Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1486
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Arendt E - - 2011
Background There are no accepted objective criteria for return to activity after a first time lateral patella dislocation. Objective To define the characteristics of first time lateral patallofemoral dislocation (PFD) patients and their timeline for return to activity. Design Prospective observational. Setting University and private clinic. Patients 31 patients were ...
Pollard Deborah L - - 2011
Even with the gradual upward trends in breastfeeding initiation and duration, breastfeeding rates at 6 months continue to lag well behind the 50% target set for any breastfeeding and the 25% target set for exclusive breastfeeding by the Healthy People 2010 initiatives. Overall evidence is limited in identifying effective interventions that ...
Terai Naim - - 2011
Purpose:  To investigate the effect of statins on ocular microcirculation in patients with hypercholesterolaemia. Methods:  Ten patients with hypercholesterolaemia were included in this study. The diameter of retinal vessels was measured continuously with the retinal vessel analyser (RVA) before and 4 weeks after statin therapy. After baseline assessment, a monochromatic luminance ...
Farr Sebastian - - 2011
PURPOSE: Strategies for extracorporeal shockwave therapy in calcifying tendinitis of the rotator cuff vary concerning quantity of sessions and doses. The purpose of this prospective pilot study was to determine the difference between the outcome of a single high-dosage extracorporeal shockwave therapy and two sessions of low-dosage extracorporeal shockwave therapy. ...
Bertorello N - - 2011
In the present study the authors evaluated therapy-related long-term adverse effects and physical activity in a cohort of long-term survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), diagnosed in their center between March 1991 and August 2000, treated according to the AIEOP (Associazione Italiana di Ematologia e Oncologia Pediatrica) ALL 91 ...
Creaney Leon - - 2011
Growth factor technologies are increasingly used to enhance healing in musculoskeletal injuries, particularly in sports medicine. Two such products; platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and autologous blood, have a growing body of supporting evidence. No previous trial has directly compared the efficacy of these two methods. Growth factor administration improves tissue regeneration ...
Vissers Maaike M - - 2011
Background After total hip arthroplasty (THA), patients today (who tend to be younger and more active than those who previously underwent this surgical procedure) have high expectations regarding functional outcome. Therefore, patients need to be well informed about recovery of physical functioning after THA. PURPOSE: /b> The purpose of this ...
Hsiao Fei-Yuan - - 2011
Abstract Study Objective. To compare Helicobacter pylori eradication therapy with antisecretory therapy alone on the risk of hospitalization for a major ulcer event. Design. Retrospective, population-based cohort study. Data Source. The 2000-2006 National Health Insurance database in Taiwan. Patients. A total of 838,176 patients diagnosed with a gastrointestinal ulcer and ...
Paneroni Mara - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Treatment of bronchiectasis includes drugs, oxygen therapy and bronchial clearance maneuvers. The aim of the current study was to assess safety and efficacy of Intrapulmonary Percussive Ventilation when compared with usual Chest Physical Therapy in patients with bronchiectasis. METHODS: In two consecutive days, 22 patients underwent both Intrapulmonary Percussive ...
Wolle Meraf A - - 2011
To evaluate the physical functioning of Ethiopian trichiasis surgery patients before and 6 months after surgery. Nested cohort study. This study was nested within the Surgery for Trichiasis, Antibiotics to Prevent Recurrence (STAR) clinical trial conducted in Ethiopia. Demographic information, ocular examinations, and physical functioning assessments were collected before and ...
Feeney C - - 2011
Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) after esophagectomy have been reported to occur in 15-30% of patients and are the most common causes of major morbidity and mortality. Risk factors for the development of PPCs include impairment in lung function, cardiac reserve, aerobic capacity, and body composition. Physical activity is associated with ...
Baker M L - - 2011
Patients with a high-output stoma (HOS) (> 2000 ml/day) suffer from dehydration, hypomagnesaemia and under-nutrition. This study aimed to determine the incidence, aetiology and outcome of HOS. The number of stomas fashioned between 2002 and 2006 was determined. An early HOS was defined as occurring in hospital within 3 weeks ...
Holstege Marije S - - 2011
Holstege MS, Lindeboom R, Lucas C. Preoperative quadriceps strength as a predictor for short-term functional outcome after total hip replacement. To determine the preoperative strength of the muscle group of the lower extremity that is most important in predicting functional recovery after primary unilateral total hip replacement (THR). Prospective observational ...
van Langeveld Sacha A - - 2011
Background Research reports have described the contents of therapy in spinal cord injury (SCI) rehabilitation only as the total number of therapy hours. We developed the Spinal Cord Injury-Interventions Classification System (SCI-ICS) as a tool to classify therapy to improve mobility and self-care into 3 levels (body functions, basic activities, ...
Watanabe Yoshiko - - 2011
Aim: To assess the utility of skin perfusion pressure (SPP) measurement in evaluating the outcome of vascular constructions for critical limb ischemia (CLI) patients. Methods: We retrospectively studied 19 lower limbs in 18 patients who underwent arterial reconstruction for CLI from whom SPP measurements had been obtained pre- and postoperatively ...
Khawaji Mohamed - - 2011
It has been shown that patients with severe haemophilia treated on demand are not as physically active as their healthy peers and often have a sedentary lifestyle that contributes to chronic joint disease. The use of prophylaxis provides opportunities for participation in physical activities with fewer bleeding episodes. The objective ...
Steinacker Juergen M - - 2011
To compare the long-term effects of comprehensive outpatient versus inpatient rehabilitation with respect to morbidity and mortality, as well as to changes in physical performance and physical activity. A total of 163 consecutive patients were enrolled for comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation (CCR) following a recent coronary event, to outpatient or inpatient ...
Shkurti-Leka Klodiana - - 2011
Salmonella is a gram-negative bacillus that penetrates in human from contaminated food or water. Sallmonela spondylodiscitis is a rare condition occur secondary to hematogenous spread after bacteremia episode. We presented a successful treatment with Levofloxacin in a 26 years old immunocompetent male with a septic form of sallmonelosis complicated with ...
Grandes Gonzalo - - 2011
We evaluate the effectiveness of a physical activity promotion programme carried out by general practitioners with inactive patients in routine care. Pragmatic, cluster randomised clinical trial conducted in eleven public primary care centres in Spain. Fifty-six general practitioners (GPs) were randomly assigned to intervention (29) or standard care (27) groups. ...
Bekkering W Peter - - 2011
Aim of our study was to compare functional ability and physical activity in children and young adults who underwent surgery for a malignant bone tumor that was located around the knee. This cross-sectional study included 82 patients aged 8-25 years with a follow-up of 1-5 years. The functional ability and ...
Bekkering W Peter - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Aim of our study was to compare functional ability and physical activity in children and young adults who underwent surgery for a malignant bone tumor that was located around the knee. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 82 patients aged 8-25 years with a follow-up of 1-5 years. The functional ...
Tomiyama Takashi - - 2011
The efficacy of oral steroid therapy for autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is well known, and oral prednisolone treatment is most usually commenced at 30-40 mg/day, but there have been few reports about comparative studies of oral steroid therapy and steroid pulse therapy as the initial treatment for AIP. We studied the ...
Bates Angela C - - 2011
ABSTRACT This case report describes occupational therapy (OT) intervention in an outpatient setting and outcomes for a child diagnosed with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) from 4 to 28 months of age. There is little information on therapy intervention and outcomes of children who have survived. The patient is a white ...
Marchant-Forde R M - - 2010
This study examined the effects of infrared beak treatment (IR-BT) and hot blade beak trimming (HB-BT) on beak length and production in laying hen pullets. Seventy-two 1-d-old birds were randomly assigned to the HB-BT, IR-BT, or control group. Birds were pair housed by treatment, and beak images and production indices ...
Cetinbas Ferda - - 2010
Glutamine is an important substrate for enterocyte and other rapidly proliferating cells. Low plasma and tissue levels present in glutamine in critically ill patients suggest that demand may exceed endogenous supply. Because commercially available amino acid solutions do not contain glutamine because of its instability in aqueous solution, conventional total ...
Haverkort E B - - 2010
Esophagectomy with gastric tube reconstruction results in a variety of postoperative nutrition-related symptoms that may influence the patient's nutritional status. We developed a 15-item questionnaire, focusing on the nutrition-related complaints the first year after an esophagectomy. The questionnaire was filled out the first week after discharge and 3, 6, and ...
Twine C P - - 2010
BACKGROUND:: The aim was to investigate the effects of statin therapy on abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) disease. METHODS:: PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Embase and ClinicalTrials.gov were searched for all studies on any clinical effect of statin therapy on AAA. Outcomes were selected based on their inclusion in two or more ...
Twine C P - - 2011
The aim was to investigate the effects of statin therapy on abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) disease. PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Embase and ClinicalTrials.gov were searched for all studies on any clinical effect of statin therapy on AAA. Outcomes were selected based on their inclusion in two or more studies: AAA ...
Ng Diana - - 2011
Intratympanic gentamicin therapy for the treatment of episodic vertigo associated with Ménière's disease is generally well tolerated. Although auditory and vestibular symptoms following intratympanic gentamicin are well known, visual disturbance has not been previously described. In this report, we describe two patients with Ménière's disease who developed sudden onset of ...
Schuh Reinhard - - 2010
Recent pedobarographic studies have demonstrated decreased loading of the great toe region and the first metatarsal head at a short- and intermediate-term followup. The purpose of the present study was to determine if a postoperative rehabilitation program helped to improve weightbearing of the first ray after chevron osteotomy for correction ...
Marik Paul E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Recent observational studies suggest that bleeding from stress ulceration is extremely uncommon in intensive care unit patients. Furthermore, the risk of bleeding may not be altered by the use of acid suppressive therapy. Early enteral tube feeding (initiated within 48 hrs of intensive care unit admission) may account for ...
Gatt M - - 2010
Inadequate gut function is common and may adversely affect prognosis. However, it is difficult to measure and treatment options are limited. This study evaluated whether gut-specific nutrients (GSNs) could stimulate the return of gut function in critically ill patients, and assessed what effect, if any, this would have on patient ...
Visser Reina - - 2010
After 25 years of practice and positive results of the Rehbein-procedure (RB) for children with Hirschsprung Disease (HD), we changed to the less invasive transanal endorectal pull through (TERPT). The aim of this study was to compare short- and mid-term complications of these two procedures in our patients with HD. ...
Lacson Eduardo E - - 2011
Higher mortality risk reported with reuse versus single use of dialyzers is potentially related to reuse reagents that modify membrane surface characteristics and the blood-membrane interface. A key mechanism may involve stimulation of an inflammatory response. In a prospective crossover design, laboratory markers and mortality from 23 hemodialysis facilities abandoning ...
Meslemani Danny - - 2010
We conducted a prospective observational study of tracheostomy tubes with three primary goals: (1) to identify the presence and location of bacterial biofilms on adult tubes, (2) to determine how soon after insertion of a tube the presence of a biofilm could be identified, and (3) to identify the bacterial ...
Swygert Kimberly A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: During the United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 2 Clinical Skills examination, examinees rotate through 12 standardized patient (SP) encounters. Examinees have 25 minutes per encounter to interact with SPs and complete postencounter patient notes (PNs), and they may end the SP interaction early to spend extra time on ...
Vieira Josiel Paiva - - 2010
To compare the effect of parenteral versus enteral nutritional support in severe acute pancreatitis, with respect to efficacy, safety, morbidity, mortality and length of hospitalization. The study was comprised of 31 patients, divided into a parenteral group (n=16) and an enteral group (n=15), who met severity criteria for abdominal tomography ...
Tsou Yung-An - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To survey the risk factors of pharyngeal stenosis after laryngopharyngectomy in patients with advanced hypopharyngeal cancers. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with chart review. SETTING: Tertiary medical center. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Pharyngeal stenosis rates and risk factors were compared between two groups of laryngopharyngectomy patients: a group that underwent concurrent ...
Kang Yunkyeong - - 2010
Enteral nutritional support has been used via tube feeding for dysphagic stroke patients. We performed long and short term trials to evaluate the effects of commercial enteral nutritional supports on nutrition and health in stroke patients (mRS = 3~5) and quality of life in their caregivers. For a long term ...
Bianchi Carlo - - 2011
We report the long-term history of two patients with oropharyngeal dysphagia subsequent to partial resection of the larynx (supraglottic and subtotal laryngectomy, respectively). Both fiberendoscopic and videofluoroscopy swallowing studies demonstrated aspiration of liquids and solids in the lower respiratory tract. The patients underwent a swallowing rehabilitation program and respiratory exercises ...
Al-Samkari Hanny T - - 2010
The aim of this study was to characterize the outcomes of one institute's experience regarding upper airway and feeding management in Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) neonates. A retrospective review of 33 neonates was performed. Average daily weight gain for all patients and average length of stay for each group was ...
Hallay Judit - - 2010
Intravenous lipid emulsions may contribute to the development of total parenteral nutrition (TPN)--induced hepatobiliary complications. In a prospective, randomised setting the authors compared the short-term hepatic effects of medium-chain triglycerides/short-chain triglycerides (MCT/LCT) physical mixture with a four-component intravenous (i.v.) lipid emulsion (LCT, MCT, Olive-oil and Fish-oil) in patients undergoing elective ...
Poteet Stephen J - - 2010
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) and percutaneous endoscopic gastrojejunostomy (PEGJ) are endoscopic procedures often performed by surgeons. No recent population-based study has compared inpatient mortality or length of stay between patients who undergo PEG or PEGJ placement during their hospitalization. Patients undergoing inpatient PEG or PEGJ placement and who were at ...
Liu Quanyan - - 2011
The metabolic response to gastrointestinal cancer in patients undergoing surgery is associated with hypermetabolism and insulin resistance. The potential use of synergetic anabolic hormones in conjunction with hypocaloric parenteral nutrition (HPN) has become a significant area of investigation. The presented study was performed to determine the clinical efficiency and safety ...
Shiu Jr-Rung - - 2010
There are no available data for outcomes in children's idiopathic superior mesenteric artery syndrome (SMAS) strictly treated conservatively. The aim of the study was to evaluate clinical and nutritional outcome in children with idiopathic SMAS. A 1-year prospective observation study of effects of treatment and outcome was performed in 27 ...
Hendry P O - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Routine laxatives may expedite gastrointestinal recovery and early tolerance of food within an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) programme. Combined with carbohydrate loading and oral nutritional supplements (ONS), it may further enhance recovery of gastrointestinal function and promote earlier overall recovery. METHODS: Seventy-four patients undergoing liver resection were randomized ...
Svanberg Anncarin - - 2010
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: To investigate if oral cryotherapy during myeloablative therapy may influence frequency and severity of mucositis, nutritional status and infection rate after bone marrow transplantation. BACKGROUND: Patients treated with intensive myeloablative treatment before bone marrow transplantation are all at risk to develop mucositis. Oral mucositis causes severe pain ...
Mangoud Amal M - - 2010
Lupus nephritis includes a wide range of parenchymal injuries and severity. Better predictors to outcome are needed for patients newly diagnosed with lupus nephritis, so that an appropriate management strategy may be selected. This study aimed to determine whether the ratio of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) to transforming growth factor ...
Shimazaki N - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a major nosocomial pathogen. Patients with risk factors such as long hospital admission and compromised hosts are prone to MRSA infection, particularly MRSA pneumonia that is not resolved effectively and causes significant mortality. To identify the factors affecting the efficacy of vancomycin (VCM) therapy ...
Vandenplas Y - - 2010
Infants and children with cow's milk-sensitive enteropathy are treated with extensively hydrolyzed formulas. A formula (New Alfaré) was developed by a protein hydrolysis method that yields an amino acid profile that more closely resembles human milk compared to previous formulas, and contains nucleotides. The current study was a prospective, open ...
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