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Results 451 - 500 of 1505
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Morton Randall P - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Chemoradiotherapy for treatment of advanced head and neck cancer (HNC) is used to achieve organ preservation without compromising survival. Because chemoradiotherapy usually impacts adversely on nutritional and functional status, feeding by percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is often part of the management regimen for these patients, but the presence of ...
Riboh Jonathan - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: A new technique of gastroschisis closure in which the defect is covered with sterile dressings and allowed to granulate without suture repair was first described in 2004. Little is known about the outcomes of this technique. This study evaluated short-term outcomes from the largest series of sutureless gastroschisis closures. ...
Wang Xinying - - 2009
The human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DR expression on monocytes and plasma Interleukin (IL)-10 levels are key indicators of immune response during the acute phase of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). We designed a pilot study to investigate whether omega-3 fatty acids (FAs) supplemented parenteral nutrition (PN) could improve immune response in SAP ...
Medeiros Ana Paula Magalhães - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The development of oral motor control depends partially on motor and sensory experiences. AIM: To analyze the relationship between the duration of breastfeeding, artificial feeding and sucking habits, and of these parameters with the orofacial motor performance. METHOD: Participants of this study were one hundred and seventy-six children aged ...
Kanehisa Yayoi - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: An important purpose of denture treatment is the improvement of nutritional intake. This is especially important for the dependent elderly who have a high risk of protein-energy malnutrition. To evaluate the impact of denture treatment on such a population, we compared body weight as an indicator of nutritional status ...
Asprer Jonathan M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine if parenteral glutamine dipeptide supplementation given only in the preoperative period in malnourished patients after gastrointestinal surgery would sustain its effects into the first postoperative week, as shown by immune indices. METHODS: A prospective randomized study on malnourished adult patients for abdominal surgery was done where one ...
Brady Susan L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility, safety, and potential benefit of instrumental swallowing assessments for patients with prolonged disordered consciousness participating in rehabilitation. DESIGN: Case-control, retrospective. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-five participants divided into 2 cohorts according to cognitive level at the time of baseline instrumental swallowing assessment. Group 1 (n = 17) participants ...
Okamoto Yoshiki - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Past trials have shown perioperative immunonutrition to improve the outcome for patients with gastric cancer. The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of preoperative oral immunonutrition on cellular immunity, the duration of the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), and detailed postoperative complications in patients with gastric cancer. ...
Demeterov?? M??ria - - 2009
The present study investigated the effect of the probiotic strain Enterococcus faecium DSM 7134 (2 x 10(7) cfu per g of feed) (probiotic group), natural humic substances (7g x kg(-1) feed) (HS group), and the combination of both (probiotic + HS group) on the performance, serum biochemistry, and biological activity ...
Kim Eun Key - - 2009
Although bottle-feeding after cheiloplasty is widely accepted, postoperative feeding regimen after palatoplasty is still controversial. The aim of this prospective randomized study was to evaluate the effect of bottle-feeding on early postoperative course after palatoplasty in a relatively homogeneous group of patients. Eighty-two consecutive patients with nonsyndromic cleft palate undergoing ...
Chun Duk-Hee - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Insertion of a nasogastric tube (NGT) in an anesthetized, paralyzed, and intubated patient is difficult, and many methods have been proposed to aid in the procedure. We present a simple insertion technique. METHODS: A silicone NGT was made rigid by filling it with distilled water and freezing it. Patients ...
Marton S S Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Therapy, University of Pecs, 7643 Pecs, Hungary. - - 2010
Glutamine is the most abundant amino-acid in the extra- and intracellular compartments of the human body, which accounts for over 50% of its free amino-acid content. Utilization of glutamine peptides is explicitly useful, resulting in a decrease in the number of postoperative infectious complications, period of hospitalization, and therapeutic costs. ...
Reignier Jean - - 2010
BACKGROUNDS & AIMS: To evaluate an intervention for improving the delivery of early enteral nutrition (EN) in patients receiving mechanical ventilation with prone positioning (PP). METHODS: Eligible patients receiving EN and mechanical ventilation in PP were included within 48h after intubation in a before-after study. Patients were semi-recumbent when supine. ...
Wu Beiwen - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To verify the validity of the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) on the nutritional assessment and prognosis prediction in Chinese patients with gastrointestinal cancer. METHODS: Five hundred and five patients with newly diagnosed gastrointestinal cancer who underwent surgeries were enrolled between August 2004 and August 2006. The sample ...
García-Rodicio Sonsoles - - 2009
The aim of this article is to describe the development of a quality control methodology applied to patients receiving parenteral nutrition (PN) and to present the results obtained over the past 10 years. Development of the audit tool: In 1995, a total of 13 PN quality criteria and their standards ...
Al-Metwalli Roshdi R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Proper placement of a double-lumen tube (DLT) is vital for its optimal functioning. We modified the standard blind method of left-sided DLT placement using a retractable carinal hook. The aim of this study was to determine whether this modified method could improve the success rate of correct initial tube ...
Martín-Del-Campo Fabiola - - 2009
AIM: To evaluate the effect of nutritional counselling on nutritional status in peritoneal dialysis patients. METHODS: Twenty-nine peritoneal dialysis patients were randomly selected to receive conventional nutritional counselling during 6 months of follow up. All patients had monthly clinical and biochemical evaluations, and assessments of dialysis adequacy, inflammation and nutritional ...
Martigne L - - 2010
Undernutrition occurs often in individuals with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Between 1997 and 2007, a gastrostomy was placed in 25 patients with DMD (median: 23 years old; range, 11-38 years) for weight loss (n=22) and/or swallowing disorders (n=13). We evaluated nutritional status using the weight-for-age (W/A) ratio, comparing the values ...
Hosking B C - - 2009
Eighteen, six- to seven-month-old lambs were infected experimentally with larvae of Haemonchus contortus, Teladorsagia circumcincta, Trichostrongylus axei, Trichostrongylus colubriformis, Cooperia curticei and Nematodirus spathiger, and allocated to three equal groups. The infections were timed to ensure that fourth-stage larvae were present when groups 1 and 2 were treated orally with ...
Corry June - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tubes have largely replaced nasogastric tubes (NGTs) for nutritional support of patients with head and neck cancer undergoing curative (chemo) radiotherapy without any good scientific basis. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted to compare PEG tubes and NGTs in terms of nutritional outcomes, complications, patient ...
Hur Hoon - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to determine whether early oral feeding after curative resection for gastric cancer can be tolerated and whether it has an effect on recovery. METHODS: From September 2007 to January 2008, we provided early postoperative oral feeding for 35 patients who underwent curative ...
Kochhar Rakesh - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Nutritional support in corrosive injury patients is traditionally achieved through total parenteral nutrition (TPN) or jejunostomy feeding (JF). There are no reports of nasoenteral tube feeding in patients with corrosive ingestion. OBJECTIVE: We report our experience with nasoenteral tube feeding (NETF) and compare the outcome of these patients with ...
De Luis D A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Patients with head and neck cancer undergoing surgery have a high incidence of postoperative complications. The aim of our study was to investigate whether postoperative nutrition of head and neck cancer patients, using a higher dose of arginine (20 g per day) could improve nutritional variables. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Good Christopher M - - 2009
Early-rearing salmonids in Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (OMNR) fish hatcheries have been consistently affected by bacterial gill disease (BGD) (causative agent: Flavobacterium branchiophilum) for many years. Separate retrospective epidemiological investigations of BGD treatments at two OMNR fish hatcheries (Hatcheries A and B) for the 1999 production year were conducted ...
Ndekha Macdonald - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that individuals on antiretroviral therapy (ART) for 3 months with a greater body mass index (BMI) as a result of supplementary feeding with ready-to-use fortified spread would maintain a higher BMI 9 months after the feeding ended. METHODS: Two cohorts of wasted adults with AIDS, ...
Greenwood P L - - 2009
This study determined the extent to which bovine longissimus lumborum muscle (LLM) myofibers are influenced by nutrition for 120 d from weaning and the time-course of recovery after severe postweaning nutritional restriction. After weaning, 3 groups of Belmont Red cattle, a tropically adapted breed, were fed to achieve rapid growth ...
Hou Yi-Bin YB Ultrasound Department, Peking University School of Oncology, Cancer Hospital & Institute, No. 52 Fucheng Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100142, - - 2009
To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of the feeding artery of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in reducing the blood-flow-induced heat-sink effect of RFA. A total of 154 HCC patients with 177 pathologically confirmed hypervascular lesions participated in the study and were randomly assigned into two groups. ...
Paramsothy Sudarshan - - 2009
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) provides enteral nutrition to patients who cannot swallow. Few studies have prospectively evaluated its long-term outcomes or eventual resumption of oral intake. Consecutive PEG patients were prospectively recruited from a tertiary hospital over 12 months and followed until all had met the primary endpoints of death ...
Akizuki Emi - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: A prospective consecutive study was planned to evaluate the postpancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) oral intake tolerance. The occurrence of delayed gastric emptying (DGE), as defined by the International Study Group of Pancreatic Surgery (ISGPS), and the amount of dietary intake were analyzed. The risk factors for low oral intake tolerance were ...
Dudrick Stanley J - - 2009
The concept of feeding patients entirely parenterally by injecting nutrient substances or fluids intravenously was advocated and attempted long before the successful practical development of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) four decades ago. Realization of this 400 year old seemingly fanciful dream initially required centuries of fundamental investigation coupled with basic ...
Hsu Chien-Wei - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether medical intensive care unit (ICU) patients receiving nasoduodenal (ND) feedings achieve optimal nutritional support and better clinical outcomes compared with patients receiving nasogastric (NG) feedings. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, clinical study. SETTING: Medical ICU of a university-affiliated tertiary medical center. PATIENTS: One hundred twenty-one medical ICU ...
Kruyt N D - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Tight glycemic control (TGC) after ischemic stroke may improve clinical outcome but previous studies failed to establish TGC, principally because of postprandial glucose surges. The aim of the present study was to investigate if safe, effective and feasible TGC can be achieved with continuous tube feeding and a computerized ...
Smith Lee P - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To systematically evaluate perioperative management of oral feeding in children undergoing airway reconstruction. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review of all patients who underwent open airway reconstruction from February 1, 2006 through July 31, 2008 at a tertiary care children's hospital. METHODS: During the study period, a multidisciplinary protocol ...
Bayram Ibrahim - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of nutritional therapy in cancer patients is to prevent weight loss and to improve functional capacity and quality of life. Clinical studies however, have continued to demonstrate that a reduction in body weight loss is difficult to achieve in cancer cachexia. Several studies have shown that supplementation ...
Ching Y Avery YA Center for Advanced Intestinal Rehabilitation, Children's Hospital Boston and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2009
Serial transverse enteroplasty (STEP) is a novel technique to lengthen and taper bowel in patients with intestinal failure. First described in 2003, initial data and reports have demonstrated favorable short-term outcomes, but there is limited published data on long-term outcomes of the procedure. Our aim was to assess clinical and ...
Al-Hudhaif Jamal - - 2009
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Newborns undergoing surgery for necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) often require a stoma. The study purpose is to determine if the timing of stoma closure impacts the postoperative course. METHODS: After obtaining institutional review board approval, records of patients with NEC who received a stoma between 2003 and 2007 at 2 ...
Walter-Nicolet Elizabeth - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate early minimal enteral feeding (MEF) and gradual enteral nutrition increment on neonatal outcome of gastroschisis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An intervention group was prospectively assessed and compared with an observational historical control group. The prospective study relied on a new protocol of ...
Amiot Aurelien - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is a rare, disabling disorder responsible for motility-related intestinal failure. Because it induces malnutrition, CIPO is a significant indication for home parenteral nutrition (HPN). The objective of the study was to evaluate long-term outcome of CIPO patients requiring HPN during adulthood. METHODS: In total, 51 ...
Calver Janine - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the number of older Western Australians who had a gastrostomy tube (GT) placement from 1994 to 2004, to describe their characteristics, and to examine outcomes after GT placement, including rehospitalisation for complications and survival. DESIGN AND DATA SOURCES: Secondary analysis of hospital (inpatient) data and linked mortality ...
Cavalot Andrea L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine the utility of swallowing therapy (ST) before and after surgery in patients undergoing subtotal laryngectomy. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: From 1990 to 2000, 43 patients underwent subtotal laryngectomy. Prior to 1997 patients received ST only after surgery, while from 1997 on, patients scheduled for subtotal laryngectomy also ...
Masumoto Kouji - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Thiamine blood concentrations of pediatric patients receiving peripheral parenteral nutrition change during the postoperative period. In addition, the need to administer thiamine after surgery has not yet been fully studied in children receiving peripheral parenteral nutrition. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this prospective study is to clarify whether pediatric patients ...
Longcroft-Wheaton Gaius - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To understand the causes of mortality of inpatients receiving a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube compared with a survival curve predicted from a model proposed by Levine et al (2007). DESIGN: A retrospective study of patients receiving a PEG over an 18-month period. SETTING: Royal United Hospital Bath, a ...
Backman Sara - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to study long-term material wear of tracheostomy tubes made of silicone (Si), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), and polyurethane (PU) after 3 and 6 months of clinical use. STUDY DESIGN: The study has a prospective and comparative design. METHODS: Nineteen patients with long-term tracheostomy, attending the National Respiratory ...
Huang Yu Hsun - - 2009
PURPOSE: To report our experience with combined use of balloon dacryocystoplasty and monocanalicular intubation with Monoka tubes for treating congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction. DESIGN: Retrospective consecutive interventional case series. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study consisted of 25 consecutive pediatric patients with congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction who underwent balloon dacryocystoplasty ...
Minig L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A randomized controlled trial was performed to assess the outcome of early oral postoperative feeding (EOF) compared with traditional oral feeding (TOF) in gynecologic oncology patients undergoing laparotomy with associated intestinal resection. METHODS: Patients aged 18-75 years, undergoing elective laparotomy, and with preoperative diagnosis of gynecologic malignancy, were eligible. ...
El Nakeeb Ayman - - 2009
BACKGROUND: This study assesses the safety outcome of early oral feeding and reports on the factors affecting early postoperative feeding after colorectal procedures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between June 2005 and April 2008, 120 consecutive patients underwent elective colonic anastomosis and were then randomized into two groups. The early feeding group ...
Das-Neves-Pereira João-Carlos - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Fast-track rehabilitation is a group of simple measures that reduces morbidity, postoperative complication and accelerates postoperative rehabilitation reducing hospital stay. It can be applied to lung cancer lobectomy. Fast-track rehabilitation cornerstones are: minimally invasive surgical techniques using video-assisted and muscle sparring incisions, normovolemia, normothermia, good oxygenation, euglicemia, no unnecessary ...
Ryu Junsun - - 2009
Nasogastric tube-assisted enteral feeding and parenteral feeding are utilized for nutritional support after major surgery. Although these nutritional supports have been compared before, there have been no comparative trials following surgery for laryngeal and pharyngeal cancer. In this study, 81 patients were randomized to total parenteral nutrition (TPN) or nasogastric ...
Agarwal Anil - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Children with complaints of not able to walk were investigated for rickets by appropriate history, clinical examination, serum biochemistry and radiology. METHODS: Children more than 1 yr were included. Each child was evaluated keeping in mind the possible causes of delayed walking. Also each child was thoroughly examined and ...
Fan Yue-ping - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of supplementation of glutamine (GLN) on maintaining glutathione (GSH) level, immune system function, liver function, and clinical outcome of patients receiving abdominal operation. METHODS: Forty patients undergoing elective abdominal surgical treatment were randomly divided into 2 groups: study group (n = 20) and control group ...
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