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Results 251 - 300 of 1487
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Graham Eric M EM Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, USA. - - 2013
To determine the incidence of vitamin D deficiency in neonates with congenital heart disease and whether differences exist by race. In addition, we determined the effect of cardiopulmonary bypass on vitamin D levels and explored associations between 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels and postoperative outcomes. We performed a secondary analysis of ...
Donovan Peter J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa) is used for many off-label indications without high quality evidence to support its efficacy. The aim of this study was to determine indications for use of off-label rFVIIa, efficacy and safety, and adherence to institutional guidelines. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of off-label rFVIIa ...
Tan Yew-Wei - - 2012
Best oxygenation index on day 1 (BOId1) had been shown to predict survival in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Serial oxygenation index (OI) may enable better assessment of response to cardiorespiratory support than BOId1. All antenatally diagnosed CDH from one tertiary neonatal unit were retrospectively reviewed. Oxygenation index at 6, 12, ...
Deo Salil V - - 2012
Abstract  Introduction: Severe tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is present in nearly half the patients undergoing implant of a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) and its correction confers better long-term outcome. Aim: To compare the early and late results of tricuspid valve repair (TVrpr) or replacement (TVR) with LVAD implant. Patient and ...
Hanc─▒ Volkan - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of saline solution, bupivacaine, lidocaine and tramadol infiltration on wound healing in rats. Thirty-two male Wistar Albino rats were randomly separated into four groups, receiving 3mL saline solution in control group (Group C, n=8), 3mL of 2% lidocaine in lidocaine ...
Lauten Philipp - - 2012
Intra-aortic counterpulsation (IABP) is frequently applied to provide hemodynamic support in patients with refractory cardiogenic shock (CS) of ischemic and non-ischemic cause. However, clinical data comparing outcomes are lacking for both indications. The purpose of this analysis was to evaluate outcome and safety of IABP support in patients with ischemic ...
Charity John - - 2012
The aim of this study is to present the medium- to long-term results of all cases of femoral impaction allografting revision at our institution that required an extended trochanteric osteotomy (ETO) at the time of surgery. Eighteen patients with a mean age of 60 years were evaluated. Indication for revision ...
Scott Nicholas B - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To establish whether a nationally guided programme can lead to more widespread implementation of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS), a well-established optimised care pathway for lower limb arthroplasty. DESIGN: In 2010, National Services Scotland's Musculoskeletal Audit was asked to perform a 'snapshot' audit of the current peri-operative management of ...
Krum Henry - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) remains a condition with high morbidity and mortality. We tested a telephone support strategy to reduce major events in rural and remote Australians with HF, who have limited healthcare access. Telephone support comprised an interactive telecommunication software tool (TeleWatch) with follow-up by trained cardiac nurses. METHODS: ...
Sutton Mark D - - 2012
The Mollusca is one of the most diverse, important and well-studied invertebrate phyla; however, relationships among major molluscan taxa have long been a subject of controversy. In particular, the position of the shell-less vermiform Aplacophora and its relationship to the better-known Polyplacophora (chitons) have been problematic: Aplacophora has been treated ...
Ma Terry King-wing TK Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, PR - - 2013
Peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis secondary to Campylobacter organisms is uncommon. Few studies have assessed either treatment or clinical outcomes. We reviewed all Campylobacter peritonitis episodes occurring in a single dialysis unit from 1994 to 2011. During the study period, 12 episodes of Campylobacter peritonitis (0.45% of all peritonitis episodes) were recorded. ...
O'Callaghan David J P - - 2012
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Delayed patient admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) due to lack of bed availability is a common problem but the effect on patient outcome is not fully known. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed using departmental computerised records to determine the effect of delayed ICU admission and ...
Sanders Kate L - - 2012
The viviparous sea snakes (Hydrophiinae: Hydrophiini) comprise a young but morphologically and ecologically diverse clade distributed throughout the Indo-Pacific. Despite presenting a very promising model for marine diversification studies, many relationships among the 62 species and 16 genera in Hydrophiini remain unresolved. Here, we extend previous taxonomic and genomic sampling ...
Dres Martin - - 2012
PURPOSE: To compare breathing pattern descriptors and diaphragm electromyographic activity (EAdi)-derived indices obtained from a neurally adjusted ventilatory assist catheter during a spontaneous breathing trial (SBT) in patients successfully and unsuccessfully separated from the ventilator and to assess their performance as a potential marker to discriminate these two categories of ...
Erturhan Sakip M - - 2012
PURPOSE: To reveal the possible role of mycoplasmas in the etiopathogenesis of prostate cancer. METHODS: In the study, prostate biopsy was performed on 62 patients with an abnormal digital rectal examination and/or elevated PSA. The patients' age was between 62 and 77 (mean 65.4 years) years. Thirty-one patients had adenocarcinoma of ...
Gee T - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic chronic anal fissure is believed to be a consequence of a traumatic acute anodermal tear followed by recurrent inflammation and poor healing due to relative tissue ischaemia secondary to internal sphincter spasm. This pilot trial compared the efficacy of a novel manufactured ano-coccygeal support attached to a standard ...
Heiss John D - - 2012
Chiari malformation Type I (CM-I) is characterized by hindbrain deformity. We investigated the effects of craniocervical decompression surgery on the anatomical features of hindbrain deformity with a prospective MRI study of patients with CM-I. A prospective longitudinal study was conducted in 48 patients with CM-I (39 with syringomyelia) treated with ...
Sinner Moritz F - - 2012
Guidelines recommend evaluation of cardiac function, valvular and ischemic heart disease, and thyroid, kidney, and liver function on initial diagnosis of atrial fibrillation (AF). We hypothesized that initial workup of patients with newly identified AF would vary by age, sex, and burden of comorbid illness. In a retrospective analysis of ...
Jeppesen Palle B - - 2012
BACKGROUND & AIMS:: Teduglutide, a glucagon-like peptide 2 analogue, might restore intestinal structural and functional integrity by promoting growth of the mucosa and reducing gastric emptying and secretion. These factors could increase fluid and nutrient absorption in patients with short-bowel syndrome with intestinal failure (SBS-IF). We performed a prospective study ...
Soro Marina - - 2012
CONTEXT: Volatile anaesthetics may have direct cardioprotective properties due to effects similar to ischaemic preconditioning and postconditioning. Clinical results in cardiac surgery patients are controversial and may be related to the timing of administration of anaesthetics intraoperatively. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesised that the cardioprotective effect of sevoflurane in coronary bypass graft ...
Bajolle F - - 2012
Adverse events related to vitamin K antagonist (VKA) therapy might be reduced by point-of-care international normalised ratio (POC INR) monitoring supported by an education program (EP). Our aim was to evaluate the efficacy of a non-selective VKA paediatric EP (regardless of the social, economic, educational or linguistic levels) by analysing ...
Unosawa Satoshi - - 2012
PURPOSE: Postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock is still associated with a poor prognosis. We reviewed patients undergoing extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support for postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock and assessed their long-term outcomes. METHODS: The subjects were 47 patients who received ECMO support for cardiogenic shock after open heart surgery. We analyzed the long-term ...
Sá Michel Pompeu B O - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of a prophylactic intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) in high-risk patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL/CCTR, SciELO, LILACS, Google Scholar, and reference lists of relevant articles were searched. We included only randomized controlled trials. Assessments ...
Ius Fabio - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Patients requiring extracorporeal cardiorespiratory support during lung transplantation can be treated with conventional cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) or venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). In a retrospective analysis, we compared the postoperative course and outcomes of patients treated using these approaches. METHODS: Between August 2008 and September 2011, 92 consecutive patients ...
Mitterlechner Thomas - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to assess the effects of positioning the head on a support on "head position angles" to optimally open the upper airway during bag-valve mask ventilation. METHODS: We ventilated the lungs of anesthetized adults with a bag-valve mask and the head positioned with (n ...
Munoz M A - - 2012
In rheumatoid diseases, hindfoot arthrodesis abolishes pain and corrects deformity. The choice between selective and double arthrodesis depends on whether the hindfoot malalignment is fixed or not. Indications for surgery are well codified. The various types of arthrodesis have never been assessed together on a large series. We here report ...
Epinette J-A - - 2012
This study originated from a symposium held by the French Hip and Knee Society (Société française de la hanche et du genou [SFHG]) and was carried out to better assess the distribution of causes of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) failures, as well as cause-specific delay to onset. Our working hypothesis ...
Lebiedz Pia - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Previous investigations have suggested beneficial effects of fresh versus stored red blood cell transfusion in critically ill patients. The present study investigates the effects of red blood cell storage time on the clinical course and hemodynamic and laboratory parameters in patients with septic shock. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 18 patients ...
Cook Laurence E - - 2012
A recent development to better recreate joint kinematics has been a change from a multiradius (MR) design to a single radius (SR) design. We analyzed 559 primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) procedures which used either a SR (n = 426 Triathlon; Stryker Orthopaedics, Mahwah, NJ) or MR of curvature knee ...
Al-Zahid S S Abertawe Bro Morgannwg University Health Board, - - 2012
Controversy still surrounds the use of drains after total knee replacement (TKR). We compared closed suction drains, reinfusion drains and no drains by studying haemoglobin (Hb) levels, blood transfusion requirements and functional knee outcome scores in a single surgeon series. A total of 102 consecutive primary TKRs were performed by ...
Segal Robert L - - 2012
Study Type - Therapy (retrospective cohort) Level of Evidence 2b What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Erectile dysfunction following radical prostatectomy (RP) is among the most common and dreaded adverse effects of the surgery. Multiple studies confirm the potential benefit of various drug classes to accelerate ...
Pappas Evangelos - - 2012
Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is one of the most common overuse injuries. To assess the collective evidence of predisposing factors to PFPS. MEDLINE (1960-June 2010), EMBASE (1980-June 2010), and CINAHL (1982-June 2010). Studies were included if patients were asymptomatic at baseline testing (free of PFPS) and were prospectively followed for ...
Alsoufi Bahaaldin - - 2012
Post-cardiotomy shock (PCS) has a complex etiology. Although treatment with inotrops and intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) support improves cardiac performance, end-organ injuries are common and lead to prolonged ICU stay, extended hospitalization and increased mortality. Early consideration of mechanical circulatory support may prevent such complications and improve outcome. Between January ...
Davenport Andrew - - 2012
Background and objectives: Peritonitis is the major cause of peritoneal dialysis (PD) technique failure. Prophylactic topical antibiotics have been reported to reduce peritoneal dialysis catheter exit site infections (ESI) and peritonitis rates. Methods: We audited the effect of different exit site practices in the 12 Pan Thames and South East ...
Park Seong-Joo - - 2012
Hyperlactatemia and unmeasured anions (UMA) have been suggested to be useful predictors of outcomes after pediatric cardiac surgery in the ICU. However, if we detect high-risk patient in the operating room, we could practice early intervention to decrease mortality and morbidity. The purpose of this study was to determine whether ...
Song Bong Gun - - 2012
Background. Tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) is typically triggered by an acute emotional or physical stress events. Aim of this study was to investigate the impact of emotional stressors on clinical features, laboratory parameters, electrocardiographic and echocardiographic findings in patients with TTC. Methods. Of 103 patients enrolled from the TTC registry database, ...
Burdett Edward E Department of Anaesthesia, UCL Centre for Anaesthesia, London, UK. - - 2012
Perioperative fluid therapy influences clinical outcomes following major surgery. Fluid preparations may be based on a simple non-buffered salt solution, such as normal saline, or may be modified with bicarbonate or bicarbonate precursor buffers, such as maleate, gluconate, lactate or acetate, to better reflect the human physiological state. These latter ...
Uppal Kamaldeep K - - 2011
  The objective of our study was to determine effect of packaging method and storage time on reducing Listeria monocytogenes in shelf-stable meat snacks. Commercially available kippered beef steak strips and turkey tenders were dipped into a 5-strain L. monocytogenes cocktail, and dried at 23 °C until a water activity of 0.80 was achieved. ...
Charlier Caroline - - 2011
Background. Little is known about Listeria monocytogenes-associated bone and joint infections. Only case reports of this infection have been published.Methods. Retrospective study of culture-proven bone and joint cases reported to the French National Reference Center for Listeria from 1992 to 2010.Results. Forty-three patients were studied: 61% were men, and the median age was ...
Newman Hadas - - 2011
To evaluate the safety and effect of systemic anti-vascular endothelial growth factor bevacizumab (Avastin) in treatment of exudative retinal detachment secondary to choroidal melanoma. Two patients were definitively treated with ophthalmic plaque radiation therapy and subsequently given 10 mg/kg intravenous bevacizumab every 2 weeks for 3 or 4 cycles. Complete ...
Cho Yeoungjee - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The role of seasonal variation in peritoneal dialysis (PD)-related peritonitis has been limited to a few small single-centre studies.METHODS: Using all 6610 Australian patients receiving PD between 1 October 2003 and 31 December 2008, we evaluated the influence of seasons on peritonitis rates (Poisson regression) and outcomes (multivariable logistic ...
Thirugnanasambathan Thulasi - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Determinants and outcomes of peritoneal dialysis (PD)-associated peritonitis occurring within 4 weeks of completion of therapy of a prior episode caused by the same (relapse) or different organism (recurrence) recently have been characterized. However, determinants and outcomes of peritonitis occurring more than 4 weeks after treatment of a prior ...
Davenport Andrew - - 2011
Background and Objectives: Fungal peritonitis increases the risk of transfer to haemodialysis and mortality. Methods: We audited the effect of co-prescription of daily oral fluconazole with antibiotics in the Pan Thames centres on fungal peritonitis. Results: We found 49 (1.5%) fungal peritonitis cases in 3,322 episodes of peritonitis. Two centres ...
Montero Javier A - - 2011
To report the anatomic and functional outcome of intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) to treat choroidal neovascularization (CNV) following photodynamic therapy (PDT) to treat recurrent central serous choroidopathy (CSC). This was an interventional case report in which verteporfin PDT was performed in a case of recurrent CSC. Following PDT, the patient developed ...
Oon Jolene - - 2011
Salmonella bacteremia can be complicated by mycotic aneurysm with the potential for a catastrophic presentation. Treatment involves prompt surgery with debridement, extraanatomic bypass, and prolonged antibiotic therapy. Any relapse tends to occur within the 1(st) year after surgery. We describe a case of Salmonella enteritidis mycotic aneurysm in a 56-year-old ...
Peros Kristina - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To determine the physiologic changes of salivary flow rate, pH, and buffer capacity and the levels of Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus spp in patients undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment. Materials and Methods: The study included 23 patients scheduled for fixed orthodontic therapy. All subjects received equal braces, bands, and ...
Feng Guan-Ming - - 2011
Free jejunal flap reconstruction is the main treatment for patients after pharyngo-oesophagectomy. Flaps are unavoidably subjected to ischaemia and reperfusion (I/R) during preparation. Enteral nutrition has been shown to improve the recovery of injured intestine, although the precise underlying mechanism remains unclear. This study was aimed to determine whether early ...
Stepp Cara E - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the relative fundamental frequency (RFF) surrounding a voiceless consonant in patients with hyperfunctionally related voice disorders would normalize after a successful course of voice therapy. Pre- and posttherapy measurements of RFF were compared in 16 subjects undergoing voice therapy for voice ...
Herridge Margaret S - - 2011
There have been few detailed, in-person interviews and examinations to obtain follow-up data on 5-year outcomes among survivors of the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We evaluated 109 survivors of ARDS at 3, 6, and 12 months and at 2, 3, 4, and 5 years after discharge from the intensive ...
Taradaj J - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To estimate early and long-term results of physical methods in the treatment of venous leg ulcers. METHOD: In group A after surgical operation, 40 patients were treated with the high-voltage stimulation (HVS) (100&emsp14;µs, 100&emsp14;Hz, 100&emsp14;V) and drug therapy. In group B after operation, 37 patients were treated with ultrasound ...
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