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Rashid Rizwan Haroon - - 2013
A prevailing perception regarding night time surgery is that the probability of complications may be higher due to decreased availability of support staff, surgeon fatigue and other logistical factors. However there is little data supporting this notion in hip fracture surgery and we studied this in the context of Intertrochanteric ...
Zhang Shurong - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Postoperative passive motion is the most widely accepted rehabilitation protocol after rotator cuff repair; however, a rotator cuff retear remains a frequent surgical complication. Clinical outcomes indicate that early passive motion is harmless to rotator cuff healing, but no laboratory evidence supports this proposition. HYPOTHESES:(1) Immediate postoperative immobilization improves rotator ...
Marson Ben - - 2013
Lateral unicompartment knee replacements are performed infrequently in the United Kingdom. This study evaluates the experience of two knee surgeons in a District General Hospital for all lateral unicompartmental arthroplasties performed between October 2007 and August 2011. Two different implants were used in this time period, the Oxford domed and ...
Farid Waqar R R - - 2013
Ischemic-type biliary lesions (ITBLs) are major causes of morbidity after liver transplantation (LT). Their assumed underlying pathophysiological mechanism is ischemia/reperfusion injury of the biliary tree, in which the portal circulation has been proposed recently to have a role. The aim of this study was to investigate whether early histological changes, ...
Mehdi Z - - 2013
To provide a comprehensive review of the current evidence on post-stroke urinary incontinence. An electronic database search was performed to identify relevant studies and review articles related to Urinary Incontinence (UI) in the stroke population between the years 1966 and 2012. Urinary incontinence following stroke is a common problem affecting ...
Voorhuis Frouke T R - - 2013
Stored red blood cells undergo progressive structural and functional changes over time. Recently, concerns have been raised about the transfusion of older red blood cell (RBC) concentrates after cardiac surgery. The objective of the study was to test the hypothesis that longer storage time of RBCs increases the risk of ...
Choi Jae Hyuck - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the functional outcome as measured by prospective gait analysis of patients undergoing total ankle arthroplasty using a 2-component Salto Talaris total ankle prostheses with a fixed polyethylene bearing. Twenty-one patients with severe ankle arthritis who underwent unilateral total ankle arthroplasty using a ...
Castañeda Pablo - - 2013
: The presence of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) after a slipped capital femoral epiphysis is thought to predispose the subsequent development of osteoarthritis (OA); however, there is a lack of evidence to support this hypothesis. : One hundred twenty-one patients with stable slipped capital femoral epiphysis treated with in situ fixation ...
Hwang Kevin O - - 2013
Delivering personal narratives and peer support for CRC screening in an online weight-loss community could be an efficient approach to engaging individuals at increased risk, because obesity is associated with excess colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality and lower screening rates. Evaluate user engagement and impact of narratives and peer support for ...
Silberman Shuli - - 2013
A comparison was made of the outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and surgical aortic valve replacement (AVR) in high-risk patients. All patients aged > 75 years that underwent a procedure for severe aortic stenosis with or without coronary revascularization at the authors' institution were included in the study; ...
Dragin Aleksandra S - - 2013
Improvement in gait abilities is one of the important goals of stroke rehabilitation. The Walkaround is a new postural assistance device for gait training, which allows an early start for gait training. This device provides body postural support (BPS) and trunk orientation by means of a lumbar belt that is ...
Oliveria S A - - 2013
Naevogenesis is a process known to occur throughout life. To date investigators have made conclusions about new naevi in adults based on results of cross-sectional studies. Determine the incidence of new naevus development in adults and describe the dermoscopic morphology of new naevi. A cohort of patients from the outpatient ...
Piekarska Magda Lucyna - - 2013
Measurement of serum cardiac troponin T concentration (cTnT) after aortic valve replacement (AVR) provides the opportunity to assess the degree of myocardial damage and may nave some prognostic value. The aim of this study was to determine whether elevated troponin level is related to patient outcome. We investigated patient outcome ...
Koolen Bas B - - 2013
OBJECTIVESPrediction of atrial fibrillation (AF) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) may lead to preventive or early treatment and improved outcome. We investigated the association of serial perioperative cardiac troponin T (cTNT) measurements with postoperative AF in patients undergoing CABG.METHODSIn a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data, 3148 patients undergoing ...
Sanil Yamuna - - 2013
VIS, a quantitative index of pressor support, has been shown to be a predictor of morbidity and mortality in infants younger than six months who underwent CPB. Data on its prognostic utility following pediatric OHT are lacking. This study compared clinical outcomes in children with differential VIS after pediatric OHT. ...
Agusti Alvar - - 2013
The 2011 Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) classifies patients with COPD into four groups (A to D).We explored the characteristics, stability and relationship to outcomes of these groups within the ECLIPSE study (n=2101).Main results showed that: (1) these groups differed in several clinical, functional, imaging and biological ...
Cho Kye-Youl - - 2013
PURPOSE: The proponents of minimally invasive total knee arthroplasty (TKA) have reported better functional recovery than conventional TKA. In most of the previous studies, the results were shown with the relatively subjective methods. We investigated the objective results with a dynamometry in this prospective randomized study. It was hypothesized that ...
Aly Abdel Rahman - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Anterior (3 o'clock) acetabular labral tears (AALTs) have been reported to be associated with iliopsoas impingement (IPI). However, no study has examined the association between anatomical bony variables of the hip joint and AALTs. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between AALTs, femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) ...
Gorlitzer Michael - - 2013
OBJECTIVESA prospective randomized multicentre trial was performed to analyse the efficacy of a vest (Posthorax support vest®) to prevent sternal wound infection after cardiac surgery, and to identify risk factors.METHODSFrom September 2007 to March 2010, 2539 patients undergoing cardiac surgery via median sternotomy were prospectively randomized into those who received ...
Menon G G Frimley Park NHS Foundation Trust, Frimley, UK. - - 2013
To determine whether a Pro Re Nata (PRN) regimen with three initial mandatory loading doses results in better functional and anatomical outcome compared with a PRN regimen without initial loading when using intravitreal bevacizumab in patients with minimal classic or occult choroidal neovascularisation secondary to age-related macular degeneration. Patients were ...
Faraj Walid - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Pancreaticoduodenectomy is an increasingly common procedure performed for both benign and malignant disease. There are conflicting data regarding the safety of pancreatic resection in older patients. Potentially modifiable perioperative risk factors to improve outcomes in older patients have yet to be determined. METHODS: The American College of Surgeons National ...
Zulueta Jose L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: We report on the applicability of intraoperative regional oxygen saturation (rSO2 ) desaturation score by near-infrared spectroscopy in the early detection of postoperative low output state (LOS) in infants with congenital heart disease who underwent cardiac surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between July and October 2011 the intra- and immediate ...
Casartelli Nicola C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The recovery of gait ability is one of the primary goals for patients following total arthroplasty of lower-limb joints. The aim of this study was to objectively compare gait differences of patients after unilateral total hip arthroplasty (THA), total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) with a ...
Ford-Powell Vikki A - - 2013
: Bangladesh is one of the most populous countries in the world at 160 million with 1/3 existing below the poverty line. With an annual birth rate of approximately 3.2 million, an estimated incidence of 1:900 live births, the country has approximately 5000 new cases of idiopathic congenital talipes equinovarus ...
Dalton Heidi J - - 2013
The field of extracorporeal support is moving forward rapidly. New technology, improved experience with a variety of patients, and successful outcomes in groups previously excluded from extracorporeal life support are increasing the use of this technique in patient support. Although initial reports of outcome are encouraging, they are often taken ...
Wong Henry - - 2013
Objective: To investigate the effect of bracket-ligature combination on the amount of orthodontic space closure over three months. Design: Randomized clinical trial with three parallel groups. Setting: A hospital orthodontic department (Chesterfield Royal Hospital, UK). Participants: Forty-five patients requiring upper first premolar extractions. Methods: Informed consent was obtained and participants ...
Bradford Celia M - - 2013
The effect of serum magnesium concentration on the incidence of cerebral arterial vasospasm following aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) is unclear. To test whether induced hypermagnesaemia reduces the incidence of cerebral arterial vasospasm following aneurysmal SAH. The study was conducted at two tertiary hospitals in Australia and patients were recruited between ...
Hoashi Takaya - - 2013
We investigated early clinical outcomes of a new extracorporeal life support (ECLS) system (Endumo(®) 2000, Heiwa Bussan, Tokyo, Japan), which consists of a ROTAFLOW centrifugal pump, a BIOCUBE oxygenator with plasma-leakage-tight polymer fibers, and a biocompatible coating (T-NCVC(®) coating), in pediatric patients <1 year old. From 2008 to 2011, 31 patients ...
Godefroit Pascal - - 2013
The recent discovery of small paravian theropod dinosaurs with well-preserved feathers in the Middle-Late Jurassic Tiaojishan Formation of Liaoning Province (northeastern China) has challenged the pivotal position of Archaeopteryx, regarded from its discovery to be the most basal bird. Removing Archaeopteryx from the base of Avialae to nest within Deinonychosauria ...
Akkus Ali Murat - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of columellar strut and septal extension grafts for reconstruction of caudal nasal supportive structures on the long-term stability of nasal projection and rotation. METHODS: A comparison was done on the differences between the early- and long-term results of the ...
Hafezi Farhad - - 2013
Background:Correction of cleft lip nasal deformities (CLND) is often unsatisfactory because of problems resulting from cartilage weakness and strong soft tissue forces. Therefore, strong cartilaginous support, such as rib cartilage, is mandatory.Objectives:The authors describe placement of rib cartilage grafts to create a more symmetric and aesthetically acceptable repair of CLND ...
Clark Paul A - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Mechanical ventilation (MV) predisposes patients to numerous complications, which increases with longer durations of treatment. Identifying individuals more likely to require prolonged MV (PMV) may alter ventilation strategies or potentially minimize the duration of therapy and its associated complications. Our aim was to identify clinical variables at the time ...
Silberman Shuli - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Prolonged intensive care unit (ICU) stay is a surrogate for advanced morbidity or perioperative complications, and resource utilization may become an issue. It is our policy to continue full life support in the ICU, even for patients with a seemingly grim outlook. We examined the effect of duration of ...
Shi Jianhua - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Benign biliary stricture of anastomotic stoma is frequent after biliary reconstruction. To prevent such a complication, a new paclitaxel-coated poly-L-lactide acid (PLLA) biodegradable biopolymer stent was designed. This original device was intended both to exert adequate mechanical support properties and to allow controlled drug delivery from the coating, with ...
Sawhney Payal - - 2013
Attending support groups connects adults undergoing bariatric surgery to peers and may improve weight loss efficacy. Predictors and outcomes of support group attendance of adolescents undergoing bariatric surgery are unknown. The objective of this cohort study was to determine the rate, predictors, and outcomes of support group attendance in a ...
Garan Arthur R - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and significance of ventricular arrhythmias (VA) and the role of ICDs in patients supported by continuous-flow left-ventricular assist device (CF-LVADs). BACKGROUND: VAs are common in patients supported by CF-LVADs but prospective data to support the routine use of ICDs ...
Eisenberg Seth - - 2013
Purpose/Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness of ondansetron for the prevention of nausea and vomiting from dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) during autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) infusion.Design: Nonrandomized cohort using historical control.Setting: Comprehensive cancer center outpatient infusion department.Sample: 50 patients receiving ASCT in the outpatient setting.Methods: Patients were assessed for nausea and vomiting ...
Gupta Pooja - - 2013
Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has increasingly been used for the treatment of acute respiratory failure. Despite recommendations supporting its utilization in a limited group of patients, NIV is frequently relied on as a first line treatment. We conducted a retrospective study to assess whether the extended use of NIV is associated ...
Goda Motohiko - - 2013
Bleeding complications are frequent adverse events in patients supported with axial continuous-flow pumps. Previous retrospective studies demonstrated that bleeding events in patients with the HeartMate II (Thoratec Corp, Pleasanton, CA) were attributed to acquired von Willebrand syndrome. We sought to analyze the von Willebrand factor (VWF) profile in patients receiving ...
Iida Osamu - - 2013
Purpose : To compare the safety and efficacy of the S.M.A.R.T. Control stent vs. other stents in patients with symptomatic aortoiliac occlusive disease (AIOD) followed for up to 4 years. Methods : A subgroup analysis of data from a retrospective multicenter registry examined 2036 symptomatic patients (1659 men; mean age ...
Oz B S - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine a method to decrease the use of homologous blood during openheart surgery using a simple blood-conservation protocol. We removed autologous blood from the patient before bypass and used isovolumetric substitution. We present the results of this protocol on morbidity and mortality of ...
Gunathilake Waruna W Ministry of Health Sri Lanka, Colombo, Sri - - 2013
We retrospectively compared glycemic control and glycemic burden in type 2 diabetes patients treated by general physicians with access to decision support with those treated by general physicians without access to decision support. A total of 875 patients [471 (53.8%) males] aged 54.3 [standard deviation (SD) 13.1] years followed up ...
Alexander Ashlin J - - 2013
IMPORTANCE The effect of different rhinoplasty maneuvers on alar retraction remains to be elucidated. OBJECTIVE To determine the etiology and treatment of alar retraction based on a series of specific rhinoplasty maneuvers. DESIGN Retrospective review of a single surgeon's rhinoplasty digital photo database, examining preoperative alar retraction from January 1, ...
Kirsch Roxanne E - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To report practice and outcomes in infants undergoing elective repair of tetralogy of Fallot. METHODS: A review of a retrospective cohort of elective complete repair of infants age 6 months or younger from 1995 to 2009 was performed. Patients were excluded because of previous interventions, hypercyanotic episodes, intensive care admissions, ...
Aubron Cecile - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Mortality of patients on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) remains high. The objectives of this study were to assess the factors associated with outcome of patients undergoing extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in a large ECMO referral centre and to compare veno-arterial ECMO (VA ECMO) as veno-venous ECMO (VV-ECMO). METHODS: We ...
Ke Shan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is a major and serious complication after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). There have been no prospective randomized trials evaluating POPF rates in Roux-en-Y reconstruction (RYR) with isolated pancreatic drainage versus conventional loop reconstruction (CLR). The authors hypothesized that RYR decreases the incidence and severity of POPF in ...
Agarwal Hemant S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the incidence and clinical outcomes of residual lesions in postoperative pediatric cardiac surgery patients receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was undertaken at a pediatric heart institution. Postoperative pediatric cardiac surgery patients receiving ECMO support within ...
Wu Meng-Yu - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of a comprehensive therapeutic algorithm including extracorporeal life support (ECLS) in high-risk acute pulmonary embolism (aPE) treated with pulmonary embolectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 25 consecutive patients of aPE treated with pulmonary embolectomy in a single institution between June 2005 and July ...
Thomsen Morten G - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Little information exists to support that patients care about flexion beyond what is needed to perform activities of daily living (ADL) after Total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of this study was to investigate if the achievement of a higher degree of knee flexion after TKA would result in ...
Jabłoński Sławomir - - 2013
Effective closure of the postpneumonectomy bronchopleural fistula (PBF) with the use of different techniques still remains a challenge for thoracic surgeons. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of modified method of PBF closure using pedicled pericardial flap (PPF) supported by fibrin glue (FG). The efficacy of ...
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