Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 3922
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Izumi Masashi M Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kochi University, Oko-cho Kohasu, Nankoku, 783-8505, - - 2014
It has been known for years that deep vein thrombi (DVT) start to develop during total joint arthroplasty. Previously, we reported effective prevention of venous stasis by transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS). It is hypothesized that TENS might be a thromboprophylactic tool for the limb undergoing surgery. The purpose of ...
Shen Xia X Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China Guangdong Provincial Work Injury Rehabilitation Hospital, Guangzhou, - - 2014
Objective. To examine the effects of technology-assisted balance and gait training on reducing falls in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Methods. Eligible subjects were randomly allocated to an experimental group given technology-assisted balance and gait training (BAL, n = 26) and an active control group undertaking strengthening exercises (CON, n ...
Müller Dominik-Patrick DP Department of Dermatology and Allergology, General Hospital - - 2014
There has been a steady increase of the incidence of erysipelas in Germany in the recent past. Affected patients also often show defects in the cutaneous barrier caused by microorganisms. The aim of this non-interventional case-control study was to investigate a possible interrelationship between interdigital tinea pedis and bacterial toe ...
Kumar Atul A Dr. Rajendra Prasad Center for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences , New Delhi, India - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of valproic acid (VPA) on visual function in patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP). Methods: Thirty patients (60 eyes) with typical RP were recruited for the study. Of these, 15 patients received oral VPA (500 mg once daily) for a period of 1 year (group 1) ...
Fang Luo L Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Management, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, - - 2014
Although pulsed radiofrequency treatment (PRFT) has been used to treat trigeminal neuralgia (TN) safely, satisfactory improvement is lacking. Recently, much attention has been paid to the PRFT dose and intra-operative parameters. It has been reported that high-voltage PRFT could significantly reduce discogenic pain. However, there is no study investigating the ...
Albeldawi Mazen M Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA; Department of Internal Medicine, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA; Department of Quantitative Sciences, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA - - 2014
The role of urgent colonoscopy in lower gastro-intestinal bleeding (LGIB) remains controversial. Over the last two decades, a number of studies have indicated that urgent colonoscopy may facilitate the identification and treatment of bleeding lesions; however, studies comparing this approach to elective colonoscopy for LGIB are limited. To determine the ...
Fröhlich Georg M GM Department of Cardiology, The Heart Hospital, University College London Hospital, London, - - 2014
Intracoronary pressure wire-derived measurements of fractional flow reserve (FFR) and intravascular ultrasonography (IVUS) provide functional and anatomical information that can be used to guide coronary stent implantation. Although these devices are widely used and recommended by guidelines, limited data exist about their effect on clinical end points. To determine the ...
Ejaz Ashir A Department of Orthopedic - - 2014
Background and purpose- Tourniquet application is still a common practice in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) surgery despite being associated with several adverse effects. We evaluated the effects of tourniquet use on functional and clinical outcome and on knee range of motion (ROM). Patients and methods- 70 patients who underwent TKA ...
Löfgren Susanne S Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics (LIME), Medical Management Center, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, - - 2014
New surgical procedures, early operation and medical optimisation in patients with hip fracture have shown positive results on length of hospital stay. Our aims were to investigate whether patient empowerment along with an individually designed, postoperative rehabilitation programme could reduce length of hospital stay and whether the patients would have ...
Karanicolas Paul - - 2014
The current standard for pain control following liver surgery is intravenous, patient-controlled analgesia (IV PCA) or epidural analgesia. We have developed a modification of a regional technique called medial open transversus abdominis plane (MOTAP) catheter analgesia. The MOTAP technique involves surgically placed catheters through the open surgical site into a ...
Prosser Rosemary R Sydney Hand Therapy & Rehabilitation Centre, Sydney, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The trapeziometacarpal (TMC) joint of the human thumb is the second most common joint in the hand affected by osteoarthritis. TMC arthroplasty is a common procedure used to alleviate symptoms. No randomized controlled trials have been published on the efficacy of different post-operative orthotic regimes. Fifty six participants who underwent ...
de Lorenzo-Pinto Ana A Pharmacy Department, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Gregorio Marañón, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, C/Doctor Esquerdo 46, 28007, Madrid, Spain, - - 2014
Background and objective Reducing bleeding events is a priority in patients diagnosed with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). The effectiveness of optimization measures for reducing abciximab-related bleeding was evaluated through the implementation of a pilot program developed by the Pharmacy and the Cardiology Departments at a tertiary-care hospital. Main outcome measure ...
Yang Yi Y Kidney Disease Center, the First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, - - 2014
Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) to prevent acute kidney injury (AKI) following cardiac and vascular interventions is a controversial practice. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis using the MEDLINE database (1966 through November 2013), EMBASE (1988 through November 2013), and Cochrane Library database. Patients undergoing cardiac and vascular interventions. Randomized ...
Stewart K K Centre for Medicine Use and Safety, Monash University, Melbourne, Vic., - - 2014
About half of all patients taking antihypertensives discontinue treatment by 12 months. There is potential for substantial health gains at both individual and population levels through improved treatment adherence. The objective was to evaluate a community pharmacist intervention to improve adherence with antihypertensive medicines with a view to improving blood pressure ...
Droitcourt Catherine - - 2014
Context:Thalidomide use in cutaneous sarcoidosis is based on data from small case series or case reports. Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of thalidomide in severe cutaneous sarcoidosis. Design, Setting and Participants:Randomized, double-bind, parallel, placebo-controlled, investigator-masked, multicentre trial lasting 3 months, and an open-label study from month 3 to month ...
Ali-Hassan-Sayegh Sadegh S Yazd Cardiovascular Research Center, Afshar Hospital, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran - - 2014
This systematic review with meta-analysis sought to determine the impact of posterior pericardiotomy on incidences of atrial fibrillation and supraventricular arrhythmias, pericardial effusion, pleural effusion, tamponade, and the length of hospital stay after cardiac surgery. We searched for randomized controlled trials, using Medline, Embase, Elsevier and Sciences online databases as ...
Ma Shixin S Cardiovascular Research Foundation and Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New - - 2014
Background: The Cappella Sideguard (CS) sidebranch stent is a self-expanding, thin-strut, nitinol device with anatomic flaring at the sidebranch ostium designed to treat bifurcation lesions. Objective: To evaluate the mechanism of long-term lumen patency of the novel, self-expanding CS sidebranch stent compared to a balloon-expandable stent in the main vessel. ...
Jarrín E E Servicio de Oftalmología, IISFJD, Hospital Rey Juan Carlos, Móstoles, Madrid, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
A study was designed to determine and describe the changes induced in the anterior segment of the eye and the intraocular pressure (IOP) after laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI) versus phacoemulsification in primary angle closure suspects (PACS) and primary angle closure (PAC). Forty-seven eyes (47 patients) with Shaffer gonioscopy 0-II were ...
Ercan Abdulkadir - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to evaluate and compare postoperative short-term, mid-term and long-term outcomes of coronary artery bypass surgery performed with or without cardiopulmonary bypass in patients with a low European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation score. A retrospective analysis of 478 consecutive low risk patients ...
Aysenur Dostbil D Department of Anesthesiology, Ataturk University Faculty of Medicine, 25240 Erzurum, - - 2014
To investigate the effects of the pre-emptive local infiltration of dexamethasone vs. levobupivacaine on postoperative pain and morbidity in pediatric adenotonsillectomy patients. A total of 60 patients (32 males and 28 females), aged 3-14 years, were included in this double-blind prospective randomized controlled clinical study from September of 2011 until ...
George R R Narayana Institute of Vascular Sciences, Narayana Hrudayalaya, Bommasandra Industrial Estate, Hosur Road, Bangalore 560100, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
To report the outcomes of endovascular interventions on deep veins in patients with venous ulcers (C6). This was a retrospective review of a case series. All patients with active venous ulceration who underwent endovascular interventions to the deep venous system from February 2011 to June 2013 were included. Patients with ...
Pershad Ashish A Cavanagh Heart Center, Banner Good Samaritan Medical Center, Phoenix, Arizona. Electronic address: - - 2014
The outcomes of hemodynamic support during high-risk percutaneous coronary intervention in the very elderly are unknown. We sought to compare outcomes between the patients ≥80 years versus patients <80 years enrolled in the PROTECT II (Prospective Randomized Clinical Trial of Hemodynamic Support with the Impella 2.5 versus Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump in Patients ...
Carse Bruce B The Biomedical Engineering Department, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK - - 2014
Ankle-foot orthoses are known to have a generally positive effect on gait in stroke, however the specifc type of AFO and the time point at which it is provided are highly variable in the currently available literature. The objective was to determine the immediate spatiotemporal and kinematic effect of custom-made ...
Andersen L Ø LO The Lundbeck Centre for Fast-track Hip and Knee Arthroplasty, Copenhagen, Denmark Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark - - 2014
In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in local infiltration analgesia (LIA) as a technique to control postoperative pain. We conducted a systematic review of randomized clinical trials investigating LIA for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA) to evaluate the analgesic efficacy of LIA for ...
Xu Xu-Dong XD Department of Cardiology, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, PR - - 2014
To assess the efficacy and safety of simultaneous transcatheter corrections of perimembranous ventricular septal defect (VSD) and other congenital cardiopathies. From 2004 to 2012, 56 patients (25 male, 31 female), aged 14.2±10.1, with compound congenital cardiovascular abnormalities underwent simultaneous transcatheter interventional procedure. Of the 56 patients, 32 had VSD and ...
Zeeni Carine C Clinical Instructor, Department of Anesthesia, American University of Beirut Medical Center, P.O. Box 11-0236, Riad El-Solh Beirut 1107-2020, - - 2014
The aims of this study were to determine the efficacy and feasibility of implementation of the intraoperative component of a High Risk Spine (HRS) Protocol for improving perioperative patient safety in complex spine fusion surgery. In this paired availability study, the total number of red blood cell units transfused was ...
Kang Kwi Young - - 2014
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is associated with an increased incidence of vertebral fractures (VFs); however the actual incidence and predictors of morphometric VFs are unknown. The present study examined the incidence and predictors of new VFs in a large AS cohort. In total, 298 AS patients who fulfilled the modified New ...
Mu Rong R Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing, 100044, China, - - 2014
This study is aimed at comparing the efficacy and safety of loxoprofen sodium hydrogel patch (LX-P) with loxoprofen sodium tablet (LX-T) in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). One hundred sixty-nine patients were enrolled in a randomized, controlled, double-blind, double-dummy, multicenter, non-inferiority trial of LX-P. Patients were randomly assigned to either ...
Gillespie Paddy - - 2014
This study examines the cost effectiveness of group follow-up after participation in the Dose Adjustment for Normal Eating (DAFNE) structured education programme for type 1 diabetes. Economic evaluation conducted alongside a cluster randomised controlled trial involving 437 adults with type 1 diabetes in Ireland. Group follow-up involved two group education ...
Kozek-Langenecker Sibylle A SA Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Evangelical Hospital Vienna, Hans-Sachs-Gasse, Vienna, - - 2014
Bleeding can be minimal, severe, life-threatening, or organ-threatening. Depending on the compensatory capacity of the patient, most bleeding events going beyond 20% blood volume may represent an emergency as well as a risk factor for anemia, transfusion, coagulopathy, and tissue hypoperfusion. All these factors are independent predictors for survival in ...
Smith Kristine A KA Ohlson Research Initiative, Division of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Tracheotomy is a common procedure. Postoperative care is usually managed by nonexpert clinicians. Prolonged decannulation is associated with a high incidence of complications. At present, no clinical protocol exists to guide clinicians through decannulation. To address this deficiency, we developed a low-risk tracheotomy clinical pathway. OBJECTIVE To determine the ...
Zou Yun Y Department of Cadres Clinic, School of Stomatology, China Medical University, Shenyang, China; Department of Materials, School of Stomatology, China Medical University, Shenyang, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of psychological intervention on edentulous patients' satisfaction with complete clinically satisfactory complete dentures. The survey was conducted in China Medical University involving 84 individuals receiving complete dentures at this institution from August 2013 to March 2014. Participants were randomly allocated ...
Cadossi Matteo M Rizzoli Orthopaedic Institute, Bologna, Italy University of Bologna, Bologna, - - 2014
Osteochondral lesions of the talus (OLT) frequently occur after ankle sprains in young patients participating in sports activities. These injuries may lead to chronic pain, joint swelling, and finally osteoarthritis, therefore, surgical repair is frequently needed. A collagen scaffold seeded with bone marrow-derived cells (BMDCs) harvested from patient's iliac crest ...
Chauhan Balwantray C BC Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Dalhousie University, 1276 South Park Street, 2W Victoria, Room 2035, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3H 2Y9, Canada - - 2014
Purpose: To determine the rate of glaucomatous visual field change in routine clinical care. Methods: Mean Deviation (MD) rate was computed in one randomly selected eye of all glaucoma patients and suspects with ≥ 5 examinations in a tertiary eye-care centre. Proportions of "fast" (MD rate, < -1 to -2 ...
Keeler Bd B Division of GI Surgery, University of Nottingham, UK; Department of Colorectal Surgery, Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, - - 2014
The study aimed to analyse the feasibility and efficacy of administration of a single intravenous iron infusion (IVI) in the preoperative optimisation of anaemic colorectal cancer patients. Twenty patients were recruited at least 14 days before the planned date of surgery. A single 1000mg dose of Ferric Carboxymaltose (FERINJECT(®) ) ...
Nestler David M DM The Department of Emergency Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, - - 2014
Patient throughput is an increasingly important cause of emergency department (ED) crowding. The authors previously reported shorter patient length of stay (LOS) when adding a triage liaison provider, which required additional personnel. Here, the objective was to evaluate the effect of moving a fast-track provider to the triage liaison role. ...
Watanabe Yusuke Y Institut Cardiovasculaire Paris Sud, Massy, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The efficacy and safety of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in Asian populations were unknown. The purpose of this study was to compare directly the clinical outcomes of the first Japanese trial and a European single-center experience after TAVI. Between April 2010 and October 2011, 64 patients were included in ...
Brodie Jonathan J Radiology Department, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Colney Lane, Norwich, NR4 7UY, - - 2014
The term "superficial femoral vein" is felt to be potentially misleading and dangerous in the context of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) of the lower limb, with the preferred term now being "femoral vein." The purpose of this work was to identify a means of reducing its use in reports of ...
Um Mi Hyang MH Department of Medical Nutrition, Graduate School of East-West Medical Science, Kyung Hee University, Yongin, 446-791, South Korea, - - 2014
This study was conducted for the nutritional assessment of cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy (RT) and to investigate the changes in nutrition status, oral intake, morbidity and quality of life (QOL) in cancer patients after intensive nutrition counseling. Eighty-seven cancer patients were randomized to either a nutrition counseling group (n = 44, age ...
Honda Yohsuke Y Gunma Prefectural Cardiovascular Center, 3-12, Kameizumi-machi, Maebashi, Gunma, 371-0004, Japan, - - 2014
In the drug-eluting stent era, the outcome of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has remarkably improved. Nevertheless, non-target lesion revascularization (non-TLR) is often performed even after successful PCI and optimized medical therapy. This study aimed to determine the predictor of non-TLR. In all, 125 consecutive patients with stable angina ...
Clerveus Michael M Department of Surgery, "Mancha Centro" General Hospital, Avd. de la Constitución no. 3, 13600, Alcázar de San Juan, Ciudad Real, - - 2014
The aim of this systematic review was to compare postoperative outcomes between pancreaticogastrostomy and pancreaticojejunostomy after pancreaticoduodenectomy. Six databases were systematically reviewed to identify randomized controlled trials comparing pancreaticogastrostomy and pancreaticojejunostomy. Studies reporting postoperative complications, reoperations, and mortality were included (PROSPERO registration number CRD42013005383). The search provided a total of ...
Zang Jinfeng J Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Taizhou People's Hospital, the Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Medical School of Nantong University, Taizhou, Jiangsu Province, - - 2014
Precut techniques have been used to facilitate biliary cannulation during difficult endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. Presently, needle-knife sphincterotomy (NKS) is a commonly used precut technique. Since its first description, transpancreatic sphincterotomy, as an alternative method for bile duct entry when conventional biliary cannulation failed, has been debated on its success rate ...
Shams Pari N PN South Australian Institute of Ophthalmology, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Adelaide University, Adelaide, South Australia, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Approximately 5% to 10% of patients continue to experience persistent epiphora following an anatomically successful dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) for nasolacrimal duct obstruction or stenosis. OBJECTIVE To investigate the management and success rate of so-called "functional failure" of DCR for nasolacrimal duct obstruction by experienced lacrimal surgeons. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS ...
Charoenkwan Kittipat K Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, 110 Intawaroros Road, Chiang Mai, Thailand, - - 2014
This is an updated version of the original Cochrane review published in Issue 1, 2010. Pelvic lymphadenectomy is associated with significant complications including lymphocyst formation and related morbidities. Retroperitoneal drainage using suction drains has been recommended as a method to prevent such complications. However, this policy has been challenged by ...
Park Jong-Hwa JH *Department of Neurosurgery, Spine Center, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seongnam, Republic of Korea †Department of Orthopedic surgery, Spine Center, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seongnam, Republic of - - 2014
Retrospective case-control study. It has been reported that adjacent segment ossification development (ASOD) commonly occurs after anterior cervical arthrodesis. To compare the efficacy of the short plate and oblique screw trajectory with the traditional long plate and parallel screw trajectory by investigating the incidence of ASOD and graft subsidence. We ...
Baghdadi Yaser M K YM Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, - - 2014
Elbow prosthetic replacement in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) can be complicated and technically challenging. Thus, we sought to evaluate the clinical benefit and the prosthetic longevity of primary semiconstrained linked total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) performed to treat these patients. Between 1983 and 2005, 29 elbows in 24 patients ...
Pearse Rupert M RM Queen Mary University of London, London, - - 2014
Small trials suggest that postoperative outcomes may be improved by the use of cardiac output monitoring to guide administration of intravenous fluid and inotropic drugs as part of a hemodynamic therapy algorithm. To evaluate the clinical effectiveness of a perioperative, cardiac output-guided hemodynamic therapy algorithm. OPTIMISE was a pragmatic, multicenter, ...
Hallet Julie J Division of General Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Division of Surgical Oncology, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre-Odette Cancer Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Sunnybrook Research Institute, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Perioperative anemia is common, yet detrimental, in surgical patients. However, red blood cell transfusions (RBCTs) used to treat anemia are associated with significant postoperative risks and worse oncologic outcomes. Perioperative iron has been suggested to mitigate perioperative anemia. This meta-analysis examined the impact of perioperative iron compared to no intervention ...
da Silva Edina Mk EM Emergency Medicine and Evidence Based Medicine, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Rua Borges Lagoa 564 cj 64, Vl. Clementino, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil, - - 2014
Early recovery is an important factor for people undergoing facial plastic surgery. However, the normal inflammatory processes that are a consequence of surgery commonly cause oedema (swelling) and ecchymosis (bruising), which are undesirable complications. Severe oedema and ecchymosis delay full recovery, and may make patients dissatisfied with procedures. Perioperative corticosteroids ...
Beaupre Lauren A - - 2014
Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA) is being used more commonly in younger higher demand patients. The purpose of this randomized pilot study was to explore a) feasibility of comprehensive postoperative rehabilitation compared to usual care following primary THA in subjects <65 years, b) appropriate outcome measures including performance-based measures and c) ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >