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Cao Zhanguo Z TianJin Mini-invasive Surgery Center, TianJin NanKai Hospital, TianJin, - - 2014
To analyze the effect of natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) on the survival of animals, by comparing the change of intraoperative and postoperative immunologic parameters of NOTES with laparoscopy. Twenty pigs were randomized to treatment with NOTES or standard laparoscopy. Each group underwent diagnostic peritoneoscopy by laparoscopy or NOTES ...
Aryana Arash A Regional Cardiology Associates, Sacramento, CA; Mercy Heart & Vascular Institute, Sacramento, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hemodynamic support using percutaneous left ventricular assist devices (pLVAD) during catheter mapping and ablation of unstable VT can provide effective end-organ perfusion. However, its impact on procedural and clinical outcomes remains unclear. We retrospectively evaluated the procedural and clinical outcomes following catheter ablation of unstable VT with/without pLVAD support. Sixty-eight ...
Jennings Douglas L DL Nova Southeastern University Department of Pharmacy Practice, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to define the prevalence and clinical ramifications of anemia in continuous-flow left-ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) patients. Patients implanted with a CF-LVAD between 01/01/ 2008 and 04/30/2012 were included in this retrospective cohort study. The primary outcome was the prevalence of anemia throughout the first ...
Peer Syed M SM Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC, - - 2014
Although there are considerable data regarding in-hospital results of congenital heart surgery (CHS) patients requiring postoperative extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support, there is limited information on intermediate-term outcomes. A single-institution retrospective review of 25 consecutive postoperative CHS patients who required ECMO and survived to hospital discharge between January 2003 and ...
Rüffer André A Department of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, University Hospital Erlangen, Erlangen, - - 2014
Correlating postcardiotomy extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) troponin I (TnI) levels and outcomes. Between January 2006 and August 2010, 34 patients needed postcardiotomy ECMO for low cardiac output. Bailout ECMO was required either after unsuccessful weaning from bypass (n = 17, 50%), postoperatively from prolonged hemodynamic failure (n = 8, 23.5%), ...
Pinfield Jenny J University of Worcester on behalf of RCN's Research in Child Health community's Worcester - - 2014
This month we take a look at apps that can support clinical decision making.
Robbins Claire E CE Department of Orthopedics, New England Baptist Hospital, Boston, MA. - - 2014
Since its debut over 10 years ago, minimally invasive total hip arthroplasty (THA) has often been associated with accelerated postoperative rehabilitation when compared with THA performed with a traditional surgical approach. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of accelerated postoperative rehabilitation and early mobilization on length ...
Bitik Ozan O Department of Plastic Surgery, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Sihhiye, Cankaya, 06100, Ankara, Turkey, - - 2014
Anterior septal height is an important determinant of nasal tip projection. Accordingly, the anterior septal extension technique has proven itself to be a powerful tool for achieving long-lasting nasal tip projection in rhinoplasty. However, anterior septal extension does not protect against postoperative loss of nasal tip rotation unless an additional ...
Hammer Arthur A Ophthalmology, Geneva University Hospitals, Rue Alcide-Jentzer 22, Geneva, 1211, - - 2014
New corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) devices are capable of using higher UV-A light irradiances than used in original CXL protocols. The Bunsen-Roscoe law states that a photochemical reaction should stay constant if the delivered total energy is kept constant; however, little clinical data are available to support this hypothesis. We ...
Hacibeyoğlu Gülçin G Necmettin Erbakan University, Meram Medical School, Anesthesiology and Reanimation Department, Konya, - - 2014
This study was conducted in order to investigate possible histopathological effects and biochemical reflections of intraarticular dexketoprofen trometamol. A total of 24 New Zealand rabbits were included in the study. Blood sampling was done from all animals on the first day, then they were randomly allocated either to the control ...
Hsiao Ching-Chung CC Kidney Research Center, Department of Nephrology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taipei, - - 2014
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been utilized for patients in critical condition, including life-threatening respiratory failure and postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock. This study analyzed the outcomes of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) treated by ECMO and identified the relationship between prognosis and urine output (UO) obtained on the first ...
Patel Akshay J AJ Department of Thoracic Surgery, St. George's Hospital, London, - - 2014
A best evidence topic in thoracic surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was 'Is there an indication for routine prophylaxis against postoperative supraventricular arrhythmia in patients undergoing pulmonary resection surgery?' Altogether almost 150 papers were found as a result of the reported search, of which ...
Ganesan Mohan M Department of Neurophysiology, Laboratory for Autonomic Functions, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Hosur Road, Bangalore, 560029, - - 2014
Partial weight supported treadmill gait training (PWSTT) is widely used in rehabilitation of gait in patient with Parkinson's Diseases (PD). However, its effect on blood pressure variability (BPV) and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) in PD has not been studied. To evaluate the effect of conventional and treadmill gait training on BPV ...
Morgan Jeffrey A JA Divisions of Cardiothoracic Surgery1 and Cardiovascular Medicine2 Heart and Vascular Institute, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, - - 2014
Development of a stroke while on left ventricular assist device (LVAD) support can be a source of significant morbidity and mortality.From March 2006 through November 2011, one hundred patients with chronic heart failure underwent implantation of a HeartMate II (HM II) LVAD (Thoratec Corp., Pleasanton, CA) as a bridge to ...
El-Mawardy Mohamed M Department of Cardiology, Heart Center, Segeberger Kliniken GmbH (Academic Teaching Hospital of the Universities of Kiel and Hamburg), Bad Segeberg, Germany, - - 2014
Current guidelines consider severe systolic left ventricular dysfunction [ejection fraction (EF) ≤20 %; left ventricular dysfunction (LVD)] a contraindication for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of TAVI in this extreme risk subset of patients. The study population (253 patients) ...
Matsuda Dean K DK Kaiser West Los Angeles Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, U.S.A.. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the concept of cam femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) occurring medial to the classic anterolateral (AL) quadrant. Forty-four patients met the inclusion criteria of cam FAI and underwent arthroscopic AL femoroplasty. Goniometric measurements of intraoperative hip internal rotation (HIR) in 90° of hip flexion ...
Cheung Anson W AW Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Paul's Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, - - 2014
Acute right ventricular failure (ARVF) refractory to optimal medical management may require rescue therapy with mechanical circulatory support (MCS). The RV exhibits a greater capacity for rapid recovery than the left ventricle, making devices designed specifically for temporary RV MCS attractive. We report our experience with the Impella Right Direct ...
Howard Edward W EW MedStar Heart Institute, MedStar Washington Hospital Center, Washington - - 2014
The intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) is the most frequently utilized form of temporary mechanical circulatory support (MCS) in cardiogenic shock (CS). Withdrawal of IABP support may precipitate hemodynamic compromise such that IABP reinsertion is required. Data are scarce regarding the incidence and outcomes of patients undergoing IABP reinsertion in this ...
Dal Moro Fabrizio F Department of Surgical, Oncological and Gastroenterological Sciences-Urology, University of Padova, Padova, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine whether a novel intraoperative technique of COmplete Reconstruction of the Posterior Urethral Support (CORPUS) improves early urinary continence after robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). In this prospective study, between November 2012 and June 2013, 36 consecutive patients suitable for non-nerve-sparing RARP were alternatively assigned to either CORPUS surgery or ...
Watanabe Kota K Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine , Sapporo , - - 2014
Abstract Background. There is insufficient information regarding patient-based outcomes after knee arthrodesis following infected total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of this study was to analyze outcomes in patients who underwent knee arthrodesis following infected TKA using clinical and radiographic measurements including a patient-based outcome measuring system. Methods. We evaluated ...
Lim Seung-Jae SJ Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, South - - 2014
To evaluate the effects of micro-arc oxidation (MAO) coating on the outcomes of a grit-blasted tapered-wedge stem in total hip arthroplasty (THA), we performed a retrospective review of 141 THAs using MAO coated stem for a minimum of 5years and compared them to 219 THAs using the same geometry stem ...
Yoo Jae Suk JS Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, South - - 2014
The ideal cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) strategy during open surgical repair of the descending thoracic aorta (DTA) or thoracoabdominal aorta (TAA) is controversial. This study aimed to compare the clinical outcomes between deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) and non-deep hypothermic beating heart CPB (non-DHCA) for DTA or TAA replacement. From January ...
Valencia L L Department of Anaesthesiology, Hospital Universitario de Gran Canaria Doctor Negrín, Barranco de la Ballena s/n., 35010 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the effect of sevoflurane and propofol on cerebral oxygenation, using regional cerebral oxygen saturation (SrO2) measured by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). Prospective, randomized, controlled study. Fifty-four patients aged between 18 and 65 years who underwent elective minor surgery (tumorectomy for breast cancer or ...
Tang Jennifer Yee-Man JY Department of Psychiatry, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong. Electronic address: - - 2014
The adverse effects of a long duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) have been explored in numerous short-term studies. These studies support the development of early interventions that reduce treatment delay and promote recovery. However, the enduring impact of DUP is largely unknown, partly due to the paucity of prospective long-term ...
Yu X B XB Department of Thoracic Surgery of Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Affiliated First People's Hospital, Shanghai 200080, China - - - 2014
Objective: This study aims to investigate and evaluate the efficacy and safety of early enteral nutrition (EN) in maintaining and improving the postoperative nutritional status in patients undergoing esophagectomy. Methods: A randomized, controlled clinical trial was conducted in 120 adult patients with esophageal cancer and undergoing esophagectomy. Patients were randomly ...
Rešetnik Ivana I Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb, Marulićev trg 9a, HR-10000 Zagreb, Croatia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The genus Knautia (Caprifoliaceae, Dipsacoideae) encompasses 40-60 species mainly distributed in western Eurasia, with highest species diversity in the Alps and the Balkan Peninsula. It is traditionally regarded as one of the taxonomically most challenging European genera due to the widespread occurrence of polyploidy, the high incidence of hybridisation and ...
Moradmand Majid M Arachnology, Senckenberg Research Institute, D-60325 Frankfurt am Main, Germany; Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Isfahan, 81746-73441 Isfahan, Iran. Electronic address: - - 2014
The phylogeny of the spider family Sparassidae is comprehensively investigated for the first time using four molecular markers (mitochondrial COI and 16S; nuclear H3 and 28S). Sparassidae was recovered as monophyletic and as most basal group within the RTA-clade. The higher-level clade Dionycha was not but monophyly of RTA-clade was ...
Distelmaier Klaus - - 2014
Risk stratification in patients undergoing extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support following cardiovascular surgery remains challenging, since data on specific outcome predictors are limited. Serum butyrylcholinesterase demonstrated a strong inverse association with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in non-critically ill patients. We therefore evaluated the predictive value of preoperative serum butyrylcholinesterase levels ...
Cakir Habib H Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Katip Celebi University Ataturk Education and Training - - 2014
In this study, we examined the early results for patients who underwent beating heart coronary bypass surgery and compared these results with those of conventional coronary bypass surgery.A total of 1094 patients who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass surgery between January 2009 and December 2011 in our clinic were included ...
Gogebakan Bulent B Mustafa Kemal University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biology, 31034, Hatay, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Synovial fibrosis is one of the main outcomes of osteoarthritis. Some authors have reported that urotensin-II (U-II) may cause pathologic fibrosis in cardiovascular system, lung and liver. However there are no previous reports available in the literature about its relationship with the synovial fibrosis in osteoarthritis. The aim of this ...
Strueber Martin M Department of Cardiothoracic, Transplantation and Vascular Surgery, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany; Clinic for Heart Surgery, Heart Center, Leipzig University, Leipzig, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
The post-market Registry to Evaluate the HeartWare Left Ventricular Assist System (ReVOLVE) is an investigator-initiated registry established to collect post-CE Mark Trial clinical data on patients receiving a HeartWare ventricular assist device (HVAD) in the European Union and Australia. The ReVOLVE is a multi-center, prospective, single-arm registry performed at seven ...
Talwar Sachin S Cardiothoracic Center, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2014
Patients with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) undergoing surgery in adulthood represent a challenge. We report our experience with such patients in or beyond the fourth decade of life. Retrospective cohort. Multispeciality tertiary level referral center PATIENTS: Forty-one (age 30-52 years) with TOF undergoing surgery between January 2002 and March 2013. ...
Ohman J Westley JW Section of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, - - 2014
To assess the effect of extremity vascular complications (EVCs, including ischemia or vessel trauma) on the outcomes of patients receiving cardiac support devices (CSDs, including ventricular assist device [VAD] and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation [ECMO]). Institutional Review Board-approved, retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database of all temporary and permanent CSD ...
Bruce Benjamin G BG Department of Orthopedics, Warren Alpert School of Medicine at Brown University, Providence, RI, - - 2014
As an entrapment phenomenon, tarsal tunnel syndrome has been described after calcaneal osteotomy, and since the tibial nerve has also been shown to be very sensitive to ankle position, position of the calcaneus after osteotomy and displacement was thought to likely influence the environment of the tibial nerve within the ...
Cleland Edward John EJ Department of Surgery-Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, - - 2014
Staphylococcus aureus (SA) is a key pathogenic component of the chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) microbiome and is associated with increased disease severity and poor postoperative outcomes. Probiotic treatments potentially offer a novel approach to the management of pathogenic bacteria in these recalcitrant patients through supporting a healthy community of commensal species. ...
Alsoufi Bahaaldin B Heart Center, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
Improved survival with postoperative extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has expanded its application to children with single ventricle (SV) anomalies. We examine current-era outcomes of postoperative ECMO with special focus on patients with SV. Demographic, anatomic, surgical, and support details of 100 consecutive children requiring postoperative ECMO (2007-2012) were included into ...
Lombardi Bruna B Bruna Lombardi, MD, Unit of Functional Rehabilitation, Prato Hospital, Prato, Italy. Matteo Paci, MSc, PT, Unit of Functional Rehabilitation, Prato Hospital, Prato, Italy. Luca Nannetti, MD, Unit of Functional Rehabilitation, Prato Hospital, Prato, Italy. Sandra Moretti, MSc, PT, Unit of Functional Rehabilitation, Prato Hospital, Prato, Italy. Merildo Maritato, MD, Orthopaedic Unit, Prato Hospital, Prato, Italy. Giovanni Benelli, MD, Orthopaedic Unit, Prato Hospital, Prato, - - 2014
Despite some practitioner perception of an inferior outcome in patients with total hip arthroplasty (THA) following hip fracture (HF) vs. osteoarthritis (OA), few studies have analyzed this issue. This cohort study compares characteristics and short-term outcomes in patients with THA following HF and OA during the rehabilitative postsurgical period. Records ...
Kashiwagi Kenji K Faculty of Medicine, University of Yamanashi, Chuo, Japan. - - 2014
Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness. Reduction of intraocular pressure is the only proven way to prevent progression of glaucomatous optic neuropathy. The majority of glaucoma patients need to use antiglaucoma ophthalmic solutions over the course of their life. Thus, good adherence and persistency of glaucoma treatment ...
Kim Jae Hoon JH April 31 Plastic Surgery Clinic, Seoul, - - 2014
This study aimed at overcoming the disadvantages of septal extension grafts and keeping the nasal tip as natural as possible by using different forms of the graft and additional supporting methods depending on the case. Among 458 patients who received a septal extension graft from March 2008 to September 2011, ...
Kubota K K K. Kubota, M.D., Ph.D., Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, International University of Health and Welfare Mita Hospital, Mita 1-4-3, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8329, Japan, Tel: +81-3-3451-8121; Fax: +81-3-3454-0067; E-mail: - - 2014
Objective: Surgeries for cancer of the esophagus are still associated with a high rate of postoperative morbidity. There are few reports of perioperative nutritional support for patients undergoing esophageal cancer surgery, and there is insufficient evidence to recommend routine use of immunonutrition in these patients. The aim of this study ...
Abdelaziz Osama O Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, - - 2014
Junctional ectopic tachycardia (JET) often occurs in the early postoperative period following surgery for congenital heart diseases and may lead to hemodynamic compromise. Its exact etiology is unknown, however, longer cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) time, aortic cross clamp (ACC) time, catecholamines, and hypomagnesemia are known risk factors. JET is associated with ...
Mostafa Tarek Mohammed TM Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tanta University, Tanta 31527, - - 2014
This study was directed to evaluate the role of sparfloxacin and pentoxifylline in the prophylaxis of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in cirrhotic patients. Forty cirrhotic patients with ascites were included in the study. Patients were randomized into four groups in a blind fashion; each group consists of ten patients. Group one ...
Dinino Ernest E Memorial Hospital of Rhode Island and Brown University, , Pawtucket, Rhode Island, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate if ultrasound derived measures of diaphragm thickening, rather than diaphragm motion, can be used to predict extubation success or failure. Sixty-three mechanically ventilated patients were prospectively recruited. Diaphragm thickness (tdi) was measured in the zone of apposition of the diaphragm to the ...
Filiberti Rosa R Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Clinical Trials, IRCCS AOU San Martino - IST-Istituto Nazionale per la Ricerca sul Cancro, Genova, - - 2013
Objective: Soluble mesothelin-related peptide (SMRP) may be useful in the diagnosis and detection of early stage mesothelioma. We investigated the SMRP upfront predictive role for mesothelioma in asbestos-exposed workers. Methods: A total of 1,715 subjects underwent a first visit and were invited for a follow-up after 1 and 2 years, ...
Bangalore Harish H 1Department of Pediatrics, Section of Critical Care Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX. 2Department of Pediatrics, Section of Cardiology, Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX. 3Department of Pediatrics, Section of Diabetes and Endocrinology, Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX. 4Dan L. Duncan Institute for Clinical and Translational Research, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX. 5Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX. 6Division of Congenital Heart Surgery, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, - - 2013
The postoperative cortisol profile and its association with early outcomes are poorly understood in neonates undergoing surgery for complex congenital heart disease. We investigated the postoperative profile of cortisol and its relationship with the clinical course in a cohort of newborns after stage-1 palliation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Prospective ...
Giangregorio Maeve - - 2013
The study aim was to evaluate present practice of maintaining PICC line patency in pediatric heart failure patients receiving continuous inotropes by comparing one cohort receiving low dose continuous heparin with one receiving no heparin. A case control retrospective chart review compared the two cohorts on duration of patency (measured ...
Wang Hongchuan H The People's Hospital of Leshan, Leshan, 614000, Sichuan, - - 2013
The purpose of this analysis was to determine whether uncemented total knee arthroplasty performs as well as cemented total knee arthroplasty. We searched PubMed, MEDLINE, and EMBASE, and major orthopaedic journals. This search was performed for the years from 1980 to the present. Randomised controlled trials and observational studies comparing ...
Najjar Samer S SS Departments of Internal Medicine and Cardiac Surgery, MedStar Heart Institute, Washington, DC. Electronic address: - - 2014
The HeartWare left ventricular assist device (HVAD, HeartWare Inc, Framingham, MA) is the first implantable centrifugal continuous-flow pump approved for use as a bridge to transplantation. An infrequent but serious adverse event of LVAD support is thrombus ingestion or formation in the pump. In this study, we analyze the incidence ...
Ribeiro Henrique B HB Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Laval University, Quebec City, Quebec, - - 2014
Little is known about the usefulness of evaluating cardiac neurohormones in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The objectives of this study were to evaluate the baseline values and serial changes of N-terminal prohormone B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) after TAVI, its related factors, and prognostic value. A total of ...
Vélez F Mauricio - - 2013
The aim was to report the surgical outcomes of simultaneous Descemet stripping endothelial keratoplasty (DSEK) with a retropupillary fixated iris claw lens in patients with aphakic corneal edema without capsular support. The clinical records of aphakic patients with corneal edema and no capsular support who underwent a combined DSEK and ...
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