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Saragaglia D D Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Sport Traumatology, Grenoble South Teaching Hospital, Avenue de Kimberley, BP 338, 38434, Échirolles, France, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the results of isolated patellofemoral arthritis (IPFA) treated using a total knee arthroplasty (TKA) compared to the results of medial tibiofemoral arthritis treated with a TKA. We hypothesised that there would be no difference between functional outcomes for the two groups. Between ...
Sassoon Adam A Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University, 660 S Euclid Avenue, St Louis, MO, 63110, - - 2014
Patient-specific cutting blocks have been touted as a more efficient and reliable means of achieving neutral mechanical alignment during TKA with the proposed downstream effect of improved clinical outcomes. However, it is not clear to what degree published studies support these assumptions. We asked: (1) Do patient-specific cutting blocks achieve ...
Lunde J J Juliane Marie Centre - Department of Anesthesia, 4013 Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Fibrinogen concentrate as part of treatment protocols increasingly draws attention. Fibrinogen substitution in cases of hypofibrinogenaemia has the potential to reduce bleeding, transfusion requirement and subsequently reduce morbidity and mortality. A systematic search for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and non-randomised studies investigating fibrinogen concentrate in bleeding patients was conducted up ...
Mochizuki Y Y Department of Oral Restitution, Division of Oral Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pre- and postoperative longitudinal assessment of oral functions including masticatory force, masticatory ability with solids, speech intelligibility, and subjective satisfaction was conducted for patients who underwent vascularized osteocutaneous scapula flap reconstruction after mandibulectomy. Postoperative changes in oral function and patient satisfaction were examined in relation to tumour type (i.e., cancerous ...
Loforte Antonio A Department of Cardiovascular Surgery and Transplantation, S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Bologna University, Bologna, - - 2014
Mechanical circulatory support (MCS) is the standard therapy for the management of acute or chronic end-stage heart failure. We report on our two-center experience with MCS therapy. Between January 2000 and December 2012, 116 adult patients (mean age 56.8 ± 9.9 years, range: 31 to 76 years) were primarily supported on temporary ...
Panichi R R Section of Physiology and Biochemistry, Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Perugia, Perugia, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to assess the effects of optokinetic stimulation (OKS) on vestibular postural control in migraine patients with recurrent vertigo. 15 patients with vestibular migraine (VM) were enrolled in a posturographic study in eyes open (OE) and eyes closed (CE) condition. The tests were performed between ...
Nemoto Osamu O Orthopaedic Surgery, Japanese Self Defense Forces Hospital, Ikejiri, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo, Japan, - - 2014
Compared to titanium cage, polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cage with pedicle screw fixation has been increasingly used in transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF). However, there is insufficient evidence supporting the superiority of PEEK cages over titanium cages as optimal TLIF spacers. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical and ...
Capoccia Massimo M Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Transplantation & Mechanical Circulatory Support, Royal Brompton & Harefield NHS Foundation Trust, Harefield Hospital, Harefield, Middlesex, - - 2014
Purpose: Despite their efficacy, LVADs remain associated with serious complications. The relationship between haemodynamic changes during support and outcome remains inadequately characterised. This association was investigated in LVAD recipients undergoing prolonged support.Methods: Forty patients receiving LVAD therapy for >2 years were reviewed retrospectively (mean support duration was 38.62 ± 15.28). ...
Sandvall Brinkley K BK From the *Division of Plastic Surgery, †Department of General Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, - - 2014
Ventral hernia repair (VHR) for large abdominal wall defects is challenging. Prior research established that the use of mesh is superior to suture closure alone and that component separation is an effective technique to combat loss of abdominal domain. Studies comparing component separation technique (CST) outcomes utilizing synthetic versus biologic ...
Figueiredo Daniel Santos Fonseca DS Private practice, Belo Horizonte, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the skeletal and dental changes in the maxillae of patients with clefts treated with 3 expanders: hyrax, fan-type, and inverted mini-hyrax supported on the first premolars. Thirty patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate with transverse maxillary deficiency were divided into 3 ...
Jiang Qiuhui Q Zhengzhou People's Hospital, No 33, Huanghe Road, Jinshui District, Zhengzhou, Henan, 450003, PR - - 2014
This paper is mainly to study the influence of Glutamine's reinforcing role in enteral nutrition on postoperative nutrition and immune function of patients with gynecologic malignant tumor. The adopted method is through selecting 60 patients with gynecological malignant tumor, they are randomly divided into groups of enteral immune nutrition (EIN ...
Tsai Wen-Hui WH Department of Respiratory Therapy, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of - - 2014
Mechanical ventilation using endotracheal tube (ETT) intubation is crucial in saving life but may also cause ventilator-associated pneumonia resulting in morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of intubation duration on pathogen colonization rates of ETT cuff region, and its association with the subsequent ...
Türköz Ayda A 1Department of Anesthesiology, Baskent University İstanbul Teaching and Medical Research Center, İstanbul, Turkey. 2Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Baskent University İstanbul Teaching and Medical Research Center, İstanbul, Turkey. 3Department of Pediatrics, Surgery and Bioengineering, Penn State Hershey College of Medicine, Pediatric Cardiovascular Research Center, Hershey, - - 2014
Modified ultrafiltration is used to ameliorate the deleterious effects of cardiopulmonary bypass in pediatric cardiac surgery patients. The ideal duration of modified ultrafiltration has not been established yet. We investigated the effects of extended duration of modified ultrafiltration on pulmonary functions and hemodynamics in the early postoperative period in newborns ...
Yeoh D D Brighton and Sussex University Hospital, Brighton, UK - - 2014
We reviewed evidence on total wrist replacement from the last 5 years. Eight articles met a minimum set standard. The results of 405 prostheses were available, including seven different manufacturers. The mean follow up was 2.3-7.3 years with an average age of 52-63. Rheumatoid arthritis was the indication in 42% ...
Rozenberg Dmitry D Department of Respiratory Medicine (Drs Rozenberg and Goldstein and Mr Dolmage) and Respiratory Diagnostic and Evaluation Services (Mr Dolmage and Dr Goldstein), West Park Healthcare Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (Drs Rozenberg, Evans, and Goldstein); and Department of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation, School of Medicine and Biological Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK (Dr - - 2014
Evaluation of the role of walking speeds in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) should be preceded by an assessment of its repeatability. This study aimed to establish the repeatability of the usual (susual) and fast (sfast) walking speeds among patients with stable COPD and determine the accuracy of manual measurement. ...
Moazami Nader N Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio. Electronic address: - - 2014
The DuraHeart is a continuous centrifugal-flow left ventricular assist device that uses active magnetic levitation for impeller positioning designed for improved hemocompatibility and durability. This study reviews the results of the US trial with specific attention to hemolysis, thrombotic complications, and pump failure. The US SUSTAIN trial was a multicenter, ...
Crow Sheri S SS Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota. Electronic address: - - 2014
The vasoactive inotrope score (VIS) is a sum of the total vasopressor dose at a single point in time. Incorporating duration and magnitude of vasopressor requirements during the postcardiac surgical period could improve VIS sensitivity for predicting poor outcome. This is a retrospective review of 244 infants (aged ≤365 days) who ...
Pestieau Sophie R SR Division of Anesthesiology, Sedation and Perioperative Medicine, Children's National Health Systems, Washington, DC, USA; Division of Pain Medicine, Children's National Health Systems, Washington, DC, - - 2014
Opioid consumption after posterior spinal fusion is known to be high and often exceeds those reported in other major surgical procedures. A number of clinical trials provide evidence that the perioperative use of subanesthetic doses of ketamine reduces pain and opioid requirements in some surgical procedures, but the effect of ...
Loforte A A Department of Cardiac Surgery and Transplantation, S Camillo Hospital, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Currently, ventricular assist device (VAD) or total artificial heart (TAH) mechanical support provides an effective treatment of unstable patients with advanced heart failure. We report our single-center experience with mechanical circulatory support therapy. From March 2002 to December 2012, 107 adult patients (mean age, 56.8 ± 9.9 y; range, 31-76 ...
Reser D D Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
There are conflicting reports on the posttransplantation morbidity and mortality of patients listed urgently and/or supported by a ventricular assist device (VAD). The aim of this study was to analyze the outcomes with regard to pretransplantation condition (elective, urgent, VAD). All adult recipients between January 1, 2005, and October 31, ...
Park Jong-Woong JW Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology and Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, - - 2014
This study was performed to evaluate the reproducibility of panoramic radiographs of dentulous and edentulous patients. The reproducibility of panoramic radiographs was evaluated using the panoramic radiographs acquired from 30 anterior dentulous patients by using a common biting positioning device (dentulous group) and 30 anterior edentulous patients by using chin-support ...
Pua Yong-Hao YH From the Department of Physiotherapy, Singapore General Hospital, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the association of early ambulation with length of stay, costs, and outcomes in inpatients undergoing total knee arthroplasty. This is a retrospective study of 1504 patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty between August 2009 and January 2011 in a tertiary teaching hospital. ...
Singh Pritam P West Midlands Research Collaborative, Birmingham, - - 2014
Resident surgeons have been identified as a risk factor for worse outcome after appendectomy. The context of grade of resident and impact of supervision require further investigation. The objective of this study was to determine whether grade and supervision level of resident-performed appendectomy affects patient outcome. A multicenter, prospective cohort ...
Mauck Karen F KF Knowledge and Evaluation Research Unit, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn; Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2014
This was a systematic review of the literature to determine which compression method is superior in promoting ulcer healing and reducing recurrence in patients with lower extremity venous ulcer disease. We conducted a comprehensive search of multiple databases for randomized and nonrandomized comparative studies from 1990 to December 2013. We identified ...
Voleti Pramod B PB Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to compare patient-specific instrumentation (PSI) versus standard instrumentation for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with regard to coronal and sagittal alignment, operative time, intraoperative blood loss, and cost. A systematic query in search of relevant studies was performed, and the data published ...
Tartaglia F F Department of Surgical Sciences, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
of the study: The aim of this retrospective study was to appraise the impact of central neck dissection (CND) when treating papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and identifying predictors of tumour recurrence by analysing the results and complications related to this surgical procedure. The study examined the histories of 347 patients ...
Du Bo B The Emergency Department - - 2014
Abstract Background: Intraventricular fibrinolysis (IVF) through bilateral external ventricular drains (EVD) may provide better access of the thrombolytic agent to the intraventricular clot, potentially leading to faster clot clearance. Objective: To compare the feasibility and safety between single and bilateral EVD groups. Methods: Patients with spontaneous intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) (Graeb ...
Nurgat Za Z 1Pharmaceutical Care Division, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
IntroductionNumerous international organisations have advocated the preparation of vincristine in small volume intravenous bags in order to eliminate inadvertent intrathecal administration. However, the risk of extravasation is a significant deterrent, and adoption of this practice has been variable and only hesitantly accepted in the clinical setting.PurposeWe carried out a study ...
Grande Gunn G School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work The University of Manchester, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Few patients participate in cancer support groups despite their benefits. This study investigated the importance of Theory of Planned Behaviour variables in predicting group participation, relative to disease impact, existing support, coping and demographic variables. Longitudinal study of patients with colorectal, lung or prostate cancer recruited from a specialist oncology ...
Peñarrocha-Oltra David - - 2014
Purpose: To compare patient satisfaction and postoperative pain and swelling for immediate versus conventional loading in partially edentulous patients requiring extraction of the remaining maxillary dentition and rehabilitation with fixed full-arch prostheses. Materials and Methods: This prospective, controlled, nonrandomized study with 12-month follow-up included 30 consecutive patients scheduled for fixed ...
Decroo Tom T Médecins Sans Frontières, Tete, Mozambique; Departement of Public Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, - - 2014
Community ART groups (CAG), peer support groups involved in community ART distribution and mutual psychosocial support, were piloted to respond to staggering antiretroviral treatment (ART) attrition in Mozambique. To understand the impact of CAG on long-term retention, we estimated mortality and lost-to-follow-up (LTFU) rates and assessed predictors for attrition. Retrospective ...
Chan Juliana C N JC Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Hong Kong2Hong Kong Institute of Diabetes and Obesity, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Hong Kong3Asia Diabetes - - 2014
IMPORTANCE In type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), team management using protocols with regular feedback improves clinical outcomes, although suboptimal self-management and psychological distress remain significant challenges. OBJECTIVE To investigate if frequent contacts through a telephone-based peer support program (Peer Support, Empowerment, and Remote Communication Linked by Information Technology [PEARL]) would ...
Torregrossa Gianluca G Department of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, New - - 2014
We report the use of a right axillary skin incision to institute a ventricle assist device support in a two-year-old 14 kg male with fulminant myocarditis. The ease of conversion to a long-term support, avoidance of a sternotomy, and a less visible incision made this approach an attractive option in this ...
Campbell Ian I Breast Care Centre, Waikato Hospital, Hamilton, New - - 2014
There is limited evidence to support use of local anaesthetic (LA) wound infiltration in breast surgery. This study seeks to examine whether wound infiltration of bupivacaine (0.25%) decreases post-operative pain and analgesic use, without increasing post-operative complications. A prospective single-blind study was undertaken of 90 patients undergoing breast lump excision, ...
Jolley Matthew M Department of Cardiology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Mass. Electronic address: - - 2014
Patients who have undergone the superior cavopulmonary anastomosis (Glenn procedure) have unique cardiopulmonary-cerebral physiology that may limit the success of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Limited data published to date suggest grim morbidity and mortality when ECMO is used. We utilized the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization registry database ...
Cao Zhanguo Z TianJin Mini-invasive Surgery Center, TianJin NanKai Hospital, TianJin, - - 2014
To analyze the effect of natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) on the survival of animals, by comparing the change of intraoperative and postoperative immunologic parameters of NOTES with laparoscopy. Twenty pigs were randomized to treatment with NOTES or standard laparoscopy. Each group underwent diagnostic peritoneoscopy by laparoscopy or NOTES ...
Aryana Arash A Regional Cardiology Associates, Sacramento, CA; Mercy Heart & Vascular Institute, Sacramento, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hemodynamic support using percutaneous left ventricular assist devices (pLVAD) during catheter mapping and ablation of unstable VT can provide effective end-organ perfusion. However, its impact on procedural and clinical outcomes remains unclear. We retrospectively evaluated the procedural and clinical outcomes following catheter ablation of unstable VT with/without pLVAD support. Sixty-eight ...
Jennings Douglas L DL Nova Southeastern University Department of Pharmacy Practice, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to define the prevalence and clinical ramifications of anemia in continuous-flow left-ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) patients. Patients implanted with a CF-LVAD between 01/01/ 2008 and 04/30/2012 were included in this retrospective cohort study. The primary outcome was the prevalence of anemia throughout the first ...
Peer Syed M SM Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC, - - 2014
Although there are considerable data regarding in-hospital results of congenital heart surgery (CHS) patients requiring postoperative extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support, there is limited information on intermediate-term outcomes. A single-institution retrospective review of 25 consecutive postoperative CHS patients who required ECMO and survived to hospital discharge between January 2003 and ...
Rüffer André A Department of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, University Hospital Erlangen, Erlangen, - - 2014
Correlating postcardiotomy extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) troponin I (TnI) levels and outcomes. Between January 2006 and August 2010, 34 patients needed postcardiotomy ECMO for low cardiac output. Bailout ECMO was required either after unsuccessful weaning from bypass (n = 17, 50%), postoperatively from prolonged hemodynamic failure (n = 8, 23.5%), ...
Robbins Claire E CE Department of Orthopedics, New England Baptist Hospital, Boston, MA. - - 2014
Since its debut over 10 years ago, minimally invasive total hip arthroplasty (THA) has often been associated with accelerated postoperative rehabilitation when compared with THA performed with a traditional surgical approach. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of accelerated postoperative rehabilitation and early mobilization on length ...
Kiss N N Nutrition Department, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, East Melbourne, - - 2014
Patients undergoing myeloablative conditioning regimens and autologous stem-cell transplantation (asct) are at high risk of malnutrition. This randomized study aimed to determine if early nutrition support (commenced when oral intake is less than 80% of estimated requirements) compared with usual care (commenced when oral intake is less than 50% of ...
Bitik Ozan O Department of Plastic Surgery, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Sihhiye, Cankaya, 06100, Ankara, Turkey, - - 2014
Anterior septal height is an important determinant of nasal tip projection. Accordingly, the anterior septal extension technique has proven itself to be a powerful tool for achieving long-lasting nasal tip projection in rhinoplasty. However, anterior septal extension does not protect against postoperative loss of nasal tip rotation unless an additional ...
Hammer Arthur A Ophthalmology, Geneva University Hospitals, Rue Alcide-Jentzer 22, Geneva, 1211, - - 2014
New corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) devices are capable of using higher UV-A light irradiances than used in original CXL protocols. The Bunsen-Roscoe law states that a photochemical reaction should stay constant if the delivered total energy is kept constant; however, little clinical data are available to support this hypothesis. We ...
Hacibeyoğlu Gülçin G Necmettin Erbakan University, Meram Medical School, Anesthesiology and Reanimation Department, Konya, - - 2014
This study was conducted in order to investigate possible histopathological effects and biochemical reflections of intraarticular dexketoprofen trometamol. A total of 24 New Zealand rabbits were included in the study. Blood sampling was done from all animals on the first day, then they were randomly allocated either to the control ...
Hsiao Ching-Chung CC Kidney Research Center, Department of Nephrology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taipei, - - 2014
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been utilized for patients in critical condition, including life-threatening respiratory failure and postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock. This study analyzed the outcomes of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) treated by ECMO and identified the relationship between prognosis and urine output (UO) obtained on the first ...
Matzelle Shannon J SJ Department of Anaesthesia, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Nedlands, Western Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Our unit began a minimally invasive mitral surgery (MIMS) program utilising antegrade Custodiol solution as the sole cardioplegia. The aim of this paper is to report our results of this program. Early clinical outcomes were identified and assessed for the first consecutive 100 MIMS patients with comparisons made to a ...
Patel Akshay J AJ Department of Thoracic Surgery, St. George's Hospital, London, - - 2014
A best evidence topic in thoracic surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was 'Is there an indication for routine prophylaxis against postoperative supraventricular arrhythmia in patients undergoing pulmonary resection surgery?' Altogether almost 150 papers were found as a result of the reported search, of which ...
Ganesan Mohan M Department of Neurophysiology, Laboratory for Autonomic Functions, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Hosur Road, Bangalore, 560029, - - 2014
Partial weight supported treadmill gait training (PWSTT) is widely used in rehabilitation of gait in patient with Parkinson's Diseases (PD). However, its effect on blood pressure variability (BPV) and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) in PD has not been studied. To evaluate the effect of conventional and treadmill gait training on BPV ...
Waki Kayo K Department of Ubiquitous Health Informatics, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan Department of Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan - - 2014
Numerous diabetes-management systems and programs for improving glycemic control to meet guideline targets have been proposed, using IT technology. But all of them allow only limited-or no-real-time interaction between patients and the system in terms of system response to patient input; few studies have effectively assessed the systems' usability and ...
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