Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1396
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Doria Cataldo - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of plasma-derived human thrombin and bovine thrombin for achieving hemostasis during surgery. METHODS: Adults (N = 305) with > or = 1 mild or moderate bleeding site not manageable by conventional modalities during elective cardiovascular, neurologic, or general surgical procedures at multiple study centers were ...
Sung J J Y - - 2008
A limited number of trials have investigated the efficacy of proton pump inhibitors for peptic ulcer bleeding, and some study design issues have been identified. To present the design of a large trial evaluating the effects of intravenous esomeprazole on clinical outcomes in high-risk patients who have undergone endoscopic haemostasis ...
Malik A H - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Bleeding from stapled colonic stapled anastomoses is rare, but occasionally may be severe enough to require re-operation, with associated morbidity. Endoscopic therapy is a potential alternative. METHOD: We examined a large 15-year prospective series of patients who had undergone colorectal resection with stapled anastomosis. We reviewed the management of ...
Lipof T - - 2008
PURPOSE: This study was designed to identify the short-term safety and efficacy of super-selective embolization for lower gastrointestinal bleeding and to examine the long-term durability. METHODS: Outcomes of patients who underwent super-selective embolization for lower gastrointestinal bleeding from January 1999 to September 2005 were identified retrospectively at a single institution. ...
Shoroghi Mehrdad - - 2008
In local anesthesia, various epinephrine concentrations are applied for its vasoconstrictive effect. This study was conducted to observe the effect of epinephrine on intraoperative bleeding and also to evaluate hemodynamic changes during skin surgery. Ninety-six patients scheduled for skin surgery under local anesthesia were divided into three groups administered three ...
Gilbey Peter - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We compared operating time, intraoperative blood loss, and rate of postoperative bleeding in harmonic scalpel (HS) tonsillectomy using the curved shears instrument to those in cold dissection (CD) tonsillectomy. METHODS: The charts of 560 patients who underwent tonsillectomy were retrospectively reviewed. Three hundred nineteen patients underwent CD tonsillectomy between ...
Musso Roberto - - 2008
The safety of full-length sucrose-formulated recombinant factor VIII (rFVIII-FS; Kogenate FS) for up to 24 months of use was evaluated in a postmarketing observational study in Europe. Long-term safety and efficacy data were available for 212 patients with severe haemophilia A, including 13 previously untreated patients (PUPs) and 12 patients ...
Aabakken Lars - - 2008
Peptic ulcer bleeding is the most significant complication of ulcer disease, remaining the most important reason for upper gastrointestinal bleeding even in the era of Helicobacter eradication. Endoscopic triage and management plays a vital role in the handling of these patients, albeit in close collaboration with radiological and surgical expertise. ...
Kameda Natsuhiko - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Wireless capsule endoscopy (CE) and double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) are new methods enabling diagnostic endoscopy of the entire small intestine. However, which of the two is superior is unclear. We therefore prospectively compared the clinical efficacy of CE and DBE. METHODS: We prospectively examined 32 patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding. ...
Larssen Lene - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The mortality rate associated with bleeding duodenal ulcer disease is about 10%. Primary endoscopic hemostasis is successful in over 90% of patients, but in 15-25%, the bleeding cannot be controlled endoscopically or the patient rebleeding, requiring alternative treatment. Percutaneous transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) has been proposed as an alternative ...
Huang Kuan-Ying - - 2008
Although most cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections are asymptomatic or cause only mild disease, the virus can cause serious disease and even mortality in immunocompromised children. In patients with Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS), recurrent CMV infection is infrequently seen. A 3-month-old male infant was referred to Chang Gung Children's Hospital due to persistent ...
Lanas Angel - - 2008
Worldwide osteoarthritis (OA) affects more than 9.6% of men and 18% of women older that 60 years. Treatment for OA often requires chronic use of selective or nonselective nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which have been associated with gastrointestinal and cardiovascular complications. An increased risk for upper gastrointestinal bleeding with NSAIDs ...
van Leerdam M E - - 2008
Acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding is an important emergency situation. Population-based epidemiology data are important to get insight in the actual healthcare problem. There are only few recent epidemiological surveys regarding acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Several surveys focusing on peptic ulcer disease showed a significant decrease in admission and mortality of ...
Yüksel Ilhami - - 2008
Rebleeding has remained the most important determinant of poor prognosis in peptic ulcer bleeding. Gastric acid plays an important role in the pathogenesis of rebleeding. We aimed to compare the efficiency of intermittent and continuous pantoprazole infusion treatment on peptic ulcer rebleeding after endoscopic therapy. In this prospective study, patients ...
von Heymann Christian - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to determine the role of recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) in abdominal, vascular, and urological surgery. We conducted meta-analyses of case series and placebo-controlled studies reporting on the treatment or prophylaxis of bleeding with rFVIIa regarding 'reduction or cessation of bleeding', 'mortality', and 'thromboembolism'. ...
Fraser Ian S IS Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia. - - 2008
The first part of this benefit-risk review examined the efficacy and adverse effect profiles of systemic haemostatic agents commonly used in major surgery. The second part of this review examines the efficacy and adverse effect profiles of systemic haemostatic agents commonly used in the treatment of excessive or heavy menstrual ...
Alsayegh Faisal - - 2009
A retrospective analysis is described to assess the effects of using recombinant activated factor VII to control bleeding in a series of patients who had failed to respond to conventional hemostatic measures. In all, 18 patients (aged 16-65 years) with a range of conditions resulting in bleeding refractory to conventional ...
Klarmann D - - 2008
Immune tolerance induction (ITI) in haemophilia B patients with inhibitor should be carefully considered because of the relatively poor (25%) overall success rate and the high risk of complications. ITI in combination with an immunosuppressive treatment was started in two children with haemophilia B with factor IX (FIX) inhibitor. To ...
Wu Cheng-rong - - 2007
BACKGROUND: X-ray of the digestive tract and radionuclide examination could not accurately detect diseases of the small intestine. Double-balloon enteroscopy has been used to increase the detection rate of these diseases in addition to endoscopic biopsy and therapy. The purpose of this study was to determine the value of double-balloon ...
Federici A B - - 2007
Two therapeutic approaches are available to manage patients with von Willebrand disease (VWD): (i) the release of endogenous von Willebrand factor (VWF) from endothelial compartments induced by desmopressin (DDAVP); (ii) the transfusion of exogenous VWF contained in VWF/FVIII plasma-derived concentrates. Only a few high-purity VWF/FVIII concentrates have been extensively evaluated ...
Fujimori S - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Several studies have shown the value of capsule endoscopy and double balloon endoscopy (DBE) in small-intestinal bleeding. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of capsule endoscopy results on subsequent DBE examination, and the 1-year clinical outcome of this combined approach in patients ...
Gezginc K - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy and side effects of Implanon used for long-term contraception. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Prospective study of 80 patients who used Implanon for long-term contraception between January 2004 and January 2006. Side effects, efficacy and removals were recorded. RESULTS: Amenorrhoea, infrequent bleeding and frequent bleeding were reported ...
Leontiadis G I - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) in the prevention and treatment of acute upper gastrointestinal (UGI) haemorrhage, as well as to compare this with H2-receptor antagonist (H2RA), Helicobacter pylori eradication (in infected patients) or no therapy, for the prevention of first and/or subsequent ...
Desmond M - - 2007
Red cell salvage (RCS) is now an established therapy for patients undergoing surgery with an associated risk of heavy bleeding. It should always be available for such patients. It is, however, only one part of what should be a multifaceted approach to blood conservation and it does not replace the ...
Bello I F - - 2007
Recently, three multicentre prospective international studies have been carried out to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Fanhdi [high-purity, double-inactivated plasma-derived factor VIII/von Willebrand factor (VWF) concentrate] in patients with von Willebrand's disease (VWD). Pharmacokinetic parameters, clinical efficacy and safety of Fanhdi in acute bleedings episodes or invasive procedures ...
Ferri Emanuele - - 2007
PURPOSE: Argon plasma coagulation (APC) is a new surgical procedure based on a conductive plasma of ionized argon between an activating electrode and a tissue surface. It is a good alternative for tonsillectomy because of its effective hemostasis and limited penetration depth of the coagulation beam. The aim of this ...
Dahri Karen - - 2007
It was the objective of this article to qualitatively review and evaluate the clinical prediction rules (CPRs) available for estimating bleeding risk in patients commencing warfarin therapy. A systematic review of PubMed (1949 to December 2006), MEDLINE (1966 to December 2006); EMBASE (1980 to December 2006), Cochrane Database of Systematic ...
Téllez-Avila Félix I - - 2007
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Endoscopic treatment of peptic ulcers with high-risk stigmata has been probed. The rates of recurrent bleeding, need for emergent surgery and death are related to Forrest Classification, Blatchford's modified risk score and the kind of endoscopic treatment used (monotherapy vs. dual). The aims of the present study ...
Aledort L M - - 2008
Bypassing therapy is usually necessary to control or prevent bleeding episodes in patients with haemophilia A or B and high-titre inhibitors. Factor VIII inhibitor bypassing activity (FEIBA) has a long history of successful use in the acute, surgical and prophylactic treatment settings, but safety concerns have made some reluctant to ...
Michaels Lisa A - - 2007
We report our experience with a small child with severe factor VII deficiency and a history of frequent and spontaneous life-threatening hemorrhage. The patient has received several years of successful prophylactic treatment with an every 3-day infusion program in which she receives recombinant activated factor VII (rVIIa) using multiple doses ...
Isbister J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing off-label use of recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa/NovoSeven; Novo Nordisk, Bagsvaerd, Denmark) for patients with critical bleeding. Given the lack of high-level evidence, the clinical indications, observed response and adverse events are important to capture. METHODS: The Haemostasis Registry collects retrospective and contemporaneous data on ...
Klebl Frank H - - 2007
Stress-induced gastrointestinal bleeding is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients. Within the past few decades, the incidence of stress-induced gastrointestinal bleeding has decreased. Prophylaxis of stress-induced gastrointestinal bleeding, which is aimed at preventing morbidity and mortality, has to be achieved with as few adverse effects as ...
Bartal Carmi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The combination of coagulopathy and intracranial bleeding (ICB) is a well-recognized cause of morbidity and mortality in the neurosurgical patient because of the risk of hematoma expansion. Although recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa) has been shown to be useful in intracerebral hemorrhage, its use in other forms of ICB such ...
García-Compean Diego - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The diagnostic yield and the clinical impact of capsule endoscopy (CE) in obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB) are well known. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of therapeutic interventions induced by CE findings on long term outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with chronic OGIB referred to ...
Cardozo A A J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an increase in the use of bipolar diathermy energy to perform a tonsillectomy is associated with an increase in postoperative pain and haemorrhage. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: District General Hospital. METHODS: In all, 101 patients above the age of 13 years who underwent a tonsillectomy ...
Manoukian Steven V - - 2007
In clinical trials up to 30% of patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) or undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) experience bleeding complications, and even higher rates have been reported in contemporary practice. A growing body of data suggests a strong correlation between bleeding and both short- and long-term adverse outcomes, ...
Mauser-Bunschoten E P - - 2007
In 1995, AAFACT, a new monoclonal purified factor VIII concentrate (FVIII), derived from human plasma, was introduced in the Netherlands. The monoclonal purification based production process includes a viral inactivation step by solvent/detergent treatment. Products manufactured according to this procedure, for example Hemofil M are used worldwide. The aim of ...
Scaglione G - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Octreotide has shown to be effective against rebleeding from gastrointestinal angiodysplasias, but a long-term daily parenteral administration is recommended. Long-acting octreotide (LAR-OCT) could overcome such a limitation, but it has not been studied extensively. AIM: To investigate the usefulness of long-acting octreotide in the control of chronic bleeding from ...
Konstan Michael W - - 2007
RATIONALE: High-dose ibuprofen in a 4-year controlled trial slowed FEV(1) decline in young subjects with cystic fibrosis, but the effectiveness of ibuprofen has not been assessed in a large group of patients treated clinically with this therapy. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of ibuprofen therapy on FEV(1) decline in children ...
Chin Marcus W S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhagic complications of acute coronary syndromes and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are associated with increased mortality. Upper gastrointestinal (UGI) bleeding after PCI is a potential target for preventative strategies. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risk factors for UGI bleeding in a large cohort of contemporary PCI patients and assess the ...
Bhattarai Jaya - - 2007
Upper gastrointestinal (UGI) bleed is one of the commonest medical emergencies. Cultural customs and practices may influence the development of disease conditions that may lead to UGI bleed. The purpose of this study was to compare the causes of UGI bleed in different ethnic groups among patients presenting to a ...
Konkle B A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Hemophilic patients with factor VIII (FVIII) and FIX inhibitors suffer from frequent bleeding episodes and reduced quality of life. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether secondary prophylaxis with activated recombinant factor VII (rFVIIa) can safely and effectively reduce bleeding frequency as compared to conventional on-demand therapy. METHODS: Thirty-eight male patients entered ...
Ferreira L E V V C - - 2007
AIM: Bleeding following endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy (ES) is associated with morbidity. We sought to identify endoscopic findings and outcome of patients with delayed bleeding after ES. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out in a tertiary referral center. A gastrointestinal bleeding and endoscopy database was used to identify all patients ...
Giannarini Gianluca - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the incidence and duration of bleeding complications after transrectal prostate biopsy (PB) in patients not discontinuing low-dose aspirin (LDA) are greater than in those discontinuing it. METHODS: A total of 200 consecutive subjects taking chronic LDA were enrolled in a prospective trial and were randomly assigned ...
Aibiki Mayuki - - 2007
Pharmacokinetic (PK) data for antithrombin III (AT) are limited in the critical patients. We therefore performed PK analysis using a two-compartment model and also examined whether plasma AT activity would change depending on two administration methods, AT agent at 500 U/8 h (divided group) or 1,500 U/24 h (combined group) ...
Hung Wai-Ka - - 2007
To study the effects of pantoprazole on gastric pH and recurrent bleeding after endoscopic treatment for bleeding peptic ulcers. After endoscopic haemostasis, patients were randomly assigned to infusion group (pantoprazole 80 mg i.v. bolus followed by continuous infusion of 8 mg/h for 3 days), bolus group (pantoprazole 80 mg i.v. ...
Franchini Massimo - - 2007
Von Willebrand disease (VWD), the most common hereditary bleeding disorder, is divided into three types depending on the quantitative (type 1 and 3) or qualitative (type 2) abnormality of von Willebrand factor (VWF). About 70-80% of VWD patients can be treated with the synthetic product desmopressin, while the others necessitate ...
Liou Tai-Cherng - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Large-volume endoscopic injection of epinephrine has been proven to significantly reduce rates of recurrent peptic ulcer bleeding. Injection of normal saline may be equally effective for the similar hemostatic effect of local tamponade. The aim of our study was to compare the therapeutic effects of large-volume (40 ...
Federici Augusto B - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Plasma-derived concentrates containing von Willebrand factor and factor VIII (VWF/FVIII concentrates) are the mainstay of treatment of patients with inherited von Willebrand's disease (VWD) who are unresponsive or have a contraindication to desmopressin (DDAVP) therapy. Only a few clinical studies are available on the use of these ...
Agarwal Hemant S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Severe bleeding is a major complication in the postoperative pediatric cardiac surgery patients. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of recombinant factor seven (rFVIIa) therapy in this patient population. METHODS: A retrospective unmatched case-control study for the previous five years in a single institution was undertaken. Patients with severe ...
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