Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 3494
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Mitra Biswadev - - 2013
The effectiveness of massive transfusion protocols (MTPs) has been assumed from low quality studies with multiple biases. This review aimed to (i) evaluate the association between the institution of an MTP and mortality and (ii) determine the effect of MTPs on transfusion practice post trauma. A systematic review of studies ...
Suh Jung-Won - - 2013
Aim: To compare the responsiveness to clopidogrel in patients who were prescribed two different types of statins, atorvastatin vs. rosuvastatin, following percutaneous coronary intervention. Methods: A total of 915 patients were randomized according to the antiplatelet therapy strategy in the CILON-T trial. In this subgroup analysis, we included patients who ...
Vuitton Lucine - - 2013
Despite an increasing use of immunosuppressants and anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) agents, approximately half of the patients with Crohn's disease will require surgery within 10 years after diagnosis. Postoperative relapse is frequent and should be systematically assessed within the first year by endoscopy. Absence of prophylactic treatment is associated with a ...
Yong Sin Leong - - 2013
Adrenal crisis is a life threatening condition which can be induced by stress during surgery in patients with adrenal insufficiency. This may be prevented by perioperative administration of high doses of steroids. There is disagreement on whether supplemental perioperative steroids are required and, when administered, on the amount and frequency ...
Biaggi Patric - - 2013
-Quantification of the mitral valve area (MVA) is important to guide percutaneous mitral valve repair using the MitraClip(TM) system. However, little is known how to best assess MVA in this specific situation. -Immediately pre and post MitraClip implantation, comprehensive three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (3D TEE) data were acquired for MVA assessment ...
Lee Dominic - - 2013
To report our long-term pubovaginal slings (PVS) outcomes between primary (PVS1) and secondary (PVS2) autologous fascia PVS, with the hypothesis that outcomes in PVS1 will be better than in PVS2. IRB approved retrospective study of women undergoing PVS between 1996 and 2011 with minimum 6 months follow-up. Data reviewed included ...
Kucuktag Zulkuf - - 2013
To investigate roles of types of inflammation, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), osteopontin (OPN), and calcium sensing receptor (CaSR) in the tympanic membrane and middle ear in etiopathogenesis of myringosclerosis/tympanosclerosis (MT). Etiopathogenesis of myringosclerosis/tympanosclerosis is still unclear. Clinical and experimental observations demonstrate that hyperoxygenation might induce tympanosclerosis. Seventy-five rats were ...
Polimenakos Anastasios C - - 2013
The Norwood operation (NO) with a right ventricle (RV)-to-pulmonary artery (PA) shunt (NRVPA) is reportedly associated with early hemodynamic advantage. Shunt strategy has been implicated in ventricular function. Outcomes after NRVPA compared with classic procedure as part of a strategy involving early bidirectional Glenn (BDG) procedure were analyzed with reference ...
Bus Sicco A - - 2013
OBJECTIVECustom-made footwear is the treatment of choice to prevent foot ulcer recurrence in diabetes. This footwear primarily aims to offload plantar regions at high ulcer risk. However, ulcer recurrence rates are high. We assessed the effect of offloading-improved custom-made footwear and the role of footwear adherence on plantar foot ulcer ...
Shah Sanket U - - 2013
To evaluate the efficacy of intravitreal bevacizumab for prevention of macular edema after plaque radiotherapy of uveal melanoma. Retrospective, single-center, nonrandomized, interventional comparative study. Patients with uveal melanoma treated with plaque radiotherapy were divided into 2 groups: a bevacizumab group and a control group. The bevacizumab group received intravitreal bevacizumab ...
Niu Xiao-Yin - - 2013
To assess the effects of dexmedetomidine on the duration of sensory and motor block, postoperative analgesia, hypotension, bradycardia, and side effects in patients undergoing spinal anesthesia. Two researchers searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane controlled trial register independently for randomized controlled trials comparing dexmedetomidine with a placebo without any language ...
Ruan Zhong-Bao - - 2013
Background Uncomplicated Stanford B acute aortic dissection (AAD) is generally treated with medical management; whereas complicated dissections require surgery or thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). Studies have demonstrated that long-term outcomes with medical management are suboptimal. Therefore, we sought to investigate the early and long-term clinical efficacy of TEVAR for ...
Baykara Mehmet - - 2013
<p><bold>Purpose:</bold> In this study, we aimed to determine the early results of selective laser trabeculoplasty to trabeculo-Descemet membrane in patients resistant to deep sclerectomy (DS) surgery.</p><p><bold>Methods:</bold> Twelve eyes of 12 patients that had undergone DS for primary open-angle glaucoma were enrolled. Preoperative and postoperative intraocular pressures (IOP) were measured by ...
Tamandl Dietmar - - 2013
Delayed gastric emptying (DGE) is of considerable concern in patients undergoing pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (PPPD). Prolonged hospital stay, increased cost, and decreased quality of life add on to interventions needed to treat DGE. This study was conducted to determine if performing duodenojejunostomy via the antecolic rather than the retrocolic route improved ...
Oh Joo Han - - 2013
This study was conducted to verify the effects of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) on tendon healing and reversal of fatty infiltration in a chronic rotator cuff tear model by using the rabbit subscapularis (SSC). The SSC insertions in 32 rabbits were cut bilaterally. After 6 weeks, secondary procedures were performed ...
Favilla V - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the association of intralesional verapamil (ILV) injection with oral antioxidants compared with ILV monotherapy in patients with early onset of Peyronie's disease (PD) at 12-week follow-up. Group A (n = 52) received ILV 10 mg weekly for 12 weeks, while group B (n = 53) ...
Ribeiro Marcos Ausenka - - 2013
A 4-group RCT evaluated the impact of distinct workplace interventions to increase the physical activity (PA) and to reduce anthropometric parameters in middle-aged women. One-hundred ninety five women aged 40 to 50 years, employees from an University hospital, physically inactive at the leisure time were randomly assigned to one of ...
Sündermann Simon H - - 2013
Aims: The EchoNavigator (EN) software (Philips Healthcare, Best, The Netherlands) enables real-time fusion of echocardiography and fluoroscopy by co-registration of the echocardiography probe on the x-ray image. We aimed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of this novel software during MitraClip procedures. Methods and results: Twenty-one patients were treated with ...
de Aguilar-Nascimento José E - - 2013
Preoperative education is a key point in multimodal protocols of perioperative care. We investigated whether preoperative education for patients undergoing open cholecystectomy would reduce the incidence of perioperative symptoms. This was a randomized, single-blinded, clinical trial that included adult (18-65 years old) candidates for elective open cholecystectomy. All patients took part ...
Riaz Yasmin - - 2013
Age-related cataract is a major cause of blindness and visual morbidity worldwide. It is therefore important to establish the optimal technique of lens removal in cataract surgery. To compare manual small incision cataract surgery (MSICS) and phacoemulsification techniques. We searched CENTRAL (which contains the Cochrane Eyes and Vision Group Trials ...
Ishikawa Yoshiki - - 2013
Follow-up rate after a fecal occult blood test (FOBT) is low worldwide. In order to increase the follow-up rate, segmentation of the target population has been proposed as a promising strategy, because an intervention can then be tailored toward specific subgroups of the population rather than using one type of ...
Verma Kushagra - - 2013
Study Design. Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trialsObjective. To compare the reported incidence of ASD requiring surgical intervention between ACDF and TDASummary of Background. The concern for adjacent segment disease (ASD) has led to the development of motion-preserving technologies such as total disc arthroplasty (TDA). To date, however, no known study ...
Ozcan E - - 2013
Background: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of the same dosage but different concentrations and volumes of levobupivacaine used for axillary block on the onset and intensity of the block. Methods: Sixty-nine patients were randomly allocated into three groups. The patients in Group 5, Group 7.5 ...
Lei C - - 2013
Accumulating evidence suggests that statins exert neuroprotective effects, but whether their use affects the outcomes of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) remains controversial. Therefore, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate whether statin use before spontaneous ICH affects unfavorable functional outcome or mortality. We searched the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE ...
Waimann Christian A - - 2013
Background: Total knee replacement (TKR) rates have significantly increased in the past decade. While the procedure itself might be costly, the cost-effectiveness and potential offset costs from patient and societal benefits have not been clearly established. The objective of this study was to perform an economic evaluation of TKR in ...
Ferguson K B - - 2013
Fixed bearing (FB) total knee replacement is a well established technique against which new techniques must be compared. Mobile bearing (MB) prostheses, in theory, reduce polyethylene wear but the literature is yet to provide evidence that they are superior in terms of function or long-term survivorship. In addition there has ...
Santo Vincent J - - 2013
This study determined wound complication rates, intervention rates, failure mechanisms, patency, limb salvage, and overall survival after lower extremity revascularization using open vein harvest (OVH) vs endoscopic vein harvest (EVH) for critical limb ischemia. A single-institution review was conducted of consecutive patients who underwent infrainguinal bypass with a single-segment reversed ...
Pérez-Castellano Nicasio - - 2013
Results from randomized trials designed to compare cryoenergy with radiofrequency for pulmonary vein (PV) isolation are lacking. This randomized study compared the efficacy of a simplified strategy for PV cryoablation (group C) versus PV isolation with open-irrigated radiofrequency catheters (group R). 50 patients with paroxysmal AF and 4 independent PVs ...
Hayton Michael J - - 2013
Dupuytren's contractures affecting proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints are challenging to treat. We explored the effects of collagenase Clostridium histolyticum (CCH) on PIP joint contractures after injection of an affected metacarpophalangeal (MP) joint in the same finger and after injection of an isolated PIP joint contracture. Two patient subsets were evaluated: ...
Inazawa Takeshi - - 2013
Hypercholesterolemia coexisting with diabetes still requires clinical intervention to manage the high risk of cardiovascular disease it poses. No second-step strategy is established, however, for cases where strong statins fail to bring cholesterol down to target levels. In this study we seek to demonstrate the superior effect of ezetimibe in ...
Cai Tommaso - - 2013
Plants extracts are used in urology to manage urinary tract infections. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a preparation with solidago, orthosiphon, birch and cranberry extracts (CISTIMEV PLUS(®)) in reducing microbial colonization and biofilm development in patients with indwelling urinary catheters. All consecutive outpatients attending our department between January ...
Zhang Xiaoqin - - 2013
Catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) is effective for acute iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis (DVT), but CDT remains partially effective for subacute DVT. The aim of this study was to conduct a prospective randomized controlled single-centre clinical trial to compare CDT alone with CDT with additional balloon dilatation for the treatment of iliofemoral ...
Nunes Maria Carmo P - - 2013
-Net atrioventricular compliance (Cn) has been reported to be an important determinant of pulmonary hypertension in mitral stenosis (MS). We hypothesized that, as Cn reflects hemodynamic consequences of MS, it may be useful in assessing prognosis. To date, limited data with an assumed Cn cutoff have indicated the need for ...
Kennedy David J - - 2013
To determine the rate of vasovagal (vv) complications in fluoroscopically guided interventional procedures. Retrospective case series analysis of prospectively collected data from March 8, 2004 to January 30, 2009. A single academic medical center. Four thousand one hundred eighty-three subjects undergoing 8,010 consecutive injections. Pearson's chi-square test was used to ...
Levine Laurence - - 2013
Peyronie's disease (PD) is a connective tissue disorder of the penis in which a fibrous scar in the tunica albuginea can result in multiple penile deformities. The study aims to investigate the prevalence and time to identification of plaque calcification (PC) in our PD patient population and whether stratification of ...
Hirota Shinichi - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate long-term compliance with salt restriction in Japanese cardiology outpatients assessed by spot urine measurements. A total of 466 patients (72±10 years old, 216 females) who visited a cardiology outpatient clinic and were followed for at least 1 year were included in this ...
Wallace Justin R - - 2013
Outcomes of endovascular lower extremity interventions (eLEIs) have been recently linked to provider specialty; however, the indication for intervention was not examined. We sought to compare outcomes between specialties performing eLEI for different indications, in a recent statewide inpatient discharge dataset. The Florida hospital discharge data from 2005 to 2009 ...
Harling Leanne - - 2013
Patients requiring surgical revascularisation for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) form a clinically heterogeneous group ranging from haemodynamic stability to cardiogenic shock. Whilst 'off-pump' revascularisation (OPCAB) is often considered, patient selection and operative timing remain controversial. This study aims to identify whether OPCAB may confer a mortality benefit over ONCAB in ...
Minsinger Kristopher D - - 2013
Contrast-sparing devices have been slowly adopted into routine patient care. Randomized trial evidence of automated contrast injectors (ACIs) has not been analyzed to evaluate the true reduction in contrast volume during coronary angiography and intervention. It has been thought that reducing the amount of contrast exposure will result in a ...
Di Vece Francesca - - 2013
To compare the ablation area produced by a single application of a microwave ablation (MWA) system, equipped with a miniaturized device on the tip of the antenna entrapping reflected microwaves, with that produced by an internally cooled radiofrequency ablation (RFA) system. Forty patients with primary or secondary inoperable liver tumors, ...
Richardus Renate A - - 2013
Despite almost 30 years of effective chemotherapy with MDT, the global new case detection rate of leprosy has remained quite constant over the past years. New tools and methodologies are necessary to interrupt the transmission of M. leprae. Single-dose rifampicin (SDR) has been shown to prevent 57% of incident cases ...
Kilic S - - 2013
It was the purpose of this study to assess the effect of thrombus aspiration (TA) during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) on reperfusion and clinical outcome in a real-world STEMI population. The decision to use TA (Export catheter, Medtronic) was at the discretion of the treating cardiologist. The primary endpoint ...
Lieberman Jay R - - 2013
➤ The selection of a regimen for venous thromboembolic prophylaxis after total joint arthroplasty is a balance between efficacy and safety. Bleeding may have a negative impact on clinical outcomes.➤ Recently, both the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) and the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) developed new evidence-based ...
Barrack Robert L - - 2013
Acetabular component malposition is linked to higher bearing surface wear and component instability. Outcomes following total hip arthroplasty and surface replacement arthroplasty depend on multiple surgeon and patient-dependent factors. The purpose of this study was to examine the frequency in which acetabular components are placed within a predetermined target range. ...
Camerota Filippo - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To assess quantitatively the effects of Neuromuscular Taping (NMT) on the upper limb in a female child with left hemiplegia, due to Cerebral Palsy (CP). Methods: The patient underwent NMT on cervical level, shoulder and hand only of the plegic upper limb, followed by physical therapy. Kinematic data ...
Park Seung-Jung - - 2013
We evaluated the impact of the routine use of fractional flow reserve (FFR) on the practice and outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Between January 2008 and December 2011, the rate of FFR use during PCI increased from 1.9 to 50.7% after the introduction of routine FFR use (P < ...
Ujiki Michael B - - 2013
We report our short-term experience with peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) and compare perioperative outcomes with laparoscopic Heller myotomy (LHM) for achalasia. Patients from an institutional review board-approved protocol underwent POEM and were followed prospectively. Comparisons were made, in a prospective esophageal database, with patients who underwent LHM over the same ...
Nagpal Kamal - - 2013
The information provided during the postoperative handover influences the delivery of care of patients in the postoperative recovery unit through their care on the ward. There is a need for a structured and systematic approach to postoperative handover. The aim of this study was to improve postoperative handover through the ...
Wang Xiao-Hua - - 2013
Previous investigators have demonstrated that patient adherence to optimal weight monitoring resulted in fewer heart failure (HF)-related rehospitalizations. The aim of this study was to determine whether a weight management (WM) intervention can improve patients' WM ability and cardiac function and reduce HF-related rehospitalizations. Heart failure patients were randomly assigned ...
Zaremski Lynn - - 2013
Radial access is increasingly used for both diagnostic and interventional cardiac procedures. Prospective data comparing ultrasound- versus palpation-guided radial catheterization are largely lacking. In this prospective, single-center study, a total of 183 consecutive patients scheduled for transradial cardiac catheterization by an experienced interventionalist were assigned 1:1 to either palpation- or ...
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