Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1383
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Leissinger C A - - 2007
Orthopaedic complications are among the most disabling sequelae occurring in patients with haemophilia and inhibitors. Recurrent or refractory joint bleeds can lead to joint damage, limiting mobility and causing permanent disability. Activated prothrombin complex concentrates (aPCCs) are effective in controlling acute, intraoperative and postoperative bleeding in patients with haemophilia and ...
Schneiderman J - - 2007
Haemophilia patients with inhibitors can develop bleeding episodes, which are refractory to monotherapy with either recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa) or activated prothrombin complex concentrates (APCC). Management of such bleeds is often difficult. We previously reported the safety of using a combination of rFVIIa and APCC given in sequential fashion. In ...
Rao Sunil V - - 2007
Antithrombotic therapy and invasive risk stratification in selected high-risk patients have improved outcomes from non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS), but carry a risk of bleeding and blood transfusion. Although the true incidence of bleeding depends on the population studied (i.e. clinical trial vs. registry), the definition used, and the ...
Lau James Y - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A neutral gastric pH is critical for the stability of clots over bleeding arteries. We investigated the effect of preemptive infusion of omeprazole before endoscopy on the need for endoscopic therapy. METHODS: Consecutive patients admitted with upper gastrointestinal bleeding underwent stabilization and were then randomly assigned to receive either ...
Bajaj Jasmohan S - - 2007
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) reduce the rate of rebleeding in patients with nonvariceal upper GI bleed (NVGIB). Oral (PO) and intravenous (IV) pantoprazole are equipotent in raising gastric pH. We conducted a pilot study comparing the efficacy of PO vs. IV pantoprazole for reducing rebleeding after NVGIB. Patients with NVGIB ...
Simper Steven C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Only one previous study has evaluated the clinical safety of the 2 laparoscopic linear stapling devices available. Our study compared these staplers using laparoscopic gastric bypass as the standard procedure. METHODS: A total of 400 consecutive patients were prospectively studied. Group A (200 patients) underwent gastric bypass with the ...
Cimador Marcello - - 2007
AIM: Testicular torsion (TT) requires prompt diagnosis and treatment to avoid testicular loss. Most studies have focused on the ideal work up to rule TT out in cases of acute scrotum. We attempted here to define objective criteria to select between orchidopexy and orchidectomy in patients undergoing surgery for TT. ...
Hartmann Dirk - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Capsule endoscopy (CE) is highly sensitive to detect the bleeding source in patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding compared with intraoperative enteroscopy (IOE). Long-term follow-up information of patients undergoing CE and IOE for investigation and treatment of chronic gastrointestinal bleeding is lacking. METHODOLOGY: 50 patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding underwent ...
Buckmiller Lisa M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The surgical excision of vascular anomalies is often accompanied with significant perioperative bleeding. Novel hemostatic agents, including recombinant factor VIIa (rVIIa), have been shown to reduce bleeding in hemophilia and trauma patients along with decreasing blood loss during various surgical procedures. The role of rVIIa during excision of vascular ...
Hoffmann Björn - - 2007
Gastrointestinal symptoms in Fabry disease were first described independently by William Anderson and Johannes Fabry. Case reports and case series suggest that the whole gastrointestinal tract may be affected in patients with Fabry disease. The Fabry Outcome Survey (FOS) database supports these observations. The overall prevalence of gastrointestinal involvement reported ...
Poyanli A - - 2007
The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate 140 patients with severe (97 massive, 43 moderate) haemoptysis treated by bronchial artery embolisation. Between January 1997 and April 2005, 140 patients (120 males and 20 females, aged 23-71 years) with severe haemoptysis considered surgically inoperable because of limited pulmonary reserve ...
Murthy Sanjay - - 2007
Intravenous proton pump inhibitors (IV PPIs) decrease rebleeding following endoscopic hemostasis of bleeding peptic ulcers. Oral PPIs may be equally efficacious and may significantly reduce health care costs. This study aimed to compare outcomes in patients receiving oral versus IV PPI therapy following endoscopic hemostasis in patients with acute nonvariceal ...
Tsibouris Panagiotis - - 2007
The best antisecretory treatment after endoscopic hemostasis in patients with ulcer bleeding is still in quest. To compare pantoprazole and somatostatin continuous infusion after endoscopic hemostasis in patients with bleeding peptic ulcers. A total of 164 consecutive patients with a bleeding peptic ulcer, after successful endoscopic hemostasis, were randomly assigned ...
Sidhu Reena - - 2007
Our objective was to evaluate the diagnostic yield and effect of capsule endoscopy on patient management in routine clinical practice. Three hundred examinations were performed (176 females; mean age, 51 years), with a median follow-up of 17 months. Indications included overt bleeding (n=55), anemia (n=104), suspected Crohn's disease (n=68), celiac ...
Manoukian Steven V - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the predictors of major bleeding and the impact of major bleeding on outcomes, including mortality, in acute coronary syndromes (ACS). BACKGROUND: Whether major bleeding independently predicts mortality in patients with ACS undergoing an early invasive strategy is undefined. METHODS: Patients (n ...
Labas P - - 2007
AIM: The aim of this retrospective study was to compare the healing rates of patients where the bleeding points were sutured (n=52) against those where the bleeding was controlled using compression sclerotherapy (n=72). The incidence of re-bleeding was also followed over a 12-month period. METHODS: During 1999-2003, we treated 124 ...
Adamsen Sven - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate treatment practice in non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (NVUGIB) caused by gastroduodenal ulcer and how it adheres to the best evidence as documented in randomized studies and meta-analyses. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The literature was surveyed to identify appropriate practices, and a structured multiple choice questionnaire developed and mailed ...
Mortazavi S M J - - 2007
Repeated intra-articular bleeding with subsequent development of chronic synovitis and cartilage changes, leading to haemophilic arthropathy, is one the most debilitating problems in haemophilic patients. Radiosynovectomy is a familiar therapeutic choice in management of chronic synovitis in haemophilia. We report the treatments results of synoviorthesis with (32)P chromic phosphate with ...
Shortt J - - 2007
Biostate is a double virally inactivated, plasma derived coagulation factor VIII (FVIII)/von Willebrand factor (VWF) concentrate registered and used in Australia, New Zealand and Asia for the treatment of patients with haemophilia A. Although Biostate has been well characterized for FVIII and VWF (ratio 1:2 respectively) and shows a similar ...
Boix Jaume - - 2007
Large sessile colorectal polyps represent a treatment challenge. Nowadays there are discrepancies regarding how to proceed with them because of morbidity, the possibility of incomplete endoscopic resection, and the high possibility of a coexisting malignancy. This study was performed to determine the safety and effectiveness of endoscopic removal of sessile ...
Felfernig M - - 2007
AIM: Haemorrhage control is a major priority in the care of trauma patients in military as in the civilian setting. About 50% of combat deaths are due to fatal bleeding. The aim of this analysis was to assess the efficacy and safety of recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa; NovoSeven, Novo ...
Angelone Giovanni - - 2007
Bleeding after stapled haemorrhoidopexy using the PPH 01 device is a relatively frequent major complication. Using the new PPH 03 instrument may enable to achieve better control. From June 2004 to July 2005, 100 patients with 2nd and 3rd degree haemorrhoids and mucosal rectal prolapse were treated at our institution. ...
Tai Chi-Ming - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The optimal timing of interventional endoscopy within the initial 24 hours remains controversial. We designed a retrospective study to compare the outcomes between emergency endoscopy (EE) and urgent endoscopy (UE) for high-risk patients with nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage presenting to the emergency department (ED). METHODS: The medical records of ...
Perez R O - - 2007
Rectal bleeding following colorectal anastomosis is common but usually self-limited. Continuous hemorrhage is rare, and when it occurs, often requires further treatment. The most frequently used strategies for treatment of stapled anastomotic hemorrhage are clinical observation with or without blood transfusion, rectal packing, angiographic identification of the bleeding site with ...
Kanji Salmaan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to characterize the usage patterns and clinical outcomes of DAA in Ontario and Quebec over a 1-year period. METHODS: All hospitals with DAA on formulary in Ontario and Quebec were invited to participate. Consecutive patients who received DAA from 1 March 2003 to ...
Chadha N K - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether the incidence of post-tonsillectomy haemorrhage requiring a return to theatre demonstrates a monthly or seasonal variation. DESIGN: Retrospective, cross-sectional study including all 256 799 tonsillectomies performed between April 2000 and March 2005 in NHS trusts in England. OUTCOME MEASURES: Return-to-theatre rates for each calendar month and ...
Dauty Marc - - 2007
Six cases of iliopsoas hematoma were diagnosed in 5 patients with hemophilia over the last 5 years at our hemophilia center. We reviewed these cases to determine the incidence and precipitating factors of iliopsoas hematoma in hemophilia. Of the 5 patients, 4 had severe hemophilia A and 1 had moderate ...
Hsu Jennifer - - 2007
This post-hoc analysis of the large, randomized controlled trial (CURE trial) shows a statistically significant increase in the risk of primary end points including CVA, cardiovascular death, and myocardial infarction with the use of high-dose aspirin therapy. Additionally, there was an increased incidence of major and life-threatening bleeding events in ...
Marmo Riccardo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There is no definite recommendation on the use of dual endoscopic therapy in patients with severe peptic ulcer bleeding. A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to determine whether the use of two endoscopic hemostatic procedures improved patient outcomes compared with monotherapy. METHODS: A search for randomized trials comparing ...
Ohga Shouichi - - 2007
Regular self-infusion of an activated prothrombin complex concentrate (APCC) has been successfully introduced to a 14-year-old boy with hemophilia A. The child was diagnosed as a neonate, and at age 7 years, developed a high titer (127 BU/mL) factor VIII inhibitor coincident with a protracted ankle joint bleeding. From age ...
Schoenfeld Helge - - 2007
Perioperative low-dose ethanol infusion is a feasible option for stress reduction and prophylaxis of alcoholism-associated complications. Because alcohol has inhibitory effects on hemostasis, our study focused on the effect of perioperative low-dose ethanol infusion on bleeding complications, defined as transfused blood units and reoperations, in alcoholic patients undergoing major surgery. ...
Junquera Félix - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Preliminary studies suggested that octreotide may be therapeutic in bleeding angiodysplasia. Our aim was to investigate the efficacy of long-term octreotide therapy in the prevention of rebleeding from gastrointestinal angiodysplasia. METHODS: A cohort of 32 patients diagnosed with bleeding from angiodysplasia was treated with octreotide 50 mu 12 h ...
Valerin Manuel A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine if the modified Child-Pugh score (MCP) is associated with peri- and postoperative bleeding complications from invasive dental procedures in patients with advanced liver disease. STUDY DESIGN: Patients with advanced liver disease who underwent an invasive dental procedure were identified retrospectively. The ...
Wei Kou-Liang - - 2007
After endoscopic treatment of bleeding peptic ulcer, a high-dose infusion of omeprazole substantially reduces the risk of recurrent bleeding. The role of oral proton pump inhibitors for these patients is uncertain. The purpose of the present study was to assess whether the use of oral esomeprazole would reduce the frequency ...
Gupta P J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Infra-red photocoagulation is used as an instrumental treatment for bleeding hemorrhoids. During this procedure the tissue is coagulated by infrared radiation. For treatment, mechanical pressure and radiation energy are applied simultaneously to ablate the blood supply to the hemorrhoidal mass. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This study describes the results of ...
Kimchi N A - - 2007
Antiplatelet drugs may increase the risk of bleeding induced by gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures. The antiplatelet effect of cyclooxygenase-1 inhibitors lasts less than 4 h. Skin and colonic bleeding times are prolonged for 3 and 5 days after aspirin and ticlopidine withdrawal respectively. Major bleeding from endoscopic biopsies is extremely rare. ...
Furukawa Hiroshi - - 2007
Our modification of the Nuss procedure includes insertion of both the introducer and the thoracoscope through the same skin incision, which enables continuous visualisation of the tip of the introducer during blunt dissection across the mediastinum. From January 2001 to January 2005 we studied 32 consecutive patients whose ages ranged ...
Tjønnfjord Geir E - - 2007
The development of high-titer inhibitors to FVIII and less often to other coagulation factors are the most serious complication of hemophilia therapy and makes treatment of bleeds very challenging. At present, bypassing agents, such as factor eight inhibitor bypass activity (FEIBA) and activated recombinant factor VII (rFVIIa) are the only ...
Pilotto Alberto - - 2007
The potential usefulness of standardized comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) in evaluating treatment and follow-up of older patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding is unknown. Aim: To evaluate the usefulness of the CGA as a 2-year mortality multidimensional prognostic index (MPI) in older patients hospitalized for upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Patients aged > ...
Gandhi Manish J - - 2007
Ventricular assist devices(VAD) implantation/removal is a complex surgical procedure with perioperative bleeding complications occurring in nearly half of the cases. Recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) has been used off-label to control severe hemorrhage in surgery and trauma. We report here our experience with rFVIIa as a rescue therapy to achieve ...
Stanworth S J - - 2007
Recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa) is licensed for use in patients with haemophilia and inhibitory allo-antibodies. It is also increasingly being used for off-license indications to prevent bleeding in operations where blood loss is likely to be high, and/or to stop bleeding that is proving difficult to control by other means. ...
Vergara M - - 2007
Endoscopic therapy reduces rebleeding rate, need for surgery, and mortality in patients with bleeding peptic ulcers. Injection of epinephrine is the most popular therapeutic method. Guidelines disagree on the need for a second haemostatic procedure immediately after epinephrine. The objective of this review was to determine whether the addition of ...
Yilmaz Serif - - 2006
AIM: To compare the effect of intravenous and oral omeprazole in patients with bleeding peptic ulcers without high-risk stigmata. METHODS: This randomized study included 211 patients [112 receiving iv omeprazole protocol (Group 1), 99 receiving po omeprazole 40 mg every 12 h (Group 2)] with a mean age of 52.7. ...
Yilmaz Serif - - 2007
Aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-induced gastrointestinal bleeding is recognized as an important health problem. We performed a single-center randomized clinical trial to compare the effect of high-dose intravenous proton pump inhibitor (omeprazole) alone (group 1) with omeprazole in combination with a low-dose prostaglandin analog (misoprostol; group 2) on clinical ...
Mehta R - - 2006
Despite significant advances in the treatment of haemophilia, including availability of recombinant coagulation factor replacement products and the use of prophylactic infusion regimens, the segment of haemophilic patients who develop inhibitory antibodies remain at higher risk for morbidity and mortality associated with recurrent or uncontrolled bleeding events. Bypassing agents represent ...
Paschopoulos Minas - - 2006
Heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) occurs in a considerable percentage of the general population and is one of the main causes due to which a patient is referred to health services. Despite the efforts for pharmaceutical interventions, the symptom usually persists, therefore operative techniques are needed to control the bleeding. Today, ...
Berntorp E - - 2006
Inhibitor patients do not always respond satisfactorily to treatment with bypassing agents, and options to the standard practice are sometimes needed. Temporary inhibitor removal may be achieved using extracorporeal immunoadsorption. This technique uses a column system including either protein A or antihuman IgG. Immunoadsorption may be used as part of ...
Ray Subrat - - 2006
A postmarketing observational study was carried out in a prospective, open and multi-centric manner monitoring a treatment period of 4 cycles (4 x 28 days) among Indian women of child bearing age to determine the acceptability and reliability of desogestrel (75 microg/day), an oestrogen-free pill. It involved 299 subjects recruited ...
Sheth Rahul - - 2006
AIM: To evaluate the technical feasibility, success of hemostasis and complications of transcatheter embolization in the treatment of acute lower gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. METHODS: Retrospective review of 63 patients with acute lower GI bleed who had undergone transcatheter selective embolization of mesenteric arteries over a two-year period. Embolization was carried ...
Kim Yong Gil - - 2006
OBJECTIVE AND BACKGROUND: Bronchial artery embolization (BAE) has been regarded as a bridging therapy in the management of massive haemoptysis until a more definite therapy can be pursued. The long-term effectiveness of BAE and the factors associated with failure to control bleeding in an Asian setting of tuberculosis are unknown ...
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