Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1014
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Rahmanian Parwis B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies on outcome of cardiac surgery and its predictors in patients with preoperative kidney failure requiring dialysis have included small numbers of patients with limited follow-up. In addition, predictors of long-term outcome are not well characterized. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data for 6694 ...
Pedrazzoli Paolo - - 2008
Unresponsiveness to erythropoiesis-stimulating agents, occurring in 30% to 50% of patients, is a major limitation to the treatment of chemotherapy-related anemia. We have prospectively evaluated whether intravenous iron can increase the proportion of patients with chemotherapy-related anemia who respond to darbepoetin. Between December 2004 and February 2006, 149 patients with ...
Kwiatkowski Janet L - - 2008
Effective chelation therapy can prevent or reverse organ toxicity related to iron overload, yet cardiac complications and premature death continue to occur, largely related to difficulties with compliance in patients who receive parenteral therapy. The use of oral chelators may be able to overcome these difficulties and improve patient outcomes. ...
Kulnigg Stefanie - - 2008
BACKGROUND AIMS: Anemia is a common complication of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) This multicenter study tested the noninferiority and safety of a new intravenous iron preparation, ferric carboxymaltose (FeCarb), in comparison with oral ferrous sulfate (FeSulf) in reducing iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in IBD. METHODS: Two hundred patients were randomized ...
Spinowitz Bruce S - - 2008
In a one-year, multicenter, open-label, uncontrolled trial, epoetin delta was given subcutaneously, 1-3-times weekly to peritoneal dialysis patients who had previously received an epoetin. Dose was adjusted to maintain hemoglobin at 10.0-12.0 g/dL. The primary endpoint was mean hemoglobin over weeks 12-24. Safety was assessed. Mean+/-SD baseline hemoglobin was 11.2+/-0.9 ...
El-Beshlawy Amal - - 2008
Patients with thalassemia major requiring regular blood transfusions accumulate iron that is toxic to the heart, liver, and endocrine systems. The following prospective, randomized trial was carried out to determine the effectiveness, in children and young adults, of combined deferiprone (DFP) and deferoxamine (DFO) in reducing transfusional iron overload compared ...
Chatzimavroudis Grigoris - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The advantages of laparoscopic surgery have been well documented. However, the impact of pneumoperitoneum on sepsis sequelae is still equivocal. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of CO(2) pneumoperitoneum, applied under different pressures and exposure times, on sepsis cascade and mortality. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 42 New Zealand ...
Wong Ping-Nam - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Fungal peritonitis (FP) is associated with significant mortality and high risk of peritoneal failure. The optimum treatment for peritoneal dialysis (PD)-associated FP remains unclear. Since January 2000 we have been treating FP with a combination of intravenous amphotericin B and oral flucytosine, together with deferred catheter replacement. We examined ...
Kovesdy Csaba P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) with activated vitamin D analogues is associated with better survival in patients receiving dialysis. It is unclear whether such a benefit is present in patients with predialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: We examined the association of oral calcitriol treatment with mortality and the ...
Fourtounas Costas - - 2008
Eosinophilic peritonitis following peritoneal dialysis catheter insertion is an infrequent but important complication. While allergic reaction to catheter material has been noted to be a culprit, air infusion into the abdominal cavity has also been highlighted to be a cause of this complication. In this article, we report two patients ...
Ashby Damien - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although there are increasing numbers of long-term survivors on dialysis, there is remarkably little information about their medical and social wellbeing. METHODS: A group of 46 current survivors of long-term dialysis at a single centre were identified and asked to complete a structured interview; selected routine blood tests were ...
Inoshita H - - 2008
Peritoneal calcification is one of the complications of peritoneal dialysis (PD). It can become serious, leading to severe abdominal pain and even death. Possible mediators of peritoneal calcification in PD patients are assumed to include acetate buffer, overdosage of vitamin D, repeated peritonitis, hypertonic dialysate, calciphylaxis and secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT). ...
Okawa T - - 2008
Meconium peritonitis (MP) is defined as a sterile inflammatory reaction in the fetal abdomen that is seen in cases of intrauterine bowel perforation. Recently, there have been increasing numbers of fetuses with MP prenatally diagnosed by ultrasonography. Massive fetal ascites in MP may cause hydrops and hypoplastic lungs. However, antepartum ...
Klassen A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: Pain and peripheral neuropathy are frequent complications of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Because drug treatment is associated with numerous side effects and is largely ineffective in many maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients, nonpharmacologic strategies such as electrotherapy are a potential recourse. Among various forms of electrostimulation, high-tone external ...
Yang Xiao - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) who have high small-molecule peritoneal transport have increased mortality. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of baseline peritoneal transport characteristics on patient and technique survival in incident peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, most of whom are on automated PD (APD), with the use of ...
Curran Monique P - - 2008
Methoxy polyethylene glycol-epoetin beta (Mircera) is a continuous erythropoietin receptor activator, with a long half-life (approximately 130 hours). In patients with anaemia associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD), both on and not on dialysis, who had not previously received an erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA), methoxy polyethylene glycol-epoetin beta administered intravenously or ...
Okubo Ryoko - - 2008
PURPOSE: We evaluated the impact of advanced age on the morbidity, mortality, and long-term outcome after emergency surgery for diffuse peritonitis. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the mortality and morbidity rates in 36 patients who were 80 years of age or older and who had undergone emergency surgery for diffuse peritonitis, ...
McFarlane Philip A - - 2008
People undergoing dialysis have a substantially shortened survival and a high rate of cardiovascular events. Recent clinical trials have failed to demonstrate a survival benefit of reducing traditional or dialysis-specific cardiovascular risk factors. The reasons for the failure of these clinical trials are unclear. One candidate explanation is that they ...
Kalicki Robert M - - 2008
The management of anemia in patients with chronic renal failure has greatly improved with the availability of recombinant human erythropoietin in the late 1980s, leading to a considerable reduction in mortality and morbidity and to an improvement in quality of life. The findings from recent controlled clinical outcome trials have ...
Laaksonen Sauli - - 2008
When a severe peritonitis outbreak in semi-domesticated reindeer was noticed in 2003 in Finland, the concerned industry urged immediate preventive actions in order to avoid detrimental effects of S. tundra and further economical losses. A research programme was swiftly initiated to study S. tundra and its impact on the health ...
Johnson David Wayne - - 2008
The main hypothesis of this study is that Oxpentifylline administration will effectively treat erythropoietin- or darbepoietin-resistant anaemia in chronic kidney disease patients. Inclusion criteria are adult patients with stage 4 or 5 chronic kidney disease (including dialysis patients) with significant anaemia (haemoglobin <or= 110 g/L) for at least 3 months ...
Wiggins K J KJ St Vincent's Hospital, Nephrology, Level 4, Clinical Sciences Building, Fitzroy, VIC, Australia, 3065. - - 2008
Peritonitis is a common complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD) and is associated with significant morbidity. Adequate treatment is essential to reduce morbidity and recurrence. To evaluate the benefits and harms of treatments for PD-associated peritonitis. We searched the Cochrane Renal Group's specialised register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials ...
Valentini Juliana - - 2008
Oxidative stress possibly helps to promote the progression and complication of chronic renal failure (CRF). Hemodialysis (HD) may aggravate oxidative stress. In addition long time of treatment may intensify the oxidative stress. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of prolonged HD treatment under parameters of ...
Pacilli M - - 2007
AIM OF THE STUDY: The umbilical polyp is a rare congenital lesion resulting from the persistence of omphalomesenteric duct (OMD) enteric mucosa at the umbilicus. Exploration of the abdomen to exclude the presence of associated OMD remnants is controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the need for ...
Abdelrazik Nabil - - 2007
The simultaneous use of deferoxamine (DFO) and deferiprone (DFP) has an additive effect in iron excretion in transfusion-dependent thalassemic patients. To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a prospective alternating therapy with DFO and DFP in patients with beta-thalassemia major (TM) and increased serum ferritin with DFO monotherapy alone. Sixty ...
Szeto Cheuk-Chun - - 2008
Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus species is the most common cause of peritoneal dialysis-related peritonitis; however, the optimal treatment strategy of coagulase-negative Staphylococcus species peritonitis remains controversial. All of the coagulase-negative Staphylococcus species peritonitis in a dialysis unit from 1995 to 2006 were reviewed. During this period, there were 2037 episodes of peritonitis ...
Smeenk R M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cytoreductive surgery with intraperitoneal chemotherapy has emerged as a new standard approach for peritoneal surface disease. This study investigated the learning curve of this combined modality treatment at a single institute. METHODS: Variables analysed over three consecutive treatment periods (1996-1998, 1999-2002 and 2003-2006) included number of abdominal regions affected, ...
Narci Adnan - - 2007
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of peritoneal drainage (PD) on postoperative infective complications in cases with perforated appendicitis. METHOD: One hundred nine patients (with PD) were evaluated retrospectively and 117 cases (with no drainage [ND]) were evaluated prospectively regarding complications like wound infection (WI), intraabdominal ...
Abu-Aisha Hasan - - 2007
This is a cumulative report of all patients in six centers in Greater Khartoum, all three cities that comprise the capital of Sudan, covering the first year of operation of the National Program. This study evaluates the rates, mechanisms, causative agents and clinical outcomes of peritonitis. We included the data ...
Wong Joseph H S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Failure of peritoneal dialysis (PD) results in poor quality of life and worsening morbidity in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Traditionally, hospital-based conventional hemodialysis has been the only option for this patient population. We hypothesized that nocturnal home hemodialysis (NHD), 3-6 sessions per week, 6-8 hours per session, ...
Kovalski Yael - - 2007
Despite significant technical improvements, hemodialysis in infants with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is still associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The files of patients weighing less than 15 kg with ESRD who were treated with hemodialysis at our institute between 1995 and 2005 were reviewed for background and treatment characteristics, ...
Uğraş Burak - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leakage (AL) is a major cause of postoperative mortality and morbidity in colorectal surgery. We investigated the early prediction of peritoneal cytokine levels in developing AL after colorectal surgery. METHODS: Thirty-four patients with colorectal carcinoma, who underwent elective surgery, were included prospectively. Peritoneal samples were collected on the ...
Goh Bak-Leong - - 2007
AIM: Treatment of renal anaemia with epoetin is well established. However, epoetin is expensive. Biogeneric epoetin with proven efficacy would reduce cost and improve access to therapy. We conducted this first ever comparative study of a biogeneric and the original product. METHODS: Stable haemodialysis patients with haemoglobin (Hb) of at ...
Tander Burak - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Reduction of intussusception under ultrasound guidance by saline has become popular in recent years. However, methods, duration of the procedure and causes of failure are not defined. In this study, we reviewed the patients who underwent ultrasound (US) guided saline reduction and compared them with those who were previously ...
Ross Susan D - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess the efficacy and safety of erythropoiesis-stimulating proteins (ESPs) in anemia of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). METHOD: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted covering English-language studies published from 1980 to December 2005. RESULTS: Fifty-nine studies qualified: five controlled trials (n = 354), all epoetin versus ...
Kraus Michael - - 2007
Home hemodialysis has been a therapeutic option for almost 4 decades. The complexity of dialysis equipment has been a factor-limiting adoption of this modality. We performed a feasibility study to demonstrate the safety of center-based vs. home-based daily hemodialysis with the NxStage System One portable hemodialysis device. We also performed ...
Kerimoglu Ulku - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the entheseal sites of the lower extremities in patients on hemodialysis using the Glasgow Ultrasound Enthesitis Scoring System (GUESS) and to correlate the findings with the duration of hemodialysis and patient scores. METHODS: Forty-nine patients who were on hemodialysis for at least 2 years were grouped according ...
Pawlak Krystyna - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) is the cornerstone of anaemia therapy in uraemic patients however the effects of this hormone on fibrinolytic system are difficult to interpret. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Assessment of fibrinolytic parameters: tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) antigen, urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its soluble receptor (suPAR), plasminogen activator ...
Wong Ping-Nam - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Fungal peritonitis (FP) is a serious complication of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), being associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The role of nystatin prophylaxis during antibiotic therapy in the prevention of FP remains controversial, especially in programs with a modest or low baseline FP rate. The aim of ...
Chen Shih-Yi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: This study was to compare the postoperative complication rates of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) catheter insertion via open technique between two groups of patients, those with and those without a history of previous abdominal surgery. METHODS: A review was carried out in 122 patients over a 2-year period. ...
Elhassan Elwaleed A M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: End-stage renal disease is a significant social and economic burden on the Sudan. Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) was recently introduced as a national service and is provided free of charge by the Federal State. We present here an overview of our experience and outcomes after the first 20 ...
Martin Kevin J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Epoetin delta is an epoetin that, unlike existing agents, is produced in a human cell line. The present study investigated the efficacy and tolerability of intravenous (i.v.) epoetin delta compared with i.v. epoetin alfa. METHODS: This was a 6-month, multicentre, randomized, double-blind trial in haemodialysis patients previously receiving epoetin ...
Spiegel David M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Patients receiving dialysis therapy for end-stage kidney failure have a high cardiovascular mortality that can only be partially explained by traditional risk factors. METHODS: This study was a post hoc analysis of a prospectively gathered data set from a randomized trial comparing outcomes in new haemodialysis patients treated with ...
Han Seung Hyeok - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) is an established treatment for end-stage renal disease (ESRD). We investigated the outcome of CAPD over a period of 25 years at our institution. METHODS: CAPD has been performed in 2301 patients in 25 years. After excluding patients with less than 3 months of ...
Rocco Michael V - - 2007
An increase in the length of the standard in-center hemodialysis treatment by 30 to 45 minutes per session was not associated with an improvement in mortality in long-term hemodialysis patients enrolled in the HEMO study. Testing the possibility that delivering still higher doses of hemodialysis may have a beneficial effect ...
Martin K J - - 2007
AIMS: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the first human cell line-derived erythropoietin, epoetin-delta, in the management of anemia in patients with chronic kidney disease. METHODS: This was a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, active-control, Phase III study. Patients aged > or = 18 years with chronic renal disease requiring ...
Horiuchi Atsushi - - 2007
AIM: To study the significance of scoring systems assessing severity and prognostic factors in patients with colonic perforation. METHODS: A total of 26 patients (9 men, 17 women; mean age 72.7+/-11.6 years) underwent emergency operation for colorectal perforation in our institution between 1993 and 2005. Several clinical factors were measured ...
Wong Peng Foo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Bacterial peritonitis is accompanied by a high risk of sepsis and endotoxin production resulting in physiological derangements and a high mortality rate. Localized and systemic warming improves tissue perfusion, oxygen tension, and outcomes after surgery. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of systemic warming as ...
Gabriel Daniela Ponce - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is still widely used for acute renal failure (ARF) in developing countries despite concerns about its inadequacy. Continuous PD has been evaluated in ARF by analyzing the resolution of metabolic abnormality and normalization of plasma pH, bicarbonate, and potassium. Methodology: A prospective study was performed on ...
Yan T D - - 2007
Purpose Cytoreductive surgery and perioperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy has expanded its application in the management of peritoneal carcinomatosis from gastrointestinal and ovarian malignancies. An accurate assessment of perioperative outcomes is crucial for integration of this combined procedure into clinical practice. Methodology A prospective study of 80 patients undergoing the combined treatment ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >