Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1498
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Atighechi S S Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Shahid Sadoughi Hospital, Ebne-sina blv., Safaeeh, Yazd, Iran, - - 2014
Nasal tip support is an important factor to be considered in rhinoplasty surgery. There are several techniques for improving tip support. Caudal extension graft (CEG) and columellar strut with plumping graft (CSPG) are two methods in rhinoplasty surgery. The final goal of this experimental study is to find the most ...
Thomas Geraint E R GE Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, NIHR Musculoskeletal Biomedical Research Unit, Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre, University of Oxford, Windmill Road, Oxford, OX3 7LD, UK, - - 2014
The use of highly crosslinked polyethylene (HXLPE) is now commonplace for total hip arthroplasty. Hip simulator studies and short-term in vivo measurements suggest that the wear rate of some types of HXLPE is significantly less than conventional ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE). However, there are few long-term data to support its use. ...
Al-Qahtani Saleh M SM 1 Department of Surgery, King Fahd General Hospital , Jeddah, Saudi Arabia - - 2014
Abstract Background: An appendectomy is a contaminated or potentially dirty surgical procedure that can be associated with surgical site infection (SSI). Methods: A single-center unblinded prospective cohort study examined the role of antimicrobial incise film drapes in lowering the rate of SSI after appendectomy. Any patient aged 12 years or ...
Klima Uwe - - 2014
The Saphenous Vein (SVG) is used in over 80% of coronary artery bypass procedures (CABG) and SVG patency is the Achilles heel of CABG. To address this issue, the eSVS Mesh(R), an external Nitinol knitted mesh, fitted like a sleeve over the vein graft preventing over expansion in the high ...
Nicolas Kristine K Saint Vincent Charity Medical Center, Cleveland, OH - - 2014
Objective: The period of resident turnover in teaching hospitals has been believed by some to lead to worsening of health outcomes or the so-called "July Effect". We sought to study glycemic control in patients admitted to medical floors looking for any adverse outcomes related to a"July effect".Methods: This is a ...
Finkel Richard S RS From the Departments of Neurology (R.S.F., A.R.F., M.L.Y.), Pediatrics (R.S.F., A. R.F., M.L.Y., M.B.), and Physical Therapy (A.M.G., J.F.),The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, and Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania (R.S.F., A.R.F., M.L.Y.), Philadelphia; Departments of Biostatistics and Computational Biology (M.P.M.) and Neurology (M.P.M., W.B.M.), University of Rochester, NY; Departments of Neurology (P.K., D.M.S., J. Montes, S.D., J.O., M.M., J. Marra, D.C.D.V.) and Pediatrics (W.K.C., D.M.S., P.A.R., D.C.D.V.), Columbia University, New York, NY; Departments of Neurology (B.T.D., P.B.K.) and Physical Therapy (J.Q., S.R.), Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; Department of Neurology (C.G.), University of South Florida, Tampa; and Departments of Neurology & Neurosurgery (M.O.) and Pediatrics (M.O.), McGill University, Montreal, Canada. R.S.F. is currently with the Division of Neurology, Nemours Children's Hospital, Orlando, FL. P.B.K. is currently with the Division of Pediatric Neurology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL. - - 2014
Prospective cohort study to characterize the clinical features and course of spinal muscular atrophy type I (SMA-I). Patients were enrolled at 3 study sites and followed for up to 36 months with serial clinical, motor function, laboratory, and electrophysiologic outcome assessments. Intervention was determined by published standard of care guidelines. ...
Mitchell Michael E ME Department of Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin; Herma Heart Center, Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Electronic address: - - 2014
Severe tracheobronchomalacia significantly complicates the postoperative course of infants and children with congenital heart disease, tracheoesophageal fistula, and tracheal stenosis. We have found that traditional approaches, including aortopexy, have been inconsistent in preventing acute life threatening events (ALTEs). In order to directly support the anterior tracheal wall, we have adopted ...
Haglund Nicholas A NA Division of Cardiology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, - - 2014
The HeartWare (HW) (Framingham, MA) and the HeartMate II (HM II) (Thoratec Inc, Pleasanton, CA) continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (CF-LVADs) are commonly used to bridge patients to transplantation. We hypothesized that there are differences in perioperative blood product (BP) use and chest tube (CT) output between CF-LVAD types. We ...
Saragaglia D D Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Sport Traumatology, Grenoble South Teaching Hospital, Avenue de Kimberley, BP 338, 38434, Échirolles, France, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the results of isolated patellofemoral arthritis (IPFA) treated using a total knee arthroplasty (TKA) compared to the results of medial tibiofemoral arthritis treated with a TKA. We hypothesised that there would be no difference between functional outcomes for the two groups. Between ...
Sassoon Adam A Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University, 660 S Euclid Avenue, St Louis, MO, 63110, - - 2014
Patient-specific cutting blocks have been touted as a more efficient and reliable means of achieving neutral mechanical alignment during TKA with the proposed downstream effect of improved clinical outcomes. However, it is not clear to what degree published studies support these assumptions. We asked: (1) Do patient-specific cutting blocks achieve ...
Lunde J J Juliane Marie Centre - Department of Anesthesia, 4013 Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Fibrinogen concentrate as part of treatment protocols increasingly draws attention. Fibrinogen substitution in cases of hypofibrinogenaemia has the potential to reduce bleeding, transfusion requirement and subsequently reduce morbidity and mortality. A systematic search for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and non-randomised studies investigating fibrinogen concentrate in bleeding patients was conducted up ...
Aung Tin T Singapore National Eye Centre, Singapore; National University of Singapore, Singapore. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare the intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering efficacy and safety of brinzolamide 1% and brimonidine 0.2% fixed combination (BBFC) with that of brinzolamide 1% or brimonidine 0.2% monotherapy, all dosed 2 times per day (BID). Six-month, phase 3, randomized, multicenter, double-masked clinical trial. A total of 560 patients with primary open-angle ...
Mochizuki Y Y Department of Oral Restitution, Division of Oral Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pre- and postoperative longitudinal assessment of oral functions including masticatory force, masticatory ability with solids, speech intelligibility, and subjective satisfaction was conducted for patients who underwent vascularized osteocutaneous scapula flap reconstruction after mandibulectomy. Postoperative changes in oral function and patient satisfaction were examined in relation to tumour type (i.e., cancerous ...
Loforte Antonio A Department of Cardiovascular Surgery and Transplantation, S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Bologna University, Bologna, - - 2014
Mechanical circulatory support (MCS) is the standard therapy for the management of acute or chronic end-stage heart failure. We report on our two-center experience with MCS therapy. Between January 2000 and December 2012, 116 adult patients (mean age 56.8 ± 9.9 years, range: 31 to 76 years) were primarily supported on temporary ...
Panichi R R Section of Physiology and Biochemistry, Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Perugia, Perugia, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to assess the effects of optokinetic stimulation (OKS) on vestibular postural control in migraine patients with recurrent vertigo. 15 patients with vestibular migraine (VM) were enrolled in a posturographic study in eyes open (OE) and eyes closed (CE) condition. The tests were performed between ...
Nemoto Osamu O Orthopaedic Surgery, Japanese Self Defense Forces Hospital, Ikejiri, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo, Japan, - - 2014
Compared to titanium cage, polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cage with pedicle screw fixation has been increasingly used in transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF). However, there is insufficient evidence supporting the superiority of PEEK cages over titanium cages as optimal TLIF spacers. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical and ...
Capoccia Massimo M Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Transplantation & Mechanical Circulatory Support, Royal Brompton & Harefield NHS Foundation Trust, Harefield Hospital, Harefield, Middlesex, - - 2014
Purpose: Despite their efficacy, LVADs remain associated with serious complications. The relationship between haemodynamic changes during support and outcome remains inadequately characterised. This association was investigated in LVAD recipients undergoing prolonged support.Methods: Forty patients receiving LVAD therapy for >2 years were reviewed retrospectively (mean support duration was 38.62 ± 15.28). ...
Sandvall Brinkley K BK From the *Division of Plastic Surgery, †Department of General Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, - - 2014
Ventral hernia repair (VHR) for large abdominal wall defects is challenging. Prior research established that the use of mesh is superior to suture closure alone and that component separation is an effective technique to combat loss of abdominal domain. Studies comparing component separation technique (CST) outcomes utilizing synthetic versus biologic ...
Figueiredo Daniel Santos Fonseca DS Private practice, Belo Horizonte, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the skeletal and dental changes in the maxillae of patients with clefts treated with 3 expanders: hyrax, fan-type, and inverted mini-hyrax supported on the first premolars. Thirty patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate with transverse maxillary deficiency were divided into 3 ...
Jiang Qiuhui Q Zhengzhou People's Hospital, No 33, Huanghe Road, Jinshui District, Zhengzhou, Henan, 450003, PR - - 2014
This paper is mainly to study the influence of Glutamine's reinforcing role in enteral nutrition on postoperative nutrition and immune function of patients with gynecologic malignant tumor. The adopted method is through selecting 60 patients with gynecological malignant tumor, they are randomly divided into groups of enteral immune nutrition (EIN ...
Tsai Wen-Hui WH Department of Respiratory Therapy, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of - - 2014
Mechanical ventilation using endotracheal tube (ETT) intubation is crucial in saving life but may also cause ventilator-associated pneumonia resulting in morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of intubation duration on pathogen colonization rates of ETT cuff region, and its association with the subsequent ...
Türköz Ayda A 1Department of Anesthesiology, Baskent University İstanbul Teaching and Medical Research Center, İstanbul, Turkey. 2Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Baskent University İstanbul Teaching and Medical Research Center, İstanbul, Turkey. 3Department of Pediatrics, Surgery and Bioengineering, Penn State Hershey College of Medicine, Pediatric Cardiovascular Research Center, Hershey, - - 2014
Modified ultrafiltration is used to ameliorate the deleterious effects of cardiopulmonary bypass in pediatric cardiac surgery patients. The ideal duration of modified ultrafiltration has not been established yet. We investigated the effects of extended duration of modified ultrafiltration on pulmonary functions and hemodynamics in the early postoperative period in newborns ...
Yeoh D D Brighton and Sussex University Hospital, Brighton, UK - - 2014
We reviewed evidence on total wrist replacement from the last 5 years. Eight articles met a minimum set standard. The results of 405 prostheses were available, including seven different manufacturers. The mean follow up was 2.3-7.3 years with an average age of 52-63. Rheumatoid arthritis was the indication in 42% ...
Rozenberg Dmitry D Department of Respiratory Medicine (Drs Rozenberg and Goldstein and Mr Dolmage) and Respiratory Diagnostic and Evaluation Services (Mr Dolmage and Dr Goldstein), West Park Healthcare Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (Drs Rozenberg, Evans, and Goldstein); and Department of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation, School of Medicine and Biological Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK (Dr - - 2014
Evaluation of the role of walking speeds in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) should be preceded by an assessment of its repeatability. This study aimed to establish the repeatability of the usual (susual) and fast (sfast) walking speeds among patients with stable COPD and determine the accuracy of manual measurement. ...
Moazami Nader N Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio. Electronic address: - - 2014
The DuraHeart is a continuous centrifugal-flow left ventricular assist device that uses active magnetic levitation for impeller positioning designed for improved hemocompatibility and durability. This study reviews the results of the US trial with specific attention to hemolysis, thrombotic complications, and pump failure. The US SUSTAIN trial was a multicenter, ...
Crow Sheri S SS Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota. Electronic address: - - 2014
The vasoactive inotrope score (VIS) is a sum of the total vasopressor dose at a single point in time. Incorporating duration and magnitude of vasopressor requirements during the postcardiac surgical period could improve VIS sensitivity for predicting poor outcome. This is a retrospective review of 244 infants (aged ≤365 days) who ...
Pestieau Sophie R SR Division of Anesthesiology, Sedation and Perioperative Medicine, Children's National Health Systems, Washington, DC, USA; Division of Pain Medicine, Children's National Health Systems, Washington, DC, - - 2014
Opioid consumption after posterior spinal fusion is known to be high and often exceeds those reported in other major surgical procedures. A number of clinical trials provide evidence that the perioperative use of subanesthetic doses of ketamine reduces pain and opioid requirements in some surgical procedures, but the effect of ...
Loforte A A Department of Cardiac Surgery and Transplantation, S Camillo Hospital, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Currently, ventricular assist device (VAD) or total artificial heart (TAH) mechanical support provides an effective treatment of unstable patients with advanced heart failure. We report our single-center experience with mechanical circulatory support therapy. From March 2002 to December 2012, 107 adult patients (mean age, 56.8 ± 9.9 y; range, 31-76 ...
Reser D D Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
There are conflicting reports on the posttransplantation morbidity and mortality of patients listed urgently and/or supported by a ventricular assist device (VAD). The aim of this study was to analyze the outcomes with regard to pretransplantation condition (elective, urgent, VAD). All adult recipients between January 1, 2005, and October 31, ...
Park Jong-Woong JW Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology and Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, - - 2014
This study was performed to evaluate the reproducibility of panoramic radiographs of dentulous and edentulous patients. The reproducibility of panoramic radiographs was evaluated using the panoramic radiographs acquired from 30 anterior dentulous patients by using a common biting positioning device (dentulous group) and 30 anterior edentulous patients by using chin-support ...
Aghahosseini Marzieh M Department of Infertility, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of adding low-dose hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin), as an LH active supplement, to a GnRH antagonist protocol in patients undergoing assisted reproduction techniques. In this parallel-group randomized clinical trial, 137 infertile female outpatients aged 20 - 39 years were randomized ...
Pua Yong-Hao YH From the Department of Physiotherapy, Singapore General Hospital, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the association of early ambulation with length of stay, costs, and outcomes in inpatients undergoing total knee arthroplasty. This is a retrospective study of 1504 patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty between August 2009 and January 2011 in a tertiary teaching hospital. ...
Singh Pritam P West Midlands Research Collaborative, Birmingham, - - 2014
Resident surgeons have been identified as a risk factor for worse outcome after appendectomy. The context of grade of resident and impact of supervision require further investigation. The objective of this study was to determine whether grade and supervision level of resident-performed appendectomy affects patient outcome. A multicenter, prospective cohort ...
Mauck Karen F KF Knowledge and Evaluation Research Unit, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn; Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2014
This was a systematic review of the literature to determine which compression method is superior in promoting ulcer healing and reducing recurrence in patients with lower extremity venous ulcer disease. We conducted a comprehensive search of multiple databases for randomized and nonrandomized comparative studies from 1990 to December 2013. We identified ...
Voleti Pramod B PB Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to compare patient-specific instrumentation (PSI) versus standard instrumentation for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with regard to coronal and sagittal alignment, operative time, intraoperative blood loss, and cost. A systematic query in search of relevant studies was performed, and the data published ...
Tartaglia F F Department of Surgical Sciences, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
of the study: The aim of this retrospective study was to appraise the impact of central neck dissection (CND) when treating papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and identifying predictors of tumour recurrence by analysing the results and complications related to this surgical procedure. The study examined the histories of 347 patients ...
Du Bo B The Emergency Department - - 2014
Abstract Background: Intraventricular fibrinolysis (IVF) through bilateral external ventricular drains (EVD) may provide better access of the thrombolytic agent to the intraventricular clot, potentially leading to faster clot clearance. Objective: To compare the feasibility and safety between single and bilateral EVD groups. Methods: Patients with spontaneous intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) (Graeb ...
Nurgat Za Z 1Pharmaceutical Care Division, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
IntroductionNumerous international organisations have advocated the preparation of vincristine in small volume intravenous bags in order to eliminate inadvertent intrathecal administration. However, the risk of extravasation is a significant deterrent, and adoption of this practice has been variable and only hesitantly accepted in the clinical setting.PurposeWe carried out a study ...
Grande Gunn G School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work The University of Manchester, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Few patients participate in cancer support groups despite their benefits. This study investigated the importance of Theory of Planned Behaviour variables in predicting group participation, relative to disease impact, existing support, coping and demographic variables. Longitudinal study of patients with colorectal, lung or prostate cancer recruited from a specialist oncology ...
Peñarrocha-Oltra David - - 2014
Purpose: To compare patient satisfaction and postoperative pain and swelling for immediate versus conventional loading in partially edentulous patients requiring extraction of the remaining maxillary dentition and rehabilitation with fixed full-arch prostheses. Materials and Methods: This prospective, controlled, nonrandomized study with 12-month follow-up included 30 consecutive patients scheduled for fixed ...
Decroo Tom T Médecins Sans Frontières, Tete, Mozambique; Departement of Public Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, - - 2014
Community ART groups (CAG), peer support groups involved in community ART distribution and mutual psychosocial support, were piloted to respond to staggering antiretroviral treatment (ART) attrition in Mozambique. To understand the impact of CAG on long-term retention, we estimated mortality and lost-to-follow-up (LTFU) rates and assessed predictors for attrition. Retrospective ...
Chan Juliana C N JC Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Hong Kong2Hong Kong Institute of Diabetes and Obesity, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Hong Kong3Asia Diabetes - - 2014
IMPORTANCE In type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), team management using protocols with regular feedback improves clinical outcomes, although suboptimal self-management and psychological distress remain significant challenges. OBJECTIVE To investigate if frequent contacts through a telephone-based peer support program (Peer Support, Empowerment, and Remote Communication Linked by Information Technology [PEARL]) would ...
Torregrossa Gianluca G Department of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, New - - 2014
We report the use of a right axillary skin incision to institute a ventricle assist device support in a two-year-old 14 kg male with fulminant myocarditis. The ease of conversion to a long-term support, avoidance of a sternotomy, and a less visible incision made this approach an attractive option in this ...
Campbell Ian I Breast Care Centre, Waikato Hospital, Hamilton, New - - 2014
There is limited evidence to support use of local anaesthetic (LA) wound infiltration in breast surgery. This study seeks to examine whether wound infiltration of bupivacaine (0.25%) decreases post-operative pain and analgesic use, without increasing post-operative complications. A prospective single-blind study was undertaken of 90 patients undergoing breast lump excision, ...
Jolley Matthew M Department of Cardiology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Mass. Electronic address: - - 2014
Patients who have undergone the superior cavopulmonary anastomosis (Glenn procedure) have unique cardiopulmonary-cerebral physiology that may limit the success of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Limited data published to date suggest grim morbidity and mortality when ECMO is used. We utilized the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization registry database ...
Cao Zhanguo Z TianJin Mini-invasive Surgery Center, TianJin NanKai Hospital, TianJin, - - 2014
To analyze the effect of natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) on the survival of animals, by comparing the change of intraoperative and postoperative immunologic parameters of NOTES with laparoscopy. Twenty pigs were randomized to treatment with NOTES or standard laparoscopy. Each group underwent diagnostic peritoneoscopy by laparoscopy or NOTES ...
Aryana Arash A Regional Cardiology Associates, Sacramento, CA; Mercy Heart & Vascular Institute, Sacramento, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hemodynamic support using percutaneous left ventricular assist devices (pLVAD) during catheter mapping and ablation of unstable VT can provide effective end-organ perfusion. However, its impact on procedural and clinical outcomes remains unclear. We retrospectively evaluated the procedural and clinical outcomes following catheter ablation of unstable VT with/without pLVAD support. Sixty-eight ...
Jennings Douglas L DL Nova Southeastern University Department of Pharmacy Practice, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to define the prevalence and clinical ramifications of anemia in continuous-flow left-ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) patients. Patients implanted with a CF-LVAD between 01/01/ 2008 and 04/30/2012 were included in this retrospective cohort study. The primary outcome was the prevalence of anemia throughout the first ...
Peer Syed M SM Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC, - - 2014
Although there are considerable data regarding in-hospital results of congenital heart surgery (CHS) patients requiring postoperative extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support, there is limited information on intermediate-term outcomes. A single-institution retrospective review of 25 consecutive postoperative CHS patients who required ECMO and survived to hospital discharge between January 2003 and ...
Rüffer André A Department of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, University Hospital Erlangen, Erlangen, - - 2014
Correlating postcardiotomy extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) troponin I (TnI) levels and outcomes. Between January 2006 and August 2010, 34 patients needed postcardiotomy ECMO for low cardiac output. Bailout ECMO was required either after unsuccessful weaning from bypass (n = 17, 50%), postoperatively from prolonged hemodynamic failure (n = 8, 23.5%), ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >