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Prabhu Mayoor V MV Department of Nephrology, Global Hospitals, Lakdi-ka-pool, Hyderabad, India. - - 2010
Fungal peritonitis (FP) significantly alters the outcome of patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). Exposure to antibiotics is a risk factor for subsequent FP. Antifungal prophylaxis has been tried, with varying success, to prevent the occurrence of antibiotic-related fungal peritonitis (AR-FP). We aimed to evaluate the effect of prophylaxis with a ...
Habib Anne-Marie - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is an uncommon but potentially devastating complication of peritoneal dialysis. We have observed an increased incidence in our centre over the last few years. METHODS AND PATIENTS: To look at potential risk factors for developing EPS, we reviewed 39 cases diagnosed between 2000 and 2009 ...
Penne E Lars - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Hyperphosphatemia is an independent risk factor for all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Phosphate control often is unsuccessful using conventional dialysis therapies. STUDY DESIGN: Short-term analysis of a secondary outcome of an ongoing randomized controlled trial. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 493 (84%) consecutive patients from 589 patients included ...
Park Jongha - - 2009
AIM: i.v. iron therapy is more effective in maintaining adequate iron status in haemodialysis (HD) patients than oral iron therapy (OIT). However, data on lower doses of i.v. iron therapy are insufficient. METHODS: A non-randomized, open-label study was performed to compare the efficacy of low-dose (<or=50 mg/week of iron sucrose) ...
Edey Matthew - - 2010
Background. Enterococcal peritonitis is a serious complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD), although reports of this condition in the literature are exceedingly limited. Methods. The frequency, predictors, treatment and clinical outcomes of enterococcal peritonitis were investigated in all 4675 patients receiving PD in Australia between 1 October 2003 and 31 December ...
Kofteridis Diamantis P - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to identify the epidemiological, clinical, and microbiological factors affecting the outcome of peritoneal dialysis (PD)-associated peritonitis. METHODS: All patients with PD-associated peritonitis, cared for at the University Hospital of Heraklion from 1990 to 2007, were retrospectively studied. RESULTS: A total of 247 episodes ...
McMahon Lawrence P - - 2010
BACKGROUND: An optimal haemoglobin (Hb) response to erythropoietin requires elevated iron indices in dialysis patients; however, it is unknown if the same applies in chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: One hundred patients [CKD Stages 3-5, Hb >or= 110 g/L, iron replete, erythropoietin-stimulating agent (ESA)-naive, 47% diabetic, median age 69.5 years] ...
Susantitaphong Paweena - - 2010
BACKGROUND: A recent cross-sectional study demonstrated that convective-controlled double high-flux hemodiafiltration (CC-HDF) could yield equivalent removal of small and middle molecule uremic toxins to on-line hemodiafiltration (OL-HDF). METHODS: The present study was conducted to compare the 1-year efficacy between CC-HDF (n = 10) and OL-HDF (n = 16) in chronic ...
Bader F G - - 2009
Current criteria for performing relaparotomy for suspected peritonitis are non explicit and based on non-quantitative, subjective arguments or hospital practice. The aim of this study was to determine the value of routinely used clinical and diagnostic parameters in early detection of postoperative, diffuse peritonitis (PP). Furthermore, the prognosis and outcome ...
Haag-Weber M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The recombinant human epoetin-a HX575 (Sandoz Pharmaceuticals GmbH/Hexal AG, Holzkirchen, Germany) is the first biosimilar erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA) with marketing authorization in Europe. The primary objective of the study was the evaluation of therapeutic equivalence in terms of hemoglobin (Hb) response of HX575 compared with the comparator product (EPREX/ ...
Afzal Muhammad - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy, tolerability and compliance of oral iron preparations (iron edetate and iron polymaltose complex) with each other and with intramuscular iron sorbitol in iron deficiency anaemia in children. METHODS: A Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) was carried out at the Paediatric Department of Combined Military Hospital (CMH) ...
Zargar-Shoshtari K K Department of Surgery, South Auckland Clinical School, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland, New - - 2009
Recent data have suggested a relationship between postoperative fatigue and the peritoneal cytokine response after surgery. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that preoperative administration of glucocorticoids before surgery would decrease fatigue and enhance recovery, by reducing the peritoneal production of cytokines. In a double-blind randomized ...
Bazanelli Ana Paula - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of underreporting among patients treated by peritoneal dialysis (PD), and to investigate whether the reported energy intake is influenced by overweight status in this population. DESIGN: This was a prospective, observational study. SETTING: This study took place at the Dialysis Unit of ...
Vasquez Julio C - - 2010
The Hemodialysis Reliable Outflow (HeRO) device is a novel alternative for dialysis access in patients with no suitable veins in the upper extremities. We placed a HeRO device in a 67-year-old woman with end-stage renal disease and 2 months later, it was being used for hemodialysis. After 1 month of ...
Vilar Enric - - 2009
Theoretical advantages exist of online hemodiafiltration (HDF) over high-flux hemodialysis (HD), but outcome data are scarce. Our objective was to compare outcomes between these modalities. We studied 858 incident patients in our incremental high-flux HD and online HDF program during an 18-yr period. We compared outcomes, including survival, in those ...
Zanninelli Giuliana - - 2009
Labile plasma iron (LPI), a non-transferrin-bound component of plasma iron detected in iron overload disorders is a potential source of cellular iron accumulation and ensuing oxidative damage. Periodic monitoring of LPI over a 24 h time-span was used to compare the ability of chelation to control daily LPI levels in ...
Hirakata Hideki - - 2010
Anemia is common among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The introduction of erythropoietin treatment has changed anemia management, but the therapeutic hemoglobin (Hb) target is still under debate, and clinical evidence for its effect on cardiac functions and QOL is sparse. A 16-week dose-response study and a 32-week follow-Up ...
Yang Ning-I - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) has emerged as a more accurate and effective tool for assessing left ventricular (LV) function, compared to traditional two-dimensional (2D) methods. In this study, we used this new tool to revise the controversial relationship between LV function and intra-dialytic hypotension. METHODS: This study enrolled 29 ...
Gu Gang-Li - - 2010
PURPOSE: To investigate whether peritoneal cavity could function as bioreactor to produce autologous tubular grafts for urethral reconstruction in male rabbits. METHODS: 8Fr silastic tubes were implanted into peritoneal cavities of nine male rabbits. By 2 weeks, tubes were harvested and the tubular tissue covering the tubes was everted. A ...
Szeto Cheuk-Chun - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The clinical behavior and optimal treatment of relapsing and recurrent peritonitis episodes in patients undergoing long-term peritoneal dialysis are poorly understood. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study over 14 years. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: University dialysis unit; 157 relapsing episodes (same organism or culture-negative episode occurring within 4 weeks of completion of ...
Barraclough Katherine - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Infection due to Corynebacterium species has been reported with increasing frequency over recent decades. The impacts of enhanced laboratory detection together with widespread use of new peritoneal dialysis (PD) connection technology and antimicrobial prophylaxis strategies on Corynebacterium PD-associated peritonitis have not been well studied. METHODS: We investigated the frequency, ...
Moretti Heidi D - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the impact of oral protein supplementation given during hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis on nutritional status, number of hospitalizations, and length of stay. DESIGN: We used a randomized crossover design in which serum albumin, normalized protein catabolic rate (nPCR), total hospitalizations, and length of stay were compared in ...
Aapro M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In anemic cancer patients treated with erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA), (i) to examine the proportion of variance in hemoglobin (Hb) outcomes attributable to patients versus center, country, and region and (ii) to develop predictive models of treatment response. METHODS: Retrospective study with a minimum of three visits at 1-month intervals. ...
Wu Xiaojuan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between postoperative enterocolitis (EC) and Hirschsprung's disease (HD) combined with hypoganglionosis (HYP) has not been thoroughly reported elsewhere. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of EC after operation in children with HD combined with HYP and to identify new strategies to prevent postoperative ...
Weber Catherine L - - 2009
A 2-year single institution experience of the successes and complications of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) creation before dialysis initiation is reported. Study cohort: all patients who underwent AVF creation before need for dialysis (AVF group, n = 125). "Control" group: all patients with a sustained glomerular filtration rate (GFR) <or=25 ml/min ...
Bossola Maurizio - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: In hemodialysis (HD) patients, appetite behavior over time and the causes of diminished appetite are essentially unknown. The present study aimed to assess appetite over time in HD patients, and to define the factors associated with different appetite trends. DESIGN: We conducted a longitudinal study. SETTING: This study took ...
Miles Rhianna - - 2009
Fungal peritonitis is a serious complication of peritoneal dialysis but previous reports on this have been limited to small, single-center studies. Using all Australian peritoneal dialysis patients, we measured predictors, treatments, and outcomes of this condition by logistic regression and multilevel, multivariate Poisson regression. This encompassed 66 centers over a ...
Manandhar D N - - 2009
Reuse of dialysers is being practiced since the start of hemodialysis (HD) service in Nepal, which is cost effective as well as safe. A retrospective study was done in Nepal Medical College and Teaching Hospital. We reviewed case records of the year 2008 and retrieved required data such as pre ...
Sajid Raihan - - 2009
To determine the efficacy and adverse effects of deferiprone in patients with Thalassemia Major. A prospective case series study was conducted at the Fatimid Foundation Blood Bank and Haematological Diseases center Lahore. A total of 87 patients entered into the study between September 2005 and November 2006. Deferiprone was given ...
Yin Yongquan - - 2009
Using a trajectory model (HYSPLIT) analyzed the ozone episodes observed at urban Jinan in 2005. There were 84 h (in 24 days) of ozone episodes (>100 ppbv) observed during the study. June was the most polluted month in the year. The earliest episode observed in May 4 was mainly caused ...
Powell Joanna Ruth - - 2009
Published studies suggest that longer hemodialysis (HD) sessions are associated with improved morbidity and mortality, but few centers offer long sessions. The Western Infirmary renal unit has offered long overnight hemodialysis (LOH) (6 to 7 h) thrice weekly since 1998. The aim of this study was to describe patients who ...
Meert Natalie - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Protein-bound uraemic toxins provoke multiple biological changes involved in uraemia. Few if any dialytic strategies remove these compounds. METHODS: In this post hoc analysis of remnant samples from a randomised controlled trial, we evaluate whether predilution haemofiltration (HF) decreases the pretreatment concentration of protein- bound uraemic solutes. Patients treated ...
Siva Brian - - 2009
Pseudomonas peritonitis is a serious complication of peritoneal dialysis. To date, there as been no comprehensive, multicenter study of this condition. The predictors, treatment, and clinical outcomes of Pseudomonas peritonitis were examined by binary logistic regression and multilevel, multivariate Poisson regression in all Australian PD patients in 66 centers between ...
Lee J W - - 2009
Iron overload is known to increase complications of hematopoietic SCT (HSCT). We investigated the association of pre-transplant ferritin level with complications and survival after allogeneic HSCT, and evaluated the efficacy of iron-chelating therapy before HSCT. We retrospectively reviewed 101 patients who underwent allogeneic HSCT and divided these patients into three ...
Dray Xavier - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The utility of the greater omentum has not been assessed in transluminal access closure after natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) procedures. OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to evaluate the feasibility, efficacy, and safety of omentoplasty for gastrotomy closure. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Survival experiments in 9 female 40-kg pigs were ...
Gauzit Rémy - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Despite improvements in treatment, secondary peritonitis still is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. Better knowledge of real-life clinical practice might improve management. METHODS: Prospective, observational study (January-June 2005) of 841 patients with non-postoperative secondary peritonitis. RESULTS: Peritonitis originated in the colon (32% of patients), appendix (31%), stomach/duodenum ...
Khan Jamal H - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Patients with renal insufficiency represent a difficult group. They show an increased morbidity and mortality after heart surgery. Nondialysis chronic kidney disease patients show higher mortality than patients receiving chronic dialysis. Their management is not standardized. This study was undertaken to determine whether elective perioperative dialysis in these patients ...
Aramwit P - - 2009
AIMS: To investigate the beneficial effects of oral oxymetholone on IR in hemodialysis (HD) patients by increasing skeletal muscle function and stimulating myocyte glucose uptake and metabolism. METHODS: In a randomized, controlled double-blind study, 44 patients were randomly assigned to one of two groups: a treatment group that received oxymetholone ...
Bláha Vladimír - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess whether low serum levels of fetuin-A are potential biochemical predictor of early and/or late survival in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients. DESIGN AND METHODS: We measured serum levels of fetuin-A in 67 patients on chronic HD, and correlated it to 3, 12, ...
Lee Young-Ki - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Vascular access failure is a major cause of morbidity and hospitalization in hemodialysis populations worldwide. Erythropoietin (EPO) potentially can contribute to vascular access stenosis and occlusion by promoting intimal hyperplasia and thrombosis. Intravenous administration of EPO results in a severe, but transient, increase in drug concentration within the vascular ...
Kim Sejoong - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In vitro studies of peritoneal dialysis (PD) solutions demonstrated that a biocompatible fluid with neutral-pH and low glucose degradation products (LF) has better biocompatibility than a conventional acidic lactate-buffered fluid (CF). However, few clinical trials have investigated the effects of the biocompatible solution on residual renal function (RRF). We ...
Guler Kerim - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Diagnosis of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in cirrhotic ascites is based on a polymorphonuclear leukocyte count of ascitic fluid equal or greater than 250/mm3 in the presence of clinical signs. There is a small number of patients with positive ascitic fluid culture whose polymorphonuclear leukocyte count is less than 250/mm3. ...
Mwanakasale Victor - - 2009
To study impact of once weekly iron supplementation on praziquantel cure rate, Schistosoma haematobium reinfection, and haematological parameters in pupils aged between 9 and 15 years of age in Nchelenge district, Zambia. Pupils in the intervention group received once weekly dose of ferrous sulphate at 200 mg while those in ...
Balasubramaniam Gowrie - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is a disease process that can occur as a complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD). The aim of this study was to make a general assessment of the clinical features, diagnosis, management and outcome of PD-related EPS cases from London and South-East England. METHODS: Questionnaires were ...
Yildizhan Begum - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of hysteroscopy as a method for the diagnosis of tubal patency using saline distention media. METHODS: In this prospective study, 62 women between 21 and 38 years with a history of at least 1 year of infertility who underwent hysteroscopy and hysterosalpingography (HSG) on two ...
Demirci Meltem Sezis - - 2009
BACKGROUND: One of the origins of cardiovascular disease in dialysis patients is arterial stiffness. The aim of our study was to assess the relationship between the calcium content of peritoneal dialysis (PD) solution and arterial stiffness. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We enrolled into the study 49 PD patients who had been ...
Davies Simon - - 2009
Poor ultrafiltration is associated with worse outcomes in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. This might in part reflect problems associated with salt and water excess. Increasing the diffusive component of peritoneal sodium removal using low-sodium PD fluids might have beneficial effects on blood pressure (BP), thirst and fluid status that could ...
Zilberman M - - 2010
To assess the prevalence of Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) in anemic patients with Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) and Chronic Renal Failure (CRF) and to evaluate the effect of anemia treatment on RLS. 38 anemic CHF-CRF patients were treated with subcutaneous Erythropoietin (EPO) and intravenous (IV) iron over 1 year. They ...
Chazot Charles - - 2009
Darbepoetin alfa is an erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA) used either intravenously or subcutaneously with no dose penalty; however, the direct switch from subcutaneous recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) to intravenous darbepoetin has barely been studied. To establish the equivalence of a direct switch from subcutaneous rHuEPO to intravenous darbepoetin versus an indirect ...
Caronna Roberto - - 2009
The elevated serum and peritoneal cytokine concentrations responsible for the systemic response syndrome (SIRS) and multiorgan failure in patients with severe acute pancreatitis lead to high morbidity and mortality rates. Prompted by reports underlining the importance of reducing circulating inflammatory mediators in severe acute pancreatitis, we designed this study to ...
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