Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 3852
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Kawanishi Ryosuke R Department of Anesthesiology, Tokushima University Hospital, Tokushima, - - 2014
To determine the effects of intravenous and perineural dexamethasone on the duration of interscalene brachial plexus block (ISB) with ropivacaine in patients undergoing arthroscopic shoulder surgery. In this prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled trial, patients presenting for arthroscopic shoulder surgery with an ISB were randomized to receive ropivacaine 0.75% (group C), ropivacaine ...
Piccolo Raffaele R Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, Federico II University, Naples, - - 2014
Transfemoral approach (TFA) remains the most common vascular access for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in many countries. However, in the last years several randomized trials compared transradial approach (TRA) with TFA in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), but only few studies were powered to estimate rare events. The aim ...
Wu Ai-Min AM The Department of Spinal Surgery, Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Zhejiang Spinal Research Center, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, People's Republic of - - 2014
Dynamic interspinous spacers, such as X-stop, Coflex, DIAM, and Aperius, are widely used for the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis. However, controversy remains as to whether dynamic interspinous spacer use is superior to traditional decompressive surgery. Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register were searched during August ...
Xu San-Zhong SZ Department of Orthopaedics, First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province, - - 2014
Minimally invasive midvastus approach (mini-midvastus) has been widely used in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, the clinical effects still remains controversial. This meta-analysis was based on randomized controlled trials (RCTs) aiming to quantitatively analyze the clinical efficacy of mini-midvastus versus standard parapatellar approach in TKA. This meta-analysis was performed according ...
Bousselmi R - - 2014
Background: Tracheal intubation results in an alteration of the laryngeal mucosa which can lead to undesirable effects at emergence from anaesthesia. Local anesthetics, when administered topically, may represent an interesting alternative to reduce these side effects. aim: In this trial, we aimed to evaluate the effect of lidocaine in preventing ...
Rubertsson Sten S Department of Surgical Sciences/Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Uppsala University, Uppsala, - - 2014
A strategy using mechanical chest compressions might improve the poor outcome in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, but such a strategy has not been tested in large clinical trials. To determine whether administering mechanical chest compressions with defibrillation during ongoing compressions (mechanical CPR), compared with manual cardiopulmonary resuscitation (manual CPR), according to ...
Kim Francis F Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington, - - 2014
Hospital cooling improves outcome after cardiac arrest, but prehospital cooling immediately after return of spontaneous circulation may result in better outcomes. To determine whether prehospital cooling improves outcomes after resuscitation from cardiac arrest in patients with ventricular fibrillation (VF) and without VF. A randomized clinical trial that assigned adults with ...
Donoghue Kim K Institute of Psychiatry, Addictions Department, King's College London, London, United Kingdom. - - 2014
Electronic screening and brief intervention (eSBI) has been shown to reduce alcohol consumption, but its effectiveness over time has not been subject to meta-analysis. The current study aims to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the available literature to determine the effectiveness of eSBI over time in nontreatment-seeking hazardous/harmful ...
Gozdzik Waldemar W Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Therapy, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, - - 2014
The soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) has been recently recognized as a potential biological marker of various disease states, but the impact of a major surgical intervention on the suPAR level has not yet been established. The aim of our study was to investigate if the induction of a ...
Yoon Young Kyung YK Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Institute of Emerging Infectious Diseases, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Infection Control Unit, Korea University Anam Hospital, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Antimicrobial stewardship programs have been proposed for reducing bacterial resistance in the hospital environment. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of a carbapenem-use stewardship program on the susceptibility of Acinetobacter baumannii to Group 2 carbapenems. A before and after intervention study was conducted at a university ...
Beigi Ali Akbar AA Department of Vascular Surgery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Heparin has long been used to prevent thrombosis in the permanent central venous hemodialysis catheters (PermCath). Other alternatives for heparin with fewer side-effects have recently been considered. We compared normal saline (0.9%) with heparin for flushing PermCath with regards to catheter patency and prevention of heparin complications. Chronic kidney disease ...
Madhoun Mohammad F MF Division of Digestive Diseases and Nutrition, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, 920 Stanton L. Young Boulevard, WP1345, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, - - 2014
Background. Removal of large stones can be challenging and frequently requires the use of mechanical lithotripsy (ML). Endoscopic papillary large balloon dilation (EPLBD) following endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES) is a technique that appears to be safe and effective. However, data comparing ES + EPLBD with ES alone have not conclusively shown ...
Idiz Ufuk Oguz UO Department of General Surgery, Faculity of Medicine, BezmialemVakif University Beylikduzu, Istanbul 34900, - - 2014
The effectiveness of methylene blue-guided sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus disease (SPSD) surgery for the prevention of incomplete excision was evaluated. It was a prospective randomized clinical trial that included 33 patients diagnosed with SPSD. Before the excision, methylene blue was injected into the opening of each sinus. At the first excision, ...
Subhan Rifa Aquidah RA 0000-0001-8583-0182 Tissue Engineering Group, NOCERAL, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
This study was conducted to develop a technique for minimally invasive and accurate delivery of stem cells to augment nucleus pulposus (NP) in damaged intervertebral discs (IVD). IVD damage was created in noncontiguous discs at L4-L5 level; rabbits (N = 12) were randomly divided into three groups: group I treated ...
Choi Ahnryul A Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, 6431 Fannin St. MSB 1.246, Houston, Texas, - - 2014
Alterations of normal mitral valve (MV) function lead to mitral insufficiency, i.e., mitral regurgitation (MR). Mitral repair is the most popular and most efficient surgical intervention for MR treatment. An annuloplasty ring is implanted following complex reconstructive MV repairs to prevent potential reoccurrence of MR. We have developed a novel ...
Wang Wei W Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of EX-PRESS implantation compared with trabeculectomy for uncontrolled open-angle glaucoma. Pertinent randomized controlled trials were identified through systematic searches of the PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library. The efficacy measures utilized were the weighted mean differences (WMDs) for the intraocular pressure reduction (IOPR), the reduction ...
Deliktaş Hasan H Department of Urology, Muğla University, Medical Faculty,Muğla,Turkey. - - 2014
Purpose: To evaluate the success and complication rates of percutaneous nephrolithotomy&nbsp;(PNL) operations and to determine the effect of postoperative late removal of an open-end&nbsp;ureter catheter on hospital stay and on secondary interventions. Materials and Methods: The records of 198 patients (97 female, 101 male) who had PNL between&nbsp;May 2009 and ...
Hu Hongyu H Department of Cardiology, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, People's Republic of - - 2014
The efficacy of coronary angiography may be different in the right radial approach (RRA) and the left radial approach (LRA) due to more common vascular tortuosity in the RRA. The aim of the study was to determine whether LRA is a valid alternative for coronary angiography compared with RRA in ...
Greening Neil J NJ Centre for Exercise and Rehabilitation Science, Leicester Respiratory Biomedical Research Unit, Department of Respiratory Medicine, Glenfield Hospital, University Hospitals of Leicester, Leicester LE3 9QP UK - - 2014
To investigate whether an early rehabilitation intervention initiated during acute admission for exacerbations of chronic respiratory disease reduces the risk of readmission over 12 months and ameliorates the negative effects of the episode on physical performance and health status. Prospective, randomised controlled trial. An acute cardiorespiratory unit in a teaching ...
Barret Maximilien M Department of Gastroenterology, Cochin Hospital, Paris, France; Faculté Paris Descartes, Paris, - - 2014
The prevention of esophageal strictures following circumferential mucosal resection remains a major clinical challenge. Human amniotic membrane (AM) is an easily available material, which is widely used in ophthalmology due to its wound healing, anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrotic properties. We studied the effect of AM grafts in the prevention of esophageal ...
Xu Qintong Q Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan - - 2014
Fibrin sealant (FS) and tranexamic acid (TXA) have been used in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) to minimize perioperative blood loss. The efficacy of FS has been debated, and few studies have looked into the effects of FS and TXA on perioperative coagulability. The current study retrospectively reviewed 100 cases of ...
Soltani Rasool R 0000-0001-9301-4732 Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice, School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan 81746-73461, - - 2014
Background. Removing tooth results in gingival bleeding. Several measures are taken to stop bleeding. In this study, the effect of green tea extract on cessation of bleeding and oozing after removing of mandibular molars was investigated. Methods. This was a randomized controlled clinical trial carried out on 62 patients who ...
Moreira Graciane Laender GL Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil, Physiotherapist. Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
To determine the underdiagnosis rate in new COPD cases at the end of a nine-year follow-up period-in the study designated "Projeto Latino-Americano de Investigação em Obstrução Pulmonar" (PLATINO, Latin-American Pulmonary Obstruction Investigation Project)-and compare that with the underdiagnosis rate during the initial phase of the study, as well as to ...
Soleimannejad Majid M Cardiovascular Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2014
Introduction: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) may be associated with Thrombotic complications. Unfractionated heparin (UFH) is a potent and preferable antithrombotic agent during this procedure. Activated clotting time (ACT) is a good assay for accurate titration of UFH during PCI. The aim of this study was to evaluate ACT levels 10 ...
Ostovan Mohammad Ali MA Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, - - 2014
Introduction: Coarctation of aorta is the fourth most common cardiac lesion requiring intervention. While surgery used to be the only treatment option, endovascular intervention is now considered the first option in simple coarctation lesions. Despite increased popularity, there are currently no FDA approved stents for use in coarctation of aorta ...
Stojanovic Aleksandar A 0000-0003-1363-4689 SynsLaser Kirurgi AS, 9007 Tromsø, Troms, Norway ; Eye Department, University Hospital North Norway, Sykehusveien 38, 9019 Tromsø, Troms, - - 2014
Purpose. Our main purpose was to compare safety and efficacy in the treatment of progressive keratoconus with "epithelium-on" and "epithelium-off" corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL). Our secondary purpose was to evaluate efficacy of CXL when hypotonic 0.5% riboflavin is used as photosensitizer. Methods. One eye of 20 patients with bilateral progressive ...
Kremmer Stephan S Department of Ophthalmology, Evangelische Kliniken Gelsenkirchen, Munckelstr. 27, 45879 Gelsenkirchen, Germany ; Department of Ophthalmology, University of Duisburg-Essen, Hufelandstr. 55, 45122 Essen, - - 2014
To determine the effects of laser surgical IOP reduction by means of transscleral cyclophotocoagulation (CPC) on retinal blood flow parameters in glaucoma patients using Dynamic Vessel Analysis (DVA). 26 patients (average age: 70 years) with a long history of primary open angle glaucoma underwent CPC. The effect on the reactive ...
Charles Christine A - - 2014
The aim of this investigation through post-hoc analyses was to determine the ability to achieve gingival health in the short term with daily rinsing with an essential oil containing antimicrobial mouthrinse. Conventional Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) on whole mouth mean plaque and gingivitis scores were originally conducted to demonstrate efficacy ...
Kojima Yoshiyuki Y Department of Urology, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, Fukushima, Japan; Department of Nephro-urology, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2013
To present our experience of a novel technique, bladder neck sling suspension technique, in patients undergoing robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) and evaluate its efficacy for improving early continence outcomes after RARP in comparison with that of the standard technique. Fifty-seven consecutive patients underwent RARP between August 2011 and April 2012. ...
Liu Xiao-Li XL Department of Respiratory Disease, Hospital of Binzhou Medical University, Binzhou, Shandong 256603, P.R. - - 2014
The present study aimed to investigate whether low-dose heparin improves the condition of patients suffering from early disseminated intravascular coagulation (pre-DIC) during sepsis. In total, 37 patients were randomly divided into low-dose heparin intervention and control groups. The heparin group received a low-dose of heparin for 5-7 days, while the ...
Takagi Hisato H Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Shizuoka Medical Center, Shizuoka, - - 2013
To determine whether off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) increases mid-term major adverse cardiovascular (and cerebrovascular) events MACCE over on-pump CABG, we performed a meta-analysis of exclusive large randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched through October 2013 using ...
Kim J H JH Department of Orofacial Pain & Oral Medicine, Yonsei Dental Hospital, Yonsei University College of Dentistry, Seoul, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of 0.1% pilocarpine mouthwash in xerostomic patients. Sixty volunteers were randomly allocated to two groups. The experimental group used 0.1% pilocarpine solution, and the control group used 0.9% saline. The short- and long-term effects of pilocarpine were investigated by measuring ...
Yu De-Yi DY Department of Plastic Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University, Chiayi, - - 2013
Background and Objective: The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of Endovenous Laser Photocoagulation (EVLP) at wavelengths of 1064 nm versus 810 nm for chronic venous insufficiency (varicose veins) in a large series of patients. Study Design/Materials and Methods: A retrospective review was conducted of ...
Yang Lin L Lin Yang, Li-Juan Yuan, Rui Dong, Ji-Kai Yin, Qing Wang, Tao Li, Jiang-Bin Li, Xi-Lin Du, Jian-Guo Lu, Department of General Surgery, Tangdu Hospital of the Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710038, Shannxi Province, - - 2013
To determine the clinical value of a splenorenal shunt plus pericardial devascularization (PCVD) in portal hypertension (PHT) patients with variceal bleeding. From January 2008 to November 2012, 290 patients with cirrhotic portal hypertension were treated surgically in our department for the prevention of gastroesophageal variceal bleeding: 207 patients received a ...
Nedios Sotirios S University of Leipzig, Heart Center, Department of Electrophysiology, Leipzig, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2013
Atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation is increasingly used in patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LV-EF), but long-term outcomes are still unknown. We aimed to assess the long-term effects of AF ablation in patients with systolic heart failure according to rhythm outcome. We included 69 patients with LV-EF≤40%, referred for ...
Ramezani Alireza A Department of Ophthalmology, Ophthalmic Research Center, School of Medicine, Labbafinejad and Imam Hossein Medical Centers, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
To evaluate the effects of repeated intravitreal injections of bevacizumab (IVB) versus triamcinolone acetonide (IVT) in the treatment of acute central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO). In this randomized clinical trial, 86 eyes with recent onset (<12 weeks) CRVO were assigned to two groups: IVB group (43 eyes) that received three monthly ...
Hubschle Lars L Institute for Evaluative Research in Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Bern, Switzerland; Orthopaedic Department, Drammen Hospital, Vestre Viken HF, - - 2013
The Swiss Federal Office of Public Health mandated a nationwide HTA-registry for balloon kyphoplasty (BKP) for decision making on reimbursement of these interventions. The early results of the registry led to a permanent coverage of BKP by basic health insurance. The documentation was continued for further evidence generation. This analysis ...
Buchbinder Rachelle R aMonash Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Cabrini Institute, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Malvern Victoria bUniversity of Sydney, Institute of Rheumatology and Orthopedics, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Camperdown New South Wales cSouth Western Sydney Clinical School, University of New South Wales, Liverpool New South Wales, - - 2013
Over the last decade, there has been increased recognition of the importance of high-quality randomized controlled trials in determining the role of surgery for knee osteoarthritis. This review highlights key findings from the best available studies, and considers whether or not this knowledge has resulted in better evidence-based care. Use ...
Entezary Saeid Reza SR Department of Anesthesiology, Rasoul Akram Medical Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Studies have shown that N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMIDA) plays an essential role in postoperative pain. It seems that use of NMDA receptor antagonists such as Dextromethorphan intensifies the analgesic effects of opioids. In this study, we evaluated the effect of preoperative administration of Dextromethorphan on postoperative pain reduction. This double blind ...
Silvetti Simona S Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Via Olgettina 60, 20132, Milan, - - 2013
Standard inotropic treatment is often necessary in end-stage heart failure but may be harmful. We performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to investigate the effect of repeated administration of levosimendan on survival in patients with chronic heart failure. Four investigators independently searched in CENTRAL, Google Scholar MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus and ...
Paul Sanchit S Department of Paedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal University, - - 2013
Recent systematic reviews on clinical trials comparing the efficacy of chlorhexidine and fluoride varnish found that the evidence was inconclusive and further well-conducted randomized controlled clinical trials were advocated. To compare the effect of fluoride varnish (F) and Chlorhexidine-thymol varnish (CHX/T) with intensive application regimen on mutans streptococci (MS) levels ...
Pisanu Adolfo A Department of Surgery, Clinica Chirurgica, University of Cagliari, Monserrato, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2013
The role of intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) during thyroid surgery is still debatable. The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the potential improvement of IONM versus RLN visualization alone (VA) in reducing the incidence of vocal cord palsy. A literature search for studies comparing ...
Rosentreter André A Center of Ophthalmology, University of Cologne, Cologne, - - 2013
Purpose: To assess the efficacy of trabeculectomy with a biodegradable Ologen™ implant (OLO) versus mitomycin C (MMC) in patients in a prospective randomized clinical trial. Methods: In the MMC group (15 patients), trabeculectomy was performed according to standard protocols. In the OLO group (15 patients) after standard trabeculectomy, the implant ...
Verzé Laura L Department of Public and Pediatric Health Sciences, Legal Medicine Section, University of Turin, Turin, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to analyze the differences in facial soft tissue changes, despite the same extent of upper jaw forward movement, between patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (uCLP) and those without, after LeFort I osteotomy and secondary rhinoplasty. Twelve patients with maxillary retrognathic dysplasia and ...
Hargitai János - - 2013
A strong association exists between the use of tamsulosin and the occurance of intraoperative floppy iris syndrome. Several methods were advocated to overcome the progressive intraopertive miosis.Our purpose was to investigate the effect of a mydriatic-cocktail soaked cellulose sponge on perioperative pupil diameter in tamsulosin-treated patients undergoing elective cataract surgery. ...
Kambara Antonio M AM Instituto Dante Pazzanese de Cardiologia, São Paulo, - - 2013
Aims: To demonstrate the feasibility and efficacy of the novel InSeal VCD for the closure of large puncture holes following percutaneous structural interventions. Methods and results: Prospective, non-randomised, single-arm, single-centre study with a series of patients submitted to endovascular treatment of abdominal and thoracic aortic aneurysm as well as transcatheter ...
Gelani R - - 2013
SUMMARY This study assessed the ability of an infiltrant resin (Icon, DMG Chemisch-Pharmazeutische Fabrik GmbH, Hamburg, Germany) to prevent artificial lesion progression in vitro when used to impregnate white spot lesions and also assessed the effect of saliva contamination on resin infiltration. Enamel specimens (n=252) were prepared and covered with ...
Ohsugi Hideharu H From the Department of Ophthalmology (Ohsugi, Ohara, Imamura, Nakakura, Matsuba, Kato, Tabuchi), Tsukazaki Hospital, Himeji and the Department of Ophthalmology (Ikuno), Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2013
To evaluate changes in choroidal thickness before and after cataract surgery and factors affecting the changes. Tsukazaki Hospital, Himeji, Japan. Prospective interventional study. Patients having cataract surgery without other eye pathology were studied. The corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), intraocular pressure (IOP), axial length (AL), and enhanced-depth-imaging optical coherence tomography ...
Pavela James J Division of Vascular Surgery, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, - - 2013
Several studies have reported that echolucent carotid lesions, as determined by grayscale median (GSM) analysis, are associated with increased perioperative embolic complications during carotid artery stenting (CAS). However, there is limited research of the predictive value of GSM analysis comparing values for primary atherosclerotic lesions in the carotid artery with ...
Dautremont Jonathan F - - 2013
The objective of this study is to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of a postoperative clinical care pathway for patients undergoing major head and neck oncologic surgery with microvascular reconstruction. This is a comparative trial of a prospective treatment group managed on a postoperative clinical care pathway and a historical group managed ...
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