Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1498
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Newman Hadas - - 2011
To evaluate the safety and effect of systemic anti-vascular endothelial growth factor bevacizumab (Avastin) in treatment of exudative retinal detachment secondary to choroidal melanoma. Two patients were definitively treated with ophthalmic plaque radiation therapy and subsequently given 10 mg/kg intravenous bevacizumab every 2 weeks for 3 or 4 cycles. Complete ...
Cho Yeoungjee - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The role of seasonal variation in peritoneal dialysis (PD)-related peritonitis has been limited to a few small single-centre studies.METHODS: Using all 6610 Australian patients receiving PD between 1 October 2003 and 31 December 2008, we evaluated the influence of seasons on peritonitis rates (Poisson regression) and outcomes (multivariable logistic ...
Thirugnanasambathan Thulasi - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Determinants and outcomes of peritoneal dialysis (PD)-associated peritonitis occurring within 4 weeks of completion of therapy of a prior episode caused by the same (relapse) or different organism (recurrence) recently have been characterized. However, determinants and outcomes of peritonitis occurring more than 4 weeks after treatment of a prior ...
Davenport Andrew - - 2011
Background and Objectives: Fungal peritonitis increases the risk of transfer to haemodialysis and mortality. Methods: We audited the effect of co-prescription of daily oral fluconazole with antibiotics in the Pan Thames centres on fungal peritonitis. Results: We found 49 (1.5%) fungal peritonitis cases in 3,322 episodes of peritonitis. Two centres ...
Montero Javier A - - 2011
To report the anatomic and functional outcome of intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) to treat choroidal neovascularization (CNV) following photodynamic therapy (PDT) to treat recurrent central serous choroidopathy (CSC). This was an interventional case report in which verteporfin PDT was performed in a case of recurrent CSC. Following PDT, the patient developed ...
Oon Jolene - - 2011
Salmonella bacteremia can be complicated by mycotic aneurysm with the potential for a catastrophic presentation. Treatment involves prompt surgery with debridement, extraanatomic bypass, and prolonged antibiotic therapy. Any relapse tends to occur within the 1(st) year after surgery. We describe a case of Salmonella enteritidis mycotic aneurysm in a 56-year-old ...
Peros Kristina - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To determine the physiologic changes of salivary flow rate, pH, and buffer capacity and the levels of Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus spp in patients undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment. Materials and Methods: The study included 23 patients scheduled for fixed orthodontic therapy. All subjects received equal braces, bands, and ...
Feng Guan-Ming - - 2011
Free jejunal flap reconstruction is the main treatment for patients after pharyngo-oesophagectomy. Flaps are unavoidably subjected to ischaemia and reperfusion (I/R) during preparation. Enteral nutrition has been shown to improve the recovery of injured intestine, although the precise underlying mechanism remains unclear. This study was aimed to determine whether early ...
Stepp Cara E - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the relative fundamental frequency (RFF) surrounding a voiceless consonant in patients with hyperfunctionally related voice disorders would normalize after a successful course of voice therapy. Pre- and posttherapy measurements of RFF were compared in 16 subjects undergoing voice therapy for voice ...
Herridge Margaret S - - 2011
There have been few detailed, in-person interviews and examinations to obtain follow-up data on 5-year outcomes among survivors of the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We evaluated 109 survivors of ARDS at 3, 6, and 12 months and at 2, 3, 4, and 5 years after discharge from the intensive ...
Taradaj J - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To estimate early and long-term results of physical methods in the treatment of venous leg ulcers. METHOD: In group A after surgical operation, 40 patients were treated with the high-voltage stimulation (HVS) (100&emsp14;µs, 100&emsp14;Hz, 100&emsp14;V) and drug therapy. In group B after operation, 37 patients were treated with ultrasound ...
Szary Nicholas M - - 2011
Traditionally, tube feedings have been delayed after gastrostomy placement to the next day and up to 24 hours postprocedure. However, results from various randomized clinical trials (RCTs) indicate earlier feeding may be an option. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis to analyze the effect of earlier feedings (≤3 h) after percutaneous ...
Arendt E - - 2011
Background There are no accepted objective criteria for return to activity after a first time lateral patella dislocation. Objective To define the characteristics of first time lateral patallofemoral dislocation (PFD) patients and their timeline for return to activity. Design Prospective observational. Setting University and private clinic. Patients 31 patients were ...
Pollard Deborah L - - 2011
Even with the gradual upward trends in breastfeeding initiation and duration, breastfeeding rates at 6 months continue to lag well behind the 50% target set for any breastfeeding and the 25% target set for exclusive breastfeeding by the Healthy People 2010 initiatives. Overall evidence is limited in identifying effective interventions that ...
Terai Naim - - 2011
Purpose:  To investigate the effect of statins on ocular microcirculation in patients with hypercholesterolaemia. Methods:  Ten patients with hypercholesterolaemia were included in this study. The diameter of retinal vessels was measured continuously with the retinal vessel analyser (RVA) before and 4 weeks after statin therapy. After baseline assessment, a monochromatic luminance ...
Farr Sebastian - - 2011
PURPOSE: Strategies for extracorporeal shockwave therapy in calcifying tendinitis of the rotator cuff vary concerning quantity of sessions and doses. The purpose of this prospective pilot study was to determine the difference between the outcome of a single high-dosage extracorporeal shockwave therapy and two sessions of low-dosage extracorporeal shockwave therapy. ...
Bertorello N - - 2011
In the present study the authors evaluated therapy-related long-term adverse effects and physical activity in a cohort of long-term survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), diagnosed in their center between March 1991 and August 2000, treated according to the AIEOP (Associazione Italiana di Ematologia e Oncologia Pediatrica) ALL 91 ...
Creaney Leon - - 2011
Growth factor technologies are increasingly used to enhance healing in musculoskeletal injuries, particularly in sports medicine. Two such products; platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and autologous blood, have a growing body of supporting evidence. No previous trial has directly compared the efficacy of these two methods. Growth factor administration improves tissue regeneration ...
Vissers Maaike M - - 2011
Background After total hip arthroplasty (THA), patients today (who tend to be younger and more active than those who previously underwent this surgical procedure) have high expectations regarding functional outcome. Therefore, patients need to be well informed about recovery of physical functioning after THA. PURPOSE: /b> The purpose of this ...
Hsiao Fei-Yuan - - 2011
Abstract Study Objective. To compare Helicobacter pylori eradication therapy with antisecretory therapy alone on the risk of hospitalization for a major ulcer event. Design. Retrospective, population-based cohort study. Data Source. The 2000-2006 National Health Insurance database in Taiwan. Patients. A total of 838,176 patients diagnosed with a gastrointestinal ulcer and ...
Paneroni Mara - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Treatment of bronchiectasis includes drugs, oxygen therapy and bronchial clearance maneuvers. The aim of the current study was to assess safety and efficacy of Intrapulmonary Percussive Ventilation when compared with usual Chest Physical Therapy in patients with bronchiectasis. METHODS: In two consecutive days, 22 patients underwent both Intrapulmonary Percussive ...
Wolle Meraf A - - 2011
To evaluate the physical functioning of Ethiopian trichiasis surgery patients before and 6 months after surgery. Nested cohort study. This study was nested within the Surgery for Trichiasis, Antibiotics to Prevent Recurrence (STAR) clinical trial conducted in Ethiopia. Demographic information, ocular examinations, and physical functioning assessments were collected before and ...
Feeney C - - 2011
Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) after esophagectomy have been reported to occur in 15-30% of patients and are the most common causes of major morbidity and mortality. Risk factors for the development of PPCs include impairment in lung function, cardiac reserve, aerobic capacity, and body composition. Physical activity is associated with ...
Holstege Marije S - - 2011
Holstege MS, Lindeboom R, Lucas C. Preoperative quadriceps strength as a predictor for short-term functional outcome after total hip replacement. To determine the preoperative strength of the muscle group of the lower extremity that is most important in predicting functional recovery after primary unilateral total hip replacement (THR). Prospective observational ...
Baker M L ML Nutrition Support Team, Department of Dietetics, Leicester Royal Infirmary, University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust, Leicester, - - 2011
Patients with a high-output stoma (HOS) (> 2000 ml/day) suffer from dehydration, hypomagnesaemia and under-nutrition. This study aimed to determine the incidence, aetiology and outcome of HOS. The number of stomas fashioned between 2002 and 2006 was determined. An early HOS was defined as occurring in hospital within 3 weeks ...
van Langeveld Sacha A - - 2011
Background Research reports have described the contents of therapy in spinal cord injury (SCI) rehabilitation only as the total number of therapy hours. We developed the Spinal Cord Injury-Interventions Classification System (SCI-ICS) as a tool to classify therapy to improve mobility and self-care into 3 levels (body functions, basic activities, ...
Khawaji Mohamed - - 2011
It has been shown that patients with severe haemophilia treated on demand are not as physically active as their healthy peers and often have a sedentary lifestyle that contributes to chronic joint disease. The use of prophylaxis provides opportunities for participation in physical activities with fewer bleeding episodes. The objective ...
Steinacker Juergen M - - 2011
To compare the long-term effects of comprehensive outpatient versus inpatient rehabilitation with respect to morbidity and mortality, as well as to changes in physical performance and physical activity. A total of 163 consecutive patients were enrolled for comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation (CCR) following a recent coronary event, to outpatient or inpatient ...
Shkurti-Leka Klodiana - - 2011
Salmonella is a gram-negative bacillus that penetrates in human from contaminated food or water. Sallmonela spondylodiscitis is a rare condition occur secondary to hematogenous spread after bacteremia episode. We presented a successful treatment with Levofloxacin in a 26 years old immunocompetent male with a septic form of sallmonelosis complicated with ...
Grandes Gonzalo - - 2011
We evaluate the effectiveness of a physical activity promotion programme carried out by general practitioners with inactive patients in routine care. Pragmatic, cluster randomised clinical trial conducted in eleven public primary care centres in Spain. Fifty-six general practitioners (GPs) were randomly assigned to intervention (29) or standard care (27) groups. ...
Watanabe Yoshiko Y Department of Vascular Surgery, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, - - 2011
To assess the utility of skin perfusion pressure (SPP) measurement in evaluating the outcome of vascular constructions for critical limb ischemia (CLI) patients. We retrospectively studied 19 lower limbs in 18 patients who underwent arterial reconstruction for CLI from whom SPP measurements had been obtained pre- and postoperatively between 2008 ...
Bekkering W Peter - - 2011
Aim of our study was to compare functional ability and physical activity in children and young adults who underwent surgery for a malignant bone tumor that was located around the knee. This cross-sectional study included 82 patients aged 8-25 years with a follow-up of 1-5 years. The functional ability and ...
Bekkering W Peter - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Aim of our study was to compare functional ability and physical activity in children and young adults who underwent surgery for a malignant bone tumor that was located around the knee. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 82 patients aged 8-25 years with a follow-up of 1-5 years. The functional ...
Tomiyama Takashi - - 2011
The efficacy of oral steroid therapy for autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is well known, and oral prednisolone treatment is most usually commenced at 30-40 mg/day, but there have been few reports about comparative studies of oral steroid therapy and steroid pulse therapy as the initial treatment for AIP. We studied the ...
Bates Angela C - - 2011
ABSTRACT This case report describes occupational therapy (OT) intervention in an outpatient setting and outcomes for a child diagnosed with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) from 4 to 28 months of age. There is little information on therapy intervention and outcomes of children who have survived. The patient is a white ...
Marchant-Forde R M - - 2010
This study examined the effects of infrared beak treatment (IR-BT) and hot blade beak trimming (HB-BT) on beak length and production in laying hen pullets. Seventy-two 1-d-old birds were randomly assigned to the HB-BT, IR-BT, or control group. Birds were pair housed by treatment, and beak images and production indices ...
Cetinbas Ferda - - 2010
Glutamine is an important substrate for enterocyte and other rapidly proliferating cells. Low plasma and tissue levels present in glutamine in critically ill patients suggest that demand may exceed endogenous supply. Because commercially available amino acid solutions do not contain glutamine because of its instability in aqueous solution, conventional total ...
Haverkort E B - - 2010
Esophagectomy with gastric tube reconstruction results in a variety of postoperative nutrition-related symptoms that may influence the patient's nutritional status. We developed a 15-item questionnaire, focusing on the nutrition-related complaints the first year after an esophagectomy. The questionnaire was filled out the first week after discharge and 3, 6, and ...
Twine C P - - 2010
BACKGROUND:: The aim was to investigate the effects of statin therapy on abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) disease. METHODS:: PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Embase and ClinicalTrials.gov were searched for all studies on any clinical effect of statin therapy on AAA. Outcomes were selected based on their inclusion in two or more ...
Twine C P - - 2011
The aim was to investigate the effects of statin therapy on abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) disease. PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Embase and ClinicalTrials.gov were searched for all studies on any clinical effect of statin therapy on AAA. Outcomes were selected based on their inclusion in two or more studies: AAA ...
Ng Diana - - 2011
Intratympanic gentamicin therapy for the treatment of episodic vertigo associated with Ménière's disease is generally well tolerated. Although auditory and vestibular symptoms following intratympanic gentamicin are well known, visual disturbance has not been previously described. In this report, we describe two patients with Ménière's disease who developed sudden onset of ...
Schuh Reinhard - - 2010
Recent pedobarographic studies have demonstrated decreased loading of the great toe region and the first metatarsal head at a short- and intermediate-term followup. The purpose of the present study was to determine if a postoperative rehabilitation program helped to improve weightbearing of the first ray after chevron osteotomy for correction ...
Marik Paul E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Recent observational studies suggest that bleeding from stress ulceration is extremely uncommon in intensive care unit patients. Furthermore, the risk of bleeding may not be altered by the use of acid suppressive therapy. Early enteral tube feeding (initiated within 48 hrs of intensive care unit admission) may account for ...
Visser Reina - - 2010
After 25 years of practice and positive results of the Rehbein-procedure (RB) for children with Hirschsprung Disease (HD), we changed to the less invasive transanal endorectal pull through (TERPT). The aim of this study was to compare short- and mid-term complications of these two procedures in our patients with HD. ...
Gatt M M Combined Gastroenterology Research Unit, Scarborough Hospital, Scarborough, - - 2010
Inadequate gut function is common and may adversely affect prognosis. However, it is difficult to measure and treatment options are limited. This study evaluated whether gut-specific nutrients (GSNs) could stimulate the return of gut function in critically ill patients, and assessed what effect, if any, this would have on patient ...
Lacson Eduardo E - - 2011
Higher mortality risk reported with reuse versus single use of dialyzers is potentially related to reuse reagents that modify membrane surface characteristics and the blood-membrane interface. A key mechanism may involve stimulation of an inflammatory response. In a prospective crossover design, laboratory markers and mortality from 23 hemodialysis facilities abandoning ...
Meslemani Danny - - 2010
We conducted a prospective observational study of tracheostomy tubes with three primary goals: (1) to identify the presence and location of bacterial biofilms on adult tubes, (2) to determine how soon after insertion of a tube the presence of a biofilm could be identified, and (3) to identify the bacterial ...
Swygert Kimberly A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: During the United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 2 Clinical Skills examination, examinees rotate through 12 standardized patient (SP) encounters. Examinees have 25 minutes per encounter to interact with SPs and complete postencounter patient notes (PNs), and they may end the SP interaction early to spend extra time on ...
Vieira Josiel Paiva - - 2010
To compare the effect of parenteral versus enteral nutritional support in severe acute pancreatitis, with respect to efficacy, safety, morbidity, mortality and length of hospitalization. The study was comprised of 31 patients, divided into a parenteral group (n=16) and an enteral group (n=15), who met severity criteria for abdominal tomography ...
Tsou Yung-An - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To survey the risk factors of pharyngeal stenosis after laryngopharyngectomy in patients with advanced hypopharyngeal cancers. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with chart review. SETTING: Tertiary medical center. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Pharyngeal stenosis rates and risk factors were compared between two groups of laryngopharyngectomy patients: a group that underwent concurrent ...
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