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Hill David A DA Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Florida Hospital Graduate Medical Education, Florida Hospital Orlando, Orlando, USA; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Central Florida College of Medicine, Orlando, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine whether modifying a plastic speculum with a flexible sheath would improve visualization and decrease pain during vaginal examination. We conducted a prospective randomized controlled trial of 136 women undergoing vaginal speculum examination at an outpatient obstetrics and gynecology faculty practice. Patients underwent examination via a standardized technique with ...
Buszman Piotr P PP Center for Cardiovascular Research and Development of American Heart of Poland, Ustron, - - 2014
Aims: We aimed to compare the vascular effects exclusive to antiproliferative agents by using identical stent and biodegradable polymeric matrices eluting everolimus (BP-EES) (Carlo; Balton) and paclitaxel (BP-PES) (Luc-Chopin2; Balton) in the porcine model of coronary injury. Methods and results: A total of 37 stents were implanted with 110% overstretch ...
Kerens Bart B Department of Orthopedic Surgery, AZ Monica, Deurne, Belgium, - - 2014
Implant position is an important factor in unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) surgery. Results on conventional UKA alignment are commonly described in literature. Patient-specific guiding (PSG) is a new technique for positioning the Oxford UKA. Our hypothesis is that PSG improves component position without affecting the HKA angle. This prospective study ...
Al-Hamad Mariam M Joint Replacement Institute, 2200 West Third Street, Suite 400, Los Angeles, CA, 90057, - - 2014
The benefits of using thin acetabular components for hip resurfacing have been shown in terms of bone conservation, but there currently are little data available in the literature addressing the mid-term clinical results of these devices. We aimed to determine whether thinner acetabular components altered mid-term postoperative clinical scores, complication ...
Namazi Niloofar N Bone and Joint Disease Research Center, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Chamran Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, - - 2014
Circumpatellar electrocauterization to destroy pain receptors during total knee arthroplasty without patellar resurfacing is commonly used to decrease postoperative knee pain. We aimed to evaluate the effect of denervation with electrocauterization on patellar cartilage. Twenty rabbits were randomly assigned to two equally sized case and control groups. The rabbits in ...
Minoda Yukihide Y Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-4-3 Asahi-machi Abeno-ku, Osaka, 545-8585, Japan, - - 2014
Range of motion is a crucial measure of the outcome of total knee arthroplasty. Gap balancing technique and mobile-bearing prosthesis can improve postoperative range of motion. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that are predictive of the postoperative range of motion. A total of 94 knees ...
Gaudot Fabrice F Hôpital Raymond Poincaré, Garches, - - 2013
Total ankle arthroplasty is available with fixed-bearing (FB) or mobile-bearing (MB) versions, and there is little consensus on the benefits and drawbacks of each type. This study aimed to compare clinical outcomes of statistically paired series of FB and MB versions of the same ankle prosthesis. The study was a ...
Schlanger Judit - - 2013
Research was conducted on ventilated patients treated in an intensive care unit (ICU) under identical circumstances; patients were divided into two groups (subsequently proved statistically identical as to age and Simplified Acute Physiology Score II [SAPS II]). One group was treated with positive suggestions for 15-20 min a day based ...
Rahman Ra'kerry K - - 2013
Study Design. Comparative case series. Data prospectively entered and retrospectively analyzed.Objective. To evaluate the need for distal lumbar interbody fusion when sufficient recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) is used posterolaterally at L5-S1 in long spinal constructs for adult deformity via costs and radiographic and patient-reported outcome comparisons.Summary of Background ...
Lee Roland Y - - 2013
To compare anterior segment biometric parameters between Caucasians and Chinese before and after laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI). Prospective clinical cohort study PARTICIPANTS: Caucasian and Chinese primary angle closure suspects. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography images captured before and after LPI were analyzed to measure anterior segment biometric parameters. Paired Student's ...
Haverkamp Daniël - - 2013
In this study, we present the short-term results of the Selexys TH+ cup with the Ceramys inlay which is a press-fit cup with a ceramic-on-ceramic articulation. (Mathys, Bettlach, Switzerland). We compared the results with a retrospective-matched control group with a Delta PF cup (Lima, Udine, Italy), which is also a ...
Sairaku Akinori - - 2013
Two new oral anticoagulants, rivaroxaban and dabigatran, with no need for anticoagulation monitoring, are available for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). We aimed to compare their anticoagulant effects and safety when used during the AF ablation periprocedural period. Patients undergoing AF ablation were randomly assigned to receive rivaroxaban 15 mg once ...
Gilmanov Daniyar - - 2013
The study aimed to compare the short-term results of aortic valve replacement through minimally invasive and sternotomy approaches. This is a retrospective, observational, cohort study of prospectively collected data on 709 patients undergoing isolated primary aortic valve replacement between 2004 and 2011. Of these, 338 were performed through either right ...
Valery Piacherski - - 2013
The purpose of the current study is to create a new mixture of local anesthetics-one with a short time of block development and short action term (5 ml of 1% lidocaine solution) and another with a longer time of anesthesia development and a long analgetic effect (5 ml of 0.75% ...
Sugitani Iwao - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The consequences of super-radical resection in patients with anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) have not been fully investigated. METHODS: This retrospective study used the multicenter ATC Research Consortium of Japan database. Among 233 stage IVB patients, 23 underwent super-radical resection (group S). Outcomes for group S were compared to those ...
Amin Amr - - 2013
PURPOSE: Stunning of thyroid remnants after diagnostic scanning (Dx-WBS) using radioactive iodine-131 (I) may limit the efficacy of I therapy. We aimed to evaluate this assumption in a prospectively designed study. METHODS: Forty patients who underwent thyroidectomy for differentiated thyroid carcinoma were studied and divided into two identical groups: G1 ...
Nakayama Hiroshi - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of tourniquet use on operative performance and early postoperative results of anatomic double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS: Fifty-one patients who underwent scheduled ACL reconstruction for unilateral ACL deficiency from June 2010 to October 2011 were included in ...
Marcoux Je - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Biocompatible circuits (BCC) are intended to decrease the activation of blood to the artificial cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) surface. Typically, the coatings are made of various inert substances or molecules physiologically similar to endothelium.Thromboelastography (TEG) graphically represents clot formation, strength of clotting and fibrinolysis. TEG analysis was undertaken to determine ...
Old Oliver J - - 2013
Under-representation of ethnic minority groups in bariatric surgery rates has been reported in the USA. Ethnic minorities form 7.9 % of the UK population, but comparable data on provision of bariatric surgery for these groups have not previously been reported in the UK. We calculated an estimate of rates of bariatric ...
Kieslichova E - - 2013
The diagnosis of sepsis is difficult in immunocompromised patients owing to their modified response to infection. Our experiment in minipigs was designed to compare responses to sepsis between experimental groups of septic minipigs with and without immunosuppression. Minipigs with identical baseline parameters were randomized into 3 groups: Sepsis (n = ...
Rousseau B - - 2013
Biomechanical studies of arthroscopic knots have been performed on sutures that were tied manually and tested immediately after tying. We performed this study to evaluate the knot and the suture during the healing phase, which was not evaluated in these previous studies. Our hypothesis was that the biomechanics features of ...
Wonglertsiri Sakarin - - 2013
The theoretical advantages of Mobile bearing (MB) prosthesis does not appear to be documented in terms of functional outcomes compared to Fixed bearing (FB) designs. Rarely that two identically designed knee prostheses were compared in the literature. Compare clinical and functional results of MB and FB prostheses using identical femoral ...
Chen Zhi-Yuan - - 2013
To evaluate the efficacy of reduced cathartic bowel preparation with 2 L polyethylene glycol (PEG)-4000 electrolyte solution and 10 mg bisacodyl enteric-coated tablets for computed tomographic colonography (CTC). Sixty subjects who gave informed consent were randomly assigned to study group A, study group B or the control group. On the ...
Lau Chu-Pak - - 2013
Ethnic Difference in Atrial Fibrillation Incidence. Introduction: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is suggested to be less common among black and Asian individuals, which could reflect bias in symptom reporting and access to care. In the Asymptomatic AF and Stroke Evaluation in Pacemaker Patients and the AF Reduction Atrial Pacing Trial (ASSERT), patients ...
Al-Lawati Adil A M - - 2013
Background The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of continuation of aspirin on bleeding complications following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery operated by a single surgeon.Methods A total of 109 patients underwent isolated, primary, on-pump surgery performed over a 17-month period. These patients were divided into two groups: ...
Lou Zhengcai - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of crust formation on the healing of traumatic, dry, and minor-sized tympanic membrane perforations (TMPs) in humans. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with a chart review. SETTING: Tertiary university hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical records of patients with traumatic ...
Schmidt Lena - - 2013
Tactile extinction is frequent, debilitating, and often persistent after brain damage. Currently, there is no treatment available for this disorder. In two previous case studies we showed an influence of galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) on tactile extinction. Here, we evaluated in further patients the immediate and lasting effects of GVS ...
Zhang Shen - - 2013
Trust is a vital lubricant that increases the sense of security in social interactions. In this study, we investigated the intergroup trust between the Uyghur and the Han, the two largest ethnic groups in Xinjiang, China, with a Go/No-Go Association Task. Specifically, we instructed Uyghur and Han participants to respond ...
Nakayama Shinnosuke - - 2013
In many animal groups, coordinated activity is facilitated by the emergence of leaders and followers. Although the identity of leaders is to some extent predictable, most groups experience frequent changes of leadership. How do group members cope with such changes in their social role? Here, we compared the foraging behaviour ...
Wang Jiang - - 2013
Functional group composition may affect invasion in two ways the effect of abundance, i.e. dominance of functional group; and the effect of traits, i.e. identity of functional groups. However, few studies have focused on the role of abundance of functional group on invasion resistance. Moreover, how resource availability influences the ...
Vaidyanathan Subramanian - - 2013
A 58-year-old paraplegic male, with long-term indwelling urethral catheter, developed catheter block. The catheter was changed, but blood-stained urine was drained intermittently. A long segment of the catheter was seen lying outside his penis, which indicated that the balloon of Foley catheter had been inflated in urethra. The misplaced catheter ...
Botti Giovanni G Villa Bella Clinic, Salò, University of Rome Tor Vergata, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of two types of fibrin glue in patients undergoing facelift surgery. A prospective, controlled "right-left side" study was carried out in 20 patients. The two fibrin sealants used were Quixil® and Tissucol®. The two sealants were used at the same ...
Lees Mackenzie - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The primary purpose of this study was to establish the ability of pediatric anesthesiologists to learn to use two video laryngoscopes - the GlideScope(®) system (GS) and the Karl Storz Direct Coupled Interface, DCI(®) , (KS). BACKGROUND: The number of intubation attempts required to attain proficiency with a video ...
Eisenberg Chavez Devora - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Dispatch-assisted CPR instructions frequently direct bystanders to remove a cardiac arrest patient's clothing prior to starting chest compressions. Removing clothing may delay compressions and it is uncertain whether CPR quality is influenced by the presence of clothing. We measured how instructions to remove clothing impacted the time to compressions ...
Lee Sang Min - - 2012
There are controversies around the role of the posterior cruciate ligament and the effect of design modifications for high flexion in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). So, we compared the clinical outcomes of the cruciate retaining (CR), posterior stabilized (PS), and high flexion posterior stabilized (F-PS) designs in TKA with identical ...
Hoppe Sven - - 2012
Computer navigation in total knee arthroplasty is somewhat controversial. We have previously shown that femoral component positioning is more accurate with computed navigation than with conventional implantation techniques, but the clinical impact of this is unknown. We now report the 5-year outcome of our previously reported 2-year outcome study. 78 ...
Merle Christian - - 2012
We retrospectively evaluated the femoral periprosthetic bone mineral density (BMD) in a consecutive series of patients who had undergone total hip arthroplasty (THA) with a straight, double tapered cementless stem using a muscle-sparing anterolateral (group A) and the transgluteal (group B) surgical approach. Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) measurements were performed ...
Ramachandran Anupama - - 2012
To determine the effect of preoperative administration of paracetamol (PARA), ibuprofen (IBUP), or aceclofenac (ACEC) on the success of maxillary infiltration anesthesia in patients with irreversible pulpitis in a double-blinded randomized controlled trial. One hundred and twenty patients with irreversible pulpitis of a maxillary first molar participated. Patients indicated their ...
Hamahata Atsumori - - 2012
Meticulous hemostasis and careful ligation of branches are necessary for pedicle dissection during flap elevation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Harmonic Focus handpiece (Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc., Blue Ash, Cincinnati, OH, USA) in reducing operation time, bleeding volume, and volume of postoperative drainage during ...
Huuskonen Vilhelmiina - - 2012
Objective  To investigate whether intratesticular injection of lidocaine pre-surgery would reduce the intraoperative responses to elective castration in dogs. Study design  Double-blinded, randomized, controlled, prospective clinical study. Animals  Forty-two client-owned dogs weighing 2.2-38.4 kg and aged between 4.5 and 56 months. Methods  Group L dogs received an intratesticular injection of 2% lidocaine ...
Tanagho Youssef S YS Division of Urologic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, - - 2012
To evaluate the potential benefit of performing off-clamp robot-assisted partial nephrectomy as it relates to renal functional outcomes, while assessing the safety profile of this unconventional surgical approach. Twenty-nine patients who underwent off-clamp robot-assisted partial nephrectomy for suspected renal cell carcinoma at Washington University between March 2008 and September 2011 ...
Marchiori Erica Cristina - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a 6° counterclockwise change in occlusal plane inclination would produce significant modifications on the final result of a maxillary impaction and mandible advancement model surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four groups were used in this study, with ten identical maxillary casts ...
Lahsaei Seyed M - - 2012
Postoperative nausea and vomiting are some of the important and common side effects of anesthesia after surgery occurring in almost 20-30% of patients and is the second factor of a patient's complaint and inconvenience after pain. This study compares the effect of oral cetirizine and ondansetron in the prevention of ...
Paranskaya Liliya - - 2012
Aims: Compare mid-term outcomes after MitraClip® implantation for severe mitral regurgitation (MR) in patients categorised in different logistic EuroSCORE (LES) groups. Methods and results: MitraClip was implanted in 85 patients (78±6 years, 48 men [56.5%]) with severe symptomatic MR. Baseline characteristics, perioperative results, mid-term survival, major adverse cerebrovascular and cardiac ...
Al Emine - - 2012
The aim of this study is to apply combination of axillary plexus block with "selective" injection of nerves and continuous catheter technique, and to compare the anesthetic and postoperative analgesic effects of bupivacaine and levobupivacaine. In 30 scheduled patients for unilateral hand or forearm surgery, an axillary brachial plexus block ...
Gong Lan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Seasonal allergic conjunctivitis (SAC) is caused by seasonal allergens and usually manifests as ocular itching and bulbar conjunctival injection (redness). Treatment options for SAC include corticosteroids and dual-acting antihistamine and mast-cell stabilizers. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to compare the efficacy and tolerability of loteprednol etabonate (LE), a C-20 ester-based ...
Mand Sabine - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine whether improvement of filarial lymphedema (LE) by doxycycline is restricted to patients with ongoing infection (positive for circulating filarial antigen [CFA]), or whether the majority of CFA-negative patients with LE would also show a reduction in LE severity. One hundred sixty-two Ghanaian ...
Takekawa Toru - - 2012
Botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) has been reported to be an effective treatment for limb spasticity after stroke. However, the reduction in the spasticity after BoNT-A injection alone does not ensure an improvement in the active motor function of the affected limb. The aim of this study was to clarify ...
Sato Hiroe - - 2012
A 36-year-old woman was diagnosed with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Seven days after beginning glucocorticoid treatment, she developed reduced visual acuity, and atypical severe central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) was confirmed. Since glucocorticoid use is an important risk factor for CSC, the PSL was reduced, tacrolimus was added, and the visual ...
Yang Hoon Joo - - 2012
Downward movement of the maxilla is regarded as one of the less stable long-term orthognathic surgical procedures. To increase postoperative stability with direct bone contact, the conventional Le Fort I osteotomy was modified with an inclined osteotomy at the lateral nasal cavity wall. The aim of this study was to ...
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