Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 3494
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Baumann Frederic - - 2013
Purpose : To assess the need for clinically-driven secondary revascularization in critical limb ischemia (CLI) patients subsequent to tibial angioplasty during a 2-year follow-up. Methods : Between 2008 and 2010, a total of 128 consecutive CLI patients (80 men; mean age 76.5±9.8 years) underwent tibial angioplasty in 139 limbs. Rutherford ...
Stather Philip W - - 2013
Purpose : To report a systematic review and meta-analysis of outcomes following endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) in patients with hostile neck anatomy (HNA) vs. those with favorable neck anatomy (FNA). Methods : Systematic review and meta-analysis of data on EVAR in patients with HNA and FNA was performed by 2 ...
Reyes Sophia V - - 2013
To determine the effect from using prisms for image relocation on fixation stability estimates in low-vision (LV) patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The study was designed as a prospective, nonrandomized, observational case series. Inclusion criteria included documented AMD, LV with best corrected visual acuity of 20/50 to 20/400 in ...
Luigi Grenga Pier - - 2013
To evaluate which of 2 measuring units (bivariate contour ellipse area [BCEA] vs Fujii) yields more accurate measurements of fixation stability, obtained using the MP-1 device, in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) treated with intravitreal injections of ranibizumab, during a 12-month follow-up period. Small retrospective, noncomparative, interventional case ...
Dogan Zafer - - 2013
The aim of this study was to describe whether or not spinal anaesthesia with bupivacaine versus levobupivacaine has any effects on the QTc interval during cesarean section. Sixty healthy pregnant women scheduled for elective caesarean section were randomized to spinal anaesthesia with either bupivacaine (the bupivacaine group) or levobupivacaine (the ...
Andolfatto Gary - - 2013
The objective was to examine the feasibility, effectiveness, and adverse effect profile of intranasal ketamine for analgesia in emergency department (ED) patients. This was a prospective observational study examining a convenience sample of patients aged older than 6 years experiencing moderate or severe pain, defined as a visual analog scale (VAS) ...
Sun Zhi-Jian - - 2013
Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) through a minimally invasive approach (mTLIF) was introduced to reduce soft tissue injury and speed recovery. Studies with small numbers of patients have been carried out, comparing mTLIF with traditional open TLIF (oTLIF), but inconsistent outcomes were reported. We conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the ...
Choi Won Duck - - 2013
To evaluate effects of subacromial bursa injection with steroid according to dosage and to investigate whether hyaluronidase can reduce steroid dosage. Thirty patients with periarticular shoulder disorder were assigned to receive subacromial bursa injection once a week for two consecutive weeks. Ten patients (group A) underwent subacromial bursa injection with ...
Hossain M M - - 2013
This randomized, single blind, controlled, clinical trial was done to see the effect of magnesium sulfate infusion in perinatal asphyxia. This study was conducted in the Department of Neonatology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University and Dhaka Medical College Hospital from January, 2010 to October, 2010. Total 50 term neonates having ...
Ahsan M K - - 2013
This prospective interventional study carried out at Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University and a private hospital in Dhaka, Bangladesh during the period from October 2003 to September 2011. Surgical treatment of degenerative disc disease (DDD) should aim to re-expand the interbody space and stabilize until fusion is complete. The present ...
Steinbrook Richard A RA Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2013
Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is common after ambulatory surgery performed under general anesthesia. Anecdotal evidence suggests that caffeine may be useful in preventing PONV. The aim of the study was to determine efficacy of intravenous (IV) caffeine given prior to surgery is effective prophylaxis against PONV. We conducted a ...
A Direkvand-Moghadam DM Faculty, Prevention of Psychological Injuries Research Centre, Ilam University of Medical Sciences , Ilam, Iran - - 2013
Background: Because of potential side effects of chemical treatments and in order to decrease the risk of nausea and vomiting in post-operative patients, there is a necessary requirement for some alternative therapeutic methods such as Acupressure. Aim: The present randomized clinical trial study aimed to compare the effects of Acupressure ...
Tripathi M M Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal; Department of Anaesthesiology, SGPG Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India, - - 2013
Background: Abdominal sepsis is associated with varied degree of hypoxemia and atelactasis in the lung and can enhance the onset of desaturation of arterial blood during apnea. Aims : This study looked at methods to improve safety margin of apnea during induction of anesthesia in these high-risk patients. Settings and ...
Nimmaanrat Sasikaan S Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla, Thailand. - - 2013
Postoperative sore throat (POST) is a frequent consequence following ETT intubation, which may negatively affect the postoperative course and patient satisfaction. Benzydamine hydrochloride is a topically-applied non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). The authors evaluated the analgesic effect of benzydamine hydrochloride dripping on the ETT cuff on POST. Eighty-six patients participated in ...
Yam Felix K FK UCSD Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of California , San Diego. La Jolla, CA ( United States ). - - 2013
Evidence suggests that patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) suffer from a high rate of "clinical inertia" or "recognition of the problem but failure to act." THE AIM OF THIS STUDY IS TO QUANTIFY THE RATE OF CLINICAL INERTIA BETWEEN TWO MODELS OF CARE: Pharmacist-Managed Diabetes Clinic (PMDC) vs. Usual ...
Bhatti Nasir N Department of Ophthalmology, Isra Postgraduate Institute of Ophthalmology, Karachi. - - 2013
To evaluate the effectiveness of subconjunctival bevacizumab and topical bevacizumab in preventing neovascularisation on high-risk corneal grafts. The randomised, controlled, parallel group study was carried out from February 2008 to April 2012 at Isra Postgraduate Institute of Ophthalmology and Yasin Eye Hospital, Karachi. Eyes with high-risk corneal transplantation with corneal ...
Prasetyo Tommie T Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia-Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, - - 2013
Aim: to assess whether the volume of fluid intake influence the prevention of urinary stone formation. Methods: a systematic review from MEDLINE Electronic database was conducted. All of the controlled trial (RCT), case-control, and cohort studies written in English language were included in the study. Data analysis was performed to ...
Peng Nan-Hai - - 2013
Background/Aims: Recent studies indicate that perioperative fluid restriction leads to better preserved clinical data as well as reduced complication rates. This study aimed to determine the probable mechanism of fluid restriction influence on the complication rate of patients undergoing gastrointestinal surgery for malignancy. Methodology: Patients (n = 174) undergoing restricted ...
Naredi Nikita N Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Assisted Reproductive Technology Centre, Army Hospital (R and R), New Delhi, - - 2013
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is an iatrogenic and potentially life-threatening disease process, which may occur in healthy young women undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation for assisted reproduction. As the treatment is largely empirical, prevention forms the mainstay of management. The present study was aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of intravenous (IV) ...
Elherik F K - - 2013
Wrist arthrodesis has been established as a mainstay form of surgical intervention in the rheumatoid wrist. Despite this however, there is a distinct lack of patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) studies justifying the efficacy of this procedure in rheumatoid disease. The aim of this study was to report any change in ...
Schmidt-Erfurth Ursula - - 2013
To determine efficacy and safety of intravitreal aflibercept in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) during a second year of variable dosing after a first-year fixed-dosing period. Two randomized, double-masked, active-controlled, phase 3 trials. Two thousand four hundred fifty-seven patients with neovascular AMD. From baseline to week 52, patients ...
Elwan Mohamed M - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the effect of a single intravitreal 1.25 mg/0.05 ml bevacizumab (IVB) (Avastin, Genentech) injection on the visual outcome and both intraoperative and postoperative course of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) in proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Study Design: Prospective case-control interventional comparative study. Methods: One hundred patients (100 eyes) were divided ...
Akbaba Gulhan - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the efficacies of alendronate sodium (ALN) and raloxifene (RLX) for the management of PHPT in postmenopausal female patients with osteoporosis. Twenty-four postmenopausal women with osteoporosis who were diagnosed with PHPT but refused the option of surgery were enrolled. Participants were ...
Vrochides Dionisios - - 2013
ABSTRACT Introduction: Technological advances have led to the development of many devices used in liver resections. However, no single transection tool is uniformly considered to be better than the others. This study aimed to develop an effective, fast, and cost-efficient technique for hepatic parenchymal transection. Materials and Methods: A liver ...
García-Rodríguez José Francisco - - 2013
Outside ICUs, CVC-ABSIs epidemiology and the results of strategies for their prevention are not well known. The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiology and the impact of a multifaceted "bundle" approach in controlling CVC-ABSIs outside ICU. From 1991 we performed prevalence studies of device and parenteral nutrition ...
Spah Chad E - - 2013
To compare laparoscopic gastropexy using 2 self-anchoring barbed sutures to gastropexy using laparoscopically tied intracorporeal knots. Prospective, randomized controlled, clinical trial. Dogs (n = 30) weighing >16 kg. Dogs were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 laparoscopic gastropexy groups: group 1 (controls), intracorporeal 2-0 polydioxanone sutures (PDSII, Ethicon); group 2, barbed suture (0 ...
Geisler Tobias - - 2013
Aims: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)-related risks are increased among patients with left main disease (LMD). The aim was to evaluate the impact of antithrombotic therapy on outcomes after LMD PCI in a predominantly ACS population. Methods and results: One hundred and seventy-seven patients undergoing LMD PCI were identified in a ...
Barrey C Y - - 2013
We intended to prospectively evaluate the clinical and radiological results of lumbo-sacral fusion achieved by a combined approach, anterior then posterior. 62 patients were consecutively treated at L5-S1, L4-L5 or L4-S1 for degenerative disc disease or low-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis by combined surgery. Mean operative time and blood loss were 209 min ...
Kenaan Mohamad - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the incidence and outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) performed in patients who had not received pre-procedural aspirin. Aspirin is an essential component of peri-PCI pharmacotherapy. Prior studies suggest that pre-procedure aspirin is not administered to a clinically significant number of patients ...
Carella Sara - - 2013
Despite scientific literature replete with stories of disastrous results and disfigurement, illicit subcutaneous injections of highly viscous fluids in massive quantities still are performed, often by unqualified persons. The authors present a devastating long-term outcome from a massive volume of silicone oil injected subcutaneously into the buttocks of a 48-year-old ...
Tuzuner Serdar - - 2013
Tendon lacerations are most commonly managed with surgical repair. Postoperative complications such as adhesions and ruptures often occur with immobilization. Early postoperative mobilization is therefore advised to minimize complications and time required to return to daily life. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether botulinum neurotoxin type-A (BoNT-A) ...
Chung Seok Won - - 2013
BACKGROUND:The rate of healing failure after surgical repair of chronic rotator cuff tears is considerably high. PURPOSE:To verify the effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) with and without porcine dermal collagen graft augmentation on tendon-to-bone healing, using the rabbit supraspinatus tendon. STUDY DESIGN:Controlled laboratory study. METHODS:A total of 80 rabbits were ...
Tewatia Renu - - 2013
Post-partum hemorrhage (PPH) is the most common direct cause of maternal mortality and timely intervention can save many lives. To compare the effectiveness of sublingual misoprostol to intravenous oxytocin in preventing post-partum hemorrhage in low risk vaginal birth. One hundred patients with no risk factor for PPH were randomly allocated ...
Ranno Stefano - - 2013
<p><bold>Purpose:</bold> Involutional entropion is a common lower lid malposition. Addressing both the horizontal and the vertical lower eyelid laxity in patients with involutional entropion seems to have a more long-lasting effect on maintaining lower eyelid stability; however, there is some disagreement as to which approach is the best surgical intervention. ...
Queen Robin M - - 2013
To investigate the differences in gait biomechanics on the basis of approach at one year after surgery. This was a descriptive laboratory study to investigate the side-to-side differences in walking mechanics at a self-selected walking speed as well as a functional assessment one year following total hip arthroplasty. Temporospatial, kinetic, ...
Conan Anne - - 2013
In Cambodia, most poultry are raised in backyard flocks with a low level of biosecurity, which increases the risk of spread of infectious diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a practical biosecurity intervention based on affordable basic measures. A cluster randomised trial was conducted ...
- - 2013
ACST-2 is currently the largest trial ever conducted to compare carotid artery stenting (CAS) with carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in patients with severe asymptomatic carotid stenosis requiring revascularization. Patients are entered into ACST-2 when revascularization is felt to be clearly indicated, when CEA and CAS are both possible, but where there ...
Andalib Ali - - 2013
Aims: To evaluate the outcomes of mitral valve surgery in octogenarians with severe symptomatic mitral regurgitation (MR). Methods and results: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of data on octogenarians who underwent mitral valve replacement (MVR) or mitral valve repair (MVRpr). Our search yielded 16 retrospective studies. Using Bayesian ...
Irie Toshiyuki - - 2013
To show useful techniques for ultrasonography-guided free-hand puncture of a deep peripheral vein and catheter placement (UGFHCP). The techniques were: favorable position of the patient's arm for puncturing the deep basilic vein, stable suspension of the transducer, and catheter lowering for advancement after successful venous puncture. During the study period, ...
Müller Rasmus G - - 2013
It has been speculated that certain subgroups of sepsis patients may benefit from treatment with hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 130/0.42, specifically in the earlier resuscitation of patients with more severely impaired circulation. This was a post-hoc, subgroup analysis of all 798 patients with severe sepsis randomised in the 6S trial according ...
Mohammady Mina - - 2013
To explore the effect of bed rest duration after sheath removal following percutaneous coronary interventions on the incidence of vascular complications, back pain and urinary problems. According to the literature, the duration of bed rest after sheath removal following percutaneous coronary interventions ranges from 2-24 hours. Several studies have assessed the ...
Wagenlehner Florian M E - - 2013
Introduction: Increasing antibiotic resistance also has an impact on perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis (PAP). This narrative review evaluates fosfomycin trometamol (FT) as PAP in endourological interventions. Materials and Methods: Nine clinical studies including 4 randomized comparative studies were analyzed. A total of 1,614 patients received FT as PAP for different endourological ...
Kurt Mevlut - - 2013
The aim of this prospective study is to evaluate the safety of both diagnostic and therapeutic endosonography (EUS) in geriatric population. The study population, consisting of 222 patients who underwent endosonographic evaluation for different indications, was divided into two groups. Group I consisted of 165 patients, ≥65 years old; Group II ...
Romao Rodrigo L P - - 2013
To perform a critical analysis of the management of the pediatric failed pyeloplasty in a large tertiary center. The ideal approach to this rare entity is not well established. Retrospective record review of children undergoing pyeloplasty from 2000 to 2010. All cases that required any type of reintervention, excluding stent ...
McCarthy Fenton H - - 2013
Patients often present for aortic root replacement surgery with concomitant mitral valve pathology. Moderate mitral regurgitation is the point of clinical equipoise where the benefits of intervention compared with observation are currently unknown. This study compares outcomes in patients undergoing aortic root replacement surgery who did or did not receive ...
Beard David - - 2013
In the majority of patients with osteoarthritis of the knee the disease originates in the medial compartment. There are two fundamentally different approaches to knee replacement for patients with unicompartmental disease: some surgeons feel that it is always best to replace both the knee compartments with a total knee replacement ...
Kono Yuji - - 2013
Background: Lifestyle modification is associated with a substantially decreased risk of cardiovascular events. However, the role of lifestyle intervention for secondary prevention in patients with noncardioembolic ischemic stroke is inadequately defined. We assessed the hypothesis that lifestyle intervention can reduce the onset of new vascular events in patients with noncardioembolic ...
Chemla Eric - - 2013
<bold><italic>Purpose:</italic></bold> Arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) are the preferred form of vascular access for hemodialysis. However, non-maturation and patency are major clinical problems. The Optiflow™ device is an implantable anastomotic connector used to standardize the creation of an AVF. Studies have suggested that the geometry of the anastomosis and experience of the ...
Murray Colin - - 2013
Prolonged antibiotic courses are common in patients with lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) and contribute to antibiotic resistance and side effects. This study describes a multidisciplinary intervention to reduce antibiotic duration in LRTI patients. This was a prospective before-and-after intervention study conducted from November 2011 to December 2012. Antibiotic duration ...
Saffi Marco Aurélio Lumertz - - 2013
Background:Nurse-led interventions have proven beneficial to reduce estimated cardiovascular risk.Aim:The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of systematic, nurse-led individual lifestyle counseling sessions on the reduction of 10-year cardiovascular risk scores in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD).Methods:This was a randomized clinical trial of CAD patients treated ...
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