Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1383
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Mansour Diana - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate an integrated analysis of bleeding patterns associated with use of the subdermal contraceptive implant Implanon (etonogestrel, Organon, part of Schering-Plough) and to provide physician guidance to optimize patient counselling. METHODS: Data from 11 clinical trials were reviewed (N = 923). Assessments included bleeding-spotting records, dysmenorrhoea, and patient-perceived ...
Kistler Urs - - 2008
The rate of bleeding complications after major orthopedic surgery approximates 2%. It is unclear whether a systematic switch of routine thromboprophylaxis has an impact on the rate of postoperative bleeding complications. We analyzed prospectively recorded postoperative bleeding complications and symptomatic venous thromboembolic events in 8,176 consecutive orthopedic patients at the ...
Steinberg Daniel H - - 2008
For patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), procedural anticoagulation with bivalirudin was previously shown to significantly reduce bleeding complications at the cost of a modest increase in ischemic events compared with unfractionated heparin (UFH) and glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (GPIs). However, the excess bleeding in patients treated with UFH and ...
Mackinnon Bruce - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The practice of advising patients to stop antiplatelet agents before an elective renal biopsy is widespread. The aim of this study was to compare the rate of bleeding complications in two centres that have different policies regarding the ongoing use of antiplatelet agents in patients undergoing an elective renal ...
Cashin Richard - - 2008
PURPOSE: The case of a patient who developed acute renal failure, gastrointestinal bleeding, and cardiac arrhythmia after receiving arsenic trioxide for the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is described. SUMMARY: An 84-year-old Caucasian woman with a history of osteoarthritis sought medical attention for relapse of her APL, which had ...
D'Agostino Roberto - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare operative time, intraoperative and postoperative bleeding and pain using two different techniques for tonsillectomy: electronic molecular resonance bipolar tonsillectomy and blunt dissection tonsillectomy. METHODS: From January 2005 to December 2006, a prospective, randomised study was performed in 800 children, aged from 3 to 10 years, admitted to ...
Bowman Lyndsey J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Complex cardiovascular surgery often results in postoperative hemorrhage. Excessive blood product use may cause systemic thrombosis, end-organ dysfunction, and edema preventing chest closure. Recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) concentrate may decrease hemorrhage where other treatment measures failed. We reviewed our experience with rFVIIa after complex cardiovascular surgery. METHODS: A ...
Iranmanesh Farhad - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Brain infarction cerebrovascular accident is the most common neurologic disease throughout the world. Currently, there is no proven therapeutic effect for drugs other than thrombolytic ones in treatment of the acute phase of cerebrovascular accident. Some recent studies indicate that neuroprotective compounds such as citicoline can be of benefit ...
Poultsides George A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine the safety, efficacy, and predictors of outcome of angiographic embolization in the management of gastroduodenal hemorrhage. DESIGN: Retrospective record review. SETTING: University-affiliated tertiary care center. PATIENTS: All of the patients were referred after endoscopic treatment failure. Surgery was not immediately considered because of poor surgical risk, refusal ...
Weaver Fred A - - 2008
Recombinant thrombin (rThrombin) is a potential hemostatic alternative to bovine and human plasma-derived thrombin. This report examines the clinical results for the vascular surgery subgroup of patients enrolled in a larger double-blind, randomized, multicenter trial, which evaluated the comparative safety and efficacy of rThrombin and bovine plasma-derived thrombin (bThrombin) when ...
Karatzanis Alexandros - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to compare and assess parameters related to thermal welding tonsillectomy (TWT) vs ligasure tonsillectomy (LT). STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective randomized study. METHOD: A prospective study was conducted on 143 consecutive adult patients undergoing tonsillectomy. Indications included chronic tonsillitis and obstructive sleep ...
Herrera Samuel - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Despite different forms of treatment, few studies have been performed on the outcome and prognosis of patients admitted to the hospital because of gastric vascular ectasia (GVE) and upper-GI bleeding (UGIB). There is also little knowledge on the efficacy of argon plasma coagulation (APC) in different subgroups of GVE ...
Machado P - - 2008
Acquired autoantibodies against coagulation factors (acquired haemophilia) frequently constitute a life-threatening bleeding situation requiring a prompt therapeutic intervention, including control of bleeding and secondarily an attempt of eradication of the inhibitor by prolonged immunosuppressive therapy. The combination of oral corticosteroids and cyplophosphamide seems to be effective to eradicate the autoantibody, ...
Cho Young-Seok - - 2008
AIM: To compare the hemostatic efficacy and safety of two mechanical endoscopic methods: endoscopic band ligation (EBL) and endoscopic hemoclip placement (EHP) in patients with actively bleeding Mallory-Weiss syndrome (MWS). METHODS: A prospective randomized study to compare the efficacy and safety of EHP with EBL was performed from January 2002 ...
Bureau C - - 2008
Up to 70% of the patients treated to prevent rebleeding will experience a bleeding episode within 2 years. The response should be adapted to the delay after the index bleed, the source and the severity of the haemorrhage, the underlying liver disease and the initial treatment to prevent rebleeding. Bleeding ...
Loffroy Romaric - - 2008
GOALS AND BACKGROUND: We evaluated the efficacy and medium-term outcomes of transcatheter embolization to control massive bleeding from gastroduodenal ulcers after failed endoscopic treatment in high-operative-risk patients. STUDY: Retrospective study of 35 consecutive emergency embolization procedures in hemodynamically unstable patients (24 men, 11 women, mean age 71+/-11.6 y) referred from ...
Redondo-Cerezo E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: the clinical impact of small-bowel angiodysplasia has not been defined. We present a prospective study to determine the features of individuals with a higher risk of rebleeding or a worse clinical outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: thirty patients with angiodysplasia found on CE were included and followed for 12 months. ...
Doyle Brendan J - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to evaluate secular trends and factors associated with major femoral bleeding after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in routine clinical practice during the past decade and to assess the impact of these complications on outcomes including mortality. Significant changes in patient demographic data, adjunctive pharmacotherapy, ...
Mazaris Evangelos M - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) administered after radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP). METHODS: One hundred patients undergoing open RRP by one surgeon were divided randomly and prospectively into two groups of 50 patients, each receiving systematically either an NSAID (lornoxicam) or paracetamol for postoperative ...
Thomas Devika C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Significant bleeding with blood clot formation in the postoperative period may predispose to the formation of postoperative adhesions. A topical hemostatic agent would potentially improve postoperative comfort and lessen adhesion formation. This pilot study was performed to evaluate the effects of a novel topical hemostatic agent AMICAR (epsilon-aminocaproic acid; ...
van der Linden Jan - - 2008
Many coronary patients on antiplatelet (PLT) drugs require coronary artery bypass grafting surgery under conditions that may not allow sufficient time for or warrant discontinuation of anti-PLT treatment. Recent clinical data show that intraoperative aprotinin significantly reduces postoperative bleeding and transfusion requirements in this patient population. If surgical bleeding persists, ...
Abdelhafiz Ahmed H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of atrial fibrillation increases with age, affecting approximately 5% of people aged >65 years and almost 10% of people aged >80 years. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to identify risk factors for bleeding during warfarin treatment of nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NNVAF) in older patients (those ...
Dunkley Scott - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Data from the Australian and New Zealand Haemostasis Registry (ANZHR) were used to report on the efficacy, mortality, and outcomes of a cohort of cardiac surgical cases receiving recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa). METHODS: The ANZHR collects retrospective and contemporaneous data on the use of rFVIIa in patients with ...
Izzo Francesco - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The haemostatic matrix (FloSeal) is a topical agent that provides effective haemostasis in a range of surgical applications. We evaluated this sealant for intraoperative haemostatic effectiveness in an observational series of patients undergoing surgery for the resection of primary and metastatic liver tumours. METHODS: A haemostatic matrix was applied ...
Lee W C - - 2008
This study sought to identify attributes of treatment important to haematologists in making their decisions regarding optimal care for inhibitor patients in the United States. A conjoint analysis using a discrete choice experiment was conducted to elicit factors that are most important to haematologists. Twelve product attributes were chosen based ...
Choi Kee Don - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Bleeding is a major complication of endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR). This study investigated whether the use of metal hemoclips to close EMR-induced ulcers after gastric EMR was effective in preventing delayed bleeding. METHODS: This single-center study retrospectively examined the records for 150 lesions of 140 consecutive patients (107 men ...
Bambha K - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Risk factors for mortality and re-bleeding following acute variceal haemorrhage (AVH) are incompletely understood. The aim of this study was to determine risk factors for 6-week mortality, and re-bleeding within 5 days in patients with cirrhosis and AVH. METHODS: Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazards regression analyses were ...
Brecelj J - - 2008
Prophylactic substitution treatment and radiosynoviorthosis have a leading role in preventing irreversible haemophilic arthropathy. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of prophylaxis treatment and radiosynovectomy on the length of intervals between subsequent haemorrhages in haemophilic patients. Thirty-three joints were treated with radiosynovectomy in 28 patients with ...
Lee Samuel - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy and safety of bronchial artery embolisation in patients with acute major haemoptysis and those with chronic recurrent haemoptysis. DESIGN: Retrospective review of clinical records. SETTING: Regional hospital, Hong Kong. PATIENTS: Clinical records of 70 consecutive patients who had undergone bronchial artery embolisation in Queen Elizabeth ...
Plummer J M - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: A minority of patients with unlocalised massive lower gastrointestinal bleeding (LGIB) will require treatment with emergency subtotal colectomy (STC). METHODS: To determine the outcome of STC in this high-risk group, we retrospectively reviewed the histopathology reports and case records of all subtotal colectomies performed for LGIB over a 8-year ...
Theocharis George J - - 2008
AIM: Acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (AUGIB) remains a common medical emergency and an important cause of morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in clinico-epidemiologic characteristics of patients who presented with AUGIB during the last 10 years. METHODS: Data from all patients admitted with AUGIB ...
Gross Seth Andrew - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE) often results in GI bleeding and chronic anemia. Treatment options are limited and include medical, endoscopic, and surgical therapies. OBJECTIVE: To assess the utility of endoscopic mucosal ablative therapy by using the HALO(90) system for patients with GAVE and recurrent bleeding. DESIGN: Prospective open-label ...
Sawhney M S - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Postpolypectomy bleeding is a rare but serious adverse event. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with the risk of severe delayed postpolypectomy bleeding. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a case-control study, comparing cases who developed hematochezia and required medical evaluation 6 hours ...
Michel Randall G - - 2008
We conducted a retrospective study of the safety and efficacy of a new pressure-assisted tissue-welding technology (ENTceps; Starion Instruments Corp.; Sunnyvale, Calif) for total tonsillectomy, either alone or with adenoidectomy. The use of this instrument was compared in two groups of patients categorized by age. The younger group was made ...
Tay Edgar Lik-Wui - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We present our clinical experience of StarClose in patients undergoing coronary interventions, including its use in patients after repeated puncture of the same femoral access site. BACKGROUND: The StarClose is a novel vascular closure device that deploys a small, flexible, circumferential nitinol clip onto the femoral artery surface. METHODS: ...
Biecker Erwin - - 2008
Upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is defined as bleeding proximal to ligament of Treitz. Its clinical presentations are hematemesis, melena stool, or even fresh bleeding per rectum. This paper reviews the diagnosis and treatment of upper GI bleeding. Selective literature review. Common causes of upper GI bleeding are peptic ulcer disease, ...
Mahlangu Johnny N JN Haemophilia Comprehensive Care Centre, Johannesburg Hospital, South Africa. - - 2008
This guideline has been prepared by the authors for and on behalf of the Medical and Scientific Advisory Council (MASAC) of the South African Haemophilia Foundation to facilitate the appropriate management of individuals with haemophilia in South Africa. Individuals with haemophilia and their physicians should be advised by a Comprehensive ...
Doria Cataldo - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of plasma-derived human thrombin and bovine thrombin for achieving hemostasis during surgery. METHODS: Adults (N = 305) with > or = 1 mild or moderate bleeding site not manageable by conventional modalities during elective cardiovascular, neurologic, or general surgical procedures at multiple study centers were ...
Sung J J Y - - 2008
A limited number of trials have investigated the efficacy of proton pump inhibitors for peptic ulcer bleeding, and some study design issues have been identified. To present the design of a large trial evaluating the effects of intravenous esomeprazole on clinical outcomes in high-risk patients who have undergone endoscopic haemostasis ...
Malik A H - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Bleeding from stapled colonic stapled anastomoses is rare, but occasionally may be severe enough to require re-operation, with associated morbidity. Endoscopic therapy is a potential alternative. METHOD: We examined a large 15-year prospective series of patients who had undergone colorectal resection with stapled anastomosis. We reviewed the management of ...
Lipof T - - 2008
PURPOSE: This study was designed to identify the short-term safety and efficacy of super-selective embolization for lower gastrointestinal bleeding and to examine the long-term durability. METHODS: Outcomes of patients who underwent super-selective embolization for lower gastrointestinal bleeding from January 1999 to September 2005 were identified retrospectively at a single institution. ...
Shoroghi Mehrdad - - 2008
In local anesthesia, various epinephrine concentrations are applied for its vasoconstrictive effect. This study was conducted to observe the effect of epinephrine on intraoperative bleeding and also to evaluate hemodynamic changes during skin surgery. Ninety-six patients scheduled for skin surgery under local anesthesia were divided into three groups administered three ...
Gilbey Peter - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We compared operating time, intraoperative blood loss, and rate of postoperative bleeding in harmonic scalpel (HS) tonsillectomy using the curved shears instrument to those in cold dissection (CD) tonsillectomy. METHODS: The charts of 560 patients who underwent tonsillectomy were retrospectively reviewed. Three hundred nineteen patients underwent CD tonsillectomy between ...
Musso Roberto - - 2008
The safety of full-length sucrose-formulated recombinant factor VIII (rFVIII-FS; Kogenate FS) for up to 24 months of use was evaluated in a postmarketing observational study in Europe. Long-term safety and efficacy data were available for 212 patients with severe haemophilia A, including 13 previously untreated patients (PUPs) and 12 patients ...
Aabakken Lars - - 2008
Peptic ulcer bleeding is the most significant complication of ulcer disease, remaining the most important reason for upper gastrointestinal bleeding even in the era of Helicobacter eradication. Endoscopic triage and management plays a vital role in the handling of these patients, albeit in close collaboration with radiological and surgical expertise. ...
Kameda Natsuhiko - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Wireless capsule endoscopy (CE) and double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) are new methods enabling diagnostic endoscopy of the entire small intestine. However, which of the two is superior is unclear. We therefore prospectively compared the clinical efficacy of CE and DBE. METHODS: We prospectively examined 32 patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding. ...
Larssen Lene - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The mortality rate associated with bleeding duodenal ulcer disease is about 10%. Primary endoscopic hemostasis is successful in over 90% of patients, but in 15-25%, the bleeding cannot be controlled endoscopically or the patient rebleeding, requiring alternative treatment. Percutaneous transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) has been proposed as an alternative ...
Huang Kuan-Ying - - 2008
Although most cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections are asymptomatic or cause only mild disease, the virus can cause serious disease and even mortality in immunocompromised children. In patients with Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS), recurrent CMV infection is infrequently seen. A 3-month-old male infant was referred to Chang Gung Children's Hospital due to persistent ...
Lanas Angel - - 2008
Worldwide osteoarthritis (OA) affects more than 9.6% of men and 18% of women older that 60 years. Treatment for OA often requires chronic use of selective or nonselective nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which have been associated with gastrointestinal and cardiovascular complications. An increased risk for upper gastrointestinal bleeding with NSAIDs ...
Fraser Ian S - - 2008
The first part of this benefit-risk review examined the efficacy and adverse effect profiles of systemic haemostatic agents commonly used in major surgery. The second part of this review examines the efficacy and adverse effect profiles of systemic haemostatic agents commonly used in the treatment of excessive or heavy menstrual ...
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