Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1481
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Nugent Brenda - - 2010
For many patients with head and neck cancer, oral nutrition will not provide adequate nourishment during treatment with radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy due to the acute toxicity of treatment, obstruction caused by the tumour, or both. The optimal method of enteral feeding for this patient group has yet to be established. ...
Gomes Claudio Ar CA - - 2010
A number of conditions compromise the passage of food along the digestive tract. Nasogastric tube (NGT) feeding is a classic, time-proven technique, although its prolonged use can lead to complications such as lesions to the nasal wing, chronic sinusitis, gastro-oesophageal reflux, and aspiration pneumonia. Another method of infusion, percutaneous endoscopy ...
Alonso Pérez Lucía - - 2010
The objective of the study is to evaluate if the administration of glutamine in parenteral nutrition (PN) solution reduces the need for antibiotics, the risk of liver disease and the duration of hospital stay in bone marrow transplantation. Retrospective observational study in 68 adult patients undergoing a bone marrow transplantation ...
Wang Xiao-Yi - - 2010
The biology, ecology, and life cycle of the emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), were studied using regular inspection in the forest and observations in the laboratory. Results indicated that A. planipennis are mostly univoltine in Tianjin, China. They overwintered individually as mature larvae in shallow chambers excavated ...
Durante Federica F University of Milan - - - 2010
In the context of the Stereotype Content Model, we investigate the "backward" inferential process that leads from the competence stereotype to the structural attribute of status. Three hypotheses were tested: (1) Perceived competence affects attributions of status; (2) the less competent group is perceived as warmer (compensation effect); (3) membership ...
Kupas Douglas F DF Department of Emergency Medicine, Geisinger Medical Center, Danville, Pennsylvania 17822-2005, USA. - - 2010
We compared the effectiveness of common airway-securing techniques in preventing endotracheal tube (ETT) dislodgment in the prehospital setting. This was a prospective, observational, multicenter study conducted at 42 emergency medical services (EMS) agencies. EMS providers completed structured, closed-response data forms for all endotracheal intubation (ETI) attempts during an 18-month period. ...
Yaman Huseyin - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The incidence rate of recurrence of otitis media with effusion (OME) in children after tympanostomy tube extrusion and the relationship between recurrence and tube retention time was investigated. Also relationship between recurrence rate and initial age of tube insertion was analysed. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective case series of patients ...
Jie Bin - - 2010
To evaluate the impact of nutritional support on clinical outcomes in patients at nutritional risk defined by the Nutritional Risk Screening 2002. In this prospective cohort study, hospitalized patients from three departments in Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore and two teaching hospitals in Beijing were recruited from March 2007 to ...
Dimitriou Vassilios K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The authors compared the intubation success rate of straight reinforced tracheal tubes emerging from the Airtraq laryngoscope (Prodol Meditec S.A., Vizcaya, Spain) with standard preformed polyvinyl chloride tracheal tubes in anesthetized patients. METHODS: The authors randomly allocated 347 adult patients to be intubated with standard polyvinyl chloride tracheal tubes, ...
Guimarães Joana - - 2009
Chronic bilateral subthalamic stimulation (DBS-STN) provides considerable clinical benefits in Parkinson disease patients, with improvement in primary symptoms and resolution of side effects of chronic pharmacological treatment. Apart from its therapeutic effects on PD symptoms, DBS-STN also appears to induce weight gain, which may itself induce critical metabolic disorders and ...
Qiu Y - - 2009
The effect of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) support supplemented with alanyl-glutamine (Ala-Gln) dipeptide was investigated in a randomized, controlled clinical trial. Sixty-five patients with the diagnosis of end-stage liver disease or hepatic cellular carcinoma admitted for orthotopic liver transplantation were randomly divided into 3 groups: diet group (n = 21), ...
Bhatt Valkal - - 2010
Oral mucositis is a serious problem that affects a significant number of hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) patients. There are many gaps in management, and evidence-based guidelines do not provide consistent recommendations. The purpose of this pilot study was to develop a mucositis oral care protocol for the prevention and management ...
Lee J S W - - 2010
Continuous pump feeding is often used to reduce aspiration risk in older patients on tube feeding, but its effectiveness in preventing aspiration pneumonia is unproven. A randomized controlled trial was therefore performed to examine the effectiveness of continuous pump feeding in decreasing the incidence of pneumonia in tube-fed older hospital ...
Tomaszek Sandra C - - 2010
As part of our ongoing quality improvement effort, we evaluated our conventional approach to post-oesophagectomy management by comparing it to an alternative postoperative management pathway. Medical records from 386 consecutive patients undergoing oesophagectomy with gastric conduit for oesophageal cancer or Barrett's oesophagus with high-grade dysplasia were analysed retrospectively (July 2004 ...
Madge Simon N - - 2010
PURPOSE: To describe the use of a lacrimal bypass tube in the management of epiphora in patients with epiphora attributable to lacrimal pump failure in facial palsy. DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective interventional study. METHODS: Information regarding patient demographics, diagnoses, symptoms, oculoplastic interventions, dacryocystorhinostomy, and Jones tube insertion were collected from patient ...
Ashfaque Muhammad - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To compare the new design laryngoscope blade, Laryngopharyngeal Examination blade, with the English Macintosh blade for examination of the laryngopharynx and placement of a nasogastric tube in the presence of a tracheal tube, time taken to insert the nasogastric tube and for tracheal intubation in an adult ...
Minig Lucas - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A randomized controlled trial was performed to assess the outcome of early oral postoperative feeding (EOF) compared with traditional oral feeding (TOF) in gynecologic oncology patients undergoing a complex laparotomy, including upper abdominal surgery. METHODS: Patients aged 18-75 years, undergoing an elective laparotomy and with a preoperative suspicion of ...
Gianotti Luca - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether perioperative intravenous glutamine supplementation may affect surgical morbidity. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Small-sized randomized trials showed a trend toward a reduction of postoperative infections in surgical patients receiving glutamine. METHODS:: A randomized, multicentre trial was carried out in 428 subjects who were candidates for elective major gastrointestinal ...
Agrawal Madhu S - - 2009
PURPOSE: Placement of multiple nephrostomy tubes is the standard practice after completion of multitract percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) for complex/staghorn calculi. We conducted a study to see whether use of a single nephrostomy tube in comparison with multiple tubes reduces postoperative discomfort without compromising safety of the procedure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: ...
Ionescu Daniela - - 2009
Fast-track protocols are followed by an enhanced recovery, early return to bowel function and to complete nutrition, and a reduced hospital stay. Our study was designed to implement fast-track protocol in our university hospital. The 96 consecutive patients with colorectal neoplasm included in the study were randomized in two equal ...
Petrov M S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although the benefits of enteral nutrition in acute pancreatitis are well established, the optimal composition of enteral feeding is largely unknown. The aim of the study was to compare the tolerance and safety of enteral nutrition formulations in patients with acute pancreatitis. METHODS: Electronic databases (Scopus, MEDLINE, Cochrane Controlled ...
Poulard Fanny - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Monitoring of residual gastric volume (RGV) to prevent aspiration is standard practice in mechanically ventilated patients receiving early enteral nutrition (EN). No data are available to support a correlation between RGV and adverse event rates. We evaluated whether not measuring RGV affected EN delivery, vomiting, or risk of nosocomial ...
Moharari Reza Shariat - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The GlideScope (Saturn Biomedical Systems, B.C., Canada) is a reusable videolaryngoscope and is considered an effective device for tracheal intubation. We designed this study to evaluate the application of this device in nasogastric tube (NGT) insertion. METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was performed at a teaching hospital on 80 ...
Djordjevic B - - 2012
Recovery from implantation of a cannula in the dorsal aorta (DA) of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) was studied in relation to nutritional status and sampling intensity. The incentive for the study was the inconsistency between published reports and our own experience of recovery and longevity of fish exposed to this ...
Eustaquio Marcia - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to determine the feasibility and safety of initiating early oral feeding in patients who underwent salvage laryngectomy on postoperative day 5 and to review the rate of pharyngocutaneous fistula formation. METHODS: A retrospective review of 29 patients who underwent salvage laryngectomy was completed. Patients included in ...
Wang Xinying - - 2009
The human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DR expression on monocytes and plasma Interleukin (IL)-10 levels are key indicators of immune response during the acute phase of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). We designed a pilot study to investigate whether omega-3 fatty acids (FAs) supplemented parenteral nutrition (PN) could improve immune response in SAP ...
Gil Ziv - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the utility of the pectoralis major muscle flap (PMMF) in patients undergoing salvage total laryngectomy. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis. SETTING: Tertiary care cancer center. PATIENTS: The study included 461 patients who underwent laryngectomy. Eighty of them underwent salvage surgery with primary pharyngeal closure. INTERVENTIONS: Of the 80 ...
Morton Randall P - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Chemoradiotherapy for treatment of advanced head and neck cancer (HNC) is used to achieve organ preservation without compromising survival. Because chemoradiotherapy usually impacts adversely on nutritional and functional status, feeding by percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is often part of the management regimen for these patients, but the presence of ...
Medeiros Ana Paula Magalhães - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The development of oral motor control depends partially on motor and sensory experiences. AIM: To analyze the relationship between the duration of breastfeeding, artificial feeding and sucking habits, and of these parameters with the orofacial motor performance. METHOD: Participants of this study were one hundred and seventy-six children aged ...
Riboh Jonathan - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: A new technique of gastroschisis closure in which the defect is covered with sterile dressings and allowed to granulate without suture repair was first described in 2004. Little is known about the outcomes of this technique. This study evaluated short-term outcomes from the largest series of sutureless gastroschisis closures. ...
Kanehisa Yayoi - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: An important purpose of denture treatment is the improvement of nutritional intake. This is especially important for the dependent elderly who have a high risk of protein-energy malnutrition. To evaluate the impact of denture treatment on such a population, we compared body weight as an indicator of nutritional status ...
Asprer Jonathan M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine if parenteral glutamine dipeptide supplementation given only in the preoperative period in malnourished patients after gastrointestinal surgery would sustain its effects into the first postoperative week, as shown by immune indices. METHODS: A prospective randomized study on malnourished adult patients for abdominal surgery was done where one ...
Demeterov?? M??ria - - 2009
The present study investigated the effect of the probiotic strain Enterococcus faecium DSM 7134 (2 x 10(7) cfu per g of feed) (probiotic group), natural humic substances (7g x kg(-1) feed) (HS group), and the combination of both (probiotic + HS group) on the performance, serum biochemistry, and biological activity ...
Chun Duk-Hee - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Insertion of a nasogastric tube (NGT) in an anesthetized, paralyzed, and intubated patient is difficult, and many methods have been proposed to aid in the procedure. We present a simple insertion technique. METHODS: A silicone NGT was made rigid by filling it with distilled water and freezing it. Patients ...
Kim Eun Key - - 2009
Although bottle-feeding after cheiloplasty is widely accepted, postoperative feeding regimen after palatoplasty is still controversial. The aim of this prospective randomized study was to evaluate the effect of bottle-feeding on early postoperative course after palatoplasty in a relatively homogeneous group of patients. Eighty-two consecutive patients with nonsyndromic cleft palate undergoing ...
Brady Susan L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility, safety, and potential benefit of instrumental swallowing assessments for patients with prolonged disordered consciousness participating in rehabilitation. DESIGN: Case-control, retrospective. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-five participants divided into 2 cohorts according to cognitive level at the time of baseline instrumental swallowing assessment. Group 1 (n = 17) participants ...
Okamoto Yoshiki - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Past trials have shown perioperative immunonutrition to improve the outcome for patients with gastric cancer. The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of preoperative oral immunonutrition on cellular immunity, the duration of the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), and detailed postoperative complications in patients with gastric cancer. ...
Marton S - - 2010
Glutamine is the most abundant amino-acid in the extra- and intracellular compartments of the human body, which accounts for over 50% of its free amino-acid content. Utilization of glutamine peptides is explicitly useful, resulting in a decrease in the number of postoperative infectious complications, period of hospitalization, and therapeutic costs. ...
Reignier Jean - - 2010
BACKGROUNDS & AIMS: To evaluate an intervention for improving the delivery of early enteral nutrition (EN) in patients receiving mechanical ventilation with prone positioning (PP). METHODS: Eligible patients receiving EN and mechanical ventilation in PP were included within 48h after intubation in a before-after study. Patients were semi-recumbent when supine. ...
Wu Beiwen - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To verify the validity of the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) on the nutritional assessment and prognosis prediction in Chinese patients with gastrointestinal cancer. METHODS: Five hundred and five patients with newly diagnosed gastrointestinal cancer who underwent surgeries were enrolled between August 2004 and August 2006. The sample ...
Al-Metwalli Roshdi R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Proper placement of a double-lumen tube (DLT) is vital for its optimal functioning. We modified the standard blind method of left-sided DLT placement using a retractable carinal hook. The aim of this study was to determine whether this modified method could improve the success rate of correct initial tube ...
Martín-Del-Campo Fabiola - - 2009
AIM: To evaluate the effect of nutritional counselling on nutritional status in peritoneal dialysis patients. METHODS: Twenty-nine peritoneal dialysis patients were randomly selected to receive conventional nutritional counselling during 6 months of follow up. All patients had monthly clinical and biochemical evaluations, and assessments of dialysis adequacy, inflammation and nutritional ...
García-Rodicio Sonsoles - - 2009
The aim of this article is to describe the development of a quality control methodology applied to patients receiving parenteral nutrition (PN) and to present the results obtained over the past 10 years. Development of the audit tool: In 1995, a total of 13 PN quality criteria and their standards ...
Martigne L - - 2010
Undernutrition occurs often in individuals with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Between 1997 and 2007, a gastrostomy was placed in 25 patients with DMD (median: 23 years old; range, 11-38 years) for weight loss (n=22) and/or swallowing disorders (n=13). We evaluated nutritional status using the weight-for-age (W/A) ratio, comparing the values ...
Hosking B C - - 2009
Eighteen, six- to seven-month-old lambs were infected experimentally with larvae of Haemonchus contortus, Teladorsagia circumcincta, Trichostrongylus axei, Trichostrongylus colubriformis, Cooperia curticei and Nematodirus spathiger, and allocated to three equal groups. The infections were timed to ensure that fourth-stage larvae were present when groups 1 and 2 were treated orally with ...
Corry June - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tubes have largely replaced nasogastric tubes (NGTs) for nutritional support of patients with head and neck cancer undergoing curative (chemo) radiotherapy without any good scientific basis. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted to compare PEG tubes and NGTs in terms of nutritional outcomes, complications, patient ...
Kochhar Rakesh - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Nutritional support in corrosive injury patients is traditionally achieved through total parenteral nutrition (TPN) or jejunostomy feeding (JF). There are no reports of nasoenteral tube feeding in patients with corrosive ingestion. OBJECTIVE: We report our experience with nasoenteral tube feeding (NETF) and compare the outcome of these patients with ...
De Luis D A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Patients with head and neck cancer undergoing surgery have a high incidence of postoperative complications. The aim of our study was to investigate whether postoperative nutrition of head and neck cancer patients, using a higher dose of arginine (20 g per day) could improve nutritional variables. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Hur Hoon - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to determine whether early oral feeding after curative resection for gastric cancer can be tolerated and whether it has an effect on recovery. METHODS: From September 2007 to January 2008, we provided early postoperative oral feeding for 35 patients who underwent curative ...
Good Christopher M - - 2009
Early-rearing salmonids in Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (OMNR) fish hatcheries have been consistently affected by bacterial gill disease (BGD) (causative agent: Flavobacterium branchiophilum) for many years. Separate retrospective epidemiological investigations of BGD treatments at two OMNR fish hatcheries (Hatcheries A and B) for the 1999 production year were conducted ...
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