Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1486
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Matosevic Benjamin - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Prominent fibrinogen cleavage by recombinant tissue plasminogen activator and formation of fibrinogen degradation products with anticoagulant properties was proposed to amplify the risk of thrombolysis-related bleeding complications, but supportive evidence mainly derived from studies on myocardial infarction. METHODS: This study included 547 consecutive stroke patients treated with recombinant tissue ...
Wever-Pinzon Omar - - 2013
BACKGROUND: -Bleeding is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (CF-LVADs). Reduced pulsatility has been implicated as a contributing cause. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of different degrees of pulsatility on the incidence of non-surgical bleeding. METHODS ...
Dirven Richard - - 2013
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The majority of laryngectomy patients fail to use a hands-free valve on a daily basis, mainly due to fixation problems of the adhesive baseplate housing. To support adhesive housings during hands-free speech a new external neck brace (ENB 2.0) was developed. The effect of the brace was assessed in ...
Schmidt B - - 2013
Stroke is the most devastating complication of atrial fibrillation (AF), and the latter increases the risk of stroke by almost fivefold. AF elimination by catheter ablation should lower the risk of thromboembolic complications. Several studies support this hypothesis, demonstrating rates of stroke in AF patients similar to non-AF populations after ...
Lee Soo Eon - - 2013
Object Although laminectomy is an effective surgical technique for the treatment of multilevel cervical stenotic lesions, postoperative kyphosis and neurological deterioration have been frequently reported after laminectomy. Hence, laminectomy without fusion is seldom performed nowadays. However, the clinical impression from the long-term follow-up of patients who had undergone laminectomy does ...
Cornelius Amanda M - - 2013
Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) is a reliable method to support pediatric patients with reversible cardiorespiratory failure associated with congenital heart disease, respiratory insufficiency, or after cardiac surgery. In 2010, our institution adopted an infant/pediatric extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) circuit that contains a magnetically levitated centrifugal pump, polymethylpentene oxygenator, and shorter ...
Suntharos Patcharapong - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Inducibility of sustained tachycardia is preferred prior to cryoablation for atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT). METHOD: The Pediatric Electrophysiology Database of a single institution was retrospectively reviewed for patients with clinical sustained (≥30 seconds of symptoms) AVNRT documented by noninvasive means who underwent cryoablation for AVNRT to determine if ...
Dyamenahalli Umesh - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Major congenital heart disease (CHD) is seen in 10% to 15% of patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Some neonates with CDH and major CHD are treated by surgery and some with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Because of presumed poor survival, there is significant heterogeneity in management approaches for ...
Noheria Amit - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Endocardial ablation approaches targeting the retroatrial cardiac ganglia to treat atrial fibrillation (AF) have been proposed. However, the potential value using this approach is unknown. Disruption of the autonomic inputs with orthotropic heart transplant (OHT) provides a unique opportunity to study the effects of autonomic innervation on AF genesis ...
Brunnekreef Jaap - - 2013
The purpose of the study was to compare the recovery of knee mobility after two-stage revision of an infected total knee arthroplasty using a static or mobile spacer. At 12 months follow-up, none of the patients had a recurrent infection of their new prosthesis. Knee flexion was lower in the ...
Sawi Wirzafeldi - - 2013
This was a double-blinded, prospective randomized controlled trial to compare the postoperative analgesia, side effects profile and overall satisfaction in patients who received intrathecal fentanyl with or without morphine for elective Caesarean. Sixty ASA I and II parturients were randomized into two groups. Group I received intrathecal fentanyl with 0.1 ...
Basmaci F - - 2013
AIM: To evaluate ex vivo the effectiveness of single-file instrumentation techniques compared with serial Ni-Ti rotary instrumentation with several irrigation regimens in reducing E. faecalis within root canals. METHODOLOGY: A total of 81 extracted human mandibular premolar teeth with a single root canal were infected with E. faecalis before and after canal ...
Taylor William J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine patient-derived weights or prioritisation for core outcome domains in chronic gout clinical studies. METHODS: Three patient groups participated in a conjoint decision making exercise using 1000Minds™ software that asked participants to make repeated judgements regarding which of two hypothetical patients with gout represented the best response to ...
Vriens B H R - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare externally supported thin wall knitted polyester (P-EXS) and externally unsupported thin wall knitted polyester (P-non-EXS) for above-knee (AK) femoro-popliteal bypass grafting. DESIGN: A prospective multicenter randomised clinical trial. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between 1999 and 2008, 265 AK femoro-popliteal bypass grafts (6 mm ...
Dressman Anna Smothers - - 2013
The authors conducted a prospective, randomized, single-blind study to determine the degree of pulpal anesthesia obtained with a primary infiltration of 1 cartridge of articaine in the incisive/mental nerve region of the mandibular second premolar and to determine the anesthetic efficacy of a repeat articaine infiltration 20 minutes after the ...
Roshdy Maged M - - 2013
PURPOSE: To assess the rotation and centration stability of the new design features of a 1-piece aspheric hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lens (IOL). SETTING: National Eye Hospital, Cairo, Egypt. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. METHODS: Patients in this study had implantation of a 1-piece Tecnis 1 ZCB00 IOL or a 3-piece Sensar ...
Howman Andrew - - 2013
Membranous nephropathy leads to end-stage renal disease in more than 20% of patients. Although immunosuppressive therapy benefits some patients, trial evidence for the subset of patients with declining renal function is not available. We aimed to assess whether immunosuppression preserves renal function in patients with idiopathic membranous nephropathy with declining ...
Long Hao - - 2013
Our aim was to investigate whether adding ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) to parenteral nutrition (PN) could reduce inflammation and improve immune function in patients following esophageal cancer surgery. In this pilot study, 60 patients with esophageal cancer were divided into 2 groups (30 patients in each group). All patients ...
Mikus Elisa - - 2013
We report our experience with the Levitronix CentriMag (Levitronix LLC, Waltham, MA) in the setting of venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) system support as treatment for postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock. Between January 2007 and August 2011, 14 consecutive adult patients received CentriMag ECMO support after cardiac surgery procedures at our institution. ...
Haien Zhao - - 2013
Total hip or knee arthroplasty is an elective procedure that is usually accompanied by substantial blood loss, which may lead to acute anemia. As a result, almost half of total joint arthroplasty patients receive allogeneic blood transfusions (ABT). Many studies have shown that post-operative auto-transfusion (PAT) significantly reduces the need ...
Lemaire Anthony - - 2013
The contribution of cardiogenic shock to in-hospital mortality has not decreased significantly despite prompt revascularization, advances in medical therapy, and mechanical circulatory support. For patients in cardiogenic shock, mechanical circulatory support has been provided by a variety of devices. We report the outcome of the Impella device for acute mechanical ...
Bissell L - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to analyse the outcomes of patients readmitted to ICU following initial recovery after oesophagectomy. Surgery for oesophageal cancer has significant morbidity and poor long-term outcomes. There is limited evidence concerning the long-term outcomes of patients who require readmission to the intensive care unit (ICU) ...
Yousefshahi Fardin - - 2013
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common and life-threatening complication following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and Cystatin C have shown to be good predictive factors for AKI. Recently, there has been a growing interest in the use of hypertonic saline in cardiac operations. The purpose ...
Wang Jian-Gang - - 2013
We evaluated retrospectively the early and midterm results of using veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) support in patients undergoing valvular surgery. A total of 87 patients undergoing valvular surgery received VA-ECMO due to refractory postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock (PCS), who were eligible for inclusion were enrolled in this study. Preoperative, perioperative, ...
Conseil Mathieu - - 2013
To assess the impact of a simple computer-based decision-support system (computer help) on the quality of nutrition support orders and patients' outcome in Intensive-Care Unit (ICU). This quality-improvement study was carried out in a 16-bed medical-surgical ICU in a French university hospital. All consecutive patients who stayed in ICU more ...
Sanatkar Mehdi - - 2013
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of spinal block with low dose of bupivacaine and sufentanil on patients with low cardiac output who underwent lower limb surgery. Fifteen patients who had ejection fraction less than 40% (group 1) were compared with 65 cases with ejection fraction ...
Prasitdumrong Ittipol - - 2013
To determine the degree and location of degenerative changes of the medial collateral ligament of the first metatarsophalangeal joint, using the lateral collateral ligament as a control, in patients undergoing hallux valgus correction. A strip of medial and lateral collateral ligaments were biopsied from 12 consecutive patients (age 45 ± ...
Kiziltepe Ugursay - - 2013
Left main coronary artery (LMCA) stenosis is a risk factor in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Although improved outcomes of off-pump CABG have been well documented, LMCA stenosis is often perceived as a contraindicationfor off-pump CABG. In this study, we compared on-pump and off-pump techniques in high-risk patients with LMCA ...
Eris Cuneyt - - 2013
Objective. Acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI) is a rare but serious complication after cardiac surgery. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the incidence, outcome, and perioperative risk factors of AMI in the patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery. Methods. From January 2005 to May 2013, all patients who underwent ...
Ealla Kranti Kiran Reddy - - 2013
Objectives: To study and compare the number of colony forming units of Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sanguis, Streptococcus salivarius, Streptococcus mitis and Streptococcus milleri in dentulous, edentulous and in those wearing partial and complete dentures by using semi-quantitative culture method of saliva samples with calibrated standard loop. Materials: Sterile specimen collection ...
Mir Maria C MC University of Melbourne, Department of Surgery, Austin Hospital, Melbourne, VIC, - - 2013
Our objectives were to analyze the effectiveness of epidural anesthesia in patients who underwent open retropubic radical prostatectomy (RRP) at our institution over the past decade, and to examine subsequent oncologic outcomes, comparing those receiving with those not receiving epidural anesthesia. A comprehensive database of all patients undergoing RRP from ...
Stacey D Heath DH Northwest Arkansas Center for Plastic Surgery, Fayetteville, - - 2013
Objectives: Bioengineered skin grafts, including acellular dermal matrices, may be effective in treating lower extremity and trunk wounds that are not responsive to traditional wound management. Acellular dermal wound matrix is derived from human acellular dermal wound matrix (HADWM) tissue and provides a scaffold that supports cellular repopulation and revascularization. ...
Wang Wu-Ping WP Department of Thoracic Surgery, Tangdu Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, No.1, Xinsi road, Xi'an 710038, China. - - 2013
Background: Olive oil-based lipid emulsion (LE) and medium chain triglyceride/long chain triglyceride (MCT/LCT) emulsion are both LEs with low ω-6 polyunsaturated fat acids (PUFAs) content. However, which one of these LEs is associated with a lower infection risk in patients receiving parenteral nutrition (PN) remains unclear. The aim of the ...
Abuelghar Wessam Magdy WM Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ain Shams University, Cairo, - - 2013
This study was designed to compare the Pfannenstiel versus Joel-Cohen incisions during caesarean deliveries. Women undergoing caesarean deliveries (n=153) were randomly assigned to the conventional Pfannenstiel or the Joel-Cohen incision. The outcome measures included postoperative pain, requirement for analgesics, operative time and other postoperative data. Maternal age, parity, gestational age ...
Araki Tohru T Araki Urological Clinic, Kurashiki, Okayama 710-0834, - - 2013
A crossover study was conducted to identify the best α1-adrenoceptor (α1AR) antagonist for individual patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). One hundred thirteen patients (mean age 70.8 years) were enrolled. All patients met BPH clinical study guidelines. Seven agents were utilized:tamsulosin 0.2mg, silodosin ...
Baker Paul - - 2012
PURPOSE: The use of 'hinged' knee prostheses for primary knee arthroplasty procedures is increasing. This analysis reports the rates of implant survival, modes of failure, revision details and functional outcomes with particular reference to the primary indication for surgery for a cohort of patients treated with primary hinged knee replacement. ...
Ligthart-Melis G C - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of dietician-delivered intensive nutritional support (INS) on postoperative outcome in patients with esophageal cancer. Approximately 50-80% of patients with esophageal cancer are malnourished at the time of diagnosis. Malnutrition enhances the risk of postoperative complications, resulting in delay of postoperative ...
Aggarwal Ashim - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Significant aortic insufficiency (AI) after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) placement affects device performance and end-organ perfusion. This study examined the development and progression of AI after implantation of continuous-flow LVAD. METHODS: Seventy-nine patients undergoing Heart Mate II (Thoratec Corp, Pleasanton, CA) LVAD implantation for predominantly destination therapy (n ...
Ginther O J - - 2012
Three studies were done on the effects of ipsilateral location (same ovary) versus contralateral location (opposite ovaries) of the future ovulatory follicle and CL in heifers. The numbers of heifers for the ipsilateral and contralateral groups, respectively, were: experiment (Exp) 1 (N = 4 and 4), Exp 2 (N = ...
Perera Divaka - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is conflicting evidence on the utility of elective intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) use during high-risk percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Observational series have indicated a reduction in major in-hospital adverse events although randomized trial evidence does not support this. A recent study has suggested a mortality benefit trend early ...
Park Sung Jun - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) is a widely accepted modality for the treatment of postoperative low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS) after major cardiac surgery by providing temporary circulatory support for the stunned myocardium. We sought to identify the factors that affect outcomes of ECLS for postoperative LCOS. METHODS: From 2005 ...
Ting Nicholas T - - 2012
We performed a prospective, randomized clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy of using a bidirectional barbed suture compared with traditional sutures in the deep closure of primary total hip (25) and knee (35) arthroplasties. Complications, time to closure, and length of surgery were evaluated. Closure was noted to be significantly ...
González-Contreras J - - 2012
Objective: Assess the hepatoprotective effect of Taurine (Tau) in cases of hepatic cholestasis induced by Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN). Methods: We describe a retrospective series of 54 patients who received TPN, in which cholestasis was detected at an (Intermediate) point that separates the duration of TPN into 2 Phases. From ...
Sher-i-Murtaza Muhammad - - 2012
To evaluate the impact of preoperative oral trimetazidine on myocardial protection in coronary bypass surgery. We conducted a prospective double blind randomized study in the Department of Cardiac Surgery, Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi (CPE) Institute of Cardiology, Multan, Pakistan. One hundred and seventy (170) patients of isolated CABG were included in ...
Mirza A - - 2012
Background: Many ENT conditions can be treated in the emergency clinic on an ambulatory basis. Our clinic traditionally had been run by foundation year two and specialty trainee doctors (period one). However, with perceived increasing inexperience, a dedicated registrar was assigned to support the clinic (period two). This study compared ...
Smith Lindsay K - - 2012
Routine post surgery surveillance of total hip arthroplasty (THA) is widely recommended to identify asymptomatic failure but inclusion of an x-ray adds to service costs. Evidence is needed to support orthopaedic opinion in order to identify what should be included in surveillance. An investigation was conducted to establish whether an ...
Bagan Jose - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this preliminary study was analyze the possible alterations in some salivary interleukins, usually associated with the inflammatory processes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study comprised three groups: group 1, with 26 cases with bisphosphonates-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (BRONJ). Group 2, with 29 patients who had received ...
Herrington William G - - 2012
<p>Purpose: To determine the incidence and predictors of femoral tunneled dialysis catheter (TDC)-related complications and whether prophylactic anticoagulation is associated with reduced catheter-related deep vein thrombosis (CRT) or prolonged patency. Methods: A retrospective review of femoral TDCs inserted for maintenance hemodialysis in patients from two dialysis units that have used ...
Umrani Salil P - - 2012
Although avoiding patellar eversion during a total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has theoretical benefit in quadriceps recovery, there has been paucity of supportive objective clinical results. We prospectively designed the study whether TKA without patellar eversion has better quadriceps recovery in an objective, dynamometer study. Seventy-two knees undergoing TKA with midvastus ...
Graham Eric M EM Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, USA. - - 2013
To determine the incidence of vitamin D deficiency in neonates with congenital heart disease and whether differences exist by race. In addition, we determined the effect of cardiopulmonary bypass on vitamin D levels and explored associations between 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels and postoperative outcomes. We performed a secondary analysis of ...
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