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July Julius - - 2012
Electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities are common following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). It probably represents cardiovascular stress after SAH. The purpose of this study was to assess cortisol dynamics in relation to the ECG abnormality and disease course of SAH. The study follows a consecutive cohort of aneurysmal SAH patients, who underwent surgery ...
Sun Mou-Jong - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: In this retrospective study, a comparison is made of the clinical efficacy of two stress urinary incontinence treatment apparatuses, a single-incision sling and a transobturator sling. METHODS: Eighty-five (single-incision n = 43, transobturator n = 42) consecutive patients were included in this study. Clinical outcomes were assessed by the cough stress test (CST), ...
Tkachenko Konstantin S - - 2012
Ihavandippolu, the northernmost atoll of the Maldives, experienced severe coral bleaching and mortality in 1998 followed by several bleaching episodes in the last decade. Coral cover in the 11 study sites surveyed in July-December of 2011 in the 3-5 m depth range varied from 1.7 to 51%. Reefs of the islands ...
Kilbourn Kent J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is an often devastating form of stroke. Aside from the initial hemorrhage, cardiac complications can occur resulting in neurogenic stress cardiomyopathy (NCM), leading to impaired cardiac function. We investigated whether aSAH patients with NCM had poorer long term functional outcomes than patients without NCM. Mortality, ...
Hopley Colin D J - - 2012
A systematic search identified 29 papers reporting survivorship and clinical and function Knee Society Scores (KSS) of 6437 total knee replacements using the Low Contact Stress (LCS) Rotating Platform (RP) mobile bearing knee. Low Contact Stress RP survivorship and KSS outcomes were compared with non-LCS knees in the Swedish knee ...
Rogo-Gupta Lisa - - 2012
PURPOSE: We report on the long-term outcomes of the distal urethral polypropylene sling for stress urinary incontinence in a patient cohort that was closely followed and whose outcomes were reported at 1 and 5 years after surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective study of all consecutive patients who ...
Meyer F - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aim of the study was to assess the effectiveness of repeat mid-urethral sling after a failed primary sling for stress urinary incontinence. METHODS: A total of 112 women with recurrent stress incontinence after primary mid-urethral sling underwent a repeat procedure between 2000 and 2011. All patients ...
Bargnoux Anne-Sophie - - 2012
Background: Oxidative stress has emerged as a strong pathogenic cofactor implicated in the development of long-term complications in hemodialysis (HD) patients, such as anemia, and as a major component of the malnutrition inflammation complex syndrome. This prospective multicenter study aimed at evaluating the short-term effects of the new vitamin E ...
Strgulc Maruša - - 2012
To evaluate the long-term subjective urinary continence status and quality of life after 3 types of primary operation for stress urinary incontinence. One hundred thirty-four consecutive patients who underwent anti-incontinence surgery (laparoscopic colposuspension, classic tension-free vaginal tape procedure, or open colposuspension) 6 to 9 years ago were mailed short-form questionnaires ...
de Toledo Luis Gustavo Morato - - 2012
Purpose: To analyze the influence of urethral mobility and Valsalva leak point pressure on postoperative outcomes of transobturator sling (TOT) for female stress urinary incontinence. Materials and Methods: A prospective cohort was conducted including 66 patients submitted to TOT from March 2006 to May 2009. Urethral hypermobility was defined as ...
- - 2012
Online Summary Correction to: Cohen AT. Long-term benefits of preventing venous thromboembolic events. Curr Med Res Opin 2012;28:877-89.
Kim Jang-Young - - 2012
The objective of this study was to determine if urinary levels of 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α (8-iso-PGF2α) and 8-hydroxydeoxyguanine (8-OHdG) could be used as markers of the oxidative stress in significant coronary artery disease (CAD). We conducted a case-control study in 104 subjects assessed by coronary angiography with the following diagnoses: 35 ...
Baba Yasutaka - - 2012
Hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAI) using an implanted port system is the standard regimen for primary and metastatic liver cancers (MLCs). However, there have been few studies concerning HAI-induced oxidative stress and damage to the liver or other organs. The aim of the present study was to investigate the ability ...
Karaman Kerem - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) still leads to significant postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) and pain. Our aim was to evaluate the efficacy of dexamethasone or pheniramine hydrogen maleate, either alone or combined, in reducing the stress response and symptoms after LC. METHODS: Patients were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 ...
Akyel Ahmet - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is related to morbidity and mortality in a wide spectrum of conditions, including atherosclerotic processes. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the significance of RDW in saphenous vein graft disease (SVGD), in which atherosclerosis plays an important pathophysiological role. METHODS: In ...
Mujagic Magali - - 2012
A. PRE-TREATMENT RECORDS: 1/6/2007; 11 year and 6 months. Class II, division 1 malocclusion associated with severe overbite; skeletal hypodivergency; complete set of teeth. Customized Incognito(®) bi-maxillary multi-bracket appliance with a series of ribbonwise archwires (dimension: .025 ×.018''); levelling; correction of the anteroposterior dimension using a Herbst appliance; finishings with ...
Machibya Ferdinand M - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To compare the treatment time, outcome, and anchorage loss among orthodontic patients treated by self-ligating brackets (SLBs) and conventional brackets (CBs). Materials and Methods: A retrospective cohort study compared 34 patients (SLB group) treated by SmartClip brackets (3M Unitek, Monrovia, Calif) to 35 patients (CB group) treated by ...
McLeod Michelle M - - 2012
Arthroscopic partial meniscectomy (APM) after meniscal tear has been widely accepted and associated with quick return to activity. Unfortunately, meniscectomy is associated with risk for knee osteoarthritis, which may be attributed to postsurgical quadriceps weakness. This has important implications, as the quadriceps play a prominent role in knee stabilization and ...
Gomes Lisiane Krieger - - 2012
The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness of two manual toothbrushes (conventional and orthodontic). The following clinical parameters were used: VPI (visible plaque index) and GBI (gingival bleeding index). Patients, 64 total (30 males and 34 females), in the permanent dentition, with a mean age of 17.8 ...
Goveas Reiyal - - 2012
Nasal defects after tumor excision can leave a patient functionally and esthetically impaired. Loss of nasal septal cartilage support causes the soft tissue to collapse or undergo stenosis, further compounding the problem. Intranasal stents can be used to maintain the patency of such nasal defects. This clinical report describes the ...
Duggal M S - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: In the United Kingdom Ozone therapy combines the use of ozone gas and adjunct products called reductant and the patient kit, which all contain fluoride. We studied the effect of these products with and without the use of ozone in inhibiting demineralisation of human enamel and dentine under a ...
Marie Renkema Anne - - 2012
SUMMARY A recent systematic review demonstrated that, overall, orthodontic treatment might result in a small worsening of periodontal status. The aim of this retrospective study was to test the hypothesis that a change of mandibular incisor inclination promotes development of labial gingival recessions.One hundred and seventy-nine subjects who met the ...
Castro Iury O - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To determine the frequency of apical root resorption (ARR) due to orthodontic treatment using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in a sample of 1256 roots from 30 patients. Materials and Methods: All patients had Class I malocclusion with crowding. Of the 30 patients evaluated, 11 were boys and ...
Pejda Slavica S School of Medicine, University of Split, Split, Croatia. - - 2013
To determine the effect of different bracket designs (conventional brackets and self-ligating brackets) on periodontal clinical parameters and periodontal pathogens in subgingival plaque. The following inclusion criteria were used: requirement of orthodontic treatment plan starting with alignment and leveling, good general health, healthy periodontium, no antibiotic therapy in the previous ...
Relun A - - 2012
A controlled field trial was conducted to evaluate in dairy cattle the benefit provided by different regimens of a collective topical treatment using a solution of copper and zinc chelates to cure digital dermatitis (DD) compared with individual treatment alone, and further to investigate factors that could explain variations in ...
Akagi Ichiro - - 2012
The urinary trypsin inhibitor (UTI) is responsible for most of the antitryptic activity in urine and is excreted in increased amounts in urine under certain pathological conditions such as cancer and bacterial infections. Our aim in this study was to better understand the mechanisms responsible for the increase in UTI ...
Ana P A - - 2012
This study evaluated the effect of Er,Cr:YSGG laser irradiation and professional fluoride application on enamel demineralization and on fluoride formation and retention. In a blind in vitro study, 264 human enamel slabs were distributed into 8 groups: G1 - untreated; G2 - treated with acidulated phosphate fluoride gel (APF gel, ...
Karkhanechi Marzieh - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To compare the periodontal status of adults treated with fixed buccal orthodontic appliances vs removable orthodontic aligners over 1 year of active therapy. Materials and Methods: The study population consisted of 42 subjects; 22 treated with fixed buccal orthodontic appliances and 20 treated with removable aligners. Clinical indices recorded ...
Knösel M - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Sealant application is a common strategy for preventing enamel demineralization during multibracket treatment. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy in enamel demineralization prevention of two fluoride-containing enamel varnishes compared to a non-fluoride varnish, weekly fluoride gel application, and a non-treated control group. MATERIALS ...
Caprioglio Alberto - - 2012
One of the most important aspects to take into consideration when evaluating the outcome of treatment of impacted maxillary canines is the final periodontal status. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the long-term periodontal response of palatally impacted maxillary canines aligned using a codified procedure and the ...
Tauheed Sanam - - 2012
Objective: To compare microaesthetics in pre- and post-orthodontic cases, treated with non-extraction and extraction treatment and assessed whether the achieved microaesthetic parameters are comparable to the proposed norms. Study Design: Quasi-experimental study. Place and Duration of Study: Orthodontic Clinic, the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from January 2005 to December ...
Srikrishna S - - 2012
Our aim was to assess the role of composite endpoints as outcome assessment tools in urogenital prolapse. Women undergoing surgery for urogenital prolapse were recruited and followed-up over 1 year. 'Cure' following surgery was defined as: (1) POP-Q ordinal = 0 (pelvic organ prolapse quantification system); (2) Subjective: PGI-I = 1 or ...
Prettyman Chase - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To determine if there are significant clinical differences between self-ligating brackets (SLB) and conventional brackets (CB) during orthodontic treatment, as perceived by orthodontists. Materials and Methods: A survey was developed and distributed to evaluate how SLB compare to CB in terms of orthodontists' perceptions (n  =  430). Results: ...
Leite Vanessa - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To compare the magnitude of external apical root resorption (EARR) of incisors in patients undergoing the initial phase of orthodontic treatment with two sets of brackets. Materials and Methods: According to the results of the power analysis for sample size calculation, 19 Angle Class I patients (anterior crowding: ...
Farmakis Eleftherios-Terry R - - 2012
This in vitro study evaluated the efficacy of bioglass (Denshield; Novamin Technology, Alachua, FL) and Neodymium-doped yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Nd:YAG) laser irradiation on dentinal tubuli orifice occlusion (DOO) by comparing samples examined under environmental scanning electron microscope (ESEM) after applying each desensitizing approach separately and in combination. Forty-eight human molars were collected, randomly ...
Johansson Kristina - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To conduct a prospective and randomized study of the efficiency of orthodontic treatment with self-ligating edgewise brackets (SL; Time2 brand, American Orthodontics) and conventional edgewise twin brackets (CE; Gemini brand, 3M). Materials and Methods: One hundred consecutive patients were randomized to treatment with either SL or CE brackets. ...
Queiroz J R C - - 2012
The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of different primers on the microtensile bond strength (μTBS) between a feldspathic ceramic and two composites. Forty blocks (6.0 x 6.0 x 5.0 mm3) were prepared from Vita Mark II . After polishing, they were randomly divided into 10 groups ...
Lensvelt Mare M A - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to assess the 1-year patency rates of heparin-bonded covered stents in the treatment of chronic occlusive disease of the superficial femoral artery (SFA). All patients treated with a heparin-bonded endograft between April 2009 and October 2010 for chronic occlusive disease of the SFA were ...
Haneda Ig - - 2012
SUMMARY This study evaluated the shear bond strength (SBS) and stability of commercially pure titanium (CP Ti)/repair material interfaces promoted by different repair systems. One hundred CP Ti cast discs were divided into five repair system groups: 1) Epricord (EP); 2) Bistite II DC (BT); 3) Cojet (CJ); 4) Scotchbond ...
Guentsch Arndt - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Cervical tooth erosion is increasingly observed among adults and frequently associated with dentin sensitivity (DS). This study evaluated the effectiveness on DS of a biomimetic mineralization system (BIMIN) in comparison to the current standard treatment (Gluma(®) Desensitizer, Gluma). METHODS: In this single-blind, 2-arm study, 40 patients with confirmed cervical ...
Güleç Handan - - 2012
We aimed to compare hemodynamic and endocrine alterations caused by stress response due to Proseal laryngeal mask airway and endotracheal tube usage in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Sixty-three ASA I-II patients scheduled for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy were included in the study. Patients were randomly allocated into two groups of endotracheal tube and ...
Poignard Alexandre - - 2012
Osteonecrosis of the humeral head is a frequent complication in adults with sickle cell disease. However, little is known about the rate of, and the factors influencing, progression of symptomatic shoulder osteonecrosis in patients with this disease. Eighty-two adult patients with sickle cell disease and symptomatic osteonecrosis of the humeral ...
Li Rui-Jian - - 2012
Aldehyde dehydrogenase-2 (ALDH2) is the main enzyme responsible for acetaldehyde oxidation in ethanol metabolism and also provides protection against oxidative stress. Alpha-lipoic acid (α-LA), a natural dithiol compound with antioxidant properties, has been reported to increase ALDH2 activity in cultured cells. We analyzed the therapeutic efficacy of α-LA in 63 ...
Woźniak Alina - - 2012
Assessment of oxidative stress markers was perfomed in prostate cancer (PCa) patients subjected to high-dose brachytherapy (HDR) with external beam radiotherapy (EBRT). Sixty men with PCa were subjected to combined two-fraction treatment with HDR (tot. 20 Gy) and EBRT (46 Gy). Blood samples were taken before treatment, immediately afterwards, after 1.5-3 months, ...
Aljhani Ali S - - 2012
THIS PAPER ILLUSTRATES THE COMBINED NONEXTRACTION ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT WITH THE CORTICOTOMY TECHNIQUE IN AN ADULT PATIENT (AGE: 25 years and 3 months) with severely crowded arches to accelerate tooth movement and shorten the treatment time. Both her upper lateral incisors were congenitally absent and both upper central incisors' roots were ...
Park Jae Hyun - - 2012
A 17-year-old girl with a Class III occlusion and facial asymmetry was treated with orthodontics and intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy (IVRO). She had a severe skeletal Class III relationship (Wits, -17 mm). Even though she had a prognathic mandible, she showed a straight rather than concave profile because of severe ...
Tai Kiyoshi - - 2012
A 28-year-old female with a Class III malocclusion and facial asymmetry was treated with orthodontics combined with intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy (IVRO). She had severe skeletal Class III (Wits: -9.7 mm). She was missing her maxillary left central incisor and had a fixed three-unit bridge on her maxillary anterior teeth. ...
Altaei Tagreed - - 2012
An inflammatory response and systemic oxidative stress are directly caused by coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. Cytokines, such as interleukin (IL) 1β, IL-6 and tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), can also be stimulated. Reducing the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines plays an important role in limiting the postoperative inflammatory response. Silymarin ...
Kinoshita Takeshi - - 2012
Diabetes mellitus has been recognized as a risk factor for mortality and morbidity after coronary bypass grafting, but a significant association between diabetes mellitus and postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) has not been found. Although a recent study demonstrated a potential link between preoperative hemoglobin A1c level and risk of postoperative ...
Silva Ikaro I Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, - - 2012
Acuity scores, such as APACHE, SAPS, MPM, and SOFA, are widely used to account for population differences in studies aiming to compare how medications, care guidelines, surgery, and other interventions impact mortality in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients. By contrast, the focus of the PhysioNet/CinC Challenge 2012 is to develop ...
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