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Bek Do─čan D Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Gülhane Military Medical Academy, 06010 Etlik, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2014
This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of two different external tibial cutting guides with and without a spike anchoring to the intercondylar eminentia to achieve a desired posterior tibial slope. Between January 2008 and December 2011, 120 posterior cruciate ligament protecting total knee arthroplasty (TKA) surgeries of 83 patients ...
Yokoyama Yukihiro Y Division of Surgical Oncology, Department of Surgery, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, - - 2014
The presence of cholangitis has been shown to impair liver regeneration capacity after major hepatectomy in a rat cholangitis model. It is unclear, however, whether the presence of cholangitis has any impact on liver generation in clinical settings. To determine the effects of preoperative cholangitis on hepatic regeneration rates after ...
Löffel Lukas M - - 2014
The optimal crystalloid solution to use perioperatively in patients undergoing open radical cystectomy remains unclear. Many of the fluids used for intravenous hydration contain supraphysiologic concentrations of chloride, which can induce hyperchloremia and metabolic acidosis, resulting in renal vasoconstriction and decreased renal function. In addition, patients receiving less fluid and ...
Liebensteiner M C MC Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Innsbruck Medical University, Anichstrasse 35, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria, - - 2014
Previous studies dealing with gait after minimally invasive surgery (MIS) total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are rare and insufficient. It was the purpose of the study to determine in a prospective, comparative setting whether MIS influences the outcome of TKA in terms of typical 3D gait parameters. Patients scheduled for TKA ...
Menon Biju K BK Radiation Medicine Centre, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Tata Memorial Hospital Annexe, Parel, Mumbai, Maharashtra, - - 2014
The objective of the study was to make a quantitative comparison of 24-h thyroid uptake calculated by γ camera-based and thyroid uptake probe-based methods after administration of a diagnostic (131)I capsule in patients with benign thyroid disorders. The study group comprised 66 patients, of whom 16 were male (28-67 y ...
Seiler Theo Günter TG R & D, IROC AG, Stockerstrasse 37, Zurich, Switzerland, 8002, Switzerland - - 2014
Purpose: To evaluate experimentally the efficacy of corneal crosslinking (CXL) by injecting the photomediator riboflavin into the corneal stroma via intrastromal channels. Methods: Five groups of pig corneas, 9 each, were compared regarding stress-strain relationship and UV-absorption. Group 1 had intrastromal channels floated with riboflavin 0.5%-solution followed by UVA-irradiation (3mW/cm² ...
Techasuk Wallaya W From the *Department of Anesthesia, Montreal General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; and †Department of Anesthesia, Hospital de Carabineros, Santiago, - - 2014
In this prospective, randomized, observer-blinded study, we compared double-injection (DI) ultrasound-guided supraclavicular block to a novel targeted intracluster-injection (TII) technique, whereby local anesthetic is injected inside the main and satellite neural clusters (confluences of trunks and divisions of the brachial plexus). Ninety patients were randomly allocated to receive a DI ...
Yang Xiao-Ming XM Department of Anesthesiology, Air Force General Hospital, PLA, Beijing 100142, P.R. China ; Jiangsu Province Key Laboratory of Anesthesiology, Xuzhou Medical College, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221002, P.R. China ; Jiangsu Province Key Laboratory of Anesthesiology and Analgesia Application Technology, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221002, P.R. - - 2014
The current study aimed to evaluate the impact of clinically relevant concentrations of dexmedetomidine on the deformability of erythrocytes in vitro and the effects of dexmedetomidine on the deformability of erythrocytes in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Erythrocyte suspensions of different concentrations were divided into six groups: Control (group C); low, ...
Hill David A DA Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Florida Hospital Graduate Medical Education, Florida Hospital Orlando, Orlando, USA; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Central Florida College of Medicine, Orlando, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine whether modifying a plastic speculum with a flexible sheath would improve visualization and decrease pain during vaginal examination. We conducted a prospective randomized controlled trial of 136 women undergoing vaginal speculum examination at an outpatient obstetrics and gynecology faculty practice. Patients underwent examination via a standardized technique with ...
Buszman Piotr P PP Center for Cardiovascular Research and Development of American Heart of Poland, Ustron, - - 2014
Aims: We aimed to compare the vascular effects exclusive to antiproliferative agents by using identical stent and biodegradable polymeric matrices eluting everolimus (BP-EES) (Carlo; Balton) and paclitaxel (BP-PES) (Luc-Chopin2; Balton) in the porcine model of coronary injury. Methods and results: A total of 37 stents were implanted with 110% overstretch ...
Kerens Bart B Department of Orthopedic Surgery, AZ Monica, Deurne, Belgium, - - 2014
Implant position is an important factor in unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) surgery. Results on conventional UKA alignment are commonly described in literature. Patient-specific guiding (PSG) is a new technique for positioning the Oxford UKA. Our hypothesis is that PSG improves component position without affecting the HKA angle. This prospective study ...
Al-Hamad Mariam M Joint Replacement Institute, 2200 West Third Street, Suite 400, Los Angeles, CA, 90057, - - 2014
The benefits of using thin acetabular components for hip resurfacing have been shown in terms of bone conservation, but there currently are little data available in the literature addressing the mid-term clinical results of these devices. We aimed to determine whether thinner acetabular components altered mid-term postoperative clinical scores, complication ...
Namazi Niloofar N Bone and Joint Disease Research Center, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Chamran Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, - - 2014
Circumpatellar electrocauterization to destroy pain receptors during total knee arthroplasty without patellar resurfacing is commonly used to decrease postoperative knee pain. We aimed to evaluate the effect of denervation with electrocauterization on patellar cartilage. Twenty rabbits were randomly assigned to two equally sized case and control groups. The rabbits in ...
Minoda Yukihide Y Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-4-3 Asahi-machi Abeno-ku, Osaka, 545-8585, Japan, - - 2014
Range of motion is a crucial measure of the outcome of total knee arthroplasty. Gap balancing technique and mobile-bearing prosthesis can improve postoperative range of motion. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that are predictive of the postoperative range of motion. A total of 94 knees ...
Gaudot Fabrice F Hôpital Raymond Poincaré, Garches, - - 2013
Total ankle arthroplasty is available with fixed-bearing (FB) or mobile-bearing (MB) versions, and there is little consensus on the benefits and drawbacks of each type. This study aimed to compare clinical outcomes of statistically paired series of FB and MB versions of the same ankle prosthesis. The study was a ...
Schlanger Judit - - 2013
Research was conducted on ventilated patients treated in an intensive care unit (ICU) under identical circumstances; patients were divided into two groups (subsequently proved statistically identical as to age and Simplified Acute Physiology Score II [SAPS II]). One group was treated with positive suggestions for 15-20 min a day based ...
Rahman Ra'kerry K - - 2013
Study Design. Comparative case series. Data prospectively entered and retrospectively analyzed.Objective. To evaluate the need for distal lumbar interbody fusion when sufficient recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) is used posterolaterally at L5-S1 in long spinal constructs for adult deformity via costs and radiographic and patient-reported outcome comparisons.Summary of Background ...
Lee Roland Y - - 2013
To compare anterior segment biometric parameters between Caucasians and Chinese before and after laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI). Prospective clinical cohort study PARTICIPANTS: Caucasian and Chinese primary angle closure suspects. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography images captured before and after LPI were analyzed to measure anterior segment biometric parameters. Paired Student's ...
Haverkamp Daniël - - 2013
In this study, we present the short-term results of the Selexys TH+ cup with the Ceramys inlay which is a press-fit cup with a ceramic-on-ceramic articulation. (Mathys, Bettlach, Switzerland). We compared the results with a retrospective-matched control group with a Delta PF cup (Lima, Udine, Italy), which is also a ...
Sairaku Akinori - - 2013
Two new oral anticoagulants, rivaroxaban and dabigatran, with no need for anticoagulation monitoring, are available for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). We aimed to compare their anticoagulant effects and safety when used during the AF ablation periprocedural period. Patients undergoing AF ablation were randomly assigned to receive rivaroxaban 15 mg once ...
Moghadam Fatemeh Velayati FV Dental Research Center, School of Dentistry, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, - - 2013
The purpose of the present randomized clinical trial was to evaluate the color change, rebound effect and sensitivity of at-home bleaching with 15% carbamide peroxide and power bleaching using 38% hydrogen peroxide. For bleaching techniques, 20 subjects were randomized in a split mouth design (at-home and power bleaching): In maxillary ...
Gilmanov Daniyar - - 2013
The study aimed to compare the short-term results of aortic valve replacement through minimally invasive and sternotomy approaches. This is a retrospective, observational, cohort study of prospectively collected data on 709 patients undergoing isolated primary aortic valve replacement between 2004 and 2011. Of these, 338 were performed through either right ...
Valery Piacherski - - 2013
The purpose of the current study is to create a new mixture of local anesthetics-one with a short time of block development and short action term (5 ml of 1% lidocaine solution) and another with a longer time of anesthesia development and a long analgetic effect (5 ml of 0.75% ...
Sugitani Iwao - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The consequences of super-radical resection in patients with anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) have not been fully investigated. METHODS: This retrospective study used the multicenter ATC Research Consortium of Japan database. Among 233 stage IVB patients, 23 underwent super-radical resection (group S). Outcomes for group S were compared to those ...
Amin Amr - - 2013
PURPOSE: Stunning of thyroid remnants after diagnostic scanning (Dx-WBS) using radioactive iodine-131 (I) may limit the efficacy of I therapy. We aimed to evaluate this assumption in a prospectively designed study. METHODS: Forty patients who underwent thyroidectomy for differentiated thyroid carcinoma were studied and divided into two identical groups: G1 ...
Nakayama Hiroshi - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of tourniquet use on operative performance and early postoperative results of anatomic double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS: Fifty-one patients who underwent scheduled ACL reconstruction for unilateral ACL deficiency from June 2010 to October 2011 were included in ...
Marcoux Je - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Biocompatible circuits (BCC) are intended to decrease the activation of blood to the artificial cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) surface. Typically, the coatings are made of various inert substances or molecules physiologically similar to endothelium.Thromboelastography (TEG) graphically represents clot formation, strength of clotting and fibrinolysis. TEG analysis was undertaken to determine ...
Old Oliver J - - 2013
Under-representation of ethnic minority groups in bariatric surgery rates has been reported in the USA. Ethnic minorities form 7.9 % of the UK population, but comparable data on provision of bariatric surgery for these groups have not previously been reported in the UK. We calculated an estimate of rates of bariatric ...
Kieslichova E - - 2013
The diagnosis of sepsis is difficult in immunocompromised patients owing to their modified response to infection. Our experiment in minipigs was designed to compare responses to sepsis between experimental groups of septic minipigs with and without immunosuppression. Minipigs with identical baseline parameters were randomized into 3 groups: Sepsis (n = ...
Rousseau B - - 2013
Biomechanical studies of arthroscopic knots have been performed on sutures that were tied manually and tested immediately after tying. We performed this study to evaluate the knot and the suture during the healing phase, which was not evaluated in these previous studies. Our hypothesis was that the biomechanics features of ...
Wonglertsiri Sakarin - - 2013
The theoretical advantages of Mobile bearing (MB) prosthesis does not appear to be documented in terms of functional outcomes compared to Fixed bearing (FB) designs. Rarely that two identically designed knee prostheses were compared in the literature. Compare clinical and functional results of MB and FB prostheses using identical femoral ...
Lau Chu-Pak - - 2013
Ethnic Difference in Atrial Fibrillation Incidence. Introduction: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is suggested to be less common among black and Asian individuals, which could reflect bias in symptom reporting and access to care. In the Asymptomatic AF and Stroke Evaluation in Pacemaker Patients and the AF Reduction Atrial Pacing Trial (ASSERT), patients ...
Chen Zhi-Yuan ZY Department of Radiology, the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510655, Guangdong Province, - - 2013
To evaluate the efficacy of reduced cathartic bowel preparation with 2 L polyethylene glycol (PEG)-4000 electrolyte solution and 10 mg bisacodyl enteric-coated tablets for computed tomographic colonography (CTC). Sixty subjects who gave informed consent were randomly assigned to study group A, study group B or the control group. On the ...
Al-Lawati Adil A M - - 2013
Background The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of continuation of aspirin on bleeding complications following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery operated by a single surgeon.Methods A total of 109 patients underwent isolated, primary, on-pump surgery performed over a 17-month period. These patients were divided into two groups: ...
Lou Zhengcai - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of crust formation on the healing of traumatic, dry, and minor-sized tympanic membrane perforations (TMPs) in humans. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with a chart review. SETTING: Tertiary university hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical records of patients with traumatic ...
Schmidt Lena - - 2013
Tactile extinction is frequent, debilitating, and often persistent after brain damage. Currently, there is no treatment available for this disorder. In two previous case studies we showed an influence of galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) on tactile extinction. Here, we evaluated in further patients the immediate and lasting effects of GVS ...
Zhang Shen - - 2013
Trust is a vital lubricant that increases the sense of security in social interactions. In this study, we investigated the intergroup trust between the Uyghur and the Han, the two largest ethnic groups in Xinjiang, China, with a Go/No-Go Association Task. Specifically, we instructed Uyghur and Han participants to respond ...
Nakayama Shinnosuke - - 2013
In many animal groups, coordinated activity is facilitated by the emergence of leaders and followers. Although the identity of leaders is to some extent predictable, most groups experience frequent changes of leadership. How do group members cope with such changes in their social role? Here, we compared the foraging behaviour ...
Wang Jiang - - 2013
Functional group composition may affect invasion in two ways the effect of abundance, i.e. dominance of functional group; and the effect of traits, i.e. identity of functional groups. However, few studies have focused on the role of abundance of functional group on invasion resistance. Moreover, how resource availability influences the ...
Vaidyanathan Subramanian - - 2013
A 58-year-old paraplegic male, with long-term indwelling urethral catheter, developed catheter block. The catheter was changed, but blood-stained urine was drained intermittently. A long segment of the catheter was seen lying outside his penis, which indicated that the balloon of Foley catheter had been inflated in urethra. The misplaced catheter ...
Botti Giovanni G Villa Bella Clinic, Salò, University of Rome Tor Vergata, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of two types of fibrin glue in patients undergoing facelift surgery. A prospective, controlled "right-left side" study was carried out in 20 patients. The two fibrin sealants used were Quixil® and Tissucol®. The two sealants were used at the same ...
Lees Mackenzie - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The primary purpose of this study was to establish the ability of pediatric anesthesiologists to learn to use two video laryngoscopes - the GlideScope(®) system (GS) and the Karl Storz Direct Coupled Interface, DCI(®) , (KS). BACKGROUND: The number of intubation attempts required to attain proficiency with a video ...
Eisenberg Chavez Devora - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Dispatch-assisted CPR instructions frequently direct bystanders to remove a cardiac arrest patient's clothing prior to starting chest compressions. Removing clothing may delay compressions and it is uncertain whether CPR quality is influenced by the presence of clothing. We measured how instructions to remove clothing impacted the time to compressions ...
Lee Sang Min - - 2012
There are controversies around the role of the posterior cruciate ligament and the effect of design modifications for high flexion in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). So, we compared the clinical outcomes of the cruciate retaining (CR), posterior stabilized (PS), and high flexion posterior stabilized (F-PS) designs in TKA with identical ...
Hoppe Sven - - 2012
Computer navigation in total knee arthroplasty is somewhat controversial. We have previously shown that femoral component positioning is more accurate with computed navigation than with conventional implantation techniques, but the clinical impact of this is unknown. We now report the 5-year outcome of our previously reported 2-year outcome study. 78 ...
Merle Christian - - 2012
We retrospectively evaluated the femoral periprosthetic bone mineral density (BMD) in a consecutive series of patients who had undergone total hip arthroplasty (THA) with a straight, double tapered cementless stem using a muscle-sparing anterolateral (group A) and the transgluteal (group B) surgical approach. Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) measurements were performed ...
Ramachandran Anupama - - 2012
To determine the effect of preoperative administration of paracetamol (PARA), ibuprofen (IBUP), or aceclofenac (ACEC) on the success of maxillary infiltration anesthesia in patients with irreversible pulpitis in a double-blinded randomized controlled trial. One hundred and twenty patients with irreversible pulpitis of a maxillary first molar participated. Patients indicated their ...
Hamahata Atsumori - - 2012
Meticulous hemostasis and careful ligation of branches are necessary for pedicle dissection during flap elevation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Harmonic Focus handpiece (Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc., Blue Ash, Cincinnati, OH, USA) in reducing operation time, bleeding volume, and volume of postoperative drainage during ...
Huuskonen Vilhelmiina - - 2012
Objective  To investigate whether intratesticular injection of lidocaine pre-surgery would reduce the intraoperative responses to elective castration in dogs. Study design  Double-blinded, randomized, controlled, prospective clinical study. Animals  Forty-two client-owned dogs weighing 2.2-38.4 kg and aged between 4.5 and 56 months. Methods  Group L dogs received an intratesticular injection of 2% lidocaine ...
Tanagho Youssef S YS Division of Urologic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, - - 2012
To evaluate the potential benefit of performing off-clamp robot-assisted partial nephrectomy as it relates to renal functional outcomes, while assessing the safety profile of this unconventional surgical approach. Twenty-nine patients who underwent off-clamp robot-assisted partial nephrectomy for suspected renal cell carcinoma at Washington University between March 2008 and September 2011 ...
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