criteria for recovery room (RR) requirements have not been established. The purpose of this study was to examine the clinical utility of an undersized nurse-operated RR in an Italian community hospital. Single-center observational study. A total of 1,945 consecutive surgical patients admitted to the RR at the ...
Pulikkotil Sj S Department of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, International Medical University, Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
Fibrin sealant (FS) is a biologically derived tissue adhesive for securing flaps. The aim of the present randomized controlled clinical trial was to compare early wound healing by assessing interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) levels from gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) after using FS and suture for periodontal flap closure. Thirty ...
Ford Eric C EC Department of Radiation Oncology and Molecular Radiation Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD - - 2014
Explore the feasibility and impact of a streamlined failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) using a structured process that is designed to minimize staff effort. FMEA for the external beam process was conducted at an affiliate radiation oncology center that treats approximately 60 patients per day. A structured FMEA process ...
Pajares Virginia V Department of Respiratory Medicine, Biomedical Research Institute Sant Pau (IIb Sant Pau), Barcelona, Spain; Department of Medicine, Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
Transbronchial lung biopsy (TBLB) is required for evaluation in selected patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD). The diagnostic yield of histopathologic assessment is variable and is influenced by factors such as the size of samples and the presence of crush artefacts left by conventional biopsy forceps. We compared the diagnostic ...
Kim Byeong-Keuk BK Yonsei Cardiovascular Center, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Division of Cardiology of Yonsei Cardiovascular Center, Seodaemun-gu, Shinchondong, Shinchon Severance Hospital, Seoul 120-752, South Korea. - - 2014
To investigate the impact of the success or failure of chronic total occlusion (CTO) interventions on the clinical outcomes in the current drug-eluting stent (DES) era. The impact of the successful CTO intervention on long-term clinical outcomes still remains unclear. Between 2007 and 2009, a total of 2568 patients with ...
Cheng Han-Chih HC Department of Ophthalmology, Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, New Taipei, - - 2014
To compare the effect of myopia control between patients treated with low-concentration atropine eye drops combined with auricular acupoint stimulation and those treated with atropine alone. Single-blinded randomized controlled clinical trial in a regional teaching hospital. The patients received either topical 0.125% atropine nightly plus auricular acupoint stimulation (0.125A+ACU group) ...
Thiel John A JA University of Saskatchewan, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Regina - - 2014
Objective: To evaluate procedure-related adverse events, post-procedure menstrual bleeding status, and surgical re-intervention in women with a sounded uterine length > 10 cm compared to women with a sounded uterine length ≤ 10 cm who underwent the NovaSure endometrial ablation procedure. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 188 ...
Jiang Yi Y Department of Joint Reconstructive Surgery, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Beijing 100035, - - 2014
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is an important complication after major orthopedic surgery. Pharmaceutical methods represent the main strategy of VTE prevention. The use of aspirin in VTE prevention is still controversial worldwide, especially in China. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of aspirin combined with mechanical measures ...
Singh Rishi P RP Cole Eye Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, - - 2014
To evaluate efficacy and safety of intravitreal aflibercept injection (IAI) in subjects who were previously treated with ranibizumab and/or bevacizumab for active exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Patients (n=26) were enrolled in a 12-month prospective, interventional, single arm, investigator-initiated study with planned 6-month interim analysis. Patients with active exudative AMD, ...
Nair Rajesh R Vancouver Island Health Authority, Victoria, Canada. - - 2014
We conducted a systematic review to consolidate the body of knowledge about use of computer navigation systems in unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA), to determine whether these systems are useful in UKA, and to discuss the financial costs involved. We searched Medline (2002 to 2013) for articles in which results of ...
Kroon Féline - - 2014
We previously reported the results of a randomized controlled trial that found no benefit of vertebroplasty over a sham procedure for acute osteoporotic vertebral fractures up to 6 months. We report here the 12-month and 24-month clinical outcomes of this trial. Eligible participants (n = 78) were randomly assigned to receive either ...
Wang R R Department of Geriatrics, the Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan Province, ChinA. - - 2014
This study aimed to examine the mechanism of Tα146-162-iMDC in the pathogenic intervention of mice with experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis (EAMG) from the perspective of B-cell activation. The mice were divided into three groups, model (A), intervention (B), and control (C), with the intervention of Tα146-162-iMDC. The expressions of Cbl-b ...
Morris Rk R University of Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2014
Describe the influences on decision making in fetal lower urinary tract obstruction (LUTO) and identify prenatal prognostic features. The PLUTO study included a registry of cases of isolated LUTO with conservative management or vesicoamniotic shunting (VAS). Logistic regression analysis examined prognostic features affecting outcome. For comparison of effectiveness the outcomes ...
Villafañe Jorge H JH IRCCS Don Gnocchi Foundation, - - 2014
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to determine changes in pressure sensitivity and pinch strength in patients with thumb carpometacarpal (CMC) osteoarthritis (OA) in the contralateral hand after unilateral Kaltenborn mobilization on the symptomatic hand. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-nine females with dominant hand thumb CMC osteoarthritis participated (age 70-90), ...
Vandendriessche Tom - - 2014
Treatment with percutaneous edge-to-edge mitral valve repair (Mitraclip) has recently been recommended as an alternative to conventional mitral valve repair for high surgical risk patients with symptomatic severe mitral regurgitation (MR). In this study, we report the first use of Mitraclip therapy in Belgium. This prospective registry includes 41 consecutive ...
Ryu Duck Hyun DH Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Primary tracheal amyloidosis (PTA) can lead to airway obstructions, and patients with severe PTA should undergo bronchoscopic interventions in order to maintain airway patency. Focal airway involvements with amyloidosis can only be treated with mechanical dilatation. However, the PTA with diffused airway involvements and concomitant cartilage destructions requires stent placement. ...
Kalil David M - - 2014
Postoperative sore throat (POST) is usually self-limiting but was rated by patients as one of the top 10 most undesirable anesthetic outcomes. Pharmacologic interventions that have been suggested to decrease the incidence of POST include application of local anesthetics and corticosteroids to the cuff of the endotracheal tube. These interventions ...
Ozgurhan Engin Bilge - - 2014
Objective: The objective of the following study is to compare the conjunctival graft thickness measured with anterior segment optical coherence tomography (OCT) after primary and recurrent pterygium excision. Design: Prospective, interventional and comparative study. Participants: A total of 20 eyes of 20 patients with primary pterygium (primary group) and 20 ...
As'adi Kamran K Dr As'adi is an assistant professor in the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery at St Fatima HospitalDr Salehi is an assistant professor in the Department of Surgery at Motahari Burn Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IranDr Shoar is a research associate in the Department of Surgery at Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran - - 2014
Rib cartilage is an abundant source for cartilage grafts when significant dorsal nasal augmentation or structural support is indicated. Diced cartilage wrapped in fascia was developed to counteract warping, visibility, and displacement of rib cartilage as a dorsal solid graft. The technique for wrapping diced cartilage has evolved during the ...
Landes Constantin - - 2014
Objective :  Pilot study evaluation of the benefit of piezoosteotomy in cranioplasty of craniosynostoses, based on clinical data. Design :  Retrospective case-control study. Setting :  Universitarian institution. Patients :  Craniosynostosis patients (n = 19) operated upon conventionally with a craniotome and microsaw versus 19 patients operated upon with a piezoosteotomy ...
Demirkiran Halil G HG *Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine †Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Dr Sami Ulus Children's Hospital, Ankara, Turkey ‡Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC), Pittsburgh, - - 2014
Serial casting is an effective treatment modality in early-onset idiopathic scoliosis; however, the role of this method in congenital scoliosis is not well studied. A total of 11 patients with progressive congenital scoliosis were treated with serial cast application. Age at initial cast application, magnitudes of the congenital, compensatory and ...
Singh Nirupama N Department of Pathology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2014
Background: Allograft dysfunction due to presumed antibody-mediated rejection (pAMR) is one of the most serious complications of heart transplantation. Combination therapies of high-dose steroids, intravenous immune globulin, and/or therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) are often used in this setting. Methods: We performed a 9-year retrospective review of all episodes of pAMR ...
Nagel Jerod L JL Departments of Pharmacy Services and Clinical Sciences, University of Michigan Health System and College of - - 2014
Rapid diagnostic testing with Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization Time-of-Flight (MALDI-TOF) decreases time to organism identification by 24-36 hours compared to conventional methods. However, there is limited data evaluating the impact of MALDI-TOF with real-time antimicrobial stewardship team (AST) review and intervention on antimicrobial prescribing and outcomes for patients with bacteremia ...
Gukop Philemon P Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, St George's Hospital NHS Trust, London, UK - - 2014
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether early administration of aspirin might optimize vein graft patency. More than 250 papers were found using the reported search, of which 4 new papers in addition to the previous 7 represented ...
Acar Banu Torun BT Haydarpasa Numune Education and Research Hospital (B.T.A., S.A.), Ophthalmology Clinic, Istanbul, Turkey; and Department of Ophthalmology (C.A.U., V.O., F.C.), Yeditepe University, Istanbul, - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of transepithelial corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) with prolonged riboflavin application by in vivo confocal microscopy and to compare this effect with that of standard CXL with complete epithelial debridement. In eyes with progressive keratoconus, CXL procedure was performed with standard technique and transepithelial technique after prolonged ...
Heshmat Haleh H Department of Restorative Dentistry, Dental Branch, Islamic Azad University , Tehran , - - 2014
Abstract Objective. Along with their re-mineralizing capacity, calcium phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate products combined with fluoride (CPP-ACPF) could also be beneficial by neutralizing acidic salivary and plaque pH. The purpose was to evaluate the effect of CPP-ACPF on salivary and plaque pH in orthodontic patients. Materials and methods. As a triple-blind, ...
Beyer-Westendorf Jan J Center for Vascular Medicine and Department of Medicine III, Division of Angiology, University Hospital, Dresden, Germany; - - 2014
Worldwide, rivaroxaban is increasingly used for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (SPAF) and treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) but little is known about rivaroxaban-related bleeding complications in daily care. Using data from a prospective, non-interventional oral anticoagulation registry of daily care patients, we analysed rates, management and outcome of rivaroxaban-related ...
Murphy G S GS Department of Anesthesiology, NorthShore University HealthSystem (an affiliate of University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine), 2650 Ridge Ave., Evanston, IL 60201, USA - - 2014
Surgery in the beach chair position (BCP) may reduce cerebral blood flow and oxygenation, resulting in neurological injuries. The authors tested the hypothesis that a ventilation strategy designed to achieve end-tidal carbon dioxide ([Formula: see text]) values of 40-42 mm Hg would increase cerebral oxygenation ([Formula: see text]) during BCP ...
Thiel John - - 2014
To assess the ability of a new iteration of the ESSURE insert (ESS505) to achieve short-term fallopian tubal occlusion. Prospective, single center interventional cohort (Canadian Task Force classification II-1). Tertiary level hospital. Women scheduled for hysterectomy INTERVENTION: Patients had placement of the ESS505 in the right fallopian tube and ESS305 ...
Matharu Gulraj S GS The Royal Orthopaedic Hospital, Birmingham - - - 2014
This systematic review assessed evidence on outcomes following revision of MoM hip resurfacings (HRs) and total hip replacements (THRs) for adverse reaction to metal debris (ARMD). Four electronic databases were searched between January 2009 and July 2013 to identify studies reporting clinical outcomes following revision of MoM HRs and THRs ...
Tan Ngian Chye NC Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Department of Surgical Oncology, National Cancer Centre, - - 2014
Previous neck dissection and irradiation is believed to affect the success of free tissue transfers in head and neck reconstruction, but evidence is scarce and conflicting. This study seeks to evaluate flap success rates in the presence of these two factors. Over a ten-year period, a total of 853 free ...
Dudeck Oliver O Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, University of Magdeburg, Magdeburg, Germany, - - 2014
To assess the potential of a steerable microcatheter in a comparative preclinical trial. A total of 100 small target vessels of the lower limbs with a maximum diameter of 3 mm were prospectively randomized to catheterize with either the preshaped torqueable Direxion™ (J tip shape; Boston Scientific, Natick, MA) or a ...
Zhang Guangming G aDepartment of Cardiology, The Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University bDepartment of Cardiology, The Third Hospital of Shijiazhuang City cDepartment of Cardiology, People's Hospital of Shijiazhuang City dDepartment of Cardiology, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang eDepartment of Cardiology, General Hospital of Huabei Oilfield, Renqiu fDepartment of Cardiology, People's Hospital of Xingtai City, Xingtai gDepartment of Cardiology, 252 Hospital of PLA, Baoding, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of dalteparin during an elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) procedure in a large cohort. In this prospective, randomized, open-label design study, 733 patients undergoing elective PCI were divided into an unfractionated heparin group (group 1, 323 patients) or ...
Feng Xiao Dong XD Shanghai Eastern Hospital, Shanghai, - - 2014
Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is the most frequent complication arising after cardiac surgery, occurring in 30% of cases. Amiodarone is the most effective drug for prophylaxis and treatment. However, because of significant extracardiac side effects, only high-risk patients are eligible for prophylactic amiodarone therapy. We performed a randomized prospective study ...
Bajaj Tarun Inder TI Department of Surgery, Bassett Medical Center , Cooperstown, New - - 2014
Abstract Background: Two percent chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) is used in preparing the skin of surgical patients. In practice, it often is diluted with saline prior to use. Whether this affects efficacy is unknown, as the manufacturer does not address dilution but does recommend scrubbing twice. We attempted to determine whether ...
Basoor Abhijeet A Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, St. Joseph Mercy Oakland Hospital, Pontiac, Michigan; Department of Cardiology and Interventional Cardiology, St. John Hospital and Medical Center, Detroit, - - 2014
Background: Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) has recently been made a class I indication in the treatment of AAA. In comparison to the conventional open surgical treatment, endovascular AAA repair (EVAR) is associated with equivalent long-term morbidity and mortality rates. Vascular surgeons perform majority of EVAR. There are ...
Honkala Sisko S Faculty of Dentistry, Kuwait University, Safat, - - 2014
Objective: The aim of this study was to test the efficacy of long-term, daily intake of erythritol and xylitol candy, compared with sorbitol candy, on the development of enamel and dentin caries lesions. Methods: The study was a double-blind randomized controlled prospective clinical trial. Altogether 485 primary school children, first- ...
Wartman Sarah M SM Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to analyze the early and late outcomes of patients who require a suprarenal aortic cross-clamp during elective open repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Patients from 1998 to 2012 who required a suprarenal aortic cross-clamp during elective open AAA repair were reviewed. Data ...
Yıldızgören Mustafa Turgut MT Ankara Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
To evaluate the effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation on wrist range of motion, wrist and finger flexor spasticity, and hand functions in patients with unilateral cerebral palsy. Twenty-four children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (14 boys and 10 girls) between the ages of 5 and 14 years were randomized into ...
Austin David D The James Cook University Hospital, Middlesbrough, United - - 2014
Aims: The objective of this study was to analyse the outcomes of patients treated with high-bolus dose (HBD) tirofiban compared with abciximab at the time of primary PCI (PPCI) for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods and results: Data from two large UK tertiary centres, with differing protocols for glycoprotein IIb/IIIa ...
Cui Zhaohui Z Orthopaedics Key Laboratory of Gansu Province, The Second Hospital of Lanzhou University, No. 82 Cuiyingmen, Chengguan District, Lanzhou City, 730030, Gansu Province, China, - - 2014
A systematic review and meta-analysis based on randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of steroid injection in total knee or hip arthroplasty (TKA/THA). A systematical electronic search identified the relevant RCTs in the databases of PubMed, EMBASE, MEDLINE and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled ...
Pearse Rupert M RM Queen Mary University of London, London, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Small trials suggest that postoperative outcomes may be improved by the use of cardiac output monitoring to guide administration of intravenous fluid and inotropic drugs as part of a hemodynamic therapy algorithm. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the clinical effectiveness of a perioperative, cardiac output-guided hemodynamic therapy algorithm. DESIGN, SETTING, AND ...
Khairy Hany A HA Menoufia University Hospitals, Menoufia, - - 2014
To evaluate the intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering effect of trabeculectomy with the use of amniotic membrane transplant (AMT) compared with the standard trabeculectomy with Mitomycin-C (MMC) in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma. This study was a patient-masked, randomized, controlled comparison trial involving 52 eyes of 52 patients with bilateral primary open-angle ...
Takamoto Takeshi T Division of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery and Transplantation Surgery, Japanese Red Cross Medical Center, 4-1-22 Hiroo, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo, 150-8935, Japan, - - 2014
Enhanced recovery programs (ERPs) have been developed in various surgical fields and have been shown to accelerate postoperative recovery without increasing the incidence of adverse events. Whether ERP can be safely applied to patients undergoing complex liver surgery with a risk of liver failure remains unclear. We created an ERP ...
Scales Charles D CD Jr Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholars Program, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles2Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, US Department of Veterans Affairs, Los Angeles, California3Department of Urology, David - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) and ureteroscopy (URS) account for more than 90% of procedural interventions for kidney stones, which affect 1 in 11 persons in the United States. Efficacy data for SWL are more than 20 years old. Advances in URS, along with emerging evidence of reduced efficacy of ...
Taelman Dries G DG aDepartment of Emergency Medicine, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent bVrije Universiteit Brussel, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Brussels cAntwerp University Hospital, Department of Emergency Medicine, Edegem dUniversity of Antwerp, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Wilrijk eDepartment of Family Medicine and Primary Health Care, Ghent University, Ghent fGhent University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent, - - 2014
The CAREvent Public Access Resuscitator (PAR) is an electronic, oxygen-driven cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) device allowing volume-controlled ventilation with a face mask and guiding the rescuer through the resuscitation with voice prompts and visual indications. We hypothesized that 1 year after initial training, the efficacy of ventilation skills (primary outcome) and ...
Wang Hongsheng - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of fibrin sealant in patients following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). A comprehensive literature search of the electronic databases PubMed, MEDLINE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library for published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was undertaken. The evidence base was ...
Abe Mitsuru M Division of Cardiology, National Hospital Organization Kyoto Medical Center, Kyoto, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is little information on the effect of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) on long-term mortality after percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with or without chronic kidney disease (CKD). Of 4,371 patients who had paired serum creatinine (SCr) measurements before and after percutaneous coronary intervention and were discharged alive in the Coronary ...
Kaila Kendeep S KS Division of Cardiology, Mazankowski Alberta Heart Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2014
People of South Asian (SA) descent are particularly susceptible to acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Yet, little information exists regarding their overall prognosis. The purpose of this study was to compare short- and long-term clinical outcomes of SA and European Canadians admitted with an ACS. Using the Alberta Provincial Project for ...
Ziganshin Bulat A BA Aortic Institute at Yale-New Haven Hospital, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn; Department of Surgical Disease No. 2, Kazan State Medical University, Kazan, - - 2014
To evaluate our extensive clinical experience using deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) as a sole method of cerebral protection during aortic arch surgery, with an emphasis on determining the safe duration of DHCA. A total of 490 consecutive patients (303 males [61.8%], mean age, 62.7 ± 13.5 years) underwent surgical ...
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