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Wang R R Department of Geriatrics, the Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan Province, ChinA. - - 2014
This study aimed to examine the mechanism of Tα146-162-iMDC in the pathogenic intervention of mice with experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis (EAMG) from the perspective of B-cell activation. The mice were divided into three groups, model (A), intervention (B), and control (C), with the intervention of Tα146-162-iMDC. The expressions of Cbl-b ...
Ozgurhan Engin Bilge - - 2014
Objective: The objective of the following study is to compare the conjunctival graft thickness measured with anterior segment optical coherence tomography (OCT) after primary and recurrent pterygium excision. Design: Prospective, interventional and comparative study. Participants: A total of 20 eyes of 20 patients with primary pterygium (primary group) and 20 ...
Morris Rk R University of Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2014
Describe the influences on decision making in fetal lower urinary tract obstruction (LUTO) and identify prenatal prognostic features. The PLUTO study included a registry of cases of isolated LUTO with conservative management or vesicoamniotic shunting (VAS). Logistic regression analysis examined prognostic features affecting outcome. For comparison of effectiveness the outcomes ...
Villafañe Jorge H JH IRCCS Don Gnocchi Foundation, - - 2014
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to determine changes in pressure sensitivity and pinch strength in patients with thumb carpometacarpal (CMC) osteoarthritis (OA) in the contralateral hand after unilateral Kaltenborn mobilization on the symptomatic hand. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-nine females with dominant hand thumb CMC osteoarthritis participated (age 70-90), ...
Vandendriessche Tom - - 2014
Treatment with percutaneous edge-to-edge mitral valve repair (Mitraclip) has recently been recommended as an alternative to conventional mitral valve repair for high surgical risk patients with symptomatic severe mitral regurgitation (MR). In this study, we report the first use of Mitraclip therapy in Belgium. This prospective registry includes 41 consecutive ...
Ryu Duck Hyun DH Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Primary tracheal amyloidosis (PTA) can lead to airway obstructions, and patients with severe PTA should undergo bronchoscopic interventions in order to maintain airway patency. Focal airway involvements with amyloidosis can only be treated with mechanical dilatation. However, the PTA with diffused airway involvements and concomitant cartilage destructions requires stent placement. ...
As'adi Kamran K Dr As'adi is an assistant professor in the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery at St Fatima HospitalDr Salehi is an assistant professor in the Department of Surgery at Motahari Burn Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IranDr Shoar is a research associate in the Department of Surgery at Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran - - 2014
Rib cartilage is an abundant source for cartilage grafts when significant dorsal nasal augmentation or structural support is indicated. Diced cartilage wrapped in fascia was developed to counteract warping, visibility, and displacement of rib cartilage as a dorsal solid graft. The technique for wrapping diced cartilage has evolved during the ...
Landes Constantin - - 2014
Objective :  Pilot study evaluation of the benefit of piezoosteotomy in cranioplasty of craniosynostoses, based on clinical data. Design :  Retrospective case-control study. Setting :  Universitarian institution. Patients :  Craniosynostosis patients (n = 19) operated upon conventionally with a craniotome and microsaw versus 19 patients operated upon with a piezoosteotomy ...
Demirkiran Halil G HG *Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine †Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Dr Sami Ulus Children's Hospital, Ankara, Turkey ‡Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC), Pittsburgh, - - 2014
Serial casting is an effective treatment modality in early-onset idiopathic scoliosis; however, the role of this method in congenital scoliosis is not well studied. A total of 11 patients with progressive congenital scoliosis were treated with serial cast application. Age at initial cast application, magnitudes of the congenital, compensatory and ...
Singh Nirupama N Department of Pathology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2014
Background: Allograft dysfunction due to presumed antibody-mediated rejection (pAMR) is one of the most serious complications of heart transplantation. Combination therapies of high-dose steroids, intravenous immune globulin, and/or therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) are often used in this setting. Methods: We performed a 9-year retrospective review of all episodes of pAMR ...
Nagel Jerod L JL Departments of Pharmacy Services and Clinical Sciences, University of Michigan Health System and College of - - 2014
Rapid diagnostic testing with Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization Time-of-Flight (MALDI-TOF) decreases time to organism identification by 24-36 hours compared to conventional methods. However, there is limited data evaluating the impact of MALDI-TOF with real-time antimicrobial stewardship team (AST) review and intervention on antimicrobial prescribing and outcomes for patients with bacteremia ...
Gukop Philemon P Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, St George's Hospital NHS Trust, London, UK - - 2014
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether early administration of aspirin might optimize vein graft patency. More than 250 papers were found using the reported search, of which 4 new papers in addition to the previous 7 represented ...
Acar Banu Torun BT Haydarpasa Numune Education and Research Hospital (B.T.A., S.A.), Ophthalmology Clinic, Istanbul, Turkey; and Department of Ophthalmology (C.A.U., V.O., F.C.), Yeditepe University, Istanbul, - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of transepithelial corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) with prolonged riboflavin application by in vivo confocal microscopy and to compare this effect with that of standard CXL with complete epithelial debridement. In eyes with progressive keratoconus, CXL procedure was performed with standard technique and transepithelial technique after prolonged ...
Heshmat Haleh H Department of Restorative Dentistry, Dental Branch, Islamic Azad University , Tehran , - - 2014
Abstract Objective. Along with their re-mineralizing capacity, calcium phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate products combined with fluoride (CPP-ACPF) could also be beneficial by neutralizing acidic salivary and plaque pH. The purpose was to evaluate the effect of CPP-ACPF on salivary and plaque pH in orthodontic patients. Materials and methods. As a triple-blind, ...
Beyer-Westendorf Jan J Center for Vascular Medicine and Department of Medicine III, Division of Angiology, University Hospital, Dresden, Germany; - - 2014
Worldwide, rivaroxaban is increasingly used for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (SPAF) and treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) but little is known about rivaroxaban-related bleeding complications in daily care. Using data from a prospective, non-interventional oral anticoagulation registry of daily care patients, we analysed rates, management and outcome of rivaroxaban-related ...
Murphy G S GS Department of Anesthesiology, NorthShore University HealthSystem (an affiliate of University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine), 2650 Ridge Ave., Evanston, IL 60201, USA - - 2014
Surgery in the beach chair position (BCP) may reduce cerebral blood flow and oxygenation, resulting in neurological injuries. The authors tested the hypothesis that a ventilation strategy designed to achieve end-tidal carbon dioxide ([Formula: see text]) values of 40-42 mm Hg would increase cerebral oxygenation ([Formula: see text]) during BCP ...
Thiel John - - 2014
To assess the ability of a new iteration of the ESSURE insert (ESS505) to achieve short-term fallopian tubal occlusion. Prospective, single center interventional cohort (Canadian Task Force classification II-1). Tertiary level hospital. Women scheduled for hysterectomy INTERVENTION: Patients had placement of the ESS505 in the right fallopian tube and ESS305 ...
Matharu Gulraj S GS The Royal Orthopaedic Hospital, Birmingham - - - 2014
This systematic review assessed evidence on outcomes following revision of MoM hip resurfacings (HRs) and total hip replacements (THRs) for adverse reaction to metal debris (ARMD). Four electronic databases were searched between January 2009 and July 2013 to identify studies reporting clinical outcomes following revision of MoM HRs and THRs ...
Tan Ngian Chye NC Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Department of Surgical Oncology, National Cancer Centre, - - 2014
Previous neck dissection and irradiation is believed to affect the success of free tissue transfers in head and neck reconstruction, but evidence is scarce and conflicting. This study seeks to evaluate flap success rates in the presence of these two factors. Over a ten-year period, a total of 853 free ...
Dudeck Oliver O Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, University of Magdeburg, Magdeburg, Germany, - - 2014
To assess the potential of a steerable microcatheter in a comparative preclinical trial. A total of 100 small target vessels of the lower limbs with a maximum diameter of 3 mm were prospectively randomized to catheterize with either the preshaped torqueable Direxion™ (J tip shape; Boston Scientific, Natick, MA) or a ...
Zhang Guangming G aDepartment of Cardiology, The Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University bDepartment of Cardiology, The Third Hospital of Shijiazhuang City cDepartment of Cardiology, People's Hospital of Shijiazhuang City dDepartment of Cardiology, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang eDepartment of Cardiology, General Hospital of Huabei Oilfield, Renqiu fDepartment of Cardiology, People's Hospital of Xingtai City, Xingtai gDepartment of Cardiology, 252 Hospital of PLA, Baoding, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of dalteparin during an elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) procedure in a large cohort. In this prospective, randomized, open-label design study, 733 patients undergoing elective PCI were divided into an unfractionated heparin group (group 1, 323 patients) or ...
Feng Xiao Dong XD Shanghai Eastern Hospital, Shanghai, - - 2014
Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is the most frequent complication arising after cardiac surgery, occurring in 30% of cases. Amiodarone is the most effective drug for prophylaxis and treatment. However, because of significant extracardiac side effects, only high-risk patients are eligible for prophylactic amiodarone therapy. We performed a randomized prospective study ...
Bajaj Tarun Inder TI Department of Surgery, Bassett Medical Center , Cooperstown, New - - 2014
Abstract Background: Two percent chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) is used in preparing the skin of surgical patients. In practice, it often is diluted with saline prior to use. Whether this affects efficacy is unknown, as the manufacturer does not address dilution but does recommend scrubbing twice. We attempted to determine whether ...
Basoor Abhijeet A Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, St. Joseph Mercy Oakland Hospital, Pontiac, Michigan; Department of Cardiology and Interventional Cardiology, St. John Hospital and Medical Center, Detroit, - - 2014
Background: Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) has recently been made a class I indication in the treatment of AAA. In comparison to the conventional open surgical treatment, endovascular AAA repair (EVAR) is associated with equivalent long-term morbidity and mortality rates. Vascular surgeons perform majority of EVAR. There are ...
Honkala Sisko S Faculty of Dentistry, Kuwait University, Safat, - - 2014
Objective: The aim of this study was to test the efficacy of long-term, daily intake of erythritol and xylitol candy, compared with sorbitol candy, on the development of enamel and dentin caries lesions. Methods: The study was a double-blind randomized controlled prospective clinical trial. Altogether 485 primary school children, first- ...
Wartman Sarah M SM Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to analyze the early and late outcomes of patients who require a suprarenal aortic cross-clamp during elective open repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Patients from 1998 to 2012 who required a suprarenal aortic cross-clamp during elective open AAA repair were reviewed. Data ...
Yıldızgören Mustafa Turgut MT Ankara Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
To evaluate the effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation on wrist range of motion, wrist and finger flexor spasticity, and hand functions in patients with unilateral cerebral palsy. Twenty-four children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (14 boys and 10 girls) between the ages of 5 and 14 years were randomized into ...
Austin David D The James Cook University Hospital, Middlesbrough, United - - 2014
Aims: The objective of this study was to analyse the outcomes of patients treated with high-bolus dose (HBD) tirofiban compared with abciximab at the time of primary PCI (PPCI) for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods and results: Data from two large UK tertiary centres, with differing protocols for glycoprotein IIb/IIIa ...
Cui Zhaohui Z Orthopaedics Key Laboratory of Gansu Province, The Second Hospital of Lanzhou University, No. 82 Cuiyingmen, Chengguan District, Lanzhou City, 730030, Gansu Province, China, - - 2014
A systematic review and meta-analysis based on randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of steroid injection in total knee or hip arthroplasty (TKA/THA). A systematical electronic search identified the relevant RCTs in the databases of PubMed, EMBASE, MEDLINE and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled ...
Pearse Rupert M RM Queen Mary University of London, London, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Small trials suggest that postoperative outcomes may be improved by the use of cardiac output monitoring to guide administration of intravenous fluid and inotropic drugs as part of a hemodynamic therapy algorithm. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the clinical effectiveness of a perioperative, cardiac output-guided hemodynamic therapy algorithm. DESIGN, SETTING, AND ...
Khairy Hany A HA Menoufia University Hospitals, Menoufia, - - 2014
To evaluate the intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering effect of trabeculectomy with the use of amniotic membrane transplant (AMT) compared with the standard trabeculectomy with Mitomycin-C (MMC) in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma. This study was a patient-masked, randomized, controlled comparison trial involving 52 eyes of 52 patients with bilateral primary open-angle ...
Takamoto Takeshi T Division of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery and Transplantation Surgery, Japanese Red Cross Medical Center, 4-1-22 Hiroo, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo, 150-8935, Japan, - - 2014
Enhanced recovery programs (ERPs) have been developed in various surgical fields and have been shown to accelerate postoperative recovery without increasing the incidence of adverse events. Whether ERP can be safely applied to patients undergoing complex liver surgery with a risk of liver failure remains unclear. We created an ERP ...
Scales Charles D CD Jr Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholars Program, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles2Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, US Department of Veterans Affairs, Los Angeles, California3Department of Urology, David - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) and ureteroscopy (URS) account for more than 90% of procedural interventions for kidney stones, which affect 1 in 11 persons in the United States. Efficacy data for SWL are more than 20 years old. Advances in URS, along with emerging evidence of reduced efficacy of ...
Taelman Dries G DG aDepartment of Emergency Medicine, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent bVrije Universiteit Brussel, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Brussels cAntwerp University Hospital, Department of Emergency Medicine, Edegem dUniversity of Antwerp, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Wilrijk eDepartment of Family Medicine and Primary Health Care, Ghent University, Ghent fGhent University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent, - - 2014
The CAREvent Public Access Resuscitator (PAR) is an electronic, oxygen-driven cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) device allowing volume-controlled ventilation with a face mask and guiding the rescuer through the resuscitation with voice prompts and visual indications. We hypothesized that 1 year after initial training, the efficacy of ventilation skills (primary outcome) and ...
Wang Hongsheng - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of fibrin sealant in patients following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). A comprehensive literature search of the electronic databases PubMed, MEDLINE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library for published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was undertaken. The evidence base was ...
Abe Mitsuru M Division of Cardiology, National Hospital Organization Kyoto Medical Center, Kyoto, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is little information on the effect of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) on long-term mortality after percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with or without chronic kidney disease (CKD). Of 4,371 patients who had paired serum creatinine (SCr) measurements before and after percutaneous coronary intervention and were discharged alive in the Coronary ...
Kaila Kendeep S KS Division of Cardiology, Mazankowski Alberta Heart Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2014
People of South Asian (SA) descent are particularly susceptible to acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Yet, little information exists regarding their overall prognosis. The purpose of this study was to compare short- and long-term clinical outcomes of SA and European Canadians admitted with an ACS. Using the Alberta Provincial Project for ...
Ziganshin Bulat A BA Aortic Institute at Yale-New Haven Hospital, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn; Department of Surgical Disease No. 2, Kazan State Medical University, Kazan, - - 2014
To evaluate our extensive clinical experience using deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) as a sole method of cerebral protection during aortic arch surgery, with an emphasis on determining the safe duration of DHCA. A total of 490 consecutive patients (303 males [61.8%], mean age, 62.7 ± 13.5 years) underwent surgical ...
Gahalaut Pratik P Sri Ram Murti Smarak Institute of Medical Sciences, Nainital Road, Bareilly (India) - - 2014
Isotretinoin has been used in combination with PUVA and NBUVB for treating psoriasis, especially in women of child bearing age. Efficacy of PUVAsol is comparable to PUVA. This study was planned to compare the efficacy of oral PUVAsol with combination of oral isotretinoin and PUVAsol in patients having chronic plaque ...
Ozawa Hideto H Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-2 Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka, 565-0871, Japan, - - 2014
This study aimed to clarify the relationship between onset of protein-losing enteropathy (PLE) and Fontan circulation, with special reference to the development of contractility-afterload mismatch. The PLE group comprised 9 patients who experienced PLE after undergoing the Fontan operation, and the control group consisted of 32 patients had did not ...
Tibrewal Saket S The Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Stanmore, UK, - - 2014
Management of the unexplained, painful large diameter metal-on-metal (MOM) hip replacement is difficult. Although there are guidelines for surgeons, there is no clear documented evidence describing the overall threshold for revision surgery. The 2010 product recall of the DePuy Articular Surface Replacement (ASR) and subsequent media coverage may have increased ...
Penz Erika D - - 2014
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND Malignant pleural effusion is associated with short life expectancy and significant morbidity. A recent randomized controlled trial comparing indwelling pleural catheters with talc pleurodesis found that indwelling pleural catheters reduced time in hospital and need for additional procedures but were associated with excess adverse events. METHODS Using data ...
Ad Niv N Cardiac Surgery Research, Inova Heart and Vascular Institute, Falls Church, VA, USA - - 2014
Targeted blood glucose (BG) levels following cardiac surgery continues to be debated. According to the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) guidelines, BG should be kept <180 mg/dl following cardiac surgery. However, our practice and others shifted to a stricter BG control (90-110 mg/dl) based on data suggesting an association with ...
Buttanri Ibrahim Bülent IB Haydarpaşa Numune Education and Research Hospital, Eye Clinic , Istanbul , Turkey - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To report our results of canaliculitis treatment with our incision-sparing technique which includes dilation of the punctum and compression of the canaliculus to express the sulphur granules, curettage and irrigation of the canaliculus with antibiotic solutions, and topical antibiotic use. Methods: The medical records of all patients treated ...
Hansen S S Institute of Hygiene, Charité - University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany; German National Reference Centre for Surveillance of Nosocomial Infections, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Prevention measures reduce central-line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) but are not always implemented. To investigate the effect of a central educational programme in German intensive care units (ICUs) on CLABSI rates. Thirty-two German ICUs with CLABSI rates greater than or equal to the national average were compared with two control groups ...
Wilkinson Ingrid A IA The National Clinical FES Centre, Salisbury NHS Foundation Trust , Salisbury , UK - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To investigate the feasibility of combining physiotherapy and functional electrical stimulation to improve gait post stroke. Methods: A parallel group partially single-blinded randomised clinical trial. Adults living at home, less than 6 months post stroke, were randomised to Group A (physiotherapy, n = 10) or Group B (physiotherapy and common ...
Jang Sun Young SY Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University, Bucheon, 420-767, Republic of - - 2014
To determine the long-term surgical outcomes associated with the use of Quickert sutures (Q-sutures) for involutional entropion and elucidate the risk factors for postoperative recurrences. This is a retrospective, interventional case series. We recruited patients suffering from involutional entropion who were treated with Q-sutures during the period from January 2008 ...
Eamsobhana Perajit P Department of Orthopedics Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand, - - 2014
In order to prevent recurrent deformity, overcorrection in Blount's disease has been a common practice by most paediatric orthopaedic surgeons. However, some patients have persistent valgus alignment resulting in awkward deformity. The femoro-tibial angle (FTA) was measured in this series of cases to determine the necessity of such practice. During ...
Liu Jun J 1The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, - - 2014
Objective. The purposes of this study were to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and advantages of nonintubated video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) under epidural anesthesia, by comparing with the performance of conventional approaches. Patients and methods. A total of 354 patients (245 men and 109 women) were recruited in this study. The ...
Fonseca Pedro L PL Department of Ophthalmology, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2014
To compare visual outcomes in pseudotumour cerebri (PTC) patients who underwent either optic nerve sheath fenestration (ONSF) or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diversion (shunt) for treatment of visual loss from papilloedema. Comparative case series of thirty-three patients (33 eyes) who underwent either ONSF (14 patients) or CSF shunt (19 patients) for ...
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