Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 3496
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Murray Colin - - 2013
Prolonged antibiotic courses are common in patients with lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) and contribute to antibiotic resistance and side effects. This study describes a multidisciplinary intervention to reduce antibiotic duration in LRTI patients. This was a prospective before-and-after intervention study conducted from November 2011 to December 2012. Antibiotic duration ...
Saffi Marco Aurélio Lumertz - - 2013
Background:Nurse-led interventions have proven beneficial to reduce estimated cardiovascular risk.Aim:The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of systematic, nurse-led individual lifestyle counseling sessions on the reduction of 10-year cardiovascular risk scores in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD).Methods:This was a randomized clinical trial of CAD patients treated ...
Uy Harvey S - - 2013
To compare the anatomic and refractive outcomes in eyes having phacoemulsification with 1 of 3 clear corneal incision (CCI) closure methods. Ambulatory surgical center, Makati, Philippines. Prospective randomized clinical trial. Patients having phacoemulsification cataract surgery had wound closure using no additional treatment (control), a single 10-0 nylon suture, or a ...
Shurrab Mohammed - - 2013
Robotic systems are becoming increasingly common in complex ablation procedures. We conducted systematic review and meta-analysis on the procedural outcomes of Magnetic Navigation System (MNS) in comparison to conventional catheter navigation for atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. An electronic search was performed using multiple databases between 2002 & 2012. Outcomes were: ...
Sie Corina - - 2013
Background and study aim: Argon plasma coagulation (APC) has been used to ablate dysplastic and nondysplastic Barrett's esophagus. We determined the longer-term efficacy of APC ablation within two randomized controlled trials of APC versus surveillance for Barrett's esophagus in patients in whom gastroesophageal reflux was controlled by either surgery or ...
Rowlands Martin - - 2013
Anaemia following hip fracture is common. Approximately 30 to 45% of patients have haemoglobin concentrations below population norms on admission, and around 10% are severely anaemic. Anaemia on admission, and in the postoperative period, is associated with poor outcomes with regard to mobility, postoperative mortality and readmission. There is currently ...
Gliozzi Micaela - - 2013
Statins are the most commonly prescribed drugs to reduce cardiometabolic risk. Besides the well-known efficacy of such compounds in both preventing and treating cardiometabolic disorders, some patients experience statin-induced side effects. We hypothesize that the use of natural bergamot-derived polyphenols may allow patients undergoing statin treatment to reduce effective doses ...
Lee Joo Myung - - 2013
Clinical outcomes of new-generation drug-eluting stents (DES), Everolimus-eluting stent (EES) or Resolute zotarolimus-eluting stent (R-ZES), have been reported. However, angiographic follow-up data of new-generation DES are limited, especially in Asians. We investigated the angiographic and clinical outcomes of EES and R-ZES in a real-world setting of Korean patients. Angiographic and ...
Canpolat U─čur - - 2013
Although cryoballoon based catheter ablation is an effective therapeutic option in atrial fibrillation (AF), a significant amount of patients failed to remain in sinus rhythm at long term follow-up. Appropriate selection of patients for catheter ablation reduces unnecessary interventions and prevents complications related with catheter ablation. The purpose of our ...
Karan Abraar - - 2013
Context: The provision of ocular surgical interventions for poorer, less educated populations is increasing as a result of increased globalization and outreach. However, these populations still have trouble understanding surgical concepts and are not always fully informed decision makers. Aims: We aimed to test the effect that a multimedia addition ...
Li Jia - - 2013
To compare the effects of peripherally inserted central venous catheter (PICC) placement using B-mode ultrasound with the modified Seldinger technique (BUMST) versus the blind puncture. One hundred chemotherapy patients were recruited to participate in a randomised, controlled trial in Guangzhou, China. Fifty were assigned to the experimental group (using BUMST), ...
Esteghamati Alireza - - 2013
Addition of spironolactone (SPR) to angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) might provide antiproteinuric effects beyond what is gained by either medication alone. This study was designed to assess the long-term efficacy of SPR/ARB combination in comparison with the standard ACE/ARB regimen in diabetic nephropathy. In ...
Nutbeam Tim - - 2013
Many patients will require extrication following a motor vehicle collision (MVC). Little information exists on the time taken for the various stages of extrication. To report the time taken for the various stages of extrication. A prospective, observational study carried out in the West Midland Fire Service's metropolitan area. Time ...
Wilbrand J F - - 2013
Objective : To photogrammetrically objectify changes in nonsynostotic craniofacial deformity in orthotically treated versus untreated infants. Design : A statistical retrospective pairwise comparison of two respective three-dimensional (3D) photo scans of 80 children performed in a 6-month time lag. Patients : Two comparable samples of children (40 treated, 40 untreated) ...
Schepull Thorsten - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Weightbearing in a fixed brace after acute Achilles tendon ruptures does not necessarily lead to mechanical tension in the tendon. Early motion has a positive effect on the clinical outcome, but it is not clear if this is because of effects on tendon strength or unspecific effects. The aim of ...
Karam Nicole - - 2013
ESC guidelines recommend a shorter (90min) delay for the use of primary percutaneous intervention (pPCI) in patients presenting within the first 2h of pain onset. Using registry data on STEMI patients in the Greater Paris Area, we assessed changes between 2003 and 2008 in the rates of pPCI, pre-hospital fibrinolytic ...
Jin Hui Min - - 2013
Objective: Use of prolonged nocturnal or daytime hemodialysis (PHD, more than 12 h per week) is associated with improvement of some clinical parameters relative to conventional hemodialysis (CHD, 4 h sessions, thrice weekly), but the effect on survival is unclear. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to determine whether PHD ...
Krasznai A G - - 2013
Chronic renal insufficiency (CRI) is a growing global problem. PTA can be performed without nephrotoxic contrast, utilizing Doppler-ultrasound (Duplex) guidance. Duplex-guided infra-inguinal interventions and access-related interventions have been reported. Duplex-guided iliac interventions have not been performed to any extent because of the anatomic location. In our study we evaluated the ...
Emara Amr M - - 2013
Objective: To report our early experience with new GreenLight XPS™ generator using the new MoXy laser fibre, examining its efficacy and safety but also its ability to effectively treat the larger prostate gland. Patients and Methods: From July 2010 until August 2012, 131 patients, with an average age of 72.6 ...
Molina Luis - - 2013
Pacing the right ventricle is established practice, but there remains controversy as to the optimal site to preserve hemodynamic function. To evaluate clinical and hemodynamic differences between apical and septal pacing in pacemaker-dependent patients. Patients receiving their first pacemaker for advanced atrioventricular block, with the atria in sinus rhythm, were ...
Yabuta Minoru - - 2013
To evaluate retrospectively the long-term outcome of percutaneous interventions for hepatic venous outflow obstruction (HVOO) occurring after pediatric living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). Between October 1997 and December 2012, 48 patients (24 boys, 24 girls; median age, 6 y) who had undergone LDLT were confirmed to have HVOO using percutaneous ...
Yu S S - - 2013
Airway integrated nasal packing reportedly improves body oxygenation after septal surgery. This randomized controlled study examined the effect of airway integrated nasal packing on oxygen saturation. Eighty patients with septal deviation and hypertrophic turbinate were randomly divided into two groups: Group 1 patients were postoperatively packed with airway integrated Nasopore, ...
Belyaev O - - 2013
Octreotide is suggested to harden the pancreas, thus facilitating the construction of a pancreatic anastomosis and lowering the risk of postoperative fistula. We tested the hypothesis that intra-arterial application of octreotide in the gastroduodenal artery during pancreatectomy may increase pancreatic hardness. A single-center, prospective, double-blinded, randomized controlled trial with parallel ...
Margreiter Markus - - 2013
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of a novel and minimally invasive approach, namely, intravesical instillation of a gelatin matrix hemostatic sealant (GMHS) in the management of intractable hematuria. Six consecutive patients with intractable hematuria not responding to standard treatment underwent intravesical instillation ...
Kim Seung-Ju - - 2013
Revision of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is relatively rare, but there is concern that the minimally invasive approach might result in more complications and a higher rate of revision. Current data regarding the revision of UKA using the Oxford phase 3 prosthesis are confined to a few reviews of single-institution ...
Leach Deanna - - 2013
Review of data on complications following joint replacement surgery revealed that urinary retention is a potential cause of increased morbidity. Repeat catheterizations, urinary tract infections, and possible infection of the prosthetic joint can result in a prolonged hospital length of stay. This study examined the effect of warm caffeinated coffee ...
Meng Qing-You - - 2013
Catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) for deep venous thrombosis (DVT) of the lower extremity has good effect, but whether iliac vein stent placement after thrombolytic therapy is still controversial. The goal of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of stent placement in the iliac vein following CDT in lower extremity DVT. ...
Lin Jun - - 2013
Osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) commonly occur in aged people. Balloon kyphoplasty (KP) has been proven to be efficacious for pain relief and reduction of vertebral height for patients with osteoporotic VCFs. However, very little is known about the comparison of clinical and radiographic outcomes between unilateral and bilateral balloon ...
Cetin Mustafa - - 2013
Objectives: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for chronic total occlusions (CTOs) is associated with lower rates of procedural success and higher complication rates compared with PCIs in non-CTO lesions. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between lesion characteristics and procedural success rates and in-hospital outcomes after PCI ...
Oduncu Vecih - - 2013
Objectives: We aimed to identify the predictors of angiographically visible distal embolization (AVDE) during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (p-PCI) as well as to assess its impact on short- and long-term clinical outcomes in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Study design: We retrospectively enrolled 2007 patients with STEMI ...
Theivanayagam Shoba - - 2013
Background/Aim: Erythromycin infusion before endoscopy in upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) has been hypothesized to aid in visualization and reduce the need for second-look endoscopy; however, the results have been controversial. To evaluate further, we performed a meta-analysis comparing the efficacy of erythromycin infusion before endoscopy in acute UGIB. Methods: Multiple ...
Noman Awsan - - 2013
To assess safety of early discharge following primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of 2448 STEMI patients treated with PPCI surviving to hospital discharge. Post-discharge all-cause mortality was reported at 1, 7, and 30 days and long-term follow up. A ...
Chinnappa Anitha - - 2013
Objectives: To compare mutans streptococci levels in saliva, before and after consumption of probiotic ice-cream and curds. Materials and Methods: Forty caries free children in the age group of 12-14 years were selected and equally divided into four groups I, II, III, IV. Children in group I and II were ...
Aghadavoudi Omid O Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Unit, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Najafabad, Isfahan, - - 2013
Based on the dramatic response of acute colonic pseudo-obstruction to neostigmine, we designed this study to evaluate the effect of neostigmine on the tolerance of enteral feeding in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients. A total of 60 patients hospitalized in the ICU of Alzahra Hospital, Isfahan, Iran entered the study. ...
Mehran Roxana R Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) cessation increases the risk of adverse events after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Whether risk changes over time, depends on the underlying reason for DAPT cessation, or both is unknown. We assessed associations between different modes of DAPT cessation and cardiovascular risk after PCI. The PARIS (patterns ...
Antonsen Lisbeth - - 2013
Objective: To evaluate the effects of the everolimus-eluting Xience™/Promus™ stent (EES) and the sirolimus-eluting Cypher™ stent (SES) on intimal hyperplasia (IH) in diabetic patients. Background: Patients with diabetes mellitus have increased risk of in-stent restenosis after coronary stent implantation due to intimal hyperplasia (IH). Methods: In a sub study of ...
Grygier Marek - - 2013
The results of PCI for saphenous vein graft disease, are limited by distal embolization and no-reflow which occurred in 10 to up to 43% of cases (1-5). The aim of the study was to examine the role of new protocol of adenosine administration during PCI in saphenous vein grafts on ...
Margetic Petra - - 2013
The objective of this study was to compare the surgical outcomes of patients operated on, with or without discography prior to operation. The study was designed as a randomized controlled trial, using power analysis with McNemar's test on two correlated proportions. The study comprised of 310 patients divided into trial ...
Dabare Dilan - - 2013
A best evidence topic in cardiovascular surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether administering sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) prevents contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in cardiovascular patients undergoing contrast imaging. In total, 266 papers were found using the reported search, 16 of which represented the best evidence ...
Tanweer Omar - - 2013
Object Patients undergoing placement of an external ventricular drain (EVD) are at increased risk for development of venous thromboembolisms (VTEs). Early chemical prophylaxis has been shown to decrease rates of embolism formation, but the risks for bleeding and the optimal time to initiate prophylaxis have not been clearly defined for ...
Jo Sang-Ho - - 2013
Objectives: α-Lipoic acid (ALA) is widely used for diabetic neuropathy due to its antioxidant properties. We evaluated its potential for preventing contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN). Methods: We conducted a prospective randomized controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy of ALA in CIN prevention. Two hundred and two patients with basal renal insufficiency ...
Domb Benjamin G - - 2013
Improper acetabular component orientation in THA has been associated with increased dislocation rates, component impingement, bearing surface wear, and a greater likelihood of revision. Therefore, any reasonable steps to improve acetabular component orientation should be considered and explored. We therefore sought to compare THA with a robotic-assisted posterior approach with ...
Zhou Xin-Die - - 2013
The clinical use of closed-suction drainage, which aims to reduce postoperative wound haematomas and infection, is common. This study was performed to determine whether closed-suction drainage is safe and effective in promoting wound healing and reducing blood loss and other complications compared with no-drainage in total hip arthroplasty. The literature ...
Cerruto Maria Angela - - 2013
Objective: Different fast track programs for patients undergoing radical cystectomy (RC) can be found in the current literature. The aim of this work was to develop a new enhanced recovery protocol (ERP). Patients and Methods: The ERP was designed after a structured literature review focusing on reduced bowel preparation, standardized ...
Toth Gabor - - 2013
Fractional Flow Reserve (FFR) is well established for patients (pts) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention, yet little is known for candidates to coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). From 2006 to 2010, we retrospectively included in this registry 627 consecutive pts treated by CABG having at least one angiographically intermediate stenosis. ...
Chang Po-Chun - - 2013
Objectives: Timely augmentation of the physiological events of dentoalveolar repair is a prerequisite for the optimization of the outcome of regeneration. This study aimed to develop a treatment strategy to promote dentoalveolar regeneration by the combined delivery of the early mitogenic factor platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and the late osteogenic ...
Ferrante Kimberly L - - 2013
This study examined the association between the need for a repeat voiding trial after midurethral sling (MUS) surgery and 1-year success rates. We conducted this secondary analysis of the participants in the Urinary Incontinence Treatment Network trial of midurethral sling (TOMUS) study which compared retropubic versus transobturator MUS. A standard ...
Geršak Borut - - 2013
The objective of this collaborative, multicenter, European effort was to evaluate the outcomes of the convergent procedure for the treatment of persistent and long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) in consecutive patients at 4 European centers. Outcomes of consecutive patients, undergoing the convergent procedure at 4 European centers, were evaluated in ...
Taniwaki Masanori - - 2013
Aims: Newer-generation everolimus-eluting stents (EES) have been shown to improve clinical outcomes compared with early-generation sirolimus-eluting (SES) and paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES) in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Whether this benefit is maintained among patients with saphenous vein graft (SVG) disease remains controversial. Methods and results: We assessed cumulative incidence ...
Molina Pablo - - 2013
Growing evidence indicates that vitamin D receptor activation may have antiproteinuric effects. We aimed to evaluate whether vitamin D supplementation with daily cholecalciferol could reduce albuminuria in proteinuric chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. This 6-month prospective, controlled, intervention study enrolled 101 non-dialysis CKD patients with albuminuria. Patients with low 25(OH) ...
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