Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 3910
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Piccolo Raffaele R Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, Federico II University, Naples, - - 2014
Despite first-generation drug-eluting stents (DES) dramatically reduced the need for repeat revascularization in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention, their use was associated with an increased risk of thrombotic events at long-term follow-up. The Nobori biolimus-eluting stent (BES) is a second-generation DES with a biodegradable poly-lactic acid polymer. During the last ...
Hansen M A MA Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark and Institute of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University, Aarhus, - - 2014
Radial artery catheterization is gaining popularity for diagnostic and interventional procedures. Palpation technique is widely used for the procedure, but ultrasonography has been shown to increase catheterization success. A recently described ultrasonography technique is termed 'dynamic needle tip positioning'. We aimed to compare the traditional palpation technique and dynamic needle ...
Güler Mete M Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Adiyaman University , Adiyaman , Turkey - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To determine the short-term effects of single-dose intravitreal bevacizumab injection on central corneal thickness (CCT), simulated keratometry (Sim K), anterior chamber depth (ACD), iridocorneal angle (ICA) and intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements. Design: Prospective, nonrandomized, interventional clinical trial. Materials and Methods: Forty-three eyes of 43 patients aged between 41 ...
Mertelsmann-Voss Christina C Department of Pediatric Rheumatology, Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 East 70th Street, New York, NY, 10021, - - 2014
Objective: Although arthroplasty rates have increased dramatically, rates in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are reported to be decreasing. It is not known if this is true of other inflammatory arthridities. This study evaluates arthroplasty rates due to RA, juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), spondyloarthropathies (SpA), and a composite group inflammatory arthridities (IA), ...
Varma Niraj N J2-2 Cardiac Pacing and Electrophysiology, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195, - - 2014
To test recommended implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) follow-up methods by 'in-person evaluations' (IPE) vs. 'remote Home Monitoring' (HM). ICD patients were randomized 2:1 to automatic HM or to Conventional monitoring, with follow-up checks scheduled at 3, 6, 9, 12, and 15 months post-implant. Conventional patients were evaluated with IPE only. ...
Cassidy Michael R MR Department of Surgery, Boston University School of Medicine and Boston Medical Center, Boston, - - 2014
Data revealed that our urban, academic, safety net medical center was a high outlier for postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE). Our goal was to implement and determine the efficacy of a standardized intervention for reducing postoperative VTE complications. We developed a strategy to decrease VTE complications, based on standardized electronic physician ...
Bakhshi Fateme F 1BSN, RN, Master Student, Yazd Cardiovascular Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran 2Cardiologist, Yazd Cardiovascular Research Center, and Assistant Professor, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran 3BSN, Yazd Cardiovascular Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran 4BS, Researcher, Yazd Cardiovascular Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran 5MSc, Research Manager, Yazd Cardiovascular Research Center, and Doctoral Student, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, - - 2014
Restoring patient homeostasis after coronary angiography, the gold standard diagnostic test for coronary heart disease is usually achieved by manual compression of the puncture site using a sandbag and prolonged bed rest. However, this process frequently results in patient complaints of back pain and discomfort. The aim of study was ...
Gobble Ryan M RM Boston, Mass.; and New York, N.Y. From the Harvard Plastic Surgery Combined Residency Program and the Division of Plastic Surgery, Brigham & Women's Hospital, and Harvard Medical School; and New York University Langone Medical - - 2014
Postoperative pain control is essential for optimal patient outcomes. Ketorolac is an attractive alternative for achieving pain control postoperatively, but concerns over postoperative bleeding have limited its use. Computer searches of the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases were performed. Twenty-seven double-blind, randomized, controlled studies were reviewed by two independent ...
Yasin M Naveed MN From the Royal Manchester Children's Hospital, Manchester, United - - 2014
A retrospective radiographical follow-up study of thoracolumbar deformity in 33 children with mucopolysaccharidosis 1 (Hurler syndrome). To report the severity, natural history, risk factors for progression, and results of intervention for thoracolumbar kyphosis in children with Hurler syndrome. Literature on the subject of thoracolumbar kyphosis in Hurler syndrome and its ...
De Sousa-Amorim Erika E Nephrology, Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid, - - 2014
Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is a severe complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD). Identification of patients at high risk for EPS ("EPS-prone") and delivery of appropriate interventions might prevent its development. Our aim was to evaluate the clinical characteristics and outcomes of all EPS and EPS-prone patients diagnosed at our PD ...
Meermans G G Lievensberg Hospital, Boerhaaveplein 1, 4624 VT Bergen Op Zoom, the - - 2014
The orientation of the acetabular component can influence both the short- and long-term outcomes of total hip replacement (THR). We performed a prospective, randomised, controlled trial of two groups, comprising of 40 patients each, in order to compare freehand introduction of the component with introduction using the transverse acetabular ligament ...
Kahn Mark R MR Zena and Michael A. Wiener Cardiovascular Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, USA. - - 2014
To compare outcomes of elective percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) in same-day discharge and overnight hospital stays. Advances in PCI techniques and equipment have allowed same-day discharge after elective PCI. In this study, we investigated the safety of same-day discharge ambulatory PCI in patients according to age, creatinine, and ejection fraction ...
Bajaj Navkaranbir Singh NS Division of Cardiovascular Disease, University of Alabama, Birmingham, - - 2014
The goal of this study was to provide a systematic review and analysis of observational studies on percutaneous left atrial appendage (LAA) occlusion for stroke prophylaxis in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). A recent randomized controlled trial in patients with NVAF suggested noninferiority of percutaneous LAA occlusion versus medical management for ...
Turk Emin E 1 Department of General Surgery and 2Department of Radiology, Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, - - 2014
Abstract We sought to investigate whether application of topical tetracycline has a limiting effect on seroma formation in patients undergoing hernia repair using a polypropylene mesh. This study was conducted in 96 patients undergoing an elective groin hernia repair. Patients were randomized and divided into 2 groups. After the graft ...
Proulx-Gauthier Jean-Philippe JP Montreal Children's Hospital, McGill University, - - 2014
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the most common cause of chronic arthritis in childhood. Intra-articular corticosteroids injections (IAS) are a safe and effective therapeutic option for affected children. The response of the ankle joint to IAS is thought to be less favourable than other joints. To date, little evidence is ...
Murray David W DW Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2014
In the late 1990s, new developments in knee replacement were identified as a priority for research within the NHS. The newer forms of arthroplasty were more expensive and information was needed on their safety and cost-effectiveness. The Knee Arthroplasty Trial examined the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of four aspects of ...
Cha Hyun-Kyu HK Department of Physical Therapy, College of Natural Science, Daejeon University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on the upper limb of function of patients with post-stroke hemiplegia. [Subjects] Twenty subjects were randomly allocated to either the upper tDCS group or the functional training group, with 10 subjects in each ...
Jung Jaehyun J Department of Physical Therapy, Daegu University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] This study evaluated the effects of water and land-based obstacle training on static balance of chronic stroke patients. [Subjects] The subjects were randomly allocated to an aqua group (n=15) and a land group (n=15). [Methods] Both groups trained for 40 minutes, 3 times a week for 12 weeks. Static ...
Yeung C Albert CA Department of Public Health, NHS Lanarkshire, Bothwell, Scotland, - - 2014
DesignSingle-blind, multi-centre, parallel, randomised controlled trial. Intervention Adult patients (18-75 years) with 10 or more natural teeth, and one or more root caries lesion in a tooth not crowned or compromised were included. Patients were randomised to receive a high fluoride toothpaste, 1.1% sodium fluoride (5000 ppm F) or a ...
Stanbury Spencer J SJ Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, University of Rochester Medical Center, 601 Elmwood Ave, Box 665, Rochester, NY 14642 - - 2014
The purpose of this experiment was to determine the effect of A2 pulley reconstruction on gliding coefficient (GC), bowstringing, and proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint maximum flexion angle after zone II repair of flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS) and flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) lacerations. Fresh frozen cadaver forearms were mounted, and the ...
Ahsan Khalid - - 2014
To compare the efficacy of ondansetron alone and combination of ondansetron and dexamethasone in preventing post-operative nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The randomised control trial was conducted from April 23 to August 22, 2009, at the Liaquat National Hospital, Karachi, and comprised 100 American Society of Anaesthesiology ...
Boden Richard A - - 2014
This prospective study aims to explore hip arthroscopy, outcome and the effect of the learning curve. Using the non-arthritic hip score preoperatively and postoperatively in 120 patients with an average 23-month follow-up, a median improvement of 16 points was seen at 6 months (p < 0.0001, Wilcoxon's signed ranks) remaining ...
Yassaei Sogra S Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, - - 2014
Development of white spot lesions on enamel is a significant and common problem during the fixed orthodontic treatment. Various preventive methods have been suggested. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the preventive potential of MI Paste Plus, Er: YAG Laser and combined under similar in vitro conditions against ...
Thakur Anil A ESI Medical College Basaidarapur, New Delhi,, - - 2014
Infraclavicular (IC) approach of subclavian vein (SCV) catheterisation is widely used as compared to supraclavicular (SC) approach. The aim of the study was to compare the ease of catheterisation of SCV using SC versus IC approach and also record the incidence of complications related to either approach, if any. In ...
Smith W Cairns S - - 2014
The global prevalence of leprosy has declined from 5.2 million in the 1980 s to 200,000 today. However, the new case detection rate remains high: over the last 8 years, around 220,000-250,000 people have been diagnosed with leprosy each year. In June 2013, an international meeting was organised by the ...
Pavaskar Rajdeep R Lecturer, Department of Coservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Goa Dental College and Hospital , Bambolim, Goa, India - - 2014
This study evaluated the efficacy of 2% chlorhexidine (CX), calcium hydroxide (CH), Vitapex® (VP), linezolid (LZ), a combination of LZ with CH (LC) against Enterococcus faecalis (EF). EF strains were mixed with peptone water and the turbidity was adjusted to the McFarland's turbidity standard tube No: 0.5. The inoculum obtained ...
Sun Ye Y The Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Joint Disease, Drum Tower Hospital, The Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, - - 2014
To establish a contemporary literature-based estimate of the incidence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) after knee arthroscopic surgery. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of the English language literature to assess the efficacy of prophylaxis to prevent DVT after knee arthroscopic surgery. Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or prospective ...
Scali Salvatore T ST Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy, University of Florida, Gainesville, Fla. Electronic address: - - 2014
Despite improved short-term outcomes, concerns remain regarding durability of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). The purpose of this analysis was to evaluate the pathology-specific incidence of secondary aortic interventions (SAI) after TEVAR and their impact on survival. Retrospective review was performed of all TEVAR procedures and SAI at one institution ...
Kurazumi Hiroshi H Department of Surgery and Clinical Science, Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medicine, Ube, Yamaguchi, - - 2014
Elderly patients are sometimes denied aortic arch surgery because of the perception of poor outcomes and an unacceptable quality of life (QOL). In this study, we evaluated the early clinical outcomes, long-term survival and QOL following surgical treatment for aortic arch disease in octogenarian patients. A total of 47 consecutive ...
Christopoulos Georgios G VA North Texas Healthcare System and UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, - - 2014
Objectives: To examine the success and complication rates in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for chronic total occlusion (CTO) caused by in-stent restenosis (ISR). Background: PCI for in-stent total occlusive disease has traditionally been associated with low success rates. We sought to examine angiographic and procedural outcomes of patients who underwent ...
Howard Jennifer S JS Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington, - - 2014
It is well established that autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) can require extended recovery postoperatively; however, little information exists to provide clinicians and patients with a timeline for anticipated function during the first year following ACI. To document the recovery of functional performance of activities of daily living following ACI. ACI ...
Bryczkowski Sarah B SB Department of Surgery, Rutgers-New Jersey Medical School, Newark, - - 2014
Hospital-acquired delirium is a known risk factor for negative outcomes in patients admitted to the surgical intensive care unit (SICU). Outcomes worsen as the duration of delirium increases. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a delirium prevention program and determine whether it decreased the incidence ...
Hofmeister Erik H EH Department of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, - - 2014
To determine the incidence of anesthesia patient safety incidents at a university teaching hospital, develop interventions to address the most common incidents, and determine the effectiveness of these interventions. Pre-post intervention observational. Four thousand, one hundred forty dogs and cats anesthetized by the anesthesia service. The study was divided into ...
Zand Farid F Shiraz Anesthesiology and Critical Care Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, - - 2014
Methylnaltrexone is a peripheral opioid receptor antagonist that does not cross the blood-brain barrier; so without interference with pain relief, it could reverse the peripheral opioid side effects such as constipation, pruritus, postoperative ileus, and urinary retention. This study has been designed to evaluate the effect of methylnaltrexone on postoperative ...
Griffin Tomas P TP Department of Endocrinology-Head & Neck Surgery, South Infirmary Victoria University Hospital, Cork, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Transient hypocalcemia is a well-recognized occurrence after total thyroidectomy. It has been hypothesized that underlying vitamin D deficiency may increase the risk of this complication, although to date there are few data in the literature supporting this hypothesis. OBJECTIVE To investigate whether perioperative vitamin D levels have any effect ...
Biran Adam A London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, London, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Diarrhoea and respiratory infections are the two biggest causes of child death globally. Handwashing with soap could substantially reduce diarrhoea and respiratory infections, but prevalence of adequate handwashing is low. We tested whether a scalable village-level intervention based on emotional drivers of behaviour, rather than knowledge, could improve handwashing behaviour ...
Li Wen-Hua WH Department of Cardiology, Affiliated Hospital of XuZhou Medical College, No. 99 Huaihai West Road, Xuzhou, 221002, China, - - 2014
Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is an important complication in the use of iodinated contrast media. The present study aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) in prevention of CIN in patients with high-risk factors undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The study group consisted of 163 patients who ...
Honda Hirokazu - - 2014
Background: The present randomized study was designed to compare the efficacy between two active vitamin D analogs, alfacalcidol (ACD) and maxacalcitol (OCT), for the management of mild secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) in dialysis patients. Methods: SHPT in all 32 patients analyzed in the study was initially treated with OCT. Once patients' ...
Bastos Gonçalves F F Department of Vascular Surgery, University Medical Center, Utrecht, The Netherlands; Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Direct additional therapy is advised for type-Ia endoleaks detected on completion angiography after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). Additional intraoperative endovascular procedures are, however, often challenging or not possible, and direct open conversion is unattractive. The results of a selective, conservative strategy for patients with primary type-Ia endoleak has been analysed. ...
Roy Kallol Kumar KK Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2014
The aim of this prospective randomized study was to evaluate the efficacy of estrogen in preventing intrauterine adhesions following hysteroscopic septal resection and to investigate its effect on reproductive outcome. After hysteroscopic septal resection, 90 women received either estrogen or placebo (n = 45 per group) for 30 days. A second-look hysteroscopy ...
Lim Ju Yong JY Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Mayo Clinic, - - 2014
Data comparing long-term results after percutaneous intervention with drug-eluting stents (DES/PCI) and coronary artery grafting (CABG) in diabetic patients (pts) with multi-vessel disease is conflicting. We have conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to help answer this issue. MEDLINE, WoS, and Scopus were systematically analysed to yield observational studies (OBS) ...
Piao Guanying G School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China ; Key Laboratory of Systems Biology, SIBS-Novo Nordisk Translational Research Centre for PreDiabetes, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, - - 2014
Here we aimed to study the effectiveness of dexmedetomidine as an anesthetic adjunct in surgery. A systematic evaluation was performed on published clinical trials. Major databases such as Medline database were employed to search and identify relevant studies and then Rev.Man 5 was used for meta-analysis as well as forest ...
Konigstein Maayan M Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel, and the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, - - 2014
Aims: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of the coronary sinus (CS) Reducer in attenuating angina severity in patients suffering from severe refractory angina. Methods and results: Patients with refractory angina, objective evidence of myocardial ischaemia and no option for revascularisation were treated with CS Reducer implantation at two medical centres. ...
Takahara Mitsuyoshi M Department of Metabolic Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, - - 2014
We investigated the efficacy of once- and thrice-daily voglibose, an alpha-glucosidase inhibitor, as an add-on therapy to alogliptin, a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, on glycemic control in Japanese type 2 diabetic patients. In this 12-week, parallel-group, randomized, open-label, three-arm trial, 151 participants treated with alogliptin were randomly allocated to the following ...
Devereaux Philip J - - 2014
Worldwide, 200 million adults undergo major noncardiac surgery annually, and 10 million of these patients will have a major vascular complication. Low-dose clonidine and low-dose acetyl-salicylic acid (ASA) may prevent major perioperative vascular complications. We therefore initiated the POISE-2 trial to establish the perioperative effects of these 2 interventions. The ...
Lee Cheol Whan CW Department of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan, Seoul, - - 2014
We evaluated the incidence and predictors of edge dissection of the calcified culprit plaque in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or stable angina (SA). Calcified plaque is not rare in patients with ACS, and compliance mismatch may create edge dissection of the calcified plaque to trigger ACS. However, little ...
Zhang Xiangmin - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of submandibular gland transfer for the prevention of xerostomia after radiotherapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Using the randomized controlled clinical research method, 65 patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma were randomly divided into an experimental group consisting of 32 patients and a ...
Green Elspeth E Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Colney Lane, Norwich, UK, NR4 - - 2014
Trabeculectomy is performed as a treatment for many types of glaucoma in an attempt to lower the intraocular pressure. The surgery involves creating a channel through the sclera, through which intraocular fluid can leave the eye. If scar tissue blocks the exit of the surgically created channel, intraocular pressure rises ...
Tanaka Chito C 1Department of Rehabilitation Science, Kobe University Graduate School of Health Sciences, Kobe, - - 2014
Objective:To clarify whether early occupational therapy for patients with acute schizophrenia improves their functional independence.Design:Quasi-experimental controlled study.Setting:A university hospital in Japan.Subjects:Forty-six out of 85 eligible patients with schizophrenia.Intervention:Participants were allocated into an intervention group or a control group according to the month of admission. Activities in one-on-one and mainly non-verbal ...
Saracoglu Seçkin S Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Faculty of Medicine, Akdeniz University, Antalya, - - 2014
The effectiveness of axillary brachial plexus block (ABPB) performed using peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS) alone was compared with PNS preceded by nerve localization using a pen device, enabling nerve mapping without puncturing the skin. Patients undergoing unilateral hand or forearm surgery suitable for ABPB were randomly assigned to receive either ...
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