Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1486
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Beavan Jessica - - 2010
nasogastric tube (NGT) feeding is commonly used after stroke, but its effectiveness is limited by frequent dislodgement. the objective of the study was to evaluate looped NGT feeding in acute stroke patients with dysphagia. this was a randomised controlled trial of 104 patients with acute stroke fed by NGT in ...
Ryu Seung Wan SW Department of Surgery and Division of Gastrointestinal Surgery, The Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu 700-712, South - - 2010
To evaluate the prevalence of preoperative and postoperative malnutrition and the relationships between objective and subjective nutritional assessment of gastric cancer patients. From October 2005 to July 2006, we studied 80 patients with no evidence of recurrent disease and no loss to follow-up after curative surgery for gastric cancer. In ...
Das Kalyan Sundar - - 2011
The effect of washing frequency on the physiological responses and performance of buffalo calves was studied in hot summer. Thirty Nili-Ravi calves aged 4-6 months were divided into three uniform groups of ten. The calves of group A, B and C were washed two (9 a.m. and 3 p.m.), three (8 a.m., 12 noon and ...
Chaccour Carlos - - 2010
Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes were fed on 25 volunteers randomized to receive ivermectin or nothing. In mosquitoes feeding on volunteers given ivermectin the previous day, mean survival was 2.3 days, compared with 5.5 days in the control group (P < .001, by log-lank test). Mosquito mortality was 73%, 84%, and 89% ...
Martini Marcio Roberto - - 2010
To investigate the effect of physical activity in leisure time (LTPA) on the prognosis of patients two years after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). b Cohort study with 202 elective CABG patients, mean age of patients was 62 ± 10 years, 134 (66%) men divided into sedentary and active according ...
Chen Bo - - 2010
To evaluate the safety and efficacy of a fish oil-enriched parenteral nutrition regimen in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery, a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials was conducted. An electronic search of PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Academic Search Premier, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure databases was performed in March 2009. RevMan 5.0 ...
Yokohama Shiro - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Although percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) has become established as a useful enteral nutrition technique, the associated risks must always be kept in mind. Recently, we experienced several patients who could orally ingest after PEG. To avoid unnecessary PEG, we investigated patients who could orally ingest after PEG, ...
Hirano Satoshi - - 2010
Distal pancreatectomy with en-bloc celiac axis resection (DP-CAR) is routinely accompanied by complete resection of the bilateral celiac ganglions and the circumferential plexus of the superior mesenteric artery. The postoperative condition including bowel movement, nutritional status, and tolerance to adjuvant chemotherapy has never been studied. 40 patients who underwent DP-CAR ...
Avalos-González Jorge J Research Unit in Clinical Epidemiology, High Specialized Medical Unit, Mexican Institute of Social Security, José Enrique Rodo #2558, Colonia Prados Providencia, 44670, Guadalajara, Jalisco, - - 2010
To assess whether the use of fibrin sealant shortens the closure time of postoperative enterocutaneous fistulas (ECFs). The prospective case-control study included 70 patients with postoperative ECFs with an output of < 500 mL/d, a fistulous tract of > 2 cm and without any local complication. They were divided into ...
Herrera Victor - - 2010
In vitro gamma interferon release assays (IGRAs) are increasingly used as an alternative to the traditional tuberculin skin test for the diagnosis of latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. Evaluation of the QuantiFERON-TB Gold in-tube assay (QFT-IT) prior to large-scale implementation at the Stanford Hospital and Clinics for a health care worker ...
Hosseini Seyed Nejat - - 2010
Due to the lack of interest in using early oral feeding and the need for a trial study in this regard, this study aimed to compare the outcome of early oral feeding and traditional oral feeding in patients with upper gastrointestinal surgery. Fifty-two patients who underwent upper gastrointestinal surgery were ...
Corkins Mark R - - 2010
Percutaneous endoscopic placement of a gastrostomy tube is a common procedure to provide feeding access in children. The practice has been to withhold the initial feeding for a prescribed length of time because of safety concerns. The shortest reported time to feeding in pediatric patients is 6 hours. A prospective ...
Jiang Z M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Specific immunonutrients may reduce the incidence of postoperative complications and shorten recovery time. This randomized trial evaluated the clinical efficacy of a fish oil emulsion on outcome and immune function after gastrointestinal cancer surgery. METHODS: A total of 206 patients with gastrointestinal or colonic cancer were randomized to receive ...
Vijfhuize Sanne S Erasmus MC-Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The - - 2010
Burn injuries evoke a systemic metabolic response with profound effects on organ function, susceptibility to infection, wound healing, growth and development, and mortality. Children are especially vulnerable to nutritional deficiencies owing to their limited energy reserves. We evaluated the feeding practice in a paediatric burns unit. All children admitted to ...
Gandullia Paolo - - 2011
Chronic intestinal failure is a condition causing severe impairment of intestinal functions; long-term total parenteral nutrition is required to provide adequate nutritional support. This is a 15-year follow-up study of paediatric patients with intestinal failure receiving long-term home parenteral nutrition. Thirty-six patients were included in the study, all aged <16 ...
Acosta-Escribano Jose - - 2010
To evaluate the efficacy of transpyloric feeding (TPF) compared with gastric feeding (GF) with regard to the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia in severe traumatic brain injury patients (TBI). Prospective, open-label, randomized study in an intensive care unit of a university hospital. One hundred and four CHI adult patients admitted for ...
del Castillo Sylvia L - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Neonates with hypoplastic left heart syndrome are prone to gastrointestinal complications, including necrotizing enterocolitis, during initiation or advancement of enteral feeds. A feeding protocol was developed to standardize practice across a multidisciplinary team. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of a standardized feeding protocol on ...
Wei Muxin - - 2010
To explore the nature of deficiency in spleen-yin syndrome, which could provide scientific theoretical support and practical guidance for clinical Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) syndrome differentiation based on biology, and had a strong clinical significance. Serum Cu and Zn were detected by atomic absorption spectrophotometer, serum vitamin E by high ...
Leeds John S - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) using the pull through technique is the most widely used insertion method. An alternative is a per-oral image-guided gastrostomy (PIG), which may be advantageous in high-risk patients. As there are no large studies comparing PEG against PIG, we wished to analyse mortality after endoscopic or ...
Taylor Stephen J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We describe experience using the Cortrak nasointestinal feeding tube and prokinetics in critically ill patients with delayed gastric emptying. METHODS: Patient cohorts fed via a Cortrak electromagnetically guided nasointestinal tube (EGNT) or 14 French-gauge nasogastric tube plus prokinetics were retrospectively compared. RESULTS: Of 69 EGNT placements in 62 patients, ...
Shaaban Sanaa Youssef - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Patients with protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) have delayed gastric emptying time (GET) which may affect nutritional rehabilitation. This study was designed to examine the effect of honey on GET during nutritional rehabilitation of PEM patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty patients were enrolled and randomly assigned to one of two equal ...
Khorasani Enayatollah Nemat - - 2010
Burns increase the metabolic demands of the body and can lead to severe weight loss and increased risk of death. Early enteral support is believed to improve gastrointestinal, immunological, nutritional and metabolic responses to critical injury; however, this premise is in need of further substantiation by definitive data. This research ...
Yaman Huseyin - - 2010
To determine relationship between myringosclerosis and tube retention time and sex in children with chronic otitis media with effusion who were treated with tympanostomy tube insertion. Also, the relationship between myringosclerosis both sex and initial age of tube insertion were investigated. A total of 101 children (195 ears) were reviewed. ...
Rajah Jaishen - - 2010
It has been previously documented that alphacalcidol (1alpha-hydroxyvitamin D3) is inefficient in healing rickets, partly because it results in a suboptimal rise in 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25-(OH)2D) and partly because it fails to replenish the store of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD). However, very few studies have actually documented this outcome. The aim ...
Kim Sang Cheol - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Although the T-tube has been widely used as a therapeutic method for treatment of tracheal stenosis, predictors for success have not been much studied. The authors analyzed several factors to search for a factor that would be useful as a prognostic indicator for successful decannulation. METHODS: A total of ...
Hochwald Steven N - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Morbidity rates following pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) remain high with delayed gastric emptying (DGE) and slow resumption of oral diet contributing to increased postoperative length of stay. A Braun enteroenterostomy has been shown to decrease bile reflux following gastric resection. We hypothesize that addition of Braun enteroenterostomy during PD ...
Fortunato John E - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Factors predicting outcome after percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) in large pediatric cohorts are not well defined. We hypothesized that definable preoperative clinical factors predict the need for further intervention to provide enteral access after PEG. Our aim was to identify factors associated with PEG outcome. MATERIALS AND ...
Guo Weiping - - 2010
AIM: To evaluate the nutritional risk of patients with gastric carcinoma using the methodologies of European Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS 2002) and its relationship with postoperative results. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated the nutritional risk of 314 cases of gastric carcinoma patients in one center from 2004 to 2007 with ...
Silva Luciano Bruno de Carvalho - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the efficacy of oral supplementation with milk whey proteins and modified starch (70%WPI:30%MS), on nutritional and functional parameters of patients with ALS. METHOD: A prospective randomized double-blind study was performed with 16 ALS patients, divided in two groups, the treatment group received (70%WPI:30%MS) and the control group ...
Badía-Tahull María B - - 2010
n-3 Fatty acids have clinical benefits. The primary aim of the present study was the assessment of infection in patients who underwent major high-risk elective gastrointestinal surgery receiving postoperatively fish oil (FO)-supplemented parenteral nutrition (PN), compared with those receiving a standard olive oil (OO) emulsion. The secondary aims were the ...
Holahan M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a common problem in critically ill dogs and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in human medicine. Enteral nutrition (EN) delivery methods have been evaluated in humans to determine which is most effective in achieving caloric goals. OBJECTIVES: To compare continuous infusion and intermittent bolus feeding ...
Suzuki Daisuke - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms of immunonutrition on reducing infectious complications are still poorly understood. This prospective randomized study was designed to determine whether immunonutrition influences the following factors: cell-mediated immunity, differentiation of T helper type 1 (Th1) and Th2 cells, interleukin (IL)-17-producing CD4(+) helper T (Th17) cell response, and infectious complication ...
Botella-Carretero José I - - 2010
Oral nutritional supplements have been recommended after orthopedic surgery in geriatric patients. This has been shown to be effective even in normally nourished or mildly undernourished geriatric patients. Whether perioperative administration of these products is also effective and suitable is not known. Randomized, controlled, open, paralleled two-arms clinical trial, comparing ...
Racca Vittorio - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Nutrition support is an important aspect of multidisciplinary approaches in cardiology rehabilitation. However, little is known about the impact of a patient's nutrition status on recovery after elective heart surgery. The authors assessed changes in nutrition markers in patients undergoing postsurgical rehabilitation, and tested their correlation with systemic inflammatory ...
Wu Xing-Mao - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the effects of total enteral nutrition and total parenteral nutrition in prevention of pancreatic necrotic infection in severe acute pancreatitis. METHODS: One hundred seven patients were enrolled in the study between 2003 and 2007. In the first week of hospitalization, they were randomized ...
Holland B P - - 2010
Heifers with expected increased risk of bovine respiratory disease (BRD; n = 360; initial BW = 241.3 +/- 16.6 kg) were assembled at a Kentucky order-buyer facility and delivered to Stillwater, OK, in September 2007 to determine the effects of clinical BRD observed during preconditioning on subsequent feedlot performance, carcass ...
Blondet Alexandre - - 2010
PURPOSE: To compare percutaneous radiologic gastrostomy (PRG) and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) in terms of tolerance, efficacy, and survival in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty patients with ALS (17 men; mean age, 66.1 years; range, 39-83 y) underwent 21 PEG and 22 PRG attempts (including ...
Klemetti Seija - - 2010
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this prospective study was to examine whether preoperative face-to-face counselling about a child's fasting and active preoperative nutrition have an effect on thirst, hunger and postoperative oral intake in paediatric ambulatory tonsillectomy. Families, whose child was admitted for ambulatory tonsillectomy, participated in the study ...
Swaminath Arun - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The decision to place a percutaneous feeding tube (PFT) in patients who are at the end of life is multidimensional and often complicated. We assessed the effect of physician education and counseling for patients and their surrogates on inpatient nonsurgical (endoscopic and radiologic) PFT placement rates, indications, complications, and ...
Soares Henrique - - 2010
The main objective of this study was to evaluate the association between prematurity and the time to achieve full enteral feeding in newborns with gastroschisis. The second objective was to analyze the associations between length of hospital stay and time to achieve full enteral feeding with mode of delivery, birth ...
Becker Regine - - 2011
Functional dysphagia therapy (FDT) is a noninvasive procedure that can accompany percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) treatment and supports transitioning from tube to oral feeding. In this retrospective study, we investigated the outcome of FDT with or without PEG feeding. Patients with dysphagia were divided into two groups: those with PEG ...
Beggs Kathleen - - 2010
This study reviews feeding tube placement outcomes in 69 ALS outpatients seen at an outpatient interdisciplinary ALS clinic in British Columbia, Canada. The objective was to determine at which point the risks outweigh the benefits of tube placement by reviewing outcomes against parameters of respiratory function, nutritional status and speech ...
Flores Roberto L - - 2010
During cleft palate repair, levator sling palatoplasty with tensor veli palatini tendon transection significantly improves speech results. However, the procedure may pose a risk to eustachian tube function. This study assesses the impact of three types of palatoplasty techniques on eustachian tube function: no tensor transection, tensor transection alone, and ...
Sodergren M H - - 2010
current studies suggest immunonutrition decreases the inflammatory process, infection rates and reduces length of hospital stay in surgical patients, however studies are often conducted on heterogeneous groups of patients with varying composition of the immuno-nutrition. We aim to investigate the effect of immunonutrition on patients undergoing major upper gastrointestinal surgery ...
Kaska Milan - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Increasing evidence suggests that preoperative fasting, as was the clinical practice for many decades, might be associated with untoward consequences and that a standardized preoperative intake of nutrients might be advantageous; this is a component of the enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) concept. Thus, in a randomized ...
Neyestani Tirang R - - 2010
This study was undertaken to evaluate the possible effects of different daily doses of black tea intake on certain oxidative stress, inflammatory and metabolic biomarkers in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Forty-six patients with known T2DM were randomly assigned either to the test (n = 23, 57.0 +/- ...
Fabbri G - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Vegetative State (VS) implies significant issues. The aim of the MORFEO study is to identify the most relevant complications in VS patients and to supply clinicians and policy-makers with data derived from the analysis of a cohort of patients treated in a dedicated long-term facility setting. METHODS: A cohort ...
Ishihara Miwa - - 2010
We investigated the body composition and nutritional status of extremely long-term (more than 30 years) hemodialysis patients. Eighty outpatients receiving maintenance hemodialysis (including 18 for more than 30 years) were enrolled. We classified the patients according to the duration of hemodialysis therapy (less than 10 years, 10-20 years, 20-30 years, ...
R?fenacht Ursula - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Up to 60% of hospitalized patients are undernourished. We studied the impact of nutritional therapy on quality of life and food intake. METHODS: Undernourished patients were randomized into two groups. The nutritional therapy group (NT group) received individual nutritional counseling and interventions, including oral nutritional supplements if appropriate, by ...
Bunik Maya - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of proactive telephone breastfeeding support in low-income, primiparous, primarily Latina women on 1) duration and exclusivity of breastfeeding, 2) satisfaction with feeding, 3) rationale for discontinuing breastfeeding and 4) health care utilization. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial comparing usual care to 2 weeks of daily telephone ...
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