Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 3833
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Vonk Noordegraaf A A Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, & EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, AMC-UMCG-UWV-VUmc, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Public and Occupational Health, & EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, AMC-UMCG-UWV-VUmc, Amsterdam, the - - 2014
To evaluate the effectiveness of an eHealth intervention on recovery and return to work, after gynaecological surgery. Randomised multicentre trial that ran from March 2010 until September 2011. Secondary care in seven general and university hospitals in the Netherlands. A cohort of 215 women (aged 18-65 years) who had a hysterectomy and/or ...
Bhatty Shaun S Department of Internal Medicine, Cardiovascular Division, Virginia Commonwealth University Health System/Medical College of Virginia, Richmond, VA, - - 2014
The proper use of anticoagulants is crucial for ensuring optimal patient outcomes post percutaneous interventions in the cardiac catheterization laboratory. Anticoagulant agents such as unfractionated heparin, a thrombin inhibitor; low-molecular weight heparins, predominantly Factor Xa inhibitors; fondaparinux, a Factor Xa inhibitor and bivalirudin, a direct thrombin inhibitor have been developed ...
Chiang Nathaniel N Waikato Hospital, Hamilton - New - - 2014
<sec id="st1"><title>ABSTRACT</title> <bold><italic>Purpose:</italic></bold> The purpose is to compare the outcomes of FLIXENE™ arteriovenous graft (AVG) to standard polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) AVG for early haemodialysis. <bold><italic>Methods:</italic></bold> This is a prospective observational study of all AVGs placed over a 40-month period between 2008 and 2011 at our vascular unit. Primary outcome was to ...
Fassett Robert G RG The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia, - - 2014
Without a run-in phase, chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients enrolled in clinical trials may not be identified as having progressive disease. The aim of this analysis was to quantify the effects of a run-in phase on kidney function outcome in CKD patients enrolled in the Lipid Lowering and Onset of ...
Chung Y H YH Department of Anesthesiolgy and Pain Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to determine (1) whether successful intraoperative electromyography monitoring for lateral spread response (LSR) is possible with partial neuromuscular blockade (NMB) in subjects undergoing microvascular decompression (MVD) for hemifacial spasm and (2) the adequate level of NMB to achieve that goal. A total of ...
Yildirim Aydin A Fatih University Medical Faculty Hospital, Department of Ophthalmology, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
To report the long-term results of combined same-day intrastromal corneal ring segments (ICRS) and corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) for postoperative LASIK ectasia. Retrospective and interventional case series. This retrospective and interventional cases series was performed in Turkiye Hospital Eye Clinic and Fatih University Medical Faculty Hospital, Department of Ophthalmology. Sixteen ...
Bruckert E E Hôpital Pitié Salpêtrière, Assistance Publique -Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, - - 2014
Abstract Aims: Assess the evolution of cardiovascular lifestyle behaviours in hypercholesterolemic patients concomitantly with changes in their daily intake of phytosterol-supplemented yoghurt (Phyto-SY). Methods: Nationwide prospective observational study conducted in general practices across France and Spain. Each practitioner suggested lifestyle changes to 5 consecutive patients with hypercholesterolemia (whether or not ...
Dippmann Christian C Arthroscopic Center Amager, Copenhagen University Hospital Hvidovre, Copenhagen, Denmark, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the progression of clinical outcomes 3, 6 and 12 months after hip arthroscopy with labral repair for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). From May 2009 to December 2011, 87 consecutive patients [55 females (median age 38, range 17-63) and 32 males (median age 38, range ...
van Aalst Michiel J H MJ From the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery (MJHvA, JO, MWGN-vdS, BWS) and Department of IQ Healthcare (MWGN-vdS), Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, the - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to identify independent preoperative hip function characteristics sensitive for preoperative intervention that are predictive of an extended length of hospital stay (LOS) after primary total hip arthroplasty (THA). This is a longitudinal cohort study. A retrospective chart analysis was conducted on prospectively collected ...
Ring Liam L Department of Medicine, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine the clinical utility of left atrial (LA) functional indexes in patients with mitral valve prolapse (MVP) and mitral regurgitation (MR). Timing of surgery for MVP remains challenging. We hypothesized that assessment of LA function may provide diagnostic utility in these patients. We ...
Ohashi Masayuki M *Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Regenerative and Transplant Medicine, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, 1-757 Asahimachi Dori, Chuo-ku, Niigata City, Niigata, 951-8510, Japan. †Spine Center, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Niigata Central Hospital, 1-18 Shinkocho, Chuo-ku, Niigata City, Niigata, 950-8556, Japan. Investigation performed at the Niigata Central Hospital, Niigata, - - 2014
Study Design. A prospective study.Objective. To evaluate the two-year outcomes of open-door cervical laminoplasty with prophylactic bilateral C4/C5 foraminotomy.Summary of Background Data. A prospective trial of prophylactic bilateral C4/C5 foraminotomy with open-door laminoplasty for cervical compression myelopathy showed a significant efficacy for preventing postoperative C5 palsy. However, in bilateral foraminotomy, ...
Queen Robin M RM Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Box 3956, Durham, NC 27710, USA; Michael W. Krzyzewski Human Performance Research Laboratory, DUMC 3435, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Following total ankle replacement (TAR) patients demonstrate improvements in gait. The purpose of this study was to assess the changes in gait symmetry from a pre-operative assessment through two years following TAR. Seventy-eight patients who received a primary TAR and had no contralateral pain were examined. Three-dimensional joint mechanics and ...
Dai Neng N Neng Dai, PhD Fellow, Medical College, Tongji University, Shanghai, China. Da-chun Xu, MD, PhD Attending Doctor, Department of Cardiology, Tenth People's Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai, China. Lei Hou, MD, PhD Associate Professor, Department of Cardiology, Tenth People's Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai, China. Wen-hui Peng, MD, PhD Attending Doctor, Department of Cardiology, Tenth People's Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai, China. Yi-dong Wei, MD, PhD Associate Professor, Department of Cardiology, Tenth People's Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai, China. Ya-Wei Xu, MD, PhD Professor, Department of Cardiology, Tenth People's Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai, - - 2014
Transradial access is an attractive approach for angiography or percutaneous coronary intervention. Different devices have been used to apply pressure locally at the site of arterial entry for achieving hemostasis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 2 different hemostatic devices on radial artery outcomes after ...
Morrison Jonathan J JJ *The Academic Department of Military Surgery & Trauma, Royal Centre for Defence Medicine, Birmingham; †Academic Unit of Surgery, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, United Kingdom; ‡The US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston; §59th Medical Wing, Lackland Air Force Base; ∥Department of Surgery, San Antonio Military Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, Texas; and ¶The Norman M. Rich Department of Surgery, The Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, - - 2014
Noncompressible torso hemorrhage is a leading cause of death in trauma, with many patients dying before definitive hemorrhage control. Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is an adjunct than can be used to expand the window of salvage in patients with end-stage hemorrhagic shock. The aim of this ...
Golemati Spyretta S Columbia University Medical Center and New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY, USA, - - 2014
Optimal treatment of chronic total occlusions (CTOs) remains one of the major challenges in interventional cardiology. A number of factors, including both patient clinical conditions and technical procedural considerations, have been identified to affect percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) success and long-term outcomes, in large multicenter cohorts as well as smaller ...
Lobastov K K Department of general Surgery and Radiology, Russian National Research Medical University named after N.I. Pirogov, Moscow, Russian Federation - - - 2014
Aim: The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the potential effect of electrical calf muscle stimulation (EMS) in the prevention of postoperative deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in high risk patients and to assess efficacy and safety of EMS in patients with calf DVT. Methods: This was a prospective ...
Bergin Carole - - 2014
This study examined the effects of preoperative incentive spirometry (IS) education (POISE) on postoperative outcomes for knee and hip total joint replacement patients. In this prospective study, 140 patients were randomized to Group 1 (POISE intervention = 50 completing) or Group 2 (no intervention = 56 completing) (34 dropped). The Group 1 intervention ...
Mendes Bernardo C BC Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence and clinical significance of embolic events in patients undergoing endovascular femoropopliteal interventions with or without embolic protection devices (EPDs). We reviewed the clinical data of 566 patients treated by 836 endovascular femoropopliteal interventions for lower extremity claudication (46%) or critical ...
Kapma M R MR Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Minimally invasive endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) could be a surgical technique that improves outcome of patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA). The aim of this study was to analyse the cost-effectiveness and cost-utility of EVAR compared with standard open repair (OR) in the treatment of rAAA, with costs per ...
Sabeti M M Department for Orthopaedics and Orthopaedic Surgery, Vienna Medical School, AKH-Wien/Orthopädie, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090, Vienna, Austria, - - 2014
During arthroscopy, the localization of calcific deposit in patients suffering from calcifying tendinitis can be demanding and time consuming, frequently using ionizing radiation. Intraoperative ultrasound has been recently promoted, facilitating deposit localization and reducing radiation dose. In this prospective, randomized, controlled and clinical observer-blinded pilot trial, 20 patients with calcific ...
Simpson A Hamish - - 2014
Approximately 20% of patients are not satisfied with the outcome of total knee replacement, great volumes of which are carried out yearly. Physiotherapy is often provided by the NHS to address dysfunction following knee replacement; however the efficacy of this is unknown. Although clinically it is accepted that therapy is ...
O'Sullivan K E KE Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, Mater Private Hospital, Eccles St, Dublin 7, Ireland, - - 2014
The advent of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has broadened the management options for severe aortic stenosis. The indications for TAVI are narrow. Selecting those that will benefit most from this intervention warrants careful consideration and input from cardiologists, anaesthetists and cardiac surgeons familiar with TAVI and surgical aortic valve ...
Madenci Arin L AL From the University of Michigan Medical School (A.L.M.), Ann Arbor, MI; Harvard School of Public Health (A.L.M., C.V.S.); and Division of Trauma, Emergency Surgery and Surgical Critical Care (M.A.D.M.), Department of Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA; Department of Surgery (C.V.S.), Duke University Medical Center, Durham, - - 2014
Simulation training for invasive procedures may improve patient safety by enabling efficient training. This study is a meta-analysis with rigorous inclusion and exclusion criteria designed to assess the real patient procedural success of simulation training for central venous access. Published randomized controlled trials and prospective 2-group cohort studies that used ...
Napier R J RJ Musgrave Park Hospital, Orthopaedic Outcomes Unit, Belfast Health & Social Care Trust, Stockmans Lane, Belfast BT9 7JB, - - 2014
In an initial randomised controlled trial (RCT) we segregated 180 patients to one of two knee positions following total knee replacement (TKR): six hours of knee flexion using either a jig or knee extension. Outcome measures included post-operative blood loss, fall in haemoglobin, blood transfusion requirements, knee range of movement, ...
Teman Nicholas R NR Department of Cardiac Surgery, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
The optimal management of functional tricuspid regurgitation (FTR) in the setting of mitral valve operations remains controversial. The objective of this study is to compare the outcomes of congestive heart failure patients who underwent a prophylactic tricuspid operation for FTR as a component of their initial mitral valve procedure with ...
Kara Kaffer K 1 Department of Cardiology, West-German Heart Center Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, - - 2014
Purpose : To compare complication rates of a collagen-based vascular closure device (VCD) in patients with vs. without significant peripheral artery disease (PAD). Methods : A total of 382 patients (268 men; mean age 64.6±10.8 years) undergoing either an endovascular procedure of the lower limb (PAD group, n=132) or a ...
Salarifar Mojtaba M Tehran Heart Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 1411713138, - - 2014
We investigated the overall success rate of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) as a treatment for coronary chronic total occlusion and sought to determine the predictive factors of technical success and of one-year major adverse cardiac events (MACE). These factors have not been conclusively defined. Using data from our single-center PCI ...
Carrouget Julie J Angers University Hospital, Angers, - - 2014
Ureteral stent placement is a key urologic procedure used to manage ureteral obstructions. It is usually performed under general anesthesia (GA) with its inherent risks. The objective was to evaluate safety, feasibility and tolerance of ureteral stent placement under local anesthesia (LA) in women. From January 2010 to January 2013, ...
Brooks William H WH Baptist Health Lexington, Lexington, Kentucky. Electronic address: - - 2014
This single-center, randomized, clinical trial was designed to determine the 10-year comparative efficacy and durability of carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS) versus carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in preventing ipsilateral ischemic stroke in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients with high-grade carotid artery stenosis. Modern clinical trials with short-term follow-up indicate CAS and CEA ...
Parker Christopher P CP Department of Pharmacy Practice and Science, College of Pharmacy, Iowa City, - - 2014
This paper examines blood pressure (BP) control after 6 months of an intensive pharmacist-managed intervention in a mixed-methods randomized controlled trial conducted at the Iowa City Veteran Affairs Health Care System and two community-based outreach clinics. Patients received the pharmacist intervention for the first 6 months. The study coordinator conducted a summative ...
Gupta Ramesh C RC Department of Ophthalmology, Lala Lajpat Rai Hospital, Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi Memorial Medical College, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2014
Aim : To evaluate the efficacy of modified temporalis muscle transfer (TMT) by silicone sling for the management of paralytic lagophthalmos. Settings and Design: Prospective interventional study. Materials and Methods : Ten patients of lagophthalmos due to facial palsy underwent modified TMT using silicone sling. The patients were followed-up for ...
Sharma Pradeep P Division of Strabismus and Pediatric Ophthalmology, R P Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2014
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the lateral rectus periosteal fixation and partial vertical rectus transpositioning (VRT) as treatment modalities to correct exotropic Duane retraction syndrome (Exo-DRS). Materials and Methods: Prospective interventional case study of cases of Exo-DRS with limitation of adduction. A total of 13 patients ...
Jabbari Moghaddam Yalda Y Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2014
Adenotonsillectomy is a common otolaryngology surgery. Nausea and vomiting are the most common complications of this procedure with a prevalence ranging from 49% to 73 %. Our aim was to evaluate the effects of short time fasting protocol on decreasing postoperative pain, nausea and vomiting, and initiation of oral feeding ...
Kosiuk Jedrzej J Department of Electrophysiology, Heart Center, Leipzig, Strümpellstrasse 39, 04289 Leipzig, - - 2014
The safety and efficacy of novel oral anticoagulants in patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing pacemaker or implantable cardioverter-defibrillator interventions have not been clearly defined. Therefore, we compared the incidence of bleeding and thrombo-embolic complications following cardiac rhythm device (CRD) implantations under dabigatran vs. rivaroxaban in a real-world cohort.METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
de Silva Samantha R SR Oxford Eye Hospital, Oxford, - - 2014
Age-related cataract is one of the leading causes of blindness worldwide. Therefore, it is important to establish the most effective surgical technique for cataract surgery. The aim of this review is to examine the effects of two types of cataract surgery for age-related cataract: phacoemulsification and extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE). ...
Kitayama Masato M Department of Anesthesiology, Hirosaki University Medicine Hospital, Hirosaki, Japan, - - 2014
We evaluated the pharmacokinetics of ropivacaine following rectus sheath block (RSB) and transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block with or without epinephrine. A total of 26 adult patients undergoing lower abdominal surgery with RSB (=RSB trial) and another 26 adult patients undergoing open prostatectomy with TAP block (=TAP trial) were enrolled. ...
Castellvi Antonio E AE Center for Spinal Disorders, Florida Orthopaedic Institute, 13020 North Telecom Parkway, Tampa, FL, 33637, USA, - - 2014
The minimally invasive lateral transpsoas retroperitoneal approach to address lumbar stenosis offers advantages to traditional approaches, including sparing of the AP annulus and longitudinal ligament and less risk to the peritoneal contents and retroperitoneal vascular structures. Few studies have presented longitudinal measures of radiographic indirect decompression and relief of pain ...
Buysschaert Ian I ZNA Middelheim, Antwerp, - - 2014
Background. Percutaneous treatment of complex coronary bifurcation lesions remains challenging, even in the drug-eluting stent era. We sought to evaluate the baseline and 9 months intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) analysis of the Axxess(TM) stent, a self-expanding, Biolimus A9(TM) -eluting, dedicated bifurcation stent. Methods and Results. We enrolled the first 76 patients ...
Ozer Mustafa Tahir MT 1 Department of General Surgery, Gulhane Military Medical Academy , Ankara, Turkey - - 2014
Abstract Background: Surgical site infections (SSIs) are a serious concern in health care, and wound contamination by endogenous skin flora is a major factor in the development of SSIs. Despite preventive tactics in pre-operative skin care, antibiotic prophylaxis, surgical technique, and post-operative incision care, complete sterilization of the skin is ...
Kara Necip N Sehitkamil State Hospital, Department of Ophthalmology , Gaziantep , Turkey - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To compare the safety and efficacy of two Nd: YAG laser capsulotomy techniques. Methods: In this prospective comparative interventional case series, 60 eyes of 57 patients with posterior capsular opacification were enrolled. Thirty eyes were selected to undergo a cruciate capsulotomy (Cross group) and the other 30 eyes ...
Roh Go Un GU 1Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine and Anesthesia and Pain Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, South Korea 120-752 2Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Choong-Ang University College of Medicine, 102 Heukseok-ro, Dongjak-gu, Seoul, South Korea 156-755 *These authors contributed - - 2014
Study Design. A prospective, randomized, and double-blind studyObjective. To compare the efficacy of ramosetron and palonosetron on preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) associated with opioid-based intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV-PCAopioid) after lumbar spinal surgerySummary of Background Data. IV-PCAopioid, an effective method to control pain after lumbar spinal surgery, accompanies PONV. ...
Guihan Marylou M Spinal Cord Injury Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (SCI QUERI) & Edward Hines Jr. VA Hospital, Hines, Il 60141 and Center for Healthcare Studies, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare a multi-component Motivational interviewing (MI)/Self-Management (SM) intervention to a multi-component education intervention to improve skin-protective behaviors and prevent skin worsening in Veterans with spinal cord injury (SCI) hospitalized for severe pressure ulcers. Single blinded, prospective, randomized controlled trial SETTING: 6 VA SCI Centers PARTICIPANTS: Veterans admitted for a ...
Martin Zenia Z Department of Vascular Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, - - 2014
Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) will fail over time in a percentage of patients. Mechanical failure of the device, progression of aortic disease, or interface complications between the device and the native vasculature may contribute. Our aim was to evaluate the role of fenestrated and branched endografts as treatment options for ...
Li Zhen Z Department of Gastroenterology, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, - - 2014
Background and study aims: Gastric intestinal metaplasia (GIM) is associated with a risk for development of intestinal-type gastric cancer. This study aimed to compare the diagnostic yield of GIM from confocal laser endomicroscopy (CLE) and white light endoscopy (WLE). Patients and methods: In a prospective, double-blind, randomized study, patients were ...
Danuser H H Klinik für Urologie, Luzerner Kantonsspital, Lucerne, - - 2014
To determine whether 1-week stenting of the ureteropelvic anastomosis of laparoscopic or robot assisted pyeloplasty is non-inferior to 4-week stenting based on their respective success rates. One hundred patients with ureteropelvic junction obstruction were treated by an Anderson-Hynes pyeloplasty and the anastomosis was stented using a 6-French double-J-catheter for one ...
Giordano P P Department of Colorectal Surgery, Barts Health, London, - - 2014
Transanal haemorrhoidal dearterialisation (THD) has become well established for the treatment of haemorrhoids. The aim of this study was to describe a technical modification of targeted mucopexy (THD TM) and we report the results for advanced haemorrhoids. Method The study included a prospective evaluation of patients with IV degree haemorrhoids ...
Thiel G G Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University Health Network, University of Toronto, - - 2014
Objective An analysis of the frequency and intensity of postoperative aftercare required for modified radical mastoidectomy (MRM) and patterns of healing in the postoperative period. Study Design A retrospective review of all primary modified radical mastoidectomies carried out for cholesteatoma under the care of the senior author between the years ...
Sawatzky Jo-Ann V JA 1Faculty of Nursing, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, - - 2014
Objective:To determine the feasibility of a cardiac prehabilitation (Prehab) program for patients waiting for elective coronary artery bypass graft (CABG).Design:A two-group parallel randomized controlled trial.Setting:Medical fitness facility.Subjects:Seventeen preoperative elective CABG surgery patients were randomized to standard care (n = 9) or Prehab (n = 8).Intervention:Standard care: three-hour preassessment appointment. Prehab: ...
Butera Gianfranco G Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Adults with Congenital Heart Disease, Policlinico San Donato IRCCS, - - 2014
Background: Bare stents has become the first line therapy for aortic coarctation. Covered stents has been reported more recently in clinical practice. Objectives: The present study reports comparatively 15-year experience of bare and covered stent implantation for aortic coarctation in a single tertiary referral center. Methods: From 1997 to 2011, ...
Chen Guohai G Department of Ophthalmology, Quzhou People's Hospital, Quzhou, Zhejiang, PR - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Ex-PRESS implantation (Ex-PRESS) compared to trabeculectomy in the treatment of patients with open-angle glaucoma (OAG). A comprehensive literature search using the Cochrane Methodology Register to identify randomized controlled clinical trials (RCCTs) comparing Ex-PRESS to trabeculectomy in patients with OAG. Efficacy estimates were measured ...
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