Search Results
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Slejko Julia F JF University of Washington School of Pharmacy, Seattle, WA, 98195-7630, USA. - - 2014
Adherence to statins in real-world practice settings is known to be suboptimal. However, less is known about how adherence changes over time and whether changes in adherence are associated with adverse cardiovascular (CV) outcomes. To (a) characterize yearly changes in adherence among initially adherent patients taking statins for primary prevention ...
Hunter Ross J RJ 1Cardiology Department, St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Bart's & The London NIHR Cardiovascular Biomedical Research Unit, William Harvey Research Institute, Queen Mary, University of London, London, United - - 2014
-Restoring sinus rhythm in patients with heart failure (HF) and atrial fibrillation (AF) may improve left ventricular (LV) function and HF symptoms. We sought to compare the impact of a catheter ablation strategy with that of a medical rate control strategy in patients with persistent AF and HF. -Patients with ...
Monaco Carlo - - 2014
This study evaluated the effect of prophylactic polishing pastes on the roughness and translucency of lithium disilicate ceramic. Sixty specimens were obtained from e.max CAD blocks. After ground finishing, each specimen was glazed and randomly divided into one of five groups, including one control group. They were then polished with ...
Belek Kyle A KA Dr Belek is a staff surgeon in the Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Alta Bates Summit Medical Center, Oakland, - - 2014
Background: Initial patient perceptions of rhinoplasty results are complicated by early postoperative edema, ecchymosis, and distortion. Anecdotal evidence suggests that taping the nose immediately upon splint removal aids with the patient's psychological adjustment to his or her new appearance. Objectives: The authors attempt to assess the overall impact of taping ...
Bagcioglu Murat M Department of Urology, Ankara Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
To compare the efficacy of herbal based and synthetic hemostatic agents in partial nephrectomy. Our experimental study was carried out at the Ankara Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey between May and November 2012. Twenty rats were randomly divided into 4 groups. Intracorporeal sutures (group K), TachoSil (group T), HaemoCer ...
Paech Mj M Department of Anaesthesia and Pain Medicine, King Edward Memorial Hospital for Women, Subiaco, Western Australia, - - 2014
The benefit of combining non-opioid analgesics with neuraxial opioids for analgesia after caesarean delivery has not been clearly established. Larger doses of paracetamol or cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors have not been evaluated. A randomised, double blind, double-dummy, parallel group placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted among women having elective caesarean delivery under spinal ...
Hecker Michelle T MT Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, MetroHealth Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of - - 2014
To evaluate adherence to uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTI) guidelines and UTI diagnostic accuracy in an emergency department (ED) setting before and after implementation of an antimicrobial stewardship intervention. The intervention included implementation of an electronic UTI order set followed by a 2 month period of audit and feedback. For ...
Mason James M JM Durham Clinical Trials Unit, Durham University, Queen's Campus, Stockton-on-Tees, United - - 2014
Cellulitis (erysipelas) is a recurring and debilitating bacterial infection of the skin and underlying tissue. We assessed the cost-effectiveness of prophylactic antibiotic treatment to prevent the recurrence of cellulitis using low dose penicillin V in patients following a first episode (6 months prophylaxis) and more recurrent cellulitis (12 months prophylaxis, ...
Sato Fumiko F Division of Oncology Nursing, Health Sciences, Tohoku University Graduate School of - - 2014
Most patients who undergo breast cancer surgery suffer from impairment of upper extremity function. In this study, we investigated the effectiveness of a perioperative educational program for improving upper arm dysfunction in patients with breast cancer. This longitudinal controlled study was conducted between January 2010 and July 2012. Participants comprised ...
Li Ka K Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, No. 37 Guo Xue Xiang Street, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan Province, P.R.China. - - 2014
Fast-track (FT) has been shown to enhance post-operative recovery. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of FT and traditional nutrition on post-operative rehabilitation, as well as evaluate the feasibility of applying FT in nutrition management of colorectal surgery. A prospective and randomized controlled trial was performed. ...
De Aguilar-Nascimento José Eduardo JE Department of Surgery, Federal University of Mato Grosso. Cuiaba. Brazil. Medical School, University of Varzea Grande. UNIVAG. Brazil.. - - 2014
Objective: To investigate the gastric emptying of an oral supplement containing carbohydrate plus whey protein drunk before sedation for gastroscopy. Methods: This is a randomized double-blind trial including adult patients (ages 18-65) with a chief complaint of epigastric burning and who were candidates to elective gastroscopy. After overnight fast subjects ...
Jung Ju-Hyeon JH Department of Physical Therapy, Rehabilitation Center, Gimhea Good Morning Hospital, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to verify a new method for improving respiratory functions by applying both abdominal stimulation and inspiratory muscle training (IMT) to train the inspiratory muscle and the expiratory muscle simultaneously, to improve the efficiency of IMT of chronic stroke patients. [Subjects] Eighteen stroke ...
Agarwal Sandhya S Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Deen Dayal Upadhyay Hospital, New Delhi, - - 2014
We compared the effects of adding dexmedetomidine to a 30 ml solution of 0.325% bupivacaine in supraclavicular brachial plexus block. Onset and duration of sensory and motor block along with the duration of analgesia were the primary endpoints. Fifty patients posted for upper limb surgeries were enrolled for a prospective, ...
Britto Vera Lúcia Santos de VL Serviço de Fisioterapia, Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de JaneiroRJ, Serviço de Fisioterapia, Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
Introduction: Human T cell lymphotropic virus type I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) can impact the independence and motricity of patients. The aims of this study were to estimate the effects of physiotherapy on the functionality of patients with HAM/TSP during the stable phase of the disease using proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation ...
Ekinci Metin M Department of Ophthalmology, University of Kafkas, Sarikamis, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the effect of W-shaped skin (WS) and linear skin (LS) incisions on cutaneous scar tissue formation in patients who have undergone bilateral external dacryocystorhinostomy. Sixteen patients (14 females and two males) with acquired bilateral nasolacrimal duct obstruction were included in this prospective, ...
Zhang Hai-Xia HX Department of Pharmacy, the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, - - 2014
To evaluate the impact and cost-benefit value of pharmacist interventions for prophylactic antibiotic use in surgical patients undergoing clean or clean-contaminated operations. A pre-to-post intervention study was performed in the Department of Urological Surgery of a tertiary hospital. Patients admitted from January through June 2011, undergoing clean or clean-contaminated surgery, ...
Pimentel Leonardo Halley Carvalho LH Centro Integrado de Reabilitação, TeresinaPI, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) on spastic foot in stroke patients in a rehabilitation program. Method: Hemiparetic stroke patients (n=21) enrolled in a rehabilitation program were divided into two groups. The first group (n=11) received a total of 300UI ...
Heidari Sayed Morteza SM Anaesthesiology and Critical Care Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Postanesthetic shivering (PAS) is an accompanying part of general anesthesia with different unpleasant and stressful complications. Considering the importance of proper prevention of PAS in order to reduce its related adverse complications in patients undergoing surgery, in this study, we investigated the effect of orally administrated tramadol in the prevention ...
Büker Nihal N School of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Pamukkale University, Denizli, - - 2014
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the therapeutic effect of sacroiliac (SI) blockade in patients with and without lumbosacral fusion. Methods: This study included 72 patients diagnosed with SI pain and who received blockade injection (methylprednisolone and lidocaine). Patients were divided into 2 groups; 22 patients in ...
Madani Ali Hamidi AH Urology Research Center, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical - - 2014
Purpose: Urinary retention is one of the most common complications contributing to surgical procedures. Recent studies have shown the benefits of alpha-adrenergic blockers in preventing post-operative urinary retention (POUR). The aim of this prospective study was to compare the prophylactic effect of tamsulosin with placebo on postoperative urinary retention. Materials ...
Hakimoglu Yasemin Y Yasemin Hakimoglu, MD, Department of Biochemistry, Hatay Antakya State Hospital, Hatay, - - 2014
Objective: Anesthesia and surgical intervention, leads to the development of systemic inflammatory response. The severity of the inflammatory response depends on the pharmacological effects of anesthetic agents and duration of anesthesia. Objective of the study was to investigate the effect of nitrous oxide on VEGF and VEGFR1 levels in patients ...
Foster Caroline C The 900 Clinic, The Jefferies Wing, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, United Kingdom - - 2014
Emerging evidence suggests financial incentives (FIs) improve medication adherence in select populations. A small proportion of adolescents with perinatal HIV (PaHIV) transfer to adult services with established poor adherence and advanced disease. We describe a single center adherence intervention combining FIs with motivational interviewing (MI). Eligible patients (PaHIV,16-25 years, CD4 ...
van Leeuwen D M DM MOVE Research Institute Amsterdam, Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, VU University Amsterdam, Van der Boechorststraat 9, 1081 BT, Amsterdam, The Netherlands ; Institute for Biomedical Research into Human Movement and Health, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M1 5GD, - - 2014
Objective. To investigate the feasibility and effects of additional preoperative high intensity strength training for patients awaiting total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Design. Clinical controlled trial. Patients. Twenty-two patients awaiting TKA. Methods. Patients were allocated to a standard training group or a group receiving standard training with additional progressive strength training ...
Pupelis G - - 2014
Restoration of gastrointestinal function is a crucial determinant of favorable outcome in severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). The purpose of this study was to retrospectively review our experience with early oral feeding in patients with the necrotizing form of SAP. Over the last 10 years, we have routinely gradually increased oral ...
Zhang Wei - - 2014
The purpose of this research is to evaluate the effects of a tourniquet in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The study was done by randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effects of a tourniquet in TKA. All related articles which were published up to June 2013 from Medline, Embase, and Cochrane ...
Gupta Raghav R Department of Ophthalmology, Dr Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2014
To perform a comparative evaluation of the efficacy and acceptability of Rose-K and Soper contact lenses in Keratoconus. Dr. Rajendra Prasad Center for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi. A randomized comparative clinical trial was performed in keratoconic eyes fitted with Rose-K (Rose-K group) and Soper ...
Irewall Anna-Lotta AL Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, - - 2014
Patients who experience a stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) are known to be at high risk of subsequent vascular events, underscoring the need for secondary preventive intervention. However, previous studies have indicated insufficiency in the implementation of secondary prevention, emphasizing the need to develop effective methods of follow-up. In ...
Wu Yin Y Department of Surgery, Jinling Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, 305 East Zhongshan Road, Nanjing 210002, - - 2014
Background. We aimed to determine the efficacy of fistuloclysis in patients with high-output upper enteric fistula (EF). Methods. Patients were assigned into the fistuloclysis group (n = 35, receiving fistuloclysis plus total enteral nutrition (TEN)) and the control group (n = 60, receiving TEN). Laboratory variables were measured during the ...
Grixti Andre A 0000-0002-1767-6467 Department of Ophthalmology, Wirral University Teaching Hospital, Arrowe Park Road, Wirral, Merseyside CH49 5PE, UK ; Department of Ophthalmology, St. Paul's Eye Unit, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Prescot Street, Liverpool, Merseyside L7 8XP, - - 2014
Purpose. To evaluate the visual outcomes and effect of phacoemulsification surgery on the progression of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Methods. Retrospective, noncomparative, and interventional case series. Thirty eyes from 29 subjects with neovascular AMD treated with intravitreal antivascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) injections who underwent phacoemulsification and had a ...
Hsieh I-Chang IC Second Department of Cardiology, Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Linkou, Taoyuan, - - 2014
Data from a large patient population regarding very long-term outcomes after BMS implantation are inadequate. This study aimed to evaluate the very long-term (8-17 years) clinical and long-term (3-5 years) angiographic outcomes after intracoronary bare-metal stenting (BMS). From the Cardiovascular Atherosclerosis and Percutaneous TrAnsluminal INterventions (CAPTAIN) registry, a total of ...
Choi Sung Ho SH Division of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Department of Surgery, The Catholic University of Korea School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
This study evaluated the efficacy for preventing venous thromboembolism (VTE) and adverse effects of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) in order to launch a prospective clinical trial in Korea. We reviewed the medical records of 108 consecutive patients who underwent gastric cancer surgery. These patients were divided into 2 groups according to ...
Shao Yi Y Department of Ophthalmology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang 330006, Jiangxi Province, - - 2014
To investigate the efficacy and safety of Honghua preserved amniotic membrane (AM) for preventing scar formation of the filtering bleb in a rabbit model of glaucoma trabeculectomy surgery. Totally 36 rabbits (36 eyes) were randomly divided into 3 groups: the experimental group (ocular trabeculectomy in combination with Honghua preserved AM ...
Yin Qin Q Emergency Department, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University, No. 8 Workers' Stadium South Road, Beijing 100020, - - 2014
The treatment effects of Xuebijing (XBJ) injection in severe septic patients with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) were investigated in this study. 171 severe septic patients with DIC were divided into the control group (n = 83) or intervention group (n = 88). Routine therapies were administered in both groups, and ...
Hunter J P JP Transplant Group, Department of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation, University of Leicester, Leicester General Hospital, Gwendolen Road, Leicester LE5 4PW, - - 2014
Objectives. To present a series of ipsilateral axillary artery to axillary vein loop arm grafts as an alternative vascular access procedure for haemodialysis in patients with difficult access. Design. Retrospective case series. Methods. Patients who underwent an axillary loop arteriovenous graft from September 2009 to September 2012 were included. Preoperative ...
Abecia Leticia L INAN, Estación Experimental del Zaidín (CSIC), Profesor Albareda 1, 18008 Granada, - - 2014
The aim of this work was to study whether feeding a methanogen inhibitor from birth of goat kids and their does has an impact on the archaeal population colonizing the rumen and to what extent the impact persists later in life. Sixteen goats giving birth to two kids were used. ...
Swartz Ann M AM Department of Kinesiology, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, PO Box 413, Milwaukee, WI 53201-0413. E-mail: - - 2014
The objective of this study was to assess change in sitting and physical activity behavior in response to a workplace intervention to disrupt prolonged sitting time. Sixty office workers were randomized to either a Stand group (n = 29), which received hourly prompts (computer-based and wrist-worn) to stand up, or ...
Ho Tsung-Jung TJ School of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, - - 2014
Tai Chi has been shown to have many great health benefits. However, few research attempts have been made to explore the effects of practicing TCC on life span. This study provides direct evidence of Tai Chi's antiaging effects. We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study to compare the rejuvenating and antiaging ...
Shehata Mohamed M 0000-0002-9981-0040 Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University Hospital, Abbasia Square, P.O. Box 11381, Cairo, - - 2014
Background. Diabetes mellitus is associated with worse angiographic and clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Aim. To investigate the impact of manual thrombus aspiration on in-stent restenosis (ISR) and clinical outcome in patients treated by bare-metal stent (BMS) implantation for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods. 100 diabetic patients ...
Muthappan Palaniappan P Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is sometimes performed with the intent to lower cardiovascular risk before high-risk noncardiac surgery (HRNCS). There are limited data on the frequency and outcome of PCIs performed in this setting. We assessed the frequency, characteristics, and in-hospital outcomes of patients undergoing PCI as part of the ...
Wang Chi C Department of Gastroenterology, Peking University First Hospital, 8 Xishiku Street, Beijing 100034, - - 2014
Aim. To investigate the mechanisms of gastrointestinal side effects of tacrine, and find treatment methods with electroacupuncture (EA). Methods. Twenty-five healthy cats were randomly divided into 5 groups: gastric-distention group (model group), tacrine group (cholinesterase inhibitor), tacrine + sham acupoint group (control group), tacrine + PC6 (neiguan) group, and tacrine ...
Alkin Zeynep Z Beyoglu Eye Training and Research Hospital, Bereketzade Cami Sokak, No. 2, Beyoglu, 34421 Istanbul, - - 2014
Background. To investigate the efficacy of selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) for lowering intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with open angle glaucoma (OAG) secondary to emulsified silicone oil (SO). Methodology/Principal Findings. Prospective, interventional, consecutive case series of 11 eyes with sustained elevation of IOP after SO removal. The mean IOP at ...
Kawanishi Ryosuke R Department of Anesthesiology, Tokushima University Hospital, Tokushima, - - 2014
To determine the effects of intravenous and perineural dexamethasone on the duration of interscalene brachial plexus block (ISB) with ropivacaine in patients undergoing arthroscopic shoulder surgery. In this prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled trial, patients presenting for arthroscopic shoulder surgery with an ISB were randomized to receive ropivacaine 0.75% (group C), ropivacaine ...
Piccolo Raffaele R Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, Federico II University, Naples, - - 2014
Transfemoral approach (TFA) remains the most common vascular access for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in many countries. However, in the last years several randomized trials compared transradial approach (TRA) with TFA in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), but only few studies were powered to estimate rare events. The aim ...
Wu Ai-Min AM The Department of Spinal Surgery, Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Zhejiang Spinal Research Center, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, People's Republic of - - 2014
Dynamic interspinous spacers, such as X-stop, Coflex, DIAM, and Aperius, are widely used for the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis. However, controversy remains as to whether dynamic interspinous spacer use is superior to traditional decompressive surgery. Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register were searched during August ...
Xu San-Zhong SZ Department of Orthopaedics, First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province, - - 2014
Minimally invasive midvastus approach (mini-midvastus) has been widely used in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, the clinical effects still remains controversial. This meta-analysis was based on randomized controlled trials (RCTs) aiming to quantitatively analyze the clinical efficacy of mini-midvastus versus standard parapatellar approach in TKA. This meta-analysis was performed according ...
Bousselmi R - - 2014
Background: Tracheal intubation results in an alteration of the laryngeal mucosa which can lead to undesirable effects at emergence from anaesthesia. Local anesthetics, when administered topically, may represent an interesting alternative to reduce these side effects. aim: In this trial, we aimed to evaluate the effect of lidocaine in preventing ...
Rubertsson Sten S Department of Surgical Sciences/Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Uppsala University, Uppsala, - - 2014
A strategy using mechanical chest compressions might improve the poor outcome in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, but such a strategy has not been tested in large clinical trials. To determine whether administering mechanical chest compressions with defibrillation during ongoing compressions (mechanical CPR), compared with manual cardiopulmonary resuscitation (manual CPR), according to ...
Kim Francis F Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington, - - 2014
Hospital cooling improves outcome after cardiac arrest, but prehospital cooling immediately after return of spontaneous circulation may result in better outcomes. To determine whether prehospital cooling improves outcomes after resuscitation from cardiac arrest in patients with ventricular fibrillation (VF) and without VF. A randomized clinical trial that assigned adults with ...
Donoghue Kim K Institute of Psychiatry, Addictions Department, King's College London, London, United Kingdom. - - 2014
Electronic screening and brief intervention (eSBI) has been shown to reduce alcohol consumption, but its effectiveness over time has not been subject to meta-analysis. The current study aims to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the available literature to determine the effectiveness of eSBI over time in nontreatment-seeking hazardous/harmful ...
Gozdzik Waldemar W Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Therapy, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, - - 2014
The soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) has been recently recognized as a potential biological marker of various disease states, but the impact of a major surgical intervention on the suPAR level has not yet been established. The aim of our study was to investigate if the induction of a ...
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