Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 3917
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Nohuz Erdogan E Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, General Hospital of Thiers, Route du Fau, 63300, Thiers, France, - - 2014
Polypropylene (PP) mesh shrinkage represents a serious complication, as a significant cause of pain and recurrence of pelvic organ prolapse or ventral hernias, frequently requiring several surgical interventions. The retraction seems to be caused by the host, in response to the implantation, through the occurrence of periprosthetic adhesions and fibrosis. ...
Jones Nicole - - 2014
Abstract Purpose. Several field triage systems have been developed to rapidly sort patients following a mass casualty incident (MCI). JumpSTART (Simple Triage and Rapid Transport) is a pediatric-specific MCI triage system. SALT (Sort, Assess, Lifesaving interventions, Treat/Transport) has been proposed as a new national standard for MCI triage for both ...
Ormerod Julian O M JO Wiltshire Cardiac Centre, Great Western Hospital, Swindon SN3 6BB, - - 2014
Preliminary study to assess the risk profile and outcomes of patients aged over 90years at the time of percutaneous coronary intervention. A database search was performed to identify patients 90years or over at the time of percutaneous coronary intervention. Risk profile scores (Charlson Comorbidity Index, SYNTAX, Logistic clinical SYNTAX, New ...
Sarzaeem Mohammad Mahdi MM Department of Orthopedics, Imam Hossein Medical Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
The ideal method of providing tranexamic acid (TXA) for decreasing hemoglobin drop after TKA is still controversial. In this clinical trial, 200 patients were randomly allocated to four groups. In group 1, 500mg TXA was administered intravenously. In group 2, the joint irrigated with 3g of TXA in 100cc of ...
Sawa Yoshiki Y Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-2 Yamada-Oka, Suita, Osaka, 565-0871, Japan, - - 2014
Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is suggested to be less invasive and/or equally effective in comparison to conventional aortic valve replacement for high-risk symptomatic aortic stenosis patients. We herein report the initial results of a pivotal clinical trial of TAVR in Japan (the PREVAIL JAPAN). Sixty-four aortic stenosis patients (mean ...
Berman Jay M JM Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To analyze the clinical success of radiofrequency volumetric thermal ablation (RFVTA) at three years follow up in terms of subject responses to validated questionnaires and surgical re-intervention for fibroids. Prospective follow up of patients through 36 months posttreatment in a multicenter, international trial of outpatient, laparoscopic ultrasound-guided RFVTA of symptomatic ...
Sorita Atsushi A Division of Preventive Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, - - 2014
Although limiting prescription refills is considered as a strategy to increase compliance with the treatment regimen and follow-up, no literature exists to support its effectiveness. We sought to investigate whether decreasing the number of prescription refills affects no-show rate at an urban teaching primary care continuity clinic in New York. ...
Dou Kefei K State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, Department of Cardiology, Cardiovascular Institute and Fu Wai Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the safety, feasibility, procedural, and long-term outcomes by the transradial (TR) approach as compared to transfemoral (TF) approach in patients with triple vessel coronary artery disease undergoing one-stage percutaneous coronary intervention. The feasibility, safety, and efficacy between the TR and TF ...
de Lucena-Ferreira Sílvia Carneiro SC Department of Prosthodontics and Periodontology, Piracicaba Dental School, State University of Campinas, Avenida Limeira, 901, 13414-903, Piracicaba, SP, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of daily exposure to a denture cleanser on a multispecies biofilm. Multispecies biofilms (five bacteria and Candida albicans) were developed for 64.5 h on acrylic resin specimens and randomized into control and experimental groups. In the experimental group, biofilms were immersed ...
Wiersema A A Department of Surgery, Westfriesgasthuis, Hoorn, The Netherlands - - - 2014
Background: Unfractionated heparin (UFH) is used intraoperatively as antithrombotic by most vascular surgeons worldwide during infrainguinal bypass surgery (IABS) to reduce the risk of peroperative and early graft thrombosis. To reduce the harmful side effects of UFH (bleeding complications, HIT) and to reduce peroperative and early graft failure, other pharmaceuticals ...
Rylski Bartosz B Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA & Heart Center Freiburg University, Freiburg, - - 2014
Data on outcomes after Stanford Type A aortic dissection in Marfan's Syndrome (MFS) patients are limited. We investigated the primary surgery and long-term results in MFS patients who suffered aortic dissection. Among 1324 consecutive patients with aortic dissection Type A, 74 with MFS (58% males, median age 37 (29; 48) ...
Piccolo Raffaele R Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, Federico II University, Naples, - - 2014
Despite first-generation drug-eluting stents (DES) dramatically reduced the need for repeat revascularization in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention, their use was associated with an increased risk of thrombotic events at long-term follow-up. The Nobori biolimus-eluting stent (BES) is a second-generation DES with a biodegradable poly-lactic acid polymer. During the last ...
Hansen M A MA Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark and Institute of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University, Aarhus, - - 2014
Radial artery catheterization is gaining popularity for diagnostic and interventional procedures. Palpation technique is widely used for the procedure, but ultrasonography has been shown to increase catheterization success. A recently described ultrasonography technique is termed 'dynamic needle tip positioning'. We aimed to compare the traditional palpation technique and dynamic needle ...
Güler Mete M Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Adiyaman University , Adiyaman , Turkey - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To determine the short-term effects of single-dose intravitreal bevacizumab injection on central corneal thickness (CCT), simulated keratometry (Sim K), anterior chamber depth (ACD), iridocorneal angle (ICA) and intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements. Design: Prospective, nonrandomized, interventional clinical trial. Materials and Methods: Forty-three eyes of 43 patients aged between 41 ...
Mertelsmann-Voss Christina C Department of Pediatric Rheumatology, Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 East 70th Street, New York, NY, 10021, - - 2014
Objective: Although arthroplasty rates have increased dramatically, rates in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are reported to be decreasing. It is not known if this is true of other inflammatory arthridities. This study evaluates arthroplasty rates due to RA, juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), spondyloarthropathies (SpA), and a composite group inflammatory arthridities (IA), ...
Varma Niraj N J2-2 Cardiac Pacing and Electrophysiology, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195, - - 2014
To test recommended implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) follow-up methods by 'in-person evaluations' (IPE) vs. 'remote Home Monitoring' (HM). ICD patients were randomized 2:1 to automatic HM or to Conventional monitoring, with follow-up checks scheduled at 3, 6, 9, 12, and 15 months post-implant. Conventional patients were evaluated with IPE only. ...
Cassidy Michael R MR Department of Surgery, Boston University School of Medicine and Boston Medical Center, Boston, - - 2014
Data revealed that our urban, academic, safety net medical center was a high outlier for postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE). Our goal was to implement and determine the efficacy of a standardized intervention for reducing postoperative VTE complications. We developed a strategy to decrease VTE complications, based on standardized electronic physician ...
Bakhshi Fateme F 1BSN, RN, Master Student, Yazd Cardiovascular Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran 2Cardiologist, Yazd Cardiovascular Research Center, and Assistant Professor, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran 3BSN, Yazd Cardiovascular Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran 4BS, Researcher, Yazd Cardiovascular Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran 5MSc, Research Manager, Yazd Cardiovascular Research Center, and Doctoral Student, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, - - 2014
Restoring patient homeostasis after coronary angiography, the gold standard diagnostic test for coronary heart disease is usually achieved by manual compression of the puncture site using a sandbag and prolonged bed rest. However, this process frequently results in patient complaints of back pain and discomfort. The aim of study was ...
Yasin M Naveed MN From the Royal Manchester Children's Hospital, Manchester, United - - 2014
A retrospective radiographical follow-up study of thoracolumbar deformity in 33 children with mucopolysaccharidosis 1 (Hurler syndrome). To report the severity, natural history, risk factors for progression, and results of intervention for thoracolumbar kyphosis in children with Hurler syndrome. Literature on the subject of thoracolumbar kyphosis in Hurler syndrome and its ...
De Sousa-Amorim Erika E Nephrology, Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid, - - 2014
Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is a severe complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD). Identification of patients at high risk for EPS ("EPS-prone") and delivery of appropriate interventions might prevent its development. Our aim was to evaluate the clinical characteristics and outcomes of all EPS and EPS-prone patients diagnosed at our PD ...
Meermans G G Lievensberg Hospital, Boerhaaveplein 1, 4624 VT Bergen Op Zoom, the - - 2014
The orientation of the acetabular component can influence both the short- and long-term outcomes of total hip replacement (THR). We performed a prospective, randomised, controlled trial of two groups, comprising of 40 patients each, in order to compare freehand introduction of the component with introduction using the transverse acetabular ligament ...
Kahn Mark R MR Zena and Michael A. Wiener Cardiovascular Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, USA. - - 2014
To compare outcomes of elective percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) in same-day discharge and overnight hospital stays. Advances in PCI techniques and equipment have allowed same-day discharge after elective PCI. In this study, we investigated the safety of same-day discharge ambulatory PCI in patients according to age, creatinine, and ejection fraction ...
Bajaj Navkaranbir Singh NS Division of Cardiovascular Disease, University of Alabama, Birmingham, - - 2014
The goal of this study was to provide a systematic review and analysis of observational studies on percutaneous left atrial appendage (LAA) occlusion for stroke prophylaxis in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). A recent randomized controlled trial in patients with NVAF suggested noninferiority of percutaneous LAA occlusion versus medical management for ...
Turk Emin E 1 Department of General Surgery and 2Department of Radiology, Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, - - 2014
Abstract We sought to investigate whether application of topical tetracycline has a limiting effect on seroma formation in patients undergoing hernia repair using a polypropylene mesh. This study was conducted in 96 patients undergoing an elective groin hernia repair. Patients were randomized and divided into 2 groups. After the graft ...
Murray David W DW Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2014
In the late 1990s, new developments in knee replacement were identified as a priority for research within the NHS. The newer forms of arthroplasty were more expensive and information was needed on their safety and cost-effectiveness. The Knee Arthroplasty Trial examined the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of four aspects of ...
Cha Hyun-Kyu HK Department of Physical Therapy, College of Natural Science, Daejeon University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on the upper limb of function of patients with post-stroke hemiplegia. [Subjects] Twenty subjects were randomly allocated to either the upper tDCS group or the functional training group, with 10 subjects in each ...
Jung Jaehyun J Department of Physical Therapy, Daegu University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] This study evaluated the effects of water and land-based obstacle training on static balance of chronic stroke patients. [Subjects] The subjects were randomly allocated to an aqua group (n=15) and a land group (n=15). [Methods] Both groups trained for 40 minutes, 3 times a week for 12 weeks. Static ...
Yeung C Albert CA Department of Public Health, NHS Lanarkshire, Bothwell, Scotland, - - 2014
DesignSingle-blind, multi-centre, parallel, randomised controlled trial. Intervention Adult patients (18-75 years) with 10 or more natural teeth, and one or more root caries lesion in a tooth not crowned or compromised were included. Patients were randomised to receive a high fluoride toothpaste, 1.1% sodium fluoride (5000 ppm F) or a ...
Ahsan Khalid - - 2014
To compare the efficacy of ondansetron alone and combination of ondansetron and dexamethasone in preventing post-operative nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The randomised control trial was conducted from April 23 to August 22, 2009, at the Liaquat National Hospital, Karachi, and comprised 100 American Society of Anaesthesiology ...
Boden Richard A - - 2014
This prospective study aims to explore hip arthroscopy, outcome and the effect of the learning curve. Using the non-arthritic hip score preoperatively and postoperatively in 120 patients with an average 23-month follow-up, a median improvement of 16 points was seen at 6 months (p < 0.0001, Wilcoxon's signed ranks) remaining ...
Yassaei Sogra S Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, - - 2014
Development of white spot lesions on enamel is a significant and common problem during the fixed orthodontic treatment. Various preventive methods have been suggested. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the preventive potential of MI Paste Plus, Er: YAG Laser and combined under similar in vitro conditions against ...
Thakur Anil A ESI Medical College Basaidarapur, New Delhi,, - - 2014
Infraclavicular (IC) approach of subclavian vein (SCV) catheterisation is widely used as compared to supraclavicular (SC) approach. The aim of the study was to compare the ease of catheterisation of SCV using SC versus IC approach and also record the incidence of complications related to either approach, if any. In ...
Smith W Cairns S - - 2014
The global prevalence of leprosy has declined from 5.2 million in the 1980 s to 200,000 today. However, the new case detection rate remains high: over the last 8 years, around 220,000-250,000 people have been diagnosed with leprosy each year. In June 2013, an international meeting was organised by the ...
Pavaskar Rajdeep R Lecturer, Department of Coservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Goa Dental College and Hospital , Bambolim, Goa, India - - 2014
This study evaluated the efficacy of 2% chlorhexidine (CX), calcium hydroxide (CH), Vitapex® (VP), linezolid (LZ), a combination of LZ with CH (LC) against Enterococcus faecalis (EF). EF strains were mixed with peptone water and the turbidity was adjusted to the McFarland's turbidity standard tube No: 0.5. The inoculum obtained ...
Sun Ye Y The Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Joint Disease, Drum Tower Hospital, The Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, - - 2014
To establish a contemporary literature-based estimate of the incidence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) after knee arthroscopic surgery. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of the English language literature to assess the efficacy of prophylaxis to prevent DVT after knee arthroscopic surgery. Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or prospective ...
Scali Salvatore T ST Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy, University of Florida, Gainesville, Fla. Electronic address: - - 2014
Despite improved short-term outcomes, concerns remain regarding durability of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). The purpose of this analysis was to evaluate the pathology-specific incidence of secondary aortic interventions (SAI) after TEVAR and their impact on survival. Retrospective review was performed of all TEVAR procedures and SAI at one institution ...
El-Saied Heba M A HM Department of Ophthalmology, Kasr El Aini Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, - - 2014
The altered visual function induced by changes in corneal curvature following filtration surgery is distressing to patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate surgically induced astigmatism following trabeculectomy in comparison with deep sclerectomy. In a prospective interventional comparative study, patients with primary open-angle glaucoma were randomly allocated to ...
Gobble Ryan M RM Boston, Mass.; and New York, N.Y. From the Harvard Plastic Surgery Combined Residency Program and the Division of Plastic Surgery, Brigham & Women's Hospital, and Harvard Medical School; and New York University Langone Medical - - 2014
Postoperative pain control is essential for optimal patient outcomes. Ketorolac is an attractive alternative for achieving pain control postoperatively, but concerns over postoperative bleeding have limited its use. Computer searches of the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases were performed. Twenty-seven double-blind, randomized, controlled studies were reviewed by two independent ...
Stanbury Spencer J SJ Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, University of Rochester Medical Center, 601 Elmwood Ave, Box 665, Rochester, NY 14642 - - 2014
The purpose of this experiment was to determine the effect of A2 pulley reconstruction on gliding coefficient (GC), bowstringing, and proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint maximum flexion angle after zone II repair of flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS) and flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) lacerations. Fresh frozen cadaver forearms were mounted, and the ...
Kurazumi Hiroshi H Department of Surgery and Clinical Science, Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medicine, Ube, Yamaguchi, - - 2014
Elderly patients are sometimes denied aortic arch surgery because of the perception of poor outcomes and an unacceptable quality of life (QOL). In this study, we evaluated the early clinical outcomes, long-term survival and QOL following surgical treatment for aortic arch disease in octogenarian patients. A total of 47 consecutive ...
Christopoulos Georgios G VA North Texas Healthcare System and UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, - - 2014
Objectives: To examine the success and complication rates in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for chronic total occlusion (CTO) caused by in-stent restenosis (ISR). Background: PCI for in-stent total occlusive disease has traditionally been associated with low success rates. We sought to examine angiographic and procedural outcomes of patients who underwent ...
Howard Jennifer S JS Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington, - - 2014
It is well established that autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) can require extended recovery postoperatively; however, little information exists to provide clinicians and patients with a timeline for anticipated function during the first year following ACI. To document the recovery of functional performance of activities of daily living following ACI. ACI ...
Bryczkowski Sarah B SB Department of Surgery, Rutgers-New Jersey Medical School, Newark, - - 2014
Hospital-acquired delirium is a known risk factor for negative outcomes in patients admitted to the surgical intensive care unit (SICU). Outcomes worsen as the duration of delirium increases. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a delirium prevention program and determine whether it decreased the incidence ...
Hofmeister Erik H EH Department of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, - - 2014
To determine the incidence of anesthesia patient safety incidents at a university teaching hospital, develop interventions to address the most common incidents, and determine the effectiveness of these interventions. Pre-post intervention observational. Four thousand, one hundred forty dogs and cats anesthetized by the anesthesia service. The study was divided into ...
Zand Farid F Shiraz Anesthesiology and Critical Care Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, - - 2014
Methylnaltrexone is a peripheral opioid receptor antagonist that does not cross the blood-brain barrier; so without interference with pain relief, it could reverse the peripheral opioid side effects such as constipation, pruritus, postoperative ileus, and urinary retention. This study has been designed to evaluate the effect of methylnaltrexone on postoperative ...
Griffin Tomas P TP Department of Endocrinology-Head & Neck Surgery, South Infirmary Victoria University Hospital, Cork, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Transient hypocalcemia is a well-recognized occurrence after total thyroidectomy. It has been hypothesized that underlying vitamin D deficiency may increase the risk of this complication, although to date there are few data in the literature supporting this hypothesis. OBJECTIVE To investigate whether perioperative vitamin D levels have any effect ...
Biran Adam A London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, London, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Diarrhoea and respiratory infections are the two biggest causes of child death globally. Handwashing with soap could substantially reduce diarrhoea and respiratory infections, but prevalence of adequate handwashing is low. We tested whether a scalable village-level intervention based on emotional drivers of behaviour, rather than knowledge, could improve handwashing behaviour ...
Li Wen-Hua WH Department of Cardiology, Affiliated Hospital of XuZhou Medical College, No. 99 Huaihai West Road, Xuzhou, 221002, China, - - 2014
Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is an important complication in the use of iodinated contrast media. The present study aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) in prevention of CIN in patients with high-risk factors undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The study group consisted of 163 patients who ...
Honda Hirokazu - - 2014
Background: The present randomized study was designed to compare the efficacy between two active vitamin D analogs, alfacalcidol (ACD) and maxacalcitol (OCT), for the management of mild secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) in dialysis patients. Methods: SHPT in all 32 patients analyzed in the study was initially treated with OCT. Once patients' ...
Bastos Gonçalves F F Department of Vascular Surgery, University Medical Center, Utrecht, The Netherlands; Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Direct additional therapy is advised for type-Ia endoleaks detected on completion angiography after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). Additional intraoperative endovascular procedures are, however, often challenging or not possible, and direct open conversion is unattractive. The results of a selective, conservative strategy for patients with primary type-Ia endoleak has been analysed. ...
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