Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1443
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Seinel?? Lauri - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is a commonly used osmotic laxative. PEG with electrolytes is mixed with water, but PEG without electrolytes can also be mixed with, for example, juice, coffee or tea, making it more palatable. Laxatives, including PEG, are commonly used by the elderly, particularly those living in institutions. ...
Doley Rudra Prasad - - 2009
CONTEXT: There is controversy concerning the merits of enteral and parenteral nutrition in the management of patients with severe acute pancreatitis. OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of enteral nutrition versus parenteral nutrition on serum markers of inflammation and outcome in patients with severe acute pancreatitis. SETTING: ...
Lubart Emilia - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The refeeding syndrome (RS) is an underappreciated but clinically important entity characterized by acute electrolyte abnormalities, mainly hypophosphatemia, fluid retention and dysfunction of various organs and systems, which can result in significant morbidity and occasionally death. OBJECTIVE: To examine the incidence of death cases and death causes following nasogastric ...
Celik J B - - 2009
BACKGROUND: This study assesses the effect of immunonutrition on biochemical and hematological parameters, incidence of infection, postoperative complications, mortality rate and length of hospital stay. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 50 patients operated on for gynecological malignancies were randomly assigned to two groups, each receiving two days preoperative and ...
Nagata Shigeyuki - - 2009
Many clinical studies have demonstrated that early postoperative enteral nutrition (EN) improved the postroperative course. Post-pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), patients tend to suffer from postoperative nausea, abdominal distention, and diarrhoea, causing difficulty in the introduction of EN. In this pilot study, we investigated the appropriate nutritional mode post-pancreatic surgery. Between October 2006 ...
Siddiqui A A - - 2009
In patients undergoing chemoradiotherapy for esophageal cancer, the inability to eat may severely impair nutritional status. We conducted a retrospective study to compare the efficacy of the Polyflex self-expanding silicone stent (PS) versus a jejunostomy tube (JT) for maintaining nutrition during neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy in patients with esophageal cancer who ...
Schricker Thomas - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that the avoidance of preoperative fasting by hypocaloric nutrition attenuates protein catabolism after surgery. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Prolonged fasting before major abdominal procedures has been demonstrated to accentuate the catabolic response to surgery. METHODS: Twenty-two patients undergoing colorectal cancer surgery were randomly assigned to receive ...
Matsumoto T - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of lymphangiography as a treatment for various chyle leakages. Pedal lymphangiography was performed in 9 patients (6 men and 3 women; mean age, 59 years) who were unlikely to be cured only by conservative treatment - a low-fat medium-chain triglyceride ...
St Peter Shawn D - - 2008
Emesis after pyloromyotomy for pyloric stenosis is a common clinical phenomenon and the limiting factor in time to goal feeds. The amount of emesis that can be expected after myotomy is unknown. No data have been published that equip caregivers with the ability to understand which patients are more likely ...
Chamond Caroline - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is common in children with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), and the optimal management in these patients is not well established. The aim of this study was to assess whether a preventive fundoplication performed during the first surgery will improve GER and nutritional morbidity in patients with ...
Olieman Joanne F - - 2008
PURPOSE: The aim of this retrospective study is to describe characteristics of the first year of infantile short bowel syndrome (SBS), with regard to nutritional correlates and growth. Differences in outcome between decade 1980 (1980 to 1990) and decade 1990 (1990 to 2000) were studied. METHODS: Children with infantile SBS, ...
Durkin Emily T - - 2008
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) in children leads to progressive muscle weakness, dysphagia, aspiration, and death. We hypothesized that early laparoscopic fundoplication and gastrostomy in infants with SMA type I could be performed safely perhaps leading to fewer aspiration events and improved nutritional status. METHODS: Children diagnosed with SMA type ...
Richard Howard M - - 2008
PURPOSE: To describe our experience with fluoroscopically guided direct jejunostomy placement in patients with enterocutaneous fistula, or neoplastic or postsurgical changes of the stomach or duodenum that preclude traditional gastrostomy placement. MATERIALS: Nineteen patients underwent percutaneous direct jejunostomy tube placement with fluoroscopic guidance from August 2004 through March 2006. There ...
Bezerra Roberto A RA - - 2009
The aim of this work was to investigate the effect of different feeding times (2, 4, and 6 h) and organic loading rates (3, 6 and 12 gCOD l(-1) day(-1)) on the performance of an anaerobic sequencing batch reactor containing immobilized biomass, as well as to verify the minimum amount ...
Corry J - - 2008
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tubes have largely replaced nasogastric tubes (NGT) for nutritional support of patients with head and neck cancer undergoing curative (chemo)radiotherapy without any good scientific basis. A randomized trial was conducted to compare PEG tubes and NGT in terms of nutritional outcomes, complications, patient satisfaction and cost. ...
Meyer Pascal - - 2009
PURPOSE: We evaluate a procedure, combining colorimetric capnography with epigastric auscultation, to ensure nasogastric (NG) feeding tube correct position without any radiograph. METHODS: We first evaluated the accuracy of colorimetric capnography in detecting tracheal positioning in a control group of 100 mechanically ventilated patients. The procedure was thereafter evaluated in ...
Vatta A F - - 2008
The potential economic benefits of combining tactical anthelmintic treatment for gastrointestinal nematodes and nutritional supplementation with urea-molasses blocks were examined in Boer goats raised under extensive grazing conditions in the summer rainfall area of South Africa. Eight groups of nine goats were monitored over a 12-month period from 1 October ...
Nomura Takashi - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study is to assess the postoperative outcome of the two reconstruction methods using both a free jejunal graft and a venous-reconstructed gastric tube or a gastric tube alone after total pharyngolaryngoesophagectomy. METHODOLOGY: We reconstructed the pharyngoesophagus using both a free jejunal graft and a gastric ...
Kanazi Ghassan E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The intubating laryngeal mask airway (ILMA) is used in the management of difficult intubation. Usually, a silicone wire-reinforced tube is inserted for tracheal intubation. Because the silicone wire-reinforced tube is expensive, alternatives, such as polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and posterior beveled Parker tubes, are worth considering. We compared the blind ...
Yeh Chun-Nan - - 2008
We conducted a prospective and case-controlled study to evaluate the impact of supplement of alanyl-glutamine dipeptide (Gln) in parenteral nutrition on perioperative immune and nutritional changes and clinical outcomes for patients undergoing gastrointestinal (GI) operations. During 2006, 70 patients undergoing GI surgeries were allocated equally into two groups. One group ...
Hiki Naoki - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although pull percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (Pull-PEG) is a commonly used procedure, peristomal infection and tumor implantation are considered unavoidable complications of this procedure as the instrument passes through the oral cavity. A novel extracorporeal PEG technique, Direct-PEG, has been developed to reduce the risk of peristomal infection and implantation. ...
Balazs Akos - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Esophagorespiratory fistulas developing from malignant tumors have serious complications by maintaining continuous airway contamination. The objective was to reveal the incidence, causes and characteristics of fistula formation and to examine the possibilities and efficiency of the treatment. METHODS: In a single-center study between 1984 and 2004, the data of ...
Casey Linda - - 2008
Prediction of outcomes in pediatric intestinal failure is challenging but essential to guide intestinal rehabilitation and transplantation decisions. This review of intestinal failure patients spanning 10 years examines clinical details in relation to outcome to identify factors that may refine predictive accuracy. A search was conducted to identify all children ...
Klek Stanislaw - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Immunomodulating nutrition is supposed to reduce the number of complications and lengthen of hospital stay during the postoperative period in patients after major gastrointestinal surgery. The aim of the study was to assess the clinical effect of immunostimulatory enteral and parenteral nutrition in patients undergoing resection for ...
Plank Lindsay D - - 2008
Patients with liver cirrhosis exhibit early onset of gluconeogenesis after short-term fasting. This accelerated metabolic reaction to starvation may underlie their increased protein requirements and muscle depletion. A randomized controlled trial was conducted to test the hypothesis that provision of a late-evening nutritional supplement over a 12-month period would improve ...
Spanier B W M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Following a nil per os (NPO) regimen, most patients with acute pancreatitis (AP) can resume normal oral intake within 1 week. If not tolerated, it is recommended to initiate artificial feeding, preferably by the enteral route. AIM: To evaluate the nutritional management of patients with AP in a Dutch ...
Yuan Xi-Yu - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Surgeons commonly see postoperative hypoalbuminemia, but whether exogenous albumin administration is beneficial for these patients is unclear. METHODS: A prospective, randomized study design was used, allocating 127 hypoalbuminemic patients into the albumin or saline group after gastrointestinal surgery. We investigated the development of postoperative hypoalbuminemia, nutritional status, postoperative fluid ...
Licameli Greg - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine if a phosphorylcholine (PC) antibacterial coating on standard Armstrong beveled tympanostomy tubes (TT) reduced the incidence of post-tube placement complications. METHODS: A prospective cohort aged 8-51 months received bilateral TTs for otitis media with effusion between July 2002 and February 2004 at a tertiary care pediatric hospital. ...
Berrill, Iain Kevin
Four groups of Atlantic salmon fry (n=2000) were exposed to continuous light (LD24:0) from first feeding on 18th April 2001, after which they were exposed to either an 8 or 12 week period of short days (LD10:14) starting on either the 21st May or the 18th June. Each group was ...
Taylor Frederick L - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Limited publications exist regarding long-term outcomes of surgical correction for Peyronie's Disease (PD). AIM: To report on long-term postoperative parameters including rigidity, curvature, length, sensation, function, and patient satisfaction in men with PD treated surgically via Tunica Albuginea Plication (TAP) or Partial Plaque Excision with Tutoplast Human Pericardial Grafting ...
Lewis Evan Cole - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Enteral feeding is ideal for children with low caloric intake. It can be provided through different methods, including nasogastric, nasojejunal, gastrostomy, or gastrojejunostomy tubes. OBJECTIVE: To assess growth outcomes of pediatric patients following retrograde percutaneous gastrostomy (RPG) and compare complications with those following other gastrostomy methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Ahmed Irfan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: T-tube drainage used to be standard practice after surgical choledocholithotomy, but there is now a tendency in some centers to close the common bile duct (CBD) primarily. This study was designed to review the complications associated with T-tube drainage after CBD exploration and to determine whether primary closure of ...
Yanai Chie - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate postoperative oral functions of patients who had undergone total or subtotal (75%) glossectomy with preservation of the larynx for oral squamous cell carcinomas. METHODS: Speech intelligibility and swallowing capacity of 17 patients who had been treated between 1992 and 2002 were ...
Shin Kwang-Ho - - 2008
The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of primary and conversion percutaneous radiologic gastrojejunostomy (PRGJ) under fluoroscopic guidance. Between January 1998 and July 2007, 29 patients (M/F=26:3) were enrolled. Indications for primary PRGJ (n=16) included recurrent aspiration pneumonia (n=8), prevention of gastroesophageal reflux in cases ...
Grivceva Stardelova Kalina - - 2008
Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) are exposed to nutritional risk. Malnutrition in Crohn's Disease (CD) and to a somewhat lesser in Ulcerative Colitis (UC) is very frequent. Depending on the severity of the disease, weight loss has been reported in 65% to 76% of those with CD and in ...
Duguépéroux Ingrid - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical changes of adults with cystic fibrosis (CF) during transition from a pediatric to adult CF center. METHODS: Data were collected at the time of transfer, 1 year earlier and 1 year later, for all patients in our adult CF center arriving from one of the ...
Wakamatsu Hideyuki - - 2008
PURPOSE: Firstly, to assess the effect of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube placement on gastric emptying, gastrointestinal (GI) tract motility and the rate of gastroesophageal reflux (GER). Secondly, to confirm whether correlations exist between drug absorption behaviour and GI tract motility using the combination method of absorption function analysis with ...
Zhou Ping - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine if larger hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) coagulation volumes can be obtained by combining percutaneous microwave coagulation therapy (PMCT) and ethanol injection (PEI) or PEI followed by PMCT with occlusion of the feeding artery. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Eighty patients with 88 HCCs were treated with (I) PMCT; (II) combined ...
Paccagnella Agostino - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In the last twenty years Home Enteral Nutrition (HEN) has undergone considerable development and has determined economic and organisational changes. The aim of this study is to evaluate the epidemiological data of 655 patients treated in the five-year period (2001-2005) in an area in the North-East of Italy. METHODS: ...
Stojanovic Miomir - - 2008
Numerous studies suggest a strong association between nutrition and clinical outcome in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients. While determination of malnutrition is often based on objective measurements, such as biochemical parameters and anthropometric data, there is no single measurement that can reliably predict the risk for malnutrition or poor outcome. The ...
Sato Ryu - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The technical difficulties related to the insertion of a long intestinal tube into the jejunum under fluoroscopy present a considerable problem in patients with an intestinal obstruction. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the usefulness of endoscopic long intestinal-tube placement with the ultrathin esophagogastroduodenoscope (UT-EGD). DESIGN: A prospective randomized clinical trial was ...
Weinsheimer Robert L - - 2008
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Management of gastroschisis varies. This study aims to determine which aspects of practice influence outcomes. METHODS: All cases of simple gastroschisis (N = 99) in the Canadian Pediatric Surgery Network database were analyzed looking at methods of preoperative bowel protection, timing of closure, and closure techniques; and outcome measures ...
de Luis D A - - 2008
The aim of our study was to investigate whether oral ambulatory nutrition of post surgical head and neck cancer patients with recent weight loss, using two different omega 3 fatty acids enhanced diets could improve nutritional variables as well as clinical outcome. A sample of 65 ambulatory post surgical patients ...
de Freitas Declan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is a rare but serious complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD). Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms affect appetite and dietary intake. Adequate nutrition is especially important if surgical interventions are required. Aim: To investigate the nutritional management of 23 EPS patients that underwent surgical intervention between 1999 and ...
Hallay Judit - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The advantages of jejunal nutrition in postoperative bowel paralysis following pancreato-duodenectomy were analyzed. METHODOLOGY: Patients resected for pancreatic cancer received 25 kcal/kg/day and were followed up for 10 days postoperatively. Nasojejunal tube ensured enteral feeding in 16 patients (Gr. I), 6 patients (Gr. II) were nourished parenterally. Laboratory parameters, ...
Peterson Neal J - - 2008
PURPOSE: To determine the incidence of premature dislocation of silicone tubes used in the treatment of congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction and investigate the effect of early dislocation on treatment outcome. METHODS: This retrospective review of 227 cases of silicone intubation in the treatment of 151 patients with congenital nasolacrimal duct ...
Lewin Jan S JS Department of Head and Neck Surgery, The University of Texas, M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA. - - 2008
In this study, we analyzed swallowing recovery after supracricoid partial laryngectomy (SCPL). We retrospectively reviewed 27 patients treated with SCPL (September 1997 to March 2005). We evaluated recovery course, nutritional outcomes, and swallowing using objective analysis. Modified barium swallow (MBS) study results identified swallowing physiology and therapeutic effectiveness. Average length ...
Panagiotakis Panagiotis H - - 2008
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) or PEG tube with transgastric jejunostomy tube (PEG-J) feeding has not been shown to decrease aspiration pneumonia. The aim of this study was to determine if direct percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy (DPEJ) tube placement results in a decreased incidence of aspiration pneumonia in high-risk patients. The design ...
Vaithiswaran V - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The impact of early enteral nutrition in elective upper gastrointestinal surgery was the focus of this study, with particular reference to its feasibility and benefits. METHOD: This prospective study was carried out over 2 years. The study group included 30 patients and the control group had 31patients. ...
Carnaby-Mann Giselle D - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) has been proposed as an adjunctive modality for the treatment of swallowing disorders. We present data from a prospective case series to define and measure effects of a systematic therapy for chronic pharyngeal dysphagia using adjunctive NMES. METHODS: Six adult patients with pharyngeal dysphagia received ...
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