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Simão Tathiana Name Colado - - 2013
The metabolic syndrome (MetS) comprises pathological conditions that include insulin resistance, arterial hypertension, visceral adiposity and dyslipidaemia, which favour the development of CVD. Some reports have shown that cranberry ingestion reduces cardiovascular risk factors. However, few studies have evaluated the effect of this fruit in subjects with the MetS. The ...
Platts David G - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Contrast enhanced echocardiography (CEE) is utilised when sub-optimal image quality results in non-diagnostic echocardiograms. However, there have been numerous safety notices issued by regulatory authorities regarding rare but potentially serious adverse reactions (AR). This multi-centre, retrospective analysis was performed to assess the short-term safety of CEE in a broad ...
Shemesh Joseph - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:: Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is an independent predictor of cardiovascular (CV) events in hypertensive adults. However, the additive value of serial CAC measurements for risk stratification is unclear. The aim of the present study was to find whether CAC progression predicts long-term CV events in hypertensive patients. METHODS:: The ...
Iida Tomohiro - - 2013
Carbon dioxide (CO2) insufflation has been shown to reduce the procedure-related pain and discomfort during colonoscopy. However, the effects of CO2 insufflation on the improvement of participant's stress had not been objectively analyzed. Using a randomized, double-blinded design, 100 consecutive patients undergoing colonoscopy were assigned to have their examination performed ...
Yang Byoung Se - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Recently, posterolateral corner (PLC) reconstruction techniques have been developed based on an anatomic study of cadaveric dissections. However, the best operative method for various anatomic reconstructions remains controversial. HYPOTHESIS:The anatomic single fibular sling method for PLC reconstruction would be sufficiently strong to control posterolateral rotatory instability without an additional tibial ...
Basu Maya - - 2013
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: There are limited long-term efficacy data on single-incision slings. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the success rate of a single-incision sling versus a retropubic mid-urethral sling for cure of SUI at 3 years' follow-up, in order to assess whether there is a deterioration in ...
Dumont Travis M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Several studies have reported increased perioperative risk after carotid artery stenting (CAS) for patients ≥80 years of age; however, most have not considered unfavorable anatomic features noted more frequently in this population as a confounding variable. The purpose of this study was to show a correlation between poor aortic ...
Sood Manish M - - 2013
Benefits and risks of antithrombotic agents remain unclear in the hemodialysis population. To help clarify this we determined variation in antithrombotic agent use, rates of major bleeding events, and factors predictive of stroke and bleeding in 48,144 patients in the Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) phases I-IV. Antithrombotic ...
Meneghini R Michael - - 2013
Established for lateral release in TKA, the pie-crusting technique has not been studied for the medial collateral ligament (MCL). In cadaveric knees the MCL was release with a pie-crusting technique in one and traditional technique in the contralateral knee. Along with a control group, each MCL was subjected to mechanical ...
Canpolat U─čur - - 2013
The neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has recently emerged as better indicator of inflammation and oxidative stress and has been widely studied in several cardiovascular diseases. In the present study, we evaluated the role of the preablation NLR in atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence after cryoballoon-based catheter ablation. A total of 251 patients ...
Delgado Debbie - - 2013
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: To determine the feasibility of using the pelvic toner device (PTD) in aiding pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) METHODS: Forty women, aged at least 18 years with symptoms of pure stress urinary incontinence (SUI) or stress-predominant mixed urinary incontinence were randomly assigned to standard PFMT (ST group), or ...
Pudil Radek - - 2013
Introduction. Liver cirrhosis is associated with hyperdynamic circulation which can result in heart failure. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) due to increase of cardiac output is a stressful stimulus for cardiovascular system. Therefore, new methods for early detection of heart failure are needed. Transmitral flow is a marker of diastolic ...
Zaouter Cedrick - - 2013
Decision support systems (DSSs) have been successfully implemented into clinical practice offering clinical suggestions and treatment options with excellent results in various clinical settings. Although their results appeared promising, showing that DSSs can increase anesthesiologists' vigilance and patient safety during surgery, DSSs have never been used before to help anesthesiologists ...
Nakamura Akihiro - - 2013
BACKGROUND: On March 11, 2011, the Tohoku district was struck by the most powerful known earthquake to hit Japan. Although stress-induced heart diseases rise after strong psychosocial stress, little is known about the characteristics of heart failure (HF) caused by psychosocial stress related to earthquakes. METHODS: We examined patients admitted ...
Braz M G - - 2013
Background: The effects of anesthetics on inflammation and oxidative parameters, evaluated in patients without comorbidities undergoing minor surgery, remain unknown. The present study aimed to investigate the inflammatory and oxidative stress status in adult patients undergoing elective minimally invasive surgery, using different anesthetic techniques. Methods: Thirty patients classified as ASA ...
Baudi P - - 2013
PURPOSE: Today, in rotator cuff tear repair, the transosseous sutures are considered superior from a biological and biomechanical point of view. Our purpose is to present the early clinical and biomechanical data of a new arthroscopic rotator cuff tear transosseous repair system: the Sharc-FT(®). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of ...
Zheng Jie - - 2013
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the urodynamic findings in female patients with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) before and after a mid-urethral tape sling operation. DESIGN: Multi-channel urodynamic study (Canadian Task Force classification II-3). SETTING: Department of Urology, Huashan Hospital, Shanghai, China. PATIENTS: Women with SUI. INTERVENTIONS: One hundred ten patients underwent ...
Nasr Dalia Abdelhamid - - 2013
Aims and objectives: We studied efficacy of caudal dexmedetomidine (DEX) on attenuation of perioperative stress response and postoperative pain in pediatric patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Materials and Methods: Forty patients, (ASA II, III), 1-3-years old were randomly allocated into two groups; group BD received caudal bupivacaine 0.25%, 2.5 mg/kg and ...
Holstead Joshua P - - 2013
Women at "high risk" for sling failure (advanced age, failed previous anti-incontinence surgery, intrinsic sphincter deficiency, and absence of urethral hypermobility) underwent acellular bovine dermis slings. We evaluate long term outcomes and complications with this material. We retrospectively identified 41 women who completed 36 month postoperative follow up. Preoperative evaluation ...
Miner James R - - 2013
The objective was to assess the effect on stress biomarkers of supplemental opioid to a standard propofol dosing protocol for emergency department (ED) procedural sedation (PS). The hypothesis was that there is no difference in the change in serum catecholamines between PS using propofol with or without supplemental alfentanil. This ...
Singh Meena - - 2013
Clonidine diminishes stress response by reducing circulating catecholamines and hence increases perioperative circulatory stability in patients undergoing laparoscopic surgeries. The aim of this study was to compare intravenous (IV) clonidine (2 μg/kg) with intramuscular (IM) clonidine (2 μg/kg) for attenuation of stress response in laproscopic surgeries. Eighty adult patients classified ...
Das Soumi S Department of Anaesthesiology, RG Kar Medical College, - - 2013
The various drugs and methods studied in an attempt to curb the haemodynamic stress response associated with conventional laryngoscopic endotracheal intubation have not been found to be ompletely satisfactory. The rise in heart rate can be detrimental to patients with mitral stenosis. This study was aimed to compare the heart ...
Luffy Sarah A - - 2013
Tracheomalacia is a relatively rare problem, but can be challenging to treat, particularly in pediatric patients. Due to the presence of mechanically deficient cartilage, the trachea is unable to resist collapse under physiologic pressures of respiration, which can lead to acute death if left untreated. However, if treated, the outcome ...
Kim Hyong-Nyun - - 2013
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the outcomes of distal chevron osteotomy with lateral soft tissue release for moderate to severe hallux valgus. The patients were selected using criteria that included the degree of lateral soft tissue contracture and metatarsocuneiform joint flexibility. The contracture and flexibility were ...
Heller Robert - - 2013
Object Incomplete stent apposition of the closed cell-design Enterprise stent following stent-mediated coil embolization of intracranial aneurysms has been associated with increased risk of periprocedural thromboembolic events. In this study, the authors seek to determine the natural history of incomplete stent apposition and evaluate the clinical implications of the phenomenon. ...
Nooh N - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare fentanyl-based versus remifentanil-based anesthesia with regards to the intraoperative hemodynamic stress response and recovery profiles in patients undergoing Le Fort I osteotomy. Seventeen patients were randomly divided into two groups: patients in the F-group received 2μg/kg fentanyl intravenously followed by an infusion ...
Celano Marianne - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate parenting stress following infants' cataract extraction surgery, and to determine if levels of stress differ between 2 treatments for unilateral congenital cataract in a randomized clinical trial. METHODS: At surgery, an intraocular lens (IOL) was implanted or children were left aphakic, treated with contact lens (CL). Stress ...
Bavaria Joseph E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The St Jude Medical Inc (St Paul, Minn) Trifecta valve is a novel aortic biological prosthesis that incorporates several design features, including a true supra-annular sewing cuff, a stent design that maximizes valve hemodynamics while minimizing leaflet stresses, and an ethanol-based anticalcification technology. This study establishes the safety and ...
Ma Le - - 2013
Although hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy has been reported to help heal chronic foot ulcers in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), production of HBO-related oxidative stress is a concern. To assess the therapeutic effect and oxidative stress of HBO, a 2-week, prospective, randomized, controlled clinical study was conducted from January 1, ...
Baig Shoukat Ali - - 2013
To study the factors associated with the risk of preterm birth among local population of Karachi, Pakistan. This case control study was carried out on all those patients who were admitted in the post-partum wards of Civil Hospital and Abbasi Shaheed Hospital Karachi, during the period of January to May ...
Clark Ted R - - 2013
Endotracheal intubation (ETI) is an essential skill that emergency medicine residents learn throughout their training. To evaluate the effect of implementing a postgraduate year (PGY)-1 anesthesiology rotation on ETI success in the emergency department during PGY-2. Residents in the study group completed a 4-week PGY-1 anesthesiology rotation. During the first ...
Vyas Rajni R Samanvaya Trust, Baroda - - 2013
The objective of this study was to establish the efficacy of psychotherapeutic intervention including hypnotherapy in couples with "unexplained" reproductive failure. The study was based on a prospective clinical model set at a Trust Hospital. The couples with reproductive failure reported for treatment. Over a period of 28 years, 554 ...
Prinsloo Gabriell E - - 2013
This study examines the acute effect of heart rate variability (HRV) biofeedback on HRV measures during and immediately after biofeedback and during the following laboratory-induced stress. Eighteen healthy males exposed to work-related stress were randomised into an HRV biofeedback group (BIO) or a comparative group (COM). Subjects completed a modified ...
Serati Maurizio - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To identify how many patients with symptoms of pure stress urinary incontinence (SUI) do not require any surgical treatment on the basis of urodynamics (UDS) and how many patients still do not require surgery 1 year after UDS. To assess the outcomes of these patients at 12-month follow-up. PATIENTS ...
Svenningsen Rune - - 2013
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Retropubic tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) was introduced in 1996 as a new and innovative surgical approach in the treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). In this study we evaluate the long-term objective and subjective outcomes in a non-selected patient population 10 years after the retropubic TVT procedure. METHODS: ...
Zeboulon-Ktorza Nadine - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Spondyloarthritis (SpA) is a complex inflammatory disorder. We investigated the influence of environmental factors on SpA disease activity. METHODS: A prospective cohort of adults with SpA was followed for 3 years. Patients logged on to a secured Website every 3 months to complete a questionnaire. They reported whether they ...
Cheng Qinghao - - 2013
Oxidative stress has been associated with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, little is known about oxidative stress in postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) in aging. The aim of this study was to investigate urinary excretion rate of 8-isoprostane:creatinine (U8-isoPG:Cr) and malonaldehyde:creatinine (UMDA:Cr) to predict short-term POCD in ...
Jiang Yuan-Hong - - 2013
Objectives The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the suburethral sling position and the outcome of anti-incontinence surgery. Methods From 1998 to 2010, the medical records of 153 consecutive women with stress urinary incontinence undergoing the pubovaginal sling procedure were retrospectively reviewed. All patients received preoperative ...
Bombardieri Anna Maria AM Department of Anesthesiology, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY 10021, USA. - - 2013
To monitor the pulmonary hemodynamics of patients undergoing bilateral total knee arthroplasty (BTKA) intraoperatively and up to 24 hours following surgery. Prospective observational study. University-affiliated teaching hospital. 30 ASA physical status 2 and 3 patients scheduled for single-stage, cemented BTKA during epidural anesthesia. Pulmonary artery catheters were in all patients. ...
Oprea Eliza - - 2013
Stroke is a pathologic condition associated with redox imbalance. This pilot study was designed to evaluate the effect of the consumption of the nutritional supplement ALAnerv on some oxidative stress markers in postacute stroke patients undergoing rehabilitation. To achieve this goal, we assigned 28 patients to 2 study groups: (-)ALA ...
Harrison Lawrence E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Inducing oxidative stress under hyperthermic conditions significantly decreases tumor cell growth in a murine model of human colon cancer carcinomatosis. This phase I study examines the safety and pharmacokinetics of induced oxidative stress by the addition of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) to the perfusate in patients undergoing cytoreduction and hyperthermic ...
Tantry Thrivikrama Padur - - 2013
Early revascularization is cardinal for successful replantation of proximal limb amputations. Prolonged ischemia time potentially leads to reperfusion syndrome and morbidity. The dilemma persists regarding safe duration of cold ischemia time for replantation. The study was conducted to evaluate retrospectively the outcomes of major replantation in terms of limb survival, ...
Yoon Kyoung Ho - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to confirm the contribution of long leg cast immobilization to posterior stability after reconstruction of isolated posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injuries. METHODS: Of 84 patients who underwent arthroscopic PCL reconstruction between November 2006 and December 2009, 44 patients were randomly assigned to 2 ...
Spelzini Federico - - 2013
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the functional outcome of a single-incision sling procedure for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and to correlate the cure rate with a pelvic floor ultrasound examination METHODS: Fifty-seven patients treated with a single-incision sling procedure between ...
Li Ziqing - - 2013
PURPOSE: Both rotational acetabular osteotomy (RAO) and eccentric rotational acetabular osteotomy (ERAO) are effective procedures for young patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip. However, no comparative study of biomechanical changes has been reported following these two procedures. We therefore explored the stress changes on femoral head after RAO and ...
Fant F - - 2013
BACKGROUND: /st>Epidural anaesthesia and analgesia has been shown to suppress the neuro-hormonal stress response, but its role in the inflammatory response is unclear. The primary aim was to assess whether the choice of analgesic technique influences these processes in patients undergoing radical retropubic prostatectomy. METHODS: /st>Twenty-six patients were randomized to ...
Engel Samuel S - - 2013
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence of cardiovascular events and mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus treated with sitagliptin or non-sitagliptin comparators. METHODS: A post hoc assessment of cardiovascular safety in 14,611 patients was performed by pooling data from 25 double-blind studies, which randomised patients at baseline to ...
Peng Yong - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19 plays a key role in clopidogrel activation and thus impacts the clinical outcome of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the majority of patients with CAD gradually discontinue clopidogrel after one year of discharge. This study explored whether the CYP2C19 gene polymorphism was associated ...
Brito Luiz Gustavo Oliveira - - 2013
To evaluate whether the conventional autologous fascial (AF) sling is superior or equal to the readjustable transobturator (TOT) sling in efficacy and safety in women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI). This was a retrospective study comprised of a sample of 463 patients from 2003 to 2009. A total of 203 ...
Krambeck Amy E - - 2013
Holmium laser prostate enucleation is a contemporary treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia. We report our experience with more than 1,000 procedures. From June 1998 to March 2009 we performed 1,065 holmium laser prostate enucleations. After receiving institutional review board approval we retrospectively reviewed the database. Reported short-term, intermediate term and ...
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